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Belgium — Gun Facts, Figures and the Law

StockpilesGun Numbers

Civilian Guns

Number of Privately Owned Firearms

ChartThe estimated total number of guns (both licit and illicit) held by civilians in Belgium is

2018: 881,4191
2015: 776,8662 3 4
2010: 888,533
2006: 2,000,0005 6 7 8
2005: 1,800,0009

Rate of Civilian Firearm Possession per 100 Population

ChartThe estimated rate of private gun ownership (both licit and illicit) per 100 people in Belgium is

2018: 7.6210
2015: 6.86
2010: 8.18
2006: 18.98
2005: 17.29

Number of Privately Owned Firearms - World Ranking

In a 2007 comparison of the number of privately owned guns in 178 countries, Belgium ranked at No. 3911

Rate of Privately Owned Firearms per 100 Population - World Ranking

In a 2007 comparison of the rate of private gun ownership in 178 countries, Belgium ranked at No. 349

Proportion of Adults Living in a Home With a Gun

In Belgium, the percentage of adults living in a household with a firearm is reported to be

2015: 3%12

Proportion of Households with Firearms

ChartIn Belgium, the percentage of households with one or more guns is reported to be

2010: 5.1%13
2005: 11.4%14 13
1999/2003: 11.4%14 13
1992: 16.5%15
1992/94: 15.6%14 13
1989: 16.5%14 13

Proportion of Households with Rifles

In Belgium, the percentage of households with one or more rifles is reported to be

1992: 5.0%15

Proportion of Households with Shotguns

In Belgium, the percentage of households with one or more shotguns is reported to be

1992: 7.7%15

Proportion of Households with Handguns

ChartIn Belgium, the percentage of households with one or more handguns is reported to be

2005: 5.2%14
1999/2003: 4.3%
1992/94: 6.7%14 15
1989: 6.4%14

Number of Licensed Firearm Owners

ChartThe number of licensed gun owners in Belgium is reported to be

2010: 409,06216
2006: 393,704
1999: 458,16217

Rate of Licensed Firearm Owners per 100 Population

ChartThe rate of licensed firearm owners per 100 people in Belgium is

2010: 3.7610
2006: 3.74
1999: 4.48

Number of Registered Firearms

ChartThe number of registered guns in Belgium is reported to be

2018: 781,4191
2015: 647,38818
2010: 740,44419
2006: 787,85819 18
2005: 641,7816 9

Rate of Registered Firearms per 100 Population

ChartThe rate of registered guns per 100 people in Belgium is

2018: 6.7610
2010: 6.81
2006: 7.48
2005: 6.13

Estimated Number of Unregistered and Illicit Firearms

ChartUnregistered and unlawfully held guns cannot be counted,20 but in Belgium there are estimated to be

2018: 100,0001
2015: 129,4782 20 4
2010: 148,089
2006: 630,000 to 1,100,0008

Estimated Rate of Unregistered and Illicit Firearms per 100 Population

ChartUnregistered and unlawfully held guns cannot be counted,20 but in Belgium the rate of such firearms per 100 people is estimated to be

2018: 0.8710
2015: 1.14
2010: 1.36
2006: 5.98

Government Guns

Number of Military Firearms

The defence forces of Belgium are reported to have 80,88021 firearms

Number of Law Enforcement Firearms

Police in Belgium are reported to have 78,00022 firearms

ImpactsDeath and Injury

Total Number of Gun Deaths

ChartIn Belgium, annual deaths resulting from firearms total

2016: 17323
2015: 159
2014: 165
2013: 13824 25 26 27
2012: 20224 25 27
2011: 202
2010: 19728 24 25 26 27 29
2009: 189
2008: 231
2007: 210
2006: 25628 30
2005: 31528 24 25 26 27
2004: 30928 24 25 27
2003: 329
2001: 366
2000: 340
1999: 33724 25 26 27
1998: 371
1997: 39024 25 26
1996: 370
1995: 37924 25 26 31
1994: 38724 25 26
1993: 392

Rate of All Gun Deaths per 100,000 People

ChartIn Belgium, the annual rate of all gun deaths per 100,000 population is

2016: 1.5323
2015: 1.42
2014: 1.48
2013: 1.25
2012: 1.84
2011: 1.86
2010: 1.83
2009: 1.77
2008: 2.18
2007: 1.99
2006: 2.45
2005: 3.02
2004: 2.98
2003: 3.19
2001: 3.56
2000: 3.31
1999: 3.29
1998: 3.63
1997: 3.82
1996: 3.63
1995: 3.73
1994: 3.82
1993: 3.89

Total Number of Male Gun Deaths

ChartIn Belgium, annual male deaths resulting from firearms total

2016: 16023
2015: 138
2014: 150
2013: 124
2012: 183
2011: 183
2010: 180
2009: 169
2008: 211
2007: 178
2006: 225
2005: 274
2004: 262
2003: 281
2001: 320
2000: 296

Rate of Male Gun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn Belgium, the annual rate of male gun death per 100,000 population is

2016: 2.8723
2015: 2.50
2014: 2.74
2013: 2.28
2012: 3.40
2011: 3.43
2010: 3.41
2009: 3.22
2008: 4.06
2007: 3.45
2006: 4.39
2005: 5.37
2004: 5.16
2003: 5.56
2001: 6.35
2000: 5.89

Total Number of Female Gun Deaths

ChartIn Belgium, annual female deaths resulting from firearms total

2016: 1323
2015: 21
2014: 15
2013: 14
2012: 19
2011: 19
2010: 17
2009: 20
2008: 20
2007: 32
2006: 31
2005: 41
2004: 47
2003: 48
2001: 46
2000: 44

Rate of Female Gun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn Belgium, the annual rate of female gun death per 100,000 population is

2016: 0.2323
2015: 0.37
2014: 0.26
2013: 0.25
2012: 0.34
2011: 0.34
2010: 0.31
2009: 0.37
2008: 0.37
2007: 0.60
2006: 0.58
2005: 0.77
2004: 0.89
2003: 0.91
2001: 0.88
2000: 0.84

Homicides (any method)

ChartIn Belgium, annual homicides by any means total

2017: 19332
2016: 174
2015: 230
2014: 210
2013: 205
2012: 205
2011: 214
2010: 189
2009: 189
2008: 203
2007: 211
2006: 14633
2005: 163
2004: 178
2003: 144
2002: 31934 35
2001: 282
2000: 212
1999: 17236
1998: 218
1997: 14536 35
1996: 118
1995: 142

Rate of Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Belgium, the annual rate of homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2017: 1.6932
2016: 1.53
2015: 2.04
2014: 1.87
2013: 1.84
2012: 1.85
2011: 1.94
2010: 1.73
2009: 1.75
2008: 1.90
2007: 1.99
2006: 1.39
2005: 1.56
2004: 1.71
2003: 1.39
2002: 3.134 35
2001: 2.7
2000: 2.1
1999: 1.6810 35
1998: 2.13
1997: 1.42
1996: 1.16
1995: 1.435 37
1990: 1.4138

Male Homicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Belgium, annual male homicides by any means total

2016: 7423
2015: 6523
2014: 69
2013: 57
2012: 79
2011: 79
2010: 72
2009: 76
2008: 77
2007: 91
2006: 86
2005: 94
2004: 93
2003: 81
2001: 117
2000: 102

Rate of Male Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Belgium, the annual rate of male homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2019: 23
2018:
2017:
2016: 1.32
2015: 1.17
2014: 1.25
2013: 1.04
2012: 1.46
2011: 1.47
2010: 1.35
2009: 1.44
2008: 1.47
2007: 1.75
2006: 1.67
2005: 1.83
2004: 1.82
2003: 1.60
2001: 2.32
2000: 2.03

Female Homicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Belgium, annual female homicides by any means total

2016: 4623
2015: 53
2014: 42
2013: 52
2012: 48
2011: 62
2010: 41
2009: 50
2008: 43
2007: 64
2006: 55
2005: 66
2004: 82
2003: 58
2001: 64
2000: 65

Rate of Female Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Belgium, the annual rate of female homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2016: 0.7923
2015: 0.92
2014: 0.74
2013: 0.92
2012: 0.85
2011: 1.11
2010: 0.74
2009: 0.91
2008: 0.79
2007: 1.18
2006: 1.02
2005: 1.24
2004: 1.54
2003: 1.10
2001: 1.22
2000: 1.24

Gun Homicides

ChartIn Belgium, annual firearm homicides total

2016: 1823
2015: 25
2014: 28
2013: 12
2012: 22
2011: 31
2010: 34
2009: 30
2008: 28
2007: 34
2006: 31
2005: 41
2004: 53
2003: 49
2001: 49
2000: 48
1999: 7024
1998: 73
1997: 78
1996: 75
1995: 5924 35
1994: 7624
1993: 95

Rate of Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Belgium, the annual rate of firearm homicide per 100,000 population is

2019: 23
2018:
2017:
2016: 0.16
2015: 0.22
2014: 0.25
2013: 0.11
2012: 0.20
2011: 0.28
2010: 0.31
2009: 0.28
2008: 0.26
2007: 0.32
2006: 0.29
2005: 0.39
2004: 0.51
2003: 0.47
2001: 0.48
2000: 0.47
1999: 0.6824
1998: 0.72
1997: 0.77
1996: 0.74
1995: 0.5824 35
1994: 0.7524
1993: 0.94
1990: 0.6039

Proportion of Homicides Committed With a Gun

ChartIn Belgium, the percentage of homicides committed with a firearm is reported to be

2011: 10%40
2004: 39.5%35
1995: 37.3%

Male Gun Homicide Victims

ChartIn Belgium, annual male firearm homicides total

2016: 1623
2015: 18
2014: 22
2013: 8
2012: 13
2011: 24
2010: 25
2009: 21
2008: 22
2007: 21
2006: 21
2005: 23
2004: 36
2003: 30
2001: 34
2000: 31

Rate of Male Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Belgium, the annual rate of male firearm homicide per 100,000 population is

2019: 23
2018:
2017:
2016: 0.28
2015: 0.32
2014: 0.40
2013: 0.15
2012: 0.24
2011: 0.45
2010: 0.47
2009: 0.40
2008: 0.42
2007: 0.40
2006: 0.41
2005: 0.45
2004: 0.71
2003: 0.59
2001: 0.67
2000: 0.62

Female Gun Homicide Victims

ChartIn Belgium, annual female firearm homicides total

2016: 223
2015: 7
2014: 6
2013: 4
2012: 9
2011: 7
2010: 9
2009: 9
2008: 6
2007: 13
2006: 10
2005: 18
2004: 17
2003: 19
2001: 15
2000: 17

Rate of Female Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Belgium, the annual rate of female firearm homicide per 100,000 population is

2016: 0.0323
2015: 0.12
2014: 0.11
2013: 0.07
2012: 0.16
2011: 0.13
2010: 0.16
2009: 0.16
2008: 0.11
2007: 0.24
2006: 0.19
2005: 0.34
2004: 0.32
2003: 0.36
2001: 0.29
2000: 0.32

Handgun Homicides

ChartIn Belgium, annual handgun homicides total

2013: 324
2012: 1
2011: 1
2009: 2
2005: 2
2004: 2
1999: 6
1998: 11

Rate of Handgun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Belgium, the annual rate of handgun homicide per 100,000 population is

2013: 0.0324
2012: 0.01
2011: 0.01
2009: 0.02
2005: 0.02
2004: 0.02
1999: 0.06
1998: 0.11

Long Gun Homicides

ChartIn Belgium, annual long gun homicides total

2013: 124
2012: 2
2011: 2
2010: 2
2009: 1
2008: 1
2007: 1
2005: 3
2004: 4
1999: 6
1998: 6

Rate of Long Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Belgium, the annual rate of long gun homicide per 100,000 population is

2013: 0.0124
2012: 0.02
2011: 0.02
2010: 0.02
2009: 0.01
2008: 0.01
2007: 0.01
2005: 0.03
2004: 0.04
1999: 0.06
1998: 0.06

Gun Homicides (Other)

ChartIn Belgium, annual gun homicides (other) total

2013: 1224
2012: 22
2011: 31
2010: 34
2009: 30
2008: 28
2007: 34
2006: 31
2005: 41
2004: 53
1999: 58
1998: 56

Rate of Gun Homicide (Other) per 100,000 People

ChartIn Belgium, the annual rate of gun homicide (other) per 100,000 population is

2013: 0.1124
2012: 0.20
2011: 0.28
2010: 0.31
2009: 0.28
2008: 0.26
2007: 0.32
2006: 0.29
2005: 0.39
2004: 0.51
1999: 0.57
1998: 0.55

Suicides (any method)

ChartIn Belgium, annual suicides by any means total

2016: 2,04523
2015: 1,989
2014: 2,013
2013: 2,010
2012: 2,182
2011: 2,247
2010: 2,155
2009: 2,166
2008: 2,189
2007: 2,021
2006: 2,141
2005: 2,268
2004: 2,220
2003: 2,352
2001: 2,450
2000: 2,415
1999: 2,00541
1998: 2,022
1995: 2,15531

Rate of Suicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Belgium, the annual rate of suicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2019: 023
2018: 0
2017: 0
2016: 17.92
2015: 17.56
2014: 17.91
2013: 18.03
2012: 19.73
2011: 20.50
2010: 19.83
2009: 20.10
2008: 20.47
2007: 19.05
2006: 20.32
2005: 21.66
2004: 21.32
2003: 22.68
2001: 23.80
2000: 23.53
1999: 19.59
1998: 19.79
1995: 20.8931
1990: 19.0442

Male Suicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Belgium, annual male suicides by any means total

2015: 1,31423
2014: 1,338
2013: 1,36323
2012: 1,484
2011: 1,487
2010: 1,449
2009: 1,459
2008: 1,453
2007: 1,319

Rate of Male Suicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Belgium, the annual rate of male suicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2016: 26.6223
2015: 25.63
2014: 26.21
2013: 26.86
2012: 30.17
2011: 30.43
2010: 29.82
2009: 30.30
2008: 31.10
2007: 28.22
2006: 30.73
2005: 33.10
2004: 32.61
2003: 34.88
2001: 36.53
2000: 35.29

Female Suicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Belgium, annual female suicides by any means total

2016: 55023
2015: 561
2014: 565
2013: 539
2012: 544
2011: 610
2010: 566
2009: 565
2008: 559
2007: 554
2006: 555
2005: 571
2004: 557
2003: 581
2001: 610
2000: 643

Rate of Female Suicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Belgium, the annual rate of female suicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2016: 9.4923
2015: 9.75
2014: 9.89
2013: 9.51
2012: 9.66
2011: 10.93
2010: 10.22
2009: 10.29
2008: 10.25
2007: 10.24
2006: 10.33
2005: 10.69
2004: 10.48
2003: 10.98
2001: 11.61
2000: 12.27

Gun Suicides

ChartIn Belgium, annual firearm suicides total

2016: 14023
2015: 123
2014: 115
2013: 11525
2012: 159
2011: 161
2010: 14428 29
2009: 153
2008: 189
2007: 165
2006: 207
2005: 240
2004: 234
2003: 261
2001: 286
2000: 272
1999: 24525
1998: 280
1997: 310
1996: 288
1995: 289
1994: 307
1993: 293

Rate of Gun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Belgium, the annual rate of firearm suicide per 100,000 population is

2019: 23
2018:
2017:
2016: 1.24
2015: 1.09
2014: 1.03
2013: 1.04
2012: 1.45
2011: 1.48
2010: 1.34
2009: 1.43
2008: 1.78
2007: 1.57
2006: 1.98
2005: 2.30
2004: 2.26
2003: 2.53
2001: 2.78
2000: 2.65
1999: 2.4025
1998: 2.74
1997: 3.05
1996: 2.84
1995: 2.85
1994: 3.03
1993: 2.91
1990: 2.5643

Male Gun Suicide Victims

ChartIn Belgium, annual male firearm suicides total

2016: 13323
2015: 114
2014: 110
2013: 108
2012: 154
2011: 150
2010: 140
2009: 142
2008: 177
2007: 148
2006: 192
2005: 220
2004: 213
2003: 234
2001: 258
2000: 246

Rate of Male Gun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Belgium, the annual rate of male firearm suicide per 100,000 population is

2016: 2.3723
2015: 2.05
2014: 1.99
2013: 1.97
2012: 2.84
2011: 2.79
2010: 2.63
2009: 2.69
2008: 3.38
2007: 2.85
2006: 3.72
2005: 4.29
2004: 4.18
2003: 4.61
2001: 5.12
2000: 4.90

Female Gun Suicide Victims

ChartIn Belgium, annual female firearm suicides total

2016: 723
2015: 9
2014: 5
2013: 7
2012: 5
2011: 11
2010: 4
2009: 11
2008: 12
2007: 17
2006: 15
2005: 20
2004: 21
2003: 27
2001: 28
2000: 26

Rate of Female Gun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Belgium, the annual rate of female firearm suicide per 100,000 population is

2016: 0.1223
2015: 0.16
2014: 0.09
2013: 0.12
2012: 0.09
2011: 0.20
2010: 0.07
2009: 0.20
2008: 0.22
2007: 0.31
2006: 0.28
2005: 0.37
2004: 0.40
2003: 0.51
2001: 0.53
2000: 0.50

Handgun Suicides

ChartIn Belgium, annual handgun suicides total

2013: 1525
2012: 16
2011: 8
2010: 4
2009: 13
2008: 9
2007: 9
2006: 13
2005: 13
2004: 18
1999: 45
1998: 25

Rate of Handgun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Belgium, the annual rate of handgun suicide per 100,000 population is

2013: 0.1325
2012: 0.14
2011: 0.07
2010: 0.04
2009: 0.12
2008: 0.08
2007: 0.08
2006: 0.12
2005: 0.12
2004: 0.17
1999: 0.44
1998: 0.25

Long Gun Suicides

ChartIn Belgium, the number of long gun suicides is

2013: 1125
2012: 16
2011: 27
2010: 15
2009: 15
2008: 21
2007: 27
2006: 26
2005: 35
2004: 31
1999: 35
1998: 49

Rate of Long Gun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Belgium, the annual rate of long gun suicide per 100,000 population is

2013: 0.1025
2012: 0.14
2011: 0.25
2010: 0.14
2009: 0.14
2008: 0.20
2007: 0.25
2006: 0.25
2005: 0.33
2004: 0.30
1999: 0.34
1998: 0.48

Gun Suicides (Other)

ChartIn Belgium, annual gun suicides (other) total

2013: 8925
2012: 127
2011: 126
2010: 125
2009: 125
2008: 159
2007: 129
2006: 168
2005: 192
2004: 185
1999: 165
1998: 206

Rate of Gun Suicide (Other) per 100,000 People

ChartIn Belgium, the annual rate of gun suicide (other) per 100,000 population is

2013: 0.8025
2012: 1.14
2011: 1.15
2010: 1.15
2009: 1.16
2008: 1.48
2007: 1.21
2006: 1.59
2005: 1.83
2004: 1.78
1999: 1.61
1998: 2.02

Unintentional Gun Deaths

ChartIn Belgium, annual unintentional shooting deaths total

2016: 723
2015: 5
2014: 2
2013: 126
2012: 0
2011: 3
2010: 226 29
2009: 126
2008: 1
2007: 1
2006: 1
2005: 7
2003: 6
2001: 3
1999: 5
1998: 2
1997: 2
1996: 7
1995: 2
1994: 4
1993: 4

Rate of Unintentional Gun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn Belgium, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death per 100,000 population is

2016: 0.0623
2015: 0.04
2014: 0.02
2013: 0.01
2012:
2011: 0.03
2010: 0.02
2009: 0.01
2008: 0.01
2007: 0.01
2006: 0.01
2005: 0.07
2004:
2003: 0.06
2001: 0.03
2000:
1999: 0.05
1998: 0.02
1997: 0.02
1996: 0.07
1995: 0.02
1994: 0.04
1993: 0.04
1990: 0.0644

Unintentional Male Gun Deaths

ChartIn Belgium, annual unintentional male shooting deaths total

2016: 723
2015: 4}
2014: 2
2013: 1
2012: 0
2011: 3
2010: 2
2009: 1
2007: 1
2006: 1
2005: 7
2003: 5
2001: 2

Rate of Unintentional Male Gun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn Belgium, the annual rate of unintentional male shooting death per 100,000 population is

2016: 0.1223
2015: 0.07
2014: 0.04
2013: 0.02
2011: 0.06
2010: 0.04
2009: 0.02
2007: 0.02
2006: 0.02
2005: 0.14
2003: 0.10
2001: 0.04

Unintentional Female Gun Deaths

ChartIn Belgium, annual unintentional female shooting deaths total

2015: 123
2013: 0
2012: 0
2011: 0
2010: 0
2008: 1
2003: 1
2001: 1

Rate of Unintentional Female Gun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn Belgium, the annual rate of unintentional female shooting death per 100,000 population is

2015: 0.0223
2008: 0.02
2003: 0.02
2001: 0.02

Unintentional Long Gun Deaths

ChartIn Belgium, annual unintentional shooting deaths by long gun total

2011: 226
1999: 2

Rate of Unintentional Long Gun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn Belgium, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death by long gun per 100,000 population is

2011: 0.0226
1999: 0.02

Unintentional Gun Deaths (Other)

ChartIn Belgium, annual unintentional shooting deaths by firearm (other) total

2013: 126
2011: 1
2010: 2
2009: 1
2008: 1
2007: 1
2006: 1
2005: 7
1999: 3
1998: 2

Rate of Unintentional Gun Death (Other) per 100,000 People

ChartIn Belgium, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death by firearm (other) per 100,000 population is

2013: 0.0126
2011: 0.01
2010: 0.02
2009: 0.01
2008: 0.01
2007: 0.01
2006: 0.01
2005: 0.07
1999: 0.03
1998: 0.02

Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Belgium, annual shooting deaths in which the cause remains undecided total

2016: 623
2015: 3
2014: 19
2013: 627
2012: 18
2011: 5
2010: 1527 29
2009: 227
2008: 12
2007: 9
2006: 17
2005: 22
2004: 16
2003: 10
2001: 25
2000: 11
1999: 17
1998: 16
1995: 2931

Rate of Gun Death from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn Belgium, the annual rate of unknown-cause shooting deaths per 100,000 population is

2019: 023
2018: 0
2017: 0
2016: 0.05
2015: 0.03
2014: 0.17
2013: 0.05
2012: 0.16
2011: 0.05
2010: 0.14
2009: 0.02
2008: 0.11
2007: 0.08
2006: 0.16
2005: 0.21
2004: 0.15
2003: 0.10
2001: 0.24
2000: 0.11
1999: 0.17
1998: 0.16
1995: 0.2831
1990: 0.2645
:

Male Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Belgium, annual male shooting deaths in which the cause remains undecided total

2016: 323
2015: 223
2014: 15
2013: 523
2012: 14
2011: 4
2010: 11
2009: 2
2008: 11
2007: 8
2006: 11
2005: 21
2004: 11
2003: 10
2001: 23
2000: 11

Rate of Male Gun Death from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn Belgium, the annual rate of unknown-cause male shooting deaths per 100,000 population is

2016: 0.0523
2015: 0.04
2014: 0.27
2013: 0.09
2012: 0.26
2011: 0.07
2010: 0.21
2009: 0.04
2008: 0.21
2007: 0.15
2006: 0.21
2005: 0.41
2004: 0.22
2003: 0.20
2001: 0.46
2000: 0.22

Female Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Belgium, annual female shooting deaths in which the cause remains undecided total

2015: 123
2014: 4
2013: 123
2012: 4
2011: 1
2010: 4
2008: 1
2007: 1

Rate of Female Gun Death from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn Belgium, the annual rate of unknown-cause female shooting deaths per 100,000 population is

2016: 0.0523
2015: 0.02
2014: 0.07
2013: 0.02
2012: 0.07
2011: 0.02
2010: 0.07
2008: 0.02
2007: 0.02
2006: 0.11
2005: 0.02
2004: 0.09
2001: 0.04

Handgun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Belgium, annual deaths by handgun in which the cause remains undecided total

2008: 127
2006: 1
2005: 1
1999: 1

Rate of Handgun Death from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn Belgium, the annual rate of unknown-cause handgun deaths per 100,000 population is

2008: 0.0127
2006: 0.01
2005: 0.01
1999: 0.01

Long Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Belgium, annual deaths by long gun in which the cause remains undecided total

2012: 227
2008: 1
2006: 2
1999: 2

Rate of Long Gun Death from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn Belgium, the annual rate of unknown-cause long gun deaths per 100,000 population is

2012: 0.0227
2008: 0.09
2006: 0.02
1999: 0.02

Gun Deaths (Other) from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Belgium, annual deaths by firearm (other) in which the cause remains undecided total

2013: 627
2012: 16
2011: 5
2010: 15
2009: 2
2008: 10
2007: 9
2006: 14
2005: 21
2004: 16
1999: 14
1998: 16

Rate of Gun Death (Other) from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn Belgium, the annual rate of unknown-cause gun deaths (other) per 100,000 population is

2013: 0.0527
2012: 0.14
2011: 0.05
2010: 0.14
2009: 0.02
2008: 0.09
2007: 0.08
2006: 0.13
2005: 0.20
2004: 0.15
1999: 0.14
1998: 0.16

Legal Intervention Gun Homicides

In Belgium, annual legal-intervention gun homicides total

2009: 123

ProductionGun Industry

Regulation of Firearm Makers

In Belgium, the manufacture of small arms, ammunition and/or their components is permitted only if the maker holds a valid licence46

Small Arms Manufacture - World Ranking

In a classification of the world's small, medium and major firearm manufacturers, Belgium was ranked 'medium'47

Home-made Guns

In Belgium, the prevalence of illicit craft, or 'home-made' firearm manufacture is reported to be low48

TransfersGun Trade and Trafficking

Firearm Exports

In Belgium, firearm and ammunition exports are limited by transfer control law49 50 51 52 53 54

Firearm Exports (Number)

The annual number of firearms exported from Belgium is reported by manufacturers to be

2018: 1,21055

Small Arms Exports (US$) - Customs

ChartThe annual value of small arms and ammunition exports from Belgium is reported by Customs to be US$

2016: 136,000,00056
2015: 155,508,88057
2014: 149,5247,64
2013: 160,616,754
2012: 141,458,63757 58 59
2011: 73,464,90660
2010: 128,000,00061
2001: 271,000,00058 62 63

Small Arms Exports - World Ranking

In a comparison of the world's major/mid-level/minor/unknown small arms exporters, Belgium was categorized as 'major'64 65 66 67 63 68

Firearm Imports

In Belgium, firearm and ammunition imports are limited by transfer control law50 51 52 53 54

Firearm Imports (Number)

The annual number of firearms imported to Belgium is reported to be

2018: 14,10855

Small Arms Imports (US$) - Customs

ChartThe annual value of small arms and ammunition imports to Belgium is reported by Customs to be US$

2016: 81,000,00069
2015: 49,794,88357
2014: 56,679,513
2013: 58,633,332
2012: 55,910,17357 70 71
2011: 49,436,95860 72
2010: 63,000,00073

Smuggling Guns and Ammunition

Reports suggest that the level of firearm and ammunition smuggling in Belgium is moderate74 75 76 77

Regulation of Arms Brokers

In Belgium, the activities of arms brokers and transfer intermediaries are specifically regulated by law46 78

End User Certificates

Customs regulations in Belgium include79 80 certification of the intended end user of any small arms or ammunition transfer, and/or a written declaration of its intended end use

Transparency of Small Arms Transfers

ChartIn its annual Small Arms Trade Transparency Barometer, the Small Arms Survey compares public reporting among major arms exporting nations on a scale from strong to weak (25 to zero). In recent years, Belgium scored

2019: 15.5081
2018: 17.7582
2016: 16.7583
2014: 16.0084
2013: 16.0085
2012: 17.0086
2011: 17.7587
2010: 14.7588
2009: 14.5089
2008: 14.2590
2007: 14.5091
2006: 14.0092
2005: 9.0093
2004: 10.2594

MeasuresGun Regulation

Firearm Regulation - Guiding Policy

The regulation of guns in Belgium is categorised as restrictive95

Firearm Law

Guiding gun control legislation in Belgium includes the Act regulating economic and individual activities related to firearms (also referred to as the 'Firearms Act') of June 8, 2006,96 the Royal Decree of May 2013,97 the Council Directive of 18 June 1991 on Control of the Acquisition and Possession of Weapons as amended by Directive 2008/51/EC,98 99 100 the European Union Firearms Regulation of 2012, the Common Position on the Control of Arms Brokering of 2003101 and the Convention of 1 July 1969 on Reciprocal Recognition of Proofmarks on Small Arms102

Firearm Regulation Authority

Guns in Belgium are regulated by the Federal Service for Weapons,103 the National Police17 and the European Commission99

Right to Possess Firearms

In Belgium, the right to private gun ownership is not guaranteed by law104 105

Restricted Firearms and Ammunition

In Belgium, civilians are not allowed to possess military weapons, automatic firearms, and their ammunition, concealable firearms, silencers, laser sights, and high capacity cartridges106 107 108

Regulation of Automatic Weapons

In Belgium, private possession of fully automatic weapons is prohibited106 107 108 40

Regulation of Semiautomatic Assault Weapons

In Belgium, private possession of semi-automatic assault weapons is permitted only with special authorisation109 110 108

Regulation of Handguns

In Belgium, private possession of handguns (pistols and revolvers) is permitted only with special authorisation107 109 110 108 40

Law Regulates Long Guns

In Belgium, civilian possession of rifles and shotguns is regulated by law40

Gun Ownership and Possession

In Belgium, only licensed gun owners111 112 113 114 115 107 109 40 may lawfully acquire, possess or transfer a firearm or ammunition

Genuine Reason Required for Firearm Possession

Applicants for a gun owner’s licence in Belgium are required to establish a genuine reason to possess a firearm, for example hunting, target shooting, collection, personal protection, security116 112 117 118

Minimum Age for Firearm Possession

The minimum age for gun ownership in Belgium is 18 years119 112 118

Gun Owner Background Checks

An applicant for a firearm licence in Belgium must pass a background check which considers criminal and various other112 117 118 40 records

Reference Required for Firearm Licence

In Belgium, third party character references for each gun licence applicant are not required17

Domestic Violence and Firearms

Where a past history, or apprehended likelihood of family violence exists, the law in Belgium does not stipulate17 that a gun licence should be denied or revoked

Firearm Safety Training

In Belgium, an understanding of firearm safety and the law, tested in a theoretical and/or practical training course is required112 17 for a firearm licence

Gun Owner Licensing Period

In Belgium, gun owners must re-apply and re-qualify for their firearm licence every three years for permits to carry weapons. General licences for firearm possession are issued for an undetermined period.120 117

Limit on Number of Guns

Licensed firearm owners in Belgium are permitted to possess 1 firearm per authorisation112

Limit on Quantity, Type of Ammunition

Licensed firearm owners in Belgium are permitted to possess a limited quantity of ammunition121 122

Firearm Registration

Civilian Gun Registration

In Belgium, the law requires123 124 125 126 127 that a record of the acquisition, possession and transfer of each privately held firearm be retained in an official register

Gun Dealer Record Keeping

In Belgium, licensed firearm dealers are required128 125 129 127 to keep a record of each firearm or ammunition purchase, sale or transfer on behalf of a regulating authority

Gun Manufacturer Record Keeping

In Belgium, licensed gun makers are required130 131 128 129 125 to keep a record of each firearm produced, for inspection by a regulating authority

State-Owned Firearm Records

In Belgium, State agencies are required132 126 to maintain records of the storage and movement of all firearms and ammunition under their control

Gun Sales and Transfers

Regulation of Private Gun Sales

In Belgium, the private sale and transfer of firearms is prohibited119

Regulation of Dealer Gun Sales

In Belgium, dealing in firearms by way of business without a valid gun dealer’s licence is unlawful46 119 113 114 133 110

Number of Licensed Gun Dealers

ChartThe number of licensed firearm dealers in Belgium is reported to be

2014: 534134
2006: 600

Regulation of Gun Shows

In Belgium, gun shows and temporary firearm dealing events are regulated119 in law

Storage and Transport of Guns and Ammunition

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Private

Firearm regulations in Belgium include121 135 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of private firearms and ammunition by licensed gun owners

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Dealer

Firearm regulations in Belgium include135 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition by licensed arms dealers

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Government

Government regulations in Belgium include136 137 135 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition by state entities

Firearm and Ammunition Transport Regulations

Regulations in Belgium include138 17 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition while in transit

Carrying Guns

Law Regulates Firearms in Public

In Belgium, carrying a gun in a public place is regulated by law40

Carrying Guns Openly in Public

In Belgium, carrying a firearm in plain view in a public place is allowed, subject to a valid permit17

Penalty for Illicit Firearm Possession

In Belgium, the maximum penalty for unlawful possession of a firearm139 is five years in prison and/or a fine of 25,000 Euros140 141

MeasuresInternational Controls

Regional Agreements

European Union

As a member of the European Union, Belgium is bound by the provisions of the ‘EU Firearms Directive’ – the 2007 Legislative Resolution on Control of the Acquisition and Possession of Weapons of the European Parliament142 143

European Union Export Reporting

Under the European Union Common Position on Arms Exports, Belgium is bound to declare its transfers of military technology and equipment. Independent monitoring provides detailed comparisons of arms export reporting compliance across EU member states, and records that Belgium has submitted one or more national reports144 on its arms transfers

Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development

The Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development, a diplomatic initiative aimed at addressing the interrelations between armed violence and development, was signed in 2011145 by Belgium.

Arms Trade Treaty

The Arms Trade Treaty has been signed and ratified146 by Belgium

United Nations Firearms Protocol

The United Nations Protocol against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, Their Parts and Components and Ammunition has been signed and ratified147 by Belgium

United Nations Small Arms Programme of Action UNPoA

UNPoA Commitment

On 21 July 2001, Belgium committed to a consensus decision of the United Nations to adopt, support and implement the UN Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects148

UNPoA Implementation Monitor Score

In its UN small arms Programme of Action Implementation Monitor (PoAIM Phase 1), the Small Arms Survey scored Belgium against its commitments to the PoA, then ranked it at No. 72149 150 151 152 among 159 Member States

UNPoA National Reporting

Under the terms of its 2001 commitment to the United Nations small arms Programme of Action, Belgium has submitted one or more national reports153 154 on its implementation of the UNPoA

UNPoA National Point of Contact

In Belgium, a National Point of Contact to deal with issues relating to the UNPoA has been designated155 154

UNPoA National Coordinating Body

In Belgium, a National Coordinating Body to deal with issues relating to the UNPoA has been designated155

UNPoA Civil Society Involvement and Support

In National Reports of Belgium submitted to the UN from 2001 to 2010, a history of substantive cooperation with civil society in support of UNPoA activities was apparent154

UNPoA International Assistance – Donor

Funds for UNPoA implementation have been donated154 by Belgium to other UN Member States

United Nations Small Arms Register

According to the United Nations Register of Conventional Arms, Belgium has declared156 its small arms exports in one or more annual National Reports on Arms Exports.

United Nations Membership

In the UN List of Member States, Belgium has been a Member State of the United Nations since 1945157

Wassenaar Arrangement

The Wassenaar Arrangement on Export Controls and Conventional Arms and Dual-Use Goods and Technologies lists158 Belgium as a Participating State

BackgroundSustainable Development Goal Profile

About SDG 16

The Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) are 17 goals set by the United Nations to be implemented by all member states by 2030. Adopted in 2015, they outline a vision of development in which peace and security are an integral part. SDG 16,159 which seeks to “promote peaceful and inclusive societies for sustainable development,” includes targets and indicators focused on reducing violence (Target 16.1) and the proliferation of illicit arms (Target 16.4). The indicators – or measurement criteria – of these targets include the number of victims of intentional homicide (Indicator 16.1.1), the number of conflict-related deaths (Indicator 16.1.2), and the number of illicit firearms collected and traced (Indicator 16.4.2). In light of these targets and indicators, GunPolicy.org provides granular national data pertaining to homicides, gun homicides, conflict deaths, disarmament efforts, and marking and tracing.

Homicides (any method)

ChartIn Belgium, annual homicides by any means total

2017: 19332
2016: 174
2015: 230
2014: 210
2013: 205
2012: 205
2011: 214
2010: 189
2009: 189
2008: 203
2007: 211
2006: 14633
2005: 163
2004: 178
2003: 144
2002: 31934 35
2001: 282
2000: 212
1999: 17236
1998: 218
1997: 14536 35
1996: 118
1995: 142

Rate of Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Belgium, the annual rate of homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2017: 1.6932
2016: 1.53
2015: 2.04
2014: 1.87
2013: 1.84
2012: 1.85
2011: 1.94
2010: 1.73
2009: 1.75
2008: 1.90
2007: 1.99
2006: 1.39
2005: 1.56
2004: 1.71
2003: 1.39
2002: 3.134 35
2001: 2.7
2000: 2.1
1999: 1.6810 35
1998: 2.13
1997: 1.42
1996: 1.16
1995: 1.435 37
1990: 1.4138

Male Homicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Belgium, annual male homicides by any means total

2016: 7423
2015: 6523
2014: 69
2013: 57
2012: 79
2011: 79
2010: 72
2009: 76
2008: 77
2007: 91
2006: 86
2005: 94
2004: 93
2003: 81
2001: 117
2000: 102

Rate of Male Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Belgium, the annual rate of male homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2019: 23
2018:
2017:
2016: 1.32
2015: 1.17
2014: 1.25
2013: 1.04
2012: 1.46
2011: 1.47
2010: 1.35
2009: 1.44
2008: 1.47
2007: 1.75
2006: 1.67
2005: 1.83
2004: 1.82
2003: 1.60
2001: 2.32
2000: 2.03

Female Homicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Belgium, annual female homicides by any means total

2016: 4623
2015: 53
2014: 42
2013: 52
2012: 48
2011: 62
2010: 41
2009: 50
2008: 43
2007: 64
2006: 55
2005: 66
2004: 82
2003: 58
2001: 64
2000: 65

Rate of Female Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Belgium, the annual rate of female homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2016: 0.7923
2015: 0.92
2014: 0.74
2013: 0.92
2012: 0.85
2011: 1.11
2010: 0.74
2009: 0.91
2008: 0.79
2007: 1.18
2006: 1.02
2005: 1.24
2004: 1.54
2003: 1.10
2001: 1.22
2000: 1.24

Gun Homicides

ChartIn Belgium, annual firearm homicides total

2016: 1823
2015: 25
2014: 28
2013: 12
2012: 22
2011: 31
2010: 34
2009: 30
2008: 28
2007: 34
2006: 31
2005: 41
2004: 53
2003: 49
2001: 49
2000: 48
1999: 7024
1998: 73
1997: 78
1996: 75
1995: 5924 35
1994: 7624
1993: 95

Rate of Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Belgium, the annual rate of firearm homicide per 100,000 population is

2019: 23
2018:
2017:
2016: 0.16
2015: 0.22
2014: 0.25
2013: 0.11
2012: 0.20
2011: 0.28
2010: 0.31
2009: 0.28
2008: 0.26
2007: 0.32
2006: 0.29
2005: 0.39
2004: 0.51
2003: 0.47
2001: 0.48
2000: 0.47
1999: 0.6824
1998: 0.72
1997: 0.77
1996: 0.74
1995: 0.5824 35
1994: 0.7524
1993: 0.94
1990: 0.6039

Proportion of Homicides Committed With a Gun

ChartIn Belgium, the percentage of homicides committed with a firearm is reported to be

2011: 10%40
2004: 39.5%35
1995: 37.3%

Male Gun Homicide Victims

ChartIn Belgium, annual male firearm homicides total

2016: 1623
2015: 18
2014: 22
2013: 8
2012: 13
2011: 24
2010: 25
2009: 21
2008: 22
2007: 21
2006: 21
2005: 23
2004: 36
2003: 30
2001: 34
2000: 31

Rate of Male Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Belgium, the annual rate of male firearm homicide per 100,000 population is

2019: 23
2018:
2017:
2016: 0.28
2015: 0.32
2014: 0.40
2013: 0.15
2012: 0.24
2011: 0.45
2010: 0.47
2009: 0.40
2008: 0.42
2007: 0.40
2006: 0.41
2005: 0.45
2004: 0.71
2003: 0.59
2001: 0.67
2000: 0.62

Female Gun Homicide Victims

ChartIn Belgium, annual female firearm homicides total

2016: 223
2015: 7
2014: 6
2013: 4
2012: 9
2011: 7
2010: 9
2009: 9
2008: 6
2007: 13
2006: 10
2005: 18
2004: 17
2003: 19
2001: 15
2000: 17

Rate of Female Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Belgium, the annual rate of female firearm homicide per 100,000 population is

2016: 0.0323
2015: 0.12
2014: 0.11
2013: 0.07
2012: 0.16
2011: 0.13
2010: 0.16
2009: 0.16
2008: 0.11
2007: 0.24
2006: 0.19
2005: 0.34
2004: 0.32
2003: 0.36
2001: 0.29
2000: 0.32

Conflict Deaths

For a profile of conflict in Belgium, select the Link icon to open an external web page from the UCDP Conflict Encyclopedia at Uppsala University

Disarmament

Authorities in Belgium are known to have160 implemented voluntary firearm surrender schemes, and/or weapon seizure programmes in order to reduce the number of illicit firearms in circulation

Surrendered in Gun Amnesty

ChartIn Belgium, the number of firearms voluntarily surrendered in recent arms amnesty and collection programmes is reported to be

2018: 37,667161
2008: 56,572162
2007: 79,892
2006: 61,999

Firearms Surrendered and Seized

ChartIn Belgium, the number of firearms voluntarily surrendered, bought back or seized by authorities is reported to be

2019: 4,181163
2018: 38,641
2017: 6,693164
2016: 6,630
2015/16: 6,928165
2008: 56,572162
2007: 79,892
2006: 200,000166 162

Small Arms Destroyed

ChartIn Belgium, the number of firearms destroyed following amnesty, collection and seizure programmes is reported to be

2018/19: 12,668167 163
2015/16: 67,766168
2006/16: 125,00018
2006: 200,000166 160

Destruction and Disposal Policy

In Belgium, it is state policy169 to destroy surplus, collected and seized firearms rather than return them to the secondary arms market

Marking and Tracing

Firearm Marking

In Belgium, a unique identifying mark on each firearm is required by law in some cases170 171 172

Firearm Tracing

In Belgium, state authorities carry out173 129 174 125 172 127 recognised arms tracing and tracking procedures

Ballistic Record of Firearms and Ammunition

In Belgium, the ballistic characteristics of each civilian firearm and its ammunition are not175 recorded in a register

Global Peace Index

To see where Belgium ranks, select the Link icon to open an external web page at the Global Peace Index, and then click on Belgium on the map or in the "Select Country" menu on the right of the web page


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