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Armed violence prevention, gun control laws and the small arms trade:

Falkland Islands — Gun Facts, Figures and the Law

StockpilesGun Numbers

Civilian Guns

Number of Privately Owned Firearms

The estimated total number of guns (both licit and illicit) held by civilians in the Falkland Islands is

2017: 2,0001

Rate of Civilian Firearm Possession per 100 Population

The estimated rate of private gun ownership (both licit and illicit) per 100 people in the Falkland Islands is

2017: 62.101

Number of Registered Firearms

ChartThe number of registered guns in the Falkland Islands is reported to be

2017: 1,7051
2015: 1,7052

Rate of Registered Firearms per 100 Population

The rate of registered guns per 100 people in the Falkland Islands is

2015: 60.043

Estimated Number of Unregistered and Illicit Firearms

Unregistered and unlawfully held guns cannot be counted,4 but in the Falkland Islands there are estimated to be

2017: 2951

Government Guns

Number of Law Enforcement Firearms

Police in the Falkland Islands are reported to have 305 firearms

ProductionGun Industry

Regulation of Firearm Makers

In the Falkland Islands, the manufacture of small arms, ammunition and/or their components is permitted only if the maker holds a valid licence6

TransfersGun Trade and Trafficking

Firearm Exports

In the Falkland Islands, firearm and ammunition exports are limited by transfer control law7 8 9

Small Arms Exports (US$) - Customs

The annual value of small arms and ammunition exports from the Falkland Islands is reported by Customs to be US$94810 (2006)

Firearm Imports

In the Falkland Islands, firearm and ammunition imports are limited by transfer control law11 8 9

Regulation of Arms Brokers

In the Falkland Islands, the activities of arms brokers and transfer intermediaries are not specifically regulated by law12

End User Certificates

Customs regulations in the Falkland Islands do not include12 certification of the intended end user of any small arms or ammunition transfer, and/or a written declaration of its intended end use

MeasuresGun Regulation

Firearm Regulation - Guiding Policy

The regulation of guns in the Falkland Islands is categorised as restrictive13

Firearm Law

Guiding gun control legislation in the Falkland Islands includes the Firearms and Ammunition Ordinance No. 4 of 1987, as Amended 200914

Firearm Regulation Authority

Guns in the Falkland Islands are regulated by the Chief Police Officer15

Right to Possess Firearms

In the Falkland Islands, the right to private gun ownership is not guaranteed by law16 17

Restricted Firearms and Ammunition

In the Falkland Islands, civilians are not allowed to possess automatic weapons18 19

Gun Ownership and Possession

In the Falkland Islands, only licensed gun owners20 may lawfully acquire, possess or transfer a firearm or ammunition

Genuine Reason Required for Firearm Possession

Applicants for a gun owner’s licence in the Falkland Islands are required to establish a genuine reason to possess a firearm21

Minimum Age for Firearm Possession

The minimum age for gun ownership in the Falkland Islands is 17 years, or as young as 12 years while under supervision22

Gun Owner Background Checks

An applicant for a firearm licence in the Falkland Islands must pass a background check which considers undefined12 records

Reference Required for Firearm Licence

In the Falkland Islands, third party character references for each gun licence applicant are not required12

Partner to be Advised or Interviewed

In the Falkland Islands, licensing authorities are not required12 to conduct interviews with, or to advise an applicant's spouse, partner, or next of kin before issuing a gun licence

Domestic Violence and Firearms

Where a past history, or apprehended likelihood of family violence exists, the law in the Falkland Islands does not stipulate12 that a gun licence should be denied or revoked

Firearm Safety Training

In the Falkland Islands, an understanding of firearm safety and the law, tested in a theoretical and/or practical training course is not required12 for a firearm licence

Gun Owner Licensing Period

In the Falkland Islands gun owners are licensed for an indefinite period or until the licence is revoked or otherwise terminated20

Licensing Records

In the Falkland Islands, authorities maintain a record15 of individual civilians licensed to acquire, possess, sell or transfer a firearm or ammunition

Limit on Number of Guns

Licensed firearm owners in the Falkland Islands are permitted to possess any number of firearms12

Limit on Quantity, Type of Ammunition

Licensed firearm owners in the Falkland Islands are permitted to possess any quantity of ammunition12

Firearm Registration

Civilian Gun Registration

In the Falkland Islands, the law requires15 23 that a record of the acquisition, possession and transfer of each privately held firearm be retained in an official register

Gun Dealer Record Keeping

In the Falkland Islands, licensed firearm dealers are required24 to keep a record of each firearm or ammunition purchase, sale or transfer on behalf of a regulating authority

Gun Manufacturer Record Keeping

In the Falkland Islands, licensed gun makers are required24 to keep a record of each firearm produced, for inspection by a regulating authority

Gun Sales and Transfers

Regulation of Private Gun Sales

In the Falkland Islands, the private sale and transfer of firearms is prohibited unless registered by the chief of Police25 26 27

Regulation of Dealer Gun Sales

In the Falkland Islands, dealing in firearms by way of business without a valid gun dealer’s licence is unlawful28

Waiting Period for Gun Possession

In the Falkland Islands, the minimum wait for a lawful firearm purchase to be completed is undetermined12

Regulation of Gun Shows

In the Falkland Islands, gun shows and temporary firearm dealing events are not regulated12 in law

Storage and Transport of Guns and Ammunition

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Private

Firearm regulations in the Falkland Islands do not include12 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of private firearms and ammunition by licensed gun owners

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Dealer

Firearm regulations in the Falkland Islands include28 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition by licensed arms dealers

Firearm and Ammunition Transport Regulations

Regulations in the Falkland Islands do not include12 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition while in transit

Marking and Tracing Guns and Ammunition

Firearm Marking

In the Falkland Islands, a unique identifying mark on each firearm is not required by law12

Firearm Tracing

In the Falkland Islands, state authorities do not carry out12 recognised arms tracing and tracking procedures

Ballistic Record of Firearms and Ammunition

In the Falkland Islands, the ballistic characteristics of each civilian firearm and its ammunition are not12 recorded in a register

Carrying Guns

Law Regulates Firearms in Public

In the Falkland Islands, carrying a gun in a public place is not regulated by law12

Gun Free Zones

In the Falkland Islands, private guns are prohibited in any public place or any other place specified by the Governor29

Penalty for Illicit Firearm Possession

In the Falkland Islands, the maximum penalty for unlawful possession of a firearm30 is three months and/or a fine31

MeasuresInternational Controls

United Nations Membership

In the UN List of Member States, the Falkland Islands are not a Member State of the United Nations32

Wassenaar Arrangement

The Wassenaar Arrangement on Export Controls and Conventional Arms and Dual-Use Goods and Technologies does not list33 the Falkland Islands as a Participating State


Short References

1.

Karp, Aaron.2018.‘Civilian Firearms Holdings, 2017.’ Estimating Global Civilian-Held Firearms Numbers.Geneva:Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva,18 June. (Q13434)Full Citation

2.

Webb, Gary.2015.‘Number of Registered Firearms.’ Personal E-mail correspondence.Stanley:Falkland Islands Police,9 January. (Q9051)Full Citation

3.

GunPolicy.org.2015.‘Calculated Rates - Falkland Islands.’ Population - CIA The World Factbook.Stanley:Central Intelligence Agency,28 January. (Q9052)Full Citation

4.

GunPolicy.org. 2019. ‘Estimated Number of Illicit Firearms.’ Definition and Selection Criteria.
Sydney School of Public Health, 24 January.
(G14) Full Citation

5.

Karp, Aaron.2018.‘Law Enforcement Firearms Holdings, 2017.’ Estimating Global Law Enforcement Firearms Numbers.Geneva:Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva,18 June. (Q13435)Full Citation

6.

Falkland Islands.2009.‘Manufacture of Firearms and Ammunition.’ Firearms and Ammunition Ordinance No. 4 of 1987, as Amended 2009.Stanley:Falkland Islands Government,1 October. (Q9049)Full Citation

7.

Falkland Islands.2009.‘Firearms and Ammunition Export Licence.’ Firearms and Ammunition Ordinance No. 4 of 1987, as Amended 2009.Stanley:Falkland Islands Government,1 October. (Q9035)Full Citation

8.

Falkland Islands.2009.‘Declaration on Importation or Exportation.’ Firearms and Ammunition Ordinance No. 4 of 1987, as Amended 2009.Stanley:Falkland Islands Government,1 October. (Q9036)Full Citation

9.

Falkland Islands.2009.‘Penalties for Wrongful Importation or Exportation.’ Firearms and Ammunition Ordinance No. 4 of 1987, as Amended 2009.Stanley:Falkland Islands Government,1 October. (Q9037)Full Citation

10.

Marsh, Nicholas.2014.‘Database of Authorised Transfers of Small Arms and Light Weapons.’ NISAT Small Arms Trade Database.Oslo:Norwegian Initiative on Small Arms Transfers,22 December. (Q16)Full Citation

11.

Falkland Islands.2009.‘Firearms and Ammunition Import Licence.’ Firearms and Ammunition Ordinance No. 4 of 1987, as Amended 2009.Stanley:Falkland Islands Government,1 October. (Q9034)Full Citation

12.

Falkland Islands.2009.‘Short Title.’ Firearms and Ammunition Ordinance No. 4 of 1987, as Amended 2009.Stanley:Falkland Islands Government,1 October. (Q12074)Full Citation

13.

Newton, George D and Franklin E Zimring.1969.‘Firearm Licensing: Permissive v Restrictive.’ Firearms & Violence in American Life: A staff report submitted to the National Commission on the Causes and Prevention of Violence.Washington, DC:US Government Printing Office,1 January. (Q22)Full Citation

14.

Falkland Islands.2009.‘Short Title.’ Firearms and Ammunition Ordinance No. 4 of 1987, as Amended 2009.Stanley:Falkland Islands Government,1 October. (Q9030)Full Citation

15.

Falkland Islands.2009.‘Register of Firearms and Licences.’ Firearms and Ammunition Ordinance No. 4 of 1987, as Amended 2009.Stanley:Falkland Islands Government,1 October. (Q9032)Full Citation

16.

Sherman, Amy and Tom Ginsburg.2014.‘Gun Rights in National Constitutions.’ Marco Rubio Says Second Amendment Is Unique in Speech to NRA.Miami, FL:Miami Herald (PolitiFact Florida),29 April. (Q8507)Full Citation

17.

Zachary Elkins, Tom Ginsburg and James Melton. 2013. ‘U.S. Gun Rights Truly Are American Exceptionalism.’ Bloomberg (USA). 7 March. (N422) Full Citation

18.

Falkland Islands.2009.‘Prohibited Weapons and Ammunition.’ Firearms and Ammunition Ordinance No. 4 of 1987, as Amended 2009.Stanley:Falkland Islands Government,1 October. (Q9047)Full Citation

19.

Falkland Islands.2009.‘Prohibited Modification.’ Firearms and Ammunition Ordinance No. 4 of 1987, as Amended 2009.Stanley:Falkland Islands Government,1 October. (Q9048)Full Citation

20.

Falkland Islands.2009.‘Firearm Licence.’ Firearms and Ammunition Ordinance No. 4 of 1987, as Amended 2009.Stanley:Falkland Islands Government,1 October. (Q9041)Full Citation

21.

Falkland Islands.2009.‘Grant, Variation and Revocation of Licences.’ Firearms and Ammunition Ordinance No. 4 of 1987, as Amended 2009.Stanley:Falkland Islands Government,1 October. (Q9033)Full Citation

22.

Falkland Islands.2009.‘Restrictions on Possession by Young Persons.’ Firearms and Ammunition Ordinance No. 4 of 1987, as Amended 2009.Stanley:Falkland Islands Government,1 October. (Q9045)Full Citation

23.

Falkland Islands.2009.‘Registration of Firearms.’ Firearms and Ammunition Ordinance No. 4 of 1987, as Amended 2009.Stanley:Falkland Islands Government,1 October. (Q9040)Full Citation

24.

Falkland Islands.2009.‘Records, Returns and Inspection.’ Firearms and Ammunition Ordinance No. 4 of 1987, as Amended 2009.Stanley:Falkland Islands Government,1 October. (Q9039)Full Citation

25.

Falkland Islands.2009.‘Procedure on Transfer.’ Firearms and Ammunition Ordinance No. 4 of 1987, as Amended 2009.Stanley:Falkland Islands Government,1 October. (Q9043)Full Citation

26.

Falkland Islands.2009.‘Temporary Loans.’ Firearms and Ammunition Ordinance No. 4 of 1987, as Amended 2009.Stanley:Falkland Islands Government,1 October. (Q9044)Full Citation

27.

Falkland Islands.2009.‘Prohibition of Transfer to Intoxicated or Insane Person.’ Firearms and Ammunition Ordinance No. 4 of 1987, as Amended 2009.Stanley:Falkland Islands Government,1 October. (Q9046)Full Citation

28.

Falkland Islands.2009.‘Firearms and Ammunition Dealer's Licence.’ Firearms and Ammunition Ordinance No. 4 of 1987, as Amended 2009.Stanley:Falkland Islands Government,1 October. (Q9038)Full Citation

29.

Falkland Islands.2009.‘Restrictions on Discharge of Firearms.’ Firearms and Ammunition Ordinance No. 4 of 1987, as Amended 2009.Stanley:Falkland Islands Government,1 October. (Q9050)Full Citation

30.

GunPolicy.org. 2015. ‘Penalty for Unlawful Firearm Possession.’ Definition and Selection Criteria.
Sydney School of Public Health, 22 January.
(G93) Full Citation

31.

Falkland Islands.2009.‘Offence of Possession of Firearm Without Licence.’ Firearms and Ammunition Ordinance No. 4 of 1987, as Amended 2009.Stanley:Falkland Islands Government,1 October. (Q9042)Full Citation

32.

UN.2013.‘Member States of the United Nations.’ UN.org Web Site.New York, NY:United Nations General Assembly,7 April. (Q290)Full Citation

33.

Wassenaar Arrangement.1996.‘Introduction: Participating States.’ Wassenaar Arrangement on Export Controls and Conventional Arms and Dual-Use Goods and Technologies.Vienna:Wassenaar Secretariat,12 July. (Q19)Full Citation