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Andorra — Gun Facts, Figures and the Law

StockpilesGun Numbers

Civilian Guns

Number of Privately Owned Firearms

The estimated total number of guns (both licit and illicit) held by civilians in Andorra is

2017: 10,0001

Rate of Civilian Firearm Possession per 100 Population

The estimated rate of private gun ownership (both licit and illicit) per 100 people in Andorra is

2017: 14.101

Number of Registered Firearms

The number of registered guns in Andorra is reported to be

2017: 7,5991

Estimated Number of Unregistered and Illicit Firearms

Unregistered and unlawfully held guns cannot be counted,2 but in Andorra there are estimated to be

2017: 2,4011

Government Guns

Number of Law Enforcement Firearms

Police in Andorra are reported to have 9763 firearms

ImpactsDeath and Injury

Homicides (any method)

ChartIn Andorra, annual homicides by any means total

2015: 04
2014: 0
2013: 0
2012: 0
2011: 1
2010: 0
2009: 0
2008: 1
2007: 0
2004: 1

Rate of Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Andorra, the annual rate of homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2015: 0.004
2014: 0.00
2013: 0.00
2012: 0.00
2011: 1.18
2010: 0
2009: 0
2008: 1.21
2007: 0.0
2004: 1.3

Male Homicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Andorra, annual male homicides by any means total

2015: 05
2014: 0
2013: 0
2012: 0
2011: 1
2010: 0
2009: 0
2008: 0
2007: 0

Rate of Male Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Andorra, the annual rate of male homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2015: 05
2014: 0
2013: 0
2012: 0
2011: 2.34
2010: 0
2009: 0
2008: 0
2007: 0

Female Homicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Andorra, annual female homicides by any means total

2015: 05
2014: 0
2013: 0
2012: 0
2011: 1
2010: 1
2008: 15

Rate of Female Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Andorra, the annual rate of female homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2015: 05
2014: 0
2013: 0
2012: 0
2011: 0
2010: 0
2009: 0
2008: 2.43
2007: 0

Gun Homicides

ChartIn Andorra, annual firearm homicides total

2013: 06
2010: 07
2009: 0
2008: 1
2007: 0

Rate of Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Andorra, the annual rate of firearm homicide per 100,000 population is

2013: 0.006
2010: 0.008
2009: 0.00
2008: 1.21
2007: 0.00

Proportion of Homicides Committed With a Gun

ChartIn Andorra, the percentage of homicides committed with a firearm is reported to be

2010: 0%7
2009: 0%
2008: 100%
2007: 0%

ProductionGun Industry

Regulation of Firearm Makers

In Andorra, the manufacture of small arms, ammunition and/or their components is prohibited9 10

TransfersGun Trade and Trafficking

Firearm Exports

In Andorra, firearm and ammunition exports are limited by transfer control law11 12 13

Small Arms Exports (US$) - Customs

The annual value of small arms and ammunition exports from Andorra is reported by Customs to be US$75914 (2011)

Firearm Imports

In Andorra, firearm and ammunition imports are limited by transfer control law11 12 13

Firearm Imports (Number)

ChartThe annual number of firearms imported to Andorra is reported to be

2012: 33215
2011: 452

Small Arms Imports (US$) - Customs

The annual value of small arms and ammunition imports to Andorra is reported by Customs to be US$565,53914 (2011)

Regulation of Arms Brokers

In Andorra, the activities of arms brokers and transfer intermediaries are specifically regulated by law16

End User Certificates

Customs regulations in Andorra do not include12 certification of the intended end user of any small arms or ammunition transfer, and/or a written declaration of its intended end use

MeasuresGun Regulation

Firearm Law

Guiding gun control legislation in Andorra includes the Decree of July 3, 1989, on the Possession, Use and Circulation of Weapons,11 and the Andorran Penal Code of 200517

Right to Possess Firearms

In Andorra, the right to private gun ownership is not guaranteed by law18 19

Firearm Registration

Civilian Gun Registration

In Andorra, the law requires20 that a record of the acquisition, possession and transfer of each privately held firearm be retained in an official register

Gun Dealer Record Keeping

In Andorra, licensed firearm dealers are required21 to keep a record of each firearm or ammunition purchase, sale or transfer on behalf of a regulating authority

State-Owned Firearm Records

In Andorra, State agencies are required22 9 to maintain records of the storage and movement of all firearms and ammunition under their control

Storage and Transport of Guns and Ammunition

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Government

Government regulations in Andorra include22 23 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition by state entities

Marking and Tracing Guns and Ammunition

Firearm Marking

In Andorra, a unique identifying mark on each firearm is required by law20 9 24 25

Firearm Tracing

In Andorra, state authorities carry out26 20 9 27 recognised arms tracing and tracking procedures

Collection, Amnesty and Destruction Programmes

Destruction and Disposal Policy

In Andorra, it is not state policy28 to destroy surplus, collected and seized firearms rather than return them to the secondary arms market

MeasuresInternational Controls

Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development

The Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development, a diplomatic initiative aimed at addressing the interrelations between armed violence and development, was not signed29 by Andorra.

Arms Trade Treaty

The Arms Trade Treaty has been signed, but not yet ratified30 by Andorra

United Nations Firearms Protocol

The United Nations Protocol against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, Their Parts and Components and Ammunition has not been signed31 by Andorra

United Nations Small Arms Programme of Action UNPoA

UNPoA Commitment

On 21 July 2001, Andorra committed to a consensus decision of the United Nations to adopt, support and implement the UN Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects32

UNPoA Implementation Monitor Score

In its UN small arms Programme of Action Implementation Monitor (PoAIM Phase 1), the Small Arms Survey scored Andorra against its commitments to the PoA, then ranked it at No. 12933 34 35 36 among 159 Member States

UNPoA National Reporting

Under the terms of its 2001 commitment to the United Nations small arms Programme of Action, Andorra has submitted one or more national reports37 38 on its implementation of the UNPoA

UNPoA National Point of Contact

In Andorra, a National Point of Contact to deal with issues relating to the UNPoA has been designated39 38

UNPoA National Coordinating Body

In Andorra, a National Coordinating Body to deal with issues relating to the UNPoA has been designated39 38

UNPoA International Assistance – Donor

Funds for UNPoA implementation have not been donated38 by Andorra to other UN Member States

United Nations Small Arms Register

According to the United Nations Register of Conventional Arms, Andorra has declared40 its small arms exports in one or more annual National Reports on Arms Exports.

United Nations Membership

In the UN List of Member States, Andorra has been a Member State of the United Nations since 199341

Wassenaar Arrangement

The Wassenaar Arrangement on Export Controls and Conventional Arms and Dual-Use Goods and Technologies does not list42 Andorra as a Participating State

BackgroundCountry Profile

Conflict Profile

For a profile of conflict in Andorra, select the Link icon to open an external web page from the UCDP Conflict Encyclopedia at Uppsala University


Short References

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2.

GunPolicy.org. 2019. ‘Estimated Number of Illicit Firearms.’ Definition and Selection Criteria.
Sydney School of Public Health, 24 January.
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3.

Karp, Aaron.2018.‘Law Enforcement Firearms Holdings, 2017.’ Estimating Global Law Enforcement Firearms Numbers.Geneva:Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva,18 June. (Q13435)Full Citation

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UNODC.2017.‘Intentional Homicide Victims.’ Crime and Drugs Data.Vienna:United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime,19 May. (Q13355)Full Citation

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UNODC.2017.‘Intentional Homicide Victims by Sex.’ Crime and Drugs Data.Vienna:UNODC,19 May. (Q13356)Full Citation

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UNODC.2014.‘Homicides and Gun Homicides in Andorra.’ Global Study on Homicide 2013: Trends, Context, Data.Vienna:United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC),10 April. (Q10324)Full Citation

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GunPolicy.org.2015.‘Calculated Rates - Andorra.’ Historical Population Data - USCB International Data Base.Suitland, MD:US Census Bureau Population Division,24 June. (Q10364)Full Citation

9.

Andorra.2010.‘Laws, Regulations and Administrative Procedures (Lois, Réglementations et Procédures Administratives).’ National Report of Andorra on its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA).New York, NY:Permanent Mission of the Principality of Andorra to the United Nations,1 January. (Q4799)Full Citation

10.

Andorra.2016.‘Manufacture (Fabricación).’ National Report of Andorra on its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA).New York NY:Permanent Mission of the Principality of Andorra to the United Nations,29 March. (Q12377)Full Citation

11.

Andorra.2016.‘International Transfers (Transferencias Internacionales).’ National Report of Andorra on its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA).New York NY:Permanent Mission of the Principality of Andorra to the United Nations,29 March. (Q12382)Full Citation

12.

Andorra.2016.‘International Transfers - Licensing and Authorisation.’ National Report of Andorra on its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA).New York NY:Permanent Mission of the Principality of Andorra to the United Nations,29 March. (Q12378)Full Citation

13.

Andorra.2016.‘Record Keeping [Import and Export].’ National Report of Andorra on its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA).New York NY:Permanent Mission of the Principality of Andorra to the United Nations,29 March. (Q12380)Full Citation

14.

Marsh, Nicholas.2014.‘Database of Authorised Transfers of Small Arms and Light Weapons.’ NISAT Small Arms Trade Database.Oslo:Norwegian Initiative on Small Arms Transfers,22 December. (Q16)Full Citation

15.

UN Register of Conventional Arms.2018.‘National Reports on Small Arms Exports and Imports.’ UNROCA - The Global Reported Arms Trade.New York, NY:United Nations Office for Disarmament Affairs,1 January. (Q13952)Full Citation

16.

Andorra.2016.‘Brokering (Intermediación).’ National Report of Andorra on its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA).New York NY:Permanent Mission of the Principality of Andorra to the United Nations,29 March. (Q12381)Full Citation

17.

Andorra.2010.‘Laws, Regulations and Administrative Procedures (Lois, réglementations et procédures administratives).’ National Report of Andorra on its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA).New York, NY:Permanent Mission of the Principality of Andorra to the United Nations,1 January. (Q5599)Full Citation

18.

Sherman, Amy and Tom Ginsburg.2014.‘Gun Rights in National Constitutions.’ Marco Rubio Says Second Amendment Is Unique in Speech to NRA.Miami, FL:Miami Herald (PolitiFact Florida),29 April. (Q8507)Full Citation

19.

Zachary Elkins, Tom Ginsburg and James Melton. 2013. ‘U.S. Gun Rights Truly Are American Exceptionalism.’ Bloomberg (USA). 7 March. (N422) Full Citation

20.

Andorra.2010.‘Implementation of the Programme of Action at the National Level (Application du Programme d'Action au Niveau National).’ National Report of Andorra on its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA).New York, NY:Permanent Mission of the Principality of Andorra to the United Nations,1 January. (Q4800)Full Citation

21.

Andorra.2006.‘Trade (Commerce).’ National Report of Andorra on its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA).New York, NY:Permanent Mission of the Principality of Andorra to the United Nations,1 January. (Q4802)Full Citation

22.

Andorra.2013.‘Stockpile Management.’ National Report of Andorra on its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA).New York NY:Permanent Mission of the Principality of Andorra to the United Nations,17 December. (Q12436)Full Citation

23.

Andorra.2016.‘Stockpile Management (Gestión de las existencias).’ National Report of Andorra on its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA).New York NY:Permanent Mission of the Principality of Andorra to the United Nations,29 March. (Q12383)Full Citation

24.

Andorra.2016.‘Marking and Record Keeping (Marcaje y Registro).’ National Report of Andorra on its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA).New York NY:Permanent Mission of the Principality of Andorra to the United Nations,29 March. (Q12384)Full Citation

25.

Andorra.2016.‘Marking at Import (Marcaje de importación).’ National Report of Andorra on its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA).New York NY:Permanent Mission of the Principality of Andorra to the United Nations,29 March. (Q12379)Full Citation

26.

Andorra.2010.‘International Instruments Against Terrorism and Criminality (Instruments internationaux contre le terrorisme et la criminalité).’ National Report of Andorra on its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA).New York, NY:Permanent Mission of the Principality of Andorra to the United Nations,1 January. (Q4801)Full Citation

27.

Andorra.2016.‘International Tracing (Localización Internacional).’ National Report of Andorra on its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA).New York NY:Permanent Mission of the Principality of Andorra to the United Nations,29 March. (Q12385)Full Citation

28.

Andorra.2013.‘Surplus.’ National Report of Andorra on its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA).New York NY:Permanent Mission of the Principality of Andorra to the United Nations,17 December. (Q12386)Full Citation

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32.

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33.

Parker, Sarah and Katherine Green.2012.‘Findings - Table 3: Reporting States by Rank and Score.’ The Programme of Action Implementation Monitor (Phase 1): Assessing Reported Progress.Geneva:Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva,1 August. (Q8752)Full Citation

34.

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35.

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36.

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37.

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40.

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41.

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42.

Wassenaar Arrangement.1996.‘Introduction: Participating States.’ Wassenaar Arrangement on Export Controls and Conventional Arms and Dual-Use Goods and Technologies.Vienna:Wassenaar Secretariat,12 July. (Q19)Full Citation