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Armed violence prevention, gun control laws and the small arms trade:

Dominica — Gun Facts, Figures and the Law

StockpilesGun Numbers

Civilian Guns

Number of Privately Owned Firearms

The estimated total number of guns (both licit and illicit) held by civilians in Dominica is

2017: 5,0001

Rate of Civilian Firearm Possession per 100 Population

The estimated rate of private gun ownership (both licit and illicit) per 100 people in Dominica is

2017: 6.201

Government Guns

Number of Law Enforcement Firearms

Police in Dominica are reported to have 6002 firearms

ImpactsDeath and Injury

Total Number of Gun Deaths

ChartIn Dominica, annual deaths resulting from firearms total

2014: 13
2013: 3
2012: 2
2011: 1
2010: 5

Rate of All Gun Deaths per 100,000 People

ChartIn Dominica, the annual rate of all gun deaths per 100,000 population is

2014: 1.363
2013: 4.09
2012: 2.74
2011: 1.37
2010: 6.87

Total Number of Male Gun Deaths

ChartIn Dominica, annual male deaths resulting from firearms total

2014: 13
2013: 3
2012: 2
2011: 1
2010: 5

Total Number of Female Gun Deaths

ChartIn Dominica, annual female deaths resulting from firearms total

2014: 03
2013: 0
2012: 0
2011: 0
2010: 0

Homicides (any method)

ChartIn Dominica, annual homicides by any means total

2016: 84
2015: 7
2014: 83
2013: 14
2012: 8
2011: 5
2010: 16
2009: 135 6 7 8 9
2008: 7
2007: 7
2006: 5
2005: 8
2004: 8
2003: 8
2002: 10
2001: 1
2000: 2
1999: 710
1998: 9

Rate of Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Dominica, the annual rate of homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2016: 10.234
2015: 10.20
2014: 1.363
2013: 4.09
2012: 2.74
2011: 1.37
2010: 6.87
2009: 18.315 6 7 8 9
2008: 9.88
2007: 9.89
2006: 7.07
2005: 11.34
2004: 11.38
2003: 11.42
2002: 14.33
2001: 1.44
2000: 2.87
1999: 9.7511 7
1998: 12.17
1997: 5.57
1995: 5.5

Male Homicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Dominica, annual male homicides by any means total

2014: 63
2013: 12
2012: 7
2011: 5
2010: 14

Female Homicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Dominica, annual female homicides by any means total

2014: 23
2013: 2
2012: 1
2011: 0
2010: 212

Gun Homicides

ChartIn Dominica, annual firearm homicides total

2014: 13
2013: 3
2012: 2
2011: 1
2010: 5
1998: 110

Rate of Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Dominica, the annual rate of firearm homicide per 100,000 population is

2014: 1.363
2013: 4.09
2012: 2.74
2011: 1.37
2010: 6.87
1998: 1.43

Proportion of Homicides Committed With a Gun

ChartIn Dominica, the percentage of homicides committed with a firearm is reported to be

2013: 17%5
2012: 33%
2011: 17%5 13
2010: 27%5

Male Gun Homicide Victims

ChartIn Dominica, annual male firearm homicides total

2015: 13
2014: 1
2013: 3
2012: 2
2011: 1
2010: 5

Female Gun Homicide Victims

ChartIn Dominica, annual female firearm homicides total

2015: 03
2014: 0
2013: 0
2012: 0
2011: 0
2010: 0

Suicides (any method)

ChartIn Dominica, annual suicides by any means total

2014: 33
2013: 1
2012: 2
2011: 5
2010: 3
2009: 614 15
2008: 6
2007: 2
2006: 4
2005: 4
2004: 2
2003: 2
2002: 2
2001: 5
2000: 2

Rate of Suicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Dominica, the annual rate of suicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2014: 4.083
2013: 1.36
2012: 2.74
2011: 6.85
2010: 4.12
2009: 8.114 15
2008: 8.214 16
2007: 2.7
2006: 5.6
2005: 5.6
2004: 2.8
2003: 2.8
2002: 2.8
2001: 7.0
2000: 2.8

Male Suicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Dominica, annual male suicides by any means total

2014: 33
2013: 1
2012: 2
2011: 4
2010: 3

Female Suicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Dominica, annual female suicides by any means total

2014: 03
2013: 0
2012: 0
2011: 1
2010: 0

Gun Suicides

ChartIn Dominica, annual firearm suicides total

2014: 03
2013: 0
2012: 0
2011: 0
2010: 0

Rate of Gun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Dominica, the annual rate of firearm suicide per 100,000 population is

2014: 03
2013: 0
2012: 0
2011: 0
2010: 0

Male Gun Suicide Victims

ChartIn Dominica, annual male firearm suicides total

2014: 03
2013: 0
2012: 0
2011: 0
2010: 0

Female Gun Suicide Victims

ChartIn Dominica, annual female firearm suicides total

2014: 03
2013: 0
2012: 0
2011: 0
2010: 0

Unintentional Gun Deaths

ChartIn Dominica, annual unintentional shooting deaths total

2014: 03
2013: 0
2012: 0
2011: 0
2010: 0

Rate of Unintentional Gun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn Dominica, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death per 100,000 population is

2014: 03
2013: 0
2012: 0
2011: 0
2010: 0

Unintentional Male Gun Deaths

ChartIn Dominica, annual unintentional male shooting deaths total

2014: 03
2013: 0
2012: 0
2011: 0
2010: 0

Unintentional Female Gun Deaths

ChartIn Dominica, annual unintentional female shooting deaths total

2014: 03
2013: 0
2012: 0
2011: 0
2010: 0

Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Dominica, annual shooting deaths in which the cause remains undecided total

2014: 03
2013: 0
2012: 0
2011: 0
2010: 0

Male Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Dominica, annual male shooting deaths in which the cause remains undecided total

2014: 03
2013: 0
2012: 0
2011: 0
2010: 0

Female Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Dominica, annual female shooting deaths in which the cause remains undecided total

2014: 03
2013: 0
2012: 0
2011: 0
2010: 0

ProductionGun Industry

Regulation of Firearm Makers

In Dominica, the manufacture of small arms, ammunition and/or their components is permitted only if the maker holds a valid licence17 18

TransfersGun Trade and Trafficking

Firearm Exports

In Dominica, firearm and ammunition exports are limited by transfer control law19

Small Arms Exports (US$) - Customs

The annual value of small arms and ammunition exports from Dominica is reported by Customs to be US$37620 (2008)

Firearm Imports

In Dominica, firearm and ammunition imports are limited by transfer control law19 21

Small Arms Imports (US$) - Customs

The annual value of small arms and ammunition imports to Dominica is reported by Customs to be US$104,99820 (2011)

Regulation of Arms Brokers

In Dominica, the activities of arms brokers and transfer intermediaries are not specifically regulated by law22

End User Certificates

Customs regulations in Dominica do not include22 certification of the intended end user of any small arms or ammunition transfer, and/or a written declaration of its intended end use

MeasuresGun Regulation

Firearm Regulation - Guiding Policy

The regulation of guns in Dominica is categorised as restrictive23

Firearm Law

Guiding gun control legislation in Dominica includes the Firearms Act No. 3 of 201124 25 26 27

Firearm Regulation Authority

Guns in Dominica are regulated by the Commissioner of Police and the Minister responsible for Security28

Right to Possess Firearms

In Dominica, the right to private gun ownership is not guaranteed by law29 30

Restricted Firearms and Ammunition

In Dominica, civilians are not allowed to possess automatic firearms, or any firearm with a shortened barrel31 28

Regulation of Automatic Weapons

In Dominica, private possession of fully automatic weapons is prohibited31 13

Regulation of Semiautomatic Assault Weapons

In Dominica, private possession of semi-automatic assault weapons is permitted under licence31 28 32

Regulation of Handguns

In Dominica, private possession of handguns (pistols and revolvers) is permitted under licence31 28 32 33 13

Law Regulates Long Guns

In Dominica, civilian possession of rifles and shotguns is regulated by law31 34 28 33 13

Gun Ownership and Possession

In Dominica, only licensed gun owners32 35 36 37 38 34 39 40 33 41 13 may lawfully acquire, possess or transfer a firearm or ammunition

Genuine Reason Required for Firearm Possession

Applicants for a gun owner’s licence in Dominica are required to establish a genuine reason to possess a firearm36 37 42

Minimum Age for Firearm Possession

The minimum age for gun ownership in Dominica is 18 years43 44

Gun Owner Background Checks

An applicant for a firearm licence in Dominica must pass a background check which considers criminal, mental health and addiction28 43 13 records

Reference Required for Firearm Licence

In Dominica, third party character references for each gun licence applicant are not required22

Partner to be Advised or Interviewed

In Dominica, licensing authorities are not required22 to conduct interviews with, or to advise an applicant's spouse, partner, or next of kin before issuing a gun licence

Domestic Violence and Firearms

Where a past history, or apprehended likelihood of family violence exists, the law in Dominica does not stipulate22 that a gun licence should be denied or revoked

Firearm Safety Training

In Dominica, an understanding of firearm safety and the law, tested in a theoretical and/or practical training course is required36 for a firearm licence

Gun Owner Licensing Period

In Dominica gun owners are licensed for an indefinite period or until the licence is revoked or otherwise terminated45

Licensing Records

In Dominica, authorities maintain a record46 of individual civilians licensed to acquire, possess, sell or transfer a firearm or ammunition

Limit on Number of Guns

Licensed firearm owners in Dominica are permitted to possess any number of firearms22

Limit on Quantity, Type of Ammunition

Licensed firearm owners in Dominica are permitted to possess any quantity of ammunition22

Firearm Registration

Civilian Gun Registration

In Dominica, the law requires46 that a record of the acquisition, possession and transfer of each privately held firearm be retained in an official register

Gun Dealer Record Keeping

In Dominica, licensed firearm dealers are required21 to keep a record of each firearm or ammunition purchase, sale or transfer on behalf of a regulating authority

Gun Manufacturer Record Keeping

In Dominica, licensed gun makers are required21 to keep a record of each firearm produced, for inspection by a regulating authority

Gun Sales and Transfers

Regulation of Private Gun Sales

In Dominica, the private sale and transfer of firearms is prohibited17

Regulation of Dealer Gun Sales

In Dominica, dealing in firearms by way of business without a valid gun dealer’s licence is unlawful21 47 17 48 44 49 18 42

Waiting Period for Gun Possession

In Dominica, the minimum wait for a lawful firearm purchase to be completed is undetermined22

Regulation of Gun Shows

In Dominica, gun shows and temporary firearm dealing events are not regulated22 in law

Storage and Transport of Guns and Ammunition

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Private

Firearm regulations in Dominica include36 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of private firearms and ammunition by licensed gun owners

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Dealer

Firearm regulations in Dominica include36 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition by licensed arms dealers

Firearm and Ammunition Transport Regulations

Regulations in Dominica do not include22 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition while in transit

Marking and Tracing Guns and Ammunition

Firearm Marking

In Dominica, a unique identifying mark on each firearm is required by law46

Firearm Tracing

In Dominica, state authorities carry out50 recognised arms tracing and tracking procedures

Ballistic Record of Firearms and Ammunition

In Dominica, the ballistic characteristics of each civilian firearm and its ammunition are not22 recorded in a register

Carrying Guns

Law Regulates Firearms in Public

In Dominica, carrying a gun in a public place is regulated by law38 51 52 13

Carrying Guns Openly in Public

In Dominica, carrying a firearm in plain view in a public place is allowed, subject to a valid permit38 51 52 13

Carrying Hidden Handguns in Public

In Dominica, carrying a concealed firearm in a public place is allowed, subject to a valid permit38 51 52 13

Penalty for Illicit Firearm Possession

In Dominica, the maximum penalty for unlawful possession of a firearm53 is 10 years in prison and a fine32 31 21 19 51 47 17 18 54

Collection, Amnesty and Destruction Programmes

Authorities in Dominica are not known to have55 implemented voluntary firearm surrender schemes, and/or weapon seizure programmes in order to reduce the number of illicit firearms in circulation

MeasuresInternational Controls

Regional Agreements

Organization of American States

On 14 November 1997, as a member of the Organisation of American States (OAS), Dominica adopted the Inter-American Convention against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, Explosives, Ammunition and Other Related Materials (CIFTA), a legally binding multilateral treaty of which the OAS is depository. The CIFTA Convention has since been ratified56 57 by Dominica

Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development

The Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development, a diplomatic initiative aimed at addressing the interrelations between armed violence and development, was not signed58 by Dominica.

Arms Trade Treaty

The Arms Trade Treaty has been signed and ratified59 by Dominica

United Nations Firearms Protocol

The United Nations Protocol against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, Their Parts and Components and Ammunition has been signed and ratified60 by Dominica

United Nations Small Arms Programme of Action UNPoA

UNPoA Commitment

On 21 July 2001, Dominica committed to a consensus decision of the United Nations to adopt, support and implement the UN Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects61

UNPoA National Reporting

Under the terms of its 2001 commitment to the United Nations small arms Programme of Action, Dominica has yet to submit a national report62 63 on its implementation of the UNPoA

UNPoA National Point of Contact

In Dominica, a National Point of Contact to deal with issues relating to the UNPoA has not been designated63

UNPoA National Coordinating Body

In Dominica, a National Coordinating Body to deal with issues relating to the UNPoA has not been designated63

UNPoA Civil Society Involvement and Support

In National Reports of Dominica submitted to the UN from 2001 to 2010, a history of substantive cooperation with civil society in support of UNPoA activities was not apparent63

UNPoA International Assistance – Donor

Funds for UNPoA implementation have not been donated63 by Dominica to other UN Member States

United Nations Small Arms Register

According to the United Nations Register of Conventional Arms, Dominica has not declared64 its small arms exports in one or more annual National Reports on Arms Exports.

United Nations Membership

In the UN List of Member States, Dominica has been a Member State of the United Nations since 197865

Wassenaar Arrangement

The Wassenaar Arrangement on Export Controls and Conventional Arms and Dual-Use Goods and Technologies does not list66 Dominica as a Participating State

BackgroundCountry Profile

Conflict Profile

For a profile of conflict in Dominica, select the Link icon to open an external web page from the UCDP Conflict Encyclopedia at Uppsala University


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