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Georgia — Gun Facts, Figures and the Law

StockpilesGun Numbers

Civilian Guns

Number of Privately Owned Firearms

ChartThe estimated total number of guns (both licit and illicit) held by civilians in Georgia is

2017: 402,0001
2007: 330,0002

Rate of Civilian Firearm Possession per 100 Population

ChartThe estimated rate of private gun ownership (both licit and illicit) per 100 people in Georgia is

2017: 10.101
2007: 7.32

Number of Privately Owned Firearms - World Ranking

In a 2007 comparison of the number of privately owned guns in 178 countries, Georgia ranked at No. 1003

Rate of Privately Owned Firearms per 100 Population - World Ranking

In a 2007 comparison of the rate of private gun ownership in 178 countries, Georgia ranked at No. 792

Number of Registered Firearms

ChartThe number of registered guns in Georgia is reported to be

2017: 159,0001
2007: 159,0002

Rate of Registered Firearms per 100 Population

The rate of registered guns per 100 people in Georgia is 3.324

Estimated Number of Unregistered and Illicit Firearms

Unregistered and unlawfully held guns cannot be counted,5 but in Georgia there are estimated to be

2017: 243,0001

Government Guns

Number of Military Firearms

The defence forces of Georgia are reported to have 63,9506 firearms

Number of Law Enforcement Firearms

Police in Georgia are reported to have 41,0007 firearms

ImpactsDeath and Injury

Total Number of Gun Deaths

ChartIn Georgia, annual deaths resulting from firearms total

2014: 618
2013: 47
2012: 32
2011: 299 10 11 12
2010: 199 12
2009: 6813
2007: 629 10 11 12
2006: 66
2005: 102
2004: 9314 11
2003: 9214
2001: 1749 10 11 12
2000: 121
1999: 117
1998: 63

Rate of All Gun Deaths per 100,000 People

ChartIn Georgia, the annual rate of all gun deaths per 100,000 population is

2014: 1.248
2013: 0.95
2012: 0.65
2011: 0.59
2010: 0.39
2009: 1.5413
2007: 1.294
2006: 1.37
2005: 2.13
2004: 1.96
2003: 1.94
2001: 3.63
2000: 2.51
1999: 2.41
1998: 1.29

Total Number of Male Gun Deaths

ChartIn Georgia, annual male deaths resulting from firearms total

2014: 528
2013: 43
2012: 30
2011: 26
2010: 18

Total Number of Female Gun Deaths

ChartIn Georgia, annual female deaths resulting from firearms total

2014: 98
2013: 4
2012: 2
2011: 3
2010: 1

Homicides (any method)

ChartIn Georgia, annual homicides by any means total

2014: 858
2013: 45
2012: 37
2011: 18
2010: 15
2009: 210
2008: 263
2007: 330
2006: 32315 16
2005: 403
2004: 29815 14
2003: 302
2002: 29215 17
2001: 263
2000: 23915 18
1999: 24418
1998: 243
1997: 28517
1996: 270
1995: 391

Rate of Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Georgia, the annual rate of homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2014: 1.248
2013: 0.95
2012: 0.65
2011: 0.59
2010: 0.39
2009: 4.8
2008: 6.0
2007: 7.515 17 19
2006: 7.315 16
2005: 9.0
2004: 6.615 14
2003: 6.6
2002: 6.315 17
2001: 5.6
2000: 5.015 18
1999: 4.8618
1998: 4.47
1997: 5.817
1996: 5.4
1995: 7.7

Male Homicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Georgia, annual male homicides by any means total

2014: 598
2013: 33
2012: 29
2011: 15
2010: 11

Female Homicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Georgia, annual female homicides by any means total

2014: 268
2013: 12
2012: 8
2011: 3
2010: 4

Gun Homicides

ChartIn Georgia, annual firearm homicides total

2014: 178
2013: 8
2012: 4
2011: 89
2010: 1
2009: 34
2008: 4515 17
2007: 4615 9 17
2006: 81
2005: 93
2004: 9014 9 17
2003: 92
2001: 1359
2000: 82
1999: 71
1998: 38

Rate of Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Georgia, the annual rate of firearm homicide per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.348
2013: 0.16
2012: 0.08
2011: 0.16
2010: 0.02
2009: 0.70
2008: 0.934 17
2007: 0.954 9 17
2006: 1.68
2005: 1.94
2004: 1.9514 9 17
2003: 2.02
2001: 3.089
2000: 1.86
1999: 1.59
1998: 0.85

Proportion of Homicides Committed With a Gun

ChartIn Georgia, the percentage of homicides committed with a firearm is reported to be

2010: 13%15
2009: 16%
2008: 17%
2007: 14%
2006: 25%
2005: 23%
2004: 28.5%17
2003: 30.5%

Male Gun Homicide Victims

ChartIn Georgia, annual male firearm homicides total

2014: 138
2013: 8
2012: 3
2011: 7
2010: 1

Female Gun Homicide Victims

ChartIn Georgia, annual female firearm homicides total

2014: 48
2013: 0
2012: 1
2011: 1
2010: 0

Handgun Homicides

ChartIn Georgia, annual handgun homicides total

2014: 59
2013: 5
2011: 4
2010: 1
2009: 4
2007: 1
2006: 2
2005: 1
2004: 79
2001: 1
2000: 14
1999: 46
1998: 15

Rate of Handgun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Georgia, the annual rate of handgun homicide per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.139
2013: 0.11
2011: 0.09
2010: 0.02
2009: 0.09
2007: 0.02
2006: 0.05
2005: 0.02
2004: 1.83
2001: 0.02
2000: 0.32
1999: 1.03
1998: 0.33

Long Gun Homicides

ChartIn Georgia, annual long gun homicides total

2014: 69
2012: 2
2011: 3
2006: 19
2005: 8
2004: 1
2001: 9
2000: 12
1999: 7
1998: 3

Rate of Long Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Georgia, the annual rate of long gun homicide per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.169
2012: 0.04
2011: 0.07
2006: 0.43
2005: 0.18
2004: 0.02
2001: 0.21
2000: 0.27
1999: 0.16
1998: 0.07

Gun Homicides (Other)

ChartIn Georgia, annual gun homicides (other) total

2014: 69
2013: 3
2012: 2
2011: 1
2009: 6
2007: 28
2006: 22
2005: 41
2004: 14
2001: 125
2000: 56
1999: 18
1998: 20

Rate of Gun Homicide (Other) per 100,000 People

ChartIn Georgia, the annual rate of gun homicide (other) per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.169
2013: 0.07
2012: 0.04
2011: 0.01
2009: 0.14
2007: 0.64
2006: 0.50
2005: 0.94
2004: 0.32
2001: 2.85
2000: 1.27
1999: 0.40
1998: 0.45

Suicides (any method)

ChartIn Georgia, annual suicides by any means total

2014: 1898
2013: 153
2012: 102
2011: 98
2010: 113
2001: 10020

Rate of Suicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Georgia, the annual rate of suicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2014: 3.838
2013: 3.10
2012: 2.06
2011: 1.98
2010: 2.30
2001: 1.9520

Male Suicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Georgia, annual male suicides by any means total

2014: 1538
2013: 131
2012: 88
2011: 83
2010: 97

Female Suicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Georgia, annual female suicides by any means total

2014: 368
2013: 22
2012: 14
2011: 15
2010: 16

Rate of Female Suicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Georgia, the annual rate of female suicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2016: 5.8821
2015: 5.94
2014: 5.72
2013: 5.24
2012: 5.21

Gun Suicides

ChartIn Georgia, annual firearm suicides total

2014: 168
2013: 15
2012: 11
2011: 1110
2010: 0
2009: 4
2007: 2
2006: 2
2005: 3
2004: 9
2001: 2
2000: 1
1999: 7
1998: 5

Rate of Gun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Georgia, the annual rate of firearm suicide per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.328
2013: 0.30
2012: 0.22
2011: 0.22
2010: 0
2009: 0.09
2007: 0.05
2006: 0.05
2005: 0.07
2004: 0.21
2001: 0.05
2000: 0.02
1999: 0.16
1998: 0.11

Male Gun Suicide Victims

ChartIn Georgia, annual male firearm suicides total

2014: 158
2013: 13
2012: 11
2011: 11
2010: 0

Female Gun Suicide Victims

ChartIn Georgia, annual female firearm suicides total

2014: 18
2013: 2
2012: 0
2011: 0
2010: 0

Unintentional Gun Deaths

ChartIn Georgia, annual unintentional shooting deaths total

2014: 218
2013: 16
2012: 10
2011: 511
2010: 0
2009: 44
2007: 13
2006: 2
2005: 12
2004: 3
2001: 7
2000: 11
1999: 8
1998: 3

Rate of Unintentional Gun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn Georgia, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.438
2013: 0.32
2012: 0.20
2011: 0.10
2010: 0
2009: 1.00
2007: 0.30
2006: 0.05
2005: 0.28
2004: 0.07
2001: 0.16
2000: 0.25
1999: 0.18
1998: 0.07

Unintentional Male Gun Deaths

ChartIn Georgia, annual unintentional male shooting deaths total

2014: 188
2013: 14
2012: 9
2011: 4
2010: 0

Unintentional Female Gun Deaths

ChartIn Georgia, annual unintentional female shooting deaths total

2014: 38
2013: 2
2012: 1
2011: 1
2010: 0

Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Georgia, annual shooting deaths in which the cause remains undecided total

2014: 78
2013: 8
2012: 7
2011: 512
2010: 18
2009: 10
2007: 18
2006: 19
2005: 37
2004: 29
2001: 30
2000: 27
1999: 31
1998: 17

Rate of Gun Death from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn Georgia, the annual rate of unknown-cause shooting deaths per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.148
2013: 0.16
2012: 0.14
2011: 0.10
2010: 0.37
2009: 0.23
2007: 0.41
2006: 0.43
2005: 0.85
2004: 0.67
2001: 0.68
2000: 0.61
1999: 0.70
1998: 0.38

Male Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Georgia, annual male shooting deaths in which the cause remains undecided total

2014: 68
2013: 8
2012: 7
2011: 4
2010: 17

Female Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Georgia, annual female shooting deaths in which the cause remains undecided total

2014: 18
2013: 0
2012: 0
2011: 1
2010: 1

ProductionGun Industry

Regulation of Firearm Makers

In Georgia, the manufacture of small arms, ammunition and/or their components is permitted only if the maker holds a valid licence22

Home-made Guns

In Georgia, the prevalence of illicit craft, or 'home-made' firearm manufacture is reported to be low23

TransfersGun Trade and Trafficking

Firearm Exports

In Georgia, firearm and ammunition exports are limited by transfer control law24 25 26 27

Small Arms Exports (US$) - Customs

The annual value of small arms and ammunition exports from Georgia is reported by Customs to be US$149,04428 (2011)

Firearm Imports

In Georgia, firearm and ammunition imports are limited by transfer control law24 25 26 27

Small Arms Imports (US$) - Customs

The annual value of small arms and ammunition imports to Georgia is reported by Customs to be US$3,605,94928 (2011)

Smuggling Guns and Ammunition

Reports suggest that the level of firearm and ammunition smuggling in Georgia is low29

Regulation of Arms Brokers

In Georgia, the activities of arms brokers and transfer intermediaries are specifically regulated by law30

End User Certificates

Customs regulations in Georgia include31 certification of the intended end user of any small arms or ammunition transfer, and/or a written declaration of its intended end use

MeasuresGun Regulation

Firearm Law

Guiding gun control legislation in Georgia includes the Georgian Law "On Weapons",32 the Georgian law "On the control on export-import of armaments, military equipment and goods of dual-purpose use"33 34 35 and the Law on military and dual-­used goods control24

Firearm Regulation Authority

Guns in Georgia are regulated by the Authority of the Parliament of Georgia and the Permanent Commission of Military-Technical Issues of the Ministry of Defense of Georgia36 37

Right to Possess Firearms

In Georgia, the right to private gun ownership is not guaranteed by law38 39

Restricted Firearms and Ammunition

Law Regulates Automatic Weapons

In Georgia, civilian possession of automatic weapons is regulated by law40

Law Regulates Handguns

In Georgia, civilian possession of handguns is regulated by law40

Law Regulates Long Guns

In Georgia, civilian possession of rifles and shotguns is regulated by law40

Gun Ownership and Possession

In Georgia, only licensed gun owners41 40 may lawfully acquire, possess or transfer a firearm or ammunition

Gun Owner Background Checks

An applicant for a firearm licence in Georgia must pass a background check which considers undefined40 records

Firearm Registration

Civilian Gun Registration

In Georgia, the law requires42 that a record of the acquisition, possession and transfer of each privately held firearm be retained in an official register

Gun Manufacturer Record Keeping

In Georgia, licensed gun makers are required43 to keep a record of each firearm produced, for inspection by a regulating authority

State-Owned Firearm Records

In Georgia, State agencies are required44 to maintain records of the storage and movement of all firearms and ammunition under their control

Gun Sales and Transfers

Regulation of Dealer Gun Sales

In Georgia, dealing in firearms by way of business without a valid gun dealer’s licence is unlawful45

Storage and Transport of Guns and Ammunition

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Private

Firearm regulations in Georgia include46 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of private firearms and ammunition by licensed gun owners

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Dealer

Firearm regulations in Georgia include46 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition by licensed arms dealers

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Government

Government regulations in Georgia include44 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition by state entities

Firearm and Ammunition Transport Regulations

Regulations in Georgia include47 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition while in transit

Marking and Tracing Guns and Ammunition

Firearm Marking

In Georgia, a unique identifying mark on each firearm is required by law42 48 49

Firearm Tracing

In Georgia, state authorities carry out49 recognised arms tracing and tracking procedures

Carrying Guns

Law Regulates Firearms in Public

In Georgia, carrying a gun in a public place is regulated by law40

Penalty for Illicit Firearm Possession

In Georgia, the maximum penalty for unlawful possession of a firearm50 is three to five years in prison51

Collection, Amnesty and Destruction Programmes

Destruction and Disposal Policy

In Georgia, it is state policy52 to destroy surplus, collected and seized firearms rather than return them to the secondary arms market

MeasuresInternational Controls

Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development

The Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development, a diplomatic initiative aimed at addressing the interrelations between armed violence and development, was signed in 200853 by Georgia.

Arms Trade Treaty

The Arms Trade Treaty has been signed and ratified54 by Georgia

United Nations Firearms Protocol

The United Nations Protocol against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, Their Parts and Components and Ammunition has not been signed55 by Georgia

United Nations Small Arms Programme of Action UNPoA

UNPoA Commitment

On 21 July 2001, Georgia committed to a consensus decision of the United Nations to adopt, support and implement the UN Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects56

UNPoA Implementation Monitor Score

In its UN small arms Programme of Action Implementation Monitor (PoAIM Phase 1), the Small Arms Survey scored Georgia against its commitments to the PoA, then ranked it at No. 10657 58 59 60 among 159 Member States

UNPoA National Reporting

Under the terms of its 2001 commitment to the United Nations small arms Programme of Action, Georgia has submitted one or more national reports61 62 on its implementation of the UNPoA

UNPoA National Point of Contact

In Georgia, a National Point of Contact to deal with issues relating to the UNPoA has been designated63 62

UNPoA National Coordinating Body

In Georgia, a National Coordinating Body to deal with issues relating to the UNPoA has been designated63 62

UNPoA Civil Society Involvement and Support

In National Reports of Georgia submitted to the UN from 2001 to 2010, a history of substantive cooperation with civil society in support of UNPoA activities was not apparent62

UNPoA International Assistance – Donor

Funds for UNPoA implementation have not been donated62 by Georgia to other UN Member States

UNPoA International Assistance – Recipient

Funds for UNPoA implementation have been provided62 to Georgia by other UN Member States

United Nations Small Arms Register

According to the United Nations Register of Conventional Arms, Georgia has not declared64 its small arms exports in one or more annual National Reports on Arms Exports.

United Nations Membership

In the UN List of Member States, Georgia has been a Member State of the United Nations since 199265

Wassenaar Arrangement

The Wassenaar Arrangement on Export Controls and Conventional Arms and Dual-Use Goods and Technologies does not list66 Georgia as a Participating State

BackgroundCountry Profile

Conflict Profile

For a profile of conflict in Georgia, select the Link icon to open an external web page from the UCDP Conflict Encyclopedia at Uppsala University

Global Peace Index

To see where Georgia ranks, select the Link icon to open an external web page at the Global Peace Index


Short References

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Karp, Aaron.2007.‘Completing the Count: Civilian firearms - Annexe online.’ Small Arms Survey 2007: Guns and the City.Cambridge:Cambridge University Press,27 August. (Q5)Full Citation

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Karp, Aaron.2007.‘Completing the Count: Civilian firearms.’ Small Arms Survey 2007: Guns and the City.Cambridge:Cambridge University Press,27 August. (Q4)Full Citation

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Sydney School of Public Health, 24 January.
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Karp, Aaron.2018.‘Military Firearms Holdings, 2017.’ Estimating Global Military-Owned Firearms Numbers.Geneva:Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva,18 June. (Q13436)Full Citation

7.

Karp, Aaron.2018.‘Law Enforcement Firearms Holdings, 2017.’ Estimating Global Law Enforcement Firearms Numbers.Geneva:Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva,18 June. (Q13435)Full Citation

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22.

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31.

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