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Côte d'Ivoire — Gun Facts, Figures and the Law

StockpilesGun Numbers

Civilian Guns

Number of Privately Owned Firearms

ChartThe estimated total number of guns (both licit and illicit) held by civilians in Côte d'Ivoire is

2017: 1,049,0001
2007: 400,0002

Rate of Civilian Firearm Possession per 100 Population

ChartThe estimated rate of private gun ownership (both licit and illicit) per 100 people in Côte d'Ivoire is

2017: 4.401
2007: 2.42

Number of Privately Owned Firearms - World Ranking

In a 2017 comparison of the number of privately owned guns in 206 countries, Côte d'Ivoire ranked at No. 593

Rate of Privately Owned Firearms per 100 Population - World Ranking

In a 2017 comparison of the rate of privately owned guns in 206 countries, Côte d'Ivoire ranked at No.1153

Number of Registered Firearms

The number of registered guns in Côte d'Ivoire is reported to be

2017: 2,5001

Estimated Number of Unregistered and Illicit Firearms

Unregistered and unlawfully held guns cannot be counted,4 but in Côte d'Ivoire there are estimated to be

2017: 1,046,5001

Government Guns

Number of Military Firearms

The defence forces of Côte d'Ivoire are reported to have 33,0455 firearms

Number of Law Enforcement Firearms

Police in Côte d'Ivoire are reported to have 17,0006 firearms

ImpactsDeath and Injury

Homicides (any method)

ChartIn Côte d'Ivoire, annual homicides by any means total

2015: 2,6877
2012: 2,6918
2010: 2,576.41
2008: 10,8019
2000: 65110

Rate of Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Côte d'Ivoire, the annual rate of homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2015: 10.997
2010: 11.86

Male Homicide Victims (any method)

In Côte d'Ivoire, annual male homicides by any means total

2015: 1,83311

Rate of Male Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

In Côte d'Ivoire, the annual rate of male homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2015: 15.6311

Female Homicide Victims (any method)

In Côte d'Ivoire, annual female homicides by any means total

2015: 85511

Rate of Female Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

In Côte d'Ivoire, the annual rate of female homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2015: 7.5111

Suicides (any method)

ChartIn Côte d'Ivoire, annual suicides by any means total

2016: 3,44612
2015: 3,332
2010: 2,592
2000: 1,589

Rate of Suicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Côte d'Ivoire, the annual rate of suicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2016: 13.7512
2015: 13.62
2010: 11.93
2000: 9.52

Rate of Male Suicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Côte d'Ivoire, the annual rate of male suicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2016: 19.6612
2015: 19.53
2010: 17.37
2000: 13.96

Female Suicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Côte d'Ivoire, annual female suicides by any means total

2016: 97112
2015: 930
2010: 692
2000: 406

Rate of Female Suicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Côte d'Ivoire, the annual rate of female suicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2016: 7.7912
2015: 7.65
2010: 6.42
2000: 4.94

ProductionGun Industry

Regulation of Firearm Makers

In Côte d'Ivoire, the manufacture of small arms, ammunition and/or their components is prohibited13

Home-made Guns

In Côte d'Ivoire, the prevalence of illicit craft, or 'home-made' firearm manufacture is reported to be high14 15

TransfersGun Trade and Trafficking

Firearm Exports

In Côte d'Ivoire, firearm and ammunition exports are limited by transfer control law16 17 18

Small Arms Exports (US$) - Customs

ChartThe annual value of small arms and ammunition exports from Côte d'Ivoire is reported by Customs to be US$

2020: 1,00019
2019: 1,000
2017: 8,953,000
2015: 5,319,000
2014: 6,051,000
2013: 615,000
2012:
2011: 1,546,000
2010: 3,000
2009: 1,041,000
2008:
2007: 44,000
2006: 2,097,000
2005: 13,070,000
2004: 27,774,000
2003: 6,000

Firearm Imports

In Côte d'Ivoire, firearm and ammunition imports are limited by transfer control law16 17 20 21 18

Small Arms Imports (US$) - Customs

ChartThe annual value of small arms and ammunition imports to Côte d'Ivoire is reported by Customs to be US$

2021: 2,00022
2020: 474,000
2019: 1,690,000
2018: 508,000
2017: 346,000
2016: 6,190,000
2015: 28,499,000
2014: 16,434,000
2013: 9,102,000
2012: 3,207,000
2011: 76,071,000
2010: 5,313,000
2009: 545,000
2008: 21,000
2007: 18,000
2006: 8,997,000
2005: 163,000
2004: 45,746,000
2003: 10,691,000
2002: 703,000
:

Smuggling Guns and Ammunition

Reports suggest that the level of firearm and ammunition smuggling in Côte d'Ivoire is moderate23 24 25 26

Regulation of Arms Brokers

In Côte d'Ivoire, the activities of arms brokers and transfer intermediaries are specifically regulated by law27 20 21

End User Certificates

Customs regulations in Côte d'Ivoire include17 certification of the intended end user of any small arms or ammunition transfer, and/or a written declaration of its intended end use

MeasuresGun Regulation

Firearm Law

Guiding gun control legislation in Côte d'Ivoire includes the Law 98 749 of 23 December 1998 governing the repression of violations of the regulation on arms, ammunition and explosive material, the Decree No. 99 183 of 24 February 1999 regulating arms and ammunition and the Decree No. 2009 154 of 30 April 2009 governing the creation, organisation, functions and functioning of the National Commission on the fight against the proliferation and illicit trade in small arms and light weapons21

Firearm Regulation Authority

Guns in Côte d'Ivoire are regulated by the Ministry "in charge of applying regulation on arms and ammunition" and the Ministry of Defence"21

Right to Possess Firearms

In Côte d'Ivoire, the right to private gun ownership is not guaranteed by law28 29

Firearm Registration

Civilian Gun Registration

In Côte d'Ivoire, the law requires30 31 that a record of the acquisition, possession and transfer of each privately held firearm be retained in an official register

Gun Dealer Record Keeping

In Côte d'Ivoire, licensed firearm dealers are required30 to keep a record of each firearm or ammunition purchase, sale or transfer on behalf of a regulating authority

Gun Manufacturer Record Keeping

In Côte d'Ivoire, licensed gun makers are required32 to keep a record of each firearm produced, for inspection by a regulating authority

State-Owned Firearm Records

In Côte d'Ivoire, State agencies are required33 31 34 35 to maintain records of the storage and movement of all firearms and ammunition under their control

Storage and Transport of Guns and Ammunition

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Government

Government regulations in Côte d'Ivoire include33 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition by state entities

MeasuresInternational Controls

Regional Agreements

African Union

In June 2006, as a member of the African Union, Côte d'Ivoire adopted an African Common Position to take to the Conference to Review the UN Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA), held in June 200636 37

Economic Community of West African States

In June 2006, as a member of the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS), Côte d'Ivoire adopted the ECOWAS Convention on Small Arms and Light Weapons, their Ammunition and other Related Materials. This stipulates strict controls on the transfer, manufacture, possession and security of small arms and light weapons38

Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development

The Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development, a diplomatic initiative aimed at addressing the interrelations between armed violence and development, was signed in 200739 by Côte d'Ivoire.

Arms Trade Treaty

The Arms Trade Treaty has been signed and ratified40 by Côte d'Ivoire

United Nations Firearms Protocol

The United Nations Protocol against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, Their Parts and Components and Ammunition has been acceded to41 by Côte d'Ivoire

United Nations Small Arms Programme of Action UNPoA

UNPoA Commitment

On 21 July 2001, Côte d'Ivoire committed to a consensus decision of the United Nations to adopt, support and implement the UN Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects42

UNPoA Implementation Monitor Score

In its UN small arms Programme of Action Implementation Monitor (PoAIM Phase 1), the Small Arms Survey scored Côte d'Ivoire against its commitments to the PoA, then ranked it at No. 9643 44 45 46 among 159 Member States

UNPoA National Reporting

Under the terms of its 2001 commitment to the United Nations small arms Programme of Action, Côte d'Ivoire has submitted one or more national reports47 20 on its implementation of the UNPoA

UNPoA National Point of Contact

In Côte d'Ivoire, a National Point of Contact to deal with issues relating to the UNPoA has been designated20

UNPoA National Coordinating Body

In Côte d'Ivoire, a National Coordinating Body to deal with issues relating to the UNPoA has been designated48

UNPoA Civil Society Involvement and Support

In National Reports of Côte d'Ivoire submitted to the UN from 2001 to 2010, a history of substantive cooperation with civil society in support of UNPoA activities was apparent20

UNPoA International Assistance – Donor

Funds for UNPoA implementation have not been donated20 by Côte d'Ivoire to other UN Member States

UNPoA International Assistance – Recipient

Funds for UNPoA implementation have been provided20 to Côte d'Ivoire by other UN Member States

United Nations Small Arms Register

According to the United Nations Register of Conventional Arms, Côte d'Ivoire has not declared49 its small arms exports in one or more annual National Reports on Arms Exports.

United Nations Membership

In the UN List of Member States, Côte d'Ivoire has been a Member State of the United Nations since 196050

Wassenaar Arrangement

The Wassenaar Arrangement on Export Controls and Conventional Arms and Dual-Use Goods and Technologies does not list51 Côte d'Ivoire as a Participating State

BackgroundSustainable Development Goal Profile

About SDG 16

The Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) are 17 goals set by the United Nations to be implemented by all member states by 2030. Adopted in 2015, they outline a vision of development in which peace and security are an integral part. SDG 16,52 which seeks to “promote peaceful and inclusive societies for sustainable development,” includes targets and indicators focused on reducing violence (Target 16.1) and the proliferation of illicit arms (Target 16.4). The indicators – or measurement criteria – of these targets include the number of victims of intentional homicide (Indicator 16.1.1), the number of conflict-related deaths (Indicator 16.1.2), and the number of illicit firearms collected and traced (Indicator 16.4.2). In light of these targets and indicators, GunPolicy.org provides granular national data pertaining to homicides, gun homicides, conflict deaths, disarmament efforts, and marking and tracing.

Homicides (any method)

ChartIn Côte d'Ivoire, annual homicides by any means total

2015: 2,6877
2012: 2,6918
2010: 2,576.41
2008: 10,8019
2000: 65110

Rate of Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Côte d'Ivoire, the annual rate of homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2015: 10.997
2010: 11.86

Male Homicide Victims (any method)

In Côte d'Ivoire, annual male homicides by any means total

2015: 1,83311

Rate of Male Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

In Côte d'Ivoire, the annual rate of male homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2015: 15.6311

Female Homicide Victims (any method)

In Côte d'Ivoire, annual female homicides by any means total

2015: 85511

Rate of Female Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

In Côte d'Ivoire, the annual rate of female homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2015: 7.5111

Conflict Deaths

For a profile of conflict in Côte d'Ivoire, select the Link icon to open an external web page from the UCDP Conflict Encyclopedia at Uppsala University

Disarmament

Authorities in Côte d'Ivoire are known to have53 implemented voluntary firearm surrender schemes, and/or weapon seizure programmes in order to reduce the number of illicit firearms in circulation

Surrendered in Gun Amnesty

ChartIn Côte d'Ivoire, the number of firearms voluntarily surrendered in recent arms amnesty and collection programmes is reported to be

2011/16: 9,66154
2006: 11055

Firearms Surrendered and Seized

ChartIn Côte d'Ivoire, the number of firearms voluntarily surrendered, bought back or seized by authorities is reported to be

2021: 1,24656
2020: 1,179
2017: 85457
2016: 1,17957 34
2012: 1,09453

Small Arms Destroyed

ChartIn Côte d'Ivoire, the number of firearms destroyed following amnesty, collection and seizure programmes is reported to be

2021: 5,26858
2020: 2,886
2019: 85459
2018: 1,179
2017: 98760
2016: 1,70760 61

Destruction and Disposal Policy

In Côte d'Ivoire, it is state policy33 to destroy surplus, collected and seized firearms rather than return them to the secondary arms market

Marking and Tracing

Firearm Marking

In Côte d'Ivoire, a unique identifying mark on each firearm is required by law31 16 34

Firearm Tracing

In Côte d'Ivoire, state authorities carry out35 62 recognised arms tracing and tracking procedures

Global Peace Index

To see where Côte d'Ivoire ranks, select the Link icon to open an external web page at the Global Peace Index, and then click on Côte d'Ivoire on the map or in the "Select Country" menu on the right of the web page


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