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Chile — Gun Facts, Figures and the Law

StockpilesGun Numbers

Civilian Guns

Number of Privately Owned Firearms

ChartThe estimated total number of guns (both licit and illicit) held by civilians in Chile is

2021: 2,218,248{q14482 }{q13434 }1 2
2017: 2,220,0003
2016: 845,9001 4
2015: 841,3611 5
2013: 834,4521 6
2010: 833,1371 7
2009: 2,000,0008
2006: 811,7781 9 10 11
2005: 1,750,0001 12 9 13
2003: 714,4761 9

Rate of Civilian Firearm Possession per 100 Population

ChartThe estimated rate of private gun ownership (both licit and illicit) per 100 people in Chile is

2021: 12.1214
2017: 12.48
2016: 4.79
2015: 4.81
2013: 4.85
2010: 4.97
2009: 12.05
2006: 5.03
2005: 10.95
2003: 4.56

Number of Privately Owned Rifles

ChartIn Chile, the number of rifles in civilian possession is reported to be

2021: 66,3762
2015: 64,0495
1995: 41,55515

Number of Privately Owned Shotguns

ChartIn Chile, the number of shotguns in civilian possession is reported to be

2021: 269,4812
2015: 269,1905
1995: 180,92415

Number of Privately Owned Handguns

ChartIn Chile, the number of handguns in civilian possession is reported to be

2021: 424,1912
2015: 431,3935
1995: 378,45415

Number of Privately Owned Firearms - World Ranking

In a comparison of the number of privately owned guns in 206 countries, Chile ranked at No. 3716

Rate of Privately Owned Firearms per 100 Population - World Ranking

In a comparison of the rate of privately owned guns in 206 countries, Chile ranked at No.6216

Number of Licensed Firearm Owners

ChartThe number of licensed gun owners in Chile is reported to be

2006: 457,00010
1999: 350,00015

Rate of Licensed Firearm Owners per 100 Population

ChartThe rate of licensed firearm owners per 100 people in Chile is

2006: 2.8314
1999: 2.33

Number of Registered Firearms

ChartThe number of registered guns in Chile is reported to be

2021: 761,4302
2017: 763,1823
2016: 769,0004
2015: 764,8745
2013: 758,5936
2010: 757,3977
2009: 756,0009
2006: 737,9809 10 11
2005: 695,9689 12 13
2003: 649,5249

Rate of Registered Firearms per 100 Population

ChartThe rate of registered guns per 100 people in Chile is

2021: 4.1614
2017: 4.29
2016: 4.36
2015: 4.37
2013: 4.41
2010: 4.52
2009: 4.55
2006: 4.58
2005: 4.36
2003: 4.14

Estimated Number of Unregistered and Illicit Firearms

ChartUnregistered and unlawfully held guns cannot be counted,17 but in Chile there are estimated to be

2021: 76,1431 2
2017: 1,456,8183
2016: 76,9001 4
2015: 76,4871 5
2013: 75,8591 6
2010: 75,7401 7
2009: 1,300,0008 10
2006: 73,7981 9 10 11
2005: 1,054,03212 9 13
2003: 64,9521 9
2002: 1,300,00018

Estimated Rate of Unregistered and Illicit Firearms per 100 Population

ChartUnregistered and unlawfully held guns cannot be counted,17 but in Chile the rate of such firearms per 100 people is estimated to be

2017: 8.1914
2009: 7.83
2002: 8.38

Government Guns

Number of Military Firearms

The defence forces of Chile are reported to have 311,90019 firearms

Number of Law Enforcement Firearms

Police in Chile are reported to have 66,00020 firearms

ImpactsDeath and Injury

Total Number of Gun Deaths

ChartIn Chile, annual deaths resulting from firearms total

2018: 53421
2017: 478
2016: 442
2015: 479
2014: 507
2013: 405
2012: 354
2011: 394
2010: 404
2009: 396
2008: 415
2007: 443
2006: 433
2005: 493
2004: 454
2003: 448
2002: 24622 23
2001: 466
2000: 436

Rate of All Gun Deaths per 100,000 People

ChartIn Chile, the annual rate of all gun deaths per 100,000 population is

2018: 321
2017: 2.71
2016: 2.52
2015: 2.76
2014: 2.94
2013: 2.37
2012: 2.09
2011: 2.35
2010: 2.43
2009: 2.41
2008: 2.55
2007: 2.75
2006: 2.71
2005: 3.11
2004: 2.90
2003: 2.89
2002: 1.59
2001: 3.04
2000: 2.87

Total Number of Male Gun Deaths

ChartIn Chile, annual male deaths resulting from firearms total

2018: 49021
2017: 436
2016: 412
2015: 450
2014: 461
2013: 369
2012: 320
2011: 357
2010: 363
2009: 360
2008: 376
2007: 399
2006: 395
2005: 442
2004: 405
2003: 408
2001: 419
2000: 376

Rate of Male Gun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn Chile, the annual rate of male gun death per 100,000 population is

2018: 5.6021
2017: 5.02
2016: 4.79
2015: 5.27
2014: 5.45
2013: 4.40
2012: 3.85
2011: 4.33
2010: 4.45
2009: 4.45
2008: 4.70
2007: 5.03
2006: 5.03
2005: 5.68
2004: 5.26
2003: 5.35
2001: 5.55
2000: 5.04

Total Number of Female Gun Deaths

ChartIn Chile, annual female deaths resulting from firearms total

2018: 4421
2017: 42
2016: 30
2015: 29
2014: 46
2013: 36
2012: 34
2011: 37
2010: 41
2009: 36
2008: 39
2007: 44
2006: 38
2005: 51
2004: 49
2003: 40
2001: 47
2000: 60

Rate of Female Gun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn Chile, the annual rate of female gun death per 100,000 population is

2018: 0.4921
2017: 0.47
2016: 0.34
2015: 0.33
2014: 0.53
2013: 0.41
2012: 0.40
2011: 0.43
2010: 0.49
2009: 0.43
2008: 0.47
2007: 0.54
2006: 0.47
2005: 0.63
2004: 0.61
2003: 0.51
2001: 0.60
2000: 0.78

Homicides (any method)

ChartIn Chile, annual homicides by any means total

2021: 698 24
2020: 92625
2019: 751
2018: 825
2017: 779
2016: 620
2015: 610
2014: 438
2013: 556
2012: 434
2011: 636
2010: 541
2009: 630
2008: 588
2007: 616
2006: 590
2005: 576
2004: 85526 27 28
2003: 51329 26 27 28
2002: 83726 27 28
2001: 843
2000: 786
1999: 45726
1998: 421
1997: 371
1996: 439
1995: 461

Rate of Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Chile, the annual rate of homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2021: 3.6 24
2020: 4.8425
2019: 3.96
2018: 4.40
2017: 4.22
2016: 3.40
2015: 3.39
2014: 2.47
2013: 3.16
2012: 2.49
2011: 3.69
2010: 3.17
2009: 3.73
2008: 3.52
2007: 3.73
2006: 3.61
2005: 3.56
2004: 5.326 27 28
2003: 3.24
2002: 5.326 27 28
2001: 5.4
2000: 5.1
1999: 3.026 30
1998: 2.8
1997: 2.5
1996: 3.0
1995: 3.2

Male Homicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Chile, annual male homicides by any means total

2017: 49131
2016: 453
2015: 507
2014: 596
2013: 444
2012: 443
2011: 521
2010: 445
2009: 545
2008: 485
2007: 505
2006: 499
2005: 493

Rate of Male Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Chile, the annual rate of male homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2017: 5.6131
2016: 5.22
2015: 5.89
2014: 6.98
2013: 5.25
2012: 5.28
2011: 6.26
2010: 5.40
2009: 6.68
2008: 6
2007: 6.31
2006: 6.29
2005: 6.28

Female Homicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Chile, annual female homicides by any means total

2017: 11631
2016: 116
2015: 109
2014: 83
2013: 109
2012: 107
2011: 115
2010: 96
2009: 85
2008: 103
2007: 111
2006: 91
2005: 83

Rate of Female Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Chile, the annual rate of female homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2017: 1.2831
2016: 1.29
2015: 1.22
2014: 0.94
2013: 1.25
2012: 1.23
2011: 1.34
2010: 1.13
2009: 1.01
2008: 1.23
2007: 1.34
2006: 1.11
2005: 1.02

Gun Homicides

ChartIn Chile, annual firearm homicides total

2018: 17921
2017: 223
2016: 278
2015: 318
2014: 330
2013: 249
2012: 209
2011: 268
2010: 230
2009: 238
2008: 190
2007: 179
2006: 267
2005: 290
2004: 242
2003: 214
2002: 922
2001: 211
2000: 204

Rate of Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Chile, the annual rate of firearm homicide per 100,000 population is

2018: 121
2017: 1.25
2016: 1.58
2015: 1.82
2014: 1.90
2013: 1.45
2012: 1.22
2011: 1.58
2010: 1.37
2009: 1.43
2008: 1.16
2007: 1.10
2006: 1.66
2005: 1.81
2004: 1.53
2003: 1.37
2002: 0.0622
2001: 1.37
2000: 1.34

Proportion of Homicides Committed With a Gun

ChartIn Chile, the percentage of homicides committed with a firearm is reported to be

2011: 27%29
2010: 23%
2009: 25%29 32
2008: 9%29
2007: 7%
2006: 12%
2005: 39%29 11

Male Gun Homicide Victims

ChartIn Chile, annual male firearm homicides total

2018: 16321
2017: 204
2016: 257
2015: 301
2014: 299
2013: 225
2012: 187
2011: 237
2010: 201
2009: 219
2008: 166
2007: 163
2006: 245
2005: 267
2004: 221
2003: 196
2001: 186
2000: 171

Rate of Male Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Chile, the annual rate of male firearm homicide per 100,000 population is

2018: 1.8521
2017: 2.33
2016: 2.96
2015: 3.50
2014: 3.50
2013: 2.66
2012: 2.23
2011: 2.85
2010: 2.44
2009: 2.68
2008: 2.05
2007: 2.04
2006: 3.09
2005: 3.40
2004: 2.84
2003: 2.54
2001: 2.47
2000: 2.29

Female Gun Homicide Victims

ChartIn Chile, annual female firearm homicides total

2018: 1621
2017: 19
2016: 21
2015: 1721
2014: 31
2013: 24
2012: 22
2011: 31
2010: 29
2009: 19
2008: 24
2007: 16
2006: 22
2005: 23
2004: 21
2003: 18
2001: 25
2000: 33

Rate of Female Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Chile, the annual rate of female firearm homicide per 100,000 population is

2018: 0.1821
2017: 0.21
2016: 0.23
2015: 0.19
2014: 0.35
2013: 0.27
2012: 0.25
2011: 0.36
2010: 0.34
2009: 0.23
2008: 0.29
2007: 0.19
2006: 0.27
2005: 0.28
2004: 0.26
2003: 0.23
2001: 0.32
2000: 0.43

Suicides (any method)

ChartIn Chile, annual suicides by any means total

2018: 1,87921
2017: 1,951
2016: 1,951
2015: 1,932
2014: 1,905
2013: 1,864
2012: 1,954
2011: 2,137
2010: 2,146
2009: 2,282
2008: 2,225
2007: 1,961
2006: 1,933
2005: 1,842
2004: 1,898
2003: 1,840
2002: 1,59433
2001: 1,808
2000: 1,652

Rate of Suicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Chile, the annual rate of suicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2019: 021
2018: 10.48
2017: 10.97
2016: 11.05
2015: 11.03
2014: 10.97
2013: 10.83
2012: 11.45
2011: 12.63
2010: 12.80
2009: 13.75
2008: 13.53
2007: 12.04
2006: 11.98
2005: 11.53
2004: 11.99
2003: 11.74
2002: 10.133
2001: 11.78
2000: 10.89

Male Suicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Chile, annual male suicides by any means total

2018: 1,56021
2017: 1,636
2016: 1,630
2015: 1,547
2014: 1,582
2013: 1,535
2012: 1,612
2011: 1,763
2010: 1,753
2009: 1,844
2008: 1,801
2007: 1,600
2006: 1,626
2005: 1,542
2004: 1,615
2003: 1,569
2001: 1,558
2000: 1,425

Rate of Male Suicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Chile, the annual rate of male suicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2018: 17.7021
2017: 18.71
2016: 18.79
2015: 17.97
2014: 18.53
2013: 18.13
2012: 19.21
2011: 21.20
2010: 21.27
2009: 22.59
2008: 22.28
2007: 19.99
2006: 20.51
2005: 19.63
2004: 20.76
2003: 20.36
2001: 20.65
2000: 19.10

Female Suicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Chile, annual female suicides by any means total

2018: 31921
2017: 315
2016: 321
2015: 385
2014: 323
2013: 329
2012: 342
2011: 374
2010: 393
2009: 438
2008: 424
2007: 361
2006: 307
2005: 300
2004: 283
2003: 271
2001: 250
2000: 227

Rate of Female Suicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Chile, the annual rate of female suicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2018: 3.5021
2017: 3.48
2016: 3.58
2015: 4.33
2014: 3.66
2013: 3.76
2012: 3.94
2011: 4.35
2010: 4.61
2009: 5.19
2008: 5.07
2007: 4.36
2006: 3.74
2005: 3.69
2004: 3.52
2003: 3.40
2001: 3.20
2000: 2.94

Gun Suicides

ChartIn Chile, annual firearm suicides total

2018: 5621
2017: 72
2016: 93
2015: 95
2014: 116
2013: 126
2012: 113
2011: 11034
2010: 145
2009: 13432
2008: 137
2007: 113
2006: 138
2005: 162
2004: 163
2003: 186
2002: 17323
2001: 183
2000: 179

Rate of Gun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Chile, the annual rate of firearm suicide per 100,000 population is

2018: 0.3121
2017: 0.41
2016: 0.53
2015: 0.55
2014: 0.67
2013: 0.74
2012: 0.67
2011: 0.66
2010: 0.87
2009: 0.82
2008: 0.84
2007: 0.70
2006: 0.86
2005: 1.02
2004: 1.04
2003: 1.20
2002: 1.0923
2001: 1.19
2000: 1.18

Male Gun Suicide Victims

ChartIn Chile, annual male firearm suicides total

2018: 5321
2017: 66
2016: 89
2015: 88
2014: 107
2013: 115
2012: 102
2011: 106
2010: 135
2009: 120
2008: 127
2007: 104
2006: 128
2005: 141
2004: 143
2003: 167
2001: 166
2000: 159

Rate of Male Gun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Chile, the annual rate of male firearm suicide per 100,000 population is

2018: 0.6021
2017: 0.75
2016: 1.03
2015: 1.02
2014: 1.25
2013: 1.36
2012: 1.22
2011: 1.27
2010: 1.64
2009: 1.47
2008: 1.57
2007: 1.30
2006: 1.61
2005: 1.80
2004: 1.84
2003: 2.17
2001: 2.20
2000: 2.13

Female Gun Suicide Victims

ChartIn Chile, annual female firearm suicides total

2018: 321
2017: 6
2016: 4
2015: 7
2014: 9
2013: 11
2012: 11
2011: 4
2010: 10
2009: 14
2008: 10
2007: 9
2006: 10
2005: 21
2004: 20
2003: 19
2001: 17
2000: 20

Rate of Female Gun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Chile, the annual rate of female firearm suicide per 100,000 population is

2018: 0.0321
2017: 0.07
2016: 0.04
2015: 0.08
2014: 0.10
2013: 0.13
2012: 0.13
2011: 0.05
2010: 0.12
2009: 0.17
2008: 0.12
2007: 0.11
2006: 0.12
2005: 0.26
2004: 0.25
2003: 0.24
2001: 0.22
2000: 0.26

Unintentional Gun Deaths

ChartIn Chile, annual unintentional shooting deaths total

2018: 29321
2017: 176
2016: 58
2015: 57
2014: 51
2013: 25
2012: 26
2011: 1134
2010: 21
2009: 1432
2008: 72
2007: 141
2006: 10
2005: 25
2004: 32
2003: 32
2002: 6423
2001: 8
2000: 3

Rate of Unintentional Gun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn Chile, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death per 100,000 population is

2018: 1.6321
2017: 0.99
2016: 0.33
2015: 0.33
2014: 0.29
2013: 0.15
2012: 0.15
2011: 0.07
2010: 0.13
2009: 0.08
2008: 0.44
2007: 0.87
2006: 0.06
2005: 0.16
2004: 0.20
2003: 0.20
2002: 0.4023
2001: 0.05
2000: 0.02

Unintentional Male Gun Deaths

ChartIn Chile, annual unintentional male shooting deaths total

2018: 26821
2017: 160
2016: 53
2015: 52
2014: 49
2013: 24
2012: 25
2011: 10
2010: 19
2009: 12
2008: 68
2007: 128
2006: 10
2005: 22
2004: 27
2003: 30
2001: 7
2000: 3

Rate of Unintentional Male Gun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn Chile, the annual rate of unintentional male shooting death per 100,000 population is

2018: 3.0421
2017: 1.83
2016: 0.61
2015: 0.60
2014: 0.57
2013: 0.28
2012: 0.30
2011: 0.12
2010: 0.23
2009: 0.15
2008: 0.84
2007: 1.60
2006: 0.13
2005: 0.28
2004: 0.35
2003: 0.39
2001: 0.09
2000: 0.04

Unintentional Female Gun Deaths

ChartIn Chile, annual unintentional female shooting deaths total

2018: 2521
2017: 16
2016: 5
2015: 5
2014: 2
2013: 1
2012: 1
2011: 1
2010: 2
2009: 2
2008: 4
2007: 13
2005: 3
2004: 5
2003: 2
2001: 1

Rate of Unintentional Female Gun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn Chile, the annual rate of unintentional female shooting death per 100,000 population is

2018: 0.2721
2017: 0.18
2016: 0.06
2015: 0.06
2014: 0.02
2013: 0.01
2012: 0.01
2011: 0.01
2010: 0.02
2009: 0.02
2008: 0.05
2007: 0.16
2005: 0.04
2004: 0.06
2003: 0.03
2001: 0.01

Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Chile, annual shooting deaths in which the cause remains undecided total

2014: 021
2013: 0
2012: 0
2011: 0
2010: 0
2001: 623

Rate of Gun Death from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

In Chile, the annual rate of unknown-cause shooting deaths per 100,000 population is

2001: 0.0414

Male Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Chile, annual male shooting deaths in which the cause remains undecided total

2014: 021
2013: 0
2012: 0
2011: 0
2010: 0

Female Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Chile, annual female shooting deaths in which the cause remains undecided total

2014: 021
2013: 0
2012: 0
2011: 0
2010: 0

ProductionGun Industry

Regulation of Firearm Makers

In Chile, the manufacture of small arms, ammunition and/or their components is permitted only if the maker holds a valid licence35 36 11 37

Small Arms Manufacture - World Ranking

In a classification of the world's small, medium and major firearm manufacturers, Chile was ranked 'small'38

Home-made Guns

In Chile, the prevalence of illicit craft, or 'home-made' firearm manufacture is reported to be moderate18 39

TransfersGun Trade and Trafficking

Firearm Exports

In Chile, firearm and ammunition exports are limited by transfer control law35 40 36 41

Firearm Exports (Number)

ChartThe annual number of firearms exported from Chile is reported by manufacturers to be

2020: 042
2019: 12
2018: 0
2015: 19543
2012: 60
2011: 75

Small Arms Exports (US$) - Customs

ChartThe annual value of small arms and ammunition exports from Chile is reported by Customs to be US$

2021: 27,00044
2020: 146,000
2019: 43,000
2018: 27,000
2017: 20,000
2016: 232,000
2015: 250,000
2014: 722,000
2013: 5,000
2012: 137,000
2011: 1,828,000
2010: 4,139,000
2009: 3,897,000
2008: 2,432,000
2007: 209,000
2006: 379,000
2005: 1,579,000
2004: 2,013,000
2003: 324,000
2002: 676,000

Small Arms Exports - World Ranking

In a comparison of the world's major/mid-level/minor/unknown small arms exporters, Chile was categorized as 'minor'45

Firearm Imports

In Chile, firearm and ammunition imports are limited by transfer control law35 36 41 46

Firearm Imports (Number)

ChartThe annual number of firearms imported to Chile is reported to be

2016: 5,01543
2015: 2,325
2014: 3,373
2012: 302
2011: 68
2010: 1,156
2009: 119
2008: 106
2007: 128

Small Arms Imports (US$) - Customs

ChartThe annual value of small arms and ammunition imports to Chile is reported by Customs to be US$

2021: 9,420,00047
2020: 6,072,000
2019: 7,977,000
2018: 10,046,000
2017: 7,899,000
2016: 8,719,000
2015: 7,954,000
2014: 9,819,000
2013: 7,956,000
2012: 7,345,000
2011: 6,541,000
2010: 5,063,000
2009: 3,919,000
2008: 5,068,000
2007: 5,271,000
2006: 3,816,000
2005: 3,224,000
2004: 3,223,000
2003: 3,079,000
2002: 3,370,000

Smuggling Guns and Ammunition

Reports suggest that the level of firearm and ammunition smuggling in Chile is moderate48

Regulation of Arms Brokers

In Chile, the activities of arms brokers and transfer intermediaries are specifically regulated by law41 46 49 50

End User Certificates

Customs regulations in Chile include40 certification of the intended end user of any small arms or ammunition transfer, and/or a written declaration of its intended end use

MeasuresGun Regulation

Firearm Regulation - Guiding Policy

The regulation of guns in Chile is categorised as restrictive51

Firearm Law

Guiding gun control legislation in Chile includes the Constitution of the Republic of Chile,52 the Act No. 17798 on Arms Control as amended by the Act No. 20014 of 200553 and by the Act No. 20813 of 2015,54 the Complementary Regulation of Act No. 17798,55 the Resolution No. 00416256 and the Convention of 1 July 1969 on Reciprocal Recognition of Proofmarks on Small Arms57

Firearm Regulation Authority

Guns in Chile are regulated by the Ministry of National Defence, through the General Directorate of National Mobilisation, the commanders of the garrison of the Armed Forces and the Chilean Carabinier authorities53 58 59 60

Right to Possess Firearms

In Chile, the right to private gun ownership is not guaranteed by law61 62

Restricted Firearms and Ammunition

In Chile, civilians are not allowed to possess long guns with shortened barrels, automatic handguns, machine guns, sub-machine guns, certain automatic and semi-automatic weapons, and home-made firearms63 64 65 66 67 68

Regulation of Automatic Weapons

In Chile, private possession of fully automatic weapons is prohibited, with only narrow exceptions63 65 69 66 67 68

Regulation of Semiautomatic Assault Weapons

In Chile, private possession of semi-automatic assault weapons is prohibited, with only narrow exceptions63 65 69 66 68

Regulation of Handguns

In Chile, private possession of handguns (pistols and revolvers) is permitted under licence, except for automatic handguns63 65 66

Law Regulates Long Guns

In Chile, civilian possession of rifles and shotguns is regulated by law63 65 66

Gun Ownership and Possession

In Chile, only licensed gun owners35 70 71 72 73 67 74 75 68 may lawfully acquire, possess or transfer a firearm or ammunition

Genuine Reason Required for Firearm Possession

Applicants for a gun owner’s licence in Chile are required to establish a genuine reason to possess a firearm, for example hunting, target shooting, collection, personal protection, security76 66 77 78

Minimum Age for Firearm Possession

The minimum age for gun ownership in Chile is the legal age79 75

Gun Owner Background Checks

An applicant for a firearm licence in Chile must pass a background check which considers criminal, health and mental health79 80 70 75 68 records

Reference Required for Firearm Licence

In Chile, third party character references for each gun licence applicant are not required81

Partner to be Advised or Interviewed

In Chile, licensing authorities are not required81 to conduct interviews with, or to advise an applicant's spouse, partner, or next of kin before issuing a gun licence

Domestic Violence and Firearms

Where a past history, or apprehended likelihood of family violence exists, the law in Chile stipulates79 80 75 that a gun licence should be denied or revoked

Firearm Safety Training

In Chile, an understanding of firearm safety and the law, tested in a theoretical and/or practical training course is required79 80 73 75 82 for a firearm licence

Gun Owner Licensing Period

In Chile, gun owners must re-apply and re-qualify for their firearm licence every five years79 80 83

Licensing Records

In Chile, authorities maintain a record82 of individual civilians licensed to acquire, possess, sell or transfer a firearm or ammunition

Limit on Number of Guns

Licensed firearm owners in Chile are permitted to possess two firearms, with exceptions71 74 84 85 77

Limit on Quantity, Type of Ammunition

Licensed firearm owners in Chile are permitted to possess a limited quantity of ammunition86

Firearm Registration

Civilian Gun Registration

In Chile, the law requires70 87 88 89 90 that a record of the acquisition, possession and transfer of each privately held firearm be retained in an official register

Gun Dealer Record Keeping

In Chile, licensed firearm dealers are required91 35 89 to keep a record of each firearm or ammunition purchase, sale or transfer on behalf of a regulating authority

Gun Manufacturer Record Keeping

In Chile, licensed gun makers are required35 91 to keep a record of each firearm produced, for inspection by a regulating authority

State-Owned Firearm Records

In Chile, State agencies are required92 93 94 95 to maintain records of the storage and movement of all firearms and ammunition under their control

Gun Sales and Transfers

Regulation of Private Gun Sales

In Chile, the private sale and transfer of firearms is prohibited without a permit96 35 97 98

Regulation of Dealer Gun Sales

In Chile, dealing in firearms by way of business without a valid gun dealer’s licence is unlawful35 91 36 96 97 88 89 98

Background Checks for Private Gun Sales

The buyer of a firearm in a private sale in Chile is obliged89 to pass official background checks before taking possession

Background Checks for Dealer Gun Sales

The buyer of a firearm from a licensed gun dealer in Chile is obliged89 to pass official background checks before taking possession

Number of Licensed Gun Dealers

The number of licensed firearm dealers in Chile is reported to be

2010: 4277

Waiting Period for Gun Possession

In Chile, the minimum wait for a lawful firearm purchase to be completed is undetermined81

Regulation of Gun Shows

In Chile, gun shows and temporary firearm dealing events are not regulated81 in law

Storage and Transport of Guns and Ammunition

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Private

Firearm regulations in Chile include99 79 80 100 87 67 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of private firearms and ammunition by licensed gun owners

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Dealer

Firearm regulations in Chile include101 102 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition by licensed arms dealers

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Government

Government regulations in Chile include92 93 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition by state entities

Firearm and Ammunition Transport Regulations

Regulations in Chile include70 89 103 104 105 106 107 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition while in transit

Carrying Guns

Law Regulates Firearms in Public

In Chile, carrying a gun in a public place is regulated by law70 76 108 109 110 78

Carrying Guns Openly in Public

In Chile, carrying a firearm in plain view in a public place is prohibited70 76 108 109 110 78

Carrying Hidden Handguns in Public

In Chile, carrying a concealed firearm in a public place is allowed, subject to a valid permit70 76 108 109 110 78

Penalty for Illicit Firearm Possession

In Chile, the maximum penalty for unlawful possession of a firearm111 is five years in prison112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119

MeasuresInternational Controls

Regional Agreements

Organization of American States

On 14 November 1997, as a member of the Organisation of American States (OAS), Chile adopted the Inter-American Convention against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, Explosives, Ammunition and Other Related Materials (CIFTA), a legally binding multilateral treaty of which the OAS is depository. The CIFTA Convention has since been signed and ratified120 121 by Chile

Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development

The Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development, a diplomatic initiative aimed at addressing the interrelations between armed violence and development, was signed in 2006122 by Chile.

Arms Trade Treaty

The Arms Trade Treaty has been signed and ratified123 124 by Chile

United Nations Firearms Protocol

The United Nations Protocol against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, Their Parts and Components and Ammunition has been acceded to125 by Chile

United Nations Small Arms Programme of Action UNPoA

UNPoA Commitment

On 21 July 2001, Chile committed to a consensus decision of the United Nations to adopt, support and implement the UN Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects126

UNPoA Implementation Monitor Score

In its UN small arms Programme of Action Implementation Monitor (PoAIM Phase 1), the Small Arms Survey scored Chile against its commitments to the PoA, then ranked it at No. 100127 128 129 130 among 159 Member States

UNPoA National Reporting

Under the terms of its 2001 commitment to the United Nations small arms Programme of Action, Chile has submitted one or more national reports131 132 on its implementation of the UNPoA

UNPoA National Point of Contact

In Chile, a National Point of Contact to deal with issues relating to the UNPoA has been designated132

UNPoA National Coordinating Body

In Chile, a National Coordinating Body to deal with issues relating to the UNPoA has been designated132

UNPoA Civil Society Involvement and Support

In National Reports of Chile submitted to the UN from 2001 to 2010, a history of substantive cooperation with civil society in support of UNPoA activities was apparent132

UNPoA International Assistance – Donor

Funds for UNPoA implementation have not been donated132 by Chile to other UN Member States

United Nations Small Arms Register

According to the United Nations Register of Conventional Arms, Chile has declared133 its small arms exports in one or more annual National Reports on Arms Exports.

United Nations Membership

In the UN List of Member States, Chile has been a Member State of the United Nations since 1945134

Wassenaar Arrangement

The Wassenaar Arrangement on Export Controls and Conventional Arms and Dual-Use Goods and Technologies does not list135 Chile as a Participating State

BackgroundSustainable Development Goal Profile

About SDG 16

The Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) are 17 goals set by the United Nations to be implemented by all member states by 2030. Adopted in 2015, they outline a vision of development in which peace and security are an integral part. SDG 16,136 which seeks to “promote peaceful and inclusive societies for sustainable development,” includes targets and indicators focused on reducing violence (Target 16.1) and the proliferation of illicit arms (Target 16.4). The indicators – or measurement criteria – of these targets include the number of victims of intentional homicide (Indicator 16.1.1), the number of conflict-related deaths (Indicator 16.1.2), and the number of illicit firearms collected and traced (Indicator 16.4.2). In light of these targets and indicators, GunPolicy.org provides granular national data pertaining to homicides, gun homicides, conflict deaths, disarmament efforts, and marking and tracing.

Homicides (any method)

ChartIn Chile, annual homicides by any means total

2021: 698 24
2020: 92625
2019: 751
2018: 825
2017: 779
2016: 620
2015: 610
2014: 438
2013: 556
2012: 434
2011: 636
2010: 541
2009: 630
2008: 588
2007: 616
2006: 590
2005: 576
2004: 85526 27 28
2003: 51329 26 27 28
2002: 83726 27 28
2001: 843
2000: 786
1999: 45726
1998: 421
1997: 371
1996: 439
1995: 461

Rate of Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Chile, the annual rate of homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2021: 3.6 24
2020: 4.8425
2019: 3.96
2018: 4.40
2017: 4.22
2016: 3.40
2015: 3.39
2014: 2.47
2013: 3.16
2012: 2.49
2011: 3.69
2010: 3.17
2009: 3.73
2008: 3.52
2007: 3.73
2006: 3.61
2005: 3.56
2004: 5.326 27 28
2003: 3.24
2002: 5.326 27 28
2001: 5.4
2000: 5.1
1999: 3.026 30
1998: 2.8
1997: 2.5
1996: 3.0
1995: 3.2

Male Homicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Chile, annual male homicides by any means total

2017: 49131
2016: 453
2015: 507
2014: 596
2013: 444
2012: 443
2011: 521
2010: 445
2009: 545
2008: 485
2007: 505
2006: 499
2005: 493

Rate of Male Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Chile, the annual rate of male homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2017: 5.6131
2016: 5.22
2015: 5.89
2014: 6.98
2013: 5.25
2012: 5.28
2011: 6.26
2010: 5.40
2009: 6.68
2008: 6
2007: 6.31
2006: 6.29
2005: 6.28

Female Homicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Chile, annual female homicides by any means total

2017: 11631
2016: 116
2015: 109
2014: 83
2013: 109
2012: 107
2011: 115
2010: 96
2009: 85
2008: 103
2007: 111
2006: 91
2005: 83

Rate of Female Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Chile, the annual rate of female homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2017: 1.2831
2016: 1.29
2015: 1.22
2014: 0.94
2013: 1.25
2012: 1.23
2011: 1.34
2010: 1.13
2009: 1.01
2008: 1.23
2007: 1.34
2006: 1.11
2005: 1.02

Gun Homicides

ChartIn Chile, annual firearm homicides total

2018: 17921
2017: 223
2016: 278
2015: 318
2014: 330
2013: 249
2012: 209
2011: 268
2010: 230
2009: 238
2008: 190
2007: 179
2006: 267
2005: 290
2004: 242
2003: 214
2002: 922
2001: 211
2000: 204

Rate of Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Chile, the annual rate of firearm homicide per 100,000 population is

2018: 121
2017: 1.25
2016: 1.58
2015: 1.82
2014: 1.90
2013: 1.45
2012: 1.22
2011: 1.58
2010: 1.37
2009: 1.43
2008: 1.16
2007: 1.10
2006: 1.66
2005: 1.81
2004: 1.53
2003: 1.37
2002: 0.0622
2001: 1.37
2000: 1.34

Proportion of Homicides Committed With a Gun

ChartIn Chile, the percentage of homicides committed with a firearm is reported to be

2011: 27%29
2010: 23%
2009: 25%29 32
2008: 9%29
2007: 7%
2006: 12%
2005: 39%29 11

Male Gun Homicide Victims

ChartIn Chile, annual male firearm homicides total

2018: 16321
2017: 204
2016: 257
2015: 301
2014: 299
2013: 225
2012: 187
2011: 237
2010: 201
2009: 219
2008: 166
2007: 163
2006: 245
2005: 267
2004: 221
2003: 196
2001: 186
2000: 171

Rate of Male Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Chile, the annual rate of male firearm homicide per 100,000 population is

2018: 1.8521
2017: 2.33
2016: 2.96
2015: 3.50
2014: 3.50
2013: 2.66
2012: 2.23
2011: 2.85
2010: 2.44
2009: 2.68
2008: 2.05
2007: 2.04
2006: 3.09
2005: 3.40
2004: 2.84
2003: 2.54
2001: 2.47
2000: 2.29

Female Gun Homicide Victims

ChartIn Chile, annual female firearm homicides total

2018: 1621
2017: 19
2016: 21
2015: 1721
2014: 31
2013: 24
2012: 22
2011: 31
2010: 29
2009: 19
2008: 24
2007: 16
2006: 22
2005: 23
2004: 21
2003: 18
2001: 25
2000: 33

Rate of Female Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Chile, the annual rate of female firearm homicide per 100,000 population is

2018: 0.1821
2017: 0.21
2016: 0.23
2015: 0.19
2014: 0.35
2013: 0.27
2012: 0.25
2011: 0.36
2010: 0.34
2009: 0.23
2008: 0.29
2007: 0.19
2006: 0.27
2005: 0.28
2004: 0.26
2003: 0.23
2001: 0.32
2000: 0.43

Conflict Deaths

For a profile of conflict in Chile, select the Link icon to open an external web page from the UCDP Conflict Encyclopedia at Uppsala University

Disarmament

Authorities in Chile are known to have137 6 implemented voluntary firearm surrender schemes, and/or weapon seizure programmes in order to reduce the number of illicit firearms in circulation

Surrendered in Gun Amnesty

ChartIn Chile, the number of firearms voluntarily surrendered in recent arms amnesty and collection programmes is reported to be

2017: 3,275138
2015: 2,097139
2014: 397
2013: 308
2012: 2,660137
2011: 235
2010: 174
2009: 3,885140

Firearms Surrendered and Seized

ChartIn Chile, the number of firearms voluntarily surrendered, bought back or seized by authorities is reported to be

2020: 8,924141
2019: 6,473
2018: 7,697
2017: 6,985
2016: 7,725
2015: 8,686
2014: 9,093
2013: 7,765
2012: 6,441
2011: 4,826
2010: 3,460
2009: 3,396140

Small Arms Destroyed

ChartIn Chile, the number of firearms destroyed following amnesty, collection and seizure programmes is reported to be

2021: 13,000
2018: 19,798142
2017: 7,412138
2014: 7,068143 144
2013: 6,229143 145
2012: 5,554143 146 147 148
2011: 6,893143 149
2010: 7,410
2009: 7,281143 140 150
2008: 12,550143 150
2007: 8,757
2006: 6,012143 150 11
2005: 7,673143 150
2004: 2,766143 150
2003: 2,761
2002: 2,329
2002/04: 7,85611
2000: 5,296143 150
1998: 7,641
1996: 2,500
1995: 3,180
1994: 686
1990/05: 34,97211
1990: 140

Destruction and Disposal Policy

In Chile, it is not state policy151 to destroy surplus, collected and seized firearms rather than return them to the secondary arms market

Marking and Tracing

Firearm Marking

In Chile, a unique identifying mark on each firearm is required by law63 64 65

Firearm Tracing

In Chile, state authorities carry out152 153 95 recognised arms tracing and tracking procedures

Ballistic Record of Firearms and Ammunition

In Chile, the ballistic characteristics of each civilian firearm and its ammunition are not originally81 recorded in a register

Global Peace Index

To see where Chile ranks, select the Link icon to open an external web page at the Global Peace Index, and then click on Chile on the map or in the "Select Country" menu on the right of the web page


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