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Austria — Gun Facts, Figures and the Law

StockpilesGun Numbers

Civilian Guns

Number of Privately Owned Firearms

ChartThe estimated total number of guns (both licit and illicit) held by civilians in Austria is

2017: 2,577,0001
2007: 2,500,0002

Rate of Civilian Firearm Possession per 100 Population

ChartThe estimated rate of private gun ownership (both licit and illicit) per 100 people in Austria is

2017: 30.01
2007: 30.42

Number of Privately Owned Firearms - World Ranking

In a 2007 comparison of the number of privately owned guns in 178 countries, Austria ranked at No. 313

Rate of Privately Owned Firearms per 100 Population - World Ranking

In a 2007 comparison of the rate of private gun ownership in 178 countries, Austria ranked at No. 142

Proportion of Adults Living in a Home With a Gun

In Austria, the percentage of adults living in a household with a firearm is reported to be

2015: 7%4

Proportion of Households with Firearms

ChartIn Austria, the percentage of households with one or more guns is reported to be

2005: 15.1%5
1995/98: 15.3%

Proportion of Households with Handguns

ChartIn Austria, the percentage of households with one or more handguns is reported to be

2005: 5.6%5
1995/98: 8.1%

Number of Licensed Firearm Owners

The number of licensed gun owners in Austria is reported to be 330,0006

Rate of Licensed Firearm Owners per 100 Population

The rate of licensed firearm owners per 100 people in Austria is 4.087

Number of Registered Firearms

The number of registered guns in Austria is reported to be

2017: 837,0001

Estimated Number of Unregistered and Illicit Firearms

Unregistered and unlawfully held guns cannot be counted,8 but in Austria there are estimated to be

2017: 1,740,0001

Government Guns

Number of Military Firearms

The defence forces of Austria are reported to have 240,8809 firearms

Number of Law Enforcement Firearms

Police in Austria are reported to have 37,90010 firearms

ImpactsDeath and Injury

Total Number of Gun Deaths

ChartIn Austria, annual deaths resulting from firearms total

2016: 24011
2015: 232
2014: 25012 13 14 15
2013: 245
2012: 23012 13 15 16
2011: 21612 13 15
2010: 24717
2009: 23512 13 14 15
2008: 215
2007: 21012 13 14
2006: 24212 13 14 15
2005: 249
2004: 22912 13 14
2003: 245
2002: 28012 13 14 15
2001: 28112 13 14
2000: 301
1999: 29312 13 14 15

Rate of All Gun Deaths per 100,000 People

ChartIn Austria, the annual rate of all gun deaths per 100,000 population is

2016: 2.7511
2015: 2.68
2014: 2.90
2013: 2.86
2012: 2.70
2011: 2.55
2010: 2.92
2009: 2.79
2008: 2.56
2007: 2.51
2006: 2.90
2005: 2.99
2004: 2.77
2003: 2.98
2002: 3.42
2001: 3.45
2000: 3.71
1999: 3.62

Total Number of Male Gun Deaths

ChartIn Austria, annual male deaths resulting from firearms total

2016: 21611
2015: 223
2014: 23411
2013: 227
2012: 216
2011: 204
2010: 228
2009: 212
2008: 192
2007: 196

Rate of Male Gun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn Austria, the annual rate of male gun death per 100,000 population is

2016: 5.0711
2015: 5.26
2014: 5.56
2013: 5.43
2012: 5.20
2011: 4.93
2010: 5.53
2009: 5.16
2008: 4.69
2007: 4.80

Total Number of Female Gun Deaths

ChartIn Austria, annual female deaths resulting from firearms total

2016: 2411
2015: 9
2014: 1611
2013: 18
2012: 14
2011: 12
2010: 19
2009: 23
2008: 23
2007: 14

Rate of Female Gun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn Austria, the annual rate of female gun death per 100,000 population is

2016: 0.5411
2015: 0.20
2014: 0.36
2013: 0.41
2012: 0.32
2011: 0.28
2010: 0.44
2009: 0.53
2008: 0.53
2007: 0.33

Homicides (any method)

ChartIn Austria, annual homicides by any means total

2016: 5718
2015: 46
2014: 45
2013: 62
2012: 79
2011: 75
2010: 58
2009: 51
2008: 58
2007: 45
2006: 61
2005: 54
2004: 59
2003: 50
2002: 65
2001: 70
2000: 82
1999: 6019 20
1998: 77
1997: 66
1996: 99
1995: 82

Rate of Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Austria, the annual rate of homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2016: 0.6518
2015: 0.53
2014: 0.52
2013: 0.72
2012: 0.93
2011: 0.88
2010: 0.69
2009: 0.61
2008: 0.69
2007: 0.54
2006: 0.7
2005: 0.7
2004: 0.7
2003: 0.6
2002: 0.8
2001: 0.9
2000: 1.0
1999: 0.819
1998: 1.0
1997: 0.8
1996: 1.2
1995: 1.0
1994: 1.1721

Male Homicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Austria, annual male homicides by any means total

2016: 2522
2015: 29
2014: 22
2013: 32
2012: 41
2011: 40
2010: 28
2009: 22.86
2008: 29
2007: 20.77

Rate of Male Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Austria, the annual rate of male homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2016: 0.5922
2015: 0.68
2014: 0.52
2013: 0.76
2012: 0.99
2011: 0.97
2010: 0.68
2009: 0.56
2008: 0.71
2007: 0.51

Female Homicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Austria, annual female homicides by any means total

2016: 3222
2015: 17
2014: 23
2013: 30
2012: 38
2011: 35
2010: 30
2009: 28
2008: 29
2007: 24

Rate of Female Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Austria, the annual rate of female homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2016: 0.7222
2015: 0.38
2014: 0.52
2013: 0.68
2012: 0.87
2011: 0.81
2010: 0.70
2009: 0.66
2008: 0.68
2007: 0.57

Gun Homicides

ChartIn Austria, annual firearm homicides total

2016: 1611
2015: 9
2014: 1012
2013: 13
2012: 512 16
2011: 8
2010: 15
2009: 20
2008: 14
2007: 13
2006: 1012 23 19
2005: 13
2004: 1312
2003: 16
2002: 1312 19
2001: 15
2000: 2512
1999: 17

Rate of Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Austria, the annual rate of firearm homicide per 100,000 population is

2016: 0.1811
2015: 0.10
2014: 0.12
2013: 0.15
2012: 0.06
2011: 0.09
2010: 0.18
2009: 0.24
2008: 0.17
2007: 0.16
2006: 0.1212 7 19
2005: 0.16
2004: 0.1612
2003: 0.2
2002: 0.1612 19
2001: 0.19
2000: 0.3112
1999: 0.21

Proportion of Homicides Committed With a Gun

ChartIn Austria, the percentage of homicides committed with a firearm is reported to be

2012: 14%24
2011: 10%23
2010: 9%
2009: 9%
2008: 7%
2007: 11%
2006: 11%
2005: 8%
2002: 38.5%19
2001: 31.4%

Male Gun Homicide Victims

ChartIn Austria, annual male firearm homicides total

2016: 711
2015: 5
2014: 7
2013: 4
2012: 1
2011: 5
2010: 6
2009: 9
2008: 6
2007: 8

Rate of Male Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Austria, the annual rate of male firearm homicide per 100,000 population is

2016: 0.1611
2015: 0.12
2014: 0.17
2013: 0.10
2012: 0.02
2011: 0.12
2010: 0.15
2009: 0.22
2008: 0.15
2007: 0.20

Female Gun Homicide Victims

ChartIn Austria, annual female firearm homicides total

2016: 911
2015: 4
2014: 3
2013: 9
2012: 4
2011: 3
2010: 9
2009: 11
2008: 8
2007: 5

Rate of Female Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Austria, the annual rate of female firearm homicide per 100,000 population is

2016: 0.2011
2015: 0.09
2014: 0.07
2013: 0.21
2012: 0.09
2011: 0.07
2010: 0.21
2009: 0.25
2008: 0.19
2007: 0.12

Handgun Homicides

ChartIn Austria, annual handgun homicides total

2014: 112
2012: 1
2010: 1
2009: 6
2008: 1
2007: 3
2006: 1
2005: 5
2003: 4
2002: 3

Rate of Handgun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Austria, the annual rate of handgun homicide per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.0112
2012: 0.01
2010: 0.01
2009: 0.07
2008: 0.01
2007: 0.04
2006: 0.01
2005: 0.06
2003: 0.05
2002: 0.04

Long Gun Homicides

ChartIn Austria, annual long gun homicides total

2012: 112
2006: 1
2005: 1
2004: 4
2003: 1

Rate of Long Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Austria, the annual rate of long gun homicide per 100,000 population is

2012: 0.0112
2006: 0.01
2005: 0.01
2004: 0.05
2003: 0.01

Gun Homicides (Other)

ChartIn Austria, annual gun homicides (other) total

2014: 912
2013: 12
2012: 3
2011: 8
2010: 14
2009: 14
2008: 13
2007: 10
2006: 8
2005: 7
2004: 9
2003: 11
2002: 10

Rate of Gun Homicide (Other) per 100,000 People

ChartIn Austria, the annual rate of gun homicide (other) per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.1112
2013: 0.14
2012: 0.04
2011: 0.10
2010: 0.17
2009: 0.17
2008: 0.16
2007: 0.12
2006: 0.10
2005: 0.09
2004: 0.11
2003: 0.14
2002: 0.12

Suicides (any method)

ChartIn Austria, annual suicides by any means total

2016: 1,19811
2015: 1,249
2014: 1,31311
2013: 1,291
2012: 1,275
2011: 1,286
2010: 1,261
2009: 1,273
2008: 1,265
2007: 1,280
1999: 1,55525

Rate of Suicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Austria, the annual rate of suicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2016: 13.7511
2015: 14.41
2014: 15.24
2013: 15.08
2012: 14.98
2011: 15.17
2010: 14.93
2009: 15.10
2008: 15.05
2007: 15.28
1999: 19.1625
1994: 22.1226

Male Suicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Austria, annual male suicides by any means total

2016: 90411
2015: 960
2014: 98911
2013: 967
2012: 986
2011: 973
2010: 968
2009: 968
2008: 962
2007: 965

Rate of Male Suicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Austria, the annual rate of male suicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2016: 21.2111
2015: 22.66
2014: 23.49
2013: 23.13
2012: 23.73
2011: 23.53
2010: 23.49
2009: 23.56
2008: 23.48
2007: 23.64

Female Suicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Austria, annual female suicides by any means total

2016: 29411
2015: 289
2014: 32411
2013: 324
2012: 289
2011: 313
2010: 293
2009: 305
2008: 303
2007: 315

Rate of Female Suicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Austria, the annual rate of female suicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2016: 6.6111
2015: 6.53
2014: 7.35
2013: 7.40
2012: 6.63
2011: 7.21
2010: 6.77
2009: 7.06
2008: 7.03
2007: 7.33

Gun Suicides

ChartIn Austria, annual firearm suicides total

2016: 21311
2015: 215
2014: 23013
2013: 218
2012: 21713 16
2011: 20513
2010: 225
2009: 204
2008: 196
2007: 195
2006: 228
2005: 233
2004: 215
2003: 227
2002: 261
2001: 263
2000: 275
1999: 272

Rate of Gun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Austria, the annual rate of firearm suicide per 100,000 population is

2016: 2.4411
2015: 2.48
2014: 2.67
2013: 2.55
2012: 2.55
2011: 2.42
2010: 2.66
2009: 2.42
2008: 2.33
2007: 2.33
2006: 2.75
2005: 2.83
2004: 2.63
2003: 2.8
2002: 3.23
2001: 3.27
2000: 3.43
1999: 3.36
1994: 4.0627

Male Gun Suicide Victims

ChartIn Austria, annual male firearm suicides total

2016: 19911
2015: 210
2014: 21911
2013: 210
2012: 209
2011: 196
2010: 215
2009: 193
2008: 181
2007: 186

Rate of Male Gun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Austria, the annual rate of male firearm suicide per 100,000 population is

2016: 4.6711
2015: 4.96
2014: 5.20
2013: 5.02
2012: 5.03
2011: 4.74
2010: 5.22
2009: 4.70
2008: 4.42
2007: 4.56

Female Gun Suicide Victims

ChartIn Austria, annual female firearm suicides total

2016: 1411
2015: 5
2014: 1111
2013: 8
2012: 8
2011: 9
2010: 10
2009: 11
2008: 15
2007: 9

Rate of Female Gun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Austria, the annual rate of female firearm suicide per 100,000 population is

2016: 0.3111
2015: 0.11
2014: 0.25
2013: 0.18
2012: 0.18
2011: 0.21
2010: 0.23
2009: 0.25
2008: 0.35
2007: 0.21

Handgun Suicides

ChartIn Austria, annual handgun suicides total

2014: 1613
2013: 11
2012: 13
2011: 21
2010: 17
2009: 20
2008: 21
2007: 14
2006: 12
2005: 12
2004: 19
2003: 16
2002: 9

Rate of Handgun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Austria, the annual rate of handgun suicide per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.1913
2013: 0.13
2012: 0.15
2011: 0.25
2010: 0.20
2009: 0.24
2008: 0.25
2007: 0.17
2006: 0.14
2005: 0.15
2004: 0.23
2003: 0.20
2002: 0.11

Long Gun Suicides

ChartIn Austria, the number of long gun suicides is

2014: 2213
2013: 22
2012: 33
2011: 30
2010: 27
2009: 21
2008: 28
2007: 17
2006: 22
2005: 18
2004: 23
2003: 22
2002: 27

Rate of Long Gun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Austria, the annual rate of long gun suicide per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.2613
2013: 0.26
2012: 0.39
2011: 0.36
2010: 0.32
2009: 0.25
2008: 0.34
2007: 0.20
2006: 0.27
2005: 0.22
2004: 0.28
2003: 0.27
2002: 0.33

Gun Suicides (Other)

ChartIn Austria, annual gun suicides (other) total

2014: 19213
2013: 185
2012: 171
2011: 154
2010: 181
2009: 163
2008: 147
2007: 164
2006: 194
2005: 203
2004: 173
2003: 189
2002: 225

Rate of Gun Suicide (Other) per 100,000 People

ChartIn Austria, the annual rate of gun suicide (other) per 100,000 population is

2014: 2.2513
2013: 2.18
2012: 2.03
2011: 1.84
2010: 2.16
2009: 1.95
2008: 1.77
2007: 1.98
2006: 2.35
2005: 2.47
2004: 2.12
2003: 2.33
2002: 2.78

Unintentional Gun Deaths

ChartIn Austria, annual unintentional shooting deaths total

2015: 111
2014: 214
2013: 2
2012: 0
2011: 0
2010: 0
2009: 1
2008: 3
2007: 2
2006: 1
2005: 1
2004: 1
2003: 2
2002: 3
2001: 3
2000: 1
1999: 3

Rate of Unintentional Gun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn Austria, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death per 100,000 population is

2015: 0.0111
2014: 0.02
2013: 0.02
2012: 0.09
2011: 0.04
2010: 0.08
2009: 0.01
2008: 0.04
2007: 0.02
2006: 0.01
2005: 0.01
2004: 0.01
2003: 0.02
2002: 0.04
2001: 0.04
2000: 0.01
1999: 0.04
1994: 0.0528

Unintentional Male Gun Deaths

ChartIn Austria, annual unintentional male shooting deaths total

2015: 111
2014: 211
2013: 2
2012: 0
2011: 0
2010: 0
2009: 1
2008: 3
2007: 2

Rate of Unintentional Male Gun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn Austria, the annual rate of unintentional male shooting death per 100,000 population is

2015: 0.0211
2014: 0.05
2013: 0.05
2009: 0.02
2008: 0.07
2007: 0.05

Unintentional Female Gun Deaths

ChartIn Austria, annual unintentional female shooting deaths total

2014: 011
2013: 0
2012: 0
2011: 0
2010: 0

Unintentional Long Gun Deaths

ChartIn Austria, annual unintentional shooting deaths by long gun total

2014: 214
2013: 1
2008: 2
2007: 2
2005: 1
2003: 1
2002: 2

Rate of Unintentional Long Gun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn Austria, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death by long gun per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.0214
2013: 0.01
2008: 0.02
2007: 0.02
2005: 0.01
2003: 0.01
2002: 0.02

Unintentional Gun Deaths (Other)

ChartIn Austria, annual unintentional shooting deaths by firearm (other) total

2013: 114
2009: 1
2008: 1
2006: 1
2004: 1
2003: 1
2002: 1

Rate of Unintentional Gun Death (Other) per 100,000 People

ChartIn Austria, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death by firearm (other) per 100,000 population is

2013: 0.0114
2009: 0.01
2008: 0.01
2006: 0.01
2004: 0.01
2003: 0.01
2002: 0.01

Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Austria, annual shooting deaths in which the cause remains undecided total

2016: 1011
2015: 7
2014: 815
2013: 11
2012: 815 16
2011: 315
2010: 7
2009: 10
2008: 2
2006: 3
2005: 2
2002: 3
1999: 125

Rate of Gun Death from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn Austria, the annual rate of unknown-cause shooting deaths per 100,000 population is

2016: 0.1111
2015: 0.08
2014: 0.09
2013: 0.13
2012: 0.09
2011: 0.04
2010: 0.08
2009: 0.12
2008: 0.02
2006: 0.04
2005: 0.02
2002: 0.04
1999: 0.0125
1994: 0.0229

Male Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Austria, annual male shooting deaths in which the cause remains undecided total

2016: 911
2015: 7
2014: 611
2013: 10
2012: 6
2011: 3
2010: 7
2009: 9
2008: 2

Rate of Male Gun Death from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn Austria, the annual rate of unknown-cause male shooting deaths per 100,000 population is

2016: 0.2111
2015: 0.17
2014: 0.14
2013: 0.24
2012: 0.14
2011: 0.07
2010: 0.17
2009: 0.22
2008: 0.05

Female Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Austria, annual female shooting deaths in which the cause remains undecided total

2016: 111
2014: 211
2013: 1
2012: 2
2011: 0
2010: 0
2009: 1

Rate of Female Gun Death from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn Austria, the annual rate of unknown-cause female shooting deaths per 100,000 population is

2016: 0.0211
2014: 0.05
2013: 0.02
2012: 0.05
2009: 0.02

Handgun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Austria, annual deaths by handgun in which the cause remains undecided total

2014: 115
2013: 2
2012: 1
2009: 3
2006: 2

Rate of Handgun Death from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn Austria, the annual rate of unknown-cause handgun deaths per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.0115
2013: 0.02
2012: 0.01
2009: 0.04
2006: 0.02

Long Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Austria, annual deaths by long gun in which the cause remains undecided total

2014: 115
2012: 2

Rate of Long Gun Death from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn Austria, the annual rate of unknown-cause long gun deaths per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.0115
2012: 0.02

Gun Deaths (Other) from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Austria, annual deaths by firearm (other) in which the cause remains undecided total

2014: 615
2013: 9
2012: 5
2011: 3
2010: 7
2009: 7
2008: 2
2006: 1
2005: 2
2002: 3

Rate of Gun Death (Other) from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn Austria, the annual rate of unknown-cause gun deaths (other) per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.0715
2013: 0.11
2012: 0.06
2011: 0.04
2010: 0.08
2009: 0.08
2008: 0.02
2006: 0.01
2005: 0.02
2002: 0.04

Legal Intervention Gun Homicides

ChartIn Austria, annual legal-intervention gun homicides total

2016: 111
2013: 1

ProductionGun Industry

Regulation of Firearm Makers

In Austria, the manufacture of small arms, ammunition and/or their components is permitted only if the maker holds a valid licence30

Small Arms Manufacture - World Ranking

In a classification of the world's small, medium and major firearm manufacturers, Austria was ranked 'medium'31

TransfersGun Trade and Trafficking

Firearm Exports

In Austria, firearm and ammunition exports are limited by transfer control law32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39

Firearm Exports (Number)

ChartThe annual number of firearms exported from Austria is reported by manufacturers to be

2018: 15,50140
2017: 18,20240
2016: 19,584
2015: 47,663
2014: 54,89241
2012: 1,073,795
2010: 115,488

Small Arms Exports (US$) - Customs

ChartThe annual value of small arms and ammunition exports from Austria is reported by Customs to be US$

2016: 90,094,33042
2015: 41,534,368
2014: 142,245,273
2013: 147,433,945
2012: 107,212,07842 43 44
2011: 44,642,78545
2010: 167,000,00046
2001: 98,000,00043 47 48

Small Arms Exports - World Ranking

In a comparison of the world's major/mid-level/minor/unknown small arms exporters, Austria was categorized as 'major'49 50 51 52 48 53

Firearm Imports

In Austria, firearm and ammunition imports are limited by transfer control law32 33 34 35 36 37 38

Firearm Imports (Number)

The annual number of firearms imported to Austria is reported to be

2012: 6,33541

Small Arms Imports (US$) - Customs

ChartThe annual value of small arms and ammunition imports to Austria is reported by Customs to be US$

2016: 55,499,54142
2015: 41,484,499
2014: 39,611,255
2013: 39,500,989
2012: 46,226,14642 54 55
2011: 42,554,91445 56
2010: 48,000,00057

Smuggling Guns and Ammunition

Reports suggest that the level of firearm and ammunition smuggling in Austria is moderate6

Regulation of Arms Brokers

In Austria, the activities of arms brokers and transfer intermediaries are specifically regulated by law58 34 59 60

End User Certificates

Customs regulations in Austria include61 certification of the intended end user of any small arms or ammunition transfer, and/or a written declaration of its intended end use

Transparency of Small Arms Transfers

ChartIn its annual Small Arms Trade Transparency Barometer, the Small Arms Survey compares public reporting among major arms exporting nations on a scale from strong to weak (25 to zero). In recent years, Austria scored

2018: 16.0062
2016: 10.2563
2014: 10.5064
2013: 14.2565
2012: 13.7566
2011: 12.2567
2010: 12.2568
2009: 12.2569
2008: 12.2570
2007: 11.5071
2006: 11.7572
2005: 10.7573
2004: 8.0074

MeasuresGun Regulation

Firearm Regulation - Guiding Policy

The regulation of guns in Austria is categorised as permissive75

Firearm Law

Guiding gun control legislation in Austria includes the Weapons Act (Waffengesetz) of 1996,76 the Trade and Industrial Code (Gewerbeordnung) of 2002,30 the War Material Act (Kriegsmaterialgesetz),32 the Foreign Trade Act (Außenwirtschaftsgesetz),58 the Council Directive 91/477/CEE of 18 June 1991 on Control of the Acquisition and Possession of Weapons,77 78 the European Union Firearms Regulation of 2012, the Common Position on the Control of Arms Brokering of 200379 and the Convention of 1 July 1969 on Reciprocal Recognition of Proofmarks on Small Arms80

Firearm Regulation Authority

Guns in Austria are regulated by the Federal Government,6 and the European Commission78

Right to Possess Firearms

In Austria, the right to private gun ownership is not guaranteed by law81 82

Restricted Firearms and Ammunition

In Austria, civilians are not allowed to possess automatic firearms, firearms disguised as other objects, and armour-piercing, incendiary and expanding ammunition83 84

Regulation of Automatic Weapons

In Austria, private possession of fully automatic weapons is prohibited83 84 24

Regulation of Semiautomatic Assault Weapons

In Austria, private possession of semi-automatic assault weapons is permitted only with special authorisation85 86 84

Regulation of Handguns

In Austria, private possession of handguns (pistols and revolvers) is permitted only with special authorisation83 85 86 84 24

Law Regulates Long Guns

In Austria, civilian possession of rifles and shotguns is regulated by law24

Gun Ownership and Possession

In Austria, only licensed gun owners87 83 85 24 may lawfully acquire, possess or transfer a firearm or ammunition

Genuine Reason Required for Firearm Possession

Applicants for a gun owner’s licence in Austria are required to establish a genuine reason to possess a firearm, for example hunting, target shooting, collection, personal protection, security88

Minimum Age for Firearm Possession

The minimum age for gun ownership in Austria is 18 years, or 21 years for handguns88

Gun Owner Background Checks

An applicant for a firearm licence in Austria must pass a background check which considers criminal and mental health88 24 records

Domestic Violence and Firearms

Where a past history, or apprehended likelihood of family violence exists, the law in Austria does not stipulate6 that a gun licence should be denied or revoked

Limit on Quantity, Type of Ammunition

Licensed firearm owners in Austria are permitted to possess only ammunition suitable for the intended firearm89

Firearm Registration

Civilian Gun Registration

In Austria, the law requires90 91 that a record of the acquisition, possession and transfer of each privately held firearm be retained in an official register

Gun Dealer Record Keeping

In Austria, licensed firearm dealers are required92 91 to keep a record of each firearm or ammunition purchase, sale or transfer on behalf of a regulating authority

Gun Manufacturer Record Keeping

In Austria, licensed gun makers are required92 to keep a record of each firearm produced, for inspection by a regulating authority

State-Owned Firearm Records

In Austria, State agencies are required93 94 to maintain records of the storage and movement of all firearms and ammunition under their control

Gun Sales and Transfers

Regulation of Dealer Gun Sales

In Austria, dealing in firearms by way of business without a valid gun dealer’s licence is unlawful95 86

Storage and Transport of Guns and Ammunition

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Private

Firearm regulations in Austria include6 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of private firearms and ammunition by licensed gun owners

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Government

Government regulations in Austria include93 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition by state entities

Firearm and Ammunition Transport Regulations

Regulations in Austria include6 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition while in transit

Marking and Tracing Guns and Ammunition

Firearm Marking

In Austria, a unique identifying mark on each firearm is required by law96 97

Firearm Tracing

In Austria, state authorities carry out98 97 91 recognised arms tracing and tracking procedures

Carrying Guns

Law Regulates Firearms in Public

In Austria, carrying a gun in a public place is regulated by law24

Carrying Guns Openly in Public

In Austria, carrying a firearm in plain view in a public place is allowed, subject to a valid permit6

Collection, Amnesty and Destruction Programmes

Destruction and Disposal Policy

In Austria, it is state policy99 to destroy surplus, collected and seized firearms rather than return them to the secondary arms market

MeasuresInternational Controls

Regional Agreements

European Union

As a member of the European Union, Austria is bound by the provisions of the ‘EU Firearms Directive’ – the 2007 Legislative Resolution on Control of the Acquisition and Possession of Weapons of the European Parliament100 101

European Union Export Reporting

Under the European Union Common Position on Arms Exports, Austria is bound to declare its transfers of military technology and equipment. Independent monitoring provides detailed comparisons of arms export reporting compliance across EU member states, and records that Austria has submitted one or more national reports102 on its arms transfers

Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development

The Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development, a diplomatic initiative aimed at addressing the interrelations between armed violence and development, was signed in 2006103 by Austria.

Arms Trade Treaty

The Arms Trade Treaty has been signed and ratified104 by Austria

United Nations Firearms Protocol

The United Nations Protocol against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, Their Parts and Components and Ammunition has been signed and ratified105 by Austria

United Nations Small Arms Programme of Action UNPoA

UNPoA Commitment

On 21 July 2001, Austria committed to a consensus decision of the United Nations to adopt, support and implement the UN Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects106

UNPoA Implementation Monitor Score

In its UN small arms Programme of Action Implementation Monitor (PoAIM Phase 1), the Small Arms Survey scored Austria against its commitments to the PoA, then ranked it at No. 38107 108 109 110 among 159 Member States

UNPoA National Reporting

Under the terms of its 2001 commitment to the United Nations small arms Programme of Action, Austria has submitted one or more national reports111 112 on its implementation of the UNPoA

UNPoA National Point of Contact

In Austria, a National Point of Contact to deal with issues relating to the UNPoA has been designated113 112

UNPoA National Coordinating Body

In Austria, a National Coordinating Body to deal with issues relating to the UNPoA has been designated112

UNPoA Civil Society Involvement and Support

In National Reports of Austria submitted to the UN from 2001 to 2010, a history of substantive cooperation with civil society in support of UNPoA activities was not apparent112

UNPoA International Assistance – Donor

Funds for UNPoA implementation have been donated112 by Austria to other UN Member States

United Nations Small Arms Register

According to the United Nations Register of Conventional Arms, Austria has declared114 its small arms exports in one or more annual National Reports on Arms Exports.

United Nations Membership

In the UN List of Member States, Austria has been a Member State of the United Nations since 1955115

Wassenaar Arrangement

The Wassenaar Arrangement on Export Controls and Conventional Arms and Dual-Use Goods and Technologies lists116 Austria as a Participating State

BackgroundCountry Profile

Conflict Profile

For a profile of conflict in Austria, select the Link icon to open an external web page from the UCDP Conflict Encyclopedia at Uppsala University

Global Peace Index

To see where Austria ranks, select the Link icon to open an external web page at the Global Peace Index


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