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Armed violence prevention, gun control laws and the small arms trade:

Guinea — Gun Facts, Figures and the Law

StockpilesGun Numbers

Civilian Guns

Number of Privately Owned Firearms

ChartThe estimated total number of guns (both licit and illicit) held by civilians in Guinea is

2017: 130,0001
2007: 110,0002

Rate of Civilian Firearm Possession per 100 Population

ChartThe estimated rate of private gun ownership (both licit and illicit) per 100 people in Guinea is

2017: 11
2007: 1.22

Number of Privately Owned Firearms - World Ranking

In a 2007 comparison of the number of privately owned guns in 178 countries, Guinea ranked at No. 1343

Rate of Privately Owned Firearms per 100 Population - World Ranking

In a 2007 comparison of the rate of private gun ownership in 178 countries, Guinea ranked at No. 1452

Government Guns

Number of Military Firearms

The defence forces of Guinea are reported to have 23,0804 firearms

Number of Law Enforcement Firearms

Police in Guinea are reported to have 13,0005 firearms

ImpactsDeath and Injury

Homicides (any method)

ChartIn Guinea, annual homicides by any means total

2015: 1,0676
2012: 1,0187
2010: 1,019
2008: 2,1528

Rate of Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Guinea, the annual rate of homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2015: 9.776
2012: 8.97
2011: 1.009
2010: 10.65
2008: 22.58
2007: 0.4010
2004: 17.30
2002: 23.80

Male Homicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Guinea, annual male homicides by any means total

2015: 83611
2010: 70711

Rate of Male Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

In Guinea, the annual rate of male homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2015: 13.7911

Female Homicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Guinea, annual female homicides by any means total

2015: 23111
2010: 31211

Rate of Female Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

In Guinea, the annual rate of female homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2015: 3.8411

Gun Homicides

Proportion of Homicides Committed With a Gun

In Guinea, the percentage of homicides committed with a firearm is reported to be

2011: 32%9

ProductionGun Industry

Regulation of Firearm Makers

In Guinea, the manufacture of small arms, ammunition and/or their components is permitted only if the maker holds a valid licence12

Home-made Guns

In Guinea, the prevalence of illicit craft, or 'home-made' firearm manufacture is reported to be high13

TransfersGun Trade and Trafficking

Firearm Exports

In Guinea, firearm and ammunition exports are limited by transfer control law14

Small Arms Exports (US$) - Customs

The annual value of small arms and ammunition exports from Guinea is reported by Customs to be US$015 (2011)

Firearm Imports

In Guinea, firearm and ammunition imports are limited by transfer control law14 16 17

Small Arms Imports (US$) - Customs

The annual value of small arms and ammunition imports to Guinea is reported by Customs to be US$1,45415 (2011)

Smuggling Guns and Ammunition

Reports suggest that the level of firearm and ammunition smuggling in Guinea is high18

Regulation of Arms Brokers

In Guinea, the activities of arms brokers and transfer intermediaries are specifically regulated by law19

MeasuresGun Regulation

Firearm Regulation - Guiding Policy

The regulation of guns in Guinea is categorised as restrictive20

Firearm Law

Guiding gun control legislation in Guinea includes the Act No. L/96 008 of 22 July 1996 on Weapons, Ammunition, Ammunition and gunpowders and explosives12 14

Firearm Regulation Authority

Guns in Guinea are regulated by the Ministry of Territorial Administration21 and the Minister of Interior and Security17

Right to Possess Firearms

In Guinea, the right to private gun ownership is not guaranteed by law22 23

Restricted Firearms and Ammunition

Law Regulates Automatic Weapons

In Guinea, civilian possession of automatic weapons is regulated by law9

Regulation of Handguns

In Guinea, private possession of handguns (pistols and revolvers) is permitted under licence, for protection and only in exceptional cases21 9

Law Regulates Long Guns

In Guinea, civilian possession of rifles and shotguns is regulated by law9

Gun Ownership and Possession

In Guinea, only licensed gun owners (for certain arms)21 9 may lawfully acquire, possess or transfer a firearm or ammunition

Genuine Reason Required for Firearm Possession

Applicants for a gun owner’s licence in Guinea are required to establish a genuine reason to possess a firearm, for example hunting, target shooting, collection, personal protection, security21

Minimum Age for Firearm Possession

The minimum age for gun ownership in Guinea is 18 years21

Gun Owner Background Checks

An applicant for a firearm licence in Guinea must pass a background check which considers criminal, mental health and domestic violence21 9 records

Domestic Violence and Firearms

Where a past history, or apprehended likelihood of family violence exists, the law in Guinea stipulates21 that a gun licence should be denied or revoked

Firearm Registration

Civilian Gun Registration

In Guinea, the law requires17 that a record of the acquisition, possession and transfer of each privately held firearm be retained in an official register

State-Owned Firearm Records

In Guinea, State agencies are required17 24 to maintain records of the storage and movement of all firearms and ammunition under their control

Storage and Transport of Guns and Ammunition

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Private

Firearm regulations in Guinea do not include21 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of private firearms and ammunition by licensed gun owners

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Government

Government regulations in Guinea include24 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition by state entities

Firearm and Ammunition Transport Regulations

Regulations in Guinea do not include21 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition while in transit

Marking and Tracing Guns and Ammunition

Firearm Marking

In Guinea, a unique identifying mark on each firearm is required by law17 25

Firearm Tracing

In Guinea, state authorities carry out17 26 recognised arms tracing and tracking procedures

Carrying Guns

Law Regulates Firearms in Public

In Guinea, carrying a gun in a public place is regulated by law9

Collection, Amnesty and Destruction Programmes

Firearms Surrendered and Seized

ChartIn Guinea, the number of firearms voluntarily surrendered, bought back or seized by authorities is reported to be

2017: 95727
2016: 477

MeasuresInternational Controls

Regional Agreements

African Union

In June 2006, as a member of the African Union, Guinea adopted an African Common Position to take to the Conference to Review the UN Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA), held in June 200628 29

Economic Community of West African States

In June 2006, as a member of the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS), Guinea adopted the ECOWAS Convention on Small Arms and Light Weapons, their Ammunition and other Related Materials. This stipulates strict controls on the transfer, manufacture, possession and security of small arms and light weapons30

Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development

The Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development, a diplomatic initiative aimed at addressing the interrelations between armed violence and development, was signed in 201131 by Guinea.

Arms Trade Treaty

The Arms Trade Treaty has been signed and ratified32 by Guinea

United Nations Firearms Protocol

The United Nations Protocol against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, Their Parts and Components and Ammunition has not been signed33 by Guinea

United Nations Small Arms Programme of Action UNPoA

UNPoA Commitment

On 21 July 2001, Guinea committed to a consensus decision of the United Nations to adopt, support and implement the UN Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects34

UNPoA Implementation Monitor Score

In its UN small arms Programme of Action Implementation Monitor (PoAIM Phase 1), the Small Arms Survey scored Guinea against its commitments to the PoA, then ranked it at No. 12435 36 37 38 among 159 Member States

UNPoA National Reporting

Under the terms of its 2001 commitment to the United Nations small arms Programme of Action, Guinea has submitted one or more national reports39 40 on its implementation of the UNPoA

UNPoA National Point of Contact

In Guinea, a National Point of Contact to deal with issues relating to the UNPoA has been designated41 40

UNPoA National Coordinating Body

In Guinea, a National Coordinating Body to deal with issues relating to the UNPoA has been designated41

UNPoA Civil Society Involvement and Support

In National Reports of Guinea submitted to the UN from 2001 to 2010, a history of substantive cooperation with civil society in support of UNPoA activities was apparent41 40

UNPoA International Assistance – Donor

Funds for UNPoA implementation have not been donated40 by Guinea to other UN Member States

United Nations Small Arms Register

According to the United Nations Register of Conventional Arms, Guinea has not declared42 its small arms exports in one or more annual National Reports on Arms Exports.

United Nations Membership

In the UN List of Member States, Guinea has been a Member State of the United Nations since 195843

Wassenaar Arrangement

The Wassenaar Arrangement on Export Controls and Conventional Arms and Dual-Use Goods and Technologies does not list44 Guinea as a Participating State

BackgroundCountry Profile

Conflict Profile

For a profile of conflict in Guinea, select the Link icon to open an external web page from the UCDP Conflict Encyclopedia at Uppsala University

Global Peace Index

To see where Guinea ranks, select the Link icon to open an external web page at the Global Peace Index


Short References

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Karp, Aaron.2007.‘Completing the Count: Civilian firearms - Annexe online.’ Small Arms Survey 2007: Guns and the City.Cambridge:Cambridge University Press,27 August. (Q5)Full Citation

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Karp, Aaron.2007.‘Completing the Count: Civilian firearms.’ Small Arms Survey 2007: Guns and the City.Cambridge:Cambridge University Press,27 August. (Q4)Full Citation

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Karp, Aaron.2018.‘Military Firearms Holdings, 2017.’ Estimating Global Military-Owned Firearms Numbers.Geneva:Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva,18 June. (Q13436)Full Citation

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Karp, Aaron.2018.‘Law Enforcement Firearms Holdings, 2017.’ Estimating Global Law Enforcement Firearms Numbers.Geneva:Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva,18 June. (Q13435)Full Citation

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UNODC.2017.‘Intentional Homicide Victims.’ Crime and Drugs Data.Vienna:United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime,19 May. (Q13355)Full Citation

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UNODC.2013.‘Homicide in 207 Countries - Guinea.’ Global Study on Homicide 2011: Trends, Context, Data.Vienna:United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime,26 June. (Q6380)Full Citation

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Butchart, Alexander, Christopher Mikton and Etienne Krug.2014.‘Country Profile: Guinea.’ Global Status Report on Violence Prevention 2014.Geneva:World Health Organisation (WHO), United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) and United Nations Development Programme (UNDP),10 December. (Q9497)Full Citation

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Petrini, Benjamin.2011.‘Sub-Saharan Africa, 1995-2008, Total Recorded Intentional Homicide, Completed, Rate per 100,000 Population.’ World Bank Homicide Rate Dataset 1995-2008.Washington, DC:Social Development Department, World Bank,10 February. (Q3812)Full Citation

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12.

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17.

Guinea.2010.‘Marking, Registration and Tracing of Firearms (Marquage, Enregistrement et Traçage des Armes).’ National Report of Guinea on its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA).New York, NY:Permanent Mission of the Republic of Guineato the United Nations,1 January. (Q4606)Full Citation

18.

Guinea.2018.‘International Transfers (Transferts internationaux).’ National Report of Guinea on its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA).New York NY:Permanent Mission of Guinea to the United Nations,1 January. (Q13737)Full Citation

19.

Guinea.2018.‘Brokering (Courtage).’ National Report of Guinea on its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA).New York NY:Permanent Mission of Guinea to the United Nations,1 January. (Q13738)Full Citation

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Newton, George D and Franklin E Zimring.1969.‘Firearm Licensing: Permissive v Restrictive.’ Firearms & Violence in American Life: A staff report submitted to the National Commission on the Causes and Prevention of Violence.Washington, DC:US Government Printing Office,1 January. (Q22)Full Citation

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Sherman, Amy and Tom Ginsburg.2014.‘Gun Rights in National Constitutions.’ Marco Rubio Says Second Amendment Is Unique in Speech to NRA.Miami, FL:Miami Herald (PolitiFact Florida),29 April. (Q8507)Full Citation

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Zachary Elkins, Tom Ginsburg and James Melton. 2013. ‘U.S. Gun Rights Truly Are American Exceptionalism.’ Bloomberg (USA). 7 March. (N422) Full Citation

24.

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25.

Guinea.2018.‘Marking and Record Keeping.’ National Report of Guinea on its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA).New York NY:Permanent Mission of Guinea to the United Nations,1 January. (Q13741)Full Citation

26.

Guinea.2018.‘International Tracing (Traçage international).’ National Report of Guinea on its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA).New York NY:Permanent Mission of Guinea to the United Nations,1 January. (Q13742)Full Citation

27.

Guinea.2018.‘Collection (Collecte).’ National Report of Guinea on its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA).New York NY:Permanent Mission of Guinea to the United Nations,1 January. (Q13740)Full Citation

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30.

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