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Cabo Verde — Gun Facts, Figures and the Law

StockpilesGun Numbers

Civilian Guns

Number of Privately Owned Firearms

The estimated total number of guns (both licit and illicit) held by civilians in Cabo Verde is

2007: 9,5001

Rate of Civilian Firearm Possession per 100 Population

The estimated rate of private gun ownership (both licit and illicit) per 100 people in Cabo Verde is

2007: 5.41

Number of Privately Owned Firearms - World Ranking

In a 2017 comparison of the number of privately owned guns in 206 countries, Cabo Verde ranked at No. 1672

Rate of Privately Owned Firearms per 100 Population - World Ranking

In a 2017 comparison of the rate of privately owned guns in 206 countries, Cabo Verde ranked at No.1022

Government Guns

Number of Military Firearms

The defence forces of Cabo Verde are reported to have 2,2803 firearms

Number of Law Enforcement Firearms

Police in Cabo Verde are reported to have 4004 firearms

ImpactsDeath and Injury

Total Number of Gun Deaths

ChartIn Cabo Verde, annual deaths resulting from firearms total

2012: 305
2011: 33

Rate of All Gun Deaths per 100,000 People

ChartIn Cabo Verde, the annual rate of all gun deaths per 100,000 population is

2012: 5.815
2011: 6.49

Total Number of Male Gun Deaths

ChartIn Cabo Verde, annual male deaths resulting from firearms total

2012: 305
2011: 31

Rate of Male Gun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn Cabo Verde, the annual rate of male gun death per 100,000 population is

2012: 12.015
2011: 12.59

Total Number of Female Gun Deaths

ChartIn Cabo Verde, annual female deaths resulting from firearms total

2012: 05
2011: 2

Rate of Female Gun Death per 100,000 People

In Cabo Verde, the annual rate of female gun death per 100,000 population is

2011: 0.765

Homicides (any method)

ChartIn Cabo Verde, annual homicides by any means total

2020: 366
2019: 34
2018: 11
2017: 12
2016: 31
2015: 15
2014: 26
2013: 22
2012: 56
2011: 53
2010: 39
2009: 38
2008: 34
2007: 29

Rate of Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Cabo Verde, the annual rate of homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2020: 6.476
2019: 6.18
2018: 6.80
2017: 7.07
2016: 11.67
2015: 8.77
2014: 12.54
2013: 10.55
2012: 11.08
2011: 10.62
2010: 7.92
2009: 7.58
2008: 6.89
2007: 5.97
2004: 10.707
2002: 2.20

Male Homicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Cabo Verde, annual male homicides by any means total

2020: 276
2019: 28
2018: 52
2017: 64
2015: 39
2014: 50
2013: 47
2012: 46
2011: 46
2010: 29

Rate of Male Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Cabo Verde, the annual rate of male homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2020: 9.676
2019: 10.14
2018: 9.53
2017: 11.87
2015: 14.82
2014: 19.24
2013: 18.32
2012: 18.09
2011: 18.31

Female Homicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Cabo Verde, annual female homicides by any means total

2020: 96
2019: 6
2018: 20
2017: 12
2015: 78
2014: 15
2013: 7
2012: 105
2011: 7
2010: 10

Rate of Female Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Cabo Verde, the annual rate of female homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2020: 3.256
2019: 2.19
2018: 3.69
2017: 2.24
2015: 2.68
2014: 5.80
2013: 2.74
2012: 4.04
2011: 2.92

Gun Homicides

ChartIn Cabo Verde, annual firearm homicides total

2018: 116
2017: 12
2016: 31
2015: 15
2014: 26
2013: 22
2012: 275
2011: 30

Rate of Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Cabo Verde, the annual rate of firearm homicide per 100,000 population is

2018: 2.026
2017: 2.23
2016: 5.84
2015: 2.86
2014: 5.02
2013: 4.30
2012: 5.30
2011: 5.90

Male Gun Homicide Victims

ChartIn Cabo Verde, annual male firearm homicides total

2015: 166
2014: 23
2013: 21
2012: 275
2011: 28

Rate of Male Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Cabo Verde, the annual rate of male firearm homicide per 100,000 population is

2015: 66
2014: 8.80
2013: 8.10
2012: 10.655
2011: 11.10

Female Gun Homicide Victims

ChartIn Cabo Verde, annual female firearm homicides total

2015: 16
2014: 3
2013: 1
2012: 05
2011: 2

Rate of Female Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Cabo Verde, the annual rate of female firearm homicide per 100,000 population is

2015: 0.406
2014: 1.10
2013: 0.40
2012: 0
2011: 0.755

Suicides (any method)

ChartIn Cabo Verde, annual suicides by any means total

2016: 619
2015: 59
2012: 455
2011: 42
2010: 569
2000: 41

Rate of Suicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Cabo Verde, the annual rate of suicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2016: 11.029
2015: 10.81
2012: 8.595
2011: 8.14
2010: 11.01
2000: 9.53

Male Suicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Cabo Verde, annual male suicides by any means total

2016: 449
2015: 43
2012: 375
2011: 37
2010: 39
2000: 28

Rate of Male Suicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Cabo Verde, the annual rate of male suicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2016: 16.399
2015: 16.24
2012: 14.595
2011: 14.81
2010: 15.84
2000: 13.52

Female Suicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Cabo Verde, annual female suicides by any means total

2016: 169
2015: 16
2010: 17
2000: 13

Rate of Female Suicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Cabo Verde, the annual rate of female suicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2016: 5.619
2015: 5.69
2010: 6.48
2000: 5.83

Gun Suicides

ChartIn Cabo Verde, annual firearm suicides total

2012: 25
2011: 4

Rate of Gun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Cabo Verde, the annual rate of firearm suicide per 100,000 population is

2012: 0.395
2011: 0.79

Male Gun Suicide Victims

ChartIn Cabo Verde, annual male firearm suicides total

2012: 25
2011: 4

Rate of Male Gun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Cabo Verde, the annual rate of male firearm suicide per 100,000 population is

2012: 0.795
2011: 1.60

Female Gun Suicide Victims

ChartIn Cabo Verde, annual female firearm suicides total

2012: 05
2011: 0

Unintentional Gun Deaths

ChartIn Cabo Verde, annual unintentional shooting deaths total

2012: 15
2011: 0

Rate of Unintentional Gun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn Cabo Verde, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death per 100,000 population is

2012: 0.195
2011: 0

Unintentional Male Gun Deaths

ChartIn Cabo Verde, annual unintentional male shooting deaths total

2012: 15
2011: 0

Rate of Unintentional Male Gun Death per 100,000 People

In Cabo Verde, the annual rate of unintentional male shooting death per 100,000 population is

2012: 0.395

Unintentional Female Gun Deaths

ChartIn Cabo Verde, annual unintentional female shooting deaths total

2012: 05
2011: 0

Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Cabo Verde, annual shooting deaths in which the cause remains undecided total

2012: 05
2011: 0

Male Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Cabo Verde, annual male shooting deaths in which the cause remains undecided total

2012: 05
2011: 0

Female Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Cabo Verde, annual female shooting deaths in which the cause remains undecided total

2012: 05
2011: 0

ProductionGun Industry

Regulation of Firearm Makers

In Cabo Verde, the manufacture of small arms, ammunition and/or their components is permitted only if the maker holds a valid licence10 11 12 13 14 15

Home-made Guns

In Cabo Verde, the prevalence of illicit craft, or 'home-made' firearm manufacture is reported to be moderate16 17

TransfersGun Trade and Trafficking

Firearm Exports

In Cabo Verde, firearm and ammunition exports are limited by transfer control law18 11 13 19 20 21

Small Arms Exports (US$) - Customs

The annual value of small arms and ammunition exports from Cabo Verde is reported by Customs to be US$2,42322 (2007)

Firearm Imports

In Cabo Verde, firearm and ammunition imports are limited by transfer control law18 11 13 23 24 20 21

Small Arms Imports (US$) - Customs

The annual value of small arms and ammunition imports to Cabo Verde is reported by Customs to be US$4,52822 (2011)

Regulation of Arms Brokers

In Cabo Verde, the activities of arms brokers and transfer intermediaries are specifically regulated by law25

End User Certificates

Customs regulations in Cabo Verde include26 certification of the intended end user of any small arms or ammunition transfer, and/or a written declaration of its intended end use

MeasuresGun Regulation

Firearm Law

Guiding gun control legislation in Cabo Verde includes the Law Nº 31/VIII/2013 of May 22, 2013, establishing the legal regime for arms and ammunition and creating the Integrated Information Management System for Arms, Ammunition and Owners (SIGIAMP) and the Ordinance No. 41/2013 of 19 August 2013, establishing the security regulations in the installations of manufacture, repair,trade and custody of arms10 27 28

Firearm Regulation Authority

Guns in Cabo Verde are regulated by the National Director of the National Police29 30

Right to Possess Firearms

In Cabo Verde, the right to private gun ownership is not guaranteed by law31 32

Restricted Firearms and Ammunition

In Cabo Verde, civilians are not allowed to possess military-grade weapons and weapons intended for use in the military and public security forces as well as their ammunition, automatic firearms, rifles of a calibre greater than 6 mm, shortened firearms, precision rifles, handcrafted firearms, shotguns with barrels under 46 cm, armour-piercing, explosive, tracer, and incendiary ammunition29 13

Regulation of Automatic Weapons

In Cabo Verde, private possession of fully automatic weapons is prohibited29 13

Gun Ownership and Possession

In Cabo Verde, only licensed gun owners of certain license classes33 34 35 11 30 36 37 13 may lawfully acquire, possess or transfer a firearm or ammunition

Genuine Reason Required for Firearm Possession

Applicants for a gun owner’s licence in Cabo Verde are required to justify of their motivations for owning a firearm, provide an indication of the times they will used the firearm, and provide an appropriate security plan for storing the firearm securely.29 30 13

Minimum Age for Firearm Possession

The minimum age for gun ownership in Cabo Verde is 1836 to 25 years30

Gun Owner Background Checks

An applicant for a firearm licence in Cabo Verde must pass a background check which considers criminal, mental and physical health, and technical ability30 38 39 records

Firearm Safety Training

In Cabo Verde, an understanding of firearm safety and the law, tested in a theoretical and/or practical training course is required40 39 for a firearm licence

Gun Owner Licensing Period

In Cabo Verde, gun owners must re-apply and re-qualify for their firearm licence every 5 years41

Limit on Number of Guns

Licensed firearm owners in Cabo Verde are permitted to possess one firearm of the class for which they are licensed30 13

Firearm Registration

Civilian Gun Registration

In Cabo Verde, the law requires42 that a record of the acquisition, possession and transfer of each privately held firearm be retained in an official register

Gun Dealer Record Keeping

In Cabo Verde, licensed firearm dealers are required15 43 to keep a record of each firearm or ammunition purchase, sale or transfer on behalf of a regulating authority

Gun Manufacturer Record Keeping

In Cabo Verde, licensed gun makers are required10 to keep a record of each firearm produced, for inspection by a regulating authority

State-Owned Firearm Records

In Cabo Verde, State agencies are required42 44 to maintain records of the storage and movement of all firearms and ammunition under their control

Gun Sales and Transfers

Regulation of Private Gun Sales

In Cabo Verde, the private sale and transfer of firearms is prohibited without a valid firearms licence of the appropriate firearms class29 13 45

Regulation of Dealer Gun Sales

In Cabo Verde, dealing in firearms by way of business without a valid gun dealer’s licence is unlawful29 13 46 47 48

Limit on Gun Dealer Sales

In Cabo Verde, the number and type of firearms which can be sold by a licensed gun dealer to a single gun owner is limited to The National Director of the National Police establishes the amount of weapons and ammunition that can be stored and sold on the premises of commercial establishments43

Regulation of Gun Shows

In Cabo Verde, gun shows and temporary firearm dealing events are regulated49 in law

Storage and Transport of Guns and Ammunition

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Private

Firearm regulations in Cabo Verde include11 37 13 50 51 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of private firearms and ammunition by licensed gun owners

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Dealer

Firearm regulations in Cabo Verde include11 13 50 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition by licensed arms dealers

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Government

Government regulations in Cabo Verde include44 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition by state entities

Firearm and Ammunition Transport Regulations

Regulations in Cabo Verde include11 13 52 20 21 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition while in transit

Carrying Guns

Carrying Guns Openly in Public

In Cabo Verde, carrying a firearm in plain view in a public place is prohibited for all persons in crowded and indoor spaces,53 and is prohibited without prior authorization for security personnel50

Carrying Hidden Handguns in Public

In Cabo Verde, carrying a concealed firearm in a public place is prohibited for all persons in crowded and indoor spaces,53 and is prohibited without prior authorization for security personnel50

Penalty for Illicit Firearm Possession

In Cabo Verde, the maximum penalty for unlawful possession of a firearm54 is up to 10 years55 56

MeasuresInternational Controls

Regional Agreements

African Union

In June 2006, as a member of the African Union, Cabo Verde adopted an African Common Position to take to the Conference to Review the UN Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA), held in June 200657 58

Economic Community of West African States

In June 2006, as a member of the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS), Cabo Verde adopted the ECOWAS Convention on Small Arms and Light Weapons, their Ammunition and other Related Materials. This stipulates strict controls on the transfer, manufacture, possession and security of small arms and light weapons59

Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development

The Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development, a diplomatic initiative aimed at addressing the interrelations between armed violence and development, was not signed60 by Cabo Verde.

Arms Trade Treaty

The Arms Trade Treaty has been signed and ratified61 by Cabo Verde

United Nations Firearms Protocol

The United Nations Protocol against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, Their Parts and Components and Ammunition has been signed and ratified62 by Cabo Verde

United Nations Small Arms Programme of Action UNPoA

UNPoA Commitment

On 21 July 2001, Cabo Verde committed to a consensus decision of the United Nations to adopt, support and implement the UN Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects63

UNPoA National Reporting

Under the terms of its 2001 commitment to the United Nations small arms Programme of Action, Cabo Verde has submitted one or more national reports64 65 on its implementation of the UNPoA

UNPoA National Point of Contact

In Cabo Verde, a National Point of Contact to deal with issues relating to the UNPoA has been designated65

UNPoA National Coordinating Body

In Cabo Verde, a National Coordinating Body to deal with issues relating to the UNPoA has been designated65

UNPoA Civil Society Involvement and Support

In National Reports of Cabo Verde submitted to the UN from 2001 to 2010, a history of substantive cooperation with civil society in support of UNPoA activities was not apparent66 65

UNPoA International Assistance – Donor

Funds for UNPoA implementation have not been donated65 by Cabo Verde to other UN Member States

United Nations Small Arms Register

According to the United Nations Register of Conventional Arms, Cabo Verde has not declared67 its small arms exports in one or more annual National Reports on Arms Exports.

United Nations Membership

In the UN List of Member States, Cabo Verde has been a Member State of the United Nations since 197568

Wassenaar Arrangement

The Wassenaar Arrangement on Export Controls and Conventional Arms and Dual-Use Goods and Technologies does not list69 Cabo Verde as a Participating State

BackgroundSustainable Development Goal Profile

About SDG 16

The Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) are 17 goals set by the United Nations to be implemented by all member states by 2030. Adopted in 2015, they outline a vision of development in which peace and security are an integral part. SDG 16,70 which seeks to “promote peaceful and inclusive societies for sustainable development,” includes targets and indicators focused on reducing violence (Target 16.1) and the proliferation of illicit arms (Target 16.4). The indicators – or measurement criteria – of these targets include the number of victims of intentional homicide (Indicator 16.1.1), the number of conflict-related deaths (Indicator 16.1.2), and the number of illicit firearms collected and traced (Indicator 16.4.2). In light of these targets and indicators, GunPolicy.org provides granular national data pertaining to homicides, gun homicides, conflict deaths, disarmament efforts, and marking and tracing.

Homicides (any method)

ChartIn Cabo Verde, annual homicides by any means total

2020: 366
2019: 34
2018: 11
2017: 12
2016: 31
2015: 15
2014: 26
2013: 22
2012: 56
2011: 53
2010: 39
2009: 38
2008: 34
2007: 29

Rate of Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Cabo Verde, the annual rate of homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2020: 6.476
2019: 6.18
2018: 6.80
2017: 7.07
2016: 11.67
2015: 8.77
2014: 12.54
2013: 10.55
2012: 11.08
2011: 10.62
2010: 7.92
2009: 7.58
2008: 6.89
2007: 5.97
2004: 10.707
2002: 2.20

Male Homicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Cabo Verde, annual male homicides by any means total

2020: 276
2019: 28
2018: 52
2017: 64
2015: 39
2014: 50
2013: 47
2012: 46
2011: 46
2010: 29

Rate of Male Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Cabo Verde, the annual rate of male homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2020: 9.676
2019: 10.14
2018: 9.53
2017: 11.87
2015: 14.82
2014: 19.24
2013: 18.32
2012: 18.09
2011: 18.31

Female Homicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Cabo Verde, annual female homicides by any means total

2020: 96
2019: 6
2018: 20
2017: 12
2015: 78
2014: 15
2013: 7
2012: 105
2011: 7
2010: 10

Rate of Female Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Cabo Verde, the annual rate of female homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2020: 3.256
2019: 2.19
2018: 3.69
2017: 2.24
2015: 2.68
2014: 5.80
2013: 2.74
2012: 4.04
2011: 2.92

Gun Homicides

ChartIn Cabo Verde, annual firearm homicides total

2018: 116
2017: 12
2016: 31
2015: 15
2014: 26
2013: 22
2012: 275
2011: 30

Rate of Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Cabo Verde, the annual rate of firearm homicide per 100,000 population is

2018: 2.026
2017: 2.23
2016: 5.84
2015: 2.86
2014: 5.02
2013: 4.30
2012: 5.30
2011: 5.90

Male Gun Homicide Victims

ChartIn Cabo Verde, annual male firearm homicides total

2015: 166
2014: 23
2013: 21
2012: 275
2011: 28

Rate of Male Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Cabo Verde, the annual rate of male firearm homicide per 100,000 population is

2015: 66
2014: 8.80
2013: 8.10
2012: 10.655
2011: 11.10

Female Gun Homicide Victims

ChartIn Cabo Verde, annual female firearm homicides total

2015: 16
2014: 3
2013: 1
2012: 05
2011: 2

Rate of Female Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Cabo Verde, the annual rate of female firearm homicide per 100,000 population is

2015: 0.406
2014: 1.10
2013: 0.40
2012: 0
2011: 0.755

Conflict Deaths

For a profile of conflict in Cabo Verde, select the Link icon to open an external web page from the UCDP Conflict Encyclopedia at Uppsala University

Disarmament

Firearms Surrendered and Seized

ChartIn Cabo Verde, the number of firearms voluntarily surrendered, bought back or seized by authorities is reported to be

2017: 14471
2016: 243

Destruction and Disposal Policy

In Cabo Verde, it is state policy44 to destroy surplus, collected and seized firearms rather than return them to the secondary arms market

Marking and Tracing

Firearm Marking

In Cabo Verde, a unique identifying mark on each firearm is required by law18 10 48

Firearm Tracing

In Cabo Verde, state authorities carry out72 recognised arms tracing and tracking procedures

Global Peace Index

To see where Cabo Verde ranks, select the Link icon to open an external web page at the Global Peace Index, and then click on Cabo Verde on the map or in the "Select Country" menu on the right of the web page


Short References

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Karp, Aaron.2018.‘Military Firearms Holdings, 2017.’ Estimating Global Military-Owned Firearms Numbers.Geneva:Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva,18 June. (Q13436)Full Citation

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Karp, Aaron.2018.‘Law Enforcement Firearms Holdings, 2017.’ Estimating Global Law Enforcement Firearms Numbers.Geneva:Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva,18 June. (Q13435)Full Citation

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Petrini, Benjamin.2011.‘Sub-Saharan Africa, 1995-2008, Total Recorded Intentional Homicide, Completed, Rate per 100,000 Population.’ World Bank Homicide Rate Dataset 1995-2008.Washington, DC:Social Development Department, World Bank,10 February. (Q3812)Full Citation

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Cabo Verde.2013.‘Article 7: Regulated Weapons.’ Cabo Verde Law 31/VIII/2013.Praia:Cabo Verde,22 May. (Q15809)Full Citation

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Cabo Verde.2013.‘Article 41: Licence Assignment.’ Cabo Verde Law 31/VIII/2013.Praia:Cabo Verde,22 May. (Q15824)Full Citation

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Florquin, Nicolas, Sigrid Lipott and Francis Wairagu.2019.‘Excerpts on Illicit/Craft Production - Cabo Verde.’ Weapons Compass: Mapping Illicit Small Arms Flows in Africa.Geneva:Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva,1 January. (Q13970)Full Citation

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Cabo Verde.2013.‘Article 58: Firearm Imports.’ Cabo Verde Law 31/VIII/2013.Praia:Cabo Verde,22 May. (Q15831)Full Citation

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Cabo Verde.2013.‘Article 59: Temporary Firearm Imports.’ Cabo Verde Law 31/VIII/2013.Praia:Cabo Verde,22 May. (Q15832)Full Citation

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