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Bermuda — Gun Facts, Figures and the Law

StockpilesGun Numbers

Civilian Guns

Number of Privately Owned Firearms

The estimated total number of guns (both licit and illicit) held by civilians in Bermuda is

2017: 3,0001

Rate of Civilian Firearm Possession per 100 Population

The estimated rate of private gun ownership (both licit and illicit) per 100 people in Bermuda is

2017: 4.601

Government Guns

Number of Law Enforcement Firearms

Police in Bermuda are reported to have 5002 firearms

ImpactsDeath and Injury

Total Number of Gun Deaths

ChartIn Bermuda, annual deaths resulting from firearms total

2017: 33
2016: 2
2015: 0
2014: 2
2013: 3
2012: 4
2011: 5
2010: 64

Rate of All Gun Deaths per 100,000 People

ChartIn Bermuda, the annual rate of all gun deaths per 100,000 population is

2017: 4.253
2016: 2.85
2015: 03
2014: 2.88
2013: 4.34
2012: 5.82
2011: 7.32
2010: 8.84

Total Number of Male Gun Deaths

ChartIn Bermuda, annual male deaths resulting from firearms total

2017: 33
2016: 2
2015: 0
2014: 2
2013: 3
2012: 4
2011: 5
2010: 6

Rate of Male Gun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn Bermuda, the annual rate of male gun death per 100,000 population is

2017: 8.793
2016: 5.89
2014: 5.95
2013: 8.98
2012: 12.04
2011: 15.14
2010: 18.29

Total Number of Female Gun Deaths

ChartIn Bermuda, annual female deaths resulting from firearms total

2015: 03
2014: 0
2013: 0
2012: 0
2011: 0
2010: 0

Homicides (any method)

ChartIn Bermuda, annual homicides by any means total

2019: 05
2017: 3 2016
2015: 1
2014: 2
2013: 3
2012: 5
2011: 5
2010: 6
2009: 6
2008: 5
2007: 3
2006: 3
2005: 2
2004: 1
2003: 2
2002: 1
2001: 3
2000: 0
1999: 26
1998: 0
1997: 2
1996: 4

Rate of Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Bermuda, the annual rate of homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2019: 05
2017: 7.93
2016: 12.63
2015: 6.28
2014: 6.41
2013: 7.97
2012: 9.50
2011: 12.58
2010: 10.95
2009: 8.84
2008: 7.42
2007: 4.48
2006: 4.7
2005: 3.1
2004: 1.6
2003: 3.1
2002: 1.6
2001: 4.8
2000: 0.0
1999: 3.26
1998: 0.0
1997: 3.2
1996: 6.5

Male Homicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Bermuda, annual male homicides by any means total

2019: 05
2017: 57
2016: 16
2015: 8
2014: 3
2013: 5
2012: 6
2011: 6
2010: 7
2009: 5

Rate of Male Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Bermuda, the annual rate of male homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2017: 17.117
2016: 27.24
2015: 13.56
2014: 10.11
2013: 16.74
2012: 19.96
2011: 19.83
2010: 23
2009: 16.34

Female Homicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Bermuda, annual female homicides by any means total

2019: 05
2017: 07
2016: 0
2015: 0
2014: 1
2013: 0
2012: 0
2011: 2
2010: 0
2009: 1

Rate of Female Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Bermuda, the annual rate of female homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2017: 07
2016: 07
2015: 0
2014: 3.06
2013: 0
2012: 0
2011: 6
2010: 0
2009: 2.97

Gun Homicides

ChartIn Bermuda, annual firearm homicides total

2017: 35
2016: 55
2015: 1
2014: 2
2013: 3
2012: 6
2011: 5
2010: 7
2004: 06
2003: 1

Rate of Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Bermuda, the annual rate of firearm homicide per 100,000 population is

2017: 4.765
2016: 7.89
2015: 1.57
2014: 3.12
2013: 4.66
2012: 7.72
2011: 7.68
2010: 10.90
2004: 0.06
2003: 1.6

Proportion of Homicides Committed With a Gun

ChartIn Bermuda, the percentage of homicides committed with a firearm is reported to be

2004: 0.0%6
2003: 50.0%

Male Gun Homicide Victims

ChartIn Bermuda, annual male firearm homicides total

2017: 33
2016: 2
2015: 2
2014: 2
2013: 3
2012: 6
2011: 2
2010: 2

Rate of Male Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Bermuda, the annual rate of male firearm homicide per 100,000 population is

2017: 8.753
2016: 5.86
2015: 6.19
2014: 5.92
2013: 8.88
2012: 17.86
2011: 6.02
2010: 6.06

Female Gun Homicide Victims

ChartIn Bermuda, annual female firearm homicides total

2015: 03
2014: 0
2013: 0
2012: 0
2011: 0
2010: 0

Rate of Female Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Bermuda, the annual rate of female firearm homicide per 100,000 population is

2014: 05
2013: 0.00
2012: 0.00
2011: 0.00
2010: 0.00

Suicides (any method)

ChartIn Bermuda, annual suicides by any means total

2017: 13
2016: 1
2015: 03
2014: 1
2013: 0
2012: 2
2011: 0
2010: 3
2009: 3
2008: 1
2007: 1
2006: 1
2005: 3
2001: 3
2000: 1

Rate of Suicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Bermuda, the annual rate of suicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2017: 1.413
2016: 1.42
2015: 03
2014: 1.43
2013: 0.00
2012: 2.90
2011: 0.00
2010: 4.39
2009: 4.42
2008: 1.48
2007: 1.49
2006: 1.51
2005: 4.55
2001: 4.72
2000: 1.59

Male Suicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Bermuda, annual male suicides by any means total

2017: 13
2016: 1
2015: 03
2014: 1
2013: 0
2012: 1
2011: 0
2010: 3
2009: 3
2008: 1
2006: 1
2005: 3
2001: 2
2000: 1

Rate of Male Suicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Bermuda, the annual rate of male suicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2017: 2.923
2016: 2.93
2014: 2.96
2012: 2.99
2010: 9.09
2009: 9.14
2008: 3.07
2006: 3.11
2005: 9.42
2001: 6.51
2000: 3.28

Female Suicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Bermuda, annual female suicides by any means total

2015: 03
2014: 0
2013: 0
2012: 1
2011: 0
2010: 0
2007: 1
2001: 1

Rate of Female Suicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Bermuda, the annual rate of female suicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2015: 0.003
2014: 0.00
2013: 0.00
2012: 2.80
2007: 2.89
2001: 3.04

Gun Suicides

ChartIn Bermuda, annual firearm suicides total

2015: 03
2014: 0
2013: 0
2012: 0
2011: 0
2010: 0

Rate of Gun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Bermuda, the annual rate of firearm suicide per 100,000 population is

2015: 0.003
2014: 0.00
2013: 0.00
2012: 0.00
2011: 0.00
2010: 0.00

Male Gun Suicide Victims

ChartIn Bermuda, annual male firearm suicides total

2015: 03
2014: 0
2013: 0
2012: 0
2011: 0
2010: 0

Rate of Male Gun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Bermuda, the annual rate of male firearm suicide per 100,000 population is

2015: 0.003
2014: 0.00
2013: 0.00
2012: 0.00
2011: 0.00
2010: 0.00

Female Gun Suicide Victims

ChartIn Bermuda, annual female firearm suicides total

2015: 03
2014: 0
2013: 0
2012: 0
2011: 0
2010: 0

Rate of Female Gun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Bermuda, the annual rate of female firearm suicide per 100,000 population is

2015: 0.003
2014: 0.00
2013: 0.00
2012: 0.00
2011: 0.00
2010: 0.00

Unintentional Gun Deaths

ChartIn Bermuda, annual unintentional shooting deaths total

2015: 03
2014: 0
2013: 0
2012: 1
2011: 2
2010: 0

Rate of Unintentional Gun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn Bermuda, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death per 100,000 population is

2015: 0.003
2014: 0.00
2013: 0.00
2012: 1.45
2011: 2.91
2010: 0.00

Unintentional Male Gun Deaths

ChartIn Bermuda, annual unintentional male shooting deaths total

2015: 03
2014: 0
2013: 0
2012: 1
2011: 2
2010: 0

Rate of Unintentional Male Gun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn Bermuda, the annual rate of unintentional male shooting death per 100,000 population is

2015: 0.003
2014: 0.00
2013: 0.00
2012: 2.99
2011: 6.02

Unintentional Female Gun Deaths

ChartIn Bermuda, annual unintentional female shooting deaths total

2015: 03
2014: 0
2013: 0
2012: 0
2011: 0
2010: 0

Rate of Unintentional Female Gun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn Bermuda, the annual rate of unintentional female shooting death per 100,000 population is

2015: 0.003
2014: 0.00
2013: 0.00
2012: 0.00
2011: 0.00
2010: 0.00

Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Bermuda, annual shooting deaths in which the cause remains undecided total

2015: 03
2014: 0
2013: 0
2012: 0
2011: 0
2010: 0

Rate of Gun Death from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn Bermuda, the annual rate of unknown-cause shooting deaths per 100,000 population is

2015: 0.003
2014: 0.00
2013: 0.00
2012: 0.00
2011: 0.00
2010: 0.00

Male Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Bermuda, annual male shooting deaths in which the cause remains undecided total

2015: 03
2014: 0
2013: 0
2012: 0
2011: 0
2010: 0

Rate of Male Gun Death from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn Bermuda, the annual rate of unknown-cause male shooting deaths per 100,000 population is

2015: 0.003
2014: 0.00
2013: 0.00
2012: 0.00
2011: 0.00
2010: 0.00

Female Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Bermuda, annual female shooting deaths in which the cause remains undecided total

2015: 03
2014: 0
2013: 0
2012: 0
2011: 0
2010: 0

Rate of Female Gun Death from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn Bermuda, the annual rate of unknown-cause female shooting deaths per 100,000 population is

2015: 0.003
2014: 0.00
2013: 0.00
2012: 0.00
2011: 0.00
2010: 0.00

TransfersGun Trade and Trafficking

Firearm Imports

In Bermuda, firearm and ammunition imports are limited by transfer control law8 9 10 11

MeasuresGun Regulation

Firearm Law

Guiding gun control legislation in Bermuda includes the Firearms Act of 197312

Firearm Regulation Authority

Guns in Bermuda are regulated by the Commissioner of Police13

Right to Possess Firearms

In Bermuda, the right to private gun ownership is not guaranteed by law14 15

Restricted Firearms and Ammunition

In Bermuda, civilians are not allowed to possess any firearm without a permit8

Gun Ownership and Possession

In Bermuda, only licensed gun owners8 9 10 may lawfully acquire, possess or transfer a firearm or ammunition

Minimum Age for Firearm Possession

The minimum age for gun ownership in Bermuda is 18 years13 16

Gun Owner Background Checks

An applicant for a firearm licence in Bermuda must pass a background check which considers mental health, criminal, and behavioural13 17 records

Gun Owner Licensing Period

In Bermuda, gun owners must re-apply and re-qualify for their firearm licence every 1 year10

Firearm Registration

Gun Dealer Record Keeping

In Bermuda, licensed firearm dealers are required11 to keep a record of each firearm or ammunition purchase, sale or transfer on behalf of a regulating authority

Gun Sales and Transfers

Regulation of Private Gun Sales

In Bermuda, the private sale and transfer of firearms is prohibited without a valid firearms licence8 17

Regulation of Dealer Gun Sales

In Bermuda, dealing in firearms by way of business without a valid gun dealer’s licence is unlawful8 11 17

Storage and Transport of Guns and Ammunition

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Private

Firearm regulations in Bermuda include18 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of private firearms and ammunition by licensed gun owners

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Dealer

Firearm regulations in Bermuda include11 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition by licensed arms dealers

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Government

Government regulations in Bermuda include18 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition by state entities

Carrying Guns

Carrying Guns Openly in Public

In Bermuda, carrying a firearm in plain view in a public place is prohibited19

Carrying Hidden Handguns in Public

In Bermuda, carrying a concealed firearm in a public place is prohibited8

Penalty for Illicit Firearm Possession

In Bermuda, the maximum penalty for unlawful possession of a firearm20 is three21 to 10 years in prison22

MeasuresInternational Controls

United Nations Membership

In the UN List of Member States, Bermuda is not a Member State of the United Nations23

Wassenaar Arrangement

The Wassenaar Arrangement on Export Controls and Conventional Arms and Dual-Use Goods and Technologies does not list24 Bermuda as a Participating State

BackgroundSustainable Development Goal Profile

About SDG 16

The Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) are 17 goals set by the United Nations to be implemented by all member states by 2030. Adopted in 2015, they outline a vision of development in which peace and security are an integral part. SDG 16,25 which seeks to “promote peaceful and inclusive societies for sustainable development,” includes targets and indicators focused on reducing violence (Target 16.1) and the proliferation of illicit arms (Target 16.4). The indicators – or measurement criteria – of these targets include the number of victims of intentional homicide (Indicator 16.1.1), the number of conflict-related deaths (Indicator 16.1.2), and the number of illicit firearms collected and traced (Indicator 16.4.2). In light of these targets and indicators, GunPolicy.org provides granular national data pertaining to homicides, gun homicides, conflict deaths, disarmament efforts, and marking and tracing.

Homicides (any method)

ChartIn Bermuda, annual homicides by any means total

2019: 05
2017: 3 2016
2015: 1
2014: 2
2013: 3
2012: 5
2011: 5
2010: 6
2009: 6
2008: 5
2007: 3
2006: 3
2005: 2
2004: 1
2003: 2
2002: 1
2001: 3
2000: 0
1999: 26
1998: 0
1997: 2
1996: 4

Rate of Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Bermuda, the annual rate of homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2019: 05
2017: 7.93
2016: 12.63
2015: 6.28
2014: 6.41
2013: 7.97
2012: 9.50
2011: 12.58
2010: 10.95
2009: 8.84
2008: 7.42
2007: 4.48
2006: 4.7
2005: 3.1
2004: 1.6
2003: 3.1
2002: 1.6
2001: 4.8
2000: 0.0
1999: 3.26
1998: 0.0
1997: 3.2
1996: 6.5

Male Homicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Bermuda, annual male homicides by any means total

2019: 05
2017: 57
2016: 16
2015: 8
2014: 3
2013: 5
2012: 6
2011: 6
2010: 7
2009: 5

Rate of Male Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Bermuda, the annual rate of male homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2017: 17.117
2016: 27.24
2015: 13.56
2014: 10.11
2013: 16.74
2012: 19.96
2011: 19.83
2010: 23
2009: 16.34

Female Homicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Bermuda, annual female homicides by any means total

2019: 05
2017: 07
2016: 0
2015: 0
2014: 1
2013: 0
2012: 0
2011: 2
2010: 0
2009: 1

Rate of Female Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Bermuda, the annual rate of female homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2017: 07
2016: 07
2015: 0
2014: 3.06
2013: 0
2012: 0
2011: 6
2010: 0
2009: 2.97

Gun Homicides

ChartIn Bermuda, annual firearm homicides total

2017: 35
2016: 55
2015: 1
2014: 2
2013: 3
2012: 6
2011: 5
2010: 7
2004: 06
2003: 1

Rate of Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Bermuda, the annual rate of firearm homicide per 100,000 population is

2017: 4.765
2016: 7.89
2015: 1.57
2014: 3.12
2013: 4.66
2012: 7.72
2011: 7.68
2010: 10.90
2004: 0.06
2003: 1.6

Proportion of Homicides Committed With a Gun

ChartIn Bermuda, the percentage of homicides committed with a firearm is reported to be

2004: 0.0%6
2003: 50.0%

Male Gun Homicide Victims

ChartIn Bermuda, annual male firearm homicides total

2017: 33
2016: 2
2015: 2
2014: 2
2013: 3
2012: 6
2011: 2
2010: 2

Rate of Male Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Bermuda, the annual rate of male firearm homicide per 100,000 population is

2017: 8.753
2016: 5.86
2015: 6.19
2014: 5.92
2013: 8.88
2012: 17.86
2011: 6.02
2010: 6.06

Female Gun Homicide Victims

ChartIn Bermuda, annual female firearm homicides total

2015: 03
2014: 0
2013: 0
2012: 0
2011: 0
2010: 0

Rate of Female Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Bermuda, the annual rate of female firearm homicide per 100,000 population is

2014: 05
2013: 0.00
2012: 0.00
2011: 0.00
2010: 0.00

Global Peace Index

To see where Bermuda ranks, select the Link icon to open an external web page at the Global Peace Index, and then click on Bermuda on the map or in the "Select Country" menu on the right of the web page


Short References

1.

Karp, Aaron.2018.‘Civilian Firearms Holdings, 2017.’ Estimating Global Civilian-Held Firearms Numbers.Geneva:Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva,18 June. (Q13434)Full Citation

2.

Karp, Aaron.2018.‘Law Enforcement Firearms Holdings, 2017.’ Estimating Global Law Enforcement Firearms Numbers.Geneva:Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva,18 June. (Q13435)Full Citation

3.

WHO.2016.‘Inter-country Comparison of Mortality for Selected Causes of Death.’ WHO Mortality Data Base.Geneva:World Health Organisation,1 December. (Q13354)Full Citation

4.

Waiselfiz, Julio Jacobo.2015.‘Number and Rate of Gun Deaths in 90 Countries (Número e taxas de mortalidade por AF segundo causa básica em 90 países do mundo).’ Violence Map: Deaths by Firearms (Mapa da Violência: Mortes Matadas por Armas de Fogo).Brasilia:Facultad Latinoamericana de Ciencias Sociales / Latin American Social Sciences Institute,1 January. (Q11896)Full Citation

5.

UNODC.2020.‘Intentional Homicide Victims.’ dataunodc.un.org (web site).Vienna:United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime,1 January. (Q13355)Full Citation

6.

UNODC.2013.‘Homicide in 207 Countries - Bermuda.’ Global Study on Homicide 2011: Trends, Context, Data.Vienna:United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime,26 June. (Q6342)Full Citation

7.

UNODC.2017.‘Intentional Homicide Victims by Sex.’ Crime and Drugs Data.Vienna:UNODC,19 May. (Q13356)Full Citation

8.

Bermuda.1973.‘Article 3: Requirement for Licence.’ Firearms Act of 1973.Hamilton:Bermuda,1 January. (Q15618)Full Citation

9.

Bermuda.1973.‘Article 6: Ammunition Licence.’ Firearms Act of 1973.Hamilton:Bermuda,1 January. (Q15619)Full Citation

10.

Bermuda.1973.‘Article 7: Gun Licence.’ Firearms Act of 1973.Hamilton:Bermuda,1 January. (Q15620)Full Citation

11.

Bermuda.1973.‘Article 10: Firearm Dealers.’ Firearms Act of 1973.Hamilton:Bermuda,1 January. (Q15621)Full Citation

12.

Bermuda.1973.‘Preamble.’ Firearms Act of 1973.Hamilton:Bermuda,1 January. (Q15617)Full Citation

13.

Bermuda.1973.‘Article 11: Issuing Licenses.’ Firearms Act of 1973.Hamilton:Bermuda,1 January. (Q15622)Full Citation

14.

Sherman, Amy and Tom Ginsburg.2014.‘Gun Rights in National Constitutions.’ Marco Rubio Says Second Amendment Is Unique in Speech to NRA.Miami, FL:Miami Herald (PolitiFact Florida),29 April. (Q8507)Full Citation

15.

Zachary Elkins, Tom Ginsburg and James Melton. 2013. ‘U.S. Gun Rights Truly Are American Exceptionalism.’ Bloomberg (USA). 7 March. (N422) Full Citation

16.

Bermuda.1973.‘Article 23: Acquisition by Minors.’ Firearms Act of 1973.Hamilton:Bermuda,1 January. (Q15625)Full Citation

17.

Bermuda.1973.‘Article 20: Possession or Handling of Firearms by Persons Previously Convicted of Crime.’ Firearms Act of 1973.Hamilton:Bermuda,1 January. (Q15624)Full Citation

18.

Bermuda.1973.‘Article 21: Storage of Firearms and Ammunition.’ Firearms Act of 1973.Hamilton:Bermuda,1 January. (Q15626)Full Citation

19.

Bermuda.1973.‘Article 18: Carrying Firearm in a Public Place.’ Firearms Act of 1973.Hamilton:Bermuda,1 January. (Q15623)Full Citation

20.

GunPolicy.org. 2015. ‘Penalty for Unlawful Firearm Possession.’ Definition and Selection Criteria.
Sydney School of Public Health, 22 January.
(G93) Full Citation

21.

Matthew Taylor. 2006. ‘Fears of Retaliatory Gun Battles.’ Royal Gazette (Bermuda). 26 July. (N167) Full Citation

22.

Matthew Taylor. 2006. ‘Guns for Hire.’ Royal Gazette (Bermuda). 26 July. (N166) Full Citation

23.

UN.2013.‘Member States of the United Nations.’ UN.org Web Site.New York, NY:United Nations General Assembly,7 April. (Q290)Full Citation

24.

Wassenaar Arrangement.1996.‘Introduction: Participating States.’ Wassenaar Arrangement on Export Controls and Conventional Arms and Dual-Use Goods and Technologies.Vienna:Wassenaar Secretariat,12 July. (Q19)Full Citation

25.

United Nations.2017.‘Relevant Targets & Indicators.’ Sustainable Development Goal 16.New York NY:United Nations Statistics Division,6 July. (Q14093)Full Citation