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Estonia — Gun Facts, Figures and the Law

StockpilesGun Numbers

Civilian Guns

Number of Privately Owned Firearms

ChartThe estimated total number of guns (both licit and illicit) held by civilians in Estonia is

2018: 54,5091
2017: 65,0002
2007: 123,0003

Rate of Civilian Firearm Possession per 100 Population

ChartThe estimated rate of private gun ownership (both licit and illicit) per 100 people in Estonia is

2018: 4.121
2017: 52
2007: 9.23

Number of Privately Owned Rifles

In Estonia, the number of rifles in civilian possession is reported to be 20,0261

Number of Privately Owned Shotguns

In Estonia, the number of shotguns in civilian possession is reported to be 28,2004

Number of Privately Owned Handguns

In Estonia, the number of handguns in civilian possession is reported to be 10,1004

Number of Privately Owned Firearms - World Ranking

In a 2007 comparison of the number of privately owned guns in 178 countries, Estonia ranked at No. 1315

Rate of Privately Owned Firearms per 100 Population - World Ranking

In a 2007 comparison of the rate of private gun ownership in 178 countries, Estonia ranked at No. 653

Proportion of Adults Living in a Home With a Gun

In Estonia, the percentage of adults living in a household with a firearm is reported to be

2015: 3%6

Proportion of Households with Firearms

ChartIn Estonia, the percentage of households with one or more guns is reported to be

2005: 7.0%7
1999/2003: 7.4%
1995/98: 8.3%
1992/94: 7.5%

Proportion of Households with Handguns

ChartIn Estonia, the percentage of households with one or more handguns is reported to be

2005: 3.6%7
1999/2003: 3.5%
1995/98: 3.0%
1992/94: 1.9%

Number of Licensed Firearm Owners

ChartThe number of licensed gun owners in Estonia is reported to be

2018: 26,0131
1999: 31,0004

Rate of Licensed Firearm Owners per 100 Population

ChartThe rate of licensed firearm owners per 100 people in Estonia is

2018: 1.961
1999: 2.238

Number of Registered Firearms

ChartThe number of registered guns in Estonia is reported to be

2017: 47,0002
2007: 47,0003

Rate of Registered Firearms per 100 Population

The rate of registered guns per 100 people in Estonia is

2007: 3.538

Estimated Number of Unregistered and Illicit Firearms

Unregistered and unlawfully held guns cannot be counted,9 but in Estonia there are estimated to be

2017: 18,0002

Government Guns

Number of Military Firearms

The defence forces of Estonia are reported to have 38,76010 firearms

Number of Law Enforcement Firearms

Police in Estonia are reported to have 18,00011 firearms

ImpactsDeath and Injury

Total Number of Gun Deaths

ChartIn Estonia, annual deaths resulting from firearms total

2019: 1812
2018: 21
2017: 26
2016: 15
2015: 17
2014: 1913 14 15
2013: 24
2012: 3413 14 15 16
2011: 4113 14 17 15
2010: 3418
2009: 3813 14 15
2008: 2613 14 17 15
2007: 2413 14 15
2006: 2913 14 17 15
2005: 3813 14 15
2004: 36
2003: 4213 14 17 15
2002: 4813 14 15
2001: 45
2000: 6213 14 17 15
1999: 71
1998: 8213 14 17
1997: 7913 14 17 15
1996: 10713 14 17
1995: 151
1994: 182

Rate of All Gun Deaths per 100,000 People

ChartIn Estonia, the annual rate of all gun deaths per 100,000 population is

2019: 1.4512
2018: 1.68
2017: 2.07
2016: 1.19
2015: 1.34
2014: 1.48
2013: 1.86
2012: 2.62
2011: 3.15
2010: 2.60
2009: 2.90
2008: 1.98
2007: 1.81
2006: 2.18
2005: 2.84
2004: 2.67
2003: 3.09
2002: 3.53
2001: 3.29
2000: 4.49
1999: 5.11
1998: 5.85
1997: 5.59
1996: 7.49
1995: 10.44
1994: 12.40

Total Number of Male Gun Deaths

ChartIn Estonia, annual male deaths resulting from firearms total

2019: 1712
2018: 21
2017: 26
2016: 14
2015: 16
2014: 18
2013: 23
2012: 31
2011: 40
2010: 32
2009: 37
2008: 25
2007: 23
2006: 23
2005: 34
2004: 34
2003: 38
2001: 42
2000: 58

Rate of Male Gun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn Estonia, the annual rate of male gun death per 100,000 population is

2019: 2.9212
2018: 3.59
2017: 4.43
2016: 2.37
2015: 2.70
2014: 3.02
2013: 3.84
2012: 5.15
2011: 6.63
2010: 5.29
2009: 6.11
2008: 4.12
2007: 3.77
2006: 3.75
2005: 5.51
2004: 5.47
2003: 6.07
2001: 6.66
2000: 9.13

Total Number of Female Gun Deaths

ChartIn Estonia, annual female deaths resulting from firearms total

2019: 112
2016: 1
2015: 1
2014: 1
2013: 1
2012: 3
2011: 1
2010: 2
2009: 1
2008: 1
2007: 1
2006: 6
2005: 4
2004: 2
2003: 4
2001: 3
2000: 4

Rate of Female Gun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn Estonia, the annual rate of female gun death per 100,000 population is

2019: 0.1512
2016: 0.15
2015: 0.15
2014: 0.15
2013: 0.14
2012: 0.43
2011: 0.14
2010: 0.28
2009: 0.14
2008: 0.14
2007: 0.14
2006: 0.84
2005: 0.55
2004: 0.27
2003: 0.55
2001: 0.41
2000: 0.54

Homicides (any method)

ChartIn Estonia, annual homicides by any means total

2018: 2819
2017: 29
2016: 33
2015: 45
2014: 41
2013: 52
2012: 63
2011: 6520 21 22
2010: 70
2009: 81
2008: 91
2007: 95
2006: 9120 23
2005: 113
2004: 9120 24
2003: 147
2002: 14220 21
2001: 137
2000: 14320 25
1999: 15725
1998: 196
1997: 17826
1996: 214
1995: 246

Rate of Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Estonia, the annual rate of homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2018: 2.1219
2017: 2.20
2016: 2.51
2015: 3.42
2014: 3.11
2013: 3.94
2012: 4.76
2011: 4.90
2010: 5.25
2009: 6.20
2008: 6.94
2007: 7.22
2006: 6.920 23 27
2005: 8.5
2004: 6.820 24 27
2003: 11.0
2002: 10.520 21 27
2001: 10.1
2000: 10.520 25 27
1999: 11.3225 27
1998: 13.94
1997: 12.2126 27
1996: 14.60
1995: 16.58
1994: 28.2128

Male Homicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Estonia, annual male homicides by any means total

2018: 2329
2017: 21
2016: 24
2015: 34
2014: 32
2013: 34
2012: 46
2011: 51
2010: 54
2009: 56
2008: 71
2007: 76

Rate of Male Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Estonia, the annual rate of male homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2015: 5.4212
2014: 5.57
2013: 5.71
2012: 7.85
2011: 8.48
2010: 7.96
2009: 9.27
2008: 11.73
2007: 12.52

Female Homicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Estonia, annual female homicides by any means total

2018: 529
2017: 8
2016: 9
2015: 11
2014: 9
2013: 18
2012: 17
2011: 14
2010: 16
2009: 25
2008: 20
2007: 19

Rate of Female Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Estonia, the annual rate of female homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2015: 1.4812
2014: 1.32
2013: 2.63
2012: 2.61
2011: 2.01
2010: 2
2009: 3.56
2008: 2.83
2007: 2.68

Gun Homicides

ChartIn Estonia, annual firearm homicides total

2015: 019
2014: 213
2013: 3
2012: 213 16
2011: 913
2010: 5
2009: 7
2008: 313 21
2007: 513
2006: 9
2005: 5
2004: 5
2003: 14
2002: 21
2001: 18
2000: 23
1999: 31
1998: 40
1997: 31
1996: 55
1995: 91
1994: 121

Rate of Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Estonia, the annual rate of firearm homicide per 100,000 population is

2015: 019
2014: 0.10
2013: 0.23
2012: 0.10
2011: 0.69
2010: 0.31
2009: 0.54
2008: 0.23
2007: 0.38
2006: 0.67
2005: 0.37
2004: 0.37
2003: 1.03
2002: 1.55
2001: 1.32
2000: 1.68
1999: 2.25
1998: 2.89
1997: 2.22
1996: 3.89
1995: 6.33
1994: 8.27

Proportion of Homicides Committed With a Gun

ChartIn Estonia, the percentage of homicides committed with a firearm is reported to be

2011: 6%22
2008: 3.9%21

Male Gun Homicide Victims

ChartIn Estonia, annual male firearm homicides total

2018: 212
2016: 3
2015: 112
2014: 1
2013: 2
2012: 1
2011: 3
2010: 4
2009: 5
2008: 2
2007: 4
2006: 3
2005: 2
2004: 5
2003: 5
2001: 10
2000: 4

Rate of Male Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Estonia, the annual rate of male firearm homicide per 100,000 population is

2018: 0.3412
2017:
2016: 0.51
2015:
2014: 0.17
2013: 0.34
2012: 0.17
2011: 0.50
2010: 0.66
2009: 0.83
2008: 0.33
2007: 0.66
2006: 0.49
2005: 0.33
2004: 0.81
2003: 0.80
2001: 1.59
2000: 0.63

Female Gun Homicide Victims

ChartIn Estonia, annual female firearm homicides total

2015: 112
2014: 1
2013: 1
2012: 1
2011: 0
2010: 0
2009: 1
2008: 1

Rate of Female Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Estonia, the annual rate of female firearm homicide per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.1019
2013: 0.10
2012: 0.14
2011: 0
2010: 0
2009: 0.14
2008: 0.14

Handgun Homicides

ChartIn Estonia, annual handgun homicides total

2014: 113
2013: 1
2012: 1
2011: 3
2009: 1
2007: 1
2006: 4
2005: 3
2003: 7
2002: 7
2001: 4
2000: 17
1999: 24
1998: 33
1997: 23

Rate of Handgun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Estonia, the annual rate of handgun homicide per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.0813
2013: 0.08
2012: 0.08
2011: 0.22
2009: 0.07
2007: 0.07
2006: 0.30
2005: 0.22
2003: 0.52
2002: 0.52
2001: 0.29
2000: 1.24
1999: 1.74
1998: 2.38
1997: 1.64

Long Gun Homicides

ChartIn Estonia, annual long gun homicides total

2011: 313
2009: 1
2006: 1
2003: 2
2001: 3
2000: 2
1999: 4
1998: 5
1997: 6

Rate of Long Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Estonia, the annual rate of long gun homicide per 100,000 population is

2011: 0.2213
2009: 0.07
2006: 0.07
2003: 0.15
2001: 0.22
2000: 0.15
1999: 0.29
1998: 0.36
1997: 0.43

Gun Homicides (Other)

ChartIn Estonia, annual gun homicides (other) total

2014: 113
2013: 2
2012: 1
2011: 3
2010: 4
2009: 5
2008: 3
2007: 4
2006: 4
2005: 2
2004: 5
2003: 5
2002: 14
2001: 11
2000: 4
1999: 3
1998: 2
1997: 2

Rate of Gun Homicide (Other) per 100,000 People

ChartIn Estonia, the annual rate of gun homicide (other) per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.08 13
2013: 0.15
2012: 0.08
2011: 0.22
2010: 0.30
2009: 0.37
2008: 0.22
2007: 0.30
2006: 0.30
2005: 0.15
2004: 0.37
2003: 0.37
2002: 1.03
2001: 0.81
2000: 0.29
1999: 0.22
1998: 0.14
1997: 0.14

Suicides (any method)

ChartIn Estonia, annual suicides by any means total

2019: 20812
2018: 212
2017: 250
2016: 193
2015: 210
2014: 255
2013: 235
2012: 265
2011: 243
2010: 244
2009: 292
2008: 261
2007: 271
2006: 261
2005: 297
2004: 347
2003: 365
2001: 426
2000: 408
1999: 46930

Rate of Suicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Estonia, the annual rate of suicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2019: 16.8212
2018: 17.04
2017: 19.97
2016: 15.34
2015: 16.60
2014: 20.04
2013: 18.36
2012: 20.56
2011: 18.73
2010: 18.73
2009: 22.33
2008: 19.90
2007: 20.59
2006: 19.73
2005: 22.30
2004: 25.89
2003: 27.05
2001: 31.11
2000: 29.57
1999: 35.4530
1994: 40.9531

Male Suicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Estonia, annual male suicides by any means total

2019: 16512
2018: 166
2017: 196
2016: 156
2015: 173
2014: 207
2013: 188
2012: 217
2011: 202
2010: 201
2009: 243
2008: 208
2007: 224
2006: 205
2005: 242
2004: 286
2003: 299
2001: 339
2000: 318

Rate of Male Suicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Estonia, the annual rate of male suicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2019: 28.4812
2018: 28.51
2017: 33.51
2016: 26.55
2015: 29.32
2014: 34.94
2013: 31.59
2012: 36.26
2011: 33.58
2010: 33.32
2009: 40.20
2008: 34.36
2007: 36.91
2006: 33.62
2005: 39.46
2004: 46.34
2003: 48.12
2001: 53.75
2000: 50.05

Female Suicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Estonia, annual female suicides by any means total

2019: 4312
2018: 46
2017: 54
2016: 37
2015: 37
2014: 4812
2013: 47
2012: 48
2011: 41
2010: 43
2009: 49
2008: 53
2007: 47
2006: 56
2005: 55
2004: 61
2003: 66
2001: 87
2000: 90

Rate of Female Suicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Estonia, the annual rate of female suicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2019: 6.5412
2018: 6.95
2017: 8.10
2016: 5.51
2015: 5.48
2014: 7.06
2013: 6.86
2012: 6.95
2011: 5.89
2010: 6.15
2009: 6.97
2008: 7.51
2007: 6.63
2006: 7.85
2005: 7.66
2004: 8.43
2003: 9.06
2001: 11.78
2000: 12.09

Gun Suicides

ChartIn Estonia, annual firearm suicides total

2019: 1512
2018: 16
2017: 24
2016: 10
2015: 15
2014: 1414
2013: 17
2012: 28 16
2011: 25
2010: 21
2009: 23
2008: 19
2007: 18
2006: 14
2005: 24
2004: 24
2003: 23
2002: 21
2001: 25
2000: 31
1999: 32
1998: 40
1997: 40
1996: 48
1995: 54
1994: 47

Rate of Gun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Estonia, the annual rate of firearm suicide per 100,000 population is

2019: 1.2112
2018: 1.28
2017: 1.91
2016: 0.79
2015: 1.18
2014: 1.09
2013: 1.32
2012: 2.16
2011: 1.92
2010: 1.61
2009: 1.75
2008: 1.44
2007: 1.36
2006: 1.05
2005: 1.79
2004: 1.78
2003: 1.69
2002: 1.55
2001: 1.83
2000: 2.25
1999: 2.33
1998: 2.89
1997: 2.86
1996: 3.39
1995: 3.76
1994: 3.21

Male Gun Suicide Victims

ChartIn Estonia, annual male firearm suicides total

2019: 1512
2018: 16
2017: 24
2016: 10
2015: 14
2014: 14
2013: 17
2012: 27
2011: 24
2010: 20
2009: 23
2008: 19
2007: 17
2006: 14
2005: 22
2004: 22
2003: 23
2001: 24
2000: 29

Rate of Male Gun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Estonia, the annual rate of male firearm suicide per 100,000 population is

2019: 2.5912
2018: 2.75
2017: 4.10
2016: 1.70
2015: 2.37
2014: 2.36
2013: 2.86
2012: 4.51
2011: 3.99
2010: 3.32
2009: 3.81
2008: 3.14
2007: 2.80
2006: 2.30
2005: 3.59
2004: 3.56
2003: 3.70
2001: 3.81
2000: 4.56

Female Gun Suicide Victims

ChartIn Estonia, annual female firearm suicides total

2015: 112
2014: 0
2013: 0
2012: 1
2011: 1
2010: 1
2007: 1
2005: 2
2004: 2
2001: 1
2000: 2

Rate of Female Gun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Estonia, the annual rate of female firearm suicide per 100,000 population is

2015: 0.1512
2012: 0.14
2011: 0.14
2010: 0.14
2007: 0.14
2005: 0.28
2004: 0.28
2001: 0.14
2000: 0.27

Handgun Suicides

ChartIn Estonia, annual handgun suicides total

2014: 214
2013: 6
2012: 7
2011: 2
2010: 4
2009: 3
2008: 1
2007: 3
2006: 2
2005: 4
2004: 5
2003: 8
2002: 7
2001: 9
2000: 19
1999: 21
1998: 26
1997: 22

Rate of Handgun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Estonia, the annual rate of handgun suicide per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.1514
2013: 0.46
2012: 0.53
2011: 0.15
2010: 0.30
2009: 0.22
2008: 0.07
2007: 0.22
2006: 0.15
2005: 0.30
2004: 0.37
2003: 0.59
2002: 0.52
2001: 0.66
2000: 1.39
1999: 1.53
1998: 1.88
1997: 1.57

Long Gun Suicides

ChartIn Estonia, the number of long gun suicides is

2014: 214
2013: 2
2012: 7
2011: 7
2010: 7
2009: 3
2008: 3
2007: 7
2006: 5
2005: 6
2004: 11
2003: 7
2002: 7
2001: 7
2000: 6
1999: 8
1998: 9
1997: 8

Rate of Long Gun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Estonia, the annual rate of long gun suicide per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.1514
2013: 0.15
2012: 0.53
2011: 0.52
2010: 0.52
2009: 0.22
2008: 0.22
2007: 0.52
2006: 0.37
2005: 0.45
2004: 0.82
2003: 0.52
2002: 0.52
2001: 0.51
2000: 0.44
1999: 0.58
1998: 0.65
1997: 0.57

Gun Suicides (Other)

ChartIn Estonia, annual gun suicides (other) total

2014: 1014
2013: 9
2012: 14
2011: 16
2010: 10
2009: 17
2008: 15
2007: 8
2006: 7
2005: 14
2004: 8
2003: 8
2002: 7
2001: 9
2000: 6
1999: 3
1998: 5
1997: 10

Rate of Gun Suicide (Other) per 100,000 People

ChartIn Estonia, the annual rate of gun suicide (other) per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.7614
2013: 0.68
2012: 1.05
2011: 1.19
2010: 0.75
2009: 1.27
2008: 1.12
2007: 0.60
2006: 0.52
2005: 1.04
2004: 0.59
2003: 0.59
2002: 0.52
2001: 0.66
2000: 0.44
1999: 0.22
1998: 0.36
1997: 0.71

Unintentional Gun Deaths

ChartIn Estonia, annual unintentional shooting deaths total

2018: 112
2014: 0
2013: 0
2012: 0
2011: 217
2010: 1
2008: 1
2006: 1
2003: 1
2000: 1
1999: 1
1998: 2
1997: 2
1996: 4
1995: 6
1994: 14

Rate of Unintentional Gun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn Estonia, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.2412
2013: 0.31
2012: 0.31
2011: 0.1512
2010: 0.08
2008: 0.08
2006: 0.07
2003: 0.07
2000: 0.07
1999: 0.07
1998: 0.14
1997: 0.14
1996: 0.28
1995: 0.42
1994: 0.9617 32

Unintentional Male Gun Deaths

ChartIn Estonia, annual unintentional male shooting deaths total

2018: 112
2014: 0
2013: 0
2012: 0
2011: 2
2010: 1
2008: 1
2003: 1
2000: 1

Rate of Unintentional Male Gun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn Estonia, the annual rate of unintentional male shooting death per 100,000 population is

2018: 0.1712
2011: 0.33
2010: 0.17
2008: 0.17
2003: 0.16
2000: 0.16

Unintentional Female Gun Deaths

ChartIn Estonia, annual unintentional female shooting deaths total

2014: 012
2013: 0
2012: 0
2011: 0
2010: 0
2006: 1

Rate of Unintentional Female Gun Death per 100,000 People

In Estonia, the annual rate of unintentional female shooting death per 100,000 population is

2006: 0.1412

Unintentional Handgun Deaths

ChartIn Estonia, annual unintentional shooting deaths by handgun total

2011: 117
2003: 1
1999: 1
1998: 1

Rate of Unintentional Handgun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn Estonia, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death by handgun per 100,000 population is

2011: 0.0717
2003: 0.07
1999: 0.07
1998: 0.07

Unintentional Long Gun Deaths

ChartIn Estonia, annual unintentional shooting deaths by long gun total

2011: 117
2000: 1
1998: 1

Rate of Unintentional Long Gun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn Estonia, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death by long gun per 100,000 population is

2011: 0.0717
2000: 0.07
1998: 0.07

Unintentional Gun Deaths (Other)

ChartIn Estonia, annual unintentional shooting deaths by firearm (other) total

2010: 117
2008: 1
2006: 1
1997: 2

Rate of Unintentional Gun Death (Other) per 100,000 People

ChartIn Estonia, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death by firearm (other) per 100,000 population is

2010: 0.0717
2008: 0.07
2006: 0.07
1997: 0.14

Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Estonia, annual shooting deaths in which the cause remains undecided total

2019: 212
2018: 2
2017: 2
2016: 1
2015: 2
2014: 315
2013: 4
2012: 4 16
2011: 515
2010: 8
2009: 8
2008: 3
2007: 1
2006: 5
2005: 9
2004: 7
2003: 4
2002: 6
2001: 2
2000: 7
1999: 7
1997: 6

Rate of Gun Death from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn Estonia, the annual rate of unknown-cause shooting deaths per 100,000 population is

2019: 0.1612
2018: 0.16
2017: 0.16
2016: 0.08
2015: 0.16
2014: 0.24
2013: 0.31
2012: 0.31
2011: 0.39
2010: 0.61
2009: 0.61
2008: 0.23
2007: 0.08
2006: 0.38
2005: 0.68
2004: 0.52
2003: 0.30
2002: 0.44
2001: 0.15
2000: 0.51
1999: 0.51
1997: 0.43
1994: 0.6733

Male Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Estonia, annual male shooting deaths in which the cause remains undecided total

2019: 112
2018: 2
2017: 2
2016: 1
2015: 212
2014: 312
2013: 4
2012: 3
2011: 5
2010: 7
2009: 8
2008: 3
2007: 1
2006: 4
2005: 7
2004: 7
2003: 3
2001: 2
2000: 7

Rate of Male Gun Death from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn Estonia, the annual rate of unknown-cause male shooting deaths per 100,000 population is

2019: 0.1712
2018: 0.34
2017: 0.34
2016: 0.17
2015: 0.34
2014: 0.51
2013: 0.67
2012: 0.50
2011: 0.83
2010: 1.16
2009: 1.32
2008: 0.50
2007: 0.16
2006: 0.66
2005: 1.14
2004: 1.13
2003: 0.48
2001: 0.32
2000: 1.10

Female Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Estonia, annual female shooting deaths in which the cause remains undecided total

2019: 112
2014: 0
2013: 0
2012: 1
2011: 0
2010: 1
2006: 1
2005: 2
2003: 1

Rate of Female Gun Death from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn Estonia, the annual rate of unknown-cause female shooting deaths per 100,000 population is

2019: 0.1512
2012: 0.14
2010: 0.14
2006: 0.14
2005: 0.28
2003: 0.14

Handgun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Estonia, annual deaths by handgun in which the cause remains undecided total

2010: 115
2009: 1
2006: 2
2005: 2
2004: 1
2002: 1
2000: 4
1999: 3
1997: 6

Rate of Handgun Death from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn Estonia, the annual rate of unknown-cause handgun deaths per 100,000 population is

2010: 0.0715
2009: 0.07
2006: 0.15
2005: 0.15
2004: 0.07
2002: 0.07
2000: 0.29
1999: 0.22
1997: 0.43

Long Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Estonia, annual deaths by long gun in which the cause remains undecided total

2012: 115
2010: 2
2007: 1
2004: 2
2003: 1
2002: 1
2001: 1
2000: 2
1999: 3

Rate of Long Gun Death from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn Estonia, the annual rate of unknown-cause long gun deaths per 100,000 population is

2012: 0.0815
2010: 0.15
2007: 0.07
2004: 0.15
2003: 0.07
2002: 0.07
2001: 0.07
2000: 0.15
1999: 0.22

Gun Deaths (Other) from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Estonia, annual deaths by firearm (other) in which the cause remains undecided total

2014: 315
2013: 4
2012: 3
2011: 5
2010: 5
2009: 7
2008: 3
2006: 3
2005: 7
2004: 4
2003: 3
2002: 4
2001: 1
2000: 1
1999: 1

Rate of Gun Death (Other) from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn Estonia, the annual rate of unknown-cause gun deaths (other) per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.2315
2013: 0.30
2012: 0.23
2011: 0.37
2010: 0.37
2009: 0.52
2008: 0.22
2006: 0.22
2005: 0.52
2004: 0.30
2003: 0.22
2002: 0.29
2001: 0.07
2000: 0.07
1999: 0.07

ProductionGun Industry

Regulation of Firearm Makers

In Estonia, the manufacture of small arms, ammunition and/or their components is permitted only if the maker holds a valid licence,34 35 36 but is not conducted in practice 37

Home-made Guns

In Estonia, the prevalence of illicit craft, or 'home-made' firearm manufacture is reported to be low38

TransfersGun Trade and Trafficking

Firearm Exports

In Estonia, firearm and ammunition exports are limited by transfer control law39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50

Firearm Exports (Number)

ChartThe annual number of firearms exported from Estonia is reported by manufacturers to be

2020: 2,80751
2019: 966
2018: 524
2017: 424
2016: 724
2015: 1,445
2014: 80452
2013: 243

Small Arms Exports (US$) - Customs

The annual value of small arms and ammunition exports from Estonia is reported by Customs to be US$718,49953 (2011)

Firearm Imports

In Estonia, firearm and ammunition imports are limited by transfer control law39 40 41 42 54 44 45 46 47 48 55

Firearm Imports (Number)

ChartThe annual number of firearms imported to Estonia is reported to be

2020: 8,66451
2019: 1,868
2018: 1,716
2017: 4,66851
2016: 2,148
2015: 3,072
2014: 3,57052
2013: 2,125

Small Arms Imports (US$) - Customs

ChartThe annual value of small arms and ammunition imports to Estonia is reported by Customs to be US$

2017: 28,000,00056
2016: 18,000,00057
2015: 24,000,00058
2014: 16,000,00059
2012: 54,000,00060
2011: 22,000,00061
2010: 56,000,00062
2009: 49,000,00063
2008: 19,000,00064

Smuggling Guns and Ammunition

Reports suggest that the level of firearm and ammunition smuggling in Estonia is low65 66

Regulation of Arms Brokers

In Estonia, the activities of arms brokers and transfer intermediaries are specifically regulated by law67 68 69

End User Certificates

Customs regulations in Estonia include70 certification of the intended end user of any small arms or ammunition transfer, and/or a written declaration of its intended end use

MeasuresGun Regulation

Firearm Regulation - Guiding Policy

The regulation of guns in Estonia is categorised as restrictive71

Firearm Law

Guiding gun control legislation in Estonia includes the Weapons Act 2001,72 the Strategic Goods Act,44 73 Directive (EU) 2021/555 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 24 March 2021 on control of the acquisition and possession of weapons ,74 75 the European Union Firearms Regulation of 2012 and the Common Position on the Control of Arms Brokering of 200376

Firearm Regulation Authority

Guns in Estonia are regulated by the Government of the Republic of Estonia and the Minister of Internal Affairs, and the Police,77 78 79 and the European Commission75

Right to Possess Firearms

In Estonia, the right to private gun ownership is not guaranteed by law80 81 82

Restricted Firearms and Ammunition

In Estonia, civilians are not allowed to possess smoothbore guns with an overall length of less than 840mm, automatic firearms, military weapons, armour-piercing, explosive, incendiary, or hollow-pointed ammunition, and silencers, laser or night sight devices83 84 85 86 87 88

Regulation of Automatic Weapons

In Estonia, private possession of fully automatic weapons is prohibited83 84 87 88 22

Regulation of Semiautomatic Assault Weapons

In Estonia, private possession of semi-automatic assault weapons is permitted under licence83 89 90 88

Regulation of Handguns

In Estonia, private possession of handguns (pistols and revolvers) is permitted under licence91 84 87 89 90 88 22

Law Regulates Long Guns

In Estonia, civilian possession of rifles and shotguns is regulated by law83 91 22

Gun Ownership and Possession

In Estonia, only licensed gun owners92 93 94 95 96 97 98 87 89 22 may lawfully acquire, possess or transfer a firearm or ammunition

Genuine Reason Required for Firearm Possession

Applicants for a gun owner’s licence in Estonia are required to establish a genuine reason to possess a firearm, for example hunting, target shooting, collection, personal protection, security, and during filming or performance99 93 100 96 101 102 103

Minimum Age for Firearm Possession

The minimum age for gun ownership in Estonia is 18 years for sporting and hunting firearms, shotguns, gas and air-powered firearms, and 21 for all other firearms104 96 103

Gun Owner Background Checks

An applicant for a firearm licence in Estonia must pass a background check which considers criminal, medical, mental health, addiction, and military105 106 96 107 108 79 103 22 records

Reference Required for Firearm Licence

In Estonia, third party character references for each gun licence applicant are not required82

Domestic Violence and Firearms

Where a past history, or apprehended likelihood of family violence exists, the law in Estonia does not stipulate82 that a gun licence should be denied or revoked

Firearm Safety Training

In Estonia, an understanding of firearm safety and the law, tested in a theoretical and/or practical training course is required79 109 for a firearm licence

Gun Owner Licensing Period

In Estonia, gun owners must re-apply and re-qualify for their firearm licence every five years92 110 111

Licensing Records

In Estonia, authorities maintain a record94 84 112 of individual civilians licensed to acquire, possess, sell or transfer a firearm or ammunition

Limit on Quantity, Type of Ammunition

Licensed firearm owners in Estonia are permitted to possess a limited quantity of ammunition92 113 49

Firearm Registration

Civilian Gun Registration

In Estonia, the law requires114 94 115 84 112 86 116 117 that a record of the acquisition, possession and transfer of each privately held firearm be retained in an official register

Gun Dealer Record Keeping

In Estonia, licensed firearm dealers are required118 115 84 112 94 117 to keep a record of each firearm or ammunition purchase, sale or transfer on behalf of a regulating authority

Gun Manufacturer Record Keeping

In Estonia, licensed gun makers are required118 114 119 115 112 86 to keep a record of each firearm produced, for inspection by a regulating authority

State-Owned Firearm Records

In Estonia, State agencies are required78 115 116 120 to maintain records of the storage and movement of all firearms and ammunition under their control

Gun Sales and Transfers

Regulation of Private Gun Sales

In Estonia, the private sale and transfer of firearms is prohibited unless with a special permit and conducted by a police officer121 122

Regulation of Dealer Gun Sales

In Estonia, dealing in firearms by way of business without a valid gun dealer’s licence is unlawful35 36 123 68 90

Background Checks for Private Gun Sales

The buyer of a firearm in a private sale in Estonia is obliged105 to pass official background checks before taking possession

Background Checks for Dealer Gun Sales

The buyer of a firearm from a licensed gun dealer in Estonia is obliged105 to pass official background checks before taking possession

Storage and Transport of Guns and Ammunition

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Private

Firearm regulations in Estonia include124 125 110 126 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of private firearms and ammunition by licensed gun owners

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Dealer

Firearm regulations in Estonia include124 34 123 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition by licensed arms dealers

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Government

Government regulations in Estonia include127 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition by state entities

Firearm and Ammunition Transport Regulations

Regulations in Estonia include128 129 130 54 43 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition while in transit

Carrying Guns

Carrying Guns Openly in Public

In Estonia, carrying a firearm in plain view in a public place is prohibited131 110 22

Carrying Hidden Handguns in Public

In Estonia, carrying a concealed firearm in a public place is allowed, subject to a valid permit131 110 22

Gun Free Zones

In Estonia, private guns are prohibited in public events132

Penalty for Illicit Firearm Possession

In Estonia, the maximum penalty for unlawful possession of a firearm133 is up to three years in prison or a fine110 73 134 135

MeasuresInternational Controls

Regional Agreements

European Union

As a member of the European Union, Estonia is bound by the provisions of the ‘EU Firearms Directive’ – the 2007 Legislative Resolution on Control of the Acquisition and Possession of Weapons of the European Parliament136 137

European Union Export Reporting

Under the European Union Common Position on Arms Exports, Estonia is bound to declare its transfers of military technology and equipment. Independent monitoring provides detailed comparisons of arms export reporting compliance across EU member states, and records that Estonia has submitted one or more national reports138 on its arms transfers

Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development

The Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development, a diplomatic initiative aimed at addressing the interrelations between armed violence and development, was not signed139 by Estonia.

Arms Trade Treaty

The Arms Trade Treaty has been signed and ratified140 by Estonia

United Nations Firearms Protocol

The United Nations Protocol against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, Their Parts and Components and Ammunition has been signed and ratified141 by Estonia

United Nations Small Arms Programme of Action UNPoA

UNPoA Commitment

On 21 July 2001, Estonia committed to a consensus decision of the United Nations to adopt, support and implement the UN Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects142

UNPoA Implementation Monitor Score

In its UN small arms Programme of Action Implementation Monitor (PoAIM Phase 1), the Small Arms Survey scored Estonia against its commitments to the PoA, then ranked it at No. 10143 144 145 146 among 159 Member States

UNPoA National Reporting

Under the terms of its 2001 commitment to the United Nations small arms Programme of Action, Estonia has submitted one or more national reports147 148 on its implementation of the UNPoA

UNPoA National Point of Contact

In Estonia, a National Point of Contact to deal with issues relating to the UNPoA has been designated149 148

UNPoA National Coordinating Body

In Estonia, a National Coordinating Body to deal with issues relating to the UNPoA has not been designated149 148

UNPoA Civil Society Involvement and Support

In National Reports of Estonia submitted to the UN from 2001 to 2010, a history of substantive cooperation with civil society in support of UNPoA activities was not apparent149 148

UNPoA International Assistance – Donor

Funds for UNPoA implementation have been donated148 by Estonia to other UN Member States

United Nations Small Arms Register

According to the United Nations Register of Conventional Arms, Estonia has declared150 its small arms exports in one or more annual National Reports on Arms Exports.

United Nations Membership

In the UN List of Member States, Estonia has been a Member State of the United Nations since 1991151

Wassenaar Arrangement

The Wassenaar Arrangement on Export Controls and Conventional Arms and Dual-Use Goods and Technologies lists152 Estonia as a Participating State

BackgroundSustainable Development Goal Profile

About SDG 16

The Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) are 17 goals set by the United Nations to be implemented by all member states by 2030. Adopted in 2015, they outline a vision of development in which peace and security are an integral part. SDG 16,153 which seeks to “promote peaceful and inclusive societies for sustainable development,” includes targets and indicators focused on reducing violence (Target 16.1) and the proliferation of illicit arms (Target 16.4). The indicators – or measurement criteria – of these targets include the number of victims of intentional homicide (Indicator 16.1.1), the number of conflict-related deaths (Indicator 16.1.2), and the number of illicit firearms collected and traced (Indicator 16.4.2). In light of these targets and indicators, GunPolicy.org provides granular national data pertaining to homicides, gun homicides, conflict deaths, disarmament efforts, and marking and tracing.

Homicides (any method)

ChartIn Estonia, annual homicides by any means total

2018: 2819
2017: 29
2016: 33
2015: 45
2014: 41
2013: 52
2012: 63
2011: 6520 21 22
2010: 70
2009: 81
2008: 91
2007: 95
2006: 9120 23
2005: 113
2004: 9120 24
2003: 147
2002: 14220 21
2001: 137
2000: 14320 25
1999: 15725
1998: 196
1997: 17826
1996: 214
1995: 246

Rate of Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Estonia, the annual rate of homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2018: 2.1219
2017: 2.20
2016: 2.51
2015: 3.42
2014: 3.11
2013: 3.94
2012: 4.76
2011: 4.90
2010: 5.25
2009: 6.20
2008: 6.94
2007: 7.22
2006: 6.920 23 27
2005: 8.5
2004: 6.820 24 27
2003: 11.0
2002: 10.520 21 27
2001: 10.1
2000: 10.520 25 27
1999: 11.3225 27
1998: 13.94
1997: 12.2126 27
1996: 14.60
1995: 16.58
1994: 28.2128

Male Homicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Estonia, annual male homicides by any means total

2018: 2329
2017: 21
2016: 24
2015: 34
2014: 32
2013: 34
2012: 46
2011: 51
2010: 54
2009: 56
2008: 71
2007: 76

Rate of Male Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Estonia, the annual rate of male homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2015: 5.4212
2014: 5.57
2013: 5.71
2012: 7.85
2011: 8.48
2010: 7.96
2009: 9.27
2008: 11.73
2007: 12.52

Female Homicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Estonia, annual female homicides by any means total

2018: 529
2017: 8
2016: 9
2015: 11
2014: 9
2013: 18
2012: 17
2011: 14
2010: 16
2009: 25
2008: 20
2007: 19

Rate of Female Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Estonia, the annual rate of female homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2015: 1.4812
2014: 1.32
2013: 2.63
2012: 2.61
2011: 2.01
2010: 2
2009: 3.56
2008: 2.83
2007: 2.68

Gun Homicides

ChartIn Estonia, annual firearm homicides total

2015: 019
2014: 213
2013: 3
2012: 213 16
2011: 913
2010: 5
2009: 7
2008: 313 21
2007: 513
2006: 9
2005: 5
2004: 5
2003: 14
2002: 21
2001: 18
2000: 23
1999: 31
1998: 40
1997: 31
1996: 55
1995: 91
1994: 121

Rate of Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Estonia, the annual rate of firearm homicide per 100,000 population is

2015: 019
2014: 0.10
2013: 0.23
2012: 0.10
2011: 0.69
2010: 0.31
2009: 0.54
2008: 0.23
2007: 0.38
2006: 0.67
2005: 0.37
2004: 0.37
2003: 1.03
2002: 1.55
2001: 1.32
2000: 1.68
1999: 2.25
1998: 2.89
1997: 2.22
1996: 3.89
1995: 6.33
1994: 8.27

Proportion of Homicides Committed With a Gun

ChartIn Estonia, the percentage of homicides committed with a firearm is reported to be

2011: 6%22
2008: 3.9%21

Male Gun Homicide Victims

ChartIn Estonia, annual male firearm homicides total

2018: 212
2016: 3
2015: 112
2014: 1
2013: 2
2012: 1
2011: 3
2010: 4
2009: 5
2008: 2
2007: 4
2006: 3
2005: 2
2004: 5
2003: 5
2001: 10
2000: 4

Rate of Male Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Estonia, the annual rate of male firearm homicide per 100,000 population is

2018: 0.3412
2017:
2016: 0.51
2015:
2014: 0.17
2013: 0.34
2012: 0.17
2011: 0.50
2010: 0.66
2009: 0.83
2008: 0.33
2007: 0.66
2006: 0.49
2005: 0.33
2004: 0.81
2003: 0.80
2001: 1.59
2000: 0.63

Female Gun Homicide Victims

ChartIn Estonia, annual female firearm homicides total

2015: 112
2014: 1
2013: 1
2012: 1
2011: 0
2010: 0
2009: 1
2008: 1

Rate of Female Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Estonia, the annual rate of female firearm homicide per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.1019
2013: 0.10
2012: 0.14
2011: 0
2010: 0
2009: 0.14
2008: 0.14

Conflict Deaths

For a profile of conflict in Estonia, select the Link icon to open an external web page from the UCDP Conflict Encyclopedia at Uppsala University

Disarmament

Authorities in Estonia is known to have154 implemented voluntary firearm surrender schemes, and/or weapon seizure programmes in order to reduce the number of illicit firearms in circulation

Surrendered in Gun Amnesty

In Estonia, the number of firearms voluntarily surrendered in recent arms amnesty and collection programmes is reported to be

2007: 92155

Firearms Surrendered and Seized

ChartIn Estonia, the number of firearms voluntarily surrendered, bought back or seized by authorities is reported to be

2016: 50156
2011: 21157 158
2009/14: 95159

Destruction and Disposal Policy

In Estonia, it is not state policy160 161 to destroy surplus, collected and seized firearms rather than return them to the secondary arms market

Marking and Tracing

Firearm Marking

In Estonia, a unique identifying mark on each firearm is required by law162 116 163 164 165

Firearm Tracing

In Estonia, state authorities carry out166 164 117 167 recognised arms tracing and tracking procedures

Ballistic Record of Firearms and Ammunition

In Estonia, the ballistic characteristics of each civilian firearm and its ammunition are not82 recorded in a register

Global Peace Index

To see where Estonia ranks, select the Link icon to open an external web page at the Global Peace Index, and then click on Estonia on the map or in the "Select Country" menu on the right of the web page


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