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Dominican Republic — Gun Facts, Figures and the Law

StockpilesGun Numbers

Civilian Guns

Number of Privately Owned Firearms

ChartThe estimated total number of guns (both licit and illicit) held by civilians in the Dominican Republic is

2017: 795,0001
2012: 600,0002 3

Rate of Civilian Firearm Possession per 100 Population

ChartThe estimated rate of private gun ownership (both licit and illicit) per 100 people in the Dominican Republic is

2017: 7.401
2012: 5.92 3

Number of Privately Owned Rifles

In the Dominican Republic, the number of rifles in civilian possession is reported to be 8784 5 6

Number of Privately Owned Shotguns

In the Dominican Republic, the number of shotguns in civilian possession is reported to be 55,3604 5 6

Number of Privately Owned Handguns

In the Dominican Republic, the number of handguns in civilian possession is reported to be 165,3154 5 6

Number of Privately Owned Firearms - World Ranking

In a 2007 comparison of the number of privately owned guns in 178 countries, the Dominican Republic ranked at No. 857

Rate of Privately Owned Firearms per 100 Population - World Ranking

In a 2007 comparison of the rate of private gun ownership in 178 countries, the Dominican Republic ranked at No. 993

Number of Licensed Firearm Owners

The number of licensed gun owners in the Dominican Republic is reported to be

2011: 333,4368

Rate of Licensed Firearm Owners per 100 Population

The rate of licensed firearm owners per 100 people in the Dominican Republic is

2011: 3.359

Number of Registered Firearms

ChartThe number of registered guns in the Dominican Republic is reported to be

2017: 333,4261
2016: 231,90010
2014: 220,5534
2013: 213,000
2012: 298,43211 6
2011: 206,70712 5
2010: 198,4268
2005: 178,19313
2000: 30,51612

Rate of Registered Firearms per 100 Population

ChartThe rate of registered guns per 100 people in the Dominican Republic is

2016: 2.199
2014: 2.139
2013: 2.08
2012: 2.96
2011: 2.08
2010: 2.02
2005: 1.94
2000: 0.36

Estimated Number of Unregistered and Illicit Firearms

ChartUnregistered and unlawfully held guns cannot be counted,14 but in the Dominican Republic there are estimated to be

2017: 461,5741
2012: 300,00011

Estimated Rate of Unregistered and Illicit Firearms per 100 Population

Unregistered and unlawfully held guns cannot be counted,14 but in the Dominican Republic the rate of such firearms per 100 people is estimated to be 2.979

Government Guns

Number of Military Firearms

The defence forces of the Dominican Republic are reported to have 106,49515 firearms

Number of Law Enforcement Firearms

Police in the Dominican Republic are reported to have 46,00016 firearms

ImpactsDeath and Injury

Total Number of Gun Deaths

ChartIn the Dominican Republic, annual deaths resulting from firearms total

2012: 1,13217
2011: 819
2010: 91018
1999: 45019

Rate of All Gun Deaths per 100,000 People

ChartIn the Dominican Republic, the annual rate of all gun deaths per 100,000 population is

2012: 11.2217
2011: 8.23
2010: 9.26
1999: 5.419

Total Number of Male Gun Deaths

ChartIn the Dominican Republic, annual male deaths resulting from firearms total

2012: 1,06417
2011: 771
2010: 857

Total Number of Female Gun Deaths

ChartIn the Dominican Republic, annual female deaths resulting from firearms total

2012: 6117
2011: 48
2010: 51

Homicides (any method)

ChartIn the Dominican Republic, annual homicides by any means total

2014: 1,81020
2013: 1,98421
2012: 1,25817
2011: 929
2010: 911
2009: 2,37821 22 23 24 25
2008: 2,355
2007: 2,092
2006: 2,113
2005: 2,398
2004: 2,323
2003: 1,656
2002: 1,230
2001: 1,086
2000: 1,090
1999: 1,06623
1998: 1,121
1997: 1,038
1996: 1,032
1995: 1,007

Rate of Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn the Dominican Republic, the annual rate of homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2014: 17.3920
2013: 20.2821
2012: 11.2217
2011: 8.23
2010: 9.26
2009: 25.3521 22 23 24 25
2008: 25.38
2007: 22.8
2006: 23.29
2005: 26.74
2004: 26.23
2003: 18.94
2002: 14.25
2001: 12.75
2000: 12.98
1999: 12.623 26
1998: 13.523
1997: 12.723 26
1996: 12.823
1995: 12.7

Male Homicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn the Dominican Republic, annual male homicides by any means total

2014: 1,62327
2012: 1,13017
2011: 851
2010: 826

Female Homicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn the Dominican Republic, annual female homicides by any means total

2014: 18727
2012: 12317
2011: 78
2010: 83

Gun Homicides

ChartIn the Dominican Republic, annual firearm homicides total

2013: 1,25421
2012: 89817
2011: 643
2010: 630
2009: 1,54422 23 28
2008: 1,67622 23 28 29
2007: 1,48828
2006: 1,15822 30
2005: 1,556
2004: 1,10428
2003: 908
2002: 682
2001: 591
2000: 563
1999: 35019

Rate of Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn the Dominican Republic, the annual rate of firearm homicide per 100,000 population is

2013: 12.279
2012: 8.9017
2011: 6.46
2010: 6.41
2009: 15.939 23 28 25
2008: 17.53
2007: 15.228 25
2006: 12.469 25
2005: 16.98
2004: 11.828 25
2003: 9.8
2002: 7.5
2001: 6.6
2000: 6.4
1999: 4.0019

Proportion of Homicides Committed With a Gun

ChartIn the Dominican Republic, the percentage of homicides committed with a firearm is reported to be

2013: 63%21
2012: 64%21 22 31
2011: 63%21 22
2010: 65%
2009: 65%22
2008: 70%
2006: 54%
2005: 65%

Male Gun Homicide Victims

ChartIn the Dominican Republic, annual male firearm homicides total

2012: 84517
2011: 608
2010: 589

Female Gun Homicide Victims

ChartIn the Dominican Republic, annual female firearm homicides total

2012: 4917
2011: 35
2010: 40

Suicides (any method)

ChartIn the Dominican Republic, annual suicides by any means total

2012: 25717
2011: 226
2010: 210
2009: 52532 33
2008: 617
2007: 599
2006: 464
2005: 601
2004: 291
2003: 315
2002: 301
2001: 314
2000: 327
1999: 17419

Rate of Suicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn the Dominican Republic, the annual rate of suicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2012: 2.5517
2011: 2.27
2010: 2.14
2009: 5.232 33
2008: 6.2
2007: 6.1
2006: 4.8
2005: 6.3
2004: 3.1
2003: 3.4
2002: 3.3
2001: 3.5
2000: 3.7
1999: 1.9919

Male Suicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn the Dominican Republic, annual male suicides by any means total

2012: 21317
2011: 187
2010: 172

Female Suicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn the Dominican Republic, annual female suicides by any means total

2012: 4317
2011: 39
2010: 38

Gun Suicides

ChartIn the Dominican Republic, annual firearm suicides total

2012: 4217
2011: 44
2010: 4518
1999: 3819

Rate of Gun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn the Dominican Republic, the annual rate of firearm suicide per 100,000 population is

2012: 0.4217
2011: 0.44
2010: 0.46
1999: 0.4319

Male Gun Suicide Victims

ChartIn the Dominican Republic, annual male firearm suicides total

2012: 3917
2011: 42
2010: 44

Female Gun Suicide Victims

ChartIn the Dominican Republic, annual female firearm suicides total

2012: 217
2011: 2
2010: 1

Unintentional Gun Deaths

ChartIn the Dominican Republic, annual unintentional shooting deaths total

2012: 217
2011: 0
2010: 18618
1998: 419

Rate of Unintentional Gun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn the Dominican Republic, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death per 100,000 population is

2012: 1.8817
2011: 1.33
2010: 0.50
1998: 0.0519

Unintentional Male Gun Deaths

ChartIn the Dominican Republic, annual unintentional male shooting deaths total

2012: 117
2011: 0
2010: 176

Unintentional Female Gun Deaths

ChartIn the Dominican Republic, annual unintentional female shooting deaths total

2012: 117
2011: 0
2010: 9

Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn the Dominican Republic, annual shooting deaths in which the cause remains undecided total

2012: 19017
2011: 132
2010: 4918
1999: 6219

Rate of Gun Death from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn the Dominican Republic, the annual rate of unknown-cause shooting deaths per 100,000 population is

2010: 0.509
1999: 0.7119

Male Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn the Dominican Republic, annual male shooting deaths in which the cause remains undecided total

2012: 17917
2011: 121
2010: 48

Female Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn the Dominican Republic, annual female shooting deaths in which the cause remains undecided total

2012: 917
2011: 11
2010: 1

ProductionGun Industry

Regulation of Firearm Makers

In the Dominican Republic, the manufacture of small arms, ammunition and/or their components is permitted only if the maker holds a valid licence, but is not conducted in practice34 35 36

TransfersGun Trade and Trafficking

Firearm Exports

In the Dominican Republic, firearm and ammunition exports are limited by transfer control law37 38

Small Arms Exports (US$) - Customs

The annual value of small arms and ammunition exports from the Dominican Republic is reported by Customs to be US$36039 (2011)

Firearm Imports

In the Dominican Republic, firearm and ammunition imports are limited by transfer control law40 41 42 36 43 44 45 37 38 46 47

Small Arms Imports (US$) - Customs

The annual value of small arms and ammunition imports to the Dominican Republic is reported by Customs to be US$5,576,49739 (2011)48

Regulation of Arms Brokers

In the Dominican Republic, the activities of arms brokers and transfer intermediaries are specifically regulated by law49

End User Certificates

Customs regulations in the Dominican Republic do not include50 certification of the intended end user of any small arms or ammunition transfer, and/or a written declaration of its intended end use

MeasuresGun Regulation

Firearm Regulation - Guiding Policy

The regulation of guns in the Dominican Republic is categorised as restrictive51

Firearm Law

Guiding gun control legislation in the Dominican Republic includes Act No. 36 of 1965 on the Commerce, Carrying and Possession of Firearms,52 53 54 its regulation, Resolution 02-06,55 and Resolution 01-07 on Gun Shops, Arms and Ammunition Imports41

Firearm Regulation Authority

Guns in the Dominican Republic are regulated by the Ministry of the Interior, the Police56 and the National Directorate for the Control of Firearms10

Right to Possess Firearms

In the Dominican Republic, the right to private gun ownership is not guaranteed by law57 58

Restricted Firearms and Ammunition

In the Dominican Republic, civilians are not allowed to possess automatic firearms59 31

Law Regulates Handguns

In the Dominican Republic, civilian possession of handguns is regulated by law60 31

Regulation of Handguns

In the Dominican Republic, private possession of handguns (pistols and revolvers) is permitted under licence61

Law Regulates Long Guns

In the Dominican Republic, civilian possession of rifles and shotguns is regulated by law60 61 36 31

Gun Ownership and Possession

In the Dominican Republic, only licensed gun owners62 63 64 65 56 66 67 68 36 69 70 71 31 may lawfully acquire, possess or transfer a firearm or ammunition

Genuine Reason Required for Firearm Possession

Applicants for a gun owner’s licence in the Dominican Republic are required to establish a genuine reason to possess a firearm, for example collection,68 employment67 or self-defence66 70 72 71

Minimum Age for Firearm Possession

The minimum age for gun ownership in the Dominican Republic is 18 years73 63 71

Gun Owner Background Checks

An applicant for a firearm licence in the Dominican Republic must pass a background check which considers medical, addiction, mental health and criminal73 63 71 74 31 records

Reference Required for Firearm Licence

In the Dominican Republic, third party character references for each gun licence applicant are not required75

Partner to be Advised or Interviewed

In the Dominican Republic, licensing authorities are not required75 to conduct interviews with, or to advise an applicant's spouse, partner, or next of kin before issuing a gun licence

Domestic Violence and Firearms

Where a past history, or apprehended likelihood of family violence exists, the law in the Dominican Republic does not stipulate75 that a gun licence should be denied or revoked

Firearm Safety Training

In the Dominican Republic, an understanding of firearm safety and the law, tested in a theoretical and/or practical training course is required63 for a firearm licence

Gun Owner Licensing Period

In the Dominican Republic, gun owners must re-apply and re-qualify for their firearm licence every year76 70

Licensing Records

In the Dominican Republic, authorities maintain a record77 68 70 59 of individual civilians licensed to acquire, possess, sell or transfer a firearm or ammunition

Limit on Number of Guns

Licensed firearm owners in the Dominican Republic are permitted to possess any number of firearms75

Limit on Quantity, Type of Ammunition

Licensed firearm owners in the Dominican Republic are permitted to possess any quantity of ammunition75

Firearm Registration

Civilian Gun Registration

In the Dominican Republic, the law requires77 70 78 79 46 that a record of the acquisition, possession and transfer of each privately held firearm be retained in an official register

Gun Dealer Record Keeping

In the Dominican Republic, licensed firearm dealers are required80 81 46 to keep a record of each firearm or ammunition purchase, sale or transfer on behalf of a regulating authority

State-Owned Firearm Records

In the Dominican Republic, State agencies are required82 70 78 79 to maintain records of the storage and movement of all firearms and ammunition under their control

Gun Sales and Transfers

Regulation of Private Gun Sales

In the Dominican Republic, the private sale and transfer of firearms is prohibited without a valid firearms licence83 36 70

Regulation of Dealer Gun Sales

In the Dominican Republic, dealing in firearms by way of business without a valid gun dealer’s licence is unlawful42 40 83 36 81 46

Waiting Period for Gun Possession

In the Dominican Republic, the minimum wait for a lawful firearm purchase to be completed is undetermined75

Regulation of Gun Shows

In the Dominican Republic, gun shows and temporary firearm dealing events are not regulated75 in law

Storage and Transport of Guns and Ammunition

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Private

Firearm regulations in the Dominican Republic include63 84 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of private firearms and ammunition by licensed gun owners

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Dealer

Firearm regulations in the Dominican Republic include85 46 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition by licensed arms dealers

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Government

Government regulations in the Dominican Republic include82 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition by state entities

Firearm and Ammunition Transport Regulations

Regulations in the Dominican Republic do not include75 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition while in transit

Marking and Tracing Guns and Ammunition

Firearm Marking

In the Dominican Republic, a unique identifying mark on each firearm is required by law86 87 88 78 89 90

Firearm Tracing

In the Dominican Republic, state authorities carry out91 90 79 92 93 recognised arms tracing and tracking procedures

Ballistic Record of Firearms and Ammunition

In the Dominican Republic, the ballistic characteristics of each civilian firearm and its ammunition are91 94 79 recorded in a register

Carrying Guns

Law Regulates Firearms in Public

In the Dominican Republic, carrying a gun in a public place is regulated by law84 62 36 31

Carrying Guns Openly in Public

In the Dominican Republic, carrying a firearm in plain view in a public place is allowed, subject to a valid permit84 62 36 31

Carrying Hidden Handguns in Public

In the Dominican Republic, carrying a concealed firearm in a public place is allowed, subject to a valid permit84 62 36 31

Gun Free Zones

In the Dominican Republic, private guns are prohibited in recreational sites or public meetings95 96

Penalty for Illicit Firearm Possession

In the Dominican Republic, the maximum penalty for unlawful possession of a firearm97 is two years in prison and a fine84 98 99 88 100

Collection, Amnesty and Destruction Programmes

Firearms Surrendered and Seized

ChartIn the Dominican Republic, the number of firearms voluntarily surrendered, bought back or seized by authorities is reported to be

2014: 57101
2013: 512102 103 104
2012: 139103 104 105
2011: 978106 104 105
2010: 331107 106 104
2009: 324108
2007: 1,835109
2006: 1,574
2005: 2,180
2004: 330109 110

Small Arms Destroyed

ChartIn the Dominican Republic, the number of firearms destroyed following amnesty, collection and seizure programmes is reported to be

2014: 2,800111 112
2013: 30,000113
2008: 3,348114
2006: 3,348115

Destruction and Disposal Policy

In the Dominican Republic, it is not state policy116 117 to destroy surplus, collected and seized firearms rather than return them to the secondary arms market

MeasuresInternational Controls

Regional Agreements

Central American Integration System

As a member of the Central American Integration System (SICA), the Dominican Republic is party to the 2007 Central American Programme on Small Arms Control and the Code of Conduct of Central American States on the Transfer of Arms, Ammunition, Explosives and Other Related Material118

Organization of American States

On 14 November 1997, as a member of the Organisation of American States (OAS), the Dominican Republic adopted the Inter-American Convention against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, Explosives, Ammunition and Other Related Materials (CIFTA), a legally binding multilateral treaty of which the OAS is depository. The CIFTA Convention has since been signed and ratified119 120 by the Dominican Republic

Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development

The Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development, a diplomatic initiative aimed at addressing the interrelations between armed violence and development, was signed in 2007121 by the Dominican Republic.

Arms Trade Treaty

The Arms Trade Treaty has been signed and ratified122 by the Dominican Republic

United Nations Firearms Protocol

The United Nations Protocol against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, Their Parts and Components and Ammunition has been signed and ratified123 by the Dominican Republic

United Nations Small Arms Programme of Action UNPoA

UNPoA Commitment

On 21 July 2001, the Dominican Republic committed to a consensus decision of the United Nations to adopt, support and implement the UN Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects124

UNPoA Implementation Monitor Score

In its UN small arms Programme of Action Implementation Monitor (PoAIM Phase 1), the Small Arms Survey scored the Dominican Republic against its commitments to the PoA, then ranked it at No. 127125 126 127 128 among 159 Member States

UNPoA National Reporting

Under the terms of its 2001 commitment to the United Nations small arms Programme of Action, the Dominican Republic has submitted one or more national reports129 93 10 on its implementation of the UNPoA

UNPoA National Point of Contact

In the Dominican Republic, a National Point of Contact to deal with issues relating to the UNPoA has been designated93

UNPoA National Coordinating Body

In the Dominican Republic, a National Coordinating Body to deal with issues relating to the UNPoA has been designated93

UNPoA Civil Society Involvement and Support

In National Reports of the Dominican Republic submitted to the UN from 2001 to 2010, a history of substantive cooperation with civil society in support of UNPoA activities was apparent93

UNPoA International Assistance – Donor

Funds for UNPoA implementation have not been donated93 by the Dominican Republic to other UN Member States

United Nations Small Arms Register

According to the United Nations Register of Conventional Arms, the Dominican Republic has not declared130 its small arms exports in one or more annual National Reports on Arms Exports.

United Nations Membership

In the UN List of Member States, the Dominican Republic has been a Member State of the United Nations since 1945131

Wassenaar Arrangement

The Wassenaar Arrangement on Export Controls and Conventional Arms and Dual-Use Goods and Technologies does not list132 the Dominican Republic as a Participating State

BackgroundCountry Profile

Conflict Profile

For a profile of conflict in the Dominican Republic, select the Link icon to open an external web page from the UCDP Conflict Encyclopedia at Uppsala University

Global Peace Index

To see where the Dominican Republic ranks, select the Link icon to open an external web page at the Global Peace Index


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