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Armed violence prevention, gun control laws and the small arms trade:

Greenland — Gun Facts, Figures and the Law

StockpilesGun Numbers

Civilian Guns

Number of Privately Owned Firearms

The estimated total number of guns (both licit and illicit) held by civilians in Greenland is

2017: 13,0001

Rate of Civilian Firearm Possession per 100 Population

The estimated rate of private gun ownership (both licit and illicit) per 100 people in Greenland is

2017: 22.301

Government Guns

Number of Law Enforcement Firearms

Police in Greenland are reported to have 3002 firearms

ImpactsDeath and Injury

Homicides (any method)

ChartIn Greenland, annual homicides by any means total

2016: 33
2015: 4
2014: 4
2013: 7
2012: 8
2011: 1
2010: 11
2009: 10
2008: 8
2007: 8
2006: 10
2005: 10
2004: 11
2003: 5
2002: 12
2001: 17
2000: 13
1999: 114
1998: 6
1997: 11
1996: 3
1995: 11

Rate of Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Greenland, the annual rate of homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2016: 5.323
2015: 7.09
2014: 7.09
2013: 12.41
2012: 14.17
2011: 1.77
2010: 19.42
2009: 17.36
2008: 13.90
2007: 13.91
2006: 17.6
2005: 17.6
2004: 19.3
2003: 8.8
2002: 21.2
2001: 30.2
2000: 23.1
1999: 19.64
1998: 10.7
1997: 19.7
1996: 5.4
1995: 19.8

Male Homicide Victims (any method)

In Greenland, annual male homicides by any means total

2015: 25

Female Homicide Victims (any method)

In Greenland, annual female homicides by any means total

2015: 25

TransfersGun Trade and Trafficking

Firearm Exports

In Greenland, firearm and ammunition exports are limited by transfer control law6

Small Arms Exports (US$) - Customs

ChartThe annual value of small arms and ammunition exports from Greenland is reported by Customs to be US$

2019: 3,0007
2018: 1,000
2017: 2,000
2016: 1,000
2015: 1,000
2014:
2013: 4,000
2012: 4,000
2011: 4,000
2010: 49,000
2009: 6,000
2008: 3,000
2007: 1,000
2006: 3,000
2005: 13,000
2004: 1,000
2002: 376,000

Firearm Imports

In Greenland, firearm and ammunition imports are limited by transfer control law6

Small Arms Imports (US$) - Customs

ChartThe annual value of small arms and ammunition imports to Greenland is reported by Customs to be US$

2021: 2,631,0008
2020: 1,903,000
2019: 1,904,000
2018: 825,000
2017: 1,332,000
2016: 1,146,000
2015: 559,000
2014: 922,000
2013: 801,000
2012: 746,000
2011: 1,019,000
2010: 612,000
2009: 575,000
2008: 763,000
2007: 1,237,000
2006: 976,000
2005: 1,278,000
2004: 1,462,000
2003: 1,369,000
2002: 1,535,000

MeasuresGun Regulation

Firearm Law

Guiding gun control legislation in Greenland includes the Act on Control and Registration of Firearms in Greenland 19926

Firearm Regulation Authority

Guns in Greenland are regulated by the Ministry of Justice and the Chief Constable of Greenland6

Right to Possess Firearms

In Greenland, the right to private gun ownership is not guaranteed by law9 10

Gun Ownership and Possession

In Greenland, only licensed gun owners6 may lawfully acquire, possess or transfer a firearm or ammunition

Gun Owner Background Checks

An applicant for a firearm licence in Greenland must pass a background check which considers criminal and relationship6 records

Storage and Transport of Guns and Ammunition

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Private

Firearm regulations in Greenland include6 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of private firearms and ammunition by licensed gun owners

MeasuresInternational Controls

Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development

The Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development, a diplomatic initiative aimed at addressing the interrelations between armed violence and development, was not signed11 by Greenland.

United Nations Membership

In the UN List of Member States, Greenland is not a Member State of the United Nations12

Wassenaar Arrangement

The Wassenaar Arrangement on Export Controls and Conventional Arms and Dual-Use Goods and Technologies does not list13 Greenland as a Participating State

BackgroundSustainable Development Goal Profile

About SDG 16

The Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) are 17 goals set by the United Nations to be implemented by all member states by 2030. Adopted in 2015, they outline a vision of development in which peace and security are an integral part. SDG 16,14 which seeks to “promote peaceful and inclusive societies for sustainable development,” includes targets and indicators focused on reducing violence (Target 16.1) and the proliferation of illicit arms (Target 16.4). The indicators – or measurement criteria – of these targets include the number of victims of intentional homicide (Indicator 16.1.1), the number of conflict-related deaths (Indicator 16.1.2), and the number of illicit firearms collected and traced (Indicator 16.4.2). In light of these targets and indicators, GunPolicy.org provides granular national data pertaining to homicides, gun homicides, conflict deaths, disarmament efforts, and marking and tracing.

Homicides (any method)

ChartIn Greenland, annual homicides by any means total

2016: 33
2015: 4
2014: 4
2013: 7
2012: 8
2011: 1
2010: 11
2009: 10
2008: 8
2007: 8
2006: 10
2005: 10
2004: 11
2003: 5
2002: 12
2001: 17
2000: 13
1999: 114
1998: 6
1997: 11
1996: 3
1995: 11

Rate of Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Greenland, the annual rate of homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2016: 5.323
2015: 7.09
2014: 7.09
2013: 12.41
2012: 14.17
2011: 1.77
2010: 19.42
2009: 17.36
2008: 13.90
2007: 13.91
2006: 17.6
2005: 17.6
2004: 19.3
2003: 8.8
2002: 21.2
2001: 30.2
2000: 23.1
1999: 19.64
1998: 10.7
1997: 19.7
1996: 5.4
1995: 19.8

Male Homicide Victims (any method)

In Greenland, annual male homicides by any means total

2015: 25

Female Homicide Victims (any method)

In Greenland, annual female homicides by any means total

2015: 25

Global Peace Index

To see where Greenland ranks, select the Link icon to open an external web page at the Global Peace Index, and then click on Greenland on the map or in the "Select Country" menu on the right of the web page


Short References

1.

Karp, Aaron.2018.‘Civilian Firearms Holdings, 2017.’ Estimating Global Civilian-Held Firearms Numbers.Geneva:Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva,18 June. (Q13434)Full Citation

2.

Karp, Aaron.2018.‘Law Enforcement Firearms Holdings, 2017.’ Estimating Global Law Enforcement Firearms Numbers.Geneva:Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva,18 June. (Q13435)Full Citation

3.

UNODC.2020.‘Intentional Homicide Victims.’ dataunodc.un.org (web site).Vienna:United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime,1 January. (Q13355)Full Citation

4.

UNODC.2013.‘Homicide in 207 Countries - Greenland.’ Global Study on Homicide 2011: Trends, Context, Data.Vienna:United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime,26 June. (Q6263)Full Citation

5.

UNODC.2017.‘Intentional Homicide Victims by Sex.’ Crime and Drugs Data.Vienna:UNODC,19 May. (Q13356)Full Citation

6.

Greenland.1992.‘Act on Control and Registration of Firearms in Greenland, 1992.’ Danish Polar Centre.Amalienborg:Ministry of Justice,19 December. (Q1367)Full Citation

7.

International Trade Centre (ITC).2022.‘Exported values (2002-2021).’ Trade Map.Geneva:International Trade Centre (ITC),31 August. (Q16040)Full Citation

8.

International Trade Centre (ITC).2022.‘Imported values (2002-2021).’ Trade Map.Geneva:International Trade Centre (ITC),31 August. (Q16041)Full Citation

9.

Sherman, Amy and Tom Ginsburg.2014.‘Gun Rights in National Constitutions.’ Marco Rubio Says Second Amendment Is Unique in Speech to NRA.Miami, FL:Miami Herald (PolitiFact Florida),29 April. (Q8507)Full Citation

10.

Zachary Elkins, Tom Ginsburg and James Melton. 2013. ‘U.S. Gun Rights Truly Are American Exceptionalism.’ Bloomberg (USA). 7 March. (N422) Full Citation

11.

GDAV.2006.‘Geneva Declaration.’ Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development.Geneva:Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development Secretariat,7 June. (Q7162)Full Citation

12.

UN.2013.‘Member States of the United Nations.’ UN.org Web Site.New York, NY:United Nations General Assembly,7 April. (Q290)Full Citation

13.

Wassenaar Arrangement.1996.‘Introduction: Participating States.’ Wassenaar Arrangement on Export Controls and Conventional Arms and Dual-Use Goods and Technologies.Vienna:Wassenaar Secretariat,12 July. (Q19)Full Citation

14.

United Nations.2017.‘Relevant Targets & Indicators.’ Sustainable Development Goal 16.New York NY:United Nations Statistics Division,6 July. (Q14093)Full Citation