Find Gun Policy Facts

Armed violence prevention, gun control laws and the small arms trade:

Egypt — Gun Facts, Figures and the Law

StockpilesGun Numbers

Civilian Guns

Number of Privately Owned Firearms

ChartThe estimated total number of guns (both licit and illicit) held by civilians in Egypt is

2017: 3,931,0001
2007: 1,900,0002

Rate of Civilian Firearm Possession per 100 Population

ChartThe estimated rate of private gun ownership (both licit and illicit) per 100 people in Egypt is

2017: 4.101
2007: 3.52

Number of Privately Owned Firearms - World Ranking

In a 2007 comparison of the number of privately owned guns in 178 countries, Egypt ranked at No. 373

Rate of Privately Owned Firearms per 100 Population - World Ranking

In a 2007 comparison of the rate of private gun ownership in 178 countries, Egypt ranked at No. 1152

Number of Registered Firearms

The number of registered guns in Egypt is reported to be

2017: 250,0001

Estimated Number of Unregistered and Illicit Firearms

Unregistered and unlawfully held guns cannot be counted,4 but in Egypt there are estimated to be

2017: 3,681,0001

Government Guns

Number of Military Firearms

The defence forces of Egypt are reported to have 1,544,7505 firearms

Number of Law Enforcement Firearms

Police in Egypt are reported to have 1,530,0006 firearms

ImpactsDeath and Injury

Total Number of Gun Deaths

ChartIn Egypt, annual deaths resulting from firearms total

2014: 1,4487
2013: 3,554
2012: 1,006
2011: 1,3888
2010: 177
2000: 1579

Rate of All Gun Deaths per 100,000 People

ChartIn Egypt, the annual rate of all gun deaths per 100,000 population is

2014: 1.617
2013: 4.05
2012: 1.18
2011: 1.67
2010: 0.22
2000: 0.2410

Total Number of Male Gun Deaths

ChartIn Egypt, annual male deaths resulting from firearms total

2014: 1,3447
2013: 3,343
2012: 920
2011: 1,318
2010: 156

Total Number of Female Gun Deaths

ChartIn Egypt, annual female deaths resulting from firearms total

2014: 1047
2013: 211
2012: 86
2011: 70
2010: 21

Homicides (any method)

ChartIn Egypt, annual homicides by any means total

2014: 2297
2013: 265
2012: 232
2011: 190
2010: 75
2009: 912
2008: 967
2007: 680
2006: 54911 12 13
2005: 522
2004: 32211 12
2003: 471

Rate of Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Egypt, the annual rate of homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2014: 1.617
2013: 4.05
2012: 1.18
2011: 1.67
2010: 0.22
2009: 1.2
2008: 1.311 12 14
2007: 0.9
2006: 0.811 12 13
2005: 0.7
2004: 0.511 12
2003: 0.7
2000: 0.112

Male Homicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Egypt, annual male homicides by any means total

2014: 1957
2013: 240
2012: 197
2011: 172
2010: 63

Female Homicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Egypt, annual female homicides by any means total

2014: 347
2013: 25
2012: 35
2011: 18
2010: 12

Gun Homicides

ChartIn Egypt, annual firearm homicides total

2014: 1047
2013: 185
2012: 153
2011: 132
2010: 33
2009: 39211 12
2008: 474
2007: 292
2006: 214
2005: 21512
2004: 99
2003: 219
2000: 169

Rate of Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Egypt, the annual rate of firearm homicide per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.127
2013: 0.21
2012: 0.18
2011: 0.16
2010: 0.04
2009: 0.5010 12
2008: 0.61
2007: 0.39
2006: 0.29
2005: 0.312
2004: 0.1
2003: 0.3
2000: 0.029

Proportion of Homicides Committed With a Gun

ChartIn Egypt, the percentage of homicides committed with a firearm is reported to be

2011: 68%11
2010: 23%
2009: 43%
2008: 49%
2007: 43%
2006: 39%
2005: 59.1%12
2004: 45.0%
2003: 65.6%

Male Gun Homicide Victims

ChartIn Egypt, annual male firearm homicides total

2015: 997
2014: 99
2013: 172
2012: 142
2011: 125
2010: 30

Female Gun Homicide Victims

ChartIn Egypt, annual female firearm homicides total

2015: 57
2014: 5
2013: 13
2012: 11
2011: 7
2010: 3

Suicides (any method)

ChartIn Egypt, annual suicides by any means total

2014: 887
2013: 149
2012: 211
2011: 177
2010: 48

Rate of Suicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Egypt, the annual rate of suicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.107
2013: 0.17
2012: 0.25
2011: 0.21
2010: 0.06

Male Suicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Egypt, annual male suicides by any means total

2014: 717
2013: 126
2012: 172
2011: 156
2010: 31

Female Suicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Egypt, annual female suicides by any means total

2014: 177
2013: 23
2012: 39
2011: 21
2010: 17

Gun Suicides

ChartIn Egypt, annual firearm suicides total

2014: 277
2013: 73
2012: 95
2011: 1298
2010: 10
2000: 189

Rate of Gun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Egypt, the annual rate of firearm suicide per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.037
2013: 0.08
2012: 0.11
2011: 0.15
2010: 0.01
2000: 0.039

Male Gun Suicide Victims

ChartIn Egypt, annual male firearm suicides total

2014: 267
2013: 67
2012: 87
2011: 121
2010: 8

Female Gun Suicide Victims

ChartIn Egypt, annual female firearm suicides total

2014: 17
2013: 6
2012: 8
2011: 8
2010: 2

Unintentional Gun Deaths

ChartIn Egypt, annual unintentional shooting deaths total

2014: 9397
2013: 2,841
2012: 479
2011: 7928
2010: 79
2000: 839

Rate of Unintentional Gun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn Egypt, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.427
2013: 0.52
2012: 0.33
2011: 0.40
2010: 0.07
2000: 0.129

Unintentional Male Gun Deaths

ChartIn Egypt, annual unintentional male shooting deaths total

2014: 8817
2013: 2,681
2012: 436
2011: 761
2010: 69

Unintentional Female Gun Deaths

ChartIn Egypt, annual unintentional female shooting deaths total

2014: 587
2013: 160
2012: 43
2011: 31
2010: 10

Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Egypt, annual shooting deaths in which the cause remains undecided total

2014: 3787
2013: 455
2012: 279
2011: 3358
2010: 55
2000: 409

Rate of Gun Death from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn Egypt, the annual rate of unknown-cause shooting deaths per 100,000 population is

2011: 0.4110
2000: 0.069

Male Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Egypt, annual male shooting deaths in which the cause remains undecided total

2014: 3387
2013: 423
2012: 255
2011: 311
2010: 49

Female Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Egypt, annual female shooting deaths in which the cause remains undecided total

2014: 407
2013: 32
2012: 24
2011: 24
2010: 6

ProductionGun Industry

Regulation of Firearm Makers

In Egypt, the manufacture of small arms, ammunition and/or their components is permitted only if the maker holds a valid licence15

Small Arms Manufacture - World Ranking

In a classification of the world's small, medium and major firearm manufacturers, Egypt was ranked 'medium'16 17

TransfersGun Trade and Trafficking

Firearm Exports

Small Arms Exports (US$) - Customs

The annual value of small arms and ammunition exports from Egypt is reported by Customs to be US$50,69918 (2011)

Small Arms Exports - World Ranking

In a comparison of the world's major/mid-level/minor/unknown small arms exporters, Egypt was categorized as 'unknown'19

Firearm Imports

In Egypt, firearm and ammunition imports are limited by transfer control law20

Small Arms Imports (US$) - Customs

The annual value of small arms and ammunition imports to Egypt is reported by Customs to be US$6,865,77718 (2011)21 22 23 24 25

Smuggling Guns and Ammunition

Reports suggest that the level of firearm and ammunition smuggling in Egypt is moderate15

Transparency of Small Arms Transfers

ChartIn its annual Small Arms Trade Transparency Barometer, the Small Arms Survey compares public reporting among major arms exporting nations on a scale from strong to weak (25 to zero). In recent years, Egypt scored

2014: 6.7526
2013: 4.2527

MeasuresGun Regulation

Firearm Regulation - Guiding Policy

The regulation of guns in Egypt is categorised as restrictive28

Firearm Regulation Authority

Guns in Egypt are regulated by the Ministry of the Interior15

Right to Possess Firearms

In Egypt, the right to private gun ownership is not guaranteed by law29 30

Restricted Firearms and Ammunition

In Egypt, civilians are not allowed to possess longguns15

Regulation of Handguns

In Egypt, private possession of handguns (pistols and revolvers) is permitted under licence15

Gun Ownership and Possession

In Egypt, only licensed gun owners31 may lawfully acquire, possess or transfer a firearm or ammunition

Genuine Reason Required for Firearm Possession

Applicants for a gun owner’s licence in Egypt are required to establish a genuine reason to possess a firearm31

Minimum Age for Firearm Possession

The minimum age for gun ownership in Egypt is 21 years31

Gun Owner Background Checks

An applicant for a firearm licence in Egypt must pass a background check which considers criminal, mental health, domestic violence, and health31 32 records

Domestic Violence and Firearms

Where a past history, or apprehended likelihood of family violence exists, the law in Egypt stipulates15 that a gun licence should be denied or revoked

Gun Owner Licensing Period

In Egypt, gun owners must re-apply and re-qualify for their firearm licence every three years33

Firearm Registration

Civilian Gun Registration

In Egypt, the law requires34 that a record of the acquisition, possession and transfer of each privately held firearm be retained in an official register

Storage and Transport of Guns and Ammunition

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Private

Firearm regulations in Egypt do not include15 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of private firearms and ammunition by licensed gun owners

Firearm and Ammunition Transport Regulations

Regulations in Egypt include15 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition while in transit

Marking and Tracing Guns and Ammunition

Firearm Marking

In Egypt, a unique identifying mark on each firearm is required by law34

Firearm Tracing

In Egypt, state authorities carry out34 recognised arms tracing and tracking procedures

Carrying Guns

Carrying Guns Openly in Public

In Egypt, carrying a firearm in plain view in a public place is allowed, subject to a valid permit33

Carrying Hidden Handguns in Public

In Egypt, carrying a concealed firearm in a public place is allowed, subject to a valid permit33

Penalty for Illicit Firearm Possession

In Egypt, the maximum penalty for unlawful possession of a firearm35 is one month in prison and a fine (life imprisonment with hard labour for certain firearms)33

MeasuresInternational Controls

Regional Agreements

League of Arab States

As a member of the League of Arab States, Egypt adopted the Arab Model Law on Weapons, Ammunitions, Explosives and Hazardous Material in January 200236

African Union

In June 2006, as a member of the African Union, Egypt adopted an African Common Position to take to the Conference to Review the UN Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA), held in June 200637 38

Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development

The Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development, a diplomatic initiative aimed at addressing the interrelations between armed violence and development, was not signed39 by Egypt.

Arms Trade Treaty

The Arms Trade Treaty has not been signed40 by Egypt

United Nations Firearms Protocol

The United Nations Protocol against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, Their Parts and Components and Ammunition has not been signed41 by Egypt

United Nations Small Arms Programme of Action UNPoA

UNPoA Commitment

On 21 July 2001, Egypt committed to a consensus decision of the United Nations to adopt, support and implement the UN Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects42

UNPoA Implementation Monitor Score

In its UN small arms Programme of Action Implementation Monitor (PoAIM Phase 1), the Small Arms Survey scored Egypt against its commitments to the PoA, then ranked it at No. 11043 44 45 46 among 159 Member States

UNPoA National Reporting

Under the terms of its 2001 commitment to the United Nations small arms Programme of Action, Egypt has submitted one or more national reports47 20 on its implementation of the UNPoA

UNPoA National Point of Contact

In Egypt, a National Point of Contact to deal with issues relating to the UNPoA has been designated48 20

UNPoA National Coordinating Body

In Egypt, a National Coordinating Body to deal with issues relating to the UNPoA has been designated20

UNPoA Civil Society Involvement and Support

In National Reports of Egypt submitted to the UN from 2001 to 2010, a history of substantive cooperation with civil society in support of UNPoA activities was apparent20

UNPoA International Assistance – Donor

Funds for UNPoA implementation have not been donated20 by Egypt to other UN Member States

United Nations Small Arms Register

According to the United Nations Register of Conventional Arms, Egypt has not declared49 its small arms exports in one or more annual National Reports on Arms Exports.

United Nations Membership

In the UN List of Member States, Egypt has been a Member State of the United Nations since 194550

Wassenaar Arrangement

The Wassenaar Arrangement on Export Controls and Conventional Arms and Dual-Use Goods and Technologies does not list51 Egypt as a Participating State

BackgroundCountry Profile

Conflict Profile

For a profile of conflict in Egypt, select the Link icon to open an external web page from the UCDP Conflict Encyclopedia at Uppsala University

Global Peace Index

To see where Egypt ranks, select the Link icon to open an external web page at the Global Peace Index


Short References

1.

Karp, Aaron.2018.‘Civilian Firearms Holdings, 2017.’ Estimating Global Civilian-Held Firearms Numbers.Geneva:Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva,18 June. (Q13434)Full Citation

2.

Karp, Aaron.2007.‘Completing the Count: Civilian firearms - Annexe online.’ Small Arms Survey 2007: Guns and the City.Cambridge:Cambridge University Press,27 August. (Q5)Full Citation

3.

Karp, Aaron.2007.‘Completing the Count: Civilian firearms.’ Small Arms Survey 2007: Guns and the City.Cambridge:Cambridge University Press,27 August. (Q4)Full Citation

4.

GunPolicy.org. 2019. ‘Estimated Number of Illicit Firearms.’ Definition and Selection Criteria.
Sydney School of Public Health, 24 January.
(G14) Full Citation

5.

Karp, Aaron.2018.‘Military Firearms Holdings, 2017.’ Estimating Global Military-Owned Firearms Numbers.Geneva:Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva,18 June. (Q13436)Full Citation

6.

Karp, Aaron.2018.‘Law Enforcement Firearms Holdings, 2017.’ Estimating Global Law Enforcement Firearms Numbers.Geneva:Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva,18 June. (Q13435)Full Citation

7.

WHO.2016.‘Inter-country Comparison of Mortality for Selected Causes of Death.’ WHO Mortality Data Base.Geneva:World Health Organisation,1 December. (Q13354)Full Citation

8.

Waiselfiz, Julio Jacobo.2015.‘Number and Rate of Gun Deaths in 90 Countries (Número e taxas de mortalidade por AF segundo causa básica em 90 países do mundo).’ Violence Map: Deaths by Firearms (Mapa da Violência: Mortes Matadas por Armas de Fogo).Brasilia:Facultad Latinoamericana de Ciencias Sociales / Latin American Social Sciences Institute,1 January. (Q11896)Full Citation

9.

Jackson, Thomas.2005.‘Global Gun Deaths.’ NISAT Firearm Mortality Database 2005.Oslo:Norwegian Initiative on Small Arms Transfers,1 January. (Q12)Full Citation

10.

GunPolicy.org.2016.‘Calculated Rates - Egypt.’ Historical Population Data - USCB International Data Base.Suitland, MD:US Census Bureau Population Division,27 May. (Q8734)Full Citation

11.

UNODC.2014.‘Homicides and Gun Homicides in Egypt.’ Global Study on Homicide 2013: Trends, Context, Data.Vienna:United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC),10 April. (Q9963)Full Citation

12.

UNODC.2013.‘Homicide in 207 Countries - Egypt.’ Global Study on Homicide 2011: Trends, Context, Data.Vienna:United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime,26 June. (Q6399)Full Citation

13.

UNODC.2008.‘Recorded Intentional Homicide, Completed.’ Tenth United Nations Survey of Crime Trends and Operations of Criminal Justice Systems (2005-2006).Vienna:United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime,10 December. (Q10)Full Citation

14.

Petrini, Benjamin.2011.‘Middle East and North Africa, 1995-2008, Total Recorded Intentional Homicide, Completed, Rate per 100,000 Population.’ World Bank Homicide Rate Dataset 1995-2008.Washington, DC:Social Development Department, World Bank,10 February. (Q3813)Full Citation

15.

United Nations.1999.‘Analysis of Country Responses.’ United Nations International Study on Firearm Regulation.Vienna:UN Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice Division,30 August. (Q1)Full Citation

16.

Small Arms Survey.2001.‘Ranking of World's Small Arms Producers (By Sales).’ Small Arms Survey 2001: Profiling the Problem.Oxford:Oxford University Press,1 July. (Q103)Full Citation

17.

Holtom, Paul and Christelle Rigual.2015.‘Small Arms Transfers to Egypt, 2001-2010.’ Small Arms Survey 2015: Weapons and the World.Cambridge:Cambridge University Press and the Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva,1 June. (Q11073)Full Citation

18.

Marsh, Nicholas.2014.‘Database of Authorised Transfers of Small Arms and Light Weapons.’ NISAT Small Arms Trade Database.Oslo:Norwegian Initiative on Small Arms Transfers,22 December. (Q16)Full Citation

19.

Small Arms Survey.2001.‘60 Known Legal Small Arms Exporting Countries, 2001.’ Small Arms Survey 2001: Profiling the Problem.Oxford:Oxford University Press,1 July. (Q867)Full Citation

20.

UNODA.2018.‘PoA-ISS Country Profiles.’ UN small arms Programme of Action (UNPoA) - Implementation Support System.New York, NY:United Nations Office of Disarmament Affairs,23 July. (Q1309)Full Citation

21.

Holtom, Paul and Christelle Rigual.2015.‘Annexe 4.4: Authorized Transfers of Small Arms and Light Weapons to Egypt, Libya, and Syria, 2001-13.’ Small Arms Survey 2015: Weapons and the World.Cambridge:Cambridge University Press and the Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva,1 June. (Q11079)Full Citation

22.

Holtom, Paul and Christelle Rigual.2015.‘Largest Exporter of Small Arms to Egypt during 2001-2010.’ Small Arms Survey 2015: Weapons and the World.Cambridge:Cambridge University Press and the Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva,1 June. (Q11074)Full Citation

23.

Holtom, Paul and Christelle Rigual.2015.‘Trends in Small Arms Imports per Top Importer and for All Importers, as Reported to UN Comtrade, 2001-2012.’ Small Arms Survey 2015: Weapons and the World.Cambridge:Cambridge University Press and the Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva,1 June. (Q11072)Full Citation

24.

Holtom, Paul and Christelle Rigual.2015.‘Importers of Small Arms Based on UN Comtrade, 2012.’ Small Arms Survey 2015: Weapons and the World.Cambridge:Cambridge University Press and the Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva,1 June. (Q11070)Full Citation

25.

Rigual, Christelle.2015.‘Annexe 4.2: Major Importers.’ Small Arms Survey 2015: Weapons and the World.Cambridge:Cambridge University Press and the Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva,1 June. (Q11078)Full Citation

26.

Holtom, Paul, Irene Pavesi, and Christelle Rigual.2014.‘Small Arms Trade Transparency Barometer 2014.’ Small Arms Survey 2014: Women and Guns.Cambridge:Cambridge University Press and the Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva,16 June. (Q10547)Full Citation

27.

Pavesi, Irene and Christelle Rigual.2013.‘Small Arms Trade Transparency Barometer 2013.’ Small Arms Survey 2013: Everyday Dangers.Cambridge:Cambridge University Press and the Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva,2 July. (Q6871)Full Citation

28.

Newton, George D and Franklin E Zimring.1969.‘Firearm Licensing: Permissive v Restrictive.’ Firearms & Violence in American Life: A staff report submitted to the National Commission on the Causes and Prevention of Violence.Washington, DC:US Government Printing Office,1 January. (Q22)Full Citation

29.

Sherman, Amy and Tom Ginsburg.2014.‘Gun Rights in National Constitutions.’ Marco Rubio Says Second Amendment Is Unique in Speech to NRA.Miami, FL:Miami Herald (PolitiFact Florida),29 April. (Q8507)Full Citation

30.

Zachary Elkins, Tom Ginsburg and James Melton. 2013. ‘U.S. Gun Rights Truly Are American Exceptionalism.’ Bloomberg (USA). 7 March. (N422) Full Citation

31.

Parker, Sarah.2011.‘Balancing Act: Regulation of Civilian Firearm Possession.’ Small Arms Survey 2011: States of Security.Cambridge:Cambridge University Press,6 July. (Q5415)Full Citation

32.

Parker, Sarah.2011.‘Balancing Act: Regulation of Civilian Firearm Possession.’ Small Arms Survey 2011: States of Security.Cambridge:Cambridge University Press,6 July. (Q5382)Full Citation

33.

Parker, Sarah.2011.‘Balancing Act: Regulation of Civilian Firearm Possession.’ Small Arms Survey 2011: States of Security.Cambridge:Cambridge University Press,6 July. (Q5435)Full Citation

34.

Egypt.2008.‘Marking Procedures.’ National Report of Egypt on its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA).New York, NY:Permanent Mission of Egypt to the United Nations,1 March. (Q4648)Full Citation

35.

GunPolicy.org. 2015. ‘Penalty for Unlawful Firearm Possession.’ Definition and Selection Criteria.
Sydney School of Public Health, 22 January.
(G93) Full Citation

36.

League of Arab States / UNODA.2002.‘Arab Model Law on Weapons, Ammunitions, Explosives and Hazardous Material.’ United Nations Programme of Action Implementation Support System: Regional Organisations.New York, NY:Council of the League of Arab States / United Nations Office for Disarmament Affairs,1 January. (Q3215)Full Citation

37.

African Union / UNODA.2005.‘Windhoek Common Position.’ United Nations Programme of Action Implementation Support System: Regional Organisations.New York, NY:African Union / United Nations Office for Disarmament Affairs,14 December. (Q3216)Full Citation

38.

African Union.2015.‘Member States.’ African Union: A United and Strong Africa.Addis Ababa:African Union,10 August. (Q10548)Full Citation

39.

GDAV.2006.‘Geneva Declaration.’ Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development.Geneva:Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development Secretariat,7 June. (Q7162)Full Citation

40.

UNODA.2013.‘Towards Entry Into Force.’ Arms Trade Treaty.New York, NY:United Nations Office for Disarmament Affairs,2 April. (Q7226)Full Citation

41.

UNGA.2001.‘United Nations Protocol against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, Their Parts and Components and Ammunition.’ UN General Assembly Resolution 55/255.New York, NY:UN General Assembly,31 May. (Q17)Full Citation

42.

UNGA.2001.‘Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects.’ United Nations General Assembly.New York, NY:UN General Assembly,20 July. (Q18)Full Citation

43.

Parker, Sarah and Katherine Green.2012.‘Findings - Table 3: Reporting States by Rank and Score.’ The Programme of Action Implementation Monitor (Phase 1): Assessing Reported Progress.Geneva:Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva,1 August. (Q8752)Full Citation

44.

Parker, Sarah and Katherine Green.2012.‘What do the PoAIM Scores Represent? How Should the PoAIM Scores Be Interpreted?.’ The Programme of Action Implementation Monitor (Phase 1): Assessing Reported Progress.Geneva:Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva,1 August. (Q8753)Full Citation

45.

Parker, Sarah and Katherine Green.2012.‘Point Allocation System.’ The Programme of Action Implementation Monitor (Phase 1): Assessing Reported Progress.Geneva:Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva,1 August. (Q8754)Full Citation

46.

Parker, Sarah and Katherine Green.2012.‘Introduction.’ The Programme of Action Implementation Monitor (Phase 1): Assessing Reported Progress.Geneva:Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva,1 August. (Q8755)Full Citation

47.

Cattaneo, Silvia and Sarah Parker.2008.‘Reporting, NPCs and NCAs, 2002 to 2008.’ Implementing the United Nations Programme of Action on Small Arms and Light Weapons: Analysis of the National Reports submitted by States from 2002 to 2008.Geneva:United Nations Development Programme,1 November. (Q20)Full Citation

48.

IANSA.2006.‘Reviewing Action on Small Arms 2006: Assessing the first five years of the UN Programme of Action.’ Biting the Bullet 'Red Book' 2006.New York, NY:International Action Network on Small Arms and the Biting the Bullet project,26 June. (Q166)Full Citation

49.

UNODA.2011.‘National Reports on Small Arms Exports.’ United Nations Register of Conventional Arms - The Global Reported Arms Trade.New York, NY:United Nations Office for Disarmament Affairs,21 October. (Q14)Full Citation

50.

UN.2013.‘Member States of the United Nations.’ UN.org Web Site.New York, NY:United Nations General Assembly,7 April. (Q290)Full Citation

51.

Wassenaar Arrangement.1996.‘Introduction: Participating States.’ Wassenaar Arrangement on Export Controls and Conventional Arms and Dual-Use Goods and Technologies.Vienna:Wassenaar Secretariat,12 July. (Q19)Full Citation