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Guam — Gun Facts, Figures and the Law

StockpilesGun Numbers

Civilian Guns

Number of Privately Owned Firearms

The estimated total number of guns (both licit and illicit) held by civilians in Guam is

2017: 20,0001

Rate of Civilian Firearm Possession per 100 Population

The estimated rate of private gun ownership (both licit and illicit) per 100 people in Guam is

2017: 11.501

Proportion of Adults Living in a Home With a Gun

In Guam, the percentage of adults living in a household with a firearm is reported to be

2001: 14.3%2

Number of Registered Firearms

The number of registered guns in Guam is reported to be

2006-2015: 16,6513

Rate of Registered Firearms per 100 Population

The rate of registered guns per 100 people in Guam is

2015: 10.294

Government Guns

Number of Law Enforcement Firearms

Police in Guam are reported to have 5005 firearms

ImpactsDeath and Injury

Homicides (any method)

ChartIn Guam, annual homicides by any means total

2016: 76
2015: 7
2014: 7
2013: 7
2012: 7
2011: 47
2010: 3
2009: 5
2008: 1
2007: 17 8
2006: 11
2005: 7
2004: 9
2003: 8
2002: 2
2001: 8
2000: 2

Rate of Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Guam, the annual rate of homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2011: 2.449
2010: 1.84
2009: 3.07
2008: 0.62
2007: 0.62
2006: 6.9
2005: 4.4
2004: 5.7
2003: 5.1
2002: 1.3
2001: 5.1
2000: 1.3

Male Homicide Victims (any method)

In Guam, annual male homicides by any means total

2011: 2.9210

Rate of Male Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

In Guam, the annual rate of male homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2011: 3.5910

Female Homicide Victims (any method)

In Guam, annual female homicides by any means total

2011: 110

Rate of Female Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

In Guam, the annual rate of female homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2011: 1.3810

Gun Homicides

ChartIn Guam, annual firearm homicides total

2014: 011
2013: 2
2012: 0
2011: 11
2007: 012
2004: 6

Rate of Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Guam, the annual rate of firearm homicide per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.004
2013: 1.25
2012: 0.00
2011: 6.89
2007: 0.00
2004: 3.80

Handgun Homicides

ChartIn Guam, annual handgun homicides total

2014: 011
2013: 1
2012: 0
2011: 7

Rate of Handgun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Guam, the annual rate of handgun homicide per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.004
2013: 0.62
2012: 0.00
2011: 4.39

Long Gun Homicides

ChartIn Guam, annual long gun homicides total

2014: 011
2013: 0
2012: 0
2011: 0

Rate of Long Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Guam, the annual rate of long gun homicide per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.004
2013: 0.00
2012: 0.00
2011: 0.00

Gun Homicides (Other)

ChartIn Guam, annual gun homicides (other) total

2014: 011
2013: 1
2012: 0
2011: 4

Rate of Gun Homicide (Other) per 100,000 People

ChartIn Guam, the annual rate of gun homicide (other) per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.004
2013: 0.62
2012: 0.00
2011: 2.52

MeasuresGun Regulation

Firearm Regulation - Guiding Policy

The regulation of guns in Guam is categorised as permissive13

Firearm Law

Guiding gun control legislation in Guam includes the Guam Code, Chapter 60, Firearms14

Firearm Regulation Authority

Guns in Guam are regulated by the Chief of Police, the Guam Police Department, and the Department of Public Safety15 16

Right to Possess Firearms

In Guam, the right to private gun ownership is conditionally guaranteed by the US Constitution,17 as limited by federal18 and local19 statute law

Restricted Firearms and Ammunition

In Guam, civilians are not allowed to possess machine and sub-machine guns, automatic rifles and any other firearm not a rifle having a barrel length of sixteen inches or greater or not a shotgun having a barrel length of eighteen inches or greater or a revolver or pistol having a barrel length of more than twelve inches20 and handgun ammunition capable of penetrating body armour15

Regulation of Automatic Weapons

In Guam, private possession of fully automatic weapons is prohibited20

Regulation of Semiautomatic Assault Weapons

In Guam, private possession of semi-automatic assault weapons is permitted under licence20 21

Regulation of Handguns

In Guam, private possession of handguns (pistols and revolvers) is permitted under licence21 20

Gun Ownership and Possession

In Guam, only licensed gun owners22 23 16 may lawfully acquire, possess or transfer a firearm or ammunition

Genuine Reason Required for Firearm Possession

Applicants for a gun owner’s licence in Guam are not required to establish a genuine reason to possess a firearm, unless seeking approval for a permit to carry a concealed firearm for self-defence purposes23 24

Minimum Age for Firearm Possession

The minimum age for gun ownership in Guam is 18 years25

Gun Owner Background Checks

An applicant for a firearm licence in Guam must pass a background check which considers criminal, mental health and medical25 records

Reference Required for Firearm Licence

In Guam, third party character references for each gun licence applicant are not required26

Domestic Violence and Firearms

Where a past history, or apprehended likelihood of family violence exists, the law in Guam does not stipulate26 that a gun licence should be denied or revoked

Firearm Safety Training

In Guam, an understanding of firearm safety and the law, tested in a theoretical and/or practical training course is not required26 for a firearm licence

Gun Owner Licensing Period

In Guam, gun owners must re-apply and re-qualify for their firearm licence every three years27

Licensing Records

In Guam, authorities maintain a record27 of individual civilians licensed to acquire, possess, sell or transfer a firearm or ammunition

Limit on Number of Guns

Licensed firearm owners in Guam are permitted to possess any number of firearms26

Limit on Quantity, Type of Ammunition

Licensed firearm owners in Guam are permitted to possess any quantity of ammunition26

Firearm Registration

Civilian Gun Registration

In Guam, the law requires28 27 29 3 that a record of the acquisition, possession and transfer of each privately held firearm be retained in an official register

Gun Dealer Record Keeping

In Guam, licensed firearm dealers are required30 to keep a record of each firearm or ammunition purchase, sale or transfer on behalf of a regulating authority

Gun Sales and Transfers

Regulation of Private Gun Sales

In Guam, the private sale and transfer of firearms is prohibited without registration of the transfer31 32 22

Regulation of Dealer Gun Sales

In Guam, dealing in firearms by way of business without a valid gun dealer’s licence is unlawful33 22 31 32

Background Checks for Private Gun Sales

The buyer of a firearm in a private sale in Guam is obliged32 22 25 to pass official background checks before taking possession

Background Checks for Dealer Gun Sales

The buyer of a firearm from a licensed gun dealer in Guam is obliged34 to pass official background checks before taking possession

Limit on Gun Dealer Sales

In Guam, the number and type of firearms which can be sold by a licensed gun dealer to a single gun owner is limited to only those firearm types indicated on the holder's identification card27

Storage and Transport of Guns and Ammunition

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Private

Firearm regulations in Guam do not include26 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of private firearms and ammunition by licensed gun owners

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Dealer

Firearm regulations in Guam include35 30 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition by licensed arms dealers

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Government

Government regulations in Guam do not include26 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition by state entities

Firearm and Ammunition Transport Regulations

Regulations in Guam do not include26 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition while in transit

Marking and Tracing Guns and Ammunition

Firearm Marking

In Guam, a unique identifying mark on each firearm is required by law36

Firearm Tracing

In Guam, state authorities carry out37 38 39 40 recognised arms tracing and tracking procedures

Ballistic Record of Firearms and Ammunition

In Guam, the ballistic characteristics of each civilian firearm and its ammunition are not26 recorded in a register

Carrying Guns

Carrying Guns Openly in Public

In Guam, carrying a firearm in plain view in a public place is permitted21

Carrying Hidden Handguns in Public

In Guam, carrying a concealed firearm in a public place is allowed, subject to a valid permit3 24 41

Hidden Handgun Permit May, or Shall Be Issued

In Guam, local licensing authorities "shall issue", without room for discretion,3 a hidden handgun carry permit to any non-prohibited person who applies

Penalty for Illicit Firearm Possession

In Guam, the maximum penalty for unlawful possession of a firearm42 is three years in prison and a $1,000 fine43 44

MeasuresInternational Controls

United Nations Membership

In the UN List of Member States, Guam is not a Member State of the United Nations45

Wassenaar Arrangement

The Wassenaar Arrangement on Export Controls and Conventional Arms and Dual-Use Goods and Technologies does not list46 Guam as a Participating State


Short References

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Karp, Aaron.2018.‘Civilian Firearms Holdings, 2017.’ Estimating Global Civilian-Held Firearms Numbers.Geneva:Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva,18 June. (Q13434)Full Citation

2.

North Carolina State Center for Health Statistics.2002.‘Question: Are any firearms now kept in or around your home? Include those kept in a garage, outdoor storage area, car, truck, or other motor vehicle.’ BRFSS Survey Results 2001 for Nationwide.Atlanta, GA:Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System / BRFSS, US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention / CDC,2 September. (Q8391)Full Citation

3.

Sabrina Lynn S Monteverde. 2016. ‘Concealed Licenses, Firearm Registrations on the Rise.’ Pacific Daily News (Guam). 6 March. (N447) Full Citation

4.

GunPolicy.org.2016.‘Calculated Rates - Guam.’ Historical Population Data - USCB International Data Base.Suitland, MD:US Census Bureau Population Division,8 March. (Q4339)Full Citation

5.

Karp, Aaron.2018.‘Law Enforcement Firearms Holdings, 2017.’ Estimating Global Law Enforcement Firearms Numbers.Geneva:Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva,18 June. (Q13435)Full Citation

6.

Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation.2018.‘GBD Results Tool.’ Global Health Data Exchange.Seattle WA:University of Washington,8 August. (Q13503)Full Citation

7.

UNODC.2014.‘Homicides in Guam.’ Global Study on Homicide 2013: Trends, Context, Data.Vienna:United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC),10 April. (Q10352)Full Citation

8.

UNODC.2013.‘Homicide in 207 Countries - Guam.’ Global Study on Homicide 2011: Trends, Context, Data.Vienna:United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime,26 June. (Q6237)Full Citation

9.

UNODC.2017.‘Intentional Homicide Victims.’ Crime and Drugs Data.Vienna:United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime,19 May. (Q13355)Full Citation

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UNODC.2017.‘Intentional Homicide Victims by Sex.’ Crime and Drugs Data.Vienna:UNODC,19 May. (Q13356)Full Citation

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FBI.2017.‘Crime in the United States / CIUS.’ Uniform Crime Reports / UCR.Washington, DC:US Federal Bureau of Investigation,1 September. (Q1978)Full Citation

12.

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13.

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14.

Guam.2003.‘Guiding Legislation.’ Public Law 27-61, Title 10, Chapter 60 - Firearms.Hagatna:Guam Legislature,22 December. (Q1502)Full Citation

15.

Guam.2003.‘Definitions.’ Public Law 27-61, Title 10, Chapter 60 - Firearms.Hagatna:Guam Legislature,22 December. (Q772)Full Citation

16.

Guam.2003.‘Identification Card Required.’ Public Law 27-61, Title 10, Chapter 60 - Firearms.Hagatna:Guam Legislature,22 December. (Q749)Full Citation

17.

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Scalia, J.2008.‘District of Columbia et al. v. Heller.’ Certiorari to the United States Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia Circuit.Washington, DC:Supreme Court of the United States,26 June. (Q8502)Full Citation

19.

Guam.2003.‘Firearms.’ Public Law 27-61, Title 10, Chapter 60.Hagatna:Guam Legislature,22 December. (Q8503)Full Citation

20.

Guam.2003.‘Ownership, Etc., of Certain Firearms Prohibited.’ Public Law 27-61, Title 10, Chapter 60 - Firearms.Hagatna:Guam Legislature,22 December. (Q754)Full Citation

21.

Guam.2003.‘Ownership, Etc., Permitted.’ Public Law 27-61, Title 10, Chapter 60 - Firearms.Hagatna:Guam Legislature,22 December. (Q753)Full Citation

22.

Guam.2003.‘Identification Card - Possession.’ Public Law 27-61, Title 10, Chapter 60 - Firearms.Hagatna:Guam Legislature,22 December. (Q748)Full Citation

23.

Guam.2003.‘Identification Card - Restrictions.’ Public Law 27-61, Title 10, Chapter 60 - Firearms.Hagatna:Guam Legislature,22 December. (Q746)Full Citation

24.

Guam.2003.‘Concealed Firearms.’ Public Law 27-61, Title 10, Chapter 60 - Firearms.Hagatna:Guam Legislature,22 December. (Q747)Full Citation

25.

Guam.2003.‘Identification Card - Restrictions.’ Public Law 27-61, Title 10, Chapter 60 - Firearms.Hagatna:Guam Legislature,22 December. (Q752)Full Citation

26.

Guam.2003.‘Firearm Legislation.’ Public Law 27-61, Title 10, Chapter 60 - Firearms.Hagatna:Guam Legislature,22 December. (Q4141)Full Citation

27.

Guam.2003.‘Identification Card: Contents.’ Public Law 27-61, Title 10, Chapter 60 - Firearms.Hagatna:Guam Legislature,22 December. (Q751)Full Citation

28.

Guam.2003.‘Registration.’ Public Law 27-61, Title 10, Chapter 60 - Firearms.Hagatna:Guam Legislature,22 December. (Q759)Full Citation

29.

Guam.2003.‘Registration of Prohibited Firearms.’ Public Law 27-61, Title 10, Chapter 60 - Firearms.Hagatna:Guam Legislature,22 December. (Q755)Full Citation

30.

Guam.2003.‘Conduct of Dealer's Business.’ Public Law 27-61, Title 10, Chapter 60 - Firearms.Hagatna:Guam Legislature,22 December. (Q765)Full Citation

31.

Guam.2003.‘Transfer of Firearm: Private.’ Public Law 27-61, Title 10, Chapter 60 - Firearms.Hagatna:Guam Legislature,22 December. (Q761)Full Citation

32.

Guam.2003.‘Private Sale or Transfer.’ Public Law 27-61, Title 10, Chapter 60 - Firearms.Hagatna:Guam Legislature,22 December. (Q762)Full Citation

33.

Guam.2003.‘Dealer: Register: Dealer, etc., must register.’ Public Law 27-61, Title 10, Chapter 60 - Firearms.Hagatna:Guam Legislature,22 December. (Q763)Full Citation

34.

USA.2007.‘Identify Groups and Individuals Associated with Illicit SALW Activities.’ National Report of the United States of America on its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA).New York, NY:Permanent Mission of the United States to the United Nations,17 July. (Q1592)Full Citation

35.

Guam.2003.‘Conduct of Dealer's Business.’ Public Law 27-61, Title 10, Chapter 60 - Firearms.Hagatna:Guam Legislature,22 December. (Q757)Full Citation

36.

Guam.2003.‘Identification Card - Possession.’ Public Law 27-61, Title 10, Chapter 60 - Firearms.Hagatna:Guam Legislature,22 December. (Q766)Full Citation

37.

USA.2008.‘Implementing of the International Tracing Instrument (ITI).’ National Report of the United States of America on its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA).New York, NY:Permanent Mission of the United States to the United Nations,1 January. (Q1588)Full Citation

38.

USA.2008.‘Implementing of the International Tracing Instrument (ITI).’ National Report of the United States of America on its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA).New York, NY:Permanent Mission of the United States to the United Nations,1 January. (Q1590)Full Citation

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Cattaneo, Silvia and Sarah Parker.2008.‘Marking and Tracing.’ Implementing the United Nations Programme of Action on Small Arms and Light Weapons: Analysis of the National Reports submitted by States from 2002 to 2008.Geneva:UN Development Programme / UNDP, UN Institute for Disarmament Research / UNIDIR, UN Office for Disarmament Affairs / UNODA, Small Arms Survey,1 November. (Q1977)Full Citation

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41.

Guam.2003.‘Identification Card - Restrictions.’ Public Law 27-61, Title 10, Chapter 60 - Firearms.Hagatna:Guam Legislature,22 December. (Q756)Full Citation

42.

GunPolicy.org. 2015. ‘Penalty for Unlawful Firearm Possession.’ Definition and Selection Criteria.
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43.

Guam.2003.‘Prohibitions and Penalties.’ Public Law 27-61, Title 10, Chapter 60 - Firearms.Hagatna:Guam Legislature,22 December. (Q769)Full Citation

44.

Guam.2003.‘Ownership, Etc., of Certain Firearms Prohibited.’ Public Law 27-61, Title 10, Chapter 60 - Firearms.Hagatna:Guam Legislature,22 December. (Q767)Full Citation

45.

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46.

Wassenaar Arrangement.1996.‘Introduction: Participating States.’ Wassenaar Arrangement on Export Controls and Conventional Arms and Dual-Use Goods and Technologies.Vienna:Wassenaar Secretariat,12 July. (Q19)Full Citation