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Armed violence prevention, gun control laws and the small arms trade:

Cameroon — Gun Facts, Figures and the Law

StockpilesGun Numbers

Civilian Guns

Number of Privately Owned Firearms

ChartThe estimated total number of guns (both licit and illicit) held by civilians in Cameroon is

2017: 510,0001
2007: 340,0002

Rate of Civilian Firearm Possession per 100 Population

ChartThe estimated rate of private gun ownership (both licit and illicit) per 100 people in Cameroon is

2017: 2.101
2007: 2.82

Number of Privately Owned Firearms - World Ranking

In a 2007 comparison of the number of privately owned guns in 178 countries, Cameroon ranked at No. 993

Rate of Privately Owned Firearms per 100 Population - World Ranking

In a 2007 comparison of the rate of private gun ownership in 178 countries, Cameroon ranked at No. 1192

Government Guns

Number of Military Firearms

The defence forces of Cameroon are reported to have 27,3604 firearms

Number of Law Enforcement Firearms

Police in Cameroon are reported to have 15,0005 firearms

ImpactsDeath and Injury

Homicides (any method)

ChartIn Cameroon, annual homicides by any means total

2016: 2,7216
2015: 2,672
2010: 2,430
2000: 2,074

Rate of Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Cameroon, the annual rate of homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2016: 11.176
2015: 11.26
2010: 11.67
2000: 13.11

Male Homicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Cameroon, annual male homicides by any means total

2016: 2,1726
2015: 2,140
2010: 1,962
2000: 1,636

Rate of Male Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Cameroon, the annual rate of male homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2016: 17.786
2015: 17.98
2010: 18.79
2000: 20.63

Female Homicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Cameroon, annual female homicides by any means total

2016: 5496
2015: 533
2010: 468
2000: 438

Rate of Female Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Cameroon, the annual rate of female homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2016: 4.526
2015: 4.50
2010: 4.51
2000: 5.55

Suicides (any method)

ChartIn Cameroon, annual suicides by any means total

2016: 2,8676
2015: 2,813
2010: 2,331
2000: 2,038

Rate of Suicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Cameroon, the annual rate of suicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2016: 11.776
2015: 11.85
2010: 11.19
2000: 12.88

Male Suicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Cameroon, annual male suicides by any means total

2016: 2,0036
2015: 1,975
2010: 1,637
2000: 1,361

Rate of Male Suicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Cameroon, the annual rate of male suicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2016: 16.406
2015: 16.59
2010: 15.67
2000: 17.16

Female Suicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Cameroon, annual female suicides by any means total

2016: 8646
2015: 838
2010: 694
2000: 678

Rate of Female Suicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Cameroon, the annual rate of female suicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2016: 7.116
2015: 7.08
2010: 6.69
2000: 8.60

ProductionGun Industry

Regulation of Firearm Makers

In Cameroon, the manufacture of small arms, ammunition and/or their components is permitted only if the maker holds a valid licence7 8 9 10

Home-made Guns

In Cameroon, the prevalence of illicit craft, or 'home-made' firearm manufacture is reported to be moderate9 11

TransfersGun Trade and Trafficking

Firearm Exports

Small Arms Exports (US$) - Customs

The annual value of small arms and ammunition exports from Cameroon is reported by Customs to be US$221,50612 (2009)

Firearm Imports

In Cameroon, firearm and ammunition imports are limited by transfer control law7 8 13 14 15

Small Arms Imports (US$) - Customs

The annual value of small arms and ammunition imports to Cameroon is reported by Customs to be US$3,798,44412 (2011)

Smuggling Guns and Ammunition

Reports suggest that the level of firearm and ammunition smuggling in Cameroon is moderate16 17 18

Regulation of Arms Brokers

In Cameroon, the activities of arms brokers and transfer intermediaries are not specifically regulated by law14 19

End User Certificates

Customs regulations in Cameroon do not include20 certification of the intended end user of any small arms or ammunition transfer, and/or a written declaration of its intended end use

MeasuresGun Regulation

Firearm Regulation - Guiding Policy

The regulation of guns in Cameroon is categorised as restrictive21

Firearm Law

Guiding gun control legislation in Cameroon includes the Decree No 73/658 of 22 October 1973 regulating the import, sale, transfer, possession and carrying of firearms and ammunition22 14

Firearm Regulation Authority

Guns in Cameroon are regulated by the Police, the Gendarmerie, the Army23 and the Ministry for Territorial Administration14

Right to Possess Firearms

In Cameroon, the right to private gun ownership is not guaranteed by law24 25 26

Restricted Firearms and Ammunition

Law Regulates Automatic Weapons

In Cameroon, civilian possession of automatic weapons is regulated by law27

Law Regulates Handguns

In Cameroon, civilian possession of handguns is regulated by law27

Law Regulates Long Guns

In Cameroon, civilian possession of rifles and shotguns is regulated by law27

Gun Ownership and Possession

In Cameroon, only licensed gun owners26 8 27 may lawfully acquire, possess or transfer a firearm or ammunition

Genuine Reason Required for Firearm Possession

Applicants for a gun owner’s licence in Cameroon are not required to establish a genuine reason to possess a firearm20

Minimum Age for Firearm Possession

The minimum age for gun ownership in Cameroon is 21 years7

Gun Owner Background Checks

An applicant for a firearm licence in Cameroon must pass a background check which considers mental health and criminal7 27 records

Reference Required for Firearm Licence

In Cameroon, third party character references for each gun licence applicant are not required20

Domestic Violence and Firearms

Where a past history, or apprehended likelihood of family violence exists, the law in Cameroon does not stipulate20 that a gun licence should be denied or revoked

Firearm Safety Training

In Cameroon, an understanding of firearm safety and the law, tested in a theoretical and/or practical training course is not required20 for a firearm licence

Licensing Records

In Cameroon, authorities maintain a record28 29 of individual civilians licensed to acquire, possess, sell or transfer a firearm or ammunition

Limit on Number of Guns

Licensed firearm owners in Cameroon are permitted to possess one firearm per authorisation28

Limit on Quantity, Type of Ammunition

Licensed firearm owners in Cameroon are permitted to possess the quantity of ammunition specified in the authorisation8 28

Firearm Registration

Civilian Gun Registration

In Cameroon, the law requires28 29 that a record of the acquisition, possession and transfer of each privately held firearm be retained in an official register

Gun Dealer Record Keeping

In Cameroon, licensed firearm dealers are required30 to keep a record of each firearm or ammunition purchase, sale or transfer on behalf of a regulating authority

Gun Manufacturer Record Keeping

In Cameroon, licensed gun makers are required30 to keep a record of each firearm produced, for inspection by a regulating authority

State-Owned Firearm Records

In Cameroon, State agencies are not required31 to maintain records of the storage and movement of all firearms and ammunition under their control

Gun Sales and Transfers

Regulation of Private Gun Sales

In Cameroon, the private sale and transfer of firearms is prohibited without a licence from the Minister of Territorial Administration32

Regulation of Dealer Gun Sales

In Cameroon, dealing in firearms by way of business without a valid gun dealer’s licence is unlawful7 8 32

Background Checks for Private Gun Sales

The buyer of a firearm in a private sale in Cameroon is obliged32 7 to pass official background checks before taking possession

Background Checks for Dealer Gun Sales

The buyer of a firearm from a licensed gun dealer in Cameroon is obliged32 7 to pass official background checks before taking possession

Waiting Period for Gun Possession

In Cameroon, the minimum wait for a lawful firearm purchase to be completed is undetermined20

Regulation of Gun Shows

In Cameroon, gun shows and temporary firearm dealing events are not regulated20 in law

Storage and Transport of Guns and Ammunition

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Private

Firearm regulations in Cameroon do not include20 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of private firearms and ammunition by licensed gun owners

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Dealer

Firearm regulations in Cameroon include7 8 33 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition by licensed arms dealers

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Government

Government regulations in Cameroon do not include31 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition by state entities

Firearm and Ammunition Transport Regulations

Regulations in Cameroon include13 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition while in transit

Carrying Guns

Carrying Guns Openly in Public

In Cameroon, carrying a firearm in plain view in a public place is allowed, subject to a valid permit26 8 27

Carrying Hidden Handguns in Public

In Cameroon, carrying a concealed firearm in a public place is allowed, subject to a valid permit26 8 27

Penalty for Illicit Firearm Possession

In Cameroon, the maximum penalty for unlawful possession of a firearm34 is a prison term of five to 10 days and a fine35

MeasuresInternational Controls

Regional Agreements

African Union

In June 2006, as a member of the African Union, Cameroon adopted an African Common Position to take to the Conference to Review the UN Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA), held in June 200636 37

United Nations Standing Advisory Committee on Security Questions in Central Africa

In November 2010, as a member of the United Nations Standing Advisory Committee on Security Questions in Central Africa (UNSAC), Cameroon adopted the Central Africa Convention for the Control of Small Arms and Light Weapons, their Ammunition, Parts and Components that can be used for their Manufacture, Repair and Assembly, known as the ‘Kinshasa Convention. A legally binding multilateral treaty for which UNSAC is depository, the Kinshasa Convention has since been signed and ratified38 39 40 by Cameroon

United Nations Commission on Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice

The UNCCPCJ, a subsidiary body of the Economic and Social Council mandated to promote action to prevent national and transnational crime, lists41 Cameroon as an elected member

Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development

The Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development, a diplomatic initiative aimed at addressing the interrelations between armed violence and development, was signed in 200742 by Cameroon.

Arms Trade Treaty

The Arms Trade Treaty has been signed, but not yet ratified43 by Cameroon

United Nations Firearms Protocol

The United Nations Protocol against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, Their Parts and Components and Ammunition has not been signed44 by Cameroon

United Nations Small Arms Programme of Action UNPoA

UNPoA Commitment

On 21 July 2001, Cameroon committed to a consensus decision of the United Nations to adopt, support and implement the UN Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects45

UNPoA Implementation Monitor Score

In its UN small arms Programme of Action Implementation Monitor (PoAIM Phase 1), the Small Arms Survey scored Cameroon against its commitments to the PoA, then ranked it at No. 15646 47 48 49 among 159 Member States

UNPoA National Reporting

Under the terms of its 2001 commitment to the United Nations small arms Programme of Action, Cameroon has submitted one or more national reports50 51 on its implementation of the UNPoA

UNPoA National Point of Contact

In Cameroon, a National Point of Contact to deal with issues relating to the UNPoA has not been designated52

UNPoA National Coordinating Body

In Cameroon, a National Coordinating Body to deal with issues relating to the UNPoA has not been designated52 51

UNPoA Civil Society Involvement and Support

In National Reports of Cameroon submitted to the UN from 2001 to 2010, a history of substantive cooperation with civil society in support of UNPoA activities was not apparent51

UNPoA International Assistance – Donor

Funds for UNPoA implementation have not been donated51 by Cameroon to other UN Member States

UNPoA International Assistance – Recipient

Funds for UNPoA implementation have been provided51 to Cameroon by other UN Member States

United Nations Small Arms Register

According to the United Nations Register of Conventional Arms, Cameroon has not declared53 its small arms exports in one or more annual National Reports on Arms Exports.

United Nations Membership

In the UN List of Member States, Cameroon has been a Member State of the United Nations since 196054

Wassenaar Arrangement

The Wassenaar Arrangement on Export Controls and Conventional Arms and Dual-Use Goods and Technologies does not list55 Cameroon as a Participating State

BackgroundSustainable Development Goal Profile

About SDG 16

The Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) are 17 goals set by the United Nations to be implemented by all member states by 2030. Adopted in 2015, they outline a vision of development in which peace and security are an integral part. SDG 16,56 which seeks to “promote peaceful and inclusive societies for sustainable development,” includes targets and indicators focused on reducing violence (Target 16.1) and the proliferation of illicit arms (Target 16.4). The indicators – or measurement criteria – of these targets include the number of victims of intentional homicide (Indicator 16.1.1), the number of conflict-related deaths (Indicator 16.1.2), and the number of illicit firearms collected and traced (Indicator 16.4.2). In light of these targets and indicators, GunPolicy.org provides granular national data pertaining to homicides, gun homicides, conflict deaths, disarmament efforts, and marking and tracing.

Homicides (any method)

ChartIn Cameroon, annual homicides by any means total

2016: 2,7216
2015: 2,672
2010: 2,430
2000: 2,074

Rate of Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Cameroon, the annual rate of homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2016: 11.176
2015: 11.26
2010: 11.67
2000: 13.11

Male Homicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Cameroon, annual male homicides by any means total

2016: 2,1726
2015: 2,140
2010: 1,962
2000: 1,636

Rate of Male Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Cameroon, the annual rate of male homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2016: 17.786
2015: 17.98
2010: 18.79
2000: 20.63

Female Homicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Cameroon, annual female homicides by any means total

2016: 5496
2015: 533
2010: 468
2000: 438

Rate of Female Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Cameroon, the annual rate of female homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2016: 4.526
2015: 4.50
2010: 4.51
2000: 5.55

Conflict Deaths

For a profile of conflict in Cameroon, select the Link icon to open an external web page from the UCDP Conflict Encyclopedia at Uppsala University

Disarmament

Authorities in Cameroon are known to have57 implemented voluntary firearm surrender schemes, and/or weapon seizure programmes in order to reduce the number of illicit firearms in circulation

Firearms Surrendered and Seized

In Cameroon, the number of firearms voluntarily surrendered, bought back or seized by authorities is reported to be

2017: 11058

Destruction and Disposal Policy

In Cameroon, it is not state policy59 to destroy surplus, collected and seized firearms rather than return them to the secondary arms market

Marking and Tracing

Firearm Marking

In Cameroon, a unique identifying mark on each firearm is required by law28

Firearm Tracing

In Cameroon, state authorities do not carry out20 recognised arms tracing and tracking procedures

Ballistic Record of Firearms and Ammunition

In Cameroon, the ballistic characteristics of each civilian firearm and its ammunition are not20 recorded in a register

Global Peace Index

To see where Cameroon ranks, select the Link icon to open an external web page at the Global Peace Index, and then click on Cameroon on the map or in the "Select Country" menu on the right of the web page


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