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Croatia — Gun Facts, Figures and the Law

StockpilesGun Numbers

Civilian Guns

Number of Privately Owned Firearms

ChartThe estimated total number of guns (both licit and illicit) held by civilians in Croatia is

2017: 576,0001
2007: 950,0002

Rate of Civilian Firearm Possession per 100 Population

ChartThe estimated rate of private gun ownership (both licit and illicit) per 100 people in Croatia is

2017: 13.701
2007: 21.72

Number of Privately Owned Firearms - World Ranking

In a 2007 comparison of the number of privately owned guns in 178 countries, Croatia ranked at No. 533

Rate of Privately Owned Firearms per 100 Population - World Ranking

In a 2007 comparison of the rate of private gun ownership in 178 countries, Croatia ranked at No. 262

Proportion of Adults Living in a Home With a Gun

In Croatia, the percentage of adults living in a household with a firearm is reported to be

2015: 6%4

Proportion of Households with Handguns

In Croatia, the percentage of households with one or more handguns is reported to be

2012: 4.3%5

Number of Registered Firearms

ChartThe number of registered guns in Croatia is reported to be

2017: 390,0001
2007: 371,7022 6

Rate of Registered Firearms per 100 Population

The rate of registered guns per 100 people in Croatia is 8.367

Estimated Number of Illicit Firearms

ChartUnlawfully held guns cannot be counted, but in Croatia there are estimated to be

2017: 186,0001
2006: 597,4586

Estimated Rate of Illicit Firearms per 100 Population

Unlawfully held guns cannot be counted, but in Croatia the rate of illicit firearms per 100 people is estimated to be 13.297

Number of Households with Firearms

In Croatia, the number of households containing one or more guns is reported to be

2012: 211,9188

Government Guns

Number of Military Firearms

The defence forces of Croatia are reported to have 75,1209 firearms

Number of Law Enforcement Firearms

Police in Croatia are reported to have 39,00010 firearms

ImpactsDeath and Injury

Total Number of Gun Deaths

ChartIn Croatia, annual deaths resulting from firearms total

2015: 10011
2014: 111
2013: 110
2012: 12012 13 14 15
2011: 10312 13 14
2010: 13316
2009: 14512 13 14 17
2008: 148
2007: 14612 13 14
2006: 139
2005: 162
2004: 16512 13 14 17
2003: 140
2002: 15312 13 14
2001: 16012 13 14 17
2000: 200
1999: 226
1998: 25012 13 14
1997: 246
1996: 289
1995: 344

Rate of All Gun Deaths per 100,000 People

ChartIn Croatia, the annual rate of all gun deaths per 100,000 population is

2015: 2.3111
2014: 2.55
2013: 2.51
2012: 2.73
2011: 2.34
2010: 3.01
2009: 3.237
2008: 3.30
2007: 3.25
2006: 3.09
2005: 3.60
2004: 3.67
2003: 3.11
2002: 3.41
2001: 3.60
2000: 4.53
1999: 5.13
1998: 5.66
1997: 5.53
1996: 6.47
1995: 7.65

Total Number of Male Gun Deaths

ChartIn Croatia, annual male deaths resulting from firearms total

2015: 9311
2014: 102
2013: 100
2012: 114
2011: 99
2010: 117

Total Number of Female Gun Deaths

ChartIn Croatia, annual female deaths resulting from firearms total

2015: 711
2014: 9
2013: 10
2012: 6
2011: 4
2010: 16

Homicides (any method)

ChartIn Croatia, annual homicides by any means total

2015: 3718
2014: 38
2013: 47
2012: 53
2011: 50
2010: 59
2009: 49
2008: 67
2007: 61
2006: 68
2005: 66
2004: 83
2003: 67
2002: 73
2001: 81
2000: 101
1999: 12119
1998: 131
1997: 118
1996: 122
1995: 166

Rate of Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Croatia, the annual rate of homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2015: 2.3111
2014: 2.55
2013: 2.51
2012: 2.73
2011: 2.34
2010: 3.01
2009: 1.1
2008: 1.520 19 21
2007: 1.4
2006: 1.620 19
2005: 1.5
2004: 1.9
2003: 1.5
2002: 1.6
2001: 1.8
2000: 2.3
1999: 2.719
1998: 2.9
1997: 2.6
1996: 2.6
1995: 3.6

Male Homicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Croatia, annual male homicides by any means total

2015: 1911
2014: 17
2013: 25
2012: 39
2011: 31
2010: 31

Female Homicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Croatia, annual female homicides by any means total

2015: 1811
2014: 21
2013: 22
2012: 14
2011: 19
2010: 28

Gun Homicides

ChartIn Croatia, annual firearm homicides total

2015: 711
2014: 16
2013: 12
2012: 17
2011: 12
2010: 25
2009: 2312 20 19
2008: 30
2007: 33
2006: 41
2005: 27
2004: 3712 19
2003: 27
2002: 2312
2001: 33
2000: 48
1999: 69
1998: 86
1997: 55
1996: 71
1995: 94

Rate of Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Croatia, the annual rate of firearm homicide per 100,000 population is

2015: 0.1611
2014: 0.37
2013: 0.27
2012: 0.39
2011: 0.27
2010: 0.57
2009: 0.5212 7 19
2008: 0.68
2007: 0.74
2006: 0.92
2005: 0.61
2004: 0.8312 19
2003: 0.61
2002: 0.5212
2001: 0.74
2000: 1.1
1999: 1.52
1998: 1.91
1997: 1.2
1996: 1.58
1995: 1.97

Proportion of Homicides Committed With a Gun

ChartIn Croatia, the percentage of homicides committed with a firearm is reported to be

2012: 31%20
2011: 27%20 22
2010: 45%20
2009: 35%
2008: 38%
2007: 47%
2006: 50%
2005: 47%
2004: 48.219
2003: 78.3

Male Gun Homicide Victims

ChartIn Croatia, annual male firearm homicides total

2015: 911
2014: 9
2013: 7
2012: 13
2011: 9
2010: 15

Female Gun Homicide Victims

ChartIn Croatia, annual female firearm homicides total

2015: 711
2014: 7
2013: 5
2012: 4
2011: 3
2010: 10

Handgun Homicides

ChartIn Croatia, annual handgun homicides total

2014: 712
2013: 3
2012: 7
2011: 6
2010: 14
2009: 4
2008: 7
2007: 14
2006: 10
2005: 13
2004: 8
2003: 8
2002: 7
2001: 5
2000: 4
1999: 12
1998: 11
1997: 5
1996: 12
1995: 11

Rate of Handgun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Croatia, the annual rate of handgun homicide per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.1712
2013: 0.07
2012: 0.16
2011: 0.14
2010: 0.32
2009: 0.09
2008: 0.16
2007: 0.32
2006: 0.23
2005: 0.29
2004: 0.18
2003: 0.18
2002: 0.16
2001: 0.11
2000: 0.09
1999: 0.26
1998: 0.24
1997: 0.11
1996: 0.27
1995: 0.23

Long Gun Homicides

ChartIn Croatia, annual long gun homicides total

2014: 312
2013: 4
2012: 1
2011: 1
2010: 3
2009: 4
2008: 2
2007: 4
2006: 2
2005: 3
2004: 5
2003: 3
2002: 2
2001: 3
2000: 5
1999: 4
1998: 2
1997: 4
1996: 5
1995: 6

Rate of Long Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Croatia, the annual rate of long gun homicide per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.0712
2013: 0.09
2012: 0.02
2011: 0.02
2010: 0.07
2009: 0.09
2008: 0.05
2007: 0.09
2006: 0.05
2005: 0.07
2004: 0.11
2003: 0.07
2002: 0.05
2001: 0.07
2000: 0.11
1999: 0.09
1998: 0.04
1997: 0.09
1996: 0.11
1995: 0.13

Gun Homicides (Other)

ChartIn Croatia, annual gun homicides (other) total

2014: 612
2013: 5
2012: 9
2011: 5
2010: 8
2009: 15
2008: 21
2007: 15
2006: 29
2005: 11
2004: 24
2003: 16
2002: 14
2001: 25
2000: 39
1999: 53
1998: 73
1997: 46
1996: 54
1995: 77

Rate of Gun Homicide (Other) per 100,000 People

ChartIn Croatia, the annual rate of gun homicide (other) per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.1412
2013: 0.12
2012: 0.21
2011: 0.11
2010: 0.18
2009: 0.34
2008: 0.47
2007: 0.34
2006: 0.65
2005: 0.25
2004: 0.54
2003: 0.36
2002: 0.32
2001: 0.56
2000: 0.89
1999: 1.16
1998: 1.62
1997: 1.01
1996: 1.20
1995: 1.61

Suicides (any method)

ChartIn Croatia, annual suicides by any means total

2015: 73911
2014: 722
2013: 691
2012: 774
2011: 701
2010: 777
2008: 79523
2007: 776
2006: 798
2005: 87524
2004: 87125 24
2003: 88526
2002: 875
2001: 882
1999: 98927

Rate of Suicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Croatia, the annual rate of suicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2015: 17.0511
2014: 16.57
2013: 15.79
2012: 17.63
2011: 15.92
2010: 17.59
2008: 17.707
1999: 22.3427

Male Suicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Croatia, annual male suicides by any means total

2015: 54211
2014: 536
2013: 546
2012: 595
2011: 519
2010: 585

Female Suicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Croatia, annual female suicides by any means total

2015: 19711
2014: 186
2013: 145
2012: 179
2011: 182
2010: 192

Gun Suicides

ChartIn Croatia, annual firearm suicides total

2015: 8811
2014: 9213
2013: 95
2012: 10113 15
2011: 8913
2010: 104
2009: 116
2008: 110
2007: 107
2006: 93
2005: 126
2004: 124
2003: 108
2002: 124
2001: 113
2000: 143
1999: 145
1998: 152
1997: 162
1996: 187
1995: 187

Rate of Gun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Croatia, the annual rate of firearm suicide per 100,000 population is

2015: 2.0311
2014: 2.11
2013: 2.17
2012: 2.30
2011: 2.02
2010: 2.35
2009: 2.62
2008: 2.48
2007: 2.41
2006: 2.09
2005: 2.84
2004: 2.79
2003: 2.43
2002: 2.79
2001: 2.55
2000: 3.26
1999: 3.18
1998: 3.38
1997: 3.54
1996: 4.16
1995: 3.92

Male Gun Suicide Victims

ChartIn Croatia, annual male firearm suicides total

2015: 8511
2014: 90
2013: 90
2012: 99
2011: 88
2010: 99

Female Gun Suicide Victims

ChartIn Croatia, annual female firearm suicides total

2015: 311
2014: 2
2013: 5
2012: 2
2011: 1
2010: 5

Handgun Suicides

ChartIn Croatia, annual handgun suicides total

2014: 2413
2013: 23
2012: 33
2011: 28
2010: 28
2009: 35
2008: 19
2007: 22
2006: 28
2005: 23
2004: 14
2003: 23
2002: 28
2001: 22
2000: 32
1999: 30
1998: 27
1997: 35
1996: 35
1995: 11

Rate of Handgun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Croatia, the annual rate of handgun suicide per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.5713
2013: 0.54
2012: 0.77
2011: 0.64
2010: 0.63
2009: 0.79
2008: 0.43
2007: 0.50
2006: 0.63
2005: 0.52
2004: 0.32
2003: 0.52
2002: 0.63
2001: 0.50
2000: 0.73
1999: 0.66
1998: 0.60
1997: 0.77
1996: 0.78
1995: 0.23

Long Gun Suicides

ChartIn Croatia, the number of long gun suicides is

2014: 2113
2013: 18
2012: 14
2011: 8
2010: 9
2009: 11
2008: 15
2007: 10
2006: 10
2005: 14
2004: 6
2003: 10
2002: 19
2001: 8
2000: 8
1999: 10
1998: 9
1997: 18
1996: 15
1995: 9

Rate of Long Gun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Croatia, the annual rate of long gun suicide per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.5013
2013: 0.42
2012: 0.33
2011: 0.18
2010: 0.20
2009: 0.25
2008: 0.34
2007: 0.23
2006: 0.23
2005: 0.32
2004: 0.14
2003: 0.23
2002: 0.43
2001: 0.18
2000: 0.18
1999: 0.22
1998: 0.20
1997: 0.39
1996: 0.33
1995: 0.19

Gun Suicides (Other)

ChartIn Croatia, annual gun suicides (other) total

2014: 4713
2013: 54
2012: 54
2011: 53
2010: 67
2009: 70
2008: 76
2007: 75
2006: 55
2005: 89
2004: 104
2003: 75
2002: 77
2001: 83
2000: 103
1999: 105
1998: 116
1997: 109
1996: 137
1995: 167

Rate of Gun Suicide (Other) per 100,000 People

ChartIn Croatia, the annual rate of gun suicide (other) per 100,000 population is

2014: 1.1113
2013: 1.27
2012: 1.27
2011: 1.20
2010: 1.52
2009: 1.58
2008: 1.71
2007: 1.69
2006: 1.24
2005: 2.00
2004: 2.34
2003: 1.69
2002: 1.73
2001: 1.87
2000: 2.35
1999: 2.31
1998: 2.58
1997: 2.38
1996: 3.05
1995: 3.50

Unintentional Gun Deaths

ChartIn Croatia, annual unintentional shooting deaths total

2015: 511
2014: 314
2013: 3
2012: 214 15
2011: 214
2010: 3
2009: 3
2008: 5
2007: 6
2006: 5
2005: 9
2004: 3
2003: 3
2002: 6
2001: 10
2000: 5
1999: 11
1998: 12
1997: 29
1996: 31
1995: 63

Rate of Unintentional Gun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn Croatia, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death per 100,000 population is

2015: 011
2014: 0
2013: 0
2012: 0
2011: 0
2010: 0.02
2009: 0.07
2008: 0.11
2007: 0.14
2006: 0.11
2005: 0.2
2004: 0.07
2003: 0.07
2002: 0.14
2001: 0.23
2000: 0.11
1999: 0.24
1998: 0.27
1997: 0.63
1996: 0.69
1995: 1.32

Unintentional Male Gun Deaths

ChartIn Croatia, annual unintentional male shooting deaths total

2015: 511
2014: 3
2013: 3
2012: 2
2011: 2
2010: 2

Unintentional Female Gun Deaths

ChartIn Croatia, annual unintentional female shooting deaths total

2015: 011
2014: 0
2013: 0
2012: 0
2011: 0
2010: 1

Unintentional Handgun Deaths

ChartIn Croatia, annual unintentional shooting deaths by handgun total

2008: 214
2007: 1
2006: 1
2005: 2
2001: 2
2000: 2
1999: 5
1998: 3
1997: 4
1996: 1
1995: 6

Rate of Unintentional Handgun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn Croatia, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death by handgun per 100,000 population is

2008: 0.0514
2007: 0.02
2006: 0.02
2005: 0.05
2001: 0.05
2000: 0.05
1999: 0.11
1998: 0.07
1997: 0.09
1996: 0.02
1995: 0.13

Unintentional Long Gun Deaths

ChartIn Croatia, annual unintentional shooting deaths by long gun total

2014: 114
2013: 1
2012: 2
2011: 1
2010: 2
2009: 2
2008: 2
2007: 1
2006: 2
2005: 2
2004: 1
2003: 1
2002: 1
2001: 4
1999: 1
1998: 1
1997: 5
1995: 10

Rate of Unintentional Long Gun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn Croatia, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death by long gun per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.0214
2013: 0.02
2012: 0.05
2011: 0.02
2010: 0.05
2009: 0.05
2008: 0.05
2007: 0.02
2006: 0.05
2005: 0.05
2004: 0.02
2003: 0.02
2002: 0.02
2001: 0.09
1999: 0.02
1998: 0.02
1997: 0.11
1995: 0.21

Unintentional Gun Deaths (Other)

ChartIn Croatia, annual unintentional shooting deaths by firearm (other) total

2014: 214
2013: 2
2011: 1
2010: 1
2009: 1
2008: 1
2007: 4
2006: 2
2005: 5
2004: 2
2003: 2
2002: 5
2001: 4
2000: 3
1999: 5
1998: 8
1997: 20
1996: 30
1995: 47

Rate of Unintentional Gun Death (Other) per 100,000 People

ChartIn Croatia, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death by firearm (other) per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.0514
2013: 0.05
2011: 0.02
2010: 0.02
2009: 0.02
2008: 0.02
2007: 0.09
2006: 0.05
2005: 0.11
2004: 0.05
2003: 0.05
2002: 0.11
2001: 0.09
2000: 0.07
1999: 0.11
1998: 0.18
1997: 0.44
1996: 0.67
1995: 0.98

Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Croatia, annual shooting deaths in which the cause remains undecided total

2015: 011
2014: 0
2013: 0
2012: 0
2011: 0
2010: 117
2009: 3
2008: 3
2004: 1
2003: 2
2001: 4
2000: 4
1999: 1

Rate of Gun Death from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn Croatia, the annual rate of unknown-cause shooting deaths per 100,000 population is

2010: 0.0217
2009: 0.07
2008: 0.07
2004: 0.02
2003: 0.05
2001: 0.09
2000: 0.09
1999: 0.02

Male Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Croatia, annual male shooting deaths in which the cause remains undecided total

2015: 011
2014: 0
2013: 0
2012: 0
2011: 0
2010: 1

Female Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Croatia, annual female shooting deaths in which the cause remains undecided total

2015: 011
2014: 0
2013: 0
2012: 0
2011: 0
2010: 0

Long Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Croatia, annual deaths by long gun in which the cause remains undecided total

2008: 117
2004: 1

Rate of Long Gun Death from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn Croatia, the annual rate of unknown-cause long gun deaths per 100,000 population is

2008: 0.0217
2004: 0.02

Gun Deaths (Other) from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Croatia, annual deaths by firearm (other) in which the cause remains undecided total

2010: 117
2009: 3
2008: 2
2003: 2
2001: 4
2000: 4
1999: 1

Rate of Gun Death (Other) from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn Croatia, the annual rate of unknown-cause gun deaths (other) per 100,000 population is

2010: 0.0217
2009: 0.07
2008: 0.05
2003: 0.05
2001: 0.09
2000: 0.09
1999: 0.02

ProductionGun Industry

Regulation of Firearm Makers

In Croatia, the manufacture of small arms, ammunition and/or their components is permitted only if the maker holds a valid licence28 29 30

Small Arms Manufacture - World Ranking

In a classification of the world's small, medium and major firearm manufacturers, Croatia was ranked 'small'31

TransfersGun Trade and Trafficking

Firearm Exports

In Croatia, firearm and ammunition exports are limited by transfer control law32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41

Small Arms Exports (US$) - Customs

The annual value of small arms and ammunition exports from Croatia is reported by Customs to be US$62,533,72342 (2011)43 44

Small Arms Exports - World Ranking

In a comparison of the world's major/mid-level/minor/unknown small arms exporters, Croatia was categorized as 'major45 46 '47

Firearm Imports

In Croatia, firearm and ammunition imports are limited by transfer control law32 33 34 35 38 39 40

Small Arms Imports (US$) - Customs

The annual value of small arms and ammunition imports to Croatia is reported by Customs to be US$4,129,93042 (2011)

Smuggling Guns and Ammunition

Reports suggest that the level of firearm and ammunition smuggling in Croatia is high48 49 50 51 52 53

Regulation of Arms Brokers

In Croatia, the activities of arms brokers and transfer intermediaries are specifically regulated by law54 55 56

End User Certificates

Customs regulations in Croatia include57 58 54 33 59 60 certification of the intended end user of any small arms or ammunition transfer, and/or a written declaration of its intended end use

Transparency of Small Arms Transfers

ChartIn its annual Small Arms Trade Transparency Barometer, the Small Arms Survey compares public reporting among major arms exporting nations on a scale from strong to weak (25 to zero). In recent years, Croatia scored

2018: 13.2561
2016: 13.0062
2014: 17.2563
2013: 16.7564
2012: 14.7565
2011: 12.2566
2010: 10.5067
2009: 10.7568
2008: 10.2569
2007: 10.0070
2006: 10.0071
2005: 10.2572
2004: 9.7573

MeasuresGun Regulation

Firearm Regulation - Guiding Policy

The regulation of guns in Croatia is categorised as restrictive74

Firearm Law

Guiding gun control legislation in Croatia includes the Weapons Law 199275 29 and the Law on Manufacturing, Overhaul, and Trade in Armaments and Military Equipment,76 77 the Law on the Export and Import of Military and Non-Military Lethal Goods of 2008,78 European Council Directive of 18 June 1991 on Control of the Acquisition and Possession of Weapons,79 80 the European Union Firearms Regulation of 2012 and the Common Position on the Control of Arms Brokering of 200381

Firearm Regulation Authority

Guns in Croatia are regulated by the Legislative Board of the House of Representatives,82 the Agency of the Government of the Republic of Croatia,83 the Police Department,84 85 the Ministry of the Interior30 38 and the Ministry of the Economy, Labour and Entrepreneurship86

Right to Possess Firearms

In Croatia, the right to private gun ownership is not guaranteed by law87 88 89

Restricted Firearms and Ammunition

In Croatia, civilians are not allowed to possess automatic weapons, semiautomatic arms and repeating long-barrelled firearms with a rifled barrel and magazine whose capacity is more than five rounds, long-barrelled firearms without a fixed grip, with a folding grip or with a grip shorter than 25cm, silencers, armour piercing and incendairy ammunition, or any other arms intended exclusively for military of police purposes90

Regulation of Automatic Weapons

In Croatia, private possession of fully automatic weapons is prohibited90 91 92 22

Regulation of Semiautomatic Assault Weapons

In Croatia, private possession of semi-automatic assault weapons is permitted under licence93 92

Regulation of Handguns

In Croatia, private possession of handguns (pistols and revolvers) is permitted under licence91 92 22

Law Regulates Long Guns

In Croatia, civilian possession of rifles and shotguns is regulated by law90 91 22

Gun Ownership and Possession

In Croatia, only licensed gun owners94 95 85 22 may lawfully acquire, possess or transfer a firearm or ammunition

Genuine Reason Required for Firearm Possession

Applicants for a gun owner’s licence in Croatia are required to establish a genuine reason to possess a firearm, for example hunting, target shooting, collection, personal protection, security96 97 98 99 100

Minimum Age for Firearm Possession

The minimum age for gun ownership in Croatia is 18 years97

Gun Owner Background Checks

An applicant for a firearm licence in Croatia must pass a background check which considers criminal, physical health, domestic violence, and addiction97 101 102 22 records

Reference Required for Firearm Licence

In Croatia, third party character references for each gun licence applicant are not required89

Domestic Violence and Firearms

Where a past history, or apprehended likelihood of family violence exists, the law in Croatia stipulates97 that a gun licence should be denied or revoked

Firearm Safety Training

In Croatia, an understanding of firearm safety and the law, tested in a theoretical and/or practical training course is required97 99 for a firearm licence

Gun Owner Licensing Period

In Croatia, gun owners must re-apply and re-qualify for their firearm licence every ten years103

Licensing Records

In Croatia, authorities maintain a record104 84 92 of individual civilians licensed to acquire, possess, sell or transfer a firearm or ammunition

Limit on Number of Guns

Licensed firearm owners in Croatia are permitted to possess any number of firearms89

Limit on Quantity, Type of Ammunition

Licensed firearm owners in Croatia are permitted to possess any quantity of ammunition89

Firearm Registration

Civilian Gun Registration

In Croatia, the law requires91 92 that a record of the acquisition, possession and transfer of each privately held firearm be retained in an official register

Gun Dealer Record Keeping

In Croatia, licensed firearm dealers are required104 to keep a record of each firearm or ammunition purchase, sale or transfer on behalf of a regulating authority

Gun Manufacturer Record Keeping

In Croatia, licensed gun makers are required104 84 to keep a record of each firearm produced, for inspection by a regulating authority

State-Owned Firearm Records

In Croatia, State agencies are required105 106 107 to maintain records of the storage and movement of all firearms and ammunition under their control

Gun Sales and Transfers

Regulation of Dealer Gun Sales

In Croatia, dealing in firearms by way of business without a valid gun dealer’s licence is unlawful108

Regulation of Gun Shows

In Croatia, gun shows and temporary firearm dealing events are not regulated89 in law

Storage and Transport of Guns and Ammunition

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Private

Firearm regulations in Croatia include96 109 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of private firearms and ammunition by licensed gun owners

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Dealer

Firearm regulations in Croatia do not include89 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition by licensed arms dealers

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Government

Government regulations in Croatia include106 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition by state entities

Firearm and Ammunition Transport Regulations

Regulations in Croatia include110 111 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition while in transit

Marking and Tracing Guns and Ammunition

Firearm Marking

In Croatia, a unique identifying mark on each firearm is required by law112 113 105 114

Firearm Tracing

In Croatia, state authorities carry out115 116 recognised arms tracing and tracking procedures

Ballistic Record of Firearms and Ammunition

In Croatia, the ballistic characteristics of each civilian firearm and its ammunition are not89 recorded in a register

Carrying Guns

Carrying Guns Openly in Public

In Croatia, carrying a firearm in plain view in a public place is prohibited117 22

Carrying Hidden Handguns in Public

In Croatia, carrying a concealed firearm in a public place is allowed with a permit and only if unloaded and holstered out of the view of the public117 22

Penalty for Illicit Firearm Possession

In Croatia, the maximum penalty for unlawful possession of a firearm118 is up to 60 days in prison and a fine up to 100,000 Croatian dinars119 120

Collection, Amnesty and Destruction Programmes

Authorities in Croatia are known to have121 122 123 124 125 implemented voluntary firearm surrender schemes, and/or weapon seizure programmes in order to reduce the number of illicit firearms in circulation

Firearms Surrendered and Seized

ChartIn Croatia, the number of firearms voluntarily surrendered, bought back or seized by authorities is reported to be

2015: 4,450126 127
2012: 7128
2011: 25129

Small Arms Destroyed

ChartIn Croatia, the number of firearms destroyed following amnesty, collection and seizure programmes is reported to be

2015: 2,416126
2012: 33,091130
2010/12: 23,398131
2008: 25,000121 122 123
2005: 2,019124 125
2004: 1,774
2003: 1,342
2002: 1,007
2001: 2,450
2000: 2,397
1999: 2,946
1998: 11,047
1997: 2,190
1996: 207
1995: 1,054

Destruction and Disposal Policy

In Croatia, it is not state policy132 133 134 121 124 135 to destroy surplus, collected and seized firearms rather than return them to the secondary arms market

MeasuresInternational Controls

Regional Agreements

European Union

As a member of the European Union, Croatia is bound by the provisions of the ‘EU Firearms Directive’ – the 2007 Legislative Resolution on Control of the Acquisition and Possession of Weapons of the European Parliament136 137

European Union Export Reporting

Under the European Union Common Position on Arms Exports, Croatia is bound to declare its transfers of military technology and equipment. Independent monitoring provides detailed comparisons of arms export reporting compliance across EU member states, and records that Croatia has submitted one or more national reports138 on its arms transfers

Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development

The Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development, a diplomatic initiative aimed at addressing the interrelations between armed violence and development, was signed in 2008139 by Croatia.

Arms Trade Treaty

The Arms Trade Treaty has been signed and ratified140 by Croatia

United Nations Firearms Protocol

The United Nations Protocol against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, Their Parts and Components and Ammunition has been signed and ratified141 by Croatia

United Nations Small Arms Programme of Action UNPoA

UNPoA Commitment

On 21 July 2001, Croatia committed to a consensus decision of the United Nations to adopt, support and implement the UN Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects142

UNPoA Implementation Monitor Score

In its UN small arms Programme of Action Implementation Monitor (PoAIM Phase 1), the Small Arms Survey scored Croatia against its commitments to the PoA, then ranked it at No. 3143 144 145 146 among 159 Member States

UNPoA National Reporting

Under the terms of its 2001 commitment to the United Nations small arms Programme of Action, Croatia has submitted one or more national reports147 148 on its implementation of the UNPoA

UNPoA National Point of Contact

In Croatia, a National Point of Contact to deal with issues relating to the UNPoA has been designated149 148

UNPoA National Coordinating Body

In Croatia, a National Coordinating Body to deal with issues relating to the UNPoA has been designated149

UNPoA Civil Society Involvement and Support

In National Reports of Croatia submitted to the UN from 2001 to 2010, a history of substantive cooperation with civil society in support of UNPoA activities was not apparent148

UNPoA International Assistance – Donor

Funds for UNPoA implementation have not been donated148 by Croatia to other UN Member States

UNPoA International Assistance – Recipient

Funds for UNPoA implementation have been provided148 to Croatia by other UN Member States

United Nations Small Arms Register

According to the United Nations Register of Conventional Arms, Croatia has declared150 its small arms exports in one or more annual National Reports on Arms Exports.

United Nations Membership

In the UN List of Member States, Croatia has been a Member State of the United Nations since 1992151

Wassenaar Arrangement

The Wassenaar Arrangement on Export Controls and Conventional Arms and Dual-Use Goods and Technologies lists152 Croatia as a Participating State

BackgroundCountry Profile

Conflict Profile

For a profile of conflict in Croatia, select the Link icon to open an external web page from the UCDP Conflict Encyclopedia at Uppsala University

Global Peace Index

To see where Croatia ranks, select the Link icon to open an external web page at the Global Peace Index


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