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Brazil — Gun Facts, Figures and the Law

StockpilesGun Numbers

Civilian Guns

Number of Privately Owned Firearms

ChartThe estimated total number of guns (both licit and illicit) held by civilians in Brazil is

2017: 17,510,0001
2012: 16,800,0002 3 4 5 6
2010: 17,600,0007 8 9

Rate of Civilian Firearm Possession per 100 Population

ChartThe estimated rate of private gun ownership (both licit and illicit) per 100 people in Brazil is

2017: 8.301
2012: 8.62 3

Number of Privately Owned Firearms - World Ranking

In a 2007 comparison of the number of privately owned guns in 178 countries, Brazil ranked at No. 810

Rate of Privately Owned Firearms per 100 Population - World Ranking

In a 2007 comparison of the rate of private gun ownership in 178 countries, Brazil ranked at No. 753

Number of Licensed Firearm Owners

The number of licensed gun owners in Brazil is reported to be 1,300,00011

Rate of Licensed Firearm Owners per 100 Population

The rate of licensed firearm owners per 100 people in Brazil is 0.7612

Number of Registered Firearms

ChartThe number of registered guns in Brazil is reported to be

2017: 8,080,2951
2010: 5,370,50013 14 15 16 9 4
2009: 7,312,22717
2006: 4,125,40214 15 8
2005: 5,370,50017 3 18 6
2003: 3,155,69115

Rate of Registered Firearms per 100 Population

ChartThe rate of registered guns per 100 people in Brazil is

2010: 2.7412 16
2009: 3.7712
2006: 2.19
2005: 2.89
2003: 1.74

Estimated Number of Unregistered and Illicit Firearms

Unregistered and unlawfully held guns cannot be counted,19 but in Brazil there are estimated to be 3,800,00020 18 to 9,499,84721 6 4 5 8

Estimated Rate of Unregistered and Illicit Firearms per 100 Population

Unregistered and unlawfully held guns cannot be counted,19 but in Brazil the rate of such firearms per 100 people is estimated to be 4.8512

Government Guns

Number of Military Firearms

The defence forces of Brazil are reported to have 1,316,30022 23 5 24 25 18 26 8 firearms

Number of Law Enforcement Firearms

Police in Brazil are reported to have 803,00027 28 25 29 30 5 8 firearms

ImpactsDeath and Injury

Total Number of Gun Deaths

ChartIn Brazil, annual deaths resulting from firearms total

2014: 45,06831
2013: 42,604
2012: 42,41632 6
2011: 38,74432
2010: 38,892
2009: 39,67732 33 34
2008: 38,65832
2007: 36,840
2006: 37,360
2005: 36,060
2004: 37,113
2003: 39,325
2002: 37,979
2001: 37,122
2000: 34,98532 35 36
1999: 31,19832
1998: 30,211
1997: 27,753
1996: 26,481
1995: 26,764
1994: 24,318
1993: 22,742
1992: 21,086
1991: 21,550
1990: 20,614
1989: 20,440
1988: 17,126
1987: 16,092
1986: 14,869
1985: 13,488
1984: 12,578
1983: 10,830
1982: 9,045
1981: 9,320
1980: 8,71032 6

Rate of All Gun Deaths per 100,000 People

ChartIn Brazil, the annual rate of all gun deaths per 100,000 population is

2014: 22.2431
2013: 21.20
2012: 21.28
2011: 19.61
2010: 19.86
2009: 20.937 12
2008: 20.437 38
2007: 19.5
2006: 20.0
2005: 19.6
2004: 20.7
2003: 22.2
2002: 21.7
2001: 21.5
2000: 20.637 12 38
1999: 19.037 38
1998: 18.7
1997: 17.4
1996: 16.9
1995: 17.237
1994: 15.8
1993: 15.0
1992: 14.2
1991: 14.7
1990: 14.3
1989: 14.4
1988: 12.3
1987: 11.8
1986: 11.1
1985: 10.2
1984: 9.7
1983: 8.6
1982: 7.3
1981: 7.7
1980: 7.337 12

Total Number of Male Gun Deaths

ChartIn Brazil, annual male deaths resulting from firearms total

2014: 42,46731
2013: 40,065
2012: 39,852
2011: 36,302
2010: 36,483

Total Number of Female Gun Deaths

ChartIn Brazil, annual female deaths resulting from firearms total

2014: 2,56331
2013: 2,500
2012: 2,533
2011: 2,404
2010: 2,383

Homicides (any method)

ChartIn Brazil, annual homicides by any means total

2015: 55,57439
2014: 59,68131
2013: 56,804
2012: 56,337
2011: 52,198
2010: 52,260
2009: 51,43440 41 42 43 44 45
2008: 50,113
2007: 47,707
2006: 49,14540 41 42 43 45
2005: 47,578
2004: 48,374
2003: 51,043
2002: 49,695
2001: 47,943
2000: 45,36040 41 42 43 45 35
1999: 42,91441 45
1998: 41,950
1997: 40,507
1996: 38,894
1995: 41,59545

Rate of Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Brazil, the annual rate of homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2015: 26.7439
2014: 22.2431
2013: 21.20
2012: 21.28
2011: 19.61
2010: 19.86
2009: 27.040 42 43 44 45
2008: 26.4
2007: 25.2
2006: 26.340 42 43 45
2005: 25.8
2004: 27.0
2003: 28.9
2002: 28.5
2001: 27.8
2000: 26.7
1999: 24.9812 45
1998: 24.78
1997: 24.28
1996: 23.66
1995: 25.745
1993: 19.0446

Male Homicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Brazil, annual male homicides by any means total

2014: 54,73631
2013: 51,937
2012: 51,544
2011: 47,619
2010: 47,749

Female Homicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Brazil, annual female homicides by any means total

2014: 4,83231
2013: 4,762
2012: 4,719
2011: 4,512
2010: 4,465

Gun Homicides

ChartIn Brazil, annual firearm homicides total

2014: 42,75531
2013: 40,369
2012: 40,07732
2011: 36,737
2010: 36,79232 40 47 48
2009: 36,62432 47 49
2008: 35,67632 49 47 45
2007: 34,147
2006: 34,921
2005: 33,419
2004: 34,187
2003: 36,11532 49 47 48
2002: 34,16032 49 47 50
2001: 33,40132 49 47
2000: 30,86532 49 47 35
1999: 26,90232 41
1998: 25,674
1997: 24,445
1996: 22,976
1995: 22,30632
1994: 18,889
1993: 17,002
1992: 14,785
1991: 15,759
1990: 16,588
1989: 13,480
1988: 10,735
1987: 10,717
1986: 8,803
1985: 8,349
1984: 7,947
1983: 6,413
1982: 6,313
1981: 6,452
1980: 6,104

Rate of Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Brazil, the annual rate of firearm homicide per 100,000 population is

2014: 21.1031
2013: 20.08
2012: 20.11
2011: 18.59
2010: 18.79
2009: 19.337 47 49
2008: 18.837 49 47 43 45
2007: 18.0
2006: 18.7
2005: 18.137 49 47 45
2004: 19.1
2003: 20.437 49 47
2002: 19.637 49 47 50
2001: 19.437 49 47
2000: 18.237 49 47 12
1999: 16.437
1998: 15.9
1997: 15.3
1996: 14.6
1995: 14.3
1994: 12.3
1993: 11.237 51
1992: 9.937
1991: 10.7
1990: 11.5
1989: 9.5
1988: 7.7
1987: 7.8
1986: 6.6
1985: 6.3
1984: 6.2
1983: 5.1
1982: 5.1
1981: 5.3
1980: 5.1

Proportion of Homicides Committed With a Gun

ChartIn Brazil, the percentage of homicides committed with a firearm is reported to be

2012: 95.5%52
2010: 70%40
2009: 71.2%41 33 53
2008: 71.2%41 45
2007: 71.6%
2006: 71.1%
2005: 70.2%
2004: 70.7%
2003: 70.8%41
2002: 68.7%
2001: 69.7%
2000: 68.0%
1999: 62.7%
1998: 61.2%
1997: 60.3%
1996: 59.1%
1992: 70.1%52
1980: 70.1%

Male Gun Homicide Victims

ChartIn Brazil, annual male firearm homicides total

2015: 40,32931
2014: 40,329
2013: 38,007
2012: 37,715
2011: 34,442
2010: 34,576

Female Gun Homicide Victims

ChartIn Brazil, annual female firearm homicides total

2015: 2,39031
2014: 2,390
2013: 2,323
2012: 2,332
2011: 2,258
2010: 2,194

Suicides (any method)

ChartIn Brazil, annual suicides by any means total

2014: 10,65331
2013: 10,533
2012: 10,321
2011: 9,852
2010: 9,448
2009: 11,23754
2008: 11,134
2007: 10,647
2006: 10,34954 55
2005: 10,048
2004: 10,113
2003: 9,803
2002: 9,494
2001: 9,363
2000: 8,186
1998: 6,98536

Rate of Suicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Brazil, the annual rate of suicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2014: 5.2631
2013: 5.24
2012: 5.18
2011: 4.99
2010: 4.82
2009: 5.854
2008: 5.8
2007: 5.6
2006: 5.554 55
2005: 5.4
2004: 5.5
2003: 5.4
2002: 5.3
2001: 5.3
2000: 4.7
1998: 3.9136
1993: 3.4656

Male Suicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Brazil, annual male suicides by any means total

2014: 8,41931
2013: 8,309
2012: 8,061
2011: 7,762
2010: 7,375

Female Suicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Brazil, annual female suicides by any means total

2014: 2,23331
2013: 2,223
2012: 2,257
2011: 2,089
2010: 2,073

Gun Suicides

ChartIn Brazil, annual firearm suicides total

2014: 97331
2013: 1,040
2012: 98932
2011: 916
2010: 969
2009: 1,06932 33
2008: 1,12332
2007: 1,141
2006: 1,138
2005: 1,226
2004: 1,247
2003: 1,330
2002: 1,366
2001: 1,408
2000: 1,33032 36
1999: 1,26032
1998: 1,407
1997: 1,539
1996: 1,543
1995: 1,555
1994: 1,321
1993: 1,169
1992: 1,085
1991: 1,037
1990: 989
1989: 850
1988: 827
1987: 951
1986: 788
1985: 781
1984: 766
1983: 789
1982: 657
1981: 731
1980: 660

Rate of Gun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Brazil, the annual rate of firearm suicide per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.4831
2013: 0.52
2012: 0.50
2011: 0.46
2010: 0.49
2009: 0.637 12
2008: 0.637
2007: 0.6
2006: 0.6
2005: 0.7
2004: 0.7
2003: 0.8
2002: 0.8
2001: 0.8
2000: 0.837 36
1999: 0.837
1998: 0.9
1997: 1.0
1996: 1.0
1995: 1.0
1994: 0.9
1993: 0.837 57
1992: 0.737
1991: 0.7
1990: 0.7
1989: 0.6
1988: 0.6
1987: 0.7
1986: 0.6
1985: 0.6
1984: 0.6
1983: 0.6
1982: 0.5
1981: 0.6
1980: 0.6

Male Gun Suicide Victims

ChartIn Brazil, annual male firearm suicides total

2014: 87431
2013: 933
2012: 880
2011: 832
2010: 868

Female Gun Suicide Victims

ChartIn Brazil, annual female firearm suicides total

2014: 9931
2013: 107
2012: 109
2011: 84
2010: 101

Unintentional Gun Deaths

ChartIn Brazil, annual unintentional shooting deaths total

2014: 38231
2013: 326
2012: 28432
2011: 264
2010: 352
2009: 35132 33
2008: 35332
2007: 320
2006: 404
2005: 244
2004: 201
2003: 283
2002: 318
2001: 336
2000: 32932 36
1999: 88832
1998: 371
1997: 250
1996: 270
1995: 534
1994: 353
1993: 456
1992: 859
1991: 1,140
1990: 658
1989: 605
1988: 586
1987: 677
1986: 669
1985: 575
1984: 515
1983: 566
1982: 467
1981: 448
1980: 386

Rate of Unintentional Gun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn Brazil, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.4731
2013: 0.43
2012: 0.53
2011: 0.42
2010: 0.40
2009: 0.237 12
2008: 0.237
2007: 0.2
2006: 0.2
2005: 0.1
2004: 0.1
2003: 0.2
2002: 0.2
2001: 0.2
2000: 0.237 36
1999: 0.537
1998: 0.2
1997: 0.2
1996: 0.2
1995: 0.3
1994: 0.2
1993: 0.337 58
1992: 0.637
1991: 0.8
1990: 0.5
1989: 0.4
1988: 0.4
1987: 0.5
1986: 0.5
1985: 0.4
1984: 0.4
1983: 0.4
1982: 0.4
1981: 0.4
1980: 0.3

Unintentional Male Gun Deaths

ChartIn Brazil, annual unintentional male shooting deaths total

2014: 36131
2013: 301
2012: 258
2011: 246
2010: 321

Unintentional Female Gun Deaths

ChartIn Brazil, annual unintentional female shooting deaths total

2014: 2131
2013: 25
2012: 26
2011: 18
2010: 31

Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Brazil, annual shooting deaths in which the cause remains undecided total

2014: 95831
2013: 869
2012: 1,06632
2011: 827
2010: 779
2009: 1,63332 33
2008: 1,50632
2007: 1,232
2006: 897
2005: 1,171
2004: 1,478
2003: 1,597
2002: 2,135
2001: 1,977
2000: 2,46132 36
1999: 2,14832
1998: 2,759
1997: 1,519
1996: 1,692
1995: 2,369
1994: 3,755
1993: 4,115
1992: 4,357
1991: 3,614
1990: 2,379
1989: 5,505
1988: 4,978
1987: 3,747
1986: 4,609
1985: 3,783
1984: 3,350
1983: 3,062
1982: 1,608
1981: 1,689
1980: 1,560

Rate of Gun Death from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn Brazil, the annual rate of unknown-cause shooting deaths per 100,000 population is

2012: 0.537
2011: 0.4
2010: 0.4
2009: 0.937 12
2008: 0.837
2007: 0.7
2006: 0.5
2005: 0.6
2004: 0.8
2003: 0.9
2002: 1.2
2001: 1.1
2000: 1.437 36
1999: 1.337
1998: 1.7
1997: 1.0
1996: 1.1
1995: 1.5
1994: 2.4
1993: 2.737 57
1992: 2.937
1991: 2.5
1990: 1.7
1989: 3.9
1988: 3.6
1987: 2.7
1986: 3.4
1985: 2.9
1984: 2.6
1983: 2.4
1982: 1.3
1981: 1.4
1980: 1.3

Male Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Brazil, annual male shooting deaths in which the cause remains undecided total

2014: 90331
2013: 824
2012: 999
2011: 782
2010: 718

Female Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Brazil, annual female shooting deaths in which the cause remains undecided total

2014: 5331
2013: 45
2012: 66
2011: 44
2010: 57

ProductionGun Industry

Regulation of Firearm Makers

In Brazil, the manufacture of small arms, ammunition and/or their components is permitted only if the maker holds a valid licence59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 8 67 68 69

Number of Small Arms Manufactured

The reported annual number of small arms manufactured in Brazil is

2002/07: 2,300,0008

Small Arms Manufacture - World Ranking

In a classification of the world's small, medium and major firearm manufacturers, Brazil was ranked 'medium'70 71

Home-made Guns

In Brazil, the prevalence of illicit craft, or 'home-made' firearm manufacture is reported to be low72 73 69

TransfersGun Trade and Trafficking

Firearm Exports

In Brazil, firearm and ammunition exports are limited by transfer control law74 75 59 60 62 76 77 78 79 80

Small Arms Exports (US$) - Customs

The annual value of small arms and ammunition exports from Brazil is reported by Customs to be US$284,590,75481 (2011)82 83 84 85 86

Small Arms Exports - World Ranking

In a comparison of the world's major/mid-level/minor/unknown small arms exporters, Brazil was categorized as 'major'87 88 89 90 86 91 48

Firearm Imports

In Brazil, firearm and ammunition imports are limited by transfer control law92 65 59 60 62 66 76 78 79 80

Small Arms Imports (US$) - Customs

The annual value of small arms and ammunition imports to Brazil is reported by Customs to be US$14,291,31881 (2011)93 94 95 96

Smuggling Guns and Ammunition

Reports suggest that the level of firearm and ammunition smuggling in Brazil is high97 98 99 100 101

Regulation of Arms Brokers

In Brazil, the activities of arms brokers and transfer intermediaries are specifically regulated by law102 103 77 104 105

End User Certificates

Customs regulations in Brazil include75 77 certification of the intended end user of any small arms or ammunition transfer, and/or a written declaration of its intended end use

Transparency of Small Arms Transfers

ChartIn its annual Small Arms Trade Transparency Barometer, the Small Arms Survey compares public reporting among major arms exporting nations on a scale from strong to weak (25 to zero). In recent years, Brazil scored

2018: 8.75106
2016: 7.00107
2014: 7.00108
2013: 7.50109
2012: 7.50110
2011: 8.50111
2010: 9.00112
2009: 9.00113
2008: 9.00114
2007: 8.50115
2006: 8.00116
2005: 8.50117
2004: 9.00118

MeasuresGun Regulation

Firearm Regulation - Guiding Policy

The regulation of guns in Brazil is categorised as restrictive119

Firearm Law

Guiding gun control legislation in Brazil includes the Firearms Act No. 10 826 of 2003,120 121 and its regulation No. 5 123,122 the Decree No. 3 665 of 2000,123 Ministerial Act No. 7 of 2006,63 Ministerial Act No. 16 of 2004,78 the Constitution and the Penal Code of Brazil61

Firearm Regulation Authority

Guns in Brazil are regulated by the Ministry of Justice and the Federal Police,124 through the National Arms System (SINARM),62 and the Command of the Brazilian Armed Forces125 65 126 127

Right to Possess Firearms

In Brazil, the right to private gun ownership is not guaranteed by law128 129 130

Restricted Firearms and Ammunition

In Brazil, civilians are not allowed to possess weapons for the exclusive use of the Army,131 automatic firearms, certain handguns, smooth bore long guns or with a rifled barrel, disguised firearms132 and imitation firearms,66 with few exceptions133

Regulation of Automatic Weapons

In Brazil, private possession of fully automatic weapons is prohibited,132 134 135 136 with few exceptions133

Regulation of Semiautomatic Assault Weapons

In Brazil, private possession of semi-automatic assault weapons is permitted under licence137 134

Regulation of Handguns

In Brazil, private possession of handguns (pistols and revolvers) is prohibited,132 with only narrow exemptions137 138 133 134 135 136

Law Regulates Long Guns

In Brazil, civilian possession of rifles and shotguns is regulated by law132 137 136

Gun Ownership and Possession

In Brazil, only licensed gun owners139 140 141 142 143 136 may lawfully acquire, possess or transfer a firearm or ammunition

Genuine Reason Required for Firearm Possession

Applicants for a gun owner’s licence in Brazil are required to establish a genuine reason to possess a firearm, for example hunting, target shooting, security140 144 145 138 135 121

Minimum Age for Firearm Possession

The minimum age for gun ownership in Brazil is 25 years,146 144 145 147 121 with only narrow exemptions148 149 150

Gun Owner Background Checks

An applicant for a firearm licence in Brazil must pass a background check which considers criminal, mental health and employment140 151 138 145 136 121 records

Reference Required for Firearm Licence

In Brazil, third party character references for each gun licence applicant are not required130

Partner to be Advised or Interviewed

In Brazil, licensing authorities are not required130 to conduct interviews with, or to advise an applicant's spouse, partner, or next of kin before issuing a gun licence

Domestic Violence and Firearms

Where a past history, or apprehended likelihood of family violence exists, the law in Brazil does not stipulate130 that a gun licence should be denied or revoked

Firearm Safety Training

In Brazil, an understanding of firearm safety and the law, tested in a theoretical and/or practical training course is required151 140 145 for a firearm licence

Gun Owner Licensing Period

In Brazil, gun owners must re-apply and re-qualify for their firearm licence every three years140 60 121

Licensing Records

In Brazil, authorities maintain a record152 62 134 153 of individual civilians licensed to acquire, possess, sell or transfer a firearm or ammunition

Limit on Number of Guns

Licensed firearm owners in Brazil are permitted to possess one firearm per authorisation154 155 121

Limit on Quantity, Type of Ammunition

Licensed firearm owners in Brazil are permitted to possess a limited quantity of ammunition154 121

Firearm Registration

Civilian Gun Registration

In Brazil, the law requires156 152 141 133 62 157 158 134 153 that a record of the acquisition, possession and transfer of each privately held firearm be retained in an official register

Gun Dealer Record Keeping

In Brazil, licensed firearm dealers are required159 140 62 153 to keep a record of each firearm or ammunition purchase, sale or transfer on behalf of a regulating authority

Gun Manufacturer Record Keeping

In Brazil, licensed gun makers are required62 160 153 to keep a record of each firearm produced, for inspection by a regulating authority

State-Owned Firearm Records

In Brazil, State agencies are required156 133 158 161 to maintain records of the storage and movement of all firearms and ammunition under their control

Gun Sales and Transfers

Regulation of Private Gun Sales

In Brazil, the private sale and transfer of firearms is prohibited without a licence from the Federal Police162 140

Regulation of Dealer Gun Sales

In Brazil, dealing in firearms by way of business without a valid gun dealer’s licence is unlawful59 60 139 159 62 65 163 158

Background Checks for Private Gun Sales

The buyer of a firearm in a private sale in Brazil is obliged140 151 to pass official background checks before taking possession

Background Checks for Dealer Gun Sales

The buyer of a firearm from a licensed gun dealer in Brazil is obliged140 151 to pass official background checks before taking possession

Limit on Gun Dealer Sales

In Brazil, the number and type of firearms which can be sold by a licensed gun dealer to a single gun owner is limited to three firearms (one handgun, one rifle, one shotgun) every two years, for retired military officials and non-commissioned officers164

Waiting Period for Gun Possession

In Brazil, the minimum wait for a lawful firearm purchase to be completed is 30 business days140

Regulation of Gun Shows

In Brazil, gun shows and temporary firearm dealing events are regulated165 in law

Storage and Transport of Guns and Ammunition

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Private

Firearm regulations in Brazil include166 143 148 167 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of private firearms and ammunition by licensed gun owners

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Dealer

Firearm regulations in Brazil include168 169 170 165 167 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition by licensed arms dealers

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Government

Government regulations in Brazil include161 171 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition by state entities

Firearm and Ammunition Transport Regulations

Regulations in Brazil include172 173 142 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition while in transit

Marking and Tracing Guns and Ammunition

Firearm Marking

In Brazil, a unique identifying mark on each firearm is required by law63 152 64 65 79 174 175

Firearm Tracing

In Brazil, state authorities carry out64 65 176 177 178 recognised arms tracing and tracking procedures

Ballistic Record of Firearms and Ammunition

In Brazil, the ballistic characteristics of each civilian firearm and its ammunition are not130 48 recorded in a register

Carrying Guns

Law Regulates Firearms in Public

In Brazil, carrying a gun in a public place is regulated by law139 144 138 179 180 48 136

Carrying Guns Openly in Public

In Brazil, carrying a firearm in plain view in a public place is prohibited181 180

Carrying Hidden Handguns in Public

In Brazil, carrying a concealed firearm in a public place is allowed, subject to a valid permit144

Gun Free Zones

In Brazil, private guns are prohibited in sports arenas, churches, banks, schools, government buildings and other gathering places181 182

Penalty for Illicit Firearm Possession

In Brazil, the maximum penalty for unlawful possession of a firearm183 is two to four years in prison and a fine139 61 184 148 185 186 187 188 175 167

Collection, Amnesty and Destruction Programmes

Authorities in Brazil are known to have189 190 191 192 17 193 194 8 195 196 implemented voluntary firearm surrender schemes, and/or weapon seizure programmes in order to reduce the number of illicit firearms in circulation

Surrendered in Gun Amnesty

ChartIn Brazil, the number of firearms voluntarily surrendered in recent arms amnesty and collection programmes is reported to be

2009: 212,279197 198 199
2008: 60,196197
2005: 459,855198 199 200 201 8 202

Exchanged in Gun Buyback

ChartIn Brazil, the total number of firearms exchanged for monetary or in-kind compensation during recent gun buyback and disposal programmes is reported to be

2012: 27,329203
2011: 40,000
2003/09: 1,100,000204

Firearms Surrendered and Seized

ChartIn Brazil, the number of firearms voluntarily surrendered, bought back or seized by authorities is reported to be

2015: 8,681205
2014: 18,630205 206
2013: 13,681205 207
2012: 15,740208 207
2011: 15,560
2010: 14,441
2009: 11,664208
2008: 11,112
2004: 469,0008

Small Arms Destroyed

ChartIn Brazil, the number of firearms destroyed following amnesty, collection and seizure programmes is reported to be

2012: 500,000209
2005: 253,321210 211 199 202
2003: 5,000201
2002: 10,000
2001: 100,000201
1997/2013: 2,800,000209

Destruction and Disposal Policy

In Brazil, it is state policy212 213 17 210 to destroy surplus, collected and seized firearms rather than return them to the secondary arms market

MeasuresInternational Controls

Regional Agreements

Organization of American States

On 14 November 1997, as a member of the Organisation of American States (OAS), Brazil adopted the Inter-American Convention against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, Explosives, Ammunition and Other Related Materials (CIFTA), a legally binding multilateral treaty of which the OAS is depository. The CIFTA Convention has since been signed and ratified214 215 by Brazil

United Nations Commission on Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice

The UNCCPCJ, a subsidiary body of the Economic and Social Council mandated to promote action to prevent national and transnational crime, lists216 Brazil as an elected member

Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development

The Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development, a diplomatic initiative aimed at addressing the interrelations between armed violence and development, was signed in 2006217 by Brazil.

Arms Trade Treaty

The Arms Trade Treaty has been signed, but not yet ratified218 by Brazil

United Nations Firearms Protocol

The United Nations Protocol against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, Their Parts and Components and Ammunition has been signed and ratified219 by Brazil

United Nations Small Arms Programme of Action UNPoA

UNPoA Commitment

On 21 July 2001, Brazil committed to a consensus decision of the United Nations to adopt, support and implement the UN Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects220

UNPoA Implementation Monitor Score

In its UN small arms Programme of Action Implementation Monitor (PoAIM Phase 1), the Small Arms Survey scored Brazil against its commitments to the PoA, then ranked it at No. 62221 222 223 224 among 159 Member States

UNPoA National Reporting

Under the terms of its 2001 commitment to the United Nations small arms Programme of Action, Brazil has submitted one or more national reports225 105 on its implementation of the UNPoA

UNPoA National Point of Contact

In Brazil, a National Point of Contact to deal with issues relating to the UNPoA has been designated226 105

UNPoA National Coordinating Body

In Brazil, a National Coordinating Body to deal with issues relating to the UNPoA has been designated105

UNPoA Civil Society Involvement and Support

In National Reports of Brazil submitted to the UN from 2001 to 2010, a history of substantive cooperation with civil society in support of UNPoA activities was apparent226

UNPoA International Assistance – Donor

Funds for UNPoA implementation have been donated105 by Brazil to other UN Member States

UNPoA International Assistance – Recipient

Funds for UNPoA implementation have been provided105 to Brazil by other UN Member States

United Nations Small Arms Register

According to the United Nations Register of Conventional Arms, Brazil has not declared227 its small arms exports in one or more annual National Reports on Arms Exports.

United Nations Membership

In the UN List of Member States, Brazil has been a Member State of the United Nations since 1945228

Wassenaar Arrangement

The Wassenaar Arrangement on Export Controls and Conventional Arms and Dual-Use Goods and Technologies does not list229 Brazil as a Participating State

BackgroundCountry Profile

Conflict Profile

For a profile of conflict in Brazil, select the Link icon to open an external web page from the UCDP Conflict Encyclopedia at Uppsala University

Global Peace Index

To see where Brazil ranks, select the Link icon to open an external web page at the Global Peace Index


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