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Argentina — Gun Facts, Figures and the Law

StockpilesGun Numbers

Civilian Guns

Number of Privately Owned Firearms

ChartThe estimated total number of guns (both licit and illicit) held by civilians in Argentina is

2017: 3,256,0001
2012: 3,600,0002 3 4 5 6

Rate of Civilian Firearm Possession per 100 Population

ChartThe estimated rate of private gun ownership (both licit and illicit) per 100 people in Argentina is

2017: 7.41
2012: 8.82 5

Number of Privately Owned Shotguns

In Argentina, the number of shotguns in civilian possession is reported to be 347,4957

Number of Privately Owned Handguns

In Argentina, the number of handguns in civilian possession is reported to be 796,8747

Number of Privately Owned Firearms - World Ranking

In a 2007 comparison of the number of privately owned guns in 178 countries, Argentina ranked at No. 198

Rate of Privately Owned Firearms per 100 Population - World Ranking

In a 2007 comparison of the rate of private gun ownership in 178 countries, Argentina ranked at No. 625

Proportion of Households with Firearms

In Argentina, the percentage of households with one or more guns is reported to be

2008: 15%6

Number of Licensed Firearm Owners

ChartThe number of licensed gun owners in Argentina is reported to be

2008: 624,7356
2006: 569,9793
1999: 450,0007

Rate of Licensed Firearm Owners per 100 Population

ChartThe rate of licensed firearm owners per 100 people in Argentina is

2008: 1.549
2006: 1.44
1999: 1.22

Number of Registered Firearms

ChartThe number of registered guns in Argentina is reported to be

2017: 1,562,3321
2010: 1,261,75810 11 12
2008: 1,123,05910 6
2007: 1,200,00013
2006: 1,185,46710 3
2001: 2,597,122

Rate of Registered Firearms per 100 Population

ChartThe rate of registered guns per 100 people in Argentina is

2010: 3.059
2008: 2.77
2007: 3.00
2006: 2.99
2001: 6.89

Estimated Number of Unregistered and Illicit Firearms

Unregistered and unlawfully held guns cannot be counted,14 but in Argentina there are estimated to be

2017: 1,693,6681

Estimated Rate of Unregistered and Illicit Firearms per 100 Population

Unregistered and unlawfully held guns cannot be counted,14 but in Argentina the rate of such firearms per 100 people is estimated to be 4.899

Government Guns

Number of Military Firearms

The defence forces of Argentina are reported to have 679,77015 firearms

Number of Law Enforcement Firearms

Police in Argentina are reported to have 391,00016 firearms

ImpactsDeath and Injury

Total Number of Gun Deaths

ChartIn Argentina, annual deaths resulting from firearms total

2015: 2,65217
2014: 2,899
2013: 2,834
2012: 2,378
2011: 2,403
2010: 2,325
2009: 2,602
2008: 2,492
2007: 2,450
2006: 2,45918 19
2005: 2,62820 19
2004: 2,84321 19
2003: 3,75222 19
2002: 4,40219
2001: 4,32219 23
2000: 3,78119
1999: 3,640
1998: 3,437
1997: 3,269
1996: 3,146
1995: 2,968
1994: 3,149
1993: 3,054
1992: 2,745
1991: 2,268
1990: 2,447
1989: 2,556
1988: 1,967
1987: 1,833
1986: 2,294
1985: 2,019
1984: 1,689
1983: 1,448
1982: 1,502
1981: 1,655
1980: 1,478

Rate of All Gun Deaths per 100,000 People

ChartIn Argentina, the annual rate of all gun deaths per 100,000 population is

2015: 6.1017
2014: 6.73
2013: 6.65
2012: 5.63
2011: 5.75
2010: 5.62
2009: 6.36
2008: 6.15
2007: 6.10
2006: 6.21
2005: 6.71
2004: 7.34
2003: 9.79
2002: 11.719
2001: 11.6
2000: 10.3
1999: 10.0
1998: 9.5
1997: 9.2
1996: 8.9
1995: 8.5
1994: 9.2
1993: 9.0
1992: 8.2
1991: 6.9
1990: 7.5
1989: 8.0
1988: 6.2
1987: 5.9
1986: 7.5
1985: 6.7
1984: 5.7
1983: 4.9
1982: 5.2
1981: 5.8
1980: 5.3

Total Number of Male Gun Deaths

ChartIn Argentina, annual male deaths resulting from firearms total

2015: 2,39217
2014: 2,622
2013: 2,549
2012: 2,144
2011: 2,119
2010: 2,048
2009: 2,313
2008: 2,186
2007: 2,139

Rate of Male Gun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn Argentina, the annual rate of male gun death per 100,000 population is

2015: 11.1317
2014: 12.32
2013: 12.10
2012: 10.28
2011: 10.27
2010: 10.03
2009: 11.45
2008: 10.93
2007: 10.80

Total Number of Female Gun Deaths

ChartIn Argentina, annual female deaths resulting from firearms total

2015: 25817
2014: 27417
2013: 280
2012: 225
2011: 279
2010: 274
2009: 284
2008: 299
2007: 308

Rate of Female Gun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn Argentina, the annual rate of female gun death per 100,000 population is

2015: 1.1717
2014: 1.26
2013: 1.30
2012: 1.05
2011: 1.32
2010: 1.31
2009: 1.37
2008: 1.46
2007: 1.51

Homicides (any method)

ChartIn Argentina, annual homicides by any means total

2016: 2,60524
2015: 2,25417
2014: 2,320
2013: 2,149
2012: 2,15225
2011: 1,808
2010: 1,868
2009: 1,833
2008: 1,834
2007: 1,795
2006: 1,959
2005: 2,03720 26 27 28 29 30
2004: 2,24821 26 27 28 29 30
2003: 2,79222 26 27 28 29 30
2002: 2,86226 27 28 29 30
2001: 2,601
2000: 2,150
1999: 2,66828
1998: 2,607
1997: 3,265
1996: 3,001
1995: 2,723

Rate of Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Argentina, the annual rate of homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2016: 5.9424
2015: 5.1817
2014: 5.39
2013: 5.04
2012: 5.1025
2011: 4.33
2010: 4.52
2009: 4.48
2008: 4.52
2007: 4.47
2006: 4.93
2005: 5.17
2004: 5.77
2003: 7.25
2002: 7.51
2001: 6.89
2000: 5.76
1999: 7.328
1998: 7.2
1997: 9.1
1996: 8.5
1995: 7.8
1994: 4.5131

Male Homicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Argentina, annual male homicides by any means total

2015: 1,95017
2014: 2,012
2013: 1,849
2012: 1,84525
2011: 1,505
2010: 1,563
2009: 1,550
2008: 1,529
2007: 1,498
2006: 1,665
2005: 1,716
2004: 1,919
2003: 2,423
2002: 2,491
2001: 2,234
2000: 1,817

Rate of Male Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Argentina, the annual rate of male homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2015: 9.0717
2014: 9.46
2013: 8.78
2012: 8.8525
2011: 7.29
2010: 7.66
2009: 7.67
2008: 7.65
2007: 7.57
2006: 8.49
2005: 8.84
2004: 9.99
2003: 12.75
2002: 13.24
2001: 12
2000: 9.86

Female Homicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Argentina, annual female homicides by any means total

2015: 30317
2014: 307
2013: 292
2012: 29925
2011: 300
2010: 303
2009: 274
2008: 298
2007: 287
2006: 293
2005: 317
2004: 321
2003: 360
2002: 364
2001: 366
2000: 332

Rate of Female Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Argentina, the annual rate of female homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2015: 1.3817
2014: 1.41
2013: 1.35
2012: 1.4025
2011: 1.42
2010: 1.45
2009: 1.32
2008: 1.45
2007: 1.41
2006: 1.45
2005: 1.59
2004: 1.63
2003: 1.84
2002: 1.88
2001: 1.91
2000: 1.76

Gun Homicides

ChartIn Argentina, annual firearm homicides total

2015: 1,28017
2014: 1,29817
2013: 1,173
2012: 1,066
2011: 831
2010: 837
2009: 885
2008: 842
2007: 753
2006: 91418 27 28 32
2005: 96820 27 28 32
2004: 1,17721 32
2003: 1,67022
2002: 1,66533
2001: 1,61733 23
2000: 1,25033
1999: 1,082
1998: 920
1997: 942
1996: 840
1995: 746
1994: 720
1993: 761
1992: 726
1991: 650
1990: 826
1989: 981
1988: 603
1987: 551
1986: 837
1985: 718
1984: 624
1983: 459
1982: 396
1981: 433
1980: 351

Rate of Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Argentina, the annual rate of firearm homicide per 100,000 population is

2015: 2.9417
2014: 3.01
2013: 2.75
2012: 2.53
2011: 1.99
2010: 2.02
2009: 2.16
2008: 2.08
2007: 1.88
2006: 2.31
2005: 2.47
2004: 3.049 32
2003: 4.369
2002: 4.38
2001: 4.299 23
2000: 3.359
1999: 2.93
1998: 2.52
1997: 2.61
1996: 2.35
1995: 2.11
1994: 2.079 34
1993: 2.219
1992: 2.14
1991: 1.94
1990: 2.50
1989: 3.01
1988: 1.88
1987: 1.74
1986: 2.69
1985: 2.34
1984: 2.06
1983: 1.54
1982: 1.35
1981: 1.50
1980: 1.24

Proportion of Homicides Committed With a Gun

ChartIn Argentina, the percentage of homicides committed with a firearm is reported to be

2013: 70%35
2012: 63%35 26
2011: 66%
2010: 64%
2009: 68%35 36
2008: 66%35 27
2007: 63%
2006: 61%
2005: 63%35 27 6
2004: 64%35
2003: 71%
2002: 74%
2001: 76%
2000: 76%
1999: 76%
1998: 76%
1997: 76%

Male Gun Homicide Victims

ChartIn Argentina, annual male firearm homicides total

2015: 1,15917
2014: 1,185
2013: 1,043
2012: 967
2011: 739
2010: 734
2009: 806
2008: 736
2007: 663

Rate of Male Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Argentina, the annual rate of male firearm homicide per 100,000 population is

2015: 5.3917
2014: 5.57
2013: 4.95
2012: 4.64
2011: 3.58
2010: 3.60
2009: 3.99
2008: 3.68
2007: 3.35

Female Gun Homicide Victims

ChartIn Argentina, annual female firearm homicides total

2015: 12117
2014: 112
2013: 127
2012: 94
2011: 92
2010: 102
2009: 76
2008: 103
2007: 88

Rate of Female Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Argentina, the annual rate of female firearm homicide per 100,000 population is

2015: 0.5517
2014: 0.51
2013: 0.59
2012: 0.44
2011: 0.43
2010: 0.49
2009: 0.37
2008: 0.50
2007: 0.43

Suicides (any method)

ChartIn Argentina, annual suicides by any means total

2015: 3,10217
2014: 3,25517
2013: 3,004
2012: 3,273
2011: 2,934
2010: 2,966
2009: 2,910
2008: 3,071
2007: 2,954
2006: 3,11918 37
2005: 3,07620 37 38
2004: 3,13721 37
2003: 3,31122 37
2002: 3,16537
2001: 3,135
2000: 2,807
1996: 2,24523

Rate of Suicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Argentina, the annual rate of suicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2015: 7.1417
2014: 7.56
2013: 7.05
2012: 7.75
2011: 7.02
2010: 7.17
2009: 7.11
2008: 7.58
2007: 7.36
2006: 7.879 37 38
2005: 7.859 37
2004: 8.10
2003: 8.64
2002: 8.437
2001: 8.4
2000: 7.6
1996: 6.299
1994: 6.7139

Male Suicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Argentina, annual male suicides by any means total

2015: 2,49217
2014: 2,56017
2013: 2,407
2012: 2,632
2011: 2,342
2010: 2,391
2009: 2,314
2008: 2,455
2007: 2,354

Rate of Male Suicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Argentina, the annual rate of male suicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2015: 11.6017
2014: 12.03
2013: 11.43
2012: 12.62
2011: 11.35
2010: 11.71
2009: 11.45
2008: 12.28
2007: 11.89

Female Suicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Argentina, annual female suicides by any means total

2015: 60817
2014: 68817
2013: 590
2012: 631
2011: 586
2010: 567
2009: 586
2008: 613
2007: 600

Rate of Female Suicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Argentina, the annual rate of female suicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2015: 2.7717
2014: 3.16
2013: 2.73
2012: 2.95
2011: 2.77
2010: 2.71
2009: 2.83
2008: 2.99
2007: 2.95

Gun Suicides

ChartIn Argentina, annual firearm suicides total

2015: 59317
2014: 50517
2013: 522
2012: 584
2011: 603
2010: 612
2009: 643
2008: 657
2007: 716
2006: 83518
2005: 85020
2004: 91921
2003: 1,03722
2002: 97133
2001: 1,07433 23
2000: 98933
1999: 924
1998: 963
1997: 861
1996: 851
1995: 882
1994: 1,042
1993: 993
1992: 979
1991: 749
1990: 821
1989: 870
1988: 712
1987: 668
1986: 893
1985: 746
1984: 639
1983: 616
1982: 702
1981: 776
1980: 674

Rate of Gun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Argentina, the annual rate of firearm suicide per 100,000 population is

2015: 1.3617
2014: 1.17
2013: 1.22
2012: 1.38
2011: 1.44
2010: 1.48
2009: 1.57
2008: 1.62
2007: 1.78
2006: 2.11
2005: 2.17
2004: 2.37
2003: 2.70
2002: 2.56
2001: 2.859 23
2000: 2.659
1999: 2.50
1998: 2.64
1997: 2.38
1996: 2.38
1995: 2.50
1994: 2.999 40
1993: 2.899
1992: 2.88
1991: 2.24
1990: 2.49
1989: 2.67
1988: 2.22
1987: 2.11
1986: 2.87
1985: 2.43
1984: 2.11
1983: 2.07
1982: 2.39
1981: 2.69
1980: 2.38

Male Gun Suicide Victims

ChartIn Argentina, annual male firearm suicides total

2015: 52917
2014: 44917
2013: 467
2012: 525
2011: 537
2010: 537
2009: 541
2008: 571
2007: 615

Rate of Male Gun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Argentina, the annual rate of male firearm suicide per 100,000 population is

2015: 2.4617
2014: 2.11
2013: 2.22
2012: 2.52
2011: 2.60
2010: 2.63
2009: 2.68
2008: 2.86
2007: 3.11

Female Gun Suicide Victims

ChartIn Argentina, annual female firearm suicides total

2015: 6217
2014: 5617
2013: 55
2012: 57
2011: 64
2010: 74
2009: 102
2008: 86
2007: 101

Rate of Female Gun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Argentina, the annual rate of female firearm suicide per 100,000 population is

2015: 0.2817
2014: 0.26
2013: 0.25
2012: 0.27
2011: 0.30
2010: 0.35
2009: 0.49
2008: 0.42
2007: 0.50

Unintentional Gun Deaths

ChartIn Argentina, annual unintentional shooting deaths total

2015: 3717
2014: 3641
2013: 16
2012: 3142 43
2011: 3044
2010: 63
2009: 22
2008: 45
2007: 118
2006: 8518
2005: 13020
2004: 18721
2003: 19122
2002: 18433
2001: 23833 23
2000: 303 33
1999: 309
1998: 305
1997: 304
1996: 79
1995: 104
1994: 111
1993: 196
1992: 111
1991: 104
1990: 122
1989: 139
1988: 205
1987: 171
1986: 134
1985: 133
1984: 148
1983: 155
1982: 190
1981: 261
1980: 205

Rate of Unintentional Gun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn Argentina, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death per 100,000 population is

2015: 0.0917
2014: 0.08
2013: 0.04
2012: 0.07
2011: 0.07
2010: 0.15
2009: 0.05
2008: 0.11
2007: 0.29
2006: 0.21
2005: 0.33
2004: 0.48
2003: 0.50
2002: 0.48
2001: 0.639 23
2000: 0.819
1999: 0.84
1998: 0.84
1997: 0.84
1996: 0.22
1995: 0.29
1994: 0.329 45
1993: 0.579
1992: 0.33
1991: 0.31
1990: 0.37
1989: 0.43
1988: 0.64
1987: 0.54
1986: 0.43
1985: 0.43
1984: 0.49
1983: 0.52
1982: 0.65
1981: 0.90
1980: 0.72

Unintentional Male Gun Deaths

ChartIn Argentina, annual unintentional male shooting deaths total

2015: 3517
2014: 3217
2013: 16
2012: 27
2011: 25
2010: 55
2009: 18
2008: 37
2007: 104

Rate of Unintentional Male Gun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn Argentina, the annual rate of unintentional male shooting death per 100,000 population is

2015: 0.1617
2014: 0.15
2013: 0.08
2012: 0.13
2011: 0.12
2010: 0.27
2009: 0.09
2008: 0.19
2007: 0.53

Unintentional Female Gun Deaths

ChartIn Argentina, annual unintentional female shooting deaths total

2015: 217
2014: 417
2013: 0
2012: 4
2011: 5
2010: 8
2009: 4
2008: 8
2007: 13

Rate of Unintentional Female Gun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn Argentina, the annual rate of unintentional female shooting death per 100,000 population is

2015: 0.0117
2014: 0.02
2012: 0.02
2011: 0.02
2010: 0.04
2009: 0.02
2008: 0.04
2007: 0.06

Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Argentina, annual shooting deaths in which the cause remains undecided total

2015: 74217
2014: 1,05817
2013: 1,121
2012: 697
2011: 939
2010: 813
2009: 1,050
2008: 945
2007: 861
2006: 62118
2005: 67820
2004: 55821
2003: 84222
2002: 1,55833
2001: 1,35333 23
2000: 1,18533
1999: 1,248
1998: 1,189
1997: 1,121
1996: 1,323
1995: 1,198
1994: 1,236
1993: 1,046
1992: 885
1991: 711
1990: 573
1989: 442
1988: 279
1987: 301
1986: 245
1985: 247
1984: 142
1983: 141
1982: 138
1981: 127
1980: 198

Rate of Gun Death from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn Argentina, the annual rate of unknown-cause shooting deaths per 100,000 population is

2015: 1.7117
2014: 2.46
2013: 2.63
2012: 1.65
2011: 2.25
2010: 1.97
2009: 2.56
2008: 2.33
2007: 2.15
2006: 1.57
2005: 1.73
2004: 1.44
2003: 2.20
2002: 4.10
2001: 3.599 23
2000: 3.179
1999: 3.38
1998: 3.26
1997: 3.11
1996: 3.71
1995: 3.40
1994: 3.559 46
1993: 3.049
1992: 2.61
1991: 2.12
1990: 1.73
1989: 1.36
1988: 0.87
1987: 0.95
1986: 0.79
1985: 0.81
1984: 0.47
1983: 0.47
1982: 0.47
1981: 0.44
1980: 0.70

Male Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Argentina, annual male shooting deaths in which the cause remains undecided total

2015: 66917
2014: 95417
2013: 1,021
2012: 625
2011: 818
2010: 722
2009: 946
2008: 839
2007: 755

Rate of Male Gun Death from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn Argentina, the annual rate of unknown-cause male shooting deaths per 100,000 population is

2015: 3.1117
2014: 4.48
2013: 4.85
2012: 3
2011: 3.96
2010: 3.54
2009: 4.68
2008: 4.20
2007: 3.81

Female Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Argentina, annual female shooting deaths in which the cause remains undecided total

2015: 7317
2014: 10217
2013: 98
2012: 70
2011: 118
2010: 90
2009: 102
2008: 102
2007: 106

Rate of Female Gun Death from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn Argentina, the annual rate of unknown-cause female shooting deaths per 100,000 population is

2015: 0.3317
2014: 0.47
2013: 0.45
2012: 0.33
2011: 0.56
2010: 0.43
2009: 0.49
2008: 0.50
2007: 0.52

Legal Intervention Gun Homicides

ChartIn Argentina, annual legal-intervention gun homicides total

2014: 217
2013: 2
2009: 2
2008: 3
2007: 2

ProductionGun Industry

Regulation of Firearm Makers

In Argentina, the manufacture of small arms, ammunition and/or their components is permitted only if the maker holds a valid licence47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 6 56

Small Arms Manufacture - World Ranking

In a classification of the world's small, medium and major firearm manufacturers, Argentina was ranked 'small'57

TransfersGun Trade and Trafficking

Firearm Exports

In Argentina, firearm and ammunition exports are limited by transfer control law47 58 59 60 61 62

Firearm Exports (Number)

ChartThe annual number of firearms exported from Argentina is reported by manufacturers to be

2018: 42,07063
2016: 77,517
2015: 46,251

Small Arms Exports (US$) - Customs

The annual value of small arms and ammunition exports from Argentina is reported by Customs to be US$18,851,00264 (2011)65 66

Small Arms Exports - World Ranking

In a comparison of the world's major/mid-level/minor/unknown small arms exporters, Argentina was categorized as 'major'67 68 69

Firearm Imports

In Argentina, firearm and ammunition imports are limited by transfer control law70 71 72 73 74 52 53 75 58 59 61 62

Firearm Imports (Number)

ChartThe annual number of firearms imported to Argentina is reported to be

2018: 23,46763
2016: 29,278
2015: 38,580
2012: 5876

Small Arms Imports (US$) - Customs

The annual value of small arms and ammunition imports to Argentina is reported by Customs to be US$21,463,33664 (2011)77 78 79 80

Smuggling Guns and Ammunition

Reports suggest that the level of firearm and ammunition smuggling in Argentina is high81

Regulation of Arms Brokers

In Argentina, the activities of arms brokers and transfer intermediaries are not specifically regulated by law82 83 84 62 85

End User Certificates

Customs regulations in Argentina include86 58 60 certification of the intended end user of any small arms or ammunition transfer, and/or a written declaration of its intended end use

Transparency of Small Arms Transfers

ChartIn its annual Small Arms Trade Transparency Barometer, the Small Arms Survey compares public reporting among major arms exporting nations on a scale from strong to weak (25 to zero). In recent years, Argentina scored

2018: 11.0087
2016: 8.0088
2014: 8.0089
2013: 8.0090
2012: 8.5091
2011: 9.0092
2010: 9.0093
2009: 8.7594
2008: 9.2595
2007: 9.0096
2006: 9.0097
2005: 10.0098
2004: 8.7599

MeasuresGun Regulation

Firearm Regulation - Guiding Policy

The regulation of guns in Argentina is categorised as restrictive100

Firearm Law

Guiding gun control legislation in Argentina includes the Firearms Act No. 20429 of 1973101 102 and its regulation, Decree No. 395/75103

Firearm Regulation Authority

Guns in Argentina are regulated by the Ministry of Defence, through the National Firearm Registry,104 the National Gendarmerie, the Naval Prefecture and the Federal and Provincial Police,105 and the National Administration of Controlled Goods106

Right to Possess Firearms

In Argentina, the right to private gun ownership is not guaranteed by law107 108

Restricted Firearms and Ammunition

In Argentina, civilians are not allowed to possess military and automatic weapons,109 large gauge shotguns with a barrel length less than 380 mm, concealed firearms or launching weapons (pencils, pens, cigar, etc.), and expanding and incendiary ammunition,110 111 with only narrow exemptions,112 113 114 as well as certain types of handguns115 116 117

Regulation of Automatic Weapons

In Argentina, private possession of fully automatic weapons is prohibited,109 110 117 with only narrow exemptions112 113 114

Regulation of Semiautomatic Assault Weapons

In Argentina, private possession of semi-automatic assault weapons is permitted under licence118 119 117

Regulation of Handguns

In Argentina, private possession of handguns (pistols and revolvers) is permitted under licence118 120 115 116

Law Regulates Long Guns

In Argentina, civilian possession of rifles and shotguns is regulated by law118 120 110 119 117

Gun Ownership and Possession

In Argentina, only licensed gun owners121 122 123 124 112 113 114 125 109 61 may lawfully acquire, possess or transfer a firearm or ammunition

Genuine Reason Required for Firearm Possession

Applicants for a gun owner’s licence in Argentina are required to establish a genuine reason to possess a firearm, for example hunting, target shooting, personal protection122 126 127

Minimum Age for Firearm Possession

The minimum age for gun ownership in Argentina is 21 years124 128

Gun Owner Background Checks

An applicant for a firearm licence in Argentina must pass a background check which considers criminal, health and mental health124 129 records

Reference Required for Firearm Licence

In Argentina, third party character references for each gun licence applicant are not required130

Partner to be Advised or Interviewed

In Argentina, licensing authorities are not required130 to conduct interviews with, or to advise an applicant's spouse, partner, or next of kin before issuing a gun licence

Domestic Violence and Firearms

Where a past history, or apprehended likelihood of family violence exists, the law in Argentina does not stipulate130 that a gun licence should be denied or revoked

Firearm Safety Training

In Argentina, an understanding of firearm safety and the law, tested in a theoretical and/or practical training course may be required129 for a firearm licence

Gun Owner Licensing Period

In Argentina, gun owners must re-apply and re-qualify for their firearm licence every five years131

Licensing Records

In Argentina, authorities maintain a record132 133 of individual civilians licensed to acquire, possess, sell or transfer a firearm or ammunition

Limit on Number of Guns

Licensed firearm owners in Argentina are permitted to possess any number of firearms130

Limit on Quantity, Type of Ammunition

Licensed firearm owners in Argentina are permitted to possess any quantity of ammunition130

Firearm Registration

Civilian Gun Registration

In Argentina, the law requires134 128 105 135 136 137 132 133 138 139 61 55 that a record of the acquisition, possession and transfer of each privately held firearm be retained in an official register

Gun Dealer Record Keeping

In Argentina, licensed firearm dealers are required140 128 54 55 to keep a record of each firearm or ammunition purchase, sale or transfer on behalf of a regulating authority

Gun Manufacturer Record Keeping

In Argentina, licensed gun makers are required48 49 128 54 55 to keep a record of each firearm produced, for inspection by a regulating authority

State-Owned Firearm Records

In Argentina, State agencies are required141 to maintain records of the storage and movement of all firearms and ammunition under their control

Gun Sales and Transfers

Regulation of Private Gun Sales

In Argentina, the private sale and transfer of firearms is prohibited unless conducted and registered by the competent local authority142 128 143 144 145 136 146

Regulation of Dealer Gun Sales

In Argentina, dealing in firearms by way of business without a valid gun dealer’s licence is unlawful140 143 74 128 52 147 148 145 53 149 136 146

Background Checks for Private Gun Sales

The buyer of a firearm in a private sale in Argentina is obliged144 148 136 124 to pass official background checks before taking possession

Background Checks for Dealer Gun Sales

The buyer of a firearm from a licensed gun dealer in Argentina is obliged144 148 136 124 to pass official background checks before taking possession

Waiting Period for Gun Possession

In Argentina, the minimum wait for a lawful firearm purchase to be completed is undetermined130

Regulation of Gun Shows

In Argentina, gun shows and temporary firearm dealing events are not regulated130 in law

Storage and Transport of Guns and Ammunition

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Private

Firearm regulations in Argentina include150 151 152 52 153 154 109 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of private firearms and ammunition by licensed gun owners

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Dealer

Firearm regulations in Argentina include150 151 52 155 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition by licensed arms dealers

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Government

Government regulations in Argentina include156 141 155 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition by state entities

Firearm and Ammunition Transport Regulations

Regulations in Argentina include150 157 53 158 159 120 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition while in transit

Marking and Tracing Guns and Ammunition

Firearm Marking

In Argentina, a unique identifying mark on each firearm is required by law160 161 48 162 163 164

Firearm Tracing

In Argentina, state authorities carry out165 132 133 163 138 139 recognised arms tracing and tracking procedures

Ballistic Record of Firearms and Ammunition

In Argentina, the ballistic characteristics of each civilian firearm and its ammunition are not130 recorded in a register

Carrying Guns

Law Regulates Firearms in Public

In Argentina, carrying a gun in a public place is regulated by law166 154

Carrying Guns Openly in Public

In Argentina, carrying a firearm in plain view in a public place is prohibited, with few exceptions166 154

Carrying Hidden Handguns in Public

In Argentina, carrying a concealed firearm in a public place is prohibited, with few exceptions166 154

Penalty for Illicit Firearm Possession

In Argentina, the maximum penalty for unlawful possession of a firearm167 is two years in prison and a fine168 169 170

Collection, Amnesty and Destruction Programmes

Authorities in Argentina are known to have171 172 173 174 175 176 implemented voluntary firearm surrender schemes, and/or weapon seizure programmes in order to reduce the number of illicit firearms in circulation

Surrendered in Gun Amnesty

In Argentina, the number of firearms voluntarily surrendered in recent arms amnesty and collection programmes is reported to be 149,147171 (2007-14)177 6

Exchanged in Gun Buyback

In Argentina, the total number of firearms exchanged for monetary or in-kind compensation during recent gun buyback and disposal programmes is reported to be 160,531178 (2007-12)179 176 173

Firearms Surrendered and Seized

ChartIn Argentina, the number of firearms voluntarily surrendered, bought back or seized by authorities is reported to be

2013: 4,218180 181
2012: 9,568
2011: 2,502
2010: 1,872
2009: 4,077181
2008: 2,501181 182
2007: 7,235
2006: 18,421
2005: 2,013
2004: 4,499

Small Arms Destroyed

ChartIn Argentina, the number of firearms destroyed following amnesty, collection and seizure programmes is reported to be

2017: 46,352183
2016: 32,320
2015: 21,253184
2014: 14,420
2013: 61,673184 171
2012: 17,878184 171 178 173
2011: 23,250184 171 185 186
2010: 20,168184 171 185 187 188
2009: 51,672184 171 185 187 188 189 138
2008: 32,825184 171 185 187 188 189 6
2007: 20,037184 171 185 187 190 189 191 13
2006: 305184 171 185 189 6
2005: 4,808184 171 185 189
2004: 11,200184 171 185 189 6
2003: 14,471
2002: 4,381184 171 185 192 189
2001: 3,925184 171 185 189
2000: 14,822
1999: 709
1998: 2,626
1996: 1,376
1995: 3,650
1994: 916
1993: 709189

Destruction and Disposal Policy

In Argentina, it is state policy193 194 to destroy surplus, collected and seized firearms rather than return them to the secondary arms market

MeasuresInternational Controls

Regional Agreements

Organization of American States

On 14 November 1997, as a member of the Organisation of American States (OAS), Argentina adopted the Inter-American Convention against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, Explosives, Ammunition and Other Related Materials (CIFTA), a legally binding multilateral treaty of which the OAS is depository. The CIFTA Convention has since been signed and ratified195 196 by Argentina

United Nations Commission on Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice

The UNCCPCJ, a subsidiary body of the Economic and Social Council mandated to promote action to prevent national and transnational crime, lists197 Argentina as an elected member

Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development

The Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development, a diplomatic initiative aimed at addressing the interrelations between armed violence and development, was signed in 2007198 by Argentina.

Arms Trade Treaty

The Arms Trade Treaty has been signed and ratified199 by Argentina

United Nations Firearms Protocol

The United Nations Protocol against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, Their Parts and Components and Ammunition has been signed and ratified200 by Argentina

United Nations Small Arms Programme of Action UNPoA

UNPoA Commitment

On 21 July 2001, Argentina committed to a consensus decision of the United Nations to adopt, support and implement the UN Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects201

UNPoA Implementation Monitor Score

In its UN small arms Programme of Action Implementation Monitor (PoAIM Phase 1), the Small Arms Survey scored Argentina against its commitments to the PoA, then ranked it at No. 37202 203 204 205 among 159 Member States

UNPoA National Reporting

Under the terms of its 2001 commitment to the United Nations small arms Programme of Action, Argentina has submitted one or more national reports206 85 on its implementation of the UNPoA

UNPoA National Point of Contact

In Argentina, a National Point of Contact to deal with issues relating to the UNPoA has been designated207 85

UNPoA National Coordinating Body

In Argentina, a National Coordinating Body to deal with issues relating to the UNPoA has been designated207 85

UNPoA Civil Society Involvement and Support

In National Reports of Argentina submitted to the UN from 2001 to 2010, a history of substantive cooperation with civil society in support of UNPoA activities was apparent207 85

UNPoA International Assistance – Donor

Funds for UNPoA implementation have not been donated85 by Argentina to other UN Member States

United Nations Small Arms Register

According to the United Nations Register of Conventional Arms, Argentina has declared208 its small arms exports in one or more annual National Reports on Arms Exports.

United Nations Membership

In the UN List of Member States, Argentina has been a Member State of the United Nations since 1945209

Wassenaar Arrangement

The Wassenaar Arrangement on Export Controls and Conventional Arms and Dual-Use Goods and Technologies lists210 Argentina as a Participating State

BackgroundCountry Profile

Conflict Profile

For a profile of conflict in Argentina, select the Link icon to open an external web page from the UCDP Conflict Encyclopedia at Uppsala University

Global Peace Index

To see where Argentina ranks, select the Link icon to open an external web page at the Global Peace Index


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