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Dominican Republic — Gun Facts, Figures and the Law

StockpilesGun Numbers

Civilian Guns

Number of Privately Owned Firearms

ChartThe estimated total number of guns (both licit and illicit) held by civilians in the Dominican Republic is

2022: 952,0001
2017: 795,0002
2016: 278,2803 4
2014: 264,6643 5
2013: 255,600
2012: 600,0006
2011: 248,0483 7 8
2010: 238,1113 9
2005: 213,8323 10
2000: 36,6193 7

Rate of Civilian Firearm Possession per 100 Population

ChartThe estimated rate of private gun ownership (both licit and illicit) per 100 people in the Dominican Republic is

2022: 12.0211
2017: 7.80
2016: 2.76
2014: 2.68
2013: 2.62
2012: 6.21
2011: 2.60
2010: 2.52
2005: 2.42
2000: 0.44

Number of Privately Owned Rifles

In the Dominican Republic, the number of rifles in civilian possession is reported to be 8785 8 12

Number of Privately Owned Shotguns

In the Dominican Republic, the number of shotguns in civilian possession is reported to be 55,3605 8 12

Number of Privately Owned Handguns

In the Dominican Republic, the number of handguns in civilian possession is reported to be 165,3155 8 12

Number of Privately Owned Firearms - World Ranking

In a comparison of the number of privately owned guns in 206 countries, the Dominican Republic ranked at No. 6613

Rate of Privately Owned Firearms per 100 Population - World Ranking

In a comparison of the rate of privately owned guns in 206 countries, the Dominican Republic ranked at No.9013

Number of Licensed Firearm Owners

The number of licensed gun owners in the Dominican Republic is reported to be

2011: 333,4369

Rate of Licensed Firearm Owners per 100 Population

The rate of licensed firearm owners per 100 people in the Dominican Republic is

2011: 3.3511

Number of Registered Firearms

ChartThe number of registered guns in the Dominican Republic is reported to be

2022: 238,0001
2017: 333,4262
2016: 231,9004
2014: 220,5535
2013: 213,000
2012: 298,43214 12
2011: 206,7077 8
2010: 198,4269
2005: 178,19310
2000: 30,5167

Rate of Registered Firearms per 100 Population

ChartThe rate of registered guns per 100 people in the Dominican Republic is

2022: 2.2311
2017: 3.27
2016: 2.3
2014: 2.23
2013: 2.18
2012: 3.09
2011: 2.17
2010: 2.1
2005: 2.01
2000: 0.37

Estimated Number of Unregistered and Illicit Firearms

ChartUnregistered and unlawfully held guns cannot be counted,15 but in the Dominican Republic there are estimated to be

2022: 714,0001
2017: 461,5742
2016: 46,3803 4
2014: 44,1113 5
2013: 42,600
2012: 300,00014
2011: 41,3413 7 8
2010: 39,6853 9
2005: 35,6393 10
2000: 6,1033 7

Estimated Rate of Unregistered and Illicit Firearms per 100 Population

ChartUnregistered and unlawfully held guns cannot be counted,15 but in the Dominican Republic the rate of such firearms per 100 people is estimated to be

2022: 6.6811
2017: 4.52
2012: 2.97

Government Guns

Number of Military Firearms

The defence forces of the Dominican Republic are reported to have 106,49516 firearms

Number of Law Enforcement Firearms

Police in the Dominican Republic are reported to have 46,00017 firearms

ImpactsDeath and Injury

Total Number of Gun Deaths

ChartIn the Dominican Republic, annual deaths resulting from firearms total

2013: 1,57118
2012: 1,126
2011: 816
2010: 903
2009: 698
2008: 777
2007: 722
2006: 891
2005: 1,067
2004: 1,015
2003: 798
2001: 537
2000: 410
1999: 45019

Rate of All Gun Deaths per 100,000 People

ChartIn the Dominican Republic, the annual rate of all gun deaths per 100,000 population is

2013: 16.2618
2012: 11.79
2011: 8.65
2010: 9.69
2009: 7.58
2008: 8.55
2007: 8.05
2006: 10.07
2005: 12.22
2004: 11.79
2003: 9.41
2001: 6.43
2000: 4.98
1999: 5.4111

Total Number of Male Gun Deaths

ChartIn the Dominican Republic, annual male deaths resulting from firearms total

2013: 1,48618
2012: 1,058
2011: 768
2010: 850
2009: 630
2008: 723
2007: 666
2006: 815
2005: 999
2004: 921
2003: 729
2001: 484
2000: 374

Rate of Male Gun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn the Dominican Republic, the annual rate of male gun death per 100,000 population is

2013: 30.3818
2012: 21.88
2011: 16.07
2010: 18
2009: 13.51
2008: 15.70
2007: 14.65
2006: 18.16
2005: 22.57
2004: 21.10
2003: 16.94
2001: 11.42
2000: 8.95

Total Number of Female Gun Deaths

ChartIn the Dominican Republic, annual female deaths resulting from firearms total

2013: 8518
2012: 61
2011: 48
2010: 51
2009: 57
2008: 51
2007: 48
2006: 70
2005: 67
2004: 88
2003: 61
2001: 51
2000: 33

Rate of Female Gun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn the Dominican Republic, the annual rate of female gun death per 100,000 population is

2013: 1.7818
2012: 1.29
2011: 1.03
2010: 1.11
2009: 1.26
2008: 1.14
2007: 1.09
2006: 1.60
2005: 1.56
2004: 2.08
2003: 1.46
2001: 1.24
2000: 0.81

Homicides (any method)

ChartIn the Dominican Republic, annual homicides by any means total

2021: 1,12120
2020: 96121
2019: 1,026
2018: 1,068
2017: 1,216
2016: 1,616
2015: 1,68022
2014: 1,810
2013: 1,978
2012: 2,268
2011: 2,513
2010: 2,474
2009: 2,378
2008: 2,355
2007: 2,092
2006: 2,113
2005: 2,398
2004: 2,323
2003: 1,656
2002: 1,230
2001: 1,086
2000: 1,090
1999: 1,06623
1998: 1,121
1997: 1,038
1996: 1,032
1995: 1,007

Rate of Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn the Dominican Republic, the annual rate of homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2021: 10.3 20
2020: 8.8621
2019: 9.55
2018: 10.05
2017: 11.57
2016: 15.54
2015: 16.8222
2014: 17.81
2013: 19.69
2012: 22.84
2011: 25.61
2010: 25.52
2009: 25.52
2008: 25.59
2007: 23.02
2006: 23.29
2005: 26.74
2004: 26.23
2003: 18.94
2002: 14.25
2001: 12.75
2000: 12.98
1999: 12.623 24
1998: 13.523
1997: 12.723 24
1996: 12.823
1995: 12.7

Male Homicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn the Dominican Republic, annual male homicides by any means total

2020: 83321
2019: 881
2018: 1,752
2017: 1,961
2016: 1,446
2015: 1,53522
2014: 1,623
2013: 1,824
2012: 2,067
2011: 2,280
2010: 2,264
2009: 2,199
2008: 2,158
2007: 1,920

Rate of Male Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn the Dominican Republic, the annual rate of male homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2020: 15.3721
2019: 16.42
2018: 17.24
2017: 19.49
2016: 27.79
2015: 30.3722
2014: 31.88
2013: 36.87
2012: 41.51
2011: 46.32
2010: 46.52
2009: 46.57
2008: 46.27
2007: 41.68

Female Homicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn the Dominican Republic, annual female homicides by any means total

2020: 12821
2019: 145
2018: 300
2017: 370
2016: 17025
2015: 14522
2014: 187
2013: 160
2012: 201
2011: 233
2010: 210
2009: 179
2008: 197
2007: 172

Rate of Female Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn the Dominican Republic, the annual rate of female homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2020: 2.3621
2019: 2.70
2018: 2.86
2017: 3.63
2016: 3.27
2015: 2.9422
2014: 3.69
2013: 3.32
2012: 4.06
2011: 4.76
2010: 4.35
2009: 3.89
2008: 4.34
2007: 3.84

Gun Homicides

ChartIn the Dominican Republic, annual firearm homicides total

2020: 48521
2019: 464
2018: 529
2017: 614
2016: 623
2014: 1,143
2013: 1,29918
2012: 1,458
2011: 1,573
2010: 1,619
2009: 487
2008: 389
2007: 317
2006: 1,15826 27
2005: 1,556
2004: 1,10428
2003: 908
2002: 682
2001: 591
2000: 563
1999: 35019

Rate of Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn the Dominican Republic, the annual rate of firearm homicide per 100,000 population is

2020: 4.4721
2019: 4.32
2018: 4.98
2017: 5.84
2016: 5.99
2014: 11.24
2013: 13.2918
2012: 14.68
2011: 16.03
2010: 16.40
2009: 5.23
2008: 4.23
2007: 3.49
2006: 12.4611 29
2005: 16.98
2004: 11.828 29
2003: 9.8
2002: 7.5
2001: 6.6
2000: 6.4
1999: 4.0019

Proportion of Homicides Committed With a Gun

ChartIn the Dominican Republic, the percentage of homicides committed with a firearm is reported to be

2013: 63%30
2012: 64%30 26 31
2011: 63%30 26
2010: 65%
2009: 65%26
2008: 70%
2006: 54%
2005: 65%

Male Gun Homicide Victims

ChartIn the Dominican Republic, annual male firearm homicides total

2014: 1,06121
2013: 1,22718
2012: 1,387
2011: 1,479
2010: 1,535
2009: 445
2008: 360
2007: 292

Rate of Male Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn the Dominican Republic, the annual rate of male firearm homicide per 100,000 population is

2014: 20.5021
2013: 24.8018
2012: 27.40
2011: 29.60
2010: 31.10
2009: 9.42
2008: 7.72
2007: 6.34

Female Gun Homicide Victims

ChartIn the Dominican Republic, annual female firearm homicides total

2014: 8221
2013: 7218
2012: 71
2011: 94
2010: 84
2009: 39
2008: 27
2007: 19

Rate of Female Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn the Dominican Republic, the annual rate of female firearm homicide per 100,000 population is

2014: 1.6021
2013: 1.4918
2012: 1.40
2011: 1.90
2010: 1.70
2009: 0.85
2008: 0.59
2007: 0.42

Suicides (any method)

ChartIn the Dominican Republic, annual suicides by any means total

2016: 1,05732
2015: 1,016
2010: 795
2000: 782

Rate of Suicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn the Dominican Republic, the annual rate of suicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2016: 10.4732
2015: 10.17
2010: 8.43
2000: 9.50

Male Suicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn the Dominican Republic, annual male suicides by any means total

2016: 88832
2015: 852
2010: 648
2000: 646

Rate of Male Suicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn the Dominican Republic, the annual rate of male suicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2016: 17.3932
2015: 16.86
2010: 13.56
2000: 15.47

Female Suicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn the Dominican Republic, annual female suicides by any means total

2016: 16832
2015: 164
2010: 147
2000: 136

Rate of Female Suicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn the Dominican Republic, the annual rate of female suicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2016: 3.3732
2015: 3.32
2010: 3.16
2000: 3.35

Gun Suicides

ChartIn the Dominican Republic, annual firearm suicides total

2013: 6918
2012: 42
2011: 44
2010: 4533
2009: 32
2008: 34
2007: 31
2006: 25
2005: 47
2004: 22
2003: 29
2001: 27
2000: 28
1999: 3819

Rate of Gun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn the Dominican Republic, the annual rate of firearm suicide per 100,000 population is

2013: 0.7118
2012: 0.43
2011: 0.46
2010: 0.48
2009: 0.34
2008: 0.37
2007: 0.34
1999: 0.4319

Male Gun Suicide Victims

ChartIn the Dominican Republic, annual male firearm suicides total

2013: 6518
2012: 39
2011: 42
2010: 44
2009: 31
2008: 33
2007: 30
2006: 22
2005: 46
2004: 19
2003: 27
2001: 24
2000: 24

Rate of Male Gun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn the Dominican Republic, the annual rate of male firearm suicide per 100,000 population is

2013: 1.3118
2012: 0.80
2011: 0.87
2010: 0.92
2009: 0.66
2008: 0.71
2007: 0.65
2006: 0.48
2005: 1.03
2004: 0.43
2003: 0.62
2001: 0.57
2000: 0.57

Female Gun Suicide Victims

ChartIn the Dominican Republic, annual female firearm suicides total

2013: 418
2012: 2
2011: 2
2010: 1
2009: 1
2008: 1
2007: 1
2006: 3
2005: 1
2004: 3
2003: 2
2001: 3
2000: 4

Rate of Female Gun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn the Dominican Republic, the annual rate of female firearm suicide per 100,000 population is

2013: 0.0818
2012: 0.04
2011: 0.04
2010: 0.02
2009: 0.02
2008: 0.02
2007: 0.02
2006: 0.07
2005: 0.02
2004: 0.07
2003: 0.05
2001: 0.07
2000: 0.10

Unintentional Gun Deaths

ChartIn the Dominican Republic, annual unintentional shooting deaths total

2013: 318
2012: 2
2011: 0
2010: 18633
2009: 177
2008: 329
2007: 336
2006: 441
2005: 210
1998: 419

Rate of Unintentional Gun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn the Dominican Republic, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death per 100,000 population is

2013: 0.0318
2012: 0.02
2011: 1.33
2010: 1.97
2009: 1.90
2008: 3.57
2007: 3.70
1998: 0.0519

Unintentional Male Gun Deaths

ChartIn the Dominican Republic, annual unintentional male shooting deaths total

2013: 318
2012: 1
2011: 0
2010: 176
2009: 153
2008: 308
2007: 308
2006: 409
2005: 200

Rate of Unintentional Male Gun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn the Dominican Republic, the annual rate of unintentional male shooting death per 100,000 population is

2013: 0.0618
2012: 0.02
2010: 3.68
2009: 3.24
2008: 6.60
2007: 6.69
2006: 9
2005: 4.46

Unintentional Female Gun Deaths

ChartIn the Dominican Republic, annual unintentional female shooting deaths total

2012: 118
2011: 0
2010: 9
2009: 17
2008: 20
2007: 26
2006: 27
2005: 10

Rate of Unintentional Female Gun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn the Dominican Republic, the annual rate of unintentional female shooting death per 100,000 population is

2012: 0.0218
2010: 0.19
2009: 0.37
2008: 0.44
2007: 0.58
2006: 0.61
2005: 0.23

Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn the Dominican Republic, annual shooting deaths in which the cause remains undecided total

2013: 20518
2012: 19018
2011: 132
2010: 4933
2009: 13
2008: 32
2007: 44
1999: 6219

Rate of Gun Death from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn the Dominican Republic, the annual rate of unknown-cause shooting deaths per 100,000 population is

2013: 2.1018
2012: 1.97
2011: 1.38
2010: 0.52
2009: 0.14
2008: 0.35
2007: 0.48
1999: 0.7119

Male Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn the Dominican Republic, annual male shooting deaths in which the cause remains undecided total

2013: 19518
2012: 17918
2011: 121
2010: 48
2009: 12
2008: 29
2007: 42

Rate of Male Gun Death from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn the Dominican Republic, the annual rate of unknown-cause male shooting deaths per 100,000 population is

2013: 3.9418
2012: 3.66
2011: 2.50
2010: 1
2009: 0.25
2008: 0.62
2007: 0.91

Female Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn the Dominican Republic, annual female shooting deaths in which the cause remains undecided total

2013: 1018
2012: 9
2011: 11
2010: 1
2008: 3
2007: 2
2006: 7
2005: 14
2004: 59
2003: 41
2001: 28
2000: 4

Rate of Female Gun Death from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn the Dominican Republic, the annual rate of unknown-cause female shooting deaths per 100,000 population is

2013: 0.2118
2012: 0.19
2011: 0.23
2010: 0.02
2008: 0.07
2007: 0.04
2006: 0.16
2005: 0.32
2004: 1.37
2003: 0.97
2001: 0.68
2000: 0.10

Legal Intervention Gun Homicides

In the Dominican Republic, annual legal-intervention gun homicides total

2007: 118

ProductionGun Industry

Regulation of Firearm Makers

In the Dominican Republic, the manufacture of small arms, ammunition and/or their components is permitted only if the maker holds a valid licence, but is not conducted in practice34 35 36

TransfersGun Trade and Trafficking

Firearm Exports

In the Dominican Republic, firearm and ammunition exports are limited by transfer control law37 38

Firearm Exports (Number)

ChartThe annual number of firearms exported from the Dominican Republic is reported by manufacturers to be

2018: 039
2017: 0
2016: 0
2015: 0

Small Arms Exports (US$) - Customs

ChartThe annual value of small arms and ammunition exports from the Dominican Republic is reported by Customs to be US$

2021: 139,00040
2020: 53,000
2018: 46,000
2017: 45,000
2016: 60,000
2014: 5,000
2013:
2012: 1,000

Firearm Imports

In the Dominican Republic, firearm and ammunition imports are limited by transfer control law41 42 43 36 44 45 46 37 38 47 48

Firearm Imports (Number)

ChartThe annual number of firearms imported to the Dominican Republic is reported to be

2019: 1,15339
2018: 0
2017: 30
2016: 1
2015: 2,115

Small Arms Imports (US$) - Customs

ChartThe annual value of small arms and ammunition imports to the Dominican Republic is reported by Customs to be US$

2021: 2,796,00049
2020: 867,000
2019: 2,396,000
2018: 1,777,000
2017: 571,000
2016: 4,861,000
2015: 2,887,000
2014: 4,527,000
2013: 9,511,000
2012: 9,043,000
2011: 7,685,000
2010: 7,658,000
2009: 8,055,000
2008: 6,377,000
2007: 4,822,000
2006: 4,095,000
2005: 7,214,000
2004: 3,421,000
2003: 2,989,000
2002: 2,930,000
:

Regulation of Arms Brokers

In the Dominican Republic, the activities of arms brokers and transfer intermediaries are specifically regulated by law50

End User Certificates

Customs regulations in the Dominican Republic do not include51 certification of the intended end user of any small arms or ammunition transfer, and/or a written declaration of its intended end use

MeasuresGun Regulation

Firearm Regulation - Guiding Policy

The regulation of guns in the Dominican Republic is categorised as restrictive52

Firearm Law

Guiding gun control legislation in the Dominican Republic includes Act No. 36 of 1965 on the Commerce, Carrying and Possession of Firearms,53 54 55 its regulation, Resolution 02-06,56 and Resolution 01-07 on Gun Shops, Arms and Ammunition Imports42

Firearm Regulation Authority

Guns in the Dominican Republic are regulated by the Ministry of the Interior, the Police57 and the National Directorate for the Control of Firearms4

Right to Possess Firearms

In the Dominican Republic, the right to private gun ownership is not guaranteed by law58 59

Restricted Firearms and Ammunition

In the Dominican Republic, civilians are not allowed to possess automatic firearms60 31

Law Regulates Handguns

In the Dominican Republic, civilian possession of handguns is regulated by law61 31

Regulation of Handguns

In the Dominican Republic, private possession of handguns (pistols and revolvers) is permitted under licence62

Law Regulates Long Guns

In the Dominican Republic, civilian possession of rifles and shotguns is regulated by law61 62 36 31

Gun Ownership and Possession

In the Dominican Republic, only licensed gun owners63 64 65 66 57 67 68 69 36 70 71 72 31 may lawfully acquire, possess or transfer a firearm or ammunition

Genuine Reason Required for Firearm Possession

Applicants for a gun owner’s licence in the Dominican Republic are required to establish a genuine reason to possess a firearm, for example collection,69 employment68 or self-defence67 71 73 72

Minimum Age for Firearm Possession

The minimum age for gun ownership in the Dominican Republic is 18 years74 64 72

Gun Owner Background Checks

An applicant for a firearm licence in the Dominican Republic must pass a background check which considers medical, addiction, mental health and criminal74 64 72 75 31 records

Reference Required for Firearm Licence

In the Dominican Republic, third party character references for each gun licence applicant are not required76

Partner to be Advised or Interviewed

In the Dominican Republic, licensing authorities are not required76 to conduct interviews with, or to advise an applicant's spouse, partner, or next of kin before issuing a gun licence

Domestic Violence and Firearms

Where a past history, or apprehended likelihood of family violence exists, the law in the Dominican Republic does not stipulate76 that a gun licence should be denied or revoked

Firearm Safety Training

In the Dominican Republic, an understanding of firearm safety and the law, tested in a theoretical and/or practical training course is required64 for a firearm licence

Gun Owner Licensing Period

In the Dominican Republic, gun owners must re-apply and re-qualify for their firearm licence every year77 71

Licensing Records

In the Dominican Republic, authorities maintain a record78 69 71 60 of individual civilians licensed to acquire, possess, sell or transfer a firearm or ammunition

Limit on Number of Guns

Licensed firearm owners in the Dominican Republic are permitted to possess any number of firearms76

Limit on Quantity, Type of Ammunition

Licensed firearm owners in the Dominican Republic are permitted to possess any quantity of ammunition76

Firearm Registration

Civilian Gun Registration

In the Dominican Republic, the law requires78 71 79 80 47 that a record of the acquisition, possession and transfer of each privately held firearm be retained in an official register

Gun Dealer Record Keeping

In the Dominican Republic, licensed firearm dealers are required81 82 47 to keep a record of each firearm or ammunition purchase, sale or transfer on behalf of a regulating authority

State-Owned Firearm Records

In the Dominican Republic, State agencies are required83 71 79 80 to maintain records of the storage and movement of all firearms and ammunition under their control

Gun Sales and Transfers

Regulation of Private Gun Sales

In the Dominican Republic, the private sale and transfer of firearms is prohibited without a valid firearms licence84 36 71

Regulation of Dealer Gun Sales

In the Dominican Republic, dealing in firearms by way of business without a valid gun dealer’s licence is unlawful43 41 84 36 82 47

Waiting Period for Gun Possession

In the Dominican Republic, the minimum wait for a lawful firearm purchase to be completed is undetermined76

Regulation of Gun Shows

In the Dominican Republic, gun shows and temporary firearm dealing events are not regulated76 in law

Storage and Transport of Guns and Ammunition

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Private

Firearm regulations in the Dominican Republic include64 85 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of private firearms and ammunition by licensed gun owners

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Dealer

Firearm regulations in the Dominican Republic include86 47 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition by licensed arms dealers

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Government

Government regulations in the Dominican Republic include83 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition by state entities

Firearm and Ammunition Transport Regulations

Regulations in the Dominican Republic do not include76 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition while in transit

Carrying Guns

Law Regulates Firearms in Public

In the Dominican Republic, carrying a gun in a public place is regulated by law85 63 36 31

Carrying Guns Openly in Public

In the Dominican Republic, carrying a firearm in plain view in a public place is allowed, subject to a valid permit85 63 36 31

Carrying Hidden Handguns in Public

In the Dominican Republic, carrying a concealed firearm in a public place is allowed, subject to a valid permit85 63 36 31

Gun Free Zones

In the Dominican Republic, private guns are prohibited in recreational sites or public meetings87 88

Penalty for Illicit Firearm Possession

In the Dominican Republic, the maximum penalty for unlawful possession of a firearm89 is two years in prison and a fine85 90 91 92 93

MeasuresInternational Controls

Regional Agreements

Central American Integration System

As a member of the Central American Integration System (SICA), the Dominican Republic is party to the 2007 Central American Programme on Small Arms Control and the Code of Conduct of Central American States on the Transfer of Arms, Ammunition, Explosives and Other Related Material94

Organization of American States

On 14 November 1997, as a member of the Organisation of American States (OAS), the Dominican Republic adopted the Inter-American Convention against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, Explosives, Ammunition and Other Related Materials (CIFTA), a legally binding multilateral treaty of which the OAS is depository. The CIFTA Convention has since been signed and ratified95 96 by the Dominican Republic

Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development

The Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development, a diplomatic initiative aimed at addressing the interrelations between armed violence and development, was signed in 200797 by the Dominican Republic.

Arms Trade Treaty

The Arms Trade Treaty has been signed and ratified98 by the Dominican Republic

United Nations Firearms Protocol

The United Nations Protocol against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, Their Parts and Components and Ammunition has been signed and ratified99 by the Dominican Republic

United Nations Small Arms Programme of Action UNPoA

UNPoA Commitment

On 21 July 2001, the Dominican Republic committed to a consensus decision of the United Nations to adopt, support and implement the UN Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects100

UNPoA Implementation Monitor Score

In its UN small arms Programme of Action Implementation Monitor (PoAIM Phase 1), the Small Arms Survey scored the Dominican Republic against its commitments to the PoA, then ranked it at No. 127101 102 103 104 among 159 Member States

UNPoA National Reporting

Under the terms of its 2001 commitment to the United Nations small arms Programme of Action, the Dominican Republic has submitted one or more national reports105 106 4 on its implementation of the UNPoA

UNPoA National Point of Contact

In the Dominican Republic, a National Point of Contact to deal with issues relating to the UNPoA has been designated106

UNPoA National Coordinating Body

In the Dominican Republic, a National Coordinating Body to deal with issues relating to the UNPoA has been designated106

UNPoA Civil Society Involvement and Support

In National Reports of the Dominican Republic submitted to the UN from 2001 to 2010, a history of substantive cooperation with civil society in support of UNPoA activities was apparent106

UNPoA International Assistance – Donor

Funds for UNPoA implementation have not been donated106 by the Dominican Republic to other UN Member States

United Nations Small Arms Register

According to the United Nations Register of Conventional Arms, the Dominican Republic has not declared107 its small arms exports in one or more annual National Reports on Arms Exports.

United Nations Membership

In the UN List of Member States, the Dominican Republic has been a Member State of the United Nations since 1945108

Wassenaar Arrangement

The Wassenaar Arrangement on Export Controls and Conventional Arms and Dual-Use Goods and Technologies does not list109 the Dominican Republic as a Participating State

BackgroundSustainable Development Goal Profile

About SDG 16

The Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) are 17 goals set by the United Nations to be implemented by all member states by 2030. Adopted in 2015, they outline a vision of development in which peace and security are an integral part. SDG 16,110 which seeks to “promote peaceful and inclusive societies for sustainable development,” includes targets and indicators focused on reducing violence (Target 16.1) and the proliferation of illicit arms (Target 16.4). The indicators – or measurement criteria – of these targets include the number of victims of intentional homicide (Indicator 16.1.1), the number of conflict-related deaths (Indicator 16.1.2), and the number of illicit firearms collected and traced (Indicator 16.4.2). In light of these targets and indicators, GunPolicy.org provides granular national data pertaining to homicides, gun homicides, conflict deaths, disarmament efforts, and marking and tracing.

Homicides (any method)

ChartIn the Dominican Republic, annual homicides by any means total

2021: 1,12120
2020: 96121
2019: 1,026
2018: 1,068
2017: 1,216
2016: 1,616
2015: 1,68022
2014: 1,810
2013: 1,978
2012: 2,268
2011: 2,513
2010: 2,474
2009: 2,378
2008: 2,355
2007: 2,092
2006: 2,113
2005: 2,398
2004: 2,323
2003: 1,656
2002: 1,230
2001: 1,086
2000: 1,090
1999: 1,06623
1998: 1,121
1997: 1,038
1996: 1,032
1995: 1,007

Rate of Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn the Dominican Republic, the annual rate of homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2021: 10.3 20
2020: 8.8621
2019: 9.55
2018: 10.05
2017: 11.57
2016: 15.54
2015: 16.8222
2014: 17.81
2013: 19.69
2012: 22.84
2011: 25.61
2010: 25.52
2009: 25.52
2008: 25.59
2007: 23.02
2006: 23.29
2005: 26.74
2004: 26.23
2003: 18.94
2002: 14.25
2001: 12.75
2000: 12.98
1999: 12.623 24
1998: 13.523
1997: 12.723 24
1996: 12.823
1995: 12.7

Male Homicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn the Dominican Republic, annual male homicides by any means total

2020: 83321
2019: 881
2018: 1,752
2017: 1,961
2016: 1,446
2015: 1,53522
2014: 1,623
2013: 1,824
2012: 2,067
2011: 2,280
2010: 2,264
2009: 2,199
2008: 2,158
2007: 1,920

Rate of Male Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn the Dominican Republic, the annual rate of male homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2020: 15.3721
2019: 16.42
2018: 17.24
2017: 19.49
2016: 27.79
2015: 30.3722
2014: 31.88
2013: 36.87
2012: 41.51
2011: 46.32
2010: 46.52
2009: 46.57
2008: 46.27
2007: 41.68

Female Homicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn the Dominican Republic, annual female homicides by any means total

2020: 12821
2019: 145
2018: 300
2017: 370
2016: 17025
2015: 14522
2014: 187
2013: 160
2012: 201
2011: 233
2010: 210
2009: 179
2008: 197
2007: 172

Rate of Female Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn the Dominican Republic, the annual rate of female homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2020: 2.3621
2019: 2.70
2018: 2.86
2017: 3.63
2016: 3.27
2015: 2.9422
2014: 3.69
2013: 3.32
2012: 4.06
2011: 4.76
2010: 4.35
2009: 3.89
2008: 4.34
2007: 3.84

Gun Homicides

ChartIn the Dominican Republic, annual firearm homicides total

2020: 48521
2019: 464
2018: 529
2017: 614
2016: 623
2014: 1,143
2013: 1,29918
2012: 1,458
2011: 1,573
2010: 1,619
2009: 487
2008: 389
2007: 317
2006: 1,15826 27
2005: 1,556
2004: 1,10428
2003: 908
2002: 682
2001: 591
2000: 563
1999: 35019

Rate of Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn the Dominican Republic, the annual rate of firearm homicide per 100,000 population is

2020: 4.4721
2019: 4.32
2018: 4.98
2017: 5.84
2016: 5.99
2014: 11.24
2013: 13.2918
2012: 14.68
2011: 16.03
2010: 16.40
2009: 5.23
2008: 4.23
2007: 3.49
2006: 12.4611 29
2005: 16.98
2004: 11.828 29
2003: 9.8
2002: 7.5
2001: 6.6
2000: 6.4
1999: 4.0019

Proportion of Homicides Committed With a Gun

ChartIn the Dominican Republic, the percentage of homicides committed with a firearm is reported to be

2013: 63%30
2012: 64%30 26 31
2011: 63%30 26
2010: 65%
2009: 65%26
2008: 70%
2006: 54%
2005: 65%

Male Gun Homicide Victims

ChartIn the Dominican Republic, annual male firearm homicides total

2014: 1,06121
2013: 1,22718
2012: 1,387
2011: 1,479
2010: 1,535
2009: 445
2008: 360
2007: 292

Rate of Male Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn the Dominican Republic, the annual rate of male firearm homicide per 100,000 population is

2014: 20.5021
2013: 24.8018
2012: 27.40
2011: 29.60
2010: 31.10
2009: 9.42
2008: 7.72
2007: 6.34

Female Gun Homicide Victims

ChartIn the Dominican Republic, annual female firearm homicides total

2014: 8221
2013: 7218
2012: 71
2011: 94
2010: 84
2009: 39
2008: 27
2007: 19

Rate of Female Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn the Dominican Republic, the annual rate of female firearm homicide per 100,000 population is

2014: 1.6021
2013: 1.4918
2012: 1.40
2011: 1.90
2010: 1.70
2009: 0.85
2008: 0.59
2007: 0.42

Conflict Deaths

For a profile of conflict in the Dominican Republic, select the Link icon to open an external web page from the UCDP Conflict Encyclopedia at Uppsala University

Disarmament

Firearms Surrendered and Seized

ChartIn the Dominican Republic, the number of firearms voluntarily surrendered, bought back or seized by authorities is reported to be

2022: 5901
2021: 2,616111
2020: 791
2019: 1,686
2018: 853
2017: 801112
2016: 1,698
2014: 57113
2013: 713
2012: 1,266
2011: 948
2010: 1,104
2009: 324114
2007: 1,835115
2006: 1,574
2005: 2,180
2004: 330115 116

Small Arms Destroyed

ChartIn the Dominican Republic, the number of firearms destroyed following amnesty, collection and seizure programmes is reported to be

2014: 2,800117 118
2013: 30,000119
2011-2016: 30,000120
2008: 3,348121
2006: 3,348122

Destruction and Disposal Policy

In the Dominican Republic, it is not state policy123 124 to destroy surplus, collected and seized firearms rather than return them to the secondary arms market

Marking and Tracing

Firearm Marking

In the Dominican Republic, a unique identifying mark on each firearm is required by law125 126 92 79 127 128

Firearm Tracing

In the Dominican Republic, state authorities carry out129 128 80 130 106 recognised arms tracing and tracking procedures

Ballistic Record of Firearms and Ammunition

In the Dominican Republic, the ballistic characteristics of each civilian firearm and its ammunition are129 131 80 recorded in a register

Global Peace Index

To see where the Dominican Republic ranks, select the Link icon to open an external web page at the Global Peace Index, and then click on the Dominican Republic on the map or in the "Select Country" menu on the right of the web page


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36.

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Dominican Republic.1965.‘Shotguns, Revolvers, and Pistols (Escopetas, Revólveres, y Pistolas).’ Act No. 36 of 1965 on the Commerce, Carrying and Possession of Firearms .Santo Domingo:Official Gazette of the Dominican Republic,18 October. (Q9520)Full Citation

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Dominican Republic.1965.‘Definitions (Definiciones).’ Act No. 36 of 1965 on the Commerce, Carrying and Possession of Firearms .Santo Domingo:Official Gazette of the Dominican Republic,18 October. (Q9518)Full Citation

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Dominican Republic.1965.‘Licence to Carry and Own Firearms (Licencia para Porte y Tenencia de Armas).’ Act No. 36 of 1965 on the Commerce, Carrying and Possession of Firearms .Santo Domingo:Official Gazette of the Dominican Republic,18 October. (Q9530)Full Citation

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Dominican Republic.2006.‘Licence Requirements (Requisitos para Licencias).’ Resolution 02-06, on Provisions for the Application of the Control of Firearms.Santo Domingo:Ministry of the Interior and Police,27 July. (Q9538)Full Citation

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Dominican Republic.1965.‘Special Authorisations (Autorizaciones Especiales).’ Act No. 36 of 1965 on the Commerce, Carrying and Possession of Firearms .Santo Domingo:Official Gazette of the Dominican Republic,18 October. (Q9521)Full Citation

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67.

Dominican Republic.1965.‘Firearms for Personal Defence (Armas para Defensa Personal).’ Act No. 36 of 1965 on the Commerce, Carrying and Possession of Firearms .Santo Domingo:Official Gazette of the Dominican Republic,18 October. (Q9524)Full Citation

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Dominican Republic.1965.‘Permits for Particular Workers (Permisos para Trabajadores Particulares).’ Act No. 36 of 1965 on the Commerce, Carrying and Possession of Firearms .Santo Domingo:Official Gazette of the Dominican Republic,18 October. (Q9523)Full Citation

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