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Colombia — Gun Facts, Figures and the Law

StockpilesGun Numbers

Civilian Guns

Number of Privately Owned Firearms

ChartThe estimated total number of guns (both licit and illicit) held by civilians in Colombia is

2017: 4,971,0001
2012: 3,200,0002 3 4 5

Rate of Civilian Firearm Possession per 100 Population

ChartThe estimated rate of private gun ownership (both licit and illicit) per 100 people in Colombia is

2017: 10.101
2012: 6.92 4 5

Number of Privately Owned Firearms - World Ranking

In a 2007 comparison of the number of privately owned guns in 178 countries, Colombia ranked at No. 306

Rate of Privately Owned Firearms per 100 Population - World Ranking

In a 2007 comparison of the rate of private gun ownership in 178 countries, Colombia ranked at No. 914

Number of Licensed Firearm Owners

The number of licensed gun owners in Colombia is reported to be

2009: 882,9287 8

Rate of Licensed Firearm Owners per 100 Population

The rate of licensed firearm owners per 100 people in Colombia is

2009: 2.029

Number of Registered Firearms

ChartThe number of registered guns in Colombia is reported to be

2017: 706,2101
2009: 1,247,6007 10
2006: 706,21011 12 13
2005: 706,21014 4

Rate of Registered Firearms per 100 Population

ChartThe rate of registered guns per 100 people in Colombia is

2009: 2.869
2006: 1.6411
2005: 1.709

Estimated Number of Illicit Firearms

ChartUnlawfully held guns cannot be counted, but in Colombia there are estimated to be

2017: 4,264,7901
2009: 800,000 - 2,400,0003

Estimated Rate of Illicit Firearms per 100 Population

Unlawfully held guns cannot be counted, but in Colombia the rate of illicit firearms per 100 people is estimated to be 1.93 to 5.789

Government Guns

Number of Military Firearms

The defence forces of Colombia are reported to have 350,68915 firearms

Routine Arming of Police

In Colombia, police officers on routine patrol carry one or more firearms16

Number of Law Enforcement Firearms

Police in Colombia are reported to have 283,00017 18 19 3 12 13 20 firearms

ImpactsDeath and Injury

Total Number of Gun Deaths

ChartIn Colombia, annual deaths resulting from firearms total

2015: 8,71821 22 23 24
2014: 9,61925 26 27 28
2013: 11,96529
2012: 13,007
2011: 13,858
2010: 15,430
2009: 14,52830 31 32 33
2001: 23,32834 35 36
1999: 20,33737 38 39

Rate of All Gun Deaths per 100,000 People

ChartIn Colombia, the annual rate of all gun deaths per 100,000 population is

2015: 18.659
2014: 20.80
2013: 26.1629
2012: 28.75
2011: 30.98
2010: 34.91
2009: 33.26
2001: 59.34
1999: 52.74

Total Number of Male Gun Deaths

ChartIn Colombia, annual male deaths resulting from firearms total

2013: 11,17929
2012: 12,137
2011: 12,882
2010: 14,314

Total Number of Female Gun Deaths

ChartIn Colombia, annual female deaths resulting from firearms total

2013: 78329
2012: 860
2011: 975
2010: 1,115

Homicides (any method)

ChartIn Colombia, annual homicides by any means total

2015: 12,78240
2014: 13,343
2013: 14,73629
2012: 15,742
2011: 16,681
2010: 18,436
2009: 17,71741 42 43 44 45
2008: 15,25146 42 43 44 47 45
2007: 16,318
2006: 16,27448 47 42 43 44 45
2005: 17,33149 50 42 43 44 47 51 45
2004: 18,88852 50 42 43 44 47 51 45
2003: 22,17253 50 43 44 47 51 45
2002: 28,53454 47 50 43 44 45
2001: 27,68534 50 43 35 44 45
2000: 25,68155 50 43 44 45
1999: 23,20956 57 50 58 45
1998: 23,09652 58 57
1997: 25,379
1996: 26,84252 58
1995: 25,398
1994: 26,67652
1993: 28,048
1992: 28,225
1991: 28,28052 59
1990: 24,30452
1989: 22,772
1988: 21,604
1987: 17,447
1986: 15,735
1985: 12,922

Rate of Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Colombia, the annual rate of homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2015: 26.5040
2014: 27.92
2013: 26.1629
2012: 28.75
2011: 30.98
2010: 34.91
2009: 39.3941 42 43 44
2008: 34.0046 42 43 44
2007: 37.15
2006: 38.0048 42 43 44
2005: 38.0049 42 43 44
2004: 42.0052 42 43 44
2003: 54.959 43 44
2002: 65.0054 43 44
2001: 64.034 43 44
2000: 61.0055 43 44
1999: 56.0056 57 58
1998: 54.0052 58 57
1997: 61.00
1996: 65.0052 58
1995: 86.00
1994: 89.0052
1993: 73.00
1992: 53.00
1991: 58.0052 59
1990: 73.329
1989: 70.15
1988: 68.00
1987: 56.13
1986: 51.74
1985: 43.44

Male Homicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Colombia, annual male homicides by any means total

2015: 11,75060
2014: 12,170
2013: 13,50929
2012: 14,417
2011: 15,249
2010: 16,889

Female Homicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Colombia, annual female homicides by any means total

2015: 1,03260
2014: 1,173
2013: 1,22329
2012: 1,310
2011: 1,423
2010: 1,546

Gun Homicides

ChartIn Colombia, annual firearm homicides total

2015: 8,29021
2014: 9,13725
2013: 11,31829
2012: 12,285
2011: 13,093
2010: 14,511
2009: 13,85130 43 57 61 45
2008: 10,82062 43 61 47 45
2007: 11,60463 47 43 61 45
2006: 11,65564 47 43 61 45
2005: 12,04365 50 43 61 47 51 45
2004: 14,54566 47 58 61 51 50 45
2003: 11,30945 61 47 51 50
2002: 24,34045 61 47 50
2001: 22,45334 35 61 50 45
2000: 21,89867 44 50 45
1999: 19,55337 50 67 45
1998: 18,91067

Rate of Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Colombia, the annual rate of firearm homicide per 100,000 population is

2015: 17.749
2014: 19.76
2013: 24.7429
2012: 27.16
2011: 29.27
2010: 32.83
2009: 31.71
2008: 25.08
2007: 27.249 61 68
2006: 27.729 61
2005: 29.03
2004: 35.549 58 61
2003: 28.039 61
2002: 61.15
2001: 57.11
2000: 51.7767 61
1999: 50.709 67
1998: 46.3567

Proportion of Homicides Committed With a Gun

ChartIn Colombia, the percentage of homicides committed with a firearm is reported to be

2015: 71.76%21
2014: 72.68%25
2013: 77%42
2012: 78%42 69
2011: 77%43 42
2010: 77.60%70 43 42 71
2009: 78.18%30 43
2008: 77.1%62 47 43
2007: 71.3%
2006: 71.6%
2005: 69.5%47 43 50
2004: 82.85%66 47 50
2003: 83.5%53 50 47
2002: 86.3%54 50 47
2001: 85.34%50 34
2000: 85.08%50 72
1999: 84.25%50

Male Gun Homicide Victims

ChartIn Colombia, annual male firearm homicides total

2013: 10,58129
2012: 11,468
2011: 12,175
2010: 13,460

Female Gun Homicide Victims

ChartIn Colombia, annual female firearm homicides total

2013: 73529
2012: 808
2011: 917
2010: 1,050

Suicides (any method)

ChartIn Colombia, annual suicides by any means total

2015: 2,06873
2014: 1,87874
2013: 2,07529
2012: 2,127
2011: 2,052
2010: 2,118
2009: 1,84575 76
2008: 1,84077 78 76
2007: 1,775
2006: 1,75179 78 76
2005: 1,78680 81 78 76
2004: 1,70182 81 78 76
2003: 1,93883 81 78 76
2002: 2,04584 81 78 76
2001: 2,05685 81 78 35 76
2000: 2,07086 81 78 76
1999: 2,08987 76 81
1998: 2,04686 39
1997: 1,69286
1996: 1,613
1995: 1,59084
1994: 1,501

Rate of Suicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Colombia, the annual rate of suicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2015: 5.2273
2014: 3.9474
2013: 4.5429
2012: 4.70
2011: 4.59
2010: 4.79
2009: 4.1075 76
2008: 4.0077 78 76
2007: 4.00
2006: 4.0079 78 76
2005: 3.980 78 76
2004: 4.169 78 76
2003: 4.80
2002: 4.784 78 76
2001: 4.885 78 76
2000: 4.987 78 76
1999: 5.0087 76
1998: 5.087 39
1997: 4.287
1996: 4.1
1995: 4.184
1994: 4.00

Male Suicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Colombia, annual male suicides by any means total

2013: 1,66929
2012: 1,739
2011: 1,669
2010: 1,720

Female Suicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Colombia, annual female suicides by any means total

2013: 40529
2012: 387
2011: 383
2010: 398

Gun Suicides

ChartIn Colombia, annual firearm suicides total

2015: 27422
2014: 30326
2013: 38929
2012: 402
2011: 406
2010: 480
2009: 38231 76 32
2007: 39588
2006: 40489
2005: 41581 90
2004: 47281 91
2003: 56781 83
2002: 54981 92
2001: 62735 81 93
2000: 62181 94
1999: 70838 81 39

Rate of Gun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Colombia, the annual rate of firearm suicide per 100,000 population is

2015: 0.599
2014: 0.66
2013: 0.8529
2012: 0.89
2011: 0.91
2010: 1.09
2009: 0.87
2007: 0.93
2006: 0.96
2005: 1.00
2004: 1.15
2003: 1.40
2002: 1.38
2001: 1.59
2000: 1.60
1999: 1.849 39

Male Gun Suicide Victims

ChartIn Colombia, annual male firearm suicides total

2013: 36629
2012: 381
2011: 380
2010: 452

Female Gun Suicide Victims

ChartIn Colombia, annual female firearm suicides total

2013: 2329
2012: 20
2011: 26
2010: 28

Unintentional Gun Deaths

ChartIn Colombia, annual unintentional shooting deaths total

2015: 1823
2014: 1527
2013: 3829
2012: 42
2011: 35
2010: 48
2009: 4632
2007: 7795
2006: 2596
2005: 3197
2004: 5198
2002: 6099
2001: 7036 35
2000: 73100
1999: 6439

Rate of Unintentional Gun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn Colombia, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death per 100,000 population is

2015: 0.049
2014: 0.03
2013: 0.4829
2012: 0.61
2011: 0.72
2010: 0.88
2009: 0.11
2007: 0.18
2006: 0.06
2005: 0.07
2004: 0.12
2002: 0.15
2001: 0.18
2000: 0.19
1999: 0.1439

Unintentional Male Gun Deaths

ChartIn Colombia, annual unintentional male shooting deaths total

2013: 3629
2012: 40
2011: 33
2010: 45

Unintentional Female Gun Deaths

ChartIn Colombia, annual unintentional female shooting deaths total

2013: 229
2012: 2
2011: 2
2010: 3

Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Colombia, annual shooting deaths in which the cause remains undecided total

2015: 13624
2014: 16428
2013: 22029
2012: 278
2011: 324
2010: 391
2009: 24933 32
2008: 168101
2001: 17835
1999: 1239

Rate of Gun Death from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn Colombia, the annual rate of unknown-cause shooting deaths per 100,000 population is

2015: 0.299
2014: 0.35
2013: 0.37
2012: 0.48
2011: 0.45
2010: 0.76
2009: 0.57
2008: 0.39
2001: 0.45
1999: 0.0339

Male Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Colombia, annual male shooting deaths in which the cause remains undecided total

2013: 19629
2012: 248
2011: 294
2010: 357

Female Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Colombia, annual female shooting deaths in which the cause remains undecided total

2013: 2329
2012: 30
2011: 30
2010: 34

Non-fatal Gun Injuries

In Colombia, the annual number of non-fatal firearm injuries is

2001: 6,797102

Rate of Non-fatal Gun Injury per 100,000 People

In Colombia, the annual rate of non-fatal firearm injury per 100,000 population is

2001: 17.299

ProductionGun Industry

Regulation of Firearm Makers

In Colombia, the manufacture of small arms, ammunition and/or their components is prohibited, for all excluding official government manufacturers103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114

Small Arms Manufacture - World Ranking

In a classification of the world's small, medium and major firearm manufacturers, Colombia was ranked 'small'115

Home-made Guns

In Colombia, the prevalence of illicit craft, or 'home-made' firearm manufacture is reported to be high116 117 118

TransfersGun Trade and Trafficking

Firearm Exports

In Colombia, firearm and ammunition exports are limited by transfer control law104 119 120 121 122 114 123 124 125 126

Small Arms Exports (US$) - Customs

The annual value of small arms and ammunition exports from Colombia is reported by Customs to be US$7,848,243127 (2011)

Small Arms Exports - World Ranking

In a comparison of the world's major/mid-level/minor/unknown small arms exporters, Colombia was categorized as 'minor'128

Firearm Imports

In Colombia, firearm and ammunition imports are limited by transfer control law103 104 119 120 121 122 114 123 124 125 112

Small Arms Imports (US$) - Customs

The annual value of small arms and ammunition imports to Colombia is reported by Customs to be US$53,773,869127 (2011)129 130 131 132

Smuggling Guns and Ammunition

Reports suggest that the level of firearm and ammunition smuggling in Colombia is high133 134 117 113 135 136 137

Regulation of Arms Brokers

In Colombia, the activities of arms brokers and transfer intermediaries are specifically regulated by law138 139 140

End User Certificates

Customs regulations in Colombia include120 141 certification of the intended end user of any small arms or ammunition transfer, and/or a written declaration of its intended end use

Transparency of Small Arms Transfers

ChartIn its annual Small Arms Trade Transparency Barometer, the Small Arms Survey compares public reporting among major arms exporting nations on a scale from strong to weak (25 to zero). In recent years, Colombia scored

2014: 8.50142
2013: 8.75143

MeasuresGun Regulation

Firearm Regulation - Guiding Policy

The regulation of guns in Colombia is categorised as restrictive144

Firearm Law

Guiding gun control legislation in Colombia includes the Constitution, Article 223,103 the Decree 2535 of 1993,145 the Decree 0006 of 1993,146 the Decree 356 of 1994,146 the Decree 1809 of 1994,147 the Decree 2685 of 1999,148 the Law 599 of 2000 (Penal Code), Articles 365 and 366, as amended by Articles 38 and 55 of the Law 1142 of 2007, the Law 1119 of 2006149 the Decree 626 of 2001,146 the Decree 334 and Decree 1612 of 2002146

Firearm Regulation Authority

Guns in Colombia are regulated by the Arms Committee of the Ministry of National Defence,150 151 the Head of the Department for the Trade Control of Arms, Ammunition and Explosives, the Chiefs of Staff of the Tactical Operations Units or their equivalent in the Navy or the Air Force and the Executive and Deputy-Heads of Tactical Units of the National Army, or their equivalents in the Navy and the Air Force152

Right to Possess Firearms

In Colombia, the right to private gun ownership is not guaranteed by law153 154 103 155

Restricted Firearms and Ammunition

In Colombia, civilians are not allowed to possess pistols and revolvers of calibre superior to 9.652mm, automatic arms, semi-automatic rifles and carbines over .22 calibre LR, arms with military-style devices (infrared and laser sights, grenade launchers and silencers),156 147 157 and explosive, toxic, expanding and fragmenting ammunition 158

Regulation of Automatic Weapons

In Colombia, private possession of fully automatic weapons is prohibited with only narrow exemptions156 159 160 161 69

Regulation of Semiautomatic Assault Weapons

In Colombia, private possession of semi-automatic assault weapons is prohibited with only narrow exemptions156 161

Regulation of Handguns

In Colombia, private possession of handguns (pistols and revolvers) is permitted under licence162 156 159 160 161 69

Law Regulates Long Guns

In Colombia, civilian possession of rifles and shotguns is regulated by law162 156 69

Gun Ownership and Possession

In Colombia, only licensed gun owners103 155 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 106 170 171 172 69 151 112 may lawfully acquire, possess or transfer a firearm or ammunition

Genuine Reason Required for Firearm Possession

Applicants for a gun owner’s licence in Colombia are required to establish a genuine reason to possess a firearm, for example personal protection, security, hunting, target shooting, collection173 169 164 174 167 170 171 172

Minimum Age for Firearm Possession

The minimum age for gun ownership in Colombia is 18 years172

Gun Owner Background Checks

An applicant for a firearm licence in Colombia must pass a background check which considers criminal, mental health, health and addiction169 175 172 69 records

Reference Required for Firearm Licence

In Colombia, third party character references for each gun licence applicant are not required176

Partner to be Advised or Interviewed

In Colombia, licensing authorities are not required176 to conduct interviews with, or to advise an applicant's spouse, partner, or next of kin before issuing a gun licence

Domestic Violence and Firearms

Where a past history, or apprehended likelihood of family violence exists, the law in Colombia stipulates177 that a gun licence should be denied or revoked

Firearm Safety Training

In Colombia, an understanding of firearm safety and the law, tested in a theoretical and/or practical training course is required (for surveillance or private security services)178 for a firearm licence

Gun Owner Licensing Period

In Colombia, gun owners must re-apply and re-qualify for their firearm licence every ten years (for firearms not to be carried outside of the house or property),167 three years (for self-defence) and one year (for restricted weapons)179 180

Licensing Records

In Colombia, authorities maintain a record181 182 12 of individual civilians licensed to acquire, possess, sell or transfer a firearm or ammunition

Limit on Number of Guns

Licensed firearm owners in Colombia are permitted to possess two firearms for individuals168 160 and up to five firearms for legal persons and rural properties183 184 185

Limit on Quantity, Type of Ammunition

Licensed firearm owners in Colombia are permitted to possess any quantity of ammunition176

Firearm Registration

Civilian Gun Registration

In Colombia, the law requires186 187 181 161 188 182 12 that a record of the acquisition, possession and transfer of each privately held firearm be retained in an official register

Gun Dealer Record Keeping

In Colombia, licensed firearm dealers are required112 to keep a record of each firearm or ammunition purchase, sale or transfer on behalf of a regulating authority

Gun Manufacturer Record Keeping

In Colombia, licensed gun makers are required108 189 186 187 112 to keep a record of each firearm produced, for inspection by a regulating authority

State-Owned Firearm Records

In Colombia, State agencies are required186 187 181 to maintain records of the storage and movement of all firearms and ammunition under their control

Gun Sales and Transfers

Regulation of Private Gun Sales

In Colombia, the private sale and transfer of firearms is prohibited,104 except in rare cases and with authorisation190 191 192

Regulation of Dealer Gun Sales

In Colombia, dealing in firearms by way of business without a valid gun dealer’s licence is unlawful104 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 112 113

Number of Licensed Gun Dealers

The number of licensed firearm dealers in Colombia is reported to be

2006: 34114 113

Waiting Period for Gun Possession

In Colombia, the minimum wait for a lawful firearm purchase to be completed is undetermined176

Regulation of Gun Shows

In Colombia, gun shows and temporary firearm dealing events are not regulated176 in law

Storage and Transport of Guns and Ammunition

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Private

Firearm regulations in Colombia include197 171 198 199 180 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of private firearms and ammunition by licensed gun owners

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Dealer

Firearm regulations in Colombia include108 107 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition by licensed arms dealers

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Government

Government regulations in Colombia include199 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition by state entities

Firearm and Ammunition Transport Regulations

Regulations in Colombia include165 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition while in transit

Marking and Tracing Guns and Ammunition

Firearm Marking

In Colombia, a unique identifying mark on each firearm is required by law110 200 201 202 203 204 188 112

Firearm Tracing

In Colombia, state authorities carry out181 205 206 112 recognised arms tracing and tracking procedures

Ballistic Record of Firearms and Ammunition

In Colombia, the ballistic characteristics of each civilian firearm and its ammunition are not202 recorded in a register

Carrying Guns

Law Regulates Firearms in Public

In Colombia, carrying a gun in a public place is regulated by law103 155 207 179 168 180 69 10 112

Carrying Guns Openly in Public

In Colombia, carrying a firearm in plain view in a public place is allowed, subject to a valid permit103 155 207 179 168 180 69 10

Carrying Hidden Handguns in Public

In Colombia, carrying a concealed firearm in a public place is allowed, subject to a valid permit103 155 207 179 168 180 69 10

Gun Free Zones

In Colombia, private guns are prohibited in political meetings, elections or public corporations' meetings103

Penalty for Illicit Firearm Possession

In Colombia, the maximum penalty for unlawful possession of a firearm208 is 12 years in prison209 210 180 211

Collection, Amnesty and Destruction Programmes

Authorities in Colombia are known to have212 213 214 215 216 217 implemented voluntary firearm surrender schemes, and/or weapon seizure programmes in order to reduce the number of illicit firearms in circulation

Surrendered in Gun Amnesty

ChartIn Colombia, the number of firearms voluntarily surrendered in recent arms amnesty and collection programmes is reported to be

2010: 250215
2005: 418,688218
2004: 743,688
2003-06: 18,051219
2003: 488218
1996-97: 2,688

Firearms Surrendered and Seized

ChartIn Colombia, the number of firearms voluntarily surrendered, bought back or seized by authorities is reported to be

2013: 44,139220 221 222
2012: 75,213
2011: 42,062223 222
2010: 44,572222
2009: 47,941224 225 226
2008: 45,725224
2007: 56,682227 216 228
2006: 70,036227 229
2005: 20,967230
2004: 71,937231 230
2003: 54,756
2002: 18,409230
2001: 15,195
2000: 15,637

Small Arms Destroyed

ChartIn Colombia, the number of firearms destroyed following amnesty, collection and seizure programmes is reported to be

2013: 41,073221
2012: 74,359
2011: 42,052232
2010: 9,487215
2009: 26,014214 7
2008: 27,864
2007: 28,103216 7
2005: 418,688218
2004: 743,688
2003/06: 141,719233
2003: 488
2002: 15,026217
1997: 2,688218

Destruction and Disposal Policy

In Colombia, it is not state policy234 235 to destroy surplus, collected and seized firearms rather than return them to the secondary arms market

MeasuresInternational Controls

Regional Agreements

Andean Community

As a member of the Andean Community, Colombia

adopted Decision 552: The Andean Plan to Prevent, Fight and Eradicate Illicit Trafficking in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects in June, 2003236

Organization of American States

On 14 November 1997, as a member of the Organisation of American States (OAS), Colombia adopted the Inter-American Convention against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, Explosives, Ammunition and Other Related Materials (CIFTA), a legally binding multilateral treaty of which the OAS is depository. The CIFTA Convention has since been signed and ratified237 238 by Colombia

United Nations Commission on Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice

The UNCCPCJ, a subsidiary body of the Economic and Social Council mandated to promote action to prevent national and transnational crime, lists239 Colombia as an elected member

Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development

The Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development, a diplomatic initiative aimed at addressing the interrelations between armed violence and development, was signed in 2008240 by Colombia.

Arms Trade Treaty

The Arms Trade Treaty has been signed, but not yet ratified241 by Colombia

United Nations Firearms Protocol

The United Nations Protocol against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, Their Parts and Components and Ammunition has not been signed242 by Colombia

United Nations Small Arms Programme of Action UNPoA

UNPoA Commitment

On 21 July 2001, Colombia committed to a consensus decision of the United Nations to adopt, support and implement the UN Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects243

UNPoA Implementation Monitor Score

In its UN small arms Programme of Action Implementation Monitor (PoAIM Phase 1), the Small Arms Survey scored Colombia against its commitments to the PoA, then ranked it at No. 36244 245 246 247 among 159 Member States

UNPoA National Reporting

Under the terms of its 2001 commitment to the United Nations small arms Programme of Action, Colombia has submitted one or more national reports248 249 on its implementation of the UNPoA

UNPoA National Point of Contact

In Colombia, a National Point of Contact to deal with issues relating to the UNPoA has been designated250 249

UNPoA National Coordinating Body

In Colombia, a National Coordinating Body to deal with issues relating to the UNPoA has been designated250

UNPoA Civil Society Involvement and Support

In National Reports of Colombia submitted to the UN from 2001 to 2010, a history of substantive cooperation with civil society in support of UNPoA activities was apparent251 250

UNPoA International Assistance – Donor

Funds for UNPoA implementation have not been donated249 by Colombia to other UN Member States

UNPoA International Assistance – Recipient

Funds for UNPoA implementation have been provided249 to Colombia by other UN Member States

United Nations Small Arms Register

According to the United Nations Register of Conventional Arms, Colombia has declared252 its small arms exports in one or more annual National Reports on Arms Exports.

United Nations Membership

In the UN List of Member States, Colombia has been a Member State of the United Nations since 1945253

Wassenaar Arrangement

The Wassenaar Arrangement on Export Controls and Conventional Arms and Dual-Use Goods and Technologies does not list254 Colombia as a Participating State

BackgroundCountry Profile

Conflict Profile

For a profile of conflict in Colombia, select the Link icon to open an external web page from the UCDP Conflict Encyclopedia at Uppsala University

Global Peace Index

To see where Colombia ranks, select the Link icon to open an external web page at the Global Peace Index


Short References

1.

Karp, Aaron.2018.‘Civilian Firearms Holdings, 2017.’ Estimating Global Civilian-Held Firearms Numbers.Geneva:Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva,18 June. (Q13434)Full Citation

2.

Karp, Aaron.2012.‘Estimated Civilian Gun Ownership.’ Measurement and Use of Statistical Data to Analyze Small Arms in the Caribbean and Latin America.Mexico City:United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) and the Center of Excellence, National Institute of Statistics and Geography (INEGI),28 April. (Q8972)Full Citation

3.

Karp, Aaron.2009.‘Estimated Total Small Arms, Firearms, and Surpluses in Colombia, Rounded.’ Surplus Arms in South America: A Survey.Geneva:Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva,1 August. (Q5304)Full Citation

4.

Karp, Aaron.2007.‘Completing the Count: Civilian firearms - Annexe online.’ Small Arms Survey 2007: Guns and the City.Cambridge:Cambridge University Press,27 August. (Q5)Full Citation

5.

Aguirre, Katherine, Robert Muggah, Jorge A. Restrepo, and Michael Spagat.2006.‘Colombia's Hydra: The Many Faces of Gun Violence.’ Small Arms Survey 2006: Unfinished Business.Geneva:Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva,1 June. (Q9976)Full Citation

6.

Karp, Aaron.2007.‘Completing the Count: Civilian firearms.’ Small Arms Survey 2007: Guns and the City.Cambridge:Cambridge University Press,27 August. (Q4)Full Citation

7.

Jimeno, Rafael Hani.2010.‘Registration System, Control and Traceability of Firearms and Ammunition in Colombia (Sistema de registro, control y trazabilidad de las armas y municiones en Colombia).’ IX Seminar: Control of Arms Transfers and Trafficking - Compilation (IX Seminario: Control del Tráfico y Transferencia de Armas de Fuego - Sistematización).Santa Marta:United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime / UNODC,25 February. (Q8986)Full Citation

8.

Calvani, Sandro and Stefan Liller.2006.‘Permits to Possess and to Carry Firearms Granted to Natural Persons.’ Violence, Crime and Illegal Arms Trafficking in Colombia.Bogota:United Nations Office of Drugs and Crime (UNODC),1 December. (Q11630)Full Citation

9.

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