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Armed violence prevention, gun control laws and the small arms trade:

Australia — Gun Facts, Figures and the Law



Federal firearm regulation is limited: each state has its own gun law.
For state and territory comparisons, choose from the 'Go To' menu.

StockpilesGun Numbers

Civilian Guns

Number of Privately Owned Firearms

ChartThe estimated total number of guns (both licit and illicit) held by civilians in Australia is

2016: 3,150,0001 2 3
2012: 3,010,0004 3
2011: 2,960,0005 4 3
2010: 2,943,3636 3 7
2007: 2,750,000
2006: 2,918,454
2005: 3,050,0008
1997: 2,500,0009
1996: 3,200,000
1988: 3,500,00010
1975: 2,055,00011

Rate of Civilian Firearm Possession per 100 Population

ChartThe estimated rate of private gun ownership (both licit and illicit) per 100 people in Australia is

2016: 13.7012
2012: 13.67
2011: 13.60
2010: 13.6812 13 7
2007: 13.25
2006: 14.24
2005: 15.08
1997: 13.5812
1996: 17.59
1988: 21.34
1975: 14.92

Number of Privately Owned Handguns

ChartIn Australia, the number of handguns in civilian possession is reported to be

2010: 120,79014
2006: 172,42215
2005: 192,00016

Number of Privately Owned Firearms - World Ranking

In a 2007 comparison of the number of privately owned guns in 178 countries, Australia ranked at No. 2517

Rate of Privately Owned Firearms per 100 Population - World Ranking

In a 2007 comparison of the rate of private gun ownership in 178 countries, Australia ranked at No. 428

Proportion of Households with Firearms

ChartIn Australia, the percentage of households with one or more guns is reported to be

2005: 6.2%18
2003: 8.7%18
2000: 8%19
1994: 16.0%18
1992: 15.1%20
1989: 20.1%18 21
1988: 25%22
1979: 20%10

Proportion of Households with Rifles

In Australia, the percentage of households with one or more rifles is reported to be

1992: 12.5%20

Proportion of Households with Shotguns

In Australia, the percentage of households with one or more shotguns is reported to be

1992: 6.9%20

Proportion of Households with Handguns

ChartIn Australia, the percentage of households with one or more handguns is reported to be

2005: 0.3%18
2003: 1.1%
1994: 1.6%18 20
1989: 1.6%18

Number of Licensed Firearm Owners

ChartThe number of licensed gun owners in Australia is reported to be

2016: 816,0001
2012: 730,0004 23
2011: 734,0001
2010: 873,62524
2007: 731,56716
2006: 478,32625 26
2001: 764,51827 28 16 26
1997: 1,200,00029
1989: 2,381,00021

Rate of Licensed Firearm Owners per 100 Population

ChartThe rate of licensed firearm owners per 100 people in Australia is

2016: 3.5512
2012: 3.32
2011: 3.37
2010: 4.06
2007: 3.53
2006: 2.36
2001: 3.96
1997: 6.52
1989: 14.27

Number of Registered Firearms

ChartThe number of registered guns in Australia is reported to be

2016: 2,890,0001 30
2012: 2,750,0004 23
2011: 2,700,0005 1 31 32
2010: 2,675,78524
2007: 2,500,00016
2006: 2,653,14025 26
2001: 2,165,17027 28 16 26
1997: 2,500,00029 9
1996: 3,200,00026
1989: 4,000,00021
1975: 1,354,700 33

Rate of Registered Firearms per 100 Population

ChartThe rate of registered guns per 100 people in Australia is

2016: 12.5712
2012: 12.49
2011: 12.40
2010: 12.44
2007: 12.05
2006: 12.95
2001: 11.22
1997: 13.58
1996: 17.59
1989: 23.98
1975: 9.84

Estimated Number of Illicit Firearms

ChartUnlawfully held guns cannot be counted, but in Australia there are estimated to be

2016: 260,0002
2012: 260,0004
2011: 260,0004 34
2010: 267,5796 35 7
2007: 250,000
2006: 265,314

Estimated Rate of Illicit Firearms per 100 Population

ChartUnlawfully held guns cannot be counted, but in Australia the rate of illicit firearms per 100 people is estimated to be

2016: 1.1312
2012: 1.18
2011: 1.19
2010: 1.24
2007: 1.20
2006: 1.29

Government Guns

Number of Military Firearms

The defence forces of Australia are reported to have 113,00036 firearms

Routine Arming of Police

In Australia, police officers on routine patrol carry one or more firearms37

Number of Law Enforcement Firearms

Police in Australia are reported to have 61,21138 firearms

ImpactsDeath and Injury

Total Number of Gun Deaths

ChartIn Australia, annual deaths resulting from firearms total

2016: 23839
2015: 218
2014: 239
2013: 210
2012: 231
2011: 190
2010: 241
2009: 230
2008: 235
2007: 237
2006: 245
2005: 221
2004: 243
2003: 28939 40
2002: 292
2001: 326
2000: 32440
1999: 347
1998: 312
1997: 428
1996: 516
1995: 470
1994: 516
1993: 513
1992: 608
1991: 618
1990: 595
1989: 549
1988: 674
1987: 694
1986: 677
1985: 682
1984: 675
1983: 644
1982: 689
1981: 618
1980: 687
1979: 685

Rate of All Gun Deaths per 100,000 People

ChartIn Australia, the annual rate of all gun deaths per 100,000 population is

2016: 1.0441
2015: 0.96
2014: 1.06
2013: 0.94
2012: 1.05
2011: 0.87
2010: 1.12
2009: 1.08
2008: 1.12
2007: 1.14
2006: 1.20
2005: 1.09
2004: 1.22
2003: 1.46
2002: 1.49
2001: 1.69
2000: 1.70
1999: 1.84
1998: 1.68
1997: 2.32
1996: 2.84
1995: 2.61
1994: 2.90
1993: 2.91
1992: 3.49
1991: 3.59
1990: 3.51
1989: 3.29
1988: 4.11
1987: 4.30
1986: 4.26
1985: 4.35
1984: 4.35
1983: 4.20
1982: 4.54
1981: 4.14
1980: 4.70
1979: 3.29

Homicides (any method)

ChartIn Australia, annual homicides by any means total

2016: 24442
2015: 265
2014: 235
2013: 227
2012: 28542 43 44
2011: 24342 45 43 44 46 47
2010: 25842 45 48 49 44 46
2009: 272
2008: 25142 45 48 49 44 46
2007: 216
2006: 256
2005: 199
2004: 164
2003: 27845 48 49 44 46
2002: 291
2001: 30048 49 44 46
2000: 34049 44 46
1999: 34149 46
1998: 312
1997: 319
1996: 358
1995: 342
1994: 34249
1993: 360
1992: 331
1991: 351
1990: 331

Rate of Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Australia, the annual rate of homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2016: 1.0650
2015: 1.16
2014: 1.04
2013: 1.02
2012: 1.2950 44
2011: 1.1250 44 46 47
2010: 1.2050 44 46
2009: 1.28
2008: 1.19
2007: 1.04
2006: 1.25
2005: 0.98
2004: 0.82
2003: 1.41
2002: 1.49
2001: 1.55
2000: 1.78
1999: 1.8150 46
1998: 1.68
1997: 1.73
1996: 1.97
1995: 1.90
1994: 1.9250
1993: 2.04
1992: 1.90
1991: 2.04
1990: 1.95

Gun Homicides

ChartIn Australia, annual firearm homicides total

2016: 4242
2015: 27
2014: 31
2013: 35
2012: 4242 51 44
2011: 3242 45 51 44
2010: 3942 45 48 52 44
2009: 3742 45 48 53 44 46
2008: 2742 45 48 44 46
2007: 2642 45 48 44 46 54
2006: 4142 45 48 44 46
2005: 1942 45 48 44 46 55
2004: 1742 45 48 46
2003: 5445 48 56 40 46
2002: 4545 48 56 40 46
2001: 4748 56 40 46
2000: 5756 40 46
1999: 50
1998: 57
1997: 79
1996: 104
1995: 67
1994: 7656 40
1993: 64
1992: 96
1991: 84
1990: 79
1989: 80
1988: 123

Rate of Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Australia, the annual rate of firearm homicide per 100,000 population is

2016: 0.1850
2015: 0.12
2014: 0.14
2013: 0.16
2012: 0.19
2011: 0.15
2010: 0.18
2009: 0.1750 46
2008: 0.13
2007: 0.13
2006: 0.20
2005: 0.09
2004: 0.09
2003: 0.2750 56 46
2002: 0.23
2001: 0.24
2000: 0.3056 46
1999: 0.26
1998: 0.30
1997: 0.43
1996: 0.57
1995: 0.37
1994: 0.4356
1993: 0.36
1992: 0.55
1991: 0.49
1990: 0.46
1989: 0.48
1988: 0.74

Proportion of Homicides Committed With a Gun

ChartIn Australia, the percentage of homicides committed with a firearm is reported to be

2012: 16%57 44
2011: 12%57 44 47
2010: 12%57 44
2009: 13%57 44
2008: 12%
2007: 9%
2006: 14%
2005: 15%
2004: 17%57
2003: 15%
2002: 14%
2001: 21%57 44
2000: 20%57 46
1999: 18%
1998: 21%
1997: 22%
1996: 22%
1995: 25%
1994: 19%57
1993: 25%
1992: 20%
1991: 21%
1990: 25%

Handgun Homicides

ChartIn Australia, annual handgun homicides total

2016: 542
2015: 1
2014: 4
2013: 3
2012: 4
2011: 642 45
2010: 642 45 48
2009: 9
2008: 7
2007: 1
2006: 14
2005: 442
2004: 2
2003: 645 48
2002: 12
2001: 1348

Rate of Handgun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Australia, the annual rate of handgun homicide per 100,000 population is

2016: 0.0250
2015: 0.00
2014: 0.02
2013: 0.01
2012: 0.02
2011: 0.03
2010: 0.03
2009: 0.04
2008: 0.03
2007: 0.00
2006: 0.07
2005: 0.02
2004: 0.01
2003: 0.03
2002: 0.06
2001: 0.07

Long Gun Homicides

ChartIn Australia, annual long gun homicides total

2016: 2142
2015: 13
2014: 19
2013: 11
2012: 14
2011: 1742 45
2010: 2242 45 48
2009: 18
2008: 11
2007: 14
2006: 15
2005: 10
2004: 5
2003: 2445 48
2002: 20
2001: 1048

Rate of Long Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Australia, the annual rate of long gun homicide per 100,000 population is

2016: 0.0950
2015: 0.06
2014: 0.08
2013: 0.05
2012: 0.06
2011: 0.08
2010: 0.10
2009: 0.08
2008: 0.05
2007: 0.07
2006: 0.07
2005: 0.05
2004: 0.03
2003: 0.12
2002: 0.10
2001: 0.05

Gun Homicides (Other)

ChartIn Australia, annual gun homicides (other) total

2016: 1642
2015: 13
2014: 8
2013: 21
2012: 24
2011: 942 45
2010: 1142 45 48
2009: 1042 45 48
2008: 9
2007: 11
2006: 12
2005: 5
2004: 10
2003: 2445 48
2002: 13
2001: 2448

Rate of Gun Homicide (Other) per 100,000 People

ChartIn Australia, the annual rate of gun homicide (other) per 100,000 population is

2016: 0.0750
2015: 0.06
2014: 0.04
2013: 0.09
2012: 0.11
2011: 0.04
2010: 0.05
2009: 0.05
2008: 0.04
2007: 0.05
2006: 0.06
2005: 0.02
2004: 0.05
2003: 0.12
2002: 0.07
2001: 0.12

Suicides (any method)

ChartIn Australia, annual suicides by any means total

2016: 2,86258
2015: 3,027
2014: 2,861
2013: 2,568
2012: 2,580
2011: 2,39258 59
2010: 2,47858 59 60
2009: 2,335
2008: 2,340
2007: 2,227
2006: 2,118
2005: 2,101
2004: 2,098
2003: 2,21359 60 56
2002: 2,320
2001: 2,45460 56
2000: 2,36356
1999: 2,492
1998: 2,683
1997: 2,720
1996: 2,393
1995: 2,368
1994: 2,258
1993: 2,081
1992: 2,294
1991: 2,360
1990: 2,161
1989: 2,096
1988: 2,197

Rate of Suicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Australia, the annual rate of suicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2016: 12.4550
2015: 13.30
2014: 12.71
2013: 11.54
2012: 11.72
2011: 10.99
2010: 11.52
2009: 10.98
2008: 11.14
2007: 10.73
2006: 10.34
2005: 10.38
2004: 10.49
2003: 11.2050 56
2002: 11.88
2001: 12.72
2000: 12.3456
1999: 13.17
1998: 14.34
1997: 14.69
1996: 13.07
1995: 13.10
1994: 12.65
1993: 11.78
1992: 13.11
1991: 13.65
1990: 12.66
1989: 12.47
1988: 13.29

Gun Suicides

ChartIn Australia, annual firearm suicides total

2016: 18358
2015: 177
2014: 178
2013: 166
2012: 177
2011: 14458 59
2010: 17158 59 60
2009: 174
2008: 183
2007: 190
2006: 181
2005: 147
2004: 167
2003: 19359 60 56 40
2002: 217
2001: 26160 56 40
2000: 22256 40
1999: 269
1998: 235
1997: 329
1996: 382
1995: 388
1994: 420
1993: 431
1992: 488
1991: 505
1990: 486
1989: 450
1988: 521

Rate of Gun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Australia, the annual rate of firearm suicide per 100,000 population is

2016: 0.8050
2015: 0.78
2014: 0.79
2013: 0.76
2012: 0.80
2011: 0.66
2010: 0.79
2009: 0.82
2008: 0.87
2007: 0.92
2006: 0.88
2005: 0.73
2004: 0.84
2003: 0.9850 56
2002: 1.11
2001: 1.35
2000: 1.1656
1999: 1.42
1998: 1.26
1997: 1.78
1996: 2.09
1995: 2.15
1994: 2.35
1993: 2.44
1992: 2.79
1991: 2.92
1990: 2.85
1989: 2.68
1988: 3.15

Handgun Suicides

ChartIn Australia, annual handgun suicides total

2016: 1858
2015: 17
2014: 17
2013: 23
2012: 12
2011: 1758 59
2010: 1858 59 60
2009: 17
2008: 25
2007: 15
2006: 15
2005: 14
2004: 13
2003: 2559 60
2002: 24
2001: 3460

Rate of Handgun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Australia, the annual rate of handgun suicide per 100,000 population is

2016: 0.0850
2015: 0.07
2014: 0.08
2013: 0.10
2012: 0.05
2011: 0.08
2010: 0.08
2009: 0.08
2008: 0.12
2007: 0.07
2006: 0.07
2005: 0.07
2004: 0.07
2003: 0.13
2002: 0.12
2001: 0.18

Long Gun Suicides

ChartIn Australia, the number of long gun suicides is

2016: 15758
2015: 137
2014: 128
2013: 131
2012: 135
2011: 11658 59
2010: 14158 59 60
2009: 139
2008: 140
2007: 146
2006: 150
2005: 127
2004: 99
2003: 13359 60
2002: 165
2001: 17360

Rate of Long Gun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Australia, the annual rate of long gun suicide per 100,000 population is

2016: 0.6850
2015: 0.60
2014: 0.57
2013: 0.59
2012: 0.61
2011: 0.53
2010: 0.66
2009: 0.65
2008: 0.67
2007: 0.70
2006: 0.73
2005: 0.63
2004: 0.50
2003: 0.67
2002: 0.84
2001: 0.90

Gun Suicides (Other)

ChartIn Australia, annual gun suicides (other) total

2016: 858
2015: 23
2014: 33
2013: 12
2012: 30
2011: 1158 59
2010: 1258 59 60
2009: 18
2008: 18
2007: 29
2006: 16
2005: 6
2004: 55
2003: 3559 60
2002: 28
2001: 5460

Rate of Gun Suicide (Other) per 100,000 People

ChartIn Australia, the annual rate of gun suicide (other) per 100,000 population is

2016: 0.0350
2015: 0.10
2014: 0.15
2013: 0.05
2012: 0.14
2011: 0.05
2010: 0.06
2009: 0.08
2008: 0.09
2007: 0.14
2006: 0.08
2005: 0.03
2004: 0.28
2003: 0.18
2002: 0.14
2001: 0.28

Unintentional Gun Deaths

ChartIn Australia, annual unintentional shooting deaths total

2016: 561
2015: 3
2014: 3
2013: 3
2012: 3
2011: 761 62
2010: 1161 62 63
2009: 7
2008: 5
2007: 4
2006: 8
2005: 50
2004: 54
2003: 4062 63 56 40
2002: 30
2001: 18
2000: 4556 40
1999: 28
1998: 22
1997: 19
1996: 30
1995: 15
1994: 20
1993: 18
1992: 24
1991: 29
1990: 30
1989: 19
1988: 30

Rate of Unintentional Gun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn Australia, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death per 100,000 population is

2016: 0.0250
2015: 0.01
2014: 0.01
2013: 0.01
2012: 0.01
2011: 0.03
2010: 0.05
2009: 0.03
2008: 0.02
2007: 0.02
2006: 0.04
2005: 0.25
2004: 0.27
2003: 0.2050 56
2002: 0.15
2001: 0.09
2000: 0.2356
1999: 0.15
1998: 0.12
1997: 0.10
1996: 0.16
1995: 0.08
1994: 0.11
1993: 0.10
1992: 0.14
1991: 0.17
1990: 0.18
1989: 0.11
1988: 0.18

Unintentional Handgun Deaths

ChartIn Australia, annual unintentional shooting deaths by handgun total

2016: 061
2015: 0
2014: 0
2013: 1
2012: 0
2011: 061 62
2010: 161 62 63
2009: 0
2008: 1
2007: 0
2006: 1
2005: 061
2004: 2
2003: 362 63

Rate of Unintentional Handgun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn Australia, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death by handgun per 100,000 population is

2016: 0.0050
2015: 0.00
2014: 0.00
2013: 0.00
2012: 0.00
2011: 0.00
2010: 0.00
2009: 0.00
2008: 0.00
2007: 0.00
2006: 0.00
2005: 0.00
2004: 0.01
2003: 0.02

Unintentional Long Gun Deaths

ChartIn Australia, annual unintentional shooting deaths by long gun total

2016: 561
2015: 3
2014: 3
2013: 1
2012: 3
2011: 761 62
2010: 961 62 63
2009: 5
2008: 3
2007: 3
2006: 6
2005: 3
2004: 8
2003: 1162 63
2002: 10
2001: 663

Rate of Unintentional Long Gun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn Australia, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death by long gun per 100,000 population is

2016: 0.0250
2015: 0.01
2014: 0.01
2013: 0.00
2012: 0.01
2011: 0.03
2010: 0.04
2009: 0.02
2008: 0.01
2007: 0.01
2006: 0.03
2005: 0.01
2004: 0.04
2003: 0.06
2002: 0.05
2001: 0.03

Unintentional Gun Deaths (Other)

ChartIn Australia, annual unintentional shooting deaths by firearm (other) total

2016: 061
2015: 0
2014: 0
2013: 1
2012: 0
2011: 061 62
2010: 161 62 63
2009: 2
2008: 1
2007: 1
2006: 1
2005: 47
2004: 44
2003: 2662 63
2002: 20
2001: 1263

Rate of Unintentional Gun Death (Other) per 100,000 People

ChartIn Australia, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death by firearm (other) per 100,000 population is

2016: 0.0050
2015: 0.00
2014: 0.00
2013: 0.00
2012: 0.00
2011: 0.00
2010: 0.00
2009: 0.01
2008: 0.00
2007: 0.00
2006: 0.00
2005: 0.23
2004: 0.22
2003: 0.13
2002: 0.10
2001: 0.06

Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Australia, annual shooting deaths in which the cause remains undecided total

2016: 264
2015: 4
2014: 18
2013: 4
2012: 4
2011: 564 65
2010: 1164 65 66
2009: 8
2008: 16
2007: 11
2006: 12
2005: 464
2004: 3
2003: 256
2002: 0
1999: 267
1998: 856
1997: 3
1996: 5
1995: 3
1994: 6
1993: 6
1992: 7
1991: 5
1990: 15
1989: 13
1988: 17

Rate of Gun Death from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn Australia, the annual rate of unknown-cause shooting deaths per 100,000 population is

2016: 0.0150
2015: 0.02
2014: 0.08
2013: 0.02
2012: 0.02
2011: 0.02
2010: 0.05
2009: 0.04
2008: 0.08
2007: 0.05
2006: 0.06
2005: 0.02
2004: 0.02
2003: 0.0156
2002: 0.00
1999: 0.0167
1998: 0.0456
1997: 0.02
1996: 0.03
1995: 0.02
1994: 0.03
1993: 0.03
1992: 0.04
1991: 0.03
1990: 0.09
1989: 0.08
1988: 0.10

Handgun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Australia, annual deaths by handgun in which the cause remains undecided total

2016: 164
2015: 0
2014: 1
2013: 0
2012: 0
2011: 064 65
2010: 264 65 66
2009: 0
2008: 1
2007: 0
2006: 1
2005: 264
2004: 0

Rate of Handgun Death from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn Australia, the annual rate of unknown-cause handgun deaths per 100,000 population is

2016: 0.0050
2015: 0.00
2014: 0.00
2013: 0.00
2012: 0.00
2011: 0.00
2010: 0.01
2009: 0.00
2008: 0.00
2007: 0.00
2006: 0.00
2005: 0.01
2004: 0.00

Long Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Australia, annual deaths by long gun in which the cause remains undecided total

2016: 064
2015: 2
2014: 7
2013: 1
2012: 0
2011: 464 65
2010: 264 65 66
2009: 1
2008: 4
2007: 3
2006: 2
2005: 264
2004: 2

Rate of Long Gun Death from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn Australia, the annual rate of unknown-cause long gun deaths per 100,000 population is

2016: 0.0050
2015: 0.01
2014: 0.03
2013: 0.00
2012: 0.00
2011: 0.02
2010: 0.01
2009: 0.00
2008: 0.02
2007: 0.01
2006: 0.01
2005: 0.01
2004: 0.01

Gun Deaths (Other) from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Australia, annual deaths by firearm (other) in which the cause remains undecided total

2016: 164
2015: 2
2014: 10
2013: 3
2012: 4
2011: 164 65
2010: 764 65 66
2009: 7
2008: 11
2007: 8
2006: 9
2005: 064
2004: 1

Rate of Gun Death (Other) from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn Australia, the annual rate of unknown-cause gun deaths (other) per 100,000 population is

2016: 0.0050
2015: 0.01
2014: 0.04
2013: 0.01
2012: 0.02
2011: 0.00
2010: 0.03
2009: 0.03
2008: 0.05
2007: 0.04
2006: 0.04
2005: 0.00
2004: 0.01

Legal Intervention Gun Homicides

ChartIn Australia, annual legal-intervention gun homicides total

2016: 668
2015: 7
2014: 9
2013: 2
2012: 5
2011: 2
2010: 968 69
2009: 4
2008: 4
2007: 6
2006: 3
2005: 1
2004: 2
2002: 1069
2001: 4
2000: 570
1999: 471
1998: 772
1997: 773

ProductionGun Industry

Regulation of Firearm Makers

In Australia, the manufacture of small arms, ammunition and/or their components is permitted only if the maker holds a valid licence74 75

Small Arms Manufacture - World Ranking

In a classification of the world's small, medium and major firearm manufacturers, Australia was ranked 'small'76

Home-made Guns

In Australia, the prevalence of illicit craft, or 'home-made' firearm manufacture is reported to be low77 78 79 80

TransfersGun Trade and Trafficking

Firearm Exports

In Australia, firearm and ammunition exports are limited by transfer control law81 82 83

Firearm Exports (Number) - Manufacturers

The annual number of firearms exported from Australia is reported by manufacturers to be

2011: 4,54084

Small Arms Exports (US$) - Customs

The annual value of small arms and ammunition exports from Australia is reported by Customs to be US$11,077,63085 (2011)86 87

Small Arms Exports - World Ranking

In a comparison of the world's major/mid-level/minor/unknown small arms exporters, Australia was categorized as 'major'88 89 90

Firearm Imports

In Australia, firearm and ammunition imports are limited by transfer control law81 91 82 83

Small Arms Imports (US$) - Customs

The annual value of small arms and ammunition imports to Australia is reported by Customs to be US$104,812,08085 (2011)92 93 94 95 96 97 98

Firearm Imports (Number) - Customs

ChartThe annual number of firearms imported to Australia is reported to be

2015: 104,32399 100 101 102 103
2014: 98,351
2013: 88,185
2012: 90,006
2011: 72,586
2010: 73,701
2009: 57,522
2008: 58,111
2007: 47,820
2006: 39,389
2005: 38,786
2004: 36,980
2003: 40,939
2002: 28,016
2001: 30,666
2000: 33,152
1999: 18,405
1998: 34,837
1997: 89,760
1996: 44,802
1995: 48,751101
1994: 32,928
1993: 35,881
1992: 45,305
1991: 71,675
1990: 57,222
1989: 51,502
1979: 104,149104
1978: 108,854
1977: 194,764
1976: 191,359
1975: 166,364

Smuggling Guns and Ammunition

Reports suggest that the level of firearm and ammunition smuggling in Australia is low105 77 106 107 78 108 109 110 102 80 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119

Regulation of Arms Brokers

In Australia, the activities of arms brokers and transfer intermediaries are specifically regulated by law120

End User Certificates

Customs regulations in Australia include121 122 certification of the intended end user of any small arms or ammunition transfer, and/or a written declaration of its intended end use

Transparency of Small Arms Transfers

ChartIn its annual Small Arms Trade Transparency Barometer, the Small Arms Survey compares public reporting among major arms exporting nations on a scale from strong to weak (25 to zero). In recent years, Australia scored

2016: 12.25123
2014: 11.25124
2013: 10.25125
2012: 10.00126
2011: 10.25127
2010: 10.25128
2009: 10.25129
2008: 11.25130
2007: 11.25131
2006: 10.00132
2005: 11.25133
2004: 11.25134

MeasuresGun Regulation

Firearm Regulation - Guiding Policy

The regulation of guns in Australia is categorised as restrictive135

Firearm Law

Guiding gun control legislation in Australia includes the National Firearms Agreement (NFA) 1996, the National Firearms Trafficking Policy Agreement (NFTPA) 2002, the National Handgun Agreement (NHA) 2002,136 137 and the Firearms Acts and Regulations of each State and Territory138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154

Firearm Regulation Authority

Guns in Australia are regulated by the local State and Territory authorities155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162

Right to Possess Firearms

In Australia, the right to private gun ownership is not guaranteed by law163 164 165 166 167

Restricted Firearms and Ammunition

In Australia, civilians are not allowed to possess automatic and semi-automatic firearms, self-loading and pump action shotguns, handguns with a calibre in excess of .38in with only narrow exemptions, semi-automatic handguns with a barrel length less than 120mm, and revolvers with a barrel length less than 100mm168 169 137 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177

Regulation of Automatic Weapons

In Australia, private possession of fully automatic weapons is prohibited, with only narrow exceptions for permanently inoperable collector's, display, or museum guns168 169 170 171 172 173 178 179 176 177 47

Regulation of Semiautomatic Assault Weapons

In Australia, private possession of semi-automatic assault weapons and their lookalikes is prohibited in all but exceptional circumstances169 170 171 172 173 174 175 180

Regulation of Handguns

In Australia, private possession of handguns (pistols and revolvers) is only permitted subject to stringent conditions169 181 137 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 47

Law Regulates Long Guns

In Australia, civilian possession of rifles and shotguns is regulated by law169 170 171 172 173 174 175 180 47

Gun Ownership and Possession

In Australia, only licensed gun owners190 191 192 193 158 194 195 196 197 47 may lawfully acquire, possess or transfer a firearm or ammunition

Genuine Reason Required for Firearm Possession

Applicants for a gun owner’s licence in Australia are required to establish a genuine reason to possess a firearm, for example gun club membership, hunting, target shooting, firearm collection, pest control, and narrow occupational uses.198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206
In law, personal protection is not a genuine reason207 208 209

Minimum Age for Firearm Possession

The minimum age for gun ownership in Australia is 18 years, or as young as 10 years while under the immediate supervision of an appropriately licensed adult190 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217

Gun Owner Background Checks

An applicant for a firearm licence in Australia must pass a background check which considers criminal, mental health, physical, addiction, domestic violence, residential and other218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 47 records

Reference Required for Firearm Licence

In Australia, third party character references for each gun licence applicant are required for some licence categories in some jurisdictions227 228 229 230

Domestic Violence and Firearms

Where a past history, or apprehended likelihood of family violence exists, the law in Australia stipulates218 231 232 221 233 223 234 225 235 that a gun licence should be denied or revoked

Firearm Safety Training

In Australia, an understanding of firearm safety and the law, tested in a theoretical and/or practical training course is required236 237 238 239 240 224 241 242 for a firearm licence

Gun Owner Licensing Period

In Australia, gun owners must re-apply and re-qualify for their firearm licence every one to five years depending on the licence category190 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250

Licensing Records

In Australia, authorities maintain a record251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 of individual civilians licensed to acquire, possess, sell or transfer a firearm or ammunition

Limit on Number of Guns

Licensed firearm owners in Australia are permitted to possess only the number and type of firearms specified on their licence or acquisition permit199 261 262 263 264 158 265 266 267 265 268

Limit on Quantity, Type of Ammunition

Licensed firearm owners in Australia are permitted to possess ammunition only for those firearms for which the purchaser is licensed, with a limit on the quantity of ammunition that may be purchased in a given period269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 268

Firearm Registration

Civilian Gun Registration

In Australia, the law requires277 278 251 259 254 253 256 258 257 260 that a record of the acquisition, possession and transfer of each privately held firearm be retained in an official register

Gun Dealer Record Keeping

In Australia, licensed firearm dealers are required279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 260 to keep a record of each firearm or ammunition purchase, sale or transfer on behalf of a regulating authority

Gun Manufacturer Record Keeping

In Australia, licensed gun makers are required287 260 to keep a record of each firearm produced, for inspection by a regulating authority

State-Owned Firearm Records

In Australia, State agencies are required288 289 to maintain records of the storage and movement of all firearms and ammunition under their control

Gun Sales and Transfers

Regulation of Private Gun Sales

In Australia, the private sale and transfer of firearms is prohibited unless conducted and registered by a licensed firearm dealer, or in remote locations by police269 290 291 292 293 294 295 296

Regulation of Dealer Gun Sales

In Australia, dealing in firearms by way of business without a valid gun dealer’s licence is unlawful269 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304

Background Checks for Private Gun Sales

The buyer of a firearm in a private sale in Australia is obliged269 218 to pass official background checks before taking possession

Background Checks for Dealer Gun Sales

The buyer of a firearm from a licensed gun dealer in Australia is obliged269 218 to pass official background checks before taking possession

Limit on Gun Dealer Sales

In Australia, the number and type of firearms which can be sold by a licensed gun dealer to a single gun owner is limited to one firearm per acquisition permit, in accordance with the particular firearm licence category261 262 305 264 306 265 307 267 265 268

Number of Licensed Gun Dealers

ChartThe number of licensed firearm dealers in Australia is reported to be

1999: 1,581308
1998: 1,223309

Waiting Period for Gun Possession

In Australia, the minimum wait for a lawful firearm purchase to be completed is 28 days for a first sale or transfer, with exemptions in some states and territories for subsequent acquisition of the same type of firearm for which the owner already holds a licence261 310 305 311 312 313 224 314 315

Regulation of Gun Shows

In Australia, gun shows and temporary firearm dealing events in some jurisdictions, are regulated316 317 318 319 in law

Storage and Transport of Guns and Ammunition

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Private

Firearm regulations in Australia include320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of private firearms and ammunition by licensed gun owners

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Dealer

Firearm regulations in Australia include329 330 331 332 333 334 335 336 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition by licensed arms dealers

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Government

Government regulations in Australia include289 288 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition by state entities

Firearm and Ammunition Transport Regulations

Regulations in Australia include337 338 339 340 341 342 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition while in transit

Marking and Tracing Guns and Ammunition

Firearm Marking

In Australia, a unique identifying mark on each firearm is required by law75

Firearm Tracing

In Australia, state authorities carry out343 344 345 346 347 348 recognised arms tracing and tracking procedures

Ballistic Record of Firearms and Ammunition

In Australia, the ballistic characteristics of each civilian firearm and its ammunition are not349 350 351 352 353 354 355 356 357 358 359 360 361 362 363 364 365 366 recorded in a register

Carrying Guns

Carrying Guns Openly in Public

In Australia, carrying a firearm in plain view in a public place is prohibited without genuine reason. In law, personal protection is not a genuine reason.207 208 367 368 369 370 371 209 47

Carrying Hidden Handguns in Public

In Australia, carrying a concealed firearm in a public place is prohibited without genuine reason. In law, personal protection is not a genuine reason.207 208 367 368 369 370 371 209 47

Penalty for Illicit Firearm Possession

In Australia, the maximum penalty for unlawful possession of a firearm372 is 20 years in prison, depending on the jurisdiction and category of firearm373 192 193 374 375 195 196 197 376

Collection, Amnesty and Destruction Programmes

Authorities in Australia are known to have377 378 implemented voluntary firearm surrender schemes, and/or weapon seizure programmes in order to reduce the number of illicit firearms in circulation

Firearms Surrendered and Seized

ChartIn Australia, the number of firearms voluntarily surrendered, bought back or seized by authorities is reported to be

2015: 3,000379
2014: 3,000380
2012: 3,485381 382 383 384
2011: 5,922382 383 384
2010: 5,798382 383
2008/11: 4,000385 383
2006: 5,15716 383
2004: 68,727386 387
1987/2015: 1,121,577388 377 378 389

Small Arms Destroyed

ChartIn Australia, the number of firearms destroyed following amnesty, collection and seizure programmes is reported to be

2015: 17,081390
2012: 3,485382
2011: 3,857
2010: 3,109
1987/2015: 1,121,577388 377 378 389

Destruction and Disposal Policy

In Australia, it is not state policy391 392 393 394 395 396 397 398 to destroy surplus, collected and seized firearms rather than return them to the secondary arms market

MeasuresInternational Controls

Regional Agreements

Pacific Islands Forum

As a member of the Pacific Islands Forum, Australia adopted the March, 2000 Nadi Framework agreement, which aims to harmonise small arms-related legislation across Oceania. In August 2003, the Nadi Framework’s draft model Weapons Control Bill was unanimously accepted for consideration by all 16 member states of the Pacific Islands Forum399 400

Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development

The Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development, a diplomatic initiative aimed at addressing the interrelations between armed violence and development, was signed in 2006401 by Australia.

United Nations Arms Trade Treaty

The United Nations Arms Trade Treaty has been signed and ratified402 by Australia

United Nations Firearms Protocol

The United Nations Protocol against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, Their Parts and Components and Ammunition has been signed, but not yet ratified403 by Australia

United Nations Small Arms Programme of Action UNPoA

UNPoA Commitment

On 21 July 2001, Australia committed to a consensus decision of the United Nations to adopt, support and implement the UN Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects404

UNPoA Implementation Monitor Score

In its UN small arms Programme of Action Implementation Monitor (PoAIM Phase 1), the Small Arms Survey scored Australia against its commitments to the PoA, then ranked it at No. 22405 406 407 408 among 159 Member States

UNPoA National Reporting

Under the terms of its 2001 commitment to the United Nations small arms Programme of Action, Australia has submitted one or more national reports409 410 on its implementation of the UNPoA

UNPoA National Point of Contact

In Australia, a National Point of Contact to deal with issues relating to the UNPoA has been designated411 410

UNPoA National Coordinating Body

In Australia, a National Coordinating Body to deal with issues relating to the UNPoA has been designated411 410

UNPoA Civil Society Involvement and Support

In National Reports of Australia submitted to the UN from 2001 to 2010, a history of substantive cooperation with civil society in support of UNPoA activities was apparent411 410 412

UNPoA International Assistance – Donor

Funds for UNPoA implementation have been donated413 414 415 416 417 418 419 420 by Australia to other UN Member States

United Nations Small Arms Register

According to the United Nations Register of Conventional Arms, Australia has declared421 its small arms exports in one or more annual National Reports on Arms Exports.

United Nations Membership

In the UN List of Member States, Australia has been a Member State of the United Nations since 1945422

Wassenaar Arrangement

The Wassenaar Arrangement on Export Controls and Conventional Arms and Dual-Use Goods and Technologies lists423 Australia as a Participating State

BackgroundCountry Profile

Conflict Profile

For a profile of conflict in Australia, select the Link icon to open an external web page from the UCDP Conflict Encyclopedia at Uppsala University

Global Peace Index

To see where Australia ranks, select the Link icon to open an external web page at the Global Peace Index


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New South Wales.1996.‘Genuine Reasons for Having a Licence.’ Firearms Act 1996 No 46 (Act Current to 24 November 2015).Sydney:New South Wales Government,28 June. (Q2489)Full Citation

202.

Tasmania.1996.‘Genuine Reasons.’ Firearms Act 1996 (Act as at 4 November 2015).Hobart:Legislative Council and House of Assembly,30 August. (Q2960)Full Citation

203.

Victoria.2008.‘Prescribed Purposes for Applying for Longarm and General Category Handgun Licences.’ Firearms Regulations 2008 (S.R. No. 22/2008).Melbourne:Department of Justice,8 April. (Q2671)Full Citation

204.

Queensland.1990.‘Genuine Reasons for Possession of a Weapon.’ Weapons Act 1990 (As in force on 20 November 2015).Brisbane:Office of the Queensland Parliamentary Counsel,19 September. (Q2676)Full Citation

205.

Northern Territory.1997.‘Genuine Reason for Licence.’ Firearms Act 1997 (Reprint, as in force at 1 May 2016).Darwin:Northern Territory Government,13 March. (Q2764)Full Citation

206.

South Australia.2008.‘Purposes for Which Firearms May be Used.’ Firearms Regulations 2008 (Version: 1.7.2015).Adelaide:Parliament of South Australia,1 September. (Q2908)Full Citation

207.

Australia.1996.‘Genuine Reason for Owning, Possessing or Using a Firearm.’ Special Firearms Meeting - the 'Nationwide Agreement on Firearms'.Canberra:Australasian Police Ministers' Council,10 May. (Q970)Full Citation

208.

King, Brooke.2009.‘Firearms Controls in Australia.’ Challenges, Constraints and Opportunities in National PoA Implementation by States of the Pacific.Sydney:Firearms Unit, Australian Commonwealth Attorney-General's Department,22 June. (Q1985)Full Citation

209.

Warner, Kate and Simon Sherwood.2006.‘Firearms Legislation in Australia a Decade After the Nationwide Agreement: Summary and comments.’ National Coalition for Gun Control.Hobart:National Coalition for Gun Control,1 July. (Q973)Full Citation

210.

Australian Capital Territory.1996.‘Children Prohibited from Owning Firearms.’ Australian Capital Territory Firearms Act 1996 (A1996-74 - Republication No.45, effective 27 April 2016).Canberra:ACT Parliamentary Counsel,1 January. (Q2545)Full Citation

211.

New South Wales.1996.‘Minor's Firearms Permits.’ Firearms Act 1996 No 46 (Act Current to 24 November 2015).Sydney:New South Wales Government,28 June. (Q2499)Full Citation

212.

Tasmania.1996.‘Application for Minor's Permit.’ Firearms Act 1996 (Act as at 4 November 2015).Hobart:Legislative Council and House of Assembly,30 August. (Q2971)Full Citation

213.

Victoria.1998.‘Issue of Junior Licences.’ Firearms Act 1996 No. 66 of 1996 (Version No. 080, as of 1 December 2015).Melbourne:Department of Justice, Victoria,31 January. (Q2619)Full Citation

214.

Queensland.1990.‘Limitations on Issue of Licence.’ Weapons Act 1990 (As in force on 20 November 2015).Brisbane:Office of the Queensland Parliamentary Counsel,19 September. (Q2673)Full Citation

215.

Northern Territory.1997.‘Application for Licence.’ Firearms Act 1997 (Reprint, as in force at 1 May 2016).Darwin:Northern Territory Government,13 March. (Q2761)Full Citation

216.

South Australia.2008.‘Exemption From Requirement to be Licensed.’ Firearms Regulations 2008 (Version: 1.7.2015).Adelaide:Parliament of South Australia,1 September. (Q2917)Full Citation

217.

Western Australia.1973.‘Minimum Age of Licensee or Permit Holder.’ Firearms Act 1973 (Version 05-00-00, reprinted under the Reprints Act 1984 as at 13 February 2015).Perth:State Law Publisher,18 October. (Q2746)Full Citation

218.

Australia.1996.‘Grounds for Licence Refusal or Cancellation and Seizure of Firearms.’ Special Firearms Meeting - the 'Nationwide Agreement on Firearms'.Canberra:Australasian Police Ministers' Council,10 May. (Q2584)Full Citation

219.

Australian Capital Territory.1996.‘Assessing Suitability of Individuals - Discretionary Criteria.’ Australian Capital Territory Firearms Act 1996 (A1996-74 - Republication No.45, effective 27 April 2016).Canberra:ACT Parliamentary Counsel,1 January. (Q2514)Full Citation

220.

New South Wales.1996.‘General Restrictions on Issue of Licences.’ Firearms Act 1996 No 46 (Act Current to 24 November 2015).Sydney:New South Wales Government,28 June. (Q2487)Full Citation

221.

Tasmania.1996.‘General Restrictions on Granting Licence.’ Firearms Act 1996 (Act as at 4 November 2015).Hobart:Legislative Council and House of Assembly,30 August. (Q2955)Full Citation

222.

Victoria.1998.‘Definitions.’ Firearms Act 1996 No. 66 of 1996 (Version No. 080, as of 1 December 2015).Melbourne:Department of Justice, Victoria,31 January. (Q2608)Full Citation

223.

Queensland.1990.‘Fit and Proper Person - Licensees.’ Weapons Act 1990 (As in force on 20 November 2015).Brisbane:Office of the Queensland Parliamentary Counsel,19 September. (Q2675)Full Citation

224.

Northern Territory.1997.‘General Restrictions on Grant of Licence.’ Firearms Act 1997 (Reprint, as in force at 1 May 2016).Darwin:Northern Territory Government,13 March. (Q2762)Full Citation

225.

South Australia.1977.‘Interpretation.’ Firearms Act 1977 (Version: 7.2.2014).Adelaide:Parliament of South Australia,12 May. (Q2881)Full Citation

226.

Western Australia.1973.‘Exercise of Commissioner's Discretion.’ Firearms Act 1973 (Version 05-00-00, reprinted under the Reprints Act 1984 as at 13 February 2015).Perth:State Law Publisher,18 October. (Q2748)Full Citation

227.

Australian Capital Territory.2008.‘Shooting Clubs, Conditions of Approval.’ Firearms Regulation 2008 (SL2008-55, Republication No 13, effective 1 December 2015).Canberra:ACT Parliamentary Counsel,22 December. (Q2664)Full Citation

228.

Victoria.1998.‘Approved Firearms Collectors Clubs - Requirements as to Members and Former Members.’ Firearms Act 1996 No. 66 of 1996 (Version No. 080, as of 1 December 2015).Melbourne:Department of Justice, Victoria,31 January. (Q2668)Full Citation

229.

Queensland.1996.‘Category H Weapons - Club Letter Certifying Need for Weapon.’ Weapons Regulation 1996 (As in force on 1 July 2015).Brisbane:Office of the Queensland Parliamentary Counsel,19 December. (Q2734)Full Citation

230.

Northern Territory.1997.‘Restriction on Grant of Category H Sports Shooter's Licence.’ Firearms Act 1997 (Reprint, as in force at 1 May 2016).Darwin:Northern Territory Government,13 March. (Q2763)Full Citation

231.

Australian Capital Territory.1996.‘Adult Firearms Licences - Mandatory Suspension.’ Australian Capital Territory Firearms Act 1996 (A1996-74 - Republication No.45, effective 27 April 2016).Canberra:ACT Parliamentary Counsel,1 January. (Q2543)Full Citation

232.

New South Wales.1996.‘Suspension of Licence.’ Firearms Act 1996 No 46 (Act Current to 24 November 2015).Sydney:New South Wales Government,28 June. (Q2576)Full Citation

233.

Victoria.1998.‘Surrender of Firearms and Licence Document.’ Firearms Act 1996 No. 66 of 1996 (Version No. 080, as of 1 December 2015).Melbourne:Department of Justice, Victoria,31 January. (Q2667)Full Citation

234.

Northern Territory.1997.‘Suspension on Making of Interim Domestic Violence Order.’ Firearms Act 1997 (Reprint, as in force at 1 May 2016).Darwin:Northern Territory Government,13 March. (Q2779)Full Citation

235.

Western Australia.1973.‘Disqualification by Court Imposing Violence Restraining Order.’ Firearms Act 1973 (Version 05-00-00, reprinted under the Reprints Act 1984 as at 13 February 2015).Perth:State Law Publisher,18 October. (Q3052)Full Citation

236.

Australia.1996.‘Training as a Prerequisite for Licensing.’ Special Firearms Meeting - the 'Nationwide Agreement on Firearms'.Canberra:Australasian Police Ministers' Council,10 May. (Q2585)Full Citation

237.

Australian Capital Territory.1996.‘Adult Firearms Licences - Refusal.’ Australian Capital Territory Firearms Act 1996 (A1996-74 - Republication No.45, effective 27 April 2016).Canberra:ACT Parliamentary Counsel,1 January. (Q2518)Full Citation

238.

Tasmania.1996.‘Safety Courses.’ Firearms Act 1996 (Act as at 4 November 2015).Hobart:Legislative Council and House of Assembly,30 August. (Q2998)Full Citation

239.

Victoria.1998.‘General Discretion of Chief Commissioner to Refuse a Longarm or Handgun Licence.’ Firearms Act 1996 No. 66 of 1996 (Version No. 080, as of 1 December 2015).Melbourne:Department of Justice, Victoria,31 January. (Q2618)Full Citation

240.

Queensland.1990.‘Adequate Knowledge of Weapon.’ Weapons Act 1990 (As in force on 20 November 2015).Brisbane:Office of the Queensland Parliamentary Counsel,19 September. (Q2674)Full Citation

241.

South Australia.2008.‘Training and Examinations.’ Firearms Regulations 2008 (Version: 1.7.2015).Adelaide:Parliament of South Australia,1 September. (Q2913)Full Citation

242.

Western Australia.1973.‘Training Courses.’ Firearms Act 1973 (Version 05-00-00, reprinted under the Reprints Act 1984 as at 13 February 2015).Perth:State Law Publisher,18 October. (Q2747)Full Citation

243.

Australian Capital Territory.2008.‘Adult Licences, Period.’ Firearms Regulation 2008 (SL2008-55, Republication No 13, effective 1 December 2015).Canberra:ACT Parliamentary Counsel,22 December. (Q2625)Full Citation

244.

New South Wales.2006.‘Term of Licence.’ Firearms Regulation 2006 (2006-512, as at 1 January 2014).Sydney:New South Wales Government,1 September. (Q2587)Full Citation

245.

Tasmania.2006.‘Period of Licences.’ Firearms Regulations 2006 (Regulations as of 4 November 2015).Hobart:Governor of the State of Tasmania,16 October. (Q3002)Full Citation

246.

Victoria.1998.‘Duration of Licence.’ Firearms Act 1996 No. 66 of 1996 (Version No. 080, as of 1 December 2015).Melbourne:Department of Justice, Victoria,31 January. (Q2622)Full Citation

247.

Queensland.1990.‘Term of Licence.’ Weapons Act 1990 (As in force on 20 November 2015).Brisbane:Office of the Queensland Parliamentary Counsel,19 September. (Q2679)Full Citation

248.

Northern Territory.1997.‘Period of Licence.’ Firearms Act 1997 (Reprint, as in force at 1 May 2016).Darwin:Northern Territory Government,13 March. (Q2766)Full Citation

249.

South Australia.1977.‘Term and Renewal of Licence.’ Firearms Act 1977 (Version: 7.2.2014).Adelaide:Parliament of South Australia,12 May. (Q2894)Full Citation

250.

Western Australia.1973.‘Duration and Renewal of Licences.’ Firearms Act 1973 (Version 05-00-00, reprinted under the Reprints Act 1984 as at 13 February 2015).Perth:State Law Publisher,18 October. (Q2745)Full Citation

251.

New South Wales.1996.‘Register of Firearms.’ Firearms Act 1996 No 46 (Act Current to 24 November 2015).Sydney:New South Wales Government,28 June. (Q2500)Full Citation

252.

Australian Capital Territory.1996.‘Contents of Register.’ Australian Capital Territory Firearms Act 1996 (A1996-74 - Republication No.45, effective 27 April 2016).Canberra:ACT Parliamentary Counsel,1 January. (Q2563)Full Citation

253.

Queensland.1990.‘Commissioner to Maintain Firearms Register.’ Weapons Act 1990 (As in force on 20 November 2015).Brisbane:Office of the Queensland Parliamentary Counsel,19 September. (Q2684)Full Citation

254.

Victoria.1998.‘Keeping of Register.’ Firearms Act 1996 No. 66 of 1996 (Version No. 080, as of 1 December 2015).Melbourne:Department of Justice, Victoria,31 January. (Q2641)Full Citation

255.

Victoria.1998.‘Certificate of Registration.’ Firearms Act 1996 No. 66 of 1996 (Version No. 080, as of 1 December 2015).Melbourne:Department of Justice, Victoria,31 January. (Q2642)Full Citation

256.

Northern Territory.1997.‘Register.’ Firearms Act 1997 (Reprint, as in force at 1 May 2016).Darwin:Northern Territory Government,13 March. (Q2760)Full Citation

257.

Western Australia.1974.‘Register.’ Firearms Regulations 1974 (Version 07-d0-01, as at 22 July 2015).Perth:State Law Publisher,1 July. (Q2834)Full Citation

258.

South Australia.1977.‘Registers.’ Firearms Act 1977 (Version: 7.2.2014).Adelaide:Parliament of South Australia,12 May. (Q2883)Full Citation

259.

Tasmania.1996.‘Register of Firearms.’ Firearms Act 1996 (Act as at 4 November 2015).Hobart:Legislative Council and House of Assembly,30 August. (Q2976)Full Citation

260.

Parker, Sarah.2011.‘Balancing Act: Regulation of Civilian Firearm Possession.’ Small Arms Survey 2011: States of Security.Cambridge:Cambridge University Press,6 July. (Q5380)Full Citation

261.

Australia.1996.‘Permit to Acquire.’ Special Firearms Meeting - the 'Nationwide Agreement on Firearms'.Canberra:Australasian Police Ministers' Council,10 May. (Q2583)Full Citation

262.

Australian Capital Territory.1996.‘Permits to Acquire - Applications.’ Australian Capital Territory Firearms Act 1996 (A1996-74 - Republication No.45, effective 27 April 2016).Canberra:ACT Parliamentary Counsel,1 January. (Q2560)Full Citation

263.

New South Wales.1996.‘Licence Categories and Authority Conferred by Licence - Category C.’ Firearms Act 1996 No 46 (Act Current to 24 November 2015).Sydney:New South Wales Government,28 June. (Q2482)Full Citation

264.

Tasmania.1996.‘Application for Permit to Acquire Firearm.’ Firearms Act 1996 (Act as at 4 November 2015).Hobart:Legislative Council and House of Assembly,30 August. (Q2968)Full Citation

265.

South Australia.1977.‘Reasons for Refusal of Permit.’ Firearms Act 1977 (Version: 7.2.2014).Adelaide:Parliament of South Australia,12 May. (Q3056)Full Citation

266.

Queensland.1990.‘Limitation on Number of Concealable Firearms Particular Licensees May Acquire.’ Weapons Act 1990 (As in force on 20 November 2015).Brisbane:Office of the Queensland Parliamentary Counsel,19 September. (Q2699)Full Citation

267.

Northern Territory.1997.‘Firearms Dealer Licence.’ Firearms Act 1997 (Reprint, as in force at 1 May 2016).Darwin:Northern Territory Government,13 March. (Q2770)Full Citation

268.

Western Australia.1973.‘Genuine Reason Required in All Cases.’ Firearms Act 1973 (Version 05-00-00, reprinted under the Reprints Act 1984 as at 13 February 2015).Perth:State Law Publisher,18 October. (Q2749)Full Citation

269.

Australia.1996.‘Recording of Sales.’ Special Firearms Meeting - the 'Nationwide Agreement on Firearms'.Canberra:Australasian Police Ministers' Council,10 May. (Q985)Full Citation

270.

Australian Capital Territory.1996.‘Offence - Sale of Ammunition by Licensed Firearms Dealers.’ Australian Capital Territory Firearms Act 1996 (A1996-74 - Republication No.45, effective 27 April 2016).Canberra:ACT Parliamentary Counsel,1 January. (Q2665)Full Citation

271.

New South Wales.1996.‘Supply, Acquisition and Possession of Ammunition.’ Firearms Act 1996 No 46 (Act Current to 24 November 2015).Sydney:New South Wales Government,28 June. (Q2548)Full Citation

272.

Tasmania.2006.‘Amount of Ammunition.’ Firearms Regulations 2006 (Regulations as of 4 November 2015).Hobart:Governor of the State of Tasmania,16 October. (Q3001)Full Citation

273.

Victoria.1998.‘Possession of Cartridge Ammunition.’ Firearms Act 1996 No. 66 of 1996 (Version No. 080, as of 1 December 2015).Melbourne:Department of Justice, Victoria,31 January. (Q3055)Full Citation

274.

Queensland.1996.‘Prohibition on Possession of Particular Magazines - Category H Weapons.’ Weapons Regulation 1996 (As in force on 1 July 2015).Brisbane:Office of the Queensland Parliamentary Counsel,19 December. (Q2741)Full Citation

275.

Northern Territory.1997.‘General Conditions of Licence.’ Firearms Act 1997 (Reprint, as in force at 1 May 2016).Darwin:Northern Territory Government,13 March. (Q2765)Full Citation

276.

South Australia.2008.‘Limit on Quantity of Ammunition.’ Firearms Regulations 2008 (Version: 1.7.2015).Adelaide:Parliament of South Australia,1 September. (Q2922)Full Citation

277.

Australia.1996.‘Effective Nationwide Registration of All Firearms.’ Special Firearms Meeting - the 'Nationwide Agreement on Firearms'.Canberra:Australasian Police Ministers' Council,10 May. (Q995)Full Citation

278.

Australian Capital Territory.1996.‘Register of Firearms.’ Australian Capital Territory Firearms Act 1996 (A1996-74 - Republication No.45, effective 27 April 2016).Canberra:ACT Parliamentary Counsel,1 January. (Q2562)Full Citation

279.

Australian Capital Territory.1996.‘Offence - Inspection of Records.’ Australian Capital Territory Firearms Act 1996 (A1996-74 - Republication No.45, effective 27 April 2016).Canberra:ACT Parliamentary Counsel,1 January. (Q2568)Full Citation

280.

New South Wales.1996.‘Recording of Transactions.’ Firearms Act 1996 No 46 (Act Current to 24 November 2015).Sydney:New South Wales Government,28 June. (Q2550)Full Citation

281.

Tasmania.1996.‘Record of Dealings.’ Firearms Act 1996 (Act as at 4 November 2015).Hobart:Legislative Council and House of Assembly,30 August. (Q2988)Full Citation

282.

Victoria.1998.‘Requirement to Keep Register of Transactions.’ Firearms Act 1996 No. 66 of 1996 (Version No. 080, as of 1 December 2015).Melbourne:Department of Justice, Victoria,31 January. (Q2640)Full Citation

283.

Queensland.1990.‘Licensed Dealers and Armourers to Keep Register.’ Weapons Act 1990 (As in force on 20 November 2015).Brisbane:Office of the Queensland Parliamentary Counsel,19 September. (Q2693)Full Citation

284.

Northern Territory.1997.‘Records and Returns to be Kept by Dealers.’ Firearms Act 1997 (Reprint, as in force at 1 May 2016).Darwin:Northern Territory Government,13 March. (Q2772)Full Citation

285.

South Australia.1977.‘Records.’ Firearms Act 1977 (Version: 7.2.2014).Adelaide:Parliament of South Australia,12 May. (Q2893)Full Citation

286.

Western Australia.1973.‘Records.’ Firearms Act 1973 (Version 05-00-00, reprinted under the Reprints Act 1984 as at 13 February 2015).Perth:State Law Publisher,18 October. (Q2756)Full Citation

287.

Australia.2012.‘Record-keeping by Manufacturers.’ National Report of Australia on its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA).New York, NY:Permanent Mission of Australia to the United Nations,23 March. (Q6496)Full Citation

288.

Australia.2008.‘Accounting for Small Arms and Light Weapons.’ National Report of Australia on its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA).New York, NY:Permanent Mission of Australia to the United Nations,1 July. (Q1739)Full Citation

289.

Australia.2008.‘Accounting for Small Arms and Light Weapons.’ National Report of Australia on its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA).New York, NY:Permanent Mission of Australia to the United Nations,1 July. (Q1738)Full Citation

290.

Australian Capital Territory.1996.‘Offence - Unlawful Acquisition of Firearms.’ Australian Capital Territory Firearms Act 1996 (A1996-74 - Republication No.45, effective 27 April 2016).Canberra:ACT Parliamentary Counsel,1 January. (Q2569)Full Citation

291.

New South Wales.1996.‘Restrictions on Supply of Firearms.’ Firearms Act 1996 No 46 (Act Current to 24 November 2015).Sydney:New South Wales Government,28 June. (Q2546)Full Citation

292.

Tasmania.1996.‘Sale and Possession of Ammunition.’ Firearms Act 1996 (Act as at 4 November 2015).Hobart:Legislative Council and House of Assembly,30 August. (Q2990)Full Citation

293.

Victoria.1998.‘Prohibition on Acquisition of Firearm Except from Licensed Firearms Dealer.’ Firearms Act 1996 No. 66 of 1996 (Version No. 080, as of 1 December 2015).Melbourne:Department of Justice, Victoria,31 January. (Q2663)Full Citation

294.

Queensland.1990.‘Acquisition of Weapons.’ Weapons Act 1990 (As in force on 20 November 2015).Brisbane:Office of the Queensland Parliamentary Counsel,19 September. (Q2680)Full Citation

295.

Northern Territory.1997.‘Sale of Firearms.’ Firearms Act 1997 (Reprint, as in force at 1 May 2016).Darwin:Northern Territory Government,13 March. (Q2781)Full Citation

296.

South Australia.1977.‘Obligations of Prescribed Person.’ Firearms Act 1977 (Version: 7.2.2014).Adelaide:Parliament of South Australia,12 May. (Q2890)Full Citation

297.

Australian Capital Territory.1996.‘Offence - Firearms Dealers to be Licensed.’ Australian Capital Territory Firearms Act 1996 (A1996-74 - Republication No.45, effective 27 April 2016).Canberra:ACT Parliamentary Counsel,1 January. (Q2567)Full Citation

298.

New South Wales.1996.‘Licence Categories and Authority Conferred by Licence - Firearms Dealer Licence.’ Firearms Act 1996 No 46 (Act Current to 24 November 2015).Sydney:New South Wales Government,28 June. (Q2485)Full Citation

299.

Tasmania.1996.‘Dealing in Firearms.’ Firearms Act 1996 (Act as at 4 November 2015).Hobart:Legislative Council and House of Assembly,30 August. (Q2945)Full Citation

300.

Victoria.1998.‘Issue of Dealers Licences.’ Firearms Act 1996 No. 66 of 1996 (Version No. 080, as of 1 December 2015).Melbourne:Department of Justice, Victoria,31 January. (Q2638)Full Citation

301.

Queensland.1990.‘Dealers to be Licensed.’ Weapons Act 1990 (As in force on 20 November 2015).Brisbane:Office of the Queensland Parliamentary Counsel,19 September. (Q2692)Full Citation

302.

Northern Territory.1997.‘Restrictions on Granting Firearms Dealer Licences.’ Firearms Regulations 1997 (Reprint, as in force at 1 May 2016).Darwin:Northern Territory Government,13 March. (Q2809)Full Citation

303.

South Australia.1977.‘Requirement for Dealer's Licence.’ Firearms Act 1977 (Version: 7.2.2014).Adelaide:Parliament of South Australia,12 May. (Q2891)Full Citation

304.

Western Australia.1973.‘Licences.’ Firearms Act 1973 (Version 05-00-00, reprinted under the Reprints Act 1984 as at 13 February 2015).Perth:State Law Publisher,18 October. (Q2752)Full Citation

305.

New South Wales.1996.‘Permits to Acquire Firearms.’ Firearms Act 1996 No 46 (Act Current to 24 November 2015).Sydney:New South Wales Government,28 June. (Q2498)Full Citation

306.

Victoria.1998.‘Issue of Permit to Acquire.’ Firearms Act 1996 No. 66 of 1996 (Version No. 080, as of 1 December 2015).Melbourne:Department of Justice, Victoria,31 January. (Q2661)Full Citation

307.

Queensland.1996.‘Firearms Licence - Category C Rifle and Category C Shotgun for Occupational Rural Purpose on Rural Land.’ Weapons Regulation 1996 (As in force on 1 July 2015).Brisbane:Office of the Queensland Parliamentary Counsel,19 December. (Q2717)Full Citation

308.

Mouzos, Jenny.1999.‘International Traffic in Small Arms: An Australian Perspective.’ Trends & Issues in Crime and Criminal Justice.Canberra:Australian Institute of Criminology,1 February. (Q13194)Full Citation

309.

Mouzos, Jenny.1998.‘Small Arms Dealers.’ CSCAP Working Group on Transnational Crime Small Arms Project: An Australian Perspective.Canberra:Australian Institute of Criminology,1 October. (Q13195)Full Citation

310.

Australian Capital Territory.1996.‘When Permits to Acquire May be Issued.’ Australian Capital Territory Firearms Act 1996 (A1996-74 - Republication No.45, effective 27 April 2016).Canberra:ACT Parliamentary Counsel,1 January. (Q2561)Full Citation

311.

Tasmania.1996.‘Granting Permit.’ Firearms Act 1996 (Act as at 4 November 2015).Hobart:Legislative Council and House of Assembly,30 August. (Q2972)Full Citation

312.

Victoria.1998.‘Offence to Acquire a Firearm Without a Permit.’ Firearms Act 1996 No. 66 of 1996 (Version No. 080, as of 1 December 2015).Melbourne:Department of Justice, Victoria,31 January. (Q2660)Full Citation

313.

Queensland.1996.‘Waiting Period for Decision on Application for Permit to Acquire.’ Weapons Regulation 1996 (As in force on 1 July 2015).Brisbane:Office of the Queensland Parliamentary Counsel,19 December. (Q2739)Full Citation

314.

South Australia.1977.‘Application for Permit.’ Firearms Act 1977 (Version: 7.2.2014).Adelaide:Parliament of South Australia,12 May. (Q2888)Full Citation

315.

Western Australia.1973.‘Licensing Procedure.’ Firearms Act 1973 (Version 05-00-00, reprinted under the Reprints Act 1984 as at 13 February 2015).Perth:State Law Publisher,18 October. (Q2753)Full Citation

316.

Australian Capital Territory.2008.‘Arms Fairs, Permits to Conduct.’ Firearms Regulation 2008 (SL2008-55, Republication No 13, effective 1 December 2015).Canberra:ACT Parliamentary Counsel,22 December. (Q2636)Full Citation

317.

New South Wales.2006.‘Arms Fair Permits.’ Firearms Regulation 2006 (2006-512, as at 1 January 2014).Sydney:New South Wales Government,1 September. (Q2596)Full Citation

318.

Queensland.1990.‘Approval of Arms Fair.’ Weapons Act 1990 (As in force on 20 November 2015).Brisbane:Office of the Queensland Parliamentary Counsel,19 September. (Q2696)Full Citation

319.

South Australia.2008.‘Exemption for Certain Exhibitors.’ Firearms Regulations 2008 (Version: 1.7.2015).Adelaide:Parliament of South Australia,1 September. (Q2907)Full Citation

320.

Australia.1996.‘Uniform Standard for the Security and Storage of Firearms.’ Special Firearms Meeting - the 'Nationwide Agreement on Firearms'.Canberra:Australasian Police Ministers' Council,10 May. (Q988)Full Citation

321.

Australian Capital Territory.1996.‘Offence - Failing to Comply with Storage Requirements.’ Australian Capital Territory Firearms Act 1996 (A1996-74 - Republication No.45, effective 27 April 2016).Canberra:ACT Parliamentary Counsel,1 January. (Q2564)Full Citation

322.

New South Wales.1996.‘Safe Keeping of Firearms - General Requirement.’ Firearms Act 1996 No 46 (Act Current to 24 November 2015).Sydney:New South Wales Government,28 June. (Q2501)Full Citation

323.

Tasmania.1996.‘General Requirements.’ Firearms Act 1996 (Act as at 4 November 2015).Hobart:Legislative Council and House of Assembly,30 August. (Q2977)Full Citation

324.

Victoria.1998.‘Storage of Firearms Under Longarm and Handgun Licences.’ Firearms Act 1996 No. 66 of 1996 (Version No. 080, as of 1 December 2015).Melbourne:Department of Justice, Victoria,31 January. (Q2644)Full Citation

325.

Queensland.1990.‘Secure Storage of Weapons.’ Weapons Act 1990 (As in force on 20 November 2015).Brisbane:Office of the Queensland Parliamentary Counsel,19 September. (Q2689)Full Citation

326.

Northern Territory.1997.‘Storage and Safe Keeping Requirements.’ Firearms Act 1997 (Reprint, as in force at 1 May 2016).Darwin:Northern Territory Government,13 March. (Q2780)Full Citation

327.

South Australia.2008.‘Security of Firearms.’ Firearms Regulations 2008 (Version: 1.7.2015).Adelaide:Parliament of South Australia,1 September. (Q2921)Full Citation

328.

Western Australia.1974.‘Storage Security Requirements.’ Firearms Regulations 1974 (Version 07-d0-01, as at 22 July 2015).Perth:State Law Publisher,1 July. (Q2831)Full Citation

329.

Australian Capital Territory.2008.‘Dealer Licences, Restrictions on Issue.’ Firearms Regulation 2008 (SL2008-55, Republication No 13, effective 1 December 2015).Canberra:ACT Parliamentary Counsel,22 December. (Q2629)Full Citation

330.

New South Wales.1996.‘Conditions of Licence.’ Firearms Act 1996 No 46 (Act Current to 24 November 2015).Sydney:New South Wales Government,28 June. (Q2494)Full Citation

331.

Tasmania.1996.‘Firearms Dealer and Museum Licences Requirement.’ Firearms Act 1996 (Act as at 4 November 2015).Hobart:Legislative Council and House of Assembly,30 August. (Q2987)Full Citation

332.

Victoria.1998.‘Storage of Firearms Under Dealers Licences.’ Firearms Act 1996 No. 66 of 1996 (Version No. 080, as of 1 December 2015).Melbourne:Department of Justice, Victoria,31 January. (Q2645)Full Citation

333.

Queensland.1996.‘Storage Measures for Armourers, Dealers, and Theatrical Ordnance Suppliers - Vaults and Safes.’ Weapons Regulation 1996 (As in force on 1 July 2015).Brisbane:Office of the Queensland Parliamentary Counsel,19 December. (Q2731)Full Citation

334.

Northern Territory.1997.‘Security Measures Required by Dealer.’ Firearms Act 1997 (Reprint, as in force at 1 May 2016).Darwin:Northern Territory Government,13 March. (Q2771)Full Citation

335.

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