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Czech Republic — Gun Facts, Figures and the Law

StockpilesGun Numbers

Civilian Guns

Number of Privately Owned Firearms

ChartThe estimated total number of guns (both licit and illicit) held by civilians in the Czech Republic is

2017: 1,323,0001
2013: 883,6862 3 4
2012: 865,265
2011: 848,280
2010: 840,661
2005: 1,600,0005

Rate of Civilian Firearm Possession per 100 Population

ChartThe estimated rate of private gun ownership (both licit and illicit) per 100 people in the Czech Republic is

2017: 12.501
2013: 8.336 7 4
2012: 8.17
2011: 8.02
2010: 7.97
2005: 16.35

Number of Privately Owned Rifles

In the Czech Republic, the number of rifles in civilian possession is reported to be 137,2668

Number of Privately Owned Shotguns

In the Czech Republic, the number of shotguns in civilian possession is reported to be 9,6548

Number of Privately Owned Handguns

In the Czech Republic, the number of handguns in civilian possession is reported to be 136,0898

Number of Privately Owned Firearms - World Ranking

In a 2007 comparison of the number of privately owned guns in 178 countries, the Czech Republic ranked at No. 429

Rate of Privately Owned Firearms per 100 Population - World Ranking

In a 2007 comparison of the rate of private gun ownership in 178 countries, the Czech Republic ranked at No. 385

Proportion of Adults Living in a Home With a Gun

In the Czech Republic, the percentage of adults living in a household with a firearm is reported to be

2015: 6%10

Proportion of Households with Firearms

In the Czech Republic, the percentage of households with one or more guns is reported to be

1992: 5.2%11

Proportion of Households with Rifles

In the Czech Republic, the percentage of households with one or more rifles is reported to be

1992: 1.2%11

Proportion of Households with Shotguns

In the Czech Republic, the percentage of households with one or more shotguns is reported to be

1992: 3.0%11

Proportion of Households with Handguns

In the Czech Republic, the percentage of households with one or more handguns is reported to be

1992: 1.8%11

Number of Licensed Firearm Owners

ChartThe number of licensed gun owners in the Czech Republic is reported to be

2017: 303,00012
2016: 297,96613
1999: 180,1708

Rate of Licensed Firearm Owners per 100 Population

ChartThe rate of licensed firearm owners per 100 people in the Czech Republic is

2017: 2.846
2016: 2.79
1999: 1.75

Number of Registered Firearms

ChartThe number of registered guns in the Czech Republic is reported to be

2017: 806,8951 12
2013: 736,40514
2012: 721,05415
2011: 706,90016
2010: 700,55117
2005: 632,0005

Rate of Registered Firearms per 100 Population

ChartThe rate of registered guns per 100 people in the Czech Republic is

2013: 6.946
2012: 6.81
2011: 6.69
2010: 6.64
2005: 6.16

Estimated Number of Unregistered and Illicit Firearms

ChartUnregistered and unlawfully held guns cannot be counted,18 but in the Czech Republic there are estimated to be

2017: 616,1051
2013: 147,2812 18 4
2012: 144,211
2011: 141,380
2010: 140,110

Estimated Rate of Unregistered and Illicit Firearms per 100 Population

ChartUnregistered and unlawfully held guns cannot be counted,18 but in the Czech Republic the rate of such firearms per 100 people is estimated to be

2013: 1.396
2012: 1.36
2011: 1.34
2010: 1.33

Government Guns

Number of Military Firearms

The defence forces of the Czech Republic are reported to have 157,23319 firearms

Number of Law Enforcement Firearms

Police in the Czech Republic are reported to have 76,00020 firearms

ImpactsDeath and Injury

Total Number of Gun Deaths

ChartIn the Czech Republic, annual deaths resulting from firearms total

2015: 18821
2014: 19122 23 24 25
2013: 208
2012: 21322 23 24 25 26
2011: 22422 23 24 25
2010: 18527
2009: 17922 23 24 25
2008: 191
2007: 193
2006: 220
2005: 188
2004: 208
2003: 249
2002: 223
2001: 254
2000: 232
1999: 259
1998: 235
1997: 226
1996: 227
1995: 243
1994: 214

Rate of All Gun Deaths per 100,000 People

ChartIn the Czech Republic, the annual rate of all gun deaths per 100,000 population is

2015: 1.7721
2014: 1.80
2013: 1.96
2012: 2.01
2011: 2.12
2010: 1.75
2009: 1.706
2008: 1.83
2007: 1.86
2006: 2.14
2005: 1.83
2004: 2.03
2003: 2.43
2002: 2.18
2001: 2.48
2000: 2.26
1999: 2.52
1998: 2.28
1997: 2.19
1996: 2.20
1995: 2.35
1994: 2.07

Total Number of Male Gun Deaths

ChartIn the Czech Republic, annual male deaths resulting from firearms total

2015: 17221
2014: 182
2013: 195
2012: 200
2011: 208
2010: 172

Total Number of Female Gun Deaths

ChartIn the Czech Republic, annual female deaths resulting from firearms total

2015: 1621
2014: 9
2013: 13
2012: 13
2011: 16
2010: 13

Homicides (any method)

ChartIn the Czech Republic, annual homicides by any means total

2015: 8921
2014: 79
2013: 92
2012: 91
2011: 88
2010: 87
2009: 94
2008: 114
2007: 126
2006: 130
2005: 108
2004: 134
2003: 163
2002: 149
2001: 142
2000: 181
1999: 17228
1998: 174
1997: 187
1996: 173
1995: 176

Rate of Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn the Czech Republic, the annual rate of homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2015: 1.7721
2014: 1.80
2013: 1.96
2012: 2.01
2011: 2.12
2010: 1.75
2009: 0.9
2008: 1.129 28 30
2007: 1.2
2006: 1.3
2005: 1.1
2004: 1.3
2003: 1.6
2002: 1.5
2001: 1.4
2000: 1.8
1999: 1.728 30
1998: 1.7
1997: 1.8
1996: 1.7
1995: 1.7

Male Homicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn the Czech Republic, annual male homicides by any means total

2015: 5521
2014: 48
2013: 46
2012: 51
2011: 55
2010: 44

Female Homicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn the Czech Republic, annual female homicides by any means total

2015: 3421
2014: 31
2013: 46
2012: 40
2011: 33
2010: 43

Gun Homicides

ChartIn the Czech Republic, annual firearm homicides total

2015: 1421
2014: 1322
2013: 17
2012: 16
2011: 17
2010: 13
2009: 1822 29 28
2008: 16
2007: 20
2006: 19
2005: 16
2004: 1822 28
2003: 37
2002: 3922
2001: 36
2000: 36
1999: 46
1998: 60
1997: 36
1996: 44
1995: 44
1994: 42

Rate of Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn the Czech Republic, the annual rate of firearm homicide per 100,000 population is

2015: 0.1321
2014: 0.12
2013: 0.16
2012: 0.15
2011: 0.16
2010: 0.12
2009: 0.1722 6 28
2008: 0.15
2007: 0.19
2006: 0.19
2005: 0.16
2004: 0.1822 28
2003: 0.36
2002: 0.3822
2001: 0.35
2000: 0.35
1999: 0.45
1998: 0.58
1997: 0.35
1996: 0.43
1995: 0.43
1994: 0.41

Proportion of Homicides Committed With a Gun

ChartIn the Czech Republic, the percentage of homicides committed with a firearm is reported to be

2012: 10%29 31
2011: 11%29
2010: 6%
2009: 15%
2008: 15%
2007: 14%
2006: 12%
2005: 14%
2004: 13.7%28
2003: 19.8%

Male Gun Homicide Victims

ChartIn the Czech Republic, annual male firearm homicides total

2015: 921
2014: 9
2013: 9
2012: 10
2011: 9
2010: 7

Female Gun Homicide Victims

ChartIn the Czech Republic, annual female firearm homicides total

2015: 421
2014: 4
2013: 8
2012: 6
2011: 8
2010: 6

Handgun Homicides

ChartIn the Czech Republic, annual handgun homicides total

2014: 722
2013: 11
2012: 7
2011: 9
2010: 7
2009: 12
2008: 14
2007: 10
2006: 12
2005: 7
2004: 6
2003: 19
2002: 20
2001: 16
2000: 18
1999: 29
1998: 40
1997: 15
1996: 26
1995: 15
1994: 35

Rate of Handgun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn the Czech Republic, the annual rate of handgun homicide per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.0722
2013: 0.10
2012: 0.07
2011: 0.09
2010: 0.07
2009: 0.11
2008: 0.13
2007: 0.10
2006: 0.12
2005: 0.07
2004: 0.06
2003: 0.19
2002: 0.20
2001: 0.16
2000: 0.18
1999: 0.28
1998: 0.39
1997: 0.15
1996: 0.25
1995: 0.15
1994: 0.34

Long Gun Homicides

ChartIn the Czech Republic, annual long gun homicides total

2012: 122
2011: 1
2009: 3
2008: 1
2007: 1
2006: 2
2005: 1
2004: 2
2003: 3
2002: 2
2001: 1
2000: 1
1998: 4
1997: 4
1996: 1
1995: 3
1994: 1

Rate of Long Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn the Czech Republic, the annual rate of long gun homicide per 100,000 population is

2012: 0.0122
2011: 0.01
2009: 0.03
2008: 0.01
2007: 0.01
2006: 0.02
2005: 0.01
2004: 0.02
2003: 0.03
2002: 0.02
2001: 0.01
2000: 0.01
1998: 0.04
1997: 0.04
1996: 0.01
1995: 0.03
1994: 0.01

Gun Homicides (Other)

ChartIn the Czech Republic, annual gun homicides (other) total

2014: 622
2013: 6
2012: 8
2011: 7
2010: 6
2009: 3
2008: 1
2007: 9
2006: 5
2005: 8
2004: 10
2003: 15
2002: 17
2001: 19
2000: 17
1999: 17
1998: 16
1997: 17
1996: 17
1995: 26
1994: 6

Rate of Gun Homicide (Other) per 100,000 People

ChartIn the Czech Republic, the annual rate of gun homicide (other) per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.0622
2013: 0.06
2012: 0.08
2011: 0.07
2010: 0.06
2009: 0.03
2008: 0.01
2007: 0.09
2006: 0.05
2005: 0.08
2004: 0.10
2003: 0.15
2002: 0.17
2001: 0.18
2000: 0.17
1999: 0.17
1998: 0.16
1997: 0.17
1996: 0.16
1995: 0.25
1994: 0.06

Suicides (any method)

ChartIn the Czech Republic, annual suicides by any means total

2015: 1,38421
2014: 1,488
2013: 1,573
2012: 1,647
2011: 1,589
2010: 1,502
1999: 1,61032

Rate of Suicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn the Czech Republic, the annual rate of suicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2015: 1321
2014: 14
2013: 14.83
2012: 15.55
2011: 15.03
2010: 14.24
1999: 15.7332

Male Suicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn the Czech Republic, annual male suicides by any means total

2015: 1,13021
2014: 1,195
2013: 1,291
2012: 1,370
2011: 1,337
2010: 1,245

Female Suicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn the Czech Republic, annual female suicides by any means total

2015: 25421
2014: 293
2013: 282
2012: 277
2011: 252
2010: 257

Gun Suicides

ChartIn the Czech Republic, annual firearm suicides total

2015: 15721
2014: 16223
2013: 175
2012: 17423 26
2011: 18623
2010: 146
2009: 122
2008: 130
2007: 146
2006: 164
2005: 139
2004: 159
2003: 204
2002: 161
2001: 193
2000: 174
1999: 185
1998: 147
1997: 156
1996: 159
1995: 172
1994: 142

Rate of Gun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn the Czech Republic, the annual rate of firearm suicide per 100,000 population is

2015: 1.4721
2014: 1.52
2013: 1.65
2012: 1.64
2011: 1.76
2010: 1.38
2009: 1.16
2008: 1.25
2007: 1.41
2006: 1.6
2005: 1.36
2004: 1.56
2003: 2.0
2002: 1.58
2001: 1.88
2000: 1.69
1999: 1.8
1998: 1.43
1997: 1.51
1996: 1.54
1995: 1.66
1994: 1.37

Male Gun Suicide Victims

ChartIn the Czech Republic, annual male firearm suicides total

2015: 14921
2014: 159
2013: 171
2012: 167
2011: 180
2010: 139

Female Gun Suicide Victims

ChartIn the Czech Republic, annual female firearm suicides total

2015: 821
2014: 3
2013: 4
2012: 7
2011: 6
2010: 7

Handgun Suicides

ChartIn the Czech Republic, annual handgun suicides total

2014: 9323
2013: 114
2012: 68
2011: 89
2010: 59
2009: 56
2008: 54
2007: 64
2006: 71
2005: 60
2004: 58
2003: 76
2002: 62
2001: 58
2000: 68
1999: 77
1998: 54
1997: 45
1996: 43
1995: 49
1994: 54

Rate of Handgun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn the Czech Republic, the annual rate of handgun suicide per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.8823
2013: 1.08
2012: 0.65
2011: 0.85
2010: 0.56
2009: 0.53
2008: 0.52
2007: 0.62
2006: 0.69
2005: 0.59
2004: 0.57
2003: 0.75
2002: 0.61
2001: 0.56
2000: 0.66
1999: 0.75
1998: 0.52
1997: 0.44
1996: 0.42
1995: 0.47
1994: 0.52

Long Gun Suicides

ChartIn the Czech Republic, the number of long gun suicides is

2014: 2823
2013: 20
2012: 13
2011: 14
2010: 15
2009: 10
2008: 22
2007: 23
2006: 17
2005: 16
2004: 24
2003: 22
2002: 14
2001: 26
2000: 18
1999: 26
1998: 15
1997: 16
1996: 15
1995: 18
1994: 19

Rate of Long Gun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn the Czech Republic, the annual rate of long gun suicide per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.2723
2013: 0.19
2012: 0.12
2011: 0.13
2010: 0.14
2009: 0.10
2008: 0.21
2007: 0.22
2006: 0.17
2005: 0.16
2004: 0.24
2003: 0.22
2002: 0.14
2001: 0.25
2000: 0.18
1999: 0.25
1998: 0.15
1997: 0.16
1996: 0.15
1995: 0.17
1994: 0.18

Gun Suicides (Other)

ChartIn the Czech Republic, annual gun suicides (other) total

2014: 4123
2013: 41
2012: 93
2011: 83
2010: 72
2009: 56
2008: 54
2007: 59
2006: 76
2005: 63
2004: 77
2003: 106
2002: 85
2001: 109
2000: 88
1999: 82
1998: 78
1997: 95
1996: 101
1995: 105
1994: 69

Rate of Gun Suicide (Other) per 100,000 People

ChartIn the Czech Republic, the annual rate of gun suicide (other) per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.3923
2013: 0.39
2012: 0.88
2011: 0.79
2010: 0.68
2009: 0.53
2008: 0.52
2007: 0.57
2006: 0.74
2005: 0.62
2004: 0.75
2003: 1.04
2002: 0.83
2001: 1.06
2000: 0.86
1999: 0.80
1998: 0.76
1997: 0.92
1996: 0.98
1995: 1.02
1994: 0.67

Unintentional Gun Deaths

ChartIn the Czech Republic, annual unintentional shooting deaths total

2015: 621
2014: 724
2013: 5
2012: 924 26
2011: 1224
2010: 10
2009: 14
2008: 12
2007: 10
2006: 6
2005: 10
2004: 10
2003: 3
2002: 15
2001: 13
2000: 7
1999: 17
1998: 14
1997: 25
1996: 17
1995: 12
1994: 13

Rate of Unintentional Gun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn the Czech Republic, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death per 100,000 population is

2015: 0.1021
2014: 0.08
2013: 0.10
2012: 0.13
2011: 0.09
2010: 0.15
2009: 0.13
2008: 0.12
2007: 0.1
2006: 0.06
2005: 0.1
2004: 0.1
2003: 0.03
2002: 0.15
2001: 0.13
2000: 0.07
1999: 0.17
1998: 0.14
1997: 0.24
1996: 0.16
1995: 0.12
1994: 0.13

Unintentional Male Gun Deaths

ChartIn the Czech Republic, annual unintentional male shooting deaths total

2015: 521
2014: 7
2013: 5
2012: 9
2011: 10
2010: 10

Unintentional Female Gun Deaths

ChartIn the Czech Republic, annual unintentional female shooting deaths total

2015: 121
2014: 0
2013: 0
2012: 0
2011: 2
2010: 0

Unintentional Handgun Deaths

ChartIn the Czech Republic, annual unintentional shooting deaths by handgun total

2014: 424
2013: 1
2012: 7
2011: 3
2010: 4
2009: 8
2008: 8
2007: 4
2006: 5
2005: 4
2004: 3
2002: 9
2001: 8
2000: 2
1999: 10
1998: 6
1997: 14
1996: 10
1995: 8
1994: 3

Rate of Unintentional Handgun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn the Czech Republic, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death by handgun per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.0424
2013: 0.01
2012: 0.07
2011: 0.03
2010: 0.04
2009: 0.08
2008: 0.08
2007: 0.04
2006: 0.05
2005: 0.04
2004: 0.03
2002: 0.09
2001: 0.08
2000: 0.02
1999: 0.10
1998: 0.06
1997: 0.14
1996: 0.10
1995: 0.08
1994: 0.03

Unintentional Long Gun Deaths

ChartIn the Czech Republic, annual unintentional shooting deaths by long gun total

2014: 224
2013: 2
2011: 2
2010: 1
2009: 3
2008: 2
2007: 2
2005: 3
2004: 4
2003: 2
2002: 4
2001: 1
2000: 1
1999: 2
1998: 2
1997: 4
1996: 4
1995: 1
1994: 4

Rate of Unintentional Long Gun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn the Czech Republic, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death by long gun per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.0224
2013: 0.02
2011: 0.02
2010: 0.01
2009: 0.03
2008: 0.02
2007: 0.02
2005: 0.03
2004: 0.04
2003: 0.02
2002: 0.04
2001: 0.01
2000: 0.01
1999: 0.02
1998: 0.02
1997: 0.04
1996: 0.04
1995: 0.01
1994: 0.04

Unintentional Gun Deaths (Other)

ChartIn the Czech Republic, annual unintentional shooting deaths by firearm (other) total

2014: 124
2013: 2
2012: 2
2011: 7
2010: 5
2009: 3
2008: 2
2007: 4
2006: 1
2005: 3
2004: 3
2003: 1
2002: 2
2001: 4
2000: 4
1999: 5
1998: 6
1997: 7
1996: 3
1995: 3
1994: 6

Rate of Unintentional Gun Death (Other) per 100,000 People

ChartIn the Czech Republic, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death by firearm (other) per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.0124
2013: 0.02
2012: 0.02
2011: 0.07
2010: 0.05
2009: 0.03
2008: 0.02
2007: 0.04
2006: 0.01
2005: 0.03
2004: 0.03
2003: 0.01
2002: 0.02
2001: 0.04
2000: 0.04
1999: 0.05
1998: 0.06
1997: 0.07
1996: 0.03
1995: 0.03
1994: 0.06

Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn the Czech Republic, annual shooting deaths in which the cause remains undecided total

2015: 1121
2014: 925
2013: 11
2012: 1425 26
2011: 925
2010: 16
2009: 25
2008: 33
2007: 17
2006: 31
2005: 23
2004: 21
2003: 5
2002: 8
2001: 12
2000: 15
1999: 11
1998: 14
1997: 9
1996: 7
1995: 15
1994: 17

Rate of Gun Death from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn the Czech Republic, the annual rate of unknown-cause shooting deaths per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.0925
2013: 0.10
2012: 0.13
2011: 0.09
2010: 0.15
2009: 0.24
2008: 0.32
2007: 0.16
2006: 0.30
2005: 0.22
2004: 0.21
2003: 0.05
2002: 0.08
2001: 0.12
2000: 0.15
1999: 0.11
1998: 0.14
1997: 0.09
1996: 0.07
1995: 0.15
1994: 0.16

Male Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn the Czech Republic, annual male shooting deaths in which the cause remains undecided total

2015: 921
2014: 7
2013: 10
2012: 14
2011: 9
2010: 16

Female Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn the Czech Republic, annual female shooting deaths in which the cause remains undecided total

2015: 221
2014: 2
2013: 1
2012: 0
2011: 0
2010: 0

Handgun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn the Czech Republic, annual deaths by handgun in which the cause remains undecided total

2014: 425
2013: 4
2012: 4
2011: 2
2010: 7
2009: 13
2008: 24
2007: 13
2006: 20
2005: 6
2004: 11
2002: 2
2001: 9
2000: 9
1999: 8
1998: 10
1997: 5
1996: 4
1995: 11
1994: 6

Rate of Handgun Death from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn the Czech Republic, the annual rate of unknown-cause handgun deaths per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.0425
2013: 0.04
2012: 0.04
2011: 0.02
2010: 0.07
2009: 0.12
2008: 0.23
2007: 0.13
2006: 0.19
2005: 0.06
2004: 0.11
2002: 0.02
2001: 0.09
2000: 0.09
1999: 0.08
1998: 0.10
1997: 0.05
1996: 0.04
1995: 0.11
1994: 0.06

Long Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn the Czech Republic, annual deaths by long gun in which the cause remains undecided total

2013: 225
2012: 2
2010: 2
2009: 4
2008: 4
2007: 3
2006: 6
2005: 10
2004: 5
2001: 1
1999: 1
1998: 1
1996: 2
1995: 1
1994: 1

Rate of Long Gun Death from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn the Czech Republic, the annual rate of unknown-cause long gun deaths per 100,000 population is

2013: 0.0225
2012: 0.02
2010: 0.02
2009: 0.04
2008: 0.04
2007: 0.03
2006: 0.06
2005: 0.10
2004: 0.05
2001: 0.01
1999: 0.01
1998: 0.01
1996: 0.02
1995: 0.01
1994: 0.01

Gun Deaths (Other) from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn the Czech Republic, annual deaths by firearm (other) in which the cause remains undecided total

2014: 525
2013: 5
2012: 8
2011: 7
2010: 7
2009: 8
2008: 5
2007: 1
2006: 5
2005: 7
2004: 5
2003: 5
2002: 6
2001: 2
2000: 6
1999: 2
1998: 3
1997: 4
1996: 1
1995: 3
1994: 10

Rate of Gun Death (Other) from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn the Czech Republic, the annual rate of unknown-cause gun deaths (other) per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.0525
2013: 0.05
2012: 0.08
2011: 0.07
2010: 0.07
2009: 0.08
2008: 0.05
2007: 0.01
2006: 0.05
2005: 0.07
2004: 0.05
2003: 0.05
2002: 0.06
2001: 0.02
2000: 0.06
1999: 0.02
1998: 0.03
1997: 0.04
1996: 0.01
1995: 0.03
1994: 0.10

ProductionGun Industry

Regulation of Firearm Makers

In the Czech Republic, the manufacture of small arms, ammunition and/or their components is permitted only if the maker holds a valid licence33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41

Small Arms Manufacture - World Ranking

In a classification of the world's small, medium and major firearm manufacturers, the Czech Republic was ranked 'medium'42

TransfersGun Trade and Trafficking

Firearm Exports

In the Czech Republic, firearm and ammunition exports are limited by transfer control law43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51

Small Arms Exports (US$) - Customs

ChartThe annual value of small arms and ammunition exports from the Czech Republic is reported by Customs to be US$

2016: 170,031,68352
2015: 148,481,381
2014: 150,051,123
2013: 147,430,402
2012: 109,955,35852 53 54
2011: 96,925,12855
2010: 12,000,00056
2001: 64,000,00053

Small Arms Exports - World Ranking

In a comparison of the world's major/mid-level/minor/unknown small arms exporters, the Czech Republic was categorized as 'major'57 58 59 q11037} 60

Firearm Imports

In the Czech Republic, firearm and ammunition imports are limited by transfer control law61 62 44 45 46 47 48 49 50

Small Arms Imports (US$) - Customs

ChartThe annual value of small arms and ammunition imports to the Czech Republic is reported by Customs to be US$

2016: 28,433,88652
2015: 23,234,975
2014: 29,658,098
2013: 29,470,985
2012: 24,604,60952 63 64
2011: 16,170,59355 65
2010: 20,000,00066

Smuggling Guns and Ammunition

Reports suggest that the level of firearm and ammunition smuggling in the Czech Republic is low8

Regulation of Arms Brokers

In the Czech Republic, the activities of arms brokers and transfer intermediaries are specifically regulated by law67 68 46 69 70

End User Certificates

Customs regulations in the Czech Republic include43 67 certification of the intended end user of any small arms or ammunition transfer, and/or a written declaration of its intended end use

Transparency of Small Arms Transfers

ChartIn its annual Small Arms Trade Transparency Barometer, the Small Arms Survey compares public reporting among major arms exporting nations on a scale from strong to weak (25 to zero). In recent years, the Czech Republic scored

2018: 15.2571
2016: 12.7572
2014: 14.5073
2013: 14.7574
2012: 14.0075
2011: 15.0076
2010: 13.5077
2009: 13.0078
2008: 13.7579
2007: 14.2580
2006: 14.2581
2005: 14.2582
2004: 11.0083

MeasuresGun Regulation

Firearm Regulation - Guiding Policy

The regulation of guns in the Czech Republic is categorised as restrictive84

Firearm Law

Guiding gun control legislation in the Czech Republic includes the Act on Firearms and Ammunition of 2014,85 the Firearms Act No. 119/2002, the Act No. 156/2000 on the proof of firearms, ammunition and pyrotechnic objects, the Act No. 228/2005 on control of trade in products, Act No. 227/2017 on securing weapons through transport,86 the Act No. 38/1994 on regulation of foreign trade with military material,68 the Council Directive of 18 June 1991 on Control of the Acquisition and Possession of Weapons,87 88 the European Union Firearms Regulation of 2012, the Common Position on the Control of Arms Brokering of 2003,89 and the Convention of 1 July 1969 on Reciprocal Recognition of Proofmarks on Small Arms90

Firearm Regulation Authority

Guns in the Czech Republic are regulated by the Ministry of the Interior,8 the Police,91 and the European Commission88

Right to Possess Firearms

In the Czech Republic, the right to private gun ownership is not guaranteed by law92 93

Restricted Firearms and Ammunition

In the Czech Republic, civilians are not allowed to possess military weapons, automatic firearms, firearms disguised as other objects, and armour-piercing, incendiary and expanding ammunition94 95 96 97 98

Regulation of Automatic Weapons

In the Czech Republic, private possession of fully automatic weapons is prohibited, with only narrow exceptions94 96 95 97 98 31

Regulation of Semiautomatic Assault Weapons

In the Czech Republic, private possession of semi-automatic assault weapons is permitted only with authorisation94 99 100 101 102 98

Regulation of Handguns

In the Czech Republic, private possession of handguns (pistols and revolvers) is permitted only with authorisation94 96 99 97 101 102 98 31

Law Regulates Long Guns

In the Czech Republic, civilian possession of rifles and shotguns is regulated by law94 96 99 100 31

Gun Ownership and Possession

In the Czech Republic, only licensed gun owners103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 97 101 31 may lawfully acquire, possess or transfer a firearm or ammunition

Genuine Reason Required for Firearm Possession

Applicants for a gun owner’s licence in the Czech Republic are required to establish a genuine reason to possess a firearm, for example hunting, target shooting, collection, personal protection, security105 106 114 115

Minimum Age for Firearm Possession

The minimum age for gun ownership in the Czech Republic is between 15 and 21 years116 115

Gun Owner Background Checks

An applicant for a firearm licence in the Czech Republic must pass a background check which considers health, mental health, criminal and addiction117 118 109 119 115 31 records

Firearm Safety Training

In the Czech Republic, an understanding of firearm safety and the law, tested in a theoretical and/or practical training course is required109 120 121 for a firearm licence

Gun Owner Licensing Period

In the Czech Republic, gun owners must re-apply and re-qualify for their firearm licence every ten years114

Licensing Records

In the Czech Republic, authorities maintain a record122 123 124 125 126 127 of individual civilians licensed to acquire, possess, sell or transfer a firearm or ammunition

Limit on Quantity, Type of Ammunition

Licensed firearm owners in the Czech Republic are permitted to possess only ammunition suitable for the licensed firearm111 128

Firearm Registration

Civilian Gun Registration

In the Czech Republic, the law requires122 123 124 129 130 131 that a record of the acquisition, possession and transfer of each privately held firearm be retained in an official register

Gun Dealer Record Keeping

In the Czech Republic, licensed firearm dealers are required124 130 131 to keep a record of each firearm or ammunition purchase, sale or transfer on behalf of a regulating authority

Gun Manufacturer Record Keeping

In the Czech Republic, licensed gun makers are required124 130 to keep a record of each firearm produced, for inspection by a regulating authority

State-Owned Firearm Records

In the Czech Republic, State agencies are required130 129 132 to maintain records of the storage and movement of all firearms and ammunition under their control

Gun Sales and Transfers

Regulation of Dealer Gun Sales

In the Czech Republic, dealing in firearms by way of business without a valid gun dealer’s licence is unlawful33 34 35 36 37 38 39 133 102

Storage and Transport of Guns and Ammunition

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Private

Firearm regulations in the Czech Republic include134 112 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of private firearms and ammunition by licensed gun owners

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Dealer

Firearm regulations in the Czech Republic include134 38 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition by licensed arms dealers

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Government

Government regulations in the Czech Republic include132 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition by state entities

Firearm and Ammunition Transport Regulations

Regulations in the Czech Republic include86 8 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition while in transit

Marking and Tracing Guns and Ammunition

Firearm Marking

In the Czech Republic, a unique identifying mark on each firearm is required by law135 136 41 137

Firearm Tracing

In the Czech Republic, state authorities carry out138 139 136 131 140 recognised arms tracing and tracking procedures

Carrying Guns

Carrying Guns Openly in Public

In the Czech Republic, carrying a firearm in plain view in a public place is allowed, subject to a valid permit (in exceptional circumstances)111 112 31

Carrying Hidden Handguns in Public

In the Czech Republic, carrying a concealed firearm in a public place is allowed, subject to a valid permit (in exceptional circumstances)111 112 31

Penalty for Illicit Firearm Possession

In the Czech Republic, the maximum penalty for unlawful possession of a firearm141 is two years in prison41 142 and/or a fine of up to CZK 50,000143

Collection, Amnesty and Destruction Programmes

Small Arms Destroyed

ChartIn the Czech Republic, the number of firearms destroyed following amnesty, collection and seizure programmes is reported to be

2011: 231144
2010: 182

Destruction and Disposal Policy

In the Czech Republic, it is not state policy145 to destroy surplus, collected and seized firearms rather than return them to the secondary arms market

MeasuresInternational Controls

Regional Agreements

European Union

As a member of the European Union, the Czech Republic is bound by the provisions of the ‘EU Firearms Directive’ – the 2007 Legislative Resolution on Control of the Acquisition and Possession of Weapons of the European Parliament146 147

European Union Export Reporting

Under the European Union Common Position on Arms Exports, the Czech Republic is bound to declare its transfers of military technology and equipment. Independent monitoring provides detailed comparisons of arms export reporting compliance across EU member states, and records that the Czech Republic has submitted one or more national reports148 on its arms transfers

United Nations Commission on Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice

The UNCCPCJ, a subsidiary body of the Economic and Social Council mandated to promote action to prevent national and transnational crime, lists149 the Czech Republic as an elected member

Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development

The Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development, a diplomatic initiative aimed at addressing the interrelations between armed violence and development, was not signed150 by the Czech Republic.

Arms Trade Treaty

The Arms Trade Treaty has been signed and ratified151 by the Czech Republic

United Nations Firearms Protocol

The United Nations Protocol against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, Their Parts and Components and Ammunition has been signed and ratified152 by the Czech Republic

United Nations Small Arms Programme of Action UNPoA

UNPoA Commitment

On 21 July 2001, the Czech Republic committed to a consensus decision of the United Nations to adopt, support and implement the UN Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects153

UNPoA Implementation Monitor Score

In its UN small arms Programme of Action Implementation Monitor (PoAIM Phase 1), the Small Arms Survey scored the Czech Republic against its commitments to the PoA, then ranked it at No. 7154 155 156 157 among 159 Member States

UNPoA National Reporting

Under the terms of its 2001 commitment to the United Nations small arms Programme of Action, the Czech Republic has submitted one or more national reports158 159 on its implementation of the UNPoA

UNPoA National Point of Contact

In the Czech Republic, a National Point of Contact to deal with issues relating to the UNPoA has been designated160 159

UNPoA National Coordinating Body

In the Czech Republic, a National Coordinating Body to deal with issues relating to the UNPoA has not been designated160 159

UNPoA Civil Society Involvement and Support

In National Reports of the Czech Republic submitted to the UN from 2001 to 2010, a history of substantive cooperation with civil society in support of UNPoA activities was apparent159

UNPoA International Assistance – Donor

Funds for UNPoA implementation have been donated159 by the Czech Republic to other UN Member States

United Nations Small Arms Register

According to the United Nations Register of Conventional Arms, the Czech Republic has declared161 its small arms exports in one or more annual National Reports on Arms Exports.

United Nations Membership

In the UN List of Member States, the Czech Republic has been a Member State of the United Nations since 1993162

Wassenaar Arrangement

The Wassenaar Arrangement on Export Controls and Conventional Arms and Dual-Use Goods and Technologies lists163 the Czech Republic as a Participating State

BackgroundCountry Profile

Conflict Profile

For a profile of conflict in the Czech Republic, select the Link icon to open an external web page from the UCDP Conflict Encyclopedia at Uppsala University

Global Peace Index

To see where the Czech Republic ranks, select the Link icon to open an external web page at the Global Peace Index


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