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Côte d'Ivoire — Gun Facts, Figures and the Law

StockpilesGun Numbers

Civilian Guns

Number of Privately Owned Firearms

ChartThe estimated total number of guns (both licit and illicit) held by civilians in Côte d'Ivoire is

2017: 1,049,0001
2007: 400,0002

Rate of Civilian Firearm Possession per 100 Population

ChartThe estimated rate of private gun ownership (both licit and illicit) per 100 people in Côte d'Ivoire is

2017: 4.401
2007: 2.42

Number of Privately Owned Firearms - World Ranking

In a 2007 comparison of the number of privately owned guns in 178 countries, Côte d'Ivoire ranked at No. 893

Rate of Privately Owned Firearms per 100 Population - World Ranking

In a 2007 comparison of the rate of private gun ownership in 178 countries, Côte d'Ivoire ranked at No. 1242

Number of Registered Firearms

The number of registered guns in Côte d'Ivoire is reported to be

2017: 2,5001

Estimated Number of Unregistered and Illicit Firearms

Unregistered and unlawfully held guns cannot be counted,4 but in Côte d'Ivoire there are estimated to be

2017: 1,046,5001

Government Guns

Number of Military Firearms

The defence forces of Côte d'Ivoire are reported to have 33,0455 firearms

Number of Law Enforcement Firearms

Police in Côte d'Ivoire are reported to have 17,0006 firearms

ImpactsDeath and Injury

Homicides (any method)

ChartIn Côte d'Ivoire, annual homicides by any means total

2015: 2,6877
2012: 2,6918
2010: 2,576.41
2008: 10,8019
2000: 65110

Rate of Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Côte d'Ivoire, the annual rate of homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2015: 10.997
2010: 11.86

Male Homicide Victims (any method)

In Côte d'Ivoire, annual male homicides by any means total

2015: 1,83311

Rate of Male Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

In Côte d'Ivoire, the annual rate of male homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2015: 15.6311

Female Homicide Victims (any method)

In Côte d'Ivoire, annual female homicides by any means total

2015: 85511

Rate of Female Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

In Côte d'Ivoire, the annual rate of female homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2015: 7.5111

ProductionGun Industry

Regulation of Firearm Makers

In Côte d'Ivoire, the manufacture of small arms, ammunition and/or their components is prohibited12

Home-made Guns

In Côte d'Ivoire, the prevalence of illicit craft, or 'home-made' firearm manufacture is reported to be high13

TransfersGun Trade and Trafficking

Firearm Exports

In Côte d'Ivoire, firearm and ammunition exports are limited by transfer control law14 15

Small Arms Exports (US$) - Customs

The annual value of small arms and ammunition exports from Côte d'Ivoire is reported by Customs to be US$1,537,71216 (2011)

Firearm Imports

In Côte d'Ivoire, firearm and ammunition imports are limited by transfer control law14 15 17 18

Small Arms Imports (US$) - Customs

The annual value of small arms and ammunition imports to Côte d'Ivoire is reported by Customs to be US$76,182,94316 (2011)19

Smuggling Guns and Ammunition

Reports suggest that the level of firearm and ammunition smuggling in Côte d'Ivoire is moderate20 21

Regulation of Arms Brokers

In Côte d'Ivoire, the activities of arms brokers and transfer intermediaries are specifically regulated by law22 17 18

End User Certificates

Customs regulations in Côte d'Ivoire include15 certification of the intended end user of any small arms or ammunition transfer, and/or a written declaration of its intended end use

MeasuresGun Regulation

Firearm Law

Guiding gun control legislation in Côte d'Ivoire includes the Law 98 749 of 23 December 1998 governing the repression of violations of the regulation on arms, ammunition and explosive material, the Decree No. 99 183 of 24 February 1999 regulating arms and ammunition and the Decree No. 2009 154 of 30 April 2009 governing the creation, organisation, functions and functioning of the National Commission on the fight against the proliferation and illicit trade in small arms and light weapons18

Firearm Regulation Authority

Guns in Côte d'Ivoire are regulated by the Ministry "in charge of applying regulation on arms and ammunition" and the Ministry of Defence"18

Right to Possess Firearms

In Côte d'Ivoire, the right to private gun ownership is not guaranteed by law23 24

Firearm Registration

Civilian Gun Registration

In Côte d'Ivoire, the law requires25 26 that a record of the acquisition, possession and transfer of each privately held firearm be retained in an official register

Gun Dealer Record Keeping

In Côte d'Ivoire, licensed firearm dealers are required25 to keep a record of each firearm or ammunition purchase, sale or transfer on behalf of a regulating authority

Gun Manufacturer Record Keeping

In Côte d'Ivoire, licensed gun makers are required27 to keep a record of each firearm produced, for inspection by a regulating authority

State-Owned Firearm Records

In Côte d'Ivoire, State agencies are required28 26 29 30 to maintain records of the storage and movement of all firearms and ammunition under their control

Storage and Transport of Guns and Ammunition

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Government

Government regulations in Côte d'Ivoire include28 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition by state entities

Marking and Tracing Guns and Ammunition

Firearm Marking

In Côte d'Ivoire, a unique identifying mark on each firearm is required by law26 14 29

Firearm Tracing

In Côte d'Ivoire, state authorities carry out30 31 recognised arms tracing and tracking procedures

Collection, Amnesty and Destruction Programmes

Authorities in Côte d'Ivoire are known to have32 implemented voluntary firearm surrender schemes, and/or weapon seizure programmes in order to reduce the number of illicit firearms in circulation

Surrendered in Gun Amnesty

ChartIn Côte d'Ivoire, the number of firearms voluntarily surrendered in recent arms amnesty and collection programmes is reported to be

2011/16: 9,66133
2006: 11034

Firearms Surrendered and Seized

ChartIn Côte d'Ivoire, the number of firearms voluntarily surrendered, bought back or seized by authorities is reported to be

2017: 85435
2016: 1,17935 29
2012: 1,09432

Small Arms Destroyed

ChartIn Côte d'Ivoire, the number of firearms destroyed following amnesty, collection and seizure programmes is reported to be

2017: 98736
2016: 1,70736 37

Destruction and Disposal Policy

In Côte d'Ivoire, it is state policy28 to destroy surplus, collected and seized firearms rather than return them to the secondary arms market

MeasuresInternational Controls

Regional Agreements

African Union

In June 2006, as a member of the African Union, Côte d'Ivoire adopted an African Common Position to take to the Conference to Review the UN Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA), held in June 200638 39

Economic Community of West African States

In June 2006, as a member of the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS), Côte d'Ivoire adopted the ECOWAS Convention on Small Arms and Light Weapons, their Ammunition and other Related Materials. This stipulates strict controls on the transfer, manufacture, possession and security of small arms and light weapons40

Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development

The Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development, a diplomatic initiative aimed at addressing the interrelations between armed violence and development, was signed in 200741 by Côte d'Ivoire.

Arms Trade Treaty

The Arms Trade Treaty has been signed and ratified42 by Côte d'Ivoire

United Nations Firearms Protocol

The United Nations Protocol against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, Their Parts and Components and Ammunition has been signed and ratified43 by Côte d'Ivoire

United Nations Small Arms Programme of Action UNPoA

UNPoA Commitment

On 21 July 2001, Côte d'Ivoire committed to a consensus decision of the United Nations to adopt, support and implement the UN Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects44

UNPoA Implementation Monitor Score

In its UN small arms Programme of Action Implementation Monitor (PoAIM Phase 1), the Small Arms Survey scored Côte d'Ivoire against its commitments to the PoA, then ranked it at No. 9645 46 47 48 among 159 Member States

UNPoA National Reporting

Under the terms of its 2001 commitment to the United Nations small arms Programme of Action, Côte d'Ivoire has submitted one or more national reports49 17 on its implementation of the UNPoA

UNPoA National Point of Contact

In Côte d'Ivoire, a National Point of Contact to deal with issues relating to the UNPoA has been designated50 17

UNPoA National Coordinating Body

In Côte d'Ivoire, a National Coordinating Body to deal with issues relating to the UNPoA has been designated50

UNPoA Civil Society Involvement and Support

In National Reports of Côte d'Ivoire submitted to the UN from 2001 to 2010, a history of substantive cooperation with civil society in support of UNPoA activities was apparent17

UNPoA International Assistance – Donor

Funds for UNPoA implementation have not been donated17 by Côte d'Ivoire to other UN Member States

UNPoA International Assistance – Recipient

Funds for UNPoA implementation have been provided17 to Côte d'Ivoire by other UN Member States

United Nations Small Arms Register

According to the United Nations Register of Conventional Arms, Côte d'Ivoire has not declared51 its small arms exports in one or more annual National Reports on Arms Exports.

United Nations Membership

In the UN List of Member States, Côte d'Ivoire has been a Member State of the United Nations since 196052

Wassenaar Arrangement

The Wassenaar Arrangement on Export Controls and Conventional Arms and Dual-Use Goods and Technologies does not list53 Côte d'Ivoire as a Participating State

BackgroundCountry Profile

Conflict Profile

For a profile of conflict in Côte d'Ivoire, select the Link icon to open an external web page from the UCDP Conflict Encyclopedia at Uppsala University

Global Peace Index

To see where Côte d'Ivoire ranks, select the Link icon to open an external web page at the Global Peace Index


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