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Cuba — Gun Facts, Figures and the Law

StockpilesGun Numbers

Civilian Guns

Number of Privately Owned Firearms

ChartThe estimated total number of guns (both licit and illicit) held by civilians in Cuba is

2017: 234,0001
2012: 220,0002 3

Rate of Civilian Firearm Possession per 100 Population

ChartThe estimated rate of private gun ownership (both licit and illicit) per 100 people in Cuba is

2017: 2.101
2012: 2.02 3

Number of Privately Owned Rifles

In Cuba, the number of rifles in civilian possession is reported to be 1,5774

Number of Privately Owned Shotguns

In Cuba, the number of shotguns in civilian possession is reported to be 43,7544

Number of Privately Owned Handguns

In Cuba, the number of handguns in civilian possession is reported to be 12,8194

Number of Privately Owned Firearms - World Ranking

In a 2007 comparison of the number of privately owned guns in 178 countries, Cuba ranked at No. 765

Rate of Privately Owned Firearms per 100 Population - World Ranking

In a 2007 comparison of the rate of private gun ownership in 178 countries, Cuba ranked at No. 1043

Number of Licensed Firearm Owners

The number of licensed gun owners in Cuba is reported to be 54,1584

Rate of Licensed Firearm Owners per 100 Population

The rate of licensed firearm owners per 100 people in Cuba is 0.496

Number of Registered Firearms

ChartThe number of registered guns in Cuba is reported to be

2017: 58,1501
1999: 58,1504

Rate of Registered Firearms per 100 Population

The rate of registered guns per 100 people in Cuba is 0.536

Estimated Number of Unregistered and Illicit Firearms

Unregistered and unlawfully held guns cannot be counted,7 but in Cuba there are estimated to be

2017: 175,8501

Government Guns

Number of Military Firearms

The defence forces of Cuba are reported to have 958,1008 firearms

Number of Law Enforcement Firearms

Police in Cuba are reported to have 42,0009 10 11 12 13 firearms

ImpactsDeath and Injury

Total Number of Gun Deaths

ChartIn Cuba, annual deaths resulting from firearms total

2014: 3414
2013: 60
2012: 73
2011: 5815
2010: 61
2002: 10316

Rate of All Gun Deaths per 100,000 People

ChartIn Cuba, the annual rate of all gun deaths per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.3014
2013: 0.53
2012: 0.65
2011: 0.51
2010: 0.54
2002: 0.936

Total Number of Male Gun Deaths

ChartIn Cuba, annual male deaths resulting from firearms total

2014: 3014
2013: 55
2012: 66
2011: 55
2010: 52

Total Number of Female Gun Deaths

ChartIn Cuba, annual female deaths resulting from firearms total

2014: 414
2013: 5
2012: 7
2011: 3
2010: 9

Homicides (any method)

ChartIn Cuba, annual homicides by any means total

2016: 62617
2015: 631
2014: 59914
2013: 673
2012: 62118 19
2011: 533
2010: 504
2009: 56518 20
2008: 515
2007: 568
2006: 576
2005: 684
2004: 660
2003: 642
2002: 661
2001: 605
2000: 587
1999: 65320
1998: 871
1997: 747
1996: 734
1995: 850

Rate of Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Cuba, the annual rate of homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.3014
2013: 0.53
2012: 0.65
2011: 0.51
2010: 0.54
2009: 5.0318 20
2008: 4.58
2007: 5.05
2006: 5.1118 20 21
2005: 6.08
2004: 5.87
2003: 5.72
2002: 5.87
2001: 5.3918 20
2000: 5.2518 20 21
1999: 5.920
1998: 7.9
1997: 6.8
1996: 6.7
1995: 7.8

Male Homicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Cuba, annual male homicides by any means total

2014: 44314
2013: 526
2012: 483
2011: 401
2010: 378

Female Homicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Cuba, annual female homicides by any means total

2014: 15614
2013: 147
2012: 138
2011: 132
2010: 12622

Gun Homicides

ChartIn Cuba, annual firearm homicides total

2014: 1314
2013: 2218
2012: 30
2011: 2418 15
2010: 2318
2007: 2720
2002: 5016

Rate of Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Cuba, the annual rate of firearm homicide per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.1214
2013: 0.20
2012: 0.27
2011: 0.21
2010: 0.20
2007: 0.220
2002: 0.4416

Proportion of Homicides Committed With a Gun

ChartIn Cuba, the percentage of homicides committed with a firearm is reported to be

2013: 3%18
2012: 5%
2011: 4%18 23
2010: 5%18
2007: 4,4%20

Male Gun Homicide Victims

ChartIn Cuba, annual male firearm homicides total

2015: 1114
2014: 11
2013: 20
2012: 26
2011: 23
2010: 17

Female Gun Homicide Victims

ChartIn Cuba, annual female firearm homicides total

2015: 214
2014: 2
2013: 2
2012: 4
2011: 1
2010: 6

Suicides (any method)

ChartIn Cuba, annual suicides by any means total

2014: 1,45314
2013: 1,498
2012: 1,493
2011: 1,529
2010: 1,558
2002: 1,57416

Rate of Suicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Cuba, the annual rate of suicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2014: 12.9314
2013: 13.31
2012: 13.26
2011: 13.57
2010: 13.83
2002: 13.9316

Male Suicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Cuba, annual male suicides by any means total

2014: 1,14714
2013: 1,201
2012: 1,199
2011: 1,214
2010: 1,229

Female Suicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Cuba, annual female suicides by any means total

2014: 30614
2013: 297
2012: 294
2011: 315
2010: 329

Gun Suicides

ChartIn Cuba, annual firearm suicides total

2014: 1814
2013: 25
2012: 30
2011: 2815
2010: 32
2002: 3916

Rate of Gun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Cuba, the annual rate of firearm suicide per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.1614
2013: 0.22
2012: 0.27
2011: 0.25
2010: 0.28
2002: 0.3516

Male Gun Suicide Victims

ChartIn Cuba, annual male firearm suicides total

2014: 1714
2013: 24
2012: 29
2011: 26
2010: 31

Female Gun Suicide Victims

ChartIn Cuba, annual female firearm suicides total

2014: 114
2013: 1
2012: 1
2011: 2
2010: 1

Unintentional Gun Deaths

ChartIn Cuba, annual unintentional shooting deaths total

2014: 214
2013: 7
2012: 5
2011: 515
2010: 4
2002: 1416

Rate of Unintentional Gun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn Cuba, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.0114
2013: 0.05
2012: 0.07
2011: 0.01
2010: 0.02
2002: 0.1216

Unintentional Male Gun Deaths

ChartIn Cuba, annual unintentional male shooting deaths total

2014: 214
2013: 7
2012: 4
2011: 5
2010: 3

Unintentional Female Gun Deaths

ChartIn Cuba, annual unintentional female shooting deaths total

2014: 014
2013: 0
2012: 1
2011: 0
2010: 1

Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Cuba, annual shooting deaths in which the cause remains undecided total

2014: 114
2013: 6
2012: 8
2011: 115
2010: 2
2001: 216

Rate of Gun Death from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn Cuba, the annual rate of unknown-cause shooting deaths per 100,000 population is

2011: 0.016
2001: 0.0216

Male Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Cuba, annual male shooting deaths in which the cause remains undecided total

2014: 014
2013: 4
2012: 7
2011: 1
2010: 1

Female Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Cuba, annual female shooting deaths in which the cause remains undecided total

2014: 114
2013: 2
2012: 1
2011: 0
2010: 1

ProductionGun Industry

Regulation of Firearm Makers

In Cuba, the manufacture of small arms, ammunition and/or their components is permitted only if the maker holds a valid licence, but seems not to be conducted in practice24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31

TransfersGun Trade and Trafficking

Firearm Exports

In Cuba, firearm and ammunition exports are limited by transfer control law32 33 34 35 36 37 38 29 30 39 40 41 42 31 43 44 45

Small Arms Exports (US$) - Customs

ChartThe annual value of small arms and ammunition exports from Cuba is reported by Customs to be (in US$)

1999: 201,11046
1998: 616
1997: 577
1996: 10,998

Firearm Imports

In Cuba, firearm and ammunition imports are limited by transfer control law47 48 49 50 51 36 52 37 29 30 53 54 55 56 57 42 31 43

Firearm Imports (Number)

ChartThe annual number of firearms imported to Cuba is reported to be

2012: 538,51646
2011: 294,021
2010: 147,565
2009: 47,759
2008: 126,495
2007: 9,000
2006: 8,819
2005: 48 219
2004: 42,471
2003: 19,333
2002: 39,089
2001: 42,504
2000: 116,338
1999: 67,834

Small Arms Imports (US$) - Customs

The annual value of small arms and ammunition imports to Cuba is reported by Customs to be (in US$)61,11746US$ (2011)

Smuggling Guns and Ammunition

Reports suggest that the level of firearm and ammunition smuggling in Cuba is negligible4 58

Regulation of Arms Brokers

In Cuba, the activities of arms brokers and transfer intermediaries are specifically regulated by law59

End User Certificates

Customs regulations in Cuba include39 41 certification of the intended end user of any small arms or ammunition transfer, and/or a written declaration of its intended end use

MeasuresGun Regulation

Firearm Regulation - Guiding Policy

The regulation of guns in Cuba is categorised as restrictive60

Firearm Law

Guiding gun control legislation in Cuba includes the Decree-Law No. 262 of 2008 on firearms and ammunition61 and its regulation, Resolution 30 of 200962 63

Firearm Regulation Authority

Guns in Cuba are regulated by the National Revolutionary Police,64 65 the Ministry of the Interior,66 and the Ministry of the Revolutionary Armed Forces36

Right to Possess Firearms

In Cuba, the right to private gun ownership is not guaranteed by law67 68

Restricted Firearms and Ammunition

In Cuba, civilians are not allowed to possess pen guns, cane rifles, rifles with a calibre greater than 5.6 millimetres, machine and sub-machine guns of any kind, home-made firearms, shortened shotguns,69 70 firearms that have been modified with devices to make them more efficient,71 and certain types of ammunition72

Regulation of Automatic Weapons

In Cuba, private possession of fully automatic weapons is prohibited69 23

Regulation of Handguns

In Cuba, private possession of handguns (pistols and revolvers) is permitted under licence31 73 23

Law Regulates Long Guns

In Cuba, civilian possession of rifles and shotguns is regulated by law31 73 23

Gun Ownership and Possession

In Cuba, only licensed gun owners74 75 64 73 76 31 65 77 78 28 23 may lawfully acquire, possess or transfer a firearm or ammunition

Genuine Reason Required for Firearm Possession

Applicants for a gun owner’s licence in Cuba are required to establish a genuine reason to possess a firearm, for example hunting, target shooting, collection, personal protection, and security services73 49

Minimum Age for Firearm Possession

The minimum age for gun ownership in Cuba is 18 years79

Gun Owner Background Checks

An applicant for a firearm licence in Cuba must pass a background check which considers criminal, mental health, health,80 81 79 77 82 23 and addiction83 records

Reference Required for Firearm Licence

In Cuba, third party character references for each gun licence applicant are not required84

Partner to be Advised or Interviewed

In Cuba, licensing authorities are not required84 to conduct interviews with, or to advise an applicant's spouse, partner, or next of kin before issuing a gun licence

Domestic Violence and Firearms

Where a past history, or apprehended likelihood of family violence exists, the law in Cuba does not stipulate84 that a gun licence should be denied or revoked

Firearm Safety Training

In Cuba, an understanding of firearm safety and the law, tested in a theoretical and/or practical training course is required79 77 for a firearm licence

Gun Owner Licensing Period

In Cuba, gun owners must re-apply and re-qualify for their firearm licence every ten years85 86

Licensing Records

In Cuba, authorities maintain a record87 4 of individual civilians licensed to acquire, possess, sell or transfer a firearm or ammunition

Limit on Number of Guns

Licensed firearm owners in Cuba are permitted to possess one firearm per licence for personal defence73

Limit on Quantity, Type of Ammunition

Licensed firearm owners in Cuba are permitted to possess any quantity of ammunition84

Firearm Registration

Civilian Gun Registration

In Cuba, the law requires88 87 63 13 that a record of the acquisition, possession and transfer of each privately held firearm be retained in an official register

Gun Dealer Record Keeping

In Cuba, licensed firearm dealers are required89 to keep a record of each firearm or ammunition purchase, sale or transfer on behalf of a regulating authority

Gun Manufacturer Record Keeping

In Cuba, licensed gun makers are required90 to keep a record of each firearm produced, for inspection by a regulating authority

State-Owned Firearm Records

In Cuba, State agencies are required91 to maintain records of the storage and movement of all firearms and ammunition under their control

Gun Sales and Transfers

Regulation of Private Gun Sales

In Cuba, the private sale and transfer of firearms is prohibited92 58

Regulation of Dealer Gun Sales

In Cuba, dealing in firearms by way of business without a valid gun dealer’s licence is unlawful93 94 59 29 30 95 96 97 76 98 88 42 99 26 28 31 58

Waiting Period for Gun Possession

In Cuba, the minimum wait for a lawful firearm purchase to be completed is undetermined84

Regulation of Gun Shows

In Cuba, gun shows and temporary firearm dealing events are not regulated84 in law

Storage and Transport of Guns and Ammunition

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Private

Firearm regulations in Cuba include100 65 79 101 102 103 77 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of private firearms and ammunition by licensed gun owners

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Dealer

Firearm regulations in Cuba include100 104 90 101 105 102 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition by licensed arms dealers

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Government

Government regulations in Cuba include12 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition by state entities

Firearm and Ammunition Transport Regulations

Regulations in Cuba include106 38 42 107 108 109 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition while in transit

Marking and Tracing Guns and Ammunition

Firearm Marking

In Cuba, a unique identifying mark on each firearm is required by law110 98 52 111 91

Firearm Tracing

In Cuba, state authorities do not carry out112 recognised arms tracing and tracking procedures

Ballistic Record of Firearms and Ammunition

In Cuba, the ballistic characteristics of each civilian firearm and its ammunition may be78 recorded in a register

Carrying Guns

Law Regulates Firearms in Public

In Cuba, carrying a gun in a public place is regulated by law113 23

Carrying Guns Openly in Public

In Cuba, carrying a firearm in plain view in a public place is prohibited114 83 63 65

Carrying Hidden Handguns in Public

In Cuba, carrying a concealed firearm in a public place is prohibited114 83 63 65

Gun Free Zones

In Cuba, private guns are prohibited in prohibited places,115 such as Popular and Military courts, public events, and mass recreational and cultural activities83

Penalty for Illicit Firearm Possession

In Cuba, the maximum penalty for unlawful possession of a firearm116 is five years in prison24 117 113

Collection, Amnesty and Destruction Programmes

Authorities in Cuba are known to have13 implemented voluntary firearm surrender schemes, and/or weapon seizure programmes in order to reduce the number of illicit firearms in circulation

Destruction and Disposal Policy

In Cuba, it is state policy118 to destroy surplus, collected and seized firearms rather than return them to the secondary arms market

MeasuresInternational Controls

Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development

The Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development, a diplomatic initiative aimed at addressing the interrelations between armed violence and development, was not signed119 by Cuba.

Arms Trade Treaty

The Arms Trade Treaty has not been signed120 by Cuba

United Nations Firearms Protocol

The United Nations Protocol against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, Their Parts and Components and Ammunition has been signed and ratified121 by Cuba

United Nations Small Arms Programme of Action UNPoA

UNPoA Commitment

On 21 July 2001, Cuba committed to a consensus decision of the United Nations to adopt, support and implement the UN Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects122

UNPoA Implementation Monitor Score

In its UN small arms Programme of Action Implementation Monitor (PoAIM Phase 1), the Small Arms Survey scored Cuba against its commitments to the PoA, then ranked it at No. 112123 124 125 126 among 159 Member States

UNPoA National Reporting

Under the terms of its 2001 commitment to the United Nations small arms Programme of Action, Cuba has submitted one or more national reports127 112 on its implementation of the UNPoA

UNPoA National Point of Contact

In Cuba, a National Point of Contact to deal with issues relating to the UNPoA has been designated112

UNPoA National Coordinating Body

In Cuba, a National Coordinating Body to deal with issues relating to the UNPoA has not been designated112

UNPoA Civil Society Involvement and Support

In National Reports of Cuba submitted to the UN from 2001 to 2010, a history of substantive cooperation with civil society in support of UNPoA activities was apparent112

UNPoA International Assistance – Donor

Funds for UNPoA implementation have not been donated112 by Cuba to other UN Member States

United Nations Small Arms Register

According to the United Nations Register of Conventional Arms, Cuba has not declared128 its small arms exports in one or more annual National Reports on Arms Exports.

United Nations Membership

In the UN List of Member States, Cuba has been a Member State of the United Nations since 1945129

Wassenaar Arrangement

The Wassenaar Arrangement on Export Controls and Conventional Arms and Dual-Use Goods and Technologies does not list130 Cuba as a Participating State

BackgroundCountry Profile

Conflict Profile

For a profile of conflict in Cuba, select the Link icon to open an external web page from the UCDP Conflict Encyclopedia at Uppsala University

Global Peace Index

To see where Cuba ranks, select the Link icon to open an external web page at the Global Peace Index


Short References

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2.

Karp, Aaron.2012.‘Estimated Civilian Gun Ownership.’ Measurement and Use of Statistical Data to Analyze Small Arms in the Caribbean and Latin America.Mexico City:United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) and the Center of Excellence, National Institute of Statistics and Geography (INEGI),28 April. (Q8972)Full Citation

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Cuba.2009.‘Permits (Permisos).’ Resolution No. 30, Regulation of Decree-Law No. 262, on Firearms and Ammunition (Resolution No. 30, Reglamento del Decreto-Ley No. 262, Sobre Armas y Municiones).Havana:Official Gazette of the Republic of Cuba,31 December. (Q9911)Full Citation

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Cuba.2008.‘Arms Subject to Licence or Permit (Armas Objeto de Licencia or Permiso).’ Decree-Law No. 262 of 2008, on Arms and Ammunition.Havana:State Council of the Republic of Cuba,2 December. (Q9407)Full Citation

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Cuba.2008.‘Permanent or Temporary Export (Exportación Definitiva o Temporal).’ Decree-Law No. 262 of 2008, on Arms and Ammunition.Havana:State Council of the Republic of Cuba,2 December. (Q9376)Full Citation

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35.

Cuba.2009.‘Authorised Exports (Exportación Autorizada).’ Resolution No. 30, Regulation of Decree-Law No. 262, on Firearms and Ammunition (Resolution No. 30, Reglamento del Decreto-Ley No. 262, Sobre Armas y Municiones).Havana:Official Gazette of the Republic of Cuba,31 December. (Q9888)Full Citation

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Cuba.2008.‘Import and Export by Post Services (Importación y Exportación Mediante Envíos Postales).’ Decree-Law No. 262 of 2008, on Arms and Ammunition.Havana:State Council of the Republic of Cuba,2 December. (Q9399)Full Citation

38.

Cuba.2008.‘Transit through the National Territory (Tránsito por el Territorio Nacional).’ Decree-Law No. 262 of 2008, on Arms and Ammunition.Havana:State Council of the Republic of Cuba,2 December. (Q9401)Full Citation

39.

Cuba.2009.‘Export Documents (Documentos para Exportación).’ Resolution No. 30, Regulation of Decree-Law No. 262, on Firearms and Ammunition (Resolution No. 30, Reglamento del Decreto-Ley No. 262, Sobre Armas y Municiones).Havana:Official Gazette of the Republic of Cuba,31 December. (Q9889)Full Citation

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Cuba.2009.‘Permanent Export (Exportación Definitiva).’ Resolution No. 30, Regulation of Decree-Law No. 262, on Firearms and Ammunition (Resolution No. 30, Reglamento del Decreto-Ley No. 262, Sobre Armas y Municiones).Havana:Official Gazette of the Republic of Cuba,31 December. (Q9890)Full Citation

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Cuba.2009.‘Required Documents (Documentos Requeridos).’ Resolution No. 30, Regulation of Decree-Law No. 262, on Firearms and Ammunition (Resolution No. 30, Reglamento del Decreto-Ley No. 262, Sobre Armas y Municiones).Havana:Official Gazette of the Republic of Cuba,31 December. (Q9891)Full Citation

42.

Cuba.2009.‘Permit Validity (Vigencia de permiso).’ Resolution No. 30, Regulation of Decree-Law No. 262, on Firearms and Ammunition (Resolution No. 30, Reglamento del Decreto-Ley No. 262, Sobre Armas y Municiones).Havana:Official Gazette of the Republic of Cuba,31 December. (Q9900)Full Citation

43.

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