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Armed violence prevention, gun control laws and the small arms trade:

Guyana — Gun Facts, Figures and the Law

StockpilesGun Numbers

Civilian Guns

Number of Privately Owned Firearms

ChartThe estimated total number of guns (both licit and illicit) held by civilians in Guyana is

2017: 122,0001
2012: 155,0002 3 4

Rate of Civilian Firearm Possession per 100 Population

ChartThe estimated rate of private gun ownership (both licit and illicit) per 100 people in Guyana is

2017: 15.801
2012: 20.42 4

Number of Privately Owned Rifles

In Guyana, the number of rifles in civilian possession is reported to be 1945

Number of Privately Owned Shotguns

In Guyana, the number of shotguns in civilian possession is reported to be 4,0285

Number of Privately Owned Handguns

In Guyana, the number of handguns in civilian possession is reported to be 2,7685

Number of Privately Owned Firearms - World Ranking

In a 2007 comparison of the number of privately owned guns in 178 countries, Guyana ranked at No. 1346

Rate of Privately Owned Firearms per 100 Population - World Ranking

In a 2007 comparison of the rate of private gun ownership in 178 countries, Guyana ranked at No. 454

Number of Licensed Firearm Owners

ChartThe number of licensed gun owners in Guyana is reported to be

2012: 4,0007
1999: 2,0005

Rate of Licensed Firearm Owners per 100 Population

ChartThe rate of licensed firearm owners per 100 people in Guyana is

2012: 0.548
1999: 0.26

Number of Registered Firearms

ChartThe number of registered guns in Guyana is reported to be

2017: 4,0001
2007: 56,0009
2005: 56,0004 10

Rate of Registered Firearms per 100 Population

ChartThe rate of registered guns per 100 people in Guyana is

2007: 7.339
2005: 7.238

Estimated Number of Unregistered and Illicit Firearms

ChartUnregistered and unlawfully held guns cannot be counted,11 but in Guyana there are estimated to be

2017: 118,0001
2009: 55,0003 12

Estimated Rate of Unregistered and Illicit Firearms per 100 Population

Unregistered and unlawfully held guns cannot be counted,11 but in Guyana the rate of such firearms per 100 people is estimated to be 7.108

Government Guns

Number of Military Firearms

The defence forces of Guyana are reported to have 10,89013 firearms

Number of Law Enforcement Firearms

Police in Guyana are reported to have 4,00014 firearms

ImpactsDeath and Injury

Total Number of Gun Deaths

ChartIn Guyana, annual deaths resulting from firearms total

2013: 5415
2012: 29
2011: 39
2010: 54
2009: 33
2008: 58
2007: 53

Rate of All Gun Deaths per 100,000 People

ChartIn Guyana, the annual rate of all gun deaths per 100,000 population is

2013: 7.3315
2012: 3.92
2011: 5.26
2010: 7.24
2009: 4.40
2008: 7.67
2007: 6.96

Total Number of Male Gun Deaths

ChartIn Guyana, annual male deaths resulting from firearms total

2013: 5115
2012: 28
2011: 37
2010: 50
2009: 30
2008: 50
2007: 47

Rate of Male Gun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn Guyana, the annual rate of male gun death per 100,000 population is

2013: 13.7115
2012: 7.50
2011: 9.87
2010: 13.28
2009: 7.92
2008: 13.10
2007: 12.22

Total Number of Female Gun Deaths

ChartIn Guyana, annual female deaths resulting from firearms total

2013: 315
2012: 115
2011: 2
2010: 4
2009: 3
2008: 8
2007: 6

Rate of Female Gun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn Guyana, the annual rate of female gun death per 100,000 population is

2013: 0.8215
2012: 0.27
2011: 0.54
2010: 1.08
2009: 0.81
2008: 2.14
2007: 1.59

Homicides (any method)

ChartIn Guyana, annual homicides by any means total

2016: 14216
2015: 149
2014: 149
2013: 15517
2012: 139
2011: 130
2010: 140
2009: 117
2008: 158
2007: 115
2006: 153
2005: 142
2004: 131
2003: 206
2002: 142
2001: 79
2000: 74
1999: 9118
1998: 113
1997: 87
1996: 88
1995: 109

Rate of Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Guyana, the annual rate of homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2016: 19.3016
2015: 20.27
2014: 20.26
2013: 21.0417
2012: 18.81
2011: 17.52
2010: 18.77
2009: 15.59
2008: 20.91
2007: 15.10
2006: 19.91
2005: 18.33
2004: 16.84
2003: 26.46
2002: 18.17
2001: 10.57
2000: 9.94
1999: 12.418 19
1998: 15.5
1997: 11.918
1996: 12.118 19
1995: 15.018

Male Homicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Guyana, annual male homicides by any means total

2016: 13220
2015: 12120
2013: 12117
2012: 115
2011: 95
2010: 109
2009: 90
2008: 123
2007: 89
2006: 120
2005: 117
2004: 98
2003: 180
2002: 134

Rate of Male Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Guyana, the annual rate of male homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2016: 33.9120
2015: 31.26
2013: 32.5217
2012: 30.82
2011: 25.35
2010: 28.94
2009: 23.75
2008: 32.24
2007: 23.15
2006: 30.95
2005: 29.93
2004: 24.97
2003: 45.84
2002: 34

Female Homicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Guyana, annual female homicides by any means total

2016: 1020
2015: 28
2013: 3417
2012: 24
2011: 35
2010: 31
2009: 27
2008: 35
2007: 26
2006: 33
2005: 25
2004: 33
2003: 26
2002: 8

Rate of Female Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Guyana, the annual rate of female homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2016: 2.6120
2015: 7.34
2013: 9.3217
2012: 6.56
2011: 9.53
2010: 8.40
2009: 7.27
2008: 9.35
2007: 6.89
2006: 8.67
2005: 6.51
2004: 8.56
2003: 6.74
2002: 2.06

Gun Homicides

ChartIn Guyana, annual firearm homicides total

2013: 5115
2012: 1515
2011: 32
2010: 52
2009: 23
2008: 55
2007: 49
2005: 8518

Rate of Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Guyana, the annual rate of firearm homicide per 100,000 population is

2013: 6.9215
2012: 2.03
2011: 4.31
2010: 6.97
2009: 3.06
2008: 7.28
2007: 6.43
2005: 11.518

Proportion of Homicides Committed With a Gun

ChartIn Guyana, the percentage of homicides committed with a firearm is reported to be

2013: 28%21
2012: 18%
2011: 18%21 22 23
2010: 20%21 22
2009: 10%22
2005: 61.3%18

Male Gun Homicide Victims

ChartIn Guyana, annual male firearm homicides total

2013: 4815
2012: 1415
2011: 30
2010: 48
2009: 20
2008: 48
2007: 44

Rate of Male Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Guyana, the annual rate of male firearm homicide per 100,000 population is

2013: 12.9015
2012: 3.75
2011: 8.01
2010: 12.74
2009: 5.28
2008: 12.58
2007: 11.44

Female Gun Homicide Victims

ChartIn Guyana, annual female firearm homicides total

2013: 315
2012: 115
2011: 2
2010: 4
2009: 3
2008: 7
2007: 5

Rate of Female Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Guyana, the annual rate of female firearm homicide per 100,000 population is

2013: 0.8215
2012: 0.27
2011: 0.54
2010: 1.08
2009: 0.81
2008: 1.87
2007: 1.33

Suicides (any method)

ChartIn Guyana, annual suicides by any means total

2013: 21115
2012: 20615
2011: 192
2010: 206
2009: 156
2008: 168
2007: 186
2006: 206
2005: 17324 25
2004: 19124
2003: 203
2002: 181
2001: 203

Rate of Suicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Guyana, the annual rate of suicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2013: 28.6415
2012: 27.88
2011: 25.88
2010: 27.62
2009: 20.79
2008: 22.23
2007: 24.42
2006: 27.0
2005: 22.624 25
2004: 25.024
2003: 26.7
2002: 23.8
2001: 26.8

Male Suicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Guyana, annual male suicides by any means total

2013: 16015
2012: 15615
2011: 153
2010: 157
2009: 109
2008: 124
2007: 144

Rate of Male Suicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Guyana, the annual rate of male suicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2013: 4315
2012: 41.80
2011: 40.83
2010: 41.68
2009: 28.76
2008: 32.50
2007: 37.45

Female Suicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Guyana, annual female suicides by any means total

2013: 5015
2012: 5015
2011: 39
2010: 49
2009: 47
2008: 44
2007: 42

Rate of Female Suicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Guyana, the annual rate of female suicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2013: 13.7115
2012: 13.67
2011: 10.62
2010: 13.27
2009: 12.65
2008: 11.76
2007: 11.13

Gun Suicides

ChartIn Guyana, annual firearm suicides total

2013: 115
2012: 015
2011: 3
2010: 226 27
2008: 2
2007: 3

Rate of Gun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Guyana, the annual rate of firearm suicide per 100,000 population is

2013: 0.1415
2012: 015
2011: 0.40
2010: 0.27
2008: 0.26
2007: 0.39

Male Gun Suicide Victims

ChartIn Guyana, annual male firearm suicides total

2013: 115
2012: 015
2011: 3
2010: 2
2008: 2
2007: 3

Rate of Male Gun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Guyana, the annual rate of male firearm suicide per 100,000 population is

2013: 0.2715
2011: 0.80
2010: 0.53
2008: 0.52
2007: 0.78

Female Gun Suicide Victims

ChartIn Guyana, annual female firearm suicides total

2012: 015
2011: 0
2010: 0

Unintentional Gun Deaths

ChartIn Guyana, annual unintentional shooting deaths total

2012: 815
2011: 2
2010: 0
2009: 8
2008: 1
2007: 1

Rate of Unintentional Gun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn Guyana, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death per 100,000 population is

2012: 1.0815
2011: 0.27
2010: 0
2009: 1.07
2008: 0.13
2007: 0.13

Unintentional Male Gun Deaths

ChartIn Guyana, annual unintentional male shooting deaths total

2012: 815
2011: 2
2010: 0
2009: 8

Rate of Unintentional Male Gun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn Guyana, the annual rate of unintentional male shooting death per 100,000 population is

2012: 2.1415
2011: 0.53
2009: 2.11

Unintentional Female Gun Deaths

ChartIn Guyana, annual unintentional female shooting deaths total

2012: 015
2011: 0
2010: 0
2008: 115
2007: 1

Rate of Unintentional Female Gun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn Guyana, the annual rate of unintentional female shooting death per 100,000 population is

2008: 0.2715
2007: 0.27

Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Guyana, annual shooting deaths in which the cause remains undecided total

2012: 115
2011: 0
2010: 0
2009: 2

Rate of Gun Death from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn Guyana, the annual rate of unknown-cause shooting deaths per 100,000 population is

2012: 0.1415
2009: 0.27

Male Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Guyana, annual male shooting deaths in which the cause remains undecided total

2012: 115
2011: 0
2010: 0
2009: 2

Rate of Male Gun Death from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn Guyana, the annual rate of unknown-cause male shooting deaths per 100,000 population is

2012: 0.2715
2009: 0.53

Female Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Guyana, annual female shooting deaths in which the cause remains undecided total

2012: 015
2011: 0
2010: 0

Legal Intervention Gun Homicides

ChartIn Guyana, annual legal-intervention gun homicides total

2013: 215
2012: 5
2011: 2

ProductionGun Industry

Regulation of Firearm Makers

In Guyana, the manufacture of small arms, ammunition and/or their components is permitted only if the maker holds a valid licence,28 29 30 31 but is not conducted in practice32

TransfersGun Trade and Trafficking

Firearm Exports

In Guyana, firearm and ammunition exports are limited by transfer control law33 32

Small Arms Exports (US$) - Customs

The annual value of small arms and ammunition exports from Guyana is reported by Customs to be US$2,15834 (2011)

Firearm Imports

In Guyana, firearm and ammunition imports are limited by transfer control law33 35 36 37 38 39

Small Arms Imports (US$) - Customs

The annual value of small arms and ammunition imports to Guyana is reported by Customs to be US$123,09434 (2011)

Smuggling Guns and Ammunition

Reports suggest that the level of firearm and ammunition smuggling in Guyana is negligible12 40 5

Regulation of Arms Brokers

In Guyana, the activities of arms brokers and transfer intermediaries are not specifically regulated by law41

End User Certificates

Customs regulations in Guyana do not include32 certification of the intended end user of any small arms or ammunition transfer, and/or a written declaration of its intended end use

MeasuresGun Regulation

Firearm Regulation - Guiding Policy

The regulation of guns in Guyana is categorised as restrictive42

Firearm Law

Guiding gun control legislation in Guyana includes the Firearms Act of 1940, last amended in 2014,43 and the Firearms Regulations44 45 46

Firearm Regulation Authority

Guns in Guyana are regulated by the Commissioner of Police,47 32 the Firearm Licencing Approval Board,48 40 the Ministry of Home Affairs, the Task Force on Narcotic Drugs and Illicit Weapons, the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and the Office of the President49

Right to Possess Firearms

In Guyana, the right to private gun ownership is not guaranteed by law50 51 52

Restricted Firearms and Ammunition

In Guyana, civilians are not allowed to possess fully automatic firearms, firearms that fire noxious liquid or gas, ammunition containing noxious compounds,53 54 sawn-off shotguns and imitation firearms55

Regulation of Automatic Weapons

In Guyana, private possession of fully automatic weapons is prohibited53 23

Regulation of Semiautomatic Assault Weapons

In Guyana, private possession of semi-automatic assault weapons is permitted under licence53

Regulation of Handguns

In Guyana, private possession of handguns (pistols and revolvers) is permitted under licence53 55 23

Law Regulates Long Guns

In Guyana, civilian possession of rifles and shotguns is regulated by law55 23

Gun Ownership and Possession

In Guyana, only licensed gun owners56 29 23 may lawfully acquire, possess or transfer a firearm or ammunition

Genuine Reason Required for Firearm Possession

Applicants for a gun owner’s licence in Guyana are required to establish a genuine reason to possess a firearm57

Minimum Age for Firearm Possession

The minimum age for gun ownership in Guyana is 18 years58

Gun Owner Background Checks

An applicant for a firearm licence in Guyana must pass a background check which considers criminal59 48 60 and mental health57 23 records

Reference Required for Firearm Licence

In Guyana, third party character references for each gun licence applicant are not required52

Partner to be Advised or Interviewed

In Guyana, licensing authorities are not required52 to conduct interviews with, or to advise an applicant's spouse, partner, or next of kin before issuing a gun licence

Domestic Violence and Firearms

Where a past history, or apprehended likelihood of family violence exists, the law in Guyana does not stipulate52 that a gun licence should be denied or revoked

Firearm Safety Training

In Guyana, an understanding of firearm safety and the law, tested in a theoretical and/or practical training course is not required52 for a firearm licence

Gun Owner Licensing Period

In Guyana gun owners are licensed for an indefinite period52

Licensing Records

In Guyana, authorities maintain a record47 32 of individual civilians licensed to acquire, possess, sell or transfer a firearm or ammunition

Limit on Number of Guns

Licensed firearm owners in Guyana are permitted to possess 1 firearm per person5

Limit on Quantity, Type of Ammunition

Licensed firearm owners in Guyana are permitted to possess any quantity of ammunition52

Firearm Registration

Civilian Gun Registration

In Guyana, the law requires61 62 32 that a record of the acquisition, possession and transfer of each privately held firearm be retained in an official register

Gun Dealer Record Keeping

In Guyana, licensed firearm dealers are required30 61 to keep a record of each firearm or ammunition purchase, sale or transfer on behalf of a regulating authority

Gun Manufacturer Record Keeping

In Guyana, licensed gun makers are required30 to keep a record of each firearm produced, for inspection by a regulating authority

State-Owned Firearm Records

In Guyana, State agencies are required32 63 to maintain records of the storage and movement of all firearms and ammunition under their control

Gun Sales and Transfers

Regulation of Private Gun Sales

In Guyana, the private sale and transfer of firearms is prohibited without a valid firearms licence33 29 31 38 32

Regulation of Dealer Gun Sales

In Guyana, dealing in firearms by way of business without a valid gun dealer’s licence is unlawful28 33 29 31 38 32

Background Checks for Private Gun Sales

The buyer of a firearm in a private sale in Guyana is obliged57 59 48 to pass official background checks before taking possession

Background Checks for Dealer Gun Sales

The buyer of a firearm from a licensed gun dealer in Guyana is obliged57 59 48 to pass official background checks before taking possession

Waiting Period for Gun Possession

In Guyana, the minimum wait for a lawful firearm purchase to be completed is undetermined52

Regulation of Gun Shows

In Guyana, gun shows and temporary firearm dealing events are not regulated52 in law

Storage and Transport of Guns and Ammunition

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Private

Firearm regulations in Guyana do not include52 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of private firearms and ammunition by licensed gun owners

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Dealer

Firearm regulations in Guyana do not include52 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition by licensed arms dealers

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Government

Government regulations in Guyana do not include52 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition by state entities

Firearm and Ammunition Transport Regulations

Regulations in Guyana do not include52 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition while in transit

Marking and Tracing Guns and Ammunition

Firearm Marking

In Guyana, a unique identifying mark on each firearm is required by law64 36 32

Firearm Tracing

In Guyana, state authorities carry out32 65 recognised arms tracing and tracking procedures

Ballistic Record of Firearms and Ammunition

In Guyana, the ballistic characteristics of each civilian firearm and its ammunition are32 recorded in a register

Carrying Guns

Carrying Guns Openly in Public

In Guyana, carrying a firearm in plain view in a public place is allowed without a permit, with some restrictions5 23

Carrying Hidden Handguns in Public

In Guyana, carrying a concealed firearm in a public place is allowed without a permit, with some restrictions5 23

Gun Free Zones

In Guyana, private guns are prohibited in any area prescribed by the Minister66

Penalty for Illicit Firearm Possession

In Guyana, the maximum penalty for unlawful possession of a firearm67 is 10 years in prison and a fine56 53 55 68 29 33 38 65

Collection, Amnesty and Destruction Programmes

Authorities in Guyana are known to have40 69 implemented voluntary firearm surrender schemes, and/or weapon seizure programmes in order to reduce the number of illicit firearms in circulation

Firearms Surrendered and Seized

ChartIn Guyana, the number of firearms voluntarily surrendered, bought back or seized by authorities is reported to be

2012: 11140
2011: 125
2007: 13070
2006: 119

Destruction and Disposal Policy

In Guyana, it is state policy71 72 63 to destroy surplus, collected and seized firearms rather than return them to the secondary arms market

MeasuresInternational Controls

Regional Agreements

Organization of American States

On 14 November 1997, as a member of the Organisation of American States (OAS), Guyana adopted the Inter-American Convention against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, Explosives, Ammunition and Other Related Materials (CIFTA), a legally binding multilateral treaty of which the OAS is depository. The CIFTA Convention has since been signed and ratified73 74 by Guyana

Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development

The Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development, a diplomatic initiative aimed at addressing the interrelations between armed violence and development, was signed in 200875 by Guyana.

Arms Trade Treaty

The Arms Trade Treaty has been signed and ratified76 by Guyana

United Nations Firearms Protocol

The United Nations Protocol against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, Their Parts and Components and Ammunition has been signed and ratified77 by Guyana

United Nations Small Arms Programme of Action UNPoA

UNPoA Commitment

On 21 July 2001, Guyana committed to a consensus decision of the United Nations to adopt, support and implement the UN Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects78

UNPoA Implementation Monitor Score

In its UN small arms Programme of Action Implementation Monitor (PoAIM Phase 1), the Small Arms Survey scored Guyana against its commitments to the PoA, then ranked it at No. 11379 80 81 82 among 159 Member States

UNPoA National Reporting

Under the terms of its 2001 commitment to the United Nations small arms Programme of Action, Guyana has submitted one or more national reports83 84 on its implementation of the UNPoA

UNPoA National Point of Contact

In Guyana, a National Point of Contact to deal with issues relating to the UNPoA has not been designated84

UNPoA National Coordinating Body

In Guyana, a National Coordinating Body to deal with issues relating to the UNPoA has not been designated84

UNPoA Civil Society Involvement and Support

In National Reports of Guyana submitted to the UN from 2001 to 2010, a history of substantive cooperation with civil society in support of UNPoA activities was apparent85 84

UNPoA International Assistance – Donor

Funds for UNPoA implementation have not been donated84 by Guyana to other UN Member States

United Nations Small Arms Register

According to the United Nations Register of Conventional Arms, Guyana has not declared86 its small arms exports in one or more annual National Reports on Arms Exports.

United Nations Membership

In the UN List of Member States, Guyana has been a Member State of the United Nations since 196687

Wassenaar Arrangement

The Wassenaar Arrangement on Export Controls and Conventional Arms and Dual-Use Goods and Technologies does not list88 Guyana as a Participating State

BackgroundCountry Profile

Conflict Profile

For a profile of conflict in Guyana, select the Link icon to open an external web page from the UCDP Conflict Encyclopedia at Uppsala University

Global Peace Index

To see where Guyana ranks, select the Link icon to open an external web page at the Global Peace Index


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