Find Gun Policy Facts

Armed violence prevention, gun control laws and the small arms trade:

Côte d'Ivoire — Gun Facts, Figures and the Law

StockpilesGun Numbers

Civilian Guns

Number of Privately Owned Firearms

ChartThe estimated total number of guns (both licit and illicit) held by civilians in Côte d'Ivoire is

2017: 1,049,0001
2007: 400,0002

Rate of Civilian Firearm Possession per 100 Population

ChartThe estimated rate of private gun ownership (both licit and illicit) per 100 people in Côte d'Ivoire is

2017: 4.401
2007: 2.42

Number of Privately Owned Firearms - World Ranking

In a 2007 comparison of the number of privately owned guns in 178 countries, Côte d'Ivoire ranked at No. 893

Rate of Privately Owned Firearms per 100 Population - World Ranking

In a 2007 comparison of the rate of private gun ownership in 178 countries, Côte d'Ivoire ranked at No. 1242

Number of Registered Firearms

The number of registered guns in Côte d'Ivoire is reported to be

2017: 2,5001

Estimated Number of Unregistered and Illicit Firearms

Unregistered and unlawfully held guns cannot be counted,4 but in Côte d'Ivoire there are estimated to be

2017: 1,046,5001

Government Guns

Number of Military Firearms

The defence forces of Côte d'Ivoire are reported to have 33,0455 firearms

Number of Law Enforcement Firearms

Police in Côte d'Ivoire are reported to have 17,0006 firearms

ImpactsDeath and Injury

Homicides (any method)

ChartIn Côte d'Ivoire, annual homicides by any means total

2015: 2,6877
2012: 2,6918
2010: 2,576.41
2008: 10,8019
2000: 65110

Rate of Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Côte d'Ivoire, the annual rate of homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2015: 10.997
2010: 11.86

Male Homicide Victims (any method)

In Côte d'Ivoire, annual male homicides by any means total

2015: 1,83311

Rate of Male Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

In Côte d'Ivoire, the annual rate of male homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2015: 15.6311

Female Homicide Victims (any method)

In Côte d'Ivoire, annual female homicides by any means total

2015: 85511

Rate of Female Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

In Côte d'Ivoire, the annual rate of female homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2015: 7.5111

Suicides (any method)

ChartIn Côte d'Ivoire, annual suicides by any means total

2016: 3,44612
2015: 3,332
2010: 2,592
2000: 1,589

Rate of Suicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Côte d'Ivoire, the annual rate of suicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2016: 13.7512
2015: 13.62
2010: 11.93
2000: 9.52

Rate of Male Suicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Côte d'Ivoire, the annual rate of male suicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2016: 19.6612
2015: 19.53
2010: 17.37
2000: 13.96

Female Suicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Côte d'Ivoire, annual female suicides by any means total

2016: 97112
2015: 930
2010: 692
2000: 406

Rate of Female Suicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Côte d'Ivoire, the annual rate of female suicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2016: 7.7912
2015: 7.65
2010: 6.42
2000: 4.94

ProductionGun Industry

Regulation of Firearm Makers

In Côte d'Ivoire, the manufacture of small arms, ammunition and/or their components is prohibited13

Home-made Guns

In Côte d'Ivoire, the prevalence of illicit craft, or 'home-made' firearm manufacture is reported to be high14 15

TransfersGun Trade and Trafficking

Firearm Exports

In Côte d'Ivoire, firearm and ammunition exports are limited by transfer control law16 17

Small Arms Exports (US$) - Customs

The annual value of small arms and ammunition exports from Côte d'Ivoire is reported by Customs to be US$1,537,71218 (2011)

Firearm Imports

In Côte d'Ivoire, firearm and ammunition imports are limited by transfer control law16 17 19 20

Small Arms Imports (US$) - Customs

The annual value of small arms and ammunition imports to Côte d'Ivoire is reported by Customs to be US$76,182,94318 (2011)21

Smuggling Guns and Ammunition

Reports suggest that the level of firearm and ammunition smuggling in Côte d'Ivoire is moderate22 23 24

Regulation of Arms Brokers

In Côte d'Ivoire, the activities of arms brokers and transfer intermediaries are specifically regulated by law25 19 20

End User Certificates

Customs regulations in Côte d'Ivoire include17 certification of the intended end user of any small arms or ammunition transfer, and/or a written declaration of its intended end use

MeasuresGun Regulation

Firearm Law

Guiding gun control legislation in Côte d'Ivoire includes the Law 98 749 of 23 December 1998 governing the repression of violations of the regulation on arms, ammunition and explosive material, the Decree No. 99 183 of 24 February 1999 regulating arms and ammunition and the Decree No. 2009 154 of 30 April 2009 governing the creation, organisation, functions and functioning of the National Commission on the fight against the proliferation and illicit trade in small arms and light weapons20

Firearm Regulation Authority

Guns in Côte d'Ivoire are regulated by the Ministry "in charge of applying regulation on arms and ammunition" and the Ministry of Defence"20

Right to Possess Firearms

In Côte d'Ivoire, the right to private gun ownership is not guaranteed by law26 27

Firearm Registration

Civilian Gun Registration

In Côte d'Ivoire, the law requires28 29 that a record of the acquisition, possession and transfer of each privately held firearm be retained in an official register

Gun Dealer Record Keeping

In Côte d'Ivoire, licensed firearm dealers are required28 to keep a record of each firearm or ammunition purchase, sale or transfer on behalf of a regulating authority

Gun Manufacturer Record Keeping

In Côte d'Ivoire, licensed gun makers are required30 to keep a record of each firearm produced, for inspection by a regulating authority

State-Owned Firearm Records

In Côte d'Ivoire, State agencies are required31 29 32 33 to maintain records of the storage and movement of all firearms and ammunition under their control

Storage and Transport of Guns and Ammunition

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Government

Government regulations in Côte d'Ivoire include31 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition by state entities

MeasuresInternational Controls

Regional Agreements

African Union

In June 2006, as a member of the African Union, Côte d'Ivoire adopted an African Common Position to take to the Conference to Review the UN Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA), held in June 200634 35

Economic Community of West African States

In June 2006, as a member of the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS), Côte d'Ivoire adopted the ECOWAS Convention on Small Arms and Light Weapons, their Ammunition and other Related Materials. This stipulates strict controls on the transfer, manufacture, possession and security of small arms and light weapons36

Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development

The Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development, a diplomatic initiative aimed at addressing the interrelations between armed violence and development, was signed in 200737 by Côte d'Ivoire.

Arms Trade Treaty

The Arms Trade Treaty has been signed and ratified38 by Côte d'Ivoire

United Nations Firearms Protocol

The United Nations Protocol against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, Their Parts and Components and Ammunition has been signed and ratified39 by Côte d'Ivoire

United Nations Small Arms Programme of Action UNPoA

UNPoA Commitment

On 21 July 2001, Côte d'Ivoire committed to a consensus decision of the United Nations to adopt, support and implement the UN Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects40

UNPoA Implementation Monitor Score

In its UN small arms Programme of Action Implementation Monitor (PoAIM Phase 1), the Small Arms Survey scored Côte d'Ivoire against its commitments to the PoA, then ranked it at No. 9641 42 43 44 among 159 Member States

UNPoA National Reporting

Under the terms of its 2001 commitment to the United Nations small arms Programme of Action, Côte d'Ivoire has submitted one or more national reports45 19 on its implementation of the UNPoA

UNPoA National Point of Contact

In Côte d'Ivoire, a National Point of Contact to deal with issues relating to the UNPoA has been designated46 19

UNPoA National Coordinating Body

In Côte d'Ivoire, a National Coordinating Body to deal with issues relating to the UNPoA has been designated46

UNPoA Civil Society Involvement and Support

In National Reports of Côte d'Ivoire submitted to the UN from 2001 to 2010, a history of substantive cooperation with civil society in support of UNPoA activities was apparent19

UNPoA International Assistance – Donor

Funds for UNPoA implementation have not been donated19 by Côte d'Ivoire to other UN Member States

UNPoA International Assistance – Recipient

Funds for UNPoA implementation have been provided19 to Côte d'Ivoire by other UN Member States

United Nations Small Arms Register

According to the United Nations Register of Conventional Arms, Côte d'Ivoire has not declared47 its small arms exports in one or more annual National Reports on Arms Exports.

United Nations Membership

In the UN List of Member States, Côte d'Ivoire has been a Member State of the United Nations since 196048

Wassenaar Arrangement

The Wassenaar Arrangement on Export Controls and Conventional Arms and Dual-Use Goods and Technologies does not list49 Côte d'Ivoire as a Participating State

BackgroundSustainable Development Goal Profile

About SDG 16

The Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) are 17 goals set by the United Nations to be implemented by all member states by 2030. Adopted in 2015, they outline a vision of development in which peace and security are an integral part. SDG 16,50 which seeks to “promote peaceful and inclusive societies for sustainable development,” includes targets and indicators focused on reducing violence (Target 16.1) and the proliferation of illicit arms (Target 16.4). The indicators – or measurement criteria – of these targets include the number of victims of intentional homicide (Indicator 16.1.1), the number of conflict-related deaths (Indicator 16.1.2), and the number of illicit firearms collected and traced (Indicator 16.4.2). In light of these targets and indicators, GunPolicy.org provides granular national data pertaining to homicides, gun homicides, conflict deaths, disarmament efforts, and marking and tracing.

Conflict Deaths

For a profile of conflict in Côte d'Ivoire, select the Link icon to open an external web page from the UCDP Conflict Encyclopedia at Uppsala University

Disarmament

Authorities in Côte d'Ivoire are known to have51 implemented voluntary firearm surrender schemes, and/or weapon seizure programmes in order to reduce the number of illicit firearms in circulation

Surrendered in Gun Amnesty

ChartIn Côte d'Ivoire, the number of firearms voluntarily surrendered in recent arms amnesty and collection programmes is reported to be

2011/16: 9,66152
2006: 11053

Firearms Surrendered and Seized

ChartIn Côte d'Ivoire, the number of firearms voluntarily surrendered, bought back or seized by authorities is reported to be

2017: 85454
2016: 1,17954 32
2012: 1,09451

Small Arms Destroyed

ChartIn Côte d'Ivoire, the number of firearms destroyed following amnesty, collection and seizure programmes is reported to be

2017: 98755
2016: 1,70755 56

Destruction and Disposal Policy

In Côte d'Ivoire, it is state policy31 to destroy surplus, collected and seized firearms rather than return them to the secondary arms market

Marking and Tracing

Firearm Marking

In Côte d'Ivoire, a unique identifying mark on each firearm is required by law29 16 32

Firearm Tracing

In Côte d'Ivoire, state authorities carry out33 57 recognised arms tracing and tracking procedures

Global Peace Index

To see where Côte d'Ivoire ranks, select the Link icon to open an external web page at the Global Peace Index


Short References

1.

Karp, Aaron.2018.‘Civilian Firearms Holdings, 2017.’ Estimating Global Civilian-Held Firearms Numbers.Geneva:Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva,18 June. (Q13434)Full Citation

2.

Karp, Aaron.2007.‘Completing the Count: Civilian firearms - Annexe online.’ Small Arms Survey 2007: Guns and the City.Cambridge:Cambridge University Press,27 August. (Q5)Full Citation

3.

Karp, Aaron.2007.‘Completing the Count: Civilian firearms.’ Small Arms Survey 2007: Guns and the City.Cambridge:Cambridge University Press,27 August. (Q4)Full Citation

4.

GunPolicy.org. 2019. ‘Estimated Number of Illicit Firearms.’ Definition and Selection Criteria.
Sydney School of Public Health, 24 January.
(G14) Full Citation

5.

Karp, Aaron.2018.‘Military Firearms Holdings, 2017.’ Estimating Global Military-Owned Firearms Numbers.Geneva:Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva,18 June. (Q13436)Full Citation

6.

Karp, Aaron.2018.‘Law Enforcement Firearms Holdings, 2017.’ Estimating Global Law Enforcement Firearms Numbers.Geneva:Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva,18 June. (Q13435)Full Citation

7.

UNODC.2020.‘Intentional Homicide Victims.’ Crime and Drugs Data.Vienna:United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime,1 January. (Q13355)Full Citation

8.

UNODC.2014.‘Homicides in Côte d'Ivoire.’ Global Study on Homicide 2013: Trends, Context, Data.Vienna:United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC),10 April. (Q9999)Full Citation

9.

UNODC.2013.‘Homicide in 207 Countries - Côte d'Ivoire.’ Global Study on Homicide 2011: Trends, Context, Data.Vienna:United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime,26 June. (Q6383)Full Citation

10.

UNODC.2004.‘Recorded Intentional Homicide, Completed.’ Seventh United Nations Survey of Crime Trends and Operations of Criminal Justice Systems (1998-2000).Vienna:United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime,19 March. (Q91)Full Citation

11.

UNODC.2017.‘Intentional Homicide Victims by Sex.’ Crime and Drugs Data.Vienna:UNODC,19 May. (Q13356)Full Citation

12.

WHO.2018.‘Violent Death Estimates by Country.’ Disease Burden and Mortality Estimates: Cause-Specific Mortality, 2000–2016.Geneva:World Health Organization,1 January. (Q14136)Full Citation

13.

Côte d'Ivoire.2016.‘Manufacture.’ National Report of Côte d'Ivoire on Its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA).New York NY:Permanent Mission of Côte d'Ivoire to the United Nations,1 April. (Q12480)Full Citation

14.

Florquin, Nicolas, Sigrid Lipott and Francis Wairagu.2019.‘Excerpts on Illicit/Craft Production - Côte d'Ivoire.’ Weapons Compass: Mapping Illicit Small Arms Flows in Africa.Geneva:Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva,1 January. (Q13978)Full Citation

15.

Mangan, Fiona and Matthias Nowak.2019.‘The Nature of Illicit Arms Trafficking in West Africa and the Sahel.’ The West Africa–Sahel Connection: Mapping Cross-Border Arms Trafficking.Geneva:Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva,1 December. (Q14061)Full Citation

16.

Côte d'Ivoire.2016.‘International Transfers.’ National Report of Côte d'Ivoire on Its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA).New York NY:Permanent Mission of Côte d'Ivoire to the United Nations,1 April. (Q12481)Full Citation

17.

Côte d'Ivoire.2014.‘International Transfers - Licensing and Authorisation/Record Keeping.’ National Report of Côte d'Ivoire on Its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA).New York NY:Permanent Mission of Côte d'Ivoire to the United Nations,1 January. (Q12479)Full Citation

18.

Marsh, Nicholas.2014.‘Database of Authorised Transfers of Small Arms and Light Weapons.’ NISAT Small Arms Trade Database.Oslo:Norwegian Initiative on Small Arms Transfers,22 December. (Q16)Full Citation

19.

UNODA.2018.‘PoA-ISS Country Profiles.’ UN small arms Programme of Action (UNPoA) - Implementation Support System.New York, NY:United Nations Office of Disarmament Affairs,23 July. (Q1309)Full Citation

20.

Moreau, Virginie, Cédric Poitevin and Jihan Seniora.2010.‘Comparison of the Main Regulatory Aspects Examined - Ivory Coast.’ Arms Transfer Controls: The Example of French-Speaking States in Sub-Saharan Africa.Brussels:Groupe de Recherche et d'Information sur la Paix et la Sécurité (GRIP),1 May. (Q4009)Full Citation

21.

Holtom, Paul, Irene Pavesi and Christelle Rigual.2014.‘Importers of Small Arms Based on UN Comtrade, 2011.’ Small Arms Survey 2014: Women and Guns.Cambridge:Cambridge University Press and the Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva,16 June. (Q11041)Full Citation

22.

Côte d'Ivoire.2018.‘International Transfers (Transferts internationaux).’ National Report of Côte d'Ivoire on its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA).New York NY:Permanent Mission of Côte d'Ivoire to the United Nations,1 January. (Q13615)Full Citation

23.

Mangan, Fiona and Matthias Nowak.2019.‘Key Arms-Trafficking Routes and Flow Patterns - Tri-Border Areas: Burkina Faso, Côte d'Ivoire, Ghana, and Mali.’ The West Africa–Sahel Connection: Mapping Cross-Border Arms Trafficking.Geneva:Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva,1 December. (Q14058)Full Citation

24.

Florquin, Nicolas, Sigrid Lipott, and Francis Wairagu.2019.‘Excerpts on Trafficking - Côte d'Ivoire.’ Weapons Compass: Mapping Illicit Small Arms Flows in Africa.Geneva:Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva,1 January. (Q13977)Full Citation

25.

Côte d'Ivoire.2016.‘Brokering.’ National Report of Côte d'Ivoire on Its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA).New York NY:Permanent Mission of Côte d'Ivoire to the United Nations,1 April. (Q12482)Full Citation

26.

Sherman, Amy and Tom Ginsburg.2014.‘Gun Rights in National Constitutions.’ Marco Rubio Says Second Amendment Is Unique in Speech to NRA.Miami, FL:Miami Herald (PolitiFact Florida),29 April. (Q8507)Full Citation

27.

Zachary Elkins, Tom Ginsburg and James Melton. 2013. ‘U.S. Gun Rights Truly Are American Exceptionalism.’ Bloomberg (USA). 7 March. (N422) Full Citation

28.

Côte d'Ivoire.2008.‘Establishment of Accurate and Comprehensive Records for All Marked Small Arms and Light Weapons Within the Territory.’ National Report of Côte d'Ivoire on its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA).New York, NY:Permanent Mission of Côte d'Ivoire to the United Nations,1 January. (Q4601)Full Citation

29.

Côte d'Ivoire.2018.‘Marking and Record Keeping.’ National Report of Côte d'Ivoire on its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA).New York NY:Permanent Mission of Côte d'Ivoire to the United Nations,1 January. (Q13616)Full Citation

30.

Côte d'Ivoire.2010.‘Marking, Record Keeping and Tracing.’ National Report of Côte d'Ivoire on its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA).New York, NY:Permanent Mission of Côte d'Ivoire to the United Nations,1 January. (Q4599)Full Citation

31.

Côte d'Ivoire.2016.‘Stockpile Management.’ National Report of Côte d'Ivoire on Its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA).New York NY:Permanent Mission of Côte d'Ivoire to the United Nations,1 April. (Q12483)Full Citation

32.

Amnesty International (France). 2016. ‘Côte d'Ivoire: Marking of Arms is Going Well.’ 15 June. (N644) Full Citation

33.

Côte d'Ivoire.2008.‘Measures Taken to Mark Small Arms and Light Weapons in the Possession of Government Armed and Security Forces for Their Own Use.’ National Report of Côte d'Ivoire on its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA).New York, NY:Permanent Mission of Côte d'Ivoire to the United Nations,1 January. (Q4600)Full Citation

34.

African Union / UNODA.2005.‘Windhoek Common Position.’ United Nations Programme of Action Implementation Support System: Regional Organisations.New York, NY:African Union / United Nations Office for Disarmament Affairs,14 December. (Q3216)Full Citation

35.

African Union.2015.‘Member States.’ African Union: A United and Strong Africa.Addis Ababa:African Union,10 August. (Q10548)Full Citation

36.

ECOWAS / UNODA.2006.‘Convention on Small Arms and Light Weapons, their Ammunition and other Related Materials.’ United Nations Programme of Action Implementation Support System: Regional Organisations.New York, NY:Economic Community of West African States Secretariat / United Nations Office for Disarmament Affairs,14 June. (Q3219)Full Citation

37.

GDAV.2006.‘Geneva Declaration.’ Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development.Geneva:Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development Secretariat,7 June. (Q7162)Full Citation

38.

UNODA.2013.‘Towards Entry Into Force.’ Arms Trade Treaty.New York, NY:United Nations Office for Disarmament Affairs,2 April. (Q7226)Full Citation

39.

UNGA.2001.‘United Nations Protocol against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, Their Parts and Components and Ammunition.’ UN General Assembly Resolution 55/255.New York, NY:UN General Assembly,31 May. (Q17)Full Citation

40.

UNGA.2001.‘Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects.’ United Nations General Assembly.New York, NY:UN General Assembly,20 July. (Q18)Full Citation

41.

Parker, Sarah and Katherine Green.2012.‘Findings - Table 3: Reporting States by Rank and Score.’ The Programme of Action Implementation Monitor (Phase 1): Assessing Reported Progress.Geneva:Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva,1 August. (Q8752)Full Citation

42.

Parker, Sarah and Katherine Green.2012.‘What do the PoAIM Scores Represent? How Should the PoAIM Scores Be Interpreted?.’ The Programme of Action Implementation Monitor (Phase 1): Assessing Reported Progress.Geneva:Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva,1 August. (Q8753)Full Citation

43.

Parker, Sarah and Katherine Green.2012.‘Point Allocation System.’ The Programme of Action Implementation Monitor (Phase 1): Assessing Reported Progress.Geneva:Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva,1 August. (Q8754)Full Citation

44.

Parker, Sarah and Katherine Green.2012.‘Introduction.’ The Programme of Action Implementation Monitor (Phase 1): Assessing Reported Progress.Geneva:Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva,1 August. (Q8755)Full Citation

45.

Cattaneo, Silvia and Sarah Parker.2008.‘Reporting, NPCs and NCAs, 2002 to 2008.’ Implementing the United Nations Programme of Action on Small Arms and Light Weapons: Analysis of the National Reports submitted by States from 2002 to 2008.Geneva:United Nations Development Programme,1 November. (Q20)Full Citation

46.

IANSA.2006.‘Reviewing Action on Small Arms 2006: Assessing the first five years of the UN Programme of Action.’ Biting the Bullet 'Red Book' 2006.New York, NY:International Action Network on Small Arms and the Biting the Bullet project,26 June. (Q166)Full Citation

47.

UNODA.2011.‘National Reports on Small Arms Exports.’ United Nations Register of Conventional Arms - The Global Reported Arms Trade.New York, NY:United Nations Office for Disarmament Affairs,21 October. (Q14)Full Citation

48.

UN.2013.‘Member States of the United Nations.’ UN.org Web Site.New York, NY:United Nations General Assembly,7 April. (Q290)Full Citation

49.

Wassenaar Arrangement.1996.‘Introduction: Participating States.’ Wassenaar Arrangement on Export Controls and Conventional Arms and Dual-Use Goods and Technologies.Vienna:Wassenaar Secretariat,12 July. (Q19)Full Citation

50.

United Nations.2017.‘Relevant Targets & Indicators.’ Sustainable Development Goal 16.New York NY:United Nations Statistics Division,6 July. (Q14093)Full Citation

51.

Côte d'Ivoire.2012.‘Collection.’ National Report of Côte d'Ivoire on Its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA).New York NY:Permanent Mission of Côte d'Ivoire to the United Nations,1 January. (Q12478)Full Citation

52.

China Radio International [FR], Xinhua. 2016. ‘West Africa Reunited in Abidjan to Discuss Small Arms Proliferation.’ 20 April. (N574) Full Citation

53.

Karp, Aaron.2009.‘Summary of Disarmament Outcomes in 45 DDR Programmes.’ Small Arms Survey 2009: Shadows of War.Cambridge:Cambridge University Press,9 July. (Q2941)Full Citation

54.

Côte d'Ivoire.2018.‘Collection (Collecte).’ National Report of Côte d'Ivoire on its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA).New York NY:Permanent Mission of Côte d'Ivoire to the United Nations,1 January. (Q13617)Full Citation

55.

Côte d'Ivoire.2018.‘Destruction.’ National Report of Côte d'Ivoire on its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA).New York NY:Permanent Mission of Côte d'Ivoire to the United Nations,1 January. (Q13618)Full Citation

56.

César Djedje Mel. 2016. ‘Fight Against the Proliferation of Small Arms: 26,324 Marked Guns and 6,336 Destroyed Ammunition.’ L'Infodrome (Côte d'Ivoire). 9 April. (N525) Full Citation

57.

Côte d'Ivoire.2016.‘International Tracing.’ National Report of Côte d'Ivoire on Its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA).New York NY:Permanent Mission of Côte d'Ivoire to the United Nations,1 April. (Q12485)Full Citation