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Algeria — Gun Facts, Figures and the Law

StockpilesGun Numbers

Civilian Guns

Number of Privately Owned Firearms

ChartThe estimated total number of guns (both licit and illicit) held by civilians in Algeria is

2017: 877,0001
2007: 1,900,0002

Rate of Civilian Firearm Possession per 100 Population

ChartThe estimated rate of private gun ownership (both licit and illicit) per 100 people in Algeria is

2017: 2.11
2007: 7.62

Number of Privately Owned Firearms - World Ranking

In a 2007 comparison of the number of privately owned guns in 178 countries, Algeria ranked at No. 373

Rate of Privately Owned Firearms per 100 Population - World Ranking

In a 2007 comparison of the rate of private gun ownership in 178 countries, Algeria ranked at No. 782

Number of Registered Firearms

The number of registered guns in Algeria is reported to be

2017: 200,0001

Estimated Number of Unregistered and Illicit Firearms

Unregistered and unlawfully held guns cannot be counted,4 but in Algeria there are estimated to be

2017: 677,0001

Government Guns

Number of Military Firearms

The defence forces of Algeria are reported to have 637,7205 firearms

Number of Law Enforcement Firearms

Police in Algeria are reported to have 363,0006 firearms

ImpactsDeath and Injury

Homicides (any method)

ChartIn Algeria, annual homicides by any means total

2015: 5427
2014: 577
2013: 480
2012: 523
2011: 280
2010: 254
2009: 2778 9
2008: 328
2007: 271
2006: 3128 9 10
2005: 204
2004: 44911 8 9
2003: 650

Rate of Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Algeria, the annual rate of homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2015: 1.377
2014: 1.49
2013: 1.26
2012: 1.40
2011: 0.76
2010: 0.71
2009: 0.79
2008: 0.95
2007: 0.80
2006: 0.910
2005: 0.6
2004: 1.4311 8 9
2003: 2.04

Male Homicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Algeria, annual male homicides by any means total

2015: 46912
2014: 491
2013: 390
2012: 413
2010: 213

Rate of Male Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Algeria, the annual rate of male homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2015: 2.3312
2014: 2.49

Female Homicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Algeria, annual female homicides by any means total

2015: 7312
2014: 85
2013: 90
2012: 110
2010: 41

Rate of Female Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Algeria, the annual rate of female homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2015: 0.3712
2014: 0.44

Gun Homicides

ChartIn Algeria, annual firearm homicides total

2008: 208 9
2007: 14
2004: 911 9
2003: 13

Rate of Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Algeria, the annual rate of firearm homicide per 100,000 population is

2008: 0.0613 9
2007: 0.04
2004: 0.0311 9
2003: 0.04

Proportion of Homicides Committed With a Gun

ChartIn Algeria, the percentage of homicides committed with a firearm is reported to be

2011: 26%14
2008: 6%8
2007: 5%
2004: 2.0%9
2003: 2.0%

ProductionGun Industry

Regulation of Firearm Makers

In Algeria, the manufacture of small arms, ammunition and/or their components is permitted only if the maker holds a valid licence15 16

TransfersGun Trade and Trafficking

Firearm Exports

In Algeria, firearm and ammunition exports are limited by transfer control law17 18

Small Arms Exports (US$) - Customs

The annual value of small arms and ammunition exports from Algeria is reported by Customs to be US$54919 (2008)

Firearm Imports

In Algeria, firearm and ammunition imports are limited by transfer control law17 20

Small Arms Imports (US$) - Customs

The annual value of small arms and ammunition imports to Algeria is reported by Customs to be US$4,010,86619 (2011)

Regulation of Arms Brokers

In Algeria, the activities of arms brokers and transfer intermediaries are not specifically regulated by law21 20

End User Certificates

Customs regulations in Algeria include17 certification of the intended end user of any small arms or ammunition transfer, and/or a written declaration of its intended end use

MeasuresGun Regulation

Firearm Regulation - Guiding Policy

Law Regulates Civilian Access to Firearms

In Algeria, civilian possession of guns is regulated by law14

Firearm Law

Guiding gun control legislation in Algeria includes the Executive Decree No 98-96 of March 18, 1998, amended and completed by the Executive Decree No 04-304 of September 13, 2004, on the implementation of the Ordinance No 97-06 of January 21, 1997, relating to weapons of war, firearms and ammunition22

Right to Possess Firearms

In Algeria, the right to private gun ownership is not guaranteed by law23 24

Restricted Firearms and Ammunition

Law Regulates Automatic Weapons

In Algeria, civilian possession of automatic weapons is regulated by law14

Law Regulates Handguns

In Algeria, civilian possession of handguns is regulated by law14

Law Regulates Long Guns

In Algeria, civilian possession of rifles and shotguns is regulated by law14

Gun Ownership and Possession

Gun Owner Background Checks

An applicant for a firearm licence in Algeria must pass a background check which considers undefined14 records

Firearm Registration

Civilian Gun Registration

In Algeria, the law requires25 that a record of the acquisition, possession and transfer of each privately held firearm be retained in an official register

Gun Dealer Record Keeping

In Algeria, licensed firearm dealers are required25 to keep a record of each firearm or ammunition purchase, sale or transfer on behalf of a regulating authority

Gun Manufacturer Record Keeping

In Algeria, licensed gun makers are required25 15 to keep a record of each firearm produced, for inspection by a regulating authority

State-Owned Firearm Records

In Algeria, State agencies are required25 to maintain records of the storage and movement of all firearms and ammunition under their control

Gun Sales and Transfers

Regulation of Dealer Gun Sales

In Algeria, dealing in firearms by way of business without a valid gun dealer’s licence is unlawful (in practice, it is prohibited outside the monopoly of the State)21 16

Storage and Transport of Guns and Ammunition

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Private

Firearm regulations in Algeria include26 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of private firearms and ammunition by licensed gun owners

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Dealer

Firearm regulations in Algeria include26 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition by licensed arms dealers

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Government

Government regulations in Algeria include27 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition by state entities

Marking and Tracing Guns and Ammunition

Firearm Marking

In Algeria, a unique identifying mark on each firearm is required by law22 17 15

Firearm Tracing

In Algeria, state authorities carry out18 28 recognised arms tracing and tracking procedures

Ballistic Record of Firearms and Ammunition

In Algeria, the ballistic characteristics of each civilian firearm and its ammunition are29 recorded in a register

Carrying Guns

Law Regulates Firearms in Public

In Algeria, carrying a gun in a public place is regulated by law14

Penalty for Illicit Firearm Possession

In Algeria, the maximum penalty for unlawful possession of a firearm30 is 10 years in prison and a fine16 26

Collection, Amnesty and Destruction Programmes

Authorities in Algeria are known to have31 implemented voluntary firearm surrender schemes, and/or weapon seizure programmes in order to reduce the number of illicit firearms in circulation

Destruction and Disposal Policy

In Algeria, it is state policy27 to destroy surplus, collected and seized firearms rather than return them to the secondary arms market

MeasuresInternational Controls

Regional Agreements

League of Arab States

As a member of the League of Arab States, Algeria adopted the Arab Model Law on Weapons, Ammunitions, Explosives and Hazardous Material in January 200232

African Union

In June 2006, as a member of the African Union, Algeria adopted an African Common Position to take to the Conference to Review the UN Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA), held in June 200633 34

Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development

The Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development, a diplomatic initiative aimed at addressing the interrelations between armed violence and development, was not signed35 by Algeria.

Arms Trade Treaty

The Arms Trade Treaty has not been signed36 by Algeria

United Nations Firearms Protocol

The United Nations Protocol against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, Their Parts and Components and Ammunition has been signed and ratified37 by Algeria

United Nations Small Arms Programme of Action UNPoA

UNPoA Commitment

On 21 July 2001, Algeria committed to a consensus decision of the United Nations to adopt, support and implement the UN Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects38

UNPoA Implementation Monitor Score

In its UN small arms Programme of Action Implementation Monitor (PoAIM Phase 1), the Small Arms Survey scored Algeria against its commitments to the PoA, then ranked it at No. 2639 40 41 42 among 159 Member States

UNPoA National Reporting

Under the terms of its 2001 commitment to the United Nations small arms Programme of Action, Algeria has submitted one or more national reports43 20 on its implementation of the UNPoA

UNPoA National Point of Contact

In Algeria, a National Point of Contact to deal with issues relating to the UNPoA has been designated44 20

UNPoA National Coordinating Body

In Algeria, a National Coordinating Body to deal with issues relating to the UNPoA has been designated20

UNPoA Civil Society Involvement and Support

In National Reports of Algeria submitted to the UN from 2001 to 2010, a history of substantive cooperation with civil society in support of UNPoA activities was apparent20

UNPoA International Assistance – Donor

Funds for UNPoA implementation have been donated20 by Algeria to other UN Member States

United Nations Small Arms Register

According to the United Nations Register of Conventional Arms, Algeria has not declared45 its small arms exports in one or more annual National Reports on Arms Exports.

United Nations Membership

In the UN List of Member States, Algeria has been a Member State of the United Nations since 196246

Wassenaar Arrangement

The Wassenaar Arrangement on Export Controls and Conventional Arms and Dual-Use Goods and Technologies does not list47 Algeria as a Participating State

BackgroundCountry Profile

Conflict Profile

For a profile of conflict in Algeria, select the Link icon to open an external web page from the UCDP Conflict Encyclopedia at Uppsala University

Global Peace Index

To see where Algeria ranks, select the Link icon to open an external web page at the Global Peace Index


Short References

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17.

Algeria.2016.‘International Transfers (Transferts Internationaux).’ National Report of Algeria on its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA).New York NY:Permanent Mission of Algeria to the United Nations,1 January. (Q12402)Full Citation

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22.

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