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Chad — Gun Facts, Figures and the Law

StockpilesGun Numbers

Civilian Guns

Number of Privately Owned Firearms

ChartThe estimated total number of guns (both licit and illicit) held by civilians in Chad is

2017: 151,0001
2007: 109,0002

Rate of Civilian Firearm Possession per 100 Population

ChartThe estimated rate of private gun ownership (both licit and illicit) per 100 people in Chad is

2017: 11
2007: 1.12

Number of Privately Owned Firearms - World Ranking

In a 2007 comparison of the number of privately owned guns in 178 countries, Chad ranked at No. 1363

Rate of Privately Owned Firearms per 100 Population - World Ranking

In a 2007 comparison of the rate of private gun ownership in 178 countries, Chad ranked at No. 1492

Government Guns

Number of Military Firearms

The defence forces of Chad are reported to have 25,0204 firearms

Number of Law Enforcement Firearms

Police in Chad are reported to have 34,0005 firearms

ImpactsDeath and Injury

Homicides (any method)

ChartIn Chad, annual homicides by any means total

2015: 1,266.496
2012: 9077
2010: 1,151.12
2008: 1,6868

Rate of Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Chad, the annual rate of homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2015: 8.836
2012: 7.37
2010: 9.60
2008: 15.88
2004: 19.009
2002: 11.60

Male Homicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Chad, annual male homicides by any means total

2015: 1,01310
2010: 82010

Rate of Male Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

In Chad, the annual rate of male homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2015: 14.4510

Female Homicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Chad, annual female homicides by any means total

2015: 25410
2010: 332

Rate of Female Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

In Chad, the annual rate of female homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2015: 3.6210

ProductionGun Industry

Regulation of Firearm Makers

In Chad, the manufacture of small arms, ammunition and/or their components is permitted only with government authorisation11 12

Home-made Guns

In Chad, the prevalence of illicit craft, or 'home-made' firearm manufacture is reported to be moderate13

TransfersGun Trade and Trafficking

Firearm Exports

Small Arms Exports (US$) - Customs

The annual value of small arms and ammunition exports from Chad is reported by Customs to be US$22,85514 (2011)

Firearm Imports

In Chad, firearm and ammunition imports are limited by transfer control law15 16 17 12 18

Small Arms Imports (US$) - Customs

The annual value of small arms and ammunition imports to Chad is reported by Customs to be US$014 (2011)

Smuggling Guns and Ammunition

Reports suggest that the level of firearm and ammunition smuggling in Chad is moderate19 20 21 22

Regulation of Arms Brokers

In Chad, the activities of arms brokers and transfer intermediaries are not specifically regulated by law23 24 18 25

End User Certificates

Customs regulations in Chad do not include23 24 certification of the intended end user of any small arms or ammunition transfer, and/or a written declaration of its intended end use

MeasuresGun Regulation

Firearm Regulation - Guiding Policy

The regulation of guns in Chad is categorised as permissive26

Firearm Law

Guiding gun control legislation in Chad includes the Judicial Decree No. 26/PG INT of 28 October 1968 governing the import, transit, sale and possession of firearms and ammunition in the Republic of Chad and the Decree No. 226 of 1 August 1969 on the modalities for applying Judicial Decree No. 26/PG/INT of 28 October 1968 governing the import, transit, sale and possession firearms and ammunition in the Republic of Chad18

Firearm Regulation Authority

Guns in Chad are regulated by the National Commission for Disarmament, the Security Committee for the city of N'Djamena, the Prefectural Committees for security in administrative departments,27 the sub-committee for security for the city of N'Djamena, the Parliament, the Home Office special delegations acting on behalf of the President of the Republic,16 28 the Police and the Gendarmerie29 30 18 31

Right to Possess Firearms

In Chad, the right to private gun ownership is not guaranteed by law32 33 17 34

Restricted Firearms and Ammunition

In Chad, civilians are not allowed to possess weapons of war28

Regulation of Automatic Weapons

In Chad, private possession of fully automatic weapons is prohibited28

Regulation of Semiautomatic Assault Weapons

In Chad, private possession of semi-automatic assault weapons is prohibited28

Regulation of Handguns

In Chad, private possession of handguns (pistols and revolvers) is permitted under licence28

Gun Ownership and Possession

In Chad, only licensed gun owners17 34 12 28 may lawfully acquire, possess or transfer a firearm or ammunition

Genuine Reason Required for Firearm Possession

Applicants for a gun owner’s licence in Chad are not required to establish a genuine reason to possess a firearm23 24

Minimum Age for Firearm Possession

The minimum age for gun ownership in Chad is undefined23 24

Gun Owner Background Checks

An applicant for a firearm licence in Chad must pass a background check which considers criminal35 records

Reference Required for Firearm Licence

In Chad, third party character references for each gun licence applicant are not required23 24

Domestic Violence and Firearms

Where a past history, or apprehended likelihood of family violence exists, the law in Chad does not stipulate23 24 that a gun licence should be denied or revoked

Firearm Safety Training

In Chad, an understanding of firearm safety and the law, tested in a theoretical and/or practical training course is not required23 24 for a firearm licence

Gun Owner Licensing Period

In Chad, gun owners must re-apply and re-qualify for their firearm licence every one year34

Limit on Number of Guns

Licensed firearm owners in Chad are permitted to possess no more than 2 hunting firearms, with the option for 1 additional rifle for those licensed to hunt big game. There is no limit for non-rifled firearms as part of a decorative collection36

Limit on Quantity, Type of Ammunition

Licensed firearm owners in Chad are permitted to possess up to 75 cartridges for sophisticated rifled firearms, 150 smoothbore cartridges, 200 cartridges for non-rifled firearms for decorative use, 100 airgun pellets, and 25 bullets for handguns, pistols and revolvers37

Firearm Registration

Civilian Gun Registration

In Chad, the law requires38 39 that a record of the acquisition, possession and transfer of each privately held firearm be retained in an official register

Gun Dealer Record Keeping

In Chad, licensed firearm dealers are required27 to keep a record of each firearm or ammunition purchase, sale or transfer on behalf of a regulating authority

Gun Manufacturer Record Keeping

In Chad, licensed gun makers are required27 to keep a record of each firearm produced, for inspection by a regulating authority

State-Owned Firearm Records

In Chad, State agencies are required38 to maintain records of the storage and movement of all firearms and ammunition under their control

Gun Sales and Transfers

Regulation of Private Gun Sales

In Chad, the private sale and transfer of firearms is prohibited without authorisation from the Minister of the Interior28 40 12

Regulation of Dealer Gun Sales

In Chad, dealing in firearms by way of business without a valid gun dealer’s licence is unlawful12 40 28

Background Checks for Private Gun Sales

The buyer of a firearm in a private sale in Chad is obliged35 to pass official background checks before taking possession

Background Checks for Dealer Gun Sales

The buyer of a firearm from a licensed gun dealer in Chad is obliged35 to pass official background checks before taking possession

Waiting Period for Gun Possession

In Chad, the minimum wait for a lawful firearm purchase to be completed is undetermined23 24

Regulation of Gun Shows

In Chad, gun shows and temporary firearm dealing events are regulated40 in law

Storage and Transport of Guns and Ammunition

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Private

Firearm regulations in Chad include41 12 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of private firearms and ammunition by licensed gun owners

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Dealer

Firearm regulations in Chad include41 12 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition by licensed arms dealers

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Government

Government regulations in Chad do not include42 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition by state entities

Firearm and Ammunition Transport Regulations

Regulations in Chad do not include23 24 25 18 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition while in transit

Marking and Tracing Guns and Ammunition

Firearm Marking

In Chad, a unique identifying mark on each firearm is not required by law23 24

Firearm Tracing

In Chad, state authorities do not carry out23 24 recognised arms tracing and tracking procedures

Ballistic Record of Firearms and Ammunition

In Chad, the ballistic characteristics of each civilian firearm and its ammunition are not23 24 recorded in a register

Carrying Guns

Carrying Guns Openly in Public

In Chad, carrying a firearm in plain view in a public place is allowed, subject to a valid permit34 17 28

Carrying Hidden Handguns in Public

In Chad, carrying a concealed firearm in a public place is allowed, subject to a valid permit34 17 28

Penalty for Illicit Firearm Possession

In Chad, the maximum penalty for unlawful possession of a firearm43 is six months to five years in prison and a fine of 150,000 to 1,000,000 francs12

Collection, Amnesty and Destruction Programmes

Authorities in Chad are known to have20 implemented voluntary firearm surrender schemes, and/or weapon seizure programmes in order to reduce the number of illicit firearms in circulation

Destruction and Disposal Policy

In Chad, it is not state policy44 45 to destroy surplus, collected and seized firearms rather than return them to the secondary arms market

MeasuresInternational Controls

Regional Agreements

African Union

In June 2006, as a member of the African Union, Chad adopted an African Common Position to take to the Conference to Review the UN Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA), held in June 200646 47 48

United Nations Standing Advisory Committee on Security Questions in Central Africa

In November 2010, as a member of the United Nations Standing Advisory Committee on Security Questions in Central Africa (UNSAC), Chad adopted the Central Africa Convention for the Control of Small Arms and Light Weapons, their Ammunition, Parts and Components that can be used for their Manufacture, Repair and Assembly, known as the ‘Kinshasa Convention. A legally binding multilateral treaty for which UNSAC is depository, the Kinshasa Convention has since been signed and ratified49 50 51 by Chad

Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development

The Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development, a diplomatic initiative aimed at addressing the interrelations between armed violence and development, was signed in 201452 by Chad.

Arms Trade Treaty

The Arms Trade Treaty has been signed and ratified53 by Chad

United Nations Firearms Protocol

The United Nations Protocol against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, Their Parts and Components and Ammunition has not been signed54 by Chad

United Nations Small Arms Programme of Action UNPoA

UNPoA Commitment

On 21 July 2001, Chad committed to a consensus decision of the United Nations to adopt, support and implement the UN Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects55

UNPoA Implementation Monitor Score

In its UN small arms Programme of Action Implementation Monitor (PoAIM Phase 1), the Small Arms Survey scored Chad against its commitments to the PoA, then ranked it at No. 15156 57 58 59 among 159 Member States

UNPoA National Reporting

Under the terms of its 2001 commitment to the United Nations small arms Programme of Action, Chad has submitted one or more national reports60 61 on its implementation of the UNPoA

UNPoA National Point of Contact

In Chad, a National Point of Contact to deal with issues relating to the UNPoA has been designated62 61

UNPoA National Coordinating Body

In Chad, a National Coordinating Body to deal with issues relating to the UNPoA has been designated62

UNPoA Civil Society Involvement and Support

In National Reports of Chad submitted to the UN from 2001 to 2010, a history of substantive cooperation with civil society in support of UNPoA activities was not apparent61

UNPoA International Assistance – Donor

Funds for UNPoA implementation have not been donated61 by Chad to other UN Member States

United Nations Small Arms Register

According to the United Nations Register of Conventional Arms, Chad has not declared63 its small arms exports in one or more annual National Reports on Arms Exports.

United Nations Membership

In the UN List of Member States, Chad has been a Member State of the United Nations since 196064

Wassenaar Arrangement

The Wassenaar Arrangement on Export Controls and Conventional Arms and Dual-Use Goods and Technologies does not list65 Chad as a Participating State

BackgroundCountry Profile

Conflict Profile

For a profile of conflict in Chad, select the Link icon to open an external web page from the UCDP Conflict Encyclopedia at Uppsala University

Global Peace Index

To see where Chad ranks, select the Link icon to open an external web page at the Global Peace Index


Short References

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12.

Chad.1968.‘Article 11.’ Ordinance No 26/PG-INT of October 28, 1968, Regulating Import, Transport, Sale, and Possession of Firearms and Ammunition in the Republic of Chad.N'djamena:Government of the Republic of Chad,28 October. (Q4119)Full Citation

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Chad.1968.‘Article 2.’ Decree No 226 of August 1, 1969, Implementing the Ordinance No 26/PG-INT of October 28, 1968, Regulating Import, Transport, Sale, and Possession of Firearms and Ammunition in the Republic of Chad.N'djamena:Government of the Republic of Chad,28 October. (Q4122)Full Citation

17.

Chad.1968.‘Article 5.’ Ordinance No 26/PG-INT of October 28, 1968, Regulating Import, Transport, Sale, and Possession of Firearms and Ammunition in the Republic of Chad.N'djamena:Government of the Republic of Chad,28 October. (Q4116)Full Citation

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20.

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24.

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28.

Chad.1968.‘Article 5.’ Decree No 226 of August 1, 1969, Implementing the Ordinance No 26/PG-INT of October 28, 1968, Regulating Import, Transport, Sale, and Possession of Firearms and Ammunition in the Republic of Chad.N'djamena:Government of the Republic of Chad,28 October. (Q4124)Full Citation

29.

Chad.2003.‘Framework of Actions (Cadres d'actions).’ National Report of Chad on its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA).New York, NY:Permanent Mission of Chad to the United Nations,16 July. (Q3843)Full Citation

30.

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31.

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35.

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36.

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