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Eritrea — Gun Facts, Figures and the Law

StockpilesGun Numbers

Civilian Guns

Number of Privately Owned Firearms

ChartThe estimated total number of guns (both licit and illicit) held by civilians in Eritrea is

2017: 23,0001
2007: 20,0002

Rate of Civilian Firearm Possession per 100 Population

ChartThe estimated rate of private gun ownership (both licit and illicit) per 100 people in Eritrea is

2017: 0.401
2007: 0.52

Number of Privately Owned Firearms - World Ranking

In a 2007 comparison of the number of privately owned guns in 178 countries, Eritrea ranked at No. 1693

Rate of Privately Owned Firearms per 100 Population - World Ranking

In a 2007 comparison of the rate of private gun ownership in 178 countries, Eritrea ranked at No. 1692

Government Guns

Number of Military Firearms

The defence forces of Eritrea are reported to have 668,5504 firearms

Number of Law Enforcement Firearms

Police in Eritrea are reported to have 12,0005 firearms

ImpactsDeath and Injury

Homicides (any method)

ChartIn Eritrea, annual homicides by any means total

2015: 3896
2012: 4377
2010: 389
2008: 8798

Rate of Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Eritrea, the annual rate of homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2015: 6.706
2012: 7.17
2010: 7.26
2008: 17.88
2004: 15.909
2002: 7.60
1999: 2.77

Male Homicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Eritrea, annual male homicides by any means total

2015: 30710
2010: 29010

Rate of Male Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

In Eritrea, the annual rate of male homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2015: 12.6310

Female Homicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Eritrea, annual female homicides by any means total

2015: 8310
2010: 10010

Rate of Female Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

In Eritrea, the annual rate of female homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2015: 3.4410

Suicides (any method)

ChartIn Eritrea, annual suicides by any means total

2016: 39311
2015: 393
2010: 393
2000: 395

Rate of Suicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Eritrea, the annual rate of suicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2016: 6.7011
2015: 6.75
2010: 7.33
2000: 10.17

Male Suicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Eritrea, annual male suicides by any means total

2016: 30411
2015: 303
2010: 303
2000: 281

Rate of Male Suicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Eritrea, the annual rate of male suicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2016: 10.5211
2015: 10.57
2010: 11.47
2000: 14.73

Female Suicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Eritrea, annual female suicides by any means total

2016: 8911
2015: 90
2010: 91
2000: 114

Rate of Female Suicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Eritrea, the annual rate of female suicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2016: 2.9911
2015: 3.04
2010: 3.34
2000: 5.77

ProductionGun Industry

Regulation of Firearm Makers

In Eritrea, the manufacture of small arms, ammunition and/or their components is prohibited12 13 14 15

TransfersGun Trade and Trafficking

Firearm Exports

In Eritrea, firearm and ammunition exports are limited by transfer control law16 13 17

Small Arms Exports (US$) - Customs

The annual value of small arms and ammunition exports from Eritrea is reported by Customs to be US$1,249,00918 (2008)

Firearm Imports

In Eritrea, firearm and ammunition imports are limited by transfer control law16 13 17

Small Arms Imports (US$) - Customs

The annual value of small arms and ammunition imports to Eritrea is reported by Customs to be US$018 (2011)

Smuggling Guns and Ammunition

Reports suggest that the level of firearm and ammunition smuggling in Eritrea is low19

Regulation of Arms Brokers

In Eritrea, the activities of arms brokers and transfer intermediaries are specifically regulated by law20 21

End User Certificates

Customs regulations in Eritrea do not include16 17 certification of the intended end user of any small arms or ammunition transfer, and/or a written declaration of its intended end use

MeasuresGun Regulation

Firearm Regulation - Guiding Policy

The regulation of guns in Eritrea is categorised as restrictive22

Firearm Law

Guiding gun control legislation in Eritrea includes the Transitional Penal Code of Eritrea (TCPE) of 199113 23

Firearm Regulation Authority

Guns in Eritrea are regulated by the Eritrean Police and the Ministry of Foreign Affairs24

Right to Possess Firearms

In Eritrea, the right to private gun ownership is not guaranteed by law25 26 27 12 13 28 15

Restricted Firearms and Ammunition

In Eritrea, civilians are not allowed to possess any form of firearm27 12 13 28 15 29

Regulation of Automatic Weapons

In Eritrea, private possession of fully automatic weapons is prohibited27 12 13 28 15 29

Regulation of Semiautomatic Assault Weapons

In Eritrea, private possession of semi-automatic assault weapons is prohibited27 12 13 28 15 29

Regulation of Handguns

In Eritrea, private possession of handguns (pistols and revolvers) is prohibited27 12 13 28 15

Gun Ownership and Possession

In Eritrea, no civilians27 12 13 28 15 30 31 may lawfully acquire, possess or transfer a firearm or ammunition

Minimum Age for Firearm Possession

The minimum age for gun ownership in Eritrea is not specified32

Firearm Safety Training

In Eritrea, an understanding of firearm safety and the law, tested in a theoretical and/or practical training course is not required33 for a firearm licence

Gun Owner Licensing Period

In Eritrea, gun owners must re-apply and re-qualify for their firearm licence every N/A29

Licensing Records

In Eritrea, authorities do not maintain a record34 of individual civilians licensed to acquire, possess, sell or transfer a firearm or ammunition

Limit on Number of Guns

Licensed firearm owners in Eritrea are permitted to possess any number of firearms35

Limit on Quantity, Type of Ammunition

Licensed firearm owners in Eritrea are permitted to possess any quantity of ammunition35

Firearm Registration

Civilian Gun Registration

In Eritrea, the law require36 34 37 that a record of the acquisition, possession and transfer of each privately held firearm be retained in an official register

Gun Dealer Record Keeping

In Eritrea, licensed firearm dealers are not required38 to keep a record of each firearm or ammunition purchase, sale or transfer on behalf of a regulating authority

Gun Manufacturer Record Keeping

In Eritrea, licensed gun makers are not required39 to keep a record of each firearm produced, for inspection by a regulating authority

State-Owned Firearm Records

In Eritrea, State agencies are required40 19 to maintain records of the storage and movement of all firearms and ammunition under their control

Gun Sales and Transfers

Regulation of Private Gun Sales

In Eritrea, the private sale and transfer of firearms is prohibited27 12 13 15 41

Regulation of Dealer Gun Sales

In Eritrea, dealing in firearms by way of business without a valid gun dealer’s licence is unlawful42 27 12 15

Storage and Transport of Guns and Ammunition

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Private

Firearm regulations in Eritrea do not include43 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of private firearms and ammunition by licensed gun owners

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Dealer

Firearm regulations in Eritrea do not include44 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition by licensed arms dealers

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Government

Government regulations in Eritrea include45 19 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition by state entities

Firearm and Ammunition Transport Regulations

Regulations in Eritrea do not include17 28 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition while in transit

Carrying Guns

Carrying Guns Openly in Public

In Eritrea, carrying a firearm in plain view in a public place is prohibited27 12 13 15 46

Carrying Hidden Handguns in Public

In Eritrea, carrying a concealed firearm in a public place is prohibited27 12 13 15 46

Penalty for Illicit Firearm Possession

In Eritrea, the maximum penalty for unlawful possession of a firearm47 is a fine and a possible prison term48 28

MeasuresInternational Controls

Regional Agreements

African Union

In June 2006, as a member of the African Union, Eritrea adopted an African Common Position to take to the Conference to Review the UN Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA), held in June 200649 50

Regional Centre on Small Arms

In March 2000, as a member of the Regional Centre on Small Arms (RECSA), Eritrea adopted the Nairobi Declaration on the Problem of Illicit Small Arms and Light Weapons in the Great Lakes Region and the Horn of Africa, then on 21 April 2004 adopted the Nairobi Protocol for the Prevention, Control and Reduction of Small Arms and Light Weapons in the Great Lakes Region, the Horn of Africa and Bordering States, a legally-binding multilateral protocol of which the RECSA is depository. The Nairobi Protocol has since been signed, and ratified51 52 by Eritrea

United Nations Commission on Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice

The UNCCPCJ, a subsidiary body of the Economic and Social Council mandated to promote action to prevent national and transnational crime, lists53 Eritrea as an elected member

Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development

The Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development, a diplomatic initiative aimed at addressing the interrelations between armed violence and development, was not signed54 by Eritrea.

Arms Trade Treaty

The Arms Trade Treaty has not been signed55 by Eritrea

United Nations Firearms Protocol

The United Nations Protocol against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, Their Parts and Components and Ammunition has not been signed56 by Eritrea

United Nations Small Arms Programme of Action UNPoA

UNPoA Commitment

On 21 July 2001, Eritrea committed to a consensus decision of the United Nations to adopt, support and implement the UN Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects57

UNPoA Implementation Monitor Score

In its UN small arms Programme of Action Implementation Monitor (PoAIM Phase 1), the Small Arms Survey scored Eritrea against its commitments to the PoA, then ranked it at No. 9058 59 60 61 among 159 Member States

UNPoA National Reporting

Under the terms of its 2001 commitment to the United Nations small arms Programme of Action, Eritrea has submitted one or more national reports62 63 on its implementation of the UNPoA

UNPoA National Point of Contact

In Eritrea, a National Point of Contact to deal with issues relating to the UNPoA has been designated64 63

UNPoA National Coordinating Body

In Eritrea, a National Coordinating Body to deal with issues relating to the UNPoA has been designated64 63

UNPoA Civil Society Involvement and Support

In National Reports of Eritrea submitted to the UN from 2001 to 2010, a history of substantive cooperation with civil society in support of UNPoA activities was apparent65

UNPoA International Assistance – Donor

Funds for UNPoA implementation have not been donated63 by Eritrea to other UN Member States

UNPoA International Assistance – Recipient

Funds for UNPoA implementation have been provided63 to Eritrea by other UN Member States

United Nations Small Arms Register

According to the United Nations Register of Conventional Arms, Eritrea has not declared66 its small arms exports in one or more annual National Reports on Arms Exports.

United Nations Membership

In the UN List of Member States, Eritrea has been a Member State of the United Nations since 199367

Wassenaar Arrangement

The Wassenaar Arrangement on Export Controls and Conventional Arms and Dual-Use Goods and Technologies does not list68 Eritrea as a Participating State

BackgroundSustainable Development Goal Profile

About SDG 16

The Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) are 17 goals set by the United Nations to be implemented by all member states by 2030. Adopted in 2015, they outline a vision of development in which peace and security are an integral part. SDG 16,69 which seeks to “promote peaceful and inclusive societies for sustainable development,” includes targets and indicators focused on reducing violence (Target 16.1) and the proliferation of illicit arms (Target 16.4). The indicators – or measurement criteria – of these targets include the number of victims of intentional homicide (Indicator 16.1.1), the number of conflict-related deaths (Indicator 16.1.2), and the number of illicit firearms collected and traced (Indicator 16.4.2). In light of these targets and indicators, GunPolicy.org provides granular national data pertaining to homicides, gun homicides, conflict deaths, disarmament efforts, and marking and tracing.

Homicides (any method)

ChartIn Eritrea, annual homicides by any means total

2015: 3896
2012: 4377
2010: 389
2008: 8798

Rate of Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Eritrea, the annual rate of homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2015: 6.706
2012: 7.17
2010: 7.26
2008: 17.88
2004: 15.909
2002: 7.60
1999: 2.77

Male Homicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Eritrea, annual male homicides by any means total

2015: 30710
2010: 29010

Rate of Male Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

In Eritrea, the annual rate of male homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2015: 12.6310

Female Homicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Eritrea, annual female homicides by any means total

2015: 8310
2010: 10010

Rate of Female Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

In Eritrea, the annual rate of female homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2015: 3.4410

Conflict Deaths

For a profile of conflict in Eritrea, select the Link icon to open an external web page from the UCDP Conflict Encyclopedia at Uppsala University

Disarmament

Destruction and Disposal Policy

In Eritrea, it is state policy70 19 71 to destroy surplus, collected and seized firearms rather than return them to the secondary arms market

Marking and Tracing

Firearm Marking

In Eritrea, a unique identifying mark on each firearm is not required by law15 36 72 73 14 74 37

Firearm Tracing

In Eritrea, state authorities carry out75 34 39 38 recognised arms tracing and tracking procedures

Global Peace Index

To see where Eritrea ranks, select the Link icon to open an external web page at the Global Peace Index, and then click on Eritrea on the map or in the "Select Country" menu on the right of the web page


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