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Croatia — Gun Facts, Figures and the Law

StockpilesGun Numbers

Civilian Guns

Number of Privately Owned Firearms

ChartThe estimated total number of guns (both licit and illicit) held by civilians in Croatia is

2017: 576,0001
2007: 950,0002

Rate of Civilian Firearm Possession per 100 Population

ChartThe estimated rate of private gun ownership (both licit and illicit) per 100 people in Croatia is

2017: 13.701
2007: 21.72

Number of Privately Owned Firearms - World Ranking

In a 2007 comparison of the number of privately owned guns in 178 countries, Croatia ranked at No. 533

Rate of Privately Owned Firearms per 100 Population - World Ranking

In a 2007 comparison of the rate of private gun ownership in 178 countries, Croatia ranked at No. 262

Proportion of Adults Living in a Home With a Gun

In Croatia, the percentage of adults living in a household with a firearm is reported to be

2015: 6%4

Proportion of Households with Handguns

In Croatia, the percentage of households with one or more handguns is reported to be

2012: 4.3%5

Number of Registered Firearms

ChartThe number of registered guns in Croatia is reported to be

2017: 390,0001
2007: 371,7022 6

Rate of Registered Firearms per 100 Population

The rate of registered guns per 100 people in Croatia is 8.367

Estimated Number of Unregistered and Illicit Firearms

ChartUnregistered and unlawfully held guns cannot be counted,8 but in Croatia there are estimated to be

2017: 186,0001
2006: 597,4586

Estimated Rate of Unregistered and Illicit Firearms per 100 Population

Unregistered and unlawfully held guns cannot be counted,8 but in Croatia the rate of such firearms per 100 people is estimated to be 13.297

Number of Households with Firearms

In Croatia, the number of households containing one or more guns is reported to be

2012: 211,9189

Government Guns

Number of Military Firearms

The defence forces of Croatia are reported to have 75,12010 firearms

Number of Law Enforcement Firearms

Police in Croatia are reported to have 39,00011 firearms

ImpactsDeath and Injury

Total Number of Gun Deaths

ChartIn Croatia, annual deaths resulting from firearms total

2015: 10012
2014: 111
2013: 110
2012: 12013 14 15 16
2011: 10313 14 15
2010: 13317
2009: 14513 14 15 18
2008: 148
2007: 14613 14 15
2006: 139
2005: 162
2004: 16513 14 15 18
2003: 140
2002: 15313 14 15
2001: 16013 14 15 18
2000: 200
1999: 226
1998: 25013 14 15
1997: 246
1996: 289
1995: 344

Rate of All Gun Deaths per 100,000 People

ChartIn Croatia, the annual rate of all gun deaths per 100,000 population is

2015: 2.3112
2014: 2.55
2013: 2.51
2012: 2.73
2011: 2.34
2010: 3.01
2009: 3.237
2008: 3.30
2007: 3.25
2006: 3.09
2005: 3.60
2004: 3.67
2003: 3.11
2002: 3.41
2001: 3.60
2000: 4.53
1999: 5.13
1998: 5.66
1997: 5.53
1996: 6.47
1995: 7.65

Total Number of Male Gun Deaths

ChartIn Croatia, annual male deaths resulting from firearms total

2015: 9312
2014: 102
2013: 100
2012: 114
2011: 99
2010: 117

Total Number of Female Gun Deaths

ChartIn Croatia, annual female deaths resulting from firearms total

2015: 712
2014: 9
2013: 10
2012: 6
2011: 4
2010: 16

Homicides (any method)

ChartIn Croatia, annual homicides by any means total

2015: 3719
2014: 38
2013: 47
2012: 53
2011: 50
2010: 59
2009: 49
2008: 67
2007: 61
2006: 68
2005: 66
2004: 83
2003: 67
2002: 73
2001: 81
2000: 101
1999: 12120
1998: 131
1997: 118
1996: 122
1995: 166

Rate of Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Croatia, the annual rate of homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2015: 2.3112
2014: 2.55
2013: 2.51
2012: 2.73
2011: 2.34
2010: 3.01
2009: 1.1
2008: 1.521 20 22
2007: 1.4
2006: 1.621 20
2005: 1.5
2004: 1.9
2003: 1.5
2002: 1.6
2001: 1.8
2000: 2.3
1999: 2.720
1998: 2.9
1997: 2.6
1996: 2.6
1995: 3.6

Male Homicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Croatia, annual male homicides by any means total

2015: 1912
2014: 17
2013: 25
2012: 39
2011: 31
2010: 31

Female Homicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Croatia, annual female homicides by any means total

2015: 1812
2014: 21
2013: 22
2012: 14
2011: 19
2010: 28

Gun Homicides

ChartIn Croatia, annual firearm homicides total

2015: 712
2014: 16
2013: 12
2012: 17
2011: 12
2010: 25
2009: 2313 21 20
2008: 30
2007: 33
2006: 41
2005: 27
2004: 3713 20
2003: 27
2002: 2313
2001: 33
2000: 48
1999: 69
1998: 86
1997: 55
1996: 71
1995: 94

Rate of Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Croatia, the annual rate of firearm homicide per 100,000 population is

2015: 0.1612
2014: 0.37
2013: 0.27
2012: 0.39
2011: 0.27
2010: 0.57
2009: 0.5213 7 20
2008: 0.68
2007: 0.74
2006: 0.92
2005: 0.61
2004: 0.8313 20
2003: 0.61
2002: 0.5213
2001: 0.74
2000: 1.1
1999: 1.52
1998: 1.91
1997: 1.2
1996: 1.58
1995: 1.97

Proportion of Homicides Committed With a Gun

ChartIn Croatia, the percentage of homicides committed with a firearm is reported to be

2012: 31%21
2011: 27%21 23
2010: 45%21
2009: 35%
2008: 38%
2007: 47%
2006: 50%
2005: 47%
2004: 48.220
2003: 78.3

Male Gun Homicide Victims

ChartIn Croatia, annual male firearm homicides total

2015: 912
2014: 9
2013: 7
2012: 13
2011: 9
2010: 15

Female Gun Homicide Victims

ChartIn Croatia, annual female firearm homicides total

2015: 712
2014: 7
2013: 5
2012: 4
2011: 3
2010: 10

Handgun Homicides

ChartIn Croatia, annual handgun homicides total

2014: 713
2013: 3
2012: 7
2011: 6
2010: 14
2009: 4
2008: 7
2007: 14
2006: 10
2005: 13
2004: 8
2003: 8
2002: 7
2001: 5
2000: 4
1999: 12
1998: 11
1997: 5
1996: 12
1995: 11

Rate of Handgun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Croatia, the annual rate of handgun homicide per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.1713
2013: 0.07
2012: 0.16
2011: 0.14
2010: 0.32
2009: 0.09
2008: 0.16
2007: 0.32
2006: 0.23
2005: 0.29
2004: 0.18
2003: 0.18
2002: 0.16
2001: 0.11
2000: 0.09
1999: 0.26
1998: 0.24
1997: 0.11
1996: 0.27
1995: 0.23

Long Gun Homicides

ChartIn Croatia, annual long gun homicides total

2014: 313
2013: 4
2012: 1
2011: 1
2010: 3
2009: 4
2008: 2
2007: 4
2006: 2
2005: 3
2004: 5
2003: 3
2002: 2
2001: 3
2000: 5
1999: 4
1998: 2
1997: 4
1996: 5
1995: 6

Rate of Long Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Croatia, the annual rate of long gun homicide per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.0713
2013: 0.09
2012: 0.02
2011: 0.02
2010: 0.07
2009: 0.09
2008: 0.05
2007: 0.09
2006: 0.05
2005: 0.07
2004: 0.11
2003: 0.07
2002: 0.05
2001: 0.07
2000: 0.11
1999: 0.09
1998: 0.04
1997: 0.09
1996: 0.11
1995: 0.13

Gun Homicides (Other)

ChartIn Croatia, annual gun homicides (other) total

2014: 613
2013: 5
2012: 9
2011: 5
2010: 8
2009: 15
2008: 21
2007: 15
2006: 29
2005: 11
2004: 24
2003: 16
2002: 14
2001: 25
2000: 39
1999: 53
1998: 73
1997: 46
1996: 54
1995: 77

Rate of Gun Homicide (Other) per 100,000 People

ChartIn Croatia, the annual rate of gun homicide (other) per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.1413
2013: 0.12
2012: 0.21
2011: 0.11
2010: 0.18
2009: 0.34
2008: 0.47
2007: 0.34
2006: 0.65
2005: 0.25
2004: 0.54
2003: 0.36
2002: 0.32
2001: 0.56
2000: 0.89
1999: 1.16
1998: 1.62
1997: 1.01
1996: 1.20
1995: 1.61

Suicides (any method)

ChartIn Croatia, annual suicides by any means total

2015: 73912
2014: 722
2013: 691
2012: 774
2011: 701
2010: 777
2008: 79524
2007: 776
2006: 798
2005: 87525
2004: 87126 25
2003: 88527
2002: 875
2001: 882
1999: 98928

Rate of Suicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Croatia, the annual rate of suicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2015: 17.0512
2014: 16.57
2013: 15.79
2012: 17.63
2011: 15.92
2010: 17.59
2008: 17.707
1999: 22.3428

Male Suicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Croatia, annual male suicides by any means total

2015: 54212
2014: 536
2013: 546
2012: 595
2011: 519
2010: 585

Female Suicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Croatia, annual female suicides by any means total

2015: 19712
2014: 186
2013: 145
2012: 179
2011: 182
2010: 192

Gun Suicides

ChartIn Croatia, annual firearm suicides total

2015: 8812
2014: 9214
2013: 95
2012: 10114 16
2011: 8914
2010: 104
2009: 116
2008: 110
2007: 107
2006: 93
2005: 126
2004: 124
2003: 108
2002: 124
2001: 113
2000: 143
1999: 145
1998: 152
1997: 162
1996: 187
1995: 187

Rate of Gun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Croatia, the annual rate of firearm suicide per 100,000 population is

2015: 2.0312
2014: 2.11
2013: 2.17
2012: 2.30
2011: 2.02
2010: 2.35
2009: 2.62
2008: 2.48
2007: 2.41
2006: 2.09
2005: 2.84
2004: 2.79
2003: 2.43
2002: 2.79
2001: 2.55
2000: 3.26
1999: 3.18
1998: 3.38
1997: 3.54
1996: 4.16
1995: 3.92

Male Gun Suicide Victims

ChartIn Croatia, annual male firearm suicides total

2015: 8512
2014: 90
2013: 90
2012: 99
2011: 88
2010: 99

Female Gun Suicide Victims

ChartIn Croatia, annual female firearm suicides total

2015: 312
2014: 2
2013: 5
2012: 2
2011: 1
2010: 5

Handgun Suicides

ChartIn Croatia, annual handgun suicides total

2014: 2414
2013: 23
2012: 33
2011: 28
2010: 28
2009: 35
2008: 19
2007: 22
2006: 28
2005: 23
2004: 14
2003: 23
2002: 28
2001: 22
2000: 32
1999: 30
1998: 27
1997: 35
1996: 35
1995: 11

Rate of Handgun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Croatia, the annual rate of handgun suicide per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.5714
2013: 0.54
2012: 0.77
2011: 0.64
2010: 0.63
2009: 0.79
2008: 0.43
2007: 0.50
2006: 0.63
2005: 0.52
2004: 0.32
2003: 0.52
2002: 0.63
2001: 0.50
2000: 0.73
1999: 0.66
1998: 0.60
1997: 0.77
1996: 0.78
1995: 0.23

Long Gun Suicides

ChartIn Croatia, the number of long gun suicides is

2014: 2114
2013: 18
2012: 14
2011: 8
2010: 9
2009: 11
2008: 15
2007: 10
2006: 10
2005: 14
2004: 6
2003: 10
2002: 19
2001: 8
2000: 8
1999: 10
1998: 9
1997: 18
1996: 15
1995: 9

Rate of Long Gun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Croatia, the annual rate of long gun suicide per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.5014
2013: 0.42
2012: 0.33
2011: 0.18
2010: 0.20
2009: 0.25
2008: 0.34
2007: 0.23
2006: 0.23
2005: 0.32
2004: 0.14
2003: 0.23
2002: 0.43
2001: 0.18
2000: 0.18
1999: 0.22
1998: 0.20
1997: 0.39
1996: 0.33
1995: 0.19

Gun Suicides (Other)

ChartIn Croatia, annual gun suicides (other) total

2014: 4714
2013: 54
2012: 54
2011: 53
2010: 67
2009: 70
2008: 76
2007: 75
2006: 55
2005: 89
2004: 104
2003: 75
2002: 77
2001: 83
2000: 103
1999: 105
1998: 116
1997: 109
1996: 137
1995: 167

Rate of Gun Suicide (Other) per 100,000 People

ChartIn Croatia, the annual rate of gun suicide (other) per 100,000 population is

2014: 1.1114
2013: 1.27
2012: 1.27
2011: 1.20
2010: 1.52
2009: 1.58
2008: 1.71
2007: 1.69
2006: 1.24
2005: 2.00
2004: 2.34
2003: 1.69
2002: 1.73
2001: 1.87
2000: 2.35
1999: 2.31
1998: 2.58
1997: 2.38
1996: 3.05
1995: 3.50

Unintentional Gun Deaths

ChartIn Croatia, annual unintentional shooting deaths total

2015: 512
2014: 315
2013: 3
2012: 215 16
2011: 215
2010: 3
2009: 3
2008: 5
2007: 6
2006: 5
2005: 9
2004: 3
2003: 3
2002: 6
2001: 10
2000: 5
1999: 11
1998: 12
1997: 29
1996: 31
1995: 63

Rate of Unintentional Gun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn Croatia, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death per 100,000 population is

2015: 012
2014: 0
2013: 0
2012: 0
2011: 0
2010: 0.02
2009: 0.07
2008: 0.11
2007: 0.14
2006: 0.11
2005: 0.2
2004: 0.07
2003: 0.07
2002: 0.14
2001: 0.23
2000: 0.11
1999: 0.24
1998: 0.27
1997: 0.63
1996: 0.69
1995: 1.32

Unintentional Male Gun Deaths

ChartIn Croatia, annual unintentional male shooting deaths total

2015: 512
2014: 3
2013: 3
2012: 2
2011: 2
2010: 2

Unintentional Female Gun Deaths

ChartIn Croatia, annual unintentional female shooting deaths total

2015: 012
2014: 0
2013: 0
2012: 0
2011: 0
2010: 1

Unintentional Handgun Deaths

ChartIn Croatia, annual unintentional shooting deaths by handgun total

2008: 215
2007: 1
2006: 1
2005: 2
2001: 2
2000: 2
1999: 5
1998: 3
1997: 4
1996: 1
1995: 6

Rate of Unintentional Handgun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn Croatia, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death by handgun per 100,000 population is

2008: 0.0515
2007: 0.02
2006: 0.02
2005: 0.05
2001: 0.05
2000: 0.05
1999: 0.11
1998: 0.07
1997: 0.09
1996: 0.02
1995: 0.13

Unintentional Long Gun Deaths

ChartIn Croatia, annual unintentional shooting deaths by long gun total

2014: 115
2013: 1
2012: 2
2011: 1
2010: 2
2009: 2
2008: 2
2007: 1
2006: 2
2005: 2
2004: 1
2003: 1
2002: 1
2001: 4
1999: 1
1998: 1
1997: 5
1995: 10

Rate of Unintentional Long Gun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn Croatia, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death by long gun per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.0215
2013: 0.02
2012: 0.05
2011: 0.02
2010: 0.05
2009: 0.05
2008: 0.05
2007: 0.02
2006: 0.05
2005: 0.05
2004: 0.02
2003: 0.02
2002: 0.02
2001: 0.09
1999: 0.02
1998: 0.02
1997: 0.11
1995: 0.21

Unintentional Gun Deaths (Other)

ChartIn Croatia, annual unintentional shooting deaths by firearm (other) total

2014: 215
2013: 2
2011: 1
2010: 1
2009: 1
2008: 1
2007: 4
2006: 2
2005: 5
2004: 2
2003: 2
2002: 5
2001: 4
2000: 3
1999: 5
1998: 8
1997: 20
1996: 30
1995: 47

Rate of Unintentional Gun Death (Other) per 100,000 People

ChartIn Croatia, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death by firearm (other) per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.0515
2013: 0.05
2011: 0.02
2010: 0.02
2009: 0.02
2008: 0.02
2007: 0.09
2006: 0.05
2005: 0.11
2004: 0.05
2003: 0.05
2002: 0.11
2001: 0.09
2000: 0.07
1999: 0.11
1998: 0.18
1997: 0.44
1996: 0.67
1995: 0.98

Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Croatia, annual shooting deaths in which the cause remains undecided total

2015: 012
2014: 0
2013: 0
2012: 0
2011: 0
2010: 118
2009: 3
2008: 3
2004: 1
2003: 2
2001: 4
2000: 4
1999: 1

Rate of Gun Death from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn Croatia, the annual rate of unknown-cause shooting deaths per 100,000 population is

2010: 0.0218
2009: 0.07
2008: 0.07
2004: 0.02
2003: 0.05
2001: 0.09
2000: 0.09
1999: 0.02

Male Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Croatia, annual male shooting deaths in which the cause remains undecided total

2015: 012
2014: 0
2013: 0
2012: 0
2011: 0
2010: 1

Female Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Croatia, annual female shooting deaths in which the cause remains undecided total

2015: 012
2014: 0
2013: 0
2012: 0
2011: 0
2010: 0

Long Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Croatia, annual deaths by long gun in which the cause remains undecided total

2008: 118
2004: 1

Rate of Long Gun Death from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn Croatia, the annual rate of unknown-cause long gun deaths per 100,000 population is

2008: 0.0218
2004: 0.02

Gun Deaths (Other) from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Croatia, annual deaths by firearm (other) in which the cause remains undecided total

2010: 118
2009: 3
2008: 2
2003: 2
2001: 4
2000: 4
1999: 1

Rate of Gun Death (Other) from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn Croatia, the annual rate of unknown-cause gun deaths (other) per 100,000 population is

2010: 0.0218
2009: 0.07
2008: 0.05
2003: 0.05
2001: 0.09
2000: 0.09
1999: 0.02

ProductionGun Industry

Regulation of Firearm Makers

In Croatia, the manufacture of small arms, ammunition and/or their components is permitted only if the maker holds a valid licence29 30 31

Small Arms Manufacture - World Ranking

In a classification of the world's small, medium and major firearm manufacturers, Croatia was ranked 'small'32

Home-made Guns

In Croatia, the prevalence of illicit craft, or 'home-made' firearm manufacture is reported to be high33

TransfersGun Trade and Trafficking

Firearm Exports

In Croatia, firearm and ammunition exports are limited by transfer control law34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43

Small Arms Exports (US$) - Customs

The annual value of small arms and ammunition exports from Croatia is reported by Customs to be US$62,533,72344 (2011)45 46

Small Arms Exports - World Ranking

In a comparison of the world's major/mid-level/minor/unknown small arms exporters, Croatia was categorized as 'major47 48 '49

Firearm Imports

In Croatia, firearm and ammunition imports are limited by transfer control law34 35 36 37 40 41 42

Small Arms Imports (US$) - Customs

The annual value of small arms and ammunition imports to Croatia is reported by Customs to be US$4,129,93044 (2011)

Smuggling Guns and Ammunition

Reports suggest that the level of firearm and ammunition smuggling in Croatia is high50 51 52 53 54 55

Regulation of Arms Brokers

In Croatia, the activities of arms brokers and transfer intermediaries are specifically regulated by law56 57 58

End User Certificates

Customs regulations in Croatia include59 60 56 35 61 62 certification of the intended end user of any small arms or ammunition transfer, and/or a written declaration of its intended end use

Transparency of Small Arms Transfers

ChartIn its annual Small Arms Trade Transparency Barometer, the Small Arms Survey compares public reporting among major arms exporting nations on a scale from strong to weak (25 to zero). In recent years, Croatia scored

2018: 13.2563
2016: 13.0064
2014: 17.2565
2013: 16.7566
2012: 14.7567
2011: 12.2568
2010: 10.5069
2009: 10.7570
2008: 10.2571
2007: 10.0072
2006: 10.0073
2005: 10.2574
2004: 9.7575

MeasuresGun Regulation

Firearm Regulation - Guiding Policy

The regulation of guns in Croatia is categorised as restrictive76

Firearm Law

Guiding gun control legislation in Croatia includes the Weapons Law 199277 30 and the Law on Manufacturing, Overhaul, and Trade in Armaments and Military Equipment,78 79 the Law on the Export and Import of Military and Non-Military Lethal Goods of 2008,80 European Council Directive of 18 June 1991 on Control of the Acquisition and Possession of Weapons,81 82 the European Union Firearms Regulation of 2012 and the Common Position on the Control of Arms Brokering of 200383

Firearm Regulation Authority

Guns in Croatia are regulated by the Legislative Board of the House of Representatives,84 the Agency of the Government of the Republic of Croatia,85 the Police Department,86 87 the Ministry of the Interior31 40 and the Ministry of the Economy, Labour and Entrepreneurship88

Right to Possess Firearms

In Croatia, the right to private gun ownership is not guaranteed by law89 90 91

Restricted Firearms and Ammunition

In Croatia, civilians are not allowed to possess automatic weapons, semiautomatic arms and repeating long-barrelled firearms with a rifled barrel and magazine whose capacity is more than five rounds, long-barrelled firearms without a fixed grip, with a folding grip or with a grip shorter than 25cm, silencers, armour piercing and incendairy ammunition, or any other arms intended exclusively for military of police purposes92

Regulation of Automatic Weapons

In Croatia, private possession of fully automatic weapons is prohibited92 93 94 23

Regulation of Semiautomatic Assault Weapons

In Croatia, private possession of semi-automatic assault weapons is permitted under licence95 94

Regulation of Handguns

In Croatia, private possession of handguns (pistols and revolvers) is permitted under licence93 94 23

Law Regulates Long Guns

In Croatia, civilian possession of rifles and shotguns is regulated by law92 93 23

Gun Ownership and Possession

In Croatia, only licensed gun owners96 97 87 23 may lawfully acquire, possess or transfer a firearm or ammunition

Genuine Reason Required for Firearm Possession

Applicants for a gun owner’s licence in Croatia are required to establish a genuine reason to possess a firearm, for example hunting, target shooting, collection, personal protection, security98 99 100 101 102

Minimum Age for Firearm Possession

The minimum age for gun ownership in Croatia is 18 years99

Gun Owner Background Checks

An applicant for a firearm licence in Croatia must pass a background check which considers criminal, physical health, domestic violence, and addiction99 103 104 23 records

Reference Required for Firearm Licence

In Croatia, third party character references for each gun licence applicant are not required91

Domestic Violence and Firearms

Where a past history, or apprehended likelihood of family violence exists, the law in Croatia stipulates99 that a gun licence should be denied or revoked

Firearm Safety Training

In Croatia, an understanding of firearm safety and the law, tested in a theoretical and/or practical training course is required99 101 for a firearm licence

Gun Owner Licensing Period

In Croatia, gun owners must re-apply and re-qualify for their firearm licence every ten years105

Licensing Records

In Croatia, authorities maintain a record106 86 94 of individual civilians licensed to acquire, possess, sell or transfer a firearm or ammunition

Limit on Number of Guns

Licensed firearm owners in Croatia are permitted to possess any number of firearms91

Limit on Quantity, Type of Ammunition

Licensed firearm owners in Croatia are permitted to possess any quantity of ammunition91

Firearm Registration

Civilian Gun Registration

In Croatia, the law requires93 94 that a record of the acquisition, possession and transfer of each privately held firearm be retained in an official register

Gun Dealer Record Keeping

In Croatia, licensed firearm dealers are required106 to keep a record of each firearm or ammunition purchase, sale or transfer on behalf of a regulating authority

Gun Manufacturer Record Keeping

In Croatia, licensed gun makers are required106 86 to keep a record of each firearm produced, for inspection by a regulating authority

State-Owned Firearm Records

In Croatia, State agencies are required107 108 109 to maintain records of the storage and movement of all firearms and ammunition under their control

Gun Sales and Transfers

Regulation of Dealer Gun Sales

In Croatia, dealing in firearms by way of business without a valid gun dealer’s licence is unlawful110

Regulation of Gun Shows

In Croatia, gun shows and temporary firearm dealing events are not regulated91 in law

Storage and Transport of Guns and Ammunition

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Private

Firearm regulations in Croatia include98 111 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of private firearms and ammunition by licensed gun owners

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Dealer

Firearm regulations in Croatia do not include91 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition by licensed arms dealers

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Government

Government regulations in Croatia include108 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition by state entities

Firearm and Ammunition Transport Regulations

Regulations in Croatia include112 113 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition while in transit

Marking and Tracing Guns and Ammunition

Firearm Marking

In Croatia, a unique identifying mark on each firearm is required by law114 115 107 116

Firearm Tracing

In Croatia, state authorities carry out117 118 recognised arms tracing and tracking procedures

Ballistic Record of Firearms and Ammunition

In Croatia, the ballistic characteristics of each civilian firearm and its ammunition are not91 recorded in a register

Carrying Guns

Carrying Guns Openly in Public

In Croatia, carrying a firearm in plain view in a public place is prohibited119 23

Carrying Hidden Handguns in Public

In Croatia, carrying a concealed firearm in a public place is allowed with a permit and only if unloaded and holstered out of the view of the public119 23

Penalty for Illicit Firearm Possession

In Croatia, the maximum penalty for unlawful possession of a firearm120 is up to 60 days in prison and a fine up to 100,000 Croatian dinars121 122

Collection, Amnesty and Destruction Programmes

Authorities in Croatia are known to have123 124 125 126 127 implemented voluntary firearm surrender schemes, and/or weapon seizure programmes in order to reduce the number of illicit firearms in circulation

Firearms Surrendered and Seized

ChartIn Croatia, the number of firearms voluntarily surrendered, bought back or seized by authorities is reported to be

2017: 10,990128
2016: 11,962
2015: 4,450129 130
2012: 7131
2011: 25132

Small Arms Destroyed

ChartIn Croatia, the number of firearms destroyed following amnesty, collection and seizure programmes is reported to be

2017: 981128 133
2016: 1,373
2015: 2,416129
2012: 33,091134
2010/12: 23,398135
2008: 25,000123 124 125
2005: 2,019126 127
2004: 1,774
2003: 1,342
2002: 1,007
2001: 2,450
2000: 2,397
1999: 2,946
1998: 11,047
1997: 2,190
1996: 207
1995: 1,054

Destruction and Disposal Policy

In Croatia, it is not state policy136 137 138 123 126 139 to destroy surplus, collected and seized firearms rather than return them to the secondary arms market

MeasuresInternational Controls

Regional Agreements

European Union

As a member of the European Union, Croatia is bound by the provisions of the ‘EU Firearms Directive’ – the 2007 Legislative Resolution on Control of the Acquisition and Possession of Weapons of the European Parliament140 141

European Union Export Reporting

Under the European Union Common Position on Arms Exports, Croatia is bound to declare its transfers of military technology and equipment. Independent monitoring provides detailed comparisons of arms export reporting compliance across EU member states, and records that Croatia has submitted one or more national reports142 on its arms transfers

Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development

The Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development, a diplomatic initiative aimed at addressing the interrelations between armed violence and development, was signed in 2008143 by Croatia.

Arms Trade Treaty

The Arms Trade Treaty has been signed and ratified144 by Croatia

United Nations Firearms Protocol

The United Nations Protocol against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, Their Parts and Components and Ammunition has been signed and ratified145 by Croatia

United Nations Small Arms Programme of Action UNPoA

UNPoA Commitment

On 21 July 2001, Croatia committed to a consensus decision of the United Nations to adopt, support and implement the UN Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects146

UNPoA Implementation Monitor Score

In its UN small arms Programme of Action Implementation Monitor (PoAIM Phase 1), the Small Arms Survey scored Croatia against its commitments to the PoA, then ranked it at No. 3147 148 149 150 among 159 Member States

UNPoA National Reporting

Under the terms of its 2001 commitment to the United Nations small arms Programme of Action, Croatia has submitted one or more national reports151 152 on its implementation of the UNPoA

UNPoA National Point of Contact

In Croatia, a National Point of Contact to deal with issues relating to the UNPoA has been designated153 152

UNPoA National Coordinating Body

In Croatia, a National Coordinating Body to deal with issues relating to the UNPoA has been designated153

UNPoA Civil Society Involvement and Support

In National Reports of Croatia submitted to the UN from 2001 to 2010, a history of substantive cooperation with civil society in support of UNPoA activities was not apparent152

UNPoA International Assistance – Donor

Funds for UNPoA implementation have not been donated152 by Croatia to other UN Member States

UNPoA International Assistance – Recipient

Funds for UNPoA implementation have been provided152 to Croatia by other UN Member States

United Nations Small Arms Register

According to the United Nations Register of Conventional Arms, Croatia has declared154 its small arms exports in one or more annual National Reports on Arms Exports.

United Nations Membership

In the UN List of Member States, Croatia has been a Member State of the United Nations since 1992155

Wassenaar Arrangement

The Wassenaar Arrangement on Export Controls and Conventional Arms and Dual-Use Goods and Technologies lists156 Croatia as a Participating State

BackgroundCountry Profile

Conflict Profile

For a profile of conflict in Croatia, select the Link icon to open an external web page from the UCDP Conflict Encyclopedia at Uppsala University

Global Peace Index

To see where Croatia ranks, select the Link icon to open an external web page at the Global Peace Index


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