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Antigua & Barbuda — Gun Facts, Figures and the Law

StockpilesGun Numbers

Civilian Guns

Number of Privately Owned Firearms

ChartThe estimated total number of guns (both licit and illicit) held by civilians in Antigua & Barbuda is

2017: 5,0001
2012: 6,0002

Rate of Civilian Firearm Possession per 100 Population

ChartThe estimated rate of private gun ownership (both licit and illicit) per 100 people in Antigua & Barbuda is

2017: 5.41
2012: 5.72

Number of Registered Firearms

ChartThe number of registered guns in Antigua & Barbuda is reported to be

2017: 1,4491
2012: 1,6713 4

Rate of Registered Firearms per 100 Population

The rate of registered guns per 100 people in Antigua & Barbuda is

2012: 1.883 5

Estimated Number of Unregistered and Illicit Firearms

Unregistered and unlawfully held guns cannot be counted,6 but in Antigua & Barbuda there are estimated to be

2017: 3,5511

Government Guns

Number of Military Firearms

The defence forces of Antigua & Barbuda are reported to have 4387 firearms

Number of Law Enforcement Firearms

Police in Antigua & Barbuda are reported to have 8008 firearms

ImpactsDeath and Injury

Total Number of Gun Deaths

ChartIn Antigua & Barbuda, annual deaths resulting from firearms total

2015: 49
2014: 139
2013: 10
2012: 8
2009: 8
2008: 10
2007: 7

Rate of All Gun Deaths per 100,000 People

ChartIn Antigua & Barbuda, the annual rate of all gun deaths per 100,000 population is

2015: 4.339
2014: 14.24
2013: 11.09
2012: 8.99
2009: 9.34
2008: 11.83
2007: 8.39

Total Number of Male Gun Deaths

ChartIn Antigua & Barbuda, annual male deaths resulting from firearms total

2015: 49
2014: 139
2013: 9
2012: 6
2009: 8
2008: 8
2007: 6

Rate of Male Gun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn Antigua & Barbuda, the annual rate of male gun death per 100,000 population is

2015: 9.149
2014: 30.06
2013: 21.06
2012: 14.21
2009: 19.65
2008: 19.89
2007: 15.10

Total Number of Female Gun Deaths

ChartIn Antigua & Barbuda, annual female deaths resulting from firearms total

2014: 09
2013: 1
2012: 2
2008: 2
2007: 1

Rate of Female Gun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn Antigua & Barbuda, the annual rate of female gun death per 100,000 population is

2013: 2.119
2012: 4.27
2008: 4.51
2007: 2.29

Homicides (any method)

ChartIn Antigua & Barbuda, annual homicides by any means total

2014: 1310
2013: 13
2012: 9
2011: 910
2010: 7
2009: 16
2008: 14
2007: 17
2006: 12
2005: 3
2004: 9
2003: 5
2002: 5
2001: 6
2000: 4

Rate of Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Antigua & Barbuda, the annual rate of homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2014: 14.2411
2013: 14.42
2012: 10.11
2011: 10.24
2010: 8.07
2009: 18.68
2008: 16.56
2007: 20.38
2006: 14.57
2005: 3.69
2004: 11.22
2003: 6.32
2002: 6.42
2001: 7.82
2000: 5.31
1995: 10.612

Male Homicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Antigua & Barbuda, annual male homicides by any means total

2014: 1211
2013: 10
2012: 7
2011: 8
2010: 5
2009: 14
2008: 12
2007: 16
2006: 8
2005: 3
2004: 5
2003: 3
2002: 4
2001: 5
2000: 4

Rate of Male Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Antigua & Barbuda, the annual rate of male homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2014: 27.7511
2013: 23.40
2012: 16.58
2011: 19.17
2010: 12.13
2009: 34.39
2008: 29.84
2007: 40.28
2006: 20.39
2005: 7.74
2004: 13.07
2003: 7.95
2002: 10.74
2001: 13.62
2000: 11.09

Female Homicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Antigua & Barbuda, annual female homicides by any means total

2014: 111
2013: 3
2012: 2
2011: 1
2010: 213
2009: 2
2008: 2
2007: 1
2006: 4
2005: 0
2004: 4
2003: 2
2002: 1
2001: 1
2000: 0

Rate of Female Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Antigua & Barbuda, the annual rate of female homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2014: 2.0811
2013: 6.33
2012: 4.27
2011: 2.17
2010: 4.39
2009: 4.45
2008: 4.51
2007: 2.29
2006: 9.28
2005: 0
2004: 9.54
2003: 4.84
2002: 2.46
2001: 2.50
2000: 0

Gun Homicides

ChartIn Antigua & Barbuda, annual firearm homicides total

2014: 09
2013: 0
2012: 0
2011: 8
2010: 310 4

Rate of Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Antigua & Barbuda, the annual rate of firearm homicide per 100,000 population is

2014: 09
2013: 0
2012: 0
2011: 9.10
2010: 3.46

Proportion of Homicides Committed With a Gun

ChartIn Antigua & Barbuda, the percentage of homicides committed with a firearm is reported to be

2014: 77%10
2013: 69%
2012: 89%
2011: 89%
2010: 43%

Male Gun Homicide Victims

ChartIn Antigua & Barbuda, annual male firearm homicides total

2015: 09
2014: 0
2013: 0
2012: 0

Female Gun Homicide Victims

ChartIn Antigua & Barbuda, annual female firearm homicides total

2015: 09
2014: 0
2013: 0
2012: 0

Suicides (any method)

ChartIn Antigua & Barbuda, annual suicides by any means total

2015: 19
2014: 09
2013: 0
2012: 0
2008: 114
2007: 1
2004: 2
2003: 1
2002: 1
2001: 2
2000: 2

Rate of Suicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Antigua & Barbuda, the annual rate of suicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2015: 1.089
2014: 09
2013: 0
2012: 0
2008: 1.214
2007: 1.20
2004: 2.514 15
2003: 1.314
2002: 1.3
2001: 2.6
2000: 2.7

Male Suicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Antigua & Barbuda, annual male suicides by any means total

2014: 09
2013: 0
2012: 0
2007: 19

Rate of Male Suicide per 100,000 People (any method)

In Antigua & Barbuda, the annual rate of male suicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2007: 2.299

Female Suicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Antigua & Barbuda, annual female suicides by any means total

2015: 19
2014: 09
2013: 0
2012: 0

Rate of Female Suicide per 100,000 People (any method)

In Antigua & Barbuda, the annual rate of female suicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2015: 2.059

Gun Suicides

ChartIn Antigua & Barbuda, annual firearm suicides total

2014: 09
2013: 0
2012: 0

Rate of Gun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Antigua & Barbuda, the annual rate of firearm suicide per 100,000 population is

2014: 09
2013: 0
2012: 0

Male Gun Suicide Victims

ChartIn Antigua & Barbuda, annual male firearm suicides total

2014: 09
2013: 0
2012: 0

Female Gun Suicide Victims

ChartIn Antigua & Barbuda, annual female firearm suicides total

2014: 09
2013: 0
2012: 0

Unintentional Gun Deaths

ChartIn Antigua & Barbuda, annual unintentional shooting deaths total

2015: 49
2014: 139
2013: 10
2012: 8
2009: 8
2008: 10
2007: 7

Rate of Unintentional Gun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn Antigua & Barbuda, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death per 100,000 population is

2015: 4.339
2014: 14.24
2013: 11.09
2012: 8.99
2009: 9.34
2008: 11.83
2007: 8.39

Unintentional Male Gun Deaths

ChartIn Antigua & Barbuda, annual unintentional male shooting deaths total

2015: 49
2014: 139
2013: 9
2012: 6
2009: 8
2008: 8
2007: 6

Rate of Unintentional Male Gun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn Antigua & Barbuda, the annual rate of unintentional male shooting death per 100,000 population is

2015: 8.229
2014: 27.06
2013: 18.98
2012: 12.82
2009: 17.81
2008: 18.06
2007: 13.73

Unintentional Female Gun Deaths

ChartIn Antigua & Barbuda, annual unintentional female shooting deaths total

2014: 09
2013: 1
2012: 2
2008: 2
2007: 1

Rate of Unintentional Female Gun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn Antigua & Barbuda, the annual rate of unintentional female shooting death per 100,000 population is

2013: 2.119
2012: 4.27
2008: 4.51
2007: 2.29

Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Antigua & Barbuda, annual shooting deaths in which the cause remains undecided total

2014: 09
2013: 0
2012: 0

Male Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Antigua & Barbuda, annual male shooting deaths in which the cause remains undecided total

2014: 09
2013: 0
2012: 0

Female Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Antigua & Barbuda, annual female shooting deaths in which the cause remains undecided total

2014: 09
2013: 0
2012: 0

ProductionGun Industry

Regulation of Firearm Makers

In Antigua & Barbuda, the manufacture of small arms, ammunition and/or their components is prohibited16 17 18 19

TransfersGun Trade and Trafficking

Firearm Exports

In Antigua & Barbuda, firearm and ammunition exports are limited by transfer control law20 21 22 23 24

Small Arms Exports (US$) - Customs

The annual value of small arms and ammunition exports from Antigua & Barbuda is reported by Customs to be US$6,30225 (2011)

Firearm Imports

In Antigua & Barbuda, firearm and ammunition imports are limited by transfer control law26 20 21 22 27 23

Firearm Imports (Number)

The annual number of firearms imported to Antigua & Barbuda is reported to be

2006: 17728

Small Arms Imports (US$) - Customs

The annual value of small arms and ammunition imports to Antigua & Barbuda is reported by Customs to be US$45,69125 (2011)

Smuggling Guns and Ammunition

Reports suggest that the level of firearm and ammunition smuggling in Antigua & Barbuda is moderate29

Regulation of Arms Brokers

In Antigua & Barbuda, the activities of arms brokers and transfer intermediaries are specifically regulated by law30 24

End User Certificates

Customs regulations in Antigua & Barbuda include22 31 certification of the intended end user of any small arms or ammunition transfer, and/or a written declaration of its intended end use

MeasuresGun Regulation

Firearm Regulation - Guiding Policy

The regulation of guns in Antigua & Barbuda is categorised as restrictive32

Firearm Law

Guiding gun control legislation in Antigua & Barbuda includes the Firearms Act of 1973,33 and Law No. 2042934

Firearm Regulation Authority

Guns in Antigua & Barbuda are regulated by the Commissioner of Police and the Governor-General26 35 36 37 38

Right to Possess Firearms

In Antigua & Barbuda, the right to private gun ownership is not guaranteed by law39 40 41

Restricted Firearms and Ammunition

In Antigua & Barbuda, civilians are not allowed to possess automatic firearms33 42 26 4

Regulation of Automatic Weapons

In Antigua & Barbuda, private possession of fully automatic weapons is prohibited33 42 26 4

Regulation of Semiautomatic Assault Weapons

In Antigua & Barbuda, private possession of semi-automatic assault weapons is permitted under licence33 42 26 41

Regulation of Handguns

In Antigua & Barbuda, private possession of handguns (pistols and revolvers) is permitted under licence33 42 26 41

Gun Ownership and Possession

In Antigua & Barbuda, only licensed gun owners42 38 26 35 may lawfully acquire, possess or transfer a firearm or ammunition

Genuine Reason Required for Firearm Possession

Applicants for a gun owner’s licence in Antigua & Barbuda are required to establish a genuine reason to possess a firearm, for example hunting, animal control, self-defence37 26

Minimum Age for Firearm Possession

The minimum age for gun ownership in Antigua & Barbuda is 18 years43

Gun Owner Background Checks

An applicant for a firearm licence in Antigua & Barbuda must pass a background check which considers criminal, mental health and addiction26 35 33 records

Reference Required for Firearm Licence

In Antigua & Barbuda, third party character references for each gun licence applicant are not required41

Partner to be Advised or Interviewed

In Antigua & Barbuda, licensing authorities are not required41 to conduct interviews with, or to advise an applicant's spouse, partner, or next of kin before issuing a gun licence

Domestic Violence and Firearms

Where a past history, or apprehended likelihood of family violence exists, the law in Antigua & Barbuda does not stipulate41 that a gun licence should be denied or revoked

Firearm Safety Training

In Antigua & Barbuda, an understanding of firearm safety and the law, tested in a theoretical and/or practical training course is required26 for a firearm licence

Gun Owner Licensing Period

In Antigua & Barbuda gun owners are licensed for an indefinite period or until the licence is revoked or otherwise terminated26

Licensing Records

In Antigua & Barbuda, authorities maintain a record44 of individual civilians licensed to acquire, possess, sell or transfer a firearm or ammunition

Limit on Number of Guns

Licensed firearm owners in Antigua & Barbuda are permitted to possess any number of firearms41

Limit on Quantity, Type of Ammunition

Licensed firearm owners in Antigua & Barbuda are permitted to possess any quantity of ammunition41

Firearm Registration

Civilian Gun Registration

In Antigua & Barbuda, the law requires45 46 44 that a record of the acquisition, possession and transfer of each privately held firearm be retained in an official register

Gun Dealer Record Keeping

In Antigua & Barbuda, licensed firearm dealers are required45 23 44 to keep a record of each firearm or ammunition purchase, sale or transfer on behalf of a regulating authority

Gun Manufacturer Record Keeping

In Antigua & Barbuda, licensed gun makers are required45 19 44 to keep a record of each firearm produced, for inspection by a regulating authority

State-Owned Firearm Records

In Antigua & Barbuda, State agencies are required46 47 to maintain records of the storage and movement of all firearms and ammunition under their control

Gun Sales and Transfers

Regulation of Dealer Gun Sales

In Antigua & Barbuda, dealing in firearms by way of business without a valid gun dealer’s licence is unlawful48 43 35 22 24

Background Checks for Dealer Gun Sales

The buyer of a firearm from a licensed gun dealer in Antigua & Barbuda is obliged43 to pass official background checks before taking possession

Waiting Period for Gun Possession

In Antigua & Barbuda, the minimum wait for a lawful firearm purchase to be completed is undetermined41

Regulation of Gun Shows

In Antigua & Barbuda, gun shows and temporary firearm dealing events are not regulated41 in law

Storage and Transport of Guns and Ammunition

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Private

Firearm regulations in Antigua & Barbuda do not include41 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of private firearms and ammunition by licensed gun owners

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Dealer

Firearm regulations in Antigua & Barbuda do not include41 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition by licensed arms dealers

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Government

Government regulations in Antigua & Barbuda include47 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition by state entities

Firearm and Ammunition Transport Regulations

Regulations in Antigua & Barbuda include21 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition while in transit

Marking and Tracing Guns and Ammunition

Firearm Marking

In Antigua & Barbuda, a unique identifying mark on each firearm is required by law49 19 27 44

Firearm Tracing

In Antigua & Barbuda, state authorities carry out50 51 recognised arms tracing and tracking procedures

Ballistic Record of Firearms and Ammunition

In Antigua & Barbuda, the ballistic characteristics of each civilian firearm and its ammunition are not41 recorded in a register

Carrying Guns

Law Regulates Firearms in Public

In Antigua & Barbuda, carrying a gun in a public place is regulated by law52 37

Carrying Guns Openly in Public

In Antigua & Barbuda, carrying a firearm in plain view in a public place is allowed, subject to a valid permit52

Carrying Hidden Handguns in Public

In Antigua & Barbuda, carrying a concealed firearm in a public place is allowed, subject to a valid permit52 37

Collection, Amnesty and Destruction Programmes

Authorities in Antigua & Barbuda are known to have53 implemented voluntary firearm surrender schemes, and/or weapon seizure programmes in order to reduce the number of illicit firearms in circulation

Small Arms Destroyed

ChartIn Antigua & Barbuda, the number of firearms destroyed following amnesty, collection and seizure programmes is reported to be

2017: 1154
2016: 2
2009: 34253

Destruction and Disposal Policy

In Antigua & Barbuda, it is state policy47 55 53 to destroy surplus, collected and seized firearms rather than return them to the secondary arms market

MeasuresInternational Controls

Regional Agreements

Organization of American States

On 14 November 1997, as a member of the Organisation of American States (OAS), Antigua & Barbuda adopted the Inter-American Convention against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, Explosives, Ammunition and Other Related Materials (CIFTA), a legally binding multilateral treaty of which the OAS is depository. The CIFTA Convention has since been signed and ratified56 57 by Antigua & Barbuda

Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development

The Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development, a diplomatic initiative aimed at addressing the interrelations between armed violence and development, was not signed58 by Antigua & Barbuda.

Arms Trade Treaty

The Arms Trade Treaty has been signed and ratified59 by Antigua & Barbuda

United Nations Firearms Protocol

The United Nations Protocol against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, Their Parts and Components and Ammunition has been signed and ratified60 by Antigua & Barbuda

United Nations Small Arms Programme of Action UNPoA

UNPoA Commitment

On 21 July 2001, Antigua & Barbuda committed to a consensus decision of the United Nations to adopt, support and implement the UN Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects61

UNPoA Implementation Monitor Score

In its UN small arms Programme of Action Implementation Monitor (PoAIM Phase 1), the Small Arms Survey scored Antigua & Barbuda against its commitments to the PoA, then ranked it at No. 6462 63 64 65 among 159 Member States

UNPoA National Reporting

Under the terms of its 2001 commitment to the United Nations small arms Programme of Action, Antigua & Barbuda has submitted one or more national reports66 67 on its implementation of the UNPoA

UNPoA National Point of Contact

In Antigua & Barbuda, a National Point of Contact to deal with issues relating to the UNPoA has been designated68 67

UNPoA International Assistance – Donor

Funds for UNPoA implementation have not been donated67 by Antigua & Barbuda to other UN Member States

United Nations Small Arms Register

According to the United Nations Register of Conventional Arms, Antigua & Barbuda has declared69 its small arms exports in one or more annual National Reports on Arms Exports.

United Nations Membership

In the UN List of Member States, Antigua & Barbuda has been a Member State of the United Nations since 198170

Wassenaar Arrangement

The Wassenaar Arrangement on Export Controls and Conventional Arms and Dual-Use Goods and Technologies does not list71 Antigua & Barbuda as a Participating State

BackgroundCountry Profile

Conflict Profile

For a profile of conflict in Antigua & Barbuda, select the Link icon to open an external web page from the UCDP Conflict Encyclopedia at Uppsala University


Short References

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