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Brazil — Gun Facts, Figures and the Law

StockpilesGun Numbers

Civilian Guns

Number of Privately Owned Firearms

ChartThe estimated total number of guns (both licit and illicit) held by civilians in Brazil is

2022: 4,400,0001
2017: 17,510,0002 3 2
2012: 16,800,0004 567
2010: 17,600,000{q3365 }{q11900 }8 3 910111285
2009: 8,774,6723 13
2006: 4,950,4823 101114
2005: 14,840,00015 13 16 7
2003: 3,786,8293 11

Rate of Civilian Firearm Possession per 100 Population

ChartThe estimated rate of private gun ownership (both licit and illicit) per 100 people in Brazil is

2022: 2.0317
2017: 8.34
2012: 8.34
2010: 8.9
2009: 4.48
2006: 2.6
2005: 3.43
2003: 2.06

Number of Privately Owned Firearms - World Ranking

In a comparison of the number of privately owned guns in 206 countries, Brazil ranked at No. 618

Rate of Privately Owned Firearms per 100 Population - World Ranking

In a comparison of the rate of privately owned guns in 206 countries, Brazil ranked at No.8318

Number of Licensed Firearm Owners

ChartThe number of licensed gun owners in Brazil is reported to be

2020: 1,100,00019
1999: 1,300,00020

Rate of Licensed Firearm Owners per 100 Population

ChartThe rate of licensed firearm owners per 100 people in Brazil is

2022: 0.3117
2020: 0.51
1999: 0.76

Number of Registered Firearms

ChartThe number of registered guns in Brazil is reported to be

2017: 8,080,2952
2010: 5,370,5009 10 11 12 8 5
2009: 7,312,22713
2006: 4,125,40210 11 14
2005: 5,370,50013 15 16 7
2003: 3,155,69111

Rate of Registered Firearms per 100 Population

ChartThe rate of registered guns per 100 people in Brazil is

2017: 3.8517
2010: 2.71
2009: 3.73
2006: 2.17
2005: 2.86
2003: 1.72

Estimated Number of Unregistered and Illicit Firearms

ChartUnregistered and unlawfully held guns cannot be counted,21 but in Brazil there are estimated to be

2022: 1,500,0001
2017: 1,616,0593 2
2012: 8,500,0007
2010: 9,499,84722 5 6 14
2009: 4,400,00016
2008: 3,800,00023
2006: 825,0803 10 11 14
2005: 9,600,0003 15 13 16 7
2003: 631,1383 11

Estimated Rate of Unregistered and Illicit Firearms per 100 Population

ChartUnregistered and unlawfully held guns cannot be counted,21 but in Brazil the rate of such firearms per 100 people is estimated to be

2022: 0.6917
2012: 4.22
2010: 4.85
2009: 2.24
2008: 1.96

Government Guns

Number of Military Firearms

The defence forces of Brazil are reported to have 1,316,30024 25 6 26 27 16 28 14 firearms

Number of Law Enforcement Firearms

Police in Brazil are reported to have 803,00029 30 27 31 32 6 14 firearms

ImpactsDeath and Injury

Total Number of Gun Deaths

ChartIn Brazil, annual deaths resulting from firearms total

2017: 49,61133
2016: 46,778
2015: 43,995
2014: 45,068
2013: 42,604
2012: 42,416
2011: 38,744
2010: 38,892
2009: 39,677
2008: 38,658
2007: 37,352
2006: 37,360
2005: 36,060
2004: 37,113
2003: 39,325
2002: 37,979
2001: 37,122
2000: 34,98534 35 36
1999: 31,19834
1998: 30,211
1997: 27,753
1996: 26,481
1995: 26,764
1994: 24,318
1993: 22,742
1992: 21,086
1991: 21,550
1990: 20,614
1989: 20,440
1988: 17,126
1987: 16,092
1986: 14,869
1985: 13,488
1984: 12,578
1983: 10,830
1982: 9,045
1981: 9,320
1980: 8,71034 7

Rate of All Gun Deaths per 100,000 People

ChartIn Brazil, the annual rate of all gun deaths per 100,000 population is

2017: 23.9333
2016: 22.73
2015: 21.54
2014: 22.24
2013: 21.20
2012: 21.28
2011: 19.61
2010: 19.86
2009: 20.45
2008: 20.12
2007: 19.64
2006: 20.0
2005: 19.6
2004: 20.7
2003: 22.2
2002: 21.7
2001: 21.5
2000: 20.637 17 38
1999: 19.037 38
1998: 18.7
1997: 17.4
1996: 16.9
1995: 17.237
1994: 15.8
1993: 15.0
1992: 14.2
1991: 14.7
1990: 14.3
1989: 14.4
1988: 12.3
1987: 11.8
1986: 11.1
1985: 10.2
1984: 9.7
1983: 8.6
1982: 7.3
1981: 7.7
1980: 7.337 17

Total Number of Male Gun Deaths

ChartIn Brazil, annual male deaths resulting from firearms total

2017: 46,75233
2016: 44,236
2015: 41,510
2014: 42,467
2013: 40,065
2012: 39,852
2011: 36,302
2010: 36,483
2009: 37,201
2008: 36,320
2007: 35,089

Rate of Male Gun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn Brazil, the annual rate of male gun death per 100,000 population is

2017: 45.7433
2016: 43.58
2015: 41.19
2014: 42.46
2013: 40.37
2012: 40.48
2011: 37.19
2010: 37.69
2009: 38.78
2008: 38.22
2007: 37.30

Total Number of Female Gun Deaths

ChartIn Brazil, annual female deaths resulting from firearms total

2017: 2,81733
2016: 2,505
2015: 2,444
2014: 2,563
2013: 2,500
2012: 2,533
2011: 2,404
2010: 2,383
2009: 2,440
2008: 2,288
2007: 2,240

Rate of Female Gun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn Brazil, the annual rate of female gun death per 100,000 population is

2017: 2.6833
2016: 2.40
2015: 2.36
2014: 2.50
2013: 2.46
2012: 2.51
2011: 2.40
2010: 2.41
2009: 2.49
2008: 2.36
2007: 2.33

Homicides (any method)

ChartIn Brazil, annual homicides by any means total

2021: 29,56839
2020: 43.89240
2019: 45,503
2018: 57,956
2017: 63,74833
2016: 61,143
2015: 58,138
2014: 59,681
2013: 56,804
2012: 56,337
2011: 52,198
2010: 52,260
2009: 51,434
2008: 50,113
2007: 48,219
2006: 49,704
2005: 48,136
2004: 48,909
2003: 51,534
2002: 49,816
2001: 48,032
2000: 45,433
1999: 42,91441 42
1998: 41,950
1997: 40,507
1996: 38,894
1995: 41,59542

Rate of Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Brazil, the annual rate of homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2021: 18.5039
2020: 22.4543
2019: 20.88
2018: 26.72
2017: 30.69
2016: 29.69
2015: 28.46
2014: 29.46
2013: 28.28
2012: 28.29
2011: 26.45
2010: 26.72
2009: 26.54
2008: 26.11
2007: 25.10
2006: 26.13
2005: 25.57
2004: 26.30
2003: 28.09
2002: 27.69
2001: 27.06
2000: 25.96
1999: 24.9817 42
1998: 24.78
1997: 24.28
1996: 23.66
1995: 25.742
1993: 19.0444

Male Homicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Brazil, annual male homicides by any means total

2019: 41.86345
2017: 58,71333
2016: 56,409
2015: 53,424
2014: 54,736
2013: 51,937
2012: 51,544
2011: 47,619
2010: 47,749
2009: 47,109
2008: 46,024
2007: 44,392
2006: 45,611
2005: 44,220
2004: 45,053
2003: 47,569
2002: 45,895
2001: 44,129
2000: 41,657

Rate of Male Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Brazil, the annual rate of male homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2019: 40.646
2018: 52.3
2017: 57.4433
2016: 55.58
2015: 53.02
2014: 54.73
2013: 52.34
2012: 52.36
2011: 48.78
2010: 49.33
2009: 49.11
2008: 48.43
2007: 47.18
2006: 48.99
2005: 48.02
2004: 49.49
2003: 52.89
2002: 51.69
2001: 50.36
2000: 48.21

Female Homicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Brazil, annual female homicides by any means total

2019: 3,73745
2017: 4,92833
2016: 4,635
2015: 4,616
2014: 4,832
2013: 4,762
2012: 4,719
2011: 4,512
2010: 4,465
2009: 4,260
2008: 4,023
2007: 3,778
2006: 4,030
2005: 3,887
2004: 3,831
2003: 3,941
2002: 3,868
2001: 3,851
2000: 3,744

Rate of Female Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Brazil, the annual rate of female homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2019: 3.546
2018: 4.2
2017: 4.6933
2016: 4.44
2015: 4.46
2014: 4.71
2013: 4.68
2012: 4.68
2011: 4.51
2010: 4.51
2009: 4.34
2008: 4.14
2007: 3.93
2006: 4.24
2005: 4.14
2004: 4.13
2003: 4.30
2002: 4.28
2001: 4.32
2000: 4.26

Gun Homicides

ChartIn Brazil, annual firearm homicides total

2019: 30,82540
2018: 41,179
2017: 47,51033
2016: 44,475
2015: 41,81747
2014: 42,75547
2013: 40,369
2012: 40,07734
2011: 36,737
2010: 36,79234 48 49 50
2009: 36,62434 49 51
2008: 35,676
2007: 34,147
2006: 34,921
2005: 33,419
2004: 34,187
2003: 36,11534 51 49 50
2002: 34,16034 51 49 52
2001: 33,40134 51 49
2000: 30,86534 51 49 35
1999: 26,90234 41
1998: 25,674
1997: 24,445
1996: 22,976
1995: 22,30634
1994: 18,889
1993: 17,002
1992: 14,785
1991: 15,759
1990: 16,588
1989: 13,480
1988: 10,735
1987: 10,717
1986: 8,803
1985: 8,349
1984: 7,947
1983: 6,413
1982: 6,313
1981: 6,452
1980: 6,104

Rate of Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Brazil, the annual rate of firearm homicide per 100,000 population is

2019: 14.753
2017: 22.9133
2016: 21.61
2015: 20.47
2014: 21.10
2013: 20.08
2012: 20.11
2011: 18.59
2010: 18.79
2009: 18.88
2008: 18.57
2007: 17.96
2006: 18.7
2005: 18.137 51 49 42
2004: 19.1
2003: 20.437 51 49
2002: 19.637 51 49 52
2001: 19.437 51 49
2000: 18.237 51 49 17
1999: 16.437
1998: 15.9
1997: 15.3
1996: 14.6
1995: 14.3
1994: 12.3
1993: 11.237 54
1992: 9.937
1991: 10.7
1990: 11.5
1989: 9.5
1988: 7.7
1987: 7.8
1986: 6.6
1985: 6.3
1984: 6.2
1983: 5.1
1982: 5.1
1981: 5.3
1980: 5.1

Proportion of Homicides Committed With a Gun

ChartIn Brazil, the percentage of homicides committed with a firearm is reported to be

2012: 95.5%55
2010: 70%48
2009: 71.2%41 56 57
2008: 71.2%41 42
2007: 71.6%
2006: 71.1%
2005: 70.2%
2004: 70.7%
2003: 70.8%41
2002: 68.7%
2001: 69.7%
2000: 68.0%
1999: 62.7%
1998: 61.2%
1997: 60.3%
1996: 59.1%
1992: 70.1%55
1980: 70.1%

Male Gun Homicide Victims

ChartIn Brazil, annual male firearm homicides total

2017: 44,82833
2016: 42,102
2015: 39,50047
2014: 40,329
2013: 38,007
2012: 37,715
2011: 34,442
2010: 34,576
2009: 34,402
2008: 33,582
2007: 32,144

Rate of Male Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Brazil, the annual rate of male firearm homicide per 100,000 population is

2019: 28.246
2018: 38.1
2017: 43.8633
2016: 41.48
2015: 39.20
2014: 40.32
2013: 38.30
2012: 38.31
2011: 35.28
2010: 35.72
2009: 35.86
2008: 35.34
2007: 34.17

Female Gun Homicide Victims

ChartIn Brazil, annual female firearm homicides total

2017: 2,64133
2016: 2,339
2015: 2,27847
2014: 2,390
2013: 2,323
2012: 2,332
2011: 2,258
2010: 2,194
2009: 2,191
2008: 2,048
2007: 1,987

Rate of Female Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Brazil, the annual rate of female firearm homicide per 100,000 population is

2019: 2.146
2018: 2.2
2017: 2.5133
2016: 2.24
2015: 2.20
2014: 2.33
2013: 2.28
2012: 2.31
2011: 2.26
2010: 2.22
2009: 2.23
2008: 2.11
2007: 2.07

Suicides (any method)

ChartIn Brazil, annual suicides by any means total

2017: 11,08933
2016: 10,173
2015: 9,871
2014: 9,329
2013: 9,265
2012: 8,967
2011: 8,340
2010: 7,932
2009: 7,991
2008: 7,796
2007: 8,868
2006: 10,34958 59
2005: 10,048
2004: 10,113
2003: 9,803
2002: 9,494
2001: 9,363
2000: 8,186
1998: 6,98536

Rate of Suicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Brazil, the annual rate of suicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2017: 5.3533
2016: 4.94
2015: 4.83
2014: 4.60
2013: 4.61
2012: 4.50
2011: 4.22
2010: 4.05
2009: 4.12
2008: 4.06
2007: 4.66
2006: 5.558 59
2005: 5.4
2004: 5.5
2003: 5.4
2002: 5.3
2001: 5.3
2000: 4.7
1998: 3.9136
1993: 3.4660

Male Suicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Brazil, annual male suicides by any means total

2017: 9,03233
2016: 8,320
2015: 7,997
2014: 7,641
2013: 7,566
2012: 7,295
2011: 6,838
2010: 6,491
2009: 6,645
2008: 6,426
2007: 6,995

Rate of Male Suicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Brazil, the annual rate of male suicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2017: 8.8433
2016: 8.20
2015: 7.94
2014: 7.64
2013: 7.62
2012: 7.41
2011: 7
2010: 6.71
2009: 6.93
2008: 6.76
2007: 7.43

Female Suicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Brazil, annual female suicides by any means total

2017: 2,05233
2016: 1,852
2015: 1,872
2014: 1,687
2013: 1,698
2012: 1,669
2011: 1,501
2010: 1,441
2009: 1,344
2008: 1,370
2007: 1,872

Rate of Female Suicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Brazil, the annual rate of female suicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2017: 1.9533
2016: 1.78
2015: 1.81
2014: 1.64
2013: 1.67
2012: 1.65
2011: 1.50
2010: 1.45
2009: 1.37
2008: 1.41
2007: 1.95

Gun Suicides

ChartIn Brazil, annual firearm suicides total

2018: 98547
2017: 96133
2016: 950
2015: 90547
2014: 97347
2013: 1,040
2012: 98934
2011: 916
2010: 969
2009: 1,06934 56
2008: 1,108
2007: 1,141
2006: 1,138
2005: 1,226
2004: 1,247
2003: 1,330
2002: 1,366
2001: 2,816
2000: 2,656
1999: 1,26034
1998: 1,407
1997: 1,539
1996: 1,543
1995: 1,555
1994: 1,321
1993: 1,169
1992: 1,085
1991: 1,037
1990: 989
1989: 850
1988: 827
1987: 951
1986: 788
1985: 781
1984: 766
1983: 789
1982: 657
1981: 731
1980: 660

Rate of Gun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Brazil, the annual rate of firearm suicide per 100,000 population is

2018: 0.4847
2017: 0.4633
2016: 0.46
2015: 0.44
2014: 0.48
2013: 0.52
2012: 0.50
2011: 0.46
2010: 0.49
2009: 0.55
2008: 0.58
2007: 0.60
2006: 0.6
2005: 0.7
2004: 0.7
2003: 0.8
2002: 0.8
2001: 0.8
2000: 0.837 36
1999: 0.837
1998: 0.9
1997: 1.0
1996: 1.0
1995: 1.0
1994: 0.9
1993: 0.837 61
1992: 0.737
1991: 0.7
1990: 0.7
1989: 0.6
1988: 0.6
1987: 0.7
1986: 0.6
1985: 0.6
1984: 0.6
1983: 0.6
1982: 0.5
1981: 0.6
1980: 0.6

Male Gun Suicide Victims

ChartIn Brazil, annual male firearm suicides total

2017: 85033
2016: 865
2015: 81847
2014: 87447
2013: 933
2012: 880
2011: 832
2010: 868
2009: 958
2008: 1,007
2007: 1,005

Rate of Male Gun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Brazil, the annual rate of male firearm suicide per 100,000 population is

2018: 0.8647
2017: 0.8333
2016: 0.85
2015: 0.81
2014: 0.87
2013: 0.94
2012: 0.89
2011: 0.85
2010: 0.90
2009: 1
2008: 1.06
2007: 1.07

Female Gun Suicide Victims

ChartIn Brazil, annual female firearm suicides total

2018: 9747
2017: 11133
2016: 85
2015: 8747
2014: 9947
2013: 107
2012: 109
2011: 84
2010: 101
2009: 111
2008: 113
2007: 136
2006: 135
2005: 126
2004: 150
2003: 144
2001: 350
2000: 346

Rate of Female Gun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Brazil, the annual rate of female firearm suicide per 100,000 population is

2017: 0.1133
2016: 0.08
2015: 0.08
2014: 0.10
2013: 0.11
2012: 0.11
2011: 0.08
2010: 0.10
2009: 0.11
2008: 0.12
2007: 0.14

Unintentional Gun Deaths

ChartIn Brazil, annual unintentional shooting deaths total

2018: 24047
2017: 322
2016: 301
2015: 314
2014: 382
2013: 326
2012: 28434
2011: 264
2010: 352
2009: 35134 56
2008: 347
2007: 320
2006: 404
2005: 244
2004: 201
2003: 283
2002: 318
2001: 672
2000: 658
1999: 88834
1998: 371
1997: 250
1996: 270
1995: 534
1994: 353
1993: 456
1992: 859
1991: 1,140
1990: 658
1989: 605
1988: 586
1987: 677
1986: 669
1985: 575
1984: 515
1983: 566
1982: 467
1981: 448
1980: 386

Rate of Unintentional Gun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn Brazil, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death per 100,000 population is

2018: 0.1147
2017: 0.16
2016: 0.15
2015: 0.15
2014: 0.19
2013: 0.16
2012: 0.14
2011: 0.13
2010: 0.18
2009: 0.18
2008: 0.18
2007: 0.17
2006: 0.21
2005: 0.13
2004: 0.11
2003: 0.16
2002: 0.2
2001: 0.38
2000: 0.38
1999: 0.537
1998: 0.2
1997: 0.2
1996: 0.2
1995: 0.3
1994: 0.2
1993: 0.337 62
1992: 0.637
1991: 0.8
1990: 0.5
1989: 0.4
1988: 0.4
1987: 0.5
1986: 0.5
1985: 0.4
1984: 0.4
1983: 0.4
1982: 0.4
1981: 0.4
1980: 0.3

Unintentional Male Gun Deaths

ChartIn Brazil, annual unintentional male shooting deaths total

2018: 22447
2017: 29733
2016: 279
2015: 29647
2014: 361
2013: 301
2012: 258
2011: 246
2010: 321
2009: 312
2008: 317
2007: 292
2006: 363
2005: 216
2004: 179
2003: 242
2001: 594
2000: 594

Rate of Unintentional Male Gun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn Brazil, the annual rate of unintentional male shooting death per 100,000 population is

2018: 0.2247
2017: 0.29
2016: 0.27
2015: 0.29
2014: 0.36
2013: 0.30
2012: 0.26
2011: 0.25
2010: 0.33
2009: 0.33
2008: 0.33
2007: 0.31
2006: 0.39
2005: 0.23
2004: 0.20
2003: 0.27
2001: 0.68
2000: 0.69

Unintentional Female Gun Deaths

ChartIn Brazil, annual unintentional female shooting deaths total

2018: 1647
2017: 2533
2016: 22
2015: 18
2014: 21
2013: 25
2012: 26
2011: 18
2010: 31
2009: 39
2008: 30
2007: 28
2006: 40
2005: 28
2004: 22
2003: 41
2001: 78
2000: 64

Rate of Unintentional Female Gun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn Brazil, the annual rate of unintentional female shooting death per 100,000 population is

2018: 0.0247
2017: 0.02
2016: 0.02
2015: 0.02
2014: 0.02
2013: 0.02
2012: 0.03
2011: 0.02
2010: 0.03
2009: 0.04
2008: 0.03
2007: 0.03
2006: 0.04
2005: 0.03
2004: 0.02
2003: 0.04
2001: 0.09
2000: 0.07

Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Brazil, annual shooting deaths in which the cause remains undecided total

2017: 81833
2016: 1,052
2015: 95947
2014: 95847
2013: 869
2012: 1,06634
2011: 827
2010: 779
2009: 1,63334 56
2008: 1,506
2007: 1,232
2006: 897
2005: 1,171
2004: 1,478
2003: 1,597
2002: 2,135
2001: 1,977
2000: 2,46134 36
1999: 2,14834
1998: 2,759
1997: 1,519
1996: 1,692
1995: 2,369
1994: 3,755
1993: 4,115
1992: 4,357
1991: 3,614
1990: 2,379
1989: 5,505
1988: 4,978
1987: 3,747
1986: 4,609
1985: 3,783
1984: 3,350
1983: 3,062
1982: 1,608
1981: 1,689
1980: 1,560

Rate of Gun Death from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn Brazil, the annual rate of unknown-cause shooting deaths per 100,000 population is

2017: 0.3933
2016: 0.51
2015: 0.47
2014: 0.47
2013: 0.43
2012: 0.53
2011: 0.42
2010: 0.40
2009: 0.84
2008: 0.78
2007: 0.65
2006: 0.5
2005: 0.6
2004: 0.8
2003: 0.9
2002: 1.2
2001: 1.1
2000: 1.437 36
1999: 1.337
1998: 1.7
1997: 1.0
1996: 1.1
1995: 1.5
1994: 2.4
1993: 2.737 61
1992: 2.937
1991: 2.5
1990: 1.7
1989: 3.9
1988: 3.6
1987: 2.7
1986: 3.4
1985: 2.9
1984: 2.6
1983: 2.4
1982: 1.3
1981: 1.4
1980: 1.3

Male Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Brazil, annual male shooting deaths in which the cause remains undecided total

2017: 77733
2016: 990
2015: 89647
2014: 90347
2013: 824
2012: 999
2011: 782
2010: 718
2009: 1,529
2008: 1,410
2007: 1,142

Rate of Male Gun Death from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn Brazil, the annual rate of unknown-cause male shooting deaths per 100,000 population is

2017: 0.7633
2016: 0.98
2015: 0.89
2014: 0.90
2013: 0.83
2012: 1.01
2011: 0.80
2010: 0.74
2009: 1.59
2008: 1.48
2007: 1.21

Female Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Brazil, annual female shooting deaths in which the cause remains undecided total

2018: 6047
2017: 40
2016: 59
2015: 61
2014: 53
2013: 45
2012: 66
2011: 44
2010: 57
2009: 99
2008: 102
2007: 83
2006: 67
2005: 72
2004: 105
2003: 134
2001: 296
2000: 358

Rate of Female Gun Death from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn Brazil, the annual rate of unknown-cause female shooting deaths per 100,000 population is

2018: 0.0647
2017: 0.04
2016: 0.06
2015: 0.06
2014: 0.05
2013: 0.04
2012: 0.07
2011: 0.04
2010: 0.06
2009: 0.10
2008: 0.11
2007: 0.09
2006: 0.07
2005: 0.08
2004: 0.11
2003: 0.15
2001: 0.33
2000: 0.41

Legal Intervention Gun Homicides

ChartIn Brazil, annual legal-intervention gun homicides total

2019: 6,37563
2017: 1,85433
2016: 1,374
2015: 94247
2014: 793
2013: 592
2012: 708
2011: 609
2010: 756
2009: 609
2008: 546
2007: 512

ProductionGun Industry

Regulation of Firearm Makers

In Brazil, the manufacture of small arms, ammunition and/or their components is permitted only if the maker holds a valid licence64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 14 72 73 74 75

Number of Small Arms Manufactured

The reported annual number of small arms manufactured in Brazil is

2002/07: 2,300,00014

Small Arms Manufacture - World Ranking

In a classification of the world's small, medium and major firearm manufacturers, Brazil was ranked 'medium'76 77

Home-made Guns

In Brazil, the prevalence of illicit craft, or 'home-made' firearm manufacture is reported to be low78 79 74

TransfersGun Trade and Trafficking

Firearm Exports

In Brazil, firearm and ammunition exports are limited by transfer control law80 81 64 65 67 82 83 84 85 86

Small Arms Exports (US$) - Customs

ChartThe annual value of small arms and ammunition exports from Brazil is reported by Customs to be US$

2021: 348,372,00087
2020: 308,843,000
2019: 358,928,000
2018: 332,586,000
2017: 474,998,000
2016: 339,891,000
2015: 358,426,000
2014: 309,270,000
2013: 348,518,000
2012: 308,427,000
2011: 283,707,000
2010: 311,405,000
2009: 333,710,000
2008: 256,054,000
2007: 198,963,000
2006: 131,740,000
2005: 105,548,000
2004: 95,993,000
2003: 90,898,000
2002: 194,206,000

Small Arms Exports - World Ranking

In a comparison of the world's major/mid-level/minor/unknown small arms exporters, Brazil was categorized as 'major'88 89 90 91 92 93 50

Firearm Imports

In Brazil, firearm and ammunition imports are limited by transfer control law94 70 64 65 67 71 82 84 85 86

Small Arms Imports (US$) - Customs

ChartThe annual value of small arms and ammunition imports to Brazil is reported by Customs to be US$

2021: 80,758,00095
2020: 55,345,000
2019: 34,850,000
2018: 24,704,000
2017: 10,426,000
2016: 10,820,000
2015: 17,922,000
2014: 34,081,000
2013: 14,162,000
2012: 12,832,000
2011: 14,408,000
2010: 24,201,000
2009: 14,832,000
2008: 14,756,000
2007: 5,181,000
2006: 7,151,000
2005: 3,396,000
2004: 3,406,000
2003: 3,688,000
2002: 5,046,000

Smuggling Guns and Ammunition

Reports suggest that the level of firearm and ammunition smuggling in Brazil is high96 97 98 99 100

Regulation of Arms Brokers

In Brazil, the activities of arms brokers and transfer intermediaries are specifically regulated by law101 102 83 103 104

End User Certificates

Customs regulations in Brazil include81 83 certification of the intended end user of any small arms or ammunition transfer, and/or a written declaration of its intended end use

Transparency of Small Arms Transfers

ChartIn its annual Small Arms Trade Transparency Barometer, the Small Arms Survey compares public reporting among major arms exporting nations on a scale from strong to weak (25 to zero). In recent years, Brazil scored

2020: 9
2019: 9.50105
2018: 8.75106
2016: 7.00107
2014: 7.00108
2013: 7.50109
2012: 7.50110
2011: 8.50111
2010: 9.00112
2009: 9.00113
2008: 9.00114
2007: 8.50115
2006: 8.00116
2005: 8.50117
2004: 9.00118

MeasuresGun Regulation

Firearm Regulation - Guiding Policy

The regulation of guns in Brazil is categorised as restrictive119

Firearm Law

Guiding gun control legislation in Brazil includes the Firearms Act No. 10 826 of 2003,120 121 and its regulation No. 5 123,122 the Decree No. 3 665 of 2000,123 Ministerial Act No. 7 of 2006,68 Ministerial Act No. 16 of 2004,84 the Constitution and the Penal Code of Brazil66, Decree No 9.847 of 25 June 2019124, Decree No 10.630 of 12 February 2021125

Firearm Regulation Authority

Guns in Brazil are regulated by the Ministry of Justice and the Federal Police,126 through the National Arms System (SINARM),67 and the Command of the Brazilian Armed Forces127 70 128 129

Right to Possess Firearms

In Brazil, the right to private gun ownership is not guaranteed by law130 131 132

Restricted Firearms and Ammunition

In Brazil, civilians are not allowed to possess weapons for the exclusive use of the Army,133 automatic firearms, certain handguns, smooth bore long guns or with a rifled barrel, disguised firearms134 and imitation firearms,71 with few exceptions135

Regulation of Automatic Weapons

In Brazil, private possession of fully automatic weapons is prohibited,134 136 137 138 with few exceptions135

Regulation of Semiautomatic Assault Weapons

In Brazil, private possession of semi-automatic assault weapons is permitted under licence139 136

Regulation of Handguns

In Brazil, private possession of handguns (pistols and revolvers) is prohibited,134 with only narrow exemptions139 140 135 136 137 138

Law Regulates Long Guns

In Brazil, civilian possession of rifles and shotguns is regulated by law134 139 138

Gun Ownership and Possession

In Brazil, only licensed gun owners141 142 143 144 145 138 may lawfully acquire, possess or transfer a firearm or ammunition

Genuine Reason Required for Firearm Possession

Applicants for a gun owner’s licence in Brazil are required to establish a genuine reason to possess a firearm, for example hunting, target shooting, security142 146 147 140 137 121

Minimum Age for Firearm Possession

The minimum age for gun ownership in Brazil is 25 years,148 146 147 149 121 with only narrow exemptions150 151 152 153

Gun Owner Background Checks

An applicant for a firearm licence in Brazil must pass a background check which considers criminal, mental health and employment142 154 140 147 138 121 153 records

Reference Required for Firearm Licence

In Brazil, third party character references for each gun licence applicant are not required132

Partner to be Advised or Interviewed

In Brazil, licensing authorities are not required132 to conduct interviews with, or to advise an applicant's spouse, partner, or next of kin before issuing a gun licence

Domestic Violence and Firearms

Where a past history, or apprehended likelihood of family violence exists, the law in Brazil does not stipulate132 that a gun licence should be denied or revoked

Firearm Safety Training

In Brazil, an understanding of firearm safety and the law, tested in a theoretical and/or practical training course is required154 142 147 155 for a firearm licence

Gun Owner Licensing Period

In Brazil, gun owners must re-apply and re-qualify for their firearm licence every three years142 65 121 156

Licensing Records

In Brazil, authorities maintain a record157 67 136 158 159 160 of individual civilians licensed to acquire, possess, sell or transfer a firearm or ammunition

Limit on Number of Guns

Licensed firearm owners in Brazil are permitted to possess between one firearm per authorisation161 162 121 and 60, depending on the type of licence issued.163

Limit on Quantity, Type of Ammunition

Licensed firearm owners in Brazil are permitted to possess a limited quantity of ammunition161 121

Firearm Registration

Civilian Gun Registration

In Brazil, the law requires164 157 143 135 67 165 166 136 158 that a record of the acquisition, possession and transfer of each privately held firearm be retained in an official register

Gun Dealer Record Keeping

In Brazil, licensed firearm dealers are required167 142 67 158 to keep a record of each firearm or ammunition purchase, sale or transfer on behalf of a regulating authority

Gun Manufacturer Record Keeping

In Brazil, licensed gun makers are required67 168 158 to keep a record of each firearm produced, for inspection by a regulating authority

State-Owned Firearm Records

In Brazil, State agencies are required164 135 166 169 170 to maintain records of the storage and movement of all firearms and ammunition under their control

Gun Sales and Transfers

Regulation of Private Gun Sales

In Brazil, the private sale and transfer of firearms is prohibited without a licence from the Federal Police171 142

Regulation of Dealer Gun Sales

In Brazil, dealing in firearms by way of business without a valid gun dealer’s licence is unlawful64 65 141 167 67 70 172 166 75

Background Checks for Private Gun Sales

The buyer of a firearm in a private sale in Brazil is obliged142 154 to pass official background checks before taking possession

Background Checks for Dealer Gun Sales

The buyer of a firearm from a licensed gun dealer in Brazil is obliged142 154 to pass official background checks before taking possession

Limit on Gun Dealer Sales

In Brazil, the number and type of firearms which can be sold by a licensed gun dealer to a single gun owner is limited to three firearms (one handgun, one rifle, one shotgun) every two years, for retired military officials and non-commissioned officers173

Waiting Period for Gun Possession

In Brazil, the minimum wait for a lawful firearm purchase to be completed is 30 business days142

Regulation of Gun Shows

In Brazil, gun shows and temporary firearm dealing events are regulated174 75 in law

Storage and Transport of Guns and Ammunition

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Private

Firearm regulations in Brazil include175 145 150 176 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of private firearms and ammunition by licensed gun owners

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Dealer

Firearm regulations in Brazil include177 178 179 174 176 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition by licensed arms dealers

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Government

Government regulations in Brazil include169 180 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition by state entities

Firearm and Ammunition Transport Regulations

Regulations in Brazil include181 182 144 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition while in transit

Carrying Guns

Law Regulates Firearms in Public

In Brazil, carrying a gun in a public place is regulated by law141 146 140 183 184 50 138 185

Carrying Guns Openly in Public

In Brazil, carrying a firearm in plain view in a public place is prohibited186 184 187 185

Carrying Hidden Handguns in Public

In Brazil, carrying a concealed firearm in a public place is allowed, subject to a valid permit146

Gun Free Zones

In Brazil, private guns are prohibited in sports arenas, churches, banks, schools, government buildings and other gathering places186 188

Penalty for Illicit Firearm Possession

In Brazil, the maximum penalty for unlawful possession of a firearm189 is two to four years in prison and a fine141 66 190 150 191 192 193 194 195 176

MeasuresInternational Controls

Regional Agreements

Organization of American States

On 14 November 1997, as a member of the Organisation of American States (OAS), Brazil adopted the Inter-American Convention against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, Explosives, Ammunition and Other Related Materials (CIFTA), a legally binding multilateral treaty of which the OAS is depository. The CIFTA Convention has since been signed and ratified196 197 by Brazil

United Nations Commission on Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice

The UNCCPCJ, a subsidiary body of the Economic and Social Council mandated to promote action to prevent national and transnational crime, lists198 Brazil as an elected member

Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development

The Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development, a diplomatic initiative aimed at addressing the interrelations between armed violence and development, was signed in 2006199 by Brazil.

Arms Trade Treaty

The Arms Trade Treaty has been signed and ratified200 201 by Brazil

United Nations Firearms Protocol

The United Nations Protocol against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, Their Parts and Components and Ammunition has been signed and ratified202 by Brazil

United Nations Small Arms Programme of Action UNPoA

UNPoA Commitment

On 21 July 2001, Brazil committed to a consensus decision of the United Nations to adopt, support and implement the UN Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects203

UNPoA Implementation Monitor Score

In its UN small arms Programme of Action Implementation Monitor (PoAIM Phase 1), the Small Arms Survey scored Brazil against its commitments to the PoA, then ranked it at No. 62204 205 206 207 among 159 Member States

UNPoA National Reporting

Under the terms of its 2001 commitment to the United Nations small arms Programme of Action, Brazil has submitted one or more national reports208 104 on its implementation of the UNPoA

UNPoA National Point of Contact

In Brazil, a National Point of Contact to deal with issues relating to the UNPoA has been designated104

UNPoA National Coordinating Body

In Brazil, a National Coordinating Body to deal with issues relating to the UNPoA has been designated104

UNPoA Civil Society Involvement and Support

In National Reports of Brazil submitted to the UN from 2001 to 2010, a history of substantive cooperation with civil society in support of UNPoA activities was apparent209

UNPoA International Assistance – Donor

Funds for UNPoA implementation have been donated104 by Brazil to other UN Member States

UNPoA International Assistance – Recipient

Funds for UNPoA implementation have been provided104 to Brazil by other UN Member States

United Nations Small Arms Register

According to the United Nations Register of Conventional Arms, Brazil has not declared210 its small arms exports in one or more annual National Reports on Arms Exports.

United Nations Membership

In the UN List of Member States, Brazil has been a Member State of the United Nations since 1945211

Wassenaar Arrangement

The Wassenaar Arrangement on Export Controls and Conventional Arms and Dual-Use Goods and Technologies does not list212 Brazil as a Participating State

BackgroundSustainable Development Goal Profile

About SDG 16

The Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) are 17 goals set by the United Nations to be implemented by all member states by 2030. Adopted in 2015, they outline a vision of development in which peace and security are an integral part. SDG 16,213 which seeks to “promote peaceful and inclusive societies for sustainable development,” includes targets and indicators focused on reducing violence (Target 16.1) and the proliferation of illicit arms (Target 16.4). The indicators – or measurement criteria – of these targets include the number of victims of intentional homicide (Indicator 16.1.1), the number of conflict-related deaths (Indicator 16.1.2), and the number of illicit firearms collected and traced (Indicator 16.4.2). In light of these targets and indicators, GunPolicy.org provides granular national data pertaining to homicides, gun homicides, conflict deaths, disarmament efforts, and marking and tracing.

Homicides (any method)

ChartIn Brazil, annual homicides by any means total

2021: 29,56839
2020: 43.89240
2019: 45,503
2018: 57,956
2017: 63,74833
2016: 61,143
2015: 58,138
2014: 59,681
2013: 56,804
2012: 56,337
2011: 52,198
2010: 52,260
2009: 51,434
2008: 50,113
2007: 48,219
2006: 49,704
2005: 48,136
2004: 48,909
2003: 51,534
2002: 49,816
2001: 48,032
2000: 45,433
1999: 42,91441 42
1998: 41,950
1997: 40,507
1996: 38,894
1995: 41,59542

Rate of Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Brazil, the annual rate of homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2021: 18.5039
2020: 22.4543
2019: 20.88
2018: 26.72
2017: 30.69
2016: 29.69
2015: 28.46
2014: 29.46
2013: 28.28
2012: 28.29
2011: 26.45
2010: 26.72
2009: 26.54
2008: 26.11
2007: 25.10
2006: 26.13
2005: 25.57
2004: 26.30
2003: 28.09
2002: 27.69
2001: 27.06
2000: 25.96
1999: 24.9817 42
1998: 24.78
1997: 24.28
1996: 23.66
1995: 25.742
1993: 19.0444

Male Homicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Brazil, annual male homicides by any means total

2019: 41.86345
2017: 58,71333
2016: 56,409
2015: 53,424
2014: 54,736
2013: 51,937
2012: 51,544
2011: 47,619
2010: 47,749
2009: 47,109
2008: 46,024
2007: 44,392
2006: 45,611
2005: 44,220
2004: 45,053
2003: 47,569
2002: 45,895
2001: 44,129
2000: 41,657

Rate of Male Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Brazil, the annual rate of male homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2019: 40.646
2018: 52.3
2017: 57.4433
2016: 55.58
2015: 53.02
2014: 54.73
2013: 52.34
2012: 52.36
2011: 48.78
2010: 49.33
2009: 49.11
2008: 48.43
2007: 47.18
2006: 48.99
2005: 48.02
2004: 49.49
2003: 52.89
2002: 51.69
2001: 50.36
2000: 48.21

Female Homicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Brazil, annual female homicides by any means total

2019: 3,73745
2017: 4,92833
2016: 4,635
2015: 4,616
2014: 4,832
2013: 4,762
2012: 4,719
2011: 4,512
2010: 4,465
2009: 4,260
2008: 4,023
2007: 3,778
2006: 4,030
2005: 3,887
2004: 3,831
2003: 3,941
2002: 3,868
2001: 3,851
2000: 3,744

Rate of Female Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Brazil, the annual rate of female homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2019: 3.546
2018: 4.2
2017: 4.6933
2016: 4.44
2015: 4.46
2014: 4.71
2013: 4.68
2012: 4.68
2011: 4.51
2010: 4.51
2009: 4.34
2008: 4.14
2007: 3.93
2006: 4.24
2005: 4.14
2004: 4.13
2003: 4.30
2002: 4.28
2001: 4.32
2000: 4.26

Gun Homicides

ChartIn Brazil, annual firearm homicides total

2019: 30,82540
2018: 41,179
2017: 47,51033
2016: 44,475
2015: 41,81747
2014: 42,75547
2013: 40,369
2012: 40,07734
2011: 36,737
2010: 36,79234 48 49 50
2009: 36,62434 49 51
2008: 35,676
2007: 34,147
2006: 34,921
2005: 33,419
2004: 34,187
2003: 36,11534 51 49 50
2002: 34,16034 51 49 52
2001: 33,40134 51 49
2000: 30,86534 51 49 35
1999: 26,90234 41
1998: 25,674
1997: 24,445
1996: 22,976
1995: 22,30634
1994: 18,889
1993: 17,002
1992: 14,785
1991: 15,759
1990: 16,588
1989: 13,480
1988: 10,735
1987: 10,717
1986: 8,803
1985: 8,349
1984: 7,947
1983: 6,413
1982: 6,313
1981: 6,452
1980: 6,104

Rate of Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Brazil, the annual rate of firearm homicide per 100,000 population is

2019: 14.753
2017: 22.9133
2016: 21.61
2015: 20.47
2014: 21.10
2013: 20.08
2012: 20.11
2011: 18.59
2010: 18.79
2009: 18.88
2008: 18.57
2007: 17.96
2006: 18.7
2005: 18.137 51 49 42
2004: 19.1
2003: 20.437 51 49
2002: 19.637 51 49 52
2001: 19.437 51 49
2000: 18.237 51 49 17
1999: 16.437
1998: 15.9
1997: 15.3
1996: 14.6
1995: 14.3
1994: 12.3
1993: 11.237 54
1992: 9.937
1991: 10.7
1990: 11.5
1989: 9.5
1988: 7.7
1987: 7.8
1986: 6.6
1985: 6.3
1984: 6.2
1983: 5.1
1982: 5.1
1981: 5.3
1980: 5.1

Proportion of Homicides Committed With a Gun

ChartIn Brazil, the percentage of homicides committed with a firearm is reported to be

2012: 95.5%55
2010: 70%48
2009: 71.2%41 56 57
2008: 71.2%41 42
2007: 71.6%
2006: 71.1%
2005: 70.2%
2004: 70.7%
2003: 70.8%41
2002: 68.7%
2001: 69.7%
2000: 68.0%
1999: 62.7%
1998: 61.2%
1997: 60.3%
1996: 59.1%
1992: 70.1%55
1980: 70.1%

Male Gun Homicide Victims

ChartIn Brazil, annual male firearm homicides total

2017: 44,82833
2016: 42,102
2015: 39,50047
2014: 40,329
2013: 38,007
2012: 37,715
2011: 34,442
2010: 34,576
2009: 34,402
2008: 33,582
2007: 32,144

Rate of Male Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Brazil, the annual rate of male firearm homicide per 100,000 population is

2019: 28.246
2018: 38.1
2017: 43.8633
2016: 41.48
2015: 39.20
2014: 40.32
2013: 38.30
2012: 38.31
2011: 35.28
2010: 35.72
2009: 35.86
2008: 35.34
2007: 34.17

Female Gun Homicide Victims

ChartIn Brazil, annual female firearm homicides total

2017: 2,64133
2016: 2,339
2015: 2,27847
2014: 2,390
2013: 2,323
2012: 2,332
2011: 2,258
2010: 2,194
2009: 2,191
2008: 2,048
2007: 1,987

Rate of Female Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Brazil, the annual rate of female firearm homicide per 100,000 population is

2019: 2.146
2018: 2.2
2017: 2.5133
2016: 2.24
2015: 2.20
2014: 2.33
2013: 2.28
2012: 2.31
2011: 2.26
2010: 2.22
2009: 2.23
2008: 2.11
2007: 2.07

Conflict Deaths

For a profile of conflict in Brazil, select the Link icon to open an external web page from the UCDP Conflict Encyclopedia at Uppsala University

Disarmament

Authorities in Brazil are known to have214 215 216 217 13 218 219 14 220 221 implemented voluntary firearm surrender schemes, and/or weapon seizure programmes in order to reduce the number of illicit firearms in circulation

Surrendered in Gun Amnesty

ChartIn Brazil, the number of firearms voluntarily surrendered in recent arms amnesty and collection programmes is reported to be

2009: 212,279222 223 224
2008: 60,196222
2005: 459,855223 224 225 226 14 227

Exchanged in Gun Buyback

ChartIn Brazil, the total number of firearms exchanged for monetary or in-kind compensation during recent gun buyback and disposal programmes is reported to be

2012: 27,329228
2011: 40,000
2003/09: 1,100,000229

Firearms Surrendered and Seized

ChartIn Brazil, the number of firearms voluntarily surrendered, bought back or seized by authorities is reported to be

2018: 89,615230
2017: 2,284
2016: 4,794
2015: 8,681231
2014: 18,630231 232
2013: 13,048
2012: 15,740233 234
2011: 15,560
2010: 14,441
2009: 11,664233
2008: 11,112
2004: 469,00014

Small Arms Destroyed

ChartIn Brazil, the number of firearms destroyed following amnesty, collection and seizure programmes is reported to be

2012: 500,000235
2005: 253,321236 237 224 227
2003: 5,000226
2002: 10,000
2001: 100,000226
1997/2013: 2,800,000235

Destruction and Disposal Policy

In Brazil, it is state policy238 239 13 236 240 to destroy surplus, collected and seized firearms rather than return them to the secondary arms market

Marking and Tracing

Firearm Marking

In Brazil, a unique identifying mark on each firearm is required by law68 157 69 70 85 241 195

Firearm Tracing

In Brazil, state authorities carry out69 70 242 243 244 recognised arms tracing and tracking procedures

Ballistic Record of Firearms and Ammunition

In Brazil, the ballistic characteristics of each civilian firearm and its ammunition are not originally132 50 recorded in a register

Global Peace Index

To see where Brazil ranks, select the Link icon to open an external web page at the Global Peace Index, and then click on Brazil on the map or in the "Select Country" menu on the right of the web page


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