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France — Gun Facts, Figures and the Law

StockpilesGun Numbers

Civilian Guns

Number of Privately Owned Firearms

ChartThe estimated total number of guns (both licit and illicit) held by civilians in France is

2017: 12,732,0001
2016: 10,000,0002 3
2005: 19,000,0004

Rate of Civilian Firearm Possession per 100 Population

ChartThe estimated rate of private gun ownership (both licit and illicit) per 100 people in France is

2017: 19.601
2016: 14.965
2005: 31.24

Number of Privately Owned Firearms - World Ranking

In a 2007 comparison of the number of privately owned guns in 178 countries, France ranked at No. 56

Rate of Privately Owned Firearms per 100 Population - World Ranking

In a 2007 comparison of the rate of private gun ownership in 178 countries, France ranked at No. 124

Proportion of Adults Living in a Home With a Gun

In France, the percentage of adults living in a household with a firearm is reported to be

2015: 7%7

Proportion of Households with Firearms

ChartIn France, the percentage of households with one or more guns is reported to be

2005: 16.1%8
1999/2003: 18.2%
1995/98: 22.6%
1989: 25.3%

Proportion of Households with Handguns

ChartIn France, the percentage of households with one or more handguns is reported to be

2005: 3.7%8
1999/2003: 2.8%
1995/98: 4.9%
1989: 5.9%

Number of Registered Firearms

ChartThe number of registered guns in France is reported to be

2017: 4,501,2351
2016: 2,763,0002
2015: 4,000,0003
2005: 2,802,0574

Rate of Registered Firearms per 100 Population

ChartThe rate of registered guns per 100 people in France is

2016: 4.135
2015: 6.01
2005: 4.44

Estimated Number of Unregistered and Illicit Firearms

ChartUnregistered and unlawfully held guns cannot be counted,9 but in France there are estimated to be

2017: 8,320,7651
2016: 7,237,0002
2015: 6,000,0003

Estimated Rate of Unregistered and Illicit Firearms per 100 Population

ChartUnregistered and unlawfully held guns cannot be counted,9 but in France the rate of such firearms per 100 people is estimated to be

2016: 10.835
2015: 9.02

Government Guns

Number of Military Firearms

The defence forces of France are reported to have 566,43010 firearms

Routine Arming of Police

In France, police officers on routine patrol carry one or more firearms11 12 13 14

Number of Law Enforcement Firearms

Police in France are reported to have 497,00015 firearms

ImpactsDeath and Injury

Total Number of Gun Deaths

ChartIn France, annual deaths resulting from firearms total

2013: 1,74516
2012: 1,863
2011: 1,793
2010: 1,736
2009: 1,86117 18 19 20 21
2008: 1,95217 18 19 20
2007: 1,829
2006: 2,039
2005: 2,095
2004: 2,054
2003: 2,203
2002: 2,218
2001: 2,331
2000: 2,465
1999: 2,28422 23 24
1998: 2,96422 23 24 25
1997: 2,85622 23 24

Rate of All Gun Deaths per 100,000 People

ChartIn France, the annual rate of all gun deaths per 100,000 population is

2013: 2.6516
2012: 2.84
2011: 2.75
2010: 2.67
2009: 2.885 21
2008: 3.045
2007: 2.86
2006: 3.21
2005: 3.32
2004: 3.28
2003: 3.54
2002: 3.58
2001: 3.78
2000: 4.02
1999: 3.75
1998: 4.89
1997: 4.73

Total Number of Male Gun Deaths

ChartIn France, annual male deaths resulting from firearms total

2013: 1,62216
2012: 1,725
2011: 1,663
2010: 1,611

Total Number of Female Gun Deaths

ChartIn France, annual female deaths resulting from firearms total

2013: 12316
2012: 138
2011: 130
2010: 125

Homicides (any method)

ChartIn France, annual homicides by any means total

2015: 1,01726
2014: 792
2013: 39516
2012: 395
2011: 394
2010: 405
2009: 472
2008: 441
2007: 368
2006: 413
2005: 430
2004: 458
2003: 449
2002: 481
2001: 486
2000: 495
1999: 95327 28 29
1998: 961
1997: 963
1996: 1,171
1995: 1,33628 29

Rate of Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn France, the annual rate of homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2015: 1.5826
2014: 1.24
2013: 2.6516
2012: 2.84
2011: 2.75
2010: 2.67
2009: 0.8
2008: 0.7
2007: 0.6
2006: 0.7
2005: 0.7
2004: 0.8
2003: 0.7
2002: 0.8
2001: 0.8
2000: 0.8
1999: 1.627 28
1998: 1.6
1997: 1.7
1996: 2.0
1995: 2.328
1994: 1.1230

Male Homicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn France, annual male homicides by any means total

2013: 24516
2012: 237
2011: 253
2010: 255

Female Homicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn France, annual female homicides by any means total

2013: 15016
2012: 158
2011: 141
2010: 150

Gun Homicides

ChartIn France, annual firearm homicides total

2013: 13416
2012: 141
2011: 146
2010: 127
2009: 134
2008: 142
2007: 9617 22 28
2006: 11117 22
2005: 122
2004: 129
2003: 122
2002: 158
2001: 160
2000: 152
1999: 15522
1998: 170
1997: 214

Rate of Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn France, the annual rate of firearm homicide per 100,000 population is

2013: 0.2016
2012: 0.21
2011: 0.22
2010: 0.20
2009: 0.21
2008: 0.22
2007: 0.155 22 28
2006: 0.175 22
2005: 0.19
2004: 0.21
2003: 0.20
2002: 0.25
2001: 0.26
2000: 0.25
1999: 0.2622
1998: 0.29
1997: 0.37
1994: 0.4431

Proportion of Homicides Committed With a Gun

In France, the percentage of homicides committed with a firearm is reported to be

2007: 9.6%28

Male Gun Homicide Victims

ChartIn France, annual male firearm homicides total

2013: 9716
2012: 98
2011: 103
2010: 85

Female Gun Homicide Victims

ChartIn France, annual female firearm homicides total

2013: 3716
2012: 43
2011: 43
2010: 42

Handgun Homicides

ChartIn France, annual handgun homicides total

2013: 322
2012: 017
2011: 117 22
2010: 1
2009: 017
2008: 0
2007: 0
2006: 0
2005: 117 22
2004: 017
2003: 217 22
2002: 017
2001: 117 22
2000: 2

Rate of Handgun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn France, the annual rate of handgun homicide per 100,000 population is

2013: 0.0022
2012: 0.017
2011: 0.017 22
2010: 0.0
2009: 0.017
2008: 0.0
2007: 0.0
2006: 0.0
2005: 0.017 22
2004: 0.017
2003: 0.0 17 22
2002: 0.017
2001: 0.017 22
2000: 0.0

Long Gun Homicides

ChartIn France, annual long gun homicides total

2013: 1422
2012: 1217 22
2011: 11
2010: 6
2009: 6
2008: 7
2007: 5
2006: 5
2005: 9
2004: 7
2003: 11
2002: 11
2001: 9
2000: 11

Rate of Long Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn France, the annual rate of long gun homicide per 100,000 population is

2013: 0.0222
2012: 0.0222 17
2011: 0.02
2010: 0.01
2009: 0.01
2008: 0.01
2007: 0.01
2006: 0.01
2005: 0.01
2004: 0.02
2003: 0.02
2002: 0.02
2001: 0.02
2000: 0.02

Gun Homicides (Other)

ChartIn France, annual gun homicides (other) total

2013: 12122
2012: 12817 22
2011: 129
2010: 118
2009: 128
2008: 135
2007: 91
2006: 106
2005: 112
2004: 122
2003: 109
2002: 147
2001: 150
2000: 139

Rate of Gun Homicide (Other) per 100,000 People

ChartIn France, the annual rate of gun homicide (other) per 100,000 population is

2013: 0.1922
2012: 0.2022 17
2011: 0.22
2010: 0.19
2009: 0.20
2008: 0.22
2007: 0.15
2006: 0.17
2005: 0.19
2004: 0.21
2003: 0.18
2002: 0.24
2001: 0.26
2000: 0.24

Suicides (any method)

ChartIn France, annual suicides by any means total

2013: 9,58916
2012: 9,722
2011: 10,400
2010: 10,373
2009: 10,46418 32
2008: 10,31618
2007: 10,088
2006: 10,39018 32
2005: 10,67318
2004: 10,762
2003: 10,820
2002: 10,607
2001: 10,408
2000: 10,806
1998: 10,53425

Rate of Suicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn France, the annual rate of suicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2013: 14.5416
2012: 14.81
2011: 15.93
2010: 15.97
2009: 16.718 32
2008: 16.618
2007: 16.3
2006: 16.918 32
2005: 17.418
2004: 17.7
2003: 17.9
2002: 17.7
2001: 17.5
2000: 18.3
1998: 17.5125
1994: 20.7933

Male Suicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn France, annual male suicides by any means total

2013: 7,21716
2012: 7,312
2011: 7,785
2010: 7,638

Female Suicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn France, annual female suicides by any means total

2013: 2,37216
2012: 2,410
2011: 2,615
2010: 2,735

Gun Suicides

ChartIn France, annual firearm suicides total

2013: 1,33416
2012: 1,425
2011: 1,398
2010: 1,378
2009: 1,445
2008: 1,546
2007: 1,403
2006: 1,576
2005: 1,644
2004: 1,601
2003: 1,738
2002: 1,712
2001: 1,883
2000: 2,051
1999: 2,02923
1998: 2,386
1997: 2,556

Rate of Gun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn France, the annual rate of firearm suicide per 100,000 population is

2013: 2.0216
2012: 2.17
2011: 2.14
2010: 2.12
2009: 2.24
2008: 2.41
2007: 2.20
2006: 2.48
2005: 2.61
2004: 2.55
2003: 2.79
2002: 2.76
2001: 3.06
2000: 3.35
1999: 3.4623
1998: 4.05
1997: 4.36
1994: 5.1434

Male Gun Suicide Victims

ChartIn France, annual male firearm suicides total

2013: 1,27916
2012: 1,360
2011: 1,333
2010: 1,315

Female Gun Suicide Victims

ChartIn France, annual female firearm suicides total

2013: 5516
2012: 65
2011: 65
2010: 63

Handgun Suicides

ChartIn France, annual handgun suicides total

2013: 1923
2012: 1618 23
2011: 16
2010: 11
2009: 16
2008: 16
2007: 12
2006: 13
2005: 17
2004: 10
2003: 8
2002: 14
2001: 16
2000: 21

Rate of Handgun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn France, the annual rate of handgun suicide per 100,000 population is

2013: 0.0323
2012: 0.0323 18
2011: 0.03
2010: 0.02
2009: 0.03
2008: 0.03
2007: 0.02
2006: 0.02
2005: 0.03
2004: 0.02
2003: 0.02
2002: 0.02
2001: 0.03
2000: 0.04

Long Gun Suicides

ChartIn France, the number of long gun suicides is

2013: 13423
2012: 15918 23
2011: 130
2010: 113
2009: 97
2008: 96
2007: 108
2006: 111
2005: 124
2004: 116
2003: 153
2002: 150
2001: 161
2000: 203

Rate of Long Gun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn France, the annual rate of long gun suicide per 100,000 population is

2013: 0.2123
2012: 0.2523 18
2011: 0.21
2010: 0.18
2009: 0.16
2008: 0.15
2007: 0.17
2006: 0.18
2005: 0.21
2004: 0.19
2003: 0.25
2002: 0.25
2001: 0.27
2000: 0.34

Gun Suicides (Other)

ChartIn France, annual gun suicides (other) total

2013: 1,18223
2012: 1,24518 23
2011: 1,249
2010: 1,253
2009: 1,332
2008: 1,436
2007: 1,283
2006: 1,452
2005: 1,503
2004: 1,475
2003: 1,577
2002: 1,548
2001: 1,706
2000: 1,827

Rate of Gun Suicide (Other) per 100,000 People

ChartIn France, the annual rate of gun suicide (other) per 100,000 population is

2013: 1.8523
2012: 1.9723 18
2011: 1.99
2010: 1.99
2009: 2.13
2008: 2.30
2007: 2.08
2006: 2.36
2005: 2.48
2004: 2.44
2003: 2.63
2002: 2.60
2001: 2.89
2000: 3.11

Unintentional Gun Deaths

ChartIn France, annual unintentional shooting deaths total

2013: 1724
2012: 2419 24
2011: 71
2010: 34
2009: 29
2008: 39
2007: 32
2006: 53
2005: 36
2004: 19
2003: 26
2002: 19
2001: 33
2000: 44
1999: 10024
1998: 68
1997: 86

Rate of Unintentional Gun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn France, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death per 100,000 population is

2013: 0.3916
2012: 0.42
2011: 0.27
2010: 0.30
2009: 0.04
2008: 0.06
2007: 0.05
2006: 0.08
2005: 0.06
2004: 0.03
2003: 0.04
2002: 0.03
2001: 0.05
2000: 0.07
1999: 0.1724
1998: 0.12
1997: 0.15
1994: 0.1135

Unintentional Male Gun Deaths

ChartIn France, annual unintentional male shooting deaths total

2013: 1616
2012: 22
2011: 64
2010: 32

Unintentional Female Gun Deaths

ChartIn France, annual unintentional female shooting deaths total

2013: 116
2012: 2
2011: 7
2010: 2

Unintentional Long Gun Deaths

ChartIn France, annual unintentional shooting deaths by long gun total

2013: 924
2012: 919 24
2011: 15
2010: 8
2009: 12
2008: 13
2007: 8
2006: 13
2005: 20
2004: 8
2003: 23
2002: 13
2001: 25
2000: 26

Rate of Unintentional Long Gun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn France, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death by long gun per 100,000 population is

2013: 0.0124
2012: 0.0124 19
2011: 0.03
2010: 0.01
2009: 0.02
2008: 0.02
2007: 0.02
2006: 0.02
2005: 0.03
2004: 0.01
2003: 0.04
2002: 0.02
2001: 0.04
2000: 0.04

Unintentional Gun Deaths (Other)

ChartIn France, annual unintentional shooting deaths by firearm (other) total

2013: 824
2012: 1519 24
2011: 55
2010: 24
2009: 17
2008: 26
2007: 24
2006: 40
2005: 16
2004: 11
2003: 3
2002: 6
2001: 8
2000: 18

Rate of Unintentional Gun Death (Other) per 100,000 People

ChartIn France, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death by firearm (other) per 100,000 population is

2013: 0.0124
2012: 0.0224 19
2011: 0.09
2010: 0.04
2009: 0.03
2008: 0.04
2007: 0.04
2006: 0.06
2005: 0.03
2004: 0.02
2003: 0.00
2002: 0.01
2001: 0.01
2000: 0.03

Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn France, annual shooting deaths in which the cause remains undecided total

2013: 26036
2012: 273
2011: 178
2010: 19720 36
2009: 253
2008: 225
2007: 298
2006: 299
2005: 293
2004: 305
2003: 317
2002: 329
2001: 255
2000: 218
1998: 34025

Rate of Gun Death from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn France, the annual rate of unknown-cause shooting deaths per 100,000 population is

2013: 0.4136
2012: 0.415 36
2011: 0.27
2010: 0.30
2009: 0.39
2008: 0.35
2007: 0.47
2006: 0.47
2005: 0.46
2004: 0.49
2003: 0.51
2002: 0.53
2001: 0.41
2000: 0.36
1998: 0.5725
1994: 0.6537

Male Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn France, annual male shooting deaths in which the cause remains undecided total

2013: 23016
2012: 245
2011: 163
2010: 179

Female Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn France, annual female shooting deaths in which the cause remains undecided total

2013: 3016
2012: 28
2011: 15
2010: 18

Handgun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn France, annual deaths by handgun in which the cause remains undecided total

2013: 236
2012: 120 36
2011: 1
2010: 020
2009: 0
2008: 0
2007: 320 36
2006: 020
2005: 0
2004: 0
2003: 120 36
2002: 5
2001: 1
2000: 3

Rate of Handgun Death from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn France, the annual rate of unknown-cause handgun deaths per 100,000 population is

2013: 0.0036
2012: 0.0036 20
2011: 0.00
2010: 0.020
2009: 0.0
2008: 0.0
2007: 0.0036 20
2006: 0.020
2005: 0.0
2004: 0.0
2003: 0.0036 20
2002: 0.01
2001: 0.00
2000: 0.01

Long Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn France, annual deaths by long gun in which the cause remains undecided total

2013: 2636
2012: 2420 36
2011: 14
2010: 18
2009: 23
2008: 10
2007: 29
2006: 28
2005: 28
2004: 32
2003: 33
2002: 33
2001: 27
2000: 19

Rate of Long Gun Death from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn France, the annual rate of unknown-cause long gun deaths per 100,000 population is

2013: 0.0436
2012: 0.0436 20
2011: 0.02
2010: 0.03
2009: 0.04
2008: 0.02
2007: 0.05
2006: 0.05
2005: 0.05
2004: 0.05
2003: 0.05
2002: 0.06
2001: 0.05
2000: 0.03

Gun Deaths (Other) from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn France, annual deaths by firearm (other) in which the cause remains undecided total

2013: 23236
2012: 24720 36
2011: 160
2010: 179
2009: 230
2008: 215
2007: 266
2006: 271
2005: 265
2004: 273
2003: 337
2002: 291
2001: 227
2000: 196

Rate of Gun Death (Other) from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn France, the annual rate of unknown-cause gun deaths (other) per 100,000 population is

2013: 0.3636
2012: 0.3936 20
2011: 0.26
2010: 0.28
2009: 0.37
2008: 0.35
2007: 0.43
2006: 0.44
2005: 0.43
2004: 0.46
2003: 0.56
2002: 0.49
2001: 0.39
2000: 0.35

ProductionGun Industry

Regulation of Firearm Makers

In France, the manufacture of small arms, ammunition and/or their components is permitted only if the maker holds a valid licence38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50

Small Arms Manufacture - World Ranking

In a classification of the world's small, medium and major firearm manufacturers, France was ranked 'medium'51

Home-made Guns

In France, the prevalence of illicit craft, or 'home-made' firearm manufacture is reported to be moderate52

TransfersGun Trade and Trafficking

Firearm Exports

In France, firearm and ammunition exports are limited by transfer control law53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75

Firearm Exports (Number)

ChartThe annual number of firearms exported from France is reported by manufacturers to be

2017: 90676
2016: 306
2015: 8
2014: 708
2013: 2
2012: 342
2011: 642
2010: 66
2009: 60
2008: 237
2007: 737
2006: 584

Small Arms Exports (US$) - Customs

ChartThe annual value of small arms and ammunition exports from France is reported by Customs to be US$

2016: 144,435,60077
2015: 151,881,041
2014: 184,906,289
2013: 189,302,038
2012: 149,253,89777 78 79
2011: 71,435,16380
2010: 40,000,00081
2001: 39,000,00078

Small Arms Exports - World Ranking

In a comparison of the world's major/mid-level/minor/unknown small arms exporters, France was categorized as 'major'82 83 84

Firearm Imports

In France, firearm and ammunition imports are limited by transfer control law 85 61 62 86 87 88 64 68 69 70 71 72 73

Firearm Imports (Number)

ChartThe annual number of firearms imported to France is reported to be

2017: 7,04976
2016: 21,339
2015: 6,131
2014: 4,124
2013: 2,161
2012: 8,613
2011: 9,213
2010: 1,883
2009: 3,378
2008: 3,728
2007: 43,729
2006: 449

Small Arms Imports (US$) - Customs

ChartThe annual value of small arms and ammunition imports to France is reported by Customs to be US$

2016: 254,696,67877
2015: 241,936,249
2014: 249,635,241
2013: 261,981,327
2012: 263,228,69077 89 90 91 92
2011: 139,034,02780 93 94
2010: 114,000,00095
2001: 64,000,00089 96

Smuggling Guns and Ammunition

Reports suggest that the level of firearm and ammunition smuggling in France is moderate97 98 99 100

Regulation of Arms Brokers

In France, the activities of arms brokers and transfer intermediaries are specifically regulated by law38 40 101 102 103 104 105 106

End User Certificates

Customs regulations in France include53 55 107 57 108 109 65 68 110 66 67 88 69 71 73 111 certification of the intended end user of any small arms or ammunition transfer, and/or a written declaration of its intended end use

Transparency of Small Arms Transfers

ChartIn its annual Small Arms Trade Transparency Barometer, the Small Arms Survey compares public reporting among major arms exporting nations on a scale from strong to weak (25 to zero). In recent years, France scored

2018: 17.25112
2016: 15.75113
2014: 15.00114
2013: 14.25115
2012: 14.00116
2011: 14.00117
2010: 14.50118
2009: 14.75119
2008: 14.00120
2007: 13.75121
2006: 17.25122
2005: 12.00123
2004: 14.25124

MeasuresGun Regulation

Firearm Regulation - Guiding Policy

The regulation of guns in France is categorised as restrictive125

Firearm Law

Guiding gun control legislation in France includes the Internal Security Code,126 127 the Decree No. 2013-700 of 30 July 2013 on the Implementation of the Act No. 2012-304 of 6 March 2012 on the Establishment of a Modern, Simplified and Preventive Control of Weapons,128 the Defence Code,129 126 the Order of 2007 on the Creation of the Application for the Management of the Computerized Register of Owners and Holders of Firearms,130 the Decree on Exports of Firearms of 2014,131 the Order of November 15, 2000 on Modalities for Destruction by Gunsmiths of Firearms,132 the Ordinance 2004-1374 of 20 December 2004 concerning the legislative part of the Defence Code that repealed the Decree-Law of 18 April, 1939 on Weapons of War, Firearms and Ammunition,133 the Council Directive of 18 June, 1991 on Control of the Acquisition and Possession of Weapons,134 135 the European Union Firearms Regulation of 2012, the Common Position on the Control of Arms Brokering of 2003136 and the Convention of 1 July, 1969 on Reciprocal Recognition of Proofmarks on Small Arms137

Firearm Regulation Authority

Guns in France are regulated by the Ministers of Defence,138 Interior, Industry, Customs,45 and Sports,139 the Prefect,140 National Police, National Gendarmerie,40 and the European Commission135

Right to Possess Firearms

In France, the right to private gun ownership is not guaranteed by law141 142

Restricted Firearms and Ammunition

In France, civilians are not allowed to possess weapons of war, certain handguns and long guns, automatic firearms, firearms disguised as other objects, and armour-piercing, incendiary and expanding ammunition143 144 145 146 147

Regulation of Automatic Weapons

In France, private possession of fully automatic weapons is prohibited144 148 149 146 147

Regulation of Semiautomatic Assault Weapons

In France, private possession of semi-automatic assault weapons is permitted under licence148 150 151 152 147

Regulation of Handguns

In France, private possession of handguns (pistols and revolvers) is prohibited with only narrow exemptions144 148 153 146 151 152 147

Law Regulates Long Guns

In France, civilian possession of rifles and shotguns is regulated by law144 148 150 154 151 152 147

Gun Ownership and Possession

In France, only licensed gun owners (for certain arms)155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 87 167 146 151 may lawfully acquire, possess or transfer a firearm or ammunition

Genuine Reason Required for Firearm Possession

Applicants for a gun owner’s licence in France are required to establish a genuine reason to possess a firearm, for example hunting, target shooting, personal protection, security and collection168 169 170 171 172 108 173

Minimum Age for Firearm Possession

The minimum age for gun ownership in France is 18 years (except for sports shooters between 12 and 18 years old)127 170 139 174 173

Gun Owner Background Checks

An applicant for a firearm licence in France must pass a background check which considers criminal, mental health and health155 175 176 171 177 178 179 156 39 173 records

Reference Required for Firearm Licence

In France, third party character references for each gun licence applicant are not required180 181

Partner to be Advised or Interviewed

In France, licensing authorities are not required180 181 to conduct interviews with, or to advise an applicant's spouse, partner, or next of kin before issuing a gun licence

Domestic Violence and Firearms

Where a past history, or apprehended likelihood of family violence exists, the law in France does not stipulate180 181 that a gun licence should be denied or revoked

Firearm Safety Training

In France, an understanding of firearm safety and the law, tested in a theoretical and/or practical training course is required, only for persons exposed to serious risks due to their professional activity,171 for a firearm licence

Gun Owner Licensing Period

In France, gun owners must re-apply and re-qualify for their firearm licence every five years182 183 184 185 186 162

Licensing Records

In France, authorities maintain a record130 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 103 of individual civilians licensed to acquire, possess, sell or transfer a firearm or ammunition

Limit on Number of Guns

Licensed firearm owners in France are permitted to possess a limited number of firearms194 170 169

Limit on Quantity, Type of Ammunition

Licensed firearm owners in France are permitted to possess a limited quantity of ammunition194 195 196 197 198 199

Firearm Registration

Civilian Gun Registration

In France, the law requires130 187 188 189 200 201 103 202 that a record of the acquisition, possession and transfer of each privately held firearm be retained in an official register

Gun Dealer Record Keeping

In France, licensed firearm dealers are required101 44 203 204 205 103 202 to keep a record of each firearm or ammunition purchase, sale or transfer on behalf of a regulating authority

Gun Manufacturer Record Keeping

In France, licensed gun makers are required101 44 204 205 103 50 to keep a record of each firearm produced, for inspection by a regulating authority

State-Owned Firearm Records

In France, State agencies are required206 to maintain records of the storage and movement of all firearms and ammunition under their control

Gun Sales and Transfers

Regulation of Private Gun Sales

In France, the private sale and transfer of firearms is prohibited unless conducted by the Commissioner of Police, the Commander of the Gendarmerie or by a licensed firearm dealer and registered by the competent Prefect201 207 208 200 209 210 159 160 211 212 152

Regulation of Dealer Gun Sales

In France, dealing in firearms by way of business without a valid gun dealer’s licence is unlawful41 42 40 43 44 213 185 214 159 160 198 215 192 38 39 212 216 152

Background Checks for Private Gun Sales

The buyer of a firearm in a private sale in France is obliged217 to pass official background checks before taking possession

Background Checks for Dealer Gun Sales

The buyer of a firearm from a licensed gun dealer in France is obliged217 to pass official background checks before taking possession

Number of Licensed Gun Dealers

The number of licensed firearm dealers in France is reported to be 360217

Waiting Period for Gun Possession

In France, the minimum wait for a lawful firearm purchase to be completed is undetermined180 181

Regulation of Gun Shows

In France, gun shows and temporary firearm dealing events are regulated218 219 in law

Storage and Transport of Guns and Ammunition

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Private

Firearm regulations in France include48 220 221 222 223 176 171 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of private firearms and ammunition by licensed gun owners

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Dealer

Firearm regulations in France include48 46 218 176 171 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition by licensed arms dealers

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Government

Government regulations in France include48 206 224 225 226 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition by state entities

Firearm and Ammunition Transport Regulations

Regulations in France include227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition while in transit

Marking and Tracing Guns and Ammunition

Firearm Marking

In France, a unique identifying mark on each firearm is required by law235 236 47 137 237 50 238 239 240 241

Firearm Tracing

In France, state authorities carry out130 242 240 241 202 recognised arms tracing and tracking procedures

Carrying Guns

Law Regulates Firearms in Public

In France, carrying a gun in a public place is regulated by law243 244 245 246 247 248 249 153

Penalty for Illicit Firearm Possession

In France, the maximum penalty for unlawful possession of a firearm250 is three years in prison and a fine251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270

Collection, Amnesty and Destruction Programmes

Authorities in France are known to have100 implemented voluntary firearm surrender schemes, and/or weapon seizure programmes in order to reduce the number of illicit firearms in circulation

Firearms Surrendered and Seized

ChartIn France, the number of firearms voluntarily surrendered, bought back or seized by authorities is reported to be

2017: 2,067271
2014: 5,8713 272 273
2013: 825274
2012: 6,965275 274
2011: 26,591275 276 274
2010: 33,554276
2009: 32,762

Small Arms Destroyed

ChartIn France, the number of firearms destroyed following amnesty, collection and seizure programmes is reported to be

2017: 18,226271 277
2016: 14,608277
2014: 34,317278
2012: 12,532279
2011: 41,105280
2010: 63,017
2009: 68,608
1998/2000: 140,000281

Destruction and Disposal Policy

In France, it is not state policy282 283 284 285 175 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 to destroy surplus, collected and seized firearms rather than return them to the secondary arms market

MeasuresInternational Controls

Regional Agreements

European Union

As a member of the European Union, France is bound by the provisions of the ‘EU Firearms Directive’ – the 2007 Legislative Resolution on Control of the Acquisition and Possession of Weapons of the European Parliament296 297

European Union Export Reporting

Under the European Union Common Position on Arms Exports, France is bound to declare its transfers of military technology and equipment. Independent monitoring provides detailed comparisons of arms export reporting compliance across EU member states, and records that France has submitted one or more national reports298 on its arms transfers

Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development

The Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development, a diplomatic initiative aimed at addressing the interrelations between armed violence and development, was signed in 2006299 by France.

Arms Trade Treaty

The Arms Trade Treaty has been signed and ratified300 by France

United Nations Firearms Protocol

The United Nations Protocol against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, Their Parts and Components and Ammunition has not been signed301 by France

United Nations Small Arms Programme of Action UNPoA

UNPoA Commitment

On 21 July 2001, France committed to a consensus decision of the United Nations to adopt, support and implement the UN Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects302

UNPoA Implementation Monitor Score

In its UN small arms Programme of Action Implementation Monitor (PoAIM Phase 1), the Small Arms Survey scored France against its commitments to the PoA, then ranked it at No. 57303 304 305 306 among 159 Member States

UNPoA National Reporting

Under the terms of its 2001 commitment to the United Nations small arms Programme of Action, France has submitted one or more national reports307 308 on its implementation of the UNPoA

UNPoA National Point of Contact

In France, a National Point of Contact to deal with issues relating to the UNPoA has been designated309 308

UNPoA National Coordinating Body

In France, a National Coordinating Body to deal with issues relating to the UNPoA has not been designated308 309

UNPoA Civil Society Involvement and Support

In National Reports of France submitted to the UN from 2001 to 2010, a history of substantive cooperation with civil society in support of UNPoA activities was apparent308

UNPoA International Assistance – Donor

Funds for UNPoA implementation have been donated308 by France to other UN Member States

United Nations Small Arms Register

According to the United Nations Register of Conventional Arms, France has declared310 its small arms exports in one or more annual National Reports on Arms Exports.

United Nations Membership

In the UN List of Member States, France has been a Member State of the United Nations since 1945311

Wassenaar Arrangement

The Wassenaar Arrangement on Export Controls and Conventional Arms and Dual-Use Goods and Technologies lists312 France as a Participating State

BackgroundCountry Profile

Conflict Profile

For a profile of conflict in France, select the Link icon to open an external web page from the UCDP Conflict Encyclopedia at Uppsala University

Global Peace Index

To see where France ranks, select the Link icon to open an external web page at the Global Peace Index


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192.

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193.

France.2014.‘Article R. 312-43 - Shooting Booklet (Carnet de tir).’ Internal Security Code - Regulatory Part (Code de la sécurité intérieure - Partie réglementaire).Paris:President of the French Republic,27 October. (Q10972)Full Citation

194.

France.2013.‘Article L. 312-4-3 - Limited Number of Firearms and Quantity of Ammunition.’ Internal Security Code - Legislative Part (Code de la sécurité intérieure - Partie législative).Paris:President of the French Republic,20 June. (Q10777)Full Citation

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France.2014.‘Article R. 312-46 - Purchase of Ammunition for Firearms of Category B (Acquisition de munitions des armes de catégorie B).’ Internal Security Code - Regulatory Part (Code de la sécurité intérieure - Partie réglementaire).Paris:President of the French Republic,27 October. (Q10974)Full Citation

196.

France.2014.‘Article R. 312-47 - Limit on the Purchase of Ammunition (Limitation quant à l'acquisition de munitions).’ Internal Security Code - Regulatory Part (Code de la sécurité intérieure - Partie réglementaire).Paris:President of the French Republic,27 October. (Q10975)Full Citation

197.

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198.

France.2014.‘Article R. 312-45 - Purchase and Possession of Magazines and Ammunition (Acquisition et détention des systèmes d'alimentation et des munitions).’ Internal Security Code - Regulatory Part (Code de la sécurité intérieure - Partie réglementaire).Paris:President of the French Republic,27 October. (Q10973)Full Citation

199.

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202.

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France.2013.‘Article L. 314-3 - Transfers of Firearms of Categories A and B Not Intended for Commerce.’ Internal Security Code - Legislative Part (Code de la sécurité intérieure - Partie législative).Paris:President of the French Republic,20 June. (Q10779)Full Citation

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France.2013.‘Article L. 314-2 - Transfer of Firearms of Category B, Between Individuals.’ Internal Security Code - Legislative Part (Code de la sécurité intérieure - Partie législative).Paris:President of the French Republic,20 June. (Q10778)Full Citation

209.

France.2014.‘Article R. 314-20 - Transfer of Ownership Between Individuals (Transfert de propriété entre particuliers).’ Internal Security Code - Regulatory Part (Code de la sécurité intérieure - Partie réglementaire).Paris:President of the French Republic,27 October. (Q10979)Full Citation

210.

France.2014.‘Article R. 314-17 - Private Sales (Authority).’ Internal Security Code - Regulatory Part (Code de la sécurité intérieure - Partie réglementaire).Paris:President of the French Republic,27 October. (Q10961)Full Citation

211.

France.2014.‘Article R. 314-18 - Purchase of a Replacement Firearm by an Individual.’ Internal Security Code - Regulatory Part (Code de la sécurité intérieure - Partie réglementaire).Paris:President of the French Republic,27 October. (Q10934)Full Citation

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France.2014.‘Article R. 312-10 - Authorisation to Purchase and Possess Firearms.’ Internal Security Code - Regulatory Part (Code de la sécurité intérieure - Partie réglementaire).Paris:President of the French Republic,27 October. (Q10963)Full Citation

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France.2014.‘Article R. 313-8 - Authorisation to Open a Retail Store (Autorisation d'ouverture du commerce de détail).’ Internal Security Code - Regulatory Part (Code de la sécurité intérieure - Partie réglementaire).Paris:President of the French Republic,27 October. (Q10931)Full Citation

215.

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219.

France.2014.‘Article R. 313-20 - Retail Sale Outside of Premises (Vente au détail hors de locaux).’ Internal Security Code - Regulatory Part (Code de la sécurité intérieure - Partie réglementaire).Paris:President of the French Republic,27 October. (Q10933)Full Citation

220.

France.2014.‘Article R. 314-8 - Storage - Sports Shooting (Conservation - Tir sportif).’ Internal Security Code - Regulatory Part (Code de la sécurité intérieure - Partie réglementaire).Paris:President of the French Republic,27 October. (Q10938)Full Citation

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France.2014.‘Article R. 314-9 - Storage - Shooting Gallery (Conservation - Tir forain).’ Internal Security Code - Regulatory Part (Code de la sécurité intérieure - Partie réglementaire).Paris:President of the French Republic,27 October. (Q10939)Full Citation

222.

France.2014.‘Article R. 314-7 - Storage - Shows (Conservation - Spectacles).’ Internal Security Code - Regulatory Part (Code de la sécurité intérieure - Partie réglementaire).Paris:President of the French Republic,27 October. (Q10936)Full Citation

223.

France.2014.‘Article R. 314-10 - Storage - Public Authorities, Museums, and Collections.’ Internal Security Code - Regulatory Part (Code de la sécurité intérieure - Partie réglementaire).Paris:President of the French Republic,27 October. (Q10937)Full Citation

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France.2014.‘Article R. 315-14 - Exemptions Concerning Shipments of Firearms (Dérogations concernant les expéditions d'armes).’ Internal Security Code - Regulatory Part (Code de la sécurité intérieure - Partie réglementaire).Paris:President of the French Republic,27 October. (Q10950)Full Citation

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France.2014.‘Article R. 315-15 - Postal Shipments of Firearms (Expéditions d'armes par voie postale).’ Internal Security Code - Regulatory Part (Code de la sécurité intérieure - Partie réglementaire).Paris:President of the French Republic,27 October. (Q10951)Full Citation

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France.2014.‘Article R. 315-17 - Firearm Transport by Road (Expéditions d'armes par voie routière).’ Internal Security Code - Regulatory Part (Code de la sécurité intérieure - Partie réglementaire).Paris:President of the French Republic,27 October. (Q10953)Full Citation

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France.2014.‘Article R. 315-18 - Responsibilities of Transport Companies (Responsabilité des companies de transport).’ Internal Security Code - Regulatory Part (Code de la sécurité intérieure - Partie réglementaire).Paris:President of the French Republic,27 October. (Q10954)Full Citation

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