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Bolivia — Gun Facts, Figures and the Law

StockpilesGun Numbers

Civilian Guns

Number of Privately Owned Firearms

ChartThe estimated total number of guns (both licit and illicit) held by civilians in Bolivia is

2017: 218,0001
2012: 250,0002 3 4 5

Rate of Civilian Firearm Possession per 100 Population

ChartThe estimated rate of private gun ownership (both licit and illicit) per 100 people in Bolivia is

2017: 2.01
2012: 2.52 4

Number of Privately Owned Firearms - World Ranking

In a 2007 comparison of the number of privately owned guns in 178 countries, Bolivia ranked at No. 1106

Rate of Privately Owned Firearms per 100 Population - World Ranking

In a 2007 comparison of the rate of private gun ownership in 178 countries, Bolivia ranked at No. 1195

Number of Registered Firearms

ChartThe number of registered guns in Bolivia is reported to be

2017: 10,9821
2016: 7,3007

Rate of Registered Firearms per 100 Population

The rate of registered guns per 100 people in Bolivia is 0.078

Estimated Number of Illicit Firearms

Unlawfully held guns cannot be counted, but in Bolivia there are estimated to be

2017: 207,0181

Government Guns

Number of Military Firearms

The defence forces of Bolivia are reported to have 87,5909 firearms

Number of Law Enforcement Firearms

Police in Bolivia are reported to have 42,00010 firearms

ImpactsDeath and Injury

Homicides (any method)

ChartIn Bolivia, annual homicides by any means total

2013: 84511
2012: 1,27012
2011: 1,029
2010: 1,052
2009: 83511 13 14 15 16
2008: 850
2007: 787
2006: 598
2005: 654
2004: 3,74814 15
2003: 2,565
2002: 2,610
2001: 2,957
2000: 3,078

Rate of Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Bolivia, the annual rate of homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2013: 8.411
2012: 12.4012
2011: 10.21
2010: 10.61
2009: 8.4711 13 14 15 16
2008: 8.77
2007: 8.26
2006: 6.39
2005: 7.12
2004: 41.614 15
2003: 29.0
2002: 30.1
2001: 34.8
2000: 37.0
1998: 28.6317

Male Homicide Victims (any method)

In Bolivia, annual male homicides by any means total

2010: 81318

Female Homicide Victims (any method)

In Bolivia, annual female homicides by any means total

2010: 23918

Gun Homicides

ChartIn Bolivia, annual firearm homicides total

2010: 7212
2006: 1213 19
2005: 13
2002: 5220
2001: 50

Rate of Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Bolivia, the annual rate of firearm homicide per 100,000 population is

2010: 0.748
2006: 0.138 19
2005: 0.14
2002: 0.5920
2001: 0.58

Proportion of Homicides Committed With a Gun

ChartIn Bolivia, the percentage of homicides committed with a firearm is reported to be

2011: 9%21
2010: 7%13
2006: 2%
2005: 2%

ProductionGun Industry

Regulation of Firearm Makers

In Bolivia, the manufacture of small arms, ammunition and/or their components is permitted only if the maker holds a valid licence22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38

TransfersGun Trade and Trafficking

Firearm Exports

In Bolivia, firearm and ammunition exports are limited by transfer control law23 26 27 28 39 40 41 42 43 29 44 45 30

Small Arms Exports (US$) - Customs

The annual value of small arms and ammunition exports from Bolivia is reported by Customs to be US$60146 (2009)

Firearm Imports

In Bolivia, firearm and ammunition imports are limited by transfer control law23 26 27 28 39 40 47 41 42 43 29 44 45 48 30 49 50 51 52 53 54 55

Small Arms Imports (US$) - Customs

The annual value of small arms and ammunition imports to Bolivia is reported by Customs to be US$1,555,55046 (2011)

Regulation of Arms Brokers

In Bolivia, the activities of arms brokers and transfer intermediaries are not specifically regulated by law56

End User Certificates

Customs regulations in Bolivia include57 48 58 40 certification of the intended end user of any small arms or ammunition transfer, and/or a written declaration of its intended end use

MeasuresGun Regulation

Firearm Regulation - Guiding Policy

The regulation of guns in Bolivia is categorised as restrictive59

Firearm Law

Guiding gun control legislation in Bolivia includes the Firearms, Ammunition, Explosives and Other Related Materials Control Law of 201360 37 and its regulation61 3

Firearm Regulation Authority

Guns in Bolivia are regulated by the Ministry of Defence, Ministry of Interior and the Police57 62 63 64

Right to Possess Firearms

In Bolivia, the right to private gun ownership is not guaranteed by law65 66

Restricted Firearms and Ammunition

In Bolivia, civilians are not allowed to possess military weapons67 68

Regulation of Automatic Weapons

In Bolivia, private possession of fully automatic weapons is prohibited67 68 21

Regulation of Semiautomatic Assault Weapons

In Bolivia, private possession of semi-automatic assault weapons is permitted under licence67 68

Regulation of Handguns

In Bolivia, private possession of handguns (pistols and revolvers) is permitted under licence67 68 69 21

Law Regulates Long Guns

In Bolivia, civilian possession of rifles and shotguns is regulated by law67 68 69 21

Gun Ownership and Possession

In Bolivia, only licensed gun owners70 71 72 73 49 74 75 76 77 78 30 79 21 may lawfully acquire, possess or transfer a firearm or ammunition

Genuine Reason Required for Firearm Possession

Applicants for a gun owner’s licence in Bolivia are required to establish a genuine reason to possess a firearm, for example self-defence,80 sports, hunting and collection67 70 71

Minimum Age for Firearm Possession

The minimum age for gun ownership in Bolivia is 21 years72

Gun Owner Background Checks

An applicant for a firearm licence in Bolivia must pass a background check which considers criminal and mental health72 30 81 21 records

Reference Required for Firearm Licence

In Bolivia, third party character references for each gun licence applicant are not required56

Domestic Violence and Firearms

Where a past history, or apprehended likelihood of family violence exists, the law in Bolivia does not stipulate56 that a gun licence should be denied or revoked

Firearm Safety Training

In Bolivia, an understanding of firearm safety and the law, tested in a theoretical and/or practical training course is required82 81 79 for a firearm licence

Gun Owner Licensing Period

In Bolivia, gun owners must re-apply and re-qualify for their firearm licence every three years83

Licensing Records

In Bolivia, authorities maintain a record84 85 63 86 79 of individual civilians licensed to acquire, possess, sell or transfer a firearm or ammunition

Limit on Number of Guns

Licensed firearm owners in Bolivia are permitted to possess from two to five firearms87

Limit on Quantity, Type of Ammunition

Licensed firearm owners in Bolivia are permitted to possess any quantity of ammunition56

Firearm Registration

Civilian Gun Registration

In Bolivia, the law requires84 85 63 86 79 74 77 78 37 88 that a record of the acquisition, possession and transfer of each privately held firearm be retained in an official register

Gun Dealer Record Keeping

In Bolivia, licensed firearm dealers are required62 89 85 84 63 86 to keep a record of each firearm or ammunition purchase, sale or transfer on behalf of a regulating authority

Gun Manufacturer Record Keeping

In Bolivia, licensed gun makers are required42 43 85 84 63 86 to keep a record of each firearm produced, for inspection by a regulating authority

State-Owned Firearm Records

In Bolivia, State agencies are required90 84 63 86 85 91 to maintain records of the storage and movement of all firearms and ammunition under their control

Gun Sales and Transfers

Regulation of Private Gun Sales

In Bolivia, the private sale and transfer of firearms is prohibited without authorisation from the Ministry of the Interior, through the Police92 73

Regulation of Dealer Gun Sales

In Bolivia, dealing in firearms by way of business without a valid gun dealer’s licence is unlawful92 23 30 33 34 35 36 93

Waiting Period for Gun Possession

In Bolivia, the minimum wait for a lawful firearm purchase to be completed is undetermined56

Regulation of Gun Shows

In Bolivia, gun shows and temporary firearm dealing events are not regulated56 in law

Storage and Transport of Guns and Ammunition

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Private

Firearm regulations in Bolivia include94 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of private firearms and ammunition by licensed gun owners

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Dealer

Firearm regulations in Bolivia include94 29 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition by licensed arms dealers

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Government

Government regulations in Bolivia include94 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition by state entities

Firearm and Ammunition Transport Regulations

Regulations in Bolivia include45 48 95 39 40 41 96 97 98 99 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition while in transit

Marking and Tracing Guns and Ammunition

Firearm Marking

In Bolivia, a unique identifying mark on each firearm is required by law100 53 101

Firearm Tracing

In Bolivia, state authorities carry out102 79 103 recognised arms tracing and tracking procedures

Ballistic Record of Firearms and Ammunition

In Bolivia, the ballistic characteristics of each civilian firearm and its ammunition are72 104 79 recorded in a register

Carrying Guns

Law Regulates Firearms in Public

In Bolivia, carrying a gun in a public place is regulated by law71 30 21

Carrying Guns Openly in Public

In Bolivia, carrying a firearm in plain view in a public place is prohibited105

Gun Free Zones

In Bolivia, private guns are prohibited in social gatherings and public or private events, meetings or conferences, national, departmental, regional, municipal legislative sessions and indigenous gatherings, educational institutions, universities, hospitals and religious settings, public demonstrations, social movements, marches, strikes and rallies, prisons, sporting events, financial institutions, and judicial hearings30

Penalty for Illicit Firearm Possession

In Bolivia, the maximum penalty for unlawful possession of a firearm106 is five years in prison107 31 108 109 110 100 111 32 112 105 37

Collection, Amnesty and Destruction Programmes

Authorities in Bolivia are known to have57 implemented voluntary firearm surrender schemes, and/or weapon seizure programmes in order to reduce the number of illicit firearms in circulation

Destruction and Disposal Policy

In Bolivia, it is state policy113 57 114 to destroy surplus, collected and seized firearms rather than return them to the secondary arms market

MeasuresInternational Controls

Regional Agreements

Andean Community

As a member of the Andean Community, Bolivia

adopted Decision 552: The Andean Plan to Prevent, Fight and Eradicate Illicit Trafficking in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects in June, 2003115

Organization of American States

On 14 November 1997, as a member of the Organisation of American States (OAS), Bolivia adopted the Inter-American Convention against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, Explosives, Ammunition and Other Related Materials (CIFTA), a legally binding multilateral treaty of which the OAS is depository. The CIFTA Convention has since been signed and ratified116 117 by Bolivia

Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development

The Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development, a diplomatic initiative aimed at addressing the interrelations between armed violence and development, was not signed118 by Bolivia.

Arms Trade Treaty

The Arms Trade Treaty has not been signed119 by Bolivia

United Nations Firearms Protocol

The United Nations Protocol against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, Their Parts and Components and Ammunition has not been signed120 by Bolivia

United Nations Small Arms Programme of Action UNPoA

UNPoA Commitment

On 21 July 2001, Bolivia committed to a consensus decision of the United Nations to adopt, support and implement the UN Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects121

UNPoA Implementation Monitor Score

In its UN small arms Programme of Action Implementation Monitor (PoAIM Phase 1), the Small Arms Survey scored Bolivia against its commitments to the PoA, then ranked it at No. 128122 123 124 125 among 159 Member States

UNPoA National Reporting

Under the terms of its 2001 commitment to the United Nations small arms Programme of Action, Bolivia has submitted one or more national reports126 127 on its implementation of the UNPoA

UNPoA National Point of Contact

In Bolivia, a National Point of Contact to deal with issues relating to the UNPoA has been designated128 127

UNPoA National Coordinating Body

In Bolivia, a National Coordinating Body to deal with issues relating to the UNPoA has not been designated128 127

UNPoA Civil Society Involvement and Support

In National Reports of Bolivia submitted to the UN from 2001 to 2010, a history of substantive cooperation with civil society in support of UNPoA activities was apparent127

UNPoA International Assistance – Donor

Funds for UNPoA implementation have not been donated127 by Bolivia to other UN Member States

United Nations Small Arms Register

According to the United Nations Register of Conventional Arms, Bolivia has not declared129 its small arms exports in one or more annual National Reports on Arms Exports.

United Nations Membership

In the UN List of Member States, Bolivia has been a Member State of the United Nations since 1945130

Wassenaar Arrangement

The Wassenaar Arrangement on Export Controls and Conventional Arms and Dual-Use Goods and Technologies does not list131 Bolivia as a Participating State

BackgroundCountry Profile

Conflict Profile

For a profile of conflict in Bolivia, select the Link icon to open an external web page from the UCDP Conflict Encyclopedia at Uppsala University

Global Peace Index

To see where Bolivia ranks, select the Link icon to open an external web page at the Global Peace Index


Short References

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Bolivia.2014.‘Authorisation Licence for the Installation and Running of Factories (Licencia de Autorización para la Instalación y Funcionamiento de Fábricas).’ Supreme Decree No. 2175, Regulation of the Act No. 400 on the Control of Firearms, Ammunition, Explosives and other Related Materials.La Paz:Official Gazette of Bolivia,5 November. (Q10457)Full Citation

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