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Ecuador — Gun Facts, Figures and the Law

StockpilesGun Numbers

Civilian Guns

Number of Privately Owned Firearms

ChartThe estimated total number of guns (both licit and illicit) held by civilians in Ecuador is

2017: 402,0001
2012: 350,0002 3 4

Rate of Civilian Firearm Possession per 100 Population

ChartThe estimated rate of private gun ownership (both licit and illicit) per 100 people in Ecuador is

2017: 2.401
2012: 2.52 4

Number of Privately Owned Shotguns

In Ecuador, the number of shotguns in civilian possession is reported to be 100,0005

Number of Privately Owned Handguns

In Ecuador, the number of handguns in civilian possession is reported to be 100,0005

Number of Privately Owned Firearms - World Ranking

In a 2007 comparison of the number of privately owned guns in 178 countries, Ecuador ranked at No. 966

Rate of Privately Owned Firearms per 100 Population - World Ranking

In a 2007 comparison of the rate of private gun ownership in 178 countries, Ecuador ranked at No. 1424

Number of Licensed Firearm Owners

The number of licensed gun owners in Ecuador is reported to be 117,0007

Rate of Licensed Firearm Owners per 100 Population

The rate of licensed firearm owners per 100 people in Ecuador is 0.868

Number of Registered Firearms

ChartThe number of registered guns in Ecuador is reported to be

2017: 167,1021
2012: 167,1029
2010: 145,59510
2006: 117,00011
2005: 117,0004

Rate of Registered Firearms per 100 Population

ChartThe rate of registered guns per 100 people in Ecuador is

2012: 1.108
2010: 0.98
2006: 0.8911
2005: 0.868

Estimated Number of Unregistered and Illicit Firearms

ChartUnregistered and unlawfully held guns cannot be counted,12 but in Ecuador there are estimated to be

2017: 234,8981
2009: 250,0003

Estimated Rate of Unregistered and Illicit Firearms per 100 Population

Unregistered and unlawfully held guns cannot be counted,12 but in Ecuador the rate of such firearms per 100 people is estimated to be 1.838

Government Guns

Number of Military Firearms

The defence forces of Ecuador are reported to have 253,66813 firearms

Number of Law Enforcement Firearms

Police in Ecuador are reported to have 41,00014 15 16 3 firearms

ImpactsDeath and Injury

Total Number of Gun Deaths

ChartIn Ecuador, annual deaths resulting from firearms total

2017: 54917
2016: 501
2015: 591
2014: 691
2013: 958
2012: 1,209
2011: 1,547
2010: 1,724
2009: 1,637
2008: 1,827
2007: 1,527
2006: 1,613
2005: 1,670
2004: 1,545
2003: 1,251
2001: 1,477
2000: 1,635

Rate of All Gun Deaths per 100,000 People

ChartIn Ecuador, the annual rate of all gun deaths per 100,000 population is

2017: 3.4117
2016: 3.16
2015: 3.78
2014: 4.48
2013: 6.29
2012: 8.06
2011: 10.46
2010: 11.83
2009: 11.40
2008: 12.93
2007: 10.97
2006: 11.81
2005: 12.49
2004: 11.82
2003: 9.75
2001: 11.70
2000: 13.14

Total Number of Male Gun Deaths

ChartIn Ecuador, annual male deaths resulting from firearms total

2017: 50917
2016: 472
2015: 547
2014: 642
2013: 880
2012: 1,120
2011: 1,452
2010: 1,617
2009: 1,542
2008: 1,728
2007: 1,408
2006: 1,509
2005: 1,574
2004: 1,436
2003: 1,177
2001: 1,377
2000: 1,526

Rate of Male Gun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn Ecuador, the annual rate of male gun death per 100,000 population is

2017: 6.3717
2016: 5.99
2015: 7.03
2014: 8.36
2013: 11.62
2012: 15
2011: 19.73
2010: 22.30
2009: 21.58
2008: 24.56
2007: 20.32
2006: 22.19
2005: 23.68
2004: 22.11
2003: 18.49
2001: 21.99
2000: 24.74

Total Number of Female Gun Deaths

ChartIn Ecuador, annual female deaths resulting from firearms total

2017: 4017
2016: 29
2015: 44
2014: 49
2013: 78
2012: 89
2011: 95
2010: 107
2009: 95
2008: 99
2007: 119
2006: 104
2005: 96
2004: 109
2003: 74
2001: 100
2000: 109

Rate of Female Gun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn Ecuador, the annual rate of female gun death per 100,000 population is

2017: 0.4917
2016: 0.36
2015: 0.56
2014: 0.63
2013: 1.02
2012: 1.18
2011: 1.28
2010: 1.46
2009: 1.32
2008: 1.39
2007: 1.70
2006: 1.52
2005: 1.43
2004: 1.66
2003: 1.15
2001: 1.57
2000: 1.74

Homicides (any method)

ChartIn Ecuador, annual homicides by any means total

2017: 97418
2016: 937
2015: 1,048
2014: 1,309
2013: 1,725
2012: 1,922
2011: 2,344
2010: 2,624
2009: 2,187
2008: 2,479
2007: 2,301
2006: 2,357
2005: 2,409
2004: 2,315
2003: 1,771
2002: 2,059
2001: 1,986
2000: 2,086
1999: 2,15019
1998: 1,830
1997: 1,472
1996: 1,865
1995: 1,526

Rate of Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Ecuador, the annual rate of homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2017: 5.9818
2016: 5.83
2015: 6.60
2014: 8.36
2013: 11.17
2012: 12.63
2011: 15.62
2010: 17.74
2009: 15.01
2008: 17.27
2007: 16.28
2006: 16.94
2005: 17.63
2004: 17.32
2003: 13.55
2002: 16.05
2001: 15.73
2000: 16.76
1999: 17.719 20
1998: 15.319
1997: 12.5
1996: 16.1
1995: 13.4

Male Homicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Ecuador, annual male homicides by any means total

2017: 77618
2016: 766
2015: 877
2014: 1,124
2013: 1,472
2012: 1,691
2011: 2,095
2010: 2,387
2009: 1,992
2008: 2,279
2007: 2,070
2006: 2,138
2005: 2,220
2004: 2,104
2003: 1,603
2002: 1,858
2001: 1,809
2000: 1,922

Rate of Male Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Ecuador, the annual rate of male homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2017: 9.2221
2016: 9.46
2015: 10.79
2014: 14.07
2013: 18.72
2012: 21.81
2011: 27.41
2010: 31.67
2009: 27.47
2008: 31.90
2007: 29.42
2006: 30.86
2005: 32.65
2004: 31.65
2003: 24.68
2002: 29.18
2001: 28.89
2000: 31.16

Female Homicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Ecuador, annual female homicides by any means total

2017: 19818
2016: 171
2015: 171
2014: 185
2013: 253
2012: 231
2011: 249
2010: 237
2009: 195
2008: 200
2007: 231
2006: 219
2005: 189
2004: 211
2003: 168
2002: 201
2001: 177
2000: 164

Rate of Female Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Ecuador, the annual rate of female homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2017: 2.4118
2016: 2.11
2015: 2.14
2014: 2.35
2013: 3.26
2012: 3.02
2011: 3.30
2010: 3.19
2009: 2.66
2008: 2.77
2007: 3.25
2006: 3.13
2005: 2.75
2004: 3.14
2003: 2.55
2002: 3.11
2001: 2.78
2000: 2.61

Gun Homicides

ChartIn Ecuador, annual firearm homicides total

2016: 44922
2015: 546
2014: 695
2013: 760
2012: 1,206
2011: 1,468
2010: 1,708
2009: 1,41323
2008: 1,742
2007: 1,463
2006: 1,64624 19 25
2005: 1,718
2004: 1,47219 25
2000: 1,32126

Rate of Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Ecuador, the annual rate of firearm homicide per 100,000 population is

2016: 2.7022
2015: 3.40
2014: 4.40
2013: 4.92
2012: 7.80
2011: 9.70
2010: 11.40
2009: 9.70
2008: 12.14
2007: 10.35
2006: 11.838 19 25
2005: 12.57
2004: 11.119 25
2000: 10.1626

Proportion of Homicides Committed With a Gun

ChartIn Ecuador, the percentage of homicides committed with a firearm is reported to be

2011: 63%27 28
2010: 65%27
2009: 65%23 29
2006: 69%24
2005: 81%
2004: 61.6%19

Male Gun Homicide Victims

ChartIn Ecuador, annual male firearm homicides total

2017: 43817
2016: 381
2015: 187
2014: 521
2013: 687
2012: 973
2011: 1,225
2010: 1,395
2009: 1,320
2008: 1,619
2007: 1,340
2006: 1,435
2005: 1,461
2004: 1,335
2003: 1,004
2001: 1,058
2000: 1,182

Rate of Male Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Ecuador, the annual rate of male firearm homicide per 100,000 population is

2019: 17
2018:
2017: 5.41
2016: 4.77
2015: 6.1017
2014: 8.1022
2013: 9.16
2012: 14.40
2011: 18.10
2010: 21.50
2009: 18.40
2008: 23.11
2007: 19.22

Female Gun Homicide Victims

ChartIn Ecuador, annual female firearm homicides total

2017: 3517
2016: 25
2015: 3317
2014: 5122
2013: 57
2012: 92
2011: 91
2010: 98
2009: 79
2008: 91
2007: 111

Rate of Female Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Ecuador, the annual rate of female firearm homicide per 100,000 population is

2019: 17
2018:
2017: 0.43
2016: 0.31
2015: 0.19
2014: 0.6022
2013: 0.73
2012: 1.20
2011: 1.20
2010: 1.30
2009: 1.08
2008: 1.26
2007: 1.56

Suicides (any method)

ChartIn Ecuador, annual suicides by any means total

2017: 1,23717
2016: 1,284
2015: 1,133
2014: 774
2013: 707
2012: 1,020
2011: 968
2010: 958
2009: 1,037
2008: 999
2007: 1,063
2006: 954
2005: 1,030
2004: 865
2003: 747
2002: 707
2001: 679
2000: 630

Rate of Suicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Ecuador, the annual rate of suicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2019: 017
2018: 0
2017: 7.59
2016: 7.98
2015: 7.14
2014: 4.94
2013: 4.58
2012: 6.70
2011: 6.45
2010: 6.48
2009: 7.12
2008: 6.96
2007: 7.52
2006: 6.85
2005: 7.54
2004: 6.47
2003: 5.71
2002: 5.6
2001: 5.38
2000: 5.06

Male Suicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Ecuador, annual male suicides by any means total

2017: 99417
2016: 1,016
2015: 864
2014: 602
2013: 520
2012: 752
2011: 701
2010: 699
2009: 786
2008: 738
2007: 782
2006: 652
2005: 763
2004: 620
2003: 519
2001: 485
2000: 457

Rate of Male Suicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Ecuador, the annual rate of male suicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2017: 12.2917
2016: 12.72
2015: 10.96
2014: 7.74
2013: 6.77
2012: 9.93
2011: 9.39
2010: 9.50
2009: 10.84
2008: 10.33
2007: 11.11
2006: 9.41
2005: 11.22
2004: 9.33
2003: 7.99
2001: 7.74
2000: 7.41

Female Suicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Ecuador, annual female suicides by any means total

2017: 24317
2016: 268
2015: 269
2014: 172
2013: 187
2012: 268
2011: 267
2010: 259
2009: 251
2008: 261
2007: 281
2006: 302
2005: 267
2004: 245
2003: 228
2001: 194
2000: 173

Rate of Female Suicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Ecuador, the annual rate of female suicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2017: 2.9617
2016: 3.31
2015: 3.37
2014: 2.18
2013: 2.41
2012: 3.50
2011: 3.54
2010: 3.48
2009: 3.43
2008: 3.62
2007: 3.96
2006: 4.32
2005: 3.89
2004: 3.65
2003: 3.47
2001: 3.05
2000: 2.76

Gun Suicides

ChartIn Ecuador, annual firearm suicides total

2017: 5317
2016: 65
2015: 60
2014: 40
2013: 31
2012: 4430
2011: 49
2010: 46
2009: 7223
2008: 71
2007: 57
2006: 54
2005: 87
2004: 72
2003: 72
2001: 95
2000: 9526

Rate of Gun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Ecuador, the annual rate of firearm suicide per 100,000 population is

2017: 0.3317
2016: 0.41
2015: 0.38
2014: 0.26
2013: 0.20
2012: 0.29
2011: 0.33
2010: 0.32
2009: 0.50
2008: 0.50
2007: 0.41
2006: 0.40
2005: 0.65
2004: 0.55
2003: 0.56
2001: 0.75
2000: 0.76

Male Gun Suicide Victims

ChartIn Ecuador, annual male firearm suicides total

2017: 5117
2016: 63
2015: 57
2014: 35
2013: 30
2012: 41
2011: 46
2010: 41
2009: 66
2008: 65
2007: 50
2006: 50
2005: 80
2004: 64
2003: 66
2001: 86
2000: 85

Rate of Male Gun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Ecuador, the annual rate of male firearm suicide per 100,000 population is

2017: 0.6317
2016: 0.79
2015: 0.72
2014: 0.45
2013: 0.39
2012: 0.54
2011: 0.62
2010: 0.56
2009: 0.91
2008: 0.91
2007: 0.71
2006: 0.72
2005: 1.18
2004: 0.96
2003: 1.02
2001: 1.37
2000: 1.38

Female Gun Suicide Victims

ChartIn Ecuador, annual female firearm suicides total

2017: 217
2016: 2
2015: 3
2014: 5
2013: 1
2012: 3
2011: 3
2010: 5
2009: 6
2008: 6
2007: 7
2006: 4
2005: 7
2004: 8
2003: 6
2001: 9
2000: 10

Rate of Female Gun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Ecuador, the annual rate of female firearm suicide per 100,000 population is

2017: 0.0217
2016: 0.02
2015: 0.04
2014: 0.06
2013: 0.01
2012: 0.04
2011: 0.04
2010: 0.07
2009: 0.08
2008: 0.08
2007: 0.10
2006: 0.06
2005: 0.10
2004: 0.12
2003: 0.09
2001: 0.14
2000: 0.16

Unintentional Gun Deaths

ChartIn Ecuador, annual unintentional shooting deaths total

2017: 717
2016: 9
2015: 18
2014: 17
2013: 50
2012: 1130
2011: 24
2010: 53
2009: 1023
2008: 10
2007: 6
2006: 11
2005: 18
2004: 13
2003: 17
2001: 25
2000: 3126

Rate of Unintentional Gun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn Ecuador, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death per 100,000 population is

2017: 0.0417
2016: 0.06
2015: 0.11
2014: 0.11
2013: 0.32
2012: 0.07
2011: 0.16
2010: 0.36
2009: 0.07
2008: 0.07
2007: 0.04
2006: 0.08
2005: 0.13
2004: 0.10
2003: 0.13
2001: 0.20
2000: 0.25

Unintentional Male Gun Deaths

ChartIn Ecuador, annual unintentional male shooting deaths total

2017: 617
2016: 8
2015: 14
2014: 15
2013: 41
2012: 10
2011: 23
2010: 45
2009: 9
2008: 8
2007: 5
2006: 10
2005: 14
2004: 11
2003: 17
2001: 23
2000: 25

Rate of Unintentional Male Gun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn Ecuador, the annual rate of unintentional male shooting death per 100,000 population is

2017: 0.0717
2016: 0.10
2015: 0.18
2014: 0.19
2013: 0.53
2012: 0.13
2011: 0.31
2010: 0.61
2009: 0.12
2008: 0.11
2007: 0.07
2006: 0.14
2005: 0.21
2004: 0.17
2003: 0.26
2001: 0.37
2000: 0.41

Unintentional Female Gun Deaths

ChartIn Ecuador, annual unintentional female shooting deaths total

2017: 117
2016: 1
2015: 4
2014: 2
2013: 9
2012: 1
2011: 1
2010: 8
2009: 1
2008: 2
2007: 1
2006: 1
2005: 4
2004: 2
2001: 2
2000: 6

Rate of Unintentional Female Gun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn Ecuador, the annual rate of unintentional female shooting death per 100,000 population is

2017: 0.0117
2016: 0.01
2015: 0.05
2014: 0.03
2013: 0.12
2012: 0.01
2011: 0.01
2010: 0.11
2009: 0.01
2008: 0.03
2007: 0.01
2006: 0.01
2005: 0.06
2004: 0.03
2001: 0.03
2000: 0.10

Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Ecuador, annual shooting deaths in which the cause remains undecided total

2017: 917
2016: 2
2015: 1017
2014: 6317
2013: 116
2012: 8830
2011: 154
2010: 116
2009: 14423
2008: 15
2007: 2
2006: 4
2005: 2
2004: 14
2003: 76
2001: 173
2000: 200

Rate of Gun Death from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn Ecuador, the annual rate of unknown-cause shooting deaths per 100,000 population is

2019: 017
2018: 0
2017: 0.06
2016: 0.01
2015: 0.06
2014: 0.40
2013: 0.75
2012: 0.58
2011: 1.03
2010: 0.78
2009: 0.99
2008: 0.10
2007: 0.01
2006: 0.03
2005: 0.01
2004: 0.10
2003: 0.58
2001: 1.37
2000: 1.61

Male Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Ecuador, annual male shooting deaths in which the cause remains undecided total

2017: 817
2016: 2
2015: 617
2014: 6017
2013: 105
2012: 84
2011: 145
2010: 109
2009: 135
2008: 14
2007: 2
2006: 4
2005: 2
2004: 13
2003: 72
2001: 164
2000: 187

Rate of Male Gun Death from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn Ecuador, the annual rate of unknown-cause male shooting deaths per 100,000 population is

2017: 0.1017
2016: 0.03
2015: 0.08
2014: 0.77
2013: 1.37
2012: 1.11
2011: 1.94
2010: 1.48
2009: 1.86
2008: 0.20
2007: 0.03
2006: 0.06
2005: 0.03
2004: 0.20
2003: 1.11
2001: 2.62
2000: 3.03

Female Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Ecuador, annual female shooting deaths in which the cause remains undecided total

2017: 117
2015: 4
2014: 3
2013: 11
2012: 4
2011: 9
2010: 7
2009: 9
2008: 1
2004: 1
2003: 4
2001: 9
2000: 13

Rate of Female Gun Death from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn Ecuador, the annual rate of unknown-cause female shooting deaths per 100,000 population is

2017: 0.0117
2015: 0.05
2014: 0.04
2013: 0.14
2012: 0.05
2011: 0.12
2010: 0.09
2009: 0.12
2008: 0.01
2004: 0.01
2003: 0.06
2001: 0.14
2000: 0.21

Legal Intervention Gun Homicides

ChartIn Ecuador, annual legal-intervention gun homicides total

2015: 317
2013: 1
2007: 2

ProductionGun Industry

Regulation of Firearm Makers

In Ecuador, the manufacture of small arms, ammunition and/or their components is permitted only if the maker holds a valid licence31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45

Home-made Guns

In Ecuador, the prevalence of illicit craft, or 'home-made' firearm manufacture is reported to be high9 44

TransfersGun Trade and Trafficking

Firearm Exports

In Ecuador, firearm and ammunition exports are limited by transfer control law46 47 48 49 50

Small Arms Exports (US$) - Customs

The annual value of small arms and ammunition exports from Ecuador is reported by Customs to be US$051 (2011)

Small Arms Exports - World Ranking

In a comparison of the world's major/mid-level/minor/unknown small arms exporters, Ecuador was categorized as 'unknown'52

Firearm Imports

In Ecuador, firearm and ammunition imports are limited by transfer control law46 53 54 55 56 57 41 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 49 50

Small Arms Imports (US$) - Customs

The annual value of small arms and ammunition imports to Ecuador is reported by Customs to be US$128,89951 (2011)

Smuggling Guns and Ammunition

Reports suggest that the level of firearm and ammunition smuggling in Ecuador is high5 9 65

Regulation of Arms Brokers

In Ecuador, the activities of arms brokers and transfer intermediaries are not specifically regulated by law34 61 66 50 67

End User Certificates

Customs regulations in Ecuador include68 certification of the intended end user of any small arms or ammunition transfer, and/or a written declaration of its intended end use

MeasuresGun Regulation

Firearm Regulation - Guiding Policy

The regulation of guns in Ecuador is categorised as restrictive69

Firearm Law

Guiding gun control legislation in Ecuador includes the Act on the Manufacture, Import, Export, Trade and Possession of Arms, Ammunition, Explosives and Accessories of 198070 and its Regulations (Executive Decree No. 169 of 1997)71

Firearm Regulation Authority

Guns in Ecuador are regulated by the National Defence Ministry, through the Joint Command of the Armed Forces,72 73 74 9 and the Police75

Right to Possess Firearms

In Ecuador, the right to private gun ownership is not guaranteed by law76 77

Restricted Firearms and Ammunition

In Ecuador, civilians are not allowed to possess weapons of war,78 79 80 81 automatic firearms, pistols with a calibre greater than or equal to 9 mm.82 The possession of revolvers with a calibre not greater than .38 inches, semi-automatic pistols and sub-machine guns with a caliber not greater than 9 mm, and repeating or semi-automatic shotguns is restricted83

Regulation of Automatic Weapons

In Ecuador, private possession of fully automatic weapons is prohibited82 28

Regulation of Semiautomatic Assault Weapons

In Ecuador, private possession of semi-automatic assault weapons is restricted83

Regulation of Handguns

In Ecuador, private possession of handguns (pistols and revolvers) is prohibited, with some exceptions82 83 28

Law Regulates Long Guns

In Ecuador, civilian possession of rifles and shotguns is regulated by law28

Gun Ownership and Possession

In Ecuador, only licensed gun owners84 85 86 87 88 89 9 28 may lawfully acquire, possess or transfer a firearm or ammunition

Genuine Reason Required for Firearm Possession

Applicants for a gun owner’s licence in Ecuador are required to establish a genuine reason to possess a firearm, for example hunting, target shooting, collection, personal protection, security90 91

Minimum Age for Firearm Possession

The minimum age for gun ownership in Ecuador is 18 years5

Gun Owner Background Checks

An applicant for a firearm licence in Ecuador must pass a background check which considers criminal and mental health92 93 28 records

Reference Required for Firearm Licence

In Ecuador, third party character references for each gun licence applicant are not required94

Partner to be Advised or Interviewed

In Ecuador, licensing authorities are not required94 to conduct interviews with, or to advise an applicant's spouse, partner, or next of kin before issuing a gun licence

Domestic Violence and Firearms

Where a past history, or apprehended likelihood of family violence exists, the law in Ecuador does not stipulate94 that a gun licence should be denied or revoked

Firearm Safety Training

In Ecuador, an understanding of firearm safety and the law, tested in a theoretical and/or practical training course is not required94 for a firearm licence

Gun Owner Licensing Period

In Ecuador, gun owners must re-apply and re-qualify for their firearm licence every year for certificates of firearm possession86 and every two years for licences to carry firearms95

Licensing Records

In Ecuador, authorities maintain a record88 96 97 of individual civilians licensed to acquire, possess, sell or transfer a firearm or ammunition

Limit on Number of Guns

Licensed firearm owners in Ecuador are permitted to possess one firearm for personal defence and another one for sporting or hunting purposes90

Limit on Quantity, Type of Ammunition

Licensed firearm owners in Ecuador are permitted to possess any quantity of ammunition94

Firearm Registration

Civilian Gun Registration

In Ecuador, the law requires88 74 54 98 99 44 100 that a record of the acquisition, possession and transfer of each privately held firearm be retained in an official register

Gun Dealer Record Keeping

In Ecuador, licensed firearm dealers are required88 96 101 97 102 103 to keep a record of each firearm or ammunition purchase, sale or transfer on behalf of a regulating authority

Gun Manufacturer Record Keeping

In Ecuador, licensed gun makers are required88 101 97 42 102 to keep a record of each firearm produced, for inspection by a regulating authority

State-Owned Firearm Records

In Ecuador, State agencies are required88 104 102 to maintain records of the storage and movement of all firearms and ammunition under their control

Gun Sales and Transfers

Regulation of Private Gun Sales

In Ecuador, the private sale and transfer of firearms is prohibited without a permit from the Joint Command105 106 107 108 109

Regulation of Dealer Gun Sales

In Ecuador, dealing in firearms by way of business without a valid gun dealer’s licence is unlawful32 110 97 111 106 107 109 112 113 40

Background Checks for Private Gun Sales

The buyer of a firearm in a private sale in Ecuador is obliged109 92 to pass official background checks before taking possession

Background Checks for Dealer Gun Sales

The buyer of a firearm from a licensed gun dealer in Ecuador is obliged109 92 to pass official background checks before taking possession

Waiting Period for Gun Possession

In Ecuador, the minimum wait for a lawful firearm purchase to be completed is undetermined94

Regulation of Gun Shows

In Ecuador, gun shows and temporary firearm dealing events are not regulated94 in law

Storage and Transport of Guns and Ammunition

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Private

Firearm regulations in Ecuador include32 114 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of private firearms and ammunition by licensed gun owners

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Dealer

Firearm regulations in Ecuador include32 114 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition by licensed arms dealers

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Government

Government regulations in Ecuador include104 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition by state entities

Firearm and Ammunition Transport Regulations

Regulations in Ecuador include32 39 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition while in transit

Carrying Guns

Law Regulates Firearms in Public

In Ecuador, carrying a gun in a public place is regulated by law87 89 9 28

Carrying Guns Openly in Public

In Ecuador, carrying a firearm in plain view in a public place is allowed, subject to a valid permit87 89 9 28

Carrying Hidden Handguns in Public

In Ecuador, carrying a concealed firearm in a public place is allowed, subject to a valid permit87 89 9 28

Gun Free Zones

In Ecuador, private guns are prohibited in public demonstrations, meetings, assemblies, councils and any other sort of public acts115 89

Penalty for Illicit Firearm Possession

In Ecuador, the maximum penalty for unlawful possession of a firearm116 is six years in prison and a fine117 118 119 120

MeasuresInternational Controls

Regional Agreements

Andean Community

As a member of the Andean Community, Ecuador

adopted Decision 552: The Andean Plan to Prevent, Fight and Eradicate Illicit Trafficking in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects in June, 2003121

Organization of American States

On 14 November 1997, as a member of the Organisation of American States (OAS), Ecuador adopted the Inter-American Convention against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, Explosives, Ammunition and Other Related Materials (CIFTA), a legally binding multilateral treaty of which the OAS is depository. The CIFTA Convention has since been signed and ratified122 123 by Ecuador

United Nations Commission on Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice

The UNCCPCJ, a subsidiary body of the Economic and Social Council mandated to promote action to prevent national and transnational crime, lists124 Ecuador as an elected member

Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development

The Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development, a diplomatic initiative aimed at addressing the interrelations between armed violence and development, was signed in 2007125 by Ecuador.

Arms Trade Treaty

The Arms Trade Treaty has not been signed126 by Ecuador

United Nations Firearms Protocol

The United Nations Protocol against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, Their Parts and Components and Ammunition has been signed and ratified127 by Ecuador

United Nations Small Arms Programme of Action UNPoA

UNPoA Commitment

On 21 July 2001, Ecuador committed to a consensus decision of the United Nations to adopt, support and implement the UN Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects128

UNPoA Implementation Monitor Score

In its UN small arms Programme of Action Implementation Monitor (PoAIM Phase 1), the Small Arms Survey scored Ecuador against its commitments to the PoA, then ranked it at No. 15129 130 131 132 among 159 Member States

UNPoA National Reporting

Under the terms of its 2001 commitment to the United Nations small arms Programme of Action, Ecuador has submitted one or more national reports133 67 on its implementation of the UNPoA

UNPoA National Point of Contact

In Ecuador, a National Point of Contact to deal with issues relating to the UNPoA has been designated134 67

UNPoA National Coordinating Body

In Ecuador, a National Coordinating Body to deal with issues relating to the UNPoA has been designated134 67

UNPoA Civil Society Involvement and Support

In National Reports of Ecuador submitted to the UN from 2001 to 2010, a history of substantive cooperation with civil society in support of UNPoA activities was not apparent134 67

UNPoA International Assistance – Donor

Funds for UNPoA implementation have not been donated67 by Ecuador to other UN Member States

United Nations Small Arms Register

According to the United Nations Register of Conventional Arms, Ecuador has not declared135 its small arms exports in one or more annual National Reports on Arms Exports.

United Nations Membership

In the UN List of Member States, Ecuador has been a Member State of the United Nations since 1945136

Wassenaar Arrangement

The Wassenaar Arrangement on Export Controls and Conventional Arms and Dual-Use Goods and Technologies does not list137 Ecuador as a Participating State

BackgroundSustainable Development Goal Profile

About SDG 16

The Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) are 17 goals set by the United Nations to be implemented by all member states by 2030. Adopted in 2015, they outline a vision of development in which peace and security are an integral part. SDG 16,138 which seeks to “promote peaceful and inclusive societies for sustainable development,” includes targets and indicators focused on reducing violence (Target 16.1) and the proliferation of illicit arms (Target 16.4). The indicators – or measurement criteria – of these targets include the number of victims of intentional homicide (Indicator 16.1.1), the number of conflict-related deaths (Indicator 16.1.2), and the number of illicit firearms collected and traced (Indicator 16.4.2). In light of these targets and indicators, GunPolicy.org provides granular national data pertaining to homicides, gun homicides, conflict deaths, disarmament efforts, and marking and tracing.

Homicides (any method)

ChartIn Ecuador, annual homicides by any means total

2017: 97418
2016: 937
2015: 1,048
2014: 1,309
2013: 1,725
2012: 1,922
2011: 2,344
2010: 2,624
2009: 2,187
2008: 2,479
2007: 2,301
2006: 2,357
2005: 2,409
2004: 2,315
2003: 1,771
2002: 2,059
2001: 1,986
2000: 2,086
1999: 2,15019
1998: 1,830
1997: 1,472
1996: 1,865
1995: 1,526

Rate of Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Ecuador, the annual rate of homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2017: 5.9818
2016: 5.83
2015: 6.60
2014: 8.36
2013: 11.17
2012: 12.63
2011: 15.62
2010: 17.74
2009: 15.01
2008: 17.27
2007: 16.28
2006: 16.94
2005: 17.63
2004: 17.32
2003: 13.55
2002: 16.05
2001: 15.73
2000: 16.76
1999: 17.719 20
1998: 15.319
1997: 12.5
1996: 16.1
1995: 13.4

Male Homicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Ecuador, annual male homicides by any means total

2017: 77618
2016: 766
2015: 877
2014: 1,124
2013: 1,472
2012: 1,691
2011: 2,095
2010: 2,387
2009: 1,992
2008: 2,279
2007: 2,070
2006: 2,138
2005: 2,220
2004: 2,104
2003: 1,603
2002: 1,858
2001: 1,809
2000: 1,922

Rate of Male Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Ecuador, the annual rate of male homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2017: 9.2221
2016: 9.46
2015: 10.79
2014: 14.07
2013: 18.72
2012: 21.81
2011: 27.41
2010: 31.67
2009: 27.47
2008: 31.90
2007: 29.42
2006: 30.86
2005: 32.65
2004: 31.65
2003: 24.68
2002: 29.18
2001: 28.89
2000: 31.16

Female Homicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Ecuador, annual female homicides by any means total

2017: 19818
2016: 171
2015: 171
2014: 185
2013: 253
2012: 231
2011: 249
2010: 237
2009: 195
2008: 200
2007: 231
2006: 219
2005: 189
2004: 211
2003: 168
2002: 201
2001: 177
2000: 164

Rate of Female Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Ecuador, the annual rate of female homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2017: 2.4118
2016: 2.11
2015: 2.14
2014: 2.35
2013: 3.26
2012: 3.02
2011: 3.30
2010: 3.19
2009: 2.66
2008: 2.77
2007: 3.25
2006: 3.13
2005: 2.75
2004: 3.14
2003: 2.55
2002: 3.11
2001: 2.78
2000: 2.61

Gun Homicides

ChartIn Ecuador, annual firearm homicides total

2016: 44922
2015: 546
2014: 695
2013: 760
2012: 1,206
2011: 1,468
2010: 1,708
2009: 1,41323
2008: 1,742
2007: 1,463
2006: 1,64624 19 25
2005: 1,718
2004: 1,47219 25
2000: 1,32126

Rate of Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Ecuador, the annual rate of firearm homicide per 100,000 population is

2016: 2.7022
2015: 3.40
2014: 4.40
2013: 4.92
2012: 7.80
2011: 9.70
2010: 11.40
2009: 9.70
2008: 12.14
2007: 10.35
2006: 11.838 19 25
2005: 12.57
2004: 11.119 25
2000: 10.1626

Proportion of Homicides Committed With a Gun

ChartIn Ecuador, the percentage of homicides committed with a firearm is reported to be

2011: 63%27 28
2010: 65%27
2009: 65%23 29
2006: 69%24
2005: 81%
2004: 61.6%19

Male Gun Homicide Victims

ChartIn Ecuador, annual male firearm homicides total

2017: 43817
2016: 381
2015: 187
2014: 521
2013: 687
2012: 973
2011: 1,225
2010: 1,395
2009: 1,320
2008: 1,619
2007: 1,340
2006: 1,435
2005: 1,461
2004: 1,335
2003: 1,004
2001: 1,058
2000: 1,182

Rate of Male Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Ecuador, the annual rate of male firearm homicide per 100,000 population is

2019: 17
2018:
2017: 5.41
2016: 4.77
2015: 6.1017
2014: 8.1022
2013: 9.16
2012: 14.40
2011: 18.10
2010: 21.50
2009: 18.40
2008: 23.11
2007: 19.22

Female Gun Homicide Victims

ChartIn Ecuador, annual female firearm homicides total

2017: 3517
2016: 25
2015: 3317
2014: 5122
2013: 57
2012: 92
2011: 91
2010: 98
2009: 79
2008: 91
2007: 111

Rate of Female Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Ecuador, the annual rate of female firearm homicide per 100,000 population is

2019: 17
2018:
2017: 0.43
2016: 0.31
2015: 0.19
2014: 0.6022
2013: 0.73
2012: 1.20
2011: 1.20
2010: 1.30
2009: 1.08
2008: 1.26
2007: 1.56

Conflict Deaths

For a profile of conflict in Ecuador, select the Link icon to open an external web page from the UCDP Conflict Encyclopedia at Uppsala University

Disarmament

Authorities in Ecuador are not known to have139 140 implemented voluntary firearm surrender schemes, and/or weapon seizure programmes in order to reduce the number of illicit firearms in circulation

Firearms Surrendered and Seized

ChartIn Ecuador, the number of firearms voluntarily surrendered, bought back or seized by authorities is reported to be

2019: 4,307141
2018: 2,840
2017: 847142
2016: 3,320
2013: 3,739143 144 140
2012: 5,171
2011: 4,606143 145 104 139
2010: 514143 144

Small Arms Destroyed

ChartIn Ecuador, the number of firearms destroyed following amnesty, collection and seizure programmes is reported to be

2019: 5,387141
2018: 2,786
2015: 5,513146
2011: 7,000104 139

Destruction and Disposal Policy

In Ecuador, it is state policy147 104 9 to destroy surplus, collected and seized firearms rather than return them to the secondary arms market

Marking and Tracing

Firearm Marking

In Ecuador, a unique identifying mark on each firearm is required by law36 42 148 149 43 99 100

Firearm Tracing

In Ecuador, state authorities carry out99 100 150 151 recognised arms tracing and tracking procedures

Ballistic Record of Firearms and Ammunition

In Ecuador, the ballistic characteristics of each civilian firearm and its ammunition are not94 recorded in a register

Global Peace Index

To see where Ecuador ranks, select the Link icon to open an external web page at the Global Peace Index, and then click on Ecuador on the map or in the "Select Country" menu on the right of the web page


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61.

Ecuador.1997.‘Importation of Firearms for Civil Use (Importación de Armas de Uso Civil).’ Regulations to the Act on Arms, Ammunition, Explosives and Accessories, Executive Decree No. 169. RO/32.Quito:Ministry of the Attorney General of the Republic of Ecuador,27 March. (Q9304)Full Citation

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63.

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