Find Gun Policy Facts

Armed violence prevention, gun control laws and the small arms trade:

Denmark — Gun Facts, Figures and the Law

StockpilesGun Numbers

Civilian Guns

Number of Privately Owned Firearms

ChartThe estimated total number of guns (both licit and illicit) held by civilians in Denmark is

2017: 567,0001
2007: 650,0002

Rate of Civilian Firearm Possession per 100 Population

ChartThe estimated rate of private gun ownership (both licit and illicit) per 100 people in Denmark is

2017: 9.901
2007: 12.02

Number of Privately Owned Rifles

In Denmark, the number of rifles in civilian possession is reported to be 100,0003

Number of Privately Owned Shotguns

In Denmark, the number of shotguns in civilian possession is reported to be 700,0003

Number of Privately Owned Handguns

In Denmark, the number of handguns in civilian possession is reported to be 50,0003

Number of Privately Owned Firearms - World Ranking

In a 2007 comparison of the number of privately owned guns in 178 countries, Denmark ranked at No. 694

Rate of Privately Owned Firearms per 100 Population - World Ranking

In a 2007 comparison of the rate of private gun ownership in 178 countries, Denmark ranked at No. 542

Proportion of Adults Living in a Home With a Gun

In Denmark, the percentage of adults living in a household with a firearm is reported to be

2015: 7%5

Proportion of Households with Firearms

ChartIn Denmark, the percentage of households with one or more guns is reported to be

2005: 12.6%6
1999/2003: 11.7%

Proportion of Households with Handguns

ChartIn Denmark, the percentage of households with one or more handguns is reported to be

2005: 1.2%6
1999/2003: 1.0%

Number of Licensed Firearm Owners

The number of licensed gun owners in Denmark is reported to be

1999: 21,0003

Rate of Licensed Firearm Owners per 100 Population

The rate of licensed firearm owners per 100 people in Denmark is

1999: 0.397

Number of Registered Firearms

ChartThe number of registered guns in Denmark is reported to be

2017: 340,0001
1999: 850,0003

Rate of Registered Firearms per 100 Population

The rate of registered guns per 100 people in Denmark is

1999: 15.987

Estimated Number of Unregistered and Illicit Firearms

Unregistered and unlawfully held guns cannot be counted,8 but in Denmark there are estimated to be

2017: 227,0001

Government Guns

Number of Military Firearms

The defence forces of Denmark are reported to have 124,1209 firearms

Number of Law Enforcement Firearms

Police in Denmark are reported to have 20,00010 firearms

ImpactsDeath and Injury

Total Number of Gun Deaths

ChartIn Denmark, annual deaths resulting from firearms total

2015: 5211
2014: 84
2013: 56
2012: 53
2011: 7112 13
2010: 87
2009: 78
2008: 68
2007: 65
2006: 7914
2005: 9212 13 15 16
2004: 99
2003: 70
2002: 96
2001: 8912 13 16
2000: 10212 13 15 16
1999: 101
1998: 87
1997: 116
1996: 101
1995: 102
1994: 113

Rate of All Gun Deaths per 100,000 People

ChartIn Denmark, the annual rate of all gun deaths per 100,000 population is

2015: 0.9111
2014: 1.49
2013: 1
2012: 0.95
2011: 1.27
2010: 1.57
2009: 1.41
2008: 1.24
2007: 1.19
2006: 1.4514
2005: 1.697
2004: 1.83
2003: 1.30
2002: 1.79
2001: 1.66
2000: 1.91
1999: 1.90
1998: 1.64
1997: 2.20
1996: 1.92
1995: 1.95
1994: 2.17

Total Number of Male Gun Deaths

ChartIn Denmark, annual male deaths resulting from firearms total

2015: 5011
2014: 80
2013: 55
2012: 50
2011: 68
2010: 82
2009: 76
2008: 63
2007: 61

Rate of Male Gun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn Denmark, the annual rate of male gun death per 100,000 population is

2015: 1.7711
2014: 2.85
2013: 1.97
2012: 1.80
2011: 2.46
2010: 2.98
2009: 2.78
2008: 2.32
2007: 2.26

Total Number of Female Gun Deaths

ChartIn Denmark, annual female deaths resulting from firearms total

2015: 211
2014: 411
2013: 1
2012: 3
2011: 3
2010: 5
2009: 2
2008: 5
2007: 4

Rate of Female Gun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn Denmark, the annual rate of female gun death per 100,000 population is

2015: 0.0711
2014: 0.14
2013: 0.04
2012: 0.11
2011: 0.11
2010: 0.18
2009: 0.07
2008: 0.18
2007: 0.15

Homicides (any method)

ChartIn Denmark, annual homicides by any means total

2016: 5617
2015: 3311
2014: 38
2013: 20
2012: 18
2011: 43
2010: 42
2009: 43
2008: 44
2007: 44
2006: 29
2005: 53
2004: 43
2003: 65
2002: 56
2001: 52
2000: 58
1999: 5218
1998: 49
1997: 88
1996: 69
1995: 60

Rate of Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Denmark, the annual rate of homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2016: 0.9817
2015: 0.5811
2014: 0.67
2013: 0.36
2012: 0.32
2011: 0.77
2010: 0.76
2009: 0.78
2008: 0.80
2007: 0.81
2006: 0.5
2005: 1.0
2004: 0.8
2003: 1.2
2002: 1.0
2001: 1.0
2000: 1.1
1999: 1.018
1998: 0.9
1997: 1.7
1996: 1.3
1995: 1.1
1993: 1.2119

Male Homicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Denmark, annual male homicides by any means total

2016: 3320
2015: 2111
2014: 19
2013: 14
2012: 11
2011: 31
2010: 23
2009: 29
2008: 30
2007: 26

Rate of Male Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Denmark, the annual rate of male homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2016: 1.1620
2015: 0.7411
2014: 0.68
2013: 0.50
2012: 0.40
2011: 1.12
2010: 0.84
2009: 1.06
2008: 1.10
2007: 0.96

Female Homicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Denmark, annual female homicides by any means total

2016: 2320
2015: 1211
2014: 19
2013: 6
2012: 7
2011: 12
2010: 19
2009: 14
2008: 14
2007: 18

Rate of Female Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Denmark, the annual rate of female homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2016: 0.8020
2015: 0.4211
2014: 0.67
2013: 0.21
2012: 0.25
2011: 0.43
2010: 0.68
2009: 0.50
2008: 0.51
2007: 0.65

Gun Homicides

ChartIn Denmark, annual firearm homicides total

2015: 1011
2014: 611
2013: 5
2012: 321
2011: 12
2010: 11
2009: 912 22 18
2008: 6
2007: 6
2006: 12
2005: 9
2004: 1012
2003: 6
2002: 13
2001: 17
2000: 1512 18
1999: 13
1998: 11
1997: 16
1996: 15
1995: 14
1994: 1612

Rate of Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Denmark, the annual rate of firearm homicide per 100,000 population is

2015: 0.1811
2014: 0.11
2013: 0.09
2012: 0.05
2011: 0.22
2010: 0.20
2009: 0.16
2008: 0.11
2007: 0.11
2006: 0.22
2005: 0.17
2004: 0.1912
2003: 0.11
2002: 0.24
2001: 0.32
2000: 0.2812 18
1999: 0.24
1998: 0.21
1997: 0.30
1996: 0.29
1995: 0.27
1994: 0.3112
1993: 0.2323

Proportion of Homicides Committed With a Gun

ChartIn Denmark, the percentage of homicides committed with a firearm is reported to be

2011: 34%22
2010: 26%
2009: 26%22
2008: 11%
2007: 18%
2006: 28%
2005: 21%
2000: 24.118
1999: 21.2%
1998: 28.6%
1997: 21.6%
1996: 31.9%
1995: 23.3%

Male Gun Homicide Victims

ChartIn Denmark, annual male firearm homicides total

2015: 811
2014: 5
2013: 4
2012: 1
2011: 9
2010: 7
2009: 8
2008: 5
2007: 3

Rate of Male Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Denmark, the annual rate of male firearm homicide per 100,000 population is

2015: 0.2811
2014: 0.18
2013: 0.14
2012: 0.04
2011: 0.33
2010: 0.25
2009: 0.29
2008: 0.18
2007: 0.11

Female Gun Homicide Victims

ChartIn Denmark, annual female firearm homicides total

2015: 211
2014: 1
2013: 1
2012: 2
2011: 3
2010: 4
2009: 1
2008: 1
2007: 3

Rate of Female Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Denmark, the annual rate of female firearm homicide per 100,000 population is

2015: 0.0711
2014: 0.04
2013: 0.04
2012: 0.07
2011: 0.11
2010: 0.14
2009: 0.04
2008: 0.04
2007: 0.11

Handgun Homicides

ChartIn Denmark, annual handgun homicides total

2012: 312
2011: 7
2010: 5
2009: 5
2008: 2
2007: 3
2006: 1
2005: 4
2004: 2
2002: 2
2001: 5
2000: 2
1999: 1
1998: 2
1997: 1
1996: 3
1995: 5
1994: 2

Rate of Handgun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Denmark, the annual rate of handgun homicide per 100,000 population is

2012: 0.0512
2011: 0.13
2010: 0.09
2009: 0.09
2008: 0.04
2007: 0.06
2006: 0.02
2005: 0.07
2004: 0.04
2002: 0.04
2001: 0.09
2000: 0.04
1999: 0.02
1998: 0.04
1997: 0.02
1996: 0.06
1995: 0.10
1994: 0.04

Long Gun Homicides

ChartIn Denmark, annual long gun homicides total

2011: 312
2010: 5
2009: 2
2008: 1
2007: 3
2006: 2
2005: 2
2004: 2
2003: 6
2002: 6
2001: 9
2000: 9
1999: 7
1998: 6
1997: 4
1996: 3
1995: 6
1994: 13

Rate of Long Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Denmark, the annual rate of long gun homicide per 100,000 population is

2011: 0.0512
2010: 0.09
2009: 0.04
2008: 0.02
2007: 0.06
2006: 0.04
2005: 0.04
2004: 0.04
2003: 0.11
2002: 0.11
2001: 0.17
2000: 0.17
1999: 0.13
1998: 0.11
1997: 0.08
1996: 0.06
1995: 0.11
1994: 0.25

Gun Homicides (Other)

ChartIn Denmark, annual gun homicides (other) total

2011: 212
2010: 1
2009: 2
2008: 3
2006: 9
2005: 3
2004: 6
2002: 5
2001: 3
2000: 4
1999: 5
1998: 3
1997: 11
1996: 9
1995: 3
1994: 1

Rate of Gun Homicide (Other) per 100,000 People

ChartIn Denmark, the annual rate of gun homicide (other) per 100,000 population is

2011: 0.0412
2010: 0.02
2009: 0.04
2008: 0.06
2006: 0.17
2005: 0.06
2004: 0.11
2002: 0.09
2001: 0.06
2000: 0.07
1999: 0.09
1998: 0.06
1997: 0.21
1996: 0.17
1995: 0.06
1994: 0.02

Suicides (any method)

ChartIn Denmark, annual suicides by any means total

2015: 56411
2014: 62911
2013: 610
2012: 661
2011: 589
2010: 563
2009: 622
2008: 603
2007: 578
1996: 89224

Rate of Suicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Denmark, the annual rate of suicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2015: 9.9211
2014: 11.14
2013: 10.86
2012: 11.82
2011: 10.57
2010: 10.15
2009: 11.26
2008: 10.98
2007: 10.59
1996: 16.6324
1993: 22.3325

Male Suicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Denmark, annual male suicides by any means total

2015: 39011
2014: 46911
2013: 450
2012: 494
2011: 437
2010: 405
2009: 477
2008: 418
2007: 400

Rate of Male Suicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Denmark, the annual rate of male suicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2015: 13.7911
2014: 16.72
2013: 16.15
2012: 17.81
2011: 15.82
2010: 14.73
2009: 17.43
2008: 15.36
2007: 14.80

Female Suicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Denmark, annual female suicides by any means total

2015: 17411
2014: 16011
2013: 160
2012: 167
2011: 152
2010: 158
2009: 145
2008: 185
2007: 178

Rate of Female Suicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Denmark, the annual rate of female suicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2015: 6.0811
2014: 5.63
2013: 5.65
2012: 5.92
2011: 5.41
2010: 5.65
2009: 5.21
2008: 6.68
2007: 6.46

Gun Suicides

ChartIn Denmark, annual firearm suicides total

2015: 4111
2014: 7511
2013: 50
2012: 4913 21
2011: 5913
2010: 74
2009: 66
2008: 58
2007: 48
2006: 63
2005: 80
2004: 83
2003: 59
2002: 73
2001: 71
2000: 82
1999: 85
1998: 72
1997: 98
1996: 80
1995: 83
1994: 93

Rate of Gun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Denmark, the annual rate of firearm suicide per 100,000 population is

2015: 0.7211
2014: 1.33
2013: 0.89
2012: 0.88
2011: 1.06
2010: 1.33
2009: 1.20
2008: 1.06
2007: 0.88
2006: 1.16
2005: 1.48
2004: 1.54
2003: 1.1
2002: 1.36
2001: 1.33
2000: 1.54
1999: 1.6
1998: 1.36
1997: 1.85
1996: 1.52
1995: 1.59
1994: 1.79
1993: 2.2526

Male Gun Suicide Victims

ChartIn Denmark, annual male firearm suicides total

2015: 4111
2014: 7211
2013: 50
2012: 48
2011: 59
2010: 73
2009: 65
2008: 54
2007: 47

Rate of Male Gun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Denmark, the annual rate of male firearm suicide per 100,000 population is

2015: 1.4511
2014: 2.57
2013: 1.79
2012: 1.73
2011: 2.14
2010: 2.65
2009: 2.37
2008: 1.98
2007: 1.74

Female Gun Suicide Victims

ChartIn Denmark, annual female firearm suicides total

2014: 311
2013: 0
2012: 1
2011: 0
2010: 1
2009: 1
2008: 4
2007: 1

Rate of Female Gun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Denmark, the annual rate of female firearm suicide per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.1111
2012: 0.04
2010: 0.04
2009: 0.04
2008: 0.14
2007: 0.04

Handgun Suicides

ChartIn Denmark, annual handgun suicides total

2012: 713
2011: 18
2010: 12
2009: 16
2008: 16
2007: 15
2006: 5
2005: 18
2004: 17
2003: 13
2002: 23
2001: 11
2000: 13
1999: 18
1998: 12
1997: 21
1996: 19
1995: 19
1994: 15

Rate of Handgun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Denmark, the annual rate of handgun suicide per 100,000 population is

2012: 0.1313
2011: 0.32
2010: 0.22
2009: 0.29
2008: 0.29
2007: 0.28
2006: 0.09
2005: 0.33
2004: 0.31
2003: 0.24
2002: 0.43
2001: 0.21
2000: 0.24
1999: 0.34
1998: 0.23
1997: 0.40
1996: 0.36
1995: 0.36
1994: 0.29

Long Gun Suicides

ChartIn Denmark, the number of long gun suicides is

2012: 3513
2011: 40
2010: 55
2009: 46
2008: 40
2007: 32
2006: 51
2005: 53
2004: 53
2003: 43
2002: 38
2001: 54
2000: 63
1999: 61
1998: 50
1997: 70
1996: 58
1995: 61
1994: 70

Rate of Long Gun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Denmark, the annual rate of long gun suicide per 100,000 population is

2012: 0.6313
2011: 0.72
2010: 0.99
2009: 0.83
2008: 0.73
2007: 0.59
2006: 0.94
2005: 0.98
2004: 0.98
2003: 0.80
2002: 0.71
2001: 1.01
2000: 1.18
1999: 1.15
1998: 0.94
1997: 1.32
1996: 1.10
1995: 1.17
1994: 1.34

Gun Suicides (Other)

ChartIn Denmark, annual gun suicides (other) total

2012: 713
2011: 1
2010: 7
2009: 4
2008: 2
2007: 1
2006: 7
2005: 9
2004: 13
2003: 3
2002: 12
2001: 6
2000: 6
1999: 6
1998: 10
1997: 7
1996: 3
1995: 3
1994: 8

Rate of Gun Suicide (Other) per 100,000 People

ChartIn Denmark, the annual rate of gun suicide (other) per 100,000 population is

2012: 0.1313
2011: 0.02
2010: 0.13
2009: 0.07
2008: 0.04
2007: 0.02
2006: 0.13
2005: 0.17
2004: 0.24
2003: 0.06
2002: 0.22
2001: 0.11
2000: 0.11
1999: 0.11
1998: 0.19
1997: 0.13
1996: 0.06
1995: 0.06
1994: 0.15

Unintentional Gun Deaths

ChartIn Denmark, annual unintentional shooting deaths total

2015: 111
2014: 011
2013: 1
2012: 0
2011: 0
2010: 0
2008: 215
2007: 10
2006: 2
2005: 1
2004: 2
2003: 2
2002: 8
2000: 1
1999: 1
1998: 1
1997: 1
1996: 4
1995: 2
1994: 2

Rate of Unintentional Gun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn Denmark, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death per 100,000 population is

2015: 0.0211
2014: 0.0211
2013: 0.02
2012: 0.02
2011: 0
2010: 0.02
2008: 0.04
2007: 0.18
2006: 0.04
2005: 0.02
2004: 0.04
2003: 0.04
2002: 0.15
2000: 0.02
1999: 0.02
1998: 0.02
1997: 0.02
1996: 0.08
1995: 0.04
1994: 0.04
1993: 0.0427

Unintentional Male Gun Deaths

ChartIn Denmark, annual unintentional male shooting deaths total

2015: 111
2014: 011
2013: 1
2012: 0
2011: 0
2010: 0
2008: 2
2007: 10

Rate of Unintentional Male Gun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn Denmark, the annual rate of unintentional male shooting death per 100,000 population is

2015: 0.0411
2013: 0.04
2008: 0.07
2007: 0.37

Unintentional Female Gun Deaths

ChartIn Denmark, annual unintentional female shooting deaths total

2014: 011
2013: 0
2012: 0
2011: 0
2010: 0

Unintentional Handgun Deaths

ChartIn Denmark, annual unintentional shooting deaths by handgun total

2007: 315
2002: 1
1999: 1
1997: 1
1995: 1
1994: 1

Rate of Unintentional Handgun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn Denmark, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death by handgun per 100,000 population is

2007: 0.0615
2002: 0.02
1999: 0.02
1997: 0.02
1995: 0.02
1994: 0.02

Unintentional Long Gun Deaths

ChartIn Denmark, annual unintentional shooting deaths by long gun total

2008: 215
2007: 7
2006: 2
2005: 1
2004: 2
2003: 1
2002: 6
2000: 1
1998: 1
1996: 4
1995: 1

Rate of Unintentional Long Gun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn Denmark, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death by long gun per 100,000 population is

2008: 0.0415
2007: 0.01
2006: 0.04
2005: 0.02
2004: 0.04
2003: 0.02
2002: 0.11
2000: 0.02
1998: 0.02
1996: 0.08
1995: 0.02

Unintentional Gun Deaths (Other)

ChartIn Denmark, annual unintentional shooting deaths by firearm (other) total

2003: 115
2002: 1
1994: 1

Rate of Unintentional Gun Death (Other) per 100,000 People

ChartIn Denmark, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death by firearm (other) per 100,000 population is

2003: 0.0215
2002: 0.02
1994: 0.02

Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Denmark, annual shooting deaths in which the cause remains undecided total

2014: 111
2013: 0
2012: 116 21
2011: 0
2010: 116
2008: 1
2007: 1
2006: 2
2005: 2
2004: 4
2003: 3
2002: 2
2001: 1
2000: 4
1999: 2
1998: 3
1997: 1
1996: 2
1995: 3
1994: 2

Rate of Gun Death from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn Denmark, the annual rate of unknown-cause shooting deaths per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.0211
2012: 0.02
2010: 0.02
2008: 0.02
2007: 0.02
2006: 0.04
2005: 0.04
2004: 0.07
2003: 0.06
2002: 0.04
2001: 0.02
2000: 0.08
1999: 0.04
1998: 0.06
1997: 0.02
1996: 0.04
1995: 0.06
1994: 0.04
1993: 0.0828

Male Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Denmark, annual male shooting deaths in which the cause remains undecided total

2014: 111
2013: 0
2012: 1
2011: 0
2010: 1
2008: 1
2007: 1

Rate of Male Gun Death from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn Denmark, the annual rate of unknown-cause male shooting deaths per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.0411
2012: 0.04
2010: 0.04
2008: 0.04
2007: 0.04

Female Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Denmark, annual female shooting deaths in which the cause remains undecided total

2014: 011
2013: 0
2012: 0
2011: 0
2010: 0

Handgun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Denmark, annual deaths by handgun in which the cause remains undecided total

2010: 116
2008: 1
2004: 1
2003: 2
2002: 1
2001: 1
2000: 2
1999: 1
1998: 1
1997: 1
1996: 1

Rate of Handgun Death from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn Denmark, the annual rate of unknown-cause handgun deaths per 100,000 population is

2010: 0.0216
2008: 0.02
2004: 0.02
2003: 0.04
2002: 0.02
2001: 0.02
2000: 0.04
1999: 0.02
1998: 0.02
1997: 0.02
1996: 0.02

Long Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Denmark, annual deaths by long gun in which the cause remains undecided total

2012: 116
2007: 1
2006: 2
2005: 2
2004: 1
2000: 2
1999: 1
1996: 1
1995: 3
1994: 2

Rate of Long Gun Death from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn Denmark, the annual rate of unknown-cause long gun deaths per 100,000 population is

2012: 0.0216
2007: 0.02
2006: 0.04
2005: 0.04
2004: 0.02
2000: 0.04
1999: 0.02
1996: 0.02
1995: 0.06
1994: 0.04

Gun Deaths (Other) from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Denmark, annual deaths by firearm (other) in which the cause remains undecided total

2004: 216
2003: 1
2002: 1
1998: 2

Rate of Gun Death (Other) from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn Denmark, the annual rate of unknown-cause gun deaths (other) per 100,000 population is

2004: 0.0416
2003: 0.02
2002: 0.02
1998: 0.04

Legal Intervention Gun Homicides

ChartIn Denmark, annual legal-intervention gun homicides total

2014: 211
2010: 1
2009: 3
2008: 1

ProductionGun Industry

Regulation of Firearm Makers

In Denmark, the manufacture of small arms, ammunition and/or their components is permitted only if the maker holds a valid licence29

Small Arms Manufacture - World Ranking

In a classification of the world's small, medium and major firearm manufacturers, Denmark was ranked 'small'30

Home-made Guns

In Denmark, the prevalence of illicit craft, or 'home-made' firearm manufacture is reported to be low31

TransfersGun Trade and Trafficking

Firearm Exports

In Denmark, firearm and ammunition exports are limited by transfer control law32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40

Firearm Exports (Number)

ChartThe annual number of firearms exported from Denmark is reported by manufacturers to be

2017: 5,05741
2016: 6,537
2015: 6,016
2011: 60742

Small Arms Exports (US$) - Customs

The annual value of small arms and ammunition exports from Denmark is reported by Customs to be US$4,940,70543 (2011)44 45

Small Arms Exports - World Ranking

In a comparison of the world's major/mid-level/minor/unknown small arms exporters, Denmark was categorized as 'major'46 47 48

Firearm Imports

In Denmark, firearm and ammunition imports are limited by transfer control law32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39

Firearm Imports (Number)

ChartThe annual number of firearms imported to Denmark is reported to be

2017: 17,99841
2016: 19,819
2015: 17,996
2014: 87742
2013: 124
2012: 215
2011: 3,360
2010: 1,725
2009: 203
2008: 5
2007: 995
2006: 7

Small Arms Imports (US$) - Customs

The annual value of small arms and ammunition imports to Denmark is reported by Customs to be US$33,128,87943 (2011)49 50 51 52

Smuggling Guns and Ammunition

Reports suggest that the level of firearm and ammunition smuggling in Denmark is moderate53 3

Regulation of Arms Brokers

In Denmark, the activities of arms brokers and transfer intermediaries are specifically regulated by law54 35 55 56

End User Certificates

Customs regulations in Denmark include57 certification of the intended end user of any small arms or ammunition transfer, and/or a written declaration of its intended end use

Transparency of Small Arms Transfers

ChartIn its annual Small Arms Trade Transparency Barometer, the Small Arms Survey compares public reporting among major arms exporting nations on a scale from strong to weak (25 to zero). In recent years, Denmark scored

2018: 13.5058
2016: 12.7559
2014: 14.7560
2013: 15.5061
2012: 16.5062
2011: 14.7563
2010: 16.5064
2009: 16.2565
2008: 16.7566
2007: 15.5067
2006: 14.0068
2005: 14.0069
2004: 13.7570

MeasuresGun Regulation

Firearm Regulation - Guiding Policy

The regulation of guns in Denmark is categorised as restrictive71

Firearm Law

Guiding gun control legislation in Denmark includes the Weapons Act No. 735 of 11 August 1994, the Order on Weapons and Ammunition,72 the Weapons and Explosives Act No. 1005 of 22 October 2012,32 73 the War Material Act No. 1004 of 22 October 2012,29 the Council Directive of 18 June 1991 on Control of the Acquisition and Possession of Weapons,74 75 the European Union Firearms Regulation of 2012 and the Common Position on the Control of Arms Brokering of 200376

Firearm Regulation Authority

Guns in Denmark are regulated by the Minister of Justice,3 and the European Commission75

Right to Possess Firearms

In Denmark, the right to private gun ownership is not guaranteed by law77 78

Restricted Firearms and Ammunition

In Denmark, civilians are not allowed to possess automatic firearms, firearms disguised as other objects, and armour-piercing, incendiary and expanding ammunition79 80

Regulation of Automatic Weapons

In Denmark, private possession of fully automatic weapons is prohibited79 80

Regulation of Semiautomatic Assault Weapons

In Denmark, private possession of semi-automatic assault weapons is permitted only with special authorisation81 82 80

Regulation of Handguns

In Denmark, private possession of handguns (pistols and revolvers) is permitted only with special authorisation79 81 82 80

Gun Ownership and Possession

In Denmark, only licensed gun owners83 79 81 may lawfully acquire, possess or transfer a firearm or ammunition

Genuine Reason Required for Firearm Possession

Applicants for a gun owner’s licence in Denmark are required to establish a genuine reason to possess a firearm, for example hunting, target shooting, collection84

Minimum Age for Firearm Possession

The minimum age for gun ownership in Denmark is 18 years84

Gun Owner Background Checks

An applicant for a firearm licence in Denmark must pass a background check which considers criminal and mental health84 records

Licensing Records

In Denmark, authorities maintain a record85 of individual civilians licensed to acquire, possess, sell or transfer a firearm or ammunition

Limit on Quantity, Type of Ammunition

Licensed firearm owners in Denmark are permitted to possess only ammunition suitable for the intended firearm86

Firearm Registration

Civilian Gun Registration

In Denmark, the law requires85 87 that a record of the acquisition, possession and transfer of each privately held firearm be retained in an official register

Gun Dealer Record Keeping

In Denmark, licensed firearm dealers are required85 87 to keep a record of each firearm or ammunition purchase, sale or transfer on behalf of a regulating authority

Gun Manufacturer Record Keeping

In Denmark, licensed gun makers are required88 to keep a record of each firearm produced, for inspection by a regulating authority

State-Owned Firearm Records

In Denmark, State agencies are required89 to maintain records of the storage and movement of all firearms and ammunition under their control

Gun Sales and Transfers

Regulation of Dealer Gun Sales

In Denmark, dealing in firearms by way of business without a valid gun dealer’s licence is unlawful90 82

Storage and Transport of Guns and Ammunition

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Private

Firearm regulations in Denmark include3 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of private firearms and ammunition by licensed gun owners

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Government

Government regulations in Denmark include91 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition by state entities

Firearm and Ammunition Transport Regulations

Regulations in Denmark include3 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition while in transit

Marking and Tracing Guns and Ammunition

Firearm Marking

In Denmark, a unique identifying mark on each firearm is required by law29 92 93 94 95

Firearm Tracing

In Denmark, state authorities carry out96 97 94 87 recognised arms tracing and tracking procedures

Penalty for Illicit Firearm Possession

In Denmark, the maximum penalty for unlawful possession of a firearm98 is four months to two years in prison73 72 99

Collection, Amnesty and Destruction Programmes

Firearms Surrendered and Seized

ChartIn Denmark, the number of firearms voluntarily surrendered, bought back or seized by authorities is reported to be

2017: 12,000100
2013: 9,435101
2009/14: 7,049102

Small Arms Destroyed

In Denmark, the number of firearms destroyed following amnesty, collection and seizure programmes is reported to be

2016: 66103

Destruction and Disposal Policy

In Denmark, it is state policy104 to destroy surplus, collected and seized firearms rather than return them to the secondary arms market

MeasuresInternational Controls

Regional Agreements

European Union

As a member of the European Union, Denmark is bound by the provisions of the ‘EU Firearms Directive’ – the 2007 Legislative Resolution on Control of the Acquisition and Possession of Weapons of the European Parliament105 106

European Union Export Reporting

Under the European Union Common Position on Arms Exports, Denmark is bound to declare its transfers of military technology and equipment. Independent monitoring provides detailed comparisons of arms export reporting compliance across EU member states, and records that Denmark has submitted one or more national reports107 on its arms transfers

Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development

The Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development, a diplomatic initiative aimed at addressing the interrelations between armed violence and development, was signed in 2008108 by Denmark.

Arms Trade Treaty

The Arms Trade Treaty has been signed and ratified109 by Denmark

United Nations Firearms Protocol

The United Nations Protocol against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, Their Parts and Components and Ammunition has been signed and ratified110 by Denmark

United Nations Small Arms Programme of Action UNPoA

UNPoA Commitment

On 21 July 2001, Denmark committed to a consensus decision of the United Nations to adopt, support and implement the UN Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects111

UNPoA Implementation Monitor Score

In its UN small arms Programme of Action Implementation Monitor (PoAIM Phase 1), the Small Arms Survey scored Denmark against its commitments to the PoA, then ranked it at No. 48112 113 114 115 among 159 Member States

UNPoA National Reporting

Under the terms of its 2001 commitment to the United Nations small arms Programme of Action, Denmark has submitted one or more national reports116 117 on its implementation of the UNPoA

UNPoA National Point of Contact

In Denmark, a National Point of Contact to deal with issues relating to the UNPoA has been designated118 117

UNPoA National Coordinating Body

In Denmark, a National Coordinating Body to deal with issues relating to the UNPoA has not been designated118 117

UNPoA Civil Society Involvement and Support

In National Reports of Denmark submitted to the UN from 2001 to 2010, a history of substantive cooperation with civil society in support of UNPoA activities was apparent117

UNPoA International Assistance – Donor

Funds for UNPoA implementation have been donated117 by Denmark to other UN Member States

United Nations Small Arms Register

According to the United Nations Register of Conventional Arms, Denmark has declared119 its small arms exports in one or more annual National Reports on Arms Exports.

United Nations Membership

In the UN List of Member States, Denmark has been a Member State of the United Nations since 1945120

Wassenaar Arrangement

The Wassenaar Arrangement on Export Controls and Conventional Arms and Dual-Use Goods and Technologies lists121 Denmark as a Participating State

BackgroundCountry Profile

Conflict Profile

For a profile of conflict in Denmark, select the Link icon to open an external web page from the UCDP Conflict Encyclopedia at Uppsala University

Global Peace Index

To see where Denmark ranks, select the Link icon to open an external web page at the Global Peace Index


Short References

1.

Karp, Aaron.2018.‘Civilian Firearms Holdings, 2017.’ Estimating Global Civilian-Held Firearms Numbers.Geneva:Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva,18 June. (Q13434)Full Citation

2.

Karp, Aaron.2007.‘Completing the Count: Civilian firearms - Annexe online.’ Small Arms Survey 2007: Guns and the City.Cambridge:Cambridge University Press,27 August. (Q5)Full Citation

3.

United Nations.1999.‘Analysis of Country Responses.’ United Nations International Study on Firearm Regulation.Vienna:UN Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice Division,30 August. (Q1)Full Citation

4.

Karp, Aaron.2007.‘Completing the Count: Civilian firearms.’ Small Arms Survey 2007: Guns and the City.Cambridge:Cambridge University Press,27 August. (Q4)Full Citation

5.

Directorate-General for Home Affairs.2015.‘Firearms Ownership - Firearms in the EU.’ Flash Eurobarometer 383: Firearms in the European Union.Brussels:European Commission,19 January. (Q13506)Full Citation

6.

van Dijk, Jan, John van Kesteren and Paul Smit.2007.‘Ownership of Firearms and Handguns in Countries and Main Cities (percentages): 1989-2005 ICVS and 2005 EU ICS.’ Criminal Victimisation in International Perspective: Key findings from the 2004-2005 ICVS and EU ICS.Vienna:United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime / UNODC,1 January. (Q11795)Full Citation

7.

GunPolicy.org.2016.‘Calculated Rates - Denmark.’ Historical Population Data - USCB International Data Base.Suitland, MD:US Census Bureau Population Division,2 August. (Q4224)Full Citation

8.

GunPolicy.org. 2019. ‘Estimated Number of Illicit Firearms.’ Definition and Selection Criteria.
Sydney School of Public Health, 24 January.
(G14) Full Citation

9.

Karp, Aaron.2018.‘Military Firearms Holdings, 2017.’ Estimating Global Military-Owned Firearms Numbers.Geneva:Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva,18 June. (Q13436)Full Citation

10.

Karp, Aaron.2018.‘Law Enforcement Firearms Holdings, 2017.’ Estimating Global Law Enforcement Firearms Numbers.Geneva:Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva,18 June. (Q13435)Full Citation

11.

WHO.2016.‘Inter-country Comparison of Mortality for Selected Causes of Death.’ WHO Mortality Data Base.Geneva:World Health Organisation,1 December. (Q13354)Full Citation

12.

WHO.2016.‘Inter-country Comparison of Mortality for Selected Cause of Death - Gun Homicide in Denmark.’ European Detailed Mortality Database (DMDB).Copenhagen:World Health Organisation Regional Office for Europe,8 July. (Q6080)Full Citation

13.

WHO.2016.‘Inter-country Comparison of Mortality for Selected Cause of Death - Gun Suicide in Denmark.’ European Detailed Mortality Database (DMDB).Copenhagen:World Health Organisation Regional Office for Europe,8 July. (Q6140)Full Citation

14.

WHO.2011.‘Inter-country Comparison of Mortality for Selected Cause of Death - Total Firearm Death.’ European Detailed Mortality Database (DMDB).Copenhagen:World Health Organisation Regional Office for Europe,15 September. (Q5684)Full Citation

15.

WHO.2016.‘Inter-country Comparison of Mortality for Selected Cause of Death - Unintentional Gun Deaths in Denmark.’ European Detailed Mortality Database (DMDB).Copenhagen:World Health Organisation Regional Office for Europe,8 July. (Q6180)Full Citation

16.

WHO.2016.‘Inter-country Comparison of Mortality for Selected Cause of Death - Gun Death from Undetermined Cause in Denmark.’ European Detailed Mortality Database (DMDB).Copenhagen:World Health Organisation Regional Office for Europe,8 July. (Q6440)Full Citation

17.

UNODC.2017.‘Intentional Homicide Victims.’ Crime and Drugs Data.Vienna:United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime,19 May. (Q13355)Full Citation

18.

UNODC.2013.‘Homicide in 207 Countries - Denmark.’ Global Study on Homicide 2011: Trends, Context, Data.Vienna:United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime,26 June. (Q6273)Full Citation

19.

Krug, E G, K E Powell and L L Dahlberg.1998.‘Firearm-Related Deaths in the United States and 35 Other High- and Upper-Middle-Income Countries.’ International Journal of Epidemiology.Atlanta:National Centre for Injury Prevention & Control, Centers for Disease Control & Prevention / CDC,16 April. (Q1301)Full Citation

20.

UNODC.2017.‘Intentional Homicide Victims by Sex.’ Crime and Drugs Data.Vienna:UNODC,19 May. (Q13356)Full Citation

21.

Waiselfiz, Julio Jacobo.2015.‘Number and Rate of Gun Deaths in 90 Countries (Número e taxas de mortalidade por AF segundo causa básica em 90 países do mundo).’ Violence Map: Deaths by Firearms (Mapa da Violência: Mortes Matadas por Armas de Fogo).Brasilia:Facultad Latinoamericana de Ciencias Sociales / Latin American Social Sciences Institute,1 January. (Q11896)Full Citation

22.

UNODC.2014.‘Homicides and Gun Homicides in Denmark.’ Global Study on Homicide 2013: Trends, Context, Data.Vienna:United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC),10 April. (Q10313)Full Citation

23.

Krug, E G, K E Powell and L L Dahlberg.1998.‘Firearm-Related Deaths in the United States and 35 Other High- and Upper-Middle-Income Countries.’ International Journal of Epidemiology.Atlanta:National Centre for Injury Prevention & Control, Centers for Disease Control & Prevention / CDC,16 April. (Q1297)Full Citation

24.

Jackson, Thomas.2005.‘Global Gun Deaths.’ NISAT Firearm Mortality Database 2005.Oslo:Norwegian Initiative on Small Arms Transfers,1 January. (Q12)Full Citation

25.

Krug, E G, K E Powell and L L Dahlberg.1998.‘Firearm-Related Deaths in the United States and 35 Other High- and Upper-Middle-Income Countries.’ International Journal of Epidemiology.Atlanta:National Centre for Injury Prevention & Control, Centers for Disease Control & Prevention / CDC,16 April. (Q1302)Full Citation

26.

Krug, E G, K E Powell and L L Dahlberg.1998.‘Firearm-Related Deaths in the United States and 35 Other High- and Upper-Middle-Income Countries.’ International Journal of Epidemiology.Atlanta:National Centre for Injury Prevention & Control, Centers for Disease Control & Prevention / CDC,16 April. (Q1298)Full Citation

27.

Krug, E G, K E Powell and L L Dahlberg.1998.‘Firearm-Related Deaths in the United States and 35 Other High- and Upper-Middle-Income Countries.’ International Journal of Epidemiology.Atlanta:National Centre for Injury Prevention & Control, Centers for Disease Control & Prevention / CDC,16 April. (Q1299)Full Citation

28.

Krug, E G, K E Powell and L L Dahlberg.1998.‘Firearm-Related Deaths in the United States and 35 Other High- and Upper-Middle-Income Countries.’ International Journal of Epidemiology.Atlanta:National Centre for Injury Prevention & Control, Centers for Disease Control & Prevention / CDC,16 April. (Q1300)Full Citation

29.

Denmark.2014.‘Manufacture.’ National Report of Denmark on its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA).New York NY:Permanent Mission of Denmark to the United Nations,1 January. (Q12649)Full Citation

30.

Small Arms Survey.2001.‘Ranking of World's Small Arms Producers (By Sales).’ Small Arms Survey 2001: Profiling the Problem.Oxford:Oxford University Press,1 July. (Q103)Full Citation

31.

Denmark.2018.‘Manufacture.’ National Report of Denmark on its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA).New York NY:Permanent Mission of Denmark to the United Nations,1 January. (Q13672)Full Citation

32.

Denmark.2014.‘International Transfers.’ National Report of Denmark on its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA).New York NY:Permanent Mission of Denmark to the United Nations,1 January. (Q12650)Full Citation

33.

Denmark.2014.‘International Transfers - Licensing and Authorisation.’ National Report of Denmark on its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA).New York NY:Permanent Mission of Denmark to the United Nations,1 January. (Q12651)Full Citation

34.

Denmark.2014.‘Record Keeping [Import and Export].’ National Report of Denmark on its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA).New York NY:Permanent Mission of Denmark to the United Nations,1 January. (Q12652)Full Citation

35.

IANSA.2006.‘Reviewing Action on Small Arms 2006: Assessing the first five years of the UN Programme of Action.’ Biting the Bullet 'Red Book' 2006.New York, NY:International Action Network on Small Arms and the Biting the Bullet project,26 June. (Q82)Full Citation

36.

European Council.1991.‘Article 11.’ Council Directive of 18 June 1991 on Control of the Acquisition and Possession of Weapons (91/477/EEC) [current to 2008 amendments].Brussels:Council of the European Communities,18 June. (Q2414)Full Citation

37.

European Council.1991.‘Article 12.’ Council Directive of 18 June 1991 on Control of the Acquisition and Possession of Weapons (91/477/EEC) [current to 2008 amendments].Brussels:Council of the European Communities,18 June. (Q2415)Full Citation

38.

European Council.1991.‘Article 13.’ Council Directive of 18 June 1991 on Control of the Acquisition and Possession of Weapons (91/477/EEC) [current to 2008 amendments].Brussels:Council of the European Communities,18 June. (Q2416)Full Citation

39.

European Council.1991.‘Article 14.’ Council Directive of 18 June 1991 on Control of the Acquisition and Possession of Weapons (91/477/EEC) [current to 2008 amendments].Brussels:Council of the European Communities,18 June. (Q2417)Full Citation

40.

European Commission.2013.‘The Need for Action at EU Level - EU Firearms Laws.’ Communication from the Commission to the Council and the European Parliament.Brussels:Europa.eu,21 October. (Q8320)Full Citation

41.

Arms Trade Treaty Secretariat.2017.‘National Reports on Small Arms Exports and Imports.’ Arms Trade Treaty Annual Report.Geneva:Arms Trade Treaty Secretariat,1 January. (Q13951)Full Citation

42.

UN Register of Conventional Arms.2018.‘National Reports on Small Arms Exports and Imports.’ UNROCA - The Global Reported Arms Trade.New York, NY:United Nations Office for Disarmament Affairs,1 January. (Q13952)Full Citation

43.

Marsh, Nicholas.2014.‘Database of Authorised Transfers of Small Arms and Light Weapons.’ NISAT Small Arms Trade Database.Oslo:Norwegian Initiative on Small Arms Transfers,22 December. (Q16)Full Citation

44.

Rigual, Christelle.2015.‘Annexe 4.1: Major Exporters.’ Small Arms Survey 2015: Weapons and the World.Cambridge:Cambridge University Press and the Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva,1 June. (Q11077)Full Citation

45.

Pavesi, Irene and Christelle Rigual.2013.‘Annexes 8.1: Major Exporters.’ Small Arms Survey 2013: Everyday Dangers.Cambridge:Cambridge University Press and the Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva,2 July. (Q8485)Full Citation

46.

Holtom, Paul and Christelle Rigual.2015.‘Exporters of Small Arms Based on UN Comtrade, 2012.’ Small Arms Survey 2015: Weapons and the World.Cambridge:Cambridge University Press and the Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva,1 June. (Q11069)Full Citation

47.

Holtom, Paul, Irene Pavesi and Christelle Rigual.2014.‘Exporters of Small Arms Based on UN Comtrade, 2011.’ Small Arms Survey 2014: Women and Guns.Cambridge:Cambridge University Press and the Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva,16 June. (Q11037)Full Citation

48.

Small Arms Survey.2001.‘60 Known Legal Small Arms Exporting Countries, 2001.’ Small Arms Survey 2001: Profiling the Problem.Oxford:Oxford University Press,1 July. (Q867)Full Citation

49.

Holtom, Paul and Christelle Rigual.2015.‘Importers of Small Arms Based on UN Comtrade, 2012.’ Small Arms Survey 2015: Weapons and the World.Cambridge:Cambridge University Press and the Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva,1 June. (Q11070)Full Citation

50.

Rigual, Christelle.2015.‘Annexe 4.2: Major Importers.’ Small Arms Survey 2015: Weapons and the World.Cambridge:Cambridge University Press and the Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva,1 June. (Q11078)Full Citation

51.

Holtom, Paul, Irene Pavesi and Christelle Rigual.2014.‘Importers of Small Arms Based on UN Comtrade, 2011.’ Small Arms Survey 2014: Women and Guns.Cambridge:Cambridge University Press and the Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva,16 June. (Q11041)Full Citation

52.

Pavesi, Irene and Christelle Rigual.2013.‘Annexes 8.2: Major Importers.’ Small Arms Survey 2013: Everyday Dangers.Cambridge:Cambridge University Press and the Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva,2 July. (Q8486)Full Citation

53.

Denmark.2018.‘International Transfers.’ National Report of Denmark on its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA).New York NY:Permanent Mission of Denmark to the United Nations,1 January. (Q13679)Full Citation

54.

Denmark.2018.‘Brokering.’ National Report of Denmark on its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA).New York NY:Permanent Mission of Denmark to the United Nations,1 January. (Q13681)Full Citation

55.

European Council.1991.‘Article 4b.’ Council Directive of 18 June 1991 on Control of the Acquisition and Possession of Weapons (91/477/EEC) [current to 2008 amendments].Brussels:Council of the European Communities,18 June. (Q2408)Full Citation

56.

European Commission.2013.‘The Need for Action at EU Level - EU Firearms Laws.’ Communication from the Commission to the Council and the European Parliament.Brussels:Europa.eu,21 October. (Q8319)Full Citation

57.

Denmark.2018.‘International Transfers.’ National Report of Denmark on its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA).New York NY:Permanent Mission of Denmark to the United Nations,1 January. (Q13680)Full Citation

58.

Holtom, Paul and Irene Pavesi.2018.‘Small Arms Trade Transparency Barometer.’ The 2018 Small Arms Trade Transparency Barometer.Geneva:Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies,1 August. (Q13505)Full Citation

59.

Pavesi, Irene.2016.‘Small Arms Trade Transparency Barometer 2016.’ Trade Update 2016: Transfers and Transparency.Geneva:Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva,6 June. (Q12070)Full Citation

60.

Holtom, Paul, Irene Pavesi, and Christelle Rigual.2014.‘Small Arms Trade Transparency Barometer 2014.’ Small Arms Survey 2014: Women and Guns.Cambridge:Cambridge University Press and the Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva,16 June. (Q10547)Full Citation

61.

Pavesi, Irene and Christelle Rigual.2013.‘Small Arms Trade Transparency Barometer 2013.’ Small Arms Survey 2013: Everyday Dangers.Cambridge:Cambridge University Press and the Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva,2 July. (Q6871)Full Citation

62.

Lazarevic, Jasna.2012.‘Small Arms Trade Transparency Barometer 2012.’ Small Arms Survey 2012: Moving Targets.Cambridge:Cambridge University Press and the Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva,27 August. (Q6869)Full Citation

63.

Lazarevic, Jasna.2011.‘Small Arms Trade Transparency Barometer 2011.’ Small Arms Survey 2011: States of Security.Cambridge:Cambridge University Press and the Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva,6 July. (Q10549)Full Citation

64.

Lazarevic, Jasna.2010.‘Small Arms Trade Transparency Barometer 2010.’ Small Arms Survey 2010: Gangs, Groups and Guns.Cambridge:Cambridge University Press and the Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva,14 June. (Q10550)Full Citation

65.

Lazarevic, Jasna.2009.‘Small Arms Trade Transparency Barometer 2009.’ Small Arms Survey 2009: Shadows of War.Cambridge:Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva,9 July. (Q10551)Full Citation

66.

Close, Helen and Chris Stevenson.2008.‘Small Arms Trade Transparency Barometer 2008.’ Small Arms Survey 2008: Risk and Resilience.Cambridge:Cambridge University Press and the Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva,14 July. (Q10552)Full Citation

67.

Glatz, Anne-Kathrin and Lora Lumpe.2007.‘Small Arms Trade Transparency Barometer 2007.’ Small Arms Survey 2007: Guns and the City.Cambridge:Cambridge University Press and the Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva,27 August. (Q10553)Full Citation

68.

Khakee, Anna, Pablo Dreyfus and Anne-Kathrin Glatz.2006.‘Small Arms Trade Transparency Barometer 2006.’ Small Arms Survey 2006: Unfinished Business.Oxford:Oxford University Press and the Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva,1 July. (Q10554)Full Citation

69.

Khakee, Anna.2005.‘Small Arms Trade Transparency Barometer 2005.’ Small Arms Survey 2005: Weapons at War.Oxford:Oxford University Press and the Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva,11 July. (Q10555)Full Citation

70.

Khakee, Anna.2004.‘Small Arms Trade Transparency Barometer 2004.’ Small Arms Survey 2004: Rights at Risk.Oxford:Oxford University Press and the Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva,1 July. (Q10556)Full Citation

71.

Newton, George D and Franklin E Zimring.1969.‘Firearm Licensing: Permissive v Restrictive.’ Firearms & Violence in American Life: A staff report submitted to the National Commission on the Causes and Prevention of Violence.Washington, DC:US Government Printing Office,1 January. (Q22)Full Citation

72.

European Commission.2014.‘Denmark.’ Study to Support an Impact Assessment on Options for Combatting Illicit Firearms Trafficking in the European Union.Luxembourg:Centre for Strategy & Evaluation Services,1 July. (Q12319)Full Citation

73.

Denmark.2014.‘Brokering.’ National Report of Denmark on its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA).New York NY:Permanent Mission of Denmark to the United Nations,1 January. (Q12653)Full Citation

74.

European Council.1991.‘European Weapons Directive.’ Council Directive of 18 June 1991 on Control of the Acquisition and Possession of Weapons (91/477/EEC) [current to 2008 amendments].Brussels:Council of the European Communities,18 June. (Q2403)Full Citation

75.

European Council.1991.‘Article 18.’ Council Directive of 18 June 1991 on Control of the Acquisition and Possession of Weapons (91/477/EEC) [current to 2008 amendments].Brussels:Council of the European Communities,18 June. (Q2418)Full Citation

76.

European Commission.2013.‘The Need for Action at EU Level - EU Firearms Laws.’ Communication from the Commission to the Council and the European Parliament.Brussels:Europa.eu,21 October. (Q8315)Full Citation

77.

Sherman, Amy and Tom Ginsburg.2014.‘Gun Rights in National Constitutions.’ Marco Rubio Says Second Amendment Is Unique in Speech to NRA.Miami, FL:Miami Herald (PolitiFact Florida),29 April. (Q8507)Full Citation

78.

Zachary Elkins, Tom Ginsburg and James Melton. 2013. ‘U.S. Gun Rights Truly Are American Exceptionalism.’ Bloomberg (USA). 7 March. (N422) Full Citation

79.

European Council.1991.‘Article 6.’ Council Directive of 18 June 1991 on Control of the Acquisition and Possession of Weapons (91/477/EEC) [current to 2008 amendments].Brussels:Council of the European Communities,18 June. (Q2410)Full Citation

80.

European Council.1991.‘Annex 1.’ Council Directive of 18 June 1991 on Control of the Acquisition and Possession of Weapons (91/477/EEC) [current to 2008 amendments].Brussels:Council of the European Communities,18 June. (Q2419)Full Citation

81.

European Council.1991.‘Article 7.’ Council Directive of 18 June 1991 on Control of the Acquisition and Possession of Weapons (91/477/EEC) [current to 2008 amendments].Brussels:Council of the European Communities,18 June. (Q2411)Full Citation

82.

European Council.1991.‘Article 8.’ Council Directive of 18 June 1991 on Control of the Acquisition and Possession of Weapons (91/477/EEC) [current to 2008 amendments].Brussels:Council of the European Communities,18 June. (Q2412)Full Citation

83.

European Council.1991.‘Article 4a.’ Council Directive of 18 June 1991 on Control of the Acquisition and Possession of Weapons (91/477/EEC) [current to 2008 amendments].Brussels:Council of the European Communities,18 June. (Q2407)Full Citation

84.

European Council.1991.‘Article 5.’ Council Directive of 18 June 1991 on Control of the Acquisition and Possession of Weapons (91/477/EEC) [current to 2008 amendments].Brussels:Council of the European Communities,18 June. (Q2409)Full Citation

85.

Denmark.2010.‘Record Keeping on Manufacture, Holding, and Transfer.’ National Report of Denmark on its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA).New York, NY:Permanent Mission of Denmark to the United Nations,12 February. (Q4549)Full Citation

86.

European Council.1991.‘Article 10.’ Council Directive of 18 June 1991 on Control of the Acquisition and Possession of Weapons (91/477/EEC) [current to 2008 amendments].Brussels:Council of the European Communities,18 June. (Q2413)Full Citation

87.

European Council.1991.‘Article 4.’ Council Directive of 18 June 1991 on Control of the Acquisition and Possession of Weapons (91/477/EEC) [current to 2008 amendments].Brussels:Council of the European Communities,18 June. (Q2406)Full Citation

88.

Denmark.2018.‘Manufacture.’ National Report of Denmark on its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA).New York NY:Permanent Mission of Denmark to the United Nations,1 January. (Q13673)Full Citation

89.

Denmark.2018.‘Marking and Record-keeping.’ National Report of Denmark on its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA).New York NY:Permanent Mission of Denmark to the United Nations,1 January. (Q13674)Full Citation

90.

European Council.1991.‘Article 4.’ Council Directive of 18 June 1991 on Control of the Acquisition and Possession of Weapons (91/477/EEC) [current to 2008 amendments].Brussels:Council of the European Communities,18 June. (Q2405)Full Citation

91.

Denmark.2018.‘Stockpile Management.’ National Report of Denmark on its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA).New York NY:Permanent Mission of Denmark to the United Nations,1 January. (Q13676)Full Citation

92.

Denmark.2014.‘Marking.’ National Report of Denmark on its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA).New York NY:Permanent Mission of Denmark to the United Nations,1 January. (Q12657)Full Citation

93.

Denmark.2010.‘Marking.’ National Report of Denmark on its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA).New York, NY:Permanent Mission of Denmark to the United Nations,12 February. (Q4550)Full Citation

94.

European Council.1991.‘Article 4.’ Council Directive of 18 June 1991 on Control of the Acquisition and Possession of Weapons (91/477/EEC) [current to 2008 amendments].Brussels:Council of the European Communities,18 June. (Q2404)Full Citation

95.

European Commission.2014.‘Marking Requirement in National Illicit Firearms Trafficking Legislation.’ Study to Support an Impact Assessment on Options for Combatting Illicit Firearms Trafficking in the European Union.Luxembourg:Centre for Strategy & Evaluation Services,1 July. (Q12315)Full Citation

96.

Denmark.2014.‘International Tracing.’ National Report of Denmark on its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA).New York NY:Permanent Mission of Denmark to the United Nations,1 January. (Q12658)Full Citation

97.

Denmark.2010.‘Identification and Traceability.’ National Report of Denmark on its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA).New York, NY:Permanent Mission of Denmark to the United Nations,12 February. (Q4551)Full Citation

98.

GunPolicy.org. 2015. ‘Penalty for Unlawful Firearm Possession.’ Definition and Selection Criteria.
Sydney School of Public Health, 22 January.
(G93) Full Citation

99.

European Commission.2014.‘Sanctions.’ Study to Support an Impact Assessment on Options for Combatting Illicit Firearms Trafficking in the European Union.Luxembourg:Centre for Strategy & Evaluation Services,1 July. (Q12307)Full Citation

100.

Denmark.2018.‘Collection.’ National Report of Denmark on its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA).New York NY:Permanent Mission of Denmark to the United Nations,1 January. (Q13677)Full Citation

101.

Denmark.2014.‘Confiscation, Seizure & Collection.’ National Report of Denmark on its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA).New York NY:Permanent Mission of Denmark to the United Nations,1 January. (Q12656)Full Citation

102.

European Commission.2014.‘Estimated Number of Firearms Based on Firearms Seizures.’ Study to Support an Impact Assessment on Options for Combatting Illicit Firearms Trafficking in the European Union.Luxembourg:Centre for Strategy & Evaluation Services,1 July. (Q12310)Full Citation

103.

Denmark.2018.‘Stockpile Management.’ National Report of Denmark on its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA).New York NY:Permanent Mission of Denmark to the United Nations,1 January. (Q13678)Full Citation

104.

Denmark.2014.‘Surplus.’ National Report of Denmark on its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA).New York NY:Permanent Mission of Denmark to the United Nations,1 January. (Q12655)Full Citation

105.

European Parliament.2007.‘Roll-call Vote: EU Firearms Directive.’ Legislative Resolution on Control of the Acquisition and Possession of Weapons.Brussels:VoteWatch.eu,29 November. (Q1346)Full Citation

106.

EU Parliament.2007.‘Draft Legislative Resolution on the EU Parliament Firearms Directive 2007.’ Report on the proposal for a directive of the European Parliament and of the Council amending Council Directive 91/477/EEC on control of the acquisition and possession of weapons.Brussels:European Parliament,12 July. (Q1970)Full Citation

107.

Saferworld.2010.‘EU Arms Transfer Reporting Database.’ Saferworld European Union Arms Transfer Reporting Database.London:Saferworld,9 December. (Q3364)Full Citation

108.

GDAV.2006.‘Geneva Declaration.’ Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development.Geneva:Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development Secretariat,7 June. (Q7162)Full Citation

109.

UNODA.2013.‘Towards Entry Into Force.’ Arms Trade Treaty.New York, NY:United Nations Office for Disarmament Affairs,2 April. (Q7226)Full Citation

110.

UNGA.2001.‘United Nations Protocol against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, Their Parts and Components and Ammunition.’ UN General Assembly Resolution 55/255.New York, NY:UN General Assembly,31 May. (Q17)Full Citation

111.

UNGA.2001.‘Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects.’ United Nations General Assembly.New York, NY:UN General Assembly,20 July. (Q18)Full Citation

112.

Parker, Sarah and Katherine Green.2012.‘Findings - Table 3: Reporting States by Rank and Score.’ The Programme of Action Implementation Monitor (Phase 1): Assessing Reported Progress.Geneva:Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva,1 August. (Q8752)Full Citation

113.

Parker, Sarah and Katherine Green.2012.‘What do the PoAIM Scores Represent? How Should the PoAIM Scores Be Interpreted?.’ The Programme of Action Implementation Monitor (Phase 1): Assessing Reported Progress.Geneva:Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva,1 August. (Q8753)Full Citation

114.

Parker, Sarah and Katherine Green.2012.‘Point Allocation System.’ The Programme of Action Implementation Monitor (Phase 1): Assessing Reported Progress.Geneva:Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva,1 August. (Q8754)Full Citation

115.

Parker, Sarah and Katherine Green.2012.‘Introduction.’ The Programme of Action Implementation Monitor (Phase 1): Assessing Reported Progress.Geneva:Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva,1 August. (Q8755)Full Citation

116.

Cattaneo, Silvia and Sarah Parker.2008.‘Reporting, NPCs and NCAs, 2002 to 2008.’ Implementing the United Nations Programme of Action on Small Arms and Light Weapons: Analysis of the National Reports submitted by States from 2002 to 2008.Geneva:United Nations Development Programme,1 November. (Q20)Full Citation

117.

UNODA.2018.‘PoA-ISS Country Profiles.’ UN small arms Programme of Action (UNPoA) - Implementation Support System.New York, NY:United Nations Office of Disarmament Affairs,23 July. (Q1309)Full Citation

118.

IANSA.2006.‘Reviewing Action on Small Arms 2006: Assessing the first five years of the UN Programme of Action.’ Biting the Bullet 'Red Book' 2006.New York, NY:International Action Network on Small Arms and the Biting the Bullet project,26 June. (Q166)Full Citation

119.

UNODA.2011.‘National Reports on Small Arms Exports.’ United Nations Register of Conventional Arms - The Global Reported Arms Trade.New York, NY:United Nations Office for Disarmament Affairs,21 October. (Q14)Full Citation

120.

UN.2013.‘Member States of the United Nations.’ UN.org Web Site.New York, NY:United Nations General Assembly,7 April. (Q290)Full Citation

121.

Wassenaar Arrangement.1996.‘Introduction: Participating States.’ Wassenaar Arrangement on Export Controls and Conventional Arms and Dual-Use Goods and Technologies.Vienna:Wassenaar Secretariat,12 July. (Q19)Full Citation