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Finland — Gun Facts, Figures and the Law

StockpilesGun Numbers

Civilian Guns

Number of Privately Owned Firearms

ChartThe estimated total number of guns (both licit and illicit) held by civilians in Finland is

2017: 1,793,0001
2015: 1,542,3962
2012: 1,555,1003
2009: 1,738,0004 5 6
2005: 2,400,0007

Rate of Civilian Firearm Possession per 100 Population

ChartThe estimated rate of private gun ownership (both licit and illicit) per 100 people in Finland is

2017: 32.401
2012: 29.003
2009: 32.618 9 6
2005: 45.77

Number of Privately Owned Rifles

ChartIn Finland, the number of rifles in civilian possession is reported to be

2015: 424,1442
2010: 665,00010

Number of Privately Owned Shotguns

ChartIn Finland, the number of shotguns in civilian possession is reported to be

2015: 579,5002
2010: 600,00011

Number of Privately Owned Handguns

ChartIn Finland, the number of handguns in civilian possession is reported to be

2015: 226,9682
2010: 250,00012 3

Number of Privately Owned Firearms - World Ranking

In a 2007 comparison of the number of privately owned guns in 178 countries, Finland ranked at No. 3313

Rate of Privately Owned Firearms per 100 Population - World Ranking

In a 2007 comparison of the rate of private gun ownership in 178 countries, Finland ranked at No. 47

Proportion of Adults Living in a Home With a Gun

In Finland, the percentage of adults living in a household with a firearm is reported to be

2015: 13%14

Proportion of Households with Firearms

ChartIn Finland, the percentage of households with one or more guns is reported to be

2005: 37.9%15
1999/2003: 23.7%
1995/98: 28.8%
1992: 25.2%16
1992/94: 25.4%15
1989: 25.5%

Proportion of Households with Rifles

In Finland, the percentage of households with one or more rifles is reported to be

1992: 14.6%16

Proportion of Households with Shotguns

In Finland, the percentage of households with one or more shotguns is reported to be

1992: 18.4%16

Proportion of Households with Handguns

ChartIn Finland, the percentage of households with one or more handguns is reported to be

2005: 6.3%15
1999/2003: 6.4%
1995/98: 6.0%
1992/94: 6.3%15 16
1989: 7.2%

Number of Licensed Firearm Owners

The number of licensed gun owners in Finland is reported to be

2009: 672,77217 18

Rate of Licensed Firearm Owners per 100 Population

The rate of licensed firearm owners per 100 people in Finland is

2009: 12.628

Number of Registered Firearms

ChartThe number of registered guns in Finland is reported to be

2017: 1,542,3961
2010: 1,580,00019

Rate of Registered Firearms per 100 Population

The rate of registered guns per 100 people in Finland is

2010: 30.020

Estimated Number of Unregistered and Illicit Firearms

Unregistered and unlawfully held guns cannot be counted,21 but in Finland there are estimated to be

2017: 250,6041

Estimated Rate of Unregistered and Illicit Firearms per 100 Population

Unregistered and unlawfully held guns cannot be counted,21 but in Finland the rate of such firearms per 100 people is estimated to be

2009: 2.968

Government Guns

Number of Military Firearms

The defence forces of Finland are reported to have 474,03022 firearms

Number of Law Enforcement Firearms

Police in Finland are reported to have 14,00023 firearms

ImpactsDeath and Injury

Total Number of Gun Deaths

ChartIn Finland, annual deaths resulting from firearms total

2015: 13224
2014: 136
2013: 177
2012: 15725 26 27 28
2011: 18425 26 27
2010: 19529
2009: 207
2008: 238
2007: 19725 26 27 30
2006: 206
2005: 184
2004: 253
2003: 255
2002: 229
2001: 270
2000: 23525 26 31 30
1999: 31325 26 27 30
1998: 295
1997: 346
1996: 323

Rate of All Gun Deaths per 100,000 People

ChartIn Finland, the annual rate of all gun deaths per 100,000 population is

2015: 2.4124
2014: 2.49
2013: 3.26
2012: 2.90
2011: 3.42
2010: 3.64
2009: 3.88
2008: 4.49
2007: 3.73
2006: 3.92
2005: 3.51
2004: 4.85
2003: 4.90
2002: 4.41
2001: 5.21
2000: 4.55
1999: 6.07
1998: 5.73
1997: 6.74
1996: 6.31

Total Number of Male Gun Deaths

ChartIn Finland, annual male deaths resulting from firearms total

2015: 12924
2014: 128
2013: 165
2012: 143
2011: 172
2010: 187
2009: 190
2008: 213
2007: 182

Rate of Male Gun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn Finland, the annual rate of male gun death per 100,000 population is

2015: 4.7924
2014: 4.77
2013: 6.18
2012: 5.39
2011: 6.51
2010: 7.12
2009: 7.27
2008: 8.19
2007: 7.04

Total Number of Female Gun Deaths

ChartIn Finland, annual female deaths resulting from firearms total

2015: 324
2014: 824
2013: 12
2012: 14
2011: 12
2010: 8
2009: 17
2008: 25
2007: 15

Rate of Female Gun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn Finland, the annual rate of female gun death per 100,000 population is

2015: 0.1124
2014: 0.29
2013: 0.43
2012: 0.51
2011: 0.44
2010: 0.29
2009: 0.63
2008: 0.92
2007: 0.56

Homicides (any method)

ChartIn Finland, annual homicides by any means total

2016: 7832
2015: 6824
2014: 75
2013: 77
2012: 72
2011: 99
2010: 101
2009: 104
2008: 118
2007: 114
2006: 119
2005: 117
2004: 146
2003: 105
2002: 132
2001: 156
2000: 148
1999: 14333
1998: 113
1997: 13933 34
1996: 153
1995: 146

Rate of Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Finland, the annual rate of homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2016: 1.4232
2015: 1.2424
2014: 1.38
2013: 1.42
2012: 1.33
2011: 1.84
2010: 1.89
2009: 1.95
2008: 2.22
2007: 2.16
2006: 2.3
2005: 2.2
2004: 2.8
2003: 2.0
2002: 2.5
2001: 3.0
2000: 2.9
1999: 2.833
1998: 2.2
1997: 2.7
1996: 3.0
1995: 2.9
1994: 3.2435

Male Homicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Finland, annual male homicides by any means total

2016: 5436
2015: 5224
2014: 48
2013: 58
2012: 36
2011: 64
2010: 79
2009: 77
2008: 78
2007: 72

Rate of Male Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Finland, the annual rate of male homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2016: 1.9936
2015: 1.9324
2014: 1.79
2013: 2.17
2012: 1.36
2011: 2.42
2010: 3.01
2009: 2.95
2008: 3
2007: 2.78

Female Homicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Finland, annual female homicides by any means total

2016: 2436
2015: 16
2014: 27
2013: 19
2012: 36
2011: 35
2010: 22
2009: 27
2008: 40
2007: 42

Rate of Female Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Finland, the annual rate of female homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2016: 0.8636
2015: 0.5724
2014: 0.97
2013: 0.69
2012: 1.31
2011: 1.28
2010: 0.81
2009: 0.99
2008: 1.48
2007: 1.56

Gun Homicides

ChartIn Finland, annual firearm homicides total

2015: 1024
2014: 1125
2013: 15
2012: 16
2011: 18
2010: 14
2009: 2225 37 33
2008: 30
2007: 23
2006: 17
2005: 11
2004: 3025 33
2003: 18
2002: 2025
2001: 30
2000: 32
1999: 33
1998: 2225 33
1997: 4025
1996: 34

Rate of Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Finland, the annual rate of firearm homicide per 100,000 population is

2015: 0.1824
2014: 0.20
2013: 0.28
2012: 0.30
2011: 0.33
2010: 0.26
2009: 0.41
2008: 0.57
2007: 0.44
2006: 0.32
2005: 0.21
2004: 0.5725 33
2003: 0.35
2002: 0.3825
2001: 0.58
2000: 0.62
1999: 0.64
1998: 0.4325 33
1997: 0.7825
1996: 0.66
1994: 0.8638

Proportion of Homicides Committed With a Gun

ChartIn Finland, the percentage of homicides committed with a firearm is reported to be

2012: 19%37
2011: 14%37 39
2010: 12%37
2009: 20%37
2008: 23%
2007: 19%
2006: 10%
2005: 25%
2004: 19.6%33
2003: 18%
1998: 19.5%

Male Gun Homicide Victims

ChartIn Finland, annual male firearm homicides total

2015: 824
2014: 7
2013: 9
2012: 7
2011: 10
2010: 11
2009: 12
2008: 12
2007: 10

Rate of Male Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Finland, the annual rate of male firearm homicide per 100,000 population is

2015: 0.3024
2014: 0.26
2013: 0.34
2012: 0.26
2011: 0.38
2010: 0.42
2009: 0.46
2008: 0.46
2007: 0.39

Female Gun Homicide Victims

ChartIn Finland, annual female firearm homicides total

2015: 224
2014: 4
2013: 6
2012: 9
2011: 8
2010: 3
2009: 10
2008: 18
2007: 13

Rate of Female Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Finland, the annual rate of female firearm homicide per 100,000 population is

2015: 0.0724
2014: 0.14
2013: 0.22
2012: 0.33
2011: 0.29
2010: 0.11
2009: 0.37
2008: 0.67
2007: 0.48

Handgun Homicides

ChartIn Finland, annual handgun homicides total

2014: 225
2013: 5
2012: 3
2011: 2
2010: 7
2009: 8
2008: 14
2007: 9
2006: 3
2005: 2
2004: 6
2003: 5
2002: 10
2001: 6
2000: 9
1999: 9
1998: 7
1997: 18
1996: 17

Rate of Handgun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Finland, the annual rate of handgun homicide per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.0425
2013: 0.09
2012: 0.06
2011: 0.04
2010: 0.13
2009: 0.15
2008: 0.26
2007: 0.17
2006: 0.06
2005: 0.04
2004: 0.11
2003: 0.10
2002: 0.19
2001: 0.12
2000: 0.17
1999: 0.17
1998: 0.14
1997: 0.35
1996: 0.33

Long Gun Homicides

ChartIn Finland, annual long gun homicides total

2014: 525
2013: 6
2012: 9
2011: 2
2010: 5
2009: 7
2008: 8
2007: 5
2006: 7
2005: 4
2004: 15
2003: 11
2002: 9
2001: 13
2000: 12
1999: 14
1998: 6
1997: 22
1996: 13

Rate of Long Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Finland, the annual rate of long gun homicide per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.0925
2013: 0.11
2012: 0.17
2011: 0.04
2010: 0.09
2009: 0.13
2008: 0.15
2007: 0.09
2006: 0.13
2005: 0.08
2004: 0.29
2003: 0.21
2002: 0.17
2001: 0.25
2000: 0.23
1999: 0.27
1998: 0.12
1997: 0.43
1996: 0.25

Gun Homicides (Other)

ChartIn Finland, annual gun homicides (other) total

2014: 425
2013: 4
2012: 4
2011: 14
2010: 2
2009: 7
2008: 8
2007: 9
2006: 7
2005: 5
2004: 9
2003: 2
2002: 1
2001: 11
2000: 11
1999: 10
1998: 9
1996: 4

Rate of Gun Homicide (Other) per 100,000 People

ChartIn Finland, the annual rate of gun homicide (other) per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.0725
2013: 0.07
2012: 0.07
2011: 0.26
2010: 0.04
2009: 0.13
2008: 0.15
2007: 0.17
2006: 0.13
2005: 0.10
2004: 0.17
2003: 0.04
2002: 0.02
2001: 0.21
2000: 0.21
1999: 0.19
1998: 0.17
1996: 0.08

Suicides (any method)

ChartIn Finland, annual suicides by any means total

2015: 72924
2014: 78324
2013: 887
2012: 872
2011: 908
2010: 951
2009: 1,032
2008: 1,032
2007: 993
1998: 1,22831

Rate of Suicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Finland, the annual rate of suicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2015: 13.3124
2014: 14.36
2013: 16.33
2012: 16.13
2011: 16.88
2010: 17.76
2009: 19.36
2008: 19.45
2007: 18.81
1998: 23.5831
1994: 27.2640

Male Suicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Finland, annual male suicides by any means total

2015: 55624
2014: 59524
2013: 666
2012: 654
2011: 708
2010: 716
2009: 760
2008: 800
2007: 749

Rate of Male Suicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Finland, the annual rate of male suicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2015: 20.6424
2014: 22.19
2013: 24.96
2012: 24.64
2011: 26.81
2010: 27.26
2009: 29.08
2008: 30.77
2007: 28.97

Female Suicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Finland, annual female suicides by any means total

2015: 17324
2014: 18824
2013: 221
2012: 218
2011: 200
2010: 235
2009: 272
2008: 232
2007: 244

Rate of Female Suicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Finland, the annual rate of female suicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2015: 6.2224
2014: 6.78
2013: 8
2012: 7.93
2011: 7.30
2010: 8.62
2009: 10.01
2008: 8.58
2007: 9.06

Gun Suicides

ChartIn Finland, annual firearm suicides total

2015: 11924
2014: 12224
2013: 160
2012: 13926 28
2011: 16526
2010: 179
2009: 181
2008: 207
2007: 172
2006: 183
2005: 169
2004: 219
2003: 232
2002: 205
2001: 234
2000: 200
1999: 268
1998: 267
1997: 302
1996: 278

Rate of Gun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Finland, the annual rate of firearm suicide per 100,000 population is

2015: 2.1724
2014: 2.24
2013: 2.95
2012: 2.57
2011: 3.07
2010: 3.34
2009: 3.40
2008: 3.90
2007: 3.26
2006: 3.48
2005: 3.22
2004: 4.19
2003: 4.45
2002: 3.94
2001: 4.51
2000: 3.86
1999: 5.19
1998: 5.18
1997: 5.88
1996: 5.43
1994: 5.7841

Male Gun Suicide Victims

ChartIn Finland, annual male firearm suicides total

2015: 11824
2014: 11824
2013: 154
2012: 134
2011: 161
2010: 174
2009: 174
2008: 200
2007: 170

Rate of Male Gun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Finland, the annual rate of male firearm suicide per 100,000 population is

2015: 4.3824
2014: 4.40
2013: 5.77
2012: 5.05
2011: 6.10
2010: 6.62
2009: 6.66
2008: 7.69
2007: 6.57

Female Gun Suicide Victims

ChartIn Finland, annual female firearm suicides total

2015: 124
2014: 424
2013: 6
2012: 5
2011: 4
2010: 5
2009: 7
2008: 7
2007: 2

Rate of Female Gun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Finland, the annual rate of female firearm suicide per 100,000 population is

2015: 0.0424
2014: 0.14
2013: 0.22
2012: 0.18
2011: 0.15
2010: 0.18
2009: 0.26
2008: 0.26
2007: 0.07

Handgun Suicides

ChartIn Finland, annual handgun suicides total

2014: 326
2013: 1
2012: 51
2011: 55
2010: 58
2009: 62
2008: 57
2007: 67
2006: 54
2005: 54
2004: 73
2003: 64
2002: 63
2001: 79
2000: 61
1999: 76
1998: 86
1997: 98
1996: 104

Rate of Handgun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Finland, the annual rate of handgun suicide per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.0526
2013: 0.02
2012: 0.94
2011: 1.02
2010: 1.08
2009: 1.16
2008: 1.07
2007: 1.27
2006: 1.03
2005: 1.03
2004: 1.40
2003: 1.23
2002: 1.21
2001: 1.52
2000: 1.18
1999: 1.47
1998: 1.67
1997: 1.91
1996: 2.03

Long Gun Suicides

ChartIn Finland, the number of long gun suicides is

2014: 4726
2013: 51
2012: 78
2011: 104
2010: 110
2009: 109
2008: 140
2007: 97
2006: 120
2005: 112
2004: 139
2003: 156
2002: 130
2001: 146
2000: 125
1999: 172
1998: 152
1997: 199
1996: 168

Rate of Long Gun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Finland, the annual rate of long gun suicide per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.8626
2013: 0.94
2012: 1.44
2011: 1.93
2010: 2.05
2009: 2.04
2008: 2.63
2007: 1.83
2006: 2.28
2005: 2.13
2004: 2.66
2003: 2.99
2002: 2.50
2001: 2.81
2000: 2.41
1999: 3.33
1998: 2.95
1997: 3.87
1996: 3.28

Gun Suicides (Other)

ChartIn Finland, annual gun suicides (other) total

2014: 626
2013: 3
2012: 10
2011: 6
2010: 11
2009: 10
2008: 10
2007: 8
2006: 9
2005: 3
2004: 7
2003: 12
2002: 12
2001: 9
2000: 14
1999: 20
1998: 29
1997: 5
1996: 6

Rate of Gun Suicide (Other) per 100,000 People

ChartIn Finland, the annual rate of gun suicide (other) per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.1126
2013: 0.06
2012: 0.18
2011: 0.11
2010: 0.21
2009: 0.19
2008: 0.19
2007: 0.15
2006: 0.17
2005: 0.06
2004: 0.13
2003: 0.23
2002: 0.23
2001: 0.17
2000: 0.27
1999: 0.39
1998: 0.56
1997: 0.10
1996: 0.12

Unintentional Gun Deaths

ChartIn Finland, annual unintentional shooting deaths total

2015: 124
2014: 127
2013: 0
2012: 227 28
2011: 127
2010: 1
2007: 1
2006: 4
2005: 1
2004: 2
2003: 3
2002: 3
2001: 2
2000: 031
1999: 627
1998: 3
1997: 2
1996: 3

Rate of Unintentional Gun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn Finland, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death per 100,000 population is

2015: 0.0224
2014: 0.02
2013: 0.04
2012: 0.04
2011: 0.02
2010: 0.02
2007: 0.02
2006: 0.08
2005: 0.02
2004: 0.04
2003: 0.06
2002: 0.06
2001: 0.04
2000: 0.0031
1999: 0.1227
1998: 0.06
1997: 0.04
1996: 0.06
1994: 0.1242

Unintentional Male Gun Deaths

ChartIn Finland, annual unintentional male shooting deaths total

2015: 124
2014: 124
2013: 0
2012: 2
2011: 1
2010: 1
2007: 1

Rate of Unintentional Male Gun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn Finland, the annual rate of unintentional male shooting death per 100,000 population is

2015: 0.0424
2014: 0.04
2012: 0.08
2011: 0.04
2010: 0.04
2007: 0.04

Unintentional Female Gun Deaths

ChartIn Finland, annual unintentional female shooting deaths total

2014: 024
2013: 0
2012: 0
2011: 0
2010: 0

Unintentional Handgun Deaths

ChartIn Finland, annual unintentional shooting deaths by handgun total

2011: 127
2010: 1
2005: 1
2004: 1
2003: 2
2002: 1
1999: 1
1998: 1
1997: 1
1996: 1

Rate of Unintentional Handgun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn Finland, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death by handgun per 100,000 population is

2011: 0.0227
2010: 0.02
2005: 0.02
2004: 0.02
2003: 0.04
2002: 0.02
1999: 0.02
1998: 0.02
1997: 0.02
1996: 0.02

Unintentional Long Gun Deaths

ChartIn Finland, annual unintentional shooting deaths by long gun total

2014: 127
2012: 2
2007: 1
2006: 3
2004: 1
2003: 1
2002: 2
2001: 2
1999: 5
1998: 2
1997: 1
1996: 2

Rate of Unintentional Long Gun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn Finland, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death by long gun per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.0227
2012: 0.04
2007: 0.02
2006: 0.06
2004: 0.02
2003: 0.02
2002: 0.04
2001: 0.04
1999: 0.10
1998: 0.04
1997: 0.02
1996: 0.04

Unintentional Gun Deaths (Other)

In Finland, annual unintentional shooting deaths by firearm (other) total

2006: 127

Rate of Unintentional Gun Death (Other) per 100,000 People

In Finland, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death by firearm (other) per 100,000 population is

2006: 0.0227

Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Finland, annual shooting deaths in which the cause remains undecided total

2015: 124
2014: 130
2013: 2
2012: 0
2011: 0
2010: 1
2009: 3
2008: 1
2007: 1
2006: 2
2005: 3
2004: 2
2003: 2
2002: 1
2001: 4
2000: 3
1999: 6
1998: 3
1997: 2
1996: 8

Rate of Gun Death from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn Finland, the annual rate of unknown-cause shooting deaths per 100,000 population is

2015: 0.0224
2014: 0.02
2013: 0.04
2010: 0.02
2009: 0.06
2008: 0.02
2007: 0.02
2006: 0.04
2005: 0.06
2004: 0.04
2003: 0.04
2002: 0.02
2001: 0.08
2000: 0.06
1999: 0.12
1998: 0.06
1997: 0.04
1996: 0.16
1994: 0.1043

Male Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Finland, annual male shooting deaths in which the cause remains undecided total

2015: 124
2014: 124
2013: 2
2012: 0
2011: 0
2010: 1
2009: 3
2008: 1
2007: 1

Rate of Male Gun Death from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn Finland, the annual rate of unknown-cause male shooting deaths per 100,000 population is

2015: 0.0424
2014: 0.04
2013: 0.07
2010: 0.04
2009: 0.11
2008: 0.04
2007: 0.04

Female Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Finland, annual female shooting deaths in which the cause remains undecided total

2014: 024
2013: 0
2012: 0
2011: 0
2010: 0

Handgun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Finland, annual deaths by handgun in which the cause remains undecided total

2013: 130
2009: 1
2008: 1
2006: 1
2003: 1
2001: 4
1999: 1
1998: 1
1997: 2
1996: 1

Rate of Handgun Death from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn Finland, the annual rate of unknown-cause handgun deaths per 100,000 population is

2013: 0.0230
2009: 0.02
2008: 0.02
2006: 0.02
2003: 0.02
2001: 0.08
1999: 0.02
1998: 0.02
1997: 0.04
1996: 0.02

Long Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Finland, annual deaths by long gun in which the cause remains undecided total

2013: 130
2009: 2
2007: 1
2006: 1
2005: 3
2000: 2
1999: 4
1998: 2
1996: 6

Rate of Long Gun Death from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn Finland, the annual rate of unknown-cause long gun deaths per 100,000 population is

2013: 0.0230
2009: 0.04
2007: 0.02
2006: 0.02
2005: 0.06
2000: 0.04
1999: 0.08
1998: 0.04
1996: 0.12

Gun Deaths (Other) from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Finland, annual deaths by firearm (other) in which the cause remains undecided total

2014: 130
2010: 1
2004: 2
2003: 1
2002: 1
2000: 1
1999: 1
1996: 1

Rate of Gun Death (Other) from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn Finland, the annual rate of unknown-cause gun deaths (other) per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.0230
2010: 0.02
2004: 0.04
2003: 0.02
2002: 0.02
2000: 0.02
1999: 0.02
1996: 0.02

Legal Intervention Gun Homicides

ChartIn Finland, annual legal-intervention gun homicides total

2015: 124
2014: 1
2009: 1

ProductionGun Industry

Regulation of Firearm Makers

In Finland, the manufacture of small arms, ammunition and/or their components is permitted only if the maker holds a valid licence44 45 46

Small Arms Manufacture - World Ranking

In a classification of the world's small, medium and major firearm manufacturers, Finland was ranked 'small'47

Home-made Guns

In Finland, the prevalence of illicit craft, or 'home-made' firearm manufacture is reported to be low48 4950

TransfersGun Trade and Trafficking

Firearm Exports

In Finland, firearm and ammunition exports are limited by transfer control law51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61

Firearm Exports (Number)

ChartThe annual number of firearms exported from Finland is reported by manufacturers to be

2018: 161,28962
2017: 1,413
2016: 1,448
2015: 1,050
2014: 1,28963
2013: 1,455

Small Arms Exports (US$) - Customs

ChartThe annual value of small arms and ammunition exports from Finland is reported by Customs to be US$

2016: 174,251,38264
2015: 171,441,511
2014: 185,765,370
2013: 186,203,354
2012: 141,144,84664 65
2011: 65,099,23566
2010: 1,300,00067

Small Arms Exports - World Ranking

In a comparison of the world's major/mid-level/minor/unknown small arms exporters, Finland was categorized as 'major'68 69 70

Firearm Imports

In Finland, firearm and ammunition imports are limited by transfer control law71 53 72 73 54 55 56 57 58 59 60

Firearm Imports (Number)

ChartThe annual number of firearms imported to Finland is reported to be

2018: 21,13562
2017: 51
2013: 67063

Small Arms Imports (US$) - Customs

ChartThe annual value of small arms and ammunition imports to Finland is reported by Customs to be US$

2016: 25,446,32264
2015: 21,909,154
2014: 26,043,128
2013: 24,366,701
2012: 22,896,51764 74 75
2011: 22,321,55266 76
2010: 21,000,00077

Smuggling Guns and Ammunition

Reports suggest that the level of firearm and ammunition smuggling in Finland is low78 79

Regulation of Arms Brokers

In Finland, the activities of arms brokers and transfer intermediaries are specifically regulated by law80 81 82 83

End User Certificates

Customs regulations in Finland include84 85 certification of the intended end user of any small arms or ammunition transfer, and/or a written declaration of its intended end use

Transparency of Small Arms Transfers

ChartIn its annual Small Arms Trade Transparency Barometer, the Small Arms Survey compares public reporting among major arms exporting nations on a scale from strong to weak (25 to zero). In recent years, Finland scored

2018: 14.5086
2016: 14.7587
2014: 14.7588
2013: 14.2589
2012: 14.2590
2011: 14.0091
2010: 14.2592
2009: 15.0093
2008: 15.0094
2007: 14.7595
2006: 15.0096
2005: 15.5097
2004: 14.7598

MeasuresGun Regulation

Firearm Regulation - Guiding Policy

The regulation of guns in Finland is categorised as restrictive99

Firearm Law

Guiding gun control legislation in Finland includes the Firearms Act and Decree of 1998,100 46 the Act on the Export and Transit of Defence Materiel,101 the Council Directive of 18 June 1991 on Control of the Acquisition and Possession of Weapons,102 103 the European Union Firearms Regulation of 2012, the Common Position on the Control of Arms Brokering of 2003,104 and the Convention of 1 July 1969 on Reciprocal Recognition of Proofmarks on Small Arms105

Firearm Regulation Authority

Guns in Finland are regulated by the Ministry of the Interior and the local Police,106 107 and the European Commission103

Right to Possess Firearms

In Finland, the right to private gun ownership is not guaranteed by law108 109 110

Restricted Firearms and Ammunition

In Finland, civilians are not allowed to possess automatic firearms, disguised firearms, armour piercing and incendiary ammunition111 112

Regulation of Automatic Weapons

In Finland, private possession of fully automatic weapons is prohibited, with few exceptions113 111 112 114 39

Regulation of Semiautomatic Assault Weapons

In Finland, private possession of semi-automatic assault weapons is permitted under licence in some cases113 114 115 116 117

Regulation of Handguns

In Finland, private possession of handguns (pistols and revolvers) is permitted under licence in some cases113 111 118 115 116 117 39

Law Regulates Long Guns

In Finland, civilian possession of rifles and shotguns is regulated by law39

Gun Ownership and Possession

In Finland, only licensed gun owners53 119 120 121 118 115 39 may lawfully acquire, possess or transfer a firearm or ammunition

Genuine Reason Required for Firearm Possession

Applicants for a gun owner’s licence in Finland are required to establish a genuine reason to possess a firearm, for example hunting, target shooting, gun collecting, employment requirements122 113 123 124 125 126

Minimum Age for Firearm Possession

The minimum age for gun ownership in Finland is 18 years, or 15 years with parental consent123 126

Gun Owner Background Checks

An applicant for a firearm licence in Finland must pass a background check which considers criminal background127 126 39 128 records

Reference Required for Firearm Licence

In Finland, third party character references for each gun licence applicant are not required100 129

Domestic Violence and Firearms

Where a past history, or apprehended likelihood of family violence exists, the law in Finland does not stipulate110 that a gun licence should be denied or revoked

Firearm Safety Training

In Finland, an understanding of firearm safety and the law, tested in a theoretical and/or practical training course is required (in the workplace)123 for a firearm licence

Gun Owner Licensing Period

In Finland gun owners are licensed for an indefinite period130 131

Licensing Records

In Finland, authorities maintain a record132 of individual civilians licensed to acquire, possess, sell or transfer a firearm or ammunition

Limit on Number of Guns

Licensed firearm owners in Finland are permitted to possess up to a maximum of 10 firearms110 133

Limit on Quantity, Type of Ammunition

Licensed firearm owners in Finland are permitted to possess any quantity of ammunition110 134

Firearm Registration

Civilian Gun Registration

In Finland, the law requires132 135 114 136 that a record of the acquisition, possession and transfer of each privately held firearm be retained in an official register

Gun Dealer Record Keeping

In Finland, licensed firearm dealers are required137 114 136 to keep a record of each firearm or ammunition purchase, sale or transfer on behalf of a regulating authority

Gun Manufacturer Record Keeping

In Finland, licensed gun makers are required46 to keep a record of each firearm produced, for inspection by a regulating authority

State-Owned Firearm Records

In Finland, State agencies are required135 to maintain records of the storage and movement of all firearms and ammunition under their control

Gun Sales and Transfers

Regulation of Private Gun Sales

In Finland, the private sale and transfer of firearms is prohibited without a permit138

Regulation of Dealer Gun Sales

In Finland, dealing in firearms by way of business without a valid gun dealer’s licence is unlawful44 139 140 141 53 142 116

Regulation of Gun Shows

In Finland, gun shows and temporary firearm dealing events are not regulated110 in law

Storage and Transport of Guns and Ammunition

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Private

Firearm regulations in Finland include143 144 145 123 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of private firearms and ammunition by licensed gun owners

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Dealer

Firearm regulations in Finland include146 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition by licensed arms dealers

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Government

Government regulations in Finland include147 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition by state entities

Firearm and Ammunition Transport Regulations

Regulations in Finland include143 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition while in transit

Marking and Tracing Guns and Ammunition

Firearm Marking

In Finland, a unique identifying mark on each firearm is required by law148 149 135 150 151 152

Firearm Tracing

In Finland, state authorities carry out148 149 151 136 recognised arms tracing and tracking procedures

Ballistic Record of Firearms and Ammunition

In Finland, the ballistic characteristics of each civilian firearm and its ammunition are not110 recorded in a register

Carrying Guns

Carrying Guns Openly in Public

In Finland, carrying a firearm in plain view in a public place is prohibited, except for an authorised work assignment153 154 39

Carrying Hidden Handguns in Public

In Finland, carrying a concealed firearm in a public place is prohibited, except for an authorised work assignment153 154 39

Penalty for Illicit Firearm Possession

In Finland, the maximum penalty for unlawful possession of a firearm155 is two years in prison156 157

Collection, Amnesty and Destruction Programmes

Authorities in Finland are known to have158 implemented voluntary firearm surrender schemes, and/or weapon seizure programmes in order to reduce the number of illicit firearms in circulation

Firearms Surrendered and Seized

ChartIn Finland, the number of firearms voluntarily surrendered, bought back or seized by authorities is reported to be

2017: 21,702159
2016: 13,123133
2015: 3,675
2013: 3,149160
2012: 2,642
2011: 3,023
2010: 2,783

Small Arms Destroyed

ChartIn Finland, the number of firearms destroyed following amnesty, collection and seizure programmes is reported to be

2017: 21,658159 161
2016: 14,587
2011: 6,677162
2009: 6,338158

Destruction and Disposal Policy

In Finland, it is state policy163 164 158 to destroy surplus, collected and seized firearms rather than return them to the secondary arms market

MeasuresInternational Controls

Regional Agreements

European Union

As a member of the European Union, Finland is bound by the provisions of the ‘EU Firearms Directive’ – the 2007 Legislative Resolution on Control of the Acquisition and Possession of Weapons of the European Parliament165 166

European Union Export Reporting

Under the European Union Common Position on Arms Exports, Finland is bound to declare its transfers of military technology and equipment. Independent monitoring provides detailed comparisons of arms export reporting compliance across EU member states, and records that Finland has submitted one or more national reports167 on its arms transfers

Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development

The Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development, a diplomatic initiative aimed at addressing the interrelations between armed violence and development, was signed in 2006168 by Finland.

Arms Trade Treaty

The Arms Trade Treaty has been signed and ratified169 by Finland

United Nations Firearms Protocol

The United Nations Protocol against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, Their Parts and Components and Ammunition has been signed and ratified170 by Finland

United Nations Small Arms Programme of Action UNPoA

UNPoA Commitment

On 21 July 2001, Finland committed to a consensus decision of the United Nations to adopt, support and implement the UN Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects171

UNPoA Implementation Monitor Score

In its UN small arms Programme of Action Implementation Monitor (PoAIM Phase 1), the Small Arms Survey scored Finland against its commitments to the PoA, then ranked it at No. 9172 173 174 175 among 159 Member States

UNPoA National Reporting

Under the terms of its 2001 commitment to the United Nations small arms Programme of Action, Finland has submitted one or more national reports176 177 on its implementation of the UNPoA

UNPoA National Point of Contact

In Finland, a National Point of Contact to deal with issues relating to the UNPoA has been designated178 177

UNPoA National Coordinating Body

In Finland, a National Coordinating Body to deal with issues relating to the UNPoA has been designated179

UNPoA Civil Society Involvement and Support

In National Reports of Finland submitted to the UN from 2001 to 2010, a history of substantive cooperation with civil society in support of UNPoA activities was apparent178 177

UNPoA International Assistance – Donor

Funds for UNPoA implementation have been donated177 by Finland to other UN Member States

United Nations Small Arms Register

According to the United Nations Register of Conventional Arms, Finland has declared180 its small arms exports in one or more annual National Reports on Arms Exports.

United Nations Membership

In the UN List of Member States, Finland has been a Member State of the United Nations since 1955181

Wassenaar Arrangement

The Wassenaar Arrangement on Export Controls and Conventional Arms and Dual-Use Goods and Technologies lists182 Finland as a Participating State

BackgroundCountry Profile

Conflict Profile

For a profile of conflict in Finland, select the Link icon to open an external web page from the UCDP Conflict Encyclopedia at Uppsala University

Global Peace Index

To see where Finland ranks, select the Link icon to open an external web page at the Global Peace Index


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