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Comoros — Gun Facts, Figures and the Law

StockpilesGun Numbers

Civilian Guns

Number of Privately Owned Firearms

ChartThe estimated total number of guns (both licit and illicit) held by civilians in the Comoros is

2017: 12,0001
2007: 11,0002

Rate of Civilian Firearm Possession per 100 Population

ChartThe estimated rate of private gun ownership (both licit and illicit) per 100 people in the Comoros is

2017: 1.501
2007: 1.82

Number of Privately Owned Firearms - World Ranking

In a 2007 comparison of the number of privately owned guns in 178 countries, the Comoros ranked at No. 1713

Rate of Privately Owned Firearms per 100 Population - World Ranking

In a 2007 comparison of the rate of private gun ownership in 178 countries, the Comoros ranked at No. 1272

Government Guns

Number of Military Firearms

The defence forces of the Comoros are reported to have 6004 firearms

Number of Law Enforcement Firearms

Police in the Comoros are reported to have 2,0005 firearms

ImpactsDeath and Injury

Homicides (any method)

ChartIn the Comoros, annual homicides by any means total

2015: 596
2014: 54
2013: 52
2012: 727
2011: 50
2010: 58
2008: 858

Rate of Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn the Comoros, the annual rate of homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2015: 7.676
2014: 7.22
2013: 7.16
2012: 10.07
2011: 7.11
2010: 8.33
2008: 12.28
2007: 0.709
2006: 1.00
2004: 9.30
2002: 7.50

Male Homicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn the Comoros, annual male homicides by any means total

2015: 4610
2010: 4210

Rate of Male Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

In the Comoros, the annual rate of male homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2015: 11.6110

Female Homicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn the Comoros, annual female homicides by any means total

2015: 1410
2010: 17

Rate of Female Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

In the Comoros, the annual rate of female homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2015: 3.7310

Suicides (any method)

ChartIn the Comoros, annual suicides by any means total

2016: 5411
2015: 53
2010: 45
2000: 27

Rate of Suicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn the Comoros, the annual rate of suicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2016: 6.8011
2015: 6.79
2010: 6.37
2000: 4.95

Male Suicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn the Comoros, annual male suicides by any means total

2016: 4011
2015: 39
2010: 34
2000: 20

Rate of Male Suicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn the Comoros, the annual rate of male suicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2016: 10.3911
2015: 10.31
2010: 9.92
2000: 7.52

Female Suicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn the Comoros, annual female suicides by any means total

2016: 1411
2015: 14
2010: 12
2000: 8

Rate of Female Suicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn the Comoros, the annual rate of female suicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2016: 3.4211
2015: 3.48
2010: 3.30
2000: 2.86

ProductionGun Industry

Regulation of Firearm Makers

In the Comoros, the manufacture of small arms, ammunition and/or their components is prohibited12

Home-made Guns

In the Comoros, the prevalence of illicit craft, or 'home-made' firearm manufacture is reported to be moderate13

TransfersGun Trade and Trafficking

Firearm Exports

In the Comoros, firearm and ammunition exports are limited by transfer control law14

Small Arms Exports (US$) - Customs

The annual value of small arms and ammunition exports from the Comoros is reported by Customs to be US$19115 (2008)

Firearm Imports

In the Comoros, firearm and ammunition imports are limited by transfer control law14

Small Arms Imports (US$) - Customs

The annual value of small arms and ammunition imports to the Comoros is reported by Customs to be US$3,57015 (2011)

Regulation of Arms Brokers

In the Comoros, the activities of arms brokers and transfer intermediaries are not specifically regulated by law16

End User Certificates

Customs regulations in the Comoros do not include17 certification of the intended end user of any small arms or ammunition transfer, and/or a written declaration of its intended end use

MeasuresGun Regulation

Firearm Law

Guiding gun control legislation in the Comoros includes the Penal Code and the Customs Code14

Right to Possess Firearms

In the Comoros, the right to private gun ownership is not guaranteed by law18 19

Firearm Registration

Civilian Gun Registration

In the Comoros, the law does not require20 that a record of the acquisition, possession and transfer of each privately held firearm be retained in an official register

State-Owned Firearm Records

In the Comoros, State agencies are required21 to maintain records of the storage and movement of all firearms and ammunition under their control

Storage and Transport of Guns and Ammunition

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Government

Government regulations in the Comoros include21 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition by state entities

MeasuresInternational Controls

Regional Agreements

League of Arab States

As a member of the League of Arab States, the Comoros adopted the Arab Model Law on Weapons, Ammunitions, Explosives and Hazardous Material in January 200222

African Union

In June 2006, as a member of the African Union, the Comoros adopted an African Common Position to take to the Conference to Review the UN Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA), held in June 200623 24

Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development

The Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development, a diplomatic initiative aimed at addressing the interrelations between armed violence and development, was not signed25 by the Comoros.

Arms Trade Treaty

The Arms Trade Treaty has been signed, but not yet ratified26 by the Comoros

United Nations Firearms Protocol

The United Nations Protocol against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, Their Parts and Components and Ammunition has not been signed27 by the Comoros

United Nations Small Arms Programme of Action UNPoA

UNPoA Commitment

On 21 July 2001, the Comoros committed to a consensus decision of the United Nations to adopt, support and implement the UN Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects28

UNPoA National Reporting

Under the terms of its 2001 commitment to the United Nations small arms Programme of Action, the Comoros have yet to submit a national report29 30 on its implementation of the UNPoA

UNPoA National Point of Contact

In the Comoros, a National Point of Contact to deal with issues relating to the UNPoA has not been designated30

UNPoA National Coordinating Body

In the Comoros, a National Coordinating Body to deal with issues relating to the UNPoA has not been designated30

UNPoA Civil Society Involvement and Support

In National Reports of the Comoros submitted to the UN from 2001 to 2010, a history of substantive cooperation with civil society in support of UNPoA activities was not apparent30

UNPoA International Assistance – Donor

Funds for UNPoA implementation have not been donated30 by the Comoros to other UN Member States

United Nations Small Arms Register

According to the United Nations Register of Conventional Arms, the Comoros have not declared31 its small arms exports in one or more annual National Reports on Arms Exports.

United Nations Membership

In the UN List of Member States, the Comoros have been a Member State of the United Nations since 197532

Wassenaar Arrangement

The Wassenaar Arrangement on Export Controls and Conventional Arms and Dual-Use Goods and Technologies does not list33 the Comoros as a Participating State

BackgroundSustainable Development Goal Profile

About SDG 16

The Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) are 17 goals set by the United Nations to be implemented by all member states by 2030. Adopted in 2015, they outline a vision of development in which peace and security are an integral part. SDG 16,34 which seeks to “promote peaceful and inclusive societies for sustainable development,” includes targets and indicators focused on reducing violence (Target 16.1) and the proliferation of illicit arms (Target 16.4). The indicators – or measurement criteria – of these targets include the number of victims of intentional homicide (Indicator 16.1.1), the number of conflict-related deaths (Indicator 16.1.2), and the number of illicit firearms collected and traced (Indicator 16.4.2). In light of these targets and indicators, GunPolicy.org provides granular national data pertaining to homicides, gun homicides, conflict deaths, disarmament efforts, and marking and tracing.

Homicides (any method)

ChartIn the Comoros, annual homicides by any means total

2015: 596
2014: 54
2013: 52
2012: 727
2011: 50
2010: 58
2008: 858

Rate of Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn the Comoros, the annual rate of homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2015: 7.676
2014: 7.22
2013: 7.16
2012: 10.07
2011: 7.11
2010: 8.33
2008: 12.28
2007: 0.709
2006: 1.00
2004: 9.30
2002: 7.50

Male Homicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn the Comoros, annual male homicides by any means total

2015: 4610
2010: 4210

Rate of Male Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

In the Comoros, the annual rate of male homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2015: 11.6110

Female Homicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn the Comoros, annual female homicides by any means total

2015: 1410
2010: 17

Rate of Female Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

In the Comoros, the annual rate of female homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2015: 3.7310

Conflict Deaths

For a profile of conflict in the Comoros, select the Link icon to open an external web page from the UCDP Conflict Encyclopedia at Uppsala University

Disarmament

Destruction and Disposal Policy

In the Comoros, it is state policy21 to destroy surplus, collected and seized firearms rather than return them to the secondary arms market

Marking and Tracing

Firearm Marking

In the Comoros, a unique identifying mark on each firearm is required by law20 12

Firearm Tracing

In the Comoros, state authorities do not carry out35 recognised arms tracing and tracking procedures

Global Peace Index

To see where the Comoros ranks, select the Link icon to open an external web page at the Global Peace Index, and then click on the Comoros on the map or in the "Select Country" menu on the right of the web page


Short References

1.

Karp, Aaron.2018.‘Civilian Firearms Holdings, 2017.’ Estimating Global Civilian-Held Firearms Numbers.Geneva:Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva,18 June. (Q13434)Full Citation

2.

Karp, Aaron.2007.‘Completing the Count: Civilian firearms - Annexe online.’ Small Arms Survey 2007: Guns and the City.Cambridge:Cambridge University Press,27 August. (Q5)Full Citation

3.

Karp, Aaron.2007.‘Completing the Count: Civilian firearms.’ Small Arms Survey 2007: Guns and the City.Cambridge:Cambridge University Press,27 August. (Q4)Full Citation

4.

Karp, Aaron.2018.‘Military Firearms Holdings, 2017.’ Estimating Global Military-Owned Firearms Numbers.Geneva:Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva,18 June. (Q13436)Full Citation

5.

Karp, Aaron.2018.‘Law Enforcement Firearms Holdings, 2017.’ Estimating Global Law Enforcement Firearms Numbers.Geneva:Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva,18 June. (Q13435)Full Citation

6.

UNODC.2020.‘Intentional Homicide Victims.’ Crime and Drugs Data.Vienna:United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime,1 January. (Q13355)Full Citation

7.

UNODC.2014.‘Homicides in Comoros.’ Global Study on Homicide 2013: Trends, Context, Data.Vienna:United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC),10 April. (Q9932)Full Citation

8.

UNODC.2013.‘Homicide in 207 Countries - Comoros.’ Global Study on Homicide 2011: Trends, Context, Data.Vienna:United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime,26 June. (Q6423)Full Citation

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Petrini, Benjamin.2011.‘Sub-Saharan Africa, 1995-2008, Total Recorded Intentional Homicide, Completed, Rate per 100,000 Population.’ World Bank Homicide Rate Dataset 1995-2008.Washington, DC:Social Development Department, World Bank,10 February. (Q3812)Full Citation

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UNODC.2017.‘Intentional Homicide Victims by Sex.’ Crime and Drugs Data.Vienna:UNODC,19 May. (Q13356)Full Citation

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WHO.2018.‘Violent Death Estimates by Country.’ Disease Burden and Mortality Estimates: Cause-Specific Mortality, 2000–2016.Geneva:World Health Organization,1 January. (Q14136)Full Citation

12.

Comoros.2018.‘Manufacture (Fabrication).’ National Report of Comoros on its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA).New York NY:Permanent Mission of Comoros to the United Nations,1 January. (Q13602)Full Citation

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Comoros.2018.‘Manufacture (Fabrication).’ National Report of Comoros on its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA).New York NY:Permanent Mission of Comoros to the United Nations,1 January. (Q13603)Full Citation

14.

Comoros.2018.‘International Transfers (Transferts internationaux).’ National Report of Comoros on its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA).New York NY:Permanent Mission of Comoros to the United Nations,1 January. (Q13604)Full Citation

15.

Marsh, Nicholas.2014.‘Database of Authorised Transfers of Small Arms and Light Weapons.’ NISAT Small Arms Trade Database.Oslo:Norwegian Initiative on Small Arms Transfers,22 December. (Q16)Full Citation

16.

Comoros.2018.‘Brokering (Courtage).’ National Report of Comoros on its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA).New York NY:Permanent Mission of Comoros to the United Nations,1 January. (Q13605)Full Citation

17.

Comoros.2018.‘End-user Certificate (Certificat d'utilisation finale).’ National Report of Comoros on its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA).New York NY:Permanent Mission of Comoros to the United Nations,1 January. (Q13606)Full Citation

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Sherman, Amy and Tom Ginsburg.2014.‘Gun Rights in National Constitutions.’ Marco Rubio Says Second Amendment Is Unique in Speech to NRA.Miami, FL:Miami Herald (PolitiFact Florida),29 April. (Q8507)Full Citation

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Zachary Elkins, Tom Ginsburg and James Melton. 2013. ‘U.S. Gun Rights Truly Are American Exceptionalism.’ Bloomberg (USA). 7 March. (N422) Full Citation

20.

Comoros.2018.‘Marking and Record Keeping.’ National Report of Comoros on its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA).New York NY:Permanent Mission of Comoros to the United Nations,1 January. (Q13608)Full Citation

21.

Comoros.2018.‘Stockpile Management (Gestion des stocks).’ National Report of Comoros on its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA).New York NY:Permanent Mission of Comoros to the United Nations,1 January. (Q13607)Full Citation

22.

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23.

African Union / UNODA.2005.‘Windhoek Common Position.’ United Nations Programme of Action Implementation Support System: Regional Organisations.New York, NY:African Union / United Nations Office for Disarmament Affairs,14 December. (Q3216)Full Citation

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African Union.2015.‘Member States.’ African Union: A United and Strong Africa.Addis Ababa:African Union,10 August. (Q10548)Full Citation

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GDAV.2006.‘Geneva Declaration.’ Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development.Geneva:Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development Secretariat,7 June. (Q7162)Full Citation

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UNODA.2013.‘Towards Entry Into Force.’ Arms Trade Treaty.New York, NY:United Nations Office for Disarmament Affairs,2 April. (Q7226)Full Citation

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Cattaneo, Silvia and Sarah Parker.2008.‘Reporting, NPCs and NCAs, 2002 to 2008.’ Implementing the United Nations Programme of Action on Small Arms and Light Weapons: Analysis of the National Reports submitted by States from 2002 to 2008.Geneva:United Nations Development Programme,1 November. (Q20)Full Citation

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31.

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33.

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35.

Comoros.2018.‘International Tracing (Traçage international).’ National Report of Comoros on its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA).New York NY:Permanent Mission of Comoros to the United Nations,1 January. (Q13609)Full Citation