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Armed violence prevention, gun control laws and the small arms trade:

Greenland — Gun Facts, Figures and the Law

StockpilesGun Numbers

Civilian Guns

Number of Privately Owned Firearms

The estimated total number of guns (both licit and illicit) held by civilians in Greenland is

2017: 13,0001

Rate of Civilian Firearm Possession per 100 Population

The estimated rate of private gun ownership (both licit and illicit) per 100 people in Greenland is

2017: 22.301

Government Guns

Number of Law Enforcement Firearms

Police in Greenland are reported to have 3002 firearms

ImpactsDeath and Injury

Homicides (any method)

ChartIn Greenland, annual homicides by any means total

2015: 73
2014: 12
2013: 3
2012: 5
2011: 10
2010: 18
2009: 114 5
2008: 6
2007: 2
2006: 10
2005: 10
2004: 11
2003: 5
2002: 12
2001: 17
2000: 13
1999: 115
1998: 6
1997: 11
1996: 3
1995: 11

Rate of Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Greenland, the annual rate of homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2015: 12.463
2014: 21.35
2013: 5.33
2012: 8.87
2011: 17.72
2010: 31.83
2009: 19.44 5
2008: 10.6
2007: 3.5
2006: 17.6
2005: 17.6
2004: 19.3
2003: 8.8
2002: 21.2
2001: 30.2
2000: 23.1
1999: 19.65
1998: 10.7
1997: 19.7
1996: 5.4
1995: 19.8

TransfersGun Trade and Trafficking

Firearm Exports

In Greenland, firearm and ammunition exports are limited by transfer control law6

Small Arms Exports (US$) - Customs

The annual value of small arms and ammunition exports from Greenland is reported by Customs to be US$3,7477 (2011)

Firearm Imports

In Greenland, firearm and ammunition imports are limited by transfer control law6

Small Arms Imports (US$) - Customs

The annual value of small arms and ammunition imports to Greenland is reported by Customs to be US$1,044,8587 (2011)

MeasuresGun Regulation

Firearm Law

Guiding gun control legislation in Greenland includes the Act on Control and Registration of Firearms in Greenland 19926

Firearm Regulation Authority

Guns in Greenland are regulated by the Ministry of Justice and the Chief Constable of Greenland6

Right to Possess Firearms

In Greenland, the right to private gun ownership is not guaranteed by law8 9

Gun Ownership and Possession

In Greenland, only licensed gun owners6 may lawfully acquire, possess or transfer a firearm or ammunition

Gun Owner Background Checks

An applicant for a firearm licence in Greenland must pass a background check which considers criminal and relationship6 records

Storage and Transport of Guns and Ammunition

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Private

Firearm regulations in Greenland include6 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of private firearms and ammunition by licensed gun owners

MeasuresInternational Controls

Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development

The Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development, a diplomatic initiative aimed at addressing the interrelations between armed violence and development, was not signed10 by Greenland.

United Nations Membership

In the UN List of Member States, Greenland is not a Member State of the United Nations11

Wassenaar Arrangement

The Wassenaar Arrangement on Export Controls and Conventional Arms and Dual-Use Goods and Technologies does not list12 Greenland as a Participating State


Short References

1.

Karp, Aaron.2018.‘Civilian Firearms Holdings, 2017.’ Estimating Global Civilian-Held Firearms Numbers.Geneva:Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva,18 June. (Q13434)Full Citation

2.

Karp, Aaron.2018.‘Law Enforcement Firearms Holdings, 2017.’ Estimating Global Law Enforcement Firearms Numbers.Geneva:Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva,18 June. (Q13435)Full Citation

3.

UNODC.2017.‘Intentional Homicide Victims.’ Crime and Drugs Data.Vienna:United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime,19 May. (Q13355)Full Citation

4.

UNODC.2014.‘Homicides in Greenland.’ Global Study on Homicide 2013: Trends, Context, Data.Vienna:United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC),10 April. (Q10178)Full Citation

5.

UNODC.2013.‘Homicide in 207 Countries - Greenland.’ Global Study on Homicide 2011: Trends, Context, Data.Vienna:United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime,26 June. (Q6263)Full Citation

6.

Greenland.1992.‘Act on Control and Registration of Firearms in Greenland, 1992.’ Danish Polar Centre.Amalienborg:Ministry of Justice,19 December. (Q1367)Full Citation

7.

Marsh, Nicholas.2014.‘Database of Authorised Transfers of Small Arms and Light Weapons.’ NISAT Small Arms Trade Database.Oslo:Norwegian Initiative on Small Arms Transfers,22 December. (Q16)Full Citation

8.

Sherman, Amy and Tom Ginsburg.2014.‘Gun Rights in National Constitutions.’ Marco Rubio Says Second Amendment Is Unique in Speech to NRA.Miami, FL:Miami Herald (PolitiFact Florida),29 April. (Q8507)Full Citation

9.

Zachary Elkins, Tom Ginsburg and James Melton. 2013. ‘U.S. Gun Rights Truly Are American Exceptionalism.’ Bloomberg (USA). 7 March. (N422) Full Citation

10.

GDAV.2006.‘Geneva Declaration.’ Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development.Geneva:Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development Secretariat,7 June. (Q7162)Full Citation

11.

UN.2013.‘Member States of the United Nations.’ UN.org Web Site.New York, NY:United Nations General Assembly,7 April. (Q290)Full Citation

12.

Wassenaar Arrangement.1996.‘Introduction: Participating States.’ Wassenaar Arrangement on Export Controls and Conventional Arms and Dual-Use Goods and Technologies.Vienna:Wassenaar Secretariat,12 July. (Q19)Full Citation