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Algeria — Gun Facts, Figures and the Law

StockpilesGun Numbers

Civilian Guns

Number of Privately Owned Firearms

ChartThe estimated total number of guns (both licit and illicit) held by civilians in Algeria is

2017: 877,0001
2007: 1,900,0002

Rate of Civilian Firearm Possession per 100 Population

ChartThe estimated rate of private gun ownership (both licit and illicit) per 100 people in Algeria is

2017: 2.11
2007: 7.62

Number of Privately Owned Firearms - World Ranking

In a 2007 comparison of the number of privately owned guns in 178 countries, Algeria ranked at No. 373

Rate of Privately Owned Firearms per 100 Population - World Ranking

In a 2007 comparison of the rate of private gun ownership in 178 countries, Algeria ranked at No. 782

Number of Registered Firearms

The number of registered guns in Algeria is reported to be

2017: 200,0001

Estimated Number of Unregistered and Illicit Firearms

Unregistered and unlawfully held guns cannot be counted,4 but in Algeria there are estimated to be

2017: 677,0001

Government Guns

Number of Military Firearms

The defence forces of Algeria are reported to have 637,7205 firearms

Number of Law Enforcement Firearms

Police in Algeria are reported to have 363,0006 firearms

ImpactsDeath and Injury

Homicides (any method)

ChartIn Algeria, annual homicides by any means total

2016: 1,6977
2015: 1,714
2010: 2,006
2000: 2,255

Rate of Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Algeria, the annual rate of homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2016: 4.217
2015: 4.33
2010: 5.58
2000: 7.36

Male Homicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Algeria, annual male homicides by any means total

2016: 1,3157
2015: 1,329
2010: 1,564
2000: 1,704

Rate of Male Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Algeria, the annual rate of male homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2016: 6.457
2015: 6.64
2010: 8.60
2000: 11.01

Female Homicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Algeria, annual female homicides by any means total

2016: 3827
2015: 385
2010: 442
2000: 550

Rate of Female Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Algeria, the annual rate of female homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2016: 1.927
2015: 1.97
2010: 2.49
2000: 3.63

Gun Homicides

ChartIn Algeria, annual firearm homicides total

2015: 778
2014: 40
2008: 209 10
2007: 14
2004: 911 10
2003: 13

Rate of Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Algeria, the annual rate of firearm homicide per 100,000 population is

2015: 0.208
2014: 0.10
2008: 0.0612 10
2007: 0.04
2004: 0.0311 10
2003: 0.04

Proportion of Homicides Committed With a Gun

ChartIn Algeria, the percentage of homicides committed with a firearm is reported to be

2011: 26%13
2008: 6%9
2007: 5%
2004: 2.0%10
2003: 2.0%

Male Gun Homicide Victims

ChartIn Algeria, annual male firearm homicides total

2015: 698
2014: 38

Rate of Male Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Algeria, the annual rate of male firearm homicide per 100,000 population is

2015: 0.308
2014: 0.20

Female Gun Homicide Victims

ChartIn Algeria, annual female firearm homicides total

2015: 88
2014: 2

Rate of Female Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Algeria, the annual rate of female firearm homicide per 100,000 population is

2015: 08
2014: 0

Suicides (any method)

ChartIn Algeria, annual suicides by any means total

2016: 1,2997
2015: 1,290
2010: 1,208
2000: 1,277

Rate of Suicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Algeria, the annual rate of suicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2016: 3.237
2015: 3.26
2010: 3.36
2000: 4.17

Male Suicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Algeria, annual male suicides by any means total

2016: 9607
2015: 958
2010: 885
2000: 889

Rate of Male Suicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Algeria, the annual rate of male suicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2016: 4.717
2015: 4.78
2010: 4.87
2000: 5.74

Female Suicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Algeria, annual female suicides by any means total

2016: 3397
2015: 332
2010: 323
2000: 388

Rate of Female Suicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Algeria, the annual rate of female suicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2016: 1.717
2015: 1.70
2010: 1.82
2000: 2.56

ProductionGun Industry

Regulation of Firearm Makers

In Algeria, the manufacture of small arms, ammunition and/or their components is permitted only if the maker holds a valid licence14 15

TransfersGun Trade and Trafficking

Firearm Exports

In Algeria, firearm and ammunition exports are limited by transfer control law16 17

Small Arms Exports (US$) - Customs

The annual value of small arms and ammunition exports from Algeria is reported by Customs to be US$54918 (2008)

Firearm Imports

In Algeria, firearm and ammunition imports are limited by transfer control law16 19

Small Arms Imports (US$) - Customs

The annual value of small arms and ammunition imports to Algeria is reported by Customs to be US$4,010,86618 (2011)

Smuggling Guns and Ammunition

Reports suggest that the level of firearm and ammunition smuggling in Algeria is moderate20

Regulation of Arms Brokers

In Algeria, the activities of arms brokers and transfer intermediaries are not specifically regulated by law21 19

End User Certificates

Customs regulations in Algeria include16 certification of the intended end user of any small arms or ammunition transfer, and/or a written declaration of its intended end use

MeasuresGun Regulation

Firearm Regulation - Guiding Policy

Law Regulates Civilian Access to Firearms

In Algeria, civilian possession of guns is regulated by law13

Firearm Law

Guiding gun control legislation in Algeria includes the Executive Decree No 98-96 of March 18, 1998, amended and completed by the Executive Decree No 04-304 of September 13, 2004, on the implementation of the Ordinance No 97-06 of January 21, 1997, relating to weapons of war, firearms and ammunition22

Right to Possess Firearms

In Algeria, the right to private gun ownership is not guaranteed by law23 24

Restricted Firearms and Ammunition

Law Regulates Automatic Weapons

In Algeria, civilian possession of automatic weapons is regulated by law13

Law Regulates Handguns

In Algeria, civilian possession of handguns is regulated by law13

Law Regulates Long Guns

In Algeria, civilian possession of rifles and shotguns is regulated by law13

Gun Ownership and Possession

Gun Owner Background Checks

An applicant for a firearm licence in Algeria must pass a background check which considers undefined13 records

Firearm Registration

Civilian Gun Registration

In Algeria, the law requires25 that a record of the acquisition, possession and transfer of each privately held firearm be retained in an official register

Gun Dealer Record Keeping

In Algeria, licensed firearm dealers are required25 to keep a record of each firearm or ammunition purchase, sale or transfer on behalf of a regulating authority

Gun Manufacturer Record Keeping

In Algeria, licensed gun makers are required25 14 to keep a record of each firearm produced, for inspection by a regulating authority

State-Owned Firearm Records

In Algeria, State agencies are required25 to maintain records of the storage and movement of all firearms and ammunition under their control

Gun Sales and Transfers

Regulation of Dealer Gun Sales

In Algeria, dealing in firearms by way of business without a valid gun dealer’s licence is unlawful (in practice, it is prohibited outside the monopoly of the State)21 15

Storage and Transport of Guns and Ammunition

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Private

Firearm regulations in Algeria include26 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of private firearms and ammunition by licensed gun owners

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Dealer

Firearm regulations in Algeria include26 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition by licensed arms dealers

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Government

Government regulations in Algeria include27 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition by state entities

Carrying Guns

Law Regulates Firearms in Public

In Algeria, carrying a gun in a public place is regulated by law13

Penalty for Illicit Firearm Possession

In Algeria, the maximum penalty for unlawful possession of a firearm28 is 10 years in prison and a fine15 26

MeasuresInternational Controls

Regional Agreements

League of Arab States

As a member of the League of Arab States, Algeria adopted the Arab Model Law on Weapons, Ammunitions, Explosives and Hazardous Material in January 200229

African Union

In June 2006, as a member of the African Union, Algeria adopted an African Common Position to take to the Conference to Review the UN Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA), held in June 200630 31

Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development

The Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development, a diplomatic initiative aimed at addressing the interrelations between armed violence and development, was not signed32 by Algeria.

Arms Trade Treaty

The Arms Trade Treaty has not been signed33 by Algeria

United Nations Firearms Protocol

The United Nations Protocol against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, Their Parts and Components and Ammunition has been signed and ratified34 by Algeria

United Nations Small Arms Programme of Action UNPoA

UNPoA Commitment

On 21 July 2001, Algeria committed to a consensus decision of the United Nations to adopt, support and implement the UN Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects35

UNPoA Implementation Monitor Score

In its UN small arms Programme of Action Implementation Monitor (PoAIM Phase 1), the Small Arms Survey scored Algeria against its commitments to the PoA, then ranked it at No. 2636 37 38 39 among 159 Member States

UNPoA National Reporting

Under the terms of its 2001 commitment to the United Nations small arms Programme of Action, Algeria has submitted one or more national reports40 19 on its implementation of the UNPoA

UNPoA National Point of Contact

In Algeria, a National Point of Contact to deal with issues relating to the UNPoA has been designated41 19

UNPoA National Coordinating Body

In Algeria, a National Coordinating Body to deal with issues relating to the UNPoA has been designated19

UNPoA Civil Society Involvement and Support

In National Reports of Algeria submitted to the UN from 2001 to 2010, a history of substantive cooperation with civil society in support of UNPoA activities was apparent19

UNPoA International Assistance – Donor

Funds for UNPoA implementation have been donated19 by Algeria to other UN Member States

United Nations Small Arms Register

According to the United Nations Register of Conventional Arms, Algeria has not declared42 its small arms exports in one or more annual National Reports on Arms Exports.

United Nations Membership

In the UN List of Member States, Algeria has been a Member State of the United Nations since 196243

Wassenaar Arrangement

The Wassenaar Arrangement on Export Controls and Conventional Arms and Dual-Use Goods and Technologies does not list44 Algeria as a Participating State

BackgroundSustainable Development Goal Profile

About SDG 16

The Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) are 17 goals set by the United Nations to be implemented by all member states by 2030. Adopted in 2015, they outline a vision of development in which peace and security are an integral part. SDG 16,45 which seeks to “promote peaceful and inclusive societies for sustainable development,” includes targets and indicators focused on reducing violence (Target 16.1) and the proliferation of illicit arms (Target 16.4). The indicators – or measurement criteria – of these targets include the number of victims of intentional homicide (Indicator 16.1.1), the number of conflict-related deaths (Indicator 16.1.2), and the number of illicit firearms collected and traced (Indicator 16.4.2). In light of these targets and indicators, GunPolicy.org provides granular national data pertaining to homicides, gun homicides, conflict deaths, disarmament efforts, and marking and tracing.

Homicides (any method)

ChartIn Algeria, annual homicides by any means total

2016: 1,6977
2015: 1,714
2010: 2,006
2000: 2,255

Rate of Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Algeria, the annual rate of homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2016: 4.217
2015: 4.33
2010: 5.58
2000: 7.36

Male Homicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Algeria, annual male homicides by any means total

2016: 1,3157
2015: 1,329
2010: 1,564
2000: 1,704

Rate of Male Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Algeria, the annual rate of male homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2016: 6.457
2015: 6.64
2010: 8.60
2000: 11.01

Female Homicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Algeria, annual female homicides by any means total

2016: 3827
2015: 385
2010: 442
2000: 550

Rate of Female Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Algeria, the annual rate of female homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2016: 1.927
2015: 1.97
2010: 2.49
2000: 3.63

Gun Homicides

ChartIn Algeria, annual firearm homicides total

2015: 778
2014: 40
2008: 209 10
2007: 14
2004: 911 10
2003: 13

Rate of Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Algeria, the annual rate of firearm homicide per 100,000 population is

2015: 0.208
2014: 0.10
2008: 0.0612 10
2007: 0.04
2004: 0.0311 10
2003: 0.04

Proportion of Homicides Committed With a Gun

ChartIn Algeria, the percentage of homicides committed with a firearm is reported to be

2011: 26%13
2008: 6%9
2007: 5%
2004: 2.0%10
2003: 2.0%

Male Gun Homicide Victims

ChartIn Algeria, annual male firearm homicides total

2015: 698
2014: 38

Rate of Male Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Algeria, the annual rate of male firearm homicide per 100,000 population is

2015: 0.308
2014: 0.20

Female Gun Homicide Victims

ChartIn Algeria, annual female firearm homicides total

2015: 88
2014: 2

Rate of Female Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Algeria, the annual rate of female firearm homicide per 100,000 population is

2015: 08
2014: 0

Conflict Deaths

For a profile of conflict in Algeria, select the Link icon to open an external web page from the UCDP Conflict Encyclopedia at Uppsala University

Disarmament

Authorities in Algeria are known to have46 implemented voluntary firearm surrender schemes, and/or weapon seizure programmes in order to reduce the number of illicit firearms in circulation

Firearms Surrendered and Seized

ChartIn Algeria, the number of firearms voluntarily surrendered, bought back or seized by authorities is reported to be

2017: 77647
2016: 703

Destruction and Disposal Policy

In Algeria, it is state policy27 to destroy surplus, collected and seized firearms rather than return them to the secondary arms market

Marking and Tracing

Firearm Marking

In Algeria, a unique identifying mark on each firearm is required by law22 16 14

Firearm Tracing

In Algeria, state authorities carry out17 48 recognised arms tracing and tracking procedures

Ballistic Record of Firearms and Ammunition

In Algeria, the ballistic characteristics of each civilian firearm and its ammunition are49 recorded in a register

Global Peace Index

To see where Algeria ranks, select the Link icon to open an external web page at the Global Peace Index, and then click on Algeria on the map or in the "Select Country" menu on the right of the web page


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