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Benin — Gun Facts, Figures and the Law

StockpilesGun Numbers

Civilian Guns

Number of Privately Owned Firearms

ChartThe estimated total number of guns (both licit and illicit) held by civilians in Benin is

2017: 33,0001
2007: 120,0002

Rate of Civilian Firearm Possession per 100 Population

ChartThe estimated rate of private gun ownership (both licit and illicit) per 100 people in Benin is

2017: 0.31
2007: 1.42

Number of Privately Owned Firearms - World Ranking

In a 2007 comparison of the number of privately owned guns in 178 countries, Benin ranked at No. 1333

Rate of Privately Owned Firearms per 100 Population - World Ranking

In a 2007 comparison of the rate of private gun ownership in 178 countries, Benin ranked at No. 1372

Government Guns

Number of Military Firearms

The defence forces of Benin are reported to have 8,7004 firearms

Number of Law Enforcement Firearms

Police in Benin are reported to have 26,0005 firearms

ImpactsDeath and Injury

Homicides (any method)

ChartIn Benin, annual homicides by any means total

2015: 6546
2012: 8487
2010: 604
2008: 1,2628

Rate of Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Benin, the annual rate of homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2015: 6.266
2012: 8.47
2010: 6.67
2008: 15.18
2004: 12.709
2002: 10.00
1998: 5.12
1997: 4.38
1996: 3.70

Male Homicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Benin, annual male homicides by any means total

2015: 52710
2010: 43010

Rate of Male Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

In Benin, the annual rate of male homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2015: 1010

Female Homicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Benin, annual female homicides by any means total

2015: 12710
2010: 175

Rate of Female Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

In Benin, the annual rate of female homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2015: 2.3910

Suicides (any method)

ChartIn Benin, annual suicides by any means total

2016: 1,07711
2015: 1,046
2010: 887
2000: 653

Rate of Suicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Benin, the annual rate of suicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2016: 10.0311
2015: 10.01
2010: 9.79
2000: 9.87

Male Suicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Benin, annual male suicides by any means total

2016: 75411
2015: 730
2010: 612
2000: 445

Rate of Male Suicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Benin, the annual rate of male suicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2016: 13.9711
2015: 13.91
2010: 13.50
2000: 13.55

Female Suicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Benin, annual female suicides by any means total

2016: 32411
2015: 316
2010: 275
2000: 208

Rate of Female Suicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Benin, the annual rate of female suicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2016: 6.0611
2015: 6.08
2010: 6.08
2000: 6.24

ProductionGun Industry

Regulation of Firearm Makers

In Benin, the manufacture of small arms, ammunition and/or their components is permitted only if the maker holds a valid licence12

Home-made Guns

In Benin, the prevalence of illicit craft, or 'home-made' firearm manufacture is reported to be moderate13

TransfersGun Trade and Trafficking

Firearm Exports

In Benin, firearm and ammunition exports are limited by transfer control law14

Firearm Exports (Number)

The annual number of firearms exported from Benin is reported by manufacturers to be

2018: 015

Small Arms Exports (US$) - Customs

The annual value of small arms and ammunition exports from Benin is reported by Customs to be US$016 (2010)

Firearm Imports

In Benin, firearm and ammunition imports are limited by transfer control law14 17

Firearm Imports (Number)

The annual number of firearms imported to Benin is reported to be

2018: 2,87015

Small Arms Imports (US$) - Customs

The annual value of small arms and ammunition imports to Benin is reported by Customs to be US$47,41616 (2011)

Smuggling Guns and Ammunition

Reports suggest that the level of firearm and ammunition smuggling in Benin is moderate18 19 20

Regulation of Arms Brokers

In Benin, the activities of arms brokers and transfer intermediaries are specifically regulated by law21 17

End User Certificates

Customs regulations in Benin include14 certification of the intended end user of any small arms or ammunition transfer, and/or a written declaration of its intended end use

MeasuresGun Regulation

Firearm Regulation - Guiding Policy

Law Regulates Civilian Access to Firearms

In Benin, civilian possession of guns is regulated by law22

Firearm Law

Guiding gun control legislation in Benin includes the Decree No. 61/39/PR/MI of February 7, 1961, establishing the arms and ammunition regime in Benin12 17

Firearm Regulation Authority

Guns in Benin are regulated by the Home Office17

Right to Possess Firearms

In Benin, the right to private gun ownership is not guaranteed by law23 24

Restricted Firearms and Ammunition

Law Regulates Automatic Weapons

In Benin, civilian possession of automatic weapons is regulated by law22

Law Regulates Handguns

In Benin, civilian possession of handguns is regulated by law22

Law Regulates Long Guns

In Benin, civilian possession of rifles and shotguns is regulated by law22

Gun Ownership and Possession

Gun Owner Background Checks

An applicant for a firearm licence in Benin must pass a background check which considers undefined22 records

Firearm Registration

Civilian Gun Registration

In Benin, the law requires25 that a record of the acquisition, possession and transfer of each privately held firearm be retained in an official register

Gun Manufacturer Record Keeping

In Benin, licensed gun makers are required12 to keep a record of each firearm produced, for inspection by a regulating authority

State-Owned Firearm Records

In Benin, State agencies are required26 to maintain records of the storage and movement of all firearms and ammunition under their control

Storage and Transport of Guns and Ammunition

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Government

Government regulations in Benin include27 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition by state entities

Carrying Guns

Law Regulates Firearms in Public

In Benin, carrying a gun in a public place is regulated by law22

MeasuresInternational Controls

Regional Agreements

African Union

In June 2006, as a member of the African Union, Benin adopted an African Common Position to take to the Conference to Review the UN Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA), held in June 200628 29

Economic Community of West African States

In June 2006, as a member of the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS), Benin adopted the ECOWAS Convention on Small Arms and Light Weapons, their Ammunition and other Related Materials. This stipulates strict controls on the transfer, manufacture, possession and security of small arms and light weapons30

Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development

The Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development, a diplomatic initiative aimed at addressing the interrelations between armed violence and development, was signed in 200731 by Benin.

Arms Trade Treaty

The Arms Trade Treaty has been signed and ratified32 by Benin

United Nations Firearms Protocol

The United Nations Protocol against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, Their Parts and Components and Ammunition has been signed and ratified33 by Benin

United Nations Small Arms Programme of Action UNPoA

UNPoA Commitment

On 21 July 2001, Benin committed to a consensus decision of the United Nations to adopt, support and implement the UN Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects34

UNPoA Implementation Monitor Score

In its UN small arms Programme of Action Implementation Monitor (PoAIM Phase 1), the Small Arms Survey scored Benin against its commitments to the PoA, then ranked it at No. 5235 36 37 38 among 159 Member States

UNPoA National Reporting

Under the terms of its 2001 commitment to the United Nations small arms Programme of Action, Benin has submitted one or more national reports39 40 on its implementation of the UNPoA

UNPoA National Point of Contact

In Benin, a National Point of Contact to deal with issues relating to the UNPoA has been designated41 40

UNPoA National Coordinating Body

In Benin, a National Coordinating Body to deal with issues relating to the UNPoA has been designated41 40

UNPoA Civil Society Involvement and Support

In National Reports of Benin submitted to the UN from 2001 to 2010, a history of substantive cooperation with civil society in support of UNPoA activities was apparent41 40

UNPoA International Assistance – Donor

Funds for UNPoA implementation have not been donated40 by Benin to other UN Member States

United Nations Small Arms Register

According to the United Nations Register of Conventional Arms, Benin has not declared42 its small arms exports in one or more annual National Reports on Arms Exports.

United Nations Membership

In the UN List of Member States, Benin has been a Member State of the United Nations since 196043

Wassenaar Arrangement

The Wassenaar Arrangement on Export Controls and Conventional Arms and Dual-Use Goods and Technologies does not list44 Benin as a Participating State

BackgroundSustainable Development Goal Profile

About SDG 16

The Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) are 17 goals set by the United Nations to be implemented by all member states by 2030. Adopted in 2015, they outline a vision of development in which peace and security are an integral part. SDG 16,45 which seeks to “promote peaceful and inclusive societies for sustainable development,” includes targets and indicators focused on reducing violence (Target 16.1) and the proliferation of illicit arms (Target 16.4). The indicators – or measurement criteria – of these targets include the number of victims of intentional homicide (Indicator 16.1.1), the number of conflict-related deaths (Indicator 16.1.2), and the number of illicit firearms collected and traced (Indicator 16.4.2). In light of these targets and indicators, GunPolicy.org provides granular national data pertaining to homicides, gun homicides, conflict deaths, disarmament efforts, and marking and tracing.

Homicides (any method)

ChartIn Benin, annual homicides by any means total

2015: 6546
2012: 8487
2010: 604
2008: 1,2628

Rate of Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Benin, the annual rate of homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2015: 6.266
2012: 8.47
2010: 6.67
2008: 15.18
2004: 12.709
2002: 10.00
1998: 5.12
1997: 4.38
1996: 3.70

Male Homicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Benin, annual male homicides by any means total

2015: 52710
2010: 43010

Rate of Male Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

In Benin, the annual rate of male homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2015: 1010

Female Homicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Benin, annual female homicides by any means total

2015: 12710
2010: 175

Rate of Female Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

In Benin, the annual rate of female homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2015: 2.3910

Conflict Deaths

For a profile of conflict in Benin, select the Link icon to open an external web page from the UCDP Conflict Encyclopedia at Uppsala University

Disarmament

Authorities in Benin are known to have46 implemented voluntary firearm surrender schemes, and/or weapon seizure programmes in order to reduce the number of illicit firearms in circulation

Marking and Tracing

Firearm Marking

In Benin, a unique identifying mark on each firearm is required by law12 14 25

Firearm Tracing

In Benin, state authorities carry out47 recognised arms tracing and tracking procedures

Global Peace Index

To see where Benin ranks, select the Link icon to open an external web page at the Global Peace Index, and then click on Benin on the map or in the "Select Country" menu on the right of the web page


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