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Denmark — Gun Facts, Figures and the Law

StockpilesGun Numbers

Civilian Guns

Number of Privately Owned Firearms

ChartThe estimated total number of guns (both licit and illicit) held by civilians in Denmark is

2017: 567,0001
2007: 650,0002

Rate of Civilian Firearm Possession per 100 Population

ChartThe estimated rate of private gun ownership (both licit and illicit) per 100 people in Denmark is

2017: 9.901
2007: 12.02

Number of Privately Owned Rifles

In Denmark, the number of rifles in civilian possession is reported to be 100,0003

Number of Privately Owned Shotguns

In Denmark, the number of shotguns in civilian possession is reported to be 700,0003

Number of Privately Owned Handguns

In Denmark, the number of handguns in civilian possession is reported to be 50,0003

Number of Privately Owned Firearms - World Ranking

In a 2007 comparison of the number of privately owned guns in 178 countries, Denmark ranked at No. 694

Rate of Privately Owned Firearms per 100 Population - World Ranking

In a 2007 comparison of the rate of private gun ownership in 178 countries, Denmark ranked at No. 542

Proportion of Adults Living in a Home With a Gun

In Denmark, the percentage of adults living in a household with a firearm is reported to be

2015: 7%5

Proportion of Households with Firearms

ChartIn Denmark, the percentage of households with one or more guns is reported to be

2005: 12.6%6
1999/2003: 11.7%

Proportion of Households with Handguns

ChartIn Denmark, the percentage of households with one or more handguns is reported to be

2005: 1.2%6
1999/2003: 1.0%

Number of Licensed Firearm Owners

The number of licensed gun owners in Denmark is reported to be 21,0003

Rate of Licensed Firearm Owners per 100 Population

The rate of licensed firearm owners per 100 people in Denmark is 0.397

Number of Registered Firearms

ChartThe number of registered guns in Denmark is reported to be

2017: 340,0001
1999: 850,0003

Rate of Registered Firearms per 100 Population

The rate of registered guns per 100 people in Denmark is 15.987

Estimated Number of Unregistered and Illicit Firearms

Unregistered and unlawfully held guns cannot be counted,8 but in Denmark there are estimated to be

2017: 227,0001

Government Guns

Number of Military Firearms

The defence forces of Denmark are reported to have 124,1209 firearms

Number of Law Enforcement Firearms

Police in Denmark are reported to have 20,00010 firearms

ImpactsDeath and Injury

Total Number of Gun Deaths

ChartIn Denmark, annual deaths resulting from firearms total

2014: 8211
2013: 56
2012: 53
2011: 7112 13
2010: 8612 13 14
2009: 7512 13
2008: 6712 13 15 14
2007: 65
2006: 7916
2005: 9212 13 15 14
2004: 99
2003: 70
2002: 96
2001: 8912 13 14
2000: 10212 13 15 14
1999: 101
1998: 87
1997: 116
1996: 101
1995: 102
1994: 113

Rate of All Gun Deaths per 100,000 People

ChartIn Denmark, the annual rate of all gun deaths per 100,000 population is

2014: 1.4711
2013: 1.01
2012: 0.96
2011: 1.28
2010: 1.56
2009: 1.36
2008: 1.22
2007: 1.19
2006: 1.4516
2005: 1.697
2004: 1.83
2003: 1.30
2002: 1.79
2001: 1.66
2000: 1.91
1999: 1.90
1998: 1.64
1997: 2.20
1996: 1.92
1995: 1.95
1994: 2.17

Total Number of Male Gun Deaths

ChartIn Denmark, annual male deaths resulting from firearms total

2014: 7811
2013: 55
2012: 50
2011: 68
2010: 81

Total Number of Female Gun Deaths

ChartIn Denmark, annual female deaths resulting from firearms total

2014: 411
2013: 1
2012: 3
2011: 3
2010: 5

Homicides (any method)

ChartIn Denmark, annual homicides by any means total

2016: 4817
2015: 5618
2014: 3811
2013: 20
2012: 18
2011: 43
2010: 42
2009: 47
2008: 54
2007: 39
2006: 29
2005: 53
2004: 43
2003: 65
2002: 56
2001: 52
2000: 58
1999: 5219
1998: 49
1997: 88
1996: 69
1995: 60

Rate of Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Denmark, the annual rate of homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2015: 0.9918
2014: 1.4711
2013: 1.01
2012: 0.96
2011: 1.28
2010: 1.56
2009: 0.9
2008: 1.0
2007: 0.7
2006: 0.5
2005: 1.0
2004: 0.8
2003: 1.2
2002: 1.0
2001: 1.0
2000: 1.1
1999: 1.019
1998: 0.9
1997: 1.7
1996: 1.3
1995: 1.1
1993: 1.2120

Male Homicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Denmark, annual male homicides by any means total

2015: 3321
2014: 1911
2013: 14
2012: 11
2011: 31
2010: 23

Female Homicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Denmark, annual female homicides by any means total

2015: 2321
2014: 1911
2013: 6
2012: 7
2011: 12
2010: 19

Gun Homicides

ChartIn Denmark, annual firearm homicides total

2014: 611
2013: 5
2012: 322
2011: 12
2010: 11
2009: 912 23 19
2008: 6
2007: 6
2006: 12
2005: 9
2004: 1012
2003: 6
2002: 13
2001: 17
2000: 1512 19
1999: 13
1998: 11
1997: 16
1996: 15
1995: 14
1994: 1612

Rate of Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Denmark, the annual rate of firearm homicide per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.1111
2013: 0.09
2012: 0.05
2011: 0.22
2010: 0.20
2009: 0.1612 7 19
2008: 0.11
2007: 0.11
2006: 0.22
2005: 0.17
2004: 0.1912
2003: 0.11
2002: 0.24
2001: 0.32
2000: 0.2812 19
1999: 0.24
1998: 0.21
1997: 0.30
1996: 0.29
1995: 0.27
1994: 0.3112
1993: 0.2324

Proportion of Homicides Committed With a Gun

ChartIn Denmark, the percentage of homicides committed with a firearm is reported to be

2011: 34%23
2010: 26%
2009: 26%23
2008: 11%
2007: 18%
2006: 28%
2005: 21%
2000: 24.119
1999: 21.2%
1998: 28.6%
1997: 21.6%
1996: 31.9%
1995: 23.3%

Male Gun Homicide Victims

ChartIn Denmark, annual male firearm homicides total

2015: 511
2014: 5
2013: 4
2012: 1
2011: 9
2010: 7

Female Gun Homicide Victims

ChartIn Denmark, annual female firearm homicides total

2015: 111
2014: 1
2013: 1
2012: 2
2011: 3
2010: 4

Handgun Homicides

ChartIn Denmark, annual handgun homicides total

2012: 312
2011: 7
2010: 5
2009: 5
2008: 2
2007: 3
2006: 1
2005: 4
2004: 2
2002: 2
2001: 5
2000: 2
1999: 1
1998: 2
1997: 1
1996: 3
1995: 5
1994: 2

Rate of Handgun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Denmark, the annual rate of handgun homicide per 100,000 population is

2012: 0.0512
2011: 0.13
2010: 0.09
2009: 0.09
2008: 0.04
2007: 0.06
2006: 0.02
2005: 0.07
2004: 0.04
2002: 0.04
2001: 0.09
2000: 0.04
1999: 0.02
1998: 0.04
1997: 0.02
1996: 0.06
1995: 0.10
1994: 0.04

Long Gun Homicides

ChartIn Denmark, annual long gun homicides total

2011: 312
2010: 5
2009: 2
2008: 1
2007: 3
2006: 2
2005: 2
2004: 2
2003: 6
2002: 6
2001: 9
2000: 9
1999: 7
1998: 6
1997: 4
1996: 3
1995: 6
1994: 13

Rate of Long Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Denmark, the annual rate of long gun homicide per 100,000 population is

2011: 0.0512
2010: 0.09
2009: 0.04
2008: 0.02
2007: 0.06
2006: 0.04
2005: 0.04
2004: 0.04
2003: 0.11
2002: 0.11
2001: 0.17
2000: 0.17
1999: 0.13
1998: 0.11
1997: 0.08
1996: 0.06
1995: 0.11
1994: 0.25

Gun Homicides (Other)

ChartIn Denmark, annual gun homicides (other) total

2011: 212
2010: 1
2009: 2
2008: 3
2006: 9
2005: 3
2004: 6
2002: 5
2001: 3
2000: 4
1999: 5
1998: 3
1997: 11
1996: 9
1995: 3
1994: 1

Rate of Gun Homicide (Other) per 100,000 People

ChartIn Denmark, the annual rate of gun homicide (other) per 100,000 population is

2011: 0.0412
2010: 0.02
2009: 0.04
2008: 0.06
2006: 0.17
2005: 0.06
2004: 0.11
2002: 0.09
2001: 0.06
2000: 0.07
1999: 0.09
1998: 0.06
1997: 0.21
1996: 0.17
1995: 0.06
1994: 0.02

Suicides (any method)

ChartIn Denmark, annual suicides by any means total

2014: 62911
2013: 610
2012: 661
2011: 589
2010: 563
1996: 89225

Rate of Suicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Denmark, the annual rate of suicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2014: 11.2911
2013: 10.98
2012: 11.92
2011: 10.65
2010: 10.21
1996: 16.6325
1993: 22.3326

Male Suicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Denmark, annual male suicides by any means total

2014: 46911
2013: 450
2012: 494
2011: 437
2010: 405

Female Suicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Denmark, annual female suicides by any means total

2014: 16011
2013: 160
2012: 167
2011: 152
2010: 158

Gun Suicides

ChartIn Denmark, annual firearm suicides total

2014: 7511
2013: 50
2012: 4913 22
2011: 5913
2010: 74
2009: 66
2008: 58
2007: 48
2006: 63
2005: 80
2004: 83
2003: 59
2002: 73
2001: 71
2000: 82
1999: 85
1998: 72
1997: 98
1996: 80
1995: 83
1994: 93

Rate of Gun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Denmark, the annual rate of firearm suicide per 100,000 population is

2014: 1.3511
2013: 0.90
2012: 0.88
2011: 1.07
2010: 1.34
2009: 1.20
2008: 1.07
2007: 0.88
2006: 1.16
2005: 1.48
2004: 1.54
2003: 1.1
2002: 1.36
2001: 1.33
2000: 1.54
1999: 1.6
1998: 1.36
1997: 1.85
1996: 1.52
1995: 1.59
1994: 1.79
1993: 2.2527

Male Gun Suicide Victims

ChartIn Denmark, annual male firearm suicides total

2014: 7211
2013: 50
2012: 48
2011: 59
2010: 73

Female Gun Suicide Victims

ChartIn Denmark, annual female firearm suicides total

2014: 311
2013: 0
2012: 1
2011: 0
2010: 1

Handgun Suicides

ChartIn Denmark, annual handgun suicides total

2012: 713
2011: 18
2010: 12
2009: 16
2008: 16
2007: 15
2006: 5
2005: 18
2004: 17
2003: 13
2002: 23
2001: 11
2000: 13
1999: 18
1998: 12
1997: 21
1996: 19
1995: 19
1994: 15

Rate of Handgun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Denmark, the annual rate of handgun suicide per 100,000 population is

2012: 0.1313
2011: 0.32
2010: 0.22
2009: 0.29
2008: 0.29
2007: 0.28
2006: 0.09
2005: 0.33
2004: 0.31
2003: 0.24
2002: 0.43
2001: 0.21
2000: 0.24
1999: 0.34
1998: 0.23
1997: 0.40
1996: 0.36
1995: 0.36
1994: 0.29

Long Gun Suicides

ChartIn Denmark, the number of long gun suicides is

2012: 3513
2011: 40
2010: 55
2009: 46
2008: 40
2007: 32
2006: 51
2005: 53
2004: 53
2003: 43
2002: 38
2001: 54
2000: 63
1999: 61
1998: 50
1997: 70
1996: 58
1995: 61
1994: 70

Rate of Long Gun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Denmark, the annual rate of long gun suicide per 100,000 population is

2012: 0.6313
2011: 0.72
2010: 0.99
2009: 0.83
2008: 0.73
2007: 0.59
2006: 0.94
2005: 0.98
2004: 0.98
2003: 0.80
2002: 0.71
2001: 1.01
2000: 1.18
1999: 1.15
1998: 0.94
1997: 1.32
1996: 1.10
1995: 1.17
1994: 1.34

Gun Suicides (Other)

ChartIn Denmark, annual gun suicides (other) total

2012: 713
2011: 1
2010: 7
2009: 4
2008: 2
2007: 1
2006: 7
2005: 9
2004: 13
2003: 3
2002: 12
2001: 6
2000: 6
1999: 6
1998: 10
1997: 7
1996: 3
1995: 3
1994: 8

Rate of Gun Suicide (Other) per 100,000 People

ChartIn Denmark, the annual rate of gun suicide (other) per 100,000 population is

2012: 0.1313
2011: 0.02
2010: 0.13
2009: 0.07
2008: 0.04
2007: 0.02
2006: 0.13
2005: 0.17
2004: 0.24
2003: 0.06
2002: 0.22
2001: 0.11
2000: 0.11
1999: 0.11
1998: 0.19
1997: 0.13
1996: 0.06
1995: 0.06
1994: 0.15

Unintentional Gun Deaths

ChartIn Denmark, annual unintentional shooting deaths total

2014: 011
2013: 1
2012: 0
2011: 0
2010: 0
2008: 215
2007: 10
2006: 2
2005: 1
2004: 2
2003: 2
2002: 8
2000: 1
1999: 1
1998: 1
1997: 1
1996: 4
1995: 2
1994: 2

Rate of Unintentional Gun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn Denmark, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.0211
2013: 0.02
2012: 0.02
2011: 0
2010: 0.02
2008: 0.0415
2007: 0.18
2006: 0.04
2005: 0.02
2004: 0.04
2003: 0.04
2002: 0.15
2000: 0.02
1999: 0.02
1998: 0.02
1997: 0.02
1996: 0.08
1995: 0.04
1994: 0.04
1993: 0.0428

Unintentional Male Gun Deaths

ChartIn Denmark, annual unintentional male shooting deaths total

2014: 011
2013: 1
2012: 0
2011: 0
2010: 0

Unintentional Female Gun Deaths

ChartIn Denmark, annual unintentional female shooting deaths total

2014: 011
2013: 0
2012: 0
2011: 0
2010: 0

Unintentional Handgun Deaths

ChartIn Denmark, annual unintentional shooting deaths by handgun total

2007: 315
2002: 1
1999: 1
1997: 1
1995: 1
1994: 1

Rate of Unintentional Handgun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn Denmark, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death by handgun per 100,000 population is

2007: 0.0615
2002: 0.02
1999: 0.02
1997: 0.02
1995: 0.02
1994: 0.02

Unintentional Long Gun Deaths

ChartIn Denmark, annual unintentional shooting deaths by long gun total

2008: 215
2007: 7
2006: 2
2005: 1
2004: 2
2003: 1
2002: 6
2000: 1
1998: 1
1996: 4
1995: 1

Rate of Unintentional Long Gun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn Denmark, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death by long gun per 100,000 population is

2008: 0.0415
2007: 0.01
2006: 0.04
2005: 0.02
2004: 0.04
2003: 0.02
2002: 0.11
2000: 0.02
1998: 0.02
1996: 0.08
1995: 0.02

Unintentional Gun Deaths (Other)

ChartIn Denmark, annual unintentional shooting deaths by firearm (other) total

2003: 115
2002: 1
1994: 1

Rate of Unintentional Gun Death (Other) per 100,000 People

ChartIn Denmark, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death by firearm (other) per 100,000 population is

2003: 0.0215
2002: 0.02
1994: 0.02

Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Denmark, annual shooting deaths in which the cause remains undecided total

2014: 111
2013: 0
2012: 114 22
2011: 0
2010: 114
2008: 1
2007: 1
2006: 2
2005: 2
2004: 4
2003: 3
2002: 2
2001: 1
2000: 4
1999: 2
1998: 3
1997: 1
1996: 2
1995: 3
1994: 2

Rate of Gun Death from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn Denmark, the annual rate of unknown-cause shooting deaths per 100,000 population is

2012: 0.0214 7
2010: 0.0214
2008: 0.02
2007: 0.02
2006: 0.04
2005: 0.04
2004: 0.07
2003: 0.06
2002: 0.04
2001: 0.02
2000: 0.08
1999: 0.04
1998: 0.06
1997: 0.02
1996: 0.04
1995: 0.06
1994: 0.04
1993: 0.0829

Male Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Denmark, annual male shooting deaths in which the cause remains undecided total

2014: 111
2013: 0
2012: 1
2011: 0
2010: 1

Female Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Denmark, annual female shooting deaths in which the cause remains undecided total

2014: 011
2013: 0
2012: 0
2011: 0
2010: 0

Handgun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Denmark, annual deaths by handgun in which the cause remains undecided total

2010: 114
2008: 1
2004: 1
2003: 2
2002: 1
2001: 1
2000: 2
1999: 1
1998: 1
1997: 1
1996: 1

Rate of Handgun Death from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn Denmark, the annual rate of unknown-cause handgun deaths per 100,000 population is

2010: 0.0214
2008: 0.02
2004: 0.02
2003: 0.04
2002: 0.02
2001: 0.02
2000: 0.04
1999: 0.02
1998: 0.02
1997: 0.02
1996: 0.02

Long Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Denmark, annual deaths by long gun in which the cause remains undecided total

2012: 114
2007: 1
2006: 2
2005: 2
2004: 1
2000: 2
1999: 1
1996: 1
1995: 3
1994: 2

Rate of Long Gun Death from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn Denmark, the annual rate of unknown-cause long gun deaths per 100,000 population is

2012: 0.0214
2007: 0.02
2006: 0.04
2005: 0.04
2004: 0.02
2000: 0.04
1999: 0.02
1996: 0.02
1995: 0.06
1994: 0.04

Gun Deaths (Other) from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Denmark, annual deaths by firearm (other) in which the cause remains undecided total

2004: 214
2003: 1
2002: 1
1998: 2

Rate of Gun Death (Other) from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn Denmark, the annual rate of unknown-cause gun deaths (other) per 100,000 population is

2004: 0.0414
2003: 0.02
2002: 0.02
1998: 0.04

ProductionGun Industry

Regulation of Firearm Makers

In Denmark, the manufacture of small arms, ammunition and/or their components is permitted only if the maker holds a valid licence30

Small Arms Manufacture - World Ranking

In a classification of the world's small, medium and major firearm manufacturers, Denmark was ranked 'small'31

Home-made Guns

In Denmark, the prevalence of illicit craft, or 'home-made' firearm manufacture is reported to be low32

TransfersGun Trade and Trafficking

Firearm Exports

In Denmark, firearm and ammunition exports are limited by transfer control law33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41

Small Arms Exports (US$) - Customs

The annual value of small arms and ammunition exports from Denmark is reported by Customs to be US$4,940,70542 (2011)43 44

Small Arms Exports - World Ranking

In a comparison of the world's major/mid-level/minor/unknown small arms exporters, Denmark was categorized as 'major'45 46 47

Firearm Imports

In Denmark, firearm and ammunition imports are limited by transfer control law33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40

Small Arms Imports (US$) - Customs

The annual value of small arms and ammunition imports to Denmark is reported by Customs to be US$33,128,87942 (2011)48 49 50 51

Smuggling Guns and Ammunition

Reports suggest that the level of firearm and ammunition smuggling in Denmark is moderate52 3

Regulation of Arms Brokers

In Denmark, the activities of arms brokers and transfer intermediaries are specifically regulated by law53 36 54 55

End User Certificates

Customs regulations in Denmark include56 certification of the intended end user of any small arms or ammunition transfer, and/or a written declaration of its intended end use

Transparency of Small Arms Transfers

ChartIn its annual Small Arms Trade Transparency Barometer, the Small Arms Survey compares public reporting among major arms exporting nations on a scale from strong to weak (25 to zero). In recent years, Denmark scored

2018: 13.5057
2016: 12.7558
2014: 14.7559
2013: 15.5060
2012: 16.5061
2011: 14.7562
2010: 16.5063
2009: 16.2564
2008: 16.7565
2007: 15.5066
2006: 14.0067
2005: 14.0068
2004: 13.7569

MeasuresGun Regulation

Firearm Regulation - Guiding Policy

The regulation of guns in Denmark is categorised as restrictive70

Firearm Law

Guiding gun control legislation in Denmark includes the Weapons Act No. 735 of 11 August 1994, the Order on Weapons and Ammunition,71 the Weapons and Explosives Act No. 1005 of 22 October 2012,33 72 the War Material Act No. 1004 of 22 October 2012,30 the Council Directive of 18 June 1991 on Control of the Acquisition and Possession of Weapons,73 74 the European Union Firearms Regulation of 2012 and the Common Position on the Control of Arms Brokering of 200375

Firearm Regulation Authority

Guns in Denmark are regulated by the Minister of Justice,3 and the European Commission74

Right to Possess Firearms

In Denmark, the right to private gun ownership is not guaranteed by law76 77

Restricted Firearms and Ammunition

In Denmark, civilians are not allowed to possess automatic firearms, firearms disguised as other objects, and armour-piercing, incendiary and expanding ammunition78 79

Regulation of Automatic Weapons

In Denmark, private possession of fully automatic weapons is prohibited78 79

Regulation of Semiautomatic Assault Weapons

In Denmark, private possession of semi-automatic assault weapons is permitted only with special authorisation80 81 79

Regulation of Handguns

In Denmark, private possession of handguns (pistols and revolvers) is permitted only with special authorisation78 80 81 79

Gun Ownership and Possession

In Denmark, only licensed gun owners82 78 80 may lawfully acquire, possess or transfer a firearm or ammunition

Genuine Reason Required for Firearm Possession

Applicants for a gun owner’s licence in Denmark are required to establish a genuine reason to possess a firearm, for example hunting, target shooting, collection83

Minimum Age for Firearm Possession

The minimum age for gun ownership in Denmark is 18 years83

Gun Owner Background Checks

An applicant for a firearm licence in Denmark must pass a background check which considers criminal and mental health83 records

Licensing Records

In Denmark, authorities maintain a record84 of individual civilians licensed to acquire, possess, sell or transfer a firearm or ammunition

Limit on Quantity, Type of Ammunition

Licensed firearm owners in Denmark are permitted to possess only ammunition suitable for the intended firearm85

Firearm Registration

Civilian Gun Registration

In Denmark, the law requires84 86 that a record of the acquisition, possession and transfer of each privately held firearm be retained in an official register

Gun Dealer Record Keeping

In Denmark, licensed firearm dealers are required84 86 to keep a record of each firearm or ammunition purchase, sale or transfer on behalf of a regulating authority

Gun Manufacturer Record Keeping

In Denmark, licensed gun makers are required87 to keep a record of each firearm produced, for inspection by a regulating authority

State-Owned Firearm Records

In Denmark, State agencies are required88 to maintain records of the storage and movement of all firearms and ammunition under their control

Gun Sales and Transfers

Regulation of Dealer Gun Sales

In Denmark, dealing in firearms by way of business without a valid gun dealer’s licence is unlawful89 81

Storage and Transport of Guns and Ammunition

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Private

Firearm regulations in Denmark include3 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of private firearms and ammunition by licensed gun owners

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Government

Government regulations in Denmark include90 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition by state entities

Firearm and Ammunition Transport Regulations

Regulations in Denmark include3 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition while in transit

Marking and Tracing Guns and Ammunition

Firearm Marking

In Denmark, a unique identifying mark on each firearm is required by law30 91 92 93 94

Firearm Tracing

In Denmark, state authorities carry out95 96 93 86 recognised arms tracing and tracking procedures

Penalty for Illicit Firearm Possession

In Denmark, the maximum penalty for unlawful possession of a firearm97 is four months to two years in prison72 71 98

Collection, Amnesty and Destruction Programmes

Firearms Surrendered and Seized

ChartIn Denmark, the number of firearms voluntarily surrendered, bought back or seized by authorities is reported to be

2017: 12,00099
2013: 9,435100
2009/14: 7,049101

Small Arms Destroyed

In Denmark, the number of firearms destroyed following amnesty, collection and seizure programmes is reported to be

2016: 66102

Destruction and Disposal Policy

In Denmark, it is state policy103 to destroy surplus, collected and seized firearms rather than return them to the secondary arms market

MeasuresInternational Controls

Regional Agreements

European Union

As a member of the European Union, Denmark is bound by the provisions of the ‘EU Firearms Directive’ – the 2007 Legislative Resolution on Control of the Acquisition and Possession of Weapons of the European Parliament104 105

European Union Export Reporting

Under the European Union Common Position on Arms Exports, Denmark is bound to declare its transfers of military technology and equipment. Independent monitoring provides detailed comparisons of arms export reporting compliance across EU member states, and records that Denmark has submitted one or more national reports106 on its arms transfers

Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development

The Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development, a diplomatic initiative aimed at addressing the interrelations between armed violence and development, was signed in 2008107 by Denmark.

Arms Trade Treaty

The Arms Trade Treaty has been signed and ratified108 by Denmark

United Nations Firearms Protocol

The United Nations Protocol against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, Their Parts and Components and Ammunition has been signed and ratified109 by Denmark

United Nations Small Arms Programme of Action UNPoA

UNPoA Commitment

On 21 July 2001, Denmark committed to a consensus decision of the United Nations to adopt, support and implement the UN Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects110

UNPoA Implementation Monitor Score

In its UN small arms Programme of Action Implementation Monitor (PoAIM Phase 1), the Small Arms Survey scored Denmark against its commitments to the PoA, then ranked it at No. 48111 112 113 114 among 159 Member States

UNPoA National Reporting

Under the terms of its 2001 commitment to the United Nations small arms Programme of Action, Denmark has submitted one or more national reports115 116 on its implementation of the UNPoA

UNPoA National Point of Contact

In Denmark, a National Point of Contact to deal with issues relating to the UNPoA has been designated117 116

UNPoA National Coordinating Body

In Denmark, a National Coordinating Body to deal with issues relating to the UNPoA has not been designated117 116

UNPoA Civil Society Involvement and Support

In National Reports of Denmark submitted to the UN from 2001 to 2010, a history of substantive cooperation with civil society in support of UNPoA activities was apparent116

UNPoA International Assistance – Donor

Funds for UNPoA implementation have been donated116 by Denmark to other UN Member States

United Nations Small Arms Register

According to the United Nations Register of Conventional Arms, Denmark has declared118 its small arms exports in one or more annual National Reports on Arms Exports.

United Nations Membership

In the UN List of Member States, Denmark has been a Member State of the United Nations since 1945119

Wassenaar Arrangement

The Wassenaar Arrangement on Export Controls and Conventional Arms and Dual-Use Goods and Technologies lists120 Denmark as a Participating State

BackgroundCountry Profile

Conflict Profile

For a profile of conflict in Denmark, select the Link icon to open an external web page from the UCDP Conflict Encyclopedia at Uppsala University

Global Peace Index

To see where Denmark ranks, select the Link icon to open an external web page at the Global Peace Index


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