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Belarus — Gun Facts, Figures and the Law

StockpilesGun Numbers

Civilian Guns

Number of Privately Owned Firearms

ChartThe estimated total number of guns (both licit and illicit) held by civilians in Belarus is

2017: 581,0001
2007: 710,0002

Rate of Civilian Firearm Possession per 100 Population

ChartThe estimated rate of private gun ownership (both licit and illicit) per 100 people in Belarus is

2017: 6.101
2007: 7.32

Number of Privately Owned Rifles

In Belarus, the number of rifles in civilian possession is reported to be 3,6803

Number of Privately Owned Shotguns

In Belarus, the number of shotguns in civilian possession is reported to be 165,2783

Number of Privately Owned Handguns

In Belarus, the number of handguns in civilian possession is reported to be 1,9003

Number of Privately Owned Firearms - World Ranking

In a 2007 comparison of the number of privately owned guns in 178 countries, Belarus ranked at No. 644

Rate of Privately Owned Firearms per 100 Population - World Ranking

In a 2007 comparison of the rate of private gun ownership in 178 countries, Belarus ranked at No. 792

Number of Licensed Firearm Owners

The number of licensed gun owners in Belarus is reported to be 170,8583

Rate of Licensed Firearm Owners per 100 Population

The rate of licensed firearm owners per 100 people in Belarus is 1.705

Number of Registered Firearms

ChartThe number of registered guns in Belarus is reported to be

2017: 130,0001
2007: 170,8532

Rate of Registered Firearms per 100 Population

The rate of registered guns per 100 people in Belarus is 1.745

Estimated Number of Illicit Firearms

Unlawfully held guns cannot be counted, but in Belarus there are estimated to be

2017: 451,0001

Government Guns

Number of Military Firearms

The defence forces of Belarus are reported to have 780,6006 firearms

Number of Law Enforcement Firearms

Police in Belarus are reported to have 165,0007 firearms

ImpactsDeath and Injury

Homicides (any method)

ChartIn Belarus, annual homicides by any means total

2014: 3408
2013: 333
2012: 340
2011: 373
2010: 4869
2009: 4739 10 11
2008: 541
2007: 649
2006: 7349 11
2005: 825
2004: 815
2003: 8799 10 11
2002: 989
2001: 9699 11
2000: 1,013
1999: 97411
1998: 1,036
1997: 1,021
1996: 970
1995: 960

Rate of Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Belarus, the annual rate of homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2014: 3.588
2013: 3.51
2012: 3.58
2011: 3.93
2010: 5.12
2009: 5.09 10 11
2008: 5.79 10 11 12
2007: 6.8
2006: 7.69 11 12
2005: 8.5
2004: 8.4
2003: 9.09 10 11 12
2002: 10.0
2001: 9.89 11 12
2000: 10.1
1999: 9.611 12
1998: 10.2
1997: 10.0
1996: 9.5
1995: 9.3

Male Homicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Belarus, annual male homicides by any means total

2014: 22413
2013: 230
2012: 214
2011: 256
2010: 321

Female Homicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Belarus, annual female homicides by any means total

2014: 11613
2013: 103
2012: 126
2011: 117
2010: 165

Gun Homicides

ChartIn Belarus, annual firearm homicides total

2013: 1214
2009: 149 11
2008: 16
2007: 19
2006: 7
2005: 8
2004: 4311
2003: 42
2002: 38
2001: 53
1997: 65
1996: 66
1995: 80

Rate of Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Belarus, the annual rate of firearm homicide per 100,000 population is

2013: 0.1014
2009: 0.145 11
2008: 0.16
2007: 0.20
2006: 0.07
2005: 0.08
2004: 0.411
2003: 0.4
2002: 0.4
2001: 0.5
1997: 0.6
1996: 0.6
1995: 0.8

Proportion of Homicides Committed With a Gun

ChartIn Belarus, the percentage of homicides committed with a firearm is reported to be

2011: 2%15
2009: 3%9
2008: 3%
2007: 3%
2006: 1%
2005: 1%
2004: 5.3%11
2003: 4.8%
2002: 3.8%
2001: 5.5%
1997: 6.4%
1996: 6.8%
1995: 8.3%

Suicides (any method)

ChartIn Belarus, annual suicides by any means total

2011: 2,17416
2009: 2,743
2008: 2,661
2007: 2,663
2003: 3,467
2002: 3,300
1999: 3,40817

Rate of Suicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Belarus, the annual rate of suicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2011: 22.9516
2009: 28.37
2008: 27.49
2007: 27.45
2003: 35.11
2002: 33.25
1999: 34.4417

Unintentional Gun Deaths

In Belarus, annual unintentional shooting deaths total

1996: 917

Rate of Unintentional Gun Death per 100,000 People

In Belarus, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death per 100,000 population is

1996: 0.0917

ProductionGun Industry

Regulation of Firearm Makers

In Belarus, the manufacture of small arms, ammunition and/or their components is permitted only if the maker holds a valid licence, but is not conducted in practice18

TransfersGun Trade and Trafficking

Firearm Exports

In Belarus, firearm and ammunition exports are limited by transfer control law19 20

Small Arms Exports (US$) - Customs

The annual value of small arms and ammunition exports from Belarus is reported by Customs to be US$143,91021 (2011)

Small Arms Exports - World Ranking

In a comparison of the world's major/mid-level/minor/unknown small arms exporters, Belarus was categorized as 'unknown'22

Firearm Imports

In Belarus, firearm and ammunition imports are limited by transfer control law19 20

Small Arms Imports (US$) - Customs

The annual value of small arms and ammunition imports to Belarus is reported by Customs to be US$1,938,53921 (2011)

Smuggling Guns and Ammunition

Reports suggest that the level of firearm and ammunition smuggling in Belarus is moderate23

Regulation of Arms Brokers

In Belarus, the activities of arms brokers and transfer intermediaries are specifically regulated by law24

End User Certificates

Customs regulations in Belarus include25 certification of the intended end user of any small arms or ammunition transfer, and/or a written declaration of its intended end use

MeasuresGun Regulation

Firearm Regulation - Guiding Policy

The regulation of guns in Belarus is categorised as restrictive26

Firearm Law

Guiding gun control legislation in Belarus includes the Parliamentary Act No. 61-3 of the Republic of Belarus of 13 November 2001 on weapons, Act No. 130-3 of the Republic of Belarus of 6 January 1998 on export controls, the Criminal Code of the Republic of Belarus of 1 January 2001,27 and the Presidential Decree No. 473 "On measures to improve the regulation of the circulation of and tracing military, service and civilian weapons and ammunition in the territory of the Republic of Belarus"28

Firearm Regulation Authority

Guns in Belarus are regulated by the Ministry of Internal Affairs, the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, and the Ministry of Defence29

Right to Possess Firearms

In Belarus, the right to private gun ownership is not guaranteed by law30 31

Restricted Firearms and Ammunition

In Belarus, civilians are not allowed to possess handguns unless awarded for military service3

Law Regulates Automatic Weapons

In Belarus, civilian possession of automatic weapons is regulated by law15

Regulation of Handguns

In Belarus, private possession of handguns (pistols and revolvers) is prohibited3 15

Law Regulates Long Guns

In Belarus, civilian possession of rifles and shotguns is regulated by law15

Gun Ownership and Possession

In Belarus, only licensed gun owners3 15 may lawfully acquire, possess or transfer a firearm or ammunition

Genuine Reason Required for Firearm Possession

Applicants for a gun owner’s licence in Belarus are required to establish a genuine reason to possess a firearm, for example hunting, target shooting3

Minimum Age for Firearm Possession

The minimum age for gun ownership in Belarus is 18 years3

Gun Owner Background Checks

An applicant for a firearm licence in Belarus must pass a background check which considers criminal, mental health and domestic violence3 15 records

Reference Required for Firearm Licence

In Belarus, third party character references for each gun licence applicant are required3

Domestic Violence and Firearms

Where a past history, or apprehended likelihood of family violence exists, the law in Belarus stipulates3 that a gun licence should be denied or revoked

Firearm Registration

Civilian Gun Registration

In Belarus, the law requires3 that a record of the acquisition, possession and transfer of each privately held firearm be retained in an official register

Gun Manufacturer Record Keeping

In Belarus, licensed gun makers are required32 to keep a record of each firearm produced, for inspection by a regulating authority

State-Owned Firearm Records

In Belarus, State agencies are required33 to maintain records of the storage and movement of all firearms and ammunition under their control

Storage and Transport of Guns and Ammunition

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Private

Firearm regulations in Belarus include3 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of private firearms and ammunition by licensed gun owners

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Government

Government regulations in Belarus include34 35 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition by state entities

Firearm and Ammunition Transport Regulations

Regulations in Belarus include36 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition while in transit

Marking and Tracing Guns and Ammunition

Firearm Marking

In Belarus, a unique identifying mark on each firearm is required by law37 38

Carrying Guns

Law Regulates Firearms in Public

In Belarus, carrying a gun in a public place is regulated by law15

Collection, Amnesty and Destruction Programmes

Authorities in Belarus are known to have39 implemented voluntary firearm surrender schemes, and/or weapon seizure programmes in order to reduce the number of illicit firearms in circulation

Small Arms Destroyed

In Belarus, the number of firearms destroyed following amnesty, collection and seizure programmes is reported to be 66,407 (2003) and 60,00039 (2004)

Destruction and Disposal Policy

In Belarus, it is state policy40 41 42 39 to destroy surplus, collected and seized firearms rather than return them to the secondary arms market

MeasuresInternational Controls

Regional Agreements

United Nations Commission on Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice

The UNCCPCJ, a subsidiary body of the Economic and Social Council mandated to promote action to prevent national and transnational crime, lists43 Belarus as an elected member

Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development

The Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development, a diplomatic initiative aimed at addressing the interrelations between armed violence and development, was not signed44 by Belarus.

Arms Trade Treaty

The Arms Trade Treaty has not been signed45 by Belarus

United Nations Firearms Protocol

The United Nations Protocol against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, Their Parts and Components and Ammunition has been signed and ratified46 by Belarus

United Nations Small Arms Programme of Action UNPoA

UNPoA Commitment

On 21 July 2001, Belarus committed to a consensus decision of the United Nations to adopt, support and implement the UN Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects47

UNPoA Implementation Monitor Score

In its UN small arms Programme of Action Implementation Monitor (PoAIM Phase 1), the Small Arms Survey scored Belarus against its commitments to the PoA, then ranked it at No. 5348 49 50 51 among 159 Member States

UNPoA National Reporting

Under the terms of its 2001 commitment to the United Nations small arms Programme of Action, Belarus has submitted one or more national reports52 53 on its implementation of the UNPoA

UNPoA National Point of Contact

In Belarus, a National Point of Contact to deal with issues relating to the UNPoA has been designated54 53

UNPoA National Coordinating Body

In Belarus, a National Coordinating Body to deal with issues relating to the UNPoA has been designated53

UNPoA Civil Society Involvement and Support

In National Reports of Belarus submitted to the UN from 2001 to 2010, a history of substantive cooperation with civil society in support of UNPoA activities was not apparent54 53

UNPoA International Assistance – Donor

Funds for UNPoA implementation have not been donated53 by Belarus to other UN Member States

UNPoA International Assistance – Recipient

Funds for UNPoA implementation have been provided53 to Belarus by other UN Member States

United Nations Small Arms Register

According to the United Nations Register of Conventional Arms, Belarus has not declared55 its small arms exports in one or more annual National Reports on Arms Exports.

United Nations Membership

In the UN List of Member States, Belarus has been a Member State of the United Nations since 194556

Wassenaar Arrangement

The Wassenaar Arrangement on Export Controls and Conventional Arms and Dual-Use Goods and Technologies does not list57 Belarus as a Participating State

BackgroundCountry Profile

Conflict Profile

For a profile of conflict in Belarus, select the Link icon to open an external web page from the UCDP Conflict Encyclopedia at Uppsala University

Global Peace Index

To see where Belarus ranks, select the Link icon to open an external web page at the Global Peace Index


Short References

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