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Angola — Gun Facts, Figures and the Law

StockpilesGun Numbers

Civilian Guns

Number of Privately Owned Firearms

ChartThe estimated total number of guns (both licit and illicit) held by civilians in Angola is

2017: 2,982,0001
2007: 2,800,0002

Rate of Civilian Firearm Possession per 100 Population

ChartThe estimated rate of private gun ownership (both licit and illicit) per 100 people in Angola is

2017: 11.21
2007: 17.32

Number of Privately Owned Firearms - World Ranking

In a 2007 comparison of the number of privately owned guns in 178 countries, Angola ranked at No. 283

Rate of Privately Owned Firearms per 100 Population - World Ranking

In a 2007 comparison of the rate of private gun ownership in 178 countries, Angola ranked at No. 342

Government Guns

Number of Military Firearms

The defence forces of Angola are reported to have 203,3004 firearms

Number of Law Enforcement Firearms

Police in Angola are reported to have 60,0005 firearms

ImpactsDeath and Injury

Homicides (any method)

ChartIn Angola, annual homicides by any means total

2015: 2,4146
2012: 1,2176
2011: 1,055
2010: 2,2276
2008: 3,4267

Rate of Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Angola, the annual rate of homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2015: 9.656
2012: 4.996
2011: 4.49
2010: 10.49
2008: 19.07
2004: 20.608 7
2002: 39.608
1999: 8.73
1997: 9.31

Male Homicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Angola, annual male homicides by any means total

2016: 2,3319
2015: 2,311
2010: 2,070
2000: 1,762

Rate of Male Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Angola, the annual rate of male homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2016: 16.969
2015: 17.43
2010: 18.77
2000: 23.03

Female Homicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Angola, annual female homicides by any means total

2016: 5019
2015: 493
2010: 454
2000: 419

Rate of Female Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Angola, the annual rate of female homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2016: 3.459
2015: 3.51
2010: 3.91
2000: 5.23

Suicides (any method)

ChartIn Angola, annual suicides by any means total

2016: 1,3479
2015: 1,382
2010: 1,338
2000: 1,296

Rate of Suicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Angola, the annual rate of suicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2016: 4.769
2015: 5.06
2010: 5.91
2000: 8.28

Male Suicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Angola, annual male suicides by any means total

2016: 9849
2015: 1,018
2010: 1,000
2000: 956

Rate of Male Suicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Angola, the annual rate of male suicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2016: 7.169
2015: 7.68
2010: 9.07
2000: 12.49

Female Suicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Angola, annual female suicides by any means total

2016: 3629
2015: 364
2010: 339
2000: 340

Rate of Female Suicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Angola, the annual rate of female suicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2016: 2.499
2015: 2.59
2010: 2.92
2000: 4.25

TransfersGun Trade and Trafficking

Firearm Exports

Small Arms Exports (US$) - Customs

The annual value of small arms and ammunition exports from Angola is reported by Customs to be US$1,00810 (2008)

Firearm Imports

In Angola, firearm and ammunition imports are limited by transfer control law11

Small Arms Imports (US$) - Customs

The annual value of small arms and ammunition imports to Angola is reported by Customs to be US$1,088,17210 (2011)

Smuggling Guns and Ammunition

Reports suggest that the level of firearm and ammunition smuggling in Angola is high12

MeasuresGun Regulation

Right to Possess Firearms

In Angola, the right to private gun ownership is not guaranteed by law13 14

MeasuresInternational Controls

Regional Agreements

African Union

In June 2006, as a member of the African Union, Angola adopted an African Common Position to take to the Conference to Review the UN Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA), held in June 200615 16

Southern African Development Community

As a member of the Southern African Development Community (SADC), Angola signed the SADC Declaration Concerning Firearms, Ammunition and Other Related Materials in March 2001. This laid the ground for the August, 2001 adoption of the legally binding SADC Protocol on Control of Firearms, Ammunition and Other Related Materials17

United Nations Standing Advisory Committee on Security Questions in Central Africa

In November 2010, as a member of the United Nations Standing Advisory Committee on Security Questions in Central Africa (UNSAC), Angola adopted the Central Africa Convention for the Control of Small Arms and Light Weapons, their Ammunition, Parts and Components that can be used for their Manufacture, Repair and Assembly, known as the ‘Kinshasa Convention. A legally binding multilateral treaty for which UNSAC is depository, the Kinshasa Convention has since been signed, but not yet ratified18 19 by Angola

Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development

The Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development, a diplomatic initiative aimed at addressing the interrelations between armed violence and development, was signed in 200720 by Angola.

Arms Trade Treaty

The Arms Trade Treaty has been signed, but not yet ratified21 by Angola

United Nations Firearms Protocol

The United Nations Protocol against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, Their Parts and Components and Ammunition has been signed and ratified22 by Angola

United Nations Small Arms Programme of Action UNPoA

UNPoA Commitment

On 21 July 2001, Angola committed to a consensus decision of the United Nations to adopt, support and implement the UN Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects23

UNPoA Implementation Monitor Score

In its UN small arms Programme of Action Implementation Monitor (PoAIM Phase 1), the Small Arms Survey scored Angola against its commitments to the PoA, then ranked it at No. 14024 25 26 27 among 159 Member States

UNPoA National Reporting

Under the terms of its 2001 commitment to the United Nations small arms Programme of Action, Angola has submitted one or more national reports28 29 on its implementation of the UNPoA

UNPoA National Point of Contact

In Angola, a National Point of Contact to deal with issues relating to the UNPoA has been designated30 29

UNPoA National Coordinating Body

In Angola, a National Coordinating Body to deal with issues relating to the UNPoA has been designated30 29

UNPoA Civil Society Involvement and Support

In National Reports of Angola submitted to the UN from 2001 to 2010, a history of substantive cooperation with civil society in support of UNPoA activities was apparent30 29

UNPoA International Assistance – Donor

Funds for UNPoA implementation have not been donated29 by Angola to other UN Member States

UNPoA International Assistance – Recipient

Funds for UNPoA implementation have been provided29 to Angola by other UN Member States

United Nations Small Arms Register

According to the United Nations Register of Conventional Arms, Angola has not declared31 its small arms exports in one or more annual National Reports on Arms Exports.

United Nations Membership

In the UN List of Member States, Angola has been a Member State of the United Nations since 197632

Wassenaar Arrangement

The Wassenaar Arrangement on Export Controls and Conventional Arms and Dual-Use Goods and Technologies does not list33 Angola as a Participating State

BackgroundSustainable Development Goal Profile

About SDG 16

The Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) are 17 goals set by the United Nations to be implemented by all member states by 2030. Adopted in 2015, they outline a vision of development in which peace and security are an integral part. SDG 16,34 which seeks to “promote peaceful and inclusive societies for sustainable development,” includes targets and indicators focused on reducing violence (Target 16.1) and the proliferation of illicit arms (Target 16.4). The indicators – or measurement criteria – of these targets include the number of victims of intentional homicide (Indicator 16.1.1), the number of conflict-related deaths (Indicator 16.1.2), and the number of illicit firearms collected and traced (Indicator 16.4.2). In light of these targets and indicators, GunPolicy.org provides granular national data pertaining to homicides, gun homicides, conflict deaths, disarmament efforts, and marking and tracing.

Homicides (any method)

ChartIn Angola, annual homicides by any means total

2015: 2,4146
2012: 1,2176
2011: 1,055
2010: 2,2276
2008: 3,4267

Rate of Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Angola, the annual rate of homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2015: 9.656
2012: 4.996
2011: 4.49
2010: 10.49
2008: 19.07
2004: 20.608 7
2002: 39.608
1999: 8.73
1997: 9.31

Male Homicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Angola, annual male homicides by any means total

2016: 2,3319
2015: 2,311
2010: 2,070
2000: 1,762

Rate of Male Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Angola, the annual rate of male homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2016: 16.969
2015: 17.43
2010: 18.77
2000: 23.03

Female Homicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Angola, annual female homicides by any means total

2016: 5019
2015: 493
2010: 454
2000: 419

Rate of Female Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Angola, the annual rate of female homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2016: 3.459
2015: 3.51
2010: 3.91
2000: 5.23

Conflict Deaths

For a profile of conflict in Angola, select the Link icon to open an external web page from the UCDP Conflict Encyclopedia at Uppsala University

Disarmament

Surrendered in Gun Amnesty

ChartIn Angola, the number of firearms voluntarily surrendered in recent arms amnesty and collection programmes is reported to be

2002: 33,00035
1992: 32,731

Firearms Surrendered and Seized

ChartIn Angola, the number of firearms voluntarily surrendered, bought back or seized by authorities is reported to be

2017: 12,88036
2016: 14,654
2015: 2,30337
2014: 2,29638
2012: 1,65939
2010: 74,49240
2008: 23,44441
2008/14: 89,41738
2002/05: 75,32342

Small Arms Destroyed

ChartIn Angola, the number of firearms destroyed following amnesty, collection and seizure programmes is reported to be

2016: 67,00043
2014: 1,67544
2012: 32845
2008/14: 63,09344
2008/10: 33,70246

Destruction and Disposal Policy

In Angola, it is not state policy46 to destroy surplus, collected and seized firearms rather than return them to the secondary arms market

Global Peace Index

To see where Angola ranks, select the Link icon to open an external web page at the Global Peace Index, and then click on Angola on the map or in the "Select Country" menu on the right of the web page


Short References

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Karp, Aaron.2018.‘Civilian Firearms Holdings, 2017.’ Estimating Global Civilian-Held Firearms Numbers.Geneva:Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva,18 June. (Q13434)Full Citation

2.

Karp, Aaron.2007.‘Completing the Count: Civilian firearms - Annexe online.’ Small Arms Survey 2007: Guns and the City.Cambridge:Cambridge University Press,27 August. (Q5)Full Citation

3.

Karp, Aaron.2007.‘Completing the Count: Civilian firearms.’ Small Arms Survey 2007: Guns and the City.Cambridge:Cambridge University Press,27 August. (Q4)Full Citation

4.

Karp, Aaron.2018.‘Military Firearms Holdings, 2017.’ Estimating Global Military-Owned Firearms Numbers.Geneva:Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva,18 June. (Q13436)Full Citation

5.

Karp, Aaron.2018.‘Law Enforcement Firearms Holdings, 2017.’ Estimating Global Law Enforcement Firearms Numbers.Geneva:Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva,18 June. (Q13435)Full Citation

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UNODC.2020.‘Intentional Homicide Victims.’ Crime and Drugs Data.Vienna:United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime,1 January. (Q13355)Full Citation

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UNODC.2013.‘Homicide in 207 Countries - Angola.’ Global Study on Homicide 2011: Trends, Context, Data.Vienna:United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime,26 June. (Q6230)Full Citation

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Petrini, Benjamin.2011.‘Sub-Saharan Africa, 1995-2008, Total Recorded Intentional Homicide, Completed, Rate per 100,000 Population.’ World Bank Homicide Rate Dataset 1995-2008.Washington, DC:Social Development Department, World Bank,10 February. (Q3812)Full Citation

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WHO.2018.‘Violent Death Estimates by Country.’ Disease Burden and Mortality Estimates: Cause-Specific Mortality, 2000–2016.Geneva:World Health Organization,1 January. (Q14136)Full Citation

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Marsh, Nicholas.2014.‘Database of Authorised Transfers of Small Arms and Light Weapons.’ NISAT Small Arms Trade Database.Oslo:Norwegian Initiative on Small Arms Transfers,22 December. (Q16)Full Citation

11.

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13.

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Zachary Elkins, Tom Ginsburg and James Melton. 2013. ‘U.S. Gun Rights Truly Are American Exceptionalism.’ Bloomberg (USA). 7 March. (N422) Full Citation

15.

African Union / UNODA.2005.‘Windhoek Common Position.’ United Nations Programme of Action Implementation Support System: Regional Organisations.New York, NY:African Union / United Nations Office for Disarmament Affairs,14 December. (Q3216)Full Citation

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African Union.2015.‘Member States.’ African Union: A United and Strong Africa.Addis Ababa:African Union,10 August. (Q10548)Full Citation

17.

SADC / UNODA.2001.‘Protocol on Control of Firearms, Ammunition and Other Related Materials.’ United Nations Programme of Action Implementation Support System: Regional Organisations.New York, NY:Southern African Development Community Secretariat / United Nations Office for Disarmament Affairs,1 August. (Q3217)Full Citation

18.

UNODA / UNREC.2010.‘Kinshasa Convention: Central Africa Convention for the Control of Small Arms and Light Weapons, their Ammunition, Parts and Components that can be used for their Manufacture, Repair and Assembly.’ United Nations Office for Disarmament Affairs, Regional Centre for Peace and Disarmament in Africa (UNREC).Kinshasa:United Nations Standing Advisory Committee on Security Questions in Central Africa (UNSAC),22 November. (Q3320)Full Citation

19.

UNDPI.2010.‘United Nations Standing Advisory Committee on Security Questions in Central Africa Adopts Convention on Small Arms Control.’ United Nations Press Release AFR/1974 DC/3237.New York, NY:UN Department of Public Information,12 May. (Q1940)Full Citation

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GDAV.2006.‘Geneva Declaration.’ Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development.Geneva:Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development Secretariat,7 June. (Q7162)Full Citation

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UNODA.2013.‘Towards Entry Into Force.’ Arms Trade Treaty.New York, NY:United Nations Office for Disarmament Affairs,2 April. (Q7226)Full Citation

22.

UNGA.2001.‘United Nations Protocol against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, Their Parts and Components and Ammunition.’ UN General Assembly Resolution 55/255.New York, NY:UN General Assembly,31 May. (Q17)Full Citation

23.

UNGA.2001.‘Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects.’ United Nations General Assembly.New York, NY:UN General Assembly,20 July. (Q18)Full Citation

24.

Parker, Sarah and Katherine Green.2012.‘Findings - Table 3: Reporting States by Rank and Score.’ The Programme of Action Implementation Monitor (Phase 1): Assessing Reported Progress.Geneva:Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva,1 August. (Q8752)Full Citation

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Parker, Sarah and Katherine Green.2012.‘What do the PoAIM Scores Represent? How Should the PoAIM Scores Be Interpreted?.’ The Programme of Action Implementation Monitor (Phase 1): Assessing Reported Progress.Geneva:Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva,1 August. (Q8753)Full Citation

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Parker, Sarah and Katherine Green.2012.‘Point Allocation System.’ The Programme of Action Implementation Monitor (Phase 1): Assessing Reported Progress.Geneva:Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva,1 August. (Q8754)Full Citation

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Cattaneo, Silvia and Sarah Parker.2008.‘Reporting, NPCs and NCAs, 2002 to 2008.’ Implementing the United Nations Programme of Action on Small Arms and Light Weapons: Analysis of the National Reports submitted by States from 2002 to 2008.Geneva:United Nations Development Programme,1 November. (Q20)Full Citation

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30.

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32.

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33.

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34.

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38.

Angola.2014.‘Number of Weapons Collected (2013-2014).’ National Report of the Republic of Angola on Its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA).New York NY:Permanent Mission of the Republic of Angola to the United Nations,8 July. (Q12518)Full Citation

39.

Angola.2012.‘Number of Weapons Collected (2012).’ National Report of the Republic of Angola on Its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA).New York NY:Permanent Mission of the Republic of Angola to the United Nations,5 September. (Q12520)Full Citation

40.

Angola.2010.‘Number of Weapons Collected (2010).’ National Report of the Republic of Angola on Its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA).New York NY:Permanent Mission of the Republic of Angola to the United Nations,1 January. (Q12522)Full Citation

41.

Angola.2008.‘Number of Weapons Collected (2008).’ National Report of the Republic of Angola on Its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA).New York NY:Permanent Mission of the Republic of Angola to the United Nations,1 January. (Q12524)Full Citation

42.

Angola.2006.‘Number of Weapons Collected (2002-2005).’ National Report of the Republic of Angola on Its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA).New York NY:Permanent Mission of the Republic of Angola to the United Nations,1 June. (Q12525)Full Citation

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44.

Angola.2014.‘Number of Weapons Destroyed (2013-2014).’ National Report of the Republic of Angola on Its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA).New York NY:Permanent Mission of the Republic of Angola to the United Nations,8 July. (Q12519)Full Citation

45.

Angola.2012.‘Number of Weapons Destroyed (2012).’ National Report of the Republic of Angola on Its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA).New York NY:Permanent Mission of the Republic of Angola to the United Nations,5 September. (Q12521)Full Citation

46.

Angola.2010.‘Number of Weapons Destruction (2010).’ National Report of the Republic of Angola on Its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA).New York NY:Permanent Mission of the Republic of Angola to the United Nations,1 January. (Q12523)Full Citation