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Armed violence prevention, gun control laws and the small arms trade:

Georgia — Gun Facts, Figures and the Law

StockpilesGun Numbers

Civilian Guns

Number of Privately Owned Firearms

ChartThe estimated total number of guns (both licit and illicit) held by civilians in Georgia is

2017: 402,0001
2007: 330,0002

Rate of Civilian Firearm Possession per 100 Population

ChartThe estimated rate of private gun ownership (both licit and illicit) per 100 people in Georgia is

2017: 10.101
2007: 7.32

Number of Privately Owned Firearms - World Ranking

In a 2007 comparison of the number of privately owned guns in 178 countries, Georgia ranked at No. 1003

Rate of Privately Owned Firearms per 100 Population - World Ranking

In a 2007 comparison of the rate of private gun ownership in 178 countries, Georgia ranked at No. 792

Number of Registered Firearms

ChartThe number of registered guns in Georgia is reported to be

2017: 159,0001
2007: 159,0002

Rate of Registered Firearms per 100 Population

The rate of registered guns per 100 people in Georgia is

2007: 3.324

Estimated Number of Unregistered and Illicit Firearms

Unregistered and unlawfully held guns cannot be counted,5 but in Georgia there are estimated to be

2017: 243,0001

Government Guns

Number of Military Firearms

The defence forces of Georgia are reported to have 63,9506 firearms

Number of Law Enforcement Firearms

Police in Georgia are reported to have 41,0007 firearms

ImpactsDeath and Injury

Homicides (any method)

ChartIn Georgia, annual homicides by any means total

2016: 1818
2015: 186
2014: 1089
2010: 2088
2009: 2109
2008: 263
2007: 330
2006: 32310 11
2005: 403
2004: 29810 12
2003: 302
2002: 29210 13
2001: 263
2000: 278
1999: 24414
1998: 243
1997: 28513
1996: 270
1995: 391

Rate of Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Georgia, the annual rate of homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2016: 3.678
2015: 3.77
2014: 2.199
2010: 4.24
2009: 4.32
2008: 5.45
2007: 6.84
2006: 7.310 11
2005: 9.0
2004: 6.610 12
2003: 6.6
2002: 6.310 13
2001: 5.6
2000: 5.77
1999: 4.8614
1998: 4.47
1997: 5.813
1996: 5.4
1995: 7.7

Male Homicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Georgia, annual male homicides by any means total

2016: 1508
2015: 153
2010: 177
2000: 230

Rate of Male Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Georgia, the annual rate of male homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2016: 6.368
2015: 6.49
2010: 7.56
2000: 10.06

Female Homicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Georgia, annual female homicides by any means total

2016: 328
2015: 33
2010: 31
2000: 48

Rate of Female Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Georgia, the annual rate of female homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2016: 1.248
2015: 1.28
2010: 1.21
2009: 1.47
2000: 1.90

Gun Homicides

ChartIn Georgia, annual firearm homicides total

2014: 299
2007: 29
2006: 81
2005: 93
2004: 9012 15 13
2003: 92
2001: 13515
2000: 82
1999: 71
1998: 38

Rate of Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Georgia, the annual rate of firearm homicide per 100,000 population is

2017: 6.3916
2016: 6.33
2015: 5.69
2014: 0.709
2013: 4.72
2012: 4.85
2011: 4.47
2010: 4.57
2009: 4.74
2008: 5.42
2007: 0.60
2006: 1.68
2005: 1.94
2004: 1.9512 15 13
2003: 2.02
2001: 3.0815
2000: 1.86
1999: 1.59
1998: 0.85

Proportion of Homicides Committed With a Gun

ChartIn Georgia, the percentage of homicides committed with a firearm is reported to be

2010: 13%10
2009: 16%
2008: 17%
2007: 14%
2006: 25%
2005: 23%
2004: 28.5%13
2003: 30.5%

Male Gun Homicide Victims

ChartIn Georgia, annual male firearm homicides total

2014: 259
2007: 26

Rate of Male Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Georgia, the annual rate of male firearm homicide per 100,000 population is

2014: 1.309
2007: 1.13

Female Gun Homicide Victims

ChartIn Georgia, annual female firearm homicides total

2014: 49
2007: 3

Rate of Female Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Georgia, the annual rate of female firearm homicide per 100,000 population is

2015: 0.1217
2014: 0.16
2013: 1.66
2012: 0.04
2011: 0.04
2010: 1.35
2009: 0.08
2008: 2.08
2007: 0.12

Suicides (any method)

ChartIn Georgia, annual suicides by any means total

2016: 3238
2015: 320
2010: 290
2000: 285

Rate of Suicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Georgia, the annual rate of suicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2016: 6.558
2015: 6.49
2010: 5.91
2000: 5.91

Male Suicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Georgia, annual male suicides by any means total

2016: 2678
2015: 264
2010: 238
2000: 227

Rate of Male Suicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Georgia, the annual rate of male suicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2016: 11.338
2015: 11.20
2010: 10.17
2000: 9.92

Female Suicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Georgia, annual female suicides by any means total

2016: 568
2015: 56
2010: 52
2000: 58

Rate of Female Suicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Georgia, the annual rate of female suicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2016: 2.188
2015: 2.18
2010: 2.03
2000: 2.29

ProductionGun Industry

Regulation of Firearm Makers

In Georgia, the manufacture of small arms, ammunition and/or their components is permitted only if the maker holds a valid licence18

Home-made Guns

In Georgia, the prevalence of illicit craft, or 'home-made' firearm manufacture is reported to be low19

TransfersGun Trade and Trafficking

Firearm Exports

In Georgia, firearm and ammunition exports are limited by transfer control law20 21 22 23

Small Arms Exports (US$) - Customs

The annual value of small arms and ammunition exports from Georgia is reported by Customs to be US$149,04424 (2011)

Firearm Imports

In Georgia, firearm and ammunition imports are limited by transfer control law20 21 22 23

Firearm Imports (Number)

ChartThe annual number of firearms imported to Georgia is reported to be

2007: 28,01025
2006: 21,753

Small Arms Imports (US$) - Customs

The annual value of small arms and ammunition imports to Georgia is reported by Customs to be US$3,605,94924 (2011)

Smuggling Guns and Ammunition

Reports suggest that the level of firearm and ammunition smuggling in Georgia is low26

Regulation of Arms Brokers

In Georgia, the activities of arms brokers and transfer intermediaries are specifically regulated by law27

End User Certificates

Customs regulations in Georgia include28 certification of the intended end user of any small arms or ammunition transfer, and/or a written declaration of its intended end use

MeasuresGun Regulation

Firearm Law

Guiding gun control legislation in Georgia includes the Georgian Law "On Weapons",29 the Georgian law "On the control on export-import of armaments, military equipment and goods of dual-purpose use"30 31 32 and the Law on military and dual-­used goods control20

Firearm Regulation Authority

Guns in Georgia are regulated by the Authority of the Parliament of Georgia and the Permanent Commission of Military-Technical Issues of the Ministry of Defense of Georgia33 34

Right to Possess Firearms

In Georgia, the right to private gun ownership is not guaranteed by law35 36

Restricted Firearms and Ammunition

Law Regulates Automatic Weapons

In Georgia, civilian possession of automatic weapons is regulated by law37

Law Regulates Handguns

In Georgia, civilian possession of handguns is regulated by law37

Law Regulates Long Guns

In Georgia, civilian possession of rifles and shotguns is regulated by law37

Gun Ownership and Possession

In Georgia, only licensed gun owners38 37 may lawfully acquire, possess or transfer a firearm or ammunition

Gun Owner Background Checks

An applicant for a firearm licence in Georgia must pass a background check which considers undefined37 records

Firearm Registration

Civilian Gun Registration

In Georgia, the law requires39 that a record of the acquisition, possession and transfer of each privately held firearm be retained in an official register

Gun Manufacturer Record Keeping

In Georgia, licensed gun makers are required40 to keep a record of each firearm produced, for inspection by a regulating authority

State-Owned Firearm Records

In Georgia, State agencies are required41 to maintain records of the storage and movement of all firearms and ammunition under their control

Gun Sales and Transfers

Regulation of Dealer Gun Sales

In Georgia, dealing in firearms by way of business without a valid gun dealer’s licence is unlawful42

Number of Licensed Gun Dealers

ChartThe number of licensed firearm dealers in Georgia is reported to be

2019: 3,41943
2018: 3,52444
2017: 3,59745

Storage and Transport of Guns and Ammunition

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Private

Firearm regulations in Georgia include46 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of private firearms and ammunition by licensed gun owners

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Dealer

Firearm regulations in Georgia include46 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition by licensed arms dealers

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Government

Government regulations in Georgia include41 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition by state entities

Firearm and Ammunition Transport Regulations

Regulations in Georgia include47 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition while in transit

Carrying Guns

Law Regulates Firearms in Public

In Georgia, carrying a gun in a public place is regulated by law37

Penalty for Illicit Firearm Possession

In Georgia, the maximum penalty for unlawful possession of a firearm48 is three to five years in prison49

MeasuresInternational Controls

Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development

The Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development, a diplomatic initiative aimed at addressing the interrelations between armed violence and development, was signed in 200850 by Georgia.

Arms Trade Treaty

The Arms Trade Treaty has been signed and ratified51 by Georgia

United Nations Firearms Protocol

The United Nations Protocol against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, Their Parts and Components and Ammunition has not been signed52 by Georgia

United Nations Small Arms Programme of Action UNPoA

UNPoA Commitment

On 21 July 2001, Georgia committed to a consensus decision of the United Nations to adopt, support and implement the UN Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects53

UNPoA Implementation Monitor Score

In its UN small arms Programme of Action Implementation Monitor (PoAIM Phase 1), the Small Arms Survey scored Georgia against its commitments to the PoA, then ranked it at No. 10654 55 56 57 among 159 Member States

UNPoA National Reporting

Under the terms of its 2001 commitment to the United Nations small arms Programme of Action, Georgia has submitted one or more national reports58 59 on its implementation of the UNPoA

UNPoA National Point of Contact

In Georgia, a National Point of Contact to deal with issues relating to the UNPoA has been designated60 59

UNPoA National Coordinating Body

In Georgia, a National Coordinating Body to deal with issues relating to the UNPoA has been designated60 59

UNPoA Civil Society Involvement and Support

In National Reports of Georgia submitted to the UN from 2001 to 2010, a history of substantive cooperation with civil society in support of UNPoA activities was not apparent59

UNPoA International Assistance – Donor

Funds for UNPoA implementation have not been donated59 by Georgia to other UN Member States

UNPoA International Assistance – Recipient

Funds for UNPoA implementation have been provided59 to Georgia by other UN Member States

United Nations Small Arms Register

According to the United Nations Register of Conventional Arms, Georgia has not declared61 its small arms exports in one or more annual National Reports on Arms Exports.

United Nations Membership

In the UN List of Member States, Georgia has been a Member State of the United Nations since 199262

Wassenaar Arrangement

The Wassenaar Arrangement on Export Controls and Conventional Arms and Dual-Use Goods and Technologies does not list63 Georgia as a Participating State

BackgroundSustainable Development Goal Profile

About SDG 16

The Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) are 17 goals set by the United Nations to be implemented by all member states by 2030. Adopted in 2015, they outline a vision of development in which peace and security are an integral part. SDG 16,64 which seeks to “promote peaceful and inclusive societies for sustainable development,” includes targets and indicators focused on reducing violence (Target 16.1) and the proliferation of illicit arms (Target 16.4). The indicators – or measurement criteria – of these targets include the number of victims of intentional homicide (Indicator 16.1.1), the number of conflict-related deaths (Indicator 16.1.2), and the number of illicit firearms collected and traced (Indicator 16.4.2). In light of these targets and indicators, GunPolicy.org provides granular national data pertaining to homicides, gun homicides, conflict deaths, disarmament efforts, and marking and tracing.

Homicides (any method)

ChartIn Georgia, annual homicides by any means total

2016: 1818
2015: 186
2014: 1089
2010: 2088
2009: 2109
2008: 263
2007: 330
2006: 32310 11
2005: 403
2004: 29810 12
2003: 302
2002: 29210 13
2001: 263
2000: 278
1999: 24414
1998: 243
1997: 28513
1996: 270
1995: 391

Rate of Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Georgia, the annual rate of homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2016: 3.678
2015: 3.77
2014: 2.199
2010: 4.24
2009: 4.32
2008: 5.45
2007: 6.84
2006: 7.310 11
2005: 9.0
2004: 6.610 12
2003: 6.6
2002: 6.310 13
2001: 5.6
2000: 5.77
1999: 4.8614
1998: 4.47
1997: 5.813
1996: 5.4
1995: 7.7

Male Homicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Georgia, annual male homicides by any means total

2016: 1508
2015: 153
2010: 177
2000: 230

Rate of Male Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Georgia, the annual rate of male homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2016: 6.368
2015: 6.49
2010: 7.56
2000: 10.06

Female Homicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Georgia, annual female homicides by any means total

2016: 328
2015: 33
2010: 31
2000: 48

Rate of Female Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Georgia, the annual rate of female homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2016: 1.248
2015: 1.28
2010: 1.21
2009: 1.47
2000: 1.90

Gun Homicides

ChartIn Georgia, annual firearm homicides total

2014: 299
2007: 29
2006: 81
2005: 93
2004: 9012 15 13
2003: 92
2001: 13515
2000: 82
1999: 71
1998: 38

Rate of Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Georgia, the annual rate of firearm homicide per 100,000 population is

2017: 6.3916
2016: 6.33
2015: 5.69
2014: 0.709
2013: 4.72
2012: 4.85
2011: 4.47
2010: 4.57
2009: 4.74
2008: 5.42
2007: 0.60
2006: 1.68
2005: 1.94
2004: 1.9512 15 13
2003: 2.02
2001: 3.0815
2000: 1.86
1999: 1.59
1998: 0.85

Proportion of Homicides Committed With a Gun

ChartIn Georgia, the percentage of homicides committed with a firearm is reported to be

2010: 13%10
2009: 16%
2008: 17%
2007: 14%
2006: 25%
2005: 23%
2004: 28.5%13
2003: 30.5%

Male Gun Homicide Victims

ChartIn Georgia, annual male firearm homicides total

2014: 259
2007: 26

Rate of Male Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Georgia, the annual rate of male firearm homicide per 100,000 population is

2014: 1.309
2007: 1.13

Female Gun Homicide Victims

ChartIn Georgia, annual female firearm homicides total

2014: 49
2007: 3

Rate of Female Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Georgia, the annual rate of female firearm homicide per 100,000 population is

2015: 0.1217
2014: 0.16
2013: 1.66
2012: 0.04
2011: 0.04
2010: 1.35
2009: 0.08
2008: 2.08
2007: 0.12

Conflict Deaths

For a profile of conflict in Georgia, select the Link icon to open an external web page from the UCDP Conflict Encyclopedia at Uppsala University

Disarmament

Destruction and Disposal Policy

In Georgia, it is state policy65 to destroy surplus, collected and seized firearms rather than return them to the secondary arms market

Marking and Tracing

Firearm Marking

In Georgia, a unique identifying mark on each firearm is required by law39 66 67

Firearm Tracing

In Georgia, state authorities carry out67 recognised arms tracing and tracking procedures

Global Peace Index

To see where Georgia ranks, select the Link icon to open an external web page at the Global Peace Index, and then click on Georgia on the map or in the "Select Country" menu on the right of the web page


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