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Angola — Gun Facts, Figures and the Law

StockpilesGun Numbers

Civilian Guns

Number of Privately Owned Firearms

ChartThe estimated total number of guns (both licit and illicit) held by civilians in Angola is

2017: 2,982,0001
2007: 2,800,0002

Rate of Civilian Firearm Possession per 100 Population

ChartThe estimated rate of private gun ownership (both licit and illicit) per 100 people in Angola is

2017: 11.21
2007: 17.32

Number of Privately Owned Firearms - World Ranking

In a 2007 comparison of the number of privately owned guns in 178 countries, Angola ranked at No. 283

Rate of Privately Owned Firearms per 100 Population - World Ranking

In a 2007 comparison of the rate of private gun ownership in 178 countries, Angola ranked at No. 342

Government Guns

Number of Military Firearms

The defence forces of Angola are reported to have 203,3004 firearms

Number of Law Enforcement Firearms

Police in Angola are reported to have 60,0005 firearms

ImpactsDeath and Injury

Homicides (any method)

ChartIn Angola, annual homicides by any means total

2015: 2,4146
2012: 1,2176
2011: 1,055
2010: 2,2276
2008: 3,4267

Rate of Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Angola, the annual rate of homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2015: 9.656
2012: 4.85
2011: 4.36
2010: 10.49
2008: 19.07
2004: 20.608 7
2002: 39.608
1999: 8.73
1997: 9.31

Male Homicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Angola, annual male homicides by any means total

2016: 2,3319
2015: 2,311
2010: 2,070
2000: 1,762

Rate of Male Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Angola, the annual rate of male homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2016: 16.969
2015: 17.43
2010: 18.77
2000: 23.03

Female Homicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Angola, annual female homicides by any means total

2016: 5019
2015: 493
2010: 454
2000: 419

Rate of Female Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Angola, the annual rate of female homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2016: 3.459
2015: 3.51
2010: 3.91
2000: 5.23

Suicides (any method)

ChartIn Angola, annual suicides by any means total

2016: 1,3479
2015: 1,382
2010: 1,338
2000: 1,296

Rate of Suicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Angola, the annual rate of suicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2016: 4.769
2015: 5.06
2010: 5.91
2000: 8.28

Male Suicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Angola, annual male suicides by any means total

2016: 9849
2015: 1,018
2010: 1,000
2000: 956

Rate of Male Suicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Angola, the annual rate of male suicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2016: 7.169
2015: 7.68
2010: 9.07
2000: 12.49

Female Suicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Angola, annual female suicides by any means total

2016: 3629
2015: 364
2010: 339
2000: 340

Rate of Female Suicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Angola, the annual rate of female suicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2016: 2.499
2015: 2.59
2010: 2.92
2000: 4.25

TransfersGun Trade and Trafficking

Firearm Exports

Small Arms Exports (US$) - Customs

The annual value of small arms and ammunition exports from Angola is reported by Customs to be US$1,00810 (2008)

Firearm Imports

In Angola, firearm and ammunition imports are limited by transfer control law11 12 13

Small Arms Imports (US$) - Customs

ChartThe annual value of small arms and ammunition imports to Angola is reported by Customs to be US$

2017: 17,000,00014
2011: 1,088,17210
2009: 14,000,00015
:

Smuggling Guns and Ammunition

Reports suggest that the level of firearm and ammunition smuggling in Angola is high16

MeasuresGun Regulation

Firearm Law

Guiding gun control legislation in Angola includes the Law No. 19-92 of 31 July17 and Legislative Decree No. 3.56018

Right to Possess Firearms

In Angola, the right to private gun ownership is not guaranteed by law19 20

Gun Ownership and Possession

Minimum Age for Firearm Possession

The minimum age for gun ownership in Angola is 21 years for rifled weapons,21 18 years for precision weapons,22 and 14 years for recreational and smooth-bore hunting weapons23 21

Gun Owner Background Checks

An applicant for a firearm licence in Angola must pass a background check which considers criminal24 records

Firearm Safety Training

In Angola, an understanding of firearm safety and the law, tested in a theoretical and/or practical training course is required25 for a firearm licence

Gun Owner Licensing Period

In Angola, gun owners must re-apply and re-qualify for their firearm licence every 5 years26

Limit on Quantity, Type of Ammunition

Licensed firearm owners in Angola are permitted to possess 200 rounds for defence weapons, 100 rounds for hunting weapons, and up to 2,000 rounds of copper ammunition and an unlimited quantity of leaden ammunition for recreational weapons27

Firearm Registration

Civilian Gun Registration

In Angola, the law requires13 that a record of the acquisition, possession and transfer of each privately held firearm be retained in an official register

Gun Dealer Record Keeping

In Angola, licensed firearm dealers are required28 to keep a record of each firearm or ammunition purchase, sale or transfer on behalf of a regulating authority

Gun Sales and Transfers

Regulation of Private Gun Sales

In Angola, the private sale and transfer of firearms is prohibited without a valid firearms licence and weapon certificate13

Regulation of Dealer Gun Sales

In Angola, dealing in firearms by way of business without a valid gun dealer’s licence is unlawful29 30 12 28

Background Checks for Private Gun Sales

The buyer of a firearm in a private sale in Angola is criminal24 to pass official background checks before taking possession

Limit on Gun Dealer Sales

In Angola, the number and type of firearms which can be sold by a licensed gun dealer to a single gun owner is limited to 5,000 to 20,000 rounds of ammunition, depending on the category in question30

Storage and Transport of Guns and Ammunition

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Private

Firearm regulations in Angola include31 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of private firearms and ammunition by licensed gun owners

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Dealer

Firearm regulations in Angola include30 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition by licensed arms dealers

Carrying Guns

Carrying Guns Openly in Public

In Angola, carrying a firearm in plain view in a public place is permitted for private security personnel25 and may only be done at 21 years of age32

MeasuresInternational Controls

Regional Agreements

African Union

In June 2006, as a member of the African Union, Angola adopted an African Common Position to take to the Conference to Review the UN Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA), held in June 200633 34

Southern African Development Community

As a member of the Southern African Development Community (SADC), Angola signed the SADC Declaration Concerning Firearms, Ammunition and Other Related Materials in March 2001. This laid the ground for the August, 2001 adoption of the legally binding SADC Protocol on Control of Firearms, Ammunition and Other Related Materials35

United Nations Standing Advisory Committee on Security Questions in Central Africa

In November 2010, as a member of the United Nations Standing Advisory Committee on Security Questions in Central Africa (UNSAC), Angola adopted the Central Africa Convention for the Control of Small Arms and Light Weapons, their Ammunition, Parts and Components that can be used for their Manufacture, Repair and Assembly, known as the ‘Kinshasa Convention. A legally binding multilateral treaty for which UNSAC is depository, the Kinshasa Convention has since been signed, but not yet ratified36 37 by Angola

Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development

The Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development, a diplomatic initiative aimed at addressing the interrelations between armed violence and development, was signed in 200738 by Angola.

Arms Trade Treaty

The Arms Trade Treaty has been signed, but not yet ratified39 by Angola

United Nations Firearms Protocol

The United Nations Protocol against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, Their Parts and Components and Ammunition has been signed and ratified40 by Angola

United Nations Small Arms Programme of Action UNPoA

UNPoA Commitment

On 21 July 2001, Angola committed to a consensus decision of the United Nations to adopt, support and implement the UN Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects41

UNPoA Implementation Monitor Score

In its UN small arms Programme of Action Implementation Monitor (PoAIM Phase 1), the Small Arms Survey scored Angola against its commitments to the PoA, then ranked it at No. 14042 43 44 45 among 159 Member States

UNPoA National Reporting

Under the terms of its 2001 commitment to the United Nations small arms Programme of Action, Angola has submitted one or more national reports46 47 on its implementation of the UNPoA

UNPoA National Point of Contact

In Angola, a National Point of Contact to deal with issues relating to the UNPoA has been designated48 47

UNPoA National Coordinating Body

In Angola, a National Coordinating Body to deal with issues relating to the UNPoA has been designated48 47

UNPoA Civil Society Involvement and Support

In National Reports of Angola submitted to the UN from 2001 to 2010, a history of substantive cooperation with civil society in support of UNPoA activities was apparent48 47

UNPoA International Assistance – Donor

Funds for UNPoA implementation have not been donated47 by Angola to other UN Member States

UNPoA International Assistance – Recipient

Funds for UNPoA implementation have been provided47 to Angola by other UN Member States

United Nations Small Arms Register

According to the United Nations Register of Conventional Arms, Angola has not declared49 its small arms exports in one or more annual National Reports on Arms Exports.

United Nations Membership

In the UN List of Member States, Angola has been a Member State of the United Nations since 197650

Wassenaar Arrangement

The Wassenaar Arrangement on Export Controls and Conventional Arms and Dual-Use Goods and Technologies does not list51 Angola as a Participating State

BackgroundSustainable Development Goal Profile

About SDG 16

The Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) are 17 goals set by the United Nations to be implemented by all member states by 2030. Adopted in 2015, they outline a vision of development in which peace and security are an integral part. SDG 16,52 which seeks to “promote peaceful and inclusive societies for sustainable development,” includes targets and indicators focused on reducing violence (Target 16.1) and the proliferation of illicit arms (Target 16.4). The indicators – or measurement criteria – of these targets include the number of victims of intentional homicide (Indicator 16.1.1), the number of conflict-related deaths (Indicator 16.1.2), and the number of illicit firearms collected and traced (Indicator 16.4.2). In light of these targets and indicators, GunPolicy.org provides granular national data pertaining to homicides, gun homicides, conflict deaths, disarmament efforts, and marking and tracing.

Homicides (any method)

ChartIn Angola, annual homicides by any means total

2015: 2,4146
2012: 1,2176
2011: 1,055
2010: 2,2276
2008: 3,4267

Rate of Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Angola, the annual rate of homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2015: 9.656
2012: 4.85
2011: 4.36
2010: 10.49
2008: 19.07
2004: 20.608 7
2002: 39.608
1999: 8.73
1997: 9.31

Male Homicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Angola, annual male homicides by any means total

2016: 2,3319
2015: 2,311
2010: 2,070
2000: 1,762

Rate of Male Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Angola, the annual rate of male homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2016: 16.969
2015: 17.43
2010: 18.77
2000: 23.03

Female Homicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Angola, annual female homicides by any means total

2016: 5019
2015: 493
2010: 454
2000: 419

Rate of Female Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Angola, the annual rate of female homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2016: 3.459
2015: 3.51
2010: 3.91
2000: 5.23

Conflict Deaths

For a profile of conflict in Angola, select the Link icon to open an external web page from the UCDP Conflict Encyclopedia at Uppsala University

Disarmament

Surrendered in Gun Amnesty

ChartIn Angola, the number of firearms voluntarily surrendered in recent arms amnesty and collection programmes is reported to be

2002: 33,00053
1992: 32,731

Firearms Surrendered and Seized

ChartIn Angola, the number of firearms voluntarily surrendered, bought back or seized by authorities is reported to be

2017: 12,88054
2016: 14,654
2015: 2,30355
2014: 2,29656
2012: 1,65957
2010: 74,49258
2008: 23,44459
2008/14: 89,41756
2002/05: 75,32360

Small Arms Destroyed

ChartIn Angola, the number of firearms destroyed following amnesty, collection and seizure programmes is reported to be

2016: 67,00061
2014: 1,67562
2012: 32863
2008/14: 63,09362
2008/10: 33,70264

Destruction and Disposal Policy

In Angola, it is not state policy64 to destroy surplus, collected and seized firearms rather than return them to the secondary arms market

Global Peace Index

To see where Angola ranks, select the Link icon to open an external web page at the Global Peace Index, and then click on Angola on the map or in the "Select Country" menu on the right of the web page


Short References

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Karp, Aaron.2007.‘Completing the Count: Civilian firearms - Annexe online.’ Small Arms Survey 2007: Guns and the City.Cambridge:Cambridge University Press,27 August. (Q5)Full Citation

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Karp, Aaron.2007.‘Completing the Count: Civilian firearms.’ Small Arms Survey 2007: Guns and the City.Cambridge:Cambridge University Press,27 August. (Q4)Full Citation

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Karp, Aaron.2018.‘Military Firearms Holdings, 2017.’ Estimating Global Military-Owned Firearms Numbers.Geneva:Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva,18 June. (Q13436)Full Citation

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Karp, Aaron.2018.‘Law Enforcement Firearms Holdings, 2017.’ Estimating Global Law Enforcement Firearms Numbers.Geneva:Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva,18 June. (Q13435)Full Citation

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UNODC.2020.‘Intentional Homicide Victims.’ Crime and Drugs Data.Vienna:United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime,1 January. (Q13355)Full Citation

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UNODC.2013.‘Homicide in 207 Countries - Angola.’ Global Study on Homicide 2011: Trends, Context, Data.Vienna:United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime,26 June. (Q6230)Full Citation

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Petrini, Benjamin.2011.‘Sub-Saharan Africa, 1995-2008, Total Recorded Intentional Homicide, Completed, Rate per 100,000 Population.’ World Bank Homicide Rate Dataset 1995-2008.Washington, DC:Social Development Department, World Bank,10 February. (Q3812)Full Citation

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Angola.1995.‘Articles 22-25: Importation of Arms.’ Legislative Decree No. 3.560 (Diploma Legislativo Nº 3.560).Luanda:Angola,10 July. (Q15584)Full Citation

13.

Angola.1995.‘Article 40: Registration of Weapons.’ Law on Private Security Companies No. 19-92 of 31 July (Sobre las Empresas Privadas de Segurança).Luanda:Angola,10 July. (Q15585)Full Citation

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Florquin, Nicholas et al..2020.‘Annual Authorized Small Arms and Light Weapons Imports by Major Importer, 2017.’ Trade Update 2020 An Eye on Ammunition Transfers to Africa.Geneva:Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva,1 December. (Q15387)Full Citation

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21.

Angola.1995.‘Article 73: Minimum Age Required to Possess Recreational Weapons.’ Legislative Decree No. 3.560 (Diploma Legislativo Nº 3.560).Luanda:Angola,10 July. (Q15587)Full Citation

22.

Angola.1995.‘Article 70: Possession of Precision Weapons.’ Legislative Decree No. 3.560 (Diploma Legislativo Nº 3.560).Luanda:Angola,10 July. (Q15586)Full Citation

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Angola.1995.‘Article 44: Minimum Age for Hunting Firearm Ownership.’ Legislative Decree No. 3.560 (Diploma Legislativo Nº 3.560).Luanda:Angola,10 July. (Q15583)Full Citation

24.

Angola.1995.‘Article 58: Acquiring a Firearms License.’ Legislative Decree No. 3.560 (Diploma Legislativo Nº 3.560).Luanda:Angola,10 July. (Q15578)Full Citation

25.

Angola.1995.‘Article 11: Carrying of Firearms.’ Law on Private Security Companies No. 19-92 of 31 July (Sobre las Empresas Privadas de Segurança).Luanda:Angola,21 July. (Q15576)Full Citation

26.

Angola.1995.‘Article 57: Defensive Firearms License Duration.’ Legislative Decree No. 3.560 (Diploma Legislativo Nº 3.560).Luanda:Angola,10 July. (Q15588)Full Citation

27.

Angola.1995.‘Article 38: Ammunition Limits.’ Legislative Decree No. 3.560 (Diploma Legislativo Nº 3.560).Luanda:Angola,10 July. (Q15582)Full Citation

28.

Angola.1995.‘Article 34: Permitted Sales.’ Legislative Decree No. 3.560 (Diploma Legislativo Nº 3.560).Luanda:Angola,10 July. (Q15589)Full Citation

29.

Angola.1995.‘Article 3. Trade in Arms and Ammunition.’ Legislative Decree No. 3.560 (Diploma Legislativo Nº 3.560).Luanda:Angola,10 July. (Q15577)Full Citation

30.

Angola.1995.‘Article 35: Limits on Dealer Ammunition Stockpiles.’ Legislative Decree No. 3.560 (Diploma Legislativo Nº 3.560).Luanda:Angola,10 July. (Q15581)Full Citation

31.

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32.

Angola.1995.‘Article 56: Minimum Age for Public Carrying of Firearms.’ Legislative Decree No. 3.560 (Diploma Legislativo Nº 3.560).Luanda:Angola,10 July. (Q15580)Full Citation

33.

African Union / UNODA.2005.‘Windhoek Common Position.’ United Nations Programme of Action Implementation Support System: Regional Organisations.New York, NY:African Union / United Nations Office for Disarmament Affairs,14 December. (Q3216)Full Citation

34.

African Union.2015.‘Member States.’ African Union: A United and Strong Africa.Addis Ababa:African Union,10 August. (Q10548)Full Citation

35.

SADC / UNODA.2001.‘Protocol on Control of Firearms, Ammunition and Other Related Materials.’ United Nations Programme of Action Implementation Support System: Regional Organisations.New York, NY:Southern African Development Community Secretariat / United Nations Office for Disarmament Affairs,1 August. (Q3217)Full Citation

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Angola.2012.‘Number of Weapons Destroyed (2012).’ National Report of the Republic of Angola on Its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA).New York NY:Permanent Mission of the Republic of Angola to the United Nations,5 September. (Q12521)Full Citation

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Angola.2010.‘Number of Weapons Destruction (2010).’ National Report of the Republic of Angola on Its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA).New York NY:Permanent Mission of the Republic of Angola to the United Nations,1 January. (Q12523)Full Citation