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Guinea — Gun Facts, Figures and the Law

StockpilesGun Numbers

Civilian Guns

Number of Privately Owned Firearms

ChartThe estimated total number of guns (both licit and illicit) held by civilians in Guinea is

2017: 130,0001
2007: 110,0002

Rate of Civilian Firearm Possession per 100 Population

ChartThe estimated rate of private gun ownership (both licit and illicit) per 100 people in Guinea is

2017: 11
2007: 1.22

Number of Privately Owned Firearms - World Ranking

In a 2007 comparison of the number of privately owned guns in 178 countries, Guinea ranked at No. 1343

Rate of Privately Owned Firearms per 100 Population - World Ranking

In a 2007 comparison of the rate of private gun ownership in 178 countries, Guinea ranked at No. 1452

Government Guns

Number of Military Firearms

The defence forces of Guinea are reported to have 23,0804 firearms

Number of Law Enforcement Firearms

Police in Guinea are reported to have 13,0005 firearms

ImpactsDeath and Injury

Homicides (any method)

ChartIn Guinea, annual homicides by any means total

2015: 1,0676
2012: 1,0187
2010: 1,019
2008: 2,1528

Rate of Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Guinea, the annual rate of homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2015: 9.776
2012: 8.97
2011: 1.009
2010: 10.65
2008: 22.58
2007: 0.4010
2004: 17.30
2002: 23.80

Male Homicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Guinea, annual male homicides by any means total

2015: 83611
2010: 70711

Rate of Male Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

In Guinea, the annual rate of male homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2015: 13.7911

Female Homicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Guinea, annual female homicides by any means total

2015: 23111
2010: 31211

Rate of Female Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

In Guinea, the annual rate of female homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2015: 3.8411

Gun Homicides

Proportion of Homicides Committed With a Gun

In Guinea, the percentage of homicides committed with a firearm is reported to be

2011: 32%9

Suicides (any method)

ChartIn Guinea, annual suicides by any means total

2016: 77512
2015: 773
2010: 717
2000: 552

Rate of Suicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Guinea, the annual rate of suicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2016: 6.9012
2015: 7.08
2010: 7.49
2000: 7.10

Male Suicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Guinea, annual male suicides by any means total

2016: 46312
2015: 460
2010: 440
2000: 314

Rate of Male Suicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Guinea, the annual rate of male suicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2016: 8.2612
2015: 8.43
2010: 9.21
2000: 8.12

Female Suicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Guinea, annual female suicides by any means total

2016: 31212
2015: 314
2010: 277
2000: 238

Rate of Female Suicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Guinea, the annual rate of female suicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2016: 5.5512
2015: 5.74
2010: 5.78
2000: 6.08

ProductionGun Industry

Regulation of Firearm Makers

In Guinea, the manufacture of small arms, ammunition and/or their components is permitted only if the maker holds a valid licence13

Home-made Guns

In Guinea, the prevalence of illicit craft, or 'home-made' firearm manufacture is reported to be high14 15

TransfersGun Trade and Trafficking

Firearm Exports

In Guinea, firearm and ammunition exports are limited by transfer control law16

Small Arms Exports (US$) - Customs

The annual value of small arms and ammunition exports from Guinea is reported by Customs to be US$017 (2011)

Firearm Imports

In Guinea, firearm and ammunition imports are limited by transfer control law16 18 19

Small Arms Imports (US$) - Customs

The annual value of small arms and ammunition imports to Guinea is reported by Customs to be US$1,45417 (2011)

Smuggling Guns and Ammunition

Reports suggest that the level of firearm and ammunition smuggling in Guinea is high20

Regulation of Arms Brokers

In Guinea, the activities of arms brokers and transfer intermediaries are specifically regulated by law21

MeasuresGun Regulation

Firearm Regulation - Guiding Policy

The regulation of guns in Guinea is categorised as restrictive22

Firearm Law

Guiding gun control legislation in Guinea includes the Act No. L/96 008 of 22 July 1996 on Weapons, Ammunition, Ammunition and gunpowders and explosives13 16

Firearm Regulation Authority

Guns in Guinea are regulated by the Ministry of Territorial Administration23 and the Minister of Interior and Security19

Right to Possess Firearms

In Guinea, the right to private gun ownership is not guaranteed by law24 25

Restricted Firearms and Ammunition

Law Regulates Automatic Weapons

In Guinea, civilian possession of automatic weapons is regulated by law9

Regulation of Handguns

In Guinea, private possession of handguns (pistols and revolvers) is permitted under licence, for protection and only in exceptional cases23 9

Law Regulates Long Guns

In Guinea, civilian possession of rifles and shotguns is regulated by law9

Gun Ownership and Possession

In Guinea, only licensed gun owners (for certain arms)23 9 may lawfully acquire, possess or transfer a firearm or ammunition

Genuine Reason Required for Firearm Possession

Applicants for a gun owner’s licence in Guinea are required to establish a genuine reason to possess a firearm, for example hunting, target shooting, collection, personal protection, security23

Minimum Age for Firearm Possession

The minimum age for gun ownership in Guinea is 18 years23

Gun Owner Background Checks

An applicant for a firearm licence in Guinea must pass a background check which considers criminal, mental health and domestic violence23 9 records

Domestic Violence and Firearms

Where a past history, or apprehended likelihood of family violence exists, the law in Guinea stipulates23 that a gun licence should be denied or revoked

Firearm Registration

Civilian Gun Registration

In Guinea, the law requires19 that a record of the acquisition, possession and transfer of each privately held firearm be retained in an official register

State-Owned Firearm Records

In Guinea, State agencies are required19 26 to maintain records of the storage and movement of all firearms and ammunition under their control

Storage and Transport of Guns and Ammunition

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Private

Firearm regulations in Guinea do not include23 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of private firearms and ammunition by licensed gun owners

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Government

Government regulations in Guinea include26 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition by state entities

Firearm and Ammunition Transport Regulations

Regulations in Guinea do not include23 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition while in transit

Carrying Guns

Law Regulates Firearms in Public

In Guinea, carrying a gun in a public place is regulated by law9

MeasuresInternational Controls

Regional Agreements

African Union

In June 2006, as a member of the African Union, Guinea adopted an African Common Position to take to the Conference to Review the UN Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA), held in June 200627 28

Economic Community of West African States

In June 2006, as a member of the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS), Guinea adopted the ECOWAS Convention on Small Arms and Light Weapons, their Ammunition and other Related Materials. This stipulates strict controls on the transfer, manufacture, possession and security of small arms and light weapons29

Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development

The Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development, a diplomatic initiative aimed at addressing the interrelations between armed violence and development, was signed in 201130 by Guinea.

Arms Trade Treaty

The Arms Trade Treaty has been signed and ratified31 by Guinea

United Nations Firearms Protocol

The United Nations Protocol against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, Their Parts and Components and Ammunition has not been signed32 by Guinea

United Nations Small Arms Programme of Action UNPoA

UNPoA Commitment

On 21 July 2001, Guinea committed to a consensus decision of the United Nations to adopt, support and implement the UN Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects33

UNPoA Implementation Monitor Score

In its UN small arms Programme of Action Implementation Monitor (PoAIM Phase 1), the Small Arms Survey scored Guinea against its commitments to the PoA, then ranked it at No. 12434 35 36 37 among 159 Member States

UNPoA National Reporting

Under the terms of its 2001 commitment to the United Nations small arms Programme of Action, Guinea has submitted one or more national reports38 39 on its implementation of the UNPoA

UNPoA National Point of Contact

In Guinea, a National Point of Contact to deal with issues relating to the UNPoA has been designated40 39

UNPoA National Coordinating Body

In Guinea, a National Coordinating Body to deal with issues relating to the UNPoA has been designated40

UNPoA Civil Society Involvement and Support

In National Reports of Guinea submitted to the UN from 2001 to 2010, a history of substantive cooperation with civil society in support of UNPoA activities was apparent40 39

UNPoA International Assistance – Donor

Funds for UNPoA implementation have not been donated39 by Guinea to other UN Member States

United Nations Small Arms Register

According to the United Nations Register of Conventional Arms, Guinea has not declared41 its small arms exports in one or more annual National Reports on Arms Exports.

United Nations Membership

In the UN List of Member States, Guinea has been a Member State of the United Nations since 195842

Wassenaar Arrangement

The Wassenaar Arrangement on Export Controls and Conventional Arms and Dual-Use Goods and Technologies does not list43 Guinea as a Participating State

BackgroundSustainable Development Goal Profile

About SDG 16

The Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) are 17 goals set by the United Nations to be implemented by all member states by 2030. Adopted in 2015, they outline a vision of development in which peace and security are an integral part. SDG 16,44 which seeks to “promote peaceful and inclusive societies for sustainable development,” includes targets and indicators focused on reducing violence (Target 16.1) and the proliferation of illicit arms (Target 16.4). The indicators – or measurement criteria – of these targets include the number of victims of intentional homicide (Indicator 16.1.1), the number of conflict-related deaths (Indicator 16.1.2), and the number of illicit firearms collected and traced (Indicator 16.4.2). In light of these targets and indicators, GunPolicy.org provides granular national data pertaining to homicides, gun homicides, conflict deaths, disarmament efforts, and marking and tracing.

Homicides (any method)

ChartIn Guinea, annual homicides by any means total

2015: 1,0676
2012: 1,0187
2010: 1,019
2008: 2,1528

Rate of Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Guinea, the annual rate of homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2015: 9.776
2012: 8.97
2011: 1.009
2010: 10.65
2008: 22.58
2007: 0.4010
2004: 17.30
2002: 23.80

Male Homicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Guinea, annual male homicides by any means total

2015: 83611
2010: 70711

Rate of Male Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

In Guinea, the annual rate of male homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2015: 13.7911

Female Homicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Guinea, annual female homicides by any means total

2015: 23111
2010: 31211

Rate of Female Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

In Guinea, the annual rate of female homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2015: 3.8411

Gun Homicides

Proportion of Homicides Committed With a Gun

In Guinea, the percentage of homicides committed with a firearm is reported to be

2011: 32%9

Conflict Deaths

For a profile of conflict in Guinea, select the Link icon to open an external web page from the UCDP Conflict Encyclopedia at Uppsala University

Disarmament

Firearms Surrendered and Seized

ChartIn Guinea, the number of firearms voluntarily surrendered, bought back or seized by authorities is reported to be

2017: 95745
2016: 477

Marking and Tracing

Firearm Marking

In Guinea, a unique identifying mark on each firearm is required by law19 46

Firearm Tracing

In Guinea, state authorities carry out19 47 recognised arms tracing and tracking procedures

Global Peace Index

To see where Guinea ranks, select the Link icon to open an external web page at the Global Peace Index


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