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Ethiopia — Gun Facts, Figures and the Law

StockpilesGun Numbers

Civilian Guns

Number of Privately Owned Firearms

ChartThe estimated total number of guns (both licit and illicit) held by civilians in Ethiopia is

2017: 377,0001
2007: 320,0002

Rate of Civilian Firearm Possession per 100 Population

ChartThe estimated rate of private gun ownership (both licit and illicit) per 100 people in Ethiopia is

2017: 0.401
2007: 0.42

Number of Privately Owned Firearms - World Ranking

In a 2007 comparison of the number of privately owned guns in 178 countries, Ethiopia ranked at No. 1013

Rate of Privately Owned Firearms per 100 Population - World Ranking

In a 2007 comparison of the rate of private gun ownership in 178 countries, Ethiopia ranked at No. 1742

Government Guns

Number of Military Firearms

The defence forces of Ethiopia are reported to have 525,6004 firearms

Number of Law Enforcement Firearms

Police in Ethiopia are reported to have 79,0005 firearms

ImpactsDeath and Injury

Homicides (any method)

ChartIn Ethiopia, annual homicides by any means total

2015: 7,5526
2012: 11,0487
2010: 7,419
2008: 20,2398

Rate of Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Ethiopia, the annual rate of homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2015: 7.606
2012: 12.07
2010: 8.47
2008: 25.58
2004: 12.709 8
2002: 20.509
2000: 5.48
1997: 15.55
1995: 14.65

Male Homicide Victims (any method)

In Ethiopia, annual male homicides by any means total

2010: 5,72710

Female Homicide Victims (any method)

In Ethiopia, annual female homicides by any means total

2010: 1,69110

ProductionGun Industry

Regulation of Firearm Makers

In Ethiopia, the manufacture of small arms, ammunition and/or their components is prohibited11 12 13 14

TransfersGun Trade and Trafficking

Firearm Exports

In Ethiopia, firearm and ammunition exports are limited by transfer control law11 15

Small Arms Exports (US$) - Customs

The annual value of small arms and ammunition exports from Ethiopia is reported by Customs to be US$016 (2010)

Firearm Imports

In Ethiopia, firearm and ammunition imports are limited by transfer control law11 15

Small Arms Imports (US$) - Customs

The annual value of small arms and ammunition imports to Ethiopia is reported by Customs to be US$710,19216 (2011)

Regulation of Arms Brokers

In Ethiopia, the activities of arms brokers and transfer intermediaries are not specifically regulated by law17

End User Certificates

Customs regulations in Ethiopia do not include11 15 certification of the intended end user of any small arms or ammunition transfer, and/or a written declaration of its intended end use

MeasuresGun Regulation

Firearm Regulation - Guiding Policy

The regulation of guns in Ethiopia is categorised as restrictive18

Firearm Regulation Authority

Guns in Ethiopia are regulated by the Ethiopian Federal Police Commission and the Ministry of Foreign Affairs19

Right to Possess Firearms

In Ethiopia, the right to private gun ownership is not guaranteed by law20 21

Restricted Firearms and Ammunition

Regulation of Automatic Weapons

In Ethiopia, private possession of fully automatic weapons is not prohibited in law22

Regulation of Handguns

In Ethiopia, private possession of handguns (pistols and revolvers) is permitted under licence23

Gun Ownership and Possession

In Ethiopia, unlicensed, non-disqualified persons of minimum age23 may lawfully acquire, possess or transfer a firearm or ammunition

Genuine Reason Required for Firearm Possession

Applicants for a gun owner’s licence in Ethiopia are required to establish a genuine reason to possess a firearm, for example hunting, target shooting, personal protection, security23

Gun Owner Background Checks

An applicant for a firearm licence in Ethiopia must pass a background check which considers undefined23 records

Reference Required for Firearm Licence

In Ethiopia, third party character references for each gun licence applicant are not required23

Firearm Safety Training

In Ethiopia, an understanding of firearm safety and the law, tested in a theoretical and/or practical training course is not required23 for a firearm licence

Firearm Registration

Civilian Gun Registration

In Ethiopia, the law requires23 24 that a record of the acquisition, possession and transfer of each privately held firearm be retained in an official register

Gun Dealer Record Keeping

In Ethiopia, licensed firearm dealers are not required11 to keep a record of each firearm or ammunition purchase, sale or transfer on behalf of a regulating authority

State-Owned Firearm Records

In Ethiopia, State agencies are required on demand,25 to maintain records of the storage and movement of all firearms and ammunition under their control

Gun Sales and Transfers

Regulation of Private Gun Sales

In Ethiopia, the private sale and transfer of firearms is prohibited11

Regulation of Dealer Gun Sales

In Ethiopia, dealing in firearms by way of business is unlawful11

Storage and Transport of Guns and Ammunition

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Government

Government regulations in Ethiopia do not include25 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition by state entities

Marking and Tracing Guns and Ammunition

Firearm Marking

In Ethiopia, a unique identifying mark on each firearm is not required by law12 24

Firearm Tracing

In Ethiopia, state authorities do not carry out12 recognised arms tracing and tracking procedures

Penalty for Illicit Firearm Possession

In Ethiopia, the maximum penalty for unlawful possession of a firearm26 is 15 years in prison27 28

Collection, Amnesty and Destruction Programmes

Authorities in Ethiopia are known to have29 implemented voluntary firearm surrender schemes, and/or weapon seizure programmes in order to reduce the number of illicit firearms in circulation

Surrendered in Gun Amnesty

In Ethiopia, the number of firearms voluntarily surrendered in recent arms amnesty and collection programmes is reported to be 11,70030 (2006-07)

Small Arms Destroyed

In Ethiopia, the number of firearms destroyed following amnesty, collection and seizure programmes is reported to be 87,50031 (2004-06) and 11,70030 to 20,00029 (2006-07)

MeasuresInternational Controls

Regional Agreements

African Union

In June 2006, as a member of the African Union, Ethiopia adopted an African Common Position to take to the Conference to Review the UN Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA), held in June 200632 33

Regional Centre on Small Arms

In March 2000, as a member of the Regional Centre on Small Arms (RECSA), Ethiopia adopted the Nairobi Declaration on the Problem of Illicit Small Arms and Light Weapons in the Great Lakes Region and the Horn of Africa, then on 21 April 2004 adopted the Nairobi Protocol for the Prevention, Control and Reduction of Small Arms and Light Weapons in the Great Lakes Region, the Horn of Africa and Bordering States, a legally-binding multilateral protocol of which the RECSA is depository. The Nairobi Protocol has since been signed, and ratified34 35 by Ethiopia

Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development

The Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development, a diplomatic initiative aimed at addressing the interrelations between armed violence and development, was signed in 200736 by Ethiopia.

Arms Trade Treaty

The Arms Trade Treaty has not been signed37 by Ethiopia

United Nations Firearms Protocol

The United Nations Protocol against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, Their Parts and Components and Ammunition has been signed and ratified38 by Ethiopia

United Nations Small Arms Programme of Action UNPoA

UNPoA Commitment

On 21 July 2001, Ethiopia committed to a consensus decision of the United Nations to adopt, support and implement the UN Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects39

UNPoA Implementation Monitor Score

In its UN small arms Programme of Action Implementation Monitor (PoAIM Phase 1), the Small Arms Survey scored Ethiopia against its commitments to the PoA, then ranked it at No. 9940 41 42 43 among 159 Member States

UNPoA National Reporting

Under the terms of its 2001 commitment to the United Nations small arms Programme of Action, Ethiopia has submitted one or more national reports44 45 on its implementation of the UNPoA

UNPoA National Point of Contact

In Ethiopia, a National Point of Contact to deal with issues relating to the UNPoA has been designated46 45

UNPoA National Coordinating Body

In Ethiopia, a National Coordinating Body to deal with issues relating to the UNPoA has been designated46 45

UNPoA International Assistance – Donor

Funds for UNPoA implementation have not been donated45 by Ethiopia to other UN Member States

UNPoA International Assistance – Recipient

Funds for UNPoA implementation have been provided45 to Ethiopia by other UN Member States

United Nations Small Arms Register

According to the United Nations Register of Conventional Arms, Ethiopia has not declared47 its small arms exports in one or more annual National Reports on Arms Exports.

United Nations Membership

In the UN List of Member States, Ethiopia has been a Member State of the United Nations since 194548

Wassenaar Arrangement

The Wassenaar Arrangement on Export Controls and Conventional Arms and Dual-Use Goods and Technologies does not list49 Ethiopia as a Participating State

BackgroundCountry Profile

Conflict Profile

For a profile of conflict in Ethiopia, select the Link icon to open an external web page from the UCDP Conflict Encyclopedia at Uppsala University

Global Peace Index

To see where Ethiopia ranks, select the Link icon to open an external web page at the Global Peace Index


Short References

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Karp, Aaron.2018.‘Law Enforcement Firearms Holdings, 2017.’ Estimating Global Law Enforcement Firearms Numbers.Geneva:Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva,18 June. (Q13435)Full Citation

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11.

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12.

Ethiopia.2008.‘Marking, Record Keeping and Tracing.’ National Report of Ethiopia on its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA).New York, NY:Permanent Mission of Ethiopia to the United Nations,1 January. (Q3747)Full Citation

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25.

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27.

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28.

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29.

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32.

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