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Armed violence prevention, gun control laws and the small arms trade:

Australia — Gun Facts, Figures and the Law



Federal firearm regulation is limited: each state has its own gun law.
For state and territory comparisons, choose from the 'Go To' menu.

StockpilesGun Numbers

Civilian Guns

Number of Privately Owned Firearms

ChartThe estimated total number of guns (both licit and illicit) held by civilians in Australia is

2017: 3,573,0001
2016: 3,150,0002 3 4
2012: 3,010,0005 4
2011: 2,960,0006 5 4
2010: 2,943,3637 4 8
2007: 2,750,000
2006: 2,918,454
2005: 3,050,0009
1997: 2,500,00010
1996: 3,200,000
1988: 3,500,00011
1975: 2,055,00012

Rate of Civilian Firearm Possession per 100 Population

ChartThe estimated rate of private gun ownership (both licit and illicit) per 100 people in Australia is

2017: 14.501
2016: 13.7013
2012: 13.67
2011: 13.60
2010: 13.6813 14 8
2007: 13.25
2006: 14.24
2005: 15.09
1997: 13.5813
1996: 17.59
1988: 21.34
1975: 14.92

Number of Privately Owned Handguns

ChartIn Australia, the number of handguns in civilian possession is reported to be

2010: 120,79015
2006: 172,42216
2005: 192,00017

Number of Privately Owned Firearms - World Ranking

In a 2007 comparison of the number of privately owned guns in 178 countries, Australia ranked at No. 2518

Rate of Privately Owned Firearms per 100 Population - World Ranking

In a 2007 comparison of the rate of private gun ownership in 178 countries, Australia ranked at No. 429

Proportion of Households with Firearms

ChartIn Australia, the percentage of households with one or more guns is reported to be

2005: 6.2%19
2003: 8.7%19
2000: 8%20
1994: 16.0%19
1992: 15.1%21
1989: 20.1%19 22
1988: 25%23
1979: 20%11

Proportion of Households with Rifles

In Australia, the percentage of households with one or more rifles is reported to be

1992: 12.5%21

Proportion of Households with Shotguns

In Australia, the percentage of households with one or more shotguns is reported to be

1992: 6.9%21

Proportion of Households with Handguns

ChartIn Australia, the percentage of households with one or more handguns is reported to be

2005: 0.3%19
2003: 1.1%
1994: 1.6%19 21
1989: 1.6%19

Number of Licensed Firearm Owners

ChartThe number of licensed gun owners in Australia is reported to be

2016: 816,0002
2012: 730,0005 24
2011: 734,0002
2010: 873,62525
2007: 731,56717
2006: 478,32626 27
2001: 764,51828 29 17 27
1997: 1,200,00030
1989: 2,381,00022

Rate of Licensed Firearm Owners per 100 Population

ChartThe rate of licensed firearm owners per 100 people in Australia is

2016: 3.5513
2012: 3.32
2011: 3.37
2010: 4.06
2007: 3.53
2006: 2.36
2001: 3.96
1997: 6.52
1989: 14.27

Number of Registered Firearms

ChartThe number of registered guns in Australia is reported to be

2017: 3,158,7951
2016: 2,890,0002 31
2012: 2,750,0005 24
2011: 2,700,0006 2 32 33
2010: 2,675,78525
2007: 2,500,00017
2006: 2,653,14026 27
2001: 2,165,17028 29 17 27
1997: 2,500,00030 10
1996: 3,200,00027
1989: 4,000,00022
1975: 1,354,700 34

Rate of Registered Firearms per 100 Population

ChartThe rate of registered guns per 100 people in Australia is

2016: 12.5713 2
2012: 12.49
2011: 12.402
2010: 12.44
2007: 12.05
2006: 12.95
2001: 11.22
1997: 13.58
1996: 17.59
1989: 23.98
1975: 9.84

Estimated Number of Illicit Firearms

ChartUnlawfully held guns cannot be counted, but in Australia there are estimated to be

2017: 414,2051
2016: 260,0003
2012: 260,0005
2011: 260,0005 35
2010: 267,5797 36 8
2007: 250,000
2006: 265,314

Estimated Rate of Illicit Firearms per 100 Population

ChartUnlawfully held guns cannot be counted, but in Australia the rate of illicit firearms per 100 people is estimated to be

2016: 1.1313
2012: 1.18
2011: 1.19
2010: 1.24
2007: 1.20
2006: 1.29

Government Guns

Number of Military Firearms

The defence forces of Australia are reported to have 214,52037 firearms

Routine Arming of Police

In Australia, police officers on routine patrol carry one or more firearms38

Number of Law Enforcement Firearms

Police in Australia are reported to have 69,00039 firearms

ImpactsDeath and Injury

Total Number of Gun Deaths

ChartIn Australia, annual deaths resulting from firearms total

2016: 23840
2015: 218
2014: 239
2013: 210
2012: 231
2011: 190
2010: 241
2009: 230
2008: 235
2007: 237
2006: 245
2005: 221
2004: 243
2003: 28940 41
2002: 292
2001: 326
2000: 32441
1999: 347
1998: 312
1997: 428
1996: 516
1995: 470
1994: 516
1993: 513
1992: 608
1991: 618
1990: 595
1989: 549
1988: 674
1987: 694
1986: 677
1985: 682
1984: 675
1983: 644
1982: 689
1981: 618
1980: 687
1979: 685

Rate of All Gun Deaths per 100,000 People

ChartIn Australia, the annual rate of all gun deaths per 100,000 population is

2016: 1.0442
2015: 0.96
2014: 1.06
2013: 0.94
2012: 1.05
2011: 0.87
2010: 1.12
2009: 1.08
2008: 1.12
2007: 1.14
2006: 1.20
2005: 1.09
2004: 1.22
2003: 1.46
2002: 1.49
2001: 1.69
2000: 1.70
1999: 1.84
1998: 1.68
1997: 2.32
1996: 2.84
1995: 2.61
1994: 2.90
1993: 2.91
1992: 3.49
1991: 3.59
1990: 3.51
1989: 3.29
1988: 4.11
1987: 4.30
1986: 4.26
1985: 4.35
1984: 4.35
1983: 4.20
1982: 4.54
1981: 4.14
1980: 4.70
1979: 3.29

Total Number of Male Gun Deaths

ChartIn Australia, annual male deaths resulting from firearms total

2014: 21043
2013: 193
2012: 209
2011: 174
2010: 210

Total Number of Female Gun Deaths

ChartIn Australia, annual female deaths resulting from firearms total

2014: 2043
2013: 15
2012: 17
2011: 14
2010: 21

Homicides (any method)

ChartIn Australia, annual homicides by any means total

2016: 24444
2015: 265
2014: 235
2013: 227
2012: 28544 45 46
2011: 24344 47 45 46 48 49
2010: 25844 47 50 51 46 48
2009: 272
2008: 25144 47 50 51 46 48
2007: 216
2006: 256
2005: 199
2004: 164
2003: 27847 50 51 46 48
2002: 291
2001: 30050 51 46 48
2000: 34051 46 48
1999: 34151 48
1998: 312
1997: 319
1996: 358
1995: 342
1994: 34251
1993: 360
1992: 331
1991: 351
1990: 331

Rate of Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Australia, the annual rate of homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2016: 1.0652
2015: 1.16
2014: 1.04
2013: 1.02
2012: 1.2952 46
2011: 1.1252 46 48 49
2010: 1.2052 46 48
2009: 1.28
2008: 1.19
2007: 1.04
2006: 1.25
2005: 0.98
2004: 0.82
2003: 1.41
2002: 1.49
2001: 1.55
2000: 1.78
1999: 1.8152 48
1998: 1.68
1997: 1.73
1996: 1.97
1995: 1.90
1994: 1.9252
1993: 2.04
1992: 1.90
1991: 2.04
1990: 1.95

Male Homicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Australia, annual male homicides by any means total

2015: 15153
2014: 14743
2013: 145
2012: 198
2011: 152
2010: 157

Female Homicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Australia, annual female homicides by any means total

2015: 8553
2014: 8843
2013: 82
2012: 87
2011: 91
2010: 87

Gun Homicides

ChartIn Australia, annual firearm homicides total

2016: 4244
2015: 27
2014: 31
2013: 35
2012: 4244 54 46
2011: 42
2010: 3944 47 50 55 46
2009: 3744 47 50 56 46 48
2008: 2744 47 50 46 48
2007: 2644 47 50 46 48 57
2006: 4144 47 50 46 48
2005: 1944 47 50 46 48 58
2004: 1744 47 50 48
2003: 5447 50 59 41 48
2002: 4547 50 59 41 48
2001: 4750 59 41 48
2000: 5759 41 48
1999: 50
1998: 57
1997: 79
1996: 104
1995: 67
1994: 7659 41
1993: 64
1992: 96
1991: 84
1990: 79
1989: 80
1988: 123

Rate of Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Australia, the annual rate of firearm homicide per 100,000 population is

2016: 0.1852
2015: 0.12
2014: 0.14
2013: 0.16
2012: 0.19
2011: 0.15
2010: 0.18
2009: 0.1752 48
2008: 0.13
2007: 0.13
2006: 0.20
2005: 0.09
2004: 0.09
2003: 0.2752 59 48
2002: 0.23
2001: 0.24
2000: 0.3059 48
1999: 0.26
1998: 0.30
1997: 0.43
1996: 0.57
1995: 0.37
1994: 0.4359
1993: 0.36
1992: 0.55
1991: 0.49
1990: 0.46
1989: 0.48
1988: 0.74

Proportion of Homicides Committed With a Gun

ChartIn Australia, the percentage of homicides committed with a firearm is reported to be

2012: 16%60 46
2011: 12%60 46 49
2010: 12%60 46
2009: 13%60 46
2008: 12%
2007: 9%
2006: 14%
2005: 15%
2004: 17%60
2003: 15%
2002: 14%
2001: 21%60 46
2000: 20%60 48
1999: 18%
1998: 21%
1997: 22%
1996: 22%
1995: 25%
1994: 19%60
1993: 25%
1992: 20%
1991: 21%
1990: 25%

Male Gun Homicide Victims

ChartIn Australia, annual male firearm homicides total

2015: 2343
2014: 23
2013: 28
2012: 34
2011: 26
2010: 28

Female Gun Homicide Victims

ChartIn Australia, annual female firearm homicides total

2015: 843
2014: 8
2013: 7
2012: 8
2011: 6
2010: 7

Handgun Homicides

ChartIn Australia, annual handgun homicides total

2016: 544
2015: 1
2014: 4
2013: 3
2012: 4
2011: 644 47
2010: 644 47 50
2009: 9
2008: 7
2007: 1
2006: 14
2005: 444
2004: 2
2003: 647 50
2002: 12
2001: 1350

Rate of Handgun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Australia, the annual rate of handgun homicide per 100,000 population is

2016: 0.0252
2015: 0.00
2014: 0.02
2013: 0.01
2012: 0.02
2011: 0.03
2010: 0.03
2009: 0.04
2008: 0.03
2007: 0.00
2006: 0.07
2005: 0.02
2004: 0.01
2003: 0.03
2002: 0.06
2001: 0.07

Long Gun Homicides

ChartIn Australia, annual long gun homicides total

2016: 2144
2015: 13
2014: 19
2013: 11
2012: 14
2011: 1744 47
2010: 2244 47 50
2009: 18
2008: 11
2007: 14
2006: 15
2005: 10
2004: 5
2003: 2447 50
2002: 20
2001: 1050

Rate of Long Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Australia, the annual rate of long gun homicide per 100,000 population is

2016: 0.0952
2015: 0.06
2014: 0.08
2013: 0.05
2012: 0.06
2011: 0.08
2010: 0.10
2009: 0.08
2008: 0.05
2007: 0.07
2006: 0.07
2005: 0.05
2004: 0.03
2003: 0.12
2002: 0.10
2001: 0.05

Gun Homicides (Other)

ChartIn Australia, annual gun homicides (other) total

2016: 1644
2015: 13
2014: 8
2013: 21
2012: 24
2011: 944 47
2010: 1144 47 50
2009: 1044 47 50
2008: 9
2007: 11
2006: 12
2005: 5
2004: 10
2003: 2447 50
2002: 13
2001: 2450

Rate of Gun Homicide (Other) per 100,000 People

ChartIn Australia, the annual rate of gun homicide (other) per 100,000 population is

2016: 0.0752
2015: 0.06
2014: 0.04
2013: 0.09
2012: 0.11
2011: 0.04
2010: 0.05
2009: 0.05
2008: 0.04
2007: 0.05
2006: 0.06
2005: 0.02
2004: 0.05
2003: 0.12
2002: 0.07
2001: 0.12

Suicides (any method)

ChartIn Australia, annual suicides by any means total

2016: 2,86261
2015: 3,027
2014: 2,861
2013: 2,568
2012: 2,580
2011: 2,39261 62
2010: 2,47861 62 63
2009: 2,335
2008: 2,340
2007: 2,227
2006: 2,118
2005: 2,101
2004: 2,098
2003: 2,21362 63 59
2002: 2,320
2001: 2,45463 59
2000: 2,36359
1999: 2,492
1998: 2,683
1997: 2,720
1996: 2,393
1995: 2,368
1994: 2,258
1993: 2,081
1992: 2,294
1991: 2,360
1990: 2,161
1989: 2,096
1988: 2,197

Rate of Suicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Australia, the annual rate of suicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2016: 12.4552
2015: 13.30
2014: 12.71
2013: 11.54
2012: 11.72
2011: 10.99
2010: 11.52
2009: 10.98
2008: 11.14
2007: 10.73
2006: 10.34
2005: 10.38
2004: 10.49
2003: 11.2052 59
2002: 11.88
2001: 12.72
2000: 12.3459
1999: 13.17
1998: 14.34
1997: 14.69
1996: 13.07
1995: 13.10
1994: 12.65
1993: 11.78
1992: 13.11
1991: 13.65
1990: 12.66
1989: 12.47
1988: 13.29

Male Suicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Australia, annual male suicides by any means total

2014: 2,15743
2013: 1,919
2012: 1,930
2011: 1,811
2010: 1,865

Female Suicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Australia, annual female suicides by any means total

2014: 70443
2013: 649
2012: 650
2011: 581
2010: 553

Gun Suicides

ChartIn Australia, annual firearm suicides total

2016: 18361
2015: 177
2014: 178
2013: 166
2012: 177
2011: 14461 62
2010: 17161 62 63
2009: 174
2008: 183
2007: 190
2006: 181
2005: 147
2004: 167
2003: 19362 63 59 41
2002: 217
2001: 26163 59 41
2000: 22259 41
1999: 269
1998: 235
1997: 329
1996: 382
1995: 388
1994: 420
1993: 431
1992: 488
1991: 505
1990: 486
1989: 450
1988: 521

Rate of Gun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Australia, the annual rate of firearm suicide per 100,000 population is

2016: 0.8052
2015: 0.78
2014: 0.79
2013: 0.76
2012: 0.80
2011: 0.66
2010: 0.79
2009: 0.82
2008: 0.87
2007: 0.92
2006: 0.88
2005: 0.73
2004: 0.84
2003: 0.9852 59
2002: 1.11
2001: 1.35
2000: 1.1659
1999: 1.42
1998: 1.26
1997: 1.78
1996: 2.09
1995: 2.15
1994: 2.35
1993: 2.44
1992: 2.79
1991: 2.92
1990: 2.85
1989: 2.68
1988: 3.15

Male Gun Suicide Victims

ChartIn Australia, annual male firearm suicides total

2014: 17243
2013: 158
2012: 169
2011: 137
2010: 154

Female Gun Suicide Victims

ChartIn Australia, annual female firearm suicides total

2014: 643
2013: 8
2012: 8
2011: 7
2010: 12

Handgun Suicides

ChartIn Australia, annual handgun suicides total

2016: 1861
2015: 17
2014: 17
2013: 23
2012: 12
2011: 1761 62
2010: 1861 62 63
2009: 17
2008: 25
2007: 15
2006: 15
2005: 14
2004: 13
2003: 2562 63
2002: 24
2001: 3463

Rate of Handgun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Australia, the annual rate of handgun suicide per 100,000 population is

2016: 0.0852
2015: 0.07
2014: 0.08
2013: 0.10
2012: 0.05
2011: 0.08
2010: 0.08
2009: 0.08
2008: 0.12
2007: 0.07
2006: 0.07
2005: 0.07
2004: 0.07
2003: 0.13
2002: 0.12
2001: 0.18

Long Gun Suicides

ChartIn Australia, the number of long gun suicides is

2016: 15761
2015: 137
2014: 128
2013: 131
2012: 135
2011: 11661 62
2010: 14161 62 63
2009: 139
2008: 140
2007: 146
2006: 150
2005: 127
2004: 99
2003: 13362 63
2002: 165
2001: 17363

Rate of Long Gun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Australia, the annual rate of long gun suicide per 100,000 population is

2016: 0.6852
2015: 0.60
2014: 0.57
2013: 0.59
2012: 0.61
2011: 0.53
2010: 0.66
2009: 0.65
2008: 0.67
2007: 0.70
2006: 0.73
2005: 0.63
2004: 0.50
2003: 0.67
2002: 0.84
2001: 0.90

Gun Suicides (Other)

ChartIn Australia, annual gun suicides (other) total

2016: 861
2015: 23
2014: 33
2013: 12
2012: 30
2011: 1161 62
2010: 1261 62 63
2009: 18
2008: 18
2007: 29
2006: 16
2005: 6
2004: 55
2003: 3562 63
2002: 28
2001: 5463

Rate of Gun Suicide (Other) per 100,000 People

ChartIn Australia, the annual rate of gun suicide (other) per 100,000 population is

2016: 0.0352
2015: 0.10
2014: 0.15
2013: 0.05
2012: 0.14
2011: 0.05
2010: 0.06
2009: 0.08
2008: 0.09
2007: 0.14
2006: 0.08
2005: 0.03
2004: 0.28
2003: 0.18
2002: 0.14
2001: 0.28

Unintentional Gun Deaths

ChartIn Australia, annual unintentional shooting deaths total

2016: 564
2015: 3
2014: 3
2013: 3
2012: 3
2011: 764 65
2010: 1164 65 66
2009: 7
2008: 5
2007: 4
2006: 8
2005: 50
2004: 54
2003: 4065 66 59 41
2002: 30
2001: 18
2000: 4559 41
1999: 28
1998: 22
1997: 19
1996: 30
1995: 15
1994: 20
1993: 18
1992: 24
1991: 29
1990: 30
1989: 19
1988: 30

Rate of Unintentional Gun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn Australia, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death per 100,000 population is

2016: 0.0252
2015: 0.01
2014: 0.01
2013: 0.01
2012: 0.01
2011: 0.03
2010: 0.05
2009: 0.03
2008: 0.02
2007: 0.02
2006: 0.04
2005: 0.25
2004: 0.27
2003: 0.2052 59
2002: 0.15
2001: 0.09
2000: 0.2359
1999: 0.15
1998: 0.12
1997: 0.10
1996: 0.16
1995: 0.08
1994: 0.11
1993: 0.10
1992: 0.14
1991: 0.17
1990: 0.18
1989: 0.11
1988: 0.18

Unintentional Male Gun Deaths

ChartIn Australia, annual unintentional male shooting deaths total

2014: 243
2013: 3
2012: 3
2011: 7
2010: 11

Unintentional Female Gun Deaths

ChartIn Australia, annual unintentional female shooting deaths total

2014: 143
2013: 0
2012: 0
2011: 0
2010: 0

Unintentional Handgun Deaths

ChartIn Australia, annual unintentional shooting deaths by handgun total

2016: 064
2015: 0
2014: 0
2013: 1
2012: 0
2011: 064 65
2010: 164 65 66
2009: 0
2008: 1
2007: 0
2006: 1
2005: 064
2004: 2
2003: 365 66

Rate of Unintentional Handgun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn Australia, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death by handgun per 100,000 population is

2016: 0.0052
2015: 0.00
2014: 0.00
2013: 0.00
2012: 0.00
2011: 0.00
2010: 0.00
2009: 0.00
2008: 0.00
2007: 0.00
2006: 0.00
2005: 0.00
2004: 0.01
2003: 0.02

Unintentional Long Gun Deaths

ChartIn Australia, annual unintentional shooting deaths by long gun total

2016: 564
2015: 3
2014: 3
2013: 1
2012: 3
2011: 764 65
2010: 964 65 66
2009: 5
2008: 3
2007: 3
2006: 6
2005: 3
2004: 8
2003: 1165 66
2002: 10
2001: 666

Rate of Unintentional Long Gun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn Australia, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death by long gun per 100,000 population is

2016: 0.0252
2015: 0.01
2014: 0.01
2013: 0.00
2012: 0.01
2011: 0.03
2010: 0.04
2009: 0.02
2008: 0.01
2007: 0.01
2006: 0.03
2005: 0.01
2004: 0.04
2003: 0.06
2002: 0.05
2001: 0.03

Unintentional Gun Deaths (Other)

ChartIn Australia, annual unintentional shooting deaths by firearm (other) total

2016: 064
2015: 0
2014: 0
2013: 1
2012: 0
2011: 064 65
2010: 164 65 66
2009: 2
2008: 1
2007: 1
2006: 1
2005: 47
2004: 44
2003: 2665 66
2002: 20
2001: 1266

Rate of Unintentional Gun Death (Other) per 100,000 People

ChartIn Australia, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death by firearm (other) per 100,000 population is

2016: 0.0052
2015: 0.00
2014: 0.00
2013: 0.00
2012: 0.00
2011: 0.00
2010: 0.00
2009: 0.01
2008: 0.00
2007: 0.00
2006: 0.00
2005: 0.23
2004: 0.22
2003: 0.13
2002: 0.10
2001: 0.06

Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Australia, annual shooting deaths in which the cause remains undecided total

2016: 267
2015: 4
2014: 18
2013: 4
2012: 4
2011: 567 68
2010: 1167 68 69
2009: 8
2008: 16
2007: 11
2006: 12
2005: 467
2004: 3
2003: 259
2002: 0
1999: 270
1998: 859
1997: 3
1996: 5
1995: 3
1994: 6
1993: 6
1992: 7
1991: 5
1990: 15
1989: 13
1988: 17

Rate of Gun Death from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn Australia, the annual rate of unknown-cause shooting deaths per 100,000 population is

2016: 0.0152
2015: 0.02
2014: 0.08
2013: 0.02
2012: 0.02
2011: 0.02
2010: 0.05
2009: 0.04
2008: 0.08
2007: 0.05
2006: 0.06
2005: 0.02
2004: 0.02
2003: 0.0159
2002: 0.00
1999: 0.0170
1998: 0.0459
1997: 0.02
1996: 0.03
1995: 0.02
1994: 0.03
1993: 0.03
1992: 0.04
1991: 0.03
1990: 0.09
1989: 0.08
1988: 0.10

Male Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Australia, annual male shooting deaths in which the cause remains undecided total

2014: 1343
2013: 4
2012: 3
2011: 4
2010: 17

Female Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Australia, annual female shooting deaths in which the cause remains undecided total

2014: 543
2013: 0
2012: 1
2011: 1
2010: 2

Handgun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Australia, annual deaths by handgun in which the cause remains undecided total

2016: 167
2015: 0
2014: 1
2013: 0
2012: 0
2011: 067 68
2010: 267 68 69
2009: 0
2008: 1
2007: 0
2006: 1
2005: 267
2004: 0

Rate of Handgun Death from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn Australia, the annual rate of unknown-cause handgun deaths per 100,000 population is

2016: 0.0052
2015: 0.00
2014: 0.00
2013: 0.00
2012: 0.00
2011: 0.00
2010: 0.01
2009: 0.00
2008: 0.00
2007: 0.00
2006: 0.00
2005: 0.01
2004: 0.00

Long Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Australia, annual deaths by long gun in which the cause remains undecided total

2016: 067
2015: 2
2014: 7
2013: 1
2012: 0
2011: 467 68
2010: 267 68 69
2009: 1
2008: 4
2007: 3
2006: 2
2005: 267
2004: 2

Rate of Long Gun Death from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn Australia, the annual rate of unknown-cause long gun deaths per 100,000 population is

2016: 0.0052
2015: 0.01
2014: 0.03
2013: 0.00
2012: 0.00
2011: 0.02
2010: 0.01
2009: 0.00
2008: 0.02
2007: 0.01
2006: 0.01
2005: 0.01
2004: 0.01

Gun Deaths (Other) from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Australia, annual deaths by firearm (other) in which the cause remains undecided total

2016: 167
2015: 2
2014: 10
2013: 3
2012: 4
2011: 167 68
2010: 767 68 69
2009: 7
2008: 11
2007: 8
2006: 9
2005: 067
2004: 1

Rate of Gun Death (Other) from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn Australia, the annual rate of unknown-cause gun deaths (other) per 100,000 population is

2016: 0.0052
2015: 0.01
2014: 0.04
2013: 0.01
2012: 0.02
2011: 0.00
2010: 0.03
2009: 0.03
2008: 0.05
2007: 0.04
2006: 0.04
2005: 0.00
2004: 0.01

Legal Intervention Gun Homicides

ChartIn Australia, annual legal-intervention gun homicides total

2016: 671
2015: 7
2014: 9
2013: 2
2012: 5
2011: 2
2010: 971 72
2009: 4
2008: 4
2007: 6
2006: 3
2005: 1
2004: 2
2002: 1072
2001: 4
2000: 573
1999: 474
1998: 775
1997: 776

ProductionGun Industry

Regulation of Firearm Makers

In Australia, the manufacture of small arms, ammunition and/or their components is permitted only if the maker holds a valid licence77 78

Small Arms Manufacture - World Ranking

In a classification of the world's small, medium and major firearm manufacturers, Australia was ranked 'small'79

Home-made Guns

In Australia, the prevalence of illicit craft, or 'home-made' firearm manufacture is reported to be low80 81 82 83

TransfersGun Trade and Trafficking

Firearm Exports

In Australia, firearm and ammunition exports are limited by transfer control law84 85 86

Firearm Exports (Number)

ChartThe annual number of firearms exported from Australia is reported by manufacturers to be

2017: 5,86287
2016: 4
2015: 50
2014: 48
2013: 60
2011: 4,54088
2010: 6587
2009: 35
2008: 11
2007: 1,160
2006: 8

Small Arms Exports (US$) - Customs

ChartThe annual value of small arms and ammunition exports from Australia is reported by Customs to be US$

2016: 69,330,16389
2015: 87,543,642
2014: 38,488,325
2013: 76,893,241
2012: 28,498,30689 90
2011: 11,077,63091
2010: 12,000,00092

Small Arms Exports - World Ranking

In a comparison of the world's major/mid-level/minor/unknown small arms exporters, Australia was categorized as 'major'93 94 95

Firearm Imports

In Australia, firearm and ammunition imports are limited by transfer control law84 96 85 86

Firearm Imports (Number)

ChartThe annual number of firearms imported to Australia is reported to be

2017: 5,82487
2016: 6,440
2015: 104,32397 98 99 100 101 87
2014: 98,351
2013: 88,185
2012: 90,006
2011: 72,586
2010: 73,701
2009: 57,522
2008: 58,111
2007: 47,820
2006: 39,389
2005: 38,78697 98 99 100 101
2004: 36,980
2003: 40,939
2002: 28,016
2001: 30,666
2000: 33,152
1999: 18,405
1998: 34,837
1997: 89,760
1996: 44,802
1995: 48,75199
1994: 32,928
1993: 35,881
1992: 45,305
1991: 71,675
1990: 57,222
1989: 51,502
1979: 104,149102
1978: 108,854
1977: 194,764
1976: 191,359
1975: 166,364

Small Arms Imports (US$) - Customs

ChartThe annual value of small arms and ammunition imports to Australia is reported by Customs to be US$

2016: 117,036,08989
2015: 115,669,478
2014: 164,400,240
2013: 124,383,473
2012: 122,098,69989 103 104 105 106
2011: 104,812,08091 107 108
2010: 132,000,000109
2001: 62,000,000103

Smuggling Guns and Ammunition

Reports suggest that the level of firearm and ammunition smuggling in Australia is low110 80 111 112 81 113 114 115 100 83 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124

Regulation of Arms Brokers

In Australia, the activities of arms brokers and transfer intermediaries are specifically regulated by law125

End User Certificates

Customs regulations in Australia include126 127 certification of the intended end user of any small arms or ammunition transfer, and/or a written declaration of its intended end use

Transparency of Small Arms Transfers

ChartIn its annual Small Arms Trade Transparency Barometer, the Small Arms Survey compares public reporting among major arms exporting nations on a scale from strong to weak (25 to zero). In recent years, Australia scored

2018: 12.50128
2017: 12.00129
2016: 12.25130
2014: 11.25131
2013: 10.25132
2012: 10.00133
2011: 10.25134
2010: 10.25135
2009: 10.25136
2008: 11.25137
2007: 11.25138
2006: 10.00139
2005: 11.25140
2004: 11.25141

MeasuresGun Regulation

Firearm Regulation - Guiding Policy

The regulation of guns in Australia is categorised as restrictive142

Firearm Law

Guiding gun control legislation in Australia includes the National Firearms Agreement (NFA) of 1996143 and 2017,144 the National Firearms Trafficking Policy Agreement (NFTPA) 2002,145 the National Handgun Agreement (NHA) 2002,146 and the Firearms Acts and Regulations of each State and Territory147

Firearm Regulation Authority

Guns in Australia are regulated by the local State and Territory authorities148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155

Right to Possess Firearms

In Australia, the right to private gun ownership is not guaranteed by law156 157 158 159 160

Restricted Firearms and Ammunition

In Australia, civilians are not allowed to possess automatic and semi-automatic firearms, self-loading and pump action shotguns, handguns with a calibre in excess of .38in with only narrow exemptions, semi-automatic handguns with a barrel length less than 120mm, and revolvers with a barrel length less than 100mm143 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170

Regulation of Automatic Weapons

In Australia, private possession of fully automatic weapons is prohibited, with only narrow exceptions for permanently inoperable collector's, display, or museum guns143 161 163 164 165 166 171 172 169 170 49

Regulation of Semiautomatic Assault Weapons

In Australia, private possession of semi-automatic assault weapons and their lookalikes is prohibited in all but exceptional circumstances161 163 164 165 166 167 168 173

Regulation of Handguns

In Australia, private possession of handguns (pistols and revolvers) is only permitted subject to stringent conditions161 174 162 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 49

Law Regulates Long Guns

In Australia, civilian possession of rifles and shotguns is regulated by law161 163 164 165 166 167 168 173 49

Gun Ownership and Possession

In Australia, only licensed gun owners183 184 185 186 151 187 188 189 190 49 may lawfully acquire, possess or transfer a firearm or ammunition

Genuine Reason Required for Firearm Possession

Applicants for a gun owner’s licence in Australia are required to establish a genuine reason to possess a firearm, for example gun club membership, hunting, target shooting, firearm collection, pest control, and narrow occupational uses.191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199
In law, personal protection is not a genuine reason200 201 202

Minimum Age for Firearm Possession

The minimum age for gun ownership in Australia is 18 years, or as young as 11 years while under the immediate supervision of an appropriately licensed adult183 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210

Gun Owner Background Checks

An applicant for a firearm licence in Australia must pass a background check which considers criminal, mental health, physical, addiction, domestic violence, residential and other211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 49 records

Reference Required for Firearm Licence

In Australia, third party character references for each gun licence applicant are required for some licence categories in some jurisdictions220 221 222 223

Domestic Violence and Firearms

Where a past history, or apprehended likelihood of family violence exists, the law in Australia stipulates211 224 225 214 226 216 227 218 228 that a gun licence should be denied or revoked

Firearm Safety Training

In Australia, an understanding of firearm safety and the law, tested in a theoretical and/or practical training course is required229 230 231 232 233 217 234 235 for a firearm licence

Gun Owner Licensing Period

In Australia, gun owners must re-apply and re-qualify for their firearm licence every one to five years depending on the licence category183 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243

Licensing Records

In Australia, authorities maintain a record244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 of individual civilians licensed to acquire, possess, sell or transfer a firearm or ammunition

Limit on Number of Guns

Licensed firearm owners in Australia are permitted to possess only the number and type of firearms specified on their licence or acquisition permit192 254 255 256 257 151 258 259 260 258 261

Limit on Quantity, Type of Ammunition

Licensed firearm owners in Australia are permitted to possess ammunition only for those firearms for which the purchaser is licensed, with a limit on the quantity of ammunition that may be purchased in a given period262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 261

Firearm Registration

Civilian Gun Registration

In Australia, the law requires270 271 244 252 247 246 249 251 250 253 that a record of the acquisition, possession and transfer of each privately held firearm be retained in an official register

Gun Dealer Record Keeping

In Australia, licensed firearm dealers are required272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 253 to keep a record of each firearm or ammunition purchase, sale or transfer on behalf of a regulating authority

Gun Manufacturer Record Keeping

In Australia, licensed gun makers are required280 253 to keep a record of each firearm produced, for inspection by a regulating authority

State-Owned Firearm Records

In Australia, State agencies are required281 282 to maintain records of the storage and movement of all firearms and ammunition under their control

Gun Sales and Transfers

Regulation of Private Gun Sales

In Australia, the private sale and transfer of firearms is prohibited unless conducted and registered by a licensed firearm dealer, or in remote locations by police262 283 284 285 286 287 288 289

Regulation of Dealer Gun Sales

In Australia, dealing in firearms by way of business without a valid gun dealer’s licence is unlawful262 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297

Background Checks for Private Gun Sales

The buyer of a firearm in a private sale in Australia is obliged262 211 to pass official background checks before taking possession

Background Checks for Dealer Gun Sales

The buyer of a firearm from a licensed gun dealer in Australia is obliged262 211 to pass official background checks before taking possession

Limit on Gun Dealer Sales

In Australia, the number and type of firearms which can be sold by a licensed gun dealer to a single gun owner is limited to one firearm per acquisition permit, in accordance with the particular firearm licence category254 255 298 257 299 258 300 260 258 261

Number of Licensed Gun Dealers

ChartThe number of licensed firearm dealers in Australia is reported to be

1999: 1,581301
1998: 1,223302

Waiting Period for Gun Possession

In Australia, the minimum wait for a lawful firearm purchase to be completed is 28 days for a first sale or transfer, with exemptions in some states and territories for subsequent acquisition of the same type of firearm for which the owner already holds a licence254 303 298 304 305 306 217 307 308

Regulation of Gun Shows

In Australia, gun shows and temporary firearm dealing events in some jurisdictions, are regulated309 310 311 312 in law

Storage and Transport of Guns and Ammunition

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Private

Firearm regulations in Australia include313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of private firearms and ammunition by licensed gun owners

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Dealer

Firearm regulations in Australia include322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition by licensed arms dealers

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Government

Government regulations in Australia include282 281 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition by state entities

Firearm and Ammunition Transport Regulations

Regulations in Australia include330 331 332 333 334 335 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition while in transit

Marking and Tracing Guns and Ammunition

Firearm Marking

In Australia, a unique identifying mark on each firearm is required by law78

Firearm Tracing

In Australia, state authorities carry out336 337 338 339 340 341 recognised arms tracing and tracking procedures

Ballistic Record of Firearms and Ammunition

In Australia, the ballistic characteristics of each civilian firearm and its ammunition are not342 343 recorded in a register

Carrying Guns

Carrying Guns Openly in Public

In Australia, carrying a firearm in plain view in a public place is prohibited without genuine reason. In law, personal protection is not a genuine reason.200 201 344 345 346 347 348 202 49

Carrying Hidden Handguns in Public

In Australia, carrying a concealed firearm in a public place is prohibited without genuine reason. In law, personal protection is not a genuine reason.200 201 344 345 346 347 348 202 49

Penalty for Illicit Firearm Possession

In Australia, the maximum penalty for unlawful possession of a firearm349 is 20 years in prison, depending on the jurisdiction and category of firearm350 185 186 351 352 188 189 190 353

Collection, Amnesty and Destruction Programmes

Authorities in Australia are known to have354 355 implemented voluntary firearm surrender schemes, and/or weapon seizure programmes in order to reduce the number of illicit firearms in circulation

Firearms Surrendered and Seized

ChartIn Australia, the number of firearms voluntarily surrendered, bought back or seized by authorities is reported to be

2017: 57,324356
2015: 3,000357
2014: 3,000358
2012: 3,485359 360 361 362
2011: 5,922360 361 362
2010: 5,798360 361
2008/11: 4,000363 361
2006: 5,15717 361
2004: 68,727364 365
1987/2015: 1,121,577366 354 355 367

Small Arms Destroyed

ChartIn Australia, the number of firearms destroyed following amnesty, collection and seizure programmes is reported to be

2017: 20,174368
2015: 17,081369
2012: 3,485360
2011: 3,857
2010: 3,109
1987/2015: 1,121,577366 354 355 367

Destruction and Disposal Policy

In Australia, it is not state policy370 371 372 373 374 375 376 377 to destroy surplus, collected and seized firearms rather than return them to the secondary arms market

MeasuresInternational Controls

Regional Agreements

Pacific Islands Forum

As a member of the Pacific Islands Forum, Australia adopted the March, 2000 Nadi Framework agreement, which aims to harmonise small arms-related legislation across Oceania. In August 2003, the Nadi Framework’s draft model Weapons Control Bill was unanimously accepted for consideration by all 16 member states of the Pacific Islands Forum378 379

Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development

The Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development, a diplomatic initiative aimed at addressing the interrelations between armed violence and development, was signed in 2006380 by Australia.

Arms Trade Treaty

The Arms Trade Treaty has been signed and ratified381 by Australia

United Nations Firearms Protocol

The United Nations Protocol against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, Their Parts and Components and Ammunition has been signed, but not yet ratified382 by Australia

United Nations Small Arms Programme of Action UNPoA

UNPoA Commitment

On 21 July 2001, Australia committed to a consensus decision of the United Nations to adopt, support and implement the UN Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects383

UNPoA Implementation Monitor Score

In its UN small arms Programme of Action Implementation Monitor (PoAIM Phase 1), the Small Arms Survey scored Australia against its commitments to the PoA, then ranked it at No. 22384 385 386 387 among 159 Member States

UNPoA National Reporting

Under the terms of its 2001 commitment to the United Nations small arms Programme of Action, Australia has submitted one or more national reports388 389 on its implementation of the UNPoA

UNPoA National Point of Contact

In Australia, a National Point of Contact to deal with issues relating to the UNPoA has been designated390 389

UNPoA National Coordinating Body

In Australia, a National Coordinating Body to deal with issues relating to the UNPoA has been designated390 389

UNPoA Civil Society Involvement and Support

In National Reports of Australia submitted to the UN from 2001 to 2010, a history of substantive cooperation with civil society in support of UNPoA activities was apparent390 389 391

UNPoA International Assistance – Donor

Funds for UNPoA implementation have been donated392 393 394 395 396 397 398 399 by Australia to other UN Member States

United Nations Small Arms Register

According to the United Nations Register of Conventional Arms, Australia has declared400 its small arms exports in one or more annual National Reports on Arms Exports.

United Nations Membership

In the UN List of Member States, Australia has been a Member State of the United Nations since 1945401

Wassenaar Arrangement

The Wassenaar Arrangement on Export Controls and Conventional Arms and Dual-Use Goods and Technologies lists402 Australia as a Participating State

BackgroundCountry Profile

Conflict Profile

For a profile of conflict in Australia, select the Link icon to open an external web page from the UCDP Conflict Encyclopedia at Uppsala University

Global Peace Index

To see where Australia ranks, select the Link icon to open an external web page at the Global Peace Index


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Tasmania.1996.‘Possession or Use of Firearms.’ Firearms Act 1996 (Act as at 4 November 2015).Hobart:Legislative Council and House of Assembly,30 August. (Q2943)Full Citation

187.

Queensland.1990.‘Licences.’ Weapons Act 1990 (As in force on 20 November 2015).Brisbane:Office of the Queensland Parliamentary Counsel,19 September. (Q2677)Full Citation

188.

Northern Territory.1997.‘Possession or Use of Firearms.’ Firearms Act 1997 (Reprint, as in force at 1 May 2016).Darwin:Northern Territory Government,13 March. (Q2782)Full Citation

189.

South Australia.1977.‘Possession and Use of Firearms.’ Firearms Act 1977 (Version: 7.2.2014).Adelaide:Parliament of South Australia,12 May. (Q2885)Full Citation

190.

Western Australia.1973.‘Licensing Offences.’ Firearms Act 1973 (Version 05-00-00, reprinted under the Reprints Act 1984 as at 13 February 2015).Perth:State Law Publisher,18 October. (Q2754)Full Citation

191.

Australia.1996.‘Genuine Reason for Owning, Possessing or Using a Firearm.’ Special Firearms Meeting - the 'Nationwide Agreement on Firearms'.Canberra:Australasian Police Ministers' Council,10 May. (Q969)Full Citation

192.

Australia.1996.‘Genuine Reason for Owning, Possessing or Using a Firearm.’ Special Firearms Meeting - the 'Nationwide Agreement on Firearms'.Canberra:Australasian Police Ministers' Council,10 May. (Q2581)Full Citation

193.

Australian Capital Territory.1996.‘Adult Firearms Licences - Genuine Reasons to Possess or Use Firearms.’ Australian Capital Territory Firearms Act 1996 (A1996-74 - Republication No.45, effective 27 April 2016).Canberra:ACT Parliamentary Counsel,1 January. (Q2521)Full Citation

194.

New South Wales.1996.‘Genuine Reasons for Having a Licence.’ Firearms Act 1996 No 46 (Act Current to 24 November 2015).Sydney:New South Wales Government,28 June. (Q2489)Full Citation

195.

Tasmania.1996.‘Genuine Reasons.’ Firearms Act 1996 (Act as at 4 November 2015).Hobart:Legislative Council and House of Assembly,30 August. (Q2960)Full Citation

196.

Victoria.2008.‘Prescribed Purposes for Applying for Longarm and General Category Handgun Licences.’ Firearms Regulations 2008 (S.R. No. 22/2008).Melbourne:Department of Justice,8 April. (Q2671)Full Citation

197.

Queensland.1990.‘Genuine Reasons for Possession of a Weapon.’ Weapons Act 1990 (As in force on 20 November 2015).Brisbane:Office of the Queensland Parliamentary Counsel,19 September. (Q2676)Full Citation

198.

Northern Territory.1997.‘Genuine Reason for Licence.’ Firearms Act 1997 (Reprint, as in force at 1 May 2016).Darwin:Northern Territory Government,13 March. (Q2764)Full Citation

199.

South Australia.2008.‘Purposes for Which Firearms May be Used.’ Firearms Regulations 2008 (Version: 1.7.2015).Adelaide:Parliament of South Australia,1 September. (Q2908)Full Citation

200.

Australia.1996.‘Genuine Reason for Owning, Possessing or Using a Firearm.’ Special Firearms Meeting - the 'Nationwide Agreement on Firearms'.Canberra:Australasian Police Ministers' Council,10 May. (Q970)Full Citation

201.

King, Brooke.2009.‘Firearms Controls in Australia.’ Challenges, Constraints and Opportunities in National PoA Implementation by States of the Pacific.Sydney:Firearms Unit, Australian Commonwealth Attorney-General's Department,22 June. (Q1985)Full Citation

202.

Warner, Kate and Simon Sherwood.2006.‘Firearms Legislation in Australia a Decade After the Nationwide Agreement: Summary and comments.’ National Coalition for Gun Control.Hobart:National Coalition for Gun Control,1 July. (Q973)Full Citation

203.

Australian Capital Territory.1996.‘Children Prohibited from Owning Firearms.’ Australian Capital Territory Firearms Act 1996 (A1996-74 - Republication No.45, effective 27 April 2016).Canberra:ACT Parliamentary Counsel,1 January. (Q2545)Full Citation

204.

New South Wales.1996.‘Minor's Firearms Permits.’ Firearms Act 1996 No 46 (Act Current to 24 November 2015).Sydney:New South Wales Government,28 June. (Q2499)Full Citation

205.

Tasmania.1996.‘Application for Minor's Permit.’ Firearms Act 1996 (Act as at 4 November 2015).Hobart:Legislative Council and House of Assembly,30 August. (Q2971)Full Citation

206.

Victoria.1998.‘Issue of Junior Licences.’ Firearms Act 1996 No. 66 of 1996 (Version No. 080, as of 1 December 2015).Melbourne:Department of Justice, Victoria,31 January. (Q2619)Full Citation

207.

Queensland.1990.‘Limitations on Issue of Licence.’ Weapons Act 1990 (As in force on 20 November 2015).Brisbane:Office of the Queensland Parliamentary Counsel,19 September. (Q2673)Full Citation

208.

Northern Territory.1997.‘Application for Licence.’ Firearms Act 1997 (Reprint, as in force at 1 May 2016).Darwin:Northern Territory Government,13 March. (Q2761)Full Citation

209.

South Australia.2008.‘Exemption From Requirement to be Licensed.’ Firearms Regulations 2008 (Version: 1.7.2015).Adelaide:Parliament of South Australia,1 September. (Q2917)Full Citation

210.

Western Australia.1973.‘Minimum Age of Licensee or Permit Holder.’ Firearms Act 1973 (Version 05-00-00, reprinted under the Reprints Act 1984 as at 13 February 2015).Perth:State Law Publisher,18 October. (Q2746)Full Citation

211.

Australia.1996.‘Grounds for Licence Refusal or Cancellation and Seizure of Firearms.’ Special Firearms Meeting - the 'Nationwide Agreement on Firearms'.Canberra:Australasian Police Ministers' Council,10 May. (Q2584)Full Citation

212.

Australian Capital Territory.1996.‘Assessing Suitability of Individuals - Discretionary Criteria.’ Australian Capital Territory Firearms Act 1996 (A1996-74 - Republication No.45, effective 27 April 2016).Canberra:ACT Parliamentary Counsel,1 January. (Q2514)Full Citation

213.

New South Wales.1996.‘General Restrictions on Issue of Licences.’ Firearms Act 1996 No 46 (Act Current to 24 November 2015).Sydney:New South Wales Government,28 June. (Q2487)Full Citation

214.

Tasmania.1996.‘General Restrictions on Granting Licence.’ Firearms Act 1996 (Act as at 4 November 2015).Hobart:Legislative Council and House of Assembly,30 August. (Q2955)Full Citation

215.

Victoria.1998.‘Definitions.’ Firearms Act 1996 No. 66 of 1996 (Version No. 080, as of 1 December 2015).Melbourne:Department of Justice, Victoria,31 January. (Q2608)Full Citation

216.

Queensland.1990.‘Fit and Proper Person - Licensees.’ Weapons Act 1990 (As in force on 20 November 2015).Brisbane:Office of the Queensland Parliamentary Counsel,19 September. (Q2675)Full Citation

217.

Northern Territory.1997.‘General Restrictions on Grant of Licence.’ Firearms Act 1997 (Reprint, as in force at 1 May 2016).Darwin:Northern Territory Government,13 March. (Q2762)Full Citation

218.

South Australia.1977.‘Interpretation.’ Firearms Act 1977 (Version: 7.2.2014).Adelaide:Parliament of South Australia,12 May. (Q2881)Full Citation

219.

Western Australia.1973.‘Exercise of Commissioner's Discretion.’ Firearms Act 1973 (Version 05-00-00, reprinted under the Reprints Act 1984 as at 13 February 2015).Perth:State Law Publisher,18 October. (Q2748)Full Citation

220.

Australian Capital Territory.2008.‘Shooting Clubs, Conditions of Approval.’ Firearms Regulation 2008 (SL2008-55, Republication No 13, effective 1 December 2015).Canberra:ACT Parliamentary Counsel,22 December. (Q2664)Full Citation

221.

Victoria.1998.‘Approved Firearms Collectors Clubs - Requirements as to Members and Former Members.’ Firearms Act 1996 No. 66 of 1996 (Version No. 080, as of 1 December 2015).Melbourne:Department of Justice, Victoria,31 January. (Q2668)Full Citation

222.

Queensland.1996.‘Category H Weapons - Club Letter Certifying Need for Weapon.’ Weapons Regulation 1996 (As in force on 1 July 2015).Brisbane:Office of the Queensland Parliamentary Counsel,19 December. (Q2734)Full Citation

223.

Northern Territory.1997.‘Restriction on Grant of Category H Sports Shooter's Licence.’ Firearms Act 1997 (Reprint, as in force at 1 May 2016).Darwin:Northern Territory Government,13 March. (Q2763)Full Citation

224.

Australian Capital Territory.1996.‘Adult Firearms Licences - Mandatory Suspension.’ Australian Capital Territory Firearms Act 1996 (A1996-74 - Republication No.45, effective 27 April 2016).Canberra:ACT Parliamentary Counsel,1 January. (Q2543)Full Citation

225.

New South Wales.1996.‘Suspension of Licence.’ Firearms Act 1996 No 46 (Act Current to 24 November 2015).Sydney:New South Wales Government,28 June. (Q2576)Full Citation

226.

Victoria.1998.‘Surrender of Firearms and Licence Document.’ Firearms Act 1996 No. 66 of 1996 (Version No. 080, as of 1 December 2015).Melbourne:Department of Justice, Victoria,31 January. (Q2667)Full Citation

227.

Northern Territory.1997.‘Suspension on Making of Interim Domestic Violence Order.’ Firearms Act 1997 (Reprint, as in force at 1 May 2016).Darwin:Northern Territory Government,13 March. (Q2779)Full Citation

228.

Western Australia.1973.‘Disqualification by Court Imposing Violence Restraining Order.’ Firearms Act 1973 (Version 05-00-00, reprinted under the Reprints Act 1984 as at 13 February 2015).Perth:State Law Publisher,18 October. (Q3052)Full Citation

229.

Australia.1996.‘Training as a Prerequisite for Licensing.’ Special Firearms Meeting - the 'Nationwide Agreement on Firearms'.Canberra:Australasian Police Ministers' Council,10 May. (Q2585)Full Citation

230.

Australian Capital Territory.1996.‘Adult Firearms Licences - Refusal.’ Australian Capital Territory Firearms Act 1996 (A1996-74 - Republication No.45, effective 27 April 2016).Canberra:ACT Parliamentary Counsel,1 January. (Q2518)Full Citation

231.

Tasmania.1996.‘Safety Courses.’ Firearms Act 1996 (Act as at 4 November 2015).Hobart:Legislative Council and House of Assembly,30 August. (Q2998)Full Citation

232.

Victoria.1998.‘General Discretion of Chief Commissioner to Refuse a Longarm or Handgun Licence.’ Firearms Act 1996 No. 66 of 1996 (Version No. 080, as of 1 December 2015).Melbourne:Department of Justice, Victoria,31 January. (Q2618)Full Citation

233.

Queensland.1990.‘Adequate Knowledge of Weapon.’ Weapons Act 1990 (As in force on 20 November 2015).Brisbane:Office of the Queensland Parliamentary Counsel,19 September. (Q2674)Full Citation

234.

South Australia.2008.‘Training and Examinations.’ Firearms Regulations 2008 (Version: 1.7.2015).Adelaide:Parliament of South Australia,1 September. (Q2913)Full Citation

235.

Western Australia.1973.‘Training Courses.’ Firearms Act 1973 (Version 05-00-00, reprinted under the Reprints Act 1984 as at 13 February 2015).Perth:State Law Publisher,18 October. (Q2747)Full Citation

236.

Australian Capital Territory.2008.‘Adult Licences, Period.’ Firearms Regulation 2008 (SL2008-55, Republication No 13, effective 1 December 2015).Canberra:ACT Parliamentary Counsel,22 December. (Q2625)Full Citation

237.

New South Wales.2006.‘Term of Licence.’ Firearms Regulation 2006 (2006-512, as at 1 January 2014).Sydney:New South Wales Government,1 September. (Q2587)Full Citation

238.

Tasmania.2006.‘Period of Licences.’ Firearms Regulations 2006 (Regulations as of 4 November 2015).Hobart:Governor of the State of Tasmania,16 October. (Q3002)Full Citation

239.

Victoria.1998.‘Duration of Licence.’ Firearms Act 1996 No. 66 of 1996 (Version No. 080, as of 1 December 2015).Melbourne:Department of Justice, Victoria,31 January. (Q2622)Full Citation

240.

Queensland.1990.‘Term of Licence.’ Weapons Act 1990 (As in force on 20 November 2015).Brisbane:Office of the Queensland Parliamentary Counsel,19 September. (Q2679)Full Citation

241.

Northern Territory.1997.‘Period of Licence.’ Firearms Act 1997 (Reprint, as in force at 1 May 2016).Darwin:Northern Territory Government,13 March. (Q2766)Full Citation

242.

South Australia.1977.‘Term and Renewal of Licence.’ Firearms Act 1977 (Version: 7.2.2014).Adelaide:Parliament of South Australia,12 May. (Q2894)Full Citation

243.

Western Australia.1973.‘Duration and Renewal of Licences.’ Firearms Act 1973 (Version 05-00-00, reprinted under the Reprints Act 1984 as at 13 February 2015).Perth:State Law Publisher,18 October. (Q2745)Full Citation

244.

New South Wales.1996.‘Register of Firearms.’ Firearms Act 1996 No 46 (Act Current to 24 November 2015).Sydney:New South Wales Government,28 June. (Q2500)Full Citation

245.

Australian Capital Territory.1996.‘Contents of Register.’ Australian Capital Territory Firearms Act 1996 (A1996-74 - Republication No.45, effective 27 April 2016).Canberra:ACT Parliamentary Counsel,1 January. (Q2563)Full Citation

246.

Queensland.1990.‘Commissioner to Maintain Firearms Register.’ Weapons Act 1990 (As in force on 20 November 2015).Brisbane:Office of the Queensland Parliamentary Counsel,19 September. (Q2684)Full Citation

247.

Victoria.1998.‘Keeping of Register.’ Firearms Act 1996 No. 66 of 1996 (Version No. 080, as of 1 December 2015).Melbourne:Department of Justice, Victoria,31 January. (Q2641)Full Citation

248.

Victoria.1998.‘Certificate of Registration.’ Firearms Act 1996 No. 66 of 1996 (Version No. 080, as of 1 December 2015).Melbourne:Department of Justice, Victoria,31 January. (Q2642)Full Citation

249.

Northern Territory.1997.‘Register.’ Firearms Act 1997 (Reprint, as in force at 1 May 2016).Darwin:Northern Territory Government,13 March. (Q2760)Full Citation

250.

Western Australia.1974.‘Register.’ Firearms Regulations 1974 (Version 07-d0-01, as at 22 July 2015).Perth:State Law Publisher,1 July. (Q2834)Full Citation

251.

South Australia.1977.‘Registers.’ Firearms Act 1977 (Version: 7.2.2014).Adelaide:Parliament of South Australia,12 May. (Q2883)Full Citation

252.

Tasmania.1996.‘Register of Firearms.’ Firearms Act 1996 (Act as at 4 November 2015).Hobart:Legislative Council and House of Assembly,30 August. (Q2976)Full Citation

253.

Parker, Sarah.2011.‘Balancing Act: Regulation of Civilian Firearm Possession.’ Small Arms Survey 2011: States of Security.Cambridge:Cambridge University Press,6 July. (Q5380)Full Citation

254.

Australia.1996.‘Permit to Acquire.’ Special Firearms Meeting - the 'Nationwide Agreement on Firearms'.Canberra:Australasian Police Ministers' Council,10 May. (Q2583)Full Citation

255.

Australian Capital Territory.1996.‘Permits to Acquire - Applications.’ Australian Capital Territory Firearms Act 1996 (A1996-74 - Republication No.45, effective 27 April 2016).Canberra:ACT Parliamentary Counsel,1 January. (Q2560)Full Citation

256.

New South Wales.1996.‘Licence Categories and Authority Conferred by Licence - Category C.’ Firearms Act 1996 No 46 (Act Current to 24 November 2015).Sydney:New South Wales Government,28 June. (Q2482)Full Citation

257.

Tasmania.1996.‘Application for Permit to Acquire Firearm.’ Firearms Act 1996 (Act as at 4 November 2015).Hobart:Legislative Council and House of Assembly,30 August. (Q2968)Full Citation

258.

South Australia.1977.‘Reasons for Refusal of Permit.’ Firearms Act 1977 (Version: 7.2.2014).Adelaide:Parliament of South Australia,12 May. (Q3056)Full Citation

259.

Queensland.1990.‘Limitation on Number of Concealable Firearms Particular Licensees May Acquire.’ Weapons Act 1990 (As in force on 20 November 2015).Brisbane:Office of the Queensland Parliamentary Counsel,19 September. (Q2699)Full Citation

260.

Northern Territory.1997.‘Firearms Dealer Licence.’ Firearms Act 1997 (Reprint, as in force at 1 May 2016).Darwin:Northern Territory Government,13 March. (Q2770)Full Citation

261.

Western Australia.1973.‘Genuine Reason Required in All Cases.’ Firearms Act 1973 (Version 05-00-00, reprinted under the Reprints Act 1984 as at 13 February 2015).Perth:State Law Publisher,18 October. (Q2749)Full Citation

262.

Australia.1996.‘Recording of Sales.’ Special Firearms Meeting - the 'Nationwide Agreement on Firearms'.Canberra:Australasian Police Ministers' Council,10 May. (Q985)Full Citation

263.

Australian Capital Territory.1996.‘Offence - Sale of Ammunition by Licensed Firearms Dealers.’ Australian Capital Territory Firearms Act 1996 (A1996-74 - Republication No.45, effective 27 April 2016).Canberra:ACT Parliamentary Counsel,1 January. (Q2665)Full Citation

264.

New South Wales.1996.‘Supply, Acquisition and Possession of Ammunition.’ Firearms Act 1996 No 46 (Act Current to 24 November 2015).Sydney:New South Wales Government,28 June. (Q2548)Full Citation

265.

Tasmania.2006.‘Amount of Ammunition.’ Firearms Regulations 2006 (Regulations as of 4 November 2015).Hobart:Governor of the State of Tasmania,16 October. (Q3001)Full Citation

266.

Victoria.1998.‘Possession of Cartridge Ammunition.’ Firearms Act 1996 No. 66 of 1996 (Version No. 080, as of 1 December 2015).Melbourne:Department of Justice, Victoria,31 January. (Q3055)Full Citation

267.

Queensland.1996.‘Prohibition on Possession of Particular Magazines - Category H Weapons.’ Weapons Regulation 1996 (As in force on 1 July 2015).Brisbane:Office of the Queensland Parliamentary Counsel,19 December. (Q2741)Full Citation

268.

Northern Territory.1997.‘General Conditions of Licence.’ Firearms Act 1997 (Reprint, as in force at 1 May 2016).Darwin:Northern Territory Government,13 March. (Q2765)Full Citation

269.

South Australia.2008.‘Limit on Quantity of Ammunition.’ Firearms Regulations 2008 (Version: 1.7.2015).Adelaide:Parliament of South Australia,1 September. (Q2922)Full Citation

270.

Australia.1996.‘Effective Nationwide Registration of All Firearms.’ Special Firearms Meeting - the 'Nationwide Agreement on Firearms'.Canberra:Australasian Police Ministers' Council,10 May. (Q995)Full Citation

271.

Australian Capital Territory.1996.‘Register of Firearms.’ Australian Capital Territory Firearms Act 1996 (A1996-74 - Republication No.45, effective 27 April 2016).Canberra:ACT Parliamentary Counsel,1 January. (Q2562)Full Citation

272.

Australian Capital Territory.1996.‘Offence - Inspection of Records.’ Australian Capital Territory Firearms Act 1996 (A1996-74 - Republication No.45, effective 27 April 2016).Canberra:ACT Parliamentary Counsel,1 January. (Q2568)Full Citation

273.

New South Wales.1996.‘Recording of Transactions.’ Firearms Act 1996 No 46 (Act Current to 24 November 2015).Sydney:New South Wales Government,28 June. (Q2550)Full Citation

274.

Tasmania.1996.‘Record of Dealings.’ Firearms Act 1996 (Act as at 4 November 2015).Hobart:Legislative Council and House of Assembly,30 August. (Q2988)Full Citation

275.

Victoria.1998.‘Requirement to Keep Register of Transactions.’ Firearms Act 1996 No. 66 of 1996 (Version No. 080, as of 1 December 2015).Melbourne:Department of Justice, Victoria,31 January. (Q2640)Full Citation

276.

Queensland.1990.‘Licensed Dealers and Armourers to Keep Register.’ Weapons Act 1990 (As in force on 20 November 2015).Brisbane:Office of the Queensland Parliamentary Counsel,19 September. (Q2693)Full Citation

277.

Northern Territory.1997.‘Records and Returns to be Kept by Dealers.’ Firearms Act 1997 (Reprint, as in force at 1 May 2016).Darwin:Northern Territory Government,13 March. (Q2772)Full Citation

278.

South Australia.1977.‘Records.’ Firearms Act 1977 (Version: 7.2.2014).Adelaide:Parliament of South Australia,12 May. (Q2893)Full Citation

279.

Western Australia.1973.‘Records.’ Firearms Act 1973 (Version 05-00-00, reprinted under the Reprints Act 1984 as at 13 February 2015).Perth:State Law Publisher,18 October. (Q2756)Full Citation

280.

Australia.2012.‘Record-keeping by Manufacturers.’ National Report of Australia on its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA).New York, NY:Permanent Mission of Australia to the United Nations,23 March. (Q6496)Full Citation

281.

Australia.2008.‘Accounting for Small Arms and Light Weapons.’ National Report of Australia on its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA).New York, NY:Permanent Mission of Australia to the United Nations,1 July. (Q1739)Full Citation

282.

Australia.2008.‘Accounting for Small Arms and Light Weapons.’ National Report of Australia on its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA).New York, NY:Permanent Mission of Australia to the United Nations,1 July. (Q1738)Full Citation

283.

Australian Capital Territory.1996.‘Offence - Unlawful Acquisition of Firearms.’ Australian Capital Territory Firearms Act 1996 (A1996-74 - Republication No.45, effective 27 April 2016).Canberra:ACT Parliamentary Counsel,1 January. (Q2569)Full Citation

284.

New South Wales.1996.‘Restrictions on Supply of Firearms.’ Firearms Act 1996 No 46 (Act Current to 24 November 2015).Sydney:New South Wales Government,28 June. (Q2546)Full Citation

285.

Tasmania.1996.‘Sale and Possession of Ammunition.’ Firearms Act 1996 (Act as at 4 November 2015).Hobart:Legislative Council and House of Assembly,30 August. (Q2990)Full Citation

286.

Victoria.1998.‘Prohibition on Acquisition of Firearm Except from Licensed Firearms Dealer.’ Firearms Act 1996 No. 66 of 1996 (Version No. 080, as of 1 December 2015).Melbourne:Department of Justice, Victoria,31 January. (Q2663)Full Citation

287.

Queensland.1990.‘Acquisition of Weapons.’ Weapons Act 1990 (As in force on 20 November 2015).Brisbane:Office of the Queensland Parliamentary Counsel,19 September. (Q2680)Full Citation

288.

Northern Territory.1997.‘Sale of Firearms.’ Firearms Act 1997 (Reprint, as in force at 1 May 2016).Darwin:Northern Territory Government,13 March. (Q2781)Full Citation

289.

South Australia.1977.‘Obligations of Prescribed Person.’ Firearms Act 1977 (Version: 7.2.2014).Adelaide:Parliament of South Australia,12 May. (Q2890)Full Citation

290.

Australian Capital Territory.1996.‘Offence - Firearms Dealers to be Licensed.’ Australian Capital Territory Firearms Act 1996 (A1996-74 - Republication No.45, effective 27 April 2016).Canberra:ACT Parliamentary Counsel,1 January. (Q2567)Full Citation

291.

New South Wales.1996.‘Licence Categories and Authority Conferred by Licence - Firearms Dealer Licence.’ Firearms Act 1996 No 46 (Act Current to 24 November 2015).Sydney:New South Wales Government,28 June. (Q2485)Full Citation

292.

Tasmania.1996.‘Dealing in Firearms.’ Firearms Act 1996 (Act as at 4 November 2015).Hobart:Legislative Council and House of Assembly,30 August. (Q2945)Full Citation

293.

Victoria.1998.‘Issue of Dealers Licences.’ Firearms Act 1996 No. 66 of 1996 (Version No. 080, as of 1 December 2015).Melbourne:Department of Justice, Victoria,31 January. (Q2638)Full Citation

294.

Queensland.1990.‘Dealers to be Licensed.’ Weapons Act 1990 (As in force on 20 November 2015).Brisbane:Office of the Queensland Parliamentary Counsel,19 September. (Q2692)Full Citation

295.

Northern Territory.1997.‘Restrictions on Granting Firearms Dealer Licences.’ Firearms Regulations 1997 (Reprint, as in force at 1 May 2016).Darwin:Northern Territory Government,13 March. (Q2809)Full Citation

296.

South Australia.1977.‘Requirement for Dealer's Licence.’ Firearms Act 1977 (Version: 7.2.2014).Adelaide:Parliament of South Australia,12 May. (Q2891)Full Citation

297.

Western Australia.1973.‘Licences.’ Firearms Act 1973 (Version 05-00-00, reprinted under the Reprints Act 1984 as at 13 February 2015).Perth:State Law Publisher,18 October. (Q2752)Full Citation

298.

New South Wales.1996.‘Permits to Acquire Firearms.’ Firearms Act 1996 No 46 (Act Current to 24 November 2015).Sydney:New South Wales Government,28 June. (Q2498)Full Citation

299.

Victoria.1998.‘Issue of Permit to Acquire.’ Firearms Act 1996 No. 66 of 1996 (Version No. 080, as of 1 December 2015).Melbourne:Department of Justice, Victoria,31 January. (Q2661)Full Citation

300.

Queensland.1996.‘Firearms Licence - Category C Rifle and Category C Shotgun for Occupational Rural Purpose on Rural Land.’ Weapons Regulation 1996 (As in force on 1 July 2015).Brisbane:Office of the Queensland Parliamentary Counsel,19 December. (Q2717)Full Citation

301.

Mouzos, Jenny.1999.‘International Traffic in Small Arms: An Australian Perspective.’ Trends & Issues in Crime and Criminal Justice.Canberra:Australian Institute of Criminology,1 February. (Q13194)Full Citation

302.

Mouzos, Jenny.1998.‘Small Arms Dealers.’ CSCAP Working Group on Transnational Crime Small Arms Project: An Australian Perspective.Canberra:Australian Institute of Criminology,1 October. (Q13195)Full Citation

303.

Australian Capital Territory.1996.‘When Permits to Acquire May be Issued.’ Australian Capital Territory Firearms Act 1996 (A1996-74 - Republication No.45, effective 27 April 2016).Canberra:ACT Parliamentary Counsel,1 January. (Q2561)Full Citation

304.

Tasmania.1996.‘Granting Permit.’ Firearms Act 1996 (Act as at 4 November 2015).Hobart:Legislative Council and House of Assembly,30 August. (Q2972)Full Citation

305.

Victoria.1998.‘Offence to Acquire a Firearm Without a Permit.’ Firearms Act 1996 No. 66 of 1996 (Version No. 080, as of 1 December 2015).Melbourne:Department of Justice, Victoria,31 January. (Q2660)Full Citation

306.

Queensland.1996.‘Waiting Period for Decision on Application for Permit to Acquire.’ Weapons Regulation 1996 (As in force on 1 July 2015).Brisbane:Office of the Queensland Parliamentary Counsel,19 December. (Q2739)Full Citation

307.

South Australia.1977.‘Application for Permit.’ Firearms Act 1977 (Version: 7.2.2014).Adelaide:Parliament of South Australia,12 May. (Q2888)Full Citation

308.

Western Australia.1973.‘Licensing Procedure.’ Firearms Act 1973 (Version 05-00-00, reprinted under the Reprints Act 1984 as at 13 February 2015).Perth:State Law Publisher,18 October. (Q2753)Full Citation

309.

Australian Capital Territory.2008.‘Arms Fairs, Permits to Conduct.’ Firearms Regulation 2008 (SL2008-55, Republication No 13, effective 1 December 2015).Canberra:ACT Parliamentary Counsel,22 December. (Q2636)Full Citation

310.

New South Wales.2006.‘Arms Fair Permits.’ Firearms Regulation 2006 (2006-512, as at 1 January 2014).Sydney:New South Wales Government,1 September. (Q2596)Full Citation

311.

Queensland.1990.‘Approval of Arms Fair.’ Weapons Act 1990 (As in force on 20 November 2015).Brisbane:Office of the Queensland Parliamentary Counsel,19 September. (Q2696)Full Citation

312.

South Australia.2008.‘Exemption for Certain Exhibitors.’ Firearms Regulations 2008 (Version: 1.7.2015).Adelaide:Parliament of South Australia,1 September. (Q2907)Full Citation

313.

Australia.1996.‘Uniform Standard for the Security and Storage of Firearms.’ Special Firearms Meeting - the 'Nationwide Agreement on Firearms'.Canberra:Australasian Police Ministers' Council,10 May. (Q988)Full Citation

314.

Australian Capital Territory.1996.‘Offence - Failing to Comply with Storage Requirements.’ Australian Capital Territory Firearms Act 1996 (A1996-74 - Republication No.45, effective 27 April 2016).Canberra:ACT Parliamentary Counsel,1 January. (Q2564)Full Citation

315.

New South Wales.1996.‘Safe Keeping of Firearms - General Requirement.’ Firearms Act 1996 No 46 (Act Current to 24 November 2015).Sydney:New South Wales Government,28 June. (Q2501)Full Citation

316.

Tasmania.1996.‘General Requirements.’ Firearms Act 1996 (Act as at 4 November 2015).Hobart:Legislative Council and House of Assembly,30 August. (Q2977)Full Citation

317.

Victoria.1998.‘Storage of Firearms Under Longarm and Handgun Licences.’ Firearms Act 1996 No. 66 of 1996 (Version No. 080, as of 1 December 2015).Melbourne:Department of Justice, Victoria,31 January. (Q2644)Full Citation

318.

Queensland.1990.‘Secure Storage of Weapons.’ Weapons Act 1990 (As in force on 20 November 2015).Brisbane:Office of the Queensland Parliamentary Counsel,19 September. (Q2689)Full Citation

319.

Northern Territory.1997.‘Storage and Safe Keeping Requirements.’ Firearms Act 1997 (Reprint, as in force at 1 May 2016).Darwin:Northern Territory Government,13 March. (Q2780)Full Citation

320.

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