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Georgia — Gun Facts, Figures and the Law

StockpilesGun Numbers

Civilian Guns

Number of Privately Owned Firearms

ChartThe estimated total number of guns (both licit and illicit) held by civilians in Georgia is

2017: 402,0001
2007: 330,0002

Rate of Civilian Firearm Possession per 100 Population

ChartThe estimated rate of private gun ownership (both licit and illicit) per 100 people in Georgia is

2017: 10.101
2007: 7.32

Number of Privately Owned Firearms - World Ranking

In a 2007 comparison of the number of privately owned guns in 178 countries, Georgia ranked at No. 1003

Rate of Privately Owned Firearms per 100 Population - World Ranking

In a 2007 comparison of the rate of private gun ownership in 178 countries, Georgia ranked at No. 792

Number of Registered Firearms

ChartThe number of registered guns in Georgia is reported to be

2017: 159,0001
2007: 159,0002

Rate of Registered Firearms per 100 Population

The rate of registered guns per 100 people in Georgia is 3.324

Estimated Number of Illicit Firearms

Unlawfully held guns cannot be counted, but in Georgia there are estimated to be

2017: 243,0001

Government Guns

Number of Military Firearms

The defence forces of Georgia are reported to have 63,9505 firearms

Number of Law Enforcement Firearms

Police in Georgia are reported to have 41,0006 firearms

ImpactsDeath and Injury

Total Number of Gun Deaths

ChartIn Georgia, annual deaths resulting from firearms total

2014: 617
2013: 47
2012: 32
2011: 298 9 10 11
2010: 198 11
2009: 6812
2007: 628 9 10 11
2006: 66
2005: 102
2004: 9313 10
2003: 9213
2001: 1748 9 10 11
2000: 121
1999: 117
1998: 63

Rate of All Gun Deaths per 100,000 People

ChartIn Georgia, the annual rate of all gun deaths per 100,000 population is

2014: 1.247
2013: 0.95
2012: 0.65
2011: 0.59
2010: 0.39
2009: 1.5412
2007: 1.294
2006: 1.37
2005: 2.13
2004: 1.96
2003: 1.94
2001: 3.63
2000: 2.51
1999: 2.41
1998: 1.29

Total Number of Male Gun Deaths

ChartIn Georgia, annual male deaths resulting from firearms total

2014: 527
2013: 43
2012: 30
2011: 26
2010: 18

Total Number of Female Gun Deaths

ChartIn Georgia, annual female deaths resulting from firearms total

2014: 97
2013: 4
2012: 2
2011: 3
2010: 1

Homicides (any method)

ChartIn Georgia, annual homicides by any means total

2014: 857
2013: 45
2012: 37
2011: 18
2010: 15
2009: 210
2008: 263
2007: 330
2006: 32314 15
2005: 403
2004: 29814 13
2003: 302
2002: 29214 16
2001: 263
2000: 23914 17
1999: 24417
1998: 243
1997: 28516
1996: 270
1995: 391

Rate of Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Georgia, the annual rate of homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2014: 1.247
2013: 0.95
2012: 0.65
2011: 0.59
2010: 0.39
2009: 4.8
2008: 6.0
2007: 7.514 16 18
2006: 7.314 15
2005: 9.0
2004: 6.614 13
2003: 6.6
2002: 6.314 16
2001: 5.6
2000: 5.014 17
1999: 4.8617
1998: 4.47
1997: 5.816
1996: 5.4
1995: 7.7

Male Homicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Georgia, annual male homicides by any means total

2014: 597
2013: 33
2012: 29
2011: 15
2010: 11

Female Homicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Georgia, annual female homicides by any means total

2014: 267
2013: 12
2012: 8
2011: 3
2010: 4

Gun Homicides

ChartIn Georgia, annual firearm homicides total

2014: 177
2013: 8
2012: 4
2011: 88
2010: 1
2009: 34
2008: 4514 16
2007: 4614 8 16
2006: 81
2005: 93
2004: 9013 8 16
2003: 92
2001: 1358
2000: 82
1999: 71
1998: 38

Rate of Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Georgia, the annual rate of firearm homicide per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.347
2013: 0.16
2012: 0.08
2011: 0.16
2010: 0.02
2009: 0.70
2008: 0.934 16
2007: 0.954 8 16
2006: 1.68
2005: 1.94
2004: 1.9513 8 16
2003: 2.02
2001: 3.088
2000: 1.86
1999: 1.59
1998: 0.85

Proportion of Homicides Committed With a Gun

ChartIn Georgia, the percentage of homicides committed with a firearm is reported to be

2010: 13%14
2009: 16%
2008: 17%
2007: 14%
2006: 25%
2005: 23%
2004: 28.5%16
2003: 30.5%

Male Gun Homicide Victims

ChartIn Georgia, annual male firearm homicides total

2014: 137
2013: 8
2012: 3
2011: 7
2010: 1

Female Gun Homicide Victims

ChartIn Georgia, annual female firearm homicides total

2014: 47
2013: 0
2012: 1
2011: 1
2010: 0

Handgun Homicides

ChartIn Georgia, annual handgun homicides total

2014: 58
2013: 5
2011: 4
2010: 1
2009: 4
2007: 1
2006: 2
2005: 1
2004: 79
2001: 1
2000: 14
1999: 46
1998: 15

Rate of Handgun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Georgia, the annual rate of handgun homicide per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.138
2013: 0.11
2011: 0.09
2010: 0.02
2009: 0.09
2007: 0.02
2006: 0.05
2005: 0.02
2004: 1.83
2001: 0.02
2000: 0.32
1999: 1.03
1998: 0.33

Long Gun Homicides

ChartIn Georgia, annual long gun homicides total

2014: 68
2012: 2
2011: 3
2006: 19
2005: 8
2004: 1
2001: 9
2000: 12
1999: 7
1998: 3

Rate of Long Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Georgia, the annual rate of long gun homicide per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.168
2012: 0.04
2011: 0.07
2006: 0.43
2005: 0.18
2004: 0.02
2001: 0.21
2000: 0.27
1999: 0.16
1998: 0.07

Gun Homicides (Other)

ChartIn Georgia, annual gun homicides (other) total

2014: 68
2013: 3
2012: 2
2011: 1
2009: 6
2007: 28
2006: 22
2005: 41
2004: 14
2001: 125
2000: 56
1999: 18
1998: 20

Rate of Gun Homicide (Other) per 100,000 People

ChartIn Georgia, the annual rate of gun homicide (other) per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.168
2013: 0.07
2012: 0.04
2011: 0.01
2009: 0.14
2007: 0.64
2006: 0.50
2005: 0.94
2004: 0.32
2001: 2.85
2000: 1.27
1999: 0.40
1998: 0.45

Suicides (any method)

ChartIn Georgia, annual suicides by any means total

2014: 1897
2013: 153
2012: 102
2011: 98
2010: 113
2001: 10019

Rate of Suicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Georgia, the annual rate of suicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2014: 3.837
2013: 3.10
2012: 2.06
2011: 1.98
2010: 2.30
2001: 1.9519

Male Suicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Georgia, annual male suicides by any means total

2014: 1537
2013: 131
2012: 88
2011: 83
2010: 97

Female Suicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Georgia, annual female suicides by any means total

2014: 367
2013: 22
2012: 14
2011: 15
2010: 16

Rate of Female Suicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Georgia, the annual rate of female suicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2016: 5.8820
2015: 5.94
2014: 5.72
2013: 5.24
2012: 5.21

Gun Suicides

ChartIn Georgia, annual firearm suicides total

2014: 167
2013: 15
2012: 11
2011: 119
2010: 0
2009: 4
2007: 2
2006: 2
2005: 3
2004: 9
2001: 2
2000: 1
1999: 7
1998: 5

Rate of Gun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Georgia, the annual rate of firearm suicide per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.327
2013: 0.30
2012: 0.22
2011: 0.22
2010: 0
2009: 0.09
2007: 0.05
2006: 0.05
2005: 0.07
2004: 0.21
2001: 0.05
2000: 0.02
1999: 0.16
1998: 0.11

Male Gun Suicide Victims

ChartIn Georgia, annual male firearm suicides total

2014: 157
2013: 13
2012: 11
2011: 11
2010: 0

Female Gun Suicide Victims

ChartIn Georgia, annual female firearm suicides total

2014: 17
2013: 2
2012: 0
2011: 0
2010: 0

Unintentional Gun Deaths

ChartIn Georgia, annual unintentional shooting deaths total

2014: 217
2013: 16
2012: 10
2011: 510
2010: 0
2009: 44
2007: 13
2006: 2
2005: 12
2004: 3
2001: 7
2000: 11
1999: 8
1998: 3

Rate of Unintentional Gun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn Georgia, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.437
2013: 0.32
2012: 0.20
2011: 0.10
2010: 0
2009: 1.00
2007: 0.30
2006: 0.05
2005: 0.28
2004: 0.07
2001: 0.16
2000: 0.25
1999: 0.18
1998: 0.07

Unintentional Male Gun Deaths

ChartIn Georgia, annual unintentional male shooting deaths total

2014: 187
2013: 14
2012: 9
2011: 4
2010: 0

Unintentional Female Gun Deaths

ChartIn Georgia, annual unintentional female shooting deaths total

2014: 37
2013: 2
2012: 1
2011: 1
2010: 0

Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Georgia, annual shooting deaths in which the cause remains undecided total

2014: 77
2013: 8
2012: 7
2011: 511
2010: 18
2009: 10
2007: 18
2006: 19
2005: 37
2004: 29
2001: 30
2000: 27
1999: 31
1998: 17

Rate of Gun Death from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn Georgia, the annual rate of unknown-cause shooting deaths per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.147
2013: 0.16
2012: 0.14
2011: 0.10
2010: 0.37
2009: 0.23
2007: 0.41
2006: 0.43
2005: 0.85
2004: 0.67
2001: 0.68
2000: 0.61
1999: 0.70
1998: 0.38

Male Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Georgia, annual male shooting deaths in which the cause remains undecided total

2014: 67
2013: 8
2012: 7
2011: 4
2010: 17

Female Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Georgia, annual female shooting deaths in which the cause remains undecided total

2014: 17
2013: 0
2012: 0
2011: 1
2010: 1

ProductionGun Industry

Regulation of Firearm Makers

In Georgia, the manufacture of small arms, ammunition and/or their components is permitted only if the maker holds a valid licence,21 but is not conducted in practice22

TransfersGun Trade and Trafficking

Firearm Exports

In Georgia, firearm and ammunition exports are limited by transfer control law23 24 25 26

Small Arms Exports (US$) - Customs

The annual value of small arms and ammunition exports from Georgia is reported by Customs to be US$149,04427 (2011)

Firearm Imports

In Georgia, firearm and ammunition imports are limited by transfer control law23 24 25 26

Small Arms Imports (US$) - Customs

The annual value of small arms and ammunition imports to Georgia is reported by Customs to be US$3,605,94927 (2011)

Smuggling Guns and Ammunition

Reports suggest that the level of firearm and ammunition smuggling in Georgia is moderate28

Regulation of Arms Brokers

In Georgia, the activities of arms brokers and transfer intermediaries are specifically regulated by law29

End User Certificates

Customs regulations in Georgia include30 certification of the intended end user of any small arms or ammunition transfer, and/or a written declaration of its intended end use

MeasuresGun Regulation

Firearm Law

Guiding gun control legislation in Georgia includes the Georgian Law "On Weapons",31 the Georgian law "On the control on export-import of armaments, military equipment and goods of dual-purpose use"32 33 34 and the Law on military and dual-­used goods control23

Firearm Regulation Authority

Guns in Georgia are regulated by the Authority of the Parliament of Georgia and the Permanent Commission of Military-Technical Issues of the Ministry of Defense of Georgia35 36

Right to Possess Firearms

In Georgia, the right to private gun ownership is not guaranteed by law37 38

Restricted Firearms and Ammunition

Law Regulates Automatic Weapons

In Georgia, civilian possession of automatic weapons is regulated by law39

Law Regulates Handguns

In Georgia, civilian possession of handguns is regulated by law39

Law Regulates Long Guns

In Georgia, civilian possession of rifles and shotguns is regulated by law39

Gun Ownership and Possession

In Georgia, only licensed gun owners40 39 may lawfully acquire, possess or transfer a firearm or ammunition

Gun Owner Background Checks

An applicant for a firearm licence in Georgia must pass a background check which considers undefined39 records

Firearm Registration

Civilian Gun Registration

In Georgia, the law requires41 that a record of the acquisition, possession and transfer of each privately held firearm be retained in an official register

State-Owned Firearm Records

In Georgia, State agencies are required42 to maintain records of the storage and movement of all firearms and ammunition under their control

Gun Sales and Transfers

Regulation of Dealer Gun Sales

In Georgia, dealing in firearms by way of business without a valid gun dealer’s licence is unlawful43

Storage and Transport of Guns and Ammunition

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Private

Firearm regulations in Georgia include44 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of private firearms and ammunition by licensed gun owners

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Dealer

Firearm regulations in Georgia include44 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition by licensed arms dealers

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Government

Government regulations in Georgia include42 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition by state entities

Firearm and Ammunition Transport Regulations

Regulations in Georgia include45 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition while in transit

Marking and Tracing Guns and Ammunition

Firearm Marking

In Georgia, a unique identifying mark on each firearm is required by law41 46 47

Firearm Tracing

In Georgia, state authorities carry out47 recognised arms tracing and tracking procedures

Carrying Guns

Law Regulates Firearms in Public

In Georgia, carrying a gun in a public place is regulated by law39

Penalty for Illicit Firearm Possession

In Georgia, the maximum penalty for unlawful possession of a firearm48 is three to five years in prison49

Collection, Amnesty and Destruction Programmes

Destruction and Disposal Policy

In Georgia, it is state policy50 to destroy surplus, collected and seized firearms rather than return them to the secondary arms market

MeasuresInternational Controls

Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development

The Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development, a diplomatic initiative aimed at addressing the interrelations between armed violence and development, was signed in 200851 by Georgia.

Arms Trade Treaty

The Arms Trade Treaty has been signed and ratified52 by Georgia

United Nations Firearms Protocol

The United Nations Protocol against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, Their Parts and Components and Ammunition has not been signed53 by Georgia

United Nations Small Arms Programme of Action UNPoA

UNPoA Commitment

On 21 July 2001, Georgia committed to a consensus decision of the United Nations to adopt, support and implement the UN Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects54

UNPoA Implementation Monitor Score

In its UN small arms Programme of Action Implementation Monitor (PoAIM Phase 1), the Small Arms Survey scored Georgia against its commitments to the PoA, then ranked it at No. 10655 56 57 58 among 159 Member States

UNPoA National Reporting

Under the terms of its 2001 commitment to the United Nations small arms Programme of Action, Georgia has submitted one or more national reports59 60 on its implementation of the UNPoA

UNPoA National Point of Contact

In Georgia, a National Point of Contact to deal with issues relating to the UNPoA has been designated61 60

UNPoA National Coordinating Body

In Georgia, a National Coordinating Body to deal with issues relating to the UNPoA has been designated61 60

UNPoA Civil Society Involvement and Support

In National Reports of Georgia submitted to the UN from 2001 to 2010, a history of substantive cooperation with civil society in support of UNPoA activities was not apparent60

UNPoA International Assistance – Donor

Funds for UNPoA implementation have not been donated60 by Georgia to other UN Member States

UNPoA International Assistance – Recipient

Funds for UNPoA implementation have been provided60 to Georgia by other UN Member States

United Nations Small Arms Register

According to the United Nations Register of Conventional Arms, Georgia has not declared62 its small arms exports in one or more annual National Reports on Arms Exports.

United Nations Membership

In the UN List of Member States, Georgia has been a Member State of the United Nations since 199263

Wassenaar Arrangement

The Wassenaar Arrangement on Export Controls and Conventional Arms and Dual-Use Goods and Technologies does not list64 Georgia as a Participating State

BackgroundCountry Profile

Conflict Profile

For a profile of conflict in Georgia, select the Link icon to open an external web page from the UCDP Conflict Encyclopedia at Uppsala University

Global Peace Index

To see where Georgia ranks, select the Link icon to open an external web page at the Global Peace Index


Short References

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2.

Karp, Aaron.2007.‘Completing the Count: Civilian firearms - Annexe online.’ Small Arms Survey 2007: Guns and the City.Cambridge:Cambridge University Press,27 August. (Q5)Full Citation

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Karp, Aaron.2007.‘Completing the Count: Civilian firearms.’ Small Arms Survey 2007: Guns and the City.Cambridge:Cambridge University Press,27 August. (Q4)Full Citation

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GunPolicy.org.2016.‘Calculated Rates - Georgia.’ Historical Population Data - USCB International Data Base.Suitland, MD:US Census Bureau Population Division,2 August. (Q4237)Full Citation

5.

Karp, Aaron.2018.‘Military Firearms Holdings, 2017.’ Estimating Global Military-Owned Firearms Numbers.Geneva:Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva,18 June. (Q13436)Full Citation

6.

Karp, Aaron.2018.‘Law Enforcement Firearms Holdings, 2017.’ Estimating Global Law Enforcement Firearms Numbers.Geneva:Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva,18 June. (Q13435)Full Citation

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WHO.2016.‘Inter-country Comparison of Mortality for Selected Cause of Death - Gun Suicide in Georgia.’ European Detailed Mortality Database (DMDB).Copenhagen:World Health Organisation Regional Office for Europe,15 July. (Q6144)Full Citation

10.

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14.

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UNODC.2004.‘Recorded Intentional Homicide, Completed.’ Seventh United Nations Survey of Crime Trends and Operations of Criminal Justice Systems (1998-2000).Vienna:United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime,19 March. (Q91)Full Citation

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Petrini, Benjamin.2011.‘Europe and Central Asia, 1995-2008, Total Recorded Intentional Homicide, Completed, Rate per 100,000 Population.’ World Bank Homicide Rate Dataset 1995-2008.Washington, DC:Social Development Department, World Bank,10 February. (Q3816)Full Citation

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21.

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22.

Georgia.2016.‘Manufacture.’ National Report of Georgia on its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA).New York NY:Permanent Mission of Georgia to the United Nations,15 April. (Q12687)Full Citation

23.

Georgia.2016.‘International Transfers.’ National Report of Georgia on its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA).New York NY:Permanent Mission of Georgia to the United Nations,15 April. (Q12688)Full Citation

24.

Georgia.2010.‘Legislation and Regulations - Export, Import, Re-Export and Transit of Civilian Weapons.’ National Report of Georgia on its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA).New York, NY:Permanent Mission of Georgia to the United Nations,1 January. (Q3548)Full Citation

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Georgia.2010.‘Legislation and Regulations - Export, Import, Re-Export, Transit, Processing on the Territory of Customs, Processing Beyond the Territory of Georgia, Carrying in and/or out of Military-Combat Weapons.’ National Report of Georgia on its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA).New York, NY:Permanent Mission of Georgia to the United Nations,1 January. (Q3549)Full Citation

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Georgia.2016.‘Record Keeping [Import and Export].’ National Report of Georgia on its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA).New York NY:Permanent Mission of Georgia to the United Nations,15 April. (Q12691)Full Citation

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28.

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29.

Georgia.2005.‘Brokering.’ National Report of Georgia on its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA).New York, NY:Permanent Mission of Georgia to the United Nations,1 January. (Q3557)Full Citation

30.

Georgia.2016.‘End-user Certificate.’ National Report of Georgia on its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA).New York NY:Permanent Mission of Georgia to the United Nations,15 April. (Q12689)Full Citation

31.

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32.

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35.

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39.

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Georgia.2010.‘Legislation and Regulations - Acquisition of Weapons.’ National Report of Georgia on its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA).New York, NY:Permanent Mission of Georgia to the United Nations,1 January. (Q3546)Full Citation

41.

Georgia.2016.‘Marking and Record Keeping.’ National Report of Georgia on its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA).New York NY:Permanent Mission of Georgia to the United Nations,15 April. (Q12693)Full Citation

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