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Bahrain — Gun Facts, Figures and the Law

StockpilesGun Numbers

Civilian Guns

Number of Privately Owned Firearms

ChartThe estimated total number of guns (both licit and illicit) held by civilians in Bahrain is

2017: 181,0001
2007: 180,0002

Rate of Civilian Firearm Possession per 100 Population

ChartThe estimated rate of private gun ownership (both licit and illicit) per 100 people in Bahrain is

2017: 12.81
2007: 24.82

Number of Privately Owned Firearms - World Ranking

In a 2007 comparison of the number of privately owned guns in 178 countries, Bahrain ranked at No. 1203

Rate of Privately Owned Firearms per 100 Population - World Ranking

In a 2007 comparison of the rate of private gun ownership in 178 countries, Bahrain ranked at No. 182

Government Guns

Number of Military Firearms

The defence forces of Bahrain are reported to have 25,7964 firearms

Number of Law Enforcement Firearms

Police in Bahrain are reported to have 20,0005 firearms

ImpactsDeath and Injury

Total Number of Gun Deaths

ChartIn Bahrain, annual deaths resulting from firearms total

2014: 56
2013: 4
2012: 2
2011: 157
2010: 1

Rate of All Gun Deaths per 100,000 People

ChartIn Bahrain, the annual rate of all gun deaths per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.386
2013: 0.31
2012: 0.16
2011: 1.23
2010: 0.08

Total Number of Male Gun Deaths

ChartIn Bahrain, annual male deaths resulting from firearms total

2014: 56
2013: 3
2012: 2
2011: 15
2010: 1

Total Number of Female Gun Deaths

ChartIn Bahrain, annual female deaths resulting from firearms total

2014: 06
2013: 1
2012: 0
2011: 0
2010: 0

Homicides (any method)

ChartIn Bahrain, annual homicides by any means total

2014: 76
2013: 5
2012: 4
2011: 0
2010: 0
2009: 13
2008: 6
2007: 4
2006: 78 9
2005: 4
2004: 78 10
2003: 3

Rate of Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Bahrain, the annual rate of homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.386
2013: 0.31
2012: 0.16
2011: 1.23
2010: 0.08
2009: 1.1
2008: 0.58 11 12
2007: 0.4
2006: 0.78 11 9
2005: 0.5
2004: 0.98 11 10
2003: 0.4
2001: 0.911
2000: 1.6
1999: 0.6
1998: 0.6
1997: 0.7

Male Homicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Bahrain, annual male homicides by any means total

2014: 76
2013: 3
2012: 4
2011: 0
2010: 0

Female Homicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Bahrain, annual female homicides by any means total

2014: 06
2013: 2
2012: 0
2011: 0
2010: 0

Gun Homicides

ChartIn Bahrain, annual firearm homicides total

2014: 26
2013: 0
2012: 1
2011: 0
2010: 0
2008: 08 11
2007: 1

Rate of Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Bahrain, the annual rate of firearm homicide per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.156
2013: 0
2012: 0.08
2011: 0.07
2010: 0
2008: 0.0013 11
2007: 0.09

Proportion of Homicides Committed With a Gun

ChartIn Bahrain, the percentage of homicides committed with a firearm is reported to be

2011: 18%14
2008: 0%8
2007: 25%

Male Gun Homicide Victims

ChartIn Bahrain, annual male firearm homicides total

2015: 26
2014: 2
2013: 0
2012: 1
2011: 0
2010: 0

Female Gun Homicide Victims

ChartIn Bahrain, annual female firearm homicides total

2015: 06
2014: 0
2013: 0
2012: 0
2011: 0
2010: 0

Suicides (any method)

ChartIn Bahrain, annual suicides by any means total

2014: 96
2013: 5
2012: 19
2011: 18
2010: 19

Rate of Suicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Bahrain, the annual rate of suicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.686
2013: 0.39
2012: 1.52
2011: 1.48
2010: 1.61

Male Suicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Bahrain, annual male suicides by any means total

2014: 86
2013: 5
2012: 18
2011: 12
2010: 15

Female Suicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Bahrain, annual female suicides by any means total

2014: 16
2013: 0
2012: 1
2011: 6
2010: 4

Gun Suicides

ChartIn Bahrain, annual firearm suicides total

2014: 06
2013: 1
2012: 0
2011: 0
2010: 0

Rate of Gun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Bahrain, the annual rate of firearm suicide per 100,000 population is

2014: 06
2013: 0.08
2012: 0
2011: 0.07
2010: 0

Male Gun Suicide Victims

ChartIn Bahrain, annual male firearm suicides total

2014: 06
2013: 1
2012: 0
2011: 0
2010: 0

Female Gun Suicide Victims

ChartIn Bahrain, annual female firearm suicides total

2014: 06
2013: 0
2012: 0
2011: 0
2010: 0

Unintentional Gun Deaths

ChartIn Bahrain, annual unintentional shooting deaths total

2014: 36
2013: 3
2012: 1
2011: 17
2010: 0

Rate of Unintentional Gun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn Bahrain, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death per 100,000 population is

2014: 06
2013: 0
2012: 0
2011: 1.15
2010: 0.08

Unintentional Male Gun Deaths

ChartIn Bahrain, annual unintentional male shooting deaths total

2014: 36
2013: 2
2012: 1
2011: 1
2010: 0

Unintentional Female Gun Deaths

ChartIn Bahrain, annual unintentional female shooting deaths total

2014: 06
2013: 1
2012: 0
2011: 0
2010: 0

Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Bahrain, annual shooting deaths in which the cause remains undecided total

2014: 06
2013: 0
2012: 0
2011: 147
2010: 1

Rate of Gun Death from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

In Bahrain, the annual rate of unknown-cause shooting deaths per 100,000 population is

2011: 1.1513

Male Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Bahrain, annual male shooting deaths in which the cause remains undecided total

2014: 06
2013: 0
2012: 0
2011: 14
2010: 1

Female Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Bahrain, annual female shooting deaths in which the cause remains undecided total

2014: 06
2013: 0
2012: 0
2011: 0
2010: 0

TransfersGun Trade and Trafficking

Firearm Exports

Small Arms Exports (US$) - Customs

The annual value of small arms and ammunition exports from Bahrain is reported by Customs to be US$46,81415 (2011)

Firearm Imports

Small Arms Imports (US$) - Customs

The annual value of small arms and ammunition imports to Bahrain is reported by Customs to be US$157,91815 (2011)

MeasuresGun Regulation

Right to Possess Firearms

In Bahrain, the right to private gun ownership is not guaranteed by law16 17

Restricted Firearms and Ammunition

Law Regulates Automatic Weapons

In Bahrain, civilian possession of automatic weapons is regulated by law14

Law Regulates Handguns

In Bahrain, civilian possession of handguns is regulated by law14

Law Regulates Long Guns

In Bahrain, civilian possession of rifles and shotguns is regulated by law14

Gun Ownership and Possession

In Bahrain, only licensed gun owners18 19 14 may lawfully acquire, possess or transfer a firearm or ammunition

Gun Owner Background Checks

An applicant for a firearm licence in Bahrain must pass a background check which considers undefined14 records

Firearm Registration

Gun Dealer Record Keeping

In Bahrain, licensed firearm dealers are required19 to keep a record of each firearm or ammunition purchase, sale or transfer on behalf of a regulating authority

State-Owned Firearm Records

In Bahrain, State agencies are required19 to maintain records of the storage and movement of all firearms and ammunition under their control

Marking and Tracing Guns and Ammunition

Firearm Marking

In Bahrain, a unique identifying mark on each firearm is required by law20

Carrying Guns

Law Regulates Firearms in Public

In Bahrain, carrying a gun in a public place is regulated by law14

MeasuresInternational Controls

Regional Agreements

League of Arab States

As a member of the League of Arab States, Bahrain adopted the Arab Model Law on Weapons, Ammunitions, Explosives and Hazardous Material in January 200221

Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development

The Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development, a diplomatic initiative aimed at addressing the interrelations between armed violence and development, was not signed22 by Bahrain.

Arms Trade Treaty

The Arms Trade Treaty has been signed, but not yet ratified23 by Bahrain

United Nations Firearms Protocol

The United Nations Protocol against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, Their Parts and Components and Ammunition has not been signed24 by Bahrain

United Nations Small Arms Programme of Action UNPoA

UNPoA Commitment

On 21 July 2001, Bahrain committed to a consensus decision of the United Nations to adopt, support and implement the UN Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects25

UNPoA Implementation Monitor Score

In its UN small arms Programme of Action Implementation Monitor (PoAIM Phase 1), the Small Arms Survey scored Bahrain against its commitments to the PoA, then ranked it at No. 14326 27 28 29 among 159 Member States

UNPoA National Reporting

Under the terms of its 2001 commitment to the United Nations small arms Programme of Action, Bahrain has submitted one or more national reports30 20 on its implementation of the UNPoA

UNPoA National Point of Contact

In Bahrain, a National Point of Contact to deal with issues relating to the UNPoA has been designated20

UNPoA National Coordinating Body

In Bahrain, a National Coordinating Body to deal with issues relating to the UNPoA has not been designated20

UNPoA Civil Society Involvement and Support

In National Reports of Bahrain submitted to the UN from 2001 to 2010, a history of substantive cooperation with civil society in support of UNPoA activities was not apparent20

UNPoA International Assistance – Donor

Funds for UNPoA implementation have not been donated20 by Bahrain to other UN Member States

United Nations Small Arms Register

According to the United Nations Register of Conventional Arms, Bahrain has not declared31 its small arms exports in one or more annual National Reports on Arms Exports.

United Nations Membership

In the UN List of Member States, Bahrain has been a Member State of the United Nations since 197132

Wassenaar Arrangement

The Wassenaar Arrangement on Export Controls and Conventional Arms and Dual-Use Goods and Technologies does not list33 Bahrain as a Participating State

BackgroundCountry Profile

Conflict Profile

For a profile of conflict in Bahrain, select the Link icon to open an external web page from the UCDP Conflict Encyclopedia at Uppsala University

Global Peace Index

To see where Bahrain ranks, select the Link icon to open an external web page at the Global Peace Index


Short References

1.

Karp, Aaron.2018.‘Civilian Firearms Holdings, 2017.’ Estimating Global Civilian-Held Firearms Numbers.Geneva:Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva,18 June. (Q13434)Full Citation

2.

Karp, Aaron.2007.‘Completing the Count: Civilian firearms - Annexe online.’ Small Arms Survey 2007: Guns and the City.Cambridge:Cambridge University Press,27 August. (Q5)Full Citation

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Karp, Aaron.2007.‘Completing the Count: Civilian firearms.’ Small Arms Survey 2007: Guns and the City.Cambridge:Cambridge University Press,27 August. (Q4)Full Citation

4.

Karp, Aaron.2018.‘Military Firearms Holdings, 2017.’ Estimating Global Military-Owned Firearms Numbers.Geneva:Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva,18 June. (Q13436)Full Citation

5.

Karp, Aaron.2018.‘Law Enforcement Firearms Holdings, 2017.’ Estimating Global Law Enforcement Firearms Numbers.Geneva:Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva,18 June. (Q13435)Full Citation

6.

WHO.2016.‘Inter-country Comparison of Mortality for Selected Causes of Death.’ WHO Mortality Data Base.Geneva:World Health Organisation,1 December. (Q13354)Full Citation

7.

Waiselfiz, Julio Jacobo.2015.‘Number and Rate of Gun Deaths in 90 Countries (Número e taxas de mortalidade por AF segundo causa básica em 90 países do mundo).’ Violence Map: Deaths by Firearms (Mapa da Violência: Mortes Matadas por Armas de Fogo).Brasilia:Facultad Latinoamericana de Ciencias Sociales / Latin American Social Sciences Institute,1 January. (Q11896)Full Citation

8.

UNODC.2014.‘Homicides and Gun Homicides in Bahrain.’ Global Study on Homicide 2013: Trends, Context, Data.Vienna:United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC),10 April. (Q10284)Full Citation

9.

UNODC.2008.‘Recorded Intentional Homicide, Completed.’ Tenth United Nations Survey of Crime Trends and Operations of Criminal Justice Systems (2005-2006).Vienna:United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime,10 December. (Q10)Full Citation

10.

UNODC.2006.‘Reported Overall Homicide Numbers and Rates per 100,000 Population for 64 Countries, 2003-04.’ Ninth United Nations Survey of Crime Trends and Operations of Criminal Justice Systems (2003 - 2004).Vienna:United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime,10 December. (Q9)Full Citation

11.

UNODC.2013.‘Homicide in 207 Countries - Bahrain.’ Global Study on Homicide 2011: Trends, Context, Data.Vienna:United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime,26 June. (Q6269)Full Citation

12.

Petrini, Benjamin.2011.‘Middle East and North Africa, 1995-2008, Total Recorded Intentional Homicide, Completed, Rate per 100,000 Population.’ World Bank Homicide Rate Dataset 1995-2008.Washington, DC:Social Development Department, World Bank,10 February. (Q3813)Full Citation

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GunPolicy.org.2016.‘Calculated Rates - Bahrain.’ Historical Population Data - USCB International Data Base.Suitland, MD:US Census Bureau Population Division,6 June. (Q10309)Full Citation

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Butchart, Alexander, Christopher Mikton and Etienne Krug.2014.‘Country Profile: Bahrain.’ Global Status Report on Violence Prevention 2014.Geneva:World Health Organisation (WHO), United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) and United Nations Development Programme (UNDP),10 December. (Q9700)Full Citation

15.

Marsh, Nicholas.2014.‘Database of Authorised Transfers of Small Arms and Light Weapons.’ NISAT Small Arms Trade Database.Oslo:Norwegian Initiative on Small Arms Transfers,22 December. (Q16)Full Citation

16.

Sherman, Amy and Tom Ginsburg.2014.‘Gun Rights in National Constitutions.’ Marco Rubio Says Second Amendment Is Unique in Speech to NRA.Miami, FL:Miami Herald (PolitiFact Florida),29 April. (Q8507)Full Citation

17.

Zachary Elkins, Tom Ginsburg and James Melton. 2013. ‘U.S. Gun Rights Truly Are American Exceptionalism.’ Bloomberg (USA). 7 March. (N422) Full Citation

18.

United Nations.1999.‘Analysis of Country Responses.’ United Nations International Study on Firearm Regulation.Vienna:UN Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice Division,30 August. (Q1)Full Citation

19.

Bahrain.2011.‘Control and Numbering of Public Security Force Weapons.’ National Report of Bahrain on its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA).New York, NY:Permanent Mission of Bahrain to the United Nations,5 April. (Q4644)Full Citation

20.

UNODA.2018.‘PoA-ISS Country Profiles.’ UN small arms Programme of Action (UNPoA) - Implementation Support System.New York, NY:United Nations Office of Disarmament Affairs,23 July. (Q1309)Full Citation

21.

League of Arab States / UNODA.2002.‘Arab Model Law on Weapons, Ammunitions, Explosives and Hazardous Material.’ United Nations Programme of Action Implementation Support System: Regional Organisations.New York, NY:Council of the League of Arab States / United Nations Office for Disarmament Affairs,1 January. (Q3215)Full Citation

22.

GDAV.2006.‘Geneva Declaration.’ Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development.Geneva:Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development Secretariat,7 June. (Q7162)Full Citation

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UNODA.2013.‘Towards Entry Into Force.’ Arms Trade Treaty.New York, NY:United Nations Office for Disarmament Affairs,2 April. (Q7226)Full Citation

24.

UNGA.2001.‘United Nations Protocol against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, Their Parts and Components and Ammunition.’ UN General Assembly Resolution 55/255.New York, NY:UN General Assembly,31 May. (Q17)Full Citation

25.

UNGA.2001.‘Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects.’ United Nations General Assembly.New York, NY:UN General Assembly,20 July. (Q18)Full Citation

26.

Parker, Sarah and Katherine Green.2012.‘Findings - Table 3: Reporting States by Rank and Score.’ The Programme of Action Implementation Monitor (Phase 1): Assessing Reported Progress.Geneva:Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva,1 August. (Q8752)Full Citation

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Parker, Sarah and Katherine Green.2012.‘What do the PoAIM Scores Represent? How Should the PoAIM Scores Be Interpreted?.’ The Programme of Action Implementation Monitor (Phase 1): Assessing Reported Progress.Geneva:Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva,1 August. (Q8753)Full Citation

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Parker, Sarah and Katherine Green.2012.‘Point Allocation System.’ The Programme of Action Implementation Monitor (Phase 1): Assessing Reported Progress.Geneva:Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva,1 August. (Q8754)Full Citation

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Parker, Sarah and Katherine Green.2012.‘Introduction.’ The Programme of Action Implementation Monitor (Phase 1): Assessing Reported Progress.Geneva:Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva,1 August. (Q8755)Full Citation

30.

Cattaneo, Silvia and Sarah Parker.2008.‘Reporting, NPCs and NCAs, 2002 to 2008.’ Implementing the United Nations Programme of Action on Small Arms and Light Weapons: Analysis of the National Reports submitted by States from 2002 to 2008.Geneva:United Nations Development Programme,1 November. (Q20)Full Citation

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33.

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