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Colombia — Gun Facts, Figures and the Law

StockpilesGun Numbers

Civilian Guns

Number of Privately Owned Firearms

ChartThe estimated total number of guns (both licit and illicit) held by civilians in Colombia is

2017: 4,971,0001
2012: 3,200,0002 3 4 5

Rate of Civilian Firearm Possession per 100 Population

ChartThe estimated rate of private gun ownership (both licit and illicit) per 100 people in Colombia is

2017: 10.101
2012: 6.92 4 5

Number of Privately Owned Firearms - World Ranking

In a 2007 comparison of the number of privately owned guns in 178 countries, Colombia ranked at No. 306

Rate of Privately Owned Firearms per 100 Population - World Ranking

In a 2007 comparison of the rate of private gun ownership in 178 countries, Colombia ranked at No. 914

Number of Licensed Firearm Owners

The number of licensed gun owners in Colombia is reported to be

2009: 882,9287 8

Rate of Licensed Firearm Owners per 100 Population

The rate of licensed firearm owners per 100 people in Colombia is

2009: 2.029

Number of Registered Firearms

ChartThe number of registered guns in Colombia is reported to be

2017: 706,2101
2009: 1,247,6007 10
2006: 706,21011 12 13
2005: 706,21014 4

Rate of Registered Firearms per 100 Population

ChartThe rate of registered guns per 100 people in Colombia is

2009: 2.869
2006: 1.6411
2005: 1.709

Estimated Number of Unregistered and Illicit Firearms

ChartUnregistered and unlawfully held guns cannot be counted,15 but in Colombia there are estimated to be

2017: 4,264,7901
2009: 800,000 - 2,400,0003

Estimated Rate of Unregistered and Illicit Firearms per 100 Population

Unregistered and unlawfully held guns cannot be counted,15 but in Colombia the rate of such firearms per 100 people is estimated to be 1.93 to 5.789

Government Guns

Number of Military Firearms

The defence forces of Colombia are reported to have 350,68916 firearms

Routine Arming of Police

In Colombia, police officers on routine patrol carry one or more firearms17

Number of Law Enforcement Firearms

Police in Colombia are reported to have 283,00018 19 20 3 12 13 21 firearms

ImpactsDeath and Injury

Total Number of Gun Deaths

ChartIn Colombia, annual deaths resulting from firearms total

2015: 9,52322
2014: 10,229
2013: 12,160
2012: 13,259
2011: 14,138
2010: 15,706
2009: 16,714
2008: 14,366
2007: 14,395
2001: 23,32823 24 25
1999: 20,33726 27 28

Rate of All Gun Deaths per 100,000 People

ChartIn Colombia, the annual rate of all gun deaths per 100,000 population is

2015: 20.3822
2014: 22.12
2013: 26.58
2012: 29.31
2011: 31.61
2010: 35.53
2009: 38.27
2008: 33.30
2007: 33.79
2001: 59.34
1999: 52.74

Total Number of Male Gun Deaths

ChartIn Colombia, annual male deaths resulting from firearms total

2015: 8,87122
2014: 9,475
2013: 11,358
2012: 12,345
2011: 13,140
2010: 14,559
2009: 15,551
2008: 13,352
2007: 13,428

Rate of Male Gun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn Colombia, the annual rate of male gun death per 100,000 population is

2015: 38.4222
2014: 41.47
2013: 50.26
2012: 55.24
2011: 59.47
2010: 66.67
2009: 72.07
2008: 62.64
2007: 63.80

Total Number of Female Gun Deaths

ChartIn Colombia, annual female deaths resulting from firearms total

2015: 64422
2014: 754
2013: 798
2012: 902
2011: 997
2010: 1,146
2009: 1,162
2008: 1,009
2007: 960

Rate of Female Gun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn Colombia, the annual rate of female gun death per 100,000 population is

2015: 2.7222
2014: 3.22
2013: 3.45
2012: 3.94
2011: 4.41
2010: 5.12
2009: 5.26
2008: 4.62
2007: 4.45

Homicides (any method)

ChartIn Colombia, annual homicides by any means total

2018: 12,57529
2017: 11,918
2016: 12,122
2015: 12,459
2014: 12,957
2013: 15,410
2012: 16,433
2011: 16,125
2010: 15,459
2009: 15,817
2008: 16,136
2007: 17,175
2006: 17,440
2005: 18,100
2004: 20,168
2003: 23,487
2002: 28,53430 31 32 33 34 35
2001: 27,68523 32 33 24 34 35
2000: 25,68136 32 33 34 35
1999: 23,20937 38 32 39 35
1998: 23,09640 39 38
1997: 25,379
1996: 26,84240 39
1995: 25,398
1994: 26,67640
1993: 28,048
1992: 28,225
1991: 28,28040 41
1990: 24,30440
1989: 22,772
1988: 21,604
1987: 17,447
1986: 15,735
1985: 12,922

Rate of Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Colombia, the annual rate of homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2018: 26.1129
2017: 24.99
2016: 25.67
2015: 26.66
2014: 28.02
2013: 33.69
2012: 36.32
2011: 36.05
2010: 34.97
2009: 36.21
2008: 37.40
2007: 40.32
2006: 41.48
2005: 43.63
2004: 49.28
2003: 58.21
2002: 65.0030 33 34
2001: 64.023 33 34
2000: 61.0036 33 34
1999: 56.0037 38 39
1998: 54.0040 39 38
1997: 61.00
1996: 65.0040 39
1995: 86.00
1994: 89.0040
1993: 73.00
1992: 53.00
1991: 58.0040 41
1990: 73.329
1989: 70.15
1988: 68.00
1987: 56.13
1986: 51.74
1985: 43.44

Male Homicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Colombia, annual male homicides by any means total

2018: 11,50129
2017: 10,868
2016: 11,092
2015: 11,427
2014: 11,834
2013: 14,185
2012: 15,047
2011: 14,777
2010: 14,228
2009: 14,557
2008: 14,876
2007: 15,793
2006: 16,120
2005: 16,610
2004: 18,545
2003: 21,558

Rate of Male Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Colombia, the annual rate of male homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2018: 48.3229
2017: 46.11
2016: 47.54
2015: 49.49
2014: 51.80
2013: 62.77
2012: 67.33
2011: 66.88
2010: 65.15
2009: 67.46
2008: 69.79
2007: 75.04
2006: 77.59
2005: 81.01
2004: 91.68
2003: 108.07

Female Homicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Colombia, annual female homicides by any means total

2018: 1,07429
2017: 1,050
2016: 1,030
2015: 1,032
2014: 1,123
2013: 1,225
2012: 1,386
2011: 1,348
2010: 1,231
2009: 1,260
2008: 1,260
2007: 1,382
2006: 1,320
2005: 1,490
2004: 1,623
2003: 1,929

Rate of Female Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Colombia, the annual rate of female homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2018: 4.4129
2017: 4.35
2016: 4.31
2015: 4.36
2014: 4.80
2013: 5.29
2012: 6.05
2011: 5.96
2010: 5.50
2009: 5.70
2008: 5.77
2007: 6.41
2006: 6.21
2005: 7.10
2004: 7.84
2003: 9.45

Gun Homicides

ChartIn Colombia, annual firearm homicides total

2016: 8,82942
2015: 9,272
2014: 9,852
2013: 11,914
2012: 12,920
2011: 12,798
2010: 12,544
2009: 15,525
2008: 13,125
2007: 13,123
2006: 11,65543 31 33 44 35
2005: 12,04345 32 33 44 31 46 35
2004: 14,54547 31 39 44 46 32 35
2003: 11,30935 44 31 46 32
2002: 24,34035 44 31 32
2001: 22,45323 24 44 32 35
2000: 21,89848 34 32 35
1999: 19,55326 32 48 35
1998: 18,91048

Rate of Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Colombia, the annual rate of firearm homicide per 100,000 population is

2016: 18.2042
2015: 19.20
2014: 20.60
2013: 25.20
2012: 27.60
2011: 27.60
2010: 27.30
2009: 35.54
2008: 30.42
2007: 30.81
2006: 27.729 44
2005: 29.03
2004: 35.549 39 44
2003: 28.039 44
2002: 61.15
2001: 57.11
2000: 51.7748 44
1999: 50.709 48
1998: 46.3548

Proportion of Homicides Committed With a Gun

ChartIn Colombia, the percentage of homicides committed with a firearm is reported to be

2015: 71.76%49
2014: 72.68%50
2013: 77%51
2012: 78%51 52
2011: 77%33 51
2010: 77.60%53 33 51 54
2009: 78.18%55 33
2008: 77.1%56 31 33
2007: 71.3%
2006: 71.6%
2005: 69.5%31 33 32
2004: 82.85%47 31 32
2003: 83.5%57 32 31
2002: 86.3%30 32 31
2001: 85.34%32 23
2000: 85.08%32 58
1999: 84.25%32

Male Gun Homicide Victims

ChartIn Colombia, annual male firearm homicides total

2015: 8,64842
2014: 9,123
2013: 11,146
2012: 12,025
2011: 11,892
2010: 11,670
2009: 14,470
2008: 12,213
2007: 12,241

Rate of Male Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Colombia, the annual rate of male firearm homicide per 100,000 population is

2015: 36.4042
2014: 38.80
2013: 47.80
2012: 52.10
2011: 52
2010: 51.50
2009: 67.06
2008: 57.30
2007: 58.16

Female Gun Homicide Victims

ChartIn Colombia, annual female firearm homicides total

2015: 62442
2014: 729
2013: 768
2012: 894
2011: 905
2010: 874
2009: 1,054
2008: 907
2007: 875

Rate of Female Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Colombia, the annual rate of female firearm homicide per 100,000 population is

2015: 2.5222
2014: 2.97
2013: 3.18
2012: 3.80
2011: 3.80
2010: 3.80
2009: 4.77
2008: 4.16
2007: 4.06

Suicides (any method)

ChartIn Colombia, annual suicides by any means total

2015: 2,34722
2014: 2,136
2013: 2,07522
2012: 2,127
2011: 2,052
2010: 2,118
2009: 2,259
2008: 2,234
2007: 2,192
2006: 1,75159 60 61
2005: 1,78662 63 60 61
2004: 1,70164 63 60 61
2003: 1,93865 63 60 61
2002: 2,04566 63 60 61
2001: 2,05667 63 60 24 61
2000: 2,07068 63 60 61
1999: 2,08969 61 63
1998: 2,04668 28
1997: 1,69268
1996: 1,613
1995: 1,59066
1994: 1,501

Rate of Suicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Colombia, the annual rate of suicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2015: 5.0222
2014: 4.62
2013: 4.54
2012: 4.70
2011: 4.59
2010: 4.79
2009: 5.17
2008: 5.18
2007: 5.15
2006: 4.0059 60 61
2005: 3.962 60 61
2004: 4.169 60 61
2003: 4.80
2002: 4.766 60 61
2001: 4.867 60 61
2000: 4.969 60 61
1999: 5.0069 61
1998: 5.069 28
1997: 4.269
1996: 4.1
1995: 4.166
1994: 4.00

Male Suicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Colombia, annual male suicides by any means total

2015: 1,86322
2014: 1,764
2013: 1,66922
2012: 1,739
2011: 1,669
2010: 1,720
2009: 1,812
2008: 1,783
2007: 1,736

Rate of Male Suicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Colombia, the annual rate of male suicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2015: 8.0722
2014: 7.72
2013: 7.39
2012: 7.78
2011: 7.55
2010: 7.88
2009: 8.40
2008: 8.37
2007: 8.25

Female Suicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Colombia, annual female suicides by any means total

2015: 48422
2014: 372
2013: 40522
2012: 387
2011: 383
2010: 398
2009: 447
2008: 451
2007: 455

Rate of Female Suicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Colombia, the annual rate of female suicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2015: 2.0522
2014: 1.59
2013: 1.75
2012: 1.69
2011: 1.69
2010: 1.78
2009: 2.02
2008: 2.07
2007: 2.11

Gun Suicides

ChartIn Colombia, annual firearm suicides total

2015: 32322
2014: 382
2013: 38922
2012: 402
2011: 406
2010: 480
2009: 496
2008: 509
2007: 534
2006: 40470
2005: 41563 71
2004: 47263 72
2003: 56763 65
2002: 54963 73
2001: 62724 63 74
2000: 62163 75
1999: 70827 63 28

Rate of Gun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Colombia, the annual rate of firearm suicide per 100,000 population is

2015: 0.6922
2014: 0.83
2013: 0.85
2012: 0.89
2011: 0.91
2010: 1.09
2009: 1.14
2008: 1.18
2007: 1.25
2006: 0.96
2005: 1.00
2004: 1.15
2003: 1.40
2002: 1.38
2001: 1.59
2000: 1.60
1999: 1.849 28

Male Gun Suicide Victims

ChartIn Colombia, annual male firearm suicides total

2015: 30222
2014: 361
2013: 36622
2012: 381
2011: 380
2010: 452
2009: 463
2008: 469
2007: 501

Rate of Male Gun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Colombia, the annual rate of male firearm suicide per 100,000 population is

2015: 1.3122
2014: 1.58
2013: 1.62
2012: 1.70
2011: 1.72
2010: 2.07
2009: 2.15
2008: 2.20
2007: 2.38

Female Gun Suicide Victims

ChartIn Colombia, annual female firearm suicides total

2015: 2122
2014: 21
2013: 2322
2012: 20
2011: 26
2010: 28
2009: 33
2008: 40
2007: 33

Rate of Female Gun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Colombia, the annual rate of female firearm suicide per 100,000 population is

2015: 0.0922
2014: 0.09
2013: 0.10
2012: 0.09
2011: 0.11
2010: 0.13
2009: 0.15
2008: 0.18
2007: 0.15

Unintentional Gun Deaths

ChartIn Colombia, annual unintentional shooting deaths total

2015: 5222
2014: 43
2013: 3822
2012: 42
2011: 35
2010: 48
2009: 45
2008: 46
2007: 72
2006: 2576
2005: 3177
2004: 5178
2002: 6079
2001: 7025 24
2000: 7380
1999: 6428

Rate of Unintentional Gun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn Colombia, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death per 100,000 population is

2015: 0.1122
2014: 0.09
2013: 0.08
2012: 0.09
2011: 0.08
2010: 0.11
2009: 0.10
2008: 0.11
2007: 0.17
2006: 0.06
2005: 0.07
2004: 0.12
2002: 0.15
2001: 0.18
2000: 0.19
1999: 0.1428

Unintentional Male Gun Deaths

ChartIn Colombia, annual unintentional male shooting deaths total

2015: 5022
2014: 41
2013: 3622
2012: 40
2011: 33
2010: 45
2009: 39
2008: 41
2007: 67

Rate of Unintentional Male Gun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn Colombia, the annual rate of unintentional male shooting death per 100,000 population is

2015: 0.2222
2014: 0.18
2013: 0.16
2012: 0.18
2011: 0.15
2010: 0.21
2009: 0.18
2008: 0.19
2007: 0.32

Unintentional Female Gun Deaths

ChartIn Colombia, annual unintentional female shooting deaths total

2015: 222
2014: 2
2013: 222
2012: 2
2011: 2
2010: 3
2009: 6
2008: 5
2007: 5

Rate of Unintentional Female Gun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn Colombia, the annual rate of unintentional female shooting death per 100,000 population is

2015: 0.0122
2014: 0.01
2013: 0.01
2012: 0.01
2011: 0.01
2010: 0.01
2009: 0.03
2008: 0.02
2007: 0.02

Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Colombia, annual shooting deaths in which the cause remains undecided total

2015: 17322
2014: 210
2013: 22022
2012: 278
2011: 324
2010: 391
2009: 401
2008: 449
2007: 342
2001: 17824
1999: 1228

Rate of Gun Death from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn Colombia, the annual rate of unknown-cause shooting deaths per 100,000 population is

2015: 0.3722
2014: 0.45
2013: 0.48
2012: 0.61
2011: 0.72
2010: 0.88
2009: 0.92
2008: 1.04
2007: 0.80
2001: 0.45
1999: 0.0328

Male Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Colombia, annual male shooting deaths in which the cause remains undecided total

2015: 16222
2014: 198
2013: 19622
2012: 248
2011: 294
2010: 357
2009: 365
2008: 415
2007: 314

Rate of Male Gun Death from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn Colombia, the annual rate of unknown-cause male shooting deaths per 100,000 population is

2015: 0.7022
2014: 0.87
2013: 0.87
2012: 1.11
2011: 1.33
2010: 1.63
2009: 1.69
2008: 1.95
2007: 1.49

Female Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Colombia, annual female shooting deaths in which the cause remains undecided total

2015: 1122
2014: 12
2013: 2322
2012: 30
2011: 30
2010: 34
2009: 36
2008: 34
2007: 28

Rate of Female Gun Death from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn Colombia, the annual rate of unknown-cause female shooting deaths per 100,000 population is

2015: 0.0522
2014: 0.05
2013: 0.10
2012: 0.13
2011: 0.13
2010: 0.15
2009: 0.16
2008: 0.16
2007: 0.13

Legal Intervention Gun Homicides

ChartIn Colombia, annual legal-intervention gun homicides total

2015: 10122
2014: 177
2013: 195
2012: 252
2011: 280
2010: 276
2009: 247
2008: 237
2007: 324

Non-fatal Gun Injuries

In Colombia, the annual number of non-fatal firearm injuries is

2001: 6,79781

Rate of Non-fatal Gun Injury per 100,000 People

In Colombia, the annual rate of non-fatal firearm injury per 100,000 population is

2001: 17.299

ProductionGun Industry

Regulation of Firearm Makers

In Colombia, the manufacture of small arms, ammunition and/or their components is prohibited, for all excluding official government manufacturers82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93

Small Arms Manufacture - World Ranking

In a classification of the world's small, medium and major firearm manufacturers, Colombia was ranked 'small'94

Home-made Guns

In Colombia, the prevalence of illicit craft, or 'home-made' firearm manufacture is reported to be high95 96 97

TransfersGun Trade and Trafficking

Firearm Exports

In Colombia, firearm and ammunition exports are limited by transfer control law83 98 99 100 101 93 102 103 104 105

Firearm Exports (Number)

ChartThe annual number of firearms exported from Colombia is reported by manufacturers to be

2009: 155106
2007: 350

Small Arms Exports (US$) - Customs

The annual value of small arms and ammunition exports from Colombia is reported by Customs to be US$7,848,243107 (2011)

Small Arms Exports - World Ranking

In a comparison of the world's major/mid-level/minor/unknown small arms exporters, Colombia was categorized as 'minor'108

Firearm Imports

In Colombia, firearm and ammunition imports are limited by transfer control law82 83 98 99 100 101 93 102 103 104 91

Firearm Imports (Number)

The annual number of firearms imported to Colombia is reported to be

2009: 2,150106

Small Arms Imports (US$) - Customs

The annual value of small arms and ammunition imports to Colombia is reported by Customs to be US$

2016: 17,000,000109

Smuggling Guns and Ammunition

Reports suggest that the level of firearm and ammunition smuggling in Colombia is high110 111 96 92 112 113 114

Regulation of Arms Brokers

In Colombia, the activities of arms brokers and transfer intermediaries are specifically regulated by law115 116 117

End User Certificates

Customs regulations in Colombia include99 118 certification of the intended end user of any small arms or ammunition transfer, and/or a written declaration of its intended end use

Transparency of Small Arms Transfers

ChartIn its annual Small Arms Trade Transparency Barometer, the Small Arms Survey compares public reporting among major arms exporting nations on a scale from strong to weak (25 to zero). In recent years, Colombia scored

2014: 8.50119
2013: 8.75120

MeasuresGun Regulation

Firearm Regulation - Guiding Policy

The regulation of guns in Colombia is categorised as restrictive121

Firearm Law

Guiding gun control legislation in Colombia includes the Constitution, Article 223,82 the Decree 2535 of 1993,122 the Decree 0006 of 1993,123 the Decree 356 of 1994,123 the Decree 1809 of 1994,124 the Decree 2685 of 1999,125 the Law 599 of 2000 (Penal Code), Articles 365 and 366, as amended by Articles 38 and 55 of the Law 1142 of 2007, the Law 1119 of 2006126 the Decree 626 of 2001,123 the Decree 334 and Decree 1612 of 2002123

Firearm Regulation Authority

Guns in Colombia are regulated by the Arms Committee of the Ministry of National Defence,127 128 the Head of the Department for the Trade Control of Arms, Ammunition and Explosives, the Chiefs of Staff of the Tactical Operations Units or their equivalent in the Navy or the Air Force and the Executive and Deputy-Heads of Tactical Units of the National Army, or their equivalents in the Navy and the Air Force129

Right to Possess Firearms

In Colombia, the right to private gun ownership is not guaranteed by law130 131 82 132

Restricted Firearms and Ammunition

In Colombia, civilians are not allowed to possess pistols and revolvers of calibre superior to 9.652mm, automatic arms, semi-automatic rifles and carbines over .22 calibre LR, arms with military-style devices (infrared and laser sights, grenade launchers and silencers),133 124 134 and explosive, toxic, expanding and fragmenting ammunition 135

Regulation of Automatic Weapons

In Colombia, private possession of fully automatic weapons is prohibited with only narrow exemptions133 136 137 138 52

Regulation of Semiautomatic Assault Weapons

In Colombia, private possession of semi-automatic assault weapons is prohibited with only narrow exemptions133 138

Regulation of Handguns

In Colombia, private possession of handguns (pistols and revolvers) is permitted under licence139 133 136 137 138 52

Law Regulates Long Guns

In Colombia, civilian possession of rifles and shotguns is regulated by law139 133 52

Gun Ownership and Possession

In Colombia, only licensed gun owners82 132 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 85 147 148 149 52 128 91 may lawfully acquire, possess or transfer a firearm or ammunition

Genuine Reason Required for Firearm Possession

Applicants for a gun owner’s licence in Colombia are required to establish a genuine reason to possess a firearm, for example personal protection, security, hunting, target shooting, collection150 146 141 151 144 147 148 149

Minimum Age for Firearm Possession

The minimum age for gun ownership in Colombia is 18 years149

Gun Owner Background Checks

An applicant for a firearm licence in Colombia must pass a background check which considers criminal, mental health, health and addiction146 152 149 52 records

Reference Required for Firearm Licence

In Colombia, third party character references for each gun licence applicant are not required153

Partner to be Advised or Interviewed

In Colombia, licensing authorities are not required153 to conduct interviews with, or to advise an applicant's spouse, partner, or next of kin before issuing a gun licence

Domestic Violence and Firearms

Where a past history, or apprehended likelihood of family violence exists, the law in Colombia stipulates154 that a gun licence should be denied or revoked

Firearm Safety Training

In Colombia, an understanding of firearm safety and the law, tested in a theoretical and/or practical training course is required (for surveillance or private security services)155 for a firearm licence

Gun Owner Licensing Period

In Colombia, gun owners must re-apply and re-qualify for their firearm licence every ten years (for firearms not to be carried outside of the house or property),144 three years (for self-defence) and one year (for restricted weapons)156 157

Licensing Records

In Colombia, authorities maintain a record158 159 12 of individual civilians licensed to acquire, possess, sell or transfer a firearm or ammunition

Limit on Number of Guns

Licensed firearm owners in Colombia are permitted to possess two firearms for individuals145 137 and up to five firearms for legal persons and rural properties160 161 162

Limit on Quantity, Type of Ammunition

Licensed firearm owners in Colombia are permitted to possess any quantity of ammunition153

Firearm Registration

Civilian Gun Registration

In Colombia, the law requires163 164 158 138 165 159 12 that a record of the acquisition, possession and transfer of each privately held firearm be retained in an official register

Gun Dealer Record Keeping

In Colombia, licensed firearm dealers are required91 to keep a record of each firearm or ammunition purchase, sale or transfer on behalf of a regulating authority

Gun Manufacturer Record Keeping

In Colombia, licensed gun makers are required87 166 163 164 91 to keep a record of each firearm produced, for inspection by a regulating authority

State-Owned Firearm Records

In Colombia, State agencies are required163 164 158 to maintain records of the storage and movement of all firearms and ammunition under their control

Gun Sales and Transfers

Regulation of Private Gun Sales

In Colombia, the private sale and transfer of firearms is prohibited,83 except in rare cases and with authorisation167 168 169

Regulation of Dealer Gun Sales

In Colombia, dealing in firearms by way of business without a valid gun dealer’s licence is unlawful83 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 91 92

Number of Licensed Gun Dealers

The number of licensed firearm dealers in Colombia is reported to be

2006: 3493 92

Waiting Period for Gun Possession

In Colombia, the minimum wait for a lawful firearm purchase to be completed is undetermined153

Regulation of Gun Shows

In Colombia, gun shows and temporary firearm dealing events are not regulated153 in law

Storage and Transport of Guns and Ammunition

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Private

Firearm regulations in Colombia include174 148 175 176 157 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of private firearms and ammunition by licensed gun owners

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Dealer

Firearm regulations in Colombia include87 86 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition by licensed arms dealers

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Government

Government regulations in Colombia include176 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition by state entities

Firearm and Ammunition Transport Regulations

Regulations in Colombia include142 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition while in transit

Carrying Guns

Law Regulates Firearms in Public

In Colombia, carrying a gun in a public place is regulated by law82 132 177 156 145 157 52 10 91

Carrying Guns Openly in Public

In Colombia, carrying a firearm in plain view in a public place is allowed, subject to a valid permit82 132 177 156 145 157 52 10

Carrying Hidden Handguns in Public

In Colombia, carrying a concealed firearm in a public place is allowed, subject to a valid permit82 132 177 156 145 157 52 10

Gun Free Zones

In Colombia, private guns are prohibited in political meetings, elections or public corporations' meetings82

Penalty for Illicit Firearm Possession

In Colombia, the maximum penalty for unlawful possession of a firearm178 is 12 years in prison179 180 157 181

MeasuresInternational Controls

Regional Agreements

Andean Community

As a member of the Andean Community, Colombia

adopted Decision 552: The Andean Plan to Prevent, Fight and Eradicate Illicit Trafficking in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects in June, 2003182

Organization of American States

On 14 November 1997, as a member of the Organisation of American States (OAS), Colombia adopted the Inter-American Convention against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, Explosives, Ammunition and Other Related Materials (CIFTA), a legally binding multilateral treaty of which the OAS is depository. The CIFTA Convention has since been signed and ratified183 184 by Colombia

United Nations Commission on Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice

The UNCCPCJ, a subsidiary body of the Economic and Social Council mandated to promote action to prevent national and transnational crime, lists185 Colombia as an elected member

Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development

The Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development, a diplomatic initiative aimed at addressing the interrelations between armed violence and development, was signed in 2008186 by Colombia.

Arms Trade Treaty

The Arms Trade Treaty has been signed, but not yet ratified187 by Colombia

United Nations Firearms Protocol

The United Nations Protocol against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, Their Parts and Components and Ammunition has not been signed188 by Colombia

United Nations Small Arms Programme of Action UNPoA

UNPoA Commitment

On 21 July 2001, Colombia committed to a consensus decision of the United Nations to adopt, support and implement the UN Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects189

UNPoA Implementation Monitor Score

In its UN small arms Programme of Action Implementation Monitor (PoAIM Phase 1), the Small Arms Survey scored Colombia against its commitments to the PoA, then ranked it at No. 36190 191 192 193 among 159 Member States

UNPoA National Reporting

Under the terms of its 2001 commitment to the United Nations small arms Programme of Action, Colombia has submitted one or more national reports194 195 on its implementation of the UNPoA

UNPoA National Point of Contact

In Colombia, a National Point of Contact to deal with issues relating to the UNPoA has been designated196 195

UNPoA National Coordinating Body

In Colombia, a National Coordinating Body to deal with issues relating to the UNPoA has been designated196

UNPoA Civil Society Involvement and Support

In National Reports of Colombia submitted to the UN from 2001 to 2010, a history of substantive cooperation with civil society in support of UNPoA activities was apparent197 196

UNPoA International Assistance – Donor

Funds for UNPoA implementation have not been donated195 by Colombia to other UN Member States

UNPoA International Assistance – Recipient

Funds for UNPoA implementation have been provided195 to Colombia by other UN Member States

United Nations Small Arms Register

According to the United Nations Register of Conventional Arms, Colombia has declared198 its small arms exports in one or more annual National Reports on Arms Exports.

United Nations Membership

In the UN List of Member States, Colombia has been a Member State of the United Nations since 1945199

Wassenaar Arrangement

The Wassenaar Arrangement on Export Controls and Conventional Arms and Dual-Use Goods and Technologies does not list200 Colombia as a Participating State

BackgroundSustainable Development Goal Profile

About SDG 16

The Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) are 17 goals set by the United Nations to be implemented by all member states by 2030. Adopted in 2015, they outline a vision of development in which peace and security are an integral part. SDG 16,201 which seeks to “promote peaceful and inclusive societies for sustainable development,” includes targets and indicators focused on reducing violence (Target 16.1) and the proliferation of illicit arms (Target 16.4). The indicators – or measurement criteria – of these targets include the number of victims of intentional homicide (Indicator 16.1.1), the number of conflict-related deaths (Indicator 16.1.2), and the number of illicit firearms collected and traced (Indicator 16.4.2). In light of these targets and indicators, GunPolicy.org provides granular national data pertaining to homicides, gun homicides, conflict deaths, disarmament efforts, and marking and tracing.

Conflict Deaths

For a profile of conflict in Colombia, select the Link icon to open an external web page from the UCDP Conflict Encyclopedia at Uppsala University

Disarmament

Authorities in Colombia are known to have202 203 204 205 206 207 implemented voluntary firearm surrender schemes, and/or weapon seizure programmes in order to reduce the number of illicit firearms in circulation

Surrendered in Gun Amnesty

ChartIn Colombia, the number of firearms voluntarily surrendered in recent arms amnesty and collection programmes is reported to be

2010: 250205
2005: 418,688208
2004: 743,688
2003-06: 18,051209
2003: 488208
1996-97: 2,688

Firearms Surrendered and Seized

ChartIn Colombia, the number of firearms voluntarily surrendered, bought back or seized by authorities is reported to be

2013: 44,139210 211 212
2012: 75,213
2011: 42,062213 212
2010: 44,572212
2009: 47,941214 215 216
2008: 45,725214
2007: 56,682217 206 218
2006: 70,036217 219
2005: 20,967220
2004: 71,937221 220
2003: 54,756
2002: 18,409220
2001: 15,195
2000: 15,637

Small Arms Destroyed

ChartIn Colombia, the number of firearms destroyed following amnesty, collection and seizure programmes is reported to be

2013: 41,073211
2012: 74,359
2011: 42,052222
2010: 9,487205
2009: 26,014204 7
2008: 27,864
2007: 28,103206 7
2005: 418,688208
2004: 743,688
2003/06: 141,719223
2003: 488
2002: 15,026207
1997: 2,688208

Destruction and Disposal Policy

In Colombia, it is not state policy224 225 to destroy surplus, collected and seized firearms rather than return them to the secondary arms market

Marking and Tracing

Firearm Marking

In Colombia, a unique identifying mark on each firearm is required by law89 226 227 228 229 230 165 91

Firearm Tracing

In Colombia, state authorities carry out158 231 232 91 recognised arms tracing and tracking procedures

Ballistic Record of Firearms and Ammunition

In Colombia, the ballistic characteristics of each civilian firearm and its ammunition are not228 recorded in a register

Global Peace Index

To see where Colombia ranks, select the Link icon to open an external web page at the Global Peace Index


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