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Cabo Verde — Gun Facts, Figures and the Law

StockpilesGun Numbers

Civilian Guns

Number of Privately Owned Firearms

The estimated total number of guns (both licit and illicit) held by civilians in Cabo Verde is

2007: 9,5001

Rate of Civilian Firearm Possession per 100 Population

The estimated rate of private gun ownership (both licit and illicit) per 100 people in Cabo Verde is

2007: 5.41

Number of Privately Owned Firearms - World Ranking

In a 2007 comparison of the number of privately owned guns in 178 countries, Cabo Verde ranked at No. 1722

Rate of Privately Owned Firearms per 100 Population - World Ranking

In a 2007 comparison of the rate of private gun ownership in 178 countries, Cabo Verde ranked at No. 961

Government Guns

Number of Military Firearms

The defence forces of Cabo Verde are reported to have 2,2803 firearms

Number of Law Enforcement Firearms

Police in Cabo Verde are reported to have 4004 firearms

ImpactsDeath and Injury

Total Number of Gun Deaths

ChartIn Cabo Verde, annual deaths resulting from firearms total

2012: 305
2011: 33

Rate of All Gun Deaths per 100,000 People

ChartIn Cabo Verde, the annual rate of all gun deaths per 100,000 population is

2012: 5.735
2011: 6.39

Total Number of Male Gun Deaths

ChartIn Cabo Verde, annual male deaths resulting from firearms total

2012: 305
2011: 31

Rate of Male Gun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn Cabo Verde, the annual rate of male gun death per 100,000 population is

2012: 11.835
2011: 12.41

Total Number of Female Gun Deaths

ChartIn Cabo Verde, annual female deaths resulting from firearms total

2012: 05
2011: 2

Rate of Female Gun Death per 100,000 People

In Cabo Verde, the annual rate of female gun death per 100,000 population is

2011: 0.755

Homicides (any method)

ChartIn Cabo Verde, annual homicides by any means total

2016: 626
2015: 466
2014: 65
2013: 54
2012: 555
2011: 51
2010: 39
2009: 38
2008: 34
2007: 29

Rate of Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Cabo Verde, the annual rate of homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2016: 11.206
2015: 8.43
2014: 12.07
2013: 10.17
2012: 10.505
2011: 9.88
2010: 7.67
2009: 7.58
2008: 6.89
2007: 5.97
2004: 10.707
2002: 2.20

Male Homicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Cabo Verde, annual male homicides by any means total

2015: 398
2014: 50
2013: 47
2012: 455
2011: 44
2010: 29

Rate of Male Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Cabo Verde, the annual rate of male homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2015: 14.708
2014: 19.08
2013: 18.15
2012: 17.745
2011: 17.61

Female Homicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Cabo Verde, annual female homicides by any means total

2015: 78
2014: 15
2013: 7
2012: 105
2011: 7
2010: 10

Rate of Female Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Cabo Verde, the annual rate of female homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2015: 2.628
2014: 5.67
2013: 2.68
2012: 3.705
2011: 2.63

Gun Homicides

ChartIn Cabo Verde, annual firearm homicides total

2012: 275
2011: 29

Rate of Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Cabo Verde, the annual rate of firearm homicide per 100,000 population is

2012: 5.165
2011: 5.62

Male Gun Homicide Victims

ChartIn Cabo Verde, annual male firearm homicides total

2012: 275
2011: 27

Rate of Male Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Cabo Verde, the annual rate of male firearm homicide per 100,000 population is

2012: 10.655
2011: 10.80

Female Gun Homicide Victims

ChartIn Cabo Verde, annual female firearm homicides total

2012: 05
2011: 2

Rate of Female Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

In Cabo Verde, the annual rate of female firearm homicide per 100,000 population is

2011: 0.755

Suicides (any method)

ChartIn Cabo Verde, annual suicides by any means total

2012: 455
2011: 42

Rate of Suicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Cabo Verde, the annual rate of suicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2012: 8.595
2011: 8.14

Male Suicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Cabo Verde, annual male suicides by any means total

2012: 375
2011: 37

Rate of Male Suicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Cabo Verde, the annual rate of male suicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2012: 14.595
2011: 14.81

Female Suicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Cabo Verde, annual female suicides by any means total

2012: 85
2011: 5

Rate of Female Suicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Cabo Verde, the annual rate of female suicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2012: 2.965
2011: 1.88

Gun Suicides

ChartIn Cabo Verde, annual firearm suicides total

2012: 25
2011: 4

Rate of Gun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Cabo Verde, the annual rate of firearm suicide per 100,000 population is

2012: 0.385
2011: 0.78

Male Gun Suicide Victims

ChartIn Cabo Verde, annual male firearm suicides total

2012: 25
2011: 4

Rate of Male Gun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Cabo Verde, the annual rate of male firearm suicide per 100,000 population is

2012: 0.795
2011: 1.60

Female Gun Suicide Victims

ChartIn Cabo Verde, annual female firearm suicides total

2012: 05
2011: 0

Unintentional Gun Deaths

ChartIn Cabo Verde, annual unintentional shooting deaths total

2012: 15
2011: 0

Rate of Unintentional Gun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn Cabo Verde, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death per 100,000 population is

2012: 0.195
2011: 0

Unintentional Male Gun Deaths

ChartIn Cabo Verde, annual unintentional male shooting deaths total

2012: 15
2011: 0

Rate of Unintentional Male Gun Death per 100,000 People

In Cabo Verde, the annual rate of unintentional male shooting death per 100,000 population is

2012: 0.395

Unintentional Female Gun Deaths

ChartIn Cabo Verde, annual unintentional female shooting deaths total

2012: 05
2011: 0

Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Cabo Verde, annual shooting deaths in which the cause remains undecided total

2012: 05
2011: 0

Male Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Cabo Verde, annual male shooting deaths in which the cause remains undecided total

2012: 05
2011: 0

Female Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Cabo Verde, annual female shooting deaths in which the cause remains undecided total

2012: 05
2011: 0

ProductionGun Industry

Regulation of Firearm Makers

In Cabo Verde, the manufacture of small arms, ammunition and/or their components is permitted only if the maker holds a valid licence9

Home-made Guns

In Cabo Verde, the prevalence of illicit craft, or 'home-made' firearm manufacture is reported to be moderate10

TransfersGun Trade and Trafficking

Firearm Exports

In Cabo Verde, firearm and ammunition exports are limited by transfer control law11

Small Arms Exports (US$) - Customs

The annual value of small arms and ammunition exports from Cabo Verde is reported by Customs to be US$2,42312 (2007)

Firearm Imports

In Cabo Verde, firearm and ammunition imports are limited by transfer control law11

Small Arms Imports (US$) - Customs

The annual value of small arms and ammunition imports to Cabo Verde is reported by Customs to be US$4,52812 (2011)

Regulation of Arms Brokers

In Cabo Verde, the activities of arms brokers and transfer intermediaries are specifically regulated by law13

End User Certificates

Customs regulations in Cabo Verde include14 certification of the intended end user of any small arms or ammunition transfer, and/or a written declaration of its intended end use

MeasuresGun Regulation

Firearm Law

Guiding gun control legislation in Cabo Verde includes the Law Nº 31/VIII/2013 of May 22, 2013, establishing the legal regime for arms and ammunition and creating the Integrated Information Management System for Arms, Ammunition and Owners (SIGIAMP) and the Ordinance No. 41/2013 of 19 August 2013, establishing the security regulations in the installations of manufacture, repair,trade and custody of arms9

Right to Possess Firearms

In Cabo Verde, the right to private gun ownership is not guaranteed by law15 16

Firearm Registration

Civilian Gun Registration

In Cabo Verde, the law requires17 that a record of the acquisition, possession and transfer of each privately held firearm be retained in an official register

Gun Manufacturer Record Keeping

In Cabo Verde, licensed gun makers are required9 to keep a record of each firearm produced, for inspection by a regulating authority

State-Owned Firearm Records

In Cabo Verde, State agencies are required17 18 to maintain records of the storage and movement of all firearms and ammunition under their control

Storage and Transport of Guns and Ammunition

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Government

Government regulations in Cabo Verde include18 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition by state entities

Marking and Tracing Guns and Ammunition

Firearm Marking

In Cabo Verde, a unique identifying mark on each firearm is required by law11 9

Firearm Tracing

In Cabo Verde, state authorities carry out19 recognised arms tracing and tracking procedures

Collection, Amnesty and Destruction Programmes

Firearms Surrendered and Seized

ChartIn Cabo Verde, the number of firearms voluntarily surrendered, bought back or seized by authorities is reported to be

2017: 14420
2016: 243

Destruction and Disposal Policy

In Cabo Verde, it is state policy18 to destroy surplus, collected and seized firearms rather than return them to the secondary arms market

MeasuresInternational Controls

Regional Agreements

African Union

In June 2006, as a member of the African Union, Cabo Verde adopted an African Common Position to take to the Conference to Review the UN Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA), held in June 200621 22

Economic Community of West African States

In June 2006, as a member of the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS), Cabo Verde adopted the ECOWAS Convention on Small Arms and Light Weapons, their Ammunition and other Related Materials. This stipulates strict controls on the transfer, manufacture, possession and security of small arms and light weapons23

Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development

The Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development, a diplomatic initiative aimed at addressing the interrelations between armed violence and development, was not signed24 by Cabo Verde.

Arms Trade Treaty

The Arms Trade Treaty has been signed and ratified25 by Cabo Verde

United Nations Firearms Protocol

The United Nations Protocol against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, Their Parts and Components and Ammunition has been signed and ratified26 by Cabo Verde

United Nations Small Arms Programme of Action UNPoA

UNPoA Commitment

On 21 July 2001, Cabo Verde committed to a consensus decision of the United Nations to adopt, support and implement the UN Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects27

UNPoA National Reporting

Under the terms of its 2001 commitment to the United Nations small arms Programme of Action, Cabo Verde has yet to submit a national report28 29 on its implementation of the UNPoA

UNPoA National Point of Contact

In Cabo Verde, a National Point of Contact to deal with issues relating to the UNPoA has been designated30 29

UNPoA National Coordinating Body

In Cabo Verde, a National Coordinating Body to deal with issues relating to the UNPoA has not been designated30 29

UNPoA Civil Society Involvement and Support

In National Reports of Cabo Verde submitted to the UN from 2001 to 2010, a history of substantive cooperation with civil society in support of UNPoA activities was not apparent30 29

UNPoA International Assistance – Donor

Funds for UNPoA implementation have not been donated29 by Cabo Verde to other UN Member States

United Nations Small Arms Register

According to the United Nations Register of Conventional Arms, Cabo Verde has not declared31 its small arms exports in one or more annual National Reports on Arms Exports.

United Nations Membership

In the UN List of Member States, Cabo Verde has been a Member State of the United Nations since 197532

Wassenaar Arrangement

The Wassenaar Arrangement on Export Controls and Conventional Arms and Dual-Use Goods and Technologies does not list33 Cabo Verde as a Participating State

BackgroundCountry Profile

Conflict Profile

For a profile of conflict in Cabo Verde, select the Link icon to open an external web page from the UCDP Conflict Encyclopedia at Uppsala University


Short References

1.

Karp, Aaron.2007.‘Completing the Count: Civilian firearms - Annexe online.’ Small Arms Survey 2007: Guns and the City.Cambridge:Cambridge University Press,27 August. (Q5)Full Citation

2.

Karp, Aaron.2007.‘Completing the Count: Civilian firearms.’ Small Arms Survey 2007: Guns and the City.Cambridge:Cambridge University Press,27 August. (Q4)Full Citation

3.

Karp, Aaron.2018.‘Military Firearms Holdings, 2017.’ Estimating Global Military-Owned Firearms Numbers.Geneva:Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva,18 June. (Q13436)Full Citation

4.

Karp, Aaron.2018.‘Law Enforcement Firearms Holdings, 2017.’ Estimating Global Law Enforcement Firearms Numbers.Geneva:Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva,18 June. (Q13435)Full Citation

5.

WHO.2016.‘Inter-country Comparison of Mortality for Selected Causes of Death.’ WHO Mortality Data Base.Geneva:World Health Organisation,1 December. (Q13354)Full Citation

6.

UNODC.2017.‘Intentional Homicide Victims.’ Crime and Drugs Data.Vienna:United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime,19 May. (Q13355)Full Citation

7.

Petrini, Benjamin.2011.‘Sub-Saharan Africa, 1995-2008, Total Recorded Intentional Homicide, Completed, Rate per 100,000 Population.’ World Bank Homicide Rate Dataset 1995-2008.Washington, DC:Social Development Department, World Bank,10 February. (Q3812)Full Citation

8.

UNODC.2017.‘Intentional Homicide Victims by Sex.’ Crime and Drugs Data.Vienna:UNODC,19 May. (Q13356)Full Citation

9.

Cabo Verde.2018.‘Manufacture (Fabrication).’ National Report of Cabo Verde on its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA).New York NY:Permanent Mission of Cabo Verde to the United Nations,1 January. (Q13579)Full Citation

10.

Cabo Verde.2018.‘Manufacture (Fabrication).’ National Report of Cabo Verde on its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA).New York NY:Permanent Mission of Cabo Verde to the United Nations,1 January. (Q13580)Full Citation

11.

Cabo Verde.2018.‘International Transfers (Transferts internationaux).’ National Report of Cabo Verde on its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA).New York NY:Permanent Mission of Cabo Verde to the United Nations,1 January. (Q13581)Full Citation

12.

Marsh, Nicholas.2014.‘Database of Authorised Transfers of Small Arms and Light Weapons.’ NISAT Small Arms Trade Database.Oslo:Norwegian Initiative on Small Arms Transfers,22 December. (Q16)Full Citation

13.

Cabo Verde.2018.‘Brokering (Courtage).’ National Report of Cabo Verde on its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA).New York NY:Permanent Mission of Cabo Verde to the United Nations,1 January. (Q13582)Full Citation

14.

Cabo Verde.2018.‘End-user Certificate (Certificat d'utilisation finale).’ National Report of Cabo Verde on its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA).New York NY:Permanent Mission of Cabo Verde to the United Nations,1 January. (Q13587)Full Citation

15.

Sherman, Amy and Tom Ginsburg.2014.‘Gun Rights in National Constitutions.’ Marco Rubio Says Second Amendment Is Unique in Speech to NRA.Miami, FL:Miami Herald (PolitiFact Florida),29 April. (Q8507)Full Citation

16.

Zachary Elkins, Tom Ginsburg and James Melton. 2013. ‘U.S. Gun Rights Truly Are American Exceptionalism.’ Bloomberg (USA). 7 March. (N422) Full Citation

17.

Cabo Verde.2018.‘Record keeping (Conservation des informations).’ National Report of Cabo Verde on its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA).New York NY:Permanent Mission of Cabo Verde to the United Nations,1 January. (Q13585)Full Citation

18.

Cabo Verde.2018.‘Stockpile Management (Gestion des stocks).’ National Report of Cabo Verde on its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA).New York NY:Permanent Mission of Cabo Verde to the United Nations,1 January. (Q13583)Full Citation

19.

Cabo Verde.2018.‘International Tracing (Traçage international).’ National Report of Cabo Verde on its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA).New York NY:Permanent Mission of Cabo Verde to the United Nations,1 January. (Q13586)Full Citation

20.

Cabo Verde.2018.‘Collection (Collecte).’ National Report of Cabo Verde on its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA).New York NY:Permanent Mission of Cabo Verde to the United Nations,1 January. (Q13584)Full Citation

21.

African Union / UNODA.2005.‘Windhoek Common Position.’ United Nations Programme of Action Implementation Support System: Regional Organisations.New York, NY:African Union / United Nations Office for Disarmament Affairs,14 December. (Q3216)Full Citation

22.

African Union.2015.‘Member States.’ African Union: A United and Strong Africa.Addis Ababa:African Union,10 August. (Q10548)Full Citation

23.

ECOWAS / UNODA.2006.‘Convention on Small Arms and Light Weapons, their Ammunition and other Related Materials.’ United Nations Programme of Action Implementation Support System: Regional Organisations.New York, NY:Economic Community of West African States Secretariat / United Nations Office for Disarmament Affairs,14 June. (Q3219)Full Citation

24.

GDAV.2006.‘Geneva Declaration.’ Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development.Geneva:Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development Secretariat,7 June. (Q7162)Full Citation

25.

UNODA.2013.‘Towards Entry Into Force.’ Arms Trade Treaty.New York, NY:United Nations Office for Disarmament Affairs,2 April. (Q7226)Full Citation

26.

UNGA.2001.‘United Nations Protocol against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, Their Parts and Components and Ammunition.’ UN General Assembly Resolution 55/255.New York, NY:UN General Assembly,31 May. (Q17)Full Citation

27.

UNGA.2001.‘Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects.’ United Nations General Assembly.New York, NY:UN General Assembly,20 July. (Q18)Full Citation

28.

Cattaneo, Silvia and Sarah Parker.2008.‘Reporting, NPCs and NCAs, 2002 to 2008.’ Implementing the United Nations Programme of Action on Small Arms and Light Weapons: Analysis of the National Reports submitted by States from 2002 to 2008.Geneva:United Nations Development Programme,1 November. (Q20)Full Citation

29.

UNODA.2018.‘PoA-ISS Country Profiles.’ UN small arms Programme of Action (UNPoA) - Implementation Support System.New York, NY:United Nations Office of Disarmament Affairs,23 July. (Q1309)Full Citation

30.

IANSA.2006.‘Reviewing Action on Small Arms 2006: Assessing the first five years of the UN Programme of Action.’ Biting the Bullet 'Red Book' 2006.New York, NY:International Action Network on Small Arms and the Biting the Bullet project,26 June. (Q166)Full Citation

31.

UNODA.2011.‘National Reports on Small Arms Exports.’ United Nations Register of Conventional Arms - The Global Reported Arms Trade.New York, NY:United Nations Office for Disarmament Affairs,21 October. (Q14)Full Citation

32.

UN.2013.‘Member States of the United Nations.’ UN.org Web Site.New York, NY:United Nations General Assembly,7 April. (Q290)Full Citation

33.

Wassenaar Arrangement.1996.‘Introduction: Participating States.’ Wassenaar Arrangement on Export Controls and Conventional Arms and Dual-Use Goods and Technologies.Vienna:Wassenaar Secretariat,12 July. (Q19)Full Citation