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Greece — Gun Facts, Figures and the Law

StockpilesGun Numbers

Civilian Guns

Number of Privately Owned Firearms

ChartThe estimated total number of guns (both licit and illicit) held by civilians in Greece is

2017: 1,920,0001
2007: 2,500,0002

Rate of Civilian Firearm Possession per 100 Population

ChartThe estimated rate of private gun ownership (both licit and illicit) per 100 people in Greece is

2017: 17.601
2007: 22.52

Number of Privately Owned Handguns

In Greece, the number of handguns in civilian possession is reported to be 5,0003

Number of Privately Owned Firearms - World Ranking

In a 2007 comparison of the number of privately owned guns in 178 countries, Greece ranked at No. 314

Rate of Privately Owned Firearms per 100 Population - World Ranking

In a 2007 comparison of the rate of private gun ownership in 178 countries, Greece ranked at No. 232

Proportion of Adults Living in a Home With a Gun

In Greece, the percentage of adults living in a household with a firearm is reported to be

2015: 7%5

Proportion of Households with Firearms

In Greece, the percentage of households with one or more guns is reported to be

2005: 20.6%6

Proportion of Households with Handguns

In Greece, the percentage of households with one or more handguns is reported to be

2005: 1.4%6

Number of Licensed Firearm Owners

The number of licensed gun owners in Greece is reported to be

1999: 3,1803

Rate of Licensed Firearm Owners per 100 Population

The rate of licensed firearm owners per 100 people in Greece is

1999: 0.037

Number of Registered Firearms

ChartThe number of registered guns in Greece is reported to be

2017: 1,010,0001
2007: 100,0002

Rate of Registered Firearms per 100 Population

The rate of registered guns per 100 people in Greece is

2007: 0.947

Estimated Number of Unregistered and Illicit Firearms

Unregistered and unlawfully held guns cannot be counted,8 but in Greece there are estimated to be

2017: 910,0001

Government Guns

Number of Military Firearms

The defence forces of Greece are reported to have 642,5109 firearms

Number of Law Enforcement Firearms

Police in Greece are reported to have 99,00010 firearms

ImpactsDeath and Injury

Total Number of Gun Deaths

ChartIn Greece, annual deaths resulting from firearms total

2015: 14611
2014: 149
2012: 18412 13 14
2011: 164
2010: 165
2009: 185
2008: 180
2007: 165
2006: 142
2005: 163
2004: 149
2003: 166
2002: 177
1999: 195
1998: 194

Rate of All Gun Deaths per 100,000 People

ChartIn Greece, the annual rate of all gun deaths per 100,000 population is

2015: 1.3511
2014: 1.38
2012: 1.717
2011: 1.52
2010: 1.53
2009: 1.72
2008: 1.68
2007: 1.54
2006: 1.33
2005: 1.53
2004: 1.40
2003: 1.56
2002: 1.67
1999: 1.85
1998: 1.84

Total Number of Male Gun Deaths

ChartIn Greece, annual male deaths resulting from firearms total

2015: 13411
2014: 141

Rate of Male Gun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn Greece, the annual rate of male gun death per 100,000 population is

2015: 2.5511
2014: 2.68

Total Number of Female Gun Deaths

ChartIn Greece, annual female deaths resulting from firearms total

2015: 1211
2014: 8

Rate of Female Gun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn Greece, the annual rate of female gun death per 100,000 population is

2015: 0.2211
2014: 0.15

Homicides (any method)

ChartIn Greece, annual homicides by any means total

2016: 8415
2015: 9911
2014: 121
2013: 153
2012: 166
2011: 18416 17
2010: 176
2009: 152
2008: 144
2007: 130
2006: 11016 17 18
2005: 132
2004: 11116 17
2003: 122
2002: 94
2001: 132
2000: 8116 17 19
1999: 15517 19
1998: 176
1997: 20317 20
1996: 169
1995: 151

Rate of Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Greece, the annual rate of homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2016: 0.7815
2015: 0.9211
2014: 1.12
2013: 1.42
2012: 1.54
2011: 1.71
2010: 1.64
2009: 1.42
2008: 1.34
2007: 1.21
2006: 1.016 17 18
2005: 1.2
2004: 1.016 17
2003: 1.1
2002: 0.9
2001: 1.2
2000: 0.716 17 19
1999: 1.417 19
1998: 1.6
1997: 1.917
1996: 1.6
1995: 1.4
1994: 1.1421

Male Homicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Greece, annual male homicides by any means total

2016: 5822
2015: 6811
2014: 91
2013: 103
2012: 127
2011: 152
2010: 142
2009: 127
2008: 111
2007: 95

Rate of Male Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Greece, the annual rate of male homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2016: 1.0522
2015: 1.2911
2014: 1.73
2013: 1.85
2012: 2.27
2011: 2.70
2010: 2.52
2009: 2.25
2008: 1.97
2007: 1.69

Female Homicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Greece, annual female homicides by any means total

2016: 2622
2015: 3111
2014: 30
2013: 50
2012: 39
2011: 32
2010: 34
2009: 25
2008: 33
2007: 35

Rate of Female Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Greece, the annual rate of female homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2016: 0.4622
2015: 0.5611
2014: 0.54
2013: 0.87
2012: 0.68
2011: 0.55
2010: 0.59
2009: 0.43
2008: 0.57
2007: 0.61

Gun Homicides

ChartIn Greece, annual firearm homicides total

2015: 2111
2014: 32
2013: 6123
2012: 5712
2011: 60
2010: 58
2009: 67
2008: 62
2007: 62
2006: 3412 17
2005: 5012
2004: 41
2003: 51
2002: 33
2001: 46
2000: 61
1999: 64
1998: 74

Rate of Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Greece, the annual rate of firearm homicide per 100,000 population is

2015: 0.1911
2014: 0.30
2013: 0.6023
2012: 0.5112
2011: 0.53
2010: 0.51
2009: 0.59
2008: 0.55
2007: 0.55
2006: 0.3112 17
2005: 0.4512
2004: 0.37
2003: 0.46
2002: 0.30
2001: 0.42
2000: 0.56
1999: 0.59
1998: 0.68
1994: 0.5924

Proportion of Homicides Committed With a Gun

In Greece, the percentage of homicides committed with a firearm is reported to be

2006: 34.9%17

Male Gun Homicide Victims

ChartIn Greece, annual male firearm homicides total

2015: 1511
2014: 28

Rate of Male Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Greece, the annual rate of male firearm homicide per 100,000 population is

2015: 0.2911
2014: 0.53

Female Gun Homicide Victims

ChartIn Greece, annual female firearm homicides total

2015: 611
2014: 4

Rate of Female Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Greece, the annual rate of female firearm homicide per 100,000 population is

2015: 0.1111
2014: 0.07

Suicides (any method)

ChartIn Greece, annual suicides by any means total

2015: 52911
2014: 565
1998: 40325

Rate of Suicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Greece, the annual rate of suicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2015: 4.9111
2014: 5.24
1998: 3.6725
1994: 3.4026

Male Suicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Greece, annual male suicides by any means total

2015: 42211
2014: 450

Rate of Male Suicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Greece, the annual rate of male suicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2015: 8.0211
2014: 8.55

Female Suicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Greece, annual female suicides by any means total

2015: 10711
2014: 115

Rate of Female Suicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Greece, the annual rate of female suicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2015: 1.9411
2014: 2.09

Gun Suicides

ChartIn Greece, annual firearm suicides total

2015: 11011
2014: 106
2012: 11713
2011: 97
2010: 97
2009: 109
2008: 99
2007: 92
2006: 95
2005: 98
2004: 91
2003: 97
2002: 82
2001: 59
2000: 96
1999: 92
1998: 86

Rate of Gun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Greece, the annual rate of firearm suicide per 100,000 population is

2015: 1.0211
2014: 0.98
2012: 1.0513
2011: 0.86
2010: 0.86
2009: 0.97
2008: 0.88
2007: 0.82
2006: 0.85
2005: 0.88
2004: 0.82
2003: 0.88
2002: 0.75
2001: 0.54
2000: 0.88
1999: 0.85
1998: 0.79
1994: 0.8427

Male Gun Suicide Victims

ChartIn Greece, annual male firearm suicides total

2015: 10411
2014: 102

Rate of Male Gun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Greece, the annual rate of male firearm suicide per 100,000 population is

2015: 1.9811
2014: 1.94

Female Gun Suicide Victims

ChartIn Greece, annual female firearm suicides total

2015: 611
2014: 4

Rate of Female Gun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Greece, the annual rate of female firearm suicide per 100,000 population is

2015: 0.1111
2014: 0.07

Unintentional Gun Deaths

ChartIn Greece, annual unintentional shooting deaths total

2015: 1111
2014: 5
2012: 1014
2011: 7
2010: 10
2009: 9
2008: 19
2007: 11
2006: 13
2005: 15
2004: 17
2003: 18
2002: 62
2001: 53
2000: 45
1999: 39
1998: 34

Rate of Unintentional Gun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn Greece, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death per 100,000 population is

2015: 0.1011
2014: 0.05
2012: 0.0914
2011: 0.06
2010: 0.09
2009: 0.08
2008: 0.17
2007: 0.1
2006: 0.12
2005: 0.14
2004: 0.15
2003: 0.16
2002: 0.56
2001: 0.48
2000: 0.41
1999: 0.36
1998: 0.31
1994: 0.0428

Unintentional Male Gun Deaths

ChartIn Greece, annual unintentional male shooting deaths total

2015: 1111
2014: 5

Rate of Unintentional Male Gun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn Greece, the annual rate of unintentional male shooting death per 100,000 population is

2015: 0.2111
2014: 0.09

Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Greece, annual shooting deaths in which the cause remains undecided total

2015: 411
2014: 4
1998: 025

Rate of Gun Death from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn Greece, the annual rate of unknown-cause shooting deaths per 100,000 population is

2015: 0.0411
2014: 0.04
1998: 0.0025
1994: 0.0329

Male Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Greece, annual male shooting deaths in which the cause remains undecided total

2015: 411
2014: 4

Rate of Male Gun Death from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn Greece, the annual rate of unknown-cause male shooting deaths per 100,000 population is

2015: 0.0811
2014: 0.08

Legal Intervention Gun Homicides

In Greece, annual legal-intervention gun homicides total

2014: 211

ProductionGun Industry

Regulation of Firearm Makers

In Greece, the manufacture of small arms, ammunition and/or their components is permitted only if the maker holds a valid licence30

Small Arms Manufacture - World Ranking

In a classification of the world's small, medium and major firearm manufacturers, Greece was ranked 'small'31

Home-made Guns

In Greece, the prevalence of illicit craft, or 'home-made' firearm manufacture is reported to be low32

TransfersGun Trade and Trafficking

Firearm Exports

In Greece, firearm and ammunition exports are limited by transfer control law33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40

Firearm Exports (Number)

ChartThe annual number of firearms exported from Greece is reported by manufacturers to be

2018: 741
2014: 16
2010: 54
2007: 116,052
2006: 1,315

Small Arms Exports (US$) - Customs

The annual value of small arms and ammunition exports from Greece is reported by Customs to be US$16,298,76542 (2011)

Small Arms Exports - World Ranking

In a comparison of the world's major/mid-level/minor/unknown small arms exporters, Greece was categorized as 'unknown'43

Firearm Imports

In Greece, firearm and ammunition imports are limited by transfer control law33 34 35 36 37 38 39

Firearm Imports (Number)

ChartThe annual number of firearms imported to Greece is reported to be

2018: 24041
2014: 10
2009: 9
2007: 14
2006: 13,278

Small Arms Imports (US$) - Customs

The annual value of small arms and ammunition imports to Greece is reported by Customs to be US$11,299,58642 (2011)44 45 46 47

Smuggling Guns and Ammunition

Reports suggest that the level of firearm and ammunition smuggling in Greece is low48 3

Regulation of Arms Brokers

In Greece, the activities of arms brokers and transfer intermediaries are specifically regulated by law49 50 51

End User Certificates

Customs regulations in Greece include52 certification of the intended end user of any small arms or ammunition transfer, and/or a written declaration of its intended end use

Transparency of Small Arms Transfers

ChartIn its annual Small Arms Trade Transparency Barometer, the Small Arms Survey compares public reporting among major arms exporting nations on a scale from strong to weak (25 to zero). In recent years, Greece scored

2014: 11.7553
2013: 11.5054
2012: 12.0055
2011: 9.2556
2010: 10.5057
2009: 11.0058
2008: 11.0059
2007: 9.7560
2006: 8.0061
2005: 8.2562
2004: 7.7563

MeasuresGun Regulation

Firearm Regulation - Guiding Policy

The regulation of guns in Greece is categorised as restrictive64

Firearm Law

Guiding gun control legislation in Greece includes the Law No. 2168/93 of September 3, 1993, as amended by the Law No. 4028/11 of November 11, 2011, the Ministerial Decisions No. 900/2553/Σ.751/14 and No.900/7532/Σ. 2126/2012 of 2012,33 49 65 the Presidential Decree No. 3/2008,30 the Council Directive of 18 June 1991 on Control of the Acquisition and Possession of Weapons,66 67 the European Union Firearms Regulation of 2012 and the Common Position on the Control of Arms Brokering of 200368

Firearm Regulation Authority

Guns in Greece are regulated by the General Directorate of Defense Procurement and Investment,30 the Ministry of Public Order,3 and the European Commission67

Right to Possess Firearms

In Greece, the right to private gun ownership is not guaranteed by law69 70

Restricted Firearms and Ammunition

In Greece, civilians are not allowed to possess automatic firearms, firearms disguised as other objects, and armour-piercing, incendiary and expanding ammunition71 72

Regulation of Automatic Weapons

In Greece, private possession of fully automatic weapons is prohibited71 72

Regulation of Semiautomatic Assault Weapons

In Greece, private possession of semi-automatic assault weapons is permitted only with special authorisation73 74 72

Regulation of Handguns

In Greece, private possession of handguns (pistols and revolvers) is permitted only with special authorisation71 73 74 72

Gun Ownership and Possession

In Greece, only licensed gun owners75 71 73 may lawfully acquire, possess or transfer a firearm or ammunition

Genuine Reason Required for Firearm Possession

Applicants for a gun owner’s licence in Greece are required to establish a genuine reason to possess a firearm, for example hunting, target shooting, personal protection, security76

Minimum Age for Firearm Possession

The minimum age for gun ownership in Greece is 18 years76

Gun Owner Background Checks

An applicant for a firearm licence in Greece must pass a background check which considers criminal, mental health and domestic violence76 records

Domestic Violence and Firearms

Where a past history, or apprehended likelihood of family violence exists, the law in Greece stipulates (violent behaviour)3 that a gun licence should be denied or revoked

Limit on Quantity, Type of Ammunition

Licensed firearm owners in Greece are permitted to possess only ammunition suitable for the intended firearm77

Firearm Registration

Civilian Gun Registration

In Greece, the law requires78 79 that a record of the acquisition, possession and transfer of each privately held firearm be retained in an official register

Gun Dealer Record Keeping

In Greece, licensed firearm dealers are required79 to keep a record of each firearm or ammunition purchase, sale or transfer on behalf of a regulating authority

Gun Manufacturer Record Keeping

In Greece, licensed gun makers are required30 to keep a record of each firearm produced, for inspection by a regulating authority

State-Owned Firearm Records

In Greece, State agencies are required80 to maintain records of the storage and movement of all firearms and ammunition under their control

Gun Sales and Transfers

Regulation of Dealer Gun Sales

In Greece, dealing in firearms by way of business without a valid gun dealer’s licence is unlawful65 81 74

Storage and Transport of Guns and Ammunition

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Private

Firearm regulations in Greece include3 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of private firearms and ammunition by licensed gun owners

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Government

Government regulations in Greece include80 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition by state entities

Firearm and Ammunition Transport Regulations

Regulations in Greece include33 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition while in transit

Marking and Tracing Guns and Ammunition

Firearm Marking

In Greece, a unique identifying mark on each firearm is required by law30 78 82 83 84 85 65

Firearm Tracing

In Greece, state authorities carry out86 87 84 79 recognised arms tracing and tracking procedures

Carrying Guns

Carrying Guns Openly in Public

In Greece, carrying a firearm in plain view in a public place is allowed without a permit, with some restrictions3

Penalty for Illicit Firearm Possession

In Greece, the maximum penalty for unlawful possession of a firearm88 is two years in prison89 65

Collection, Amnesty and Destruction Programmes

Firearms Surrendered and Seized

ChartIn Greece, the number of firearms voluntarily surrendered, bought back or seized by authorities is reported to be

2017: 2,24890
2016: 2,268
2012: 13391
2009/14: 8,94692

MeasuresInternational Controls

Regional Agreements

European Union

As a member of the European Union, Greece is bound by the provisions of the ‘EU Firearms Directive’ – the 2007 Legislative Resolution on Control of the Acquisition and Possession of Weapons of the European Parliament93 94

European Union Export Reporting

Under the European Union Common Position on Arms Exports, Greece is bound to declare its transfers of military technology and equipment. Independent monitoring provides detailed comparisons of arms export reporting compliance across EU member states, and records that Greece has yet to submit a national report95 on its arms transfers

Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development

The Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development, a diplomatic initiative aimed at addressing the interrelations between armed violence and development, was signed in 200696 by Greece.

Arms Trade Treaty

The Arms Trade Treaty has been signed and ratified97 by Greece

United Nations Firearms Protocol

The United Nations Protocol against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, Their Parts and Components and Ammunition has been signed and ratified98 by Greece

United Nations Small Arms Programme of Action UNPoA

UNPoA Commitment

On 21 July 2001, Greece committed to a consensus decision of the United Nations to adopt, support and implement the UN Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects99

UNPoA Implementation Monitor Score

In its UN small arms Programme of Action Implementation Monitor (PoAIM Phase 1), the Small Arms Survey scored Greece against its commitments to the PoA, then ranked it at No. 78100 101 102 103 among 159 Member States

UNPoA National Reporting

Under the terms of its 2001 commitment to the United Nations small arms Programme of Action, Greece has submitted one or more national reports104 83 on its implementation of the UNPoA

UNPoA National Point of Contact

In Greece, a National Point of Contact to deal with issues relating to the UNPoA has not been designated105 83

UNPoA Civil Society Involvement and Support

In National Reports of Greece submitted to the UN from 2001 to 2010, a history of substantive cooperation with civil society in support of UNPoA activities was not apparent83

UNPoA International Assistance – Donor

Funds for UNPoA implementation have been donated83 by Greece to other UN Member States

United Nations Small Arms Register

According to the United Nations Register of Conventional Arms, Greece has declared106 its small arms exports in one or more annual National Reports on Arms Exports.

United Nations Membership

In the UN List of Member States, Greece has been a Member State of the United Nations since 1945107

Wassenaar Arrangement

The Wassenaar Arrangement on Export Controls and Conventional Arms and Dual-Use Goods and Technologies lists108 Greece as a Participating State

BackgroundCountry Profile

Conflict Profile

For a profile of conflict in Greece, select the Link icon to open an external web page from the UCDP Conflict Encyclopedia at Uppsala University

Global Peace Index

To see where Greece ranks, select the Link icon to open an external web page at the Global Peace Index


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