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Germany — Gun Facts, Figures and the Law

StockpilesGun Numbers

Civilian Guns

Number of Privately Owned Firearms

ChartThe estimated total number of guns (both licit and illicit) held by civilians in Germany is

2017: 15,822,0001
2016: 25,900,0002 3 4 5
2013: 25,500,0006 3
2005: 25,000,0007

Rate of Civilian Firearm Possession per 100 Population

ChartThe estimated rate of private gun ownership (both licit and illicit) per 100 people in Germany is

2017: 19.601
2016: 32.08 9
2013: 31.42
2005: 30.37

Number of Privately Owned Firearms - World Ranking

In a 2007 comparison of the number of privately owned guns in 178 countries, Germany ranked at No. 410

Rate of Privately Owned Firearms per 100 Population - World Ranking

In a 2007 comparison of the rate of private gun ownership in 178 countries, Germany ranked at No. 157

Proportion of Adults Living in a Home With a Gun

In Germany, the percentage of adults living in a household with a firearm is reported to be

2015: 5%11

Proportion of Households with Firearms

ChartIn Germany, the percentage of households with one or more guns is reported to be

2005: 12.5%12
1989: 9.2%

Proportion of Households with Handguns

ChartIn Germany, the percentage of households with one or more handguns is reported to be

2005: 4.2%12
1989: 6.7%

Number of Licensed Firearm Owners

ChartThe number of licensed gun owners in Germany is reported to be

2016: 2,500,00013 3 4
2013: 1,400,0006
1999: 2,000,00014

Rate of Licensed Firearm Owners per 100 Population

ChartThe rate of licensed firearm owners per 100 people in Germany is

2016: 3.098
2013: 1.72
1999: 2.44

Number of Registered Firearms

ChartThe number of registered guns in Germany is reported to be

2017: 5,830,0001
2016: 5,900,0002 3 4
2013: 5,500,0006 3
2005: 7,200,0007
2004: 7,000,00015

Rate of Registered Firearms per 100 Population

ChartThe rate of registered guns per 100 people in Germany is

2016: 7.308
2013: 6.77
2005: 8.73
2004: 8.49

Estimated Number of Illicit Firearms

ChartUnlawfully held guns cannot be counted, but in Germany there are estimated to be

2017: 9,992,0001
2016: 20,000,0003 4
2013: 20,000,0003
2004: 17,000,00015

Estimated Rate of Illicit Firearms per 100 Population

ChartUnlawfully held guns cannot be counted, but in Germany the rate of illicit firearms per 100 people is estimated to be

2016: 24.788
2013: 24.65
2004: 20.61

Government Guns

Number of Military Firearms

The defence forces of Germany are reported to have 483,01616 firearms

Number of Law Enforcement Firearms

Police in Germany are reported to have 466,00017 firearms

ImpactsDeath and Injury

Total Number of Gun Deaths

ChartIn Germany, annual deaths resulting from firearms total

2014: 82018 19 20 21
2013: 926
2012: 81918 19 20 21 22
2011: 87818 19 20 21
2010: 90323
2009: 93618 19 20 21
2008: 953
2007: 959
2006: 953
2005: 1,044
2004: 1,145
2003: 1,122
2002: 1,061
2001: 1,102
2000: 1,112
1999: 1,201
1998: 1,164

Rate of All Gun Deaths per 100,000 People

ChartIn Germany, the annual rate of all gun deaths per 100,000 population is

2014: 1.0124
2013: 1.14
2012: 1.01
2011: 1.08
2010: 1.11
2009: 1.148
2008: 1.16
2007: 1.17
2006: 1.16
2005: 1.27
2004: 1.39
2003: 1.36
2002: 1.29
2001: 1.34
2000: 1.35
1999: 1.46
1998: 1.42

Total Number of Male Gun Deaths

ChartIn Germany, annual male deaths resulting from firearms total

2014: 76724
2013: 851
2012: 767
2011: 808
2010: 842

Total Number of Female Gun Deaths

ChartIn Germany, annual female deaths resulting from firearms total

2014: 5324
2013: 75
2012: 52
2011: 70
2010: 61

Homicides (any method)

ChartIn Germany, annual homicides by any means total

2015: 68225
2014: 36824
2013: 394
2012: 403
2011: 431
2010: 478
2009: 706
2008: 722
2007: 757
2006: 808
2005: 869
2004: 868
2003: 859
2002: 955
2001: 925
2000: 1,015
1999: 1,02026
1998: 998
1997: 1,265
1996: 1,382
1995: 1,406

Rate of Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Germany, the annual rate of homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2015: 0.8525
2014: 1.0124
2013: 1.14
2012: 1.01
2011: 1.08
2010: 1.11
2009: 0.8
2008: 0.9
2007: 0.9
2006: 1.0
2005: 1.0
2004: 1.0
2003: 1.0
2002: 1.1
2001: 1.1
2000: 1.2
1999: 1.226
1998: 1.2
1997: 1.5
1996: 1.7
1995: 1.7
1994: 1.1727

Male Homicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Germany, annual male homicides by any means total

2015: 35528
2014: 17424
2013: 180
2012: 204
2011: 232
2010: 238

Female Homicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Germany, annual female homicides by any means total

2015: 32728
2014: 19424
2013: 214
2012: 199
2011: 199
2010: 240

Gun Homicides

ChartIn Germany, annual firearm homicides total

2015: 574
2014: 4218
2013: 54
2012: 6118 22
2011: 5418
2010: 5118 26
2009: 75
2008: 57
2007: 59
2006: 6518 29 26
2005: 89
2004: 9818 26
2003: 85
2002: 106
2001: 84
2000: 101
1999: 155
1998: 126
1997: 55526
1996: 582
1995: 804

Rate of Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Germany, the annual rate of firearm homicide per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.0524
2013: 0.07
2012: 0.08
2011: 0.07
2010: 0.06
2009: 0.09
2008: 0.07
2007: 0.07
2006: 0.0818 8 26
2005: 0.11
2004: 0.1218 26
2003: 0.10
2002: 0.13
2001: 0.10
2000: 0.12
1999: 0.19
1998: 0.15
1997: 0.726
1996: 0.7
1995: 1.0
1994: 0.2230

Proportion of Homicides Committed With a Gun

ChartIn Germany, the percentage of homicides committed with a firearm is reported to be

2011: 13%31
2010: 26.3%26
2009: 29.9%
2008: 26.1%
2007: 26.9%
2006: 24%29
2005: 24%
2004: 30.5%26
2003: 33.8%
2002: 29.4%
2001: 38.1%
2000: 40.0%
1999: 41.2%
1998: 41.2%
1997: 47.1%
1996: 46.6%
1995: 58.6%

Male Gun Homicide Victims

ChartIn Germany, annual male firearm homicides total

2015: 2324
2014: 23
2013: 22
2012: 37
2011: 26
2010: 25

Female Gun Homicide Victims

ChartIn Germany, annual female firearm homicides total

2015: 1924
2014: 19
2013: 32
2012: 24
2011: 28
2010: 26

Handgun Homicides

ChartIn Germany, annual handgun homicides total

2014: 1518
2013: 29
2012: 20
2011: 18
2010: 15
2009: 37
2008: 21
2007: 21
2006: 27
2005: 34
2004: 32
2003: 26
2002: 38
2001: 27
2000: 32
1999: 52
1998: 54

Rate of Handgun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Germany, the annual rate of handgun homicide per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.0218
2013: 0.04
2012: 0.02
2011: 0.02
2010: 0.02
2009: 0.05
2008: 0.03
2007: 0.03
2006: 0.03
2005: 0.04
2004: 0.04
2003: 0.03
2002: 0.05
2001: 0.03
2000: 0.04
1999: 0.06
1998: 0.07

Long Gun Homicides

ChartIn Germany, annual long gun homicides total

2014: 218
2013: 4
2012: 6
2011: 3
2010: 1
2009: 3
2008: 2
2007: 3
2006: 5
2005: 4
2004: 7
2003: 5
2002: 11
2001: 4
2000: 8
1999: 10
1998: 8

Rate of Long Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Germany, the annual rate of long gun homicide per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.0018
2013: 0.01
2012: 0.01
2011: 0.00
2010: 0.00
2009: 0.00
2008: 0.00
2007: 0.00
2006: 0.01
2005: 0.00
2004: 0.01
2003: 0.01
2002: 0.01
2001: 0.00
2000: 0.01
1999: 0.01
1998: 0.01

Gun Homicides (Other)

ChartIn Germany, annual gun homicides (other) total

2014: 2518
2013: 21
2012: 35
2011: 33
2010: 35
2009: 35
2008: 34
2007: 35
2006: 33
2005: 51
2004: 59
2003: 54
2002: 57
2001: 53
2000: 61
1999: 93
1998: 64

Rate of Gun Homicide (Other) per 100,000 People

ChartIn Germany, the annual rate of gun homicide (other) per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.0318
2013: 0.03
2012: 0.04
2011: 0.04
2010: 0.04
2009: 0.04
2008: 0.04
2007: 0.04
2006: 0.04
2005: 0.06
2004: 0.07
2003: 0.07
2002: 0.07
2001: 0.06
2000: 0.07
1999: 0.11
1998: 0.08

Suicides (any method)

ChartIn Germany, annual suicides by any means total

2014: 10,20924
2013: 10,076
2012: 9,890
2011: 10,144
2010: 10,021
1999: 11,16032

Rate of Suicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Germany, the annual rate of suicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2014: 12.6024
2013: 12.42
2012: 12.16
2011: 12.45
2010: 12.27
1999: 13.5332
1994: 15.6433

Male Suicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Germany, annual male suicides by any means total

2014: 7,62424
2013: 7,449
2012: 7,287
2011: 7,646
2010: 7,465

Female Suicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Germany, annual female suicides by any means total

2014: 2,58524
2013: 2,627
2012: 2,603
2011: 2,498
2010: 2,556

Gun Suicides

ChartIn Germany, annual firearm suicides total

2014: 71919
2013: 795
2012: 69019 22
2011: 75319
2010: 772
2009: 767
2008: 800
2007: 805
2006: 799
2005: 868
2004: 907
2003: 915
2002: 815
2001: 866
2000: 836
1999: 906
1998: 904

Rate of Gun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Germany, the annual rate of firearm suicide per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.8924
2013: 0.98
2012: 0.85
2011: 0.92
2010: 0.95
2009: 0.94
2008: 0.97
2007: 0.98
2006: 0.97
2005: 1.05
2004: 1.1
2003: 1.11
2002: 0.99
2001: 1.05
2000: 1.02
1999: 1.1
1998: 1.1
1994: 1.1734

Male Gun Suicide Victims

ChartIn Germany, annual male firearm suicides total

2014: 69024
2013: 762
2012: 668
2011: 718
2010: 744

Female Gun Suicide Victims

ChartIn Germany, annual female firearm suicides total

2014: 2924
2013: 33
2012: 22
2011: 35
2010: 28

Handgun Suicides

ChartIn Germany, annual handgun suicides total

2014: 20319
2013: 280
2012: 216
2011: 237
2010: 238
2009: 253
2008: 217
2007: 242
2006: 246
2005: 241
2004: 248
2003: 263
2002: 245
2001: 258
2000: 246
1999: 258
1998: 274

Rate of Handgun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Germany, the annual rate of handgun suicide per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.2519
2013: 0.35
2012: 0.26
2011: 0.29
2010: 0.29
2009: 0.31
2008: 0.26
2007: 0.29
2006: 0.30
2005: 0.29
2004: 0.30
2003: 0.32
2002: 0.30
2001: 0.31
2000: 0.30
1999: 0.31
1998: 0.33

Long Gun Suicides

ChartIn Germany, the number of long gun suicides is

2014: 5219
2013: 62
2012: 51
2011: 72
2010: 64
2009: 67
2008: 77
2007: 56
2006: 88
2005: 90
2004: 76
2003: 80
2002: 60
2001: 71
2000: 67
1999: 64
1998: 74

Rate of Long Gun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Germany, the annual rate of long gun suicide per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.0619
2013: 0.08
2012: 0.06
2011: 0.09
2010: 0.08
2009: 0.08
2008: 0.09
2007: 0.07
2006: 0.11
2005: 0.11
2004: 0.09
2003: 0.10
2002: 0.07
2001: 0.09
2000: 0.08
1999: 0.08
1998: 0.09

Gun Suicides (Other)

ChartIn Germany, annual gun suicides (other) total

2014: 46419
2013: 453
2012: 423
2011: 444
2010: 470
2009: 447
2008: 506
2007: 507
2006: 465
2005: 537
2004: 583
2003: 572
2002: 510
2001: 537
2000: 523
1999: 584
1998: 556

Rate of Gun Suicide (Other) per 100,000 People

ChartIn Germany, the annual rate of gun suicide (other) per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.5719
2013: 0.56
2012: 0.52
2011: 0.54
2010: 0.57
2009: 0.55
2008: 0.62
2007: 0.62
2006: 0.56
2005: 0.65
2004: 0.71
2003: 0.69
2002: 0.62
2001: 0.65
2000: 0.64
1999: 0.71
1998: 0.68

Unintentional Gun Deaths

ChartIn Germany, annual unintentional shooting deaths total

2014: 220
2013: 12
2012: 620 22
2011: 1120
2010: 13
2009: 14
2008: 15
2007: 8
2006: 14
2005: 8
2004: 13
2003: 17
2002: 18
2001: 20
2000: 23
1999: 16
1998: 13

Rate of Unintentional Gun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn Germany, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.0724
2013: 0.08
2012: 0.08
2011: 0.07
2010: 0.08
2009: 0.02
2008: 0.02
2007: 0.01
2006: 0.02
2005: 0.01
2004: 0.02
2003: 0.02
2002: 0.02
2001: 0.02
2000: 0.03
1999: 0.02
1998: 0.02
1994: 0.0435

Unintentional Male Gun Deaths

ChartIn Germany, annual unintentional male shooting deaths total

2014: 224
2013: 11
2012: 6
2011: 11
2010: 12

Unintentional Female Gun Deaths

ChartIn Germany, annual unintentional female shooting deaths total

2014: 024
2013: 1
2012: 0
2011: 0
2010: 1

Unintentional Handgun Deaths

ChartIn Germany, annual unintentional shooting deaths by handgun total

2013: 120
2012: 1
2011: 1
2010: 2
2009: 2
2008: 5
2007: 2
2006: 2
2004: 1
2003: 3
2002: 3
2001: 2
2000: 4
1999: 8
1998: 2

Rate of Unintentional Handgun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn Germany, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death by handgun per 100,000 population is

2013: 0.0020
2012: 0.00
2011: 0.00
2010: 0.00
2009: 0.00
2008: 0.01
2007: 0.00
2006: 0.00
2004: 0.00
2003: 0.00
2002: 0.00
2001: 0.00
2000: 0.00
1999: 0.01
1998: 0.00

Unintentional Long Gun Deaths

ChartIn Germany, annual unintentional shooting deaths by long gun total

2013: 220
2012: 2
2011: 2
2010: 4
2009: 6
2008: 1
2007: 1
2006: 3
2005: 3
2004: 5
2003: 3
2002: 2
2001: 6
2000: 3
1999: 3
1998: 4

Rate of Unintentional Long Gun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn Germany, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death by long gun per 100,000 population is

2013: 0.0020
2012: 0.00
2011: 0.00
2010: 0.00
2009: 0.01
2008: 0.00
2007: 0.00
2006: 0.00
2005: 0.00
2004: 0.01
2003: 0.00
2002: 0.00
2001: 0.01
2000: 0.00
1999: 0.00
1998: 0.00

Unintentional Gun Deaths (Other)

ChartIn Germany, annual unintentional shooting deaths by firearm (other) total

2014: 220
2013: 9
2012: 3
2011: 8
2010: 7
2009: 6
2008: 9
2007: 5
2006: 9
2005: 5
2004: 7
2003: 11
2002: 13
2001: 12
2000: 16
1999: 5
1998: 7

Rate of Unintentional Gun Death (Other) per 100,000 People

ChartIn Germany, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death by firearm (other) per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.0020
2013: 0.01
2012: 0.00
2011: 0.01
2010: 0.01
2009: 0.01
2008: 0.01
2007: 0.01
2006: 0.01
2005: 0.01
2004: 0.01
2003: 0.01
2002: 0.02
2001: 0.01
2000: 0.02
1999: 0.01
1998: 0.01

Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Germany, annual shooting deaths in which the cause remains undecided total

2014: 5721
2013: 65
2012: 6221 22
2011: 6021
2010: 67
2009: 80
2008: 81
2007: 87
2006: 75
2005: 79
2004: 127
2003: 105
2002: 122
2001: 132
2000: 152
1999: 124
1998: 121

Rate of Gun Death from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn Germany, the annual rate of unknown-cause shooting deaths per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.0721
2013: 0.08
2012: 0.08
2011: 0.07
2010: 0.08
2009: 0.10
2008: 0.10
2007: 0.11
2006: 0.09
2005: 0.10
2004: 0.15
2003: 0.13
2002: 0.15
2001: 0.16
2000: 0.19
1999: 0.15
1998: 0.15
1994: 0.1536

Male Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Germany, annual male shooting deaths in which the cause remains undecided total

2014: 5224
2013: 56
2012: 56
2011: 53
2010: 61

Female Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Germany, annual female shooting deaths in which the cause remains undecided total

2014: 524
2013: 9
2012: 6
2011: 7
2010: 6

Handgun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Germany, annual deaths by handgun in which the cause remains undecided total

2014: 1921
2013: 16
2012: 20
2011: 11
2010: 26
2009: 23
2008: 24
2007: 25
2006: 32
2005: 34
2004: 59
2003: 28
2002: 45
2001: 47
2000: 76
1999: 41
1998: 37

Rate of Handgun Death from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn Germany, the annual rate of unknown-cause handgun deaths per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.0221
2013: 0.02
2012: 0.02
2011: 0.01
2010: 0.03
2009: 0.03
2008: 0.03
2007: 0.03
2006: 0.04
2005: 0.04
2004: 0.07
2003: 0.03
2002: 0.05
2001: 0.06
2000: 0.09
1999: 0.05
1998: 0.05

Long Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Germany, annual deaths by long gun in which the cause remains undecided total

2014: 621
2013: 4
2012: 6
2011: 2
2010: 4
2009: 3
2008: 1
2007: 5
2006: 9
2005: 4
2004: 5
2003: 8
2002: 7
2001: 7
2000: 7
1999: 3
1998: 8

Rate of Long Gun Death from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn Germany, the annual rate of unknown-cause long gun deaths per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.0121
2013: 0.01
2012: 0.01
2011: 0.00
2010: 0.00
2009: 0.00
2008: 0.00
2007: 0.01
2006: 0.01
2005: 0.00
2004: 0.01
2003: 0.01
2002: 0.01
2001: 0.01
2000: 0.01
1999: 0.00
1998: 0.01

Gun Deaths (Other) from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Germany, annual deaths by firearm (other) in which the cause remains undecided total

2014: 3221
2013: 45
2012: 36
2011: 47
2010: 37
2009: 54
2008: 56
2007: 57
2006: 34
2005: 41
2004: 63
2003: 69
2002: 70
2001: 78
2000: 69
1999: 80
1998: 76

Rate of Gun Death (Other) from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn Germany, the annual rate of unknown-cause gun deaths (other) per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.0421
2013: 0.06
2012: 0.04
2011: 0.06
2010: 0.05
2009: 0.07
2008: 0.07
2007: 0.07
2006: 0.04
2005: 0.05
2004: 0.08
2003: 0.08
2002: 0.08
2001: 0.09
2000: 0.08
1999: 0.10
1998: 0.09

ProductionGun Industry

Regulation of Firearm Makers

In Germany, the manufacture of small arms, ammunition and/or their components is permitted only if the maker holds a valid licence37 38 39

Small Arms Manufacture - World Ranking

In a classification of the world's small, medium and major firearm manufacturers, Germany was ranked 'medium'40 41

TransfersGun Trade and Trafficking

Firearm Exports

In Germany, firearm and ammunition exports are limited by transfer control law42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53

Firearm Exports (Number)

ChartThe annual number of firearms exported from Germany is reported by manufacturers to be

2017: 33,54254
2016: 31,547
2015: 74,061
2014: 90,288
2013: 62,616
2012: 53,306
2011: 22,206
2010: 23,415
2009: 47,243
2008: 42,478
2007: 78,611
2006: 20,824

Small Arms Exports (US$) - Customs

ChartThe annual value of small arms and ammunition exports from Germany is reported by Customs to be US$

2016: 928,364,31055
2015: 797,139,085
2014: 897,903,761
2013: 1,080,721,897
2012: 885,205,05255 56 57
2011: 387,920,29858
2010: 495,000,00059
2001: 150,000,00056 60 61

Small Arms Exports - World Ranking

In a comparison of the world's major/mid-level/minor/unknown small arms exporters, Germany was categorized as 'major'62 63 64 65 61 66

Firearm Imports

In Germany, firearm and ammunition imports are limited by transfer control law42 38 48 67 49 50 51 52

Firearm Imports (Number)

ChartThe annual number of firearms imported to Germany is reported to be

2017: 3,21154
2016: 10,176
2015: 78
2014: 665
2013: 6,436
2012: 54,047
2011: 4,600
2010: 46,160
2009: 446
2008: 3,898
2007: 983
2006: 142

Small Arms Imports (US$) - Customs

ChartThe annual value of small arms and ammunition imports to Germany is reported by Customs to be US$

2016: 375,329,09455
2015: 309,562,114
2014: 341,854,082
2013: 393,550,031
2012: 346,184,81855 68 62 69 70
2011: 156,548,48458 64 71
2010: 160,000,00072
2001: 97,000,00068 73

Regulation of Arms Brokers

In Germany, the activities of arms brokers and transfer intermediaries are specifically regulated by law74 75 76

End User Certificates

Customs regulations in Germany include77 certification of the intended end user of any small arms or ammunition transfer, and/or a written declaration of its intended end use

Transparency of Small Arms Transfers

ChartIn its annual Small Arms Trade Transparency Barometer, the Small Arms Survey compares public reporting among major arms exporting nations on a scale from strong to weak (25 to zero). In recent years, Germany scored

2018: 18.5078
2016: 19.7579
2014: 19.7580
2013: 20.5081
2012: 18.5082
2011: 18.7583
2010: 18.2584
2009: 18.0085
2008: 17.2586
2007: 17.2587
2006: 16.7588
2005: 17.2589
2004: 17.0090

MeasuresGun Regulation

Firearm Regulation - Guiding Policy

The regulation of guns in Germany is categorised as restrictive91 92

Firearm Law

Guiding gun control legislation in Germany includes the Basic Law (War Weapons Control Act),93 94 42 the Weapons Act of 2002,95 96 37 the Council Directive of 18 June 1991 on Control of the Acquisition and Possession of Weapons,97 98 the European Union Firearms Regulation of 2012, the Common Position on the Control of Arms Brokering of 2003,99 and the Convention of 1 July 1969 on Reciprocal Recognition of Proofmarks on Small Arms100

Firearm Regulation Authority

Guns in Germany are regulated by the Ministry of the Interior93 101 102 and the Federal States,103 and the European Commission98

Right to Possess Firearms

In Germany, the right to private gun ownership is not guaranteed by law104 105 106 4

Restricted Firearms and Ammunition

In Germany, civilians are not allowed to possess automatic firearms, firearms disguised as other objects, and armour-piercing, incendiary and expanding ammunition107 108

Regulation of Automatic Weapons

In Germany, private possession of fully automatic weapons is prohibited4 107 108 31

Regulation of Semiautomatic Assault Weapons

In Germany, private possession of semi-automatic assault weapons is permitted only with special authorisation4 109 110 108

Regulation of Handguns

In Germany, private possession of handguns (pistols and revolvers) is permitted only with special authorisation107 109 110 108 31

Law Regulates Long Guns

In Germany, civilian possession of rifles and shotguns is regulated by law31

Gun Ownership and Possession

In Germany, only licensed gun owners111 4 112 107 109 113 31 may lawfully acquire, possess or transfer a firearm or ammunition

Genuine Reason Required for Firearm Possession

Applicants for a gun owner’s licence in Germany are required to establish a genuine reason to possess a firearm, for example hunting, target shooting, collection and security4 92 114 115 106

Minimum Age for Firearm Possession

The minimum age for gun ownership in Germany is 18 years4 115 106

Gun Owner Background Checks

An applicant for a firearm licence in Germany must pass a background check which considers criminal, mental health and addiction4 106 115 31 records

Domestic Violence and Firearms

Where a past history, or apprehended likelihood of family violence exists, the law in Germany does not stipulate (unless reflected in a criminal record)14 that a gun licence should be denied or revoked

Firearm Safety Training

In Germany, an understanding of firearm safety and the law, tested in a theoretical and/or practical training course is required4 for a firearm licence

Limit on Number of Guns

Licensed firearm owners in Germany are permitted to possess one firearm per licence4 114 116

Limit on Quantity, Type of Ammunition

Licensed firearm owners in Germany are permitted to possess only ammunition suitable for the intended firearm117

Firearm Registration

Civilian Gun Registration

In Germany, the law requires118 119 120 106 that a record of the acquisition, possession and transfer of each privately held firearm be retained in an official register

Gun Dealer Record Keeping

In Germany, licensed firearm dealers are required118 120 to keep a record of each firearm or ammunition purchase, sale or transfer on behalf of a regulating authority

Gun Manufacturer Record Keeping

In Germany, licensed gun makers are required118 to keep a record of each firearm produced, for inspection by a regulating authority

State-Owned Firearm Records

In Germany, State agencies are required121 to maintain records of the storage and movement of all firearms and ammunition under their control

Gun Sales and Transfers

Regulation of Dealer Gun Sales

In Germany, dealing in firearms by way of business without a valid gun dealer’s licence is unlawful38 122 39 123 110

Number of Licensed Gun Dealers

The number of licensed firearm dealers in Germany is reported to be

2016: 3,500124

Storage and Transport of Guns and Ammunition

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Private

Firearm regulations in Germany include111 106 4 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of private firearms and ammunition by licensed gun owners

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Government

Government regulations in Germany include121 125 126 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition by state entities

Firearm and Ammunition Transport Regulations

Regulations in Germany include111 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition while in transit

Marking and Tracing Guns and Ammunition

Firearm Marking

In Germany, a unique identifying mark on each firearm is required by law127 128 129 130 131

Firearm Tracing

In Germany, state authorities carry out132 130 120 recognised arms tracing and tracking procedures

Carrying Guns

Law Regulates Firearms in Public

In Germany, carrying a gun in a public place is regulated by law4 31

Penalty for Illicit Firearm Possession

In Germany, the maximum penalty for unlawful possession of a firearm133 is 10 years in prison134 39 135

Collection, Amnesty and Destruction Programmes

Authorities in Germany are known to have136 137 138 implemented voluntary firearm surrender schemes, and/or weapon seizure programmes in order to reduce the number of illicit firearms in circulation

Firearms Surrendered and Seized

ChartIn Germany, the number of firearms voluntarily surrendered, bought back or seized by authorities is reported to be

2011: 5,420139
2010/13: 43,543140 106

Small Arms Destroyed

ChartIn Germany, the number of firearms destroyed following amnesty, collection and seizure programmes is reported to be

2015: 57,161141
2011: 27,082142
1991/2004: 1,781,696143
1990/2009: 2,303,252136 137 138

Destruction and Disposal Policy

In Germany, it is state policy144 145 to destroy surplus, collected and seized firearms rather than return them to the secondary arms market

MeasuresInternational Controls

Regional Agreements

European Union

As a member of the European Union, Germany is bound by the provisions of the ‘EU Firearms Directive’ – the 2007 Legislative Resolution on Control of the Acquisition and Possession of Weapons of the European Parliament146 147

European Union Export Reporting

Under the European Union Common Position on Arms Exports, Germany is bound to declare its transfers of military technology and equipment. Independent monitoring provides detailed comparisons of arms export reporting compliance across EU member states, and records that Germany has submitted one or more national reports148 on its arms transfers

United Nations Commission on Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice

The UNCCPCJ, a subsidiary body of the Economic and Social Council mandated to promote action to prevent national and transnational crime, lists149 Germany as an elected member

Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development

The Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development, a diplomatic initiative aimed at addressing the interrelations between armed violence and development, was signed in 2006150 by Germany.

Arms Trade Treaty

The Arms Trade Treaty has been signed and ratified151 by Germany

United Nations Firearms Protocol

The United Nations Protocol against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, Their Parts and Components and Ammunition has been signed, but not yet ratified152 by Germany

United Nations Small Arms Programme of Action UNPoA

UNPoA Commitment

On 21 July 2001, Germany committed to a consensus decision of the United Nations to adopt, support and implement the UN Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects153

UNPoA Implementation Monitor Score

In its UN small arms Programme of Action Implementation Monitor (PoAIM Phase 1), the Small Arms Survey scored Germany against its commitments to the PoA, then ranked it at No. 5154 155 156 157 among 159 Member States

UNPoA National Reporting

Under the terms of its 2001 commitment to the United Nations small arms Programme of Action, Germany has submitted one or more national reports158 159 on its implementation of the UNPoA

UNPoA National Point of Contact

In Germany, a National Point of Contact to deal with issues relating to the UNPoA has been designated160 159

UNPoA National Coordinating Body

In Germany, a National Coordinating Body to deal with issues relating to the UNPoA has not been designated160 159

UNPoA Civil Society Involvement and Support

In National Reports of Germany submitted to the UN from 2001 to 2010, a history of substantive cooperation with civil society in support of UNPoA activities was apparent160 159

UNPoA International Assistance – Donor

Funds for UNPoA implementation have been donated159 by Germany to other UN Member States

United Nations Small Arms Register

According to the United Nations Register of Conventional Arms, Germany has declared161 its small arms exports in one or more annual National Reports on Arms Exports.

United Nations Membership

In the UN List of Member States, Germany has been a Member State of the United Nations since 1973162

Wassenaar Arrangement

The Wassenaar Arrangement on Export Controls and Conventional Arms and Dual-Use Goods and Technologies lists163 Germany as a Participating State

BackgroundCountry Profile

Conflict Profile

For a profile of conflict in Germany, select the Link icon to open an external web page from the UCDP Conflict Encyclopedia at Uppsala University

Global Peace Index

To see where Germany ranks, select the Link icon to open an external web page at the Global Peace Index


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