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Egypt — Gun Facts, Figures and the Law

StockpilesGun Numbers

Civilian Guns

Number of Privately Owned Firearms

ChartThe estimated total number of guns (both licit and illicit) held by civilians in Egypt is

2017: 3,931,0001
2007: 1,900,0002

Rate of Civilian Firearm Possession per 100 Population

ChartThe estimated rate of private gun ownership (both licit and illicit) per 100 people in Egypt is

2017: 4.101
2007: 3.52

Number of Privately Owned Firearms - World Ranking

In a 2007 comparison of the number of privately owned guns in 178 countries, Egypt ranked at No. 373

Rate of Privately Owned Firearms per 100 Population - World Ranking

In a 2007 comparison of the rate of private gun ownership in 178 countries, Egypt ranked at No. 1152

Number of Registered Firearms

The number of registered guns in Egypt is reported to be

2017: 250,0001

Estimated Number of Unregistered and Illicit Firearms

Unregistered and unlawfully held guns cannot be counted,4 but in Egypt there are estimated to be

2017: 3,681,0001

Government Guns

Number of Military Firearms

The defence forces of Egypt are reported to have 1,544,7505 firearms

Number of Law Enforcement Firearms

Police in Egypt are reported to have 1,530,0006 firearms

ImpactsDeath and Injury

Total Number of Gun Deaths

ChartIn Egypt, annual deaths resulting from firearms total

2015: 1,2807
2014: 1,738
2013: 3,918
2012: 1,407
2011: 1,699
2010: 381
2009: 346
2008: 443
2007: 383
2000: 1578

Rate of All Gun Deaths per 100,000 People

ChartIn Egypt, the annual rate of all gun deaths per 100,000 population is

2015: 1.397
2014: 1.93
2013: 4.47
2012: 1.65
2011: 2.04
2010: 0.47
2009: 0.44
2008: 0.57
2007: 0.51
2000: 0.249

Total Number of Male Gun Deaths

ChartIn Egypt, annual male deaths resulting from firearms total

2015: 1,0957
2014: 1,578
2013: 3,646
2012: 1,237
2011: 1,567
2010: 316
2009: 288
2008: 359
2007: 319

Rate of Male Gun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn Egypt, the annual rate of male gun death per 100,000 population is

2015: 2.327
2014: 3.43
2013: 8.14
2012: 2.83
2011: 3.68
2010: 0.76
2009: 0.71
2008: 0.91
2007: 0.82

Total Number of Female Gun Deaths

ChartIn Egypt, annual female deaths resulting from firearms total

2015: 1857
2014: 160
2013: 272
2012: 170
2011: 132
2010: 65
2009: 58
2008: 84
2007: 64

Rate of Female Gun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn Egypt, the annual rate of female gun death per 100,000 population is

2015: 0.417
2014: 0.36
2013: 0.63
2012: 0.41
2011: 0.32
2010: 0.16
2009: 0.15
2008: 0.22
2007: 0.17

Homicides (any method)

ChartIn Egypt, annual homicides by any means total

2015: 1467
2014: 2297
2013: 265
2012: 232
2011: 190
2010: 75
2009: 81
2008: 65
2007: 60
2006: 54910 11 12
2005: 522
2004: 32210 11
2003: 471

Rate of Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Egypt, the annual rate of homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2015: 0.167
2014: 0.25
2013: 0.30
2012: 0.27
2011: 0.23
2010: 0.09
2009: 0.10
2008: 0.08
2007: 0.08
2006: 0.810 11 12
2005: 0.7
2004: 0.510 11
2003: 0.7
2000: 0.111

Male Homicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Egypt, annual male homicides by any means total

2015: 1217
2014: 1957
2013: 240
2012: 197
2011: 172
2010: 63
2009: 70
2008: 55
2007: 51

Rate of Male Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Egypt, the annual rate of male homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2015: 0.267
2014: 0.42
2013: 0.54
2012: 0.45
2011: 0.40
2010: 0.15
2009: 0.17
2008: 0.14
2007: 0.13

Female Homicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Egypt, annual female homicides by any means total

2015: 257
2014: 347
2013: 25
2012: 35
2011: 18
2010: 12
2009: 11
2008: 10
2007: 9

Rate of Female Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Egypt, the annual rate of female homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2015: 0.067
2014: 0.08
2013: 0.06
2012: 0.08
2011: 0.04
2010: 0.03
2009: 0.03
2008: 0.03
2007: 0.02

Gun Homicides

ChartIn Egypt, annual firearm homicides total

2015: 757
2014: 1047
2013: 185
2012: 153
2011: 132
2010: 33
2009: 31
2008: 14
2007: 21
2006: 214
2005: 21511
2004: 99
2003: 219
2000: 168

Rate of Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Egypt, the annual rate of firearm homicide per 100,000 population is

2015: 0.087
2014: 0.12
2013: 0.21
2012: 0.18
2011: 0.16
2010: 0.04
2009: 0.04
2008: 0.02
2007: 0.03
2006: 0.29
2005: 0.311
2004: 0.1
2003: 0.3
2000: 0.028

Proportion of Homicides Committed With a Gun

ChartIn Egypt, the percentage of homicides committed with a firearm is reported to be

2011: 68%10
2010: 23%
2009: 43%
2008: 49%
2007: 43%
2006: 39%
2005: 59.1%11
2004: 45.0%
2003: 65.6%

Male Gun Homicide Victims

ChartIn Egypt, annual male firearm homicides total

2015: 657
2014: 99
2013: 172
2012: 142
2011: 125
2010: 30
2009: 29
2008: 13
2007: 16

Rate of Male Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Egypt, the annual rate of male firearm homicide per 100,000 population is

2015: 0.147
2014: 0.22
2013: 0.38
2012: 0.33
2011: 0.29
2010: 0.07
2009: 0.07
2008: 0.03
2007: 0.04

Female Gun Homicide Victims

ChartIn Egypt, annual female firearm homicides total

2015: 107
2014: 5
2013: 13
2012: 11
2011: 7
2010: 3
2009: 2
2008: 1
2007: 5

Rate of Female Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Egypt, the annual rate of female firearm homicide per 100,000 population is

2015: 0.027
2014: 0.01
2013: 0.03
2012: 0.03
2011: 0.02
2010: 0.01
2009: 0.01
2008: 0
2007: 0.01

Suicides (any method)

ChartIn Egypt, annual suicides by any means total

2015: 497
2014: 887
2013: 149
2012: 211
2011: 177
2010: 48
2009: 52
2008: 41
2007: 32

Rate of Suicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Egypt, the annual rate of suicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2015: 0.057
2014: 0.10
2013: 0.17
2012: 0.25
2011: 0.21
2010: 0.06
2009: 0.07
2008: 0.05
2007: 0.04

Male Suicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Egypt, annual male suicides by any means total

2015: 357
2014: 717
2013: 126
2012: 172
2011: 156
2010: 31
2009: 40
2008: 27
2007: 23

Rate of Male Suicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Egypt, the annual rate of male suicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2015: 0.077
2014: 0.15
2013: 0.28
2012: 0.39
2011: 0.37
2010: 0.07
2009: 0.10
2008: 0.07
2007: 0.06

Female Suicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Egypt, annual female suicides by any means total

2015: 147
2014: 177
2013: 23
2012: 39
2011: 21
2010: 17
2009: 12
2008: 14
2007: 9

Rate of Female Suicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Egypt, the annual rate of female suicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2015: 0.037
2014: 0.04
2013: 0.05
2012: 0.09
2011: 0.05
2010: 0.04
2009: 0.03
2008: 0.04
2007: 0.02

Gun Suicides

ChartIn Egypt, annual firearm suicides total

2015: 57
2014: 277
2013: 73
2012: 95
2011: 12913
2010: 10
2009: 14
2008: 11
2007: 8
2000: 188

Rate of Gun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Egypt, the annual rate of firearm suicide per 100,000 population is

2015: 0.017
2014: 0.03
2013: 0.08
2012: 0.11
2011: 0.15
2010: 0.01
2009: 0.02
2008: 0.01
2007: 0.01
2000: 0.038

Male Gun Suicide Victims

ChartIn Egypt, annual male firearm suicides total

2015: 47
2014: 267
2013: 67
2012: 87
2011: 121
2010: 8
2009: 10
2008: 9
2007: 7

Rate of Male Gun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Egypt, the annual rate of male firearm suicide per 100,000 population is

2015: 0.017
2014: 0.06
2013: 0.15
2012: 0.20
2011: 0.28
2010: 0.02
2009: 0.02
2008: 0.02
2007: 0.02

Female Gun Suicide Victims

ChartIn Egypt, annual female firearm suicides total

2015: 17
2014: 17
2013: 6
2012: 8
2011: 8
2010: 2
2009: 4
2008: 2
2007: 1

Rate of Female Gun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Egypt, the annual rate of female firearm suicide per 100,000 population is

2015: 07
2014: 0
2013: 0.01
2012: 0.02
2011: 0.02
2010: 0.01
2009: 0.01
2008: 0.01
2007: 0

Unintentional Gun Deaths

ChartIn Egypt, annual unintentional shooting deaths total

2015: 4057
2014: 9397
2013: 2,841
2012: 479
2011: 79213
2010: 79
2009: 88
2008: 107
2007: 72
2000: 838

Rate of Unintentional Gun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn Egypt, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death per 100,000 population is

2015: 0.447
2014: 1.04
2013: 3.24
2012: 0.56
2011: 0.95
2010: 0.10
2009: 0.11
2008: 0.14
2007: 0.09
2000: 0.128

Unintentional Male Gun Deaths

ChartIn Egypt, annual unintentional male shooting deaths total

2015: 3587
2014: 8817
2013: 2,681
2012: 436
2011: 761
2010: 69
2009: 77
2008: 98
2007: 69

Rate of Unintentional Male Gun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn Egypt, the annual rate of unintentional male shooting death per 100,000 population is

2015: 0.767
2014: 1.92
2013: 5.99
2012: 1
2011: 1.79
2010: 0.17
2009: 0.19
2008: 0.25
2007: 0.18

Unintentional Female Gun Deaths

ChartIn Egypt, annual unintentional female shooting deaths total

2015: 477
2014: 587
2013: 160
2012: 43
2011: 31
2010: 10
2009: 11
2008: 9
2007: 3

Rate of Unintentional Female Gun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn Egypt, the annual rate of unintentional female shooting death per 100,000 population is

2015: 0.107
2014: 0.13
2013: 0.37
2012: 0.10
2011: 0.08
2010: 0.03
2009: 0.03
2008: 0.02
2007: 0.01

Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Egypt, annual shooting deaths in which the cause remains undecided total

2015: 3177
2014: 3787
2013: 455
2012: 279
2011: 33513
2010: 55
2009: 30
2008: 80
2007: 41
2000: 408

Rate of Gun Death from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn Egypt, the annual rate of unknown-cause shooting deaths per 100,000 population is

2015: 0.347
2014: 0.42
2013: 0.52
2012: 0.33
2011: 0.40
2010: 0.07
2009: 0.04
2008: 0.10
2007: 0.05
2000: 0.068

Male Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Egypt, annual male shooting deaths in which the cause remains undecided total

2015: 2927
2014: 3387
2013: 423
2012: 255
2011: 311
2010: 49
2009: 26
2008: 75
2007: 34

Rate of Male Gun Death from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn Egypt, the annual rate of unknown-cause male shooting deaths per 100,000 population is

2015: 0.627
2014: 0.74
2013: 0.94
2012: 0.58
2011: 0.73
2010: 0.12
2009: 0.06
2008: 0.19
2007: 0.09

Female Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Egypt, annual female shooting deaths in which the cause remains undecided total

2015: 257
2014: 407
2013: 32
2012: 24
2011: 24
2010: 6
2009: 4
2008: 5
2007: 7

Rate of Female Gun Death from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn Egypt, the annual rate of unknown-cause female shooting deaths per 100,000 population is

2015: 0.067
2014: 0.09
2013: 0.07
2012: 0.06
2011: 0.06
2010: 0.02
2009: 0.01
2008: 0.01
2007: 0.02

Legal Intervention Gun Homicides

ChartIn Egypt, annual legal-intervention gun homicides total

2015: 4787
2014: 290
2013: 364
2012: 401
2011: 311
2010: 204
2009: 183
2008: 231
2007: 241

ProductionGun Industry

Regulation of Firearm Makers

In Egypt, the manufacture of small arms, ammunition and/or their components is permitted only if the maker holds a valid licence14

Small Arms Manufacture - World Ranking

In a classification of the world's small, medium and major firearm manufacturers, Egypt was ranked 'medium'15 16

TransfersGun Trade and Trafficking

Firearm Exports

Small Arms Exports (US$) - Customs

The annual value of small arms and ammunition exports from Egypt is reported by Customs to be US$50,69917 (2011)

Small Arms Exports - World Ranking

In a comparison of the world's major/mid-level/minor/unknown small arms exporters, Egypt was categorized as 'unknown'18

Firearm Imports

In Egypt, firearm and ammunition imports are limited by transfer control law19

Small Arms Imports (US$) - Customs

The annual value of small arms and ammunition imports to Egypt is reported by Customs to be US$6,865,77717 (2011)20 21 22 23 24

Smuggling Guns and Ammunition

Reports suggest that the level of firearm and ammunition smuggling in Egypt is moderate14

Transparency of Small Arms Transfers

ChartIn its annual Small Arms Trade Transparency Barometer, the Small Arms Survey compares public reporting among major arms exporting nations on a scale from strong to weak (25 to zero). In recent years, Egypt scored

2014: 6.7525
2013: 4.2526

MeasuresGun Regulation

Firearm Regulation - Guiding Policy

The regulation of guns in Egypt is categorised as restrictive27

Firearm Regulation Authority

Guns in Egypt are regulated by the Ministry of the Interior14

Right to Possess Firearms

In Egypt, the right to private gun ownership is not guaranteed by law28 29

Restricted Firearms and Ammunition

In Egypt, civilians are not allowed to possess longguns14

Regulation of Handguns

In Egypt, private possession of handguns (pistols and revolvers) is permitted under licence14

Gun Ownership and Possession

In Egypt, only licensed gun owners30 may lawfully acquire, possess or transfer a firearm or ammunition

Genuine Reason Required for Firearm Possession

Applicants for a gun owner’s licence in Egypt are required to establish a genuine reason to possess a firearm30

Minimum Age for Firearm Possession

The minimum age for gun ownership in Egypt is 21 years30

Gun Owner Background Checks

An applicant for a firearm licence in Egypt must pass a background check which considers criminal, mental health, domestic violence, and health30 31 records

Domestic Violence and Firearms

Where a past history, or apprehended likelihood of family violence exists, the law in Egypt stipulates14 that a gun licence should be denied or revoked

Gun Owner Licensing Period

In Egypt, gun owners must re-apply and re-qualify for their firearm licence every three years32

Firearm Registration

Civilian Gun Registration

In Egypt, the law requires33 that a record of the acquisition, possession and transfer of each privately held firearm be retained in an official register

Storage and Transport of Guns and Ammunition

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Private

Firearm regulations in Egypt do not include14 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of private firearms and ammunition by licensed gun owners

Firearm and Ammunition Transport Regulations

Regulations in Egypt include14 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition while in transit

Marking and Tracing Guns and Ammunition

Firearm Marking

In Egypt, a unique identifying mark on each firearm is required by law33

Firearm Tracing

In Egypt, state authorities carry out33 recognised arms tracing and tracking procedures

Carrying Guns

Carrying Guns Openly in Public

In Egypt, carrying a firearm in plain view in a public place is allowed, subject to a valid permit32

Carrying Hidden Handguns in Public

In Egypt, carrying a concealed firearm in a public place is allowed, subject to a valid permit32

Penalty for Illicit Firearm Possession

In Egypt, the maximum penalty for unlawful possession of a firearm34 is one month in prison and a fine (life imprisonment with hard labour for certain firearms)32

MeasuresInternational Controls

Regional Agreements

League of Arab States

As a member of the League of Arab States, Egypt adopted the Arab Model Law on Weapons, Ammunitions, Explosives and Hazardous Material in January 200235

African Union

In June 2006, as a member of the African Union, Egypt adopted an African Common Position to take to the Conference to Review the UN Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA), held in June 200636 37

Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development

The Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development, a diplomatic initiative aimed at addressing the interrelations between armed violence and development, was not signed38 by Egypt.

Arms Trade Treaty

The Arms Trade Treaty has not been signed39 by Egypt

United Nations Firearms Protocol

The United Nations Protocol against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, Their Parts and Components and Ammunition has not been signed40 by Egypt

United Nations Small Arms Programme of Action UNPoA

UNPoA Commitment

On 21 July 2001, Egypt committed to a consensus decision of the United Nations to adopt, support and implement the UN Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects41

UNPoA Implementation Monitor Score

In its UN small arms Programme of Action Implementation Monitor (PoAIM Phase 1), the Small Arms Survey scored Egypt against its commitments to the PoA, then ranked it at No. 11042 43 44 45 among 159 Member States

UNPoA National Reporting

Under the terms of its 2001 commitment to the United Nations small arms Programme of Action, Egypt has submitted one or more national reports46 19 on its implementation of the UNPoA

UNPoA National Point of Contact

In Egypt, a National Point of Contact to deal with issues relating to the UNPoA has been designated47 19

UNPoA National Coordinating Body

In Egypt, a National Coordinating Body to deal with issues relating to the UNPoA has been designated19

UNPoA Civil Society Involvement and Support

In National Reports of Egypt submitted to the UN from 2001 to 2010, a history of substantive cooperation with civil society in support of UNPoA activities was apparent19

UNPoA International Assistance – Donor

Funds for UNPoA implementation have not been donated19 by Egypt to other UN Member States

United Nations Small Arms Register

According to the United Nations Register of Conventional Arms, Egypt has not declared48 its small arms exports in one or more annual National Reports on Arms Exports.

United Nations Membership

In the UN List of Member States, Egypt has been a Member State of the United Nations since 194549

Wassenaar Arrangement

The Wassenaar Arrangement on Export Controls and Conventional Arms and Dual-Use Goods and Technologies does not list50 Egypt as a Participating State

BackgroundCountry Profile

Conflict Profile

For a profile of conflict in Egypt, select the Link icon to open an external web page from the UCDP Conflict Encyclopedia at Uppsala University

Global Peace Index

To see where Egypt ranks, select the Link icon to open an external web page at the Global Peace Index


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