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Bosnia & Herzegovina — Gun Facts, Figures and the Law

StockpilesGun Numbers

Civilian Guns

Number of Privately Owned Firearms

ChartThe estimated total number of guns (both licit and illicit) held by civilians in Bosnia & Herzegovina is

2017: 1,185,0001
2011: 1,143,7622 3
2007: 675,0004

Rate of Civilian Firearm Possession per 100 Population

ChartThe estimated rate of private gun ownership (both licit and illicit) per 100 people in Bosnia & Herzegovina is

2017: 31.21
2011: 29.435 6
2007: 17.34

Number of Privately Owned Firearms - World Ranking

In a 2007 comparison of the number of privately owned guns in 178 countries, Bosnia & Herzegovina ranked at No. 687

Rate of Privately Owned Firearms per 100 Population - World Ranking

In a 2007 comparison of the rate of private gun ownership in 178 countries, Bosnia & Herzegovina ranked at No. 344

Proportion of Households with Firearms

In Bosnia & Herzegovina, the percentage of households with one or more guns is reported to be

2010: 34%3

Proportion of Households with Rifles

In Bosnia & Herzegovina, the percentage of households with one or more rifles is reported to be

2010: 23.1%3

Proportion of Households with Handguns

ChartIn Bosnia & Herzegovina, the percentage of households with one or more handguns is reported to be

2012: 4.6%8
2010: 62.6%3

Number of Registered Firearms

ChartThe number of registered guns in Bosnia & Herzegovina is reported to be

2017: 353,0001
2009: 349,3962 9
2005: 353,0004
2004: 355,0009

Rate of Registered Firearms per 100 Population

ChartThe rate of registered guns per 100 people in Bosnia & Herzegovina is

2009: 8.995
2005: 9.07
2004: 9.16

Estimated Number of Unregistered and Illicit Firearms

ChartUnregistered and unlawfully held guns cannot be counted,10 but in Bosnia & Herzegovina there are estimated to be

2017: 832,0001
2013: 794,3662
2006: 140,39711

Estimated Rate of Unregistered and Illicit Firearms per 100 Population

Unregistered and unlawfully held guns cannot be counted,10 but in Bosnia & Herzegovina the rate of such firearms per 100 people is estimated to be 3.62 to 20.445

Number of Households with Firearms

In Bosnia & Herzegovina, the number of households containing one or more guns is reported to be

2012: 217,27812

Government Guns

Number of Military Firearms

The defence forces of Bosnia & Herzegovina are reported to have 27,30013 firearms

Number of Law Enforcement Firearms

Police in Bosnia & Herzegovina are reported to have 29,00014 firearms

ImpactsDeath and Injury

Total Number of Gun Deaths

ChartIn Bosnia & Herzegovina, annual deaths resulting from firearms total

2014: 10515 16 17 18
2011: 0

Rate of All Gun Deaths per 100,000 People

ChartIn Bosnia & Herzegovina, the annual rate of all gun deaths per 100,000 population is

2014: 2.7119
2011: 0

Total Number of Male Gun Deaths

ChartIn Bosnia & Herzegovina, annual male deaths resulting from firearms total

2014: 9419
2011: 0

Rate of Male Gun Death per 100,000 People

In Bosnia & Herzegovina, the annual rate of male gun death per 100,000 population is

2014: 4.9819

Total Number of Female Gun Deaths

ChartIn Bosnia & Herzegovina, annual female deaths resulting from firearms total

2014: 1119
2011: 0

Rate of Female Gun Death per 100,000 People

In Bosnia & Herzegovina, the annual rate of female gun death per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.5519

Homicides (any method)

ChartIn Bosnia & Herzegovina, annual homicides by any means total

2016: 4520
2015: 57
2014: 4619
2013: 46
2012: 63
2011: 51
2010: 56
2009: 71
2008: 6621
2007: 6621 22
2006: 7323 22
2005: 7021 22
2004: 68
2003: 6822
2002: 9021
2001: 82
2000: 99

Rate of Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Bosnia & Herzegovina, the annual rate of homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2016: 1.1720
2015: 1.47
2014: 1.1919
2013: 1.19
2012: 1.62
2011: 1.31
2010: 1.44
2009: 1.83
2008: 1.70
2007: 1.70
2006: 1.8623 21
2005: 1.79
2004: 1.821
2003: 1.775
2002: 2.421
2001: 2.2
2000: 2.7

Male Homicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Bosnia & Herzegovina, annual male homicides by any means total

2016: 3024
2015: 39
2014: 3419
2013: 32
2012: 39
2011: 35
2010: 46
2009: 56

Rate of Male Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Bosnia & Herzegovina, the annual rate of male homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2016: 1.7324
2015: 2.25
2014: 1.8019
2013: 1.81
2012: 2.18
2011: 1.93
2010: 2.52
2009: 3.04

Female Homicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Bosnia & Herzegovina, annual female homicides by any means total

2016: 1524
2015: 18
2014: 1219
2013: 14
2012: 24
2011: 16
2010: 10
2009: 15

Rate of Female Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Bosnia & Herzegovina, the annual rate of female homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2016: 0.8324
2015: 1
2014: 0.6019
2013: 0.76
2012: 1.29
2011: 0.85
2010: 0.53
2009: 0.79

Gun Homicides

ChartIn Bosnia & Herzegovina, annual firearm homicides total

2014: 1615
2013: 1825
2011: 0
2010: 26
2009: 35
2006: 1821
2005: 18

Rate of Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Bosnia & Herzegovina, the annual rate of firearm homicide per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.4119
2013: 0.5025
2011: 0
2010: 0.67
2009: 0.90
2006: 0.521
2005: 0.5

Proportion of Homicides Committed With a Gun

ChartIn Bosnia & Herzegovina, the percentage of homicides committed with a firearm is reported to be

2011: 14%26
2010: 46%
2009: 49%
2008: 12%
2007: 55%
2006: 25%
2005: 26%

Male Gun Homicide Victims

ChartIn Bosnia & Herzegovina, annual male firearm homicides total

2015: 1419
2014: 14
2011: 0

Rate of Male Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

In Bosnia & Herzegovina, the annual rate of male firearm homicide per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.7419

Female Gun Homicide Victims

ChartIn Bosnia & Herzegovina, annual female firearm homicides total

2015: 219
2014: 2
2011: 0

Rate of Female Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

In Bosnia & Herzegovina, the annual rate of female firearm homicide per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.1019

Handgun Homicides

In Bosnia & Herzegovina, annual handgun homicides total

2014: 315

Rate of Handgun Homicide per 100,000 People

In Bosnia & Herzegovina, the annual rate of handgun homicide per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.0815

Long Gun Homicides

In Bosnia & Herzegovina, annual long gun homicides total

2014: 515

Rate of Long Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

In Bosnia & Herzegovina, the annual rate of long gun homicide per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.1315

Gun Homicides (Other)

In Bosnia & Herzegovina, annual gun homicides (other) total

2014: 815

Rate of Gun Homicide (Other) per 100,000 People

In Bosnia & Herzegovina, the annual rate of gun homicide (other) per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.2115

Suicides (any method)

ChartIn Bosnia & Herzegovina, annual suicides by any means total

2014: 31319
2011: 5
2007: 47222
2006: 484
2005: 466
2004: 442
2003: 453
1991: 53127

Rate of Suicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Bosnia & Herzegovina, the annual rate of suicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2014: 8.0819
2011: 0.13
2007: 12.135
2006: 12.43
2005: 11.97
2004: 11.40
2003: 11.79
1991: 12.7627

Male Suicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Bosnia & Herzegovina, annual male suicides by any means total

2014: 24319
2011: 5

Rate of Male Suicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Bosnia & Herzegovina, the annual rate of male suicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2014: 12.8819
2011: 0.26

Female Suicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Bosnia & Herzegovina, annual female suicides by any means total

2014: 7019
2011: 0

Rate of Female Suicide per 100,000 People (any method)

In Bosnia & Herzegovina, the annual rate of female suicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2014: 3.5319

Gun Suicides

ChartIn Bosnia & Herzegovina, annual firearm suicides total

2014: 7316
2011: 0

Rate of Gun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Bosnia & Herzegovina, the annual rate of firearm suicide per 100,000 population is

2014: 1.8919
2011: 0

Male Gun Suicide Victims

ChartIn Bosnia & Herzegovina, annual male firearm suicides total

2014: 6819
2011: 0

Rate of Male Gun Suicide per 100,000 People

In Bosnia & Herzegovina, the annual rate of male firearm suicide per 100,000 population is

2014: 3.6019

Female Gun Suicide Victims

ChartIn Bosnia & Herzegovina, annual female firearm suicides total

2014: 519
2011: 0

Rate of Female Gun Suicide per 100,000 People

In Bosnia & Herzegovina, the annual rate of female firearm suicide per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.2519

Handgun Suicides

In Bosnia & Herzegovina, annual handgun suicides total

2014: 616

Rate of Handgun Suicide per 100,000 People

In Bosnia & Herzegovina, the annual rate of handgun suicide per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.1616

Long Gun Suicides

In Bosnia & Herzegovina, the number of long gun suicides is

2014: 916

Rate of Long Gun Suicide per 100,000 People

In Bosnia & Herzegovina, the annual rate of long gun suicide per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.2416

Gun Suicides (Other)

In Bosnia & Herzegovina, annual gun suicides (other) total

2014: 5816

Rate of Gun Suicide (Other) per 100,000 People

In Bosnia & Herzegovina, the annual rate of gun suicide (other) per 100,000 population is

2014: 1.5216

Unintentional Gun Deaths

ChartIn Bosnia & Herzegovina, annual unintentional shooting deaths total

2014: 1217
2011: 0

Rate of Unintentional Gun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn Bosnia & Herzegovina, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.3119
2011: 0

Unintentional Male Gun Deaths

ChartIn Bosnia & Herzegovina, annual unintentional male shooting deaths total

2014: 1019
2011: 0

Rate of Unintentional Male Gun Death per 100,000 People

In Bosnia & Herzegovina, the annual rate of unintentional male shooting death per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.5319

Unintentional Female Gun Deaths

ChartIn Bosnia & Herzegovina, annual unintentional female shooting deaths total

2014: 219
2011: 0

Rate of Unintentional Female Gun Death per 100,000 People

In Bosnia & Herzegovina, the annual rate of unintentional female shooting death per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.1019

Unintentional Handgun Deaths

In Bosnia & Herzegovina, annual unintentional shooting deaths by handgun total

2014: 317

Rate of Unintentional Handgun Death per 100,000 People

In Bosnia & Herzegovina, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death by handgun per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.0817

Unintentional Long Gun Deaths

In Bosnia & Herzegovina, annual unintentional shooting deaths by long gun total

2014: 317

Rate of Unintentional Long Gun Death per 100,000 People

In Bosnia & Herzegovina, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death by long gun per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.0817

Unintentional Gun Deaths (Other)

In Bosnia & Herzegovina, annual unintentional shooting deaths by firearm (other) total

2014: 617

Rate of Unintentional Gun Death (Other) per 100,000 People

In Bosnia & Herzegovina, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death by firearm (other) per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.1617

Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Bosnia & Herzegovina, annual shooting deaths in which the cause remains undecided total

2014: 418
2011: 0

Rate of Gun Death from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

In Bosnia & Herzegovina, the annual rate of unknown-cause shooting deaths per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.1019

Male Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Bosnia & Herzegovina, annual male shooting deaths in which the cause remains undecided total

2014: 219
2011: 0

Rate of Male Gun Death from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

In Bosnia & Herzegovina, the annual rate of unknown-cause male shooting deaths per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.1119

Female Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Bosnia & Herzegovina, annual female shooting deaths in which the cause remains undecided total

2014: 219
2011: 0

Rate of Female Gun Death from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

In Bosnia & Herzegovina, the annual rate of unknown-cause female shooting deaths per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.1019

Handgun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

In Bosnia & Herzegovina, annual deaths by handgun in which the cause remains undecided total

2014: 118

Rate of Handgun Death from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

In Bosnia & Herzegovina, the annual rate of unknown-cause handgun deaths per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.0318

Gun Deaths (Other) from Undetermined Cause

In Bosnia & Herzegovina, annual deaths by firearm (other) in which the cause remains undecided total

2014: 318

Rate of Gun Death (Other) from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

In Bosnia & Herzegovina, the annual rate of unknown-cause gun deaths (other) per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.0818

ProductionGun Industry

Regulation of Firearm Makers

In Bosnia & Herzegovina, the manufacture of small arms, ammunition and/or their components is permitted only if the maker holds a valid licence28 29

TransfersGun Trade and Trafficking

Firearm Exports

In Bosnia & Herzegovina, firearm and ammunition exports are limited by transfer control law30 31 32 33 34 35 29 36 37

Firearm Exports (Number)

ChartThe annual number of firearms exported from Bosnia & Herzegovina is reported by manufacturers to be

2018: 1,45938
2017: 4439
2016: 907
2015: 12,393
2010: 13,799
2009: 8
2007: 4,906
2006: 6,465

Small Arms Exports (US$) - Customs

The annual value of small arms and ammunition exports from Bosnia & Herzegovina is reported by Customs to be US$9,225,94740 (2011)

Small Arms Exports - World Ranking

In a comparison of the world's major/mid-level/minor/unknown small arms exporters, Bosnia & Herzegovina was categorized as 'unknown' (Bosnia)41

Firearm Imports

In Bosnia & Herzegovina, firearm and ammunition imports are limited by transfer control law30 31 32 33 34 35 29 37

Firearm Imports (Number)

ChartThe annual number of firearms imported to Bosnia & Herzegovina is reported to be

2018: 9,67239
2017: 3,381
2016: 7,285
2015: 13,03438
2010: 15,358
2009: 14,000
2007: 16,706
2006: 14,465

Small Arms Imports (US$) - Customs

The annual value of small arms and ammunition imports to Bosnia & Herzegovina is reported by Customs to be US$1,585,40740 (2011)

Smuggling Guns and Ammunition

Reports suggest that the level of firearm and ammunition smuggling in Bosnia & Herzegovina is low42 43 44

Regulation of Arms Brokers

In Bosnia & Herzegovina, the activities of arms brokers and transfer intermediaries are specifically regulated by law45 29 37 46

End User Certificates

Customs regulations in Bosnia & Herzegovina include47 31 29 certification of the intended end user of any small arms or ammunition transfer, and/or a written declaration of its intended end use

Transparency of Small Arms Transfers

ChartIn its annual Small Arms Trade Transparency Barometer, the Small Arms Survey compares public reporting among major arms exporting nations on a scale from strong to weak (25 to zero). In recent years, Bosnia & Herzegovina scored

2018: 10.2548
2016: 5.7549
2014: 1.5050
2013: 4.0051
2012: 8.7552
2011: 9.5053
2010: 13.0054
2009: 13.0055
2008: 13.5056
2007: 11.0057
2006: 11.2558
2005: 9.7559
2004: 0.0060

MeasuresGun Regulation

Firearm Law

Guiding gun control legislation in Bosnia & Herzegovina includes the Law on Production of Arms and Military Equipment and the Law on Testing, Stamping and Marking of Small Arms and Ammunition,61 the Law on the Import and Export of Weapons and Military Equipment of 2003, as amended in 2005,29 the Law on Control of Foreign Trade of Goods and Services of Strategic Importance to the Security of Bosnia and Herzegovina and the Criminal Code30 45

Right to Possess Firearms

In Bosnia & Herzegovina, the right to private gun ownership is not guaranteed by law62 63

Gun Ownership and Possession

Licensing Records

In Bosnia & Herzegovina, authorities maintain a record29 of individual civilians licensed to acquire, possess, sell or transfer a firearm or ammunition

Firearm Registration

Civilian Gun Registration

In Bosnia & Herzegovina, the law require64 65 9 that a record of the acquisition, possession and transfer of each privately held firearm be retained in an official register

Gun Manufacturer Record Keeping

In Bosnia & Herzegovina, licensed gun makers are required28 66 to keep a record of each firearm produced, for inspection by a regulating authority

State-Owned Firearm Records

In Bosnia & Herzegovina, State agencies are required64 65 67 to maintain records of the storage and movement of all firearms and ammunition under their control

Storage and Transport of Guns and Ammunition

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Government

Government regulations in Bosnia & Herzegovina include67 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition by state entities

Firearm and Ammunition Transport Regulations

Regulations in Bosnia & Herzegovina include34 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition while in transit

Marking and Tracing Guns and Ammunition

Firearm Marking

In Bosnia & Herzegovina, a unique identifying mark on each firearm is required by law68 69 70

Firearm Tracing

In Bosnia & Herzegovina, state authorities carry out71 recognised arms tracing and tracking procedures

Collection, Amnesty and Destruction Programmes

Authorities in Bosnia & Herzegovina are known to have72 73 33 74 implemented voluntary firearm surrender schemes, and/or weapon seizure programmes in order to reduce the number of illicit firearms in circulation

Surrendered in Gun Amnesty

In Bosnia & Herzegovina, the number of firearms voluntarily surrendered in recent arms amnesty and collection programmes is reported to be

2003/06: 15,15172 74

Exchanged in Gun Buyback

In Bosnia & Herzegovina, the total number of firearms exchanged for monetary or in-kind compensation during recent gun buyback and disposal programmes is reported to be

2006/2010: 33272

Firearms Surrendered and Seized

ChartIn Bosnia & Herzegovina, the number of firearms voluntarily surrendered, bought back or seized by authorities is reported to be

2017: 7,79975
2016: 16,939
2015: 3,58676
2013: 5,00077
2011: 6,43478

Small Arms Destroyed

ChartIn Bosnia & Herzegovina, the number of firearms destroyed following amnesty, collection and seizure programmes is reported to be

2017: 12,50179 75 80
2016: 5,005
2011: 3,40081
2005/10: 95,00082 72
2003/06: 15,15174
2002/07: 250,000 83

Destruction and Disposal Policy

In Bosnia & Herzegovina, it is state policy84 33 36 to destroy surplus, collected and seized firearms rather than return them to the secondary arms market

MeasuresInternational Controls

Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development

The Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development, a diplomatic initiative aimed at addressing the interrelations between armed violence and development, was signed in 200685 by Bosnia & Herzegovina.

Arms Trade Treaty

The Arms Trade Treaty has been signed and ratified86 by Bosnia & Herzegovina

United Nations Firearms Protocol

The United Nations Protocol against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, Their Parts and Components and Ammunition has been signed and ratified87 by Bosnia & Herzegovina

United Nations Small Arms Programme of Action UNPoA

UNPoA Commitment

On 21 July 2001, Bosnia & Herzegovina committed to a consensus decision of the United Nations to adopt, support and implement the UN Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects88

UNPoA Implementation Monitor Score

In its UN small arms Programme of Action Implementation Monitor (PoAIM Phase 1), the Small Arms Survey scored Bosnia & Herzegovina against its commitments to the PoA, then ranked it at No. 1889 90 91 92 among 159 Member States

UNPoA National Reporting

Under the terms of its 2001 commitment to the United Nations small arms Programme of Action, Bosnia & Herzegovina has submitted one or more national reports93 46 on its implementation of the UNPoA

UNPoA National Point of Contact

In Bosnia & Herzegovina, a National Point of Contact to deal with issues relating to the UNPoA has been designated94 46

UNPoA National Coordinating Body

In Bosnia & Herzegovina, a National Coordinating Body to deal with issues relating to the UNPoA has been designated94 46

UNPoA Civil Society Involvement and Support

In National Reports of Bosnia & Herzegovina submitted to the UN from 2001 to 2010, a history of substantive cooperation with civil society in support of UNPoA activities was apparent46

UNPoA International Assistance – Donor

Funds for UNPoA implementation have not been donated46 by Bosnia & Herzegovina to other UN Member States

UNPoA International Assistance – Recipient

Funds for UNPoA implementation have been provided46 to Bosnia & Herzegovina by other UN Member States

United Nations Small Arms Register

According to the United Nations Register of Conventional Arms, Bosnia & Herzegovina has declared95 its small arms exports in one or more annual National Reports on Arms Exports.

United Nations Membership

In the UN List of Member States, Bosnia & Herzegovina has been a Member State of the United Nations since 199296

Wassenaar Arrangement

The Wassenaar Arrangement on Export Controls and Conventional Arms and Dual-Use Goods and Technologies does not list97 Bosnia & Herzegovina as a Participating State

BackgroundCountry Profile

Conflict Profile

For a profile of conflict in Bosnia & Herzegovina, select the Link icon to open an external web page from the UCDP Conflict Encyclopedia at Uppsala University

Global Peace Index

To see where Bosnia & Herzegovina ranks, select the Link icon to open an external web page at the Global Peace Index


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