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Antigua & Barbuda — Gun Facts, Figures and the Law

StockpilesGun Numbers

Civilian Guns

Number of Privately Owned Firearms

ChartThe estimated total number of guns (both licit and illicit) held by civilians in Antigua & Barbuda is

2017: 5,0001
2012: 6,0002

Rate of Civilian Firearm Possession per 100 Population

ChartThe estimated rate of private gun ownership (both licit and illicit) per 100 people in Antigua & Barbuda is

2017: 5.41
2012: 5.72

Number of Registered Firearms

ChartThe number of registered guns in Antigua & Barbuda is reported to be

2017: 1,4491
2012: 1,6713 4

Rate of Registered Firearms per 100 Population

The rate of registered guns per 100 people in Antigua & Barbuda is

2012: 1.883 5

Estimated Number of Unregistered and Illicit Firearms

Unregistered and unlawfully held guns cannot be counted,6 but in Antigua & Barbuda there are estimated to be

2017: 3,5511

Government Guns

Number of Military Firearms

The defence forces of Antigua & Barbuda are reported to have 4387 firearms

Number of Law Enforcement Firearms

Police in Antigua & Barbuda are reported to have 8008 firearms

ImpactsDeath and Injury

Total Number of Gun Deaths

ChartIn Antigua & Barbuda, annual deaths resulting from firearms total

2015: 49
2014: 139
2013: 10
2012: 8
2009: 8
2008: 10
2007: 7

Rate of All Gun Deaths per 100,000 People

ChartIn Antigua & Barbuda, the annual rate of all gun deaths per 100,000 population is

2015: 4.339
2014: 14.24
2013: 11.09
2012: 8.99
2009: 9.34
2008: 11.83
2007: 8.39

Total Number of Male Gun Deaths

ChartIn Antigua & Barbuda, annual male deaths resulting from firearms total

2015: 49
2014: 139
2013: 9
2012: 6
2009: 8
2008: 8
2007: 6

Rate of Male Gun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn Antigua & Barbuda, the annual rate of male gun death per 100,000 population is

2015: 9.149
2014: 30.06
2013: 21.06
2012: 14.21
2009: 19.65
2008: 19.89
2007: 15.10

Total Number of Female Gun Deaths

ChartIn Antigua & Barbuda, annual female deaths resulting from firearms total

2014: 09
2013: 1
2012: 2
2008: 2
2007: 1

Rate of Female Gun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn Antigua & Barbuda, the annual rate of female gun death per 100,000 population is

2013: 2.119
2012: 4.27
2008: 4.51
2007: 2.29

Homicides (any method)

ChartIn Antigua & Barbuda, annual homicides by any means total

2014: 1310
2013: 13
2012: 9
2011: 910
2010: 7
2009: 16
2008: 14
2007: 17
2006: 12
2005: 3
2004: 9
2003: 5
2002: 5
2001: 6
2000: 4

Rate of Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Antigua & Barbuda, the annual rate of homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2014: 14.2411
2013: 14.42
2012: 10.11
2011: 10.24
2010: 8.07
2009: 18.68
2008: 16.56
2007: 20.38
2006: 14.57
2005: 3.69
2004: 11.22
2003: 6.32
2002: 6.42
2001: 7.82
2000: 5.31
1995: 10.612

Male Homicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Antigua & Barbuda, annual male homicides by any means total

2014: 1211
2013: 10
2012: 7
2011: 8
2010: 5
2009: 14
2008: 12
2007: 16
2006: 8
2005: 3
2004: 5
2003: 3
2002: 4
2001: 5
2000: 4

Rate of Male Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Antigua & Barbuda, the annual rate of male homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2014: 27.7511
2013: 23.40
2012: 16.58
2011: 19.17
2010: 12.13
2009: 34.39
2008: 29.84
2007: 40.28
2006: 20.39
2005: 7.74
2004: 13.07
2003: 7.95
2002: 10.74
2001: 13.62
2000: 11.09

Female Homicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Antigua & Barbuda, annual female homicides by any means total

2014: 111
2013: 3
2012: 2
2011: 1
2010: 213
2009: 2
2008: 2
2007: 1
2006: 4
2005: 0
2004: 4
2003: 2
2002: 1
2001: 1
2000: 0

Rate of Female Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Antigua & Barbuda, the annual rate of female homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2014: 2.0811
2013: 6.33
2012: 4.27
2011: 2.17
2010: 4.39
2009: 4.45
2008: 4.51
2007: 2.29
2006: 9.28
2005: 0
2004: 9.54
2003: 4.84
2002: 2.46
2001: 2.50
2000: 0

Gun Homicides

ChartIn Antigua & Barbuda, annual firearm homicides total

2014: 09
2013: 0
2012: 0
2011: 8
2010: 310 4

Rate of Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Antigua & Barbuda, the annual rate of firearm homicide per 100,000 population is

2014: 09
2013: 0
2012: 0
2011: 9.10
2010: 3.46

Proportion of Homicides Committed With a Gun

ChartIn Antigua & Barbuda, the percentage of homicides committed with a firearm is reported to be

2014: 77%10
2013: 69%
2012: 89%
2011: 89%
2010: 43%

Male Gun Homicide Victims

ChartIn Antigua & Barbuda, annual male firearm homicides total

2015: 09
2014: 0
2013: 0
2012: 0

Female Gun Homicide Victims

ChartIn Antigua & Barbuda, annual female firearm homicides total

2015: 09
2014: 0
2013: 0
2012: 0

Suicides (any method)

ChartIn Antigua & Barbuda, annual suicides by any means total

2016: 014
2015: 19
2014: 09
2013: 0
2012: 0
2010: 0
2008: 115
2007: 1
2004: 2
2003: 1
2002: 1
2001: 2
2000: 2

Rate of Suicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Antigua & Barbuda, the annual rate of suicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2016: 014
2015: 1.08
2014: 09
2013: 0
2012: 0
2010: 0
2008: 1.215
2007: 1.20
2004: 2.515 16
2003: 1.315
2002: 1.3
2001: 2.6
2000: 2.65

Male Suicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Antigua & Barbuda, annual male suicides by any means total

2014: 09
2013: 0
2012: 0
2007: 19

Rate of Male Suicide per 100,000 People (any method)

In Antigua & Barbuda, the annual rate of male suicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2007: 2.299

Female Suicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Antigua & Barbuda, annual female suicides by any means total

2015: 19
2014: 09
2013: 0
2012: 0

Rate of Female Suicide per 100,000 People (any method)

In Antigua & Barbuda, the annual rate of female suicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2015: 2.059

Gun Suicides

ChartIn Antigua & Barbuda, annual firearm suicides total

2014: 09
2013: 0
2012: 0

Rate of Gun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Antigua & Barbuda, the annual rate of firearm suicide per 100,000 population is

2014: 09
2013: 0
2012: 0

Male Gun Suicide Victims

ChartIn Antigua & Barbuda, annual male firearm suicides total

2014: 09
2013: 0
2012: 0

Female Gun Suicide Victims

ChartIn Antigua & Barbuda, annual female firearm suicides total

2014: 09
2013: 0
2012: 0

Unintentional Gun Deaths

ChartIn Antigua & Barbuda, annual unintentional shooting deaths total

2015: 49
2014: 139
2013: 10
2012: 8
2009: 8
2008: 10
2007: 7

Rate of Unintentional Gun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn Antigua & Barbuda, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death per 100,000 population is

2015: 4.339
2014: 14.24
2013: 11.09
2012: 8.99
2009: 9.34
2008: 11.83
2007: 8.39

Unintentional Male Gun Deaths

ChartIn Antigua & Barbuda, annual unintentional male shooting deaths total

2015: 49
2014: 139
2013: 9
2012: 6
2009: 8
2008: 8
2007: 6

Rate of Unintentional Male Gun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn Antigua & Barbuda, the annual rate of unintentional male shooting death per 100,000 population is

2015: 8.229
2014: 27.06
2013: 18.98
2012: 12.82
2009: 17.81
2008: 18.06
2007: 13.73

Unintentional Female Gun Deaths

ChartIn Antigua & Barbuda, annual unintentional female shooting deaths total

2014: 09
2013: 1
2012: 2
2008: 2
2007: 1

Rate of Unintentional Female Gun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn Antigua & Barbuda, the annual rate of unintentional female shooting death per 100,000 population is

2013: 2.119
2012: 4.27
2008: 4.51
2007: 2.29

Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Antigua & Barbuda, annual shooting deaths in which the cause remains undecided total

2014: 09
2013: 0
2012: 0

Male Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Antigua & Barbuda, annual male shooting deaths in which the cause remains undecided total

2014: 09
2013: 0
2012: 0

Female Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Antigua & Barbuda, annual female shooting deaths in which the cause remains undecided total

2014: 09
2013: 0
2012: 0

ProductionGun Industry

Regulation of Firearm Makers

In Antigua & Barbuda, the manufacture of small arms, ammunition and/or their components is prohibited17 18 19 20

TransfersGun Trade and Trafficking

Firearm Exports

In Antigua & Barbuda, firearm and ammunition exports are limited by transfer control law21 22 23 24 25

Small Arms Exports (US$) - Customs

The annual value of small arms and ammunition exports from Antigua & Barbuda is reported by Customs to be US$6,30226 (2011)

Firearm Imports

In Antigua & Barbuda, firearm and ammunition imports are limited by transfer control law27 21 22 23 28 24

Firearm Imports (Number)

The annual number of firearms imported to Antigua & Barbuda is reported to be

2006: 17729

Small Arms Imports (US$) - Customs

The annual value of small arms and ammunition imports to Antigua & Barbuda is reported by Customs to be US$45,69126 (2011)

Smuggling Guns and Ammunition

Reports suggest that the level of firearm and ammunition smuggling in Antigua & Barbuda is moderate30

Regulation of Arms Brokers

In Antigua & Barbuda, the activities of arms brokers and transfer intermediaries are specifically regulated by law31 25

End User Certificates

Customs regulations in Antigua & Barbuda include23 32 certification of the intended end user of any small arms or ammunition transfer, and/or a written declaration of its intended end use

MeasuresGun Regulation

Firearm Regulation - Guiding Policy

The regulation of guns in Antigua & Barbuda is categorised as restrictive33

Firearm Law

Guiding gun control legislation in Antigua & Barbuda includes the Firearms Act of 1973,34 and Law No. 2042935

Firearm Regulation Authority

Guns in Antigua & Barbuda are regulated by the Commissioner of Police and the Governor-General27 36 37 38 39

Right to Possess Firearms

In Antigua & Barbuda, the right to private gun ownership is not guaranteed by law40 41 42

Restricted Firearms and Ammunition

In Antigua & Barbuda, civilians are not allowed to possess automatic firearms34 43 27 4

Regulation of Automatic Weapons

In Antigua & Barbuda, private possession of fully automatic weapons is prohibited34 43 27 4

Regulation of Semiautomatic Assault Weapons

In Antigua & Barbuda, private possession of semi-automatic assault weapons is permitted under licence34 43 27 42

Regulation of Handguns

In Antigua & Barbuda, private possession of handguns (pistols and revolvers) is permitted under licence34 43 27 42

Gun Ownership and Possession

In Antigua & Barbuda, only licensed gun owners43 39 27 36 may lawfully acquire, possess or transfer a firearm or ammunition

Genuine Reason Required for Firearm Possession

Applicants for a gun owner’s licence in Antigua & Barbuda are required to establish a genuine reason to possess a firearm, for example hunting, animal control, self-defence38 27

Minimum Age for Firearm Possession

The minimum age for gun ownership in Antigua & Barbuda is 18 years44

Gun Owner Background Checks

An applicant for a firearm licence in Antigua & Barbuda must pass a background check which considers criminal, mental health and addiction27 36 34 records

Reference Required for Firearm Licence

In Antigua & Barbuda, third party character references for each gun licence applicant are not required42

Partner to be Advised or Interviewed

In Antigua & Barbuda, licensing authorities are not required42 to conduct interviews with, or to advise an applicant's spouse, partner, or next of kin before issuing a gun licence

Domestic Violence and Firearms

Where a past history, or apprehended likelihood of family violence exists, the law in Antigua & Barbuda does not stipulate42 that a gun licence should be denied or revoked

Firearm Safety Training

In Antigua & Barbuda, an understanding of firearm safety and the law, tested in a theoretical and/or practical training course is required27 for a firearm licence

Gun Owner Licensing Period

In Antigua & Barbuda gun owners are licensed for an indefinite period or until the licence is revoked or otherwise terminated27

Licensing Records

In Antigua & Barbuda, authorities maintain a record45 of individual civilians licensed to acquire, possess, sell or transfer a firearm or ammunition

Limit on Number of Guns

Licensed firearm owners in Antigua & Barbuda are permitted to possess any number of firearms42

Limit on Quantity, Type of Ammunition

Licensed firearm owners in Antigua & Barbuda are permitted to possess any quantity of ammunition42

Firearm Registration

Civilian Gun Registration

In Antigua & Barbuda, the law requires46 47 45 that a record of the acquisition, possession and transfer of each privately held firearm be retained in an official register

Gun Dealer Record Keeping

In Antigua & Barbuda, licensed firearm dealers are required46 24 45 to keep a record of each firearm or ammunition purchase, sale or transfer on behalf of a regulating authority

Gun Manufacturer Record Keeping

In Antigua & Barbuda, licensed gun makers are required46 20 45 to keep a record of each firearm produced, for inspection by a regulating authority

State-Owned Firearm Records

In Antigua & Barbuda, State agencies are required47 48 to maintain records of the storage and movement of all firearms and ammunition under their control

Gun Sales and Transfers

Regulation of Dealer Gun Sales

In Antigua & Barbuda, dealing in firearms by way of business without a valid gun dealer’s licence is unlawful49 44 36 23 25

Background Checks for Dealer Gun Sales

The buyer of a firearm from a licensed gun dealer in Antigua & Barbuda is obliged44 to pass official background checks before taking possession

Waiting Period for Gun Possession

In Antigua & Barbuda, the minimum wait for a lawful firearm purchase to be completed is undetermined42

Regulation of Gun Shows

In Antigua & Barbuda, gun shows and temporary firearm dealing events are not regulated42 in law

Storage and Transport of Guns and Ammunition

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Private

Firearm regulations in Antigua & Barbuda do not include42 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of private firearms and ammunition by licensed gun owners

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Dealer

Firearm regulations in Antigua & Barbuda do not include42 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition by licensed arms dealers

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Government

Government regulations in Antigua & Barbuda include48 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition by state entities

Firearm and Ammunition Transport Regulations

Regulations in Antigua & Barbuda include22 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition while in transit

Carrying Guns

Law Regulates Firearms in Public

In Antigua & Barbuda, carrying a gun in a public place is regulated by law50 38

Carrying Guns Openly in Public

In Antigua & Barbuda, carrying a firearm in plain view in a public place is allowed, subject to a valid permit50

Carrying Hidden Handguns in Public

In Antigua & Barbuda, carrying a concealed firearm in a public place is allowed, subject to a valid permit50 38

MeasuresInternational Controls

Regional Agreements

Organization of American States

On 14 November 1997, as a member of the Organisation of American States (OAS), Antigua & Barbuda adopted the Inter-American Convention against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, Explosives, Ammunition and Other Related Materials (CIFTA), a legally binding multilateral treaty of which the OAS is depository. The CIFTA Convention has since been signed and ratified51 52 by Antigua & Barbuda

Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development

The Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development, a diplomatic initiative aimed at addressing the interrelations between armed violence and development, was not signed53 by Antigua & Barbuda.

Arms Trade Treaty

The Arms Trade Treaty has been signed and ratified54 by Antigua & Barbuda

United Nations Firearms Protocol

The United Nations Protocol against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, Their Parts and Components and Ammunition has been signed and ratified55 by Antigua & Barbuda

United Nations Small Arms Programme of Action UNPoA

UNPoA Commitment

On 21 July 2001, Antigua & Barbuda committed to a consensus decision of the United Nations to adopt, support and implement the UN Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects56

UNPoA Implementation Monitor Score

In its UN small arms Programme of Action Implementation Monitor (PoAIM Phase 1), the Small Arms Survey scored Antigua & Barbuda against its commitments to the PoA, then ranked it at No. 6457 58 59 60 among 159 Member States

UNPoA National Reporting

Under the terms of its 2001 commitment to the United Nations small arms Programme of Action, Antigua & Barbuda has submitted one or more national reports61 62 on its implementation of the UNPoA

UNPoA National Point of Contact

In Antigua & Barbuda, a National Point of Contact to deal with issues relating to the UNPoA has been designated63 62

UNPoA International Assistance – Donor

Funds for UNPoA implementation have not been donated62 by Antigua & Barbuda to other UN Member States

United Nations Small Arms Register

According to the United Nations Register of Conventional Arms, Antigua & Barbuda has declared64 its small arms exports in one or more annual National Reports on Arms Exports.

United Nations Membership

In the UN List of Member States, Antigua & Barbuda has been a Member State of the United Nations since 198165

Wassenaar Arrangement

The Wassenaar Arrangement on Export Controls and Conventional Arms and Dual-Use Goods and Technologies does not list66 Antigua & Barbuda as a Participating State

BackgroundSustainable Development Goal Profile

About SDG 16

The Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) are 17 goals set by the United Nations to be implemented by all member states by 2030. Adopted in 2015, they outline a vision of development in which peace and security are an integral part. SDG 16,67 which seeks to “promote peaceful and inclusive societies for sustainable development,” includes targets and indicators focused on reducing violence (Target 16.1) and the proliferation of illicit arms (Target 16.4). The indicators – or measurement criteria – of these targets include the number of victims of intentional homicide (Indicator 16.1.1), the number of conflict-related deaths (Indicator 16.1.2), and the number of illicit firearms collected and traced (Indicator 16.4.2). In light of these targets and indicators, GunPolicy.org provides granular national data pertaining to homicides, gun homicides, conflict deaths, disarmament efforts, and marking and tracing.

Homicides (any method)

ChartIn Antigua & Barbuda, annual homicides by any means total

2014: 1310
2013: 13
2012: 9
2011: 910
2010: 7
2009: 16
2008: 14
2007: 17
2006: 12
2005: 3
2004: 9
2003: 5
2002: 5
2001: 6
2000: 4

Rate of Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Antigua & Barbuda, the annual rate of homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2014: 14.2411
2013: 14.42
2012: 10.11
2011: 10.24
2010: 8.07
2009: 18.68
2008: 16.56
2007: 20.38
2006: 14.57
2005: 3.69
2004: 11.22
2003: 6.32
2002: 6.42
2001: 7.82
2000: 5.31
1995: 10.612

Male Homicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Antigua & Barbuda, annual male homicides by any means total

2014: 1211
2013: 10
2012: 7
2011: 8
2010: 5
2009: 14
2008: 12
2007: 16
2006: 8
2005: 3
2004: 5
2003: 3
2002: 4
2001: 5
2000: 4

Rate of Male Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Antigua & Barbuda, the annual rate of male homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2014: 27.7511
2013: 23.40
2012: 16.58
2011: 19.17
2010: 12.13
2009: 34.39
2008: 29.84
2007: 40.28
2006: 20.39
2005: 7.74
2004: 13.07
2003: 7.95
2002: 10.74
2001: 13.62
2000: 11.09

Female Homicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Antigua & Barbuda, annual female homicides by any means total

2014: 111
2013: 3
2012: 2
2011: 1
2010: 213
2009: 2
2008: 2
2007: 1
2006: 4
2005: 0
2004: 4
2003: 2
2002: 1
2001: 1
2000: 0

Rate of Female Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Antigua & Barbuda, the annual rate of female homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2014: 2.0811
2013: 6.33
2012: 4.27
2011: 2.17
2010: 4.39
2009: 4.45
2008: 4.51
2007: 2.29
2006: 9.28
2005: 0
2004: 9.54
2003: 4.84
2002: 2.46
2001: 2.50
2000: 0

Gun Homicides

ChartIn Antigua & Barbuda, annual firearm homicides total

2014: 09
2013: 0
2012: 0
2011: 8
2010: 310 4

Rate of Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Antigua & Barbuda, the annual rate of firearm homicide per 100,000 population is

2014: 09
2013: 0
2012: 0
2011: 9.10
2010: 3.46

Proportion of Homicides Committed With a Gun

ChartIn Antigua & Barbuda, the percentage of homicides committed with a firearm is reported to be

2014: 77%10
2013: 69%
2012: 89%
2011: 89%
2010: 43%

Male Gun Homicide Victims

ChartIn Antigua & Barbuda, annual male firearm homicides total

2015: 09
2014: 0
2013: 0
2012: 0

Female Gun Homicide Victims

ChartIn Antigua & Barbuda, annual female firearm homicides total

2015: 09
2014: 0
2013: 0
2012: 0

Conflict Deaths

For a profile of conflict in Antigua & Barbuda, select the Link icon to open an external web page from the UCDP Conflict Encyclopedia at Uppsala University

Disarmament

Authorities in Antigua & Barbuda are known to have68 implemented voluntary firearm surrender schemes, and/or weapon seizure programmes in order to reduce the number of illicit firearms in circulation

Firearms Surrendered and Seized

ChartIn Antigua & Barbuda, the number of firearms voluntarily surrendered, bought back or seized by authorities is reported to be

2017: 2069
2016: 36

Small Arms Destroyed

ChartIn Antigua & Barbuda, the number of firearms destroyed following amnesty, collection and seizure programmes is reported to be

2017: 1170
2016: 2
2009: 34268

Destruction and Disposal Policy

In Antigua & Barbuda, it is state policy48 71 68 to destroy surplus, collected and seized firearms rather than return them to the secondary arms market

Marking and Tracing

Firearm Marking

In Antigua & Barbuda, a unique identifying mark on each firearm is required by law72 20 28 45

Firearm Tracing

In Antigua & Barbuda, state authorities carry out73 74 recognised arms tracing and tracking procedures

Ballistic Record of Firearms and Ammunition

In Antigua & Barbuda, the ballistic characteristics of each civilian firearm and its ammunition are not42 recorded in a register


Short References

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Karp, Aaron.2018.‘Civilian Firearms Holdings, 2017.’ Estimating Global Civilian-Held Firearms Numbers.Geneva:Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva,18 June. (Q13434)Full Citation

2.

Karp, Aaron.2012.‘Estimated Civilian Gun Ownership.’ Measurement and Use of Statistical Data to Analyze Small Arms in the Caribbean and Latin America.Mexico City:United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) and the Center of Excellence, National Institute of Statistics and Geography (INEGI),28 April. (Q8972)Full Citation

3.

OAS Hemispheric Citizen Security Observatory.2012.‘Legally Registered Civilian Firearms.’ Report on Citizen Security in the Americas 2012.Washington, DC:Organisation of American States,1 July. (Q9208)Full Citation

4.

Christian, Henry.2011.‘Possession and Homicide Data 2010.’ Royal Police Force Headquarters of Antigua and Barbuda.St John's:Office of Deputy Commissioner of Police Operations,5 April. (Q4352)Full Citation

5.

GunPolicy.org.2015.‘Calculated Rates - Antigua and Barbuda.’ Historical Population Data - USCB International Data Base.Suitland, MD:US Census Bureau Population Division,19 November. (Q4353)Full Citation

6.

GunPolicy.org. 2019. ‘Estimated Number of Illicit Firearms.’ Definition and Selection Criteria.
Sydney School of Public Health, 24 January.
(G14) Full Citation

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Karp, Aaron.2018.‘Military Firearms Holdings, 2017.’ Estimating Global Military-Owned Firearms Numbers.Geneva:Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva,18 June. (Q13436)Full Citation

8.

Karp, Aaron.2018.‘Law Enforcement Firearms Holdings, 2017.’ Estimating Global Law Enforcement Firearms Numbers.Geneva:Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva,18 June. (Q13435)Full Citation

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WHO.2016.‘Inter-country Comparison of Mortality for Selected Causes of Death.’ WHO Mortality Data Base.Geneva:World Health Organisation,1 December. (Q13354)Full Citation

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Igarapé Institute.2015.‘Homicides and Homicide Rates 2000 to 2014 - Antigua and Barbuda.’ Homicide Monitor 2015.Rio de Janeiro:Igarapé Institute,24 June. (Q11094)Full Citation

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Igarapé Institute.2019.‘Homicides and Homicide Rates 2000 to 2018.’ Homicide Monitor.Rio de Janeiro:Igarapé Institute,28 June. (Q13953)Full Citation

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UNODC.2013.‘Homicide in 207 Countries - Antigua and Barbuda.’ Global Study on Homicide 2011: Trends, Context, Data.Vienna:United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime,26 June. (Q6232)Full Citation

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UNODC.2017.‘Intentional Homicide Victims by Sex.’ Crime and Drugs Data.Vienna:UNODC,19 May. (Q13356)Full Citation

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WHO.2018.‘Violent Death Estimates by Country.’ Disease Burden and Mortality Estimates: Cause-Specific Mortality, 2000–2016.Geneva:World Health Organization,1 January. (Q14136)Full Citation

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OAS Hemispheric Citizen Security Observatory.2012.‘Suicide 2000-2009.’ Report on Citizen Security in the Americas 2012.Washington, DC:Organisation of American States,1 July. (Q9206)Full Citation

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OAS Observatory on Citizen Security.2011.‘Suicide.’ Report on Citizen Security in the Americas 2011.Washington, DC:Organisation of American States,1 January. (Q5680)Full Citation

17.

Antigua and Barbuda.1973.‘Prohibition on Manufacture of Firearm or Ammunition.’ Laws of Antigua and Barbuda, Chapter 171, The Firearms Act [Act with amendments to 1989].St John's:Parliament of Antigua and Barbuda,1 May. (Q3114)Full Citation

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Antigua & Barbuda.2018.‘Manufacture.’ National Report of Antigua & Barbuda on its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA).New York NY:Permanent Mission of Antigua & Barbuda to the United Nations,1 January. (Q13619)Full Citation

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Antigua and Barbuda.2010.‘Manufacture - Laws, Regulations and Administrative Procedures.’ National Report of Antigua and Barbuda on its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA) and the International Tracing Instrument.New York, NY:Permanent Mission of Antigua and Barbuda to the United Nations,1 September. (Q3349)Full Citation

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