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France — Gun Facts, Figures and the Law

StockpilesGun Numbers

Civilian Guns

Number of Privately Owned Firearms

ChartThe estimated total number of guns (both licit and illicit) held by civilians in France is

2017: 12,732,0001
2016: 10,000,0002 3
2005: 19,000,0004

Rate of Civilian Firearm Possession per 100 Population

ChartThe estimated rate of private gun ownership (both licit and illicit) per 100 people in France is

2017: 19.601
2016: 14.965
2005: 31.24

Number of Privately Owned Firearms - World Ranking

In a 2007 comparison of the number of privately owned guns in 178 countries, France ranked at No. 56

Rate of Privately Owned Firearms per 100 Population - World Ranking

In a 2007 comparison of the rate of private gun ownership in 178 countries, France ranked at No. 124

Proportion of Adults Living in a Home With a Gun

In France, the percentage of adults living in a household with a firearm is reported to be

2015: 7%7

Proportion of Households with Firearms

ChartIn France, the percentage of households with one or more guns is reported to be

2005: 16.1%8
1999/2003: 18.2%
1995/98: 22.6%
1989: 25.3%

Proportion of Households with Handguns

ChartIn France, the percentage of households with one or more handguns is reported to be

2005: 3.7%8
1999/2003: 2.8%
1995/98: 4.9%
1989: 5.9%

Number of Registered Firearms

ChartThe number of registered guns in France is reported to be

2017: 4,501,2351
2016: 2,763,0002
2015: 4,000,0003
2005: 2,802,0574

Rate of Registered Firearms per 100 Population

ChartThe rate of registered guns per 100 people in France is

2016: 4.135
2015: 6.01
2005: 4.44

Estimated Number of Unregistered and Illicit Firearms

ChartUnregistered and unlawfully held guns cannot be counted,9 but in France there are estimated to be

2017: 8,320,7651
2016: 7,237,0002
2015: 6,000,0003

Estimated Rate of Unregistered and Illicit Firearms per 100 Population

ChartUnregistered and unlawfully held guns cannot be counted,9 but in France the rate of such firearms per 100 people is estimated to be

2016: 10.835
2015: 9.02

Government Guns

Number of Military Firearms

The defence forces of France are reported to have 566,43010 firearms

Routine Arming of Police

In France, police officers on routine patrol carry one or more firearms11 12 13 14

Number of Law Enforcement Firearms

Police in France are reported to have 497,00015 firearms

ImpactsDeath and Injury

Total Number of Gun Deaths

ChartIn France, annual deaths resulting from firearms total

2014: 1,54216
2013: 1,74516
2012: 1,863
2011: 1,793
2010: 1,736
2009: 1,865
2008: 1,957
2007: 1,836
2006: 2,039
2005: 2,095
2004: 2,054
2003: 2,203
2002: 2,218
2001: 2,331
2000: 2,465
1999: 2,28417 18 19
1998: 2,96417 18 19 20
1997: 2,85617 18 19

Rate of All Gun Deaths per 100,000 People

ChartIn France, the annual rate of all gun deaths per 100,000 population is

2014: 2.3316
2013: 2.65
2012: 2.84
2011: 2.75
2010: 2.67
2009: 2.89
2008: 3.05
2007: 2.88
2006: 3.21
2005: 3.32
2004: 3.28
2003: 3.54
2002: 3.58
2001: 3.78
2000: 4.02
1999: 3.75
1998: 4.89
1997: 4.73

Total Number of Male Gun Deaths

ChartIn France, annual male deaths resulting from firearms total

2014: 1,44016
2013: 1,62216
2012: 1,725
2011: 1,663
2010: 1,611
2009: 1,742
2008: 1,826
2007: 1,692

Rate of Male Gun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn France, the annual rate of male gun death per 100,000 population is

2014: 4.4416
2013: 5.03
2012: 5.37
2011: 5.21
2010: 5.07
2009: 5.52
2008: 5.82
2007: 5.42

Total Number of Female Gun Deaths

ChartIn France, annual female deaths resulting from firearms total

2014: 10216
2013: 12316
2012: 138
2011: 130
2010: 125
2009: 123
2008: 131
2007: 144

Rate of Female Gun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn France, the annual rate of female gun death per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.3016
2013: 0.37
2012: 0.41
2011: 0.39
2010: 0.38
2009: 0.37
2008: 0.40
2007: 0.44

Homicides (any method)

ChartIn France, annual homicides by any means total

2016: 87521
2015: 1,017
2014: 28416
2013: 395
2012: 395
2011: 394
2010: 405
2009: 476
2008: 442
2007: 374
2006: 413
2005: 430
2004: 458
2003: 449
2002: 481
2001: 486
2000: 495
1999: 95322 23 24
1998: 961
1997: 963
1996: 1,171
1995: 1,33623 24

Rate of Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn France, the annual rate of homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2016: 1.3121
2015: 1.53
2014: 0.4316
2013: 0.60
2012: 0.60
2011: 0.60
2010: 0.62
2009: 0.74
2008: 0.69
2007: 0.59
2006: 0.7
2005: 0.7
2004: 0.8
2003: 0.7
2002: 0.8
2001: 0.8
2000: 0.8
1999: 1.622 23
1998: 1.6
1997: 1.7
1996: 2.0
1995: 2.323
1994: 1.1225

Male Homicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn France, annual male homicides by any means total

2016: 53226
2015: 633
2014: 18416
2013: 24516
2012: 237
2011: 253
2010: 255
2009: 287
2008: 289
2007: 222

Rate of Male Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn France, the annual rate of male homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2016: 1.6726
2015: 2
2014: 0.5716
2013: 0.76
2012: 0.74
2011: 0.79
2010: 0.80
2009: 0.91
2008: 0.92
2007: 0.71

Female Homicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn France, annual female homicides by any means total

2016: 34326
2015: 384
2014: 10016
2013: 15016
2012: 158
2011: 141
2010: 150
2009: 189
2008: 153
2007: 152

Rate of Female Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn France, the annual rate of female homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2016: 1.0426
2015: 1.17
2014: 0.3016
2013: 0.45
2012: 0.47
2011: 0.42
2010: 0.45
2009: 0.57
2008: 0.47
2007: 0.47

Gun Homicides

ChartIn France, annual firearm homicides total

2014: 7916
2013: 13416
2012: 141
2011: 146
2010: 127
2009: 134
2008: 142
2007: 99
2006: 11127 17
2005: 122
2004: 129
2003: 122
2002: 158
2001: 160
2000: 152
1999: 15517
1998: 170
1997: 214

Rate of Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn France, the annual rate of firearm homicide per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.1216
2013: 0.20
2012: 0.21
2011: 0.22
2010: 0.20
2009: 0.21
2008: 0.22
2007: 0.16
2006: 0.175 17
2005: 0.19
2004: 0.21
2003: 0.20
2002: 0.25
2001: 0.26
2000: 0.25
1999: 0.2617
1998: 0.29
1997: 0.37
1994: 0.4428

Proportion of Homicides Committed With a Gun

In France, the percentage of homicides committed with a firearm is reported to be

2007: 9.6%23

Male Gun Homicide Victims

ChartIn France, annual male firearm homicides total

2014: 5916
2013: 9716
2012: 98
2011: 103
2010: 85
2009: 87
2008: 102
2007: 57

Rate of Male Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn France, the annual rate of male firearm homicide per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.1816
2013: 0.30
2012: 0.31
2011: 0.32
2010: 0.27
2009: 0.28
2008: 0.33
2007: 0.18

Female Gun Homicide Victims

ChartIn France, annual female firearm homicides total

2014: 2016
2013: 3716
2012: 43
2011: 43
2010: 42
2009: 47
2008: 40
2007: 42

Rate of Female Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn France, the annual rate of female firearm homicide per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.0616
2013: 0.11
2012: 0.13
2011: 0.13
2010: 0.13
2009: 0.14
2008: 0.12
2007: 0.13

Handgun Homicides

ChartIn France, annual handgun homicides total

2013: 317
2012: 027
2011: 127 17
2010: 1
2009: 027
2008: 0
2007: 0
2006: 0
2005: 127 17
2004: 027
2003: 227 17
2002: 027
2001: 127 17
2000: 2

Rate of Handgun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn France, the annual rate of handgun homicide per 100,000 population is

2013: 0.0017
2012: 0.027
2011: 0.027 17
2010: 0.0
2009: 0.027
2008: 0.0
2007: 0.0
2006: 0.0
2005: 0.027 17
2004: 0.027
2003: 0.0 27 17
2002: 0.027
2001: 0.027 17
2000: 0.0

Long Gun Homicides

ChartIn France, annual long gun homicides total

2013: 1417
2012: 1227 17
2011: 11
2010: 6
2009: 6
2008: 7
2007: 5
2006: 5
2005: 9
2004: 7
2003: 11
2002: 11
2001: 9
2000: 11

Rate of Long Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn France, the annual rate of long gun homicide per 100,000 population is

2013: 0.0217
2012: 0.0217 27
2011: 0.02
2010: 0.01
2009: 0.01
2008: 0.01
2007: 0.01
2006: 0.01
2005: 0.01
2004: 0.02
2003: 0.02
2002: 0.02
2001: 0.02
2000: 0.02

Gun Homicides (Other)

ChartIn France, annual gun homicides (other) total

2013: 12117
2012: 12827 17
2011: 129
2010: 118
2009: 128
2008: 135
2007: 91
2006: 106
2005: 112
2004: 122
2003: 109
2002: 147
2001: 150
2000: 139

Rate of Gun Homicide (Other) per 100,000 People

ChartIn France, the annual rate of gun homicide (other) per 100,000 population is

2013: 0.1917
2012: 0.2017 27
2011: 0.22
2010: 0.19
2009: 0.20
2008: 0.22
2007: 0.15
2006: 0.17
2005: 0.19
2004: 0.21
2003: 0.18
2002: 0.24
2001: 0.26
2000: 0.24

Suicides (any method)

ChartIn France, annual suicides by any means total

2014: 8,87516
2013: 9,58916
2012: 9,722
2011: 10,400
2010: 10,373
2009: 10,492
2008: 10,347
2007: 10,122
2006: 10,39029 30
2005: 10,67329
2004: 10,762
2003: 10,820
2002: 10,607
2001: 10,408
2000: 10,806
1998: 10,53420

Rate of Suicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn France, the annual rate of suicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2014: 13.3916
2013: 14.54
2012: 14.81
2011: 15.93
2010: 15.97
2009: 16.25
2008: 16.11
2007: 15.85
2006: 16.929 30
2005: 17.429
2004: 17.7
2003: 17.9
2002: 17.7
2001: 17.5
2000: 18.3
1998: 17.5120
1994: 20.7931

Male Suicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn France, annual male suicides by any means total

2014: 6,65916
2013: 7,21716
2012: 7,312
2011: 7,785
2010: 7,638
2009: 7,759
2008: 7,615
2007: 7,418

Rate of Male Suicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn France, the annual rate of male suicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2014: 20.5416
2013: 22.37
2012: 22.78
2011: 24.38
2010: 24.06
2009: 24.58
2008: 24.27
2007: 23.78

Female Suicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn France, annual female suicides by any means total

2014: 2,21616
2013: 2,37216
2012: 2,410
2011: 2,615
2010: 2,735
2009: 2,733
2008: 2,732
2007: 2,704

Rate of Female Suicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn France, the annual rate of female suicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2014: 6.5516
2013: 7.04
2012: 7.19
2011: 7.84
2010: 8.24
2009: 8.28
2008: 8.32
2007: 8.28

Gun Suicides

ChartIn France, annual firearm suicides total

2014: 1,08716
2013: 1,33416
2012: 1,425
2011: 1,398
2010: 1,378
2009: 1,446
2008: 1,548
2007: 1,406
2006: 1,576
2005: 1,644
2004: 1,601
2003: 1,738
2002: 1,712
2001: 1,883
2000: 2,051
1999: 2,02918
1998: 2,386
1997: 2,556

Rate of Gun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn France, the annual rate of firearm suicide per 100,000 population is

2014: 1.6416
2013: 2.02
2012: 2.17
2011: 2.14
2010: 2.12
2009: 2.24
2008: 2.41
2007: 2.20
2006: 2.48
2005: 2.61
2004: 2.55
2003: 2.79
2002: 2.76
2001: 3.06
2000: 3.35
1999: 3.4618
1998: 4.05
1997: 4.36
1994: 5.1432

Male Gun Suicide Victims

ChartIn France, annual male firearm suicides total

2014: 1,04616
2013: 1,27916
2012: 1,360
2011: 1,333
2010: 1,315
2009: 1,388
2008: 1,480
2007: 1,336

Rate of Male Gun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn France, the annual rate of male firearm suicide per 100,000 population is

2014: 3.2316
2013: 3.96
2012: 4.24
2011: 4.18
2010: 4.14
2009: 4.40
2008: 4.72
2007: 4.28

Female Gun Suicide Victims

ChartIn France, annual female firearm suicides total

2014: 4116
2013: 5516
2012: 65
2011: 65
2010: 63
2009: 58
2008: 68
2007: 70

Rate of Female Gun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn France, the annual rate of female firearm suicide per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.1216
2013: 0.16
2012: 0.19
2011: 0.19
2010: 0.19
2009: 0.18
2008: 0.21
2007: 0.21

Handgun Suicides

ChartIn France, annual handgun suicides total

2013: 1918
2012: 1629 18
2011: 16
2010: 11
2009: 16
2008: 16
2007: 12
2006: 13
2005: 17
2004: 10
2003: 8
2002: 14
2001: 16
2000: 21

Rate of Handgun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn France, the annual rate of handgun suicide per 100,000 population is

2013: 0.0318
2012: 0.0318 29
2011: 0.03
2010: 0.02
2009: 0.03
2008: 0.03
2007: 0.02
2006: 0.02
2005: 0.03
2004: 0.02
2003: 0.02
2002: 0.02
2001: 0.03
2000: 0.04

Long Gun Suicides

ChartIn France, the number of long gun suicides is

2013: 13418
2012: 15929 18
2011: 130
2010: 113
2009: 97
2008: 96
2007: 108
2006: 111
2005: 124
2004: 116
2003: 153
2002: 150
2001: 161
2000: 203

Rate of Long Gun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn France, the annual rate of long gun suicide per 100,000 population is

2013: 0.2118
2012: 0.2518 29
2011: 0.21
2010: 0.18
2009: 0.16
2008: 0.15
2007: 0.17
2006: 0.18
2005: 0.21
2004: 0.19
2003: 0.25
2002: 0.25
2001: 0.27
2000: 0.34

Gun Suicides (Other)

ChartIn France, annual gun suicides (other) total

2013: 1,18218
2012: 1,24529 18
2011: 1,249
2010: 1,253
2009: 1,332
2008: 1,436
2007: 1,283
2006: 1,452
2005: 1,503
2004: 1,475
2003: 1,577
2002: 1,548
2001: 1,706
2000: 1,827

Rate of Gun Suicide (Other) per 100,000 People

ChartIn France, the annual rate of gun suicide (other) per 100,000 population is

2013: 1.8518
2012: 1.9718 29
2011: 1.99
2010: 1.99
2009: 2.13
2008: 2.30
2007: 2.08
2006: 2.36
2005: 2.48
2004: 2.44
2003: 2.63
2002: 2.60
2001: 2.89
2000: 3.11

Unintentional Gun Deaths

ChartIn France, annual unintentional shooting deaths total

2014: 2316
2013: 1719
2012: 2433 19
2011: 71
2010: 34
2009: 29
2008: 40
2007: 32
2006: 53
2005: 36
2004: 19
2003: 26
2002: 19
2001: 33
2000: 44
1999: 10019
1998: 68
1997: 86

Rate of Unintentional Gun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn France, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.0316
2013: 0.03
2012: 0.04
2011: 0.11
2010: 0.05
2009: 0.04
2008: 0.06
2007: 0.05
2006: 0.08
2005: 0.06
2004: 0.03
2003: 0.04
2002: 0.03
2001: 0.05
2000: 0.07
1999: 0.1719
1998: 0.12
1997: 0.15
1994: 0.1134

Unintentional Male Gun Deaths

ChartIn France, annual unintentional male shooting deaths total

2014: 2216
2013: 1616
2012: 22
2011: 64
2010: 32
2009: 26
2008: 39
2007: 30

Rate of Unintentional Male Gun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn France, the annual rate of unintentional male shooting death per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.0716
2013: 0.05
2012: 0.07
2011: 0.20
2010: 0.10
2009: 0.08
2008: 0.12
2007: 0.10

Unintentional Female Gun Deaths

ChartIn France, annual unintentional female shooting deaths total

2014: 116
2013: 116
2012: 2
2011: 7
2010: 2
2009: 3
2008: 1
2007: 2

Rate of Unintentional Female Gun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn France, the annual rate of unintentional female shooting death per 100,000 population is

2014: 016
2013: 0
2012: 0.01
2011: 0.02
2010: 0.01
2009: 0.01
2008: 0
2007: 0.01

Unintentional Long Gun Deaths

ChartIn France, annual unintentional shooting deaths by long gun total

2013: 919
2012: 933 19
2011: 15
2010: 8
2009: 12
2008: 13
2007: 8
2006: 13
2005: 20
2004: 8
2003: 23
2002: 13
2001: 25
2000: 26

Rate of Unintentional Long Gun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn France, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death by long gun per 100,000 population is

2013: 0.0119
2012: 0.0119 33
2011: 0.03
2010: 0.01
2009: 0.02
2008: 0.02
2007: 0.02
2006: 0.02
2005: 0.03
2004: 0.01
2003: 0.04
2002: 0.02
2001: 0.04
2000: 0.04

Unintentional Gun Deaths (Other)

ChartIn France, annual unintentional shooting deaths by firearm (other) total

2013: 819
2012: 1533 19
2011: 55
2010: 24
2009: 17
2008: 26
2007: 24
2006: 40
2005: 16
2004: 11
2003: 3
2002: 6
2001: 8
2000: 18

Rate of Unintentional Gun Death (Other) per 100,000 People

ChartIn France, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death by firearm (other) per 100,000 population is

2013: 0.0119
2012: 0.0219 33
2011: 0.09
2010: 0.04
2009: 0.03
2008: 0.04
2007: 0.04
2006: 0.06
2005: 0.03
2004: 0.02
2003: 0.00
2002: 0.01
2001: 0.01
2000: 0.03

Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn France, annual shooting deaths in which the cause remains undecided total

2014: 35316
2013: 26035
2012: 273
2011: 178
2010: 19736 35
2009: 255
2008: 226
2007: 299
2006: 299
2005: 293
2004: 305
2003: 317
2002: 329
2001: 255
2000: 218
1998: 34020

Rate of Gun Death from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn France, the annual rate of unknown-cause shooting deaths per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.5316
2013: 0.39
2012: 0.42
2011: 0.27
2010: 0.30
2009: 0.39
2008: 0.35
2007: 0.47
2006: 0.47
2005: 0.46
2004: 0.49
2003: 0.51
2002: 0.53
2001: 0.41
2000: 0.36
1998: 0.5720
1994: 0.6537

Male Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn France, annual male shooting deaths in which the cause remains undecided total

2014: 31316
2013: 23016
2012: 245
2011: 163
2010: 179
2009: 240
2008: 204
2007: 269

Rate of Male Gun Death from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn France, the annual rate of unknown-cause male shooting deaths per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.9716
2013: 0.71
2012: 0.76
2011: 0.51
2010: 0.56
2009: 0.76
2008: 0.65
2007: 0.86

Female Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn France, annual female shooting deaths in which the cause remains undecided total

2014: 4016
2013: 3016
2012: 28
2011: 15
2010: 18
2009: 15
2008: 22
2007: 30

Rate of Female Gun Death from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn France, the annual rate of unknown-cause female shooting deaths per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.1216
2013: 0.09
2012: 0.08
2011: 0.04
2010: 0.05
2009: 0.05
2008: 0.07
2007: 0.09

Handgun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn France, annual deaths by handgun in which the cause remains undecided total

2013: 235
2012: 136 35
2011: 1
2010: 036
2009: 0
2008: 0
2007: 336 35
2006: 036
2005: 0
2004: 0
2003: 136 35
2002: 5
2001: 1
2000: 3

Rate of Handgun Death from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn France, the annual rate of unknown-cause handgun deaths per 100,000 population is

2013: 0.0035
2012: 0.0035 36
2011: 0.00
2010: 0.036
2009: 0.0
2008: 0.0
2007: 0.0035 36
2006: 0.036
2005: 0.0
2004: 0.0
2003: 0.0035 36
2002: 0.01
2001: 0.00
2000: 0.01

Long Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn France, annual deaths by long gun in which the cause remains undecided total

2013: 2635
2012: 2436 35
2011: 14
2010: 18
2009: 23
2008: 10
2007: 29
2006: 28
2005: 28
2004: 32
2003: 33
2002: 33
2001: 27
2000: 19

Rate of Long Gun Death from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn France, the annual rate of unknown-cause long gun deaths per 100,000 population is

2013: 0.0435
2012: 0.0435 36
2011: 0.02
2010: 0.03
2009: 0.04
2008: 0.02
2007: 0.05
2006: 0.05
2005: 0.05
2004: 0.05
2003: 0.05
2002: 0.06
2001: 0.05
2000: 0.03

Gun Deaths (Other) from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn France, annual deaths by firearm (other) in which the cause remains undecided total

2013: 23235
2012: 24736 35
2011: 160
2010: 179
2009: 230
2008: 215
2007: 266
2006: 271
2005: 265
2004: 273
2003: 337
2002: 291
2001: 227
2000: 196

Rate of Gun Death (Other) from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn France, the annual rate of unknown-cause gun deaths (other) per 100,000 population is

2013: 0.3635
2012: 0.3935 36
2011: 0.26
2010: 0.28
2009: 0.37
2008: 0.35
2007: 0.43
2006: 0.44
2005: 0.43
2004: 0.46
2003: 0.56
2002: 0.49
2001: 0.39
2000: 0.35

Legal Intervention Gun Homicides

ChartIn France, annual legal-intervention gun homicides total

2009: 116
2008: 1

ProductionGun Industry

Regulation of Firearm Makers

In France, the manufacture of small arms, ammunition and/or their components is permitted only if the maker holds a valid licence38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50

Small Arms Manufacture - World Ranking

In a classification of the world's small, medium and major firearm manufacturers, France was ranked 'medium'51

Home-made Guns

In France, the prevalence of illicit craft, or 'home-made' firearm manufacture is reported to be moderate52

TransfersGun Trade and Trafficking

Firearm Exports

In France, firearm and ammunition exports are limited by transfer control law53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75

Firearm Exports (Number)

ChartThe annual number of firearms exported from France is reported by manufacturers to be

2018: 3,49476
2017: 906
2016: 2,702
2015: 1,639
2014: 70677
2012: 242
2011: 642
2008: 236
2007: 707
2006: 584

Small Arms Exports (US$) - Customs

ChartThe annual value of small arms and ammunition exports from France is reported by Customs to be US$

2016: 144,435,60078
2015: 151,881,041
2014: 184,906,289
2013: 189,302,038
2012: 149,253,89778 79 80
2011: 71,435,16381
2010: 40,000,00082
2001: 39,000,00079

Small Arms Exports - World Ranking

In a comparison of the world's major/mid-level/minor/unknown small arms exporters, France was categorized as 'major'83 84 85

Firearm Imports

In France, firearm and ammunition imports are limited by transfer control law 86 61 62 87 88 89 64 68 69 70 71 72 73

Firearm Imports (Number)

ChartThe annual number of firearms imported to France is reported to be

2018: 17,78176
2017: 7,032
2016: 1,862
2015: 3,823
2012: 8,61377
2011: 8,345
2007: 43,637

Small Arms Imports (US$) - Customs

ChartThe annual value of small arms and ammunition imports to France is reported by Customs to be US$

2016: 254,696,67878
2015: 241,936,249
2014: 249,635,241
2013: 261,981,327
2012: 263,228,69078 90 91 92 93
2011: 139,034,02781 94 95
2010: 114,000,00096
2001: 64,000,00090 97

Smuggling Guns and Ammunition

Reports suggest that the level of firearm and ammunition smuggling in France is moderate98 99 100 101

Regulation of Arms Brokers

In France, the activities of arms brokers and transfer intermediaries are specifically regulated by law38 40 102 103 104 105 106 107

End User Certificates

Customs regulations in France include53 55 108 57 109 110 65 68 111 66 67 89 69 71 73 112 certification of the intended end user of any small arms or ammunition transfer, and/or a written declaration of its intended end use

Transparency of Small Arms Transfers

ChartIn its annual Small Arms Trade Transparency Barometer, the Small Arms Survey compares public reporting among major arms exporting nations on a scale from strong to weak (25 to zero). In recent years, France scored

2018: 17.25113
2016: 15.75114
2014: 15.00115
2013: 14.25116
2012: 14.00117
2011: 14.00118
2010: 14.50119
2009: 14.75120
2008: 14.00121
2007: 13.75122
2006: 17.25123
2005: 12.00124
2004: 14.25125

MeasuresGun Regulation

Firearm Regulation - Guiding Policy

The regulation of guns in France is categorised as restrictive126

Firearm Law

Guiding gun control legislation in France includes the Internal Security Code,127 128 the Decree No. 2013-700 of 30 July 2013 on the Implementation of the Act No. 2012-304 of 6 March 2012 on the Establishment of a Modern, Simplified and Preventive Control of Weapons,129 the Defence Code,130 127 the Order of 2007 on the Creation of the Application for the Management of the Computerized Register of Owners and Holders of Firearms,131 the Decree on Exports of Firearms of 2014,132 the Order of November 15, 2000 on Modalities for Destruction by Gunsmiths of Firearms,133 the Ordinance 2004-1374 of 20 December 2004 concerning the legislative part of the Defence Code that repealed the Decree-Law of 18 April, 1939 on Weapons of War, Firearms and Ammunition,134 the Council Directive of 18 June, 1991 on Control of the Acquisition and Possession of Weapons,135 136 the European Union Firearms Regulation of 2012, the Common Position on the Control of Arms Brokering of 2003137 and the Convention of 1 July, 1969 on Reciprocal Recognition of Proofmarks on Small Arms138

Firearm Regulation Authority

Guns in France are regulated by the Ministers of Defence,139 Interior, Industry, Customs,45 and Sports,140 the Prefect,141 National Police, National Gendarmerie,40 and the European Commission136

Right to Possess Firearms

In France, the right to private gun ownership is not guaranteed by law142 143

Restricted Firearms and Ammunition

In France, civilians are not allowed to possess weapons of war, certain handguns and long guns, automatic firearms, firearms disguised as other objects, and armour-piercing, incendiary and expanding ammunition144 145 146 147 148

Regulation of Automatic Weapons

In France, private possession of fully automatic weapons is prohibited145 149 150 147 148

Regulation of Semiautomatic Assault Weapons

In France, private possession of semi-automatic assault weapons is permitted under licence149 151 152 153 148

Regulation of Handguns

In France, private possession of handguns (pistols and revolvers) is prohibited with only narrow exemptions145 149 154 147 152 153 148

Law Regulates Long Guns

In France, civilian possession of rifles and shotguns is regulated by law145 149 151 155 152 153 148

Gun Ownership and Possession

In France, only licensed gun owners (for certain arms)156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 88 168 147 152 may lawfully acquire, possess or transfer a firearm or ammunition

Genuine Reason Required for Firearm Possession

Applicants for a gun owner’s licence in France are required to establish a genuine reason to possess a firearm, for example hunting, target shooting, personal protection, security and collection169 170 171 172 173 109 174

Minimum Age for Firearm Possession

The minimum age for gun ownership in France is 18 years (except for sports shooters between 12 and 18 years old)128 171 140 175 174

Gun Owner Background Checks

An applicant for a firearm licence in France must pass a background check which considers criminal, mental health and health156 176 177 172 178 179 180 157 39 174 records

Reference Required for Firearm Licence

In France, third party character references for each gun licence applicant are not required181 182

Partner to be Advised or Interviewed

In France, licensing authorities are not required181 182 to conduct interviews with, or to advise an applicant's spouse, partner, or next of kin before issuing a gun licence

Domestic Violence and Firearms

Where a past history, or apprehended likelihood of family violence exists, the law in France does not stipulate181 182 that a gun licence should be denied or revoked

Firearm Safety Training

In France, an understanding of firearm safety and the law, tested in a theoretical and/or practical training course is required, only for persons exposed to serious risks due to their professional activity,172 for a firearm licence

Gun Owner Licensing Period

In France, gun owners must re-apply and re-qualify for their firearm licence every five years183 184 185 186 187 163

Licensing Records

In France, authorities maintain a record131 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 104 of individual civilians licensed to acquire, possess, sell or transfer a firearm or ammunition

Limit on Number of Guns

Licensed firearm owners in France are permitted to possess a limited number of firearms195 171 170

Limit on Quantity, Type of Ammunition

Licensed firearm owners in France are permitted to possess a limited quantity of ammunition195 196 197 198 199 200

Firearm Registration

Civilian Gun Registration

In France, the law requires131 188 189 190 201 202 104 203 that a record of the acquisition, possession and transfer of each privately held firearm be retained in an official register

Gun Dealer Record Keeping

In France, licensed firearm dealers are required102 44 204 205 206 104 203 to keep a record of each firearm or ammunition purchase, sale or transfer on behalf of a regulating authority

Gun Manufacturer Record Keeping

In France, licensed gun makers are required102 44 205 206 104 50 to keep a record of each firearm produced, for inspection by a regulating authority

State-Owned Firearm Records

In France, State agencies are required207 to maintain records of the storage and movement of all firearms and ammunition under their control

Gun Sales and Transfers

Regulation of Private Gun Sales

In France, the private sale and transfer of firearms is prohibited unless conducted by the Commissioner of Police, the Commander of the Gendarmerie or by a licensed firearm dealer and registered by the competent Prefect202 208 209 201 210 211 160 161 212 213 153

Regulation of Dealer Gun Sales

In France, dealing in firearms by way of business without a valid gun dealer’s licence is unlawful41 42 40 43 44 214 186 215 160 161 199 216 193 38 39 213 217 153

Background Checks for Private Gun Sales

The buyer of a firearm in a private sale in France is obliged218 to pass official background checks before taking possession

Background Checks for Dealer Gun Sales

The buyer of a firearm from a licensed gun dealer in France is obliged218 to pass official background checks before taking possession

Number of Licensed Gun Dealers

The number of licensed firearm dealers in France is reported to be 360218

Waiting Period for Gun Possession

In France, the minimum wait for a lawful firearm purchase to be completed is undetermined181 182

Regulation of Gun Shows

In France, gun shows and temporary firearm dealing events are regulated219 220 in law

Storage and Transport of Guns and Ammunition

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Private

Firearm regulations in France include48 221 222 223 224 177 172 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of private firearms and ammunition by licensed gun owners

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Dealer

Firearm regulations in France include48 46 219 177 172 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition by licensed arms dealers

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Government

Government regulations in France include48 207 225 226 227 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition by state entities

Firearm and Ammunition Transport Regulations

Regulations in France include228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition while in transit

Marking and Tracing Guns and Ammunition

Firearm Marking

In France, a unique identifying mark on each firearm is required by law236 237 47 138 238 50 239 240 241 242

Firearm Tracing

In France, state authorities carry out131 243 241 242 203 recognised arms tracing and tracking procedures

Carrying Guns

Law Regulates Firearms in Public

In France, carrying a gun in a public place is regulated by law244 245 246 247 248 249 250 154

Penalty for Illicit Firearm Possession

In France, the maximum penalty for unlawful possession of a firearm251 is three years in prison and a fine252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271

Collection, Amnesty and Destruction Programmes

Authorities in France are known to have101 implemented voluntary firearm surrender schemes, and/or weapon seizure programmes in order to reduce the number of illicit firearms in circulation

Firearms Surrendered and Seized

ChartIn France, the number of firearms voluntarily surrendered, bought back or seized by authorities is reported to be

2017: 2,067272
2014: 5,8713 273 274
2013: 825275
2012: 6,965276 275
2011: 26,591276 277 275
2010: 33,554277
2009: 32,762

Small Arms Destroyed

ChartIn France, the number of firearms destroyed following amnesty, collection and seizure programmes is reported to be

2017: 18,226272 278
2016: 14,608278
2014: 34,317279
2012: 12,532280
2011: 41,105281
2010: 63,017
2009: 68,608
1998/2000: 140,000282

Destruction and Disposal Policy

In France, it is not state policy283 284 285 286 176 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 to destroy surplus, collected and seized firearms rather than return them to the secondary arms market

MeasuresInternational Controls

Regional Agreements

European Union

As a member of the European Union, France is bound by the provisions of the ‘EU Firearms Directive’ – the 2007 Legislative Resolution on Control of the Acquisition and Possession of Weapons of the European Parliament297 298

European Union Export Reporting

Under the European Union Common Position on Arms Exports, France is bound to declare its transfers of military technology and equipment. Independent monitoring provides detailed comparisons of arms export reporting compliance across EU member states, and records that France has submitted one or more national reports299 on its arms transfers

Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development

The Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development, a diplomatic initiative aimed at addressing the interrelations between armed violence and development, was signed in 2006300 by France.

Arms Trade Treaty

The Arms Trade Treaty has been signed and ratified301 by France

United Nations Firearms Protocol

The United Nations Protocol against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, Their Parts and Components and Ammunition has not been signed302 by France

United Nations Small Arms Programme of Action UNPoA

UNPoA Commitment

On 21 July 2001, France committed to a consensus decision of the United Nations to adopt, support and implement the UN Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects303

UNPoA Implementation Monitor Score

In its UN small arms Programme of Action Implementation Monitor (PoAIM Phase 1), the Small Arms Survey scored France against its commitments to the PoA, then ranked it at No. 57304 305 306 307 among 159 Member States

UNPoA National Reporting

Under the terms of its 2001 commitment to the United Nations small arms Programme of Action, France has submitted one or more national reports308 309 on its implementation of the UNPoA

UNPoA National Point of Contact

In France, a National Point of Contact to deal with issues relating to the UNPoA has been designated310 309

UNPoA National Coordinating Body

In France, a National Coordinating Body to deal with issues relating to the UNPoA has not been designated309 310

UNPoA Civil Society Involvement and Support

In National Reports of France submitted to the UN from 2001 to 2010, a history of substantive cooperation with civil society in support of UNPoA activities was apparent309

UNPoA International Assistance – Donor

Funds for UNPoA implementation have been donated309 by France to other UN Member States

United Nations Small Arms Register

According to the United Nations Register of Conventional Arms, France has declared311 its small arms exports in one or more annual National Reports on Arms Exports.

United Nations Membership

In the UN List of Member States, France has been a Member State of the United Nations since 1945312

Wassenaar Arrangement

The Wassenaar Arrangement on Export Controls and Conventional Arms and Dual-Use Goods and Technologies lists313 France as a Participating State

BackgroundCountry Profile

Conflict Profile

For a profile of conflict in France, select the Link icon to open an external web page from the UCDP Conflict Encyclopedia at Uppsala University

Global Peace Index

To see where France ranks, select the Link icon to open an external web page at the Global Peace Index


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France.2013.‘Authorisation to Purchase for a Resident of a Member State of the European Union (Autorisation d'acquérir pour un résident d'un Etat membre de l'Union européenne).’ Decree No. 2013-700 of 30 July 2013 on the Implementation of the Act No. 2012-304 of 6 March 2012 on the Establishment of a Modern, Simplified and Preventive Control of Weapons.Paris:Prime Minister of the French Republic,30 July. (Q10608)Full Citation

166.

France.2013.‘Purchase in another Member State (Acquisition dans un autre Etat membre).’ Decree No. 2013-700 of 30 July 2013 on the Implementation of the Act No. 2012-304 of 6 March 2012 on the Establishment of a Modern, Simplified and Preventive Control of Weapons.Paris:Prime Minister of the French Republic,30 July. (Q10610)Full Citation

167.

France.2013.‘Trip Between France and Another Member State (Voyage entre la France et un autre Etat membre).’ Decree No. 2013-700 of 30 July 2013 on the Implementation of the Act No. 2012-304 of 6 March 2012 on the Establishment of a Modern, Simplified and Preventive Control of Weapons.Paris:Prime Minister of the French Republic,30 July. (Q10612)Full Citation

168.

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169.

France.2014.‘Articles R. 312-37, -38 - Authorisations for Companies (Autorisations pour entreprises).’ Internal Security Code - Regulatory Part (Code de la sécurité intérieure - Partie réglementaire).Paris:President of the French Republic,27 October. (Q10969)Full Citation

170.

France.2014.‘Article R. 312-39 - Authorisations for Individuals Exposed to Risks.’ Internal Security Code - Regulatory Part (Code de la sécurité intérieure - Partie réglementaire).Paris:President of the French Republic,27 October. (Q10970)Full Citation

171.

France.2014.‘Articles R. 312-40, -41 - Authorisations for the Practice of Sports Shooting.’ Internal Security Code - Regulatory Part (Code de la sécurité intérieure - Partie réglementaire).Paris:President of the French Republic,27 October. (Q10971)Full Citation

172.

France.2014.‘Article R. 312-5 - Additional Documents for Authorisation Requests (Pièces complémentaires pour les demandes d'autorisation).’ Internal Security Code - Regulatory Part (Code de la sécurité intérieure - Partie réglementaire).Paris:President of the French Republic,27 October. (Q10919)Full Citation

173.

France.2014.‘Article R. 312-53 - Purchase of Firearms of Categories C and D (Acquisition des armes de catégories C et D).’ Internal Security Code - Regulatory Part (Code de la sécurité intérieure - Partie réglementaire).Paris:President of the French Republic,27 October. (Q10977)Full Citation

174.

European Council.1991.‘Article 5.’ Council Directive of 18 June 1991 on Control of the Acquisition and Possession of Weapons (91/477/EEC) [current to 2008 amendments].Brussels:Council of the European Communities,18 June. (Q2409)Full Citation

175.

France.2014.‘Article R. 312-1 - Prohibited Acquisition by Minors (Interdiction d'acquisition par les mineurs).’ Internal Security Code - Regulatory Part (Code de la sécurité intérieure - Partie réglementaire).Paris:President of the French Republic,27 October. (Q10916)Full Citation

176.

France.2014.‘Article R. 312-67 - Specific Prohibitions (Interdictions spécifiques).’ Internal Security Code - Regulatory Part (Code de la sécurité intérieure - Partie réglementaire).Paris:President of the French Republic,27 October. (Q10955)Full Citation

177.

France.2014.‘Article R. 312-4 - Authorisation Requests (Demandes d'autorisation).’ Internal Security Code - Regulatory Part (Code de la sécurité intérieure - Partie réglementaire).Paris:President of the French Republic,27 October. (Q10918)Full Citation

178.

France.2014.‘Article R. 312-6 - Medical Certificate (Certificat médical).’ Internal Security Code - Regulatory Part (Code de la sécurité intérieure - Partie réglementaire).Paris:President of the French Republic,27 October. (Q10920)Full Citation

179.

France.2014.‘Article R. 312-8 - Mental Records (Antécédents mentaux).’ Internal Security Code - Regulatory Part (Code de la sécurité intérieure - Partie réglementaire).Paris:President of the French Republic,27 October. (Q10921)Full Citation

180.

France.2014.‘Article R. 312-57 - Declaration - Medical Certificate (Déclaration - certificat médical).’ Internal Security Code - Regulatory Part (Code de la sécurité intérieure - Partie réglementaire).Paris:President of the French Republic,27 October. (Q10926)Full Citation

181.

France.2013.‘Decree No. 2013-700 (Décret n° 2013-700).’ Decree No. 2013-700 of 30 July 2013 on the Implementation of the Act No. 2012-304 of 6 March 2012 on the Establishment of a Modern, Simplified and Preventive Control of Weapons.Paris:Prime Minister of the French Republic,30 July. (Q10642)Full Citation

182.

France.2015.‘Defence Code (Code de la Défense).’ Defence Code (Code de la Défense).Paris:President of the French Republic,1 September. (Q6016)Full Citation

183.

France.2014.‘Article R. 312-13 - Validity of Authorisation (Durée de l'autorisation).’ Internal Security Code - Regulatory Part (Code de la sécurité intérieure - Partie réglementaire).Paris:President of the French Republic,27 October. (Q10965)Full Citation

184.

France.2014.‘Article R. 312-3 - Authorisation Requests - Authority (Demandes d'autorisations - Autorité compétente).’ Internal Security Code - Regulatory Part (Code de la sécurité intérieure - Partie réglementaire).Paris:President of the French Republic,27 October. (Q10959)Full Citation

185.

France.2014.‘Article R. 312-11 - Authorisation's Validity (Validité de l'autorisation).’ Internal Security Code - Regulatory Part (Code de la sécurité intérieure - Partie réglementaire).Paris:President of the French Republic,27 October. (Q10962)Full Citation

186.

France.2014.‘Article R. 312-12 - Validity of an Authorisation to Purchase Firearms.’ Internal Security Code - Regulatory Part (Code de la sécurité intérieure - Partie réglementaire).Paris:President of the French Republic,27 October. (Q10964)Full Citation

187.

France.2014.‘Article R. 312-14 - Renewal Request (Demande de renouvellement).’ Internal Security Code - Regulatory Part (Code de la sécurité intérieure - Partie réglementaire).Paris:President of the French Republic,27 October. (Q10966)Full Citation

188.

France.2013.‘Registration of Firearm Authorisations, Declarations, and Registrations.’ Order of November 15, 2007 on the Creation of the Application for the Management of the Computerized Register of Owners and Holders of Firearms (Act Current to 8 September 2015).Paris:Ministers of the Interior, Overseas France and Territorial Communities, Defence, Budgets, Public Accounts, and Civil Service of the French Republic,2 September. (Q10694)Full Citation

189.

France.2012.‘Registration Data.’ Order of November 15, 2007 on the Creation of the Application for the Management of the Computerized Register of Owners and Holders of Firearms (Act Current to 8 September 2015).Paris:Ministers of the Interior, Overseas France and Territorial Communities, Defence, Budgets, Public Accounts, and Civil Service of the French Republic,28 March. (Q10695)Full Citation

190.

France.2007.‘Time for Retaining Information on Firearm Owners.’ Order of November 15, 2007 on the Creation of the Application for the Management of the Computerized Register of Owners and Holders of Firearms (Act Current to 8 September 2015).Paris:Ministers of the Interior, Overseas France and Territorial Communities, Defence, Budgets, Public Accounts, and Civil Service of the French Republic,15 November. (Q10696)Full Citation

191.

France.2014.‘Article R. 312-77 - Records (Fichiers).’ Internal Security Code - Regulatory Part (Code de la sécurité intérieure - Partie réglementaire).Paris:President of the French Republic,27 October. (Q10928)Full Citation

192.

France.2014.‘Article R. 312-78 - National File of Individuals Prohibited from Purchasing and Possessing Firearms (Fichier national des interdits d'acquisition et de détention d'armes).’ Internal Security Code - Regulatory Part (Code de la sécurité intérieure - Partie réglementaire).Paris:President of the French Republic,27 October. (Q10929)Full Citation

193.

France.2014.‘Article R. 313-12 - List of Retail Stores (Liste des commerces de détail).’ Internal Security Code - Regulatory Part (Code de la sécurité intérieure - Partie réglementaire).Paris:President of the French Republic,27 October. (Q10932)Full Citation

194.

France.2014.‘Article R. 312-43 - Shooting Booklet (Carnet de tir).’ Internal Security Code - Regulatory Part (Code de la sécurité intérieure - Partie réglementaire).Paris:President of the French Republic,27 October. (Q10972)Full Citation

195.

France.2013.‘Article L. 312-4-3 - Limited Number of Firearms and Quantity of Ammunition.’ Internal Security Code - Legislative Part (Code de la sécurité intérieure - Partie législative).Paris:President of the French Republic,20 June. (Q10777)Full Citation

196.

France.2014.‘Article R. 312-46 - Purchase of Ammunition for Firearms of Category B (Acquisition de munitions des armes de catégorie B).’ Internal Security Code - Regulatory Part (Code de la sécurité intérieure - Partie réglementaire).Paris:President of the French Republic,27 October. (Q10974)Full Citation

197.

France.2014.‘Article R. 312-47 - Limit on the Purchase of Ammunition (Limitation quant à l'acquisition de munitions).’ Internal Security Code - Regulatory Part (Code de la sécurité intérieure - Partie réglementaire).Paris:President of the French Republic,27 October. (Q10975)Full Citation

198.

France.2014.‘Article R. 312-49 - Ammunition per Firearm (Munitions par arme).’ Internal Security Code - Regulatory Part (Code de la sécurité intérieure - Partie réglementaire).Paris:President of the French Republic,27 October. (Q10976)Full Citation

199.

France.2014.‘Article R. 312-45 - Purchase and Possession of Magazines and Ammunition (Acquisition et détention des systèmes d'alimentation et des munitions).’ Internal Security Code - Regulatory Part (Code de la sécurité intérieure - Partie réglementaire).Paris:President of the French Republic,27 October. (Q10973)Full Citation

200.

European Council.1991.‘Article 10.’ Council Directive of 18 June 1991 on Control of the Acquisition and Possession of Weapons (91/477/EEC) [current to 2008 amendments].Brussels:Council of the European Communities,18 June. (Q2413)Full Citation

201.

France.2013.‘Article L. 314-2-1 - Transfer of Firearms of Categories C and D Between Individuals.’ Internal Security Code - Legislative Part (Code de la sécurité intérieure - Partie législative).Paris:President of the French Republic,20 June. (Q10771)Full Citation

202.

France.2014.‘Article R. 314-16 - Ownership Transfer of a Firearm by an Individual (Transfert de propriété d'une arme par un particulier).’ Internal Security Code - Regulatory Part (Code de la sécurité intérieure - Partie réglementaire).Paris:President of the French Republic,27 October. (Q10960)Full Citation

203.

European Council.1991.‘Article 4.’ Council Directive of 18 June 1991 on Control of the Acquisition and Possession of Weapons (91/477/EEC) [current to 2008 amendments].Brussels:Council of the European Communities,18 June. (Q2406)Full Citation

204.

France.2014.‘Article R. 313-24 - Obligations of a Dealer when Transferring Firearms and Ammunition (Obligations de l'armurier lors de la cession des armes et munitions).’ Internal Security Code - Regulatory Part (Code de la sécurité intérieure - Partie réglementaire).Paris:President of the French Republic,27 October. (Q10935)Full Citation

205.

France.2014.‘Gun Dealer Record Keeping (Tenue d'un registre par les commerçants d'armes à feu).’ Decree No. 2013-700 of 30 July 2013 on the Implementation of the Act No. 2012-304 of 6 March 2012 on the Establishment of a Modern, Simplified and Preventive Control of Weapons.Paris:Prime Minister of the French Republic,27 October. (Q10589)Full Citation

206.

France.2014.‘Prefects in Charge of Special Registers (Préfets en charge des registres spéciaux).’ Decree No. 2013-700 of 30 July 2013 on the Implementation of the Act No. 2012-304 of 6 March 2012 on the Establishment of a Modern, Simplified and Preventive Control of Weapons.Paris:Prime Minister of the French Republic,27 October. (Q10578)Full Citation

207.

France.2010.‘Stockpile Management and Securing (Gestion et Sécurisation des Stocks).’ National Report of France on its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA).New York, NY:Permanent Mission of France to the United Nations,1 May. (Q4788)Full Citation

208.

France.2013.‘Article L. 314-3 - Transfers of Firearms of Categories A and B Not Intended for Commerce.’ Internal Security Code - Legislative Part (Code de la sécurité intérieure - Partie législative).Paris:President of the French Republic,20 June. (Q10779)Full Citation

209.

France.2013.‘Article L. 314-2 - Transfer of Firearms of Category B, Between Individuals.’ Internal Security Code - Legislative Part (Code de la sécurité intérieure - Partie législative).Paris:President of the French Republic,20 June. (Q10778)Full Citation

210.

France.2014.‘Article R. 314-20 - Transfer of Ownership Between Individuals (Transfert de propriété entre particuliers).’ Internal Security Code - Regulatory Part (Code de la sécurité intérieure - Partie réglementaire).Paris:President of the French Republic,27 October. (Q10979)Full Citation

211.

France.2014.‘Article R. 314-17 - Private Sales (Authority).’ Internal Security Code - Regulatory Part (Code de la sécurité intérieure - Partie réglementaire).Paris:President of the French Republic,27 October. (Q10961)Full Citation

212.

France.2014.‘Article R. 314-18 - Purchase of a Replacement Firearm by an Individual.’ Internal Security Code - Regulatory Part (Code de la sécurité intérieure - Partie réglementaire).Paris:President of the French Republic,27 October. (Q10934)Full Citation

213.

France.2014.‘Transfer of Firearms of Categories B and C (Transfer d'armes de catégorie B et C).’ Decree No. 2013-700 of 30 July 2013 on the Implementation of the Act No. 2012-304 of 6 March 2012 on the Establishment of a Modern, Simplified and Preventive Control of Weapons.Paris:Prime Minister of the French Republic,28 January. (Q10652)Full Citation

214.

France.2014.‘Article R. 312-10 - Authorisation to Purchase and Possess Firearms.’ Internal Security Code - Regulatory Part (Code de la sécurité intérieure - Partie réglementaire).Paris:President of the French Republic,27 October. (Q10963)Full Citation

215.

France.2014.‘Article R. 313-8 - Authorisation to Open a Retail Store (Autorisation d'ouverture du commerce de détail).’ Internal Security Code - Regulatory Part (Code de la sécurité intérieure - Partie réglementaire).Paris:President of the French Republic,27 October. (Q10931)Full Citation

216.

France.2013.‘Article L. 2332-2 - Retail Trade Premises (Locaux destinés au commerce de détail).’ Defence Code, as Amended by the Act No. 2012-304 of 6 March 2012 on the Establishment of a Modern, Simplified and Preventive Control of Weapons.Paris:President of the French Republic,20 June. (Q6001)Full Citation

217.

European Council.1991.‘Article 4.’ Council Directive of 18 June 1991 on Control of the Acquisition and Possession of Weapons (91/477/EEC) [current to 2008 amendments].Brussels:Council of the European Communities,18 June. (Q2405)Full Citation

218.

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219.

France.2014.‘Article R. 313-17 - Fixed and Permanent Premises for Retail Trade (Local fixe et permanent pour le commerce au détail).’ Internal Security Code - Regulatory Part (Code de la sécurité intérieure - Partie réglementaire).Paris:President of the French Republic,27 October. (Q10930)Full Citation

220.

France.2014.‘Article R. 313-20 - Retail Sale Outside of Premises (Vente au détail hors de locaux).’ Internal Security Code - Regulatory Part (Code de la sécurité intérieure - Partie réglementaire).Paris:President of the French Republic,27 October. (Q10933)Full Citation

221.

France.2014.‘Article R. 314-8 - Storage - Sports Shooting (Conservation - Tir sportif).’ Internal Security Code - Regulatory Part (Code de la sécurité intérieure - Partie réglementaire).Paris:President of the French Republic,27 October. (Q10938)Full Citation

222.

France.2014.‘Article R. 314-9 - Storage - Shooting Gallery (Conservation - Tir forain).’ Internal Security Code - Regulatory Part (Code de la sécurité intérieure - Partie réglementaire).Paris:President of the French Republic,27 October. (Q10939)Full Citation

223.

France.2014.‘Article R. 314-7 - Storage - Shows (Conservation - Spectacles).’ Internal Security Code - Regulatory Part (Code de la sécurité intérieure - Partie réglementaire).Paris:President of the French Republic,27 October. (Q10936)Full Citation

224.

France.2014.‘Article R. 314-10 - Storage - Public Authorities, Museums, and Collections.’ Internal Security Code - Regulatory Part (Code de la sécurité intérieure - Partie réglementaire).Paris:President of the French Republic,27 October. (Q10937)Full Citation

225.

France.2010.‘Stockpile Management and Security (Gestion et sécurisation des stocks).’ National Report of France on its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA).New York, NY:Permanent Mission of France to the United Nations,1 May. (Q5834)Full Citation

226.

France.2010.‘Stockpile Management and Security (Gestion et sécurisation des stocks).’ National Report of France on its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA).New York, NY:Permanent Mission of France to the United Nations,1 May. (Q5835)Full Citation

227.

France.2010.‘Collection and Disposal (Collecte et élimination).’ National Report of France on its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA).New York, NY:Permanent Mission of France to the United Nations,1 May. (Q5838)Full Citation

228.

France.2014.‘Article R. 315-12 - Security of Shipments and Transports of Firearms (Sécurité des expéditions et des transports des armes).’ Internal Security Code - Regulatory Part (Code de la sécurité intérieure - Partie réglementaire).Paris:President of the French Republic,27 October. (Q10948)Full Citation

229.

France.2014.‘Article R. 315-4 - Firearms Transport.’ Internal Security Code - Regulatory Part (Code de la sécurité intérieure - Partie réglementaire).Paris:President of the French Republic,27 October. (Q10943)Full Citation

230.

France.2014.‘Article R. 315-13 - Shipments of Firearms (Expéditions des armes).’ Internal Security Code - Regulatory Part (Code de la sécurité intérieure - Partie réglementaire).Paris:President of the French Republic,27 October. (Q10949)Full Citation

231.

France.2014.‘Article R. 315-14 - Exemptions Concerning Shipments of Firearms (Dérogations concernant les expéditions d'armes).’ Internal Security Code - Regulatory Part (Code de la sécurité intérieure - Partie réglementaire).Paris:President of the French Republic,27 October. (Q10950)Full Citation

232.

France.2014.‘Article R. 315-15 - Postal Shipments of Firearms (Expéditions d'armes par voie postale).’ Internal Security Code - Regulatory Part (Code de la sécurité intérieure - Partie réglementaire).Paris:President of the French Republic,27 October. (Q10951)Full Citation

233.

France.2014.‘Article R. 315-16 - Firearm Shipments by Rail, Air or Sea (Expéditions d'armes par voie ferré, aérienne ou maritime).’ Internal Security Code - Regulatory Part (Code de la sécurité intérieure - Partie réglementaire).Paris:President of the French Republic,27 October. (Q10952)Full Citation

234.

France.2014.‘Article R. 315-17 - Firearm Transport by Road (Expéditions d'armes par voie routière).’ Internal Security Code - Regulatory Part (Code de la sécurité intérieure - Partie réglementaire).Paris:President of the French Republic,27 October. (Q10953)Full Citation

235.

France.2014.‘Article R. 315-18 - Responsibilities of Transport Companies (Responsabilité des companies de transport).’ Internal Security Code - Regulatory Part (Code de la sécurité intérieure - Partie réglementaire).Paris:President of the French Republic,27 October. (Q10954)Full Citation

236.

France.2013.‘Marking (Marquage).’ Decree No. 2013-700 of 30 July 2013 on the Implementation of the Act No. 2012-304 of 6 March 2012 on the Establishment of a Modern, Simplified and Preventive Control of Weapons.Paris:Prime Minister of the French Republic,30 July. (Q10558)Full Citation

237.

France.2013.‘Marking - Alphanumerical Code (Marquage - code alphanumérique).’ Decree No. 2013-700 of 30 July 2013 on the Implementation of the Act No. 2012-304 of 6 March 2012 on the Establishment of a Modern, Simplified and Preventive Control of Weapons.Paris:Prime Minister of the French Republic,30 July. (Q10564)Full Citation

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France.2014.‘Marking.’ National Report of France on its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA).New York NY:Permanent Mission of France to the United Nations,1 January. (Q10840)Full Citation

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France.2014.‘Marking at Import.’ National Report of France on its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA).New York NY:Permanent Mission of France to the United Nations,1 January. (Q10822)Full Citation

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France.2011.‘Marking (Marquage).’ National Report of France on its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA).New York, NY:Permanent Mission of France to the United Nations,11 April. (Q4589)Full Citation

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France.2010.‘Marking, Record Keeping and Tracing (Marquage, enregistrement et traçage des armes).’ National Report of France on its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA).New York, NY:Permanent Mission of France to the United Nations,1 May. (Q5847)Full Citation

242.

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France.2011.‘Measures Taken for Tracing and to Address Tracing Requests (Mesures Prises pour Tracer et Répondre aux Demandes de Traçage).’ National Report of France on its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA).New York, NY:Permanent Mission of France to the United Nations,11 April. (Q4781)Full Citation

244.

France.2013.‘Article L. 315-1 - Carrying and Transporting Firearms of Categories A, B, D.’ Internal Security Code - Legislative Part (Code de la sécurité intérieure - Partie législative).Paris:President of the French Republic,20 June. (Q10780)Full Citation

245.

France.2014.‘Article R. 315-1 - Prohibited Carrying and Transport of Firearms.’ Internal Security Code - Regulatory Part (Code de la sécurité intérieure - Partie réglementaire).Paris:President of the French Republic,27 October. (Q10940)Full Citation

246.

France.2014.‘Article R. 315-2 - Carrying and Transport of Firearms for Hunting and Sports Purposes.’ Internal Security Code - Regulatory Part (Code de la sécurité intérieure - Partie réglementaire).Paris:President of the French Republic,27 October. (Q10941)Full Citation

247.

France.2014.‘Article R. 315-3 - Carrying and Transport of Firearms in Historical Reenactments.’ Internal Security Code - Regulatory Part (Code de la sécurité intérieure - Partie réglementaire).Paris:President of the French Republic,27 October. (Q10942)Full Citation

248.

France.2014.‘Article R. 315-5 - Carrying and Transport - Special Regime (Port et transport - régime particulier).’ Internal Security Code - Regulatory Part (Code de la sécurité intérieure - Partie réglementaire).Paris:President of the French Republic,27 October. (Q10945)Full Citation

249.

France.2014.‘Article R. 315-6 - Carrying and Transport - Special Regime for Foreigners (Port et transport - Régime particulier pour les étrangers).’ Internal Security Code - Regulatory Part (Code de la sécurité intérieure - Partie réglementaire).Paris:President of the French Republic,27 October. (Q10946)Full Citation

250.

France.2014.‘Article R. 315-11 - Authorised Carrying of Firearms for Companies.’ Internal Security Code - Regulatory Part (Code de la sécurité intérieure - Partie réglementaire).Paris:President of the French Republic,27 October. (Q10944)Full Citation

251.

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France.2013.‘Article L. 317-4 - Penalty (Acquisition, Transfer, or Possession of Firearms of Categories A and B).’ Internal Security Code - Legislative Part (Code de la sécurité intérieure - Partie législative).Paris:President of the French Republic,20 June. (Q10767)Full Citation

253.

France.2012.‘Article L. 2339-5 - Penalties for Illicit Acquisition and Possession (Sanctions pénales de l'acquisition et de la détention).’ Defence Code (Code de la Défense).Paris:President of the French Republic,12 March. (Q5980)Full Citation

254.

France.2012.‘Article L. 2339-9 - Penalties for Illicit Carrying, Transport and Shipments (Sanctions pénales du port, du transport et des expéditions).’ Defence Code (Code de la Défense).Paris:President of the French Republic,12 March. (Q6119)Full Citation

255.

France.2013.‘Article L. 317-5 - Penalty (Acquisition or Possession of Firearms in Breach of Prohibition).’ Internal Security Code - Legislative Part (Code de la sécurité intérieure - Partie législative).Paris:President of the French Republic,20 June. (Q10766)Full Citation

256.

France.2013.‘Article L. 317-4-1 - Penalty (Acquisition, Transfer and Possession or Firearms of Category C).’ Internal Security Code - Legislative Part (Code de la sécurité intérieure - Partie législative).Paris:President of the French Republic,20 June. (Q10765)Full Citation

257.

France.2014.‘Article R. 317-1 - Possession by a Minor - Penalty (Détention par un mineur - Dispositions pénales).’ Internal Security Code - Regulatory Part (Code de la sécurité intérieure - Partie réglementaire).Paris:President of the French Republic,27 October. (Q10981)Full Citation

258.

France.2014.‘Article R. 317-4 - Limit on the Number of Firearms - Penalty (Limite du nombre d'armes à feu - Dispositions pénales).’ Internal Security Code - Regulatory Part (Code de la sécurité intérieure - Partie réglementaire).Paris:President of the French Republic,27 October. (Q10983)Full Citation

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France.2014.‘Article R. 317-3 - Transfer of Firearms - Penalty (Transfert d'armes à feu - Dispositions pénales).’ Internal Security Code - Regulatory Part (Code de la sécurité intérieure - Partie réglementaire).Paris:President of the French Republic,27 October. (Q10982)Full Citation

260.

France.2014.‘Article R. 317-5 - Magazines - Penalty (Systèmes d'alimentation - Dispositions pénales).’ Internal Security Code - Regulatory Part (Code de la sécurité intérieure - Partie réglementaire).Paris:President of the French Republic,27 October. (Q10984)Full Citation

261.

France.2014.‘Article R. 317-7 - Possession of Ammunition - Penalty (Détention de munitions - Dispositions pénales).’ Internal Security Code - Regulatory Part (Code de la sécurité intérieure - Partie réglementaire).Paris:President of the French Republic,27 October. (Q10985)Full Citation

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