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Cambodia — Gun Facts, Figures and the Law

StockpilesGun Numbers

Civilian Guns

Number of Privately Owned Firearms

ChartThe estimated total number of guns (both licit and illicit) held by civilians in Cambodia is

2017: 717,0001
2007: 600,0002

Rate of Civilian Firearm Possession per 100 Population

ChartThe estimated rate of private gun ownership (both licit and illicit) per 100 people in Cambodia is

2017: 4.51
2007: 4.32

Number of Privately Owned Firearms - World Ranking

In a 2007 comparison of the number of privately owned guns in 178 countries, Cambodia ranked at No. 733

Rate of Privately Owned Firearms per 100 Population - World Ranking

In a 2007 comparison of the rate of private gun ownership in 178 countries, Cambodia ranked at No. 1092

Government Guns

Number of Military Firearms

The defence forces of Cambodia are reported to have 258,6704 firearms

Number of Law Enforcement Firearms

Police in Cambodia are reported to have 64,0005 firearms

ImpactsDeath and Injury

Homicides (any method)

ChartIn Cambodia, annual homicides by any means total

2016: 3406
2015: 341
2010: 372
2000: 652
1999: 5817
1998: 793
1997: 793
1996: 542
1995: 397

Rate of Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Cambodia, the annual rate of homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2016: 2.136
2015: 2.17
2010: 2.57
2000: 5.28
1999: 4.88
1998: 6.6
1997: 6.8
1996: 4.7
1995: 3.6

Male Homicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Cambodia, annual male homicides by any means total

2016: 2756
2015: 275
2010: 296
2000: 510

Rate of Male Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Cambodia, the annual rate of male homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2016: 3.556
2015: 3.61
2010: 4.24
2000: 8.55

Female Homicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Cambodia, annual female homicides by any means total

2016: 656
2015: 66
2010: 75
2000: 142

Rate of Female Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Cambodia, the annual rate of female homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2016: 0.796
2015: 0.82
2010: 1.00
2000: 2.22

Gun Homicides

ChartIn Cambodia, annual firearm homicides total

2003: 1878
2002: 140
2001: 150
2000: 248
1999: 277
1998: 463

Rate of Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Cambodia, the annual rate of firearm homicide per 100,000 population is

2003: 1.48
2002: 1.1
2001: 1.2
2000: 2.0
1999: 2.3
1998: 3.9

Proportion of Homicides Committed With a Gun

ChartIn Cambodia, the percentage of homicides committed with a firearm is reported to be

2011: 14%7
2003: 36.7%8
2002: 32.9%
2001: 36.9%
2000: 43.4%
1999: 47.7%
1998: 58.4%

Suicides (any method)

ChartIn Cambodia, annual suicides by any means total

2016: 8366
2015: 826
2010: 779
2000: 677

Rate of Suicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Cambodia, the annual rate of suicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2016: 5.246
2015: 5.26
2010: 5.39
2000: 5.48

Male Suicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Cambodia, annual male suicides by any means total

2016: 6036
2015: 591
2010: 541
2000: 453

Rate of Male Suicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Cambodia, the annual rate of male suicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2016: 7.786
2015: 7.76
2010: 7.75
2000: 7.60

Female Suicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Cambodia, annual female suicides by any means total

2016: 2336
2015: 234
2010: 238
2000: 224

Rate of Female Suicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Cambodia, the annual rate of female suicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2016: 2.846
2015: 2.89
2010: 3.18
2000: 3.51

ProductionGun Industry

Regulation of Firearm Makers

In Cambodia, the manufacture of small arms, ammunition and/or their components is permitted, only if approved by the Royal Government9

Home-made Guns

In Cambodia, the prevalence of illicit craft, or 'home-made' firearm manufacture is reported to be high10 11 12 13

TransfersGun Trade and Trafficking

Firearm Exports

In Cambodia, firearm and ammunition exports are limited by transfer control law9

Small Arms Exports (US$) - Customs

ChartThe annual value of small arms and ammunition exports from Cambodia is reported by Customs to be US$

2015: 1,313,57314
2014: 200
2013: 114,432
2012: 1,131,512
2011: 679,13515

Firearm Imports

In Cambodia, firearm and ammunition imports are limited by transfer control law9

Small Arms Imports (US$) - Customs

ChartThe annual value of small arms and ammunition imports to Cambodia is reported by Customs to be US$

2016: 7,28714
2015: 39,761,603
2014: 1,401,991
2013: 11,100,387
2012: 3,951,117
2011: 32,084,36415 16

Smuggling Guns and Ammunition

Reports suggest that the level of firearm and ammunition smuggling in Cambodia is high17 18 19 20

Regulation of Arms Brokers

In Cambodia, the activities of arms brokers and transfer intermediaries are regulated by law21

End User Certificates

Customs regulations in Cambodia do not include22 certification of the intended end user of any small arms or ammunition transfer, and/or a written declaration of its intended end use

MeasuresGun Regulation

Firearm Regulation - Guiding Policy

The regulation of guns in Cambodia is categorised as restrictive23

Firearm Law

Guiding gun control legislation in Cambodia includes the Law on Management of Weapons, Explosives and Ammunition, 200524 25

Firearm Regulation Authority

Guns in Cambodia are regulated by the Ministry of National Defence, and the Ministry of Interior26 27

Right to Possess Firearms

In Cambodia, the right to private gun ownership is not guaranteed by law28 29 30

Restricted Firearms and Ammunition

In Cambodia, civilians are not allowed to possess any firearms since 199931 30 32

Regulation of Automatic Weapons

In Cambodia, private possession of fully automatic weapons is prohibited31 30 32 7

Regulation of Semiautomatic Assault Weapons

In Cambodia, private possession of semi-automatic assault weapons is prohibited31 30 32

Regulation of Handguns

In Cambodia, private possession of handguns (pistols and revolvers) is prohibited31 30 32 7

Law Regulates Long Guns

In Cambodia, civilian possession of rifles and shotguns is regulated by law31 30 32 7

Gun Ownership and Possession

In Cambodia, no civilians30 32 33 7 may lawfully acquire, possess or transfer a firearm or ammunition

Firearm Registration

State-Owned Firearm Records

In Cambodia, State agencies are required34 35 to maintain records of the storage and movement of all firearms and ammunition under their control

Gun Sales and Transfers

Regulation of Private Gun Sales

In Cambodia, the private sale and transfer of firearms is prohibited30

Regulation of Dealer Gun Sales

In Cambodia, dealing in firearms by way of business is unlawful30

Storage and Transport of Guns and Ammunition

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Government

Government regulations in Cambodia include36 34 37 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition by state entities

Firearm and Ammunition Transport Regulations

Regulations in Cambodia include38 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition while in transit

Carrying Guns

Carrying Guns Openly in Public

In Cambodia, carrying a firearm in plain view in a public place is prohibited30 7

Carrying Hidden Handguns in Public

In Cambodia, carrying a concealed firearm in a public place is prohibited30 7

Penalty for Illicit Firearm Possession

In Cambodia, the maximum penalty for unlawful possession of a firearm39 is two years in prison and a fine up to 2,000,000 Riel40

MeasuresInternational Controls

Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development

The Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development, a diplomatic initiative aimed at addressing the interrelations between armed violence and development, was not signed41 by Cambodia.

Arms Trade Treaty

The Arms Trade Treaty has been signed, but not yet ratified42 by Cambodia

United Nations Firearms Protocol

The United Nations Protocol against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, Their Parts and Components and Ammunition has been signed and ratified43 by Cambodia

United Nations Small Arms Programme of Action UNPoA

UNPoA Commitment

On 21 July 2001, Cambodia committed to a consensus decision of the United Nations to adopt, support and implement the UN Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects44

UNPoA Implementation Monitor Score

In its UN small arms Programme of Action Implementation Monitor (PoAIM Phase 1), the Small Arms Survey scored Cambodia against its commitments to the PoA, then ranked it at No. 11145 46 47 48 among 159 Member States

UNPoA National Reporting

Under the terms of its 2001 commitment to the United Nations small arms Programme of Action, Cambodia has submitted one or more national reports49 50 on its implementation of the UNPoA

UNPoA National Point of Contact

In Cambodia, a National Point of Contact to deal with issues relating to the UNPoA has been designated51 50

UNPoA National Coordinating Body

In Cambodia, a National Coordinating Body to deal with issues relating to the UNPoA has been designated51 50

UNPoA Civil Society Involvement and Support

In National Reports of Cambodia submitted to the UN from 2001 to 2010, a history of substantive cooperation with civil society in support of UNPoA activities was apparent50

UNPoA International Assistance – Donor

Funds for UNPoA implementation have not been donated50 by Cambodia to other UN Member States

UNPoA International Assistance – Recipient

Funds for UNPoA implementation have been provided50 to Cambodia by other UN Member States

United Nations Small Arms Register

According to the United Nations Register of Conventional Arms, Cambodia has not declared52 its small arms exports in one or more annual National Reports on Arms Exports.

United Nations Membership

In the UN List of Member States, Cambodia has been a Member State of the United Nations since 195553

Wassenaar Arrangement

The Wassenaar Arrangement on Export Controls and Conventional Arms and Dual-Use Goods and Technologies does not list54 Cambodia as a Participating State

BackgroundSustainable Development Goal Profile

About SDG 16

The Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) are 17 goals set by the United Nations to be implemented by all member states by 2030. Adopted in 2015, they outline a vision of development in which peace and security are an integral part. SDG 16,55 which seeks to “promote peaceful and inclusive societies for sustainable development,” includes targets and indicators focused on reducing violence (Target 16.1) and the proliferation of illicit arms (Target 16.4). The indicators – or measurement criteria – of these targets include the number of victims of intentional homicide (Indicator 16.1.1), the number of conflict-related deaths (Indicator 16.1.2), and the number of illicit firearms collected and traced (Indicator 16.4.2). In light of these targets and indicators, GunPolicy.org provides granular national data pertaining to homicides, gun homicides, conflict deaths, disarmament efforts, and marking and tracing.

Homicides (any method)

ChartIn Cambodia, annual homicides by any means total

2016: 3406
2015: 341
2010: 372
2000: 652
1999: 5817
1998: 793
1997: 793
1996: 542
1995: 397

Rate of Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Cambodia, the annual rate of homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2016: 2.136
2015: 2.17
2010: 2.57
2000: 5.28
1999: 4.88
1998: 6.6
1997: 6.8
1996: 4.7
1995: 3.6

Male Homicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Cambodia, annual male homicides by any means total

2016: 2756
2015: 275
2010: 296
2000: 510

Rate of Male Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Cambodia, the annual rate of male homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2016: 3.556
2015: 3.61
2010: 4.24
2000: 8.55

Female Homicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Cambodia, annual female homicides by any means total

2016: 656
2015: 66
2010: 75
2000: 142

Rate of Female Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Cambodia, the annual rate of female homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2016: 0.796
2015: 0.82
2010: 1.00
2000: 2.22

Gun Homicides

ChartIn Cambodia, annual firearm homicides total

2003: 1878
2002: 140
2001: 150
2000: 248
1999: 277
1998: 463

Rate of Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Cambodia, the annual rate of firearm homicide per 100,000 population is

2003: 1.48
2002: 1.1
2001: 1.2
2000: 2.0
1999: 2.3
1998: 3.9

Proportion of Homicides Committed With a Gun

ChartIn Cambodia, the percentage of homicides committed with a firearm is reported to be

2011: 14%7
2003: 36.7%8
2002: 32.9%
2001: 36.9%
2000: 43.4%
1999: 47.7%
1998: 58.4%

Conflict Deaths

For a profile of conflict in Cambodia, select the Link icon to open an external web page from the UCDP Conflict Encyclopedia at Uppsala University

Disarmament

Authorities in Cambodia are known to have56 implemented voluntary firearm surrender schemes, and/or weapon seizure programmes in order to reduce the number of illicit firearms in circulation

Surrendered in Gun Amnesty

ChartIn Cambodia, the number of firearms voluntarily surrendered in recent arms amnesty and collection programmes is reported to be

2015: 32413
2014: 300+

Small Arms Destroyed

ChartIn Cambodia, the number of firearms destroyed following amnesty, collection and seizure programmes is reported to be

2017: 37812
2016: 200+10
2015: 400+13
1996/2006: 207,99956 57

Destruction and Disposal Policy

In Cambodia, it is state policy58 to destroy surplus, collected and seized firearms rather than return them to the secondary arms market

Marking and Tracing

Firearm Marking

In Cambodia, a unique identifying mark on each firearm is not required by law59 35

Firearm Tracing

In Cambodia, state authorities carry out60 recognised arms tracing and tracking procedures

Ballistic Record of Firearms and Ammunition

In Cambodia, the ballistic characteristics of each civilian firearm and its ammunition are not22 recorded in a register

Global Peace Index

To see where Cambodia ranks, select the Link icon to open an external web page at the Global Peace Index, and then click on Cambodia on the map or in the "Select Country" menu on the right of the web page


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