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Ecuador — Gun Facts, Figures and the Law

StockpilesGun Numbers

Civilian Guns

Number of Privately Owned Firearms

ChartThe estimated total number of guns (both licit and illicit) held by civilians in Ecuador is

2017: 402,0001
2012: 350,0002 3 4

Rate of Civilian Firearm Possession per 100 Population

ChartThe estimated rate of private gun ownership (both licit and illicit) per 100 people in Ecuador is

2017: 2.401
2012: 2.52 4

Number of Privately Owned Shotguns

In Ecuador, the number of shotguns in civilian possession is reported to be 100,0005

Number of Privately Owned Handguns

In Ecuador, the number of handguns in civilian possession is reported to be 100,0005

Number of Privately Owned Firearms - World Ranking

In a 2007 comparison of the number of privately owned guns in 178 countries, Ecuador ranked at No. 966

Rate of Privately Owned Firearms per 100 Population - World Ranking

In a 2007 comparison of the rate of private gun ownership in 178 countries, Ecuador ranked at No. 1424

Number of Licensed Firearm Owners

The number of licensed gun owners in Ecuador is reported to be 117,0007

Rate of Licensed Firearm Owners per 100 Population

The rate of licensed firearm owners per 100 people in Ecuador is 0.868

Number of Registered Firearms

ChartThe number of registered guns in Ecuador is reported to be

2017: 167,1021
2012: 167,1029
2010: 145,59510
2006: 117,00011
2005: 117,0004

Rate of Registered Firearms per 100 Population

ChartThe rate of registered guns per 100 people in Ecuador is

2012: 1.108
2010: 0.98
2006: 0.8911
2005: 0.868

Estimated Number of Illicit Firearms

ChartUnlawfully held guns cannot be counted, but in Ecuador there are estimated to be

2017: 234,8981
2009: 250,0003

Estimated Rate of Illicit Firearms per 100 Population

Unlawfully held guns cannot be counted, but in Ecuador the rate of illicit firearms per 100 people is estimated to be 1.838

Government Guns

Number of Military Firearms

The defence forces of Ecuador are reported to have 253,66812 firearms

Number of Law Enforcement Firearms

Police in Ecuador are reported to have 41,00013 14 15 3 firearms

ImpactsDeath and Injury

Total Number of Gun Deaths

ChartIn Ecuador, annual deaths resulting from firearms total

2014: 69316
2013: 957
2012: 1,21317
2011: 1,547
2010: 1,727
2009: 1,63918
2000: 1,64819

Rate of All Gun Deaths per 100,000 People

ChartIn Ecuador, the annual rate of all gun deaths per 100,000 population is

2014: 4.4316
2013: 6.20
2012: 7.97
2011: 10.31
2010: 11.68
2009: 11.258
2000: 13.24

Total Number of Male Gun Deaths

ChartIn Ecuador, annual male deaths resulting from firearms total

2014: 64416
2013: 879
2012: 1,123
2011: 1,452
2010: 1,620

Total Number of Female Gun Deaths

ChartIn Ecuador, annual female deaths resulting from firearms total

2014: 4916
2013: 78
2012: 90
2011: 95
2010: 107

Homicides (any method)

ChartIn Ecuador, annual homicides by any means total

2014: 1,04516
2013: 1,271
2012: 1,706
2011: 2,106
2010: 2,322
2009: 2,187
2008: 2,479
2007: 2,301
2006: 2,357
2005: 2,409
2004: 2,315
2003: 1,771
2002: 2,059
2001: 1,986
2000: 2,086
1999: 2,15020
1998: 1,830
1997: 1,472
1996: 1,865
1995: 1,526

Rate of Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Ecuador, the annual rate of homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2014: 4.4316
2013: 6.20
2012: 7.97
2011: 10.31
2010: 11.68
2009: 14.8221 22 20 23 24
2008: 17.08
2007: 16.13
2006: 16.81
2005: 17.49
2004: 17.11
2003: 13.34
2002: 15.8
2001: 15.54
2000: 16.64
1999: 17.720 25
1998: 15.320
1997: 12.5
1996: 16.1
1995: 13.4

Male Homicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Ecuador, annual male homicides by any means total

2014: 90516
2013: 1,112
2012: 1,505
2011: 1,880
2010: 2,133

Female Homicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Ecuador, annual female homicides by any means total

2014: 14016
2013: 159
2012: 201
2011: 226
2010: 189

Gun Homicides

ChartIn Ecuador, annual firearm homicides total

2014: 57316
2013: 760
2012: 1,07017
2011: 1,32021
2010: 1,512
2009: 1,41318
2008: 1,79020 26
2006: 1,64622 20 26
2005: 1,718
2004: 1,47220 26
2000: 1,32119

Rate of Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Ecuador, the annual rate of firearm homicide per 100,000 population is

2014: 3.6616
2013: 4.92
2012: 7.03
2011: 8.80
2010: 10.22
2009: 9.70
2008: 12.720 26
2006: 11.838 20 26
2005: 12.57
2004: 11.120 26
2000: 10.1619

Proportion of Homicides Committed With a Gun

ChartIn Ecuador, the percentage of homicides committed with a firearm is reported to be

2011: 63%21 27
2010: 65%21
2009: 65%18 28
2006: 69%22
2005: 81%
2004: 61.6%20

Male Gun Homicide Victims

ChartIn Ecuador, annual male firearm homicides total

2015: 53416
2014: 534
2013: 703
2012: 988
2011: 1,238
2010: 1,425

Female Gun Homicide Victims

ChartIn Ecuador, annual female firearm homicides total

2015: 3916
2014: 39
2013: 57
2012: 82
2011: 82
2010: 87

Suicides (any method)

ChartIn Ecuador, annual suicides by any means total

2014: 73416
2013: 676
2012: 976
2011: 919
2010: 912
2009: 1,17229
2008: 1,105
2007: 1,227
2006: 1,09629 30
2005: 1,12329
2004: 1,034
2003: 881
2002: 707
2001: 711
2000: 64029 19

Rate of Suicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Ecuador, the annual rate of suicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2014: 4.6916
2013: 4.38
2012: 6.41
2011: 6.12
2010: 6.17
2009: 8.629
2008: 8.2
2007: 9.2
2006: 8.329 30
2005: 8.6
2004: 8.029
2003: 6.9
2002: 5.6
2001: 5.7
2000: 5.229 19

Male Suicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Ecuador, annual male suicides by any means total

2014: 56716
2013: 490
2012: 711
2011: 655
2010: 658

Female Suicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Ecuador, annual female suicides by any means total

2014: 16716
2013: 186
2012: 265
2011: 264
2010: 254

Gun Suicides

ChartIn Ecuador, annual firearm suicides total

2014: 4016
2013: 31
2012: 4417
2011: 49
2010: 46
2009: 7218
2000: 9519

Rate of Gun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Ecuador, the annual rate of firearm suicide per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.2616
2013: 0.20
2012: 0.29
2011: 0.33
2010: 0.31
2009: 0.498
2000: 0.7319

Male Gun Suicide Victims

ChartIn Ecuador, annual male firearm suicides total

2014: 3516
2013: 30
2012: 41
2011: 46
2010: 41

Female Gun Suicide Victims

ChartIn Ecuador, annual female firearm suicides total

2014: 516
2013: 1
2012: 3
2011: 3
2010: 5

Unintentional Gun Deaths

ChartIn Ecuador, annual unintentional shooting deaths total

2014: 1716
2013: 50
2012: 1117
2011: 24
2010: 53
2009: 1018
2000: 3119

Rate of Unintentional Gun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn Ecuador, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.4016
2013: 0.75
2012: 0.58
2011: 1.03
2010: 0.78
2009: 0.07
2000: 0.2419

Unintentional Male Gun Deaths

ChartIn Ecuador, annual unintentional male shooting deaths total

2014: 1516
2013: 41
2012: 10
2011: 23
2010: 45

Unintentional Female Gun Deaths

ChartIn Ecuador, annual unintentional female shooting deaths total

2014: 216
2013: 9
2012: 1
2011: 1
2010: 8

Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Ecuador, annual shooting deaths in which the cause remains undecided total

2014: 6316
2013: 116
2012: 8817
2011: 154
2010: 116
2009: 14418
2000: 20119

Rate of Gun Death from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn Ecuador, the annual rate of unknown-cause shooting deaths per 100,000 population is

2012: 0.588
2009: 0.99
2000: 1.5519

Male Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Ecuador, annual male shooting deaths in which the cause remains undecided total

2014: 6016
2013: 105
2012: 84
2011: 145
2010: 109

Female Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Ecuador, annual female shooting deaths in which the cause remains undecided total

2014: 316
2013: 11
2012: 4
2011: 9
2010: 7

ProductionGun Industry

Regulation of Firearm Makers

In Ecuador, the manufacture of small arms, ammunition and/or their components is permitted only if the maker holds a valid licence31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44

Home-made Guns

In Ecuador, the prevalence of illicit craft, or 'home-made' firearm manufacture is reported to be high9 44

TransfersGun Trade and Trafficking

Firearm Exports

In Ecuador, firearm and ammunition exports are limited by transfer control law45 46 47 48 49 50

Small Arms Exports (US$) - Customs

The annual value of small arms and ammunition exports from Ecuador is reported by Customs to be US$051 (2011)

Small Arms Exports - World Ranking

In a comparison of the world's major/mid-level/minor/unknown small arms exporters, Ecuador was categorized as 'unknown'52

Firearm Imports

In Ecuador, firearm and ammunition imports are limited by transfer control law45 53 54 55 56 57 41 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 48 49 50

Small Arms Imports (US$) - Customs

The annual value of small arms and ammunition imports to Ecuador is reported by Customs to be US$128,89951 (2011)

Smuggling Guns and Ammunition

Reports suggest that the level of firearm and ammunition smuggling in Ecuador is high5 9 65

Regulation of Arms Brokers

In Ecuador, the activities of arms brokers and transfer intermediaries are not specifically regulated by law34 61 66 50 67

End User Certificates

Customs regulations in Ecuador include68 certification of the intended end user of any small arms or ammunition transfer, and/or a written declaration of its intended end use

MeasuresGun Regulation

Firearm Regulation - Guiding Policy

The regulation of guns in Ecuador is categorised as restrictive69

Firearm Law

Guiding gun control legislation in Ecuador includes the Act on the Manufacture, Import, Export, Trade and Possession of Arms, Ammunition, Explosives and Accessories of 198070 and its Regulations (Executive Decree No. 169 of 1997)71

Firearm Regulation Authority

Guns in Ecuador are regulated by the National Defence Ministry, through the Joint Command of the Armed Forces,72 73 74 9 and the Police75

Right to Possess Firearms

In Ecuador, the right to private gun ownership is not guaranteed by law76 77

Restricted Firearms and Ammunition

In Ecuador, civilians are not allowed to possess weapons of war,78 79 80 81 automatic firearms, pistols with a calibre greater than or equal to 9 mm.82 The possession of revolvers with a calibre not greater than .38 inches, semi-automatic pistols and sub-machine guns with a caliber not greater than 9 mm, and repeating or semi-automatic shotguns is restricted83

Regulation of Automatic Weapons

In Ecuador, private possession of fully automatic weapons is prohibited82 27

Regulation of Semiautomatic Assault Weapons

In Ecuador, private possession of semi-automatic assault weapons is restricted83

Regulation of Handguns

In Ecuador, private possession of handguns (pistols and revolvers) is prohibited, with some exceptions82 83 27

Law Regulates Long Guns

In Ecuador, civilian possession of rifles and shotguns is regulated by law27

Gun Ownership and Possession

In Ecuador, only licensed gun owners84 85 86 87 88 89 9 27 may lawfully acquire, possess or transfer a firearm or ammunition

Genuine Reason Required for Firearm Possession

Applicants for a gun owner’s licence in Ecuador are required to establish a genuine reason to possess a firearm, for example hunting, target shooting, collection, personal protection, security90 91

Minimum Age for Firearm Possession

The minimum age for gun ownership in Ecuador is 18 years5

Gun Owner Background Checks

An applicant for a firearm licence in Ecuador must pass a background check which considers criminal and mental health92 93 27 records

Reference Required for Firearm Licence

In Ecuador, third party character references for each gun licence applicant are not required94

Partner to be Advised or Interviewed

In Ecuador, licensing authorities are not required94 to conduct interviews with, or to advise an applicant's spouse, partner, or next of kin before issuing a gun licence

Domestic Violence and Firearms

Where a past history, or apprehended likelihood of family violence exists, the law in Ecuador does not stipulate94 that a gun licence should be denied or revoked

Firearm Safety Training

In Ecuador, an understanding of firearm safety and the law, tested in a theoretical and/or practical training course is not required94 for a firearm licence

Gun Owner Licensing Period

In Ecuador, gun owners must re-apply and re-qualify for their firearm licence every year for certificates of firearm possession86 and every two years for licences to carry firearms95

Licensing Records

In Ecuador, authorities maintain a record88 96 97 of individual civilians licensed to acquire, possess, sell or transfer a firearm or ammunition

Limit on Number of Guns

Licensed firearm owners in Ecuador are permitted to possess one firearm for personal defence and another one for sporting or hunting purposes90

Limit on Quantity, Type of Ammunition

Licensed firearm owners in Ecuador are permitted to possess any quantity of ammunition94

Firearm Registration

Civilian Gun Registration

In Ecuador, the law requires88 74 54 98 99 44 100 that a record of the acquisition, possession and transfer of each privately held firearm be retained in an official register

Gun Dealer Record Keeping

In Ecuador, licensed firearm dealers are required88 96 101 97 102 to keep a record of each firearm or ammunition purchase, sale or transfer on behalf of a regulating authority

Gun Manufacturer Record Keeping

In Ecuador, licensed gun makers are required88 101 97 42 102 to keep a record of each firearm produced, for inspection by a regulating authority

State-Owned Firearm Records

In Ecuador, State agencies are required88 103 102 to maintain records of the storage and movement of all firearms and ammunition under their control

Gun Sales and Transfers

Regulation of Private Gun Sales

In Ecuador, the private sale and transfer of firearms is prohibited without a permit from the Joint Command104 105 106 107 108

Regulation of Dealer Gun Sales

In Ecuador, dealing in firearms by way of business without a valid gun dealer’s licence is unlawful32 109 97 110 105 106 108 111 112 40

Background Checks for Private Gun Sales

The buyer of a firearm in a private sale in Ecuador is obliged108 92 to pass official background checks before taking possession

Background Checks for Dealer Gun Sales

The buyer of a firearm from a licensed gun dealer in Ecuador is obliged108 92 to pass official background checks before taking possession

Waiting Period for Gun Possession

In Ecuador, the minimum wait for a lawful firearm purchase to be completed is undetermined94

Regulation of Gun Shows

In Ecuador, gun shows and temporary firearm dealing events are not regulated94 in law

Storage and Transport of Guns and Ammunition

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Private

Firearm regulations in Ecuador include32 113 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of private firearms and ammunition by licensed gun owners

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Dealer

Firearm regulations in Ecuador include32 113 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition by licensed arms dealers

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Government

Government regulations in Ecuador include103 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition by state entities

Firearm and Ammunition Transport Regulations

Regulations in Ecuador include32 39 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition while in transit

Marking and Tracing Guns and Ammunition

Firearm Marking

In Ecuador, a unique identifying mark on each firearm is required by law36 42 114 115 43 99 100

Firearm Tracing

In Ecuador, state authorities carry out99 100 116 117 recognised arms tracing and tracking procedures

Ballistic Record of Firearms and Ammunition

In Ecuador, the ballistic characteristics of each civilian firearm and its ammunition are not94 recorded in a register

Carrying Guns

Law Regulates Firearms in Public

In Ecuador, carrying a gun in a public place is regulated by law87 89 9 27

Carrying Guns Openly in Public

In Ecuador, carrying a firearm in plain view in a public place is allowed, subject to a valid permit87 89 9 27

Carrying Hidden Handguns in Public

In Ecuador, carrying a concealed firearm in a public place is allowed, subject to a valid permit87 89 9 27

Gun Free Zones

In Ecuador, private guns are prohibited in public demonstrations, meetings, assemblies, councils and any other sort of public acts118 89

Penalty for Illicit Firearm Possession

In Ecuador, the maximum penalty for unlawful possession of a firearm119 is six years in prison and a fine120 121 122 123

Collection, Amnesty and Destruction Programmes

Authorities in Ecuador are not known to have124 125 implemented voluntary firearm surrender schemes, and/or weapon seizure programmes in order to reduce the number of illicit firearms in circulation

Firearms Surrendered and Seized

ChartIn Ecuador, the number of firearms voluntarily surrendered, bought back or seized by authorities is reported to be

2016: 1,279126
2013: 3,739127 128 125
2012: 5,171
2011: 4,606127 129 103 124
2010: 514127 128

Small Arms Destroyed

ChartIn Ecuador, the number of firearms destroyed following amnesty, collection and seizure programmes is reported to be

2015: 5,513130
2011: 7,000103 124

Destruction and Disposal Policy

In Ecuador, it is state policy131 103 9 to destroy surplus, collected and seized firearms rather than return them to the secondary arms market

MeasuresInternational Controls

Regional Agreements

Andean Community

As a member of the Andean Community, Ecuador

adopted Decision 552: The Andean Plan to Prevent, Fight and Eradicate Illicit Trafficking in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects in June, 2003132

Organization of American States

On 14 November 1997, as a member of the Organisation of American States (OAS), Ecuador adopted the Inter-American Convention against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, Explosives, Ammunition and Other Related Materials (CIFTA), a legally binding multilateral treaty of which the OAS is depository. The CIFTA Convention has since been signed and ratified133 134 by Ecuador

United Nations Commission on Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice

The UNCCPCJ, a subsidiary body of the Economic and Social Council mandated to promote action to prevent national and transnational crime, lists135 Ecuador as an elected member

Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development

The Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development, a diplomatic initiative aimed at addressing the interrelations between armed violence and development, was signed in 2007136 by Ecuador.

Arms Trade Treaty

The Arms Trade Treaty has not been signed137 by Ecuador

United Nations Firearms Protocol

The United Nations Protocol against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, Their Parts and Components and Ammunition has been signed and ratified138 by Ecuador

United Nations Small Arms Programme of Action UNPoA

UNPoA Commitment

On 21 July 2001, Ecuador committed to a consensus decision of the United Nations to adopt, support and implement the UN Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects139

UNPoA Implementation Monitor Score

In its UN small arms Programme of Action Implementation Monitor (PoAIM Phase 1), the Small Arms Survey scored Ecuador against its commitments to the PoA, then ranked it at No. 15140 141 142 143 among 159 Member States

UNPoA National Reporting

Under the terms of its 2001 commitment to the United Nations small arms Programme of Action, Ecuador has submitted one or more national reports144 67 on its implementation of the UNPoA

UNPoA National Point of Contact

In Ecuador, a National Point of Contact to deal with issues relating to the UNPoA has been designated145 67

UNPoA National Coordinating Body

In Ecuador, a National Coordinating Body to deal with issues relating to the UNPoA has been designated145 67

UNPoA Civil Society Involvement and Support

In National Reports of Ecuador submitted to the UN from 2001 to 2010, a history of substantive cooperation with civil society in support of UNPoA activities was not apparent145 67

UNPoA International Assistance – Donor

Funds for UNPoA implementation have not been donated67 by Ecuador to other UN Member States

United Nations Small Arms Register

According to the United Nations Register of Conventional Arms, Ecuador has not declared146 its small arms exports in one or more annual National Reports on Arms Exports.

United Nations Membership

In the UN List of Member States, Ecuador has been a Member State of the United Nations since 1945147

Wassenaar Arrangement

The Wassenaar Arrangement on Export Controls and Conventional Arms and Dual-Use Goods and Technologies does not list148 Ecuador as a Participating State

BackgroundCountry Profile

Conflict Profile

For a profile of conflict in Ecuador, select the Link icon to open an external web page from the UCDP Conflict Encyclopedia at Uppsala University

Global Peace Index

To see where Ecuador ranks, select the Link icon to open an external web page at the Global Peace Index


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