Find Gun Policy Facts

Armed violence prevention, gun control laws and the small arms trade:

Austria — Gun Facts, Figures and the Law

StockpilesGun Numbers

Civilian Guns

Number of Privately Owned Firearms

ChartThe estimated total number of guns (both licit and illicit) held by civilians in Austria is

2017: 2,577,0001
2007: 2,500,0002

Rate of Civilian Firearm Possession per 100 Population

ChartThe estimated rate of private gun ownership (both licit and illicit) per 100 people in Austria is

2017: 30.01
2007: 30.42

Number of Privately Owned Firearms - World Ranking

In a 2007 comparison of the number of privately owned guns in 178 countries, Austria ranked at No. 313

Rate of Privately Owned Firearms per 100 Population - World Ranking

In a 2007 comparison of the rate of private gun ownership in 178 countries, Austria ranked at No. 142

Proportion of Adults Living in a Home With a Gun

In Austria, the percentage of adults living in a household with a firearm is reported to be

2015: 7%4

Proportion of Households with Firearms

ChartIn Austria, the percentage of households with one or more guns is reported to be

2005: 15.1%5
1995/98: 15.3%

Proportion of Households with Handguns

ChartIn Austria, the percentage of households with one or more handguns is reported to be

2005: 5.6%5
1995/98: 8.1%

Number of Licensed Firearm Owners

ChartThe number of licensed gun owners in Austria is reported to be

2020: 319,896 6 7 8
2019: 310,352
2018: 305,029
2017: 296,8719
2016: 282,135
2015: 253,917
2014: 240,699

Rate of Licensed Firearm Owners per 100 Population

ChartThe rate of licensed firearm owners per 100 people in Austria is

2019: 3.52 10
2018: 3.47
2017: 3.39
2016: 3.24
2015: 2.93
2014: 2.79

Number of Registered Firearms

ChartThe number of registered guns in Austria is reported to be

2020: 1,131,953 6 7 8
2019: 1,068,582
2018: 1,038,816
2017: 1,003,2041
2016: 957,301
2015: 893,757
2014: 837,583

Rate of Registered Firearms per 100 Population

ChartThe rate of registered guns per 100 people in Austria is

2019: 12.10 10
2018: 11.81
2017: 11.46
2016: 10.99
2015: 10.31
2014: 9.72

Estimated Number of Unregistered and Illicit Firearms

Unregistered and unlawfully held guns cannot be counted,11 but in Austria there are estimated to be

2017: 1,740,0001

Government Guns

Number of Military Firearms

The defence forces of Austria are reported to have 240,88012 firearms

Number of Law Enforcement Firearms

Police in Austria are reported to have 37,90013 firearms

ImpactsDeath and Injury

Total Number of Gun Deaths

ChartIn Austria, annual deaths resulting from firearms total

2019: 25614
2018: 250
2017: 270
2016: 240
2015: 232
2014: 25015 16 17 18
2013: 245
2012: 23015 16 18 19
2011: 21615 16 18
2010: 24720
2009: 23515 16 17 18
2008: 215
2007: 21015 16 17
2006: 24215 16 17 18
2005: 249
2004: 22915 16 17
2003: 245
2002: 28015 16 17 18
2001: 28115 16 17
2000: 301
1999: 29315 16 17 18

Rate of All Gun Deaths per 100,000 People

ChartIn Austria, the annual rate of all gun deaths per 100,000 population is

2019: 2.9114
2018: 2.86
2017: 3.10
2016: 2.77
2015: 2.69
2014: 2.92
2013: 2.88
2012: 2.71
2011: 2.56
2010: 2.93
2009: 2.80
2008: 2.57
2007: 2.51
2006: 2.91
2005: 3.01
2004: 2.79
2003: 3
2002: 3.42
2001: 3.45
2000: 3.71
1999: 3.62

Total Number of Male Gun Deaths

ChartIn Austria, annual male deaths resulting from firearms total

2019: 23514
2018: 237
2017: 253
2016: 216
2015: 223
2014: 234
2013: 227
2012: 216
2011: 204
2010: 228
2009: 212
2008: 192
2007: 196
2006: 230
2005: 234
2004: 218
2003: 221

Rate of Male Gun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn Austria, the annual rate of male gun death per 100,000 population is

2019: 5.4614
2018: 5.53
2017: 5.94
2016: 5.10
2015: 5.30
2014: 5.60
2013: 5.46
2012: 5.22
2011: 4.95
2010: 5.55
2009: 5.17
2008: 4.70
2007: 4.82
2006: 5.68
2005: 5.82
2004: 5.45
2003: 5.55

Total Number of Female Gun Deaths

ChartIn Austria, annual female deaths resulting from firearms total

2019: 2114
2018: 13
2017: 17
2016: 24
2015: 9
2014: 16
2013: 18
2012: 14
2011: 12
2010: 19
2009: 23
2008: 23
2007: 14
2006: 12
2005: 15
2004: 11
2003: 24

Rate of Female Gun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn Austria, the annual rate of female gun death per 100,000 population is

2019: 0.4714
2018: 0.29
2017: 0.38
2016: 0.54
2015: 0.20
2014: 0.37
2013: 0.41
2012: 0.32
2011: 0.28
2010: 0.44
2009: 0.53
2008: 0.54
2007: 0.33
2006: 0.28
2005: 0.35
2004: 0.26
2003: 0.57

Homicides (any method)

ChartIn Austria, annual homicides by any means total

2018: 8621
2017: 70
2016: 57
2015: 46
2014: 45
2013: 62
2012: 79
2011: 75
2010: 58
2009: 51
2008: 58
2007: 45
2006: 61
2005: 54
2004: 59
2003: 50
2002: 65
2001: 70
2000: 82
1999: 6022 23
1998: 77
1997: 66
1996: 99
1995: 82

Rate of Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Austria, the annual rate of homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2018: 0.9721
2017: 0.79
2016: 0.65
2015: 0.53
2014: 0.52
2013: 0.72
2012: 0.93
2011: 0.89
2010: 0.69
2009: 0.61
2008: 0.69
2007: 0.54
2006: 0.7
2005: 0.7
2004: 0.7
2003: 0.6
2002: 0.8
2001: 0.9
2000: 1.0
1999: 0.822
1998: 1.0
1997: 0.8
1996: 1.2
1995: 1.0
1994: 1.1724

Male Homicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Austria, annual male homicides by any means total

2018: 4225
2017: 33
2016: 25
2015: 29
2014: 22
2013: 32
2012: 41
2011: 40
2010: 28
2009: 22.86
2008: 29
2007: 20.77

Rate of Male Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Austria, the annual rate of male homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2018: 0.9625
2017: 0.76
2016: 0.58
2015: 0.68
2014: 0.52
2013: 0.77
2012: 0.99
2011: 0.97
2010: 0.68
2009: 0.56
2008: 0.71
2007: 0.51

Female Homicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Austria, annual female homicides by any means total

2018: 4425
2017: 37
2016: 32
2015: 17
2014: 23
2013: 30
2012: 38
2011: 35
2010: 30
2009: 28
2008: 29
2007: 24

Rate of Female Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Austria, the annual rate of female homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2018: 0.9725
2017: 0.82
2016: 0.72
2015: 0.38
2014: 0.52
2013: 0.69
2012: 0.87
2011: 0.81
2010: 0.70
2009: 0.66
2008: 0.68
2007: 0.57

Gun Homicides

ChartIn Austria, annual firearm homicides total

2016: 921
2015: 8
2014: 12
2013: 22
2012: 11
2011: 13
2010: 19
2009: 2015 19
2008: 14
2007: 13
2006: 1015 26 22
2005: 13
2004: 1315
2003: 16
2002: 1315 22
2001: 15
2000: 2515
1999: 17

Rate of Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Austria, the annual rate of firearm homicide per 100,000 population is

2016: 0.1021
2015: 0.10
2014: 0.12
2013: 0.30
2012: 0.06
2011: 0.20
2010: 0.18
2009: 0.24
2008: 0.17
2007: 0.16
2006: 0.1215 10 22
2005: 0.16
2004: 0.1615
2003: 0.2
2002: 0.1615 22
2001: 0.19
2000: 0.3115
1999: 0.21

Proportion of Homicides Committed With a Gun

ChartIn Austria, the percentage of homicides committed with a firearm is reported to be

2012: 14%27
2011: 10%26
2010: 9%
2009: 9%
2008: 7%
2007: 11%
2006: 11%
2005: 8%
2002: 38.5%22
2001: 31.4%

Male Gun Homicide Victims

ChartIn Austria, annual male firearm homicides total

2019: 614
2018: 3
2017: 2
2016: 7
2015: 5
2014: 6
2013: 4
2012: 1
2011: 5
2010: 5
2009: 7
2008: 6
2007: 6
2006: 5
2005: 2
2004: 6
2003: 7

Rate of Male Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Austria, the annual rate of male firearm homicide per 100,000 population is

2019: 0.1414
2018: 0.07
2017: 0.05
2016: 0.16
2015: 0.12
2014: 0.14
2013: 0.10
2012:
2011: 0.12
2010: 0.12
2009: 0.17
2008: 0.15
2007: 0.15
2006: 0.12
2005: 0.05
2004: 0.15
2003: 0.18
2001:
2000:

Female Gun Homicide Victims

ChartIn Austria, annual female firearm homicides total

2019: 514
2018: 5
2017: 7
2016: 8
2015: 4
2014: 3
2013: 8
2012: 3
2011: 3
2010: 9
2009: 7
2008: 7
2007: 4
2006: 3
2005: 5
2004: 3
2003: 4

Rate of Female Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Austria, the annual rate of female firearm homicide per 100,000 population is

2019: 0.1114
2018: 0.11
2017: 0.16
2016: 0.18
2015: 0.09
2014: 0.07
2013: 0.18
2012: 0.07
2011: 0.07
2010: 0.21
2009: 0.16
2008: 0.16
2007: 0.09
2006: 0.07
2005: 0.12
2004: 0.07
2003: 0.09
2001:
2000:

Handgun Homicides

ChartIn Austria, annual handgun homicides total

2014: 115
2012: 1
2010: 1
2009: 6
2008: 1
2007: 3
2006: 1
2005: 5
2003: 4
2002: 3

Rate of Handgun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Austria, the annual rate of handgun homicide per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.0115
2012: 0.01
2010: 0.01
2009: 0.07
2008: 0.01
2007: 0.04
2006: 0.01
2005: 0.06
2003: 0.05
2002: 0.04

Long Gun Homicides

ChartIn Austria, annual long gun homicides total

2012: 115
2006: 1
2005: 1
2004: 4
2003: 1

Rate of Long Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Austria, the annual rate of long gun homicide per 100,000 population is

2012: 0.0115
2006: 0.01
2005: 0.01
2004: 0.05
2003: 0.01

Gun Homicides (Other)

ChartIn Austria, annual gun homicides (other) total

2014: 915
2013: 12
2012: 3
2011: 8
2010: 14
2009: 14
2008: 13
2007: 10
2006: 8
2005: 7
2004: 9
2003: 11
2002: 10

Rate of Gun Homicide (Other) per 100,000 People

ChartIn Austria, the annual rate of gun homicide (other) per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.1115
2013: 0.14
2012: 0.04
2011: 0.10
2010: 0.17
2009: 0.17
2008: 0.16
2007: 0.12
2006: 0.10
2005: 0.09
2004: 0.11
2003: 0.14
2002: 0.12

Suicides (any method)

ChartIn Austria, annual suicides by any means total

2019: 1,33314
2018: 1,435
2017: 1,472
2016: 1,411
2015: 1,464
2014: 1,543
2013: 1,509
2012: 1,492
2011: 1,491
2010: 1,486
2009: 1,477
2008: 1,461
2007: 1,475
2006: 1,521
2005: 1,625
2004: 1,633
2003: 1,683
1999: 1,55528

Rate of Suicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Austria, the annual rate of suicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2019: 15.1014
2018: 16.32
2017: 16.81
2016: 16.20
2015: 16.89
2014: 17.91
2013: 17.62
2012: 17.53
2011: 17.59
2010: 17.59
2009: 17.52
2008: 17.38
2007: 17.60
2006: 18.21
2005: 19.54
2004: 19.76
2003: 20.49
2001: 0
2000: 0
1999: 19.1628
1994: 22.1229

Male Suicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Austria, annual male suicides by any means total

2016: 90414
2015: 960
2014: 98914
2013: 967
2012: 986
2011: 973
2010: 968
2009: 968
2008: 962
2007: 965

Rate of Male Suicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Austria, the annual rate of male suicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2019: 24.8914
2018: 27.18
2017: 28.08
2016: 25.88
2015: 27.61
2014: 28.69
2013: 28.15
2012: 28.77
2011: 28.28
2010: 28.71
2009: 28.25
2008: 27.90
2007: 28.20
2006: 29.92
2005: 31.40
2004: 31.87
2003: 32.01

Female Suicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Austria, annual female suicides by any means total

2019: 25714
2018: 265
2017: 269
2016: 308
2015: 294
2014: 335
2013: 332
2012: 297
2011: 322
2010: 303
2009: 316
2008: 318
2007: 324
2006: 304
2005: 354
2004: 351
2003: 403

Rate of Female Suicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Austria, the annual rate of female suicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2019: 5.7014
2018: 5.90
2017: 6.02
2016: 6.92
2015: 6.64
2014: 7.60
2013: 7.58
2012: 6.81
2011: 7.42
2010: 7
2009: 7.32
2008: 7.38
2007: 7.54
2006: 7.09
2005: 8.30
2004: 8.28
2003: 9.56

Gun Suicides

ChartIn Austria, annual firearm suicides total

2019: 22114
2018: 228
2017: 248
2016: 213
2015: 215
2014: 23016
2013: 218
2012: 217 19
2011: 205
2010: 225
2009: 204
2008: 196
2007: 195
2006: 228
2005: 233
2004: 215
2003: 227
2002: 261
2001: 263
2000: 275
1999: 272

Rate of Gun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Austria, the annual rate of firearm suicide per 100,000 population is

2019: 2.5114
2018: 2.60
2017: 2.85
2016: 2.46
2015: 2.50
2014: 2.69
2013: 2.56
2012: 2.56
2011: 2.43
2010: 2.67
2009: 2.43
2008: 2.34
2007: 2.33
2006: 2.74
2005: 2.82
2004: 2.62
2003: 2.78
2002: 3.23
2001:
2000:
1999: 3.36
1994: 4.0630

Male Gun Suicide Victims

ChartIn Austria, annual male firearm suicides total

2019: 20914
2018: 222
2017: 239
2016: 199
2015: 210
2014: 219
2013: 210
2012: 209
2011: 196
2010: 215
2009: 193
2008: 181
2007: 186
2006: 220
2005: 228
2004: 209
2003: 212

Rate of Male Gun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Austria, the annual rate of male firearm suicide per 100,000 population is

2019: 4.8314
2018: 5.16
2017: 5.58
2016: 4.67
2015: 4.96
2014: 5.20
2013: 5.02
2012: 5.03
2011: 4.74
2010: 5.22
2009: 4.70
2008: 4.42
2007: 4.56
2006: 5.41
2005: 5.63
2004: 5.20
2003: 5.30

Female Gun Suicide Victims

ChartIn Austria, annual female firearm suicides total

2019: 1214
2018: 6
2017: 9
2016: 14
2015: 5
2014: 1114
2013: 8
2012: 8
2011: 9
2010: 10
2009: 11
2008: 15
2007: 9
2006: 8
2005: 5
2004: 6
2003: 15

Rate of Female Gun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Austria, the annual rate of female firearm suicide per 100,000 population is

2019: 0.2714
2018: 0.13
2017: 0.20
2016: 0.31
2015: 0.11
2014: 0.25
2013: 0.18
2012: 0.18
2011: 0.21
2010: 0.23
2009: 0.25
2008: 0.35
2007: 0.21
2006: 0.19
2005: 0.12
2004: 0.14
2003: 0.36

Handgun Suicides

ChartIn Austria, annual handgun suicides total

2014: 1616
2013: 11
2012: 13
2011: 21
2010: 17
2009: 20
2008: 21
2007: 14
2006: 12
2005: 12
2004: 19
2003: 16
2002: 9

Rate of Handgun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Austria, the annual rate of handgun suicide per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.1916
2013: 0.13
2012: 0.15
2011: 0.25
2010: 0.20
2009: 0.24
2008: 0.25
2007: 0.17
2006: 0.14
2005: 0.15
2004: 0.23
2003: 0.20
2002: 0.11

Long Gun Suicides

ChartIn Austria, the number of long gun suicides is

2014: 2216
2013: 22
2012: 33
2011: 30
2010: 27
2009: 21
2008: 28
2007: 17
2006: 22
2005: 18
2004: 23
2003: 22
2002: 27

Rate of Long Gun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Austria, the annual rate of long gun suicide per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.2616
2013: 0.26
2012: 0.39
2011: 0.36
2010: 0.32
2009: 0.25
2008: 0.34
2007: 0.20
2006: 0.27
2005: 0.22
2004: 0.28
2003: 0.27
2002: 0.33

Gun Suicides (Other)

ChartIn Austria, annual gun suicides (other) total

2014: 19216
2013: 185
2012: 171
2011: 154
2010: 181
2009: 163
2008: 147
2007: 164
2006: 194
2005: 203
2004: 173
2003: 189
2002: 225

Rate of Gun Suicide (Other) per 100,000 People

ChartIn Austria, the annual rate of gun suicide (other) per 100,000 population is

2014: 2.2516
2013: 2.18
2012: 2.03
2011: 1.84
2010: 2.16
2009: 1.95
2008: 1.77
2007: 1.98
2006: 2.35
2005: 2.47
2004: 2.12
2003: 2.33
2002: 2.78

Unintentional Gun Deaths

ChartIn Austria, annual unintentional shooting deaths total

2019: 214
2017: 1
2015: 1
2014: 217
2013: 2
2012: 0
2011: 0
2010: 0
2009: 1
2008: 3
2007: 2
2006: 1
2005: 1
2004: 1
2003: 2
2002: 3
2001: 3
2000: 1
1999: 3

Rate of Unintentional Gun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn Austria, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death per 100,000 population is

2019: 0.0214
2018:
2017: 0.01
2016:
2015: 0.01
2014: 0.02
2013: 0.02
2012:
2011:
2010:
2009: 0.01
2008: 0.04
2007: 0.02
2006: 0.01
2005: 0.01
2004: 0.01
2003: 0.02
2002: 0.04
2001:
2000:
1999: 0.04
1994: 0.0531

Unintentional Male Gun Deaths

ChartIn Austria, annual unintentional male shooting deaths total

2019: 214
2017: 1
2015: 1
2014: 2
2013: 2
2012: 0
2011: 0
2010: 0
2009: 1
2008: 3
2007: 2
2006: 1
2005: 1
2004: 1
2003: 2

Rate of Unintentional Male Gun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn Austria, the annual rate of unintentional male shooting death per 100,000 population is

2019: 0.0514
2017: 0.02
2015: 0.02
2014: 0.05
2013: 0.05
2009: 0.02
2008: 0.07
2007: 0.05
2006: 0.02
2005: 0.02
2004: 0.02
2003: 0.05

Unintentional Female Gun Deaths

ChartIn Austria, annual unintentional female shooting deaths total

2014: 014
2013: 0
2012: 0
2011: 0
2010: 0

Unintentional Long Gun Deaths

ChartIn Austria, annual unintentional shooting deaths by long gun total

2014: 217
2013: 1
2008: 2
2007: 2
2005: 1
2003: 1
2002: 2

Rate of Unintentional Long Gun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn Austria, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death by long gun per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.0217
2013: 0.01
2008: 0.02
2007: 0.02
2005: 0.01
2003: 0.01
2002: 0.02

Unintentional Gun Deaths (Other)

ChartIn Austria, annual unintentional shooting deaths by firearm (other) total

2013: 117
2009: 1
2008: 1
2006: 1
2004: 1
2003: 1
2002: 1

Rate of Unintentional Gun Death (Other) per 100,000 People

ChartIn Austria, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death by firearm (other) per 100,000 population is

2013: 0.0117
2009: 0.01
2008: 0.01
2006: 0.01
2004: 0.01
2003: 0.01
2002: 0.01

Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Austria, annual shooting deaths in which the cause remains undecided total

2019: 2114
2018: 14
2017: 11
2016: 1014
2015: 7
2014: 818
2013: 11
2012: 818 19
2011: 318
2010: 7
2009: 10
2008: 2
2006: 3
2005: 2
2002: 3
1999: 128

Rate of Gun Death from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn Austria, the annual rate of unknown-cause shooting deaths per 100,000 population is

2016: 0.1114
2015: 0.08
2014: 0.09
2013: 0.13
2012: 0.09
2011: 0.04
2010: 0.08
2009: 0.12
2008: 0.02
2006: 0.04
2005: 0.02
2002: 0.04
1999: 0.0128
1994: 0.0232

Male Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Austria, annual male shooting deaths in which the cause remains undecided total

2019: 1814
2018: 12
2017: 10
2016: 914
2015: 7
2014: 614
2013: 10
2012: 6
2011: 3
2010: 7
2009: 9
2008: 2
2006: 3
2005: 1

Rate of Male Gun Death from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn Austria, the annual rate of unknown-cause male shooting deaths per 100,000 population is

2019: 0.4214
2018: 0.28
2017: 0.23
2016: 0.21
2015: 0.17
2014: 0.14
2013: 0.24
2012: 0.14
2011: 0.07
2010: 0.17
2009: 0.22
2008: 0.05
2006: 0.07
2005: 0.02

Female Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Austria, annual female shooting deaths in which the cause remains undecided total

2019: 314
2018: 2
2017: 1
2016: 1
2014: 2
2013: 1
2012: 2
2011: 0
2010: 0
2009: 1
2005: 1

Rate of Female Gun Death from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn Austria, the annual rate of unknown-cause female shooting deaths per 100,000 population is

2019: 0.0714
2018: 0.04
2017: 0.02
2016: 0.02
2014: 0.05
2013: 0.02
2012: 0.05
2009: 0.02
2005: 0.02

Handgun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Austria, annual deaths by handgun in which the cause remains undecided total

2014: 118
2013: 2
2012: 1
2009: 3
2006: 2

Rate of Handgun Death from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn Austria, the annual rate of unknown-cause handgun deaths per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.0118
2013: 0.02
2012: 0.01
2009: 0.04
2006: 0.02

Long Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Austria, annual deaths by long gun in which the cause remains undecided total

2014: 118
2012: 2

Rate of Long Gun Death from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn Austria, the annual rate of unknown-cause long gun deaths per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.0118
2012: 0.02

Gun Deaths (Other) from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Austria, annual deaths by firearm (other) in which the cause remains undecided total

2014: 618
2013: 9
2012: 5
2011: 3
2010: 7
2009: 7
2008: 2
2006: 1
2005: 2
2002: 3

Rate of Gun Death (Other) from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn Austria, the annual rate of unknown-cause gun deaths (other) per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.0718
2013: 0.11
2012: 0.06
2011: 0.04
2010: 0.08
2009: 0.08
2008: 0.02
2006: 0.01
2005: 0.02
2002: 0.04

Legal Intervention Gun Homicides

ChartIn Austria, annual legal-intervention gun homicides total

2016: 114
2013: 1

ProductionGun Industry

Regulation of Firearm Makers

In Austria, the manufacture of small arms, ammunition and/or their components is permitted only if the maker holds a valid licence33

Small Arms Manufacture - World Ranking

In a classification of the world's small, medium and major firearm manufacturers, Austria was ranked 'medium'34

TransfersGun Trade and Trafficking

Firearm Exports

In Austria, firearm and ammunition exports are limited by transfer control law35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42

Firearm Exports (Number)

ChartThe annual number of firearms exported from Austria is reported by manufacturers to be

2018: 15,50143
2017: 18,20243
2016: 19,584
2015: 47,663
2014: 54,89244
2012: 1,073,795
2010: 115,488

Small Arms Exports (US$) - Customs

ChartThe annual value of small arms and ammunition exports from Austria is reported by Customs to be US$

2017: 475,000,000
2016: 406,000,00045
2015: 41,534,36846
2014: 142,245,273
2013: 147,433,945
2012: 107,212,07846 47 48
2011: 44,642,78549
2010: 167,000,00050
2001: 98,000,00047 51 52

Small Arms Exports - World Ranking

In a comparison of the world's major/mid-level/minor/unknown small arms exporters, Austria was categorized as 'major'53 54 55 56 52 57

Firearm Imports

In Austria, firearm and ammunition imports are limited by transfer control law35 36 37 38 39 40 41

Firearm Imports (Number)

The annual number of firearms imported to Austria is reported to be

2012: 6,33544

Small Arms Imports (US$) - Customs

ChartThe annual value of small arms and ammunition imports to Austria is reported by Customs to be US$

2017: 71,000,000
2016: 70,000,00058
2015: 41,484,49946
2014: 39,611,255
2013: 39,500,989
2012: 46,226,14646 59 60
2011: 42,554,91449 61
2010: 48,000,00062

Smuggling Guns and Ammunition

Reports suggest that the level of firearm and ammunition smuggling in Austria is moderate9

Regulation of Arms Brokers

In Austria, the activities of arms brokers and transfer intermediaries are specifically regulated by law63 37 64 65

End User Certificates

Customs regulations in Austria include66 certification of the intended end user of any small arms or ammunition transfer, and/or a written declaration of its intended end use

Transparency of Small Arms Transfers

ChartIn its annual Small Arms Trade Transparency Barometer, the Small Arms Survey compares public reporting among major arms exporting nations on a scale from strong to weak (25 to zero). In recent years, Austria scored

2020: 13.50
2019: 14.0067
2018: 16.0068
2016: 10.2569
2014: 10.5070
2013: 14.2571
2012: 13.7572
2011: 12.2573
2010: 12.2574
2009: 12.2575
2008: 12.2576
2007: 11.5077
2006: 11.7578
2005: 10.7579
2004: 8.0080

MeasuresGun Regulation

Firearm Regulation - Guiding Policy

The regulation of guns in Austria is categorised as restrictive81

Firearm Law

ChartGuiding gun control legislation in Austria includes the

the European Union Firearms Regulation of 2012 the Common Position on the Control of Arms Brokering of 200382 and the Convention of 1 July 1969 on Reciprocal Recognition of Proofmarks on Small Arms83:
Weapons Act (Waffengesetz) of 199684 the Trade and Industrial Code (Gewerbeordnung) of 200233 the War Material Act (Kriegsmaterialgesetz)35 the Foreign Trade Act (Außenwirtschaftsgesetz)63 Directive (EU) 2021/555 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 24 March 2021 on control of the acquisition and possession of weapons 85:

Firearm Regulation Authority

Guns in Austria are regulated by the Federal Minister of Interior 9 86

Right to Possess Firearms

In Austria, the right to private gun ownership is not guaranteed by law87 88

Restricted Firearms and Ammunition

In Austria, civilians are not allowed to possess automatic firearms, firearms disguised as other objects, and armour-piercing, incendiary and expanding ammunition89 90 91 92

Regulation of Automatic Weapons

In Austria, private possession of fully automatic weapons is prohibited89 90 27

Regulation of Semiautomatic Assault Weapons

In Austria, private possession of semi-automatic assault weapons is permitted only with special authorisation93 94 90

Regulation of Handguns

In Austria, private possession of handguns (pistols and revolvers) is permitted only with special authorisation89 93 94 90 27

Law Regulates Long Guns

In Austria, civilian possession of rifles and shotguns is regulated by law27

Gun Ownership and Possession

In Austria, only licensed gun owners 95 96 97 27 98 may lawfully acquire, possess or transfer a firearm or ammunition

Genuine Reason Required for Firearm Possession

Applicants for a gun owner’s licence in Austria are required to establish a genuine reason to possess a firearm, for example hunting, target shooting, collection, personal protection, security99 100

Minimum Age for Firearm Possession

The minimum age for gun ownership in Austria is 18 years, or 21 years for handguns99 91 101

Gun Owner Background Checks

An applicant for a firearm licence in Austria must pass a background check which considers criminal and mental health99 27 91 102 records

Domestic Violence and Firearms

Where a past history, or apprehended likelihood of family violence exists, the law in Austria does not stipulate9 that a gun licence should be denied or revoked

Limit on Number of Guns

Licensed firearm owners in Austria are permitted to possess a limited number of firearms 103

Limit on Quantity, Type of Ammunition

Licensed firearm owners in Austria are permitted to possess only ammunition suitable for the intended firearm41 104

Firearm Registration

Civilian Gun Registration

In Austria, the law requires105 106 that a record of the acquisition, possession and transfer of each privately held firearm be retained in an official register

Gun Dealer Record Keeping

In Austria, licensed firearm dealers are required107 106 to keep a record of each firearm or ammunition purchase, sale or transfer on behalf of a regulating authority

Gun Manufacturer Record Keeping

In Austria, licensed gun makers are required107 to keep a record of each firearm produced, for inspection by a regulating authority

State-Owned Firearm Records

In Austria, State agencies are required108 109 to maintain records of the storage and movement of all firearms and ammunition under their control

Gun Sales and Transfers

Regulation of Dealer Gun Sales

In Austria, dealing in firearms by way of business without a valid gun dealer’s licence is unlawful110 111

Storage and Transport of Guns and Ammunition

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Private

Firearm regulations in Austria include 9 112 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of private firearms and ammunition by licensed gun owners

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Government

Government regulations in Austria include108 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition by state entities

Firearm and Ammunition Transport Regulations

Regulations in Austria include9 91 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition while in transit

Carrying Guns

Law Regulates Firearms in Public

In Austria, carrying a gun in a public place is regulated by law 27 113

Carrying Guns Openly in Public

In Austria, carrying a firearm in plain view in a public place is allowed, subject to a valid permit9

MeasuresInternational Controls

Regional Agreements

European Union

As a member of the European Union, Austria is bound by the provisions of the ‘EU Firearms Directive’ – the 2007 Legislative Resolution on Control of the Acquisition and Possession of Weapons of the European Parliament114 115

European Union Export Reporting

Under the European Union Common Position on Arms Exports, Austria is bound to declare its transfers of military technology and equipment. Independent monitoring provides detailed comparisons of arms export reporting compliance across EU member states, and records that Austria has submitted one or more national reports116 on its arms transfers

Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development

The Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development, a diplomatic initiative aimed at addressing the interrelations between armed violence and development, was signed in 2006117 by Austria.

Arms Trade Treaty

The Arms Trade Treaty has been signed and ratified118 by Austria

United Nations Firearms Protocol

The United Nations Protocol against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, Their Parts and Components and Ammunition has been signed and ratified119 by Austria

United Nations Small Arms Programme of Action UNPoA

UNPoA Commitment

On 21 July 2001, Austria committed to a consensus decision of the United Nations to adopt, support and implement the UN Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects120

UNPoA Implementation Monitor Score

In its UN small arms Programme of Action Implementation Monitor (PoAIM Phase 1), the Small Arms Survey scored Austria against its commitments to the PoA, then ranked it at No. 38121 122 123 124 among 159 Member States

UNPoA National Reporting

Under the terms of its 2001 commitment to the United Nations small arms Programme of Action, Austria has submitted one or more national reports125 126 on its implementation of the UNPoA

UNPoA National Point of Contact

In Austria, a National Point of Contact to deal with issues relating to the UNPoA has been designated127 126

UNPoA National Coordinating Body

In Austria, a National Coordinating Body to deal with issues relating to the UNPoA has been designated126

UNPoA Civil Society Involvement and Support

In National Reports of Austria submitted to the UN from 2001 to 2010, a history of substantive cooperation with civil society in support of UNPoA activities was not apparent126

UNPoA International Assistance – Donor

Funds for UNPoA implementation have been donated126 by Austria to other UN Member States

United Nations Small Arms Register

According to the United Nations Register of Conventional Arms, Austria has declared128 its small arms exports in one or more annual National Reports on Arms Exports.

United Nations Membership

In the UN List of Member States, Austria has been a Member State of the United Nations since 1955129

Wassenaar Arrangement

The Wassenaar Arrangement on Export Controls and Conventional Arms and Dual-Use Goods and Technologies lists130 Austria as a Participating State

BackgroundSustainable Development Goal Profile

About SDG 16

The Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) are 17 goals set by the United Nations to be implemented by all member states by 2030. Adopted in 2015, they outline a vision of development in which peace and security are an integral part. SDG 16,131 which seeks to “promote peaceful and inclusive societies for sustainable development,” includes targets and indicators focused on reducing violence (Target 16.1) and the proliferation of illicit arms (Target 16.4). The indicators – or measurement criteria – of these targets include the number of victims of intentional homicide (Indicator 16.1.1), the number of conflict-related deaths (Indicator 16.1.2), and the number of illicit firearms collected and traced (Indicator 16.4.2). In light of these targets and indicators, GunPolicy.org provides granular national data pertaining to homicides, gun homicides, conflict deaths, disarmament efforts, and marking and tracing.

Homicides (any method)

ChartIn Austria, annual homicides by any means total

2018: 8621
2017: 70
2016: 57
2015: 46
2014: 45
2013: 62
2012: 79
2011: 75
2010: 58
2009: 51
2008: 58
2007: 45
2006: 61
2005: 54
2004: 59
2003: 50
2002: 65
2001: 70
2000: 82
1999: 6022 23
1998: 77
1997: 66
1996: 99
1995: 82

Rate of Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Austria, the annual rate of homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2018: 0.9721
2017: 0.79
2016: 0.65
2015: 0.53
2014: 0.52
2013: 0.72
2012: 0.93
2011: 0.89
2010: 0.69
2009: 0.61
2008: 0.69
2007: 0.54
2006: 0.7
2005: 0.7
2004: 0.7
2003: 0.6
2002: 0.8
2001: 0.9
2000: 1.0
1999: 0.822
1998: 1.0
1997: 0.8
1996: 1.2
1995: 1.0
1994: 1.1724

Male Homicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Austria, annual male homicides by any means total

2018: 4225
2017: 33
2016: 25
2015: 29
2014: 22
2013: 32
2012: 41
2011: 40
2010: 28
2009: 22.86
2008: 29
2007: 20.77

Rate of Male Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Austria, the annual rate of male homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2018: 0.9625
2017: 0.76
2016: 0.58
2015: 0.68
2014: 0.52
2013: 0.77
2012: 0.99
2011: 0.97
2010: 0.68
2009: 0.56
2008: 0.71
2007: 0.51

Female Homicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Austria, annual female homicides by any means total

2018: 4425
2017: 37
2016: 32
2015: 17
2014: 23
2013: 30
2012: 38
2011: 35
2010: 30
2009: 28
2008: 29
2007: 24

Rate of Female Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Austria, the annual rate of female homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2018: 0.9725
2017: 0.82
2016: 0.72
2015: 0.38
2014: 0.52
2013: 0.69
2012: 0.87
2011: 0.81
2010: 0.70
2009: 0.66
2008: 0.68
2007: 0.57

Gun Homicides

ChartIn Austria, annual firearm homicides total

2016: 921
2015: 8
2014: 12
2013: 22
2012: 11
2011: 13
2010: 19
2009: 2015 19
2008: 14
2007: 13
2006: 1015 26 22
2005: 13
2004: 1315
2003: 16
2002: 1315 22
2001: 15
2000: 2515
1999: 17

Rate of Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Austria, the annual rate of firearm homicide per 100,000 population is

2016: 0.1021
2015: 0.10
2014: 0.12
2013: 0.30
2012: 0.06
2011: 0.20
2010: 0.18
2009: 0.24
2008: 0.17
2007: 0.16
2006: 0.1215 10 22
2005: 0.16
2004: 0.1615
2003: 0.2
2002: 0.1615 22
2001: 0.19
2000: 0.3115
1999: 0.21

Proportion of Homicides Committed With a Gun

ChartIn Austria, the percentage of homicides committed with a firearm is reported to be

2012: 14%27
2011: 10%26
2010: 9%
2009: 9%
2008: 7%
2007: 11%
2006: 11%
2005: 8%
2002: 38.5%22
2001: 31.4%

Male Gun Homicide Victims

ChartIn Austria, annual male firearm homicides total

2019: 614
2018: 3
2017: 2
2016: 7
2015: 5
2014: 6
2013: 4
2012: 1
2011: 5
2010: 5
2009: 7
2008: 6
2007: 6
2006: 5
2005: 2
2004: 6
2003: 7

Rate of Male Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Austria, the annual rate of male firearm homicide per 100,000 population is

2019: 0.1414
2018: 0.07
2017: 0.05
2016: 0.16
2015: 0.12
2014: 0.14
2013: 0.10
2012:
2011: 0.12
2010: 0.12
2009: 0.17
2008: 0.15
2007: 0.15
2006: 0.12
2005: 0.05
2004: 0.15
2003: 0.18
2001:
2000:

Female Gun Homicide Victims

ChartIn Austria, annual female firearm homicides total

2019: 514
2018: 5
2017: 7
2016: 8
2015: 4
2014: 3
2013: 8
2012: 3
2011: 3
2010: 9
2009: 7
2008: 7
2007: 4
2006: 3
2005: 5
2004: 3
2003: 4

Rate of Female Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Austria, the annual rate of female firearm homicide per 100,000 population is

2019: 0.1114
2018: 0.11
2017: 0.16
2016: 0.18
2015: 0.09
2014: 0.07
2013: 0.18
2012: 0.07
2011: 0.07
2010: 0.21
2009: 0.16
2008: 0.16
2007: 0.09
2006: 0.07
2005: 0.12
2004: 0.07
2003: 0.09
2001:
2000:

Conflict Deaths

For a profile of conflict in Austria, select the Link icon to open an external web page from the UCDP Conflict Encyclopedia at Uppsala University

Disarmament

Destruction and Disposal Policy

In Austria, it is state policy {q12542 } 132 to destroy surplus, collected and seized firearms rather than return them to the secondary arms market

Marking and Tracing

Firearm Marking

In Austria, a unique identifying mark on each firearm is required by law133 134

Firearm Tracing

In Austria, state authorities carry out135 134 106 recognised arms tracing and tracking procedures

Global Peace Index

To see where Austria ranks, select the Link icon to open an external web page at the Global Peace Index, and then click on Austria on the map or in the "Select Country" menu on the right of the web page


Short References

1.

Karp, Aaron.2018.‘Civilian Firearms Holdings, 2017.’ Estimating Global Civilian-Held Firearms Numbers.Geneva:Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva,18 June. (Q13434)Full Citation

2.

Karp, Aaron.2007.‘Completing the Count: Civilian firearms - Annexe online.’ Small Arms Survey 2007: Guns and the City.Cambridge:Cambridge University Press,27 August. (Q5)Full Citation

3.

Karp, Aaron.2007.‘Completing the Count: Civilian firearms.’ Small Arms Survey 2007: Guns and the City.Cambridge:Cambridge University Press,27 August. (Q4)Full Citation

4.

Directorate-General for Home Affairs.2015.‘Firearms Ownership - Firearms in the EU.’ Flash Eurobarometer 383: Firearms in the European Union.Brussels:European Commission,19 January. (Q13506)Full Citation

5.

van Dijk, Jan, John van Kesteren and Paul Smit.2007.‘Ownership of Firearms and Handguns in Countries and Main Cities (percentages): 1989-2005 ICVS and 2005 EU ICS.’ Criminal Victimisation in International Perspective: Key findings from the 2004-2005 ICVS and EU ICS.Vienna:United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime / UNODC,1 January. (Q11791)Full Citation

6.

Michael Matzenberger. 2020. ‘The Number of Firearms in Austria Rose by a Third in Six Years.’ Der Standard. 26 August. (N763) Full Citation

7.

ORF. 2020. ‘Record for Private Arms Purchases - Austria.’ 7 January. (N765) Full Citation

8.

Salzburger Nachrichten. 2019. ‘The Number of Private Firearms in Austria Rose Again in 2018.’ 6 May. (N766) Full Citation

9.

United Nations.1999.‘Analysis of Country Responses.’ United Nations International Study on Firearm Regulation.Vienna:UN Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice Division,30 August. (Q1)Full Citation

10.

GunPolicy.org.2016.‘Calculated Rates - Austria.’ Historical Population Data - USCB International Data Base.Suitland, MD:US Census Bureau Population Division,2 August. (Q4206)Full Citation

11.

GunPolicy.org. 2019. ‘Estimated Number of Illicit Firearms.’ Definition and Selection Criteria.
Sydney School of Public Health, 24 January.
(G14) Full Citation

12.

Karp, Aaron.2018.‘Military Firearms Holdings, 2017.’ Estimating Global Military-Owned Firearms Numbers.Geneva:Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva,18 June. (Q13436)Full Citation

13.

Karp, Aaron.2018.‘Law Enforcement Firearms Holdings, 2017.’ Estimating Global Law Enforcement Firearms Numbers.Geneva:Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva,18 June. (Q13435)Full Citation

14.

WHO.2016.‘Inter-country Comparison of Mortality for Selected Causes of Death.’ WHO Mortality Data Base.Geneva:World Health Organisation,1 December. (Q13354)Full Citation

15.

WHO.2016.‘Inter-country Comparison of Mortality for Selected Cause of Death - Gun Homicide in Austria.’ European Detailed Mortality Database (DMDB).Copenhagen:World Health Organisation Regional Office for Europe,4 July. (Q6070)Full Citation

16.

WHO.2016.‘Inter-country Comparison of Mortality for Selected Cause of Death - Gun Suicide in Austria.’ European Detailed Mortality Database (DMDB).Copenhagen:World Health Organisation Regional Office for Europe,4 July. (Q6133)Full Citation

17.

WHO.2016.‘Inter-country Comparison of Mortality for Selected Cause of Death - Unintentional Gun Deaths in Austria.’ European Detailed Mortality Database (DMDB).Copenhagen:World Health Organisation Regional Office for Europe,4 July. (Q6173)Full Citation

18.

WHO.2016.‘Inter-country Comparison of Mortality for Selected Cause of Death - Gun Death from Undetermined Cause in Austria.’ European Detailed Mortality Database (DMDB).Copenhagen:World Health Organisation Regional Office for Europe,4 July. (Q6434)Full Citation

19.

Waiselfiz, Julio Jacobo.2015.‘Number and Rate of Gun Deaths in 90 Countries (Número e taxas de mortalidade por AF segundo causa básica em 90 países do mundo).’ Violence Map: Deaths by Firearms (Mapa da Violência: Mortes Matadas por Armas de Fogo).Brasilia:Facultad Latinoamericana de Ciencias Sociales / Latin American Social Sciences Institute,1 January. (Q11896)Full Citation

20.

WHO.2011.‘Inter-country Comparison of Mortality for Selected Cause of Death - Total Firearm Death.’ European Detailed Mortality Database (DMDB).Copenhagen:World Health Organisation Regional Office for Europe,15 September. (Q5684)Full Citation

21.

UNODC.2020.‘Intentional Homicide Victims.’ Crime and Drugs Data.Vienna:United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime,1 January. (Q13355)Full Citation

22.

UNODC.2013.‘Homicide in 207 Countries - Austria.’ Global Study on Homicide 2011: Trends, Context, Data.Vienna:United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime,26 June. (Q6425)Full Citation

23.

Barclay, Gordon, Cynthia Tavares and Arsalaan Siddique.2001.‘Crimes Recorded by Police: Homicide.’ International Comparisons of Criminal Justice Statistics 1999.London:UK Home Office,1 May. (Q2143)Full Citation

24.

Krug, E G, K E Powell and L L Dahlberg.1998.‘Firearm-Related Deaths in the United States and 35 Other High- and Upper-Middle-Income Countries.’ International Journal of Epidemiology.Atlanta:National Centre for Injury Prevention & Control, Centers for Disease Control & Prevention / CDC,16 April. (Q1301)Full Citation

25.

UNODC.2017.‘Intentional Homicide Victims by Sex.’ Crime and Drugs Data.Vienna:UNODC,19 May. (Q13356)Full Citation

26.

UNODC.2014.‘Homicides and Gun Homicides in Austria.’ Global Study on Homicide 2013: Trends, Context, Data.Vienna:United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC),10 April. (Q10338)Full Citation

27.

Butchart, Alexander, Christopher Mikton and Etienne Krug.2014.‘Country Profile: Austria.’ Global Status Report on Violence Prevention 2014.Geneva:World Health Organisation (WHO), United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) and United Nations Development Programme (UNDP),10 December. (Q9698)Full Citation

28.

Jackson, Thomas.2005.‘Global Gun Deaths.’ NISAT Firearm Mortality Database 2005.Oslo:Norwegian Initiative on Small Arms Transfers,1 January. (Q12)Full Citation

29.

Krug, E G, K E Powell and L L Dahlberg.1998.‘Firearm-Related Deaths in the United States and 35 Other High- and Upper-Middle-Income Countries.’ International Journal of Epidemiology.Atlanta:National Centre for Injury Prevention & Control, Centers for Disease Control & Prevention / CDC,16 April. (Q1302)Full Citation

30.

Krug, E G, K E Powell and L L Dahlberg.1998.‘Firearm-Related Deaths in the United States and 35 Other High- and Upper-Middle-Income Countries.’ International Journal of Epidemiology.Atlanta:National Centre for Injury Prevention & Control, Centers for Disease Control & Prevention / CDC,16 April. (Q1298)Full Citation

31.

Krug, E G, K E Powell and L L Dahlberg.1998.‘Firearm-Related Deaths in the United States and 35 Other High- and Upper-Middle-Income Countries.’ International Journal of Epidemiology.Atlanta:National Centre for Injury Prevention & Control, Centers for Disease Control & Prevention / CDC,16 April. (Q1299)Full Citation

32.

Krug, E G, K E Powell and L L Dahlberg.1998.‘Firearm-Related Deaths in the United States and 35 Other High- and Upper-Middle-Income Countries.’ International Journal of Epidemiology.Atlanta:National Centre for Injury Prevention & Control, Centers for Disease Control & Prevention / CDC,16 April. (Q1300)Full Citation

33.

Austria.2014.‘Manufacture.’ National Report of Austria on its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA).New York NY:Permanent Mission of Austria to the United Nations,1 January. (Q12534)Full Citation

34.

Small Arms Survey.2001.‘Ranking of World's Small Arms Producers (By Sales).’ Small Arms Survey 2001: Profiling the Problem.Oxford:Oxford University Press,1 July. (Q103)Full Citation

35.

Austria.2014.‘International Transfers.’ National Report of Austria on its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA).New York NY:Permanent Mission of Austria to the United Nations,1 January. (Q12535)Full Citation

36.

Austria.2014.‘Record Keeping [Import and Export].’ National Report of Austria on its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA).New York NY:Permanent Mission of Austria to the United Nations,1 January. (Q12537)Full Citation

37.

IANSA.2006.‘Reviewing Action on Small Arms 2006: Assessing the first five years of the UN Programme of Action.’ Biting the Bullet 'Red Book' 2006.New York, NY:International Action Network on Small Arms and the Biting the Bullet project,26 June. (Q82)Full Citation

38.

European Parliament.2021.‘Articles 16.’ Directive (EU) 2021/555 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 24 March 2021 on control of the acquisition and possession of weapons (codification).Brussels:European Union,24 March. (Q14635)Full Citation

39.

European Parliament.2021.‘Articles 17.’ Directive (EU) 2021/555 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 24 March 2021 on control of the acquisition and possession of weapons (codification).Brussels:European Union,24 March. (Q14636)Full Citation

40.

European Parliament.2021.‘Articles 18.’ Directive (EU) 2021/555 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 24 March 2021 on control of the acquisition and possession of weapons (codification).Brussels:European Union,24 March. (Q14637)Full Citation

41.

European Parliament.2021.‘Article 21.’ Directive (EU) 2021/555 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 24 March 2021 on control of the acquisition and possession of weapons (codification).Brussels:European Union,24 March. (Q14643)Full Citation

42.

European Commission.2013.‘The Need for Action at EU Level - EU Firearms Laws.’ Communication from the Commission to the Council and the European Parliament.Brussels:Europa.eu,21 October. (Q8320)Full Citation

43.

Arms Trade Treaty Secretariat.2017.‘National Reports on Small Arms Exports and Imports.’ Arms Trade Treaty Annual Report.Geneva:Arms Trade Treaty Secretariat,1 January. (Q13951)Full Citation

44.

UN Register of Conventional Arms.2018.‘National Reports on Small Arms Exports and Imports.’ UNROCA - The Global Reported Arms Trade.New York, NY:United Nations Office for Disarmament Affairs,1 January. (Q13952)Full Citation

45.

Picard, Michael, Paul Holtom and Fiona Mangan.2019.‘Annexe A1: Annual Authorized Small Arms and Light Weapons Exports by Major Exporter.’ Trade Update 2019: Transfers, Transparency, and South-east Asia Spotlight.Geneva:Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva,12 December. (Q14071)Full Citation

46.

United Nations.2018.‘National Customs Data on Small Arms Exports and Imports - Austria.’ UN Comtrade International Trade Statistics Database.New York NY:United Nations Statistics Division,1 January. (Q13406)Full Citation

47.

Holtom, Paul and Christelle Rigual.2015.‘Trends in Small Arms Exports per Top Exporter and for All Exporters, as Reported to UN Comtrade, 2001-2012.’ Small Arms Survey 2015: Weapons and the World.Cambridge:Cambridge University Press and the Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva,1 June. (Q11071)Full Citation

48.

Rigual, Christelle.2015.‘Annexe 4.1: Major Exporters.’ Small Arms Survey 2015: Weapons and the World.Cambridge:Cambridge University Press and the Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva,1 June. (Q11077)Full Citation

49.

Marsh, Nicholas.2014.‘Database of Authorised Transfers of Small Arms and Light Weapons.’ NISAT Small Arms Trade Database.Oslo:Norwegian Initiative on Small Arms Transfers,22 December. (Q16)Full Citation

50.

Pavesi, Irene and Christelle Rigual.2013.‘Annexes 8.1: Major Exporters.’ Small Arms Survey 2013: Everyday Dangers.Cambridge:Cambridge University Press and the Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva,2 July. (Q8485)Full Citation

51.

Berman, Eric.2011.‘Small Arms Transfers: Exporting States.’ Weapons and Markets.Geneva:Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva,25 October. (Q5982)Full Citation

52.

Herron, Patrick, Jasna Lazarevic, Nic Marsh and Matt Schroeder.2011.‘Top Exporters and Importers of Small Arms in 2008.’ Small Arms Survey 2011: States of Security.Cambridge:Cambridge University Press and the Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva,6 July. (Q5983)Full Citation

53.

Holtom, Paul and Christelle Rigual.2015.‘Top Exporters and Importers of Small Arms and Light Weapons.’ Small Arms Survey 2015: Weapons and the World.Cambridge:Cambridge University Press and the Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva,1 June. (Q11068)Full Citation

54.

Holtom, Paul and Christelle Rigual.2015.‘Exporters of Small Arms Based on UN Comtrade, 2012.’ Small Arms Survey 2015: Weapons and the World.Cambridge:Cambridge University Press and the Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva,1 June. (Q11069)Full Citation

55.

Holtom, Paul, Irene Pavesi and Christelle Rigual.2014.‘Major Exporters and Importers.’ Small Arms Survey 2014: Women and Guns.Cambridge:Cambridge University Press and the Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva,16 June. (Q11036)Full Citation

56.

Holtom, Paul, Irene Pavesi and Christelle Rigual.2014.‘Exporters of Small Arms Based on UN Comtrade, 2011.’ Small Arms Survey 2014: Women and Guns.Cambridge:Cambridge University Press and the Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva,16 June. (Q11037)Full Citation

57.

Small Arms Survey.2001.‘60 Known Legal Small Arms Exporting Countries, 2001.’ Small Arms Survey 2001: Profiling the Problem.Oxford:Oxford University Press,1 July. (Q867)Full Citation

58.

Picard, Michael, Paul Holtom and Fiona Mangan.2019.‘Annexe A2: Annual Authorized Small Arms and Light Weapons Imports by Major Importers.’ Trade Update 2019: Transfers, Transparency, and South-east Asia Spotlight.Geneva:Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva,12 December. (Q14070)Full Citation

59.

Holtom, Paul and Christelle Rigual.2015.‘Importers of Small Arms Based on UN Comtrade, 2012.’ Small Arms Survey 2015: Weapons and the World.Cambridge:Cambridge University Press and the Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva,1 June. (Q11070)Full Citation

60.

Rigual, Christelle.2015.‘Annexe 4.2: Major Importers.’ Small Arms Survey 2015: Weapons and the World.Cambridge:Cambridge University Press and the Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva,1 June. (Q11078)Full Citation

61.

Holtom, Paul, Irene Pavesi and Christelle Rigual.2014.‘Importers of Small Arms Based on UN Comtrade, 2011.’ Small Arms Survey 2014: Women and Guns.Cambridge:Cambridge University Press and the Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva,16 June. (Q11041)Full Citation

62.

Pavesi, Irene and Christelle Rigual.2013.‘Annexes 8.2: Major Importers.’ Small Arms Survey 2013: Everyday Dangers.Cambridge:Cambridge University Press and the Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva,2 July. (Q8486)Full Citation

63.

Austria.2014.‘Brokering.’ National Report of Austria on its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA).New York NY:Permanent Mission of Austria to the United Nations,1 January. (Q12538)Full Citation

64.

European Council.1991.‘Article 4b.’ Council Directive of 18 June 1991 on Control of the Acquisition and Possession of Weapons (91/477/EEC) [current to 2008 amendments].Brussels:Council of the European Communities,18 June. (Q2408)Full Citation

65.

European Commission.2013.‘The Need for Action at EU Level - EU Firearms Laws.’ Communication from the Commission to the Council and the European Parliament.Brussels:Europa.eu,21 October. (Q8319)Full Citation

66.

Austria.2014.‘End-user Certificate.’ National Report of Austria on its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA).New York NY:Permanent Mission of Austria to the United Nations,1 January. (Q12536)Full Citation

67.

Picard, Michael, Paul Holtom and Fiona Mangan.2019.‘Small Arms Trade Transparency Barometer 2019.’ Trade Update 2019: Transfers, Transparency, and South-east Asia Spotlight.Geneva:Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva,12 December. (Q14069)Full Citation

68.

Holtom, Paul and Irene Pavesi.2018.‘Small Arms Trade Transparency Barometer.’ The 2018 Small Arms Trade Transparency Barometer.Geneva:Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies,1 August. (Q13505)Full Citation

69.

Pavesi, Irene.2016.‘Small Arms Trade Transparency Barometer 2016.’ Trade Update 2016: Transfers and Transparency.Geneva:Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva,6 June. (Q12070)Full Citation

70.

Holtom, Paul, Irene Pavesi, and Christelle Rigual.2014.‘Small Arms Trade Transparency Barometer 2014.’ Small Arms Survey 2014: Women and Guns.Cambridge:Cambridge University Press and the Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva,16 June. (Q10547)Full Citation

71.

Pavesi, Irene and Christelle Rigual.2013.‘Small Arms Trade Transparency Barometer 2013.’ Small Arms Survey 2013: Everyday Dangers.Cambridge:Cambridge University Press and the Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva,2 July. (Q6871)Full Citation

72.

Lazarevic, Jasna.2012.‘Small Arms Trade Transparency Barometer 2012.’ Small Arms Survey 2012: Moving Targets.Cambridge:Cambridge University Press and the Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva,27 August. (Q6869)Full Citation

73.

Lazarevic, Jasna.2011.‘Small Arms Trade Transparency Barometer 2011.’ Small Arms Survey 2011: States of Security.Cambridge:Cambridge University Press and the Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva,6 July. (Q10549)Full Citation

74.

Lazarevic, Jasna.2010.‘Small Arms Trade Transparency Barometer 2010.’ Small Arms Survey 2010: Gangs, Groups and Guns.Cambridge:Cambridge University Press and the Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva,14 June. (Q10550)Full Citation

75.

Lazarevic, Jasna.2009.‘Small Arms Trade Transparency Barometer 2009.’ Small Arms Survey 2009: Shadows of War.Cambridge:Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva,9 July. (Q10551)Full Citation

76.

Close, Helen and Chris Stevenson.2008.‘Small Arms Trade Transparency Barometer 2008.’ Small Arms Survey 2008: Risk and Resilience.Cambridge:Cambridge University Press and the Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva,14 July. (Q10552)Full Citation

77.

Glatz, Anne-Kathrin and Lora Lumpe.2007.‘Small Arms Trade Transparency Barometer 2007.’ Small Arms Survey 2007: Guns and the City.Cambridge:Cambridge University Press and the Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva,27 August. (Q10553)Full Citation

78.

Khakee, Anna, Pablo Dreyfus and Anne-Kathrin Glatz.2006.‘Small Arms Trade Transparency Barometer 2006.’ Small Arms Survey 2006: Unfinished Business.Oxford:Oxford University Press and the Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva,1 July. (Q10554)Full Citation

79.

Khakee, Anna.2005.‘Small Arms Trade Transparency Barometer 2005.’ Small Arms Survey 2005: Weapons at War.Oxford:Oxford University Press and the Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva,11 July. (Q10555)Full Citation

80.

Khakee, Anna.2004.‘Small Arms Trade Transparency Barometer 2004.’ Small Arms Survey 2004: Rights at Risk.Oxford:Oxford University Press and the Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva,1 July. (Q10556)Full Citation

81.

Newton, George D and Franklin E Zimring.1969.‘Firearm Licensing: Permissive v Restrictive.’ Firearms & Violence in American Life: A staff report submitted to the National Commission on the Causes and Prevention of Violence.Washington, DC:US Government Printing Office,1 January. (Q22)Full Citation

82.

European Commission.2013.‘The Need for Action at EU Level - EU Firearms Laws.’ Communication from the Commission to the Council and the European Parliament.Brussels:Europa.eu,21 October. (Q8315)Full Citation

83.

UNGA.1969.‘Reciprocal Recognition of Proof Marks.’ Convention for the Reciprocal Recognition of Proof Marks on Small Arms of July 1, 1969.Brussels:United Nations General Assembly,1 July. (Q5999)Full Citation

84.

Duquet, Nils and Maarten Van Alstein.2015.‘The Impact of the 1997 Firearms Legislation in Austria.’ Firearms and Violent Deaths in Europe: An Exploratory Analysis of the Linkages Between Gun Ownership, Firearms Legislation and Violent Death.Brussels:Flemish Peace Institute,25 June. (Q12046)Full Citation

85.

European Parliament.2021.‘Preamble.’ Directive (EU) 2021/555 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 24 March 2021 on control of the acquisition and possession of weapons (codification).Brussels:European Union,24 March. (Q14621)Full Citation

86.

Austria.1996.‘Arms Act 1996. Firearm Authority.’ Waffengesetz 1996.Vienna:Austria,1 January. (Q14303)Full Citation

87.

Sherman, Amy and Tom Ginsburg.2014.‘Gun Rights in National Constitutions.’ Marco Rubio Says Second Amendment Is Unique in Speech to NRA.Miami, FL:Miami Herald (PolitiFact Florida),29 April. (Q8507)Full Citation

88.

Zachary Elkins, Tom Ginsburg and James Melton. 2013. ‘U.S. Gun Rights Truly Are American Exceptionalism.’ Bloomberg (USA). 7 March. (N422) Full Citation

89.

European Parliament.2021.‘Article 9.’ Directive (EU) 2021/555 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 24 March 2021 on control of the acquisition and possession of weapons (codification).Brussels:European Union,24 March. (Q14630)Full Citation

90.

European Parliament.2021.‘Annex I.’ Directive (EU) 2021/555 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 24 March 2021 on control of the acquisition and possession of weapons (codification).Brussels:European Union,24 March. (Q14639)Full Citation

91.

Michael Matzenberger. 2020. ‘The Number of Firearms in Austria Rose by a Third in Six Years.’ Der Standard. 26 August. (N764) Full Citation

92.

Austria.1996.‘Arms Act 1996. Prohibited Weapons.’ Waffengesetz 1996.Vienna:Austria,1 January. (Q14296)Full Citation

93.

European Parliament.2021.‘Article 10.’ Directive (EU) 2021/555 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 24 March 2021 on control of the acquisition and possession of weapons (codification).Brussels:European Union,24 March. (Q14631)Full Citation

94.

European Parliament.2021.‘Article 11.’ Directive (EU) 2021/555 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 24 March 2021 on control of the acquisition and possession of weapons (codification).Brussels:European Union,24 March. (Q14632)Full Citation

95.

European Parliament.2021.‘Article 5.’ Directive (EU) 2021/555 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 24 March 2021 on control of the acquisition and possession of weapons (codification).Brussels:European Union,24 March. (Q14626)Full Citation

96.

European Council.1991.‘Article 6.’ Council Directive of 18 June 1991 on Control of the Acquisition and Possession of Weapons (91/477/EEC) [current to 2008 amendments].Brussels:Council of the European Communities,18 June. (Q2410)Full Citation

97.

European Council.1991.‘Article 7.’ Council Directive of 18 June 1991 on Control of the Acquisition and Possession of Weapons (91/477/EEC) [current to 2008 amendments].Brussels:Council of the European Communities,18 June. (Q2411)Full Citation

98.

Austria.1996.‘Arms Act 1996. Definition Firearms Categories B and C.’ Waffengesetz 1996.Vienna:Austria,1 January. (Q14298)Full Citation

99.

European Parliament.2021.‘Article 6.’ Directive (EU) 2021/555 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 24 March 2021 on control of the acquisition and possession of weapons (codification).Brussels:European Union,24 March. (Q14627)Full Citation

100.

Austria.1996.‘Arms Act 1996. Issue of weapons possession card and weapons pass.’ Waffengesetz 1996.Vienna:Austria,1 January. (Q14299)Full Citation

101.

Austria.1996.‘Arms Act 1996. Juvenile.’ Waffengesetz 1996.Vienna:Austria,1 January. (Q14297)Full Citation

102.

Austria.1996.‘Arms Act 1996. Reliability.’ Waffengesetz 1996.Vienna:Austria,1 January. (Q14305)Full Citation

103.

Austria.1996.‘Arms Act 1996. Number of permitted weapons.’ Waffengesetz 1996.Vienna:Austria,1 January. (Q14302)Full Citation

104.

Austria.1996.‘Arms Act 1996. Ammunition for handguns.’ Waffengesetz 1996.Vienna:Austria,1 January. (Q14306)Full Citation

105.

Austria.2014.‘Record Keeping.’ National Report of Austria on its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA).New York NY:Permanent Mission of Austria to the United Nations,1 January. (Q12540)Full Citation

106.

European Parliament.2021.‘Article 4(5)-(6).’ Directive (EU) 2021/555 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 24 March 2021 on control of the acquisition and possession of weapons (codification).Brussels:European Union,24 March. (Q14625)Full Citation

107.

Austria.2010.‘Marking, Record Keeping and Tracing - Gun Manufacturer and Gun Dealer Record-Keeping.’ National Report of Austria on its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA).New York, NY:Permanent Mission of Austria to the United Nations,1 January. (Q4534)Full Citation

108.

Austria.2014.‘Stockpile Management.’ National Report of Austria on its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA).New York NY:Permanent Mission of Austria to the United Nations,1 January. (Q12539)Full Citation

109.

Austria.2010.‘Stockpile Management and Security - State-Owned Firearm Records.’ National Report of Austria on its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA).New York, NY:Permanent Mission of Austria to the United Nations,1 January. (Q4535)Full Citation

110.

European Parliament.2021.‘Article 4(4).’ Directive (EU) 2021/555 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 24 March 2021 on control of the acquisition and possession of weapons (codification).Brussels:European Union,24 March. (Q14624)Full Citation

111.

European Council.1991.‘Article 8.’ Council Directive of 18 June 1991 on Control of the Acquisition and Possession of Weapons (91/477/EEC) [current to 2008 amendments].Brussels:Council of the European Communities,18 June. (Q2412)Full Citation

112.

Austria.1996.‘Arms Act 1996. Custody of firearms.’ Waffengesetz 1996.Vienna:Austria,1 January. (Q14301)Full Citation

113.

Austria.1996.‘Arms Act 1996. Carryng Firearms Categories B and C.’ Waffengesetz 1996.Vienna:Austria,1 January. (Q14300)Full Citation

114.

European Parliament.2007.‘Roll-call Vote: EU Firearms Directive.’ Legislative Resolution on Control of the Acquisition and Possession of Weapons.Brussels:VoteWatch.eu,29 November. (Q1346)Full Citation

115.

EU Parliament.2007.‘Draft Legislative Resolution on the EU Parliament Firearms Directive 2007.’ Report on the proposal for a directive of the European Parliament and of the Council amending Council Directive 91/477/EEC on control of the acquisition and possession of weapons.Brussels:European Parliament,12 July. (Q1970)Full Citation

116.

Saferworld.2010.‘EU Arms Transfer Reporting Database.’ Saferworld European Union Arms Transfer Reporting Database.London:Saferworld,9 December. (Q3364)Full Citation

117.

GDAV.2006.‘Geneva Declaration.’ Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development.Geneva:Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development Secretariat,7 June. (Q7162)Full Citation

118.

UNODA.2013.‘Towards Entry Into Force.’ Arms Trade Treaty.New York, NY:United Nations Office for Disarmament Affairs,2 April. (Q7226)Full Citation

119.

UNGA.2001.‘United Nations Protocol against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, Their Parts and Components and Ammunition.’ UN General Assembly Resolution 55/255.New York, NY:UN General Assembly,31 May. (Q17)Full Citation

120.

UNGA.2001.‘Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects.’ United Nations General Assembly.New York, NY:UN General Assembly,20 July. (Q18)Full Citation

121.

Parker, Sarah and Katherine Green.2012.‘Findings - Table 3: Reporting States by Rank and Score.’ The Programme of Action Implementation Monitor (Phase 1): Assessing Reported Progress.Geneva:Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva,1 August. (Q8752)Full Citation

122.

Parker, Sarah and Katherine Green.2012.‘What do the PoAIM Scores Represent? How Should the PoAIM Scores Be Interpreted?.’ The Programme of Action Implementation Monitor (Phase 1): Assessing Reported Progress.Geneva:Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva,1 August. (Q8753)Full Citation

123.

Parker, Sarah and Katherine Green.2012.‘Point Allocation System.’ The Programme of Action Implementation Monitor (Phase 1): Assessing Reported Progress.Geneva:Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva,1 August. (Q8754)Full Citation

124.

Parker, Sarah and Katherine Green.2012.‘Introduction.’ The Programme of Action Implementation Monitor (Phase 1): Assessing Reported Progress.Geneva:Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva,1 August. (Q8755)Full Citation

125.

Cattaneo, Silvia and Sarah Parker.2008.‘Reporting, NPCs and NCAs, 2002 to 2008.’ Implementing the United Nations Programme of Action on Small Arms and Light Weapons: Analysis of the National Reports submitted by States from 2002 to 2008.Geneva:United Nations Development Programme,1 November. (Q20)Full Citation

126.

UNODA.2018.‘PoA-ISS Country Profiles.’ UN small arms Programme of Action (UNPoA) - Implementation Support System.New York, NY:United Nations Office of Disarmament Affairs,23 July. (Q1309)Full Citation

127.

IANSA.2006.‘Reviewing Action on Small Arms 2006: Assessing the first five years of the UN Programme of Action.’ Biting the Bullet 'Red Book' 2006.New York, NY:International Action Network on Small Arms and the Biting the Bullet project,26 June. (Q166)Full Citation

128.

UNODA.2011.‘National Reports on Small Arms Exports.’ United Nations Register of Conventional Arms - The Global Reported Arms Trade.New York, NY:United Nations Office for Disarmament Affairs,21 October. (Q14)Full Citation

129.

UN.2013.‘Member States of the United Nations.’ UN.org Web Site.New York, NY:United Nations General Assembly,7 April. (Q290)Full Citation

130.

Wassenaar Arrangement.1996.‘Introduction: Participating States.’ Wassenaar Arrangement on Export Controls and Conventional Arms and Dual-Use Goods and Technologies.Vienna:Wassenaar Secretariat,12 July. (Q19)Full Citation

131.

United Nations.2017.‘Relevant Targets & Indicators.’ Sustainable Development Goal 16.New York NY:United Nations Statistics Division,6 July. (Q14093)Full Citation

132.

Austria.1996.‘Arms Act 1996. Destruction.’ Waffengesetz 1996.Vienna:Austria,1 January. (Q14304)Full Citation

133.

Austria.2010.‘Marking, Record Keeping and Tracing - Marking.’ National Report of Austria on its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA).New York, NY:Permanent Mission of Austria to the United Nations,1 January. (Q4533)Full Citation

134.

European Parliament.2021.‘Article 4(1)-(3).’ Directive (EU) 2021/555 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 24 March 2021 on control of the acquisition and possession of weapons (codification).Brussels:European Union,24 March. (Q14623)Full Citation

135.

Austria.2014.‘International Tracing.’ National Report of Austria on its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA).New York NY:Permanent Mission of Austria to the United Nations,1 January. (Q12541)Full Citation