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Canada — Gun Facts, Figures and the Law

StockpilesGun Numbers

Civilian Guns

Number of Privately Owned Firearms

ChartThe estimated total number of guns (both licit and illicit) held by civilians in Canada is

2017: 12,708,0001
2011: 8,619,3282 3 4
2010: 8,383,265
2009: 8,205,454
2008: 8,044,572
2005: 9,950,0005

Rate of Civilian Firearm Possession per 100 Population

ChartThe estimated rate of private gun ownership (both licit and illicit) per 100 people in Canada is

2017: 34.701
2011: 25.336 7 4
2010: 24.83
2009: 24.50
2008: 24.22
2005: 30.85

Number of Privately Owned Rifles

In Canada, the number of rifles in civilian possession is reported to be 3,500,0008

Number of Privately Owned Shotguns

In Canada, the number of shotguns in civilian possession is reported to be 2,600,0008

Number of Privately Owned Handguns

In Canada, the number of handguns in civilian possession is reported to be 1,100,0008

Number of Privately Owned Firearms - World Ranking

In a 2007 comparison of the number of privately owned guns in 178 countries, Canada ranked at No. 129

Rate of Privately Owned Firearms per 100 Population - World Ranking

In a 2007 comparison of the rate of private gun ownership in 178 countries, Canada ranked at No. 135

Proportion of Households with Firearms

ChartIn Canada, the percentage of households with one or more guns is reported to be

2005: 15.5%10
1999/2003: 17.0%
1995/98: 20.8%
1992: 24.2%11
1992/94: 26.0%10
1989: 31.0%

Proportion of Households with Rifles

In Canada, the percentage of households with one or more rifles is reported to be

1992: 19.3%11

Proportion of Households with Shotguns

In Canada, the percentage of households with one or more shotguns is reported to be

1992: 15.4%11

Proportion of Households with Handguns

ChartIn Canada, the percentage of households with one or more handguns is reported to be

2005: 2.9%10
1999/2003: 1.8%
1995/98: 2.3%
1992/94: 3.9%10 11
1989: 5.2%10

Number of Licensed Firearm Owners

ChartThe number of licensed gun owners in Canada is reported to be

2016: 2,076,84012
2015: 2,026,01113
2014: 1,989,18114
2013: 1,960,38015
2012: 1,938,080
2011: 1,902,815
2010: 1,848,00015 16
2009: 1,843,91315
2008: 1,859,501
2006: 1,908,01116

Rate of Licensed Firearm Owners per 100 Population

ChartThe rate of licensed firearm owners per 100 people in Canada is

2016: 5.876
2015: 5.77
2014: 5.9414
2013: 5.676
2012: 5.65
2011: 5.59
2010: 5.47
2009: 5.51
2008: 5.60
2006: 5.84

Number of Registered Firearms

ChartThe number of registered guns in Canada is reported to be

2016: 1,022,62817
2015: 978,34713
2014: 911,78914 18 19
2013: 847,31220 18 19
2012: 767,019
2011: 7,835,75320
2010: 7,646,69916 20 21
2009: 7,459,50420
2008: 7,313,247
2006: 7,102,46616

Rate of Registered Firearms per 100 Population

ChartThe rate of registered guns per 100 people in Canada is

2016: 2.896
2014: 2.7214 18 19
2013: 2.456 18 19
2012: 2.24
2011: 23.036
2010: 22.576 21
2009: 22.286
2008: 22.02
2006: 21.74

Estimated Number of Unregistered and Illicit Firearms

ChartUnregistered and unlawfully held guns cannot be counted,22 but in Canada there are estimated to be

2011: 783,5752 22 4
2010: 762,115
2009: 745,950
2008: 731,325

Estimated Rate of Unregistered and Illicit Firearms per 100 Population

ChartUnregistered and unlawfully held guns cannot be counted,22 but in Canada the rate of such firearms per 100 people is estimated to be

2011: 2.306
2010: 2.26
2009: 2.23
2008: 2.20

Government Guns

Number of Military Firearms

The defence forces of Canada are reported to have 233,94923 firearms

Number of Law Enforcement Firearms

Police in Canada are reported to have 103,00024 firearms

ImpactsDeath and Injury

Total Number of Gun Deaths

ChartIn Canada, annual deaths resulting from firearms total

2018: 69525
2017: 785
2016: 740
2015: 800
2014: 751
2013: 69326
2012: 743
2011: 722
2010: 796
2009: 749
2008: 759
2007: 736
2006: 798
2005: 839
2004: 767
2003: 813
2002: 827
2001: 86027 28 29
2000: 89827 28

Rate of All Gun Deaths per 100,000 People

ChartIn Canada, the annual rate of all gun deaths per 100,000 population is

2018: 1.9425
2017: 2.20
2016: 2.09
2015: 2.28
2014: 2.16
2013: 2.00
2012: 2.17
2011: 2.12
2010: 2.36
2009: 2.24
2008: 2.29
2007: 2.23
2006: 2.44
2005: 2.59
2004: 2.39
2003: 2.55
2002: 2.61
2001: 2.74
2000: 2.89

Total Number of Male Gun Deaths

ChartIn Canada, annual male deaths resulting from firearms total

2018: 64825
2017: 729
2016: 697
2015: 738
2014: 692
2013: 65526
2012: 697
2011: 673
2010: 741
2009: 701
2008: 714
2007: 686

Rate of Male Gun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn Canada, the annual rate of male gun death per 100,000 population is

2018: 3.6425
2017: 4.13
2016: 3.97
2015: 4.24
2014: 4
2013: 3.82
2012: 4.10
2011: 3.99
2010: 4.42
2009: 4.22
2008: 4.33
2007: 4.20

Total Number of Female Gun Deaths

ChartIn Canada, annual female deaths resulting from firearms total

2018: 4725
2017: 56
2016: 43
2015: 62
2014: 59
2013: 3826
2012: 4626
2011: 49
2010: 55
2009: 48
2008: 45
2007: 50

Rate of Female Gun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn Canada, the annual rate of female gun death per 100,000 population is

2018: 0.2625
2017: 0.31
2016: 0.24
2015: 0.35
2014: 0.34
2013: 0.22
2012: 0.27
2011: 0.29
2010: 0.32
2009: 0.28
2008: 0.27
2007: 0.30

Homicides (any method)

ChartIn Canada, annual homicides by any means total

2018: 65130
2017: 66631
2016: 61532
2015: 604
2014: 521
2013: 509
2012: 548
2011: 606
2010: 556
2009: 61033 34 35 36 37 38
2008: 614
2007: 597
2006: 608
2005: 664
2004: 625
2003: 551
2002: 582
2001: 553
2000: 546
1999: 539
1998: 559
1997: 586
1996: 634
1995: 587
1994: 59639
1993: 626
1992: 733
1991: 754
1990: 657
1989: 654
1988: 575
1987: 644
1986: 567
1985: 704
1984: 667
1983: 682
1982: 667
1981: 647
1980: 591
1979: 632
1978: 662
1977: 712
1976: 667
1975: 700
1974: 597

Rate of Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Canada, the annual rate of homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2018: 1.8130
2017: 1.8531
2016: 1.7332
2015: 1.72
2014: 1.50
2013: 1.2726
2012: 1.42
2011: 1.53
2010: 1.53
2009: 1.68
2008: 1.70
2007: 1.55
2006: 1.86
2005: 2.05
2004: 1.94
2003: 1.73
2002: 1.84
2001: 1.76
2000: 1.76
1999: 1.75
1998: 1.83
1997: 1.93
1996: 2.11
1995: 1.98
1994: 2.03
1993: 2.16
1992: 2.57
1991: 2.68
1990: 2.36
1989: 2.39
1988: 2.14
1987: 2.43
1986: 2.16
1985: 2.71
1984: 2.60
1983: 2.68
1982: 2.65
1981: 2.60
1980: 2.40
1979: 2.60
1978: 2.75
1977: 2.99
1976: 2.84
1975: 3.02
1974: 2.61

Male Homicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Canada, annual male homicides by any means total

2018: 48430
2017: 48531
2016: 460
2015: 428
2014: 370
2013: 31126
2012: 356
2011: 363
2010: 382
2009: 419
2008: 444
2007: 380
2006: 446
2005: 484
2004: 425
2003: 394
2002: 375
2001: 391
2000: 397
1999: 366
1998: 382
1997: 381
1996: 434
1995: 391
1994: 395
1993: 419
1992: 488
1991: 484
1990: 421
1989: 408
1988: 373
1987: 417
1986: 364
1985: 451
1984: 436
1983: 440
1982: 448
1981: 401
1980: 386
1979: 404
1978: 446
1977: 481
1976: 435
1975: 464
1974: 373

Rate of Male Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Canada, the annual rate of male homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2018: 2.7230
2017: 2.7431
2016: 2.5640
2015: 2.40
2014: 2.10
2013: 1.8126
2012: 2.09
2011: 2.15
2010: 2.28
2009: 2.52
2008: 2.69
2007: 2.33

Female Homicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Canada, annual female homicides by any means total

2018: 16330
2017: 17331
2016: 15140
2015: 176
2014: 151
2013: 12726
2012: 132
2011: 158
2010: 133
2009: 143
2008: 121
2007: 132
2006: 162
2005: 180
2004: 200
2003: 157
2002: 207
2001: 162
2000: 149
1999: 173
1998: 177
1997: 205
1996: 200
1995: 196
1994: 200
1993: 207
1992: 245
1991: 270
1990: 236
1989: 245
1988: 202
1987: 226
1986: 202
1985: 253
1984: 231
1983: 242
1982: 219
1981: 245
1980: 205
1979: 228
1978: 216
1977: 230
1976: 232
1975: 236
1974: 224

Rate of Female Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Canada, the annual rate of female homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2018: 0.9030
2017: 0.9631
2016: 0.8340
2015: 0.97
2014: 0.84
2013: 0.7326
2012: 0.76
2011: 0.92
2010: 0.78
2009: 0.85
2008: 0.72
2007: 0.80

Gun Homicides

ChartIn Canada, annual firearm homicides total

2018: 24941
2017: 267
2016: 223
2015: 179
2014: 155
2013: 134
2012: 171
2011: 159
2010: 175
2009: 182
2008: 201
2007: 188
2006: 192
2005: 224
2004: 173
2003: 163
2002: 152
2001: 172
2000: 183
1999: 166
1998: 152
1997: 19442
1996: 213
1995: 174
1994: 196
1993: 195
1992: 247
1991: 271
1990: 195
1989: 216
1988: 169
1987: 202
1986: 175
1985: 222
1984: 229
1983: 224
1982: 249
1981: 199
1980: 194
1979: 207
1978: 250
1977: 260
1976: 258
1975: 292
1974: 283

Rate of Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Canada, the annual rate of firearm homicide per 100,000 population is

2018: 0.6741
2017: 0.73
2016: 0.62
2015: 0.50
2014: 0.44
2013: 0.38
2012: 0.49
2011: 0.46
2010: 0.51
2009: 0.54
2008: 0.60
2007: 0.57
2006: 0.59
2005: 0.69
2004: 0.54
2003: 0.52
2002: 0.48
2001: 0.55
2000: 0.60
1999: 0.55
1998: 0.50
1997: 0.6442
1996: 0.71
1995: 0.59
1994: 0.67
1993: 0.67
1992: 0.87
1991: 0.96
1990: 0.70
1989: 0.79
1988: 0.63
1987: 0.76
1986: 0.67
1985: 0.86
1984: 0.89
1983: 0.88
1982: 0.99
1981: 0.80
1980: 0.79
1979: 0.85
1978: 1.04
1977: 1.09
1976: 1.10
1975: 1.26
1974: 1.24

Proportion of Homicides Committed With a Gun

ChartIn Canada, the percentage of homicides committed with a firearm is reported to be

2013: 27%27
2012: 33%27 43
2011: 27%27 35
2010: 39%
2009: 31%
2008: 34%
2007: 33%
2006: 32%
2005: 34%
2004: 28%27
2003: 31%
2002: 27%
2001: 31%
2000: 34%
1999: 31%
1998: 27%
1997: 35.6%36
1996: 36.0%
1995: 31.2%

Handgun Homicides

ChartIn Canada, annual handgun homicides total

2018: 14341
2017: 145
2016: 130
2015: 102
2014: 103
2013: 90
2012: 106
2011: 95
2010: 104
2009: 111
2008: 127
2007: 125
2006: 112
2005: 131
2004: 112
2003: 111
2002: 98
2001: 111
2000: 108
1999: 90
1998: 71
1997: 10042
1996: 108
1995: 95
1994: 90
1993: 91
1992: 129
1991: 135
1990: 68
1989: 54
1988: 47
1987: 58
1986: 38
1985: 73
1984: 67
1983: 78
1982: 89
1981: 59
1980: 62
1979: 54
1978: 63
1977: 61
1976: 68
1975: 88
1974: 76

Rate of Handgun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Canada, the annual rate of handgun homicide per 100,000 population is

2018: 0.3941
2017: 0.41
2016: 0.37
2015: 0.29
2014: 0.30
2013: 0.26
2012: 0.31
2011: 0.28
2010: 0.31
2009: 0.33
2008: 0.38
2007: 0.38
2006: 0.34
2005: 0.40
2004: 0.35
2003: 0.35
2002: 0.31
2001: 0.35
2000: 0.35
1999: 0.29
1998: 0.23
1997: 0.3342
1996: 0.36
1995: 0.32
1994: 0.31
1993: 0.31
1992: 0.45
1991: 0.48
1990: 0.24
1989: 0.20
1988: 0.17
1987: 0.22
1986: 0.15
1985: 0.28
1984: 0.26
1983: 0.31
1982: 0.35
1981: 0.24
1980: 0.25
1979: 0.22
1978: 0.26
1977: 0.26
1976: 0.29
1975: 0.38
1974: 0.33

Long Gun Homicides

ChartIn Canada, annual long gun homicides total

2018: 7641
2017: 89
2016: 69
2015: 66
2014: 42
2013: 3927
2012: 57
2011: 48
2010: 57
2009: 54
2008: 56
2007: 52
2006: 66
2005: 77
2004: 54
2003: 48
2002: 49
2001: 56
2000: 71
1999: 70
1998: 77
1997: 8942
1996: 105
1995: 79
1994: 106
1993: 103
1992: 118
1991: 134
1990: 100
1989: 133
1988: 101
1987: 115
1986: 115
1985: 140
1984: 144
1983: 131
1982: 155
1981: 125
1980: 123
1979: 139
1978: 179
1977: 175
1976: 170
1975: 193
1974: 192

Rate of Long Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Canada, the annual rate of long gun homicide per 100,000 population is

2018: 0.2141
2017: 0.24
2016: 0.20
2015: 0.19
2014: 0.12
2013: 0.11
2012: 0.17
2011: 0.14
2010: 0.17
2009: 0.16
2008: 0.17
2007: 0.16
2006: 0.20
2005: 0.24
2004: 0.17
2003: 0.15
2002: 0.15
2001: 0.18
2000: 0.23
1999: 0.23
1998: 0.25
1997: 0.2942
1996: 0.35
1995: 0.27
1994: 0.36
1993: 0.36
1992: 0.41
1991: 0.48
1990: 0.36
1989: 0.49
1988: 0.38
1987: 0.43
1986: 0.44
1985: 0.54
1984: 0.56
1983: 0.51
1982: 0.62
1981: 0.50
1980: 0.50
1979: 0.57
1978: 0.74
1977: 0.74
1976: 0.72
1975: 0.83
1974: 0.84

Gun Homicides (Other)

ChartIn Canada, annual gun homicides (other) total

2018: 3041
2017: 33
2016: 24
2015: 11
2014: 10
2013: 5
2012: 8
2011: 16
2010: 14
2009: 17
2008: 18
2007: 11
2006: 14
2005: 16
2004: 7
2003: 4
2002: 5
2001: 5
2000: 4
1999: 6
1998: 4
1997: 542
1996: 0
1995: 0
1994: 0
1993: 1
1992: 0
1991: 2
1990: 27
1989: 29
1988: 21
1987: 29
1986: 22
1985: 9
1984: 18
1983: 15
1982: 5
1981: 15
1980: 9
1979: 14
1978: 8
1977: 24
1976: 20
1975: 11
1974: 15

Rate of Gun Homicide (Other) per 100,000 People

ChartIn Canada, the annual rate of gun homicide (other) per 100,000 population is

2018: 0.0841
2017: 0.10
2016: 0.07
2015: 0.03
2014: 0.03
2013: 0.01
2012: 0.02
2011: 0.05
2010: 0.04
2009: 0.05
2008: 0.05
2007: 0.03
2006: 0.04
2005: 0.05
2004: 0.02
2003: 0.01
2002: 0.02
2001: 0.02
2000: 0.01
1999: 0.02
1998: 0.01
1997: 0.0242
1996: 0
1995: 0
1994: 0
1993: 0
1992: 0
1991: 0.01
1990: 0.10
1989: 0.11
1988: 0.08
1987: 0.11
1986: 0.08
1985: 0.03
1984: 0.07
1983: 0.06
1982: 0.02
1981: 0.06
1980: 0.04
1979: 0.06
1978: 0.03
1977: 0.10
1976: 0.09
1975: 0.05
1974: 0.07

Suicides (any method)

ChartIn Canada, annual suicides by any means total

2018: 3,81125
2017: 4,157
2016: 3,978
2015: 4,405
2014: 4,254
2013: 4,054
2012: 3,926
2011: 3,896
2010: 3,951
2009: 3,885
2008: 3,70034 44
2007: 3,60834 44 45
2006: 3,511
2005: 3,741
2004: 3,613
2003: 3,764
2002: 3,648
2001: 3,68834 44 45
2000: 3,605
1999: 4,07429

Rate of Suicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Canada, the annual rate of suicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2018: 10.3025
2017: 11.30
2016: 11
2015: 12.30
2014: 12
2013: 11.50
2012: 11.30
2011: 11.30
2010: 11.60
2009: 11.60
2008: 11.14
2007: 10.95
2006: 10.75
2005: 11.55
2004: 11.24
2003: 11.80
2002: 11.53
2001: 11.75
2000: 11.59
1999: 12.9329
1992: 13.1946

Male Suicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Canada, annual male suicides by any means total

2018: 2,88025
2017: 3,112
2016: 2,939
2015: 3,269
2014: 3,159
2013: 3,041
2012: 2,972
2011: 2,910
2010: 2,981
2009: 2,986
2008: 2,773
2007: 2,726

Rate of Male Suicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Canada, the annual rate of male suicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2018: 15.7025
2017: 17.10
2016: 16.30
2015: 18.40
2014: 17.90
2013: 17.40
2012: 17.30
2011: 17
2010: 17.60
2009: 17.97
2008: 16.83
2007: 16.68

Female Suicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Canada, annual female suicides by any means total

2018: 93125
2017: 1,045
2016: 1,039
2015: 1,136
2014: 1,095
2013: 1,013
2012: 95426
2011: 986
2010: 970
2009: 899
2008: 927
2007: 882

Rate of Female Suicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Canada, the annual rate of female suicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2018: 5.0025
2017: 5.70
2016: 5.70
2015: 6.30
2014: 6.10
2013: 5.70
2012: 5.40
2011: 5.70
2010: 5.60
2009: 5.33
2008: 5.54
2007: 5.31

Gun Suicides

ChartIn Canada, annual firearm suicides total

2018: 52525
2017: 579
2016: 570
2015: 633
2014: 587
2013: 54426
2012: 54426
2011: 537
2010: 58728
2009: 531
2008: 518
2007: 534
2006: 586
2005: 593
2004: 568
2003: 618
2002: 633
2001: 651
2000: 685

Rate of Gun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Canada, the annual rate of firearm suicide per 100,000 population is

2018: 1.4025
2017: 1.60
2016: 1.60
2015: 1.80
2014: 1.70
2013: 1.50
2012: 1.59
2011: 1.60
2010: 1.74
2009: 1.59
2008: 1.56
2007: 1.62
2006: 1.79
2005: 1.83
2004: 1.77
2003: 1.94
2002: 2.00
2001: 2.076 29
2000: 2.206
1992: 3.7247

Male Gun Suicide Victims

ChartIn Canada, annual male firearm suicides total

2018: 50725
2017: 561
2016: 544
2015: 604
2014: 559
2013: 52826
2012: 52826
2011: 518
2010: 563
2009: 513
2008: 498
2007: 513

Rate of Male Gun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Canada, the annual rate of male firearm suicide per 100,000 population is

2018: 2.8025
2017: 3.10
2016: 3.00
2015: 3.40
2014: 3.20
2013: 3.00
2012: 3.10
2011: 2.96
2010: 3.30
2009: 3.09
2008: 3.02
2007: 3.14

Female Gun Suicide Victims

ChartIn Canada, annual female firearm suicides total

2018: 1825
2017: 18
2016: 26
2015: 29
2014: 28
2013: 1626
2012: 1626
2011: 19
2010: 24
2009: 18
2008: 20
2007: 21

Rate of Female Gun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Canada, the annual rate of female firearm suicide per 100,000 population is

2018: 0.1025
2017: 0.10
2016: 0.10
2015: 0.20
2014: 0.20
2013: 0.0926
2012: 0.09
2011: 0.10
2010: 0.14
2009: 0.11
2008: 0.12
2007: 0.13

Handgun Suicides

ChartIn Canada, annual handgun suicides total

2011: 2528
2010: 42
2009: 42
2008: 33
2007: 13
2006: 25
2005: 13
2004: 18
2003: 20
2002: 15
2001: 15
2000: 16

Rate of Handgun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Canada, the annual rate of handgun suicide per 100,000 population is

2011: 0.076
2010: 0.12
2009: 0.13
2008: 0.10
2007: 0.04
2006: 0.08
2005: 0.04
2004: 0.06
2003: 0.06
2002: 0.05
2001: 0.05
2000: 0.05

Long Gun Suicides

ChartIn Canada, the number of long gun suicides is

2011: 16628
2010: 242
2009: 215
2008: 243
2007: 125
2006: 129
2005: 120
2004: 125
2003: 107
2002: 127
2001: 123
2000: 131

Rate of Long Gun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Canada, the annual rate of long gun suicide per 100,000 population is

2011: 0.496
2010: 0.72
2009: 0.64
2008: 0.73
2007: 0.38
2006: 0.40
2005: 0.37
2004: 0.39
2003: 0.36
2002: 0.40
2001: 0.39
2000: 0.42

Gun Suicides (Other)

ChartIn Canada, annual gun suicides (other) total

2011: 32728
2010: 303
2009: 274
2008: 242
2007: 396
2006: 432
2005: 460
2004: 425
2003: 491
2002: 491
2001: 513
2000: 538

Rate of Gun Suicide (Other) per 100,000 People

ChartIn Canada, the annual rate of gun suicide (other) per 100,000 population is

2011: 0.966
2010: 0.90
2009: 0.82
2008: 0.73
2007: 1.20
2006: 1.31
2005: 1.42
2004: 1.32
2003: 1.54
2002: 1.55
2001: 1.63
2000: 1.73

Unintentional Gun Deaths

ChartIn Canada, annual unintentional shooting deaths total

2018: 525
2017: 11
2016: 15
2015: 11
2014: 10
2013: 1026
2012: 1726
2011: 17
2010: 1128
2009: 10
2008: 20
2007: 17
2006: 17
2005: 17
2004: 23
2003: 27
2002: 31
2001: 2828 29
2000: 2028

Rate of Unintentional Gun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn Canada, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death per 100,000 population is

2018: 025
2017: 0
2016: 0
2015: 0
2014: 0
2013: 0.0326
2012: 0
2011: 0
2010: 0.03
2009: 0.03
2008: 0.06
2007: 0.05
2006: 0.05
2005: 0.05
2004: 0.07
2003: 0.08
2002: 0.10
2001: 0.096 29
2000: 0.06
1992: 0.2248

Unintentional Male Gun Deaths

ChartIn Canada, annual unintentional male shooting deaths total

2018: 525
2017: 10
2016: 15
2015: 9
2014: 10
2013: 1026
2012: 1426
2011: 17
2010: 11
2009: 10
2008: 20
2007: 14

Rate of Unintentional Male Gun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn Canada, the annual rate of unintentional male shooting death per 100,000 population is

2018: 025
2017: 0.10
2016: 0.10
2015: 0.10
2014: 0.10
2013: 0.0626
2012: 0.08
2011: 0.09
2010: 0.07
2009: 0.06
2008: 0.12
2007: 0.09

Unintentional Female Gun Deaths

ChartIn Canada, annual unintentional female shooting deaths total

2018: 025
2017: 1
2016: 0
2015: 2
2014: 0
2013: 0
2012: 326
2011: 0
2010: 0
2007: 3

Rate of Unintentional Female Gun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn Canada, the annual rate of unintentional female shooting death per 100,000 population is

2018: 025
2017: 0
2016: 0
2015: 0
2014: 0
2013: 0
2012: 0
2011: 0
2010: 0
2007: 1.19

Unintentional Handgun Deaths

ChartIn Canada, annual unintentional shooting deaths by handgun total

2011: 028
2010: 0
2009: 1
2008: 3
2007: 1
2006: 0
2005: 1
2004: 0
2003: 1
2002: 0
2001: 1
2000: 1

Rate of Unintentional Handgun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn Canada, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death by handgun per 100,000 population is

2011: 0.006
2010: 0.00
2009: 0.00
2008: 0.01
2007: 0.00
2006: 0.00
2005: 0.00
2004: 0.00
2003: 0.00
2002: 0.00
2001: 0.00
2000: 0.00

Unintentional Long Gun Deaths

ChartIn Canada, annual unintentional shooting deaths by long gun total

2011: 628
2010: 6
2009: 5
2008: 8
2007: 7
2006: 8
2005: 4
2004: 5
2003: 6
2002: 6
2001: 3
2000: 1

Rate of Unintentional Long Gun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn Canada, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death by long gun per 100,000 population is

2011: 0.026
2010: 0.02
2009: 0.01
2008: 0.02
2007: 0.02
2006: 0.02
2005: 0.01
2004: 0.02
2003: 0.02
2002: 0.02
2001: 0.01
2000: 0.00

Unintentional Gun Deaths (Other)

ChartIn Canada, annual unintentional shooting deaths by firearm (other) total

2011: 1028
2010: 5
2009: 4
2008: 9
2007: 9
2006: 9
2005: 12
2004: 18
2003: 20
2002: 25
2001: 24
2000: 18

Rate of Unintentional Gun Death (Other) per 100,000 People

ChartIn Canada, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death by firearm (other) per 100,000 population is

2011: 0.036
2010: 0.01
2009: 0.01
2008: 0.03
2007: 0.03
2006: 0.03
2005: 0.04
2004: 0.07
2003: 0.06
2002: 0.08
2001: 0.08
2000: 0.06

Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Canada, annual shooting deaths in which the cause remains undecided total

2018: 625
2017: 6
2016: 5
2015: 6
2014: 4
2013: 526
2012: 826
2011: 628 49
2010: 828
2009: 12
2008: 8
2007: 5
2006: 5
2005: 6
2004: 3
2003: 7
2002: 11
2001: 10
2000: 9

Rate of Gun Death from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn Canada, the annual rate of unknown-cause shooting deaths per 100,000 population is

2018: 025
2017: 0
2016: 0
2015: 0
2014: 0
2013: 0.0126
2012: 0.02
2011: 0.02
2010: 0.02
2009: 0.04
2008: 0.02
2007: 0.02
2006: 0.02
2005: 0.02
2004: 0.01
2003: 0.02
2002: 0.03
2001: 0.03
2000: 0.03
1992: 0.0750

Male Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Canada, annual male shooting deaths in which the cause remains undecided total

2018: 625
2017: 6
2016: 5
2015: 5
2014: 4
2013: 526
2012: 726
2011: 6
2010: 8
2009: 10
2008: 6
2007: 5

Rate of Male Gun Death from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn Canada, the annual rate of unknown-cause male shooting deaths per 100,000 population is

2018: 025
2017: 0
2016: 0
2015: 0
2014: 0
2013: 0.0326
2012: 0.04
2011: 0.04
2010: 0
2009: 0.06
2008: 0.04
2007: 0.03

Female Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Canada, annual female shooting deaths in which the cause remains undecided total

2018: 025
2017: 0
2016: 0
2015: 1
2014: 0
2013: 0
2012: 126
2011: 0
2010: 0
2009: 2
2008: 2

Rate of Female Gun Death from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn Canada, the annual rate of unknown-cause female shooting deaths per 100,000 population is

2018: 025
2017: 0
2016: 0
2015: 0
2014: 0
2013: 0
2012: 0.0126
2011: 0
2010: 0
2009: 0.01
2008: 0.01

Handgun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Canada, annual deaths by handgun in which the cause remains undecided total

2011: 028
2010: 1
2009: 1
2008: 0
2007: 1
2006: 0
2005: 0
2004: 0
2003: 1
2002: 0
2001: 0
2000: 1

Rate of Handgun Death from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn Canada, the annual rate of unknown-cause handgun deaths per 100,000 population is

2011: 0.006
2010: 0.00
2009: 0.00
2008: 0.00
2007: 0.00
2006: 0.00
2005: 0.00
2004: 0.00
2003: 0.00
2002: 0.00
2001: 0.00
2000: 0.00

Long Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Canada, annual deaths by long gun in which the cause remains undecided total

2011: 128
2010: 0
2009: 1
2008: 3
2007: 1
2006: 1
2005: 4
2004: 0
2003: 1
2002: 2
2001: 1
2000: 1

Rate of Long Gun Death from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn Canada, the annual rate of unknown-cause long gun deaths per 100,000 population is

2011: 0.006
2010: 0.00
2009: 0.00
2008: 0.01
2007: 0.00
2006: 0.00
2005: 0.01
2004: 0.00
2003: 0.00
2002: 0.01
2001: 0.00
2000: 0.00

Gun Deaths (Other) from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Canada, annual deaths by firearm (other) in which the cause remains undecided total

2011: 528
2010: 7
2009: 10
2008: 5
2007: 3
2006: 4
2005: 2
2004: 3
2003: 5
2002: 9
2001: 9
2000: 7

Rate of Gun Death (Other) from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn Canada, the annual rate of unknown-cause gun deaths (other) per 100,000 population is

2011: 0.016
2010: 0.02
2009: 0.03
2008: 0.02
2007: 0.01
2006: 0.01
2005: 0.01
2004: 0.01
2003: 0.02
2002: 0.03
2001: 0.03
2000: 0.02

Legal Intervention Gun Homicides

ChartIn Canada, annual legal-intervention gun homicides total

2018: 925
2017: 10
2016: 12
2015: 13
2014: 15
2013: 1626
2012: 13
2011: 23
2010: 18
2009: 19
2008: 16
2007: 13

ProductionGun Industry

Regulation of Firearm Makers

In Canada, the manufacture of small arms, ammunition and/or their components is permitted only if the maker holds a valid licence51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64

Small Arms Manufacture - World Ranking

In a classification of the world's small, medium and major firearm manufacturers, Canada was ranked 'small'65

Home-made Guns

In Canada, the prevalence of illicit craft, or 'home-made' firearm manufacture is reported to be moderate66

TransfersGun Trade and Trafficking

Firearm Exports

In Canada, firearm and ammunition exports are limited by transfer control law67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74

Firearm Exports (Number)

ChartThe annual number of firearms exported from Canada is reported by manufacturers to be

2018: 6,13975
2017: 6,553
2016: 2,600
2015: 1,261
2014: 2,750
2012: 1,126
2010: 5,505
2009: 539
2008: 1,984
2007: 4,319
2006: 1,640

Small Arms Exports (US$) - Customs

ChartThe annual value of small arms and ammunition exports from Canada is reported by Customs to be US$

2016: 115,000,00076
2015: 177,032,41877
2014: 153,708,623
2013: 172,621,977
2012: 165,880,13077 78 79
2011: 91,375,68580
2010: 84,000,00081
2001: 64,000,00078 82 83

Small Arms Exports - World Ranking

In a comparison of the world's major/mid-level/minor/unknown small arms exporters, Canada was categorized as 'major'84 85 83 86

Firearm Imports

In Canada, firearm and ammunition imports are limited by transfer control law67 68 69 87 88 72 73 74 89 90

Firearm Imports (Number)

ChartThe annual number of firearms imported to Canada is reported to be

2018: 14,81875
2017: 12,284
2016: 3,629
2015: 7,122
2014: 7,122
2012: 5,868
2010: 6,529
2009: 12,449
2008: 7,879
2007: 11,579
2006: 10,861

Small Arms Imports (US$) - Customs

ChartThe annual value of small arms and ammunition imports to Canada is reported by Customs to be US$

2016: 249,000,00091
2012: 296,000,00092 93 94 95
2011: 274,795,49380 96 97
2010: 172,000,00098
2001: 69,000,00092 99

Smuggling Guns and Ammunition

Reports suggest that the level of firearm and ammunition smuggling in Canada is moderate100 101

Regulation of Arms Brokers

In Canada, the activities of arms brokers and transfer intermediaries are not specifically regulated by law102 103 104 105 106

End User Certificates

Customs regulations in Canada include68 107 88 108 109 certification of the intended end user of any small arms or ammunition transfer, and/or a written declaration of its intended end use

Transparency of Small Arms Transfers

ChartIn its annual Small Arms Trade Transparency Barometer, the Small Arms Survey compares public reporting among major arms exporting nations on a scale from strong to weak (25 to zero). In recent years, Canada scored

2019: 14.50110
2018: 13.50111
2016: 11.25112
2014: 10.25113
2013: 11.75114
2012: 12.25115
2011: 11.75116
2010: 12.25117
2009: 12.25118
2008: 12.00119
2007: 11.25120
2006: 10.25121
2005: 11.50122
2004: 11.50123

MeasuresGun Regulation

Firearm Regulation - Guiding Policy

The regulation of guns in Canada is categorised as restrictive124

Firearm Law

Guiding gun control legislation in Canada includes the Firearms Act,125 Authorizations to Transport Restricted and Prohibited Firearms Regulations,126 Firearms Licences Regulations,127 Conditions of Transferring Firearms Regulations,128 Firearms Marking Regulations,129 Firearms Records Regulations,130 131 132 Criminal Code,133 134 Export and Import Permits Act,135 the Defence Production Act,136 137 and United Nations Act138

Firearm Regulation Authority

Guns in Canada are regulated by the Federal Government through the Ministry of Justice,125 the Department of Public Works and Government Services,139 Chief Firearms Officers51 140 141 and the Firearms Registrar69

Right to Possess Firearms

In Canada, the right to private gun ownership is not guaranteed by law142 143 141

Restricted Firearms and Ammunition

In Canada, civilians are not allowed to possess automatic firearms except those registered before 1978,144 145 handguns with a barrel of 105mm or less in length, specifically modified handguns, rifles or shotguns,145 146 55 and certain types of ammunition147

Regulation of Automatic Weapons

In Canada, private possession of fully automatic weapons is prohibited, except those registered before 1978144 145 43

Regulation of Semiautomatic Assault Weapons

In Canada, private possession of semi-automatic assault weapons is permitted under licence145 148

Regulation of Handguns

In Canada, private possession of handguns (pistols and revolvers) is permitted under licence144 145 149 150 43

Law Regulates Long Guns

In Canada, civilian possession of rifles and shotguns is regulated by law145 43

Gun Ownership and Possession

In Canada, only licensed gun owners141 151 152 43 may lawfully acquire, possess or transfer a firearm or ammunition

Genuine Reason Required for Firearm Possession

Applicants for a gun owner’s licence in Canada are not required to establish a genuine reason to possess a firearm except when the licence concerns prohibited144 and restricted firearms153 149 145

Minimum Age for Firearm Possession

The minimum age for gun ownership in Canada is 18 years or 12 years, with limitations154 155

Gun Owner Background Checks

An applicant for a firearm licence in Canada must pass a background check which considers criminal, mental health, addiction and domestic violence141 156 43 records

Reference Required for Firearm Licence

In Canada, third party character references for each gun licence applicant are required157 156

Partner to be Advised or Interviewed

In Canada, licensing authorities are required157 156 158 to conduct interviews with, or to advise an applicant's spouse, partner, or next of kin before issuing a gun licence

Domestic Violence and Firearms

Where a past history, or apprehended likelihood of family violence exists, the law in Canada stipulates141 157 159 160 158 that a gun licence should be denied or revoked

Firearm Safety Training

In Canada, an understanding of firearm safety and the law, tested in a theoretical and/or practical training course is required148 161 162 for a firearm licence

Gun Owner Licensing Period

In Canada, gun owners must re-apply and re-qualify for their firearm licence every five years163 164

Licensing Records

In Canada, authorities maintain a record69 165 166 162 167 168 of individual civilians licensed to acquire, possess, sell or transfer a firearm or ammunition

Limit on Number of Guns

Licensed firearm owners in Canada are permitted to possess any number of firearms104 105 106 169

Limit on Quantity, Type of Ammunition

Licensed firearm owners in Canada are permitted to possess any quantity of ammunition104 105 106 169

Firearm Registration

Civilian Gun Registration

In Canada, the law requires (for prohibited and restricted firearms only145)170 132 171 172 173 69 165 166 174 175 176 that a record of the acquisition, possession and transfer of each privately held firearm be retained in an official register

Gun Dealer Record Keeping

In Canada, licensed firearm dealers are required177 69 178 179 180 64 to keep a record of each firearm or ammunition purchase, sale or transfer on behalf of a regulating authority

Gun Manufacturer Record Keeping

In Canada, licensed gun makers are required69 179 64 181 182 168 to keep a record of each firearm produced, for inspection by a regulating authority

State-Owned Firearm Records

In Canada, State agencies are required183 162 167 54 to maintain records of the storage and movement of all firearms and ammunition under their control

Gun Sales and Transfers

Regulation of Private Gun Sales

In Canada, the private sale and transfer of firearms is permitted for non-restricted firearms and prohibited, without authorisation from the chief firearms officer, for restricted or prohibited firearms177 178 180 179

Regulation of Dealer Gun Sales

In Canada, dealing in firearms by way of business without a valid gun dealer’s licence is unlawful51 177 178 179 180

Background Checks for Private Gun Sales

The buyer of a firearm in a private sale in Canada is not obliged177 to pass official background checks before taking possession

Background Checks for Dealer Gun Sales

The buyer of a firearm from a licensed gun dealer in Canada is not obliged177 to pass official background checks before taking possession

Waiting Period for Gun Possession

In Canada, the minimum wait for a lawful firearm purchase to be completed is 28 days on first application for a licence, but none for subsequent acquisitions184 177

Regulation of Gun Shows

In Canada, gun shows and temporary firearm dealing events are regulated185 186 187 in law

Storage and Transport of Guns and Ammunition

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Private

Firearm regulations in Canada include188 189 190 191 192 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of private firearms and ammunition by licensed gun owners

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Dealer

Firearm regulations in Canada include193 194 195 196 192 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition by licensed arms dealers

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Government

Government regulations in Canada include197 192 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition by state entities

Firearm and Ammunition Transport Regulations

Regulations in Canada include187 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition while in transit

Carrying Guns

Carrying Hidden Handguns in Public

In Canada, carrying a concealed firearm in a public place is allowed, subject to a valid permit.153 149 150 43 Such permits are rarely granted

Penalty for Illicit Firearm Possession

In Canada, the maximum penalty for unlawful possession of a firearm206 is five to 10 years in prison207 208 209 159 210 211 212 52 213 214 215 216 217

MeasuresInternational Controls

Regional Agreements

Organization of American States

On 14 November 1997, as a member of the Organisation of American States (OAS), Canada adopted the Inter-American Convention against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, Explosives, Ammunition and Other Related Materials (CIFTA), a legally binding multilateral treaty of which the OAS is depository. The CIFTA Convention has since been signed, but not yet ratified218 219 220 by Canada

United Nations Commission on Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice

The UNCCPCJ, a subsidiary body of the Economic and Social Council mandated to promote action to prevent national and transnational crime, lists221 Canada as an elected member

Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development

The Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development, a diplomatic initiative aimed at addressing the interrelations between armed violence and development, was signed in 2006222 by Canada.

Arms Trade Treaty

The Arms Trade Treaty has not been signed223 by Canada

United Nations Firearms Protocol

The United Nations Protocol against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, Their Parts and Components and Ammunition has been signed, but not yet ratified224 by Canada

United Nations Small Arms Programme of Action UNPoA

UNPoA Commitment

On 21 July 2001, Canada committed to a consensus decision of the United Nations to adopt, support and implement the UN Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects225 218

UNPoA Implementation Monitor Score

In its UN small arms Programme of Action Implementation Monitor (PoAIM Phase 1), the Small Arms Survey scored Canada against its commitments to the PoA, then ranked it at No. 20226 227 228 229 among 159 Member States

UNPoA National Reporting

Under the terms of its 2001 commitment to the United Nations small arms Programme of Action, Canada has submitted one or more national reports230 231 on its implementation of the UNPoA

UNPoA National Point of Contact

In Canada, a National Point of Contact to deal with issues relating to the UNPoA has been designated232 231

UNPoA National Coordinating Body

In Canada, a National Coordinating Body to deal with issues relating to the UNPoA has been designated232

UNPoA Civil Society Involvement and Support

In National Reports of Canada submitted to the UN from 2001 to 2010, a history of substantive cooperation with civil society in support of UNPoA activities was apparent232 231

UNPoA International Assistance – Donor

Funds for UNPoA implementation have been donated231 by Canada to other UN Member States

United Nations Small Arms Register

According to the United Nations Register of Conventional Arms, Canada has declared233 its small arms exports in one or more annual National Reports on Arms Exports.

United Nations Membership

In the UN List of Member States, Canada has been a Member State of the United Nations since 1945234

Wassenaar Arrangement

The Wassenaar Arrangement on Export Controls and Conventional Arms and Dual-Use Goods and Technologies lists235 218 Canada as a Participating State

BackgroundSustainable Development Goal Profile

About SDG 16

The Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) are 17 goals set by the United Nations to be implemented by all member states by 2030. Adopted in 2015, they outline a vision of development in which peace and security are an integral part. SDG 16,236 which seeks to “promote peaceful and inclusive societies for sustainable development,” includes targets and indicators focused on reducing violence (Target 16.1) and the proliferation of illicit arms (Target 16.4). The indicators – or measurement criteria – of these targets include the number of victims of intentional homicide (Indicator 16.1.1), the number of conflict-related deaths (Indicator 16.1.2), and the number of illicit firearms collected and traced (Indicator 16.4.2). In light of these targets and indicators, GunPolicy.org provides granular national data pertaining to homicides, gun homicides, conflict deaths, disarmament efforts, and marking and tracing.

Homicides (any method)

ChartIn Canada, annual homicides by any means total

2018: 65130
2017: 66631
2016: 61532
2015: 604
2014: 521
2013: 509
2012: 548
2011: 606
2010: 556
2009: 61033 34 35 36 37 38
2008: 614
2007: 597
2006: 608
2005: 664
2004: 625
2003: 551
2002: 582
2001: 553
2000: 546
1999: 539
1998: 559
1997: 586
1996: 634
1995: 587
1994: 59639
1993: 626
1992: 733
1991: 754
1990: 657
1989: 654
1988: 575
1987: 644
1986: 567
1985: 704
1984: 667
1983: 682
1982: 667
1981: 647
1980: 591
1979: 632
1978: 662
1977: 712
1976: 667
1975: 700
1974: 597

Rate of Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Canada, the annual rate of homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2018: 1.8130
2017: 1.8531
2016: 1.7332
2015: 1.72
2014: 1.50
2013: 1.2726
2012: 1.42
2011: 1.53
2010: 1.53
2009: 1.68
2008: 1.70
2007: 1.55
2006: 1.86
2005: 2.05
2004: 1.94
2003: 1.73
2002: 1.84
2001: 1.76
2000: 1.76
1999: 1.75
1998: 1.83
1997: 1.93
1996: 2.11
1995: 1.98
1994: 2.03
1993: 2.16
1992: 2.57
1991: 2.68
1990: 2.36
1989: 2.39
1988: 2.14
1987: 2.43
1986: 2.16
1985: 2.71
1984: 2.60
1983: 2.68
1982: 2.65
1981: 2.60
1980: 2.40
1979: 2.60
1978: 2.75
1977: 2.99
1976: 2.84
1975: 3.02
1974: 2.61

Male Homicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Canada, annual male homicides by any means total

2018: 48430
2017: 48531
2016: 460
2015: 428
2014: 370
2013: 31126
2012: 356
2011: 363
2010: 382
2009: 419
2008: 444
2007: 380
2006: 446
2005: 484
2004: 425
2003: 394
2002: 375
2001: 391
2000: 397
1999: 366
1998: 382
1997: 381
1996: 434
1995: 391
1994: 395
1993: 419
1992: 488
1991: 484
1990: 421
1989: 408
1988: 373
1987: 417
1986: 364
1985: 451
1984: 436
1983: 440
1982: 448
1981: 401
1980: 386
1979: 404
1978: 446
1977: 481
1976: 435
1975: 464
1974: 373

Rate of Male Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Canada, the annual rate of male homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2018: 2.7230
2017: 2.7431
2016: 2.5640
2015: 2.40
2014: 2.10
2013: 1.8126
2012: 2.09
2011: 2.15
2010: 2.28
2009: 2.52
2008: 2.69
2007: 2.33

Female Homicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Canada, annual female homicides by any means total

2018: 16330
2017: 17331
2016: 15140
2015: 176
2014: 151
2013: 12726
2012: 132
2011: 158
2010: 133
2009: 143
2008: 121
2007: 132
2006: 162
2005: 180
2004: 200
2003: 157
2002: 207
2001: 162
2000: 149
1999: 173
1998: 177
1997: 205
1996: 200
1995: 196
1994: 200
1993: 207
1992: 245
1991: 270
1990: 236
1989: 245
1988: 202
1987: 226
1986: 202
1985: 253
1984: 231
1983: 242
1982: 219
1981: 245
1980: 205
1979: 228
1978: 216
1977: 230
1976: 232
1975: 236
1974: 224

Rate of Female Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Canada, the annual rate of female homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2018: 0.9030
2017: 0.9631
2016: 0.8340
2015: 0.97
2014: 0.84
2013: 0.7326
2012: 0.76
2011: 0.92
2010: 0.78
2009: 0.85
2008: 0.72
2007: 0.80

Gun Homicides

ChartIn Canada, annual firearm homicides total

2018: 24941
2017: 267
2016: 223
2015: 179
2014: 155
2013: 134
2012: 171
2011: 159
2010: 175
2009: 182
2008: 201
2007: 188
2006: 192
2005: 224
2004: 173
2003: 163
2002: 152
2001: 172
2000: 183
1999: 166
1998: 152
1997: 19442
1996: 213
1995: 174
1994: 196
1993: 195
1992: 247
1991: 271
1990: 195
1989: 216
1988: 169
1987: 202
1986: 175
1985: 222
1984: 229
1983: 224
1982: 249
1981: 199
1980: 194
1979: 207
1978: 250
1977: 260
1976: 258
1975: 292
1974: 283

Rate of Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Canada, the annual rate of firearm homicide per 100,000 population is

2018: 0.6741
2017: 0.73
2016: 0.62
2015: 0.50
2014: 0.44
2013: 0.38
2012: 0.49
2011: 0.46
2010: 0.51
2009: 0.54
2008: 0.60
2007: 0.57
2006: 0.59
2005: 0.69
2004: 0.54
2003: 0.52
2002: 0.48
2001: 0.55
2000: 0.60
1999: 0.55
1998: 0.50
1997: 0.6442
1996: 0.71
1995: 0.59
1994: 0.67
1993: 0.67
1992: 0.87
1991: 0.96
1990: 0.70
1989: 0.79
1988: 0.63
1987: 0.76
1986: 0.67
1985: 0.86
1984: 0.89
1983: 0.88
1982: 0.99
1981: 0.80
1980: 0.79
1979: 0.85
1978: 1.04
1977: 1.09
1976: 1.10
1975: 1.26
1974: 1.24

Proportion of Homicides Committed With a Gun

ChartIn Canada, the percentage of homicides committed with a firearm is reported to be

2013: 27%27
2012: 33%27 43
2011: 27%27 35
2010: 39%
2009: 31%
2008: 34%
2007: 33%
2006: 32%
2005: 34%
2004: 28%27
2003: 31%
2002: 27%
2001: 31%
2000: 34%
1999: 31%
1998: 27%
1997: 35.6%36
1996: 36.0%
1995: 31.2%

Conflict Deaths

For a profile of conflict in Canada, select the Link icon to open an external web page from the UCDP Conflict Encyclopedia at Uppsala University

Disarmament

Authorities in Canada are known to have237 238 239 implemented voluntary firearm surrender schemes, and/or weapon seizure programmes in order to reduce the number of illicit firearms in circulation

Surrendered in Gun Amnesty

ChartIn Canada, the number of firearms voluntarily surrendered in recent arms amnesty and collection programmes is reported to be

2015: 15,119240
2014: 14,865

Firearms Surrendered and Seized

ChartIn Canada, the number of firearms voluntarily surrendered, bought back or seized by authorities is reported to be

2016: 25,123241
2015: 26,528242
2014: 36,842
2013: 30,877243
2012: 32,063244
2011: 48,904239 245
2010: 45,550239 246

Small Arms Destroyed

ChartIn Canada, the number of firearms destroyed following amnesty, collection and seizure programmes is reported to be

2015: 29,685240 247
2014: 21,558
2011: 32,267248 239
2010: 35,592
2009: 20,557249 250

Destruction and Disposal Policy

In Canada, it is state policy251 252 248 to destroy surplus, collected and seized firearms rather than return them to the secondary arms market

Marking and Tracing

Firearm Marking

In Canada, a unique identifying mark on each firearm is required by law253 254 255 256 63 257

Firearm Tracing

In Canada, state authorities carry out258 181 182 259 recognised arms tracing and tracking procedures

Ballistic Record of Firearms and Ammunition

In Canada, the ballistic characteristics of each civilian firearm and its ammunition are not260 recorded in a register

Global Peace Index

To see where Canada ranks, select the Link icon to open an external web page at the Global Peace Index, and then click on Canada on the map or in the "Select Country" menu on the right of the web page


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