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Finland — Gun Facts, Figures and the Law

StockpilesGun Numbers

Civilian Guns

Number of Privately Owned Firearms

ChartThe estimated total number of guns (both licit and illicit) held by civilians in Finland is

2017: 1,793,0001
2015: 1,542,3962
2012: 1,555,1003
2009: 1,738,0004 5 6
2005: 2,400,0007

Rate of Civilian Firearm Possession per 100 Population

ChartThe estimated rate of private gun ownership (both licit and illicit) per 100 people in Finland is

2017: 32.401
2012: 29.003
2009: 32.618 9 6
2005: 45.77

Number of Privately Owned Rifles

ChartIn Finland, the number of rifles in civilian possession is reported to be

2015: 424,1442
2010: 665,00010

Number of Privately Owned Shotguns

ChartIn Finland, the number of shotguns in civilian possession is reported to be

2015: 579,5002
2010: 600,00011

Number of Privately Owned Handguns

ChartIn Finland, the number of handguns in civilian possession is reported to be

2015: 226,9682
2010: 250,00012 3

Number of Privately Owned Firearms - World Ranking

In a 2007 comparison of the number of privately owned guns in 178 countries, Finland ranked at No. 3313

Rate of Privately Owned Firearms per 100 Population - World Ranking

In a 2007 comparison of the rate of private gun ownership in 178 countries, Finland ranked at No. 47

Proportion of Adults Living in a Home With a Gun

In Finland, the percentage of adults living in a household with a firearm is reported to be

2015: 13%14

Proportion of Households with Firearms

ChartIn Finland, the percentage of households with one or more guns is reported to be

2005: 37.9%15
1999/2003: 23.7%
1995/98: 28.8%
1992: 25.2%16
1992/94: 25.4%15
1989: 25.5%

Proportion of Households with Rifles

In Finland, the percentage of households with one or more rifles is reported to be

1992: 14.6%16

Proportion of Households with Shotguns

In Finland, the percentage of households with one or more shotguns is reported to be

1992: 18.4%16

Proportion of Households with Handguns

ChartIn Finland, the percentage of households with one or more handguns is reported to be

2005: 6.3%15
1999/2003: 6.4%
1995/98: 6.0%
1992/94: 6.3%15 16
1989: 7.2%

Number of Licensed Firearm Owners

The number of licensed gun owners in Finland is reported to be

2009: 672,77217 18

Rate of Licensed Firearm Owners per 100 Population

The rate of licensed firearm owners per 100 people in Finland is

2009: 12.628

Number of Registered Firearms

ChartThe number of registered guns in Finland is reported to be

2021: 1,943,96619
2017: 1,542,3961
2010: 1,580,00020

Rate of Registered Firearms per 100 Population

The rate of registered guns per 100 people in Finland is

2010: 30.021

Estimated Number of Unregistered and Illicit Firearms

Unregistered and unlawfully held guns cannot be counted,22 but in Finland there are estimated to be

2017: 250,6041

Estimated Rate of Unregistered and Illicit Firearms per 100 Population

Unregistered and unlawfully held guns cannot be counted,22 but in Finland the rate of such firearms per 100 people is estimated to be

2009: 2.968

Government Guns

Number of Military Firearms

The defence forces of Finland are reported to have 474,03023 firearms

Number of Law Enforcement Firearms

Police in Finland are reported to have 14,00024 firearms

ImpactsDeath and Injury

Total Number of Gun Deaths

ChartIn Finland, annual deaths resulting from firearms total

2018: 14625
2017: 138
2016: 143
2015: 131
2014: 135
2013: 177
2012: 15726 27 28 29
2011: 18426 27 28
2010: 19530
2009: 206
2008: 238
2007: 19726 27 28 31
2006: 206
2005: 184
2004: 253
2003: 255
2002: 229
2001: 270
2000: 23526 27 32 31
1999: 31326 27 28 31
1998: 295
1997: 346
1996: 323

Rate of All Gun Deaths per 100,000 People

ChartIn Finland, the annual rate of all gun deaths per 100,000 population is

2018: 2.6525
2017: 2.51
2016: 2.61
2015: 2.40
2014: 2.49
2013: 3.27
2012: 2.92
2011: 3.44
2010: 3.66
2009: 3.88
2008: 4.51
2007: 3.75
2006: 3.93
2005: 3.52
2004: 4.86
2003: 4.91
2002: 4.41
2001: 5.21
2000: 4.55
1999: 6.07
1998: 5.73
1997: 6.74
1996: 6.31

Total Number of Male Gun Deaths

ChartIn Finland, annual male deaths resulting from firearms total

2018: 13825
2017: 132
2016: 132
2015: 128
2014: 127
2013: 165
2012: 143
2011: 172
2010: 187
2009: 189
2008: 213
2007: 182
2006: 192
2005: 177
2004: 238
2003: 236
2001: 254
2000: 219

Rate of Male Gun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn Finland, the annual rate of male gun death per 100,000 population is

2018: 5.0825
2017: 4.88
2016: 4.90
2015: 4.77
2014: 4.76
2013: 6.22
2012: 5.42
2011: 6.55
2010: 7.15
2009: 7.27
2008: 8.24
2007: 7.07
2006: 7.49
2005: 6.93
2004: 9.35
2003: 9.30
2001: 10.04
2000: 8.68

Total Number of Female Gun Deaths

ChartIn Finland, annual female deaths resulting from firearms total

2018: 825
2017: 6
2016: 11
2015: 3
2014: 8
2013: 12
2012: 14
2011: 12
2010: 8
2009: 17
2008: 25
2007: 15
2006: 14
2005: 7
2004: 15
2003: 19
2001: 16
2000: 16

Rate of Female Gun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn Finland, the annual rate of female gun death per 100,000 population is

2018: 0.2925
2017: 0.21
2016: 0.40
2015: 0.11
2014: 0.29
2013: 0.44
2012: 0.51
2011: 0.44
2010: 0.29
2009: 0.63
2008: 0.93
2007: 0.56
2006: 0.52
2005: 0.26
2004: 0.56
2003: 0.72
2001: 0.60
2000: 0.60

Homicides (any method)

ChartIn Finland, annual homicides by any means total

2018: 9033
2017: 69
2016: 74
2015: 82
2014: 88
2013: 89
2012: 88
2011: 110
2010: 119
2009: 120
2008: 133
2007: 129
2006: 119
2005: 117
2004: 146
2003: 105
2002: 132
2001: 156
2000: 148
1999: 14334
1998: 113
1997: 13934 35
1996: 153
1995: 146

Rate of Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Finland, the annual rate of homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2018: 1.6333
2017: 1.25
2016: 1.35
2015: 1.50
2014: 1.61
2013: 1.64
2012: 1.63
2011: 2.04
2010: 2.22
2009: 2.25
2008: 2.51
2007: 2.44
2006: 2.3
2005: 2.2
2004: 2.8
2003: 2.0
2002: 2.5
2001: 3.0
2000: 2.9
1999: 2.834
1998: 2.2
1997: 2.7
1996: 3.0
1995: 2.9
1994: 3.2436

Male Homicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Finland, annual male homicides by any means total

2018: 6337
2017: 38
2016: 52
2015: 66
2014: 61
2013: 65
2012: 48
2011: 73
2010: 91
2009: 86
2008: 89
2007: 81

Rate of Male Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Finland, the annual rate of male homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2018: 2.3137
2017: 1.40
2016: 1.92
2015: 2.45
2014: 2.27
2013: 2.43
2012: 1.80
2011: 2.76
2010: 3.46
2009: 3.28
2008: 3.41
2007: 3.12

Female Homicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Finland, annual female homicides by any means total

2018: 2737
2017: 31
2016: 22
2015: 16
2014: 27
2013: 24
2012: 40
2011: 37
2010: 28
2009: 34
2008: 44
2007: 48

Rate of Female Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Finland, the annual rate of female homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2018: 0.9637
2017: 1.11
2016: 0.79
2015: 0.57
2014: 0.97
2013: 0.87
2012: 1.45
2011: 1.35
2010: 1.02
2009: 1.25
2008: 1.62
2007: 1.78

Gun Homicides

ChartIn Finland, annual firearm homicides total

2016: 933
2015: 12
2014: 1126
2013: 15
2012: 17
2011: 16
2010: 15
2009: 2226 38 34
2008: 30
2007: 23
2006: 17
2005: 11
2004: 3026 34
2003: 18
2002: 2026
2001: 30
2000: 32
1999: 33
1998: 2226 34
1997: 4026
1996: 34

Rate of Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Finland, the annual rate of firearm homicide per 100,000 population is

2016: 0.2033
2015: 0.1825
2014: 0.20
2013: 0.28
2012: 0.30
2011: 0.33
2010: 0.26
2009: 0.41
2008: 0.57
2007: 0.44
2006: 0.32
2005: 0.21
2004: 0.5726 34
2003: 0.35
2002: 0.3826
2001: 0.58
2000: 0.62
1999: 0.64
1998: 0.4326 34
1997: 0.7826
1996: 0.66
1994: 0.8639

Proportion of Homicides Committed With a Gun

ChartIn Finland, the percentage of homicides committed with a firearm is reported to be

2012: 19%38
2011: 14%38 40
2010: 12%38
2009: 20%38
2008: 23%
2007: 19%
2006: 10%
2005: 25%
2004: 19.6%34
2003: 18%
1998: 19.5%

Male Gun Homicide Victims

ChartIn Finland, annual male firearm homicides total

2016: 233
2015: 10
2014: 9
2013: 9
2012: 8
2011: 10
2010: 12
2009: 12
2008: 12
2007: 10

Rate of Male Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Finland, the annual rate of male firearm homicide per 100,000 population is

2016: 0.1033
2015: 0.40
2014: 0.26
2013: 0.34
2012: 0.26
2011: 0.38
2010: 0.50
2009: 0.46
2008: 0.46
2007: 0.39

Female Gun Homicide Victims

ChartIn Finland, annual female firearm homicides total

2016: 733
2015: 225
2014: 2
2013: 6
2012: 9
2011: 6
2010: 3
2009: 10
2008: 18
2007: 13

Rate of Female Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Finland, the annual rate of female firearm homicide per 100,000 population is

2016: 0.3033
2015: 0.0725
2014: 0.14
2013: 0.22
2012: 0.33
2011: 0.20
2010: 0.11
2009: 0.37
2008: 0.67
2007: 0.48

Handgun Homicides

ChartIn Finland, annual handgun homicides total

2014: 226
2013: 5
2012: 3
2011: 2
2010: 7
2009: 8
2008: 14
2007: 9
2006: 3
2005: 2
2004: 6
2003: 5
2002: 10
2001: 6
2000: 9
1999: 9
1998: 7
1997: 18
1996: 17

Rate of Handgun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Finland, the annual rate of handgun homicide per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.0426
2013: 0.09
2012: 0.06
2011: 0.04
2010: 0.13
2009: 0.15
2008: 0.26
2007: 0.17
2006: 0.06
2005: 0.04
2004: 0.11
2003: 0.10
2002: 0.19
2001: 0.12
2000: 0.17
1999: 0.17
1998: 0.14
1997: 0.35
1996: 0.33

Long Gun Homicides

ChartIn Finland, annual long gun homicides total

2014: 526
2013: 6
2012: 9
2011: 2
2010: 5
2009: 7
2008: 8
2007: 5
2006: 7
2005: 4
2004: 15
2003: 11
2002: 9
2001: 13
2000: 12
1999: 14
1998: 6
1997: 22
1996: 13

Rate of Long Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Finland, the annual rate of long gun homicide per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.0926
2013: 0.11
2012: 0.17
2011: 0.04
2010: 0.09
2009: 0.13
2008: 0.15
2007: 0.09
2006: 0.13
2005: 0.08
2004: 0.29
2003: 0.21
2002: 0.17
2001: 0.25
2000: 0.23
1999: 0.27
1998: 0.12
1997: 0.43
1996: 0.25

Gun Homicides (Other)

ChartIn Finland, annual gun homicides (other) total

2014: 426
2013: 4
2012: 4
2011: 14
2010: 2
2009: 7
2008: 8
2007: 9
2006: 7
2005: 5
2004: 9
2003: 2
2002: 1
2001: 11
2000: 11
1999: 10
1998: 9
1996: 4

Rate of Gun Homicide (Other) per 100,000 People

ChartIn Finland, the annual rate of gun homicide (other) per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.0726
2013: 0.07
2012: 0.07
2011: 0.26
2010: 0.04
2009: 0.13
2008: 0.15
2007: 0.17
2006: 0.13
2005: 0.10
2004: 0.17
2003: 0.04
2002: 0.02
2001: 0.21
2000: 0.21
1999: 0.19
1998: 0.17
1996: 0.08

Suicides (any method)

ChartIn Finland, annual suicides by any means total

2018: 93925
2017: 950
2016: 914
2015: 848
2014: 905
2013: 1,047
2012: 1,011
2011: 1,073
2010: 1,130
2009: 1,213
2008: 1,239
2007: 1,165
2006: 1,244
2005: 1,160
2004: 1,282
2003: 1,305
2001: 1,437
2000: 1,363
1998: 1,22832

Rate of Suicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Finland, the annual rate of suicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2019: 025
2018: 16.96
2017: 17.22
2016: 16.62
2015: 15.48
2014: 16.59
2013: 19.28
2012: 18.70
2011: 19.95
2010: 21.10
2009: 22.76
2008: 23.36
2007: 22.06
2006: 23.66
2005: 22.15
2004: 24.56
2003: 25.07
2001: 27.74
2000: 26.37
1998: 23.5832
1994: 27.2641

Male Suicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Finland, annual male suicides by any means total

2018: 74625
2017: 736
2016: 738
2015: 674
2014: 713
2013: 820
2012: 788
2011: 869
2010: 890
2009: 934
2008: 1,000
2007: 919
2006: 980
2005: 887
2004: 1,023
2003: 1,035
2001: 1,165
2000: 1,066

Rate of Male Suicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Finland, the annual rate of male suicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2018: 27.3625
2017: 27.09
2016: 27.27
2015: 25.02
2014: 26.59
2013: 30.73
2012: 29.68
2011: 32.91
2010: 33.88
2009: 35.74
2008: 38.47
2007: 35.54
2006: 38.08
2005: 34.61
2004: 40.07
2003: 40.67
2001: 46.06
2000: 42.27

Female Suicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Finland, annual female suicides by any means total

2018: 19325
2017: 214
2016: 176
2015: 174
2014: 192
2013: 227
2012: 223
2011: 204
2010: 240
2009: 279
2008: 239
2007: 246
2006: 264
2005: 273
2004: 259
2003: 270
2001: 272
2000: 297

Rate of Female Suicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Finland, the annual rate of female suicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2018: 6.8725
2017: 7.64
2016: 6.30
2015: 6.25
2014: 6.93
2013: 8.22
2012: 8.11
2011: 7.45
2010: 8.80
2009: 10.27
2008: 8.83
2007: 9.13
2006: 9.83
2005: 10.21
2004: 9.71
2003: 10.15
2001: 10.26
2000: 11.22

Gun Suicides

ChartIn Finland, annual firearm suicides total

2018: 13025
2017: 129
2016: 128
2015: 119
2014: 122
2013: 160
2012: 13927 29
2011: 16527
2010: 179
2009: 181
2008: 207
2007: 172
2006: 183
2005: 169
2004: 219
2003: 232
2002: 205
2001: 234
2000: 200
1999: 268
1998: 267
1997: 302
1996: 278

Rate of Gun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Finland, the annual rate of firearm suicide per 100,000 population is

2019: 25
2018: 2.36
2017: 2.35
2016: 2.34
2015: 2.18
2014: 2.25
2013: 2.96
2012: 2.58
2011: 3.08
2010: 3.36
2009: 3.41
2008: 3.92
2007: 3.27
2006: 3.49
2005: 3.24
2004: 4.21
2003: 4.47
2002: 3.94
2001: 4.52
2000: 3.87
1999: 5.19
1998: 5.18
1997: 5.88
1996: 5.43
1994: 5.7842

Male Gun Suicide Victims

ChartIn Finland, annual male firearm suicides total

2018: 12925
2017: 126
2016: 124
2015: 118
2014: 118
2013: 154
2012: 134
2011: 161
2010: 174
2009: 174
2008: 200
2007: 170
2006: 178
2005: 165
2004: 212
2003: 222
2001: 232
2000: 193

Rate of Male Gun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Finland, the annual rate of male firearm suicide per 100,000 population is

2018: 4.7325
2017: 4.64
2016: 4.58
2015: 4.38
2014: 4.40
2013: 5.77
2012: 5.05
2011: 6.10
2010: 6.62
2009: 6.66
2008: 7.69
2007: 6.57
2006: 6.92
2005: 6.44
2004: 8.30
2003: 8.72
2001: 9.17
2000: 7.65

Female Gun Suicide Victims

ChartIn Finland, annual female firearm suicides total

2018: 125
2017: 3
2016: 4
2015: 1
2014: 4
2013: 6
2012: 5
2011: 4
2010: 5
2009: 7
2008: 7
2007: 2
2006: 5
2005: 4
2004: 7
2003: 10
2001: 2
2000: 7

Rate of Female Gun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Finland, the annual rate of female firearm suicide per 100,000 population is

2018: 0.0425
2017: 0.11
2016: 0.14
2015: 0.04
2014: 0.14
2013: 0.22
2012: 0.18
2011: 0.15
2010: 0.18
2009: 0.26
2008: 0.26
2007: 0.07
2006: 0.19
2005: 0.15
2004: 0.26
2003: 0.38
2001: 0.08
2000: 0.26

Handgun Suicides

ChartIn Finland, annual handgun suicides total

2014: 327
2013: 1
2012: 51
2011: 55
2010: 58
2009: 62
2008: 57
2007: 67
2006: 54
2005: 54
2004: 73
2003: 64
2002: 63
2001: 79
2000: 61
1999: 76
1998: 86
1997: 98
1996: 104

Rate of Handgun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Finland, the annual rate of handgun suicide per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.0527
2013: 0.02
2012: 0.94
2011: 1.02
2010: 1.08
2009: 1.16
2008: 1.07
2007: 1.27
2006: 1.03
2005: 1.03
2004: 1.40
2003: 1.23
2002: 1.21
2001: 1.52
2000: 1.18
1999: 1.47
1998: 1.67
1997: 1.91
1996: 2.03

Long Gun Suicides

ChartIn Finland, the number of long gun suicides is

2014: 4727
2013: 51
2012: 78
2011: 104
2010: 110
2009: 109
2008: 140
2007: 97
2006: 120
2005: 112
2004: 139
2003: 156
2002: 130
2001: 146
2000: 125
1999: 172
1998: 152
1997: 199
1996: 168

Rate of Long Gun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Finland, the annual rate of long gun suicide per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.8627
2013: 0.94
2012: 1.44
2011: 1.93
2010: 2.05
2009: 2.04
2008: 2.63
2007: 1.83
2006: 2.28
2005: 2.13
2004: 2.66
2003: 2.99
2002: 2.50
2001: 2.81
2000: 2.41
1999: 3.33
1998: 2.95
1997: 3.87
1996: 3.28

Gun Suicides (Other)

ChartIn Finland, annual gun suicides (other) total

2014: 627
2013: 3
2012: 10
2011: 6
2010: 11
2009: 10
2008: 10
2007: 8
2006: 9
2005: 3
2004: 7
2003: 12
2002: 12
2001: 9
2000: 14
1999: 20
1998: 29
1997: 5
1996: 6

Rate of Gun Suicide (Other) per 100,000 People

ChartIn Finland, the annual rate of gun suicide (other) per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.1127
2013: 0.06
2012: 0.18
2011: 0.11
2010: 0.21
2009: 0.19
2008: 0.19
2007: 0.15
2006: 0.17
2005: 0.06
2004: 0.13
2003: 0.23
2002: 0.23
2001: 0.17
2000: 0.27
1999: 0.39
1998: 0.56
1997: 0.10
1996: 0.12

Unintentional Gun Deaths

ChartIn Finland, annual unintentional shooting deaths total

2018: 225
2017: 2
2016: 1
2015: 1
2014: 128
2013: 0
2012: 228 29
2011: 128
2010: 1
2007: 1
2006: 4
2005: 1
2004: 2
2003: 3
2002: 3
2001: 2
2000: 032
1999: 628
1998: 3
1997: 2
1996: 3

Rate of Unintentional Gun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn Finland, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death per 100,000 population is

2018: 0.0425
2017: 0.04
2016: 0.02
2015: 0.02
2014: 0.02
2013:
2012: 0.04
2011: 0.02
2010: 0.02
2009:
2008:
2007: 0.02
2006: 0.08
2005: 0.02
2004: 0.04
2003: 0.06
2002: 0.06
2001: 0.04
2000:
1999: 0.1228
1998: 0.06
1997: 0.04
1996: 0.06
1994: 0.1243

Unintentional Male Gun Deaths

ChartIn Finland, annual unintentional male shooting deaths total

2018: 125
2017: 2
2016: 1
2015: 1
2014: 1
2013: 0
2012: 2
2011: 1
2010: 1
2007: 1
2006: 4
2005: 1
2004: 2
2003: 3
2001: 2

Rate of Unintentional Male Gun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn Finland, the annual rate of unintentional male shooting death per 100,000 population is

2018: 0.0425
2017: 0.07
2016: 0.04
2015: 0.04
2014: 0.04
2012: 0.08
2011: 0.04
2010: 0.04
2007: 0.04
2006: 0.16
2005: 0.04
2004: 0.08
2003: 0.12
2001: 0.08

Unintentional Female Gun Deaths

ChartIn Finland, annual unintentional female shooting deaths total

2018: 125
2014: 0
2013: 0
2012: 0
2011: 0
2010: 0

Rate of Unintentional Female Gun Death per 100,000 People

In Finland, the annual rate of unintentional female shooting death per 100,000 population is

2018: 0.0425

Unintentional Handgun Deaths

ChartIn Finland, annual unintentional shooting deaths by handgun total

2011: 128
2010: 1
2005: 1
2004: 1
2003: 2
2002: 1
1999: 1
1998: 1
1997: 1
1996: 1

Rate of Unintentional Handgun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn Finland, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death by handgun per 100,000 population is

2011: 0.0228
2010: 0.02
2005: 0.02
2004: 0.02
2003: 0.04
2002: 0.02
1999: 0.02
1998: 0.02
1997: 0.02
1996: 0.02

Unintentional Long Gun Deaths

ChartIn Finland, annual unintentional shooting deaths by long gun total

2014: 128
2012: 2
2007: 1
2006: 3
2004: 1
2003: 1
2002: 2
2001: 2
1999: 5
1998: 2
1997: 1
1996: 2

Rate of Unintentional Long Gun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn Finland, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death by long gun per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.0228
2012: 0.04
2007: 0.02
2006: 0.06
2004: 0.02
2003: 0.02
2002: 0.04
2001: 0.04
1999: 0.10
1998: 0.04
1997: 0.02
1996: 0.04

Unintentional Gun Deaths (Other)

In Finland, annual unintentional shooting deaths by firearm (other) total

2006: 128

Rate of Unintentional Gun Death (Other) per 100,000 People

In Finland, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death by firearm (other) per 100,000 population is

2006: 0.0228

Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Finland, annual shooting deaths in which the cause remains undecided total

2018: 225
2017: 1
2016: 5
2015: 1
2014: 131
2013: 2
2012: 0
2011: 0
2010: 1
2009: 3
2008: 1
2007: 1
2006: 2
2005: 3
2004: 2
2003: 2
2002: 1
2001: 4
2000: 3
1999: 6
1998: 3
1997: 2
1996: 8

Rate of Gun Death from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn Finland, the annual rate of unknown-cause shooting deaths per 100,000 population is

2019: 025
2018: 0.04
2017: 0.02
2016: 0.09
2015: 0.02
2014: 0.02
2013: 0.04
2012: 0
2011: 0
2010: 0.02
2009: 0.06
2008: 0.02
2007: 0.02
2006: 0.04
2005: 0.06
2004: 0.04
2003: 0.04
2002: 0.02
2001: 0.08
2000: 0.06
1999: 0.12
1998: 0.06
1997: 0.04
1996: 0.16
1994: 0.1044

Male Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Finland, annual male shooting deaths in which the cause remains undecided total

2018: 125
2016: 5
2015: 125
2014: 125
2013: 2
2012: 0
2011: 0
2010: 1
2009: 3
2008: 1
2007: 1
2006: 1
2005: 3
2004: 1
2003: 2
2001: 3
2000: 3

Rate of Male Gun Death from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn Finland, the annual rate of unknown-cause male shooting deaths per 100,000 population is

2018: 0.0425
2016: 0.18
2015: 0.04
2014: 0.04
2013: 0.07
2010: 0.04
2009: 0.11
2008: 0.04
2007: 0.04
2006: 0.04
2005: 0.12
2004: 0.04
2003: 0.08
2001: 0.12
2000: 0.12

Female Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Finland, annual female shooting deaths in which the cause remains undecided total

2018: 125
2017: 1
2014: 0
2013: 0
2012: 0
2011: 0
2010: 0
2006: 1
2004: 1
2001: 1

Rate of Female Gun Death from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn Finland, the annual rate of unknown-cause female shooting deaths per 100,000 population is

2018: 0.0425
2017: 0.04
2006: 0.04
2004: 0.04
2001: 0.04

Handgun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Finland, annual deaths by handgun in which the cause remains undecided total

2013: 131
2009: 1
2008: 1
2006: 1
2003: 1
2001: 4
1999: 1
1998: 1
1997: 2
1996: 1

Rate of Handgun Death from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn Finland, the annual rate of unknown-cause handgun deaths per 100,000 population is

2013: 0.0231
2009: 0.02
2008: 0.02
2006: 0.02
2003: 0.02
2001: 0.08
1999: 0.02
1998: 0.02
1997: 0.04
1996: 0.02

Long Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Finland, annual deaths by long gun in which the cause remains undecided total

2013: 131
2009: 2
2007: 1
2006: 1
2005: 3
2000: 2
1999: 4
1998: 2
1996: 6

Rate of Long Gun Death from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn Finland, the annual rate of unknown-cause long gun deaths per 100,000 population is

2013: 0.0231
2009: 0.04
2007: 0.02
2006: 0.02
2005: 0.06
2000: 0.04
1999: 0.08
1998: 0.04
1996: 0.12

Gun Deaths (Other) from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Finland, annual deaths by firearm (other) in which the cause remains undecided total

2014: 131
2010: 1
2004: 2
2003: 1
2002: 1
2000: 1
1999: 1
1996: 1

Rate of Gun Death (Other) from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn Finland, the annual rate of unknown-cause gun deaths (other) per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.0231
2010: 0.02
2004: 0.04
2003: 0.02
2002: 0.02
2000: 0.02
1999: 0.02
1996: 0.02

Legal Intervention Gun Homicides

ChartIn Finland, annual legal-intervention gun homicides total

2015: 125
2014: 1
2009: 1

ProductionGun Industry

Regulation of Firearm Makers

In Finland, the manufacture of small arms, ammunition and/or their components is permitted only if the maker holds a valid licence45 46 47

Small Arms Manufacture - World Ranking

In a classification of the world's small, medium and major firearm manufacturers, Finland was ranked 'small'48

Home-made Guns

In Finland, the prevalence of illicit craft, or 'home-made' firearm manufacture is reported to be low49 5051

TransfersGun Trade and Trafficking

Firearm Exports

In Finland, firearm and ammunition exports are limited by transfer control law52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62

Firearm Exports (Number)

ChartThe annual number of firearms exported from Finland is reported by manufacturers to be

2018: 161,28963
2017: 1,413
2016: 1,448
2015: 1,050
2014: 1,28964
2013: 1,455

Small Arms Exports (US$) - Customs

ChartThe annual value of small arms and ammunition exports from Finland is reported by Customs to be US$

2016: 9,000,00065
2015: 171,441,51166
2014: 185,765,370
2013: 186,203,354
2012: 141,144,84666 67
2011: 65,099,23568
2010: 1,300,00069

Small Arms Exports - World Ranking

In a comparison of the world's major/mid-level/minor/unknown small arms exporters, Finland was categorized as 'major'70 71 72

Firearm Imports

In Finland, firearm and ammunition imports are limited by transfer control law73 54 74 75 55 56 57 58 59 60 61

Firearm Imports (Number)

ChartThe annual number of firearms imported to Finland is reported to be

2018: 21,13563
2017: 51
2013: 67064

Small Arms Imports (US$) - Customs

ChartThe annual value of small arms and ammunition imports to Finland is reported by Customs to be US$

2016: 24,000,00076
2015: 21,909,15466
2014: 26,043,128
2013: 24,366,701
2012: 22,896,51766 77 78
2011: 22,321,55268 79
2010: 21,000,00080

Smuggling Guns and Ammunition

Reports suggest that the level of firearm and ammunition smuggling in Finland is low81 82

Regulation of Arms Brokers

In Finland, the activities of arms brokers and transfer intermediaries are specifically regulated by law83 84 85 86

End User Certificates

Customs regulations in Finland include87 88 certification of the intended end user of any small arms or ammunition transfer, and/or a written declaration of its intended end use

Transparency of Small Arms Transfers

ChartIn its annual Small Arms Trade Transparency Barometer, the Small Arms Survey compares public reporting among major arms exporting nations on a scale from strong to weak (25 to zero). In recent years, Finland scored

2019: 14.7589
2018: 14.5090
2016: 14.7591
2014: 14.7592
2013: 14.2593
2012: 14.2594
2011: 14.0095
2010: 14.2596
2009: 15.0097
2008: 15.0098
2007: 14.7599
2006: 15.00100
2005: 15.50101
2004: 14.75102

MeasuresGun Regulation

Firearm Regulation - Guiding Policy

The regulation of guns in Finland is categorised as restrictive103

Firearm Law

Guiding gun control legislation in Finland includes the Firearms Act and Decree of 1998,104 47 the Act on the Export and Transit of Defence Materiel,105 the Council Directive of 18 June 1991 on Control of the Acquisition and Possession of Weapons,106 107 the European Union Firearms Regulation of 2012, the Common Position on the Control of Arms Brokering of 2003,108 and the Convention of 1 July 1969 on Reciprocal Recognition of Proofmarks on Small Arms109

Firearm Regulation Authority

Guns in Finland are regulated by the Ministry of the Interior and the local Police,110 111 and the European Commission107

Right to Possess Firearms

In Finland, the right to private gun ownership is not guaranteed by law112 113 114

Restricted Firearms and Ammunition

In Finland, civilians are not allowed to possess automatic firearms, disguised firearms, armour piercing and incendiary ammunition115 116

Regulation of Automatic Weapons

In Finland, private possession of fully automatic weapons is prohibited, with few exceptions117 115 116 118 40

Regulation of Semiautomatic Assault Weapons

In Finland, private possession of semi-automatic assault weapons is permitted under licence in some cases117 118 119 120 121

Regulation of Handguns

In Finland, private possession of handguns (pistols and revolvers) is permitted under licence in some cases117 115 122 119 120 121 40

Law Regulates Long Guns

In Finland, civilian possession of rifles and shotguns is regulated by law40

Gun Ownership and Possession

In Finland, only licensed gun owners54 123 124 125 122 119 40 may lawfully acquire, possess or transfer a firearm or ammunition

Genuine Reason Required for Firearm Possession

Applicants for a gun owner’s licence in Finland are required to establish a genuine reason to possess a firearm, for example hunting, target shooting, gun collecting, employment requirements126 117 127 128 129 130

Minimum Age for Firearm Possession

The minimum age for gun ownership in Finland is 18 years, or 15 years with parental consent127 130

Gun Owner Background Checks

An applicant for a firearm licence in Finland must pass a background check which considers criminal background131 130 40 132 records

Reference Required for Firearm Licence

In Finland, third party character references for each gun licence applicant are not required104 133

Domestic Violence and Firearms

Where a past history, or apprehended likelihood of family violence exists, the law in Finland does not stipulate114 that a gun licence should be denied or revoked

Firearm Safety Training

In Finland, an understanding of firearm safety and the law, tested in a theoretical and/or practical training course is required (in the workplace)127 for a firearm licence

Gun Owner Licensing Period

In Finland gun owners are licensed for an indefinite period134 135

Licensing Records

In Finland, authorities maintain a record136 of individual civilians licensed to acquire, possess, sell or transfer a firearm or ammunition

Limit on Number of Guns

Licensed firearm owners in Finland are permitted to possess up to a maximum of 10 firearms114 137

Limit on Quantity, Type of Ammunition

Licensed firearm owners in Finland are permitted to possess any quantity of ammunition114 138

Firearm Registration

Civilian Gun Registration

In Finland, the law requires136 139 118 140 that a record of the acquisition, possession and transfer of each privately held firearm be retained in an official register

Gun Dealer Record Keeping

In Finland, licensed firearm dealers are required141 118 140 to keep a record of each firearm or ammunition purchase, sale or transfer on behalf of a regulating authority

Gun Manufacturer Record Keeping

In Finland, licensed gun makers are required47 to keep a record of each firearm produced, for inspection by a regulating authority

State-Owned Firearm Records

In Finland, State agencies are required139 to maintain records of the storage and movement of all firearms and ammunition under their control

Gun Sales and Transfers

Regulation of Private Gun Sales

In Finland, the private sale and transfer of firearms is prohibited without a permit142

Regulation of Dealer Gun Sales

In Finland, dealing in firearms by way of business without a valid gun dealer’s licence is unlawful45 143 144 145 54 146 120

Regulation of Gun Shows

In Finland, gun shows and temporary firearm dealing events are not regulated114 in law

Storage and Transport of Guns and Ammunition

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Private

Firearm regulations in Finland include147 148 149 127 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of private firearms and ammunition by licensed gun owners

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Dealer

Firearm regulations in Finland include150 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition by licensed arms dealers

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Government

Government regulations in Finland include151 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition by state entities

Firearm and Ammunition Transport Regulations

Regulations in Finland include147 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition while in transit

Carrying Guns

Carrying Guns Openly in Public

In Finland, carrying a firearm in plain view in a public place is prohibited, except for an authorised work assignment152 153 40

Carrying Hidden Handguns in Public

In Finland, carrying a concealed firearm in a public place is prohibited, except for an authorised work assignment152 153 40

Penalty for Illicit Firearm Possession

In Finland, the maximum penalty for unlawful possession of a firearm154 is two years in prison155 156

MeasuresInternational Controls

Regional Agreements

European Union

As a member of the European Union, Finland is bound by the provisions of the ‘EU Firearms Directive’ – the 2007 Legislative Resolution on Control of the Acquisition and Possession of Weapons of the European Parliament157 158

European Union Export Reporting

Under the European Union Common Position on Arms Exports, Finland is bound to declare its transfers of military technology and equipment. Independent monitoring provides detailed comparisons of arms export reporting compliance across EU member states, and records that Finland has submitted one or more national reports159 on its arms transfers

Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development

The Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development, a diplomatic initiative aimed at addressing the interrelations between armed violence and development, was signed in 2006160 by Finland.

Arms Trade Treaty

The Arms Trade Treaty has been signed and ratified161 by Finland

United Nations Firearms Protocol

The United Nations Protocol against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, Their Parts and Components and Ammunition has been signed and ratified162 by Finland

United Nations Small Arms Programme of Action UNPoA

UNPoA Commitment

On 21 July 2001, Finland committed to a consensus decision of the United Nations to adopt, support and implement the UN Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects163

UNPoA Implementation Monitor Score

In its UN small arms Programme of Action Implementation Monitor (PoAIM Phase 1), the Small Arms Survey scored Finland against its commitments to the PoA, then ranked it at No. 9164 165 166 167 among 159 Member States

UNPoA National Reporting

Under the terms of its 2001 commitment to the United Nations small arms Programme of Action, Finland has submitted one or more national reports168 169 on its implementation of the UNPoA

UNPoA National Point of Contact

In Finland, a National Point of Contact to deal with issues relating to the UNPoA has been designated170 169

UNPoA National Coordinating Body

In Finland, a National Coordinating Body to deal with issues relating to the UNPoA has been designated171

UNPoA Civil Society Involvement and Support

In National Reports of Finland submitted to the UN from 2001 to 2010, a history of substantive cooperation with civil society in support of UNPoA activities was apparent170 169

UNPoA International Assistance – Donor

Funds for UNPoA implementation have been donated169 by Finland to other UN Member States

United Nations Small Arms Register

According to the United Nations Register of Conventional Arms, Finland has declared172 its small arms exports in one or more annual National Reports on Arms Exports.

United Nations Membership

In the UN List of Member States, Finland has been a Member State of the United Nations since 1955173

Wassenaar Arrangement

The Wassenaar Arrangement on Export Controls and Conventional Arms and Dual-Use Goods and Technologies lists174 Finland as a Participating State

BackgroundSustainable Development Goal Profile

About SDG 16

The Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) are 17 goals set by the United Nations to be implemented by all member states by 2030. Adopted in 2015, they outline a vision of development in which peace and security are an integral part. SDG 16,175 which seeks to “promote peaceful and inclusive societies for sustainable development,” includes targets and indicators focused on reducing violence (Target 16.1) and the proliferation of illicit arms (Target 16.4). The indicators – or measurement criteria – of these targets include the number of victims of intentional homicide (Indicator 16.1.1), the number of conflict-related deaths (Indicator 16.1.2), and the number of illicit firearms collected and traced (Indicator 16.4.2). In light of these targets and indicators, GunPolicy.org provides granular national data pertaining to homicides, gun homicides, conflict deaths, disarmament efforts, and marking and tracing.

Homicides (any method)

ChartIn Finland, annual homicides by any means total

2018: 9033
2017: 69
2016: 74
2015: 82
2014: 88
2013: 89
2012: 88
2011: 110
2010: 119
2009: 120
2008: 133
2007: 129
2006: 119
2005: 117
2004: 146
2003: 105
2002: 132
2001: 156
2000: 148
1999: 14334
1998: 113
1997: 13934 35
1996: 153
1995: 146

Rate of Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Finland, the annual rate of homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2018: 1.6333
2017: 1.25
2016: 1.35
2015: 1.50
2014: 1.61
2013: 1.64
2012: 1.63
2011: 2.04
2010: 2.22
2009: 2.25
2008: 2.51
2007: 2.44
2006: 2.3
2005: 2.2
2004: 2.8
2003: 2.0
2002: 2.5
2001: 3.0
2000: 2.9
1999: 2.834
1998: 2.2
1997: 2.7
1996: 3.0
1995: 2.9
1994: 3.2436

Male Homicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Finland, annual male homicides by any means total

2018: 6337
2017: 38
2016: 52
2015: 66
2014: 61
2013: 65
2012: 48
2011: 73
2010: 91
2009: 86
2008: 89
2007: 81

Rate of Male Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Finland, the annual rate of male homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2018: 2.3137
2017: 1.40
2016: 1.92
2015: 2.45
2014: 2.27
2013: 2.43
2012: 1.80
2011: 2.76
2010: 3.46
2009: 3.28
2008: 3.41
2007: 3.12

Female Homicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Finland, annual female homicides by any means total

2018: 2737
2017: 31
2016: 22
2015: 16
2014: 27
2013: 24
2012: 40
2011: 37
2010: 28
2009: 34
2008: 44
2007: 48

Rate of Female Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Finland, the annual rate of female homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2018: 0.9637
2017: 1.11
2016: 0.79
2015: 0.57
2014: 0.97
2013: 0.87
2012: 1.45
2011: 1.35
2010: 1.02
2009: 1.25
2008: 1.62
2007: 1.78

Gun Homicides

ChartIn Finland, annual firearm homicides total

2016: 933
2015: 12
2014: 1126
2013: 15
2012: 17
2011: 16
2010: 15
2009: 2226 38 34
2008: 30
2007: 23
2006: 17
2005: 11
2004: 3026 34
2003: 18
2002: 2026
2001: 30
2000: 32
1999: 33
1998: 2226 34
1997: 4026
1996: 34

Rate of Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Finland, the annual rate of firearm homicide per 100,000 population is

2016: 0.2033
2015: 0.1825
2014: 0.20
2013: 0.28
2012: 0.30
2011: 0.33
2010: 0.26
2009: 0.41
2008: 0.57
2007: 0.44
2006: 0.32
2005: 0.21
2004: 0.5726 34
2003: 0.35
2002: 0.3826
2001: 0.58
2000: 0.62
1999: 0.64
1998: 0.4326 34
1997: 0.7826
1996: 0.66
1994: 0.8639

Proportion of Homicides Committed With a Gun

ChartIn Finland, the percentage of homicides committed with a firearm is reported to be

2012: 19%38
2011: 14%38 40
2010: 12%38
2009: 20%38
2008: 23%
2007: 19%
2006: 10%
2005: 25%
2004: 19.6%34
2003: 18%
1998: 19.5%

Male Gun Homicide Victims

ChartIn Finland, annual male firearm homicides total

2016: 233
2015: 10
2014: 9
2013: 9
2012: 8
2011: 10
2010: 12
2009: 12
2008: 12
2007: 10

Rate of Male Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Finland, the annual rate of male firearm homicide per 100,000 population is

2016: 0.1033
2015: 0.40
2014: 0.26
2013: 0.34
2012: 0.26
2011: 0.38
2010: 0.50
2009: 0.46
2008: 0.46
2007: 0.39

Female Gun Homicide Victims

ChartIn Finland, annual female firearm homicides total

2016: 733
2015: 225
2014: 2
2013: 6
2012: 9
2011: 6
2010: 3
2009: 10
2008: 18
2007: 13

Rate of Female Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Finland, the annual rate of female firearm homicide per 100,000 population is

2016: 0.3033
2015: 0.0725
2014: 0.14
2013: 0.22
2012: 0.33
2011: 0.20
2010: 0.11
2009: 0.37
2008: 0.67
2007: 0.48

Conflict Deaths

For a profile of conflict in Finland, select the Link icon to open an external web page from the UCDP Conflict Encyclopedia at Uppsala University

Disarmament

Authorities in Finland are known to have176 implemented voluntary firearm surrender schemes, and/or weapon seizure programmes in order to reduce the number of illicit firearms in circulation

Firearms Surrendered and Seized

ChartIn Finland, the number of firearms voluntarily surrendered, bought back or seized by authorities is reported to be

780619:
2020:
2017: 21,702177
2016: 13,123137
2015: 3,675
2013: 3,149178
2012: 2,642
2011: 3,023
2010: 2,783

Small Arms Destroyed

ChartIn Finland, the number of firearms destroyed following amnesty, collection and seizure programmes is reported to be

2017: 21,658177 179
2016: 14,587
2011: 6,677180
2009: 6,338176

Destruction and Disposal Policy

In Finland, it is state policy181 182 176 to destroy surplus, collected and seized firearms rather than return them to the secondary arms market

Marking and Tracing

Firearm Marking

In Finland, a unique identifying mark on each firearm is required by law183 184 139 185 186 187

Firearm Tracing

In Finland, state authorities carry out183 184 186 140 recognised arms tracing and tracking procedures

Ballistic Record of Firearms and Ammunition

In Finland, the ballistic characteristics of each civilian firearm and its ammunition are not114 recorded in a register

Global Peace Index

To see where Finland ranks, select the Link icon to open an external web page at the Global Peace Index, and then click on Finland on the map or in the "Select Country" menu on the right of the web page


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