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Bangladesh — Gun Facts, Figures and the Law

StockpilesGun Numbers

Civilian Guns

Number of Privately Owned Firearms

ChartThe estimated total number of guns (both licit and illicit) held by civilians in Bangladesh is

2017: 659,0001
2007: 700,0002

Rate of Civilian Firearm Possession per 100 Population

ChartThe estimated rate of private gun ownership (both licit and illicit) per 100 people in Bangladesh is

2017: 0.41
2007: 0.52

Number of Privately Owned Firearms - World Ranking

In a 2007 comparison of the number of privately owned guns in 178 countries, Bangladesh ranked at No. 663

Rate of Privately Owned Firearms per 100 Population - World Ranking

In a 2007 comparison of the rate of private gun ownership in 178 countries, Bangladesh ranked at No. 1692

Number of Licensed Firearm Owners

The number of licensed gun owners in Bangladesh is reported to be 185,0004

Rate of Licensed Firearm Owners per 100 Population

The rate of licensed firearm owners per 100 people in Bangladesh is 0.135

Number of Registered Firearms

ChartThe number of registered guns in Bangladesh is reported to be

2017: 185,0001
2015: 217,0006
2005: 185,0002

Rate of Registered Firearms per 100 Population

ChartThe rate of registered guns per 100 people in Bangladesh is

2015: 0.135
2005: 0.13

Estimated Number of Unregistered and Illicit Firearms

ChartUnregistered and unlawfully held guns cannot be counted,7 but in Bangladesh there are estimated to be

2017: 474,0001
2005: 400,0008

Estimated Rate of Unregistered and Illicit Firearms per 100 Population

Unregistered and unlawfully held guns cannot be counted,7 but in Bangladesh the rate of such firearms per 100 people is estimated to be 0.285

Government Guns

Number of Military Firearms

The defence forces of Bangladesh are reported to have 410,3059 firearms

Number of Law Enforcement Firearms

Police in Bangladesh are reported to have 333,00010 firearms

ImpactsDeath and Injury

Total Number of Gun Deaths

In Bangladesh, annual deaths resulting from firearms total

2000: 1,51811

Rate of All Gun Deaths per 100,000 People

In Bangladesh, the annual rate of all gun deaths per 100,000 population is

2000: 1.155

Homicides (any method)

ChartIn Bangladesh, annual homicides by any means total

2015: 4,03512
2014: 4,514
2013: 4,393
2012: 4,114
2011: 3,966
2010: 3,98813 14 15
2009: 4,21916 13 14
2008: 4,099
2007: 3,863
2006: 4,166
2005: 3,592
2004: 3,90213 14
2003: 3,47113
2002: 3,503
2001: 3,678
2000: 3,343

Rate of Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Bangladesh, the annual rate of homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2015: 2.6112
2014: 2.95
2013: 2.90
2012: 2.75
2011: 2.68
2010: 2.72
2009: 2.91
2008: 2.86
2007: 2.72
2006: 2.845 13 14
2005: 2.49
2004: 2.813 14
2003: 2.513
2002: 2.6
2001: 2.7
2000: 2.513 14

Male Homicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Bangladesh, annual male homicides by any means total

2015: 3,19917
2010: 2,52017

Rate of Male Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

In Bangladesh, the annual rate of male homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2015: 3.9317

Female Homicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Bangladesh, annual female homicides by any means total

2015: 83617
2010: 1,468

Rate of Female Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

In Bangladesh, the annual rate of female homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2015: 1.0517

Gun Homicides

In Bangladesh, annual firearm homicides total

2000: 1,45614

Rate of Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

In Bangladesh, the annual rate of firearm homicide per 100,000 population is

2000: 1.114

Proportion of Homicides Committed With a Gun

In Bangladesh, the percentage of homicides committed with a firearm is reported to be

2000: 43.6%14

Suicides (any method)

ChartIn Bangladesh, annual suicides by any means total

2016: 9,54418
2015: 9,791
2010: 9,742
2000: 8,807

Rate of Suicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Bangladesh, the annual rate of suicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2016: 6.1118
2015: 6.33
2010: 6.64
2000: 6.84

Male Suicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Bangladesh, annual male suicides by any means total

2016: 3,87818
2015: 3,847
2010: 3,334
2000: 3,827

Rate of Male Suicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Bangladesh, the annual rate of male suicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2016: 5.0418
2015: 5.04
2010: 4.57
2000: 5.89

Female Suicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Bangladesh, annual female suicides by any means total

2016: 5,66618
2015: 5,944
2010: 6,409
2000: 4,981

Rate of Female Suicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Bangladesh, the annual rate of female suicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2016: 7.1618
2015: 7.59
2010: 8.70
2000: 7.81

Gun Suicides

In Bangladesh, annual firearm suicides total

2000: 1811

Rate of Gun Suicide per 100,000 People

In Bangladesh, the annual rate of firearm suicide per 100,000 population is

2000: 0.0111

Unintentional Gun Deaths

In Bangladesh, annual unintentional shooting deaths total

2000: 4411

Rate of Unintentional Gun Death per 100,000 People

In Bangladesh, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death per 100,000 population is

2000: 0.0311

ProductionGun Industry

Regulation of Firearm Makers

In Bangladesh, the manufacture of small arms, ammunition and/or their components is permitted only if the maker holds a valid licence19

Home-made Guns

In Bangladesh, the prevalence of illicit craft, or 'home-made' firearm manufacture is reported to be moderate20 21

TransfersGun Trade and Trafficking

Firearm Exports

In Bangladesh, firearm and ammunition exports are limited by transfer control law22 23

Small Arms Exports (US$) - Customs

The annual value of small arms and ammunition exports from Bangladesh is reported by Customs to be US$

2011: 19224

Firearm Imports

In Bangladesh, firearm and ammunition imports are limited by transfer control law22 23

Firearm Imports (Number)

ChartThe annual number of firearms imported to Bangladesh is reported to be

2008: 2,63725
2007: 17,240
2006: 200

Small Arms Imports (US$) - Customs

ChartThe annual value of small arms and ammunition imports to Bangladesh is reported by Customs to be US$

2015: 65,919,55226
2013: 53,099,261
2012: 46,718,536
2011: 1,020,24624

Smuggling Guns and Ammunition

Reports suggest that the level of firearm and ammunition smuggling in Bangladesh is high27 28 29

Regulation of Arms Brokers

In Bangladesh, the activities of arms brokers and transfer intermediaries are not specifically regulated by law30

MeasuresGun Regulation

Firearm Regulation - Guiding Policy

The regulation of guns in Bangladesh is categorised as restrictive31

Firearm Law

Guiding gun control legislation in Bangladesh includes the Arms Act 187832

Firearm Regulation Authority

Guns in Bangladesh are regulated by the regional Deputy Commissioners and the Ministry of Home Affairs33 34

Right to Possess Firearms

In Bangladesh, the right to private gun ownership is not guaranteed by law35 36 37

Restricted Firearms and Ammunition

In Bangladesh, civilians are not allowed to possess semi automatic and automatic firearms, as well as firearms of various calibres38

Law Regulates Automatic Weapons

In Bangladesh, civilian possession of automatic weapons is regulated by law15

Regulation of Automatic Weapons

In Bangladesh, private possession of fully automatic weapons is prohibited38

Regulation of Semiautomatic Assault Weapons

In Bangladesh, private possession of semi-automatic assault weapons is prohibited38

Law Regulates Handguns

In Bangladesh, civilian possession of handguns is regulated by law15

Law Regulates Long Guns

In Bangladesh, civilian possession of rifles and shotguns is regulated by law15

Gun Ownership and Possession

In Bangladesh, only licensed gun owners39 40 15 6 may lawfully acquire, possess or transfer a firearm or ammunition

Minimum Age for Firearm Possession

The minimum age for gun ownership in Bangladesh is 25 years for shotguns and 30 years for handguns and rifles6

Gun Owner Background Checks

An applicant for a firearm licence in Bangladesh must pass a background check which considers undefined15 records

Licensing Records

In Bangladesh, authorities maintain a record41 of individual civilians licensed to acquire, possess, sell or transfer a firearm or ammunition

Limit on Number of Guns

Licensed firearm owners in Bangladesh are permitted to possess one long gun and one handgun at a time, but not two long guns or two handguns34

Firearm Registration

Civilian Gun Registration

In Bangladesh, the law requires41 that a record of the acquisition, possession and transfer of each privately held firearm be retained in an official register

Gun Dealer Record Keeping

In Bangladesh, licensed firearm dealers are required42 41 to keep a record of each firearm or ammunition purchase, sale or transfer on behalf of a regulating authority

State-Owned Firearm Records

In Bangladesh, State agencies are required43 to maintain records of the storage and movement of all firearms and ammunition under their control

Gun Sales and Transfers

Regulation of Private Gun Sales

In Bangladesh, the private sale and transfer of firearms is permitted19

Regulation of Dealer Gun Sales

In Bangladesh, dealing in firearms by way of business without a valid gun dealer’s licence is unlawful19

Storage and Transport of Guns and Ammunition

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Dealer

Firearm regulations in Bangladesh include42 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition by licensed arms dealers

Firearm and Ammunition Transport Regulations

Regulations in Bangladesh include44 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition while in transit

Carrying Guns

Law Regulates Firearms in Public

In Bangladesh, carrying a gun in a public place is regulated by law15

MeasuresInternational Controls

Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development

The Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development, a diplomatic initiative aimed at addressing the interrelations between armed violence and development, was signed in 200845 by Bangladesh.

Arms Trade Treaty

The Arms Trade Treaty has been signed, but not yet ratified46 by Bangladesh

United Nations Firearms Protocol

The United Nations Protocol against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, Their Parts and Components and Ammunition has not been signed47 by Bangladesh

United Nations Small Arms Programme of Action UNPoA

UNPoA Commitment

On 21 July 2001, Bangladesh committed to a consensus decision of the United Nations to adopt, support and implement the UN Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects48

UNPoA Implementation Monitor Score

In its UN small arms Programme of Action Implementation Monitor (PoAIM Phase 1), the Small Arms Survey scored Bangladesh against its commitments to the PoA, then ranked it at No. 11849 50 51 52 among 159 Member States

UNPoA National Reporting

Under the terms of its 2001 commitment to the United Nations small arms Programme of Action, Bangladesh has submitted one or more national reports53 54 on its implementation of the UNPoA

UNPoA National Point of Contact

In Bangladesh, a National Point of Contact to deal with issues relating to the UNPoA has been designated55 54

UNPoA Civil Society Involvement and Support

In National Reports of Bangladesh submitted to the UN from 2001 to 2010, a history of substantive cooperation with civil society in support of UNPoA activities was not apparent54

UNPoA International Assistance – Donor

Funds for UNPoA implementation have not been donated54 by Bangladesh to other UN Member States

UNPoA International Assistance – Recipient

Funds for UNPoA implementation have been provided54 to Bangladesh by other UN Member States

United Nations Small Arms Register

According to the United Nations Register of Conventional Arms, Bangladesh has declared56 its small arms exports in one or more annual National Reports on Arms Exports.

United Nations Membership

In the UN List of Member States, Bangladesh has been a Member State of the United Nations since 197457

Wassenaar Arrangement

The Wassenaar Arrangement on Export Controls and Conventional Arms and Dual-Use Goods and Technologies does not list58 Bangladesh as a Participating State

BackgroundSustainable Development Goal Profile

About SDG 16

The Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) are 17 goals set by the United Nations to be implemented by all member states by 2030. Adopted in 2015, they outline a vision of development in which peace and security are an integral part. SDG 16,59 which seeks to “promote peaceful and inclusive societies for sustainable development,” includes targets and indicators focused on reducing violence (Target 16.1) and the proliferation of illicit arms (Target 16.4). The indicators – or measurement criteria – of these targets include the number of victims of intentional homicide (Indicator 16.1.1), the number of conflict-related deaths (Indicator 16.1.2), and the number of illicit firearms collected and traced (Indicator 16.4.2). In light of these targets and indicators, GunPolicy.org provides granular national data pertaining to homicides, gun homicides, conflict deaths, disarmament efforts, and marking and tracing.

Homicides (any method)

ChartIn Bangladesh, annual homicides by any means total

2015: 4,03512
2014: 4,514
2013: 4,393
2012: 4,114
2011: 3,966
2010: 3,98813 14 15
2009: 4,21916 13 14
2008: 4,099
2007: 3,863
2006: 4,166
2005: 3,592
2004: 3,90213 14
2003: 3,47113
2002: 3,503
2001: 3,678
2000: 3,343

Rate of Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Bangladesh, the annual rate of homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2015: 2.6112
2014: 2.95
2013: 2.90
2012: 2.75
2011: 2.68
2010: 2.72
2009: 2.91
2008: 2.86
2007: 2.72
2006: 2.845 13 14
2005: 2.49
2004: 2.813 14
2003: 2.513
2002: 2.6
2001: 2.7
2000: 2.513 14

Male Homicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Bangladesh, annual male homicides by any means total

2015: 3,19917
2010: 2,52017

Rate of Male Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

In Bangladesh, the annual rate of male homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2015: 3.9317

Female Homicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Bangladesh, annual female homicides by any means total

2015: 83617
2010: 1,468

Rate of Female Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

In Bangladesh, the annual rate of female homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2015: 1.0517

Gun Homicides

In Bangladesh, annual firearm homicides total

2000: 1,45614

Rate of Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

In Bangladesh, the annual rate of firearm homicide per 100,000 population is

2000: 1.114

Proportion of Homicides Committed With a Gun

In Bangladesh, the percentage of homicides committed with a firearm is reported to be

2000: 43.6%14

Conflict Deaths

For a profile of conflict in Bangladesh, select the Link icon to open an external web page from the UCDP Conflict Encyclopedia at Uppsala University

Disarmament

Authorities in Bangladesh are known to have60 implemented voluntary firearm surrender schemes, and/or weapon seizure programmes in order to reduce the number of illicit firearms in circulation

Small Arms Destroyed

In Bangladesh, the number of firearms destroyed following amnesty, collection and seizure programmes is reported to be 4,70061 (2002-2003) and 1,94060 (2004)

Marking and Tracing

Firearm Marking

In Bangladesh, a unique identifying mark on each firearm is required by law41

Firearm Tracing

In Bangladesh, state authorities carry out41 recognised arms tracing and tracking procedures

Global Peace Index

To see where Bangladesh ranks, select the Link icon to open an external web page at the Global Peace Index, and then click on Bangladesh on the map or in the "Select Country" menu on the right of the web page


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