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Guinea-Bissau — Gun Facts, Figures and the Law

StockpilesGun Numbers

Civilian Guns

Number of Privately Owned Firearms

ChartThe estimated total number of guns (both licit and illicit) held by civilians in Guinea-Bissau is

2017: 29,0001
2007: 25,0002

Rate of Civilian Firearm Possession per 100 Population

ChartThe estimated rate of private gun ownership (both licit and illicit) per 100 people in Guinea-Bissau is

2017: 1.501
2007: 1.62

Number of Privately Owned Firearms - World Ranking

In a 2007 comparison of the number of privately owned guns in 178 countries, Guinea-Bissau ranked at No. 1623

Rate of Privately Owned Firearms per 100 Population - World Ranking

In a 2007 comparison of the rate of private gun ownership in 178 countries, Guinea-Bissau ranked at No. 1292

Government Guns

Number of Military Firearms

The defence forces of Guinea-Bissau are reported to have 10,2604 firearms

Number of Law Enforcement Firearms

Police in Guinea-Bissau are reported to have 4,0005 firearms

ImpactsDeath and Injury

Homicides (any method)

ChartIn Guinea-Bissau, annual homicides by any means total

2015: 1696
2012: 1407
2010: 162
2008: 2948

Rate of Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Guinea-Bissau, the annual rate of homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2015: 9.936
2012: 8.47
2010: 10.75
2008: 20.28
2004: 16.309
2002: 12.10

Male Homicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Guinea-Bissau, annual male homicides by any means total

2015: 9210
2010: 11510

Rate of Male Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

In Guinea-Bissau, the annual rate of male homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2015: 10.5810

Female Homicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Guinea-Bissau, annual female homicides by any means total

2015: 7710
2010: 4810

Rate of Female Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

In Guinea-Bissau, the annual rate of female homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2015: 8.5510

ProductionGun Industry

Regulation of Firearm Makers

In Guinea-Bissau, the manufacture of small arms, ammunition and/or their components is prohibited11

Home-made Guns

In Guinea-Bissau, the prevalence of illicit craft, or 'home-made' firearm manufacture is reported to be moderate12

TransfersGun Trade and Trafficking

Firearm Exports

Small Arms Exports (US$) - Customs

The annual value of small arms and ammunition exports from Guinea-Bissau is reported by Customs to be US$4,29613 (2004)

Firearm Imports

In Guinea-Bissau, firearm and ammunition imports are limited by transfer control law14

Small Arms Imports (US$) - Customs

The annual value of small arms and ammunition imports to Guinea-Bissau is reported by Customs to be US$71,12513 (2011)

Smuggling Guns and Ammunition

Reports suggest that the level of firearm and ammunition smuggling in Guinea-Bissau is moderate15

Regulation of Arms Brokers

In Guinea-Bissau, the activities of arms brokers and transfer intermediaries are not specifically regulated by law14

MeasuresGun Regulation

Firearm Law

Guiding gun control legislation in Guinea-Bissau includes the Law 1/73, BO of 04/01/7511

Right to Possess Firearms

In Guinea-Bissau, the right to private gun ownership is not guaranteed by law16 17

Storage and Transport of Guns and Ammunition

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Government

Government regulations in Guinea-Bissau do not include18 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition by state entities

Marking and Tracing Guns and Ammunition

Firearm Tracing

In Guinea-Bissau, state authorities carry out19 recognised arms tracing and tracking procedures

Collection, Amnesty and Destruction Programmes

Authorities in Guinea-Bissau are known to have20 implemented voluntary firearm surrender schemes, and/or weapon seizure programmes in order to reduce the number of illicit firearms in circulation

Small Arms Destroyed

In Guinea-Bissau, the number of firearms destroyed following amnesty, collection and seizure programmes is reported to be

2006: 2920

MeasuresInternational Controls

Regional Agreements

African Union

In June 2006, as a member of the African Union, Guinea-Bissau adopted an African Common Position to take to the Conference to Review the UN Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA), held in June 200621 22

Economic Community of West African States

In June 2006, as a member of the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS), Guinea-Bissau adopted the ECOWAS Convention on Small Arms and Light Weapons, their Ammunition and other Related Materials. This stipulates strict controls on the transfer, manufacture, possession and security of small arms and light weapons23

Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development

The Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development, a diplomatic initiative aimed at addressing the interrelations between armed violence and development, was not signed24 by Guinea-Bissau.

Arms Trade Treaty

The Arms Trade Treaty has been signed, but not yet ratified25 by Guinea-Bissau

United Nations Firearms Protocol

The United Nations Protocol against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, Their Parts and Components and Ammunition has been signed and ratified26 by Guinea-Bissau

United Nations Small Arms Programme of Action UNPoA

UNPoA Commitment

On 21 July 2001, Guinea-Bissau committed to a consensus decision of the United Nations to adopt, support and implement the UN Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects27

UNPoA Implementation Monitor Score

In its UN small arms Programme of Action Implementation Monitor (PoAIM Phase 1), the Small Arms Survey scored Guinea-Bissau against its commitments to the PoA, then ranked it at No. 15128 29 30 31 among 159 Member States

UNPoA National Reporting

Under the terms of its 2001 commitment to the United Nations small arms Programme of Action, Guinea-Bissau has submitted one or more national reports32 33 on its implementation of the UNPoA

UNPoA National Point of Contact

In Guinea-Bissau, a National Point of Contact to deal with issues relating to the UNPoA has been designated34 33

UNPoA National Coordinating Body

In Guinea-Bissau, a National Coordinating Body to deal with issues relating to the UNPoA has been designated34 33

UNPoA Civil Society Involvement and Support

In National Reports of Guinea-Bissau submitted to the UN from 2001 to 2010, a history of substantive cooperation with civil society in support of UNPoA activities was apparent34 33

UNPoA International Assistance – Donor

Funds for UNPoA implementation have not been donated33 by Guinea-Bissau to other UN Member States

UNPoA International Assistance – Recipient

Funds for UNPoA implementation have been provided33 to Guinea-Bissau by other UN Member States

United Nations Small Arms Register

According to the United Nations Register of Conventional Arms, Guinea-Bissau has not declared35 its small arms exports in one or more annual National Reports on Arms Exports.

United Nations Membership

In the UN List of Member States, Guinea-Bissau has been a Member State of the United Nations since 197436

Wassenaar Arrangement

The Wassenaar Arrangement on Export Controls and Conventional Arms and Dual-Use Goods and Technologies does not list37 Guinea-Bissau as a Participating State

BackgroundCountry Profile

Conflict Profile

For a profile of conflict in Guinea-Bissau, select the Link icon to open an external web page from the UCDP Conflict Encyclopedia at Uppsala University

Global Peace Index

To see where Guinea-Bissau ranks, select the Link icon to open an external web page at the Global Peace Index


Short References

1.

Karp, Aaron.2018.‘Civilian Firearms Holdings, 2017.’ Estimating Global Civilian-Held Firearms Numbers.Geneva:Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva,18 June. (Q13434)Full Citation

2.

Karp, Aaron.2007.‘Completing the Count: Civilian firearms - Annexe online.’ Small Arms Survey 2007: Guns and the City.Cambridge:Cambridge University Press,27 August. (Q5)Full Citation

3.

Karp, Aaron.2007.‘Completing the Count: Civilian firearms.’ Small Arms Survey 2007: Guns and the City.Cambridge:Cambridge University Press,27 August. (Q4)Full Citation

4.

Karp, Aaron.2018.‘Military Firearms Holdings, 2017.’ Estimating Global Military-Owned Firearms Numbers.Geneva:Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva,18 June. (Q13436)Full Citation

5.

Karp, Aaron.2018.‘Law Enforcement Firearms Holdings, 2017.’ Estimating Global Law Enforcement Firearms Numbers.Geneva:Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva,18 June. (Q13435)Full Citation

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UNODC.2017.‘Intentional Homicide Victims.’ Crime and Drugs Data.Vienna:United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime,19 May. (Q13355)Full Citation

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UNODC.2014.‘Homicides in Guinea-Bissau.’ Global Study on Homicide 2013: Trends, Context, Data.Vienna:United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC),10 April. (Q10003)Full Citation

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UNODC.2013.‘Homicide in 207 Countries - Guinea-Bissau.’ Global Study on Homicide 2011: Trends, Context, Data.Vienna:United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime,26 June. (Q6379)Full Citation

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Petrini, Benjamin.2011.‘Sub-Saharan Africa, 1995-2008, Total Recorded Intentional Homicide, Completed, Rate per 100,000 Population.’ World Bank Homicide Rate Dataset 1995-2008.Washington, DC:Social Development Department, World Bank,10 February. (Q3812)Full Citation

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UNODC.2017.‘Intentional Homicide Victims by Sex.’ Crime and Drugs Data.Vienna:UNODC,19 May. (Q13356)Full Citation

11.

Guinea-Bissau.2010.‘Law on Arms.’ National Report of Guinea-Bissau on its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA).New York NY:Permanent Mission of Guinea-Bissau to the United Nations,1 January. (Q13135)Full Citation

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Florquin, Nicolas, Sigrid Lipott and Francis Wairagu.2019.‘Excerpts on Illicit/Craft Production - Guinea-Bissau.’ Weapons Compass: Mapping Illicit Small Arms Flows in Africa.Geneva:Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva,1 January. (Q13984)Full Citation

13.

Marsh, Nicholas.2014.‘Database of Authorised Transfers of Small Arms and Light Weapons.’ NISAT Small Arms Trade Database.Oslo:Norwegian Initiative on Small Arms Transfers,22 December. (Q16)Full Citation

14.

IANSA.2006.‘Reviewing Action on Small Arms 2006: Assessing the first five years of the UN Programme of Action.’ Biting the Bullet 'Red Book' 2006.New York, NY:International Action Network on Small Arms and the Biting the Bullet project,26 June. (Q82)Full Citation

15.

Best, Shedrack Gaya and Dimieari Von Kemedi. In: Florquin and Berman, Eds.2005.‘Armed Groups and Conflict in Rivers and Plateau States, Nigeria - Small Arms Availability and Sources.’ Armed and Aimless: Armed Groups, Guns, and Human Security in the ECOWAS Region.Geneva:Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva,1 May. (Q5100)Full Citation

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Sherman, Amy and Tom Ginsburg.2014.‘Gun Rights in National Constitutions.’ Marco Rubio Says Second Amendment Is Unique in Speech to NRA.Miami, FL:Miami Herald (PolitiFact Florida),29 April. (Q8507)Full Citation

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Zachary Elkins, Tom Ginsburg and James Melton. 2013. ‘U.S. Gun Rights Truly Are American Exceptionalism.’ Bloomberg (USA). 7 March. (N422) Full Citation

18.

Guinea-Bissau.2010.‘Stock Management.’ National Report of Guinea-Bissau on its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA).New York NY:Permanent Mission of Guinea-Bissau to the United Nations,1 January. (Q13136)Full Citation

19.

UNDPI.2006.‘Major Review at United Nations to Assess Progress Made, Actions Needed to Further Stem Illegal Small Arms Trade.’ Department of Public Information, News and Media Division, Peace and Security Section.New York, NY:United Nations,20 June. (Q5076)Full Citation

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Guinea-Bissau.2010.‘Collection and Destruction of Weapons.’ National Report of Guinea-Bissau on its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA).New York NY:Permanent Mission of Guinea-Bissau to the United Nations,1 January. (Q13137)Full Citation

21.

African Union / UNODA.2005.‘Windhoek Common Position.’ United Nations Programme of Action Implementation Support System: Regional Organisations.New York, NY:African Union / United Nations Office for Disarmament Affairs,14 December. (Q3216)Full Citation

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African Union.2015.‘Member States.’ African Union: A United and Strong Africa.Addis Ababa:African Union,10 August. (Q10548)Full Citation

23.

ECOWAS / UNODA.2006.‘Convention on Small Arms and Light Weapons, their Ammunition and other Related Materials.’ United Nations Programme of Action Implementation Support System: Regional Organisations.New York, NY:Economic Community of West African States Secretariat / United Nations Office for Disarmament Affairs,14 June. (Q3219)Full Citation

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GDAV.2006.‘Geneva Declaration.’ Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development.Geneva:Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development Secretariat,7 June. (Q7162)Full Citation

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UNODA.2013.‘Towards Entry Into Force.’ Arms Trade Treaty.New York, NY:United Nations Office for Disarmament Affairs,2 April. (Q7226)Full Citation

26.

UNGA.2001.‘United Nations Protocol against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, Their Parts and Components and Ammunition.’ UN General Assembly Resolution 55/255.New York, NY:UN General Assembly,31 May. (Q17)Full Citation

27.

UNGA.2001.‘Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects.’ United Nations General Assembly.New York, NY:UN General Assembly,20 July. (Q18)Full Citation

28.

Parker, Sarah and Katherine Green.2012.‘Findings - Table 3: Reporting States by Rank and Score.’ The Programme of Action Implementation Monitor (Phase 1): Assessing Reported Progress.Geneva:Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva,1 August. (Q8752)Full Citation

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Parker, Sarah and Katherine Green.2012.‘What do the PoAIM Scores Represent? How Should the PoAIM Scores Be Interpreted?.’ The Programme of Action Implementation Monitor (Phase 1): Assessing Reported Progress.Geneva:Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva,1 August. (Q8753)Full Citation

30.

Parker, Sarah and Katherine Green.2012.‘Point Allocation System.’ The Programme of Action Implementation Monitor (Phase 1): Assessing Reported Progress.Geneva:Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva,1 August. (Q8754)Full Citation

31.

Parker, Sarah and Katherine Green.2012.‘Introduction.’ The Programme of Action Implementation Monitor (Phase 1): Assessing Reported Progress.Geneva:Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva,1 August. (Q8755)Full Citation

32.

Cattaneo, Silvia and Sarah Parker.2008.‘Reporting, NPCs and NCAs, 2002 to 2008.’ Implementing the United Nations Programme of Action on Small Arms and Light Weapons: Analysis of the National Reports submitted by States from 2002 to 2008.Geneva:United Nations Development Programme,1 November. (Q20)Full Citation

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34.

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35.

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37.

Wassenaar Arrangement.1996.‘Introduction: Participating States.’ Wassenaar Arrangement on Export Controls and Conventional Arms and Dual-Use Goods and Technologies.Vienna:Wassenaar Secretariat,12 July. (Q19)Full Citation