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France — Gun Facts, Figures and the Law

StockpilesGun Numbers

Civilian Guns

Number of Privately Owned Firearms

ChartThe estimated total number of guns (both licit and illicit) held by civilians in France is

2020: 13,584,4071 2
2017: 12,732,0002
2016: 10,000,0003 4
2005: 19,000,0005

Rate of Civilian Firearm Possession per 100 Population

ChartThe estimated rate of private gun ownership (both licit and illicit) per 100 people in France is

2020: 20.026
2017: 19.602
2016: 14.966
2005: 31.25

Number of Privately Owned Firearms - World Ranking

In a 2017 comparison of the number of privately owned guns in 206 countries, France ranked at No. 117

Rate of Privately Owned Firearms per 100 Population - World Ranking

In a 2017 comparison of the rate of privately owned guns in 206 countries, France ranked at No.237

Proportion of Adults Living in a Home With a Gun

In France, the percentage of adults living in a household with a firearm is reported to be

2015: 7%8

Proportion of Households with Firearms

ChartIn France, the percentage of households with one or more guns is reported to be

2005: 16.1%9
1999/2003: 18.2%
1995/98: 22.6%
1989: 25.3%

Proportion of Households with Handguns

ChartIn France, the percentage of households with one or more handguns is reported to be

2005: 3.7%9
1999/2003: 2.8%
1995/98: 4.9%
1989: 5.9%

Number of Licensed Firearm Owners

The number of licensed gun owners in France is reported to be

2021: 5,000,00010

Number of Registered Firearms

ChartThe number of registered guns in France is reported to be

2020: 5,263,6421
2017: 4,501,2352
2016: 2,763,0003
2015: 4,000,0004
2009: 3,521,8311
2005: 2,802,0575

Rate of Registered Firearms per 100 Population

ChartThe rate of registered guns per 100 people in France is

2020: 7.766
2017: 6.71
2016: 4.13
2015: 6.01
2009: 5.45
2005: 4.44

Estimated Number of Unregistered and Illicit Firearms

ChartUnregistered and unlawfully held guns cannot be counted,11 but in France there are estimated to be

2017: 8,320,7652 12
2016: 7,237,0003
2015: 6,000,0004

Estimated Rate of Unregistered and Illicit Firearms per 100 Population

ChartUnregistered and unlawfully held guns cannot be counted,11 but in France the rate of such firearms per 100 people is estimated to be

2016: 10.836
2015: 9.02

Government Guns

Number of Military Firearms

The defence forces of France are reported to have 566,43013 firearms

Routine Arming of Police

In France, police officers on routine patrol carry one or more firearms14 15 16 17

Number of Law Enforcement Firearms

Police in France are reported to have 497,00018 firearms

ImpactsDeath and Injury

Total Number of Gun Deaths

ChartIn France, annual deaths resulting from firearms total

2016: 1,61119
2015: 1,693
2014: 1,542
2013: 1,745
2012: 1,863
2011: 1,793
2010: 1,736
2009: 1,862
2008: 1,957
2007: 1,836
2006: 2,040
2005: 2,102
2004: 2,062
2003: 2,263
2002: 2,218
2001: 2,339
2000: 2,477
1999: 2,28420 21 22
1998: 2,96420 21 22 23
1997: 2,85620 21 22

Rate of All Gun Deaths per 100,000 People

ChartIn France, the annual rate of all gun deaths per 100,000 population is

2016: 2.4219
2015: 2.56
2014: 2.34
2013: 2.66
2012: 2.85
2011: 2.76
2010: 2.69
2009: 2.90
2008: 3.06
2007: 2.89
2006: 3.24
2005: 3.35
2004: 3.31
2003: 3.65
2002: 3.58
2001: 3.80
2000: 4.04
1999: 3.75
1998: 4.89
1997: 4.73

Total Number of Male Gun Deaths

ChartIn France, annual male deaths resulting from firearms total

2016: 1,51219
2015: 1,585
2014: 1,440
2013: 1,622
2012: 1,725
2011: 1,663
2010: 1,611
2009: 1,739
2008: 1,826
2007: 1,692
2006: 1,877
2005: 1,932
2004: 1,883
2003: 2,066
2001: 2,131
2000: 2,256

Rate of Male Gun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn France, the annual rate of male gun death per 100,000 population is

2016: 4.6419
2015: 4.89
2014: 4.46
2013: 5.05
2012: 5.40
2011: 5.24
2010: 5.10
2009: 5.54
2008: 5.85
2007: 5.46
2006: 6.10
2005: 6.31
2004: 6.19
2003: 6.83
2001: 7.09
2000: 7.55

Total Number of Female Gun Deaths

ChartIn France, annual female deaths resulting from firearms total

2016: 9919
2015: 108
2014: 102
2013: 12319
2012: 138
2011: 130
2010: 125
2009: 123
2008: 131
2007: 144
2006: 163
2005: 170
2004: 179
2003: 197
2001: 208
2000: 221

Rate of Female Gun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn France, the annual rate of female gun death per 100,000 population is

2016: 0.2919
2015: 0.32
2014: 0.30
2013: 0.37
2012: 0.41
2011: 0.39
2010: 0.38
2009: 0.37
2008: 0.40
2007: 0.44
2006: 0.51
2005: 0.53
2004: 0.56
2003: 0.62
2001: 0.66
2000: 0.70

Homicides (any method)

ChartIn France, annual homicides by any means total

2020: 87924
2019: 861
2018: 779
2017: 813
2016: 884
2015: 1,012
2014: 792
2013: 777
2012: 784
2011: 856
2010: 796
2009: 819
2008: 1,021
2007: 993
2006: 413
2005: 430
2004: 458
2003: 449
2002: 481
2001: 486
2000: 495
1999: 95325 26 27
1998: 961
1997: 963
1996: 1,171
1995: 1,33626 27

Rate of Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn France, the annual rate of homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2020: 1.3524
2019: 1.32
2018: 1.20
2017: 1.25
2016: 1.37
2015: 1.57
2014: 1.23
2013: 1.22
2012: 1.23
2011: 1.35
2010: 1.27
2009: 1.27
2008: 1.59
2007: 1.56
2006: 0.7
2005: 0.7
2004: 0.8
2003: 0.7
2002: 0.8
2001: 0.8
2000: 0.8
1999: 1.625 26
1998: 1.6
1997: 1.7
1996: 2.0
1995: 2.326
1994: 1.1228

Male Homicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn France, annual male homicides by any means total

2020: 1,20724
2019: 1,081
2018: 1,025
2017: 1,011
2016: 1,070.12
2015: 1,274.11
2014: 18419
2013: 24519
2012: 237
2011: 253
2010: 255
2009: 287
2008: 289
2007: 222

Rate of Male Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn France, the annual rate of male homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2020: 1.9524
2019: 1.74
2018: 1.65
2017: 1.63
2016: 1.70
2015: 2.02
2014: 0.5719
2013: 0.76
2012: 0.74
2011: 0.79
2010: 0.80
2009: 0.91
2008: 0.92
2007: 0.71

Female Homicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn France, annual female homicides by any means total

2020: 47624
2019: 564
2018: 477
2017: 582
2016: 613
2015: 739.89
2014: 10019
2013: 15019
2012: 158
2011: 141
2010: 150
2009: 189
2008: 153
2007: 152

Rate of Female Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn France, the annual rate of female homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2020: 0.7124
2019: 0.85
2018: 0.73
2017: 0.93
2016: 0.93
2015: 1.15
2014: 0.3019
2013: 0.45
2012: 0.47
2011: 0.42
2010: 0.45
2009: 0.57
2008: 0.47
2007: 0.47

Gun Homicides

ChartIn France, annual firearm homicides total

2016: 9219
2015: 91
2014: 78
2013: 117
2012: 129
2011: 134
2010: 120
2009: 128
2008: 135
2007: 94
2006: 106
2005: 114
2004: 125
2003: 110
2002: 158
2001: 153
2000: 142
1999: 15520
1998: 170
1997: 214

Rate of Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn France, the annual rate of firearm homicide per 100,000 population is

2016: 0.1419
2015: 0.14
2014: 0.12
2013: 0.18
2012: 0.20
2011: 0.21
2010: 0.18
2009: 0.20
2008: 0.21
2007: 0.15
2006: 0.17
2005: 0.18
2004: 0.20
2003: 0.18
2002: 0.25
2001: 0.25
2000: 0.23
1999: 0.2620
1998: 0.29
1997: 0.37
1994: 0.4429

Proportion of Homicides Committed With a Gun

In France, the percentage of homicides committed with a firearm is reported to be

2007: 9.6%26

Male Gun Homicide Victims

ChartIn France, annual male firearm homicides total

2016: 7119
2015: 58
2014: 58
2013: 89
2012: 90
2011: 96
2010: 82
2009: 82
2008: 98
2007: 56
2006: 77
2005: 75
2004: 75
2003: 72
2001: 108
2000: 90

Rate of Male Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn France, the annual rate of male firearm homicide per 100,000 population is

2016: 0.2219
2015: 0.18
2014: 0.18
2013: 0.28
2012: 0.28
2011: 0.30
2010: 0.26
2009: 0.26
2008: 0.31
2007: 0.18
2006: 0.25
2005: 0.24
2004: 0.25
2003: 0.24
2001: 0.36
2000: 0.30

Female Gun Homicide Victims

ChartIn France, annual female firearm homicides total

2016: 2119
2015: 33
2014: 2019
2013: 28
2012: 39
2011: 38
2010: 38
2009: 46
2008: 37
2007: 38
2006: 29
2005: 39
2004: 50
2003: 38
2001: 45
2000: 52

Rate of Female Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn France, the annual rate of female firearm homicide per 100,000 population is

2016: 0.0619
2015: 0.10
2014: 0.06
2013: 0.08
2012: 0.12
2011: 0.11
2010: 0.11
2009: 0.14
2008: 0.11
2007: 0.12
2006: 0.09
2005: 0.12
2004: 0.16
2003: 0.12
2001: 0.14
2000: 0.17

Handgun Homicides

ChartIn France, annual handgun homicides total

2013: 320
2012: 030
2011: 130 20
2010: 1
2009: 030
2008: 0
2007: 0
2006: 0
2005: 130 20
2004: 030
2003: 230 20
2002: 030
2001: 130 20
2000: 2

Rate of Handgun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn France, the annual rate of handgun homicide per 100,000 population is

2013: 0.0020
2012: 0.030
2011: 0.030 20
2010: 0.0
2009: 0.030
2008: 0.0
2007: 0.0
2006: 0.0
2005: 0.030 20
2004: 0.030
2003: 0.0 30 20
2002: 0.030
2001: 0.030 20
2000: 0.0

Long Gun Homicides

ChartIn France, annual long gun homicides total

2013: 1420
2012: 1230 20
2011: 11
2010: 6
2009: 6
2008: 7
2007: 5
2006: 5
2005: 9
2004: 7
2003: 11
2002: 11
2001: 9
2000: 11

Rate of Long Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn France, the annual rate of long gun homicide per 100,000 population is

2013: 0.0220
2012: 0.0220 30
2011: 0.02
2010: 0.01
2009: 0.01
2008: 0.01
2007: 0.01
2006: 0.01
2005: 0.01
2004: 0.02
2003: 0.02
2002: 0.02
2001: 0.02
2000: 0.02

Gun Homicides (Other)

ChartIn France, annual gun homicides (other) total

2013: 12120
2012: 12830 20
2011: 129
2010: 118
2009: 128
2008: 135
2007: 91
2006: 106
2005: 112
2004: 122
2003: 109
2002: 147
2001: 150
2000: 139

Rate of Gun Homicide (Other) per 100,000 People

ChartIn France, the annual rate of gun homicide (other) per 100,000 population is

2013: 0.1920
2012: 0.2020 30
2011: 0.22
2010: 0.19
2009: 0.20
2008: 0.22
2007: 0.15
2006: 0.17
2005: 0.19
2004: 0.21
2003: 0.18
2002: 0.24
2001: 0.26
2000: 0.24

Suicides (any method)

ChartIn France, annual suicides by any means total

2016: 9,45319
2015: 10,221
2014: 9,962
2013: 10,923
2012: 11,147
2011: 11,798
2010: 11,751
2009: 11,938
2008: 11,895
2007: 11,528
2006: 11,993
2005: 12,360
2004: 12,402
2003: 12,598
2002: 10,607
2001: 12,327
2000: 12,890
1998: 10,53423

Rate of Suicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn France, the annual rate of suicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2019: 019
2018: 0
2017: 0
2016: 14.14
2015: 15.36
2014: 15.03
2013: 16.56
2012: 16.98
2011: 18.07
2010: 18.09
2009: 18.49
2008: 18.52
2007: 18.05
2006: 18.90
2005: 19.60
2004: 19.79
2003: 20.22
2002: 17.7
2001: 20.01
2000: 21.04
1998: 17.5123
1994: 20.7931

Male Suicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn France, annual male suicides by any means total

2016: 7,43319
2015: 8,075
2014: 7,705
2013: 8,496
2012: 8,672
2011: 9,118
2010: 8,953
2009: 9,147
2008: 9,095
2007: 8,754
2006: 9,072
2005: 9,389
2004: 9,367
2003: 9,673
2001: 9,419
2000: 9,891

Rate of Male Suicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn France, the annual rate of male suicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2016: 22.7219
2015: 24.79
2014: 23.77
2013: 26.34
2012: 27.02
2011: 28.56
2010: 28.20
2009: 28.98
2008: 28.99
2007: 28.06
2006: 29.27
2005: 30.49
2004: 30.61
2003: 31.80
2001: 31.34
2000: 33.10

Female Suicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn France, annual female suicides by any means total

2016: 2,02019
2015: 2,146
2014: 2,257
2013: 2,427
2012: 2,475
2011: 2,680
2010: 2,798
2009: 2,791
2008: 2,800
2007: 2,774
2006: 2,921
2005: 2,971
2004: 3,035
2003: 2,925
2001: 2,908
2000: 2,999

Rate of Female Suicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn France, the annual rate of female suicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2016: 5.9219
2015: 6.31
2014: 6.67
2013: 7.20
2012: 7.38
2011: 8.03
2010: 8.43
2009: 8.45
2008: 8.53
2007: 8.49
2006: 9
2005: 9.21
2004: 9.46
2003: 9.17
2001: 9.22
2000: 9.56

Gun Suicides

ChartIn France, annual firearm suicides total

2016: 1,01819
2015: 1,269
2014: 1,087
2013: 1,334
2012: 1,425
2011: 1,398
2010: 1,378
2009: 1,446
2008: 1,548
2007: 1,406
2006: 1,578
2005: 1,653
2004: 1,604
2003: 1,742
2002: 1,712
2001: 1,887
2000: 2,053
1999: 2,02921
1998: 2,386
1997: 2,556

Rate of Gun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn France, the annual rate of firearm suicide per 100,000 population is

2016: 1.5319
2015: 1.92
2014: 1.65
2013: 2.03
2012: 2.18
2011: 2.15
2010: 2.13
2009: 2.25
2008: 2.42
2007: 2.22
2006: 2.50
2005: 2.64
2004: 2.57
2003: 2.81
2002: 2.76
2001: 3.06
2000: 3.35
1999: 3.4621
1998: 4.05
1997: 4.36
1994: 5.1432

Male Gun Suicide Victims

ChartIn France, annual male firearm suicides total

2016: 98019
2015: 1,222
2014: 1,046
2013: 1,279
2012: 1,360
2011: 1,333
2010: 1,315
2009: 1,388
2008: 1,480
2007: 1,336
2006: 1,482
2005: 1,563
2004: 1,514
2003: 1,643
2001: 1,764
2000: 1,918

Rate of Male Gun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn France, the annual rate of male firearm suicide per 100,000 population is

2016: 319
2015: 3.75
2014: 3.23
2013: 3.96
2012: 4.24
2011: 4.18
2010: 4.14
2009: 4.40
2008: 4.72
2007: 4.28
2006: 4.78
2005: 5.08
2004: 4.95
2003: 5.40
2001: 5.87
2000: 6.42

Female Gun Suicide Victims

ChartIn France, annual female firearm suicides total

2016: 3819
2015: 47
2014: 41
2013: 55
2012: 65
2011: 65
2010: 63
2009: 58
2008: 68
2007: 70
2006: 96
2005: 90
2004: 90
2003: 99
2001: 123
2000: 135

Rate of Female Gun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn France, the annual rate of female firearm suicide per 100,000 population is

2016: 0.1119
2015: 0.14
2014: 0.12
2013: 0.16
2012: 0.19
2011: 0.19
2010: 0.19
2009: 0.18
2008: 0.21
2007: 0.21
2006: 0.30
2005: 0.28
2004: 0.28
2003: 0.31
2001: 0.39
2000: 0.43

Handgun Suicides

ChartIn France, annual handgun suicides total

2013: 1921
2012: 1633 21
2011: 16
2010: 11
2009: 16
2008: 16
2007: 12
2006: 13
2005: 17
2004: 10
2003: 8
2002: 14
2001: 16
2000: 21

Rate of Handgun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn France, the annual rate of handgun suicide per 100,000 population is

2013: 0.0321
2012: 0.0321 33
2011: 0.03
2010: 0.02
2009: 0.03
2008: 0.03
2007: 0.02
2006: 0.02
2005: 0.03
2004: 0.02
2003: 0.02
2002: 0.02
2001: 0.03
2000: 0.04

Long Gun Suicides

ChartIn France, the number of long gun suicides is

2013: 13421
2012: 15933 21
2011: 130
2010: 113
2009: 97
2008: 96
2007: 108
2006: 111
2005: 124
2004: 116
2003: 153
2002: 150
2001: 161
2000: 203

Rate of Long Gun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn France, the annual rate of long gun suicide per 100,000 population is

2013: 0.2121
2012: 0.2521 33
2011: 0.21
2010: 0.18
2009: 0.16
2008: 0.15
2007: 0.17
2006: 0.18
2005: 0.21
2004: 0.19
2003: 0.25
2002: 0.25
2001: 0.27
2000: 0.34

Gun Suicides (Other)

ChartIn France, annual gun suicides (other) total

2013: 1,18221
2012: 1,24533 21
2011: 1,249
2010: 1,253
2009: 1,332
2008: 1,436
2007: 1,283
2006: 1,452
2005: 1,503
2004: 1,475
2003: 1,577
2002: 1,548
2001: 1,706
2000: 1,827

Rate of Gun Suicide (Other) per 100,000 People

ChartIn France, the annual rate of gun suicide (other) per 100,000 population is

2013: 1.8521
2012: 1.9721 33
2011: 1.99
2010: 1.99
2009: 2.13
2008: 2.30
2007: 2.08
2006: 2.36
2005: 2.48
2004: 2.44
2003: 2.63
2002: 2.60
2001: 2.89
2000: 3.11

Unintentional Gun Deaths

ChartIn France, annual unintentional shooting deaths total

2016: 2019
2015: 19
2014: 23
2013: 1722
2012: 2434 22
2011: 71
2010: 34
2009: 29
2008: 40
2007: 32
2006: 53
2005: 36
2004: 19
2003: 26
2002: 19
2001: 33
2000: 43
1999: 10022
1998: 68
1997: 86

Rate of Unintentional Gun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn France, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death per 100,000 population is

2016: 0.0319
2015: 0.03
2014: 0.03
2013: 0.03
2012: 0.04
2011: 0.11
2010: 0.05
2009: 0.04
2008: 0.06
2007: 0.05
2006: 0.08
2005: 0.06
2004: 0.03
2003: 0.04
2002: 0.03
2001: 0.05
2000: 0.07
1999: 0.1722
1998: 0.12
1997: 0.15
1994: 0.1135

Unintentional Male Gun Deaths

ChartIn France, annual unintentional male shooting deaths total

2016: 2019
2015: 18
2014: 22
2013: 16
2012: 22
2011: 64
2010: 32
2009: 26
2008: 39
2007: 30
2006: 47
2005: 35
2004: 15
2003: 24
2001: 32
2000: 42

Rate of Unintentional Male Gun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn France, the annual rate of unintentional male shooting death per 100,000 population is

2016: 0.0619
2015: 0.06
2014: 0.07
2013: 0.05
2012: 0.07
2011: 0.20
2010: 0.10
2009: 0.08
2008: 0.12
2007: 0.10
2006: 0.15
2005: 0.11
2004: 0.05
2003: 0.08
2001: 0.11
2000: 0.14

Unintentional Female Gun Deaths

ChartIn France, annual unintentional female shooting deaths total

2015: 119
2014: 1
2013: 1
2012: 2
2011: 7
2010: 2
2009: 3
2008: 1
2007: 2
2006: 6
2005: 1
2004: 4
2003: 2
2001: 1
2000: 1

Rate of Unintentional Female Gun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn France, the annual rate of unintentional female shooting death per 100,000 population is

2015: 019
2014: 0
2013: 0
2012: 0.01
2011: 0.02
2010: 0.01
2009: 0.01
2008: 0
2007: 0.01
2006: 0.02
2005: 0
2004: 0.01
2003: 0.01
2001: 0
2000: 0

Unintentional Long Gun Deaths

ChartIn France, annual unintentional shooting deaths by long gun total

2013: 922
2012: 934 22
2011: 15
2010: 8
2009: 12
2008: 13
2007: 8
2006: 13
2005: 20
2004: 8
2003: 23
2002: 13
2001: 25
2000: 26

Rate of Unintentional Long Gun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn France, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death by long gun per 100,000 population is

2013: 0.0122
2012: 0.0122 34
2011: 0.03
2010: 0.01
2009: 0.02
2008: 0.02
2007: 0.02
2006: 0.02
2005: 0.03
2004: 0.01
2003: 0.04
2002: 0.02
2001: 0.04
2000: 0.04

Unintentional Gun Deaths (Other)

ChartIn France, annual unintentional shooting deaths by firearm (other) total

2013: 822
2012: 1534 22
2011: 55
2010: 24
2009: 17
2008: 26
2007: 24
2006: 40
2005: 16
2004: 11
2003: 3
2002: 6
2001: 8
2000: 18

Rate of Unintentional Gun Death (Other) per 100,000 People

ChartIn France, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death by firearm (other) per 100,000 population is

2013: 0.0122
2012: 0.0222 34
2011: 0.09
2010: 0.04
2009: 0.03
2008: 0.04
2007: 0.04
2006: 0.06
2005: 0.03
2004: 0.02
2003: 0.00
2002: 0.01
2001: 0.01
2000: 0.03

Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn France, annual shooting deaths in which the cause remains undecided total

2016: 47919
2015: 308
2014: 353
2013: 26036
2012: 273
2011: 178
2010: 19737 36
2009: 255
2008: 226
2007: 299
2006: 299
2005: 292
2004: 308
2003: 372
2002: 329
2001: 257
2000: 228
1998: 34023

Rate of Gun Death from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn France, the annual rate of unknown-cause shooting deaths per 100,000 population is

2019: 019
2018: 0
2017: 0
2016: 0.72
2015: 0.46
2014: 0.53
2013: 0.39
2012: 0.42
2011: 0.27
2010: 0.30
2009: 0.39
2008: 0.35
2007: 0.47
2006: 0.47
2005: 0.46
2004: 0.49
2003: 0.60
2002: 0.53
2001: 0.42
2000: 0.37
1998: 0.5723
1994: 0.6538

Male Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn France, annual male shooting deaths in which the cause remains undecided total

2016: 44019
2015: 284
2014: 31319
2013: 23019
2012: 245
2011: 163
2010: 179
2009: 240
2008: 204
2007: 269
2006: 268
2005: 256
2004: 275
2003: 319
2001: 224
2000: 200

Rate of Male Gun Death from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn France, the annual rate of unknown-cause male shooting deaths per 100,000 population is

2016: 1.3519
2015: 0.87
2014: 0.97
2013: 0.71
2012: 0.76
2011: 0.51
2010: 0.56
2009: 0.76
2008: 0.65
2007: 0.86
2006: 0.86
2005: 0.83
2004: 0.90
2003: 1.05
2001: 0.75
2000: 0.67

Female Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn France, annual female shooting deaths in which the cause remains undecided total

2016: 3919
2015: 24
2014: 40
2013: 30
2012: 28
2011: 15
2010: 18
2009: 15
2008: 22
2007: 30
2006: 31
2005: 36
2004: 33
2003: 53
2001: 33
2000: 28

Rate of Female Gun Death from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn France, the annual rate of unknown-cause female shooting deaths per 100,000 population is

2016: 0.1119
2015: 0.07
2014: 0.12
2013: 0.09
2012: 0.08
2011: 0.04
2010: 0.05
2009: 0.05
2008: 0.07
2007: 0.09
2006: 0.10
2005: 0.11
2004: 0.10
2003: 0.17
2001: 0.10
2000: 0.09

Handgun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn France, annual deaths by handgun in which the cause remains undecided total

2013: 236
2012: 137 36
2011: 1
2010: 037
2009: 0
2008: 0
2007: 337 36
2006: 037
2005: 0
2004: 0
2003: 137 36
2002: 5
2001: 1
2000: 3

Rate of Handgun Death from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn France, the annual rate of unknown-cause handgun deaths per 100,000 population is

2013: 0.0036
2012: 0.0036 37
2011: 0.00
2010: 0.037
2009: 0.0
2008: 0.0
2007: 0.0036 37
2006: 0.037
2005: 0.0
2004: 0.0
2003: 0.0036 37
2002: 0.01
2001: 0.00
2000: 0.01

Long Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn France, annual deaths by long gun in which the cause remains undecided total

2013: 2636
2012: 2437 36
2011: 14
2010: 18
2009: 23
2008: 10
2007: 29
2006: 28
2005: 28
2004: 32
2003: 33
2002: 33
2001: 27
2000: 19

Rate of Long Gun Death from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn France, the annual rate of unknown-cause long gun deaths per 100,000 population is

2013: 0.0436
2012: 0.0436 37
2011: 0.02
2010: 0.03
2009: 0.04
2008: 0.02
2007: 0.05
2006: 0.05
2005: 0.05
2004: 0.05
2003: 0.05
2002: 0.06
2001: 0.05
2000: 0.03

Gun Deaths (Other) from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn France, annual deaths by firearm (other) in which the cause remains undecided total

2013: 23236
2012: 24737 36
2011: 160
2010: 179
2009: 230
2008: 215
2007: 266
2006: 271
2005: 265
2004: 273
2003: 337
2002: 291
2001: 227
2000: 196

Rate of Gun Death (Other) from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn France, the annual rate of unknown-cause gun deaths (other) per 100,000 population is

2013: 0.3636
2012: 0.3936 37
2011: 0.26
2010: 0.28
2009: 0.37
2008: 0.35
2007: 0.43
2006: 0.44
2005: 0.43
2004: 0.46
2003: 0.56
2002: 0.49
2001: 0.39
2000: 0.35

Legal Intervention Gun Homicides

ChartIn France, annual legal-intervention gun homicides total

2009: 119
2008: 1

ProductionGun Industry

Regulation of Firearm Makers

In France, the manufacture of small arms, ammunition and/or their components is permitted only if the maker holds a valid licence39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51

Small Arms Manufacture - World Ranking

In a classification of the world's small, medium and major firearm manufacturers, France was ranked 'medium'52

Home-made Guns

In France, the prevalence of illicit craft, or 'home-made' firearm manufacture is reported to be moderate53 54

TransfersGun Trade and Trafficking

Firearm Exports

In France, firearm and ammunition exports are limited by transfer control law55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77

Firearm Exports (Number)

ChartThe annual number of firearms exported from France is reported by manufacturers to be

2020: 71878
2019: 584
2018: 3,49479
2017: 906
2016: 2,702
2015: 1,639
2014: 70678
2012: 242
2011: 642
2008: 236
2007: 707
2006: 584

Small Arms Exports (US$) - Customs

ChartThe annual value of small arms and ammunition exports from France is reported by Customs to be US$

2021: 84,847,00080
2020: 56,502,000
2019: 56,848,000
2018: 59,905,000
2017: 66,252,000
2016: 72,237,000
2015: 75,981,000
2014: 92,627,000
2013: 94,651,000
2012: 74,626,000
2011: 70,176,000
2010: 68,742,000
2009: 69,289,000
2008: 77,547,000
2007: 68,952,000
2006: 53,921,000
2005: 50,652,000
2004: 43,116,000
2003: 40,155,000
2002: 32,675,000
2001: 39,000,00081

Small Arms Exports - World Ranking

In a comparison of the world's major/mid-level/minor/unknown small arms exporters, France was categorized as 'major'82 83 84

Firearm Imports

In France, firearm and ammunition imports are limited by transfer control law 85 63 64 86 87 88 66 70 71 72 73 74 75

Firearm Imports (Number)

ChartThe annual number of firearms imported to France is reported to be

2020: 75979
2019: 101,612
2018: 17,781
2017: 7,032
2016: 1,862
2015: 3,823
2012: 8,61378
2011: 8,345
2007: 43,637

Small Arms Imports (US$) - Customs

ChartThe annual value of small arms and ammunition imports to France is reported by Customs to be US$

2021: 134,116,00089
2020: 106,115,000
2019: 124,496,000
2018: 133,060,000
2017: 138,163,000
2016: 127,464,000
2015: 120,915,000
2014: 125,311,000
2013: 130,843,000
2012: 131,453,000
2011: 131,394,000
2010: 122,364,000
2009: 113,517,000
2008: 132,900,000
2007: 122,493,000
2006: 84,017,000
2005: 75,291,000
2004: 79,034,000
2003: 64,141,000
2002: 50,328,000
2001: 64,000,00090 91

Smuggling Guns and Ammunition

Reports suggest that the level of firearm and ammunition smuggling in France is moderate92 93 94 95

Regulation of Arms Brokers

In France, the activities of arms brokers and transfer intermediaries are specifically regulated by law39 41 96 97 98 99 100 101

End User Certificates

Customs regulations in France include55 57 102 59 103 104 67 70 105 68 69 88 71 73 75 106 certification of the intended end user of any small arms or ammunition transfer, and/or a written declaration of its intended end use

Transparency of Small Arms Transfers

ChartIn its annual Small Arms Trade Transparency Barometer, the Small Arms Survey compares public reporting among major arms exporting nations on a scale from strong to weak (25 to zero). In recent years, France scored

2020: 14.75
2019: 15.50107
2018: 17.25108
2016: 15.75109
2014: 15.00110
2013: 14.25111
2012: 14.00112
2011: 14.00113
2010: 14.50114
2009: 14.75115
2008: 14.00116
2007: 13.75117
2006: 17.25118
2005: 12.00119
2004: 14.25120

MeasuresGun Regulation

Firearm Regulation - Guiding Policy

The regulation of guns in France is categorised as restrictive121

Firearm Law

Guiding gun control legislation in France includes the Internal Security Code,122 123 the Decree No. 2013-700 of 30 July 2013 on the Implementation of the Act No. 2012-304 of 6 March 2012 on the Establishment of a Modern, Simplified and Preventive Control of Weapons,124 the Defence Code,125 122 the Order of 2007 on the Creation of the Application for the Management of the Computerized Register of Owners and Holders of Firearms,126 the Decree on Exports of Firearms of 2014,127 the Order of November 15, 2000 on Modalities for Destruction by Gunsmiths of Firearms,128 the Ordinance 2004-1374 of 20 December 2004 concerning the legislative part of the Defence Code that repealed the Decree-Law of 18 April, 1939 on Weapons of War, Firearms and Ammunition,129Directive (EU) 2021/555 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 24 March 2021 on control of the acquisition and possession of weapons ,130 131 the European Union Firearms Regulation of 2012, the Common Position on the Control of Arms Brokering of 2003132 and the Convention of 1 July, 1969 on Reciprocal Recognition of Proofmarks on Small Arms133

Firearm Regulation Authority

Guns in France are regulated by the Ministers of Defence,134 Interior, Industry, Customs,46 and Sports,135 the Prefect,136 National Police, National Gendarmerie,41 and the European Commission131

Right to Possess Firearms

In France, the right to private gun ownership is not guaranteed by law137 138

Restricted Firearms and Ammunition

In France, civilians are not allowed to possess weapons of war, certain handguns and long guns, automatic firearms, firearms disguised as other objects, and armour-piercing, incendiary and expanding ammunition139 140 141 142 143

Regulation of Automatic Weapons

In France, private possession of fully automatic weapons is prohibited140 144 145 142 143

Regulation of Semiautomatic Assault Weapons

In France, private possession of semi-automatic assault weapons is permitted under licence144 146 147 143

Regulation of Handguns

In France, private possession of handguns (pistols and revolvers) is prohibited with only narrow exemptions140 144 148 142 147 149

Law Regulates Long Guns

In France, civilian possession of rifles and shotguns is regulated by law140 144 146 150 147 143

Gun Ownership and Possession

In France, only licensed gun owners (for certain arms)151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 87 163 142 may lawfully acquire, possess or transfer a firearm or ammunition

Genuine Reason Required for Firearm Possession

Applicants for a gun owner’s licence in France are required to establish a genuine reason to possess a firearm, for example hunting, target shooting, personal protection, security and collection164 165 166 167 168 103 169

Minimum Age for Firearm Possession

The minimum age for gun ownership in France is 18 years (except for sports shooters between 12 and 18 years old)123 166 135 170 169

Gun Owner Background Checks

An applicant for a firearm licence in France must pass a background check which considers criminal, mental health and health151 171 172 167 173 174 175 152 40 169 records

Reference Required for Firearm Licence

In France, third party character references for each gun licence applicant are not required176 177

Partner to be Advised or Interviewed

In France, licensing authorities are not required176 177 to conduct interviews with, or to advise an applicant's spouse, partner, or next of kin before issuing a gun licence

Domestic Violence and Firearms

Where a past history, or apprehended likelihood of family violence exists, the law in France does not stipulate176 177 that a gun licence should be denied or revoked

Firearm Safety Training

In France, an understanding of firearm safety and the law, tested in a theoretical and/or practical training course is required, only for persons exposed to serious risks due to their professional activity,167 for a firearm licence

Gun Owner Licensing Period

In France, gun owners must re-apply and re-qualify for their firearm licence every five years178 179 180 181 182 158

Licensing Records

In France, authorities maintain a record126 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 98 of individual civilians licensed to acquire, possess, sell or transfer a firearm or ammunition

Limit on Number of Guns

Licensed firearm owners in France are permitted to possess a limited number of firearms190 166 165

Limit on Quantity, Type of Ammunition

Licensed firearm owners in France are permitted to possess a limited quantity of ammunition190 191 192 193 194 74

Firearm Registration

Civilian Gun Registration

In France, the law requires126 183 184 185 195 196 98 197 that a record of the acquisition, possession and transfer of each privately held firearm be retained in an official register

Gun Dealer Record Keeping

In France, licensed firearm dealers are required96 45 198 199 200 98 197 to keep a record of each firearm or ammunition purchase, sale or transfer on behalf of a regulating authority

Gun Manufacturer Record Keeping

In France, licensed gun makers are required96 45 199 200 98 51 to keep a record of each firearm produced, for inspection by a regulating authority

State-Owned Firearm Records

In France, State agencies are required201 to maintain records of the storage and movement of all firearms and ammunition under their control

Gun Sales and Transfers

Regulation of Private Gun Sales

In France, the private sale and transfer of firearms is prohibited unless conducted by the Commissioner of Police, the Commander of the Gendarmerie or by a licensed firearm dealer and registered by the competent Prefect196 202 203 195 204 205 155 156 206 207 147

Regulation of Dealer Gun Sales

In France, dealing in firearms by way of business without a valid gun dealer’s licence is unlawful42 43 41 44 45 208 181 209 155 156 194 210 188 39 40 207 100 147

Background Checks for Private Gun Sales

The buyer of a firearm in a private sale in France is obliged211 to pass official background checks before taking possession

Background Checks for Dealer Gun Sales

The buyer of a firearm from a licensed gun dealer in France is obliged211 to pass official background checks before taking possession

Number of Licensed Gun Dealers

The number of licensed firearm dealers in France is reported to be 360211

Waiting Period for Gun Possession

In France, the minimum wait for a lawful firearm purchase to be completed is undetermined176 177

Regulation of Gun Shows

In France, gun shows and temporary firearm dealing events are regulated212 213 in law

Storage and Transport of Guns and Ammunition

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Private

Firearm regulations in France include49 214 215 216 217 172 167 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of private firearms and ammunition by licensed gun owners

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Dealer

Firearm regulations in France include49 47 212 172 167 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition by licensed arms dealers

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Government

Government regulations in France include49 201 218 219 220 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition by state entities

Firearm and Ammunition Transport Regulations

Regulations in France include221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition while in transit

Carrying Guns

Law Regulates Firearms in Public

In France, carrying a gun in a public place is regulated by law229 230 231 232 233 234 235 148

Penalty for Illicit Firearm Possession

In France, the maximum penalty for unlawful possession of a firearm236 is three years in prison and a fine237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256

MeasuresInternational Controls

Regional Agreements

European Union

As a member of the European Union, France is bound by the provisions of the ‘EU Firearms Directive’ – the 2007 Legislative Resolution on Control of the Acquisition and Possession of Weapons of the European Parliament257 258

European Union Export Reporting

Under the European Union Common Position on Arms Exports, France is bound to declare its transfers of military technology and equipment. Independent monitoring provides detailed comparisons of arms export reporting compliance across EU member states, and records that France has submitted one or more national reports259 on its arms transfers

Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development

The Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development, a diplomatic initiative aimed at addressing the interrelations between armed violence and development, was signed in 2006260 by France.

Arms Trade Treaty

The Arms Trade Treaty has been signed and ratified261 by France

United Nations Firearms Protocol

The United Nations Protocol against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, Their Parts and Components and Ammunition has been acceded to262 by France

United Nations Small Arms Programme of Action UNPoA

UNPoA Commitment

On 21 July 2001, France committed to a consensus decision of the United Nations to adopt, support and implement the UN Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects263

UNPoA Implementation Monitor Score

In its UN small arms Programme of Action Implementation Monitor (PoAIM Phase 1), the Small Arms Survey scored France against its commitments to the PoA, then ranked it at No. 57264 265 266 267 among 159 Member States

UNPoA National Reporting

Under the terms of its 2001 commitment to the United Nations small arms Programme of Action, France has submitted one or more national reports268 269 on its implementation of the UNPoA

UNPoA National Point of Contact

In France, a National Point of Contact to deal with issues relating to the UNPoA has been designated269

UNPoA National Coordinating Body

In France, a National Coordinating Body to deal with issues relating to the UNPoA has been designated269 270

UNPoA Civil Society Involvement and Support

In National Reports of France submitted to the UN from 2001 to 2010, a history of substantive cooperation with civil society in support of UNPoA activities was apparent269

UNPoA International Assistance – Donor

Funds for UNPoA implementation have been donated269 by France to other UN Member States

United Nations Small Arms Register

According to the United Nations Register of Conventional Arms, France has declared271 its small arms exports in one or more annual National Reports on Arms Exports.

United Nations Membership

In the UN List of Member States, France has been a Member State of the United Nations since 1945272

Wassenaar Arrangement

The Wassenaar Arrangement on Export Controls and Conventional Arms and Dual-Use Goods and Technologies lists273 France as a Participating State

BackgroundSustainable Development Goal Profile

About SDG 16

The Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) are 17 goals set by the United Nations to be implemented by all member states by 2030. Adopted in 2015, they outline a vision of development in which peace and security are an integral part. SDG 16,274 which seeks to “promote peaceful and inclusive societies for sustainable development,” includes targets and indicators focused on reducing violence (Target 16.1) and the proliferation of illicit arms (Target 16.4). The indicators – or measurement criteria – of these targets include the number of victims of intentional homicide (Indicator 16.1.1), the number of conflict-related deaths (Indicator 16.1.2), and the number of illicit firearms collected and traced (Indicator 16.4.2). In light of these targets and indicators, GunPolicy.org provides granular national data pertaining to homicides, gun homicides, conflict deaths, disarmament efforts, and marking and tracing.

Homicides (any method)

ChartIn France, annual homicides by any means total

2020: 87924
2019: 861
2018: 779
2017: 813
2016: 884
2015: 1,012
2014: 792
2013: 777
2012: 784
2011: 856
2010: 796
2009: 819
2008: 1,021
2007: 993
2006: 413
2005: 430
2004: 458
2003: 449
2002: 481
2001: 486
2000: 495
1999: 95325 26 27
1998: 961
1997: 963
1996: 1,171
1995: 1,33626 27

Rate of Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn France, the annual rate of homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2020: 1.3524
2019: 1.32
2018: 1.20
2017: 1.25
2016: 1.37
2015: 1.57
2014: 1.23
2013: 1.22
2012: 1.23
2011: 1.35
2010: 1.27
2009: 1.27
2008: 1.59
2007: 1.56
2006: 0.7
2005: 0.7
2004: 0.8
2003: 0.7
2002: 0.8
2001: 0.8
2000: 0.8
1999: 1.625 26
1998: 1.6
1997: 1.7
1996: 2.0
1995: 2.326
1994: 1.1228

Male Homicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn France, annual male homicides by any means total

2020: 1,20724
2019: 1,081
2018: 1,025
2017: 1,011
2016: 1,070.12
2015: 1,274.11
2014: 18419
2013: 24519
2012: 237
2011: 253
2010: 255
2009: 287
2008: 289
2007: 222

Rate of Male Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn France, the annual rate of male homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2020: 1.9524
2019: 1.74
2018: 1.65
2017: 1.63
2016: 1.70
2015: 2.02
2014: 0.5719
2013: 0.76
2012: 0.74
2011: 0.79
2010: 0.80
2009: 0.91
2008: 0.92
2007: 0.71

Female Homicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn France, annual female homicides by any means total

2020: 47624
2019: 564
2018: 477
2017: 582
2016: 613
2015: 739.89
2014: 10019
2013: 15019
2012: 158
2011: 141
2010: 150
2009: 189
2008: 153
2007: 152

Rate of Female Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn France, the annual rate of female homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2020: 0.7124
2019: 0.85
2018: 0.73
2017: 0.93
2016: 0.93
2015: 1.15
2014: 0.3019
2013: 0.45
2012: 0.47
2011: 0.42
2010: 0.45
2009: 0.57
2008: 0.47
2007: 0.47

Gun Homicides

ChartIn France, annual firearm homicides total

2016: 9219
2015: 91
2014: 78
2013: 117
2012: 129
2011: 134
2010: 120
2009: 128
2008: 135
2007: 94
2006: 106
2005: 114
2004: 125
2003: 110
2002: 158
2001: 153
2000: 142
1999: 15520
1998: 170
1997: 214

Rate of Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn France, the annual rate of firearm homicide per 100,000 population is

2016: 0.1419
2015: 0.14
2014: 0.12
2013: 0.18
2012: 0.20
2011: 0.21
2010: 0.18
2009: 0.20
2008: 0.21
2007: 0.15
2006: 0.17
2005: 0.18
2004: 0.20
2003: 0.18
2002: 0.25
2001: 0.25
2000: 0.23
1999: 0.2620
1998: 0.29
1997: 0.37
1994: 0.4429

Proportion of Homicides Committed With a Gun

In France, the percentage of homicides committed with a firearm is reported to be

2007: 9.6%26

Male Gun Homicide Victims

ChartIn France, annual male firearm homicides total

2016: 7119
2015: 58
2014: 58
2013: 89
2012: 90
2011: 96
2010: 82
2009: 82
2008: 98
2007: 56
2006: 77
2005: 75
2004: 75
2003: 72
2001: 108
2000: 90

Rate of Male Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn France, the annual rate of male firearm homicide per 100,000 population is

2016: 0.2219
2015: 0.18
2014: 0.18
2013: 0.28
2012: 0.28
2011: 0.30
2010: 0.26
2009: 0.26
2008: 0.31
2007: 0.18
2006: 0.25
2005: 0.24
2004: 0.25
2003: 0.24
2001: 0.36
2000: 0.30

Female Gun Homicide Victims

ChartIn France, annual female firearm homicides total

2016: 2119
2015: 33
2014: 2019
2013: 28
2012: 39
2011: 38
2010: 38
2009: 46
2008: 37
2007: 38
2006: 29
2005: 39
2004: 50
2003: 38
2001: 45
2000: 52

Rate of Female Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn France, the annual rate of female firearm homicide per 100,000 population is

2016: 0.0619
2015: 0.10
2014: 0.06
2013: 0.08
2012: 0.12
2011: 0.11
2010: 0.11
2009: 0.14
2008: 0.11
2007: 0.12
2006: 0.09
2005: 0.12
2004: 0.16
2003: 0.12
2001: 0.14
2000: 0.17

Conflict Deaths

For a profile of conflict in France, select the Link icon to open an external web page from the UCDP Conflict Encyclopedia at Uppsala University

Disarmament

Authorities in France are known to have95 implemented voluntary firearm surrender schemes, and/or weapon seizure programmes in order to reduce the number of illicit firearms in circulation

Firearms Surrendered and Seized

ChartIn France, the number of firearms voluntarily surrendered, bought back or seized by authorities is reported to be

2019: 8,261275
2018: 12,923276
2017: 5,959277
2016: 6,145
2014: 5,8714 278 279
2013: 825280
2012: 6,965281 280
2011: 26,591281 282 280
2010: 33,554282
2009: 32,762

Small Arms Destroyed

ChartIn France, the number of firearms destroyed following amnesty, collection and seizure programmes is reported to be

2019: 16,127275
2017: 31,125283
2016: 14,608
2014: 34,317284
2012: 12,532285
2011: 41,105286
2010: 63,017
2009: 68,608
1998/2000: 140,000287

Destruction and Disposal Policy

In France, it is not state policy288 289 290 291 171 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 to destroy surplus, collected and seized firearms rather than return them to the secondary arms market

Marking and Tracing

Firearm Marking

In France, a unique identifying mark on each firearm is required by law302 303 48 133 304 51 305 306 307 308

Firearm Tracing

In France, state authorities carry out126 309 307 308 197 recognised arms tracing and tracking procedures

Global Peace Index

To see where France ranks, select the Link icon to open an external web page at the Global Peace Index, and then click on France on the map or in the "Select Country" menu on the right of the web page


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Lazarevic, Jasna.2009.‘Small Arms Trade Transparency Barometer 2009.’ Small Arms Survey 2009: Shadows of War.Cambridge:Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva,9 July. (Q10551)Full Citation

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117.

Glatz, Anne-Kathrin and Lora Lumpe.2007.‘Small Arms Trade Transparency Barometer 2007.’ Small Arms Survey 2007: Guns and the City.Cambridge:Cambridge University Press and the Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva,27 August. (Q10553)Full Citation

118.

Khakee, Anna, Pablo Dreyfus and Anne-Kathrin Glatz.2006.‘Small Arms Trade Transparency Barometer 2006.’ Small Arms Survey 2006: Unfinished Business.Oxford:Oxford University Press and the Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva,1 July. (Q10554)Full Citation

119.

Khakee, Anna.2005.‘Small Arms Trade Transparency Barometer 2005.’ Small Arms Survey 2005: Weapons at War.Oxford:Oxford University Press and the Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva,11 July. (Q10555)Full Citation

120.

Khakee, Anna.2004.‘Small Arms Trade Transparency Barometer 2004.’ Small Arms Survey 2004: Rights at Risk.Oxford:Oxford University Press and the Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva,1 July. (Q10556)Full Citation

121.

Newton, George D and Franklin E Zimring.1969.‘Firearm Licensing: Permissive v Restrictive.’ Firearms & Violence in American Life: A staff report submitted to the National Commission on the Causes and Prevention of Violence.Washington, DC:US Government Printing Office,1 January. (Q22)Full Citation

122.

France.2012.‘Article L. 2331-2 - Legislation.’ Defence Code (Code de la Défense).Paris:President of the French Republic,12 March. (Q10665)Full Citation

123.

France.2013.‘Article L. 312-1 - Legal Age to Acquire and Possess Firearms.’ Internal Security Code - Legislative Part (Code de la sécurité intérieure - Partie législative).Paris:President of the French Republic,20 June. (Q10774)Full Citation

124.

France.2013.‘Decree No. 2013-700 (Décret n° 2013-700).’ Decree No. 2013-700 of 30 July 2013 on the Implementation of the Act No. 2012-304 of 6 March 2012 on the Establishment of a Modern, Simplified and Preventive Control of Weapons.Paris:Prime Minister of the French Republic,30 July. (Q10557)Full Citation

125.

France.2015.‘Defence Code (Code de la Défense).’ Defence Code (Code de la Défense).Paris:President of the French Republic,1 September. (Q5990)Full Citation

126.

France.2012.‘Application for the Management of the Computerized Register of Owners and Holders of Firearms.’ Order of November 15, 2007 on the Creation of the Application for the Management of the Computerized Register of Owners and Holders of Firearms (Act Current to 8 September 2015).Paris:Ministers of the Interior, Overseas France and Territorial Communities, Defence, Budgets, Public Accounts, and Civil Service of the French Republic,28 March. (Q10693)Full Citation

127.

France.2014.‘General Provisions (Dispositions générales).’ Decree No. 2014-62 of 28 January 2014, on Exports of Firearms, Ammunition and Their Components, which Implements the EU Regulation No. 258/2012 of the European Parliament and Council of 14 March 2012 (Act Current to 10 September 2015).Paris:Prime Minister of the French Republic,28 January. (Q10807)Full Citation

128.

France.2014.‘Article 1 - Gunsmith.’ Order of November 15, 2000, on Modalities for Destruction by Gunsmiths of Firearms of the 1st and 4th Categories and Firearms of the 5th and 7th Categories that are Subject to Notification.Paris:Minister of Interior and Minister of Defence of the French Republic,27 October. (Q5992)Full Citation

129.

France.2004.‘Article 5 - Ordinance on the Legislative Part of the Defence Code.’ Ordinance No 2004-1374 of December 20, 2004, on the Legislative Part of the Defence Code (Ordonnance No 2004-1374 du 20 décembre 2004 relative à la partie législative du code de la défense).Paris:President of the French Republic,20 December. (Q6011)Full Citation

130.

European Parliament.2021.‘Preamble.’ Directive (EU) 2021/555 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 24 March 2021 on control of the acquisition and possession of weapons (codification).Brussels:European Union,24 March. (Q14621)Full Citation

131.

European Parliament.2021.‘Final Provisions.’ Directive (EU) 2021/555 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 24 March 2021 on control of the acquisition and possession of weapons (codification).Brussels:European Union,24 March. (Q14638)Full Citation

132.

European Commission.2013.‘The Need for Action at EU Level - EU Firearms Laws.’ Communication from the Commission to the Council and the European Parliament.Brussels:Europa.eu,21 October. (Q8315)Full Citation

133.

UNGA.1969.‘Reciprocal Recognition of Proof Marks.’ Convention for the Reciprocal Recognition of Proof Marks on Small Arms of July 1, 1969.Brussels:United Nations General Assembly,1 July. (Q5999)Full Citation

134.

France.2011.‘Article L. 2332-3 - Manufacturers and Dealers (Authority).’ Defence Code (Code de la Défense).Paris:President of the French Republic,22 June. (Q6002)Full Citation

135.

France.2014.‘Article R. 312-52 - Acquisition and Possession by Minors (Acquisition et détention par les mineurs).’ Internal Security Code - Regulatory Part (Code de la sécurité intérieure - Partie réglementaire).Paris:President of the French Republic,27 October. (Q10922)Full Citation

136.

France.2014.‘Article R. 312-2 - Competent Authority to Issue Authorisations (Autorité compétente pour délivrer des autorisations).’ Internal Security Code - Regulatory Part (Code de la sécurité intérieure - Partie réglementaire).Paris:President of the French Republic,27 October. (Q10917)Full Citation

137.

Sherman, Amy and Tom Ginsburg.2014.‘Gun Rights in National Constitutions.’ Marco Rubio Says Second Amendment Is Unique in Speech to NRA.Miami, FL:Miami Herald (PolitiFact Florida),29 April. (Q8507)Full Citation

138.

Zachary Elkins, Tom Ginsburg and James Melton. 2013. ‘U.S. Gun Rights Truly Are American Exceptionalism.’ Bloomberg (USA). 7 March. (N422) Full Citation

139.

France.2013.‘Article L. 312-2 - Prohibition to Acquire and Possess Firearms of Category A.’ Internal Security Code - Legislative Part (Code de la sécurité intérieure - Partie législative).Paris:President of the French Republic,20 June. (Q10775)Full Citation

140.

France.2014.‘Article R. 311-2 - Category A Weapons (Armes de catégorie A).’ Internal Security Code - Regulatory Part (Code de la sécurité intérieure - Partie réglementaire).Paris:President of the French Republic,27 October. (Q10911)Full Citation

141.

France.2013.‘Categories of Firearms - Article L. 2331-1.’ Defence Code, as Amended by the Act No. 2012-304 of 6 March 2012 on the Establishment of a Modern, Simplified and Preventive Control of Weapons.Paris:President of the French Republic,20 June. (Q6009)Full Citation

142.

European Parliament.2021.‘Article 9.’ Directive (EU) 2021/555 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 24 March 2021 on control of the acquisition and possession of weapons (codification).Brussels:European Union,24 March. (Q14630)Full Citation

143.

European Parliament.2021.‘Annex I.’ Directive (EU) 2021/555 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 24 March 2021 on control of the acquisition and possession of weapons (codification).Brussels:European Union,24 March. (Q14639)Full Citation

144.

France.2014.‘Article R. 311-2 - Category B Weapons (Armes de catégorie B).’ Internal Security Code - Regulatory Part (Code de la sécurité intérieure - Partie réglementaire).Paris:President of the French Republic,27 October. (Q10912)Full Citation

145.

France.2014.‘Article R. 312-26 - Authorisations for Film and Show Companies (Autorisations pour entreprises de films ou spectacles).’ Internal Security Code - Regulatory Part (Code de la sécurité intérieure - Partie réglementaire).Paris:President of the French Republic,27 October. (Q10967)Full Citation

146.

France.2014.‘Article R. 311-2 - Category C Weapons (Armes de catégorie C).’ Internal Security Code - Regulatory Part (Code de la sécurité intérieure - Partie réglementaire).Paris:President of the French Republic,27 October. (Q10913)Full Citation

147.

European Parliament.2021.‘Article 11.’ Directive (EU) 2021/555 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 24 March 2021 on control of the acquisition and possession of weapons (codification).Brussels:European Union,24 March. (Q14632)Full Citation

148.

France.2014.‘Article R. 315-7 - Authorised Handguns (Armes de poing autorisées).’ Internal Security Code - Regulatory Part (Code de la sécurité intérieure - Partie réglementaire).Paris:President of the French Republic,27 October. (Q10947)Full Citation

149.

European Council.1991.‘Annex 1.’ Council Directive of 18 June 1991 on Control of the Acquisition and Possession of Weapons (91/477/EEC) [current to 2008 amendments].Brussels:Council of the European Communities,18 June. (Q2419)Full Citation

150.

France.2014.‘Article R. 311-2 - Category D Weapons (Armes de catégorie D).’ Internal Security Code - Regulatory Part (Code de la sécurité intérieure - Partie réglementaire).Paris:President of the French Republic,27 October. (Q10914)Full Citation

151.

France.2013.‘Article L. 312-4 - Acquisition and Possession of Firearms of Category B.’ Internal Security Code - Legislative Part (Code de la sécurité intérieure - Partie législative).Paris:President of the French Republic,20 June. (Q10776)Full Citation

152.

France.2014.‘Article R. 312-21 - Condition for the Issuance of an Authorisation for Firearms of Category B.’ Internal Security Code - Regulatory Part (Code de la sécurité intérieure - Partie réglementaire).Paris:President of the French Republic,27 October. (Q10968)Full Citation

153.

France.2013.‘Article L. 312-4-1 - Acquisition of Firearms of Category C.’ Internal Security Code - Legislative Part (Code de la sécurité intérieure - Partie législative).Paris:President of the French Republic,20 June. (Q10769)Full Citation

154.

France.2013.‘Article L. 312-4-2 - Acquisition and Possession of Firearms of Category D.’ Internal Security Code - Legislative Part (Code de la sécurité intérieure - Partie législative).Paris:President of the French Republic,20 June. (Q10770)Full Citation

155.

France.2014.‘Article R. 312-56 - Firearms Declaration/Acquisition (Déclaration des armes à feu/Acquisition).’ Internal Security Code - Regulatory Part (Code de la sécurité intérieure - Partie réglementaire).Paris:President of the French Republic,27 October. (Q10924)Full Citation

156.

France.2014.‘Article R. 314-19 - Firearms Declaration/Transfer (Déclaration des armes à feu/Transfert).’ Internal Security Code - Regulatory Part (Code de la sécurité intérieure - Partie réglementaire).Paris:President of the French Republic,27 October. (Q10925)Full Citation

157.

France.2014.‘Article R. 312-55 - Inherited Firearms (Armes dévolues par voie successorale).’ Internal Security Code - Regulatory Part (Code de la sécurité intérieure - Partie réglementaire).Paris:President of the French Republic,27 October. (Q10923)Full Citation

158.

France.2013.‘European Firearm Pass (Carte européenne d'arme à feu).’ Decree No. 2013-700 of 30 July 2013 on the Implementation of the Act No. 2012-304 of 6 March 2012 on the Establishment of a Modern, Simplified and Preventive Control of Weapons.Paris:Prime Minister of the French Republic,30 July. (Q10611)Full Citation

159.

France.2014.‘Common Law on Purchases (Régime de droit commun d'acquisition).’ Decree No. 2013-700 of 30 July 2013 on the Implementation of the Act No. 2012-304 of 6 March 2012 on the Establishment of a Modern, Simplified and Preventive Control of Weapons.Paris:Prime Minister of the French Republic,27 October. (Q10607)Full Citation

160.

France.2013.‘Authorisation to Purchase for a Resident of a Member State of the European Union (Autorisation d'acquérir pour un résident d'un Etat membre de l'Union européenne).’ Decree No. 2013-700 of 30 July 2013 on the Implementation of the Act No. 2012-304 of 6 March 2012 on the Establishment of a Modern, Simplified and Preventive Control of Weapons.Paris:Prime Minister of the French Republic,30 July. (Q10608)Full Citation

161.

France.2013.‘Purchase in another Member State (Acquisition dans un autre Etat membre).’ Decree No. 2013-700 of 30 July 2013 on the Implementation of the Act No. 2012-304 of 6 March 2012 on the Establishment of a Modern, Simplified and Preventive Control of Weapons.Paris:Prime Minister of the French Republic,30 July. (Q10610)Full Citation

162.

France.2013.‘Trip Between France and Another Member State (Voyage entre la France et un autre Etat membre).’ Decree No. 2013-700 of 30 July 2013 on the Implementation of the Act No. 2012-304 of 6 March 2012 on the Establishment of a Modern, Simplified and Preventive Control of Weapons.Paris:Prime Minister of the French Republic,30 July. (Q10612)Full Citation

163.

European Parliament.2021.‘Article 5.’ Directive (EU) 2021/555 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 24 March 2021 on control of the acquisition and possession of weapons (codification).Brussels:European Union,24 March. (Q14626)Full Citation

164.

France.2014.‘Articles R. 312-37, -38 - Authorisations for Companies (Autorisations pour entreprises).’ Internal Security Code - Regulatory Part (Code de la sécurité intérieure - Partie réglementaire).Paris:President of the French Republic,27 October. (Q10969)Full Citation

165.

France.2014.‘Article R. 312-39 - Authorisations for Individuals Exposed to Risks.’ Internal Security Code - Regulatory Part (Code de la sécurité intérieure - Partie réglementaire).Paris:President of the French Republic,27 October. (Q10970)Full Citation

166.

France.2014.‘Articles R. 312-40, -41 - Authorisations for the Practice of Sports Shooting.’ Internal Security Code - Regulatory Part (Code de la sécurité intérieure - Partie réglementaire).Paris:President of the French Republic,27 October. (Q10971)Full Citation

167.

France.2014.‘Article R. 312-5 - Additional Documents for Authorisation Requests (Pièces complémentaires pour les demandes d'autorisation).’ Internal Security Code - Regulatory Part (Code de la sécurité intérieure - Partie réglementaire).Paris:President of the French Republic,27 October. (Q10919)Full Citation

168.

France.2014.‘Article R. 312-53 - Purchase of Firearms of Categories C and D (Acquisition des armes de catégories C et D).’ Internal Security Code - Regulatory Part (Code de la sécurité intérieure - Partie réglementaire).Paris:President of the French Republic,27 October. (Q10977)Full Citation

169.

European Parliament.2021.‘Article 6.’ Directive (EU) 2021/555 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 24 March 2021 on control of the acquisition and possession of weapons (codification).Brussels:European Union,24 March. (Q14627)Full Citation

170.

France.2014.‘Article R. 312-1 - Prohibited Acquisition by Minors (Interdiction d'acquisition par les mineurs).’ Internal Security Code - Regulatory Part (Code de la sécurité intérieure - Partie réglementaire).Paris:President of the French Republic,27 October. (Q10916)Full Citation

171.

France.2014.‘Article R. 312-67 - Specific Prohibitions (Interdictions spécifiques).’ Internal Security Code - Regulatory Part (Code de la sécurité intérieure - Partie réglementaire).Paris:President of the French Republic,27 October. (Q10955)Full Citation

172.

France.2014.‘Article R. 312-4 - Authorisation Requests (Demandes d'autorisation).’ Internal Security Code - Regulatory Part (Code de la sécurité intérieure - Partie réglementaire).Paris:President of the French Republic,27 October. (Q10918)Full Citation

173.

France.2014.‘Article R. 312-6 - Medical Certificate (Certificat médical).’ Internal Security Code - Regulatory Part (Code de la sécurité intérieure - Partie réglementaire).Paris:President of the French Republic,27 October. (Q10920)Full Citation

174.

France.2014.‘Article R. 312-8 - Mental Records (Antécédents mentaux).’ Internal Security Code - Regulatory Part (Code de la sécurité intérieure - Partie réglementaire).Paris:President of the French Republic,27 October. (Q10921)Full Citation

175.

France.2014.‘Article R. 312-57 - Declaration - Medical Certificate (Déclaration - certificat médical).’ Internal Security Code - Regulatory Part (Code de la sécurité intérieure - Partie réglementaire).Paris:President of the French Republic,27 October. (Q10926)Full Citation

176.

France.2013.‘Decree No. 2013-700 (Décret n° 2013-700).’ Decree No. 2013-700 of 30 July 2013 on the Implementation of the Act No. 2012-304 of 6 March 2012 on the Establishment of a Modern, Simplified and Preventive Control of Weapons.Paris:Prime Minister of the French Republic,30 July. (Q10642)Full Citation

177.

France.2015.‘Defence Code (Code de la Défense).’ Defence Code (Code de la Défense).Paris:President of the French Republic,1 September. (Q6016)Full Citation

178.

France.2014.‘Article R. 312-13 - Validity of Authorisation (Durée de l'autorisation).’ Internal Security Code - Regulatory Part (Code de la sécurité intérieure - Partie réglementaire).Paris:President of the French Republic,27 October. (Q10965)Full Citation

179.

France.2014.‘Article R. 312-3 - Authorisation Requests - Authority (Demandes d'autorisations - Autorité compétente).’ Internal Security Code - Regulatory Part (Code de la sécurité intérieure - Partie réglementaire).Paris:President of the French Republic,27 October. (Q10959)Full Citation

180.

France.2014.‘Article R. 312-11 - Authorisation's Validity (Validité de l'autorisation).’ Internal Security Code - Regulatory Part (Code de la sécurité intérieure - Partie réglementaire).Paris:President of the French Republic,27 October. (Q10962)Full Citation

181.

France.2014.‘Article R. 312-12 - Validity of an Authorisation to Purchase Firearms.’ Internal Security Code - Regulatory Part (Code de la sécurité intérieure - Partie réglementaire).Paris:President of the French Republic,27 October. (Q10964)Full Citation

182.

France.2014.‘Article R. 312-14 - Renewal Request (Demande de renouvellement).’ Internal Security Code - Regulatory Part (Code de la sécurité intérieure - Partie réglementaire).Paris:President of the French Republic,27 October. (Q10966)Full Citation

183.

France.2013.‘Registration of Firearm Authorisations, Declarations, and Registrations.’ Order of November 15, 2007 on the Creation of the Application for the Management of the Computerized Register of Owners and Holders of Firearms (Act Current to 8 September 2015).Paris:Ministers of the Interior, Overseas France and Territorial Communities, Defence, Budgets, Public Accounts, and Civil Service of the French Republic,2 September. (Q10694)Full Citation

184.

France.2012.‘Registration Data.’ Order of November 15, 2007 on the Creation of the Application for the Management of the Computerized Register of Owners and Holders of Firearms (Act Current to 8 September 2015).Paris:Ministers of the Interior, Overseas France and Territorial Communities, Defence, Budgets, Public Accounts, and Civil Service of the French Republic,28 March. (Q10695)Full Citation

185.

France.2007.‘Time for Retaining Information on Firearm Owners.’ Order of November 15, 2007 on the Creation of the Application for the Management of the Computerized Register of Owners and Holders of Firearms (Act Current to 8 September 2015).Paris:Ministers of the Interior, Overseas France and Territorial Communities, Defence, Budgets, Public Accounts, and Civil Service of the French Republic,15 November. (Q10696)Full Citation

186.

France.2014.‘Article R. 312-77 - Records (Fichiers).’ Internal Security Code - Regulatory Part (Code de la sécurité intérieure - Partie réglementaire).Paris:President of the French Republic,27 October. (Q10928)Full Citation

187.

France.2014.‘Article R. 312-78 - National File of Individuals Prohibited from Purchasing and Possessing Firearms (Fichier national des interdits d'acquisition et de détention d'armes).’ Internal Security Code - Regulatory Part (Code de la sécurité intérieure - Partie réglementaire).Paris:President of the French Republic,27 October. (Q10929)Full Citation

188.

France.2014.‘Article R. 313-12 - List of Retail Stores (Liste des commerces de détail).’ Internal Security Code - Regulatory Part (Code de la sécurité intérieure - Partie réglementaire).Paris:President of the French Republic,27 October. (Q10932)Full Citation

189.

France.2014.‘Article R. 312-43 - Shooting Booklet (Carnet de tir).’ Internal Security Code - Regulatory Part (Code de la sécurité intérieure - Partie réglementaire).Paris:President of the French Republic,27 October. (Q10972)Full Citation

190.

France.2013.‘Article L. 312-4-3 - Limited Number of Firearms and Quantity of Ammunition.’ Internal Security Code - Legislative Part (Code de la sécurité intérieure - Partie législative).Paris:President of the French Republic,20 June. (Q10777)Full Citation

191.

France.2014.‘Article R. 312-46 - Purchase of Ammunition for Firearms of Category B (Acquisition de munitions des armes de catégorie B).’ Internal Security Code - Regulatory Part (Code de la sécurité intérieure - Partie réglementaire).Paris:President of the French Republic,27 October. (Q10974)Full Citation

192.

France.2014.‘Article R. 312-47 - Limit on the Purchase of Ammunition (Limitation quant à l'acquisition de munitions).’ Internal Security Code - Regulatory Part (Code de la sécurité intérieure - Partie réglementaire).Paris:President of the French Republic,27 October. (Q10975)Full Citation

193.

France.2014.‘Article R. 312-49 - Ammunition per Firearm (Munitions par arme).’ Internal Security Code - Regulatory Part (Code de la sécurité intérieure - Partie réglementaire).Paris:President of the French Republic,27 October. (Q10976)Full Citation

194.

France.2014.‘Article R. 312-45 - Purchase and Possession of Magazines and Ammunition (Acquisition et détention des systèmes d'alimentation et des munitions).’ Internal Security Code - Regulatory Part (Code de la sécurité intérieure - Partie réglementaire).Paris:President of the French Republic,27 October. (Q10973)Full Citation

195.

France.2013.‘Article L. 314-2-1 - Transfer of Firearms of Categories C and D Between Individuals.’ Internal Security Code - Legislative Part (Code de la sécurité intérieure - Partie législative).Paris:President of the French Republic,20 June. (Q10771)Full Citation

196.

France.2014.‘Article R. 314-16 - Ownership Transfer of a Firearm by an Individual (Transfert de propriété d'une arme par un particulier).’ Internal Security Code - Regulatory Part (Code de la sécurité intérieure - Partie réglementaire).Paris:President of the French Republic,27 October. (Q10960)Full Citation

197.

European Parliament.2021.‘Article 4(5)-(6).’ Directive (EU) 2021/555 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 24 March 2021 on control of the acquisition and possession of weapons (codification).Brussels:European Union,24 March. (Q14625)Full Citation

198.

France.2014.‘Article R. 313-24 - Obligations of a Dealer when Transferring Firearms and Ammunition (Obligations de l'armurier lors de la cession des armes et munitions).’ Internal Security Code - Regulatory Part (Code de la sécurité intérieure - Partie réglementaire).Paris:President of the French Republic,27 October. (Q10935)Full Citation

199.

France.2014.‘Gun Dealer Record Keeping (Tenue d'un registre par les commerçants d'armes à feu).’ Decree No. 2013-700 of 30 July 2013 on the Implementation of the Act No. 2012-304 of 6 March 2012 on the Establishment of a Modern, Simplified and Preventive Control of Weapons.Paris:Prime Minister of the French Republic,27 October. (Q10589)Full Citation

200.

France.2014.‘Prefects in Charge of Special Registers (Préfets en charge des registres spéciaux).’ Decree No. 2013-700 of 30 July 2013 on the Implementation of the Act No. 2012-304 of 6 March 2012 on the Establishment of a Modern, Simplified and Preventive Control of Weapons.Paris:Prime Minister of the French Republic,27 October. (Q10578)Full Citation

201.

France.2010.‘Stockpile Management and Securing (Gestion et Sécurisation des Stocks).’ National Report of France on its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA).New York, NY:Permanent Mission of France to the United Nations,1 May. (Q4788)Full Citation

202.

France.2013.‘Article L. 314-3 - Transfers of Firearms of Categories A and B Not Intended for Commerce.’ Internal Security Code - Legislative Part (Code de la sécurité intérieure - Partie législative).Paris:President of the French Republic,20 June. (Q10779)Full Citation

203.

France.2013.‘Article L. 314-2 - Transfer of Firearms of Category B, Between Individuals.’ Internal Security Code - Legislative Part (Code de la sécurité intérieure - Partie législative).Paris:President of the French Republic,20 June. (Q10778)Full Citation

204.

France.2014.‘Article R. 314-20 - Transfer of Ownership Between Individuals (Transfert de propriété entre particuliers).’ Internal Security Code - Regulatory Part (Code de la sécurité intérieure - Partie réglementaire).Paris:President of the French Republic,27 October. (Q10979)Full Citation

205.

France.2014.‘Article R. 314-17 - Private Sales (Authority).’ Internal Security Code - Regulatory Part (Code de la sécurité intérieure - Partie réglementaire).Paris:President of the French Republic,27 October. (Q10961)Full Citation

206.

France.2014.‘Article R. 314-18 - Purchase of a Replacement Firearm by an Individual.’ Internal Security Code - Regulatory Part (Code de la sécurité intérieure - Partie réglementaire).Paris:President of the French Republic,27 October. (Q10934)Full Citation

207.

France.2014.‘Transfer of Firearms of Categories B and C (Transfer d'armes de catégorie B et C).’ Decree No. 2013-700 of 30 July 2013 on the Implementation of the Act No. 2012-304 of 6 March 2012 on the Establishment of a Modern, Simplified and Preventive Control of Weapons.Paris:Prime Minister of the French Republic,28 January. (Q10652)Full Citation

208.

France.2014.‘Article R. 312-10 - Authorisation to Purchase and Possess Firearms.’ Internal Security Code - Regulatory Part (Code de la sécurité intérieure - Partie réglementaire).Paris:President of the French Republic,27 October. (Q10963)Full Citation

209.

France.2014.‘Article R. 313-8 - Authorisation to Open a Retail Store (Autorisation d'ouverture du commerce de détail).’ Internal Security Code - Regulatory Part (Code de la sécurité intérieure - Partie réglementaire).Paris:President of the French Republic,27 October. (Q10931)Full Citation

210.

France.2013.‘Article L. 2332-2 - Retail Trade Premises (Locaux destinés au commerce de détail).’ Defence Code, as Amended by the Act No. 2012-304 of 6 March 2012 on the Establishment of a Modern, Simplified and Preventive Control of Weapons.Paris:President of the French Republic,20 June. (Q6001)Full Citation

211.

Enrique Moreira. 2016. ‘Can We Easily Buy a Firearm in France?.’ Les Echos (France). 17 January. (N514) Full Citation

212.

France.2014.‘Article R. 313-17 - Fixed and Permanent Premises for Retail Trade (Local fixe et permanent pour le commerce au détail).’ Internal Security Code - Regulatory Part (Code de la sécurité intérieure - Partie réglementaire).Paris:President of the French Republic,27 October. (Q10930)Full Citation

213.

France.2014.‘Article R. 313-20 - Retail Sale Outside of Premises (Vente au détail hors de locaux).’ Internal Security Code - Regulatory Part (Code de la sécurité intérieure - Partie réglementaire).Paris:President of the French Republic,27 October. (Q10933)Full Citation

214.

France.2014.‘Article R. 314-8 - Storage - Sports Shooting (Conservation - Tir sportif).’ Internal Security Code - Regulatory Part (Code de la sécurité intérieure - Partie réglementaire).Paris:President of the French Republic,27 October. (Q10938)Full Citation

215.

France.2014.‘Article R. 314-9 - Storage - Shooting Gallery (Conservation - Tir forain).’ Internal Security Code - Regulatory Part (Code de la sécurité intérieure - Partie réglementaire).Paris:President of the French Republic,27 October. (Q10939)Full Citation

216.

France.2014.‘Article R. 314-7 - Storage - Shows (Conservation - Spectacles).’ Internal Security Code - Regulatory Part (Code de la sécurité intérieure - Partie réglementaire).Paris:President of the French Republic,27 October. (Q10936)Full Citation

217.

France.2014.‘Article R. 314-10 - Storage - Public Authorities, Museums, and Collections.’ Internal Security Code - Regulatory Part (Code de la sécurité intérieure - Partie réglementaire).Paris:President of the French Republic,27 October. (Q10937)Full Citation

218.

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