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Burkina Faso — Gun Facts, Figures and the Law

StockpilesGun Numbers

Civilian Guns

Number of Privately Owned Firearms

ChartThe estimated total number of guns (both licit and illicit) held by civilians in Burkina Faso is

2018: 250,0001
2017: 175,0002
2005: 148,0003 4

Rate of Civilian Firearm Possession per 100 Population

ChartThe estimated rate of private gun ownership (both licit and illicit) per 100 people in Burkina Faso is

2018: 1.275
2017: 0.91
2005: 1.03

Number of Privately Owned Firearms - World Ranking

In a comparison of the number of privately owned guns in 206 countries, Burkina Faso ranked at No. 1236

Rate of Privately Owned Firearms per 100 Population - World Ranking

In a comparison of the rate of privately owned guns in 206 countries, Burkina Faso ranked at No.1736

Number of Licensed Firearm Owners

The number of licensed gun owners in Burkina Faso is reported to be 5,5597

Rate of Licensed Firearm Owners per 100 Population

The rate of licensed firearm owners per 100 people in Burkina Faso is 0.015

Estimated Number of Unregistered and Illicit Firearms

ChartUnregistered and unlawfully held guns cannot be counted,8 but in Burkina Faso there are estimated to be

2018: 250,0001
2017: 29,1679 2

Estimated Rate of Unregistered and Illicit Firearms per 100 Population

Unregistered and unlawfully held guns cannot be counted,8 but in Burkina Faso the rate of such firearms per 100 people is estimated to be

2018: 1.271

Government Guns

Number of Military Firearms

The defence forces of Burkina Faso are reported to have 43,78010 firearms

Number of Law Enforcement Firearms

Police in Burkina Faso are reported to have 43,00011 firearms

ImpactsDeath and Injury

Total Number of Gun Deaths

In Burkina Faso, annual deaths resulting from firearms total

1995: 50012

Rate of All Gun Deaths per 100,000 People

In Burkina Faso, the annual rate of all gun deaths per 100,000 population is

1995: 5.055

Homicides (any method)

ChartIn Burkina Faso, annual homicides by any means total

2019: 3,88613
2018: 3,800
2017: 3,671
2016: 3,636
2015: 3,569
2014: 3,486
2013: 3,367
2012: 3,278
2011: 3,199
2010: 3,118
2009: 3,076
2008: 2,958
2007: 2,880
2006: 2,804
2005: 2,734
2004: 2,668
2003: 2,638
2002: 2,590
2001: 2,490
2000: 2,436

Rate of Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Burkina Faso, the annual rate of homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2019: 19.1513
2018: 19.25
2017: 19.12
2016: 19.48
2015: 19.68
2014: 19.79
2013: 19.68
2012: 19.75
2011: 19.87
2010: 19.94
2009: 20.26
2008: 20.05
2007: 20.08
2006: 20.10
2005: 20.15
2004: 20.20
2003: 20.52
2002: 20.88
2001: 21.01
2000: 21.31

Male Homicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Burkina Faso, annual male homicides by any means total

2016: 1,29213
2015: 1,275
2010: 1,150
2000: 860

Rate of Male Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Burkina Faso, the annual rate of male homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2016: 14.2213
2015: 14.45
2010: 15.16
2000: 15.69

Female Homicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Burkina Faso, annual female homicides by any means total

2016: 52713
2015: 509
2010: 409
2000: 324

Rate of Female Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Burkina Faso, the annual rate of female homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2016: 5.5013
2015: 5.47
2010: 5.08
2000: 5.45

Gun Homicides

In Burkina Faso, annual firearm homicides total

1995: 412

Rate of Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

In Burkina Faso, the annual rate of firearm homicide per 100,000 population is

1995: 0.0312

Suicides (any method)

ChartIn Burkina Faso, annual suicides by any means total

2016: 1,44213
2015: 1,402
2010: 1,172
2000: 948
1995: 10012

Rate of Suicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Burkina Faso, the annual rate of suicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2016: 7.7313
2015: 7.73
2010: 7.50
2000: 8.29

Male Suicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Burkina Faso, annual male suicides by any means total

2016: 94413
2015: 923
2010: 796
2000: 665

Rate of Male Suicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Burkina Faso, the annual rate of male suicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2016: 10.3913
2015: 10.46
2010: 10.49
2000: 12.13

Female Suicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Burkina Faso, annual female suicides by any means total

2016: 49813
2015: 479
2010: 376
2000: 283

Rate of Female Suicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Burkina Faso, the annual rate of female suicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2016: 5.2013
2015: 5.14
2010: 4.67
2000: 4.76

Gun Suicides

In Burkina Faso, annual firearm suicides total

1995: 1512

Rate of Gun Suicide per 100,000 People

In Burkina Faso, the annual rate of firearm suicide per 100,000 population is

1995: 0.1212

Unintentional Gun Deaths

In Burkina Faso, annual unintentional shooting deaths total

1995: 512

Rate of Unintentional Gun Death per 100,000 People

In Burkina Faso, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death per 100,000 population is

1995: 0.0412

Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

In Burkina Faso, annual shooting deaths in which the cause remains undecided total

1995: 47612

Rate of Gun Death from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

In Burkina Faso, the annual rate of unknown-cause shooting deaths per 100,000 population is

1995: 3.6612

ProductionGun Industry

Regulation of Firearm Makers

In Burkina Faso, the manufacture of small arms, ammunition and/or their components is permitted only if the maker holds a valid licence14 15 16

Home-made Guns

In Burkina Faso, the prevalence of illicit craft, or 'home-made' firearm manufacture is reported to be high4 17 18 19

TransfersGun Trade and Trafficking

Firearm Exports

In Burkina Faso, firearm and ammunition exports are limited by transfer control law20 21 22 23 24 25

Small Arms Exports (US$) - Customs

ChartThe annual value of small arms and ammunition exports from Burkina Faso is reported by Customs to be US$

2021: 1,00026
2020: 10,000
2019: 108,000
2018: 274,000
2015: 9,000
2014: 2,000
2011: 47,000
2010: 10,000
2007: 1,000
2005: 1,000

Firearm Imports

In Burkina Faso, firearm and ammunition imports are limited by transfer control law20 21 22 23 27 2824

Firearm Imports (Number)

ChartThe annual number of firearms imported to Burkina Faso is reported to be

2017: 9,07829
2016: 5,24329

Small Arms Imports (US$) - Customs

ChartThe annual value of small arms and ammunition imports to Burkina Faso is reported by Customs to be US$

2021: 3,138,00030
2020: 1,300,000
2019: 3,356,000
2018: 5,828,000
2017: 1,689,000
2016: 3,390,000
2015: 2,516,000
2014: 2,561,000
2013: 1,475,000
2012: 1,727,000
2011: 955,000
2010: 2,268,000
2009: 676,000
2008: 909,000
2007: 243,000
2005: 158,000
2004: 357,000
2003: 132,000
2002: 253,000

Smuggling Guns and Ammunition

Reports suggest that the level of firearm and ammunition smuggling in Burkina Faso is moderate31 32 33 34 35

Regulation of Arms Brokers

In Burkina Faso, the activities of arms brokers and transfer intermediaries are specifically regulated by law 36 37

End User Certificates

Customs regulations in Burkina Faso include38 certification of the intended end user of any small arms or ammunition transfer, and/or a written declaration of its intended end use

MeasuresGun Regulation

Firearm Regulation - Guiding Policy

The regulation of guns in Burkina Faso is categorised as restrictive39

Firearm Law

ChartGuiding gun control legislation in Burkina Faso includes the

Order No. 81-1 of 1981 on Firearm Imports and Manufacturing and the Criminal Code 23:
Order No. 2002-023/SECU/MATD/DEF of May 27 2002 determining the forms and conditions of issuance of the firearms purchase authorization the possession permit the firearms carrying permit and the manufacturer's or trader's license for firearms and civilian ammunition 16:
Law No. 014-2019/An on the Implementation of the Arms Trade Treaty in Burkina Faso 40:
Decree No.2009/301 of 8 May 2009 Governing the System for Arms and Munitions in Burkina Faso 41:
Decree No. 2007/049 on the High Authority for the Control of Arms Imports and their Use 27 Decree No. 2015/809 of 7 July 2015 modifying the Decree No. 2002/556 of 27 November 2002 on the delegation of signature of the President of Burkina Faso 21:
Decree No. 2006/174 on the National Commission for the Fight Against the Proliferation of Small Arms (CNLPAL):
:

Firearm Regulation Authority

Guns in Burkina Faso are regulated by the Ministry of National Defence and Ministry of Security21 42 27 43

Right to Possess Firearms

In Burkina Faso, the right to private gun ownership is not guaranteed by law44 45 46

Restricted Firearms and Ammunition

In Burkina Faso, civilians are not allowed to possess handguns with a calibre over 7.65mm47

Law Regulates Automatic Weapons

In Burkina Faso, civilian possession of automatic weapons is regulated by law48

Regulation of Handguns

In Burkina Faso, private possession of handguns (pistols and revolvers) is permitted under licence, for handguns up to 7.65mm47 48

Law Regulates Long Guns

In Burkina Faso, civilian possession of rifles and shotguns is regulated by law48

Gun Ownership and Possession

In Burkina Faso, only licensed gun owners4 48 may lawfully acquire, possess or transfer a firearm or ammunition

Genuine Reason Required for Firearm Possession

Applicants for a gun owner’s licence in Burkina Faso are required to establish a genuine reason to possess a firearm, for example personal protection4

Minimum Age for Firearm Possession

The minimum age for gun ownership in Burkina Faso is 18 years4 49

Gun Owner Background Checks

An applicant for a firearm licence in Burkina Faso must pass a background check which considers criminal, mental health and domestic violence47 48 50 records

Domestic Violence and Firearms

Where a past history, or apprehended likelihood of family violence exists, the law in Burkina Faso stipulates51 that a gun licence should be denied or revoked

Licensing Records

In Burkina Faso, authorities maintain a record47 of individual civilians licensed to acquire, possess, sell or transfer a firearm or ammunition

Firearm Registration

Civilian Gun Registration

In Burkina Faso, the law requires52 that a record of the acquisition, possession and transfer of each privately held firearm be retained in an official register

Gun Dealer Record Keeping

In Burkina Faso, licensed firearm dealers are required53 to keep a record of each firearm or ammunition purchase, sale or transfer on behalf of a regulating authority

Gun Manufacturer Record Keeping

In Burkina Faso, licensed gun makers are required15 53 54 55 to keep a record of each firearm produced, for inspection by a regulating authority

State-Owned Firearm Records

In Burkina Faso, State agencies are required56 57 58 to maintain records of the storage and movement of all firearms and ammunition under their control

Gun Sales and Transfers

Regulation of Dealer Gun Sales

In Burkina Faso, dealing in firearms by way of business without a valid gun dealer’s licence is unlawful 24

Number of Licensed Gun Dealers

The number of licensed firearm dealers in Burkina Faso is reported to be 116 59

Storage and Transport of Guns and Ammunition

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Private

Firearm regulations in Burkina Faso do not include47 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of private firearms and ammunition by licensed gun owners

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Government

Government regulations in Burkina Faso include60 57 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition by state entities

Firearm and Ammunition Transport Regulations

Regulations in Burkina Faso include47 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition while in transit

Carrying Guns

Law Regulates Firearms in Public

In Burkina Faso, carrying a gun in a public place is regulated by law4 48 61

Carrying Guns Openly in Public

In Burkina Faso, carrying a firearm in plain view in a public place is prohibited4

Carrying Hidden Handguns in Public

In Burkina Faso, carrying a concealed firearm in a public place is allowed, subject to a valid permit4

Penalty for Illicit Firearm Possession

In Burkina Faso, the maximum penalty for unlawful possession of a firearm62 is six months in prison and/or a fine4

MeasuresInternational Controls

Regional Agreements

African Union

In June 2006, as a member of the African Union, Burkina Faso adopted an African Common Position to take to the Conference to Review the UN Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA), held in June 200663 64

Economic Community of West African States

In June 2006, as a member of the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS), Burkina Faso adopted the ECOWAS Convention on Small Arms and Light Weapons, their Ammunition and other Related Materials. This stipulates strict controls on the transfer, manufacture, possession and security of small arms and light weapons65

Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development

The Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development, a diplomatic initiative aimed at addressing the interrelations between armed violence and development, was signed in 200766 by Burkina Faso.

Arms Trade Treaty

The Arms Trade Treaty has been signed and ratified67 by Burkina Faso

United Nations Firearms Protocol

The United Nations Protocol against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, Their Parts and Components and Ammunition has been signed and ratified68 by Burkina Faso

United Nations Small Arms Programme of Action UNPoA

UNPoA Commitment

On 21 July 2001, Burkina Faso committed to a consensus decision of the United Nations to adopt, support and implement the UN Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects69

UNPoA Implementation Monitor Score

In its UN small arms Programme of Action Implementation Monitor (PoAIM Phase 1), the Small Arms Survey scored Burkina Faso against its commitments to the PoA, then ranked it at No. 3170 71 72 73 among 159 Member States

UNPoA National Reporting

Under the terms of its 2001 commitment to the United Nations small arms Programme of Action, Burkina Faso has submitted one or more national reports74 75 on its implementation of the UNPoA

UNPoA National Point of Contact

In Burkina Faso, a National Point of Contact to deal with issues relating to the UNPoA has been designated75

UNPoA National Coordinating Body

In Burkina Faso, a National Coordinating Body to deal with issues relating to the UNPoA has been designated76 75

UNPoA Civil Society Involvement and Support

In National Reports of Burkina Faso submitted to the UN from 2001 to 2010, a history of substantive cooperation with civil society in support of UNPoA activities was apparent76 75

UNPoA International Assistance – Donor

Funds for UNPoA implementation have not been donated75 by Burkina Faso to other UN Member States

United Nations Small Arms Register

According to the United Nations Register of Conventional Arms, Burkina Faso has not declared77 its small arms exports in one or more annual National Reports on Arms Exports.

United Nations Membership

In the UN List of Member States, Burkina Faso has been a Member State of the United Nations since 196078

Wassenaar Arrangement

The Wassenaar Arrangement on Export Controls and Conventional Arms and Dual-Use Goods and Technologies does not list79 Burkina Faso as a Participating State

BackgroundSustainable Development Goal Profile

About SDG 16

The Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) are 17 goals set by the United Nations to be implemented by all member states by 2030. Adopted in 2015, they outline a vision of development in which peace and security are an integral part. SDG 16,80 which seeks to “promote peaceful and inclusive societies for sustainable development,” includes targets and indicators focused on reducing violence (Target 16.1) and the proliferation of illicit arms (Target 16.4). The indicators – or measurement criteria – of these targets include the number of victims of intentional homicide (Indicator 16.1.1), the number of conflict-related deaths (Indicator 16.1.2), and the number of illicit firearms collected and traced (Indicator 16.4.2). In light of these targets and indicators, GunPolicy.org provides granular national data pertaining to homicides, gun homicides, conflict deaths, disarmament efforts, and marking and tracing.

Homicides (any method)

ChartIn Burkina Faso, annual homicides by any means total

2019: 3,88613
2018: 3,800
2017: 3,671
2016: 3,636
2015: 3,569
2014: 3,486
2013: 3,367
2012: 3,278
2011: 3,199
2010: 3,118
2009: 3,076
2008: 2,958
2007: 2,880
2006: 2,804
2005: 2,734
2004: 2,668
2003: 2,638
2002: 2,590
2001: 2,490
2000: 2,436

Rate of Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Burkina Faso, the annual rate of homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2019: 19.1513
2018: 19.25
2017: 19.12
2016: 19.48
2015: 19.68
2014: 19.79
2013: 19.68
2012: 19.75
2011: 19.87
2010: 19.94
2009: 20.26
2008: 20.05
2007: 20.08
2006: 20.10
2005: 20.15
2004: 20.20
2003: 20.52
2002: 20.88
2001: 21.01
2000: 21.31

Male Homicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Burkina Faso, annual male homicides by any means total

2016: 1,29213
2015: 1,275
2010: 1,150
2000: 860

Rate of Male Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Burkina Faso, the annual rate of male homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2016: 14.2213
2015: 14.45
2010: 15.16
2000: 15.69

Female Homicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Burkina Faso, annual female homicides by any means total

2016: 52713
2015: 509
2010: 409
2000: 324

Rate of Female Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Burkina Faso, the annual rate of female homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2016: 5.5013
2015: 5.47
2010: 5.08
2000: 5.45

Gun Homicides

In Burkina Faso, annual firearm homicides total

1995: 412

Rate of Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

In Burkina Faso, the annual rate of firearm homicide per 100,000 population is

1995: 0.0312

Conflict Deaths

For a profile of conflict in Burkina Faso, select the Link icon to open an external web page from the UCDP Conflict Encyclopedia at Uppsala University

Disarmament

Firearms Surrendered and Seized

ChartIn Burkina Faso, the number of firearms voluntarily surrendered, bought back or seized by authorities is reported to be

2021: 30081
2020: 500
2019: 127 82
2018: 127 82
2017: 21883
2016: 358
2013: 1,23184
2012: 852
2011: 174

Small Arms Destroyed

In Burkina Faso, the number of firearms destroyed following amnesty, collection and seizure programmes is reported to be

2009: 2,12785

Destruction and Disposal Policy

In Burkina Faso, it is state policy57 to destroy surplus, collected and seized firearms rather than return them to the secondary arms market

Marking and Tracing

Firearm Marking

In Burkina Faso, a unique identifying mark on each firearm is required by law86 15 22 54 16 24

Firearm Tracing

In Burkina Faso, state authorities carry out53 58 87 recognised arms tracing and tracking procedures

Ballistic Record of Firearms and Ammunition

In Burkina Faso, the ballistic characteristics of each civilian firearm and its ammunition are not originally54 recorded in a register

Global Peace Index

To see where Burkina Faso ranks, select the Link icon to open an external web page at the Global Peace Index, and then click on Burkina Faso on the map or in the "Select Country" menu on the right of the web page


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